ADAPTIVE QUALITY HANDOVERS

Prior to the idea of Adaptive Handover, handovers occurred based on a voting criteria such that if a certain number of the most recent averages met a certain criteria then a need for a handover was recognised. Adaptive Handovers were then introduced to allow handovers to occur more rapidly when conditions are deteriorating quickly and less rapidly when conditions are only marginally poor. A cumulative area (whose size is defined on a per cell basis) is maintained for each call and updated at each measurement. As long as a marginal need for a handover exists the area is incremented (based on the difference between the handover threshold and the current measurement). The area is reset to zero any time there is no marginal need for a handover. At each measurement report the cumulative area is updated and compared to the cumulative trigger. The moment this area gets greater than the cumulative trigger set for quality a need for handover is recognized. Adaptive Handover Rxqual Algorithm (This algorithm is valid for both Uplink and Downlink) if rxqual_xx > l_rxqual_xx_ho where xx=UL/DL then rxqual_cumulative_value = rxqual_cumulative_value+(rxqual_xx - l_rxqual_xx_ho ) if adap_ho_alt_trigger_rxqual disabled and rxqual_cumulative_value > adap_trigger_rxqual_trigger then generate handover if rxqual_xx < l_rxqual_xx_ho rxqual_cumulative value = 0

CURRENT IMPERATIVE HO RxQual 6 4 2 Dropped Call Quality Threshold Time Cumulated Area 12 8 4 Cumulative Trigger Time .

Adaptive Handovers ADAPTIVE IMPERATIVE HO RxQual HO Point 6 4 2 Quality Threshold Cumulated Area 12 8 4 Tim e Cumulative Trigger Time .

l_rxqual_xx_h Used to set the value of threshold in algorithm in decision for adding onto cumulative area or resetting the cumulative area. based on alternate trigger values. This parameters enables calls that are on frequency hopping to use the hopping thresholds instead. where xx applies for dl/ul. where xx applies for dl/ul (hopping calls). . adap_ho_rxqual Used to enable or disable adaptive quality handovers. adap_trigger_hop_rxqual_ul Used to set the value of the adaptive uplink receive quality (hopping) handover trigger.DATABASE PARAMTER SETTINGS: The following Database Parameters where changed to enable Adaptive Handovers ± adap_ho_alt_trigger_rxqual Used to enable or disable adaptive quality handovers. l_rxqual_xx_h_hopping Used to set the value of threshold in algorithm in decision for adding onto cumulative area or resetting the cumulative area. adap_trigger_hop_rxqual_dl Used to set the value of the adaptive downlink receive quality (hopping) handover trigger. adap_trigger_rxqual_ul Used to set the value of the adaptive uplink receive quality handover trigger (cumulative area definition for triggering handover on ul qual). adap_trigger_rxqual_dl Used to set the value of the adaptive downlink receive quality handover trigger (cumulative area definition for triggering handover on dl qual).

Recommended settings Parameter Setting Adaptive Handover ± Rxqual adap_ho_rxqual adap_trigger_rxqual_dl adap_trigger_rxqual_ul adap_ho_alt_trigger_rxqual l_rxqual_dl_h l_rxqual_ul_h adap_trigger_hop_rxqual_dl adap_trigger_hop_rxqual_ul l_rxqual_ul_h_hopping l_rxqual_dl_h_hopping 1 1050 1050 1 470 470 1250 1250 470 470 .