WDAAA063260 g

° C Centigrade or degree Celsius. A temperature measure scale used in the metric system. Freezing point of water is 0°C; boiling point is 100°C. To convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit use the following formula: 9/5° C+32 = ° F ° F Degree Fahrenheit. A temperature scale where the boiling point of water is 212°F and freezing point is 32°F (standard atmospheric pressure). To convert from Fahrenheit to Celsius use the following formula: (° F-32)x 5/9 =° C

AC Active power (P) Short for Alternating Current. The part of the generated power in an electrical network which can be used at the consumer’s appliances (cf. reactive power). The part of a control system which performs the final control action in a control process. A synchronous AC generator. Surrounding, normally used to describe outside temperature. A continuous physical variable, as opposed to numerical values, or on/off signals. In this text it is often used to describe an electric signal from a measuring instrument. Altitude above Sea Level. A subordinate system used to support a superior system. Local distribution transformer used for the local electrical supply of the diesel power plant. Automatic Voltage Regulator.

Actuator Alternator Ambient Analogue

ASL Auxiliary system Auxiliary transformer AVR

Base load BDC A continuous load in an electrical network. Bottom Dead Centre, is the bottom turning point of the piston in the cyllinder.

It blocks the flow of direct current while allowing alternating current to pass. A switching device for opening and closing an electric circuit. Central Control Unit. Refers to the manner in which the load demand is regulated on the external network. C C.C.WDAAA063260 g Brush Busbar A conducting element which maintains sliding electric contact between a stationary and a moving element. Capacitor Short for Cross-Current Compensation. A device for establishing and breaking an electric power circuit. Counter-clockwise rotating engine CPU Crankcase Cranking . Crank shaft compartment of an engine. The intake air required for the combustion process in the engine. It consists of two conducting surfaces separated by insulating material. Phi is the phase angle between current and power in an alternating current network. A water cooled device to lower the temperature of the charge air after the turbo chargers. Conductor Contactor Cos phi regulation A wire or cable for carrying current. Central Prosessing Unit. The metal (often copper) bar system which is the distribution media for the 3-phase high voltage system in the power plant. CCU Charge air Charge air cooler Circuit breaker Clockwise rotating engine When looking at the engine from the driving end the shaft rotates clockwise.C. or Cylinder Control Unit. Turning an engine by means of the starting system. When looking at the engine from the driving end the shaft rotates counter-clockwise. A device capable of storing electric energy.

a system which permits the generators to share the reactive component of the power in proportion to their ratings. or it may be a static device using tubes or solid-state components. "Crude" is classified according to its physical properties: a. ESD Exciter Exciter current . A doubled filter configuration enabling operation in one while the other is serviced or stand-by. Driving End. Mixed Based. between the no-load and full-load rotational speeds of a prime mover. A busbar system without power (see Busbar). c. that is. CT D DC DE Dead busbar DGC Drift Droop Duplex filter Short for Direct Current. expressed as a percent. An AC current measuring device. Short for Current Transformer. Oil in its natural state of composition. The field current required to produce rated voltage at rated load and frequency. The difference. a DC generator or an AC generator with rectifiers. In parallel operation of generators. It may be a rotating exciter. E Emulsion A mixture of water and oily material in which either very small drops of water are suspended in oil or small drops of oil are suspended in the water the whole being stabilised by a third component (such as soap or glycol) called an emulsifying agent. A device for supplying excitation to generator fields. A gradual change in voltage output sometimes caused by an increase in generator temperature or regulator lag. Paraffin Based. Asphaltic Based. Short for Diesel Generating set Controller. Emergency Shutdown. The end of the engine where the flywheel is located. b.WDAAA063260 g Cranking speed Cross-current compensation Crude oil The speed at which the engine must be rotated by the starting system in order to commence firing.

The temperature to which an oil must be heated in order to give sufficient vapor to form a flammable mixture with air under the conditions of the test. High Temperature (cooling water circuit). either intentional or accidental. I/O I/P Idling International Electrotechnical Commission. Switchgear section providing connection lines for an electrical network. The vapor will ignite but will not support combustion. Fuel injection G Genset Governor Ground Grounded neutral Engine generator set. Current to pressure converter. The end opposite the driving end. four-wire generator which is intentionally connected to ground. Input/Output.WDAAA063260 g Exciter voltage External network The voltage required to cause exciter current to flow through a field winding. Speed-regulating device for the engine. The external electrical distribution network to which consumers are connected. F FE Feeder Flash point Free End. I I. An engine running unloaded. between an electric and the earth or some conducting body. . A connection. H HMI Hot Key HT Human Machine Interface.E. The center point of a Y-connected. Short-cut push button.C. The way in which the fuel is injected into the combustion room (via a control valve).

giving access to the cylinder combustion room. The part of the crankshaft that turns in the main bearings. N NDE Neutral Non Driving End. M Maintenance charts MCC MCR Paper forms used to record periodic maintenance work. A governor that keeps the engine speed constant at all loads. Operation at 5 to 20 % load. The way in which two or more alternators are run to accommodate the load demands from the electrical network. Motor Control Center. J Jacket water Journal The cooling water circulating in the engines internal parts. Maximum Continuous Rating. (see "Free End") The common point of a Y-connected machine or a conductor connected to that point. k kWe kW electric. Electric power supply and control panel located close to the relevant unit. O . Low Temperature (cooling water circuit). International Standards Organisation. Single speed: a term applied to governors that limit an engine to one speed regardless of load. The end of the engine where the flywheel is not located.WDAAA063260 g Indicator cocks ISO Isochronous Isochronous governor Relief valves. one on each diesel engine cylinder head. L Live busbar Load sharing Local panels Low load operation LT Busbar with a power source connected (see Busbar).

Rectifier Rpm S SCS Station Control System. and Derivative control. and a resistance of 100 ohms at 0°C. Designation for a temperature sensor which is formed by a resistor with a positive temperature coefficient.WDAAA063260 g Oil A liquid hydrocarbon. Short for Potential Transformer. The procedure of matching the synchronous speed of one incoming generator in parallel with another and connecting them to a common load. A line in an electrical network having system voltage potential. The extent to which the voltage zero differs from the current zero. The lowest temperature at which a fluid will pour or flow under specified conditions. (see "Crude Oil") P P&I-diagram Parallel operation Paralleling Piping and Instrument (drawing or diagram). Programmable Logic Controller. Integral. A device for changing alternating current into direct current or unidirectional current. . Printed Circuit Board. (p. active power). More than one unit supplying power to the same network. Proportional.f = kW / kVA) Maintenance performed on a regular time basis to prevent down-time caused by worn out machinery. An AC voltage measuring device. PCB Phase line PID PLC Pour point Power factor Preventive maintenance PT PT-100 R Reactive power (Q) The part of the generated power in an electrical network which cannot be used at the consumer’s appliances (cf. Revolutions per minute.

The portion of an electrical machine which contains the stationary parts of the magnetic circuit and their windings. humidity. is the top turning point of the piston in the cylinder. A device which maintains the voltage output of a generator near its nominal value regardless of load conditions. Refer to the way in which a power generating source is connected to another at the exact point in time when they both have the same frequency and period. Turbocharger Turning device V Viscosity The resistance of fluid to flow. A compressor device used to increase the pressure of the charge air (combustion air) driven by the exhaust gases from the engine it serves. Means of furnishing direct current to the generator field. dust etc. Spark ignited Gas engine. it does not have any rotating or otherwise moving elements. The difference in voltage at no-load and full-load expressed as a percent of the full-load value. The difference between maximum and minimum steadystate voltage divided by the nominal voltage expressed as a percent of the nominal voltage. ASL. A high viscosity fluid will not flow as easily as a low viscosity fluid (Mud will not move as easily as water). Device for measuring physical values and converting them into electrical values which can be transferred and utilised by other electrical equipment. Voltage droop Voltage regulation Voltage regulator W . such as temperature. a mechanical device used to turn the crankshaft of the engine during maintenance etc. Turning gear.WDAAA063260 g Set point SG engine Site conditions Static exciter Stator Synchronization A set value to which a control system acts to maintain the controlled process value. Local area conditions that may affect the operation of the power plant. T TDC Transducer Top Dead Centre.

WDAAA063260 g WECS WISE WOIS Working air WOT Wärtsilä Engine Control System. . A fourth neutral wire can be connected to the centerpoint. blow guns etc. Wärtsilä Information System Environment Wärtsilä Operator' Interface System. s Compressed air of low pressure (6 bar) used for pneumatic tools. Wärtsilä Operator' Terminal System s Y Y-connection An interconnection of the phases of a three-phase system to form a configuration resembling the letter Y.

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