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LCD screen: A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a thin, flat electronic visual display

that uses the light modulating properties of liquid crystals (LC). LC do not emit light
directly. They are used in a wide range of applications including: computer monitors,
television. The LCD screens are the placement of the liquid crystal solution between two
transparent panels. The liquid crystals work together to form an image by only allowing
the necessary light through. The two panels are placed in a 90-degree angle to each other
so that light can only go through one of them and because they take less space they are
used in banks and building societies.

Laser printer: A laser printer is a common type of computer printer that rapidly
produces high quality text and graphics on plain paper also known as "page printers". In
order to create an image, first the imaging drum needs to be filled with a negative charge.
The charge is then exposed, using a laser, from the areas where the image is to be placed.
Once the image is exposed, developing starts. In developing the negatively charged toner
jumps onto the exposed sections of the drum. This image is then transferred to a piece of
paper and run over a heated fuser drum where the toner is melted to the paper. The drum
is then cleaned and the process is started again used in commercial organizations.

Microphone: It is a input device that converts sound into an electrical signal. There are
many different types of computer microphones, but all of them work in the same basic
way. Inside the microphone is a diaphragm, a screen which is sensitive to pressure waves.
When you make a sound, it creates waves of pressure in the air, which push on the
diaphragm. When the diaphragm moves, it produces an electric signal, which is sent to
the computer sound card used for voice recognition or voice mails instead of text mails.

Dot-Matrix Printer: Dot matrix printers, also known as impact printers, are capable
of printing text and simple graphics. The printer draws one character at a time from a dot
matrix, usually consisting of either 9 or 24 pins, then striking a number of metal pins
against an inked ribbon, transferring the image to a sheet of tractor-feed paper. A dot
matrix printer can print at high speed for many hours at a time with little to no human
intervention. They are also capable of printing multi part stationary for example in a
school a fess bill printed is divided into three pats one goes to parents, the other to school
and last to the bank.

Ink-Jet Printer: Ink Jet printers are commonly called bubble jet printers. They have
nozzles on thir head usually 64. Inkjet printers work by literally spraying small droplets
of ink onto paper at high speeds. Inkjet printers use dozens of nozzles that are responsible
for spraying the ink. For thermal bubble inkjet printers, the nozzles are bubbles that
collapse when heat is applied. The collapse creates a vacuum which sucks the ink through
the nozzle and onto the paper. Once the print command is sent via USB, the information
sits in a memory buffer before the inkjet printer begins its works.
Digital Camera: A digital camera is a camera that takes video or still photographs, or
both, digitally by recording images via an electronic image sensor. In a digital camera
there is a silicone chip that occupies the same area that a roll of film would be in a regular
camera. This chip contains small, light-sensitive devices that are arranged in rows within
the chip. These devices do not cover the entire sensor but only a small portion of it. This
sensor gathers the light that comes into the camera through the aperture and converts it
into electrical impulses, which become the colors and designs that eventually become a

OMR: Optical Mark Recognition (also called Optical Mark Reading and OMR) is the
process of capturing human-marked data. An optical mark reader scans marked forms,
and detects the marks by gauging levels of reflected light. The resulting pattern of spaces
and marks is then analyzed by the reader, and sent to a computer for reportage. Images on
forms must exhibit high contrast as well as a recognizable shape.

Bar Code Reader: The bars in a bar code have a series of alphanumeric codes
beneath or around the bars. The lengths and widths are representative of specific
information (e.g., model number, type, quantity, location and price). The bar code reader
is equipped with an infrared light source. The infrared light source projects a beam of
light. The beam of light then strikes the bars in the bar code and records the breaks in the
beam. Than the information in bars is sent to the database via the USB connection. The
database can request information and it can update information (e.g., quantity remaining,
changes in price or addition to a registry).

Magnetic card readers: Magnetic card readers identify magnetic stripe data in one
of two typical ways. Either someone swipes the card through a slot in the reader or one
holds the card next to a touch less card reader. Readers are programmed to identify the
card data based on universal specifications and formats that apply to all magnetic stripe
cards. Magnetic card readers are micro-controller based devices that use what is call a
"read head," which reads all three tracks simultaneously. Card readers typically come in
three types. One is a stand alone reader with a data cable attached. The second variety
and most common is an integrated magnetic stripe reader and transaction gateway with a
modem to send data to a credit card processor. In recent years, some new readers don't
require swiping, but merely holding the card next to the hardware. They are becoming
very popular for smaller transactions that don't require signed receipts.

Scanner: It is an input device used to scan pictures or texts into the computer’s
memory by using a beam of light to scan. To begin a scan, a document or item is
typically placed on a glass surface and the cover is then closed to prevent damage to the
lens. The scanner scans the document and creates a duplicated image and then saves it in
a folder on the laptop or personal computer. Some scanners offer software programs that
allow users to manipulate or change features on the document, such as reduce the
contrast, adjust the color and even merge documents. There are four different types of
scanners: flatbed, sheet-fed, hand-held and drum.