This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
UNIT I: VEHICLE STRUCTURES AND ENGINES
1. What are the functions of the frame? The functions of the frame are, (a) To carry the weight of the vehicle and passengers (b) To withstand the engine and transmission torque (c) To bear thrust acceleration and breaking torque (d) To resist the centrifugal forces when cornering (e) To withstand bending and twist 2. What are the types of frame? The types of frame are, (a) Conventional frame (b) Semi-integral frame (c) Integral or unitized (frameless) frame 3. What is integral (unitized/ frameless) frame? The body structure is fabricated to carry out the function of the body and frame. The units that are attached to the body are also riveted directly to the frame 4. What are the advantages of integral frame? The advantages of integral frame are, (a) To reduce the weight (b) Less manufacturing cost (c) To absorb shock during accident 5. What are the forces acting on the frame and body? The forces acting on the frame and body are, (a) Heavy and suddenly applied loads for short duration (b) Inertia loads due to breaking (c) Impact loads during hitting (d) Overloading of the vehicle 6. What basis automobiles are classified? Automobiles are classified based on the following (a) Number of wheels and number of axles (b) Type of power plants (prime movers) used (c) Weight and load carrying capacity (d) Purpose served (e) Type of fuel used (f) Wheel drive system (g) Capacity of the engine 7. What are the classifications of IC engines according to speed? The classifications of IC engines according to speed are, (a) Low speed engine (b) High speed engine (c) Medium speed engine
8. What are the types of liner? The types of liner are, (a) Wet liner (b) Dry liner 9. What are the functions of the piston rings? The functions of the piston rings are, (a) Prevention of lubricating oil film (b) Prevention of leakage of gas into the crankcase (c) Prevention of the lubricant entry into the combustion chamber (d) Prevention of carbon deposits and other impurities on the piston head 10. What are the types of oil control rings? The types of oil control rings are, (a) One piece slotted cast iron type (b) One piece pressed steel type (c) Three piece steel rail type with expander 11. What are the types of balancing? The types of balancing are, (a) Power balance (b) Mechanical balance 12. What is the firing order? The sequence in which the power impulses occur in an engine Firing order of 4 cylinder engine in 1-3-4-2 Firing order of 6 cylinder engine in 1-5-3-6-2-4 13. What are the two types of valve mechanism used in four stroke engine? (a) Side valve mechanism (b) Over head mechanism 14. What do you understand by single cylinder engine and multi cylinder engine? Single cylinder engine consists of a cylinder suitable for less power production. Multi cylinder engine consist of more than one cylinder suitable for high power production 15. State the advantages of gas turbine The advantages of gas turbine are (a) Gas turbines are smooth in operation and suitable to continuous performance (b) There is no reciprocating part, hence it is easy to balance (c) It is free from vibrations (d) Suitable for high power production 16. What do you know about L-head engine? Inlet (Intake) and outlet exhaust valves are located at a side and operated by a single camshaft 17. What do you understand about T-head engine? Inlet (Intake) valve is located on one side and exhaust valve on the other side of the cylinder 18. What are the merits of Wankel rotary engine? (a) Wankel rotary engine is smaller in size (b) Lighter in size (c) More compact as compared to reciprocating engine
What is an engine displacement? Engine displacement is the total volume displaced by all the pistons of multi cylinder engine. What is the main disadvantage of Wankel rotary engine? Higher oil conception per BHP is the main disadvantage of Wankel rotary engine 20. What is water jacket? A water jacket is the space around the cylinder along which the cooling water circulates . What is the distinct advantage of the air-cooled engine? Rapid warm up is the distinct feature in an air-cooled engine. (a) Air cooling (b) Water cooling (c) Evaporation cooling 27. What are the advantages of the water-cooling system? (a) Quick transfer of heat (b) Less engine sound (c) Easier method to control temperature 28. Dry liner is a lining in which conduction of heat takes place through the cylinder walls through the water in the water jacket 32. What are the reasons for noisy in fuel pump operation? Low fuel supply and air leakage on the suction of the pump are the reasons for noisy in fuel pump operation 26. Name the three systems of airflow scavenging system in common use of 2-stroke engine The three systems of airflow scavenging system in common use of 2-stroke engine are. How are burnt gases scavenged in two strokes and four stroke engines? In 2-storke engines. What are wet and dry liners? Wet liner is one. as they move from TDC to BDC position 21. What are the methods of cooling in an IC engine? The methods of cooling in an IC engine are. (a) Cross scavenging (b) Loop scavenging (c) Unit flow scavenging 23.19. which has outer surface direct contact with cooling water. The rapid warm up is useful in avoiding sludge and crankcase dilution 30. Scavenging pump or blower provides the scavenging air 22. air is blown into the cylinder through ports at the end of the power stroke and the exhaust valve or ports. which permit air enters and displaces the fuel 24. When should the radiator not be drained? The radiator should not be drained when it is fitted with anti-freeze device 31. What is filler cap vent? A filler cap vent is small holes in the filler cap. What is a drain plug? A drain plug fitted at the bottom of the fuel tank for emptying the fuel completely 25. State the disadvantages of water-cooling system (a) Increase in weight of the vehicle (b) Corrosion of metal part (c) Freezing difficulties in cold weather 29.
thereby increasing the quantity of air consumed 37. thereby bringing about more complete combustion and uniform cylinder pressure 45. What is fuel filter? Fuel filter is a part of the fuel pump fitted to prevent dirt in fuel from entering the pump of carburetor . How does turbulence aid combustion? By causing an effective through mixing of the hot compressed air with the injected fuel oil. What is meant by turbulence as applied to diesel engine operation? Turbulence means the disturbance or agitation of the fuel spray and the air within the combustion chamber or cylinder 43. the power of the engine increases 38. What is the basic difference between dry types. What is bearing? Bearing is a device to support the rotating shaft with minimizing friction 34. What methods are used to provide air turbulence? Different designs of spray nozzles.fabric element air cleaners (b) Oil wetted wire woven element air cleaners (c) Oil bath element air cleaners 40. Why should not the engine be cranked with the air cleaner off? If the engine backfires with the air cleaner off. How does supercharging increase the power of the engine? By increasing the amount of air. What is supercharging (pressure charging)? Supercharging is a process of introducing air into the engine cylinder at a pressure higher than atmospheric pressure. Name the types of air cleaners used in an engines (a) Dry. What is thermostat? A thermostat is check valves which opens and close with respect to the temperature of the cooling water in the radiator 36. oil saturated type and oil bath air cleaner? Dry air cleaner Oil saturated air cleaner Oil bath air cleaner Air passes though specially Air passes through an oil Air passes through an oil bath treated paper saturated filter element filter element 42. are used to provide air turbulence 44. which tend to create more violent agitation. which provides more oxygen for combustion of a larger charge of fuel. Which type of cleaner is more efficient? Paper element cleaner is more efficient 41.33. Give a classification of bearings (a) Radial or journal bearing (b) Pivot or footstep bearing (c) Thrust or collar bearing 35. it would cause fire in the engine compartment 46. What is the purpose of supercharging? The purpose of supercharging is to increase the power may be required at intervals and give more power where space does not permit larger engines 39. piston heads and pre-combustion chambers.
trucks Used in motor cycle. What are the chemicals used in battery? (a) Sponge leads (Solid) (b) Lead oxide (Paste) (c) Sulfuric acid (Liquid) 5. What are the types of drive arrangements? (a) Inertia drive (1) Bendix drive (2) Folo-Tru drive (b) Over running clutch 6. This has a reusable steel shell with a replaceable cartridge or element inside 48. The substances that produce harmful effect on human beings and the environment are known as pollutants 50. What is air lock? Air trapped in the pipeline which prevents the flow of fuel is said to be air lock 49. buses. What is canister oil filter? Canister oil filter is that which uses a replaceable filter element inside a permanent metal canister. What is meant by air pollution? Exhaust gases let out by automobiles cause problems to people and mater. What are the advantages of petrol injection? (a) High power (b) Low specific fuel consumption (c) No need of induction heating (d) Free from icing trouble 3. cancer producing substances and components of sulphur and lead are the pollutants emitted automobiles UNIT II: ENGINE AUXILIARY SYSTEMS 1. soot. What are the classifications of battery? (a) Lead acid battery (b) Alkaline battery (1) Nickel iron type (2) Nickel cadmium type (c) Zinc air battery 4. Differentiate the battery ignition system and magneto ignition system SI. hydrocarbons (CH). aldehydes. carbon monoxide (CO). What is carburetor? It is a device for atomizing and vaporizing the fuel and mixing it with the air in varying proportions to suit the changing conditions of SI engines 2. What are the pollutants emitted by an automobiles? Nitrogen oxides (NOx). Battery ignition system Magneto ignition system No 1 Current is obtained from the battery Current is generated by magnet 2 Easy starting Difficult starting 3 Less cost High cost 4 Used in Cars. racing cars . scooters.47.
What are the methods of fuel injection? (a) Air injection (b) Mechanical injection (c) Solid fuel injection 14. accelerating pump and choke system are the carburetor systems 10. What do you know about fuel spray nozzle? In the diesel engine. and replenishes the battery to keep it fully charged 20. nozzle or device used for atomizing or cracking fuel oil and through which the fuel oil is injected into the working cylinder 16.7. What is spark plug? It is a device to produce electric spark to ignite the compressed air fuel mixture inside the cylinder 8. What are the types of carburetors according to draft? (a) Horizontal draft (b) Updraft (c) Downdraft 13. What are the carburetor systems? Float. What are the main circuits used in automobile electrical systems? (a) Starting circuit (b) Generator circuit (c) Ignition circuit (d) Lighting circuit 18. high speed system. What is bleeding? Bleeding is the removal of air from the pipeline in injection system 15. What is contact breaker? Mechanism to make and break the primary circuit of the ignition system for obtaining high voltage current in the secondary circuit is called contact breaker 9. What is antiperculator? It is a device to relieve the vapour pressure in carburetor when hot weather 11. idling and low speed system. What type of battery is used regularly in automobiles? Lead acid battery is used regularly in automobiles 17. What is need (purpose) of cut-out relay in the automobile? Cut-out is a switch which connects or disconnects the battery from the dynamo automatically 19. When the generator is sufficiently turned by the engine. Why solenoid is used in a starting circuit? Solenoid is used in a starting circuit for following purposes (a) To connect the magnetic winding with the battery (It will act as switch to reduce the length of wire) . What is the function of car¶s generator? Generator is an electrical device which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. it furnishes electrical energy for all vehicles¶ circuits. Why is gravity feed system not suitable for car and other heavy vehicles? Gravity feeding is not suitable for light motor vehicle like car and other heavy vehicles like bus as it is difficult to place the fuel tank at a level higher than that of the engine 12.
23. 27. 29. (b) To shift the pinions into the engagements with flywheel ring gear Name the materials used to make the plate materials for separators in storage battery (a) Chemically treated wood porous rubber (b) Resin. Contact breaker ignition Electronic ignition No 1 Contact points are made to get separated to An electronic control does the operation of make and break the circuit making and breaking of the electric circuit 2 Primary circuit is opened by the breaker The primary circuit is opened and closed by point ECU 3 Voltage is stepped up to 25000-30000 volts It produces up to 45000 V 4 Wiring between the ignition coil and the Wiring is made attached with proper distributor is suitable for low voltage insulation to handle high voltage 5 Spark timing system is mechanical or The spark timing system is electrically vacuum controlled . 26. 28. 25. 24. 22.impregnated fiber How are the positive and negative plates identified in the battery? The groups of the plate connected to the positive terminals of the cell consists of grids filled with lead peroxide and are identified by their brown color.21. The plate with negative terminals consists of grids filled with metallic lead and spongy nature and are identified by their dull gray color What are the advantages of petrol injection system? (a) Specific fuel consumption is reduced (b) Volumetric efficiency is increased and hence increases in power and torque (c) Ease starting and acceleration and better performance (d) Blowback and icing can be eliminated (e) Suitable for racing cars and large engines What are the classifications of an ignition system? (a) Battery ignition system (b) Magneto ignition system What is pre-ignition? Pre-ignition system refers to the ignition of the combustible mixture before the spark occurring State the causes of pre-ignition (a) Hot spots that occurs in the cylinder due to poor fitting of piston rings (b) Hot valves (c) Incorrect-insulation of spark plug What are the methods used for starting diesel engines? (a) Hand cranking (b) Starting by cartridge (c) Electric starter motor (d) Hand-cranked inertia starter (e) Compressed air starting What is the function of starting motor? Starting motor is rotated at a certain minimum sped in order for the engine to commence running by the fuel supply Compare the contact breaker ignition and electronic ignition system SI.
What is choke? When it is used? The choke is a butterfly valve in a carburetor. which is used to close the flow of air filter to carburetor in the petrol engine to produce rich mixture when starting of the engine 34. ease of starting (h) Steady operation at low idling speeds 32. What are the objectives of the fuel injection system? (a) Fuel injection system must deliver the exact quality of fuel at the correct time for a wide range of loads and speeds (b) The metered quantity of fuel injected should be constant from cycle to cycle of operation in each cylinder (c) Injection of fuel should be at the desired rate so as to control the combustion and pressure rise (d) Atomization of the fuel should be to the required degree (e) Fuel distribution should be uniform throughout within the combustion chamber (f) Beginning and closing of injection should be sharp 36. durable and simple in maintenance and repair (b) Smooth operation at varying load (c) Good acceleration (d) Must be able to give full immediately after starting (e) Sufficient at high speeds (f) Good fuel economy (g) Even at low temperature. Name the different circuits of solex carburetor (a) Starting circuit (b) Idle and low speed circuit (c) Normal running circuit (d) Acceleration circuit (e) Float circuit 35. What are the three types of starting devices in use? (a) Bendix drive . What are the basic requirements of a carburetor? (a) Reliable. What is the use of throttle valve in the carburetor? The throttle valve is operated by an accelerator pedal used to regulate the flow of air and fuel (petrol) mixture in the petrol engine to control the speed of engine 33.30. What is multi point fuel injection system (MPFI)? Injects the fuel on the induction stroke of each cylinder in the engine firing order is called MPFI 38. What is mono/ single point fuel injection system (SPFI)? Electromagnetic fuel injector which injects appropriate quantity of fuel immediately into the intake manifold at a central point ahead of the throttle valve called central fuel injection (CFI)/ throttle body injection (TBI)/ Mono-jetronic (Bosch system)/ mono point fuel injection system/ single point fuel injection system (SPFI) 37. What are the types of fuel pump? (a) Mechanical type (b) Electrical type 31.
straps and interconnections between cells are the components of lead acid battery . 40. 47. 46. 41. 42.39. positive and negative plates.running clutch drive (c) Solenoid drive What are the three types of ignition system? (a) Battery ignition system (b) Magneto ignition system (c) Coil (Contact breaker) ignition (d) Electronic ignition List out the basic requirements for ignition system (a) A source of electrical energy (b) Method to boost low voltage to very high voltage (c) High tension sparks for the ignition of the mixture (d) Method to distribute the high potential to individual spark plug at the proper instant What are the three types of regulator? (a) Voltage regulator (b) Current regulator (c) Current-voltage regulator What is voltage regulator? The voltage regulator controls the voltage of the circuit so as not to exceed a pre-determined value and to maintain constant voltage of the system What is current regulator? The current regulator controls the maximum amperage of current output of the generator. 44. 49. 48. 43. This also prevents the generator from damage due to overload What is the function of a carburetor? The function of a carburetor is to produce a mixture of petrol vapour and air in a correct proportion What are the main elements of a carburetor? (a) A barrel which air horn (b) Float chamber What is direct injection system? Direct injection system is one in which the fuel is injected directly into the float chamber of a petrol or diesel engine What are the advantages of electronic fuel injection (Motronic) of SI engine? The advantages of electronic fuel injection (Motronic) of SI engine are. preignition and drivability What is the principle feature of common rail fuel injection system? The common rail¶s (CRs) principle feature is that the fuel injection pressure is independent of the engine speed and the quantity of injected fuel What is battery? The battery stores the electrical energy supplied by the alternator/ generator after converting the same into chemical energy What are the components of lead acid battery? Container or case. 50. cell covers. electrolyte. (a) Maximum fuel economy (b) Limits improved by exhaust emissions. 45. separators. (b) Over.
when the engine running (c) To vary the leverage between the engine and driving wheels (d) To turn the drive through 90 degree . What are the types of clutch? (a) Cone clutch (b) Single plate clutch (c) Multi plate clutch (d) Diaphragm clutch (e) Hydraulic clutch (f) Magnetic clutch 3. What are the functions of the transmission? (a) To disconnect the engine from the driving wheels when starting the engine (b) To connect the driving wheels smoothly and without to the engine. cotton fabric and asbestos based materials the materials used for friction disc lining 5. What are the requirements of clutch? (a) Gradual engagement (b) Torque transmission (c) Heat dissipation (d) Vibration damping (e) Dynamic balancing (f) Free pedal play (g) Ease of operation 2. when the vehicle goes on a straight path (c) It allows the driving wheel to turn by different amounts when the vehicle goes around a curve and at the same time delivers power to both the wheels 8.TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS: UNIT III 1. What is the use of universal joint? Universal joint takes care of the vibration in the inclination of the propeller shaft 7. What are the materials used for friction disc lining? Leather. What are the types of transmission system? (a) Mechanical transmission (b) Hydraulic transmission (c) Electrical and electromagnetic transmission 4. What are the functions of the differential? (a) It splits the power that is received and sends the same through the two half axle shafts to the driving wheels (b) It allows the two driving wheels to turn by the same amount. What are the types of gear box? (a) Sliding mesh (b) Constant mesh (c) Epicyclical 6. cock.
What is overdrive? Overdrive is a device interposed between the transmission and propeller shaft permit the propeller shaft to run faster than on overdrive the transmission main shaft 17. What is referred as an axle? It is a steel shaft that support weight of the vehicle and transmit torque from the differential to the drive wheels 21.9. What is the function of a synchronizer in a gear box? The function of synchromesh in a gear box is to synchronize the speeds of the parts to be engaged. What is fluid fly wheel (fluid coupling)? A liquid coupling is used to transmit engine turning effort (torque) to a clutch and transmission (Automatic clutch) 11. What do you know about gear box? Gear box varies the leverage (speed ratio and hence torque ratio) between the engine and the driving wheels 10. Tractive effort is proportional to the engine torque 14. which drives the outer wheel faster than inner one while taking a turn 20. What are the needs of gear box in an automobile? Gear box is necessary to regulate both the power output and the speed range of the engine relative to the vehicle speeds 12. when used with a conventional clutch and transmission enables the driver to use the clutch and gears with less skill and fatigue than with a mechanical linkage 18. What is the necessity of the propeller shaft? A propeller shaft is provided to hope with and maintain the distance between the gear box and the differential. to adjust with the varied length and angle 19. What are the types of rear axles used in vehicles? (a) Semi-floating (Fiat and jeep) (b) Three quarter floating axle (Ambassador) (c) Full floating axle (Trucks. What is tractive effort? Tractive effort is the driving force that acts at the driving wheel to propel the vehicle. These synchronizers are used in contact mesh gear boxes for smooth engagement without clash and damage 16. by friction before undergoing positive engagement. buses) . What is meant by differential? Differential is the mechanism housed in the drive axle. What is the main advantage of liquid coupling? A liquid coupling. What is the principle of synchromesh gear box? Basic principle of the synchromesh gear box is first to bring into frictional contact. What are the different types of gear box used in an automobile? (a) Sliding mesh gear box (b) Constant mesh gear box (c) Synchromesh gear box (d) Planetary gear box 13. That member which is ultimately to be engaged positively and then as friction and speed are equalized to make the positive contact 15.
What is meant by a wet clutch? A wet clutch is one. Why multiple clutches used in heavy vehicles? Multi clutches is used to transmit more power by providing more contact area in compact package 24. which are not in alignment is known as a universal joint 30. which does not allow variation in angular velocity occurring in each revolution. What types of sections are provided at the middle and at the ends of the front axle? I-section is provided at the middle and elliptical section at the ends of the front axle 28. is known as constant velocity universal joint 34. constant velocity joint is used . What is the advantage of the constant velocity universal joint? The advantage of the constant velocity universal joint is the elimination of transmitted speed fluctuations 35. What is the function of stator in converter? The stator causes the torque converter to multiply the torque and temperature and due to whipping action of teeth. a special lubricant called as extreme pressure lubricant is used 32. the shaft revolve at slightly lesser speed and for the other two parts at a slightly greater speed than the constant speed of the first shaft 33. State the functions of the front axle (a) Bears the front weight of the vehicle (b) Turns the front weight easily (c) Provides cushioning affect through the spring 27. What is a universal joint? Joint. What is the special feature of differential lubrication? Since the differential gear is operated at extreme high pressure and temperature and due to whipping action of teeth. What are the features of the good clutch? (a) Pick up load without any noise (b) Have capacity to damp out vibration (c) Need least pedal pressure to function 23. a special lubricant called as extreme pressure lubricant is used 26. but during two parts of the revolution.22. Why are constant velocity joints necessary? To avoid fluctuations of speed or to get uniform motion. then the other shaft will not revolve at the same constant speed. which runs oil in which the plates are lined with cork 25. What is the constant velocity type universal joint? A joint. What is the major drawback of Hooke¶s type universal joint? Suppose one of the shafts in Hooke¶s joint is revolving at a constant speed. which permit power to be transmitted from one shaft to another. What are the various universal joints in use? (a) Cross type universal joint (b) Ball and trunnoin universal joint (c) Constant velocity type universal joint 31. What is meant by wheelbase? Wheelbase refers to the distance between the front and rear wheel axle of the car. when in a straight head position 29.
What are the advantages of flywheel? (a) The engine can idle without disengagement of gears (b) Fuel economy is obtained (c) Less wear on transmission (d) The unit can be put off action when required because positive clutch is possible 47. which connects two yokes of the universal joint. What are the merits of centrifugal clutch? (a) Automatic engaging and disengaging of pressure plate with respect to speed (b) Suitable for small vehicles (c) Clutch pedal and springs are eliminated (d) Driving is very easy and convenient 46. power transmission from the shaft to the output shaft is possible when the sun gear id locked 43. as the torque tube is bolted to the axle casing and movement is confined to the front end 42. What is known as ball and socket joint? A ball and socket joint is a flexible joint consisting of a ball within a socket. What is the function of the free wheel in overdrive? With the freewheeling device. used in suspension systems and valve-train rocker arms 41. What are the advantages of overdrive? . How does the hail and trunnion universal joint differ from the cross type? Ball and trunnion permits shaft endplay. so that there is no need for the slip joint unlike in the cross type 40. What is a spider? Spider is a cross-shaped member of a cross and yoke type universal joint 38. How many universal joints are there in the torque tube transmission and why? Only one universal joint is provided at the gear box end.36. What are the advantages of the single plate clutch? (a) Very simple in construction (b) Only a little effort is needed from the driver (c) Friction lining can be replaced separately (d) Clutch plate is durable 44. What are the advantages of diaphragm clutch? (a) Lesser operating pressure is required (b) Design is compact (c) No need of release levers (d) Accurate balancing is made available always and heavy vibration is avoided (e) Less affected by centrifugal force comparatively (f) It can withstand higher speed (g) Uniform and constant load on the driver plate 45. are called trunnions 39. What is trunnion? The four arms of the spider. Explain the construction of universal joint The construction of universal joint consists of a double-hinged joint with two Y-shaped yokes and a cross member known as spider 37.
What are the functions of suspension system? (a) To absorb the shocks and vibrations (b) To carry the load 2. the system should assist in controlling the speed of the vehicle (c) Steering must be light and stable with a certain degree of self adjusting ability (d) The steering system should also absorb road shock (e) It must be easily operated with less maintenance 4. turbine and a stator 2 Torque transmission unit Torque multiplication unit 3 Serves as an automatic clutch Serves as an automatic clutch as well as torque multiplier 4 Efficient at high speeds Inefficient at high speeds but high efficient under load 49. What are the functions of clutch? (a) To engage or disengage the rest of the transmission as required (b) To transmit the engine power to the rear wheel without shock (c) To enable the gear to get engaged when the vehicle motion UNIT IV: STEERING. BRAKES AND SUSPENSION 1. What are the qualities of the steering system? (a) It must keep the wheels at all times in rolling motion without scuffing (rubbing) on the road (b) According to the requirements. What is shackle? Shackle is a mechanical device which is used to compensate for changes in its length of the leaf spring 5.(a) Engaging and disengaging is easy (b) Vibration and noise is reduced (c) Engine life is increased (d) Improved fuel economy (e) Increased gear ratio is available (f) Engine wear and loss of power reduces as the engine speed is lower 48. What are the purposes of camber angle? (a) To bring the road contact of the tyre more nearly at or under the point of the load . Compare the fluid coupling with torque converter SI. List out the types of stub axle (front axle) (a) Elliot (b) Reverse Elliot (c) Lemonine (d) Inverted lemonine 3. Fluid coupling Torque converter No 1 Contains impeller and turbine Contains impeller. What is clutch? The clutch is the friction mechanism used to connect or disconnect the power depends on the requirements from the engine to gear box in an automobile transmission 50.
when the vehicles moves over an arc Why should not be brake drums are too close to the rim? Brake drums should not be closed. moreover if clearance is sufficient. as the brake heat is conducted to the tyre. 9. 10. (b) To provide easy steering by allowing the vehicle weight to be carried by the inner wheel bearing and spindle What are the requirements of an automobile wheel? (a) To absorb road shocks (b) To carry load of the vehicle (c) To transmit propeller and brake force (d) Be sufficiently strong to withstand the weight of the vehicle (e) Be flexible to absorb road shocks (f) Be properly balanced statically and dynamically (g) Light as possible (h) Ease to remove and mount What are the types of wheel? (a) Disc wheel (b) Spoked wheel (c) Mag wheel (d) Heavy vehicle wheel What are the advantages of wheel alignment? (a) Good directional stability (b) Good riding comfort (c) Minimum tyre wear (d) Easiness in steering (e) Reversibility of steering gear What are the needs of suspension system? (a) To safeguard the passengers and good against road shocks (b) To prevent the road shock from getting transmitted to the vehicle body (c) To preserve the stability of the vehicles while in motion (d) To maintain proper steering geometry What is the use of differential unit? Enables the tow driving wheels to be driven equally. then the steering gear is said to be reversible List out the factors that tend to increase brake temperature (a) Load on vehicle (b) Speed of vehicle (c) Maladjustment of brakes (d) Unbalanced braking . 14.6. 12. 11. 7. 8. It also permits the two driving wheels to be turned at unequal speeds. ventilation is also restricted What is steering ratio? A steering ratio is defined as the number of turns the steering wheel has to make for one turn of pitman arm What is known as reversibility in the steering wheel? If the stub axle movement makes the steering wheel to turn. 13.
15. Write the difference between camber angle and caster angle systems SI. What are the types of tyre? (a) Tubed type tyre (b) Tubeless type tyre Types of carcass tyre are. Therefore. Why does µhigh pedal¶ produce better braking action than µlow pedaling¶? High pedal is with higher leverage or mechanical advantage. What is toe-in? The front distance of the wheels is less than the rear distance. What is caster? Caster is the slant of the steering axis as viewed from the side of the vehicle 20. Camber angle Caster angle No 1 Camber is the inclination of the front Caster is the inclination of the steering axis as wheel tyre with respect to the vertical viewed from the side of the vehicle line 2 Used to bring the road contact of the tyre Used to obtain directional control of the vehicle 21. What is camber? Camber is the inclination of the front wheel tyre with respect to the vertical line 19. Define reaction time as referred to brake application Reaction time refers to the time needed to move the foot and apply the brake 17. Toe-in Toe-out No 1 The front distance of the wheels is less than The front distance of the wheels is greater the rear distance than the rear distance 24. the wheels are said to be toe-in 22. the wheels are said to be toe-out 23. What are the causes of under-inflation? (a) Uneven wear (b) Lack of directional stability (c) Excessive flexing of side rolls (d) Increase in rolling resistance 26. a small force is sufficient to apply at the pedal to produce relatively a large force against the brake shoes 16. Write the difference between toe-in and toe-out SI. What are the causes of over-inflation? (a) Less type grip (b) Impact resistance reduced . What is the major advantage of a disc brake? The major advantage of a disc brake is its resistance to fading and its tendency to remain cooler even under repeated applications 18. (a) Cross ply (Bias ply) (b) Radial ply (c) Belted bias 25. What is toe-out? The front distance of the wheels is greater than the rear distance.
35.27. 37. 36. (c) Contact area reduced between road and tyre (d) Uncomfortable because of vibration (e) Less rolling resistance What is king pin inclination? King pin inclination is the angle between vertical line and axis of king pin when view from the front What are the advantages of front independent suspension system? (a) Improved ride quality (b) Better road holding (c) Improved steering control (d) Reduced axle tramp (e) Less variations in caster angle (f) Reduced pitching (g) Better packaging What are the types of steering gear box? (a) Worm and worm sector/ wheel steering (b) Screw and nut steering (c) Cam and roller steering (d) Rack and pinion steering (e) Recirculating ball steering What is objective of power steering? Reduced the driver¶s effort in steering is the objective of power steering What do you know about power steering? External power (compressed air. 32. suspension system. 28. 29. electrical system or hydraulic pressure) is used to assist the manual steering operation called power steering What are the advantages of power steering? (a) Reduced the driver¶s effort (b) Suitable for heavy vehicles What is wheel alignment? Wheel alignment is defined as refitting of suspension parts to an original specification. thereby ensuring design performance What are the important factors affecting the steering geometry? Kin pin inclination. caster angle are the important factors affecting the steering geometry Why spoked wheel used for two wheelers? (a) Low weight (b) Less cost (c) High damping (Absorbs the road shocks) What type of wheel is suitable for light motor vehicle? Disc wheel is suitable for light motor vehicle What are the limitations of spoked wheel? (a) Should not carry heavy weight (b) Less life (c) Complicated construction . 30. camber angle. 33. 31. 34. wheel alignment. toe-in. toe-out.
What are the functions of tyre? (a) To provide riding comfort of automobiles (b) Cushioning of vehicle against the road shocks (c) Transmission of driving and braking torque (d) To be responsible for stability of the vehicle and steering (e) To provide better mobility (f) Development of cornering and directional stability 44. Write the difference between independent and common suspension systems SI. It is placed around the rims of the wheels as a cushion between the wheel and the road 39. What are the disadvantages of Tubed type tyre? (a) There is separate tube (b) Puncher is possible (c) Powder required to separate tube and tyre to avoid sticking 45. Radial tyre Plain tyre No 1 Tyre pressure is less Tyre pressure is high 2 Suitable for comfort Not suitable 3 High road grip Less road grip 4 High cost Less cost 40. What is tyre? The tyre is a flexible cover for the tube and provides production. What are the advantages of tubeless type tyre? (a) There is no separate tube (b) Puncher is not possible (c) No need of powders to separate tube and tyre to avoid sticking 41. What are the disadvantages of tubeless type tyre? (a) High cost (b) Difficult to manufacturing 42. What are the advantages of tubed type tyre? (a) Less cost (b) Tube replacable 43. Differentiate the tubed and tubeless type tyre? SI. Independent suspension system Common suspension system No 1 Separate suspension for left and right Common wheels 2 Suitable for small and light motor Suitable for heavy vehicles vehicles 3 Suitable for small passenger cars Not suitable 46. No 1 2 Tubed type tyre Separate tube is available Puncher is possible Tubeless type tyre There is no separate tube Not possible .38. Differentiate the radial and plain tyres SI.
What are the types of fuel used in an IC engine? (a) Liquid (Diesel and petrol) (b) Gas (LPG. What is the use of an automobile? Antioxidant prevents the formation of gum while the gasoline is in storage tank 6. This renewing process of tread is called as retreading or recapping 49. What are the advantages of LPG? (a) Extremely economical when large distances are covered (b) Emissions from an LPG engine are substantially lower than those achieved with gasoline (petrol) or diesel (c) Life of the engine is increased (d) Less maintenance cost 7. Leaf spring Coil spring No 1 Stiffness is depends on leafs used Stiffness is depends on coil 2 Suitable for heavy vehicles Suitable for small and light motor vehicles 3 High stability Les stability 4 More space is required Less space is required 48. Write the difference between under-inflation and over-inflation of tyres SI. CNG (Compressed Natural Gas). What is the use of an (anti-icing compounds) anti freezing compounds? Antifreezing compounds are used to eliminate the formation of ice of fuel (Petrol/ Diesel) 3. mixture of alcohol and glycerin. Differentiate the leaf spring with coil spring SI. alcohols (ethanol and methanol) and hydrogen are the few alternative fuels used in an automobile 5. CNG and Hydrogen) 2. distilled glycerin.47. What do you know about fuel cells? The fuel cells are electrochemical cells in which chemical energy of a suitable fuel is continuously converted into electrical energy using atmospheric oxygen 8. by replacing the worn tread with a new one. What is tyre retreading or recapping? The worn out tyres can be replaced. denatured alcohol and ethylene glycol are the Antifreezing compounds 4. propylene glycol. then the tyre can be repaired. List out the few alternative fuels used in an automobile LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas). If the fabric of tyres and the casing are not required. List out the Antifreezing compounds Ethanol. What are the advantages of electric vehicle? (a) Less noise . Under-inflation of tyre Over-inflation of tyre No 1 Increase in rolling resistance Less rolling resistance 2 More tyre grip Less tyre grip 3 Contact area increased Contact area reduced between road and tyre 4 Comfortable Uncomfortable because of vibration UNIT V: ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES 1.
it is lighter than air (c) CNG has 7000C ignition temperature compared 4500C for petrol What is the composition of CNG? Methane (CH4) about 80 to 90%. 15. with cooling (e) Venture mixing unit/ Gas injector nozzle (f) Electronic control unit (ECU) (g) Servomotor for controlling gas follows (h) Switch for altering between LPG and gasoline operation (i) Lambda oxygen sensor (j) Vacuum sensor/ Air intake pressure sensor What are the salient features of CNG comparatively? (a) CNG is a safer fuel than petrol. 17. Hybrid drives can incorporate several similar or dissimilar types of energy stores and/or power converters What are the advantages of hybrid vehicle? (a) More flexibility (b) High efficiency What are the limitations of LPG? (a) Special safety precautions are necessary (b) Availability is less (c) Lower cruising ranges and increased fuel volumetric consumption compared to gasoline (Petrol) (d) Pressurized gas cylinders require a lot of space What are the components incorporate with typical LPG systems? (a) LPG tank. 11. a smaller amount of ethane (C2H5). with ventilation line (b) External filter valve designed to interrupt refueling at 80% of container capacity (c) Flow interrupt valve (d) Pressure regulator for evaporator. 14. 16.587 specific gravity. traces of other lighter hydrocarbons and small amounts of CO2 and N2 What are the advantages of CNG? (a) Life of the engine is increased (b) Less maintenance cost (c) Extremely economical when large distances are covered (d) Emissions from a CNG engine are substantially lower than those achieved with gasoline (petrol) or diesel What are the disadvantages of CNG? (a) High production cost (b) Special safety precautions are necessary (c) Availability is less (d) Pressurized gas cylinders require a lot of space What are the advantages of hydrogen? (a) Hydrogen has high self ignition temperature . 13. 12. (b) No exhaust emissions What do you know about hybrid vehicles? The term hybrid drive denotes such vehicle drives with more than one drive source. diesel and LPG (b) CNG has 0.9. 10.
19. 25. LPG CNG No 1 Liquefied petroleum gas Compressed natural gas 2 Mixture o flight hydrocarbons.18. inflammable. Hybrid drives can incorporate several similar or dissimilar types of energy stores and/or power converters What is known as smog in an automobile? Smog in automobile is a mixture of unburnt fuel and soot in air What are the properties of petrol? Petrol is highly volatile. 28. high heat value and anti-knock are the other properties of petrol What is volatility? It is the property of the fuel.cm What are the salient features of alcohols? Alcohols have higher anti-knock characteristics compared to gasoline. Hydrogen has very low density in gas and liquid stages (less than one tenth of air) Hydrogen has to be stored as gas and liquid stages Hydrogen has extremely wide ignition limits Emissions from a hydrogen engine are substantially lower than those achieved with gasoline (petrol) or diesel Differentiate the LPG with CNG SI. 23. colour. 26. propane Methane (CH4) about 80 to 90%. a smaller and butane amount of ethane (C2H5). 27. traces of other lighter hydrocarbons and small amounts of CO2 and N2 3 Pressure: 4-15 bar Pressure: 240-250 kg/sq.05 g or less of lead per gallon may be referred to as unleaded gasoline (b) (c) (d) (e) . 20. Higher compression becomes possible. Alcohol contains about half the heat energy of gasoline per liter What are the disadvantages of electric vehicle? (a) High speed and acceleration is not possible (b) Not suitable for high load and heavy vehicle (c) Large space needed to batteries to store the electrical energy What are the essential requirements of the battery of electric vehicle? (a) High energy and power density (b) Excellent cycle life (c) Good reliability and high safety (d) Easily from the environmental view point and recyclable What do you know about hybrid vehicle? The term hybrid denotes such vehicle drives than one drive source. Compression ratio ranges between 11:1 to 13:1. 21. which states the case with which a liquid vaporizes What are the effects of low volatility of gasoline? Low volatility of gasoline results in poor vaporization and condensation in intake manifold What characteristic of the fuel affects easy starting? Volatility of gasoline affects easy starting What is meant by unleaded gasoline? Unleaded gasoline refers to petrol to which no lead compounds have been intentionally added. 22. 24. Even gasoline which contains 0.
What is a vapour lock? A vapour lock is the condition in the fuel system when fuel vaporizes. What are the elements of a typical electric vehicle drive system? (a) Energy storage battery (b) Electronic power converter and associated controller (c) Drive motor (d) Transmission/ speed reducer 35. How does gum affect engine operation? Stuck valves and piston rings. coated intake manifolds. What are the types of hybrid system (Hybrid drive train system)? (a) Series system (b) Parallel system (c) Series-Parallel system 37. are the difficulties experienced by the presence of gum in gasoline 30. excessive engine deposits. How can octane rating be increased? Octane rating can be increased by the addition of anti-knock compound. What are the disadvantages of hybrid system? (a) Suitable for short distance only (b) High cost and complicated construction 39. What is tetra ethyl lead? Tetra ethyl lead is a common additive to gasoline to increase its knock resistance 34. propane and butane) 3 Automatically supplied (Pressure: 4-15 Gravity feed or pump is used bar) 33. clogged carburetor jet. What is octane rating of fuel? It is the measure of fuel ability to resist ignition knock 32. What are the advantages of hybrid system? (a) Low emissions (b) Cost of engine is low comparatively (c) Lesser fuel consumption 38.. What are the (needs) reasons to develop fuel cells? (a) Depletion of conventional types of fuels leading to energy crisis (b) Low emissions required to make a car economic friendly (c) To attain certain standards of emissions control 40. Indicate the different types of hybrid vehicles (a) Hybrid drive with mechanical energy store (b) Hybrid drive with electrical energy store (c) Hybrid drive with IC engine and electrical energy sources 36. LPG Petrol No 1 Liquefied petroleum gas Liquid fuel 2 Stored in cylinders (Mixture of light Stored in tank hydrocarbons. causing the presence of bubbles in the gasoline vapour distributing fuel delivery to the carburetor 31. Differentiate the LPG with petrol SI. like tetra ethyl lead . etc.29.
What are the advantages of alternative fuels? (a) Increased load capacity (b) Elaborate storage methods (c) Simple construction (d) Less pollution (e) Fuel cost reduced 46. What are the disadvantages of alternative fuels? (a) Separate storage required (b) An elaborate storage methods for hydrogen have to be used (c) Complicated and costly construction 47. Electric vehicle Petrol/diesel vehicle No 1 Electrical motor is the power source IC engine is the power source 2 Electrical energy is stored in the battery Engine produces the energy by petrol/diesel 3 Less noise More noise 4 Less power produced More power produced 5 Less pollution More pollution 44.41. What are the advantages of fuel cells? (a) Very low emission of pollutants . but rapid combustion allows very little heat loss to the surroundings and hence. What are the disadvantages of fuel cells? (a) Increased load capacity (b) An elaborate storage methods for hydrogen have to be used (c) Complicated and costly construction 43. What are the needs for CNG? (a) To reduce urban pollution (b) To reduce global concern for environment (c) Reducing vehicle pollution (d) Economic 45. What are the disadvantages of hydrogen? (a) High production cost (b) Special safety precautions are necessary (c) Availability is less (d) Pressurized gas cylinders require a lot of space 49. pure hydrogen (H2) oxidizes to form water (H2O). What are the main components of a hybrid car system? (a) An electric motor (b) A generator (c) An IC engine 42. What do you know about emissions? During combustion. Electric drive is the only alternative which can make a similar claim. H2 is thus the only fuel which can be used to avoid all CO2. high instantaneous local temperatures are produced. NOCO2 is produced by the combustion process. Differentiate the electric vehicle with petrol/ diesel vehicle SI. This leads to high nitric oxide formation 48. Adiabatic flame temperature for hydrogen is little lower than for gasoline.
heat and electricity. What are the needs for alternative fuels? (a) To reduce urban pollution (b) To reduce global concern for environment (c) Reducing vehicle pollution (d) Economic . HC and CO (f) Provide all benefits of the battery and more along with extended range (g) High efficiency and low emissions 50. There are no oxides of nitrogen.(b) The oxygen air bags are very useful for the passengers (c) The cell prevents the depletion of the fossil fuel (d) The carbon dioxide exhaled by the passengers is also removed (e) Products are water.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.