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K. Saranya, . Balyayogaa Ph No: 9894478431, 9659436281
IIIrd Year, B.Tech (Information Technology) Sasurie College of Engineering,Tirupur, Tamil Nadu firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
The days of fiddling around with wires and spending hours downloading songs to our iPod are coming to an end. It has been discovered that the best cables may be our arms and legs. According to NTT Laboratories, our whole body is the perfect conductor for electronic data, meaning that information such as music and films could be downloaded in seconds via our elbow. NTT, and the team of scientists that invented the "Red Tacton" system, envisage a future in which the human body acts as a non-stop conduit for information. RedTacton: An innovative Human Area Networking technology that uses the surface of the human body as a transmission path use the electric fields generated by the human body as a medium for transmitting the information. In this paper we mainly focus on the underlying principle of this technology that makes it completely distinct from wireless and infrared. Our paper also briefs about the Red Tacton transceiver and the experimental setup for intra body communication. The paper also lime lights the various functional features and its potential uses. This Red Tacton which is a new era of ubiquitous computing is under development and is getting all set to hit the wireless world very soon.
Today people can communicate anytime, anywhere, and with anyone over a cellular phone network. Moreover, the Internet lets people download immense quantities of data from remotely located servers to their home computers. Essentially, these two technologies enable communications between terminals located at a distance from each other. Meanwhile, all kinds of electronic devices including personal digital assistants (PDA¶S), pocket video games, and digital cameras are becoming smaller, so people can carry around or even wear various personal information and communication appliances during their everyday activities. However, userfriendly ubiquitous services involve more than just networking between remotely located terminals. Human society is entering an era of ubiquitous computing, when networks are seamlessly interconnected and information is always accessible at our fingertips. The practical implementation of ubiquitous services requires three levels of connectivity: Wide Area Networks (WAN), typically via the Internet, to remotely connect all types of severs and terminals; Local Area Networks (LAN), typically via Ethernet or WiFi connectivity among all the information and communication appliances in offices and homes; and Human Area Networks (HAN) for connectivity to personal information,
This change is detected by laser light and transformed into digital data by a detector circuit. Fig 2. RedTacton uses weak electric fields on the surface of the body as a transmission medium. which in Japanese culture is an auspicious color with connotations of warmth and love. NTT's RedTacton is a break-through technology that. The extent to which the optical properties are changed is detected by laser light which is then converted to an electrical signal by a detector circuit.media and communication appliances within the much smaller sphere of ordinary daily activities-. so electric field Eb induced from the body can follow a return path to the transmitter ground. to convey the cordiality and warmth of interpersonal communications Fig1. electric field Ec escapes from the body to ground. The electric field Es that reaches the receiver is Es = Ea ± (Eb + Ec).the last one meter. for the first time. It couples to the electro-optic crystal and changes the crystal¶s optical properties.Electric field in RedTacton . approach. Moreover.Basic Principle of Operation 2. 3. A RedTacton transmitter couples with extremely weak electric fields on the surface of the body. The system requires a ground close to the transmitter signal electrode. mainly from the feet. RedTacton: The name we chose for this technology is derived from ³touch-act-on´ meaning ³action triggered by touching´ combined with red. where the weak electric fields affects the optical properties of an electro-optic crystal. Fig 1 illustrates the basic principles of operation. The weak electric fields pass through the body to a RedTacton receiver. Instead of relying on electromagnetic waves or light waves to carry data. enables reliable high-speed HAN. since people are usually standing on a floor or the ground. Red-Tacton Working Principle RedTacton takes a different technical The operating principle of RedTacton is illustrated in Fig. The electric field induced toward the body by the transmitter¶s signal electrode is represented by Ea.
which distinguishes transmitting and receiving modes by detecting both transmission and reception data and outputs control signals corresponding to the two modes to enable two-way communication.3 protocol. The transmitter consists of a transmitter circuit that induces electric fields toward the body and a data sense circuit. The receiver consists of an electro-optic sensor and a detector circuit that amplifies the minute incoming signal from the electro optic sensor and converts it to electrical signal. Red Tacton Transceiver Fig 4 shows a photograph of the RedTacton transceiver connected to a PDA and a block diagram of the RedTacton transceiver developed by NTT. 5. Experimental Setup for Intrabody Communication The experimental setup for intrabody communication assuming communication between two electronic devices (PDA¶S) is shown in Fig.Operating Principle Of RedTacton 3.Fig 3. Fig 4. We implemented a receive-first halfduplex communication scheme that sends only after checking to make sure that there is no data to receive in order to avoid packet collisions between terminals in compliance with the IEEE 802. .RedTacton Transceiver 4.
automatically initiating the flow of data between a body-centric electronic device and a computer that is embedded in the environment.grasping. Fig 6.2. Besides we also 5. two-way communication is supported between any two points on the body at a throughput of up to 10 Mbps.Touch 5.1. The results showed that the system had no significant practical problems at a transmission communication speed of 10 two Mbit/s. We also verified that good communication was achieved not only when the electrodes were in direct contact with the person¶s skin. We quantitatively measured the bit error rates of signals sent through the body. Because the body surface is the . Broadband & Interactive Using a RedTacton electro-optic sensor. For example. The subject held one transmitting/receiving electrode in each hand. A wide range of natural human actions -. The three major functional features of RedTacton are highlighted below. Touch A communications path can be created with a simple touch. walking. but also when the signals passed through clothing and shoes.We prepared two sets of RedTacton transceivers. Technically. two people equipped with RedTacton devices could exchange data just by shaking hands. sitting down. Communication is not just confined to the surface of Fig 5. hands. auditoriums or stores. but can travel through the user's clothing to a RedTacton device in a pocket or through shoes to communicate with a RedTacton device embedded in 5. the transmission speed does not deteriorate even in the presence of large crowds of people all communicating at the same time in meeting rooms. it is completely distinct from wireless and infrared.Experimental Setup for Intrabody Communication the body.can be used to trigger RedTacton to start a networked process. or standing in a particular place -. Functional Features RedTacton uses the minute electric field emitted on the surface of the human body. each connected to a PDA. the floor. Unlike wireless technologies. between demonstrated reliable communication between a foot and finger and between other locations on the person¶s body.
Potential Applications 6. etc. For example.) 6. Any Media RedTacton can utilize a wide range of materials as a transmission medium. Using ordinary structures such as tables and walls that are familiar and readily available. 6. tune frequencies. New Behavior Patterns Tables. 6.transmission path. as long as the material is conductive and dielectric. and configuration information for an individual user can all be uploaded to a device the instant the device is touched.Any Media connected users directly increases the available number of individual communication channel. or any of the other inconveniences usually associated with today's electronic devices. and by the thickness of the dielectric.4. connect cables. one could easily construct a seamless communication environment at very low cost using RedTacton. various metals. which includes water and other liquids. walls. floors and chairs can all act as conductors and dielectrics.1. 5. (Note that constraints are imposed by the length and environment of the propagating conductor. One-to-One Services With the ability to send attribute data from personal information devices worn on the body to computers embedded in the environment.3. so there is no need to Fig 7. increasing the number of Fig 8. glass. Broadband and Interactive insert smart cards. registration. turning furniture and other architectural elements into a new class of transmission medium.Intuitive Operation of Personal Information Devices Communication is triggered by totally natural human actions and behavior.3. a user could have instant access to the Internet merely by placing a laptop onto a conductive tabletop.2. . 6. one-to-one services could be implemented that are tailored to the individual needs of the user. Device Personalization Setup. certain plastics. eliminating the need for the device to be registered or configured in advance.
6. such that each secure access could be initiated and authenticated with a simple touch.5. Conclusion RedTacton is an exciting new technology for human area networking.org  www. RedTacton will enable ubiquitous services based on human-centered interactions and therefore more intimate and easier for people to use. all the transaction details and relevant user attributes (personal identity.) could be logged by the security system. security clearance. Human society is entering an era of ubiquitous computing. At the same time. By making Human Area Networks feasible. cabinets and other locations calling for secure access. This is attributed to the fact that the body surface is the transmission medium and the number of communication channels automatically increases with the presence of more people. In contrast to other wireless transmission methods. ³Basic Overview of Human Area Networking Technology´. These Human Area Networks will enable the personalized information stored on the device worn on the body to be transmitted to the computers present in the neighborhood.com 7. Published 21-06-08  The Red Ferret Journal .www. References  Kamalesh Patel. The emergence of Human Area Networks on the networking scene will further strengthen the human vision of an always on society 10. Security Applications RedTacton could be installed on doors. Research is ongoing to embed these transceivers in mobile phones and memory sticks.´Basic Overview of Human Area Networking´.ieeexplore. The day is not far when the laptop placed on a table will have an instant access to the Internet. where everything is networked.iee.scribd. etc. the transmission speed in human networks does not fade . in the congested environments.  Jignesh Padhiyar.
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