World Capitals

Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark

Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia, The Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya

Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia Moldova Monaco Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal The Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian State (proposed) Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru The Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino São Tomé and Príncipe Saudi Arabia

Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Western Sahara (proposed state) Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe

Kabul, 2,206,300 Tirana, 353,400 Algiers, 3,917,000 (metro. area), 1,742,800 (city proper) Andorra la Vella, 23,000 Luanda, 2,297,200 St. John's, 23,500 Buenos Aires, 13,076,300 (metro. area), 12,116,400 (city proper) Yerevan, 1,462,700 (metro. area), 1,267,600 (city proper) Canberra, 327,700 Vienna, 2,041,300 (metro area), 1,523,600 (city proper) Baku, 2,118,600 (metro area), 1,235,400 (city proper), a port on the Caspian Sea Nassau, 222,200 Al-Manámah, 527,000 (metro area), 149,900 (city proper) Dhaka, 10,356,500 (metro.area), 8,942,300 (city proper) Bridgetown, 98,900 Mensk (Minsk), 1,769,500 Brussels, 1,750,600 (metro area), 981,200 (city proper) Belmopan, 8,700 Porto-Novo (official), 231,600 Thimphu (official), 60,200 Sucre, 204,200; Administrative capital: La Paz, 1,576,100 (metro. area), 830,500 (city proper) Sarajevo, 581,500 (unofficial) Gaborone, 195,000 Brasília, 2,160,100 Bandar Seri Begawan, 78,000 Sofia, 1,088,700 Ouagadougou, 962,100 Bujumbura, 331,700 Phnom Penh, 1,169,800 Yaoundé, 1,395,200 (metro. area), 1,154,400 (city proper) Ottawa, Ontario, 1,089,100 (metro. area), 852,100 (city proper) Praia, 99,400 Bangui, 810,000 (metro.area), 669,800 (city proper) N'Djamena, 609,600 Santiago, 5,333,100 (metro.area), 4,372,800 (city proper) Beijing, 9,376,200 (metro. area), 6,619,000 (city proper) Santafé de Bogotá, 6,837,800 Moroni (on Grande Comoro), 60,200 Brazzaville, 1,169,900 Kinshasa, 6,541,300 San José, 1,527,300 (metro. area), 337,200 (city proper) Yamoussoukro (official), 185,600 Zagreb, 685,500 Havana, 2,686,000 (metro. area), 2,343,700 (city proper) Lefkosia (Nicosia) (in government-controlled area), 197,600 Prague, 1,378,700 (metro. area), 1,169,800 (city proper) Copenhagen, 1,094,400

Djibouti, 383,000 Roseau, 20,000 Santo Domingo, 2,851,300 (metro.area), 2,252,400 (city proper) Dili, 50,800 Quito, 1,780,700 (metro. area), 1,443,900 (city proper) Cairo, 15,892,400 (metro. area), 7,937,700 (city proper) San Salvador, 1,791,700 (metro. area), 504,700 (city proper) Malabo, 92,900 Asmara, 899,000 (metro. area), 400,000 (city proper) Tallinn, 379,000 Addis Ababa, 2,716,200 Suva (on Viti Levu), 177,300 Helsinki, 1,162,900 (metro. area), 582,600 (city proper) Paris, 11,330,700 (metro. area), 2,110,400 (city proper) Libreville, 661,600 Banjul, 46,700 Tbilisi, 1,440,000 (metro. area), 1,240,200 (city proper) Berlin (capital since Oct. 3, 1990), 3,933,300 (metro. area), 3,274,500 (city proper) Accra, 2,825,800 (metro. area), 1,661,400 (city proper) Athens, 3,247,000 (metro. area), 747,300 (city proper) St. George's, 4,300 Guatemala City, 2,655,900 (metro. area), 1,128,800 (city proper) Conakry, 1,767,200 Bissau, 296,900 Georgetown, 227,700 Port-au-Prince, 1,764,000 (metro. area), 1,119,000 (city proper) Tegucigalpa, 1,436,000 (metro. area), 1,248,300 (city proper) Budapest, 2,597,000 (metro. area), 1,769,500 (city proper) Reykjavik, 184,200 (metro. area), 114,800 (city proper) New Delhi, 17,037,900 (metro. area), 10,203,700 (city proper) Jakarta, 17,891,000 (metro. area), 8,827,900 (city proper) Teheran, 11,224,800 (metro. area), 7,893,700 (city proper) Baghdad, 6,777,300 (metro. area), 5,772,000 (city proper) Dublin, 1,018,500 Jerusalem, 695,500 Rome, 3,550,900 (metro. area), 2,455,600 (city proper) Kingston, 937,700 (metro. area), 590,500 (city proper) Tokyo, 31,139,900 (metro. area), 8,240,100 (city proper) Amman, 2,677,500 (metro. area), 1,293,200 Astana, 288,200 (formerly Aqmola; capital since 1997) Nairobi, 3,064,800 (metro. area), 2,411,900 (city proper) Tarawa, 26,600 Pyongyang, 3,222,000 (metro. area), 2,767,900 Seoul, 19,969,100 (metro. area), 9,630,600 (city proper) Kuwait, 1,709,800 (metro.area), 32,600 (city proper) Bishkek (formerly Frunze), 824,900 Vientiane, 194,200 Riga, 867,700 (metro. area), 706,200 (city proper) Beirut, 1,916,100 (metro. area), 1,171,000 (city proper) Maseru 173,700 Monrovia, 1,348,900 (metro. area), 550,200 (city proper) Tripoli, 2,357,800 (metro. area), 1,269,700 (city proper)

Vaduz, 5,300 Vilnius, 543,500 Luxembourg, 78,800 Skopje, 587,300 (metro. area), 452,500 (city proper) Antananarivo, 1,390,800 Lilongwe, 499,200 Kuala Lumpur, 3,688,200 (metro. area), 1,403,400 Malé, 81,600 Bamako, 1,323,200 (metro. area), 935,400 Valletta, 194,200 (metro. area) 6,900 (city proper) Majuro, 20,500 Nouakchott, 661,400 Port Louis, 577,200 (metro. area), 143,800 (city proper) Mexico City, 21,233,900 (metro. area), 8,681,400 (city proper) Palikir 11,600 Chisinau, 772,500 (metro. area), 709,900 (city proper) Monaco, 1,400 Ulaan Baatar, 804,200 Rabat, 1,636,600 Maputo, 1,691,000 (metro. area), 1,114,000 (city proper) Rangoon (Yangon), 4,344,100 Windhoek, 221,000. Summer capital: Swakopmund, 26,200 Yaren, 4,900 Kathmandu, 1,203,100 (metro. area), 729,000 (city proper) Amsterdam (official), 737,900; The Hague (administrative capital), 465,900 Wellington, 342,500 (metro. area), 165,100 (city proper) Managua, 1,390,500 (metro. area), 1,146,000 (city proper) Niamey, 748,600 Abuja, 590,400 (metro. area), 165,700 (city proper) Oslo, 791,500 Muscat, 797,000 (metro.area), 54,800 (city proper) Islamabad, 601,600 Koror, 11,100 Undetermined Panama City, 1,053,500 (metro.area), 437,200 (city proper) Port Moresby, 324,900 Asunción, 1,482,200 (metro. area), 525,100 Lima, 8,113,000 (metro. area) Manila, 13,790,900 (metro. area), 10,232,900 (city proper) Warsaw, 2,201,900 (metro. area), 1,607,600 (city proper) Lisbon, 2,618,100 (metro. area), 559,400 Doha, 550,700 (metro. area), 318,500 (city proper) Bucharest, 2,210,800 (metro. area), 1,906,800 (city proper) Moscow, 11,970,500 (metro. area), 8,368,200 (city proper) Kigali, 298,100 Basseterre (on St. Kitts), 11,500 Castries, 60,300 Kingstown, 17,600 Apia, 35,900 San Marino, 4,300 São Tomé, 53,300 Riyadh, 3,724,100

Dakar, 2,476,400 Belgrade, 1,717,800 (metro. area), 1,285,200 (city proper) Victoria, 23,000 Freetown, 1,051,000 Singapore, 3,438,600 Bratislava, 428,800 Ljubljana, 258,000 Honiara (on Guadalcanal), 54,600 Mogadishu, 1,208,800 Pretoria, 1,541,300 (metro. area), 1,249,700 (city proper); Legislative capital and largest city: Cape Town, 3,140,600 (metro Madrid, 5,130,000 (metro. area), 3,169,400 (city proper) Colombo, 2,436,000 (metro. area), 656,100 (city proper); Legislative and judicial capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, 118,30 Khartoum, 5,717,300 (metro. area), 1,397,900 (city proper) Paramaribo, 217,300 Mbabane 69,000 Stockholm, 1,622,300 (metro. area), 1,251,900 (city proper) Bern, 122,700 Damascus, 2,381,800 (metro. area), 1,861,900 Taipei, 7,871,900 (metro. area), 2,722,600 (city proper) Dushanbe, 817,100 (metro. area), 590,300 (city proper) Dar es Salaam, 2,489,800; Official capital: Dodoma, 164,500 Bangkok, 8,838,500 (metro. area), 6,610,800 (city proper) Lomé, 749,700 (metro. area), 676,400 (city proper) Nuku'alofa, 24,500 Port-of-Spain, 263,800 (metro. area), 45,300 (city proper) Tunis, 1,660,300 (metro. area), 699,700 (city proper) Ankara, 3,582,000 (metro. area), 3,456,100 (city proper) Ashgabat, 727,700 Funafuti, 5,300 Kampala, 1,461,600 (metro. area), 1,244,000 (city proper) Kyiv (Kiev), 3,296,100 (metro. area), 2,588,400 (city proper) Abu Dhabi, 539,800 London, 11,219,000 (metro. area), 7,417,700 (city proper) Washington, DC, 570,898 Montevideo, 1,745,100 (metro. area), 1,347,600 (city proper) Tashkent, 3,457,500 (metro. area), 2,155,400 (city proper) Port Vila, 35,300 Caracas, 3,517,300 (metro. area), 1,741,400 (city proper) Hanoi, 2,543,700 (metro. area), 1,396,500 (city proper) El Aaiun 198,200 Sanaá, 1,778,900 Lusaka, 1,773,300 (metro. area), 1,265,000 (city proper) Harare, 2,331,400 (metro. area), 1,919,700 (city proper)

ovinces, consisting of the Gauteng, Northern Province, Mpumalanga, North West, KwaZulu /Natal, Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern C

Western Cape, Northern Cape, and Free State. Each province has its own capital

Languages by Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of the Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic

East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia, The Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg

Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia Moldova Monaco Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal The Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian State (proposed) Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru The Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino São Tomé and Príncipe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles

Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vatican City (Holy See) Venezuela Vietnam Western Sahara (proposed state) Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe

Pashtu, Dari Persian, other Turkic and minor languages Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects Catalán (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages English (official), local dialects Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French Armenian 96%, Russian 2%, other 2% English, native languages German 98% (official nationwide); Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian (each official in one region) Azerbaijani Turkic 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.) English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants) Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu Bangla (official), English English Belorussian (White Russian), Russian, other Dutch (Flemish) 60%, French 40%, German less than 1% (all official); legally bilingual (Dutch and French) English (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole French (official), Fon, Yoruba, tribal languages Dzongkha (official), Tibetan dialects (among Bhotes), Nepalese dialects (among Nepalese) Spanish, Quechua, Aymara (all official) Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian (all official) English (official), Setswana Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French Malay (official), English, Chinese Bulgarian; secondary languages strongly correspond to ethnic breakdown French (official); native African (Sudanic) languages 90% Kirundi and French (official), Swahili Khmer (official), French, English French, English (both official); 24 major African language groups English 59.3%, French 23.2% (both official); other 17.5% Portuguese, Criuolo French (official), Sangho (lingua franca, national), tribal languages French, Arabic (both official); Sara; more than 120 languages and dialects Spanish Standard Chinese (Mandarin/Putonghua), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese Spanish Arabic and French (both official), Shikomoro (Swahili/Arabic blend) French (official), Lingala, Monokutuba, Kikongo, many local languages and dialects French (official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba Spanish (official), English French (official) and African languages (Diaula esp.) Croatian 96% (official), other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, German) Spanish Greek, Turkish (both official); English Czech Danish, Faeroese, Greenlandic (Inuit dialect), German; English is the predominant second language French and Arabic (both official), Somali, Afar English (official) and French patois Spanish

Tetum, Portuguese (official); Bahasa Indonesia, English; other indigenous languages, including Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and K Spanish (official), Quechua, other Amerindian languages Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians) Spanish, French (both official); pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages Estonian (official), Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish, other Amharic (official), Tigrigna, Orominga, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, English, over 70 others English (official), Fijian, Hindustani Finnish 93.4%, Swedish 5.9% (both official); small Sami- (Lapp) and Russian-speaking minorities French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects (Provençal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish) French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia) German English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga) Greek 99% (official), English, French English (official), French patois Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekc French (official), native tongues (Malinké, Susu, Fulani) Portuguese (official), Criolo, African languages English (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu Creole and French (both official) Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects; English widely spoken in business Magyar (Hungarian), 98.2%; other, 1.8% Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken Hindi (official), English (official), Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Kannada Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, o Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian English, Irish (Gaelic) Hebrew (official), Arabic, English Italian (official); German-, French-, and Slovene-speaking minorities English, Jamaican Creole Japanese Arabic (official), English Kazak (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%; Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95% (2001 est.) English (official), Swahili (national), and several other languages spoken by 25 ethnic groups English (official), I-Kiribati (Gilbertese) Korean Korean, English widely taught Arabic (official), English Kyrgyz, Russian (both official) Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages Latvian (official), Lithuanian, Russian, other Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian English, Sesotho (both official); Zulu, Xhosa English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic-group languages Arabic, Italian and English widely understood in major cities German (official), Alemannic dialect Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian Luxermbourgish (national) French, German (both administrative)

Macedonian 68%, Albanian 25% (both official); Turkish 3%, Serbo-Croatian 2%, other 2% Malagasy and French (both official) English and Chichewa (both official), others important regionally Bahasa Melayu (Malay, official), English, Chinese dialects (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, T Maldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages Maltese and English (both official) Marshallese (two major dialects from the Malayo-Polynesian family), English (both official); Japanese Hassaniya Arabic, Wolof (both official); Pulaar, Soninke, French English, French (both official); Creole, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bojpoori Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages English (official, common), Chukese, Pohnpeian, Yapase, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi Moldovan (official; virtually the same as Romanian), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect) French (official), English, Italian, Monégasque Mongolian, 90%; also Turkic and Russian (1999) Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often used for business, government, and diplomacy Portuguese (official), Bantu languages Burmese, minority languages English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32 Nauruan (official), English Nepali 90% (official), over 40 other languages and major dialects, English (1995) Dutch, Frisian (both official) English, Maori (both official) Spanish (official); English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast French (official), Hausa, Djerma English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, Fulani, and more than 200 others Bokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, E English (official everywhere); Palau (official in all states but those following); Sonsoralese (official in Sonsoral); Tobi (official in T Arabic, Hebrew, English Spanish (official), English 14%, many bilingual Tok Pisin (Melanesian Pidgin, the lingua franca), Hiri Motu (in Papua region), English 1–2%; 715 indigenous languages Spanish, Guaraní (both official) Spanish, Quéchua (both official); Aymara; many minor Amazonian languages Filipino (based on Tagalog), English (both official); eight major dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bico Polish Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used) Arabic (official); English a common second language Romanian (official), Hungarian, German Russian, others Kinyarwanda, French, and English (all official); Kiswahili in commercial centers English English (official), French patois English, French patois Samoan, English Italian Portuguese (official) Arabic French (official); Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka Serbian (official) 95%, Albanian 5% Seselwa Creole, English, French (all official)

English (official), Mende (southern vernacular), Temne (northern vernacular), Krio (lingua franca) Malay (national), Mandarin Chinese, Tamil, English (all official) Slovak (official), Hungarian Slovenian 92%, Serbo-Croatian 6.2%, other 1.8% English 1%–2% (official), Melanesian pidgin (lingua franca), 120 indigenous languages Somali (official), Arabic, English, Italian Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu (all 11 official) Castilian Spanish 74% (official nationwide); Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% (each official regionally) Sinhala 74% (official and national), Tamil 18% (national), other 8%; English is commonly used in government and spoken comp Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English Dutch (official), Surinamese (lingua franca), English widely spoken, Hindustani, Javanese English, siSwati (both official) Swedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities German 63.7%, French 12.9%, Italian 7.6%, Romansch 0.6% (all official); other 8.9% Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood Chinese (Mandarin, official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business Swahili, English (both official); Arabic; many local languages Thai (Siamese), English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects French (official, commerce); Ewé, Mina (south); Kabyé, Cotocoli (north); and many dialects Tongan (an Austronesian language), English English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese Arabic (official, commerce), French (commerce) Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek Turkmen 72%; Russian 12%; Uzbek 9%, other 7% Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui) English (official), Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu English, Welsh, Scots Gaelic English, sizable Spanish-speaking minority Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1% Bislama (a Melanesian pidgin English), English, French (all 3 official); more than 100 local languages Italian, Latin, French, various other languages Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects Vietnamese (official); English (increasingly favored as a second language); some French, Chinese, Khmer; mountain area lang Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic Arabic English (official); major vernaculars: Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga; about 70 other indigenous language English (official), Shona, Ndebele (Sindebele), numerous minor tribal dialects

Area and Population of Countries
(mid-2004 estimates)
Country Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas, The Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the (formerly Zaire) Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia

Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia, The Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia

Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova Monaco Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Myanmar (Burma) Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa

San Marino São Tomé and Príncipe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vatican City Venezuela Vietnam Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International Database, and The World Factbook, 2004.

Capital Kabul Tiranë Algiers Andorra la Vella Luanda St. John's Buenos Aires Yerevan Canberra Vienna Baku Nassau Al-Manámah Dhaka Bridgetown Mensk (Minsk) Brussels Belmopan Porto-Novo Thimphu La Paz Sarajevo Gaborone Brasília Bandar Seri Begawan Sofia Ouagadougou Bujumbura Phnom Penh Yaoundé Ottawa Praia Bangui N'Djamena Santiago Beijing Bogatá Moroni Brazzaville Kinshasa San José Yamoussoukro Zagreb

Area (in sq km)

Population

647,500 28,513,677 28,748 3,544,808 2,381,740 32,129,324 468 69,865 1,246,700 10,978,552 443 68,320 2,766,890 39,144,753 29,800 2,991,360 7,686,850 19,913,144 83,858 8,174,762 86,600 7,868,385 13,940 299,697 665 677,886 144,000 141,340,476 431 278,289 207,600 10,310,520 30,510 10,348,276 22,966 272,945 112,620 7,250,033 47,000 2,185,569 1,098,580 8,724,156 51,129 4,007,608 600,370 1,561,973 8,511,965 184,101,109 5,770 365,251 110,910 7,517,973 274,200 13,574,820 27,830 6,231,221 181,040 13,363,421 475,440 16,063,678 9,984,670 32,507,874 4,033 415,294 622,984 3,742,482 1,284,000 9,538,544 756,950 15,823,957 9,596,960 1,298,847,624 1,138,910 42,310,775 2,170 651,901 2,345,410 58,317,930 342,000 2,998,040 51,100 3,956,507 322,460 17,327,724 56,542 4,496,869

Havana Nicosia Prague Copenhagen Djibouti Roseau Santo Domingo Dili Quito Cairo San Salvador Malabo Asmara Tallinn Addis Ababa Suva Helsinki Paris Libreville Banjul Tbilisi Berlin Accra Athens St. George's Guatemala City Conakry Bissau Georgetown Port-au-Prince Tegucigalpa Budapest Reykjavik New Delhi Jakarta Tehran Baghdad Dublin Jerusalem Rome Kingston Tokyo Amman Almaty Nairobi Tarawa Pyongyang Seoul Kuwait City Bishkek Vientiane Riga

110,860 11,308,764 9,250 775,927 78,866 10,246,178 43,094 5,413,392 23,000 466,900 754 69,278 48,730 8,833,634 15,007 1,019,252 283,560 13,212,742 1,001,450 76,117,421 21,040 6,587,541 28,051 523,051 121,320 4,447,307 45,226 1,341,664 1,127,127 67,851,281 18,270 880,874 337,030 5,214,512 547,030 60,424,213 267,667 1,355,246 11,300 1,546,848 69,700 4,693,892 357,021 82,424,609 239,460 20,757,032 131,940 10,647,529 344 89,357 108,890 14,280,596 245,857 9,246,462 36,120 1,388,363 214,970 705,803 27,750 7,656,166 112,090 6,823,568 93,030 10,032,375 103,000 293,966 3,287,590 1,065,070,607 1,919,440 238,452,952 1,648,000 67,503,205 437,072 25,374,691 70,280 3,969,558 20,770 6,199,008 301,230 58,057,477 10,991 2,713,130 377,835 127,333,002 92,300 5,611,202 2,717,300 15,143,704 582,650 32,021,856 811 100,798 120,540 22,697,553 98,480 48,598,175 17,820 2,257,549 198,500 5,081,429 236,800 6,068,117 64,589 2,306,306

Beirut Maseru Monrovia Tripoli Vaduz Vilnius Luxembourg Skopje Antananarivo Lilongwe Kuala Lumpur Malé Bamako Valletta Majuro Nouakchott Port Louis Mexico City Palikir Chisinau Monaco Ulan Bator Rabat Maputo Rangoon Windhoek Yaren Kathmandu Amsterdam Wellington Managua Niamey Abuja Oslo Muscat Islamabad Koror Panama City Port Moresby Asunción Lima Manila Warsaw Lisbon Doha Bucharest Moscow Kigali Basseterre Castries Kingstown Apia

10,400 3,777,218 30,355 1,865,040 111,370 3,390,635 1,759,540 5,631,585 160 33,436 65,200 3,607,899 2,586 462,690 25,333 2,071,210 587,040 17,501,871 118,480 11,906,855 329,750 23,522,482 300 339,330 1,240,000 11,956,788 316 396,851 181.3 57,738 1,030,700 2,998,563 2,040 1,220,481 1,972,550 104,959,594 702 108,155 33,843 4,446,455 1.95 32,270 1,565,000 2,751,314 446,550 32,209,101 801,590 18,811,731 678,500 42,720,196 825,418 1,954,033 21 12,809 140,800 27,070,666 41,526 16,318,199 268,680 3,993,817 129,494 5,359,759 1,267,000 11,360,538 923,768 137,253,133 324,220 4,574,560 212,460 2,903,165 803,940 159,196,336 458 20,016 78,200 3,000,463 462,840 5,420,280 406,750 6,191,368 1,285,220 27,544,305 300,000 86,241,697 312,685 38,626,349 92,391 10,524,145 11,437 840,290 237,500 22,355,551 17,075,200 143,782,338 26,338 7,954,013 261 38,836 616 164,213 389 117,193 2,944 177,714

San Marino São Tomé Riyadh Dakar Belgrade Victoria Freetown Singapore Bratislava Ljubljana Honiara Mogadishu Pretoria Madrid Colombo Khartoum Paramaribo Mbabane Stockholm Bern Damascus Taipei Dushanbe Dar es Salaam Bangkok Lomé Nuku'alofa Port-of-Spain Tunis Ankara Ashgabat Funafuti Kampala Kyiv (Kiev) Abu Dhabi London Washington, D.C. Montevideo Tashkent Vila Caracas Hanoi Sanaá Lusaka Harare

61.2 28,503 1,001 181,565 1,960,582 25,795,938 196,190 10,852,147 102,350 10,825,900 455 80,832 71,740 5,883,889 692.7 4,353,893 48,845 5,423,567 20,273 2,011,473 28,450 523,617 637,657 8,304,601 1,219,912 42,718,530 504,782 40,280,780 65,610 19,905,165 2,505,810 39,148,162 163,270 436,935 17,363 1,169,241 449,964 8,986,400 41,290 7,450,867 185,180 18,016,874 35,980 22,749,838 143,100 7,011,556 945,087 36,588,225 514,000 64,865,523 56,785 5,556,812 748 110,237 5,128 1,096,585 163,610 9,974,722 780,580 68,893,918 488,100 4,863,169 26 11,468 236,040 26,404,543 603,700 47,732,079 82,880 2,523,915 244,820 60,270,708 9,629,091 293,027,571 176,220 3,399,237 447,400 26,410,416 12,200 202,609 0.44 911 912,050 25,017,387 329,560 82,689,518 266,000 267,405 527,970 20,024,867 752,614 10,462,436 390,580 12,671,860

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