This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas Belum Diperiksa
Corel adalah perusahaan pembuat perangkat lunak komputer. Produk Corel yang paling dikenal dan banyak digunakan oleh masyarakat Indonesia adalah Corel Draw, sebuah perangkat lunak yang dibuat untuk gambar vektor atau pembuatan vektor. Corel menyediakan paket dalam penjualan perangkat lunaknya, yaitu Corel Graphic Suite, yang didalamnya terdiri dari Corel Draw, Corel R.A.V.E, Corel PhotoPaint, Corel Trace, Corel Capture, Corel update, Font Navigator, dan SB profiler. Perusahan Corel didirikan tahun 1985 dan memiliki markas di Ottawa, Kanada.Berdasarkan data, pengguna produk Corel telah mencapai lebih dari 40 juta dan produk Corel telah dijual di lebih dari 75 negara. Perusahaan yang menjadi saingan Corel adalah Adobe.
[sunting] Daftar Produk Corel (versi terbaru saat ini) ActiveCGM Animation Shop 3 Bitstream Font Navigator Corel Capture Corel DESIGNER Professional 12 Corel DESIGNER Technical Suite 12 CorelDRAW X3 Corel Grafigo 2 Corel KnockOut 2 Corel KPT Collection Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo XI
Corel Painter Essentials 3 Corel Painter IX - Education Edition Corel Painter IX.5 Corel Painter X Corel Photo Album 6 Corel PhotoPaint Corel R.A.V.E Corel Snapfire Plus Corel Trace Corel Update (program pengecek update semua program Corel) Corel Ventura 10 Corel WordPerfect Office X3 Home Edition Corel WordPerfect Office X3 Professional Corel WordPerfect Office X3 Standard Corel WordPerfect Office X3 Student & Teacher CorelDRAW Graphics Suite X3 (paket program-program) Corel-Yahoo! Toolbar (untuk browser internet) Duplexing Wizard iGrafx Mondello/NT OfficeReady Templates Paint Shop Pro Photo Art Suite SB profiler Visual Creation Studio Pro WinZip 11.0
WinZip Family The ZIP file Utility for Windows WordPerfect MAIL WordPerfect-Yahoo! Toolbar Xtras - Creative Edition Xtras - Photo Album Templates
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Graphs of the dynamic development of correlations between brain networks. (A) In children the regions are largely local and are organized by their physical location; the frontal regions are highlighted in light blue. (B) In adults the networks become highly correlated despite their physical distance; the default network is highlighted in light red.
The default network is a network of brain regions that are active when the individual is not focused on the outside world and the brain is at wakeful rest. Also called the default mode network (DMN), default state network, or task-negative network (TNN), it is characterized by coherent neuronal oscillations at a rate lower than 0.1 Hz (one every ten seconds). During goal-oriented activity, the DMN is deactivated and another network, the task-positive network (TPN) is activated. It is thought that the default network corresponds to task-independent introspection, or self-referential thought, while the TPN corresponds to action, and that perhaps the TNN and TPN should be considered elements of a single default network with anticorrelated components.Contents [hide] 1 Anatomy 2 Function 3 History 4 References 5 External links
The default network is an interconnected and anatomically defined brain system that preferentially activates when individuals focus on internal tasks such as daydreaming, envisioning the future, retrieving memories, and gauging others' perspectives. It is negatively correlated with brain systems that focus on external visual signals. Its subsystems include part of the medial temporal lobe for memory, part of the medial prefrontal cortex for theory of mind, and the posterior cingulate cortex for integration, along with the adjacent precuneus and the medial, lateral and inferior parietal cortex. In the infant brain, there is limited evidence of the default network, but default network connectivity is more consistent in children aged 9±12 years, suggesting that the default network undergoes developmental change.  Function
In humans, the default network has been hypothesized to generate spontaneous thoughts during mindwandering and believed to be an essential component of creativity. Alternatively, default mode activity may represent underlying physiological processes going on in the brain that are unrelated to any particular thought or thoughts. It has been hypothesized to be relevant to mental disorders including Alzheimer's disease, autism, and schizophrenia. In particular, reduced default network activity has been associated with autism, overactivity with schizophrenia, and impaired control of entering and leaving the default network state is correlated with old age.
The idea of a "default network" is not universally accepted. In 2007 the concept of the default mode was criticized as not being useful for understanding brain function, on the grounds that a simpler hypothesis is that a resting brain actually does more processing than a brain doing certain "demanding" tasks, and that there is no special significance to the intrinsic activity of the resting brain.  History
Hans Berger, the inventor of the electroencephalogram was the first to propose the idea that the brain is constantly busy. In a series of papers published in 1929 he showed that the electrical oscillations detected by his device do not cease even when the subject is at rest. However his ideas were not taken seriously and a general perception formed among neurologists that only when a focused activity is performed does the brain (or a part of the brain) becomes active.
Later, experiments by Marcus Raichle's group and other groups showed that the brain's energy consumption is increased by less than 5% of its baseline energy consumption while performing a focused
such as visual and auditory networks. These experiments showed that the brain is constantly active with a high level of activity even when the person is not engaged in focused mental work. the concept rapidly became a central theme in neuroscience. Research thereafter focused on finding the regions responsible for this constant background activity level. The brain may have other Low Frequency Resting State Networks (LFRSNs). Marcus Raichle coined "default-mode" in 2001 to describe resting state brain function.mental task. .
2 Read/write support 2 Features 2. was released in February 2010. It is also the name of Corel's Graphics Suite. named X5 (actually version 15).2 Characteristic features 3 CorelDRAW Graphics Suite 4 See also 5 Notes and references 6 External links . 2010. Canada.com CorelDRAW is a vector graphics editor developed and marketed by Corel Corporation of Ottawa.1 Supported platforms 2. 8 months ago Microsoft Windows Operating system Type Vector graphics editor License Proprietary Website corel.1 Features by version 1.CorelDRAW From Wikipedia. the free encyclopedia CorelDRAW CorelDRAW X5 under Windows 7 Developer(s) Stable release Corel X5 / February 23. Its latest version.Contents [hide] 1 History 1.
x and 3. Ver. Dickman also founded and published the independant Mastering CorelDRAW Journal publication. or InDesign. a font manager and several other pieces of software. CorelCHART (for graphic charts).  Features by version Ver. from 1995 to 1997. published by Peachpit Press in 1990.0 came into its own with Microsoft's release of Windows 3.com. CorelDRAW. New features were customizable interface. CorelDRAW 3. Blend (for morphing shapes). Ver. was initially released in 1989. 3 (1992): Included Corel PHOTO-PAINT* (for bitmap editing). The inclusion of this software was the precedent for the actual graphic suites.0.x. Ver. Clone tool. Corel Ventura was included in the suite (and then sold as a separate program). elastic node editing. That program. CorelSHOW (for creating on-screen presentations). Spiral. CorelMOVE for animation.1 transformed CorelDRAW into a serious illustration program capable of using system-installed outline fonts without requiring third-party software such as Adobe Type Manager. CorelDRAW 1. 5 (1994): This is the last version which was made for. Corel . It was a desktop publishing application akin to PageMaker. with a contribution by Rick Altman. Quark Express. Powerlines. and created and ran the first site dedicated to CorelDRAW. Corel Presents. Envelope tool. paired with a photo editing program (PhotoPaint). Corel hired software engineers Michel Bouillon and Pat Beirne to develop a vector-based illustration program to bundle with their desktop publishing systems. Multi-page capabilities. Corel Memo. Ver. Mosaic and CorelTRACE (for vectorizing bitmaps). Polygon. The inclusion of TrueType in Windows 3.1. CorelSHOW (for creating on-screen presentations). Knife and Eraser tools. it was also part of the first allin-one graphics suite. CorelNET. and works on Windows 3. CorelCHART (for graphic charts). 2 (1991): Envelope tool (for distorting text or objects using a primary shape). History In 1987. support for graphic tablets. 6 (1995): This is the first version which was made exclusively for 32-bit Windows.x and 2. The first book devoted to CorelDRAW was Mastering CorelDRAW by Chris Dickman.x runs under Windows 2. 4 (1993): Included Corel PHOTO-PAINT* (for bitmap editing). Mosaic and CorelTRACE (for vectorizing bitmaps). Extrusion (for simulating perspective and volume in objects) and Perspective (to distort objects along X and Y axes).
enhanced Mesh tool with transparency options. Ver. X4 (2008): Whatthefont font identification service linked inside CorelDraw. Smart Drawing tools. The suite included Corel Scan and Corel Barista (a Java-based document exchange format). and new supported file formats. 10 (2000): CorelR. Unicode text support. import and export in SVG format. Interactive Fill and Blend tools. Ver. Corel Depth. Ver. guidelines as objects. Open. object hinting. Ver. high-value digital content (professional fonts. Docker windows. Ver. Draft and Enhanced display options. added touch support. Natural Pen tool. duotone support.Motion 3D. navigator window. a piece of software for media management. color palette editor. Table tool. The suite included Canto Cumulus LE. Trace became integrated inside Draw under the name PowerTRACE.  Read/write supportCorelDRAW version Supports reading files from version Supports writing files . Corel Font Master and Corel DREAM (for 3D modelling) were included in the suite. interactive color mixing. Spell checker. Envelope and tools. Web graphics tools (for creating interactive elements such as buttons). 3point drawing tools. image slicing (for web design). live text formatting. 3D. Artistic Media tool. Virtual Segment Delete tool. Transparency tools. Find & Replace wizard. Ver. customsized pages.V. web graphics and animation tools. Ver. Corel Multimedia Manager. Thesaurus and Grammar checker. Chamfer/Fillet/Scallop/Emboss tool. ConceptShare. and photos). Export to MS Office or Word option. Corel Versions was included in the suite. 12 (2003): Dynamic guides. Scrapbook (for viewing a drag-and-dropping graphic objects). Smart fill tool. Print Preview with Zoom and Pan options. Interactive Distortion. independent page layers. pressure-sensitive vector brushes. embedded ICC color profiles. new color management. Perfect Shapes. It has developed Transformation. 9 (1999): Mesh fill tool (for complex color filling). pixel view. Publish to PDF features. Image Adjustment Lab. Ver. which makes multipe copies of a single object. Ver. (for vector animation). 7 (1997): Context-sensitive Property bar. support for RAW camera files. multi-core performance improvement. Multiple On-screen Color Palettes and Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications 6 support. Convert Vector to Bitmap option (inside Draw). X3 (2006): Double click Crop tool (the first vector software able to crop groups of vectors and bitmap images at the same time). 8 (1998): Digger selection. Page sorter. multilingual document support. Realistic Dropshadow tool. X5 (2010): Built-in content organizer (CorelCONNECT).E.A. save. Publish to HTML option. clip arts. 11 (2002): Symbols library.
for version 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 1. 64-bit) X5 (15) 7 to X5 7 to X5 XP. 12. 6. 4 1. 6 95 5. 9 10 11 12 10 Á 11 Á 12 Á 98. 8. NT 4. 5. 8 3. 3. Me. XP 2000.0 3. 64-bit). 11. 3. NT 4. Windows Vista. and Windows 7. 95. 2. X3 X4 Á X4 (14) 7 to X4 XP. 8. 2 2. 5. 64-bit) CorelDraw 10 to X4 can open files of version 3 and later. 4. 3 1. 7 95. 10.0. 9. Á The list of file formats that CorelDraw 10 to X4 can write may not be complete in this table. 7.  Features  Supported platforms CorelDRAW was originally developed for Microsoft Windows and currently runs on Windows XP. Me. NT 4 6. 2 Designed for Windows version 1 1. 7.1 (preferred) 3. NT 4 3. 3. 4. . 4. 98. XP 2000. 8 95. 5 3. X5. 4. 7 3. 2. 3 2. 7. 6 3. 5 3.1 (1. Vista. 2003.1 1. Vista. Vista (32-bit only) X3 (13) X3 7.2 also for Win30) 3. 4. The current version. 5. 4. 6. 7 (32-bit. XP (32-bit. 7. was released on 23 February 2010. 4 3. 6. 5. 2000 98. 6. NT 4 95. 2. but certain features may not be supported. 6. 2000. 7 (32-bit. 8.1 5.
Useful for creating and editing multi-article newsletters etc. perspective projections. Multipage documents are easy to create and edit and the Corel print engine allows for booklet and other imposition so even simple printers can be used for producing finished documents. the user experience differs greatly between them. individual invitations. change the format from RGB to CMYK.Versions for Mac OS and Mac OS X were at one time available. stroke-before-fill. but due to poor sales these were discontinued. rather than just a vector graphics program.1x. add special effects such as vignettes and special borders to bitmaps. can be designed to their final page size and imposed to the printer's sheet size for cost-effective printing. CorelDRAW was developed for Windows 3. An additional print-merge feature (using a spreadsheet or text merge file) allows full personalization for many things like numbered raffle tickets. Also. The last port for Linux was version 9 (released in 2000. A full range of editing tools allow the user to adjust contrast. membership cards and more. Smaller items. it didn't run natively. CorelDRAW's competitors include Adobe Illustrator and Xara Xtreme. like business cards. One of the useful features for single and multi-page documents is the ability to create linked text boxes across documents that can be resized and moved while the text itself resets and flows through the boxes. While these programs will . CTOS and OS/2. fit text-to-path. instead it used a modified version of Wine to run) and the last version for OS X was version 11 (released in 2001). invitations etc. It also allows a laser to cut out any drawings.. color balance. opening the bitmap directly from CorelDRAW and returning to the program after saving. CorelDRAW differentiates itself from its competitors in a number of ways: The first is its positioning as a graphics suite. quick fill/stroke color selection palettes. Although all of these are vectorbased illustration programs. mesh fills and complex gradient fills. CorelDRAW is capable of handling multiple pages along with multiple master layers. up until version 5.  Characteristic features Several innovations to vector-based illustration originated with CorelDRAW: a node-edit tool that operates differently on different objects. Bitmaps can also be edited more extensively using Corel PhotoPaint.
though there are several mainstays that have remained in the package for many releases now. contains the following packages: CorelDRAW: Vector graphics editing software Corel PHOTO-PAINT: Raster image creation and editing software Corel CONNECT: Content organizer Corel CAPTURE: Enables several methods of image-capture Corel PowerTRACE: Converts raster images to vector graphics (available inside the CorelDraw program). The current version of CorelDRAW Graphics Suite X5 (version 15). Microsoft Publisher and Word. CorelDRAW can open Adobe PDF files: Adobe PageMaker. The list of bundled packages usually changes somewhat from one release to the next. and other programs can print documents to PDF using the Adobe PDFWriter printer driver. including PowerTRACE (a bitmap to vector graphic converter). and CAPTURE (a screen capture utility). CorelDRAW is one of the few programs whose print preview is almost always what actually prints. which CorelDRAW can then open and edit every aspect of the original layout and design. Bitstream Font Navigator SB Profiler . PHOTO-PAINT (a bitmap graphic editor).  CorelDRAW Graphics Suite Corel Capture X4 Over time. CorelDRAW can also open PowerPoint Presentations and other Microsoft Office formats with little or no problem.read their native file types and vice versa. additional components were developed or acquired and bundled with CorelDRAW. the translation is rarely perfect.
Abraham Z.A default mode of brain function Marcus E. . Debra A. Shulman Á + Author Affiliations . Ann Mary MacLeod *. Raichle * . §. and Gordon L. Powers Á. William J. Gusnard * . Snyder *.
Many suspect that left unconstrained. Despite this prediction we identify a baseline state of the normal adult human brain in terms of the brain oxygen extraction fraction or OEF. MO 63110 Contributed by Marcus E. signifying deactivations.com/graphics/corel101/6/7. These decreases suggest the existence of an organized. St.*Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology and Departments of ÁNeurology and §Psychiatry. All significant deviations from the mean hemisphere OEF were increases.g.. Louis. its activity will vary unpredictably. and resided almost exclusively in the visual system. poses a particular challenge. lying quietly with eyes closed). We used quantitative metabolic and circulatory measurements from positron-emission tomography to obtain the OEF regionally throughout the brain. Washington University School of Medicine. Defining a baseline state in the human brain. Defining the baseline state of an area in this manner attaches meaning to a group of areas that consistently exhibit decreases from this baseline. Areas of activation were conspicuous by their absence. Raichle Abstract A baseline or control state is fundamental to the understanding of most complex systems. CorelDraw 101: All About Outlines http://www.html Outline Tool Overview . during a wide variety of goal-directed behaviors monitored with positron-emission tomography and functional MRI.webreference. baseline default mode of brain function that is suspended during specific goal-directed behaviors. arguably our most complex system. Local deviations in the OEF represent the physiological basis of signals of changes in neuronal activity obtained with functional MRI during a wide variety of human behaviors. The OEF is defined as the ratio of oxygen used by the brain to oxygen delivered by flowing blood and is remarkably uniform in the awake but resting state (e.
Click on several to see the result on your oval. Choose the Outline Tool from the Toolbox and a fly-out will appear. Click and drag to create an oval shape. Select the oval. including a no outline setting. Change Outline Width Choose Pick Tool from the Toolbox. Click on any color in the color palette to fill the oval. The second section of the fly-out contains 6 preset outline widths.Create Ellipse Choose the Ellipse Tool from the Toolbox. longer than it is wide. See individual steps for step-bystep instructions on techniques. . This tutorial is a quick tour through outline features as an overview of what the Outline Tool will do. You can click and drag on the fly-out to detach the the fly-out for easy access to outline settings. Choose the Pick Tool.
Choose the Outline Pen Dialog icon to open the Outline Pen window. Right click on any color in the color palette to set a new outline color. This sample uses a 50% stretch and a 60-degree angle.Change Outline Color Choose the Pick Tool. Set Stretch and Angle in the Calligraphy section. Create Calligraphy Effect Choose Pick Tool and Select Oval. . Calligraphy outlines add a drawn look to objects. You can also set the color through the Outline Tool. See Calligraphy for step-by-step instructions and variations. Choose Outline Tool to open the fly-out.
. from dots to dashes and combinations. Click on the first icon to open the Outline Pen window. but the lower rectangle has the outline behind the fill. With your object selected. you may want the outline to fall behind the fill. Choose Behind Fill near the bottom of the Outline Pen window. Combined with width and calligraphy effects. Click on the first icon to open the Outline Pen window. Occasionally.Set Outline Style CorelDraw offers many outline styles. click on the Outline Tool to open the fly-out. The outline width is set to the same value. Outline Behind Fill The default for outlines is in front of the fill. The sample above contains two identical rectangles. the range of effects is unlimited. With your object selected. click on the Outline Tool to open the fly-out. Choose style. Try several variations to become familiar with the styles available.
even if the image is reduced or enlarged. You can set your outline to remain proportional. The lower sample has been set to Scale with Image in the Outline Pen window. and will remain the same width once set. But often. Set Outline Width . Choose Scale with Image near the bottom of the Outline Pen window. the proportion between the outline and the fill should remain the same. drawn at a small size with a thick outline and enlarged. The sample above contains two identical rectangles.Scale Outline with Object Outlines are set numerically.
Choose a preset outline width in the Toolbar fly-out. Specify Outline Width Choose the Outline Tool from the Toolbar and click the Outline Pen Dialog button on the Toolbar fly-out.Select Object Click on the Pick Tool in the Toolbar. (Cutaway view shown for Outline Pen Dialog Box. Click on the object you wish to edit. As you work through this tutorial. You can also change the units of measure for the outline with the fly-out beside the Width widow. Specify desired width for outline in the Width window.) . observe the changes you make. Choose Preset Outline Click on the Outline Tool in the Toolbar. Note that the fill and outline properties are displayed for the selected object in the bottom right hand corner of the screen.
Drag Color for Outline Click and drag a color from the color palette near the outside edge of an object. Set Outline Color Set Outline with the Mouse Select any object with the Pick Tool. When the cursor moves over an object outline the square . Right click on any color on the color palette to set outline color. There will be a small square with the chosen color beside the cursor.Remove Outline Click on the Outline Tool and choose No Outline from the fly-out.
becomes an outline. You can change the default so all objects are drawn with your color choice. A pop-up window appears asking which types of objects you would like the new outline color to affect. Choose Outline Color Dialog. Set Color with Fly-out Select your object with Pick Tool. since text normally does not have an outline. Change Default Outline Color The default color for outlines in CorelDraw is black. Click on the Outline Tool to open the fly-out. This will open the Outline color window and presents the full range of CorelDraw color options. Click OK. Set Outline Style . make sure there are no objects selected in your document. the second icon in the fly-out. Release the mouse button and the outline color will change to the color from the palette. Choose new color. Choose graphics. To change the default. Right click any color in the color palette or choose a color through the Outline Tool in the Toolbox.
When you are satisfied. click Add to create a new style. the Property Bar offers a Line Style fly-out for quick access. Select the style from the Style fly-out. Freehand Tool Style Choose the Freehand Tool from the Toolbox and create a line of any type. With a line selected. locate the line of squares and click and drag on the dumbbell shaped icon to increase the work area. You can see the results in the window below the edit bar. In the Edit Style window. Click on the squares to toggle black and white. . Select the line with the Pick Tool and choose a style from the fly-out. Click the Edit Style button. Select a style that is similar to the one you wish to create. Choose the Outline Pen Dialog (first in the fly-out) to open the Outline Pen window. Edit Style Open Outline Pen window as in previous step. Click on the Outline Tool in the Toolbox to open the fly-out. This is where you design your style.Set Outline Style Select any object with the Pick Tool.
Click the Outline Tool to open the fly-out. Choose Graphics only for outline style. Outline Corners/Line Caps Set Outline Corner Style Create a rectangle with a thick outline and select with the Pick Tool. Click OK. Any new graphic objects will have this style outline when they are drawn. reflecting the selected corner style. Choose the first icon to open the Outline Pen window. Choose the desired style and click OK. Click OK and the Outline Pen window will open. since this effect is not good for text. Choose a corner style from the Corners section. Notice in the sample how the rectangle corner is rounded. Set Line Caps .Set Default Style Make sure there are no objects selected in your document. Click on the Outline Tool and a pop-up will appear asking you to choose which items will receive the new default settings.
There are options to place a symbol at the start and end of the line. Note the green sample: The selection handles show where the line starts and ends. Choose a style from the Line Caps section. The open node at the left of each line is the actual start point for that line. but there is also an easy to use edit feature for highly specialized arrowheads. Note how the nodes differ on each style. . The curved head and the tail are the added arrowhead symbols. since automated alignment will use the line end point. The preset styles will match most needs. Open Outline Pen Window Draw a line from left to right on your screen. The samples above are all simple lines with various arrowheads added. Choose the first icon to open the Outline Pen window. Create Arrowheads Arrowheads Overview CorelDraw offers easy addition of an unlimited selection of arrowheads. Choose the first icon in the fly-out to open the Outline Pen Window.Create a line with a thick outline width. Click OK. The ends of your line will take on the shape of the selected line cap style. You will need to keep this in mind as you design. The sample above shows samples of an identical line with the three line cap styles applied. This is important to know which type of symbol to use. Click the Outline Tool to open the flyout. Select line with Pick Tool. Select with the Pick Tool. Choose the Outline Tool in the Toolbox to open the fly-out.
choose from the right hand fly-out. and it will be displayed in the sample box.Choose Arrow Symbol In the Arrows section of the Pen Outline. Click on Options. Edit Arrow Symbol Select the arrowhead you wish to modify. You can resize the arrow that is presented by clicking and dragging on the handles. If you also desire an end symbol for your arrow. Swap from the same section. . Note the Center in X and Center in Y buttons. Move the arrowhead by clicking and nodes. Edit to open the Edit Arrowhead window. The arrow symbols will switch positions with each other. click on the triangle in the left hand illustration. These buttons will help you return your arrowhead to a centered position once your editing is complete. Choose one. choose Options. A fly-out appears with your arrow choices. If you decide you would like them reversed.
and consumers' needs for graphic design can vary greatly from project to project. Vector art. diverse graphic design tool. . but when they begin to pixelate you are limited on what you can do with the graphic or design element. Vector graphics can be scaled up or down without pixelation or loss of clarity. Because graphic design consumer needs can vary. making them a very useful. All graphic design elements are scalable.Vector Graphic Design The world of graphic design is ever-changing. it means scaleable art. vector graphics. vector graphic design: any way you say it. you should know the advantages of vector graphic design.
this colorful vector collection includes a variety of robots from your basic toy retro robot to a more futuristic space-man. 2010 | Posted in Art. Print These robots were created as a fun project for myself. the robots we envisioned during the 1940 s to 1980 s never came to existence as they were portrayed. I¶ve always been inspired by how a combination of simple lines and shapes can come together to create something so complex and creative. Easily replace body parts and change colors to create your own design. except as childhood toys or hobbies. or use bright color combinations and odd angles to create a cute female cyborg. cartoons.Retro Robots in Vector Format July 27th. While technology has advanced so rapidly. Use metal color variations and create your own tin-man. wacky logos or simply put them on your desktop wallpaper. . This set of retro robots includes a good building blog to create new robots. Inspired by old retro robots. These retro robots can be used to create an online comic strip. flash animations.
flaming suns and mountain tops. If there is ever a need for some warm and inviting logo icons here is the perfect set. . fluffy clouds. 2010 | Posted in Art. Use this set of sun logos to to get inspiration for your next design. Web Here is a set of logo icons and images for your next logo project.Retro robots can be used in various applications: Comic book designs Abstract 3d models Ideas for robot sculptures Retro movie posters Nostalgia and memorabilia designs Retro toys T-shirt designs Cartoon characters for comic strips Birthday Invitations and more Sun Logos in Vector Format July 10th. Print. These images consist of sunny skies. See how logos are created and quickly design your own version.
such as: Travel Agency Music Bands Computer Industry Hotels and Resorts Restaurants Vacation Homes Retirement Homes Conventions Summer Camp Sports and Fitness Construction non-profit organizations . weather and flowing air. Sun graphics can also invoke the feeling of nature. heat.Open this vector file and see how logos are created. from real estate logos to rock-band designs. motion. sun graphics can be used in a wide variety of industry sectors. Sun graphics generate a good mood and soothing atmosphere almost every time. sunrise. These sun-graphics can be applied in a variety of concepts. summer time. In addition.
it is easy to modify the graphics. With a set of 8 colorful banners it is easy to get started right away. You can easily modify the colors and scale these banners because they are all in vector form. . Created in various layers. 2010 | Posted in Print. Web This set of technical banners are all in vector art and can be used for website header art.Download this set and see how these designs were created. online ads or website backgrounds. Its easy to place your communication on top of this art and make it your own. text and colors of these banners. This set of tech banners can be used in various applications. There are variations of styles and designs in this set. from web banners to large print banners. This allows you to manipulate every element and line on each illustration. use them as ideas to create a design that works best for your brand. Easily add your message to the top and see how quickly these vector graphics attract attention. Decompose these vector logos and create your own unique designs. Colorful Tech Banners September 10th.
checkers. These technology graphics can be used in: Business Banners Creative advertising campaigns Website headers Rotating ads Business cards backgrounds Flyer backgrounds Software applications Tech conference graphics Car and automobile print materials Large billboard advertisements Any print and web design Download this set of contemporary background graphics and create your own techie banners. Print. hexagons. binary elements. transparency. colorful gradation. vertical and horizontal lines. rectangles. High Resolution Vector Wallpaper ± Part 2 June 10th.These banners contains various tech elements including. digital patterns. sharp lines. 2010 | Posted in Art. dots. gradients. Use these illustrations and modify them to create your own vector designs. circles. repeating patterns. stripped lines. spheres. waves. Web .
and the large object in background was rotated 120 times (3 degrees). The green gradient background creates a nice surreal. I separated a few design elements and rotated-and-copy them in order to create various circle patters. others 8 times (45 degrees). using Illustrator¶s ³blend tool´. I¶ve created a second set. giving me a nice sun-looking object. This background was created using a series of pre-existing designs. I also modified thickness of the lines until I was happy with a final design. I will try to explain what effects and graphics were used in each wallpaper and what the design though was behind each wallpaper. it was just a matter of placing them in different sizes and using different transparencies. I used various pieces and design elements from the swirls graphics set. After creating the circle objects. I created a twisted tube object. . Some of these were rotated 4 times (90 degrees). I used this tube object as my primary design element and multiplied it using the copyand-rotate tool. vibrant effect. I rotated this object at 30 degrees.With the popularity of the first high-resolution vector wallpapers. These wallpapers are highly customizable and scalable because they are created purely in vector art. styles. treatments and design patterns. Instead of centering this sun-object I decided to lower it just a bit. creating a different effect. Then. This graphic was created using a simple radial gradient in the background. highlighting different effects.
Actually only two made it to this set. but only three of them made it to this set. Download and open the vector files to see how they were created. Place your art on these templates and impress your clients today. The wings were created using a simple leaf/teardrop image and duplicating-and-rotating them several times. The idea behind this vector wallpaper was to create a techie-city-swirl design. These are not butterflies. you need to present your artwork concepts in a way that is coherent and impactful. If you¶re just starting graphic design. creating a very organic and distinct effect. Spaghetti Straps and Long Sleeves. a local charity event.This vector background was created with the idea of using flying elements. Vector T-shirt Graphics May 31st. Web As a graphic designer you will eventually have the opportunity to design some T-shirt art work for a client. This wallpaper could have been any color. The use of the orange and variations of orange was done to simply separate this background from the other sets. Give it a try on your next design. see if you can copy each of these exactly as they were created. Use your own elements. I think gray colors with subtle blue-ish tones work great for techie designs. or birds. Whether its a local band that needs some T-shirts and merchandise. The striped background and the snowflakes were borrowed from previous posts on OpenGraphicDesign. The swirls were created using Adobe Illustrator¶s ³swirl tool´. I did a series of swirls. This set of shirt templates consists of Polos. the white swirl object is just a copy of the larger swirl. or a long term contract job. T-shirts. to create the flock effect. 2010 | Posted in Print. V-Necks. I hope you enjoyed these backgrounds and learning a bit behind the concept behind them. . After the first butterfly object was crated. Tank Tops.com. Various elements on this set were taken from the hi-tech vector graphics set. but they look like they could be. while using a transparency effect. This effect tool allows you to twirl any vector object freely. techniques and style to create your own variation. this object was copied multiple times and scaled-and-rotated.
artwork or design on top of a clothing graphic will help you determine the correct size and dimensions before going to print. This set includes: long-sleeve button / collar dress shirt short-sleeve polo shirt long-sleve shirt / sweatshirt short sleeve v-neck t-shirt crew neck t-shirt woman¶s tshirt / blouse athletic sports / basketball jersey / BBD spaghetti strap woman¶s tang top . and will help you choose the right color and style for your article of clothing. these t-shirt templates will come in handy as you create articles of clothing for styles that expand beyond your basic tshirt. Placing your logo. If you¶re in the business of designing and selling tshirts for profit. These graphics will be very helpful when creating a mock-up for your client as it is oftennecessary to preview this type of artwork on screen before sending it off to press. This can save you a lot of money in silk-screen printing costs.This set of t-shirt vector graphics contain a variety of styles and designs.
Download this set and see how these vector graphics were created. Colorful Bursts Whether you¶re advertising a sale on print. or doing a special limited time offer on your online store. you will always need a burst to grab some attention. . high tech glossy icons and random star shapes. oval rings. Reverse the colors when using a dark color for the shirts. This set contains some classic star bursts. and add some dotted lines for as a special effect. Easily change the color of the t-shirts and the outlines. By using plain text on your banners and flyers your message is bound to get lost in the mix so don¶t go without putting a little explosion in your ads.
Easily create your personalized burst by adding text or graphics to the center of the burst and quickly emphasize your statement. Simply overlay any star-shape element over your design and see how quickly this burst grabs your viewer¶s attention. Bursts are perfect way of adding some accent or an extra touch of color to any design. or satisfaction guarantee badge Seal of approval Website badge and stamps .0 or beta tags A temporary promotion. Here are a few examples where these vector bursts can come in handy µFor sale¶ or µFree¶ starbursts Web 2. or discount -´20% off´ Improved services ± ³More Power´ Quick call-to-action Money back.
rotate the graphics and scale without loosing quality. Create your own burst by adding content to the center or the bursts. Easily change the gradient colors.Download this set and see how these vector bursts were created. .
persebaran industri..dgip. Pokok Bahasan Konsep industri dalam geografi. Nah. E. .php?fid=7475 Contoh silabus Geografi Industri : 12. J. The Global Economy in Transition .id/ebhtml/hki/filecontent. John Wiley & Sons. Conkling. Wing King Tong Co. GEO 30321 . orientasi industri. ini contoh soal ujian geogarfi indsutri tempat lain. kebijakan dan strategi pembangunan industri. penerapan teori ekonomi keruangan dalam kegiatan industri. The Location of Manufacaturing Industry : An Introduction Approach. teori lokasi kegiatan industri. Prentice Hall. Pustaka Bale. Ray.. Toronto.J. Industrial Location: An Economic Geographical Analysis . D. B.Geografi Industri (2 sks) Tujuan Umum Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan dan menganalisis persebaran dan dampak kegiatan industri bagi masyarakat dan pembangunan pada suatu wilayah...M. Hongkong.05 Jawaban Tugas Geografi Industri 4B. 1984. New York. dampak industri. metode evaluasi dan pendugaan dampak industri.L. Smith.go. Berry.M. 1981. 1997. Ltd.C. faktor produksi dan faktor lokasi kegiatan industri.. and D.OK Klasifikasi industri bisa lihat di situs dibawah ini : www.belajar ya: Jawablah Soal-soal dibawah ini dengan jelas dan ringkas.
Jelaskan nilai tambah dari suatu industri pedesaan! ====> jawaban 5. apa keuntungan dan kerugian yang ditimbulkan? ====> jawaban 2. SELAMAT MENGERJAKAN . Jelaskan apa yang perlu dikembangkan dinegara kita. Jelaskan tentang sebaran industri pusat perbelanjaan khususnya di Yogyakarta dikaitkan dengan teori "central place" (tempat pusat). Bagaimana peran industri nasional kaitannya dengan serapan tenaga kerja. ====> jawaban 4. bagaimana pendapat saudara dengan adanya krisis keuangan global dikaitkan dengan keberlangsungan industri di negara kita. ====> jawaban 7. Jelaskan mengapa pemerintah mendirikan suatu kawasan industri atau sejenisnya.1. Jelaskan pengertian kutub pertumbuhan dan pusat pertumbuhan! ====> jawaban 6. apakah sektor industri atau sektor pertanian atau keduanya? berikan penjelasan secara rinci. perolehan devisa dan kaitannya dengan isu lingkungan? ====> jawaban 3.
perusahaan menginginkan agar biaya logistik dapat ditekan serendah mungkin. Biaya logistik terjadi ketika bahan baku atau bahan setengah jadi dikirimkan ke lokasi-lokasi produksi ataupun langsung ke konsumen. Dengan melakukan desain sistem rantai pasok. mulai pendekatan kuantitatif sampai pada pendekatan kualitatif ataupun campuran keduanya. Industri kini menghimpun cara agar bisa memproduksi dengan biaya seminimal mungkin.com Content Team 1 2 3 4 5 ( 0 ) | Jumlah komentar: 0 SHARE : Facebook Twitter Blogger Wordpress Artikel Terkait Mengenal Jenis Sungai Sungai Brantas Jurnal Geografi: Nilai Ekonomi Kawasan Karst Pemanfaatan Fungsi Sungai Orang yang setiap harinya berkecimpung di dunia perindustrian tentu mengenal atau setidaknya pernah mendengar geografi industri. Minimalisasi biaya logistik dapat dilakukan dengan beragam cara. Melakukan desain sistem rantai pasok merupakan salah satu pilihan yang bisa diambil. Cara yang digunakan pun beragam. Salah satu faktor yang bisa menjadi beban adalah besarnya biaya transportasi atau biasa yang disebut juga biaya logistik.Geografi Industri: Minimalisasi Ongkos Produksi Melalui Klaster Produksi Oleh: AnneAhira. Cara lain yang bisa dilakukan adalah dengan mendesain sebuah klaster . Salah satu yang dibahas dalam geografi industri adalah mengenai keterkaitan serta ketergantungan dalam industri.
Salah satu syarat yang perlu dipenuhi tentunya desain klaster industri tersebut harus sudah memenuhi kriteria-kriteria dasar dari sistem rantai pasok yang baik. Hal itu berarti akan memperlancar proses produksi perusahaan-perusahaan yang ada dalam klaster tersebut. pada akhirnya. industri gas alam merupakan salah satu supporting industry dari industri pupuk. Misalnya. Misalnya. Hal ini dapat dilakuakan dengan melakukan pendekatan proaktif terhadap stakeholder-stakeholder yang terlibat langsung ketika mendesain sistem klaster industri. Yang dimaksud supporting industry adalah industri yang termasuk dalam ranti nilai produksi sebuah produk. Kedekatan jarak dan kesamaan tujuan antarperusahaan yang ada dalam klaster tersebut akan menjadikan usaha untuk mengirim faktor-faktor produksi. biaya logistik akibat transportasi faktor-faktor produksi pun akan dapat ditekan pada nilai terendahnya. Dengan demikian. klaster industri adalah kelompok industri dengan focal/core industry yang saling berhubungan secara intensif dan membentuk partnership.industri. . dapat dilihat hubungan dari kumpulan industri yang membentuk sebuah klaster industri. Dengan demikian. baik dengan supporting industry maupun related industry. Keberadaan sebuah klaster industri memerlukan peran serta pemerintah sebagai salah satu stakeholder keberadaan bisnis sebuah perusahaan. industri pengeboran perusahaan manufaktur memerlukan perusahaan jasa pengangkutan sebagai salah satu mitra untuk mengirimkan hasil-hasil produksi mereka. Klaster industri juga akan membuat perusahaan-perusahaan yang ada dalam klaster tersebut lebih mudah dalam mendesain sistem rantai pasok dari rantai produksi perusahaannya. Related industry adalah industri yang baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung. seperti bahan baku menjadi lebih rendah. perubahan atas rancangan awal dari sistem klaster industri dapat diminimalisasi. Oleh karena itu. industri pupuk memerlukan bahan baku gas alam. Berkaiatan erat ataupun mempunyai kemiripan dengan industri lainnya. Industri-industri pendukung dan terkait langsung akan mengumpul ke dalam satu lokasi yang berdekatan. Menurut Deperindag. Dari definisi tersebut.
karyawan. Aplikasi ini banyak digunakan dalam pembuatan gambar dan logo karena kemampuannya untuk menghasilkan gambar tanpa perlu bergantung kepada resolusi. dan masyarakat pada umumnya untuk dapat menggunakan aplikasi CorelDRAW untuk berbagai keperluan desain. Dilihat dari perkembangan industri serta kebutuhannya. Lembaga Pendidikan Komputer PalComTech membuka program Short Course CorelDRAW yang bertujuan untuk membantu peserta didik. maka pembelajaran materi CorelDRAW ini akan membuka peluang untuk bekerja sebagai: Ahli Desain grafis Tenaga pendidik dan kependidikan Cover desainer Layout desainer Branding. Berdasarkan hal tersebut. begitu pula dalam industri desain dan percetakan. CorelDRAW memberikan kemampuan untuk bekerja lebih produktif dengan kemampuan edit dan desain yang mengagumkan.CorelDraw Published on August 23. rebranding perusahaan . Lulusan Short Course ini pun diharapkan dapat menjadi sumber daya manusia yang turut berperan aktif dalam meningkatkan daya saing perusahaan yang berefek pada perkembangan bisnis dan teknologi. 2010 by admin · No Comments Semakin pesatnya perkembangan industri dan perkembangan teknologi informasi telah mempengaruhi kompetisi industri dan cara dari dunia usaha dan industri dalam menjalankan kegiatannya. CorelDRAW merupakan aplikasi pengolah gambar grafik vektor yang sangat popular yang dikembangkan oleh perusahaan Corel dan telah menjadi standar dalam dunia percetakan.
1 Tahun Jl.5 Palembang Telp (0711) -319988 Kampus STMIK -POLTEK PalComTech Jl. kelas terdekat akan segera Belajar pada : Hari/ Tanggal : Senin. majalah dan Koran Agensi desain Perusahaan komersil Peluang usaha yang terbuka bagi lulusan.00 ± 18. antara lain: Usaha percetakan Usaha studio desain Nah bagi kalian semua yang berminat untuk mengikuti program Short Course di PalComTech ini langsung aja datang ke kampus PalComTech : Kampus Prof . studio foto.Bidang usaha yang membutuhkan antara lain: Percetakan.30 . Jend. Basuki Rahmat no. advertising Penerbit buku. 4 Oktober 2010 Jadwal : Senin-Rabu-Jum¶at Waktu : 17. (0711) -359092 Untuk biaya pendaftaran silahkan klik disini Untuk Anda yang tertarik mengikuti program Corel Draw di PalComTech bisa segera mendaftar.05 Telp. Biro iklan. Sudirman no 3007 Km 3.
Lapangan pekerjaan semakin berkurang karena adanya pemindahan lokasi pabrik tanpa disertai pemindahan pekerja / buruh / pegawai / karyawan. dan lain-lain. thailand. jepang. Negara maju yang biasanya melakukan relokasi industri adalah seperti amerika serikat / usa. . Negara yang menerima relokasi industri adalah cina.Dampak dan efek relokasi industri pada negara maju yang melakukan pemindahan atau relokasi industri : A. vietnam. Industri kecil yang berhubungan dengan industri yang dipindahkan akan terkena dampak yang merugikan sehingga menjadi lambat berkembang. Dampak negatif 1. indonesia. korea. 3. tekanan politis atau hukum di negara maju.Daftar sekarang program Corel Draw ini hanya 200 ribu rupiah dan dapatkan voucher seniai 150 ribu rupiah yang dapat digunakan untuk potongan langsung saat pendaftaran program kursus lainnya! Definisi Relokasi Industri Negara Maju dan Negara Berkembang serta Dampak / Efek ± Ekonomi Geografi 27 Jan 2010 Tinggalkan sebuah Komentar by anjalpratama in GEOGRAFI INDUSTRI Relokasi Industri adalah perpindahan atau pemindahan lokasi industri dari negara maju ke negara berkembang dengan alasan menekan upah buruh. 2. syarat pendirian industri di negara maju. malaysia. prancis. dan sebagainya. Pendapatan negara maju tersebut akan berkurang. meksiko. dan lain sebagainya. india. . jerman.
Dampak positif 1. 2.Dampak dan efek relokasi industri pada negara berkembang yang menerima relokasi industri : A. Mendapatkan modal segar baru secara langsung 3. 2. Dampak negatif 1. pendapatan negara dari pajak dan pendapatan perkapita penduduk dari upah atau gaji bertambah 4. Menimbulkan persaingan yang mungkin akan mematikan industri yang sama di dalam negeri. Membayar upah buruh yang lebih murah daripada di negara asal. . Usaha bisnis yang malakukan relokasi industri akan semakin luas dan maju. Lapangan pekerjaan bagi tenaga kerja akan bertambah 2. . Pengalihan atau alih teknologi dari negara maju ke negara berkembang. Lokasi / tempat pemasaran untuk memasarkan produk baik barang dan jasa akan semakin meluas. Dampak Positif 1. 3. B. Masuknya budaya baru yang mungkin bertentangan dengan budaya lokal.B. 3. Sebagian besar keuntungan yang diperoleh bisnis asing tersebut akan lari ke luar negeri.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.