Hampton Hurricane NWS | Storm Surge | National Weather Service

Hurricanes and Hurricane Readiness

Storm Surge and Tidal Flooding – A Hampton Specific Look
Bill Sammler Warning Coordination Meteorologist NOAA’s National Weather Service, Wakefield VA http://weather.gov/akq
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Storm Surge Defined
STORM SURGE – The abnormal rise in water level directly associated with the wind and pressure forces associated with a hurricane
Storm Surge Example – hurricane makes landfall at high tide

Storm Surge is highest in right forward quadrant near center as it crosses coast

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Coastal Hurricane Threats
Storm Surge
Storm Surge is highest in the RIGHT FORWARD QUADRANT close to where center makes landfall

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Coastal Hurricane Threats
Storm Surge Example – Hugo 1989

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Coastal Hurricane Threats
Storm Surge Factors
• Storm Intensity and Size
– Stronger = Higher Surge – Larger = Larger Area Affected

• Storm Speed
– Slower Often Means Higher Surge

• Angle to Coast at Landfall
– Perpendicular Maximizes Surge (Katrina)
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricane Threats
STORM SURGE – STORM INTENSITY

CAT 1 NNW 20 mph CAT 2 NNW 20 mph CAT 3 NNW 20 mph
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricane Threats
STORM SURGE – STORM SPEED

CAT 3 NNW 10 mph CAT 3 NNW 20 mph CAT 3 NNW 30 mph
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricane Threats
STORM SURGE – ANGLE TO COAST

CAT 3 N 20 mph CAT 3 NW 20 mph CAT 3 WNW 20 mph
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Storm Surge contd.
STORM SURGE – Isabel

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricane Isabel
Storm Surge & Wave Action
Jordan Point Marina Near Gloucester

Hampton – Buckroe Area

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

And Then There Was Ernesto Overriding Principle – Good Wind Forecast = Good Coastal Flood Forecast

Get the Winds Wrong, And…
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Ernesto Wind Animation

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Ernesto Tidal Departures vs. Wind
Yorktown VA (USCG)

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Ernesto Tidal Departures vs. Wind
Windmill Point VA

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Wachapreague Tides vs. Ocean City Tides

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Tropical vs. Nor’easter Flooding
1-2 Tide Cycles (Tropical) vs.
24 Hours

Several Tide Cycles (Nor’easter)

Yorktown - Ernesto(2006)

Gloucester Point 1998 Nor’easter
48 Hours

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricanes vs. Nor’easters
Minor Flooding Begins

Storm Surge

Sewells Point - Isabel

Sewells Point 11/2009 Nor’easter
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricane Stats – SE Va.
Hurricanes Only

1933 Hurricane

All Tropical Cyclones
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricanes in Virginia
• Ernesto (2006) – Inland and Coastal • Gaston, Ivan, Frances (2004) – Mainly Inland • Isabel (2003) – Inland and Coastal • Floyd (1999) – Coastal and Inland • Camille (1969) – Inland**** • Donna (1960) – Coastal only • Hazel (1954) – Inland and Coastal • 1933 Hurricane – Inland and Coastal • 1749 Hurricane – Willoughby Spit
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricane Stats – SE Va.
Hurricane Return Period

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Some H.R. High Water Events

* * * * * * *
* - Denotes Event Since 1998“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricane Stats – SE Va.
Tropical Cyclones by Year

?

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

The End!!
Are There Any Additional Questions?
william.sammler@noaa.gov
“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Weather Info 24/7/365

Clickable Map for Forecasts

NWS Wakefield,VA: http://weather.gov/akq

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

NWS Wakefield EM/Briefing Page
http://weather.gov/akq/empage.php
Hazard/Topic Specific Tabs

Local Radar
Local WFO Products

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

NWS Wakefield,VA Briefing Page:
http://weather.gov/akq/empage.php

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

NOAA Tides and Currents Site:
http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

NOAA Tides and Currents Site:
http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

NOAA CBOFS Model Site:
http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/ofs/cbofs/cbofs.html

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

NOAA CBOFS Model Site:
http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/ofs/cbofs/cbofs.html

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Hurricane Info 24/7/365
National Hurricane Center: http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

NOAA Weather Radio
• 24/7 Weather Broadcast • IMMEDIATE broadcast of Watches & Warnings • Newer radios (S.A.M.E.) are programmable to local areas

“Taking the pulse of the planet”

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful