INTRODUCTION OF PERAK DARUL RIDZUAN

Perak Darul Ridzuan, the Land of Grace, covers an area of 21,000 square kilometers and has a population of about two million. The state is divided into nine districts and its major towns include lpoh, Kuala Kangsar, Taiping, Teluk Intan and Lumut. Kuala Kangsar is the royal town of Perak, while lpoh is the administrative centre and state capital. There are several versions as to the origin of Perak. Some say that the name "PERAK" came from Bendahara Tun Perak of Malacca while some say that it came from the "glimmer of fish in the water" that sparkled like silver, or Perak as it is known in Malay. Therefore, the mere mention of the state's name will reflect the treasures hidden in its earth. The Perak State, in actual fact, has been in existence since the prehistoric age. Kota Tampan in Lenggong is the one and only proof that the Paleolithic Age existed in Malaya. The Perak State went through numerous evolutions between 400 000 BC and 8000 BC. The state had experienced the Hoabinhian Era and the Neolithic Age as well as the Metal Age, which was proven with the findings of relevant ancient artifacts. Then came the Hindu/Buddha era. It was thought to have occured simultaneously with the rest of Malaya.

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After this period, the history of the state advanced a step further with the formation of minor territories such as Manjung in the Dinding District and Beruas which came into existence after Manjung ceased to exist. This also apply to a few other territories in the Perak Tengah and Hulu Perak. It was also then that Islam began to plant its roots firmly in the state. Historically Perak's history actually began with the installation of Sultan Muzaffar Shah 1, who was a descendent of Sultan Mahmud Shah of Malacca, in the year 1528. Although the Perak Sultanate had formed the territorial powers were still in effect. The administrative method was an extension of the democratic feudal system of Malacca. Perak became more prominent with the discovery of tin in Larut, Taiping in 1848 by Long Jaafar. With this discovery, Perak's economy boomed and more mining areas were brought into existence. In addition to tin ore, natural rubber also played an important role and is still being planted after the reign of 33 or 34 consecutive Sultans. Due to this significant implication of economic development resulted in the birth of a multiracial society especially with the introduction of the Chinese into the mining area. The British who had long been interested Perak, intervened through the Pangkor Treaty in 1874 after a riot in Larut. As a result of this intervention, the Residential system was introduced with James W.W Birch as its first Resident. Initially, the Residential system was supposed to yield positive results. However, because it deviated from its original cause, compled with the natives' refused to be colonized led to an uprising against the Resident under the leadership of Datuk Maharaja Lela.

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As a result J.W.W Birch was assassinated in 1875.The Residential system continued until the arrival of the Japanese to Malaya in 1941. The Perak State also suffered, as did others, during the Japanese occupation of Malaya until the year 1945.Even after the Japanese surrendered, the British still colonized Malaya until the year 1948. Violence was rampant then in Perak, due to Communist terrorism. After the Japanese occupation in Malaya, the Malay States were not stable. The British did their utmost best to maintain their position by introducing new administration systems such as the Malayan Union in 1946, despite the people's nasionalistic spirit to seek independence. The people of Malaya combined their efforts with all state dignitaries to fully rebel against all British systems. They continuesly oppressed until the British granted Malaya independence in 1957. The independence of Malaya meant the freedom for all its Federated States, which Perak was a part of. Rapid development in all fields continued until today, after the reign of 34 consecutive Sultans.

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They then turned to Sultanah Tajul Alam Safiatuddin. it was under almost continuous threat from outsiders. Archaeological discoveries indicate that Perak has been inhabited since prehistoric times.HISTORY OF PERAK DARUL RIDZUAN Legends tell of a Hindu-Malay kingdom called Gangga Negara in the northwest of Perak. fleeing the Portuguese conquest of 1511. Raja Muzaffar Shah. 4 . Temenggung and the people of Perak attacked and destroyed the Dutch plant. the Sultak. and built forts at the mouth of the Perak River and on Pulau Pangkor. 1650. The eldest son of the last Sultan of Melaka (Sultan Mahmud Shah). Early history of the Dutch arrival in Perak began in 1641. to seek permission to trade in Perak. As the Perak area was extremely rich in tin. The event compelled the Sultan of Perak to sign the treaty. when they captured the Straits of Malacca by taking control of tin-ore and spice trading. The modern history of Perak began with the fall of the Malacca Sultanate. allowing the Dutch to build their plant in Kuala Perak on August 15. The Dutch were forced to leave their base in Perak. In 1651. the Sultan of Aceh. The Dutch unsuccessfully attempted to monopolize the tin trade in the 17th century. The Dutch attempted to monopolies the tin-ore tradings in Perak by influencing Sultan Muzaffar Syah. established his own dynasty on the banks of the Sungai Perak (Perak River) in 1528. which caused dissatisfaction among the aristocracy of Perak. but did not succeed.

Ujung Salang. In 1670. the people of Perak with Aceh. on Pangkor Island. Although the British were initially reluctant to establish a colonial presence in Malaya. all of whom battled to control the mines. Tan Kim Ching. Nevertheless. Only British intervention in 1820 prevented Siam from annexing Perak. in 1685. together with an English merchant in Singapore drafted a letter to Governor Sir Andrew Clarke which Abdullah signed. Putnam¶s Sons) Victorian traveller and adventuress Isabella Lucy Bird (1831-1904) describes how Raja Muda Abdullah (as he then was) turned to his friend in Singapore. and the Thai all attempted to invade Perak. launched a surprise attack on the Dutch. The Perak sultanate.In 1655. The Dutch attempted to negotiate for a new treaty but failed. The letter expressed Abdullah¶s desire to place Perak under 5 . increasing investment in the tin mines brought a great influx of Chinese immigrants. involved in a protracted succession struggle. In the 19th century. In her book The Golden Chersonese and The Way Thither (published 1892 G. now known as Kota Belanda (³Dutch Fortress´). Perak however did not honour the treaty and was thus surrounded by the Dutch. once again Perak attacked the Dutch on Pangkor Island and forced them to retreat and shut down their headquarters. Tan. In retaliation. was unable to maintain order. Perak agreed to the construction because of news that the Kingdom of Siam would be attacking the state. who formed rival clan groups allied with Malay chiefs and local gangsters. the Dutch returned to Perak to build Kota Kayu.P. the Bugis. the Dutch sent a representative to Perak to renew the agreement made earlier and to seek compensation for the loss of their plant. Acehnese.

and the British installed a new ruler. and proved to be a more capable administrator. 1957 along with 10 other states in the Federation of Malaya. This Pangkor Treaty also required that the sultan accept a British Resident.British protection. was well versed in the Malay language and customs. He also introduced the first rubber trees to Malaya. Sultan Ismail. However. 1963 following the admission of Sabah. and ³to have a man of sufficient abilities to show (him) a good system of government. the British Resident system lasted until Perak became part of the Federation of Malaya in 1948. Negeri Sembilan and Pahang to form the Federated Malay States.W. In 1896. who would control all administrative issues other than those pertaining to religion or Malay custom. various Perak chiefs assassinated the British Resident James W. Perak gained independence from the British on August 31. Sir Hugh Low. Sultan Abdullah was exiled to the Seychelles. Birch. resulting in the short-lived Perak War of 1876. The federation was enlarged to form Malaysia on September 16. The new resident. Perak joined Selangor. at which Sultan Abdullah was installed on the throne of Perak in preference to his rival.´ In 1874. Sarawak and Singapore. In 1875. Singapore separated from Malaysia in 1965 6 . the Straits Settlements governor Sir Andrew Clarke convened a meeting on Pulau Pangkor.

Originally. rickshaws and the motorcar. It follows the American grid plan because the British realised that motorcars were increasing in numbers. The exhibition showcases over 100 years of lpoh's transportationhistory.MAP OF PERAK DARUL RIDZUAN How many people realise that Ipoh was the first town in Peninsular Malaysia to be built with the motorcar in mind? Or that in 1892. The one on display is 7 . Of interest is the Welbike. In the 1960s.necessitating wider and preferably straight roads. transport consisted of sampans. enabling them to get around easily.. These were replaced by the steam locomotive. elephants and bullock carts. Ipoh was rebuilt with neat streets running parallel and at right angles to each other. By 1890. scooters transformed the life of the kampung folk. the British Resident of Perak in the 1880s. It was parachuted from planes for use by the British Force 136 during the Japanese Occupation. Ipoh was a thriving town. half of lpoh town was burnt down in a great fire. Ipoh started to grow in the days of Hugh Low. Old posters and postcards depict these means of transport and there are even scooters and bikes on display. bikes became a fashion item with the rich youth of the day. Ipoh was a collection of atap huts. which led to the establishment of a municipal fire brigade? In the early 1900's. As well as a practical means of transport. which is a motorbike that folds. In those days.

Transport also took to the skies. a 1970s driving licence. The tin towkays drove around in their expensive motorcars. after the war in 1947. you will see in the exhibition that Perak vehicles originally used "PK". Malayan Airlines began commercial flights to Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Larger items include a child's tricycle. A 1902 news report states how one such towkay drove from Ipoh to Gopeng and accomplished "the journey of 12 miles in 35 minutes". 8 . stamps and also cartoons by Lat. Many people think that Perak's "A" car registration letter was the first in Malaya. rickshaws and even a weathered sampan. The old "PG" for Penang became "P" and Selangor used "B". lpoh Aerodrome was built in the 1930s and. However. Another old motorbike being exhibited is so heavy that it took six men to get it into the exhibition area.privately owned and has been lovingly restored. There is a collection of old hubcaps. They only changed to "A" in 1945 when registration letters were re-allocated after the war.

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300) is the royal town of Perak. Malaysia. It is the main town in the administrative district of Kuala Kangsar. This place must have had a strange effect on Sultan Yusuf Sharifuddin Mudzaffar Shah of Perak who ruled from 1877 to 1887. and it has been Perak's royal seat since the 18th century. it was decided to move the place further up onto the knoll where stands the current Royal Palace named Istana Iskandariah with its Art-Deco architecture. the Sultan had his first royal palace built beside the riverbank. It is one of four towns that plays a role in Perak's complex 10 . One flooding was so severe. after the Big Flood or Air Bah in 1926. Apart from being exposed to the impending threat of invasion. located at the downstream of Kangsar River. He then named it 'Istana Sri Sayong'. a rare but significant piece of architectural milestone in Malaysia. it almost swept the palace away. which led to numerous flooding as water gushed down from the jungles above through the many tributaries.CITY IN PERAK DARUL RIDZUAN KUALA KANGSAR Kuala Kangsar (population 39. The name Kuala Kangsar is believed to be derived from 'Kuala Kurang-Sa'. which literally means '100 minus one'. where it flows into the Perak River. Finally. The Sultan of Perak officially resides in Kuala Kangsar. Unlike many rulers who protected their royal places and strongholds by selecting their vantage points carefully where they could detect enemy approach from afar. usually interpreted as 'the 99th small tributary to flow into the Perak River'. the other problem was the force of monsoon seasons.

Birch. the growth of the tin mining towns of Ipoh and Taiping had eclipsed Kuala Kangsar. By the 1890s. 11 . The person responsible was the English botanist Henry Nicholas Ridley. The town is also the site of the first rubber tree planted in Malaysia. He was the one who helped Malaya and eventually Malaysia become the largest rubber producer in the world.W. James W.succession system. The first Malaysian scout troop was established in Kuala Kangsar. 1875. the Durbar. its squad number is 001. Consequently. It was the administrative seat of the first British Resident in the Malay Peninsula. from October 1874 until he was murdered on November 2. but it remains to this day one of the most attractive of the Malay royal capitals. The tree still stands today. Kuala Kangsar is also known in Malaysian history as the site where the first Conference of Rulers. was held in 1897.

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The Cantonese name for Ipoh derives the word Yee Poh meaning found treasure. It is approximately 200 km (125 miles) north of Kuala Lumpur via the North-South Expressway. referring to the gigantic mining pump used for early tin ore extraction. These days Ipoh is perhaps best known for its excellent restaurants. This is because the extension of the old town to the new town which was first refer as Paloh Chuin or Poloh Village. This is because the Hoi San which are Cantonese were the first to move to the area for mining. They then build a small town for trading of food and hardware for the miner.IPOH Ipoh is a city in Malaysia and is the capital of the state of Perak. During the British colonial era. There are several notable buildings from the British Colonial era such as the railway station and the town hall. 70% of Ipoh's population is of Chinese origin. The sap of this plant is poisonous and was used by Orang Asli (indigenous people) to coat the tips of the darts of their blowpipes. pohon epu or now more commonly known as pokok ipoh. beautiful temples and famous local dishes. They were happy with the new found tin mining town and name it "yee poh" (found treasure). The name Ipoh is derived from a local tree. Ipoh is sometimes called "Paloh" among local Chinese. Ipoh was Malaysia's second city for administration purposes. Ipoh developed into one of Malaysia's main cities due to the booming tin mining industry around the turn of the 19th century. wonderful caves. 13 .

It provided credit to the Straits Trading Company and later the Eastern Smelting Company. 14 . today known as the New Town section of the city²the area which roughly delineated from the eastern bank of the Kinta River to Greentown. A. Ipoh gained greater prominence.. which can still be seen today. from the turn of the 20th century when more British tin-mining companies were set up in the city. Its geographic location in the rich tin-bearing valley of the Kinta River made it a natural centre of growth. A local Hakka miner. and Estate Visiting Agents Milne & Stevens.It was also called "the Town built on Tin" and "City of Millionaires".H Whittaker & Co.. Other nicknames include "The Bougainvillea City" and "Shan Cheng" which means "The Hill City" in the Cantonese dialect. Ipoh city came into existence in the 1820s as a village on the banks of the Kinta River. More Colonialera firms started to set up offices in the booming town such as the stockbroker Botly and Co. referring to the vast fortunes made during the boom of the tin mining industries. especially in the 1920s and 1930s. However. Chartered Accounts. Influential institutions such as The Chartered Bank of India.. Evatt & Co. It grew rapidly as a mining town. In 1890 Frank Swettenham put forth the founding of Ipoh Sanitary Board which led to systematic planning of Ipoh. 20 km south of Ipoh. millionaire Yau Tet-Shin started developing a large tract of the city in the early 1930s. Australia and China Limited opened a significant office in Ipoh in 1902. It was less prominent at that time compared to the early mining town of Gopeng.

Ipoh was also one of the four original towns served by Malayan Airways (now Malaysia Airlines). During the Japanese Occupation of Malaya. to this day. Ipoh remained the capital of Perak. His Royal Highness Sultan Azlan Shah. Ipoh has one of the cleanest and clearest water supplies in Malaysia. the Japanese civil administration or Perak Shu Seicho was set up at the St. On 27th May 1988. amusement parks.[1] In the 1950s. Michael's Institution. Ipoh was made the capital of Perak.Ipoh was invaded by the Japanese on 15 December 1941. Ipoh's growth stagnated and resulted in migration to other parts of Malaysia (particularly metropolitan areas such as Kuala Lumpur) and Singapore. Ipoh has since been known colloquially as a "dead" city and earned a reputation as a good location for retirement. as the source is from the waterfalls in nearby Tanjung Rambutan. 15 . the other three being Penang. Two of the largest entertainment groups then. Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. In March 1942. cabarets and night life which was unrivalled on the peninsular. Ipoh was characterised by the proliferation of large numbers of cinema halls. the Cathay Organisation and Shaw Brothers Company had set up chains of cinemas here. With the collapse of tin prices and the closure of the tin mines in the late 1970s. in place of Taiping. After the liberation of Malaya by British forces. Various efforts have been made to redevelop Ipoh into a modern town (refer below for more information). The city is expanding all the time as there are new developments in the suburbs. Ipoh was conferred city status by the Sultan of Perak.

Malaysia. During the Japanese occupation in World War II.P. Many 'shop-houses' along Leech Street Chinese in the Old Town still maintain their architectural significance. Ipoh City Library and the Ipoh CIty Hall.PLACES OF INTEREST IN IPOH The Old Town St. standing beautifully near the Ipoh City Field. Michael's Institution which is located along Clayton Road (now Jalan S. besides being a popular spot for food and drinks (refer Cuisine). officially named SMK Methodist (ACS). Coppin. The all boys school is one of the the most prestigious English schools in Malaysia. A La Sallian school opened in 1912 by Father J. the school building had become the Japanese administration headquarters in Ipoh.B. The Anglo-Chinese School. Seenivasagam) is a building of architectural merit. Ipoh. located along Lahat Road is the oldest and one of the most famous schools in the state of Perak. 16 .

an artificial lake filled with various types of fishes. R. a nursery for potted plants and a children's traffic playground. The latest addition is the newly landscaped Japanese garden featuring a typical Japanese carp pond. is known for its scenic beauty and recreational facilities. located in the heart of Ipoh (New Town). among others. It comprises several recreational fields. Seenivasagam Park (Coronation Park). The New Town houses the Perak Medical University and Ipoh City Hall building.The New Town D. 17 .

It has a cleaner. There are many caves in these hills. cave temples are built in some of these caves [6]. Some of the hills under threat contain endemic fauna and flora. Both these cavern temples have decent vegetarian food. A pond outside houses many tortoises. tall staircase in the interior of the cave rising up to the top of its hill where one is greeted by a panoramic view of Ipoh and its surroundings. Perak Tong (Chinese . which is a cave temple that lies on the other side of the same range of limestone hills as Sam Poh Tong. Cavern of Utmost Happiness). Limestone hills extend 20 km north of Ipoh and also 20 km to the south.Limestone caves Ipoh has many limestone caves due to the surrounding karst formations. One cave. Unfortunately many of the limestone hills are being quarried in the ever increasing demand for crushed stone and cement. is a show cave open to the public. is a Chinese temple built within a limestone cave. The statue of Buddha in Perak Tong was the tallest and largest of its kind in Malaysia when first commissioned. Gua Tempurung. It is accessible through the Gunung Rapat housing area. has a steep. Gua Puncak[7]. Its sister temple. Perak Cave). contains Peninsular Malaysia's second largest cave 18 . The Sam Po Tong Chinese temple. Another sight worth seeing is the Kek Lok Tong (Chinese . quieter and more cooling environment and has the best scenic cave view. near Gopeng south of Ipoh.

Taiping was the capital for the districts of Larut. Taiping also receives some limelight for being the wettest town in Peninsular Malaysia. the British intervened and assumed control of the town. The average annual rainfall is about 4.Klian meaning mine while Pauh is a type of small 19 . Feuds began between the different groups of Chinese immigrants and became so bitter that[citation needed].104 (in 2007)[1]. but was then replaced by Ipoh[2]. The mines attracted large numbers of settlers. particularly Chinese.000mm in Taiping while the peninsula's average is 2. in the early 1870s. Matang and Selama in Perak. the state capital. Taiping was the capital of the state of Perak and the center of a long and drawn out war resulting in a change of rulership for the state. Taiping took over Kuala Kangsar's role as the state capital from 1876 to 1937. Its development slowed down after that. With a population of 191. Taiping used to be known as Klian Pauh . but in recent years the town has begun developing rapidly again. Before 1937. Malaysia. The area developed quickly in the 19th century when tin was discovered.000mm ± 2. Its unusual rainfall has also led to a fertile collection of flora and centuryold rain trees in the Taiping Lake Gardens.500mm.chamber and is in danger of being quarried. the Malaysian Karst Society has been set up in an attempt to save these hills TAIPING Taiping is a town located in northern Perak. In reaction to this. it is the second largest town in Perak after Ipoh.

According to legend.mango. Dato' Long Jaafar (and later by his son Ngah Ibrahim) who was empowered by the Sultan of Perak at that time. Syahbandar and Seri Adika Raja. Larut district was bestowed upon Long Jaafar by Raja Muda Ngah Ali and the Chiefs of Perak: the Temenggong. rival Malay camps took sides with one or the other of the two great Chinese secret societies present in there at the time. the district (known in its earlier days as the The Larut Settlement) was governed by the Minister of Larut. Some time later. Sultan Abdullah. Long Jaafar established and developed his administrative center at Bukit Gantang and made Kuala Sungai Limau at Trong the principal harbour of the Larut Settlement. This letter was signed by Sultan Jaffar. In the time of Ngah Ibrahim the Chinese increased in number and by early 1860 two large groups were formed by the Chinese. the Sultan of Perak. died in 1857 and a series of succession disputes ensued. Panglima Kinta. 20 . Raja Muda Ngah Ali and the Raja Bendahara of Perak. Sultan Jaffar Muazzam Shah presented an acknowledgement letter to Ngah Ibrahim on 24 May 1858. It is said that this was how Larut got its name. to govern that territor Long Jaafar has been historically credited with the discovery of tin in Larut in 1848. Long Jaafar had an elephant named Larut and he used to take this elephant with him when journeying between Bukit Gantang and Lubok Merbau. Eventually in 1850. the "Five Associations" whose members worked in the mines of Klian Pauh and the "Four Associations" whose members worked in the mines of Klian Baharu. In 1857 Long Jaafar was succeeded by his son Ngah Ibrahim. One day the elephant went missing and when the elephant was eventually found three days later Long Jaafar noticed tin ore embedded in the mud that was on the elephant's legs. Before the arrival of the British. Unhappy with the abuse and favoritism of various royalties. Panglima Bukit Gantang.

Chung Keng Quee was leader of the Hakka GoKuan and the Hai San society that they belonged to. The first train in Malaysia took its schedule on June 1. and began to operate his tin mines in Larut in 1860. Many Hakka had fled China when the Taiping Rebellion broke out there and found work in the mines of Chung Keng Quee establishing his position over the mining area in Larut as leader of the Hai San from 1860 to 1884. In 1937. Larut was destined to be plagued by four major wars between members of both the Cantonese Go-Kuan Ghee Hin Society and the Hakka Hai San society. The capital of Perak was moved from Bandar Baru (New Town) to Taiping after Datok Maharaja Lela assassinated the first British Resident of Perak Mr. and the Perak Museum (the oldest in Malaysia) had been established. a newspaper. 21 . By 1900. the metal still remains an important industry in the area as do rubber and rice. Although Taiping's economy declined with the dwindling tin deposits.Mining rights were given to the Hakka "Five Associations" or Go-Kuan and the Cantonese "Four Associations" or Si-Kuan. James Wheeler Woodford Birch at Pasir Salak in 1875. an English language school. 1885. The town's mining industry continued to thrive. the country's first railway was built to transport tin from Taiping to Port Weld (now known as Kuala Sepetang) at the coast for export. the capital of Perak was moved from Taiping to Ipoh.

Sultan Mahmud Shah. In 1982 during the centenary of the town's establishment. the named was changed to Teluk Anson (Anson Bay). Upon fleeing the Portuguese conquest of Melaka in 1511. 22 . the town was known as Teluk Mak Intan. Major-General Sir Archibald Edward Harbord Anson who drew the plan of the modern township in 1882.[1] During the British protectorate era. after a female Mandailing trader. and the court remained there until its relocation to Kuala Kangsar in the northern part of the state later in the 19th century. It was here that the Perak rulers held court from 1528 until Kuala Kangsar became the royal town in 1877. The area around Teluk Intan was originally populated by refugees from the Malacca Sultanate who were part of the entourage of the Raja Muzaffar Shah. a new kingdom was established on the banks of the Perak River near what is now Teluk Intan. the name was changed again to Teluk Intan (Diamond Bay) by the Sultan of Perak. in honour of a British Officer and last Lieutenant-Governor of Penang.TELUK INTAN Teluk Intan is a town located in the state of Perak in Malaysia. The town has a number of colonial buildings and Chinese shophouses together with modern buildings and a few shopping complexes.000. In the early days. It is the largest town in Hilir Perak district and third largest town in the state of Perak with an estimated population of around 110. the eldest son of the last Sultan of Melaka.

23 . Dato' Maharajalela and other Malay chieftains who plotted to kill J. The fourth railway track in Malaya was built connecting Tapah and Teluk Intan. The town of Teluk Intan developed around a few small villages in the location. Birch. and Batak Rabit.This legacy can be seen in the choice of Teluk Intan as the location where the official residences of the Raja Muda (Crown Prince) and Raja di Hilir (4th in line of succession to the Perak throne) of Perak under the reign of Sultan Idris Shah. and many agricultural products and tin were exported from it. Only after becoming Raja Bendahara will he proceed to be Raja Muda (Crown Prince) and then Sultan of Perak. the first British Resident of Perak. His son is now Raja Muda and does not live in Teluk Intan. and the township was named after him in 1882. The meeting was held in Durian Sebatang. Teluk Intan was also home to the meeting between Raja Abdullah. such as Durian Sebatang. This succession system was changed by the present Sultan. and has fallen into disrepair. The town is one of four towns that play a role in Perak's complex ruler succession system. a crown prince stayed at Teluk Intan Palace before entering the next stage of becoming Raja Bendahara (Prime Prince). Teluk Intan developed into a port. According to the system. The former palace is located just outside the town. Sultan Azlan Shah just before he was appointed the Yang Dipertuan Agong. showing the port town's importance during the British protectorate age. A plan to build a township linking the few villages was drawn up by Sir Archibald Anson during the late 19th century. Pasir Bedamar. W. Birch was later killed in Pasir Salak while bathing in the river. W.

The last major engagement during the Malayan Emergency was fought in the marshes near Teluk Intan in 1958. economic activities in Teluk Intan continued to decline. and ended with the surrender of the local Malayan Races Liberation Army forces to government forces. As the economic activity declined. a town in the neighbouring state of Selangor. it also lost its railway facilities which connected the town with Tapah and the national railway network. This is because big oil tankers and cargo ships were no longer able to sail into the town's port. Shell Malaysia transferred their petroleum storing facilities to the coastal town of Lumut in Manjung. Acute medical cases would be transferred to Teluk Intan District Hospital as their hospital did not have the equipment or expertise. Klang and Shah Alam in search of better jobs. the town lost its two most important roles in Perak's economy which was being an export harbour for tin and rubber and as a petroleum distribution centre for Shell Malaysia. Teluk Intan served as the major administrative and business settlement for smaller neighbouring towns such as Tapah. Ironically this caused the town to suffer a shortage in 24 . Even their telephone area code was registered using Perak's area code of +605 instead of +603 that is used in Selangor. located 60km from Teluk Intan. As the Perak River became shallower each year due to upstream erosion and silt deposition near Teluk Intan. Bagan Datoh and Hutan Melintang. Until the mid 1990's Sabak Bernam. Bidor. During the 1990s. also dependeded on Teluk Intan for most of their basic services. This situation forced the younger generation to migrate to bigger cities such as Ipoh. By the early 1980s the town was the third largest town in Perak. By the end of the 1980s. Kuala Lumpur.

Teluk Intan began to enjoy a resurgence in its economic activity. 25 . Taiping and Manjung. or Majlis Perbandaran) in Perak after Ipoh. In April 2004.labour supply especially in the agriculture sector. With the development of a new town centre along with the completion of new coastal highway from Klang to Sabak Bernam in late 1999. resulting in an increase of migrant workers from Indonesia and Bangladesh. the town was made the fourth municipality (having upgraded to Municipal Council status.

excellent food. a very neat little island here in Malaysia. According to some legends there were even tigers living on this small Malaysian island! The Malaysia tourism destination Pangkor is very well known for the white sand beaches. snorkeling. Pangkor Island is a small island on the North West coast of Malaysia in the Straits of Malacca. jungle treks. Pangkor and Pangkor Laut are the two biggest and the only two inhabited by On the islands there's a variety of Wildlife while the smaller atoll are basically white sand beaches and rocks. canoeing. Some of my friends say I live in paradise island when they see the pictures of the island. crystal blue waters. bright stars. jetskiing and tropical fruits. Why would you go to Pulau Pangkor? We speak now of Pangkor as one island but in fact there are nine islands in the direct surrounding. Have you been here? And are you willing to share your experiences? This is possible now. on the north west coast. Paradise or not.PULAU PANGKOR Pangkor fully deserves the name "Beautiful Island" as it is translated. it is a very good place. 26 . And I live only a few kilometers away in the little town of Sitiawan.

what can you do at Pulau Pangkor? You can go to one of the beaches and enjoy the tropical sun. And further there's everything up to 5 star hotels. They showed me the difference in quality of the ikan bilis. cuttlefish and anchovies. a group of uninhabited islands 40 minutes by speedboat away. there are excellent cheap guest houses and beach huts. 27 . they can be rented at the hotels. and only those I know myself well. But in the heat of the day. no problem. The little food stalls in Pangkor Town and the other villages have some of the local favorite dishes while the more up market hotels offer a range of Asian and Western food including excellent local coffee. There are a few little fisherman's villages with traditional Malaysian houses. It is cheap. you may want to hire a boat for sea fishing or jet skiing. If you travel on tight budget. and Mrs. Beh in Pangkor town. Don't forget to bring your snorkel.What is the attraction of Pulau Pangkor? So. But you can also hire a taxi. visit the shop of Mr. And for some serious fishing you may want to organize a boat to Pulau Sembilan. And if you are interested. The corals around some of the smaller islands are beautiful. the locals call it ikan bilis and no nasi lemak meal will go without it. I recommend a few on this website. At the entrance of Pangkor you can rent bicycles and motorbikes for going around the island (you can hire them at the hotels too).

In the vicinity there are some attractions worth to see. No problem here too. you may even get an experience like I had in Panchor. the Royal City of Kuala Kangsar or the capital of Perak: Ipoh with Kellies Castle nearby. Play Golf on one of the two international standard golf courses just 20 minutes away from Pulau Pangkor: Damai Laut Golf & Country Club or Teluk Rubiah. Check for example the Swiss-Garden Golf Resort & Spa Damai Laut. Around Pulau Pangkor But you may want to see some attractions on the Malaysian mainland.Pangkor is also a great place to fulfill your dream to wed at the beach. The coastal area is full of fishing villages like Pantai Remis and if you are lucky. Think of the mining city of Taiping. The best hotel at Pangkor island is the Pangkor Island Beach Resort but there are more options: see our hotel page. 28 . Pangkor is also an excellent option if you are come with a group for reunion parties or even team building! Explore the Wilderness has set up a range of possible activities in and around Pangkor (think for example of canoeing from Teluk Batik to Pangkor in open sea!) And with the accommodation in and around Pangkor you can be sure you will enjoy a great holiday.

but it's totally unspoiled and during the weekdays totally abandoned. I still see new things. Other Islands in Malaysia Although this website focuses on Pangkor. I know. I live so close by. Do you have an interest in history or temples. even new beaches. the fishermen are happy to show you around. something. Visit some of the fish farms around Pulau Pangkor. And on the mainland you can visit some beautifully preserved Mangrove forests. new places. as we think they too are worth a 29 . after all. for example at Damar Laut (few people. Pangkor has for everyone. anyone can have their share. if any ever visit this area just opposite of Lumut. or you are more into activities (try to find Teluk Segadas!). Many people forget Teluk Senangin. Visit for example the beautiful Chinese cemeteries near Lumut and Seri Manjung while you go for some shopping in Sitiawan. there are many more islands in Malaysia. For a few ringit. On this website we elaborate a little more on the following islands. And when you buy the fish you can ask your restaurant to prepare for the fish for you. In fact. it's a little out from Lumut. And even after more then 3 years. Maybe you like to hang out on one the beaches. I visit the island almost on a weekly base.Inlands you will find the little town of Kampar with the Gua Tempurung caves which is seldom visited but offer quite some interesting things.

Langkawi. Of course we give information about diving facilities. Redang and Tioman. Perhentian. but also for Penang we have real estate and land properties available. 30 .visit: Penang.

Http://www.cuti. Http://www.gov.mptaiping./ 3.gov.mpti.com.my/ 4.gov.my. Http://www.gov.mbi. Http://www.my/ 2.mpkkpk.my/ 5.REFERENCES 1.my/ 31 . Http://www.

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