SIMPLIFYING SQUARE ROOTS EXAMPLES

1. Definition of a “simplified form” for a square root The square root of a positive integer is in “simplest form” if the “radicand” has no perfect square factor other than one. 2. Have students analyze the following to see if it is true or false: (ALL ARE TRUE.) 40 = 4 • 10 = 4 • 10 = 2 10 3. For any numbers “a” and “b,” where a ≥ 0 and b ≥ 0, ab = a • b . Product Property of Square Roots

4. Example: Simplify

72

The Product Property of Square Roots and prime factorization can be used to simplify radical expressions in which the radicand is not a perfect square. 72 Prime factorization 2 • 2• 2•3•3
2 • 2 2 • 32

Product Property

2 •2•3 6 2

5. Example: Simplify

150

The Product Property of Square Roots and prime factorization can be used to simplify radical expressions in which the radicand is not a perfect square. 150 Prime factorization 2•3•5•5
2 • 3 • 52

Product Property

2•3 •5 5 6

Johnny Wolfe

Jay High School

Santa Rosa County Florida

August 11, 2001

8.” Therefore. however. Point out that to “simplify” a square root with a variable.6.” For example in guarantee that x3 is positive. it will automatically be positive. in order to squared in the answer. When you find 25 . Example: Simplify x 4 = x2. 81y 2 92 • y2 Product Property Prime factorization 92 • y 2 9y 9. When finding the positive square root of an expression containing variables. you must be sure that the result is not negative. since “x” is x 6 = x3. 200a 4b3 2•2•2•5•5•a •a •a •a •b•b•b 2 • 2 • 5 • a2 • b • b Product Property 10a 2b 2b Prime factorization Johnny Wolfe Jay High School Santa Rosa County Florida August 11. “absolute value” symbols are necessary when the variable has an “even” exponent and the exponent of its square root is “odd. “absolute values” are used as needed to ensure “nonnegative” results. Example: Simplify 200a 4b3 The Product Property of Square Roots and prime factorization can be used to simplify radical expressions in which the radicand is not a perfect square. you want only the “principal square root. x 3 is necessary. 2001 . Consider that 52 = 25 and (-5)2 = 25. x2 = x x3 = x x x4 = x2 x 6 = x3 7. In 81y 2 The Product Property of Square Roots and prime factorization can be used to simplify radical expressions in which the radicand is not a perfect square.

Example: Simplify 10 • 20 10 • 20 10 • 20 10 • 10 • 2 10 2 Johnny Wolfe Jay High School Santa Rosa County Florida August 11. 2001 .10.

8 12 20 24 m2 y6 x5 8a 3 9a 4 4• 9 8• 3 5 • 10 13. 11. 2. 5. 11 • 11 14. 8. 9. 1. 10. 7. 12. 4 5 • 3 15 Johnny Wolfe Jay High School Santa Rosa County Florida August 11. 80a 2b3 15. 4. Use absolute value symbols when necessary.Name:______________ Date:_________ Class:______________ SIMPLIFYING SQUARE ROOTS WORKSHEET Simplify. 2001 . 3. 6.

8 2•2•2 22 • 2 2 2 2. 24 2•2•2•3 23 • 3 2 2•3 2 6 5. 20 2•2•5 22 • 5 2 5 4. 12 2•2•3 22 • 3 2 3 3.SIMPLIFYING SQUARE ROOTS WORKSHEET KEY Simplify. Use absolute value symbols when necessary. 2001 . 1. m2 m Johnny Wolfe Jay High School Santa Rosa County Florida August 11.

8a 3 22 • 2 • a 2 • a 2a 2a 9.6. y6 y3 7. 4• 9 2• 3 6 11. 2001 . 9a 4 32 • a 4 3a2 10. 8• 3 8•3 22 • 2 • 3 2 6 5 • 10 5 • 10 50 52 • 2 5 2 12. Johnny Wolfe Jay High School Santa Rosa County Florida August 11. x5 x4 • x x2 x 8.

11 • 11 112 11 14.13. 2001 . 80a 2b3 2 • 2 • 2 • 2 • 5 • a2 • b2 • b 24 • 5 • a 2 • b2 • b 4 a b 5b 15. 4 5 • 3 15 4 • 3 • 5 • 15 12 • 75 12 • 5 2 • 3 12 • 5 3 60 3 Johnny Wolfe Jay High School Santa Rosa County Florida August 11.

Simplified partially (5 points) 5. Yes (15 points) b. 2001 . Yes (15 points) b. On question 1. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. On question 5. Simplified partially (5 points) 2. Yes (15 points) b. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. On question 2. On question 4. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. On question 3.Student Name: __________________ Date: ______________ SIMPLIFYING SQUARE ROOTS CHECKLIST 1. On question 6. Simplified partially (5 points) 6. Yes (15 points) b. Simplified partially (5 points) Johnny Wolfe Jay High School Santa Rosa County Florida August 11. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. Yes (15 points) b. Yes (15 points) b. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. Simplified partially (5 points) 3. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. Simplified partially (5 points) 4. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c.

did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. On question 12. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. On question 10. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. Simplified partially (5 points) 12. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. On question 9. Yes (15 points) b. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. Simplified partially (5 points) 10. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. Yes (15 points) b.7. Yes (15 points) b. On question 11. Simplified partially (5 points) 8. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. Simplified partially (5 points) Johnny Wolfe Jay High School Santa Rosa County Florida August 11. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. On question 1. 2001 . Yes (15 points) b. Simplified partially (5 points) 11. On question 8. Yes (15 points) b. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. Yes (15 points) b. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. Simplified partially (5 points) 9.

On question 14. On question 15. Yes (15 points) b. Yes (15 points) b. 2001 . Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c.13. Simplified partially (5 points) 15. Yes (15 points) b. Simplified partially (5 points) Total Number of Points ________ Johnny Wolfe Jay High School Santa Rosa County Florida August 11. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. did the student simplify correctly and use absolute value symbols when necessary? a. Simplified partially (5 points) 14. Did not use absolute value symbols (10 points) c. On question 13.

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