THE MILITARY BALANCE IN ASIA: 1990-2010 A Quantitative Analysis

Anthony H. Cordesman Arleigh A. Burke Chair in Strategy And Robert Hammond acordesman@gmail.com September 14, 2010

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The 2010 Asian Military Balance
Contents
THE 2010 ASIAN MILITARY BALANCE ..............................................................................................................2 SECTION 1: .................................................................................................................................................................5 MILITARY EXPENDITURES AND MANPOWER FOR MAJOR ASIAN POWERS .......................................5 FIGURE 1.1: MILITARY EXPENDITURES BY THE MAJOR ASIAN POWERS AS A PERCENTAGE OF GDP: 2000-2009 ......6 FIGURE 1.3: TOTAL MANPOWER IN MAJOR ASIAN MILITARY FORCES IN 2010 ..........................................................8 FIGURE 13A: TOTAL ACTIVE MILITARY MANPOWER IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 2010 .............................................8 SECTION 2: .................................................................................................................................................................9 ARMY MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT FOR MAJOR ASIAN POWERS ......................................................9 FIGURE 2.1: ARMY MANPOWER IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS ...................................................................................... 10 FIGURE 2.2: ARMY MANPOWER IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 1990, 2000, 2005 AND 2010 ........................................ 10 FIGURE 2.3: ARMY EQUIPMENT IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS ...................................................................................... 11 FIGURE 2.4: MAIN BATTLE TANKS IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 1990, 2000, 2005 AND 2010 .................................... 12 FIGURE 2.5: MAIN BATTLE TANKS IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 2010 ....................................................................... 13 FIGURE 2.6: ARMORED FIGHTING VEHICLES IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 2010......................................................... 14 FIGURE 2.7: LAND WEAPONS IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 2010 ................................................................................ 15 FIGURE 2.8.: ARTILLERY STRENGTH IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 2010 .................................................................... 16 SECTION 3: ............................................................................................................................................................... 17 NAVAL MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT FOR MAJOR ASIAN POWERS .................................................. 17 FIGURE 3.1: NAVY MANPOWER IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS ...................................................................................... 18 FIGURE 3.2: NAVY MANPOWER IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 1990, 2000, 2005 AND 2010 ........................................ 18 FIGURE 3.3: NAVY EQUIPMENT IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS ...................................................................................... 19 FIGURE 3.4: NAVAL SURFACE COMBAT SHIPS IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 2010 ..................................................... 22 FIGURE 3.5: SUBMARINE WARFARE CAPABILITIES IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 2010 .............................................. 23 SECTION 4: ............................................................................................................................................................... 24 AIR FORCE MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT FOR MAJOR ASIAN POWERS .......................................... 24 FIGURE 4.1: AIR FORCE MANPOWER IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS .............................................................................. 25 FIGURE 4.2: ASIAN AIR FORCE MANPOWER IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS: 1990, 2000, 2005 AND 2010...................... 26 FIGURE 4.4: FIXED WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS BY TYPE: 2010 ...................................... 28 FIGURE 4.5: ROTARY WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT IN MAJOR ASIAN POWERS BY TYPE: 2010 ................................... 29 SECTION 5: ............................................................................................................................................................... 30 US FORCES IN THE PACIFIC .............................................................................................................................. 30 FIGURE 5.1: US FORCES IN THE PACIFIC IN 2010: EQUIPMENT BY TYPE AND LOCATION ......................................... 31 FIGURE 5.2: US FORCES IN THE PACIFIC IN 2010: FORCES BY ROLE AND LOCATION ............................................... 33 SECTION 6: ............................................................................................................................................................... 35 NUCLEAR CAPABLE FORCES IN THE PACIFIC ............................................................................................ 35

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FIGURE 6.1: US AND ASIA NUCLEAR CAPABLE FORCES ........................................................................................... 36 FIGURE 6.2: CHINESE MISSILE FORCES: 2010 .......................................................................................................... 39 SECTION 7: ............................................................................................................................................................... 40 THE MILITARY BALANCE IN NORTHEAST ASIA ......................................................................................... 40 FIGURE 7.1: NORTHEAST ASIAN MILITARY MANPOWER IN 2010 ............................................................................. 41 FIGURE 7.2A: ARMY MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IN NORTHEAST ASIA................................................................. 42 FIGURE 7.2B: NORTHEAST ASIAN MODERN MAIN BATTLE TANKS VERSUS TOTAL HOLDINGS: 2010 ..................... 44 FIGURE 7.2C: NORTHEAST ASIAN ARMORED FIGHTING VEHICLES: 2010 ................................................................ 45 FIGURE 7.2D: NORTHEAST ASIAN MODERN AFVS (MBTS, APCS, AIFVS) VERSUS TOTAL HOLDINGS OF OTHER ARMORED VEHICLES: 2010 ..................................................................................................................................... 46 FIGURE 7.2E: NORTHEAST ASIAN ARTILLERY STRENGTH: 2010.............................................................................. 47 FIGURE 7.3A: NAVY MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IN NORTHEAST ASIA ................................................................. 48 FIGURE 7.3B: NORTHEAST ASIAN NAVAL COMBAT SHIPS: 2010 .............................................................................. 51 FIGURE 7.3C: NORTHEAST ASIAN NAVAL COMBAT SHIPS BY CATEGORY: 2010 ..................................................... 52 FIGURE 7.3D: NORTHEAST ASIAN SUBMARINES BY TYPE: 2010 .............................................................................. 53 FIGURE 7.4A: AIR FORCE MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IN NORTHEAST ASIA ......................................................... 54 FIGURE 7.4B: NORTHEAST ASIAN FIXED WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY BRANCH: 2010 .......................................... 55 FIGURE 7.4C: NORTHEAST ASIAN FIXED WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY TYPE: 2010 ............................................... 56 FIGURE 7.4D: NORTHEAST ASIAN ROTARY WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY BRANCH: 2010....................................... 57 FIGURE 7.4E: NORTHEAST ASIAN ROTARY WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY TYPE: 2010 ........................................... 58 FIGURE 7.4F: NORTHEAST ASIAN MODERN AIR FORCE COMBAT AIRCRAFT VERSUS TOTAL COMBAT AIRCRAFT: 2010 ......................................................................................................................................................................... 59 SECTION 8: ............................................................................................................................................................... 60 THE MILITARY BALANCE IN THE TAIWAN STRAITS ................................................................................ 60 FIGURE 8.1A: COMBAT GROUND FORCES: 2010 ....................................................................................................... 61 FIGURE 8.1B: MAJOR GROUND UNITS: 2010............................................................................................................ 62 FIGURE 8.2A: COMBAT NAVAL FORCES: 2010 ......................................................................................................... 63 FIGURE 8.2B: CHINESE NAVAL UNITS: 2010............................................................................................................ 64 FIGURE 8.3A: COMBAT AIR STRENGTH: 2010 .......................................................................................................... 65 FIGURE 8.3B: MAJOR AIR UNITS: 2010 .................................................................................................................... 66 SECTION 9: ............................................................................................................................................................... 67 THE MILITARY BALANCE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA ......................................................................................... 67 -FIGURE 9.1: SOUTHEAST ASIAN ACTIVE MILITARY MANPOWER IN 2010 ............................................................... 67 FIGURE 9.1: SOUTHEAST ASIAN ACTIVE MILITARY MANPOWER IN 2010 ................................................................ 68 FIGURE 9.2A: ARMY MANPOWER IN SOUTHEAST ASIA ............................................................................................ 69 FIGURE 9.2B: ARMY EQUIPMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIA ............................................................................................. 70 FIGURE 9.2B: ARMY EQUIPMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIA (CONTINUED) ...................................................................... 72 FIGURE 9.2C: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MODERN MAIN BATTLE TANKS VERSUS TOTAL HOLDINGS: 2010 ...................... 73 FIGURE 9.2D: SOUTHEAST ASIAN ARMORED FIGHTING VEHICLES: 2010 ................................................................ 74 FIGURE 9.2E: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MODERN AFVS (MBTS, APCS, AIFVS) VERSUS TOTAL HOLDINGS OF OTHER ARMORED VEHICLES: 2010 ..................................................................................................................................... 75 FIGURE 9.2F: SOUTHEAST ASIAN ARTILLERY STRENGTH: 2010 .............................................................................. 76 FIGURE 9.3A: NAVY MANPOWER IN SOUTHEAST ASIA ............................................................................................. 77 FIGURE 9.3B: NAVY MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIA.................................................................. 78 FIGURE 9.3B: NAVY MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIA (CONTINUED) ........................................... 79

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FIGURE 9.3C: SOUTHEAST ASIAN NAVAL COMBAT SHIPS: 2010 ............................................................................. 82 FIGURE 9.3D: SOUTHEAST ASIAN NAVAL COMBAT SHIPS BY CATEGORY: 2010 ..................................................... 83 FIGURE 9.3E: SOUTHEAST ASIAN SUBMARINES BY TYPE: 2010 ............................................................................... 84 FIGURE 9.4A: AIR FORCE MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIA .......................................................... 85 FIGURE 9.4B: AIR FORCE MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIA ......................................................... 86 FIGURE 9.4B: AIR FORCE EQUIPMENT IN SOUTHEAST ASIA (CONTINUED) ............................................................... 86 FIGURE 9.4C: SOUTHEAST ASIAN FIXED WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY BRANCH: 2010 .......................................... 88 FIGURE 9.4D: SOUTHEAST ASIAN FIXED WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY TYPE: 2010 ............................................... 89 FIGURE 9.4E: SOUTHEAST ASIAN MODERN AIR FORCE COMBAT AIRCRAFT VERSUS TOTAL COMBAT AIRCRAFT: 2010 ......................................................................................................................................................................... 90 FIGURE 9.4F: SOUTHEAST ASIAN ROTARY WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY BRANCH: 2010 ....................................... 91 FIGURE 9.4G: SOUTHEAST ASIAN ROTARY WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY TYPE: 2010............................................ 92 SECTION 10: ............................................................................................................................................................. 93 THE MILITARY BALANCE IN SOUTH ASIA .................................................................................................... 93 FIGURE 10.1: SOUTH ASIAN ACTIVE MILITARY MANPOWER: 2010 ......................................................................... 94 FIGURE 10.2A: ARMY MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IN SOUTH ASIA ....................................................................... 95 FIGURE 10.2B: SOUTH ASIAN MODERN MAIN BATTLE TANKS VERSUS TOTAL HOLDINGS: 2010 ............................ 96 FIGURE 10.2C: SOUTH ASIAN ARMORED FIGHTING VEHICLES: 2010 ...................................................................... 97 FIGURE 10.2D: SOUTH ASIAN MODERN AFVS VERSUS TOTAL HOLDINGS OF OTHER ARMORED VEHICLES: 2010 .. 98 FIGURE 10.2E: SOUTH ASIAN ARTILLERY STRENGTH: 2010 ..................................................................................... 99 FIGURE 10.3B: SOUTH ASIAN NAVAL COMBAT SHIPS: 2010 ................................................................................. 102 FIGURE 10.4A: AIR FORCE MANPOWER AND EQUIPMENT IN SOUTH ASIA .............................................................. 103 FIGURE 10.4B: SOUTH ASIAN FIXED WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY BRANCH: 2010 .............................................. 104 FIGURE 10.4C: SOUTH ASIAN FIXED WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY TYPE: 2010 ................................................... 105 FIGURE 10.4D: SOUTH ASIAN MODERN AIR FORCE COMBAT AIRCRAFT VERSUS TOTAL COMBAT AIRCRAFT: 2010 ............................................................................................................................................................................... 106 FIGURE 10.4E: SOUTH ASIAN ROTARY WING COMBAT AIRCRAFT BY BRANCH: 2010 .......................................... 107 FIGURE 10.4F: SOUTH ASIAN ATTACK AND ARMED HELICOPTERS BY TYPE: 2010 ............................................... 108

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Section 1: Military Expenditures and Manpower for Major Asian Powers

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Figure 1.1: Military Expenditures by the Major Asian Powers as a Percentage of GDP: 2000-20091

1

Based on data provided by SIPRI Military Expenditure Database, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. http://www.sipri.org/databases/milex. Data for North Korea is unavailable.

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Figure 1.2: Military Expenditures by the Major Asian Powers: 2000-20092 (In $US Billions, 2008)

2

Based on data provided by SIPRI Military Expenditure Database, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. http://www.sipri.org/databases/milex. Data for North Korea is unavailable.

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Figure 1.3: Total Manpower in Major Asian Military Forces in 20103
Military Manpower (1,000s) China Active Reserve 2170 0 India 1315.45 1155 Japan 215.56 41.6 North Korea 1185 665 Russia 662 0 South Korea 657 0

Figure 13a: Total Active Military Manpower in Major Asian Powers: 20104
(in thousands)

3

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment and personnel figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service. 4 Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010).

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Section 2: Army Manpower and Equipment for Major Asian Powers

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Figure 2.1: Army Manpower in Major Asian Powers
Army and Army Reserve Manpower (1,000s) China India Active Reserve 1600 0 1129.9 960

Japan 138.4 40

North Korea 950 600

Russia 360 0

South Korea 560 0

Figure 2.2: Army Manpower in Major Asian Powers: 1990, 2000, 2005 and 20105
(in thousands)

5

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010).

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Figure 2.3: Army Equipment in Major Asian Powers

China Air Defense Air defense, guns Air defense, man portable Air defense, surface-to-air missile Surface-to-surface missile Aircraft Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Anti-Tank Anti-tank, guns Anti-tank, missile Anti-tank, ramped craft logistic Anti-tank, rocket launcher Artillery Artillery, multiple rocket launcher Artillery, self-propelled Artillery, towed Artillery, mortar Helicopter Helicopter, assault Helicopter, attack Helicopter, search and rescue Helicopter, special operations Helicopter, support Helicopter, transport Helicopter, utility Personnel Carrier Armored infantry fighting vehicle Armored personnel carrier Armored combat vehicle Reconnaissance Tank Tank, light Tank, main battle 7550 1000 6550 88 4440 1140 3300 278 126 7 17830 2400 1280 14000 150 499 7460 260 7200 290 7990 7700

Japan 840

North Korea 21064 11000 10000

South Korea 1480 330 1138

India 5895 2395 3500

Russia

740 100 10 10 3600 630 2740 230 1880 100 210 420 1150 423 200 17900 2500 4400 3500 7500 1700 1700 64

12 293 293 58 58

10774 185 1089 3500 6000 424 60 6

11258 208 20 4510 6520 222 12

25301 3976 6010 12765 2550 1278 635

53 170 850 850 100 880 880 4060 560 3500 2500 2500

21 643 337 2880 40 2840 210 1786 1455 331 110 2750 2750 4047 4047 31230 15330 9900 6000 2000 22800 150 22650

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Figure 2.4: Main Battle Tanks in Major Asian Powers: 1990, 2000, 2005 and 20106
(in thousands)

6

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 2.5: Main Battle Tanks in Major Asian Powers: 20107
(Number in active service)

7

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 2.6: Armored Fighting Vehicles in Major Asian Powers: 20108
(Number of MBTs, Lt Tanks, RECCE, AIFVs, and APCs in active service)

8

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 2.7: Land Weapons in Major Asian Powers: 20109
(Number in active service)

9

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 2.8.: Artillery Strength in Major Asian Powers: 201010
(Number in active service)

10

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Section 3: Naval Manpower and Equipment for Major Asian Powers

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Figure 3.1: Navy Manpower in Major Asian Powers
Navy and Navy Reserve Manpower (1,000s; Figures include Naval Aviation and Marines) China India Japan North Russia Korea Active 255 58.35 42.4 46 142 Reserve 0 55 0.9 65 0 South Korea 33 0

Figure 3.2: Navy Manpower in Major Asian Powers: 1990, 2000, 2005 and 201011
(in thousands)

11

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010).

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Figure 3.3: Navy Equipment in Major Asian Powers
China Aircraft Aircraft, anti-submarine warfare Aircraft, bomber Aircraft, fighter Aircraft, fighter ground attack Aircraft, maritime patrol Aircraft, maritime patrol antisubmarine warfare Aircraft, reconnaissance Aircraft, search and rescue Aircraft, tanker Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Aircraft Carrier Amphibious Amphibious assault vehicle Landing platform, dock Landing ship, medium Landing ship, tank Corvettes Corvette Corvette, with guided missile Cruiser Cruiser with guided missile Destroyers Destroyer Destroyer, with guided missile Frigates Frigate Frigate, with guided missile Helicopter Helicopter, airborne early warning Helicopter, anti-submarine warfare Helicopter, assault Helicopter, mine countermeasures 13 25 9 91 24 52 86 8 133 28 52 28 44 4 40 8 3 3 9 29 10 9 8 12 1 11 107 9 54 31 6 63 5 9 9 10 8 56 27 5 5 5 10 8 28 28 83 5 10 111 102 1 5 5 24 4 20 1 1 5 3 122 66 63 9 5 1 10 22 37 10 346 4 50 84 138 4 80 8 13 7 11 20 Japan 159 North Korea South Korea 13 India 94 4 Russia 100 43 17 30

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Helicopter, search and rescue Helicopter, support Helicopter, training Helicopter, utility Landing Craft Air cushion vehicle Landing craft, medium Landing craft, personnel light Landing craft, tank Landing craft, utility Landing craft, vehicles and personnel Landing ship, assault Mine Warfare, Counter Mine countermeasures Mine countermeasures, support Mine countermeasures, vessel Mine hunter, coastal Mine sweeper, auxiliary Mine sweeper, coastal Mine sweeper, drone Mine sweeper, ocean Offshore patrol vessel, with helicopter Mine Warfare, Layer Patrol and Coastal Combatants Fast patrol craft with SSM Fast patrol craft, coastal Fast patrol craft, inshore Guided missile patrol craft Patrol craft Patrol craft, coastal Patrol craft, inshore Patrol hydrofoil, with SSM Patrol hydrofoil, with Torpedo Personnel Carrier Armored personnel carrier Reconnaissance Submarines, Strategic Submarine, ballistic-missile, nuclearfuelled Submarines, Tactical

40 8

18 3 8 4 5 244 18 96 6 39 3 10

5 26 39 6

160 10 20

20 6 12

130

2 130 20 9

6

68

32 4

24

16

9

4 24 4 46 14 3 10 6 1 253 83 93 7 6 317 18 19 75 16 6 27 50 1 100 180 180 3 3 62 16 43 13 17 158 15 7 1 76 1 22 25 6 3

9

16 16

750 750 60 4 4 20

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Submarine, attack, diesel, nonballistic missile launchers Submarine, attack, nuclear-powered Submarine, diesel Submarine, diesel, coastal Submarine, diesel, inshore Submarine, diesel, with ASW capability Tank Tank, light Tank, main battle

1 6 1 21 2 54 100 100 60 160 16 22 11 16 60 9 160 1 11

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Figure 3.4: Naval Surface Combat Ships in Major Asian Powers: 201012
(Number in active service)

12

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 3.5: Submarine Warfare Capabilities in Major Asian Powers: 201013
(Number in active service)

13

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Section 4: Air Force Manpower and Equipment for Major Asian Powers

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Figure 4.1: Air Force Manpower in Major Asian Powers
Air Force and Air Force Reserve Manpower (1,000s) China India Japan Active Reserve 315 0 127.2 140 34.76 0.7 North Korea 189 0 Russia 160 0 South Korea 64 0

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Figure 4.2: Asian Air Force Manpower in Major Asian Powers: 1990, 2000, 2005 and 201014
(in thousands)

14

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010).

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Figure 4.3: Air Force Equipment in Major Asian Powers

China Air Defense Air defense, guns Air defense, man portable Air defense, static Air defense, surface-to-air missile Air defense, surface-to-air missile, self-propelled Air defense, surface-to-air-missile, towed Aircraft Aircraft, airborne early warning Aircraft, bomber Aircraft, electronic warfare Aircraft, fighter Aircraft, fighter ground attack Aircraft, reconnaissance Aircraft, search and rescue Aircraft, surveillance Aircraft, tanker Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Helicopter Helicopter, attack Helicopter, reconnaissance Helicopter, search and rescue Helicopter, support Helicopter, utility Not specified Unmanned Aerial Vehicle 56 24 80 3 18 522 296 300 300 16600 16000

Japan 208

North Korea 3400 3050 38

South Korea

India

Russia 1900

1900 208 312 1052 80 11 250 10 20 4 240 40 10 52 302 20 103 42 10 202 80 8 48 100 178 128 60 259 326 20 60 215 217 150 33 6 271 213 20 92 30 388 152 47 4 467 96 536 3 725 807 119 701 1126 1 116 1909

2446 12 82 10 1100 283 120

599 14

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Figure 4.4: Fixed Wing Combat Aircraft in Major Asian Powers by Type: 201015
(Number in active service)

15

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 4.5: Rotary Wing Combat Aircraft in Major Asian Powers by Type: 201016
(Number in active service)

16

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Section 5: US Forces in the Pacific

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Figure 5.1: US Forces in the Pacific in 2010: Equipment by Type and Location17
Pacific Command (PACOM) Headquartered in Hawaii

Guam Abbreviation SSN Japan Abbreviation CVN CG DDG LCC MCM LHD LSD South Korea Abbreviation MBT MBT MBT HEL, ATK HEL, TPT HEL, UTL ARTY, MLR AD, SAM AD, SAM Main battle tank Main battle tank Main battle tank Helicopter, attack Helicopter, transport Helicopter, utility Artillery, multiple rocket launcher Air defense, surface-to-air missile Air defense, surface-to-air missile Carrier, nuclear powered Cruiser, with guided missiles Destroyer, with guided missiles Amphibious command ship Mine countermeasures Amphibious assault ship Landing ship, dock Definition Quantity 1 2 8 1 2 1 2 Definition Submarine, nuclear powered Quantity 3

Definition

Model M-1 Abrams M-2/M-3 Bradley M-109 AH-64 Apache CH-47 Chinook UH-60 Black Hawk MLRS MIM-104 Patriot FIM-92A Avenger

Pacific Abbreviation SSBN SSGN SSN CVN Definition Submarine, nuclear powered, with ballistic missiles SSN, with dedicated, non-ballistic missiles Submarine, nuclear powered Carrier, nuclear powered Quantity 8 2 26 3

17

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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CG DDG FFG MCM LHD LHA LPD LSD

Cruiser, with guided missiles Destroyer, with guided missiles Frigate, with guided missiles Mine countermeasures Amphibious assault ship Landing ship, assault Landing platform, dock Landing ship, dock

9 18 10 2 4 1 4 4

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Figure 5.2: US Forces in the Pacific in 2010: Forces by Role and Location
Japan Quantity 1 Role Army HQ (9th Theater Army Area Command) Navy 7th Fleet 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 South Korea Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 HQ (8th Army) HQ (2nd In Div) HBCT CBT AVN BDE ARTY BDE AD BDE Air Force HQ (7th Air Force) FTR Wing, with Role Army HQ (7th Fleet) Air Force HQ (5th Air Force) FTR WING with FTR SQN with a total of 18 F-16 Fighting Falcon FTR WING with AEW SQN with 2 E-3B Sentry SAR SQN with 8 HH-60G Pave Hawk FTR SQN with a total of 24 F-15C/D Eagle LIFT WING with 10 C-130H Hercules C-12J Marines DIV (3rd) FTR SQN with 12 F/A-18D Hornet TKR SQN with 12 KC-130J Hercules SPT HEL SQN with 12 CH-46E Sea Knight SPT HEL SQN with 12 MV-22B Osprey SPT HEL SQN with 10 CH-53E Sea Stallion SPEC OPS GRP

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1 1 12 1 1 1

FTR SQN with 20 F-16C/D Fighting Falcon FTR SQN with 12 A-10 Thunderbolt II OA-10 Thunderbolt II FTR Wing, with FTR SQN with 20 F-16C/D Fighting Falcon SPEC OPS SQN

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Section 6: Nuclear Capable Forces in the Pacific

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Figure 6.1: US and Asia Nuclear Capable forces18
United States Quantity 14 Role/Type Navy Ohio SSBN 730 each with up to 24 UGM-133A Trident D-5 strategic SLBM Air Force 6 2 4 1 9 SQN with 71 B-52H Stratofortress each with up to 20 AGM-86B nuclear ALCM and/or AGM-129A nuclear ACM SQN with 19 B-2A Spirit each with up to 16 free-fall bombs B-52 test heavy BBR B-2 test heavy BBR SQN with 500 LGM-30G Minuteman III each with a capacity of 1-3 MIRV Mk12/Mk12A per missile Russia Quantity 5 6 2 1 3 Role/Type Navy Delta III each with 16 RSM-50 Stingray strategic SLBM Delta IV each with 16 RSM-54 Skiff strategic SLBM Typhoon each with 40 RSM-52 Sturgeon strategic SLBM Yury Dolgoruky Strategic Rocket Force Troops Rocket armies in 12 divisions with 430 missiles and 1,605 nuclear warheads Strategic Missiles 68 180 72 50 15 1 RS-20 Satan RS12M Sickle RS18 Stiletto Topol-M, silo based Topol-M, road mobile REGT RS-24 Long-Range Aviation Command - 37th Air Army By Role 2 Heavy divisions with 4 regiments operating 79 BBR in total carrying up to 856 LRCM By Type
18

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment and personnel figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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16 31

Tu-160 Blackjack each with up to 12 KH-55SM/RKV-500B nuclear ALCM Tu-95MS16 each with up to 16 KH-55/RKV-500A nuclear ALCM

China Quantity Role/Type Strategic Missiles (figures are estimates) ICBM 12 24 10 20 80 36 2 108 96 54 1 2 DF-31 DF31A DF-4 DF-5A IRBM FD-21 DF21C DF-3A SRBM DF-11A/M-11A DF-15/M-9 LACM CJ-10 Navy Xia with 12 JL-1 strategic SLBM Jin with 12 JL-2 strategic SLBM India Quantity 2 1 1 80-100 20-25 Role/Type Strategic Forces Command MSL groups with SS-150/SS-250 Prithvi MSL group with Agni-I MSL group with Agni-II IRBM Agni-I By Role Agni-II Agni-III By Type SRBM

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60 Up to 20

MSL produced between 1993-1999 SS-150 Prithvi I/SS-250 Prithvi II SS-350 Dhanush

Pakistan Quantity 105 50 Up to 10 Up to 25 Role/Type Strategic Nuclear Forces 105 Hatf-1 Abdali/Hatf-2 50 Hatf-3 Shaheen-1/Hatf-4 Hatf-5/Ghauri Ghauri II

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Figure 6.2: Chinese Missile Forces: 201019

19

Based on Appendix 1 in Office of the Secretary of Defense, Annual Report to Congress, Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010, August 2010.

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Section 7: The Military Balance in Northeast Asia

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Figure 7.1: Northeast Asian Military Manpower in 201020
(in thousands)

20

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Some personnel figures are estimates.

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Figure 7.2a: Army Manpower and Equipment in Northeast Asia 21
Army and Army Reserve Manpower (1,000s)

China Active Reserve
Army Equipment China Air Defense Air defense, guns Air defense, man portable Air defense, surface-to-air missile Aircraft Aircraft, utility Anti-Tank Anti-tank, guns Anti-tank, missile Anti-tank, ramped craft logistic Anti-tank, rocket launcher Artillery Artillery, multiple rocket launcher Artillery, self-propelled Artillery, towed Artillery, mortar Helicopter Helicopter, attack Helicopter, search and rescue Helicopter, special operations Helicopter, support Helicopter, training Helicopter, utility Personnel Carrier Armored infantry fighting vehicle Armored personnel carrier Reconnaissance
21

Japan 138.4 40

1600 0

North Korea 950 600

South Korea 560 0

Taiwan 200 1500

Japan 740

North Korea 21000 11000 10000

South Korea 1468 330 1138

Taiwan 1078 400 678

7990 7700 290

740 10 10

7460 260 7200

3600 630 2740 230

1700

58 58

1560 1060

1700 17900 2500 4400 3500 7500 10774 185 1089 3500 6000 424 60 6

500 1765 300 405 1060 220 101

17830 2400 1280 14000 150 499 126 7 278 88 4440 1140 3300

1880 100 210 420 1150 423 200

53 170 850 850 100 2500 2500

21 337 2880 40 2840

9 30 80 1175 225 950

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment and personnel figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Tank Tank, light Tank, main battle

7550 1000 6550

880 880

4060 560 3500

2750 2750

1831 905 926

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Figure 7.2b: Northeast Asian Modern Main Battle Tanks versus Total Holdings: 201022
(Number in Active Service)

22

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.2c: Northeast Asian Armored Fighting Vehicles: 201023
(Number of Tanks, OAFVs, APCs, RECCE, in active service)

23

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.2d: Northeast Asian Modern AFVs (MBTs, APCs, AIFVs) versus Total Holdings of Other Armored Vehicles: 201024
(Number in active service)

24

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.2e: Northeast Asian Artillery Strength: 201025
(Number in active service)

25

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.3a: Navy Manpower and Equipment in Northeast Asia
Navy and Navy Reserve Manpower (1,000s; Figures include Naval Aviation and Marines)

China Active Reserve
Navy Equipment China Aircraft Aircraft, anti-submarine warfare Aircraft, bomber Aircraft, fighter Aircraft, fighter ground attack Aircraft, maritime patrol Aircraft, maritime patrol antisubmarine warfare Aircraft, reconnaissance Aircraft, search and rescue Aircraft, tanker Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Amphibious Amphibious assault vehicle Landing platform, dock Landing platform, helicopter Landing ship, dock Landing ship, medium Landing ship, tank Command Ships Amphibious command ship Corvettes Destroyers Destroyer Destroyer, with guided missile Frigates Frigate Frigate, with guided missile Helicopter Helicopter, anti-submarine warfare 52 86 13 28 52 28 56 27 83 3 122 66 346 4 50 84 138 4

Japan 42.4 0.9

255 0

North Korea 46 65

South Korea 33 0

Taiwan 45 67

Japan 159

North Korea

South Korea 13

Taiwan 32 32

80 8

13 7 63 9 5 5 10 111 102 1 2 10 5 8 4 13 1 1 5 44 4 40 8 8 133 91 3 3 9 29 24 22 20 20 10 9 4 22 28 10 4 223 204

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Helicopter, assault Helicopter, mine countermeasures Helicopter, search and rescue Helicopter, support Helicopter, training Helicopter, utility Landing Craft Air cushion vehicle Amphibious assault ship Landing craft, heavy Landing craft, medium Landing craft, personnel light Landing craft, tank Landing craft, utility Landing craft, vehicles and personnel Mine Warfare, Counter Mine countermeasures, support Mine countermeasures, vessel Mine hunter, coastal Mine sweeper, coastal Mine sweeper, drone Mine sweeper, ocean Mine Warfare, Layer Patrol and Coastal Combatants Fast patrol craft with SSM Fast patrol craft, coastal Fast patrol craft, inshore Guided missile patrol craft Patrol craft Patrol craft, coastal Patrol craft, inshore Patrol hydrofoil, with SSM Patrol hydrofoil, with Torpedo Personnel Carrier Armored personnel carrier Submarines, Strategic Submarine, ballistic-missile, nuclear-fuelled Submarines, Tactical Submarine, attack, diesel, non-

25 9 40 8 18 3 8 4 160 10 20 6 244 5 39 3 290

20

12

18 96

10 6

170

130

2 130 20 9

20 100 12

68 4

32 4

24

24 4 46 14 1 253 83 93 7 6 317 18 19 3 25

6 3 8 4 1 76 1 75 73 61 8 4

16 6 27 50 1 100 180 180 3 3 62 1 16 43 13 158

4

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ballistic missile launchers Submarine, attack, nuclearpowered Submarine, diesel Submarine, diesel, coastal Submarine, diesel, inshore Submarine, diesel, with ASW capability Tank Tank, light 54 100 100 16 22 6 1 21 2 11 4

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Figure 7.3b: Northeast Asian Naval Combat Ships: 201026
(Number in active service)

26

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for patrol crafts includes standard, fast and hydrofoil patrol craft types. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.3c: Northeast Asian Naval Combat Ships by Category: 201027
(Number in active service)

27

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010).

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Figure 7.3d: Northeast Asian Submarines by Type: 201028
(Number in active service)

28

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.4a: Air Force Manpower and Equipment in Northeast Asia
Air Force and Air Force Reserve Manpower (1,000s)

China Active Reserve
Air Force Equipment China Air Defense Air defense, guns Air defense, man portable Air defense, static Air defense, surface-to-air missile Air defense, surface-to-air missile, self-propelled Air defense, surface-to-air-missile, towed Aircraft Aircraft, airborne early warning Aircraft, bomber Aircraft, electronic warfare Aircraft, fighter Aircraft, fighter ground attack Aircraft, reconnaissance Aircraft, search and rescue Aircraft, surveillance Aircraft, tanker Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Helicopter Helicopter, attack Helicopter, reconnaissance Helicopter, search and rescue Helicopter, support Helicopter, utility Unmanned Aerial Vehicle 56 24 80 3 18 522 296 300 300 16600 16000

Japan 34.76 0.7

315 0

North Korea 189 0

South Korea 64 0

Taiwan 45 90

Japan 208

North Korea 3400 3050 38

South Korea

Taiwan

208 2446 12 82 10 1100 283 120 10 20 4 240 40 10 52 11 250 599 14

312 1052 80 4 388 152 47 467 2 244 69 8 701 446 6

215 217 302 20

150 33 259 103

78 39 35

42 10 202 80 8 48 100 34 1

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Figure 7.4b: Northeast Asian Fixed Wing Combat Aircraft by Branch: 201029
(Number in active service)

29

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.4c: Northeast Asian Fixed Wing Combat Aircraft by Type: 201030
(Number in active service)

30

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.4d: Northeast Asian Rotary Wing Combat Aircraft by Branch: 201031
(Number in active service)

31

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.4e: Northeast Asian Rotary Wing Combat Aircraft by Type: 201032
(Number in active service)

32

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 7.4f: Northeast Asian Modern Air Force Combat Aircraft versus Total Combat Aircraft: 201033
(Number in active service)

33

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Section 8: The Military Balance in the Taiwan Straits

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Figure 8.1a: Combat Ground forces: 201034

34

Based on Appendix 1 in Off ice of the Secretary of Defense, Annual Report to Congress, Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010, August 2010.

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Figure 8.1b: Major Ground Units: 201035

35

Based on Appendix 1 in Office of the Secretary of Defense, Annual Report to Congress, Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010, August 2010.

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Figure 8.2a: Combat Naval Forces: 201036

36

Based on Appendix 1 in Office of the Secretary of Defense, Annual Report to Congress, Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010, August 2010.

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Figure 8.2b: Chinese Naval Units: 201037

37

Based on Appendix 1 in Office of the Secretary of Defense, Annual Report to Congress, Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010, August 2010.

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Figure 8.3a: Combat Air Strength: 201038

38

Based on Appendix 1 in Office of the Secretary of Defense, Annual Report to Congress, Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010, August 2010.

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Figure 8.3b: Major Air Units: 201039

39

Based on Appendix 1 in Office of the Secretary of Defense, Annual Report to Congress, Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010, August 2010.

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Section 9: The Military Balance in Southeast Asia
-

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Figure 9.1: Southeast Asian Active Military Manpower in 201040
(In thousands)

40

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Some personnel figures are estimates.

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Figure 9.2a: Army Manpower in Southeast Asia41
Army and Army Reserve Manpower (1,000s)

Active Reserve

Australia Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia 27.461 75 233 25.6 80 15.315 50

Army and Army Reserve Manpower (1,000s)

Active Reserve

Vietnam Thailand Malaysia Singapore Philippines 412 190 80 50 80 50 300 100

41

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment and personnel figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.2b: Army Equipment in Southeast Asia42
Australia Air Defense Air Defense, guns Air Defense, man portable Air Defense, surface-to-air missile Aircraft Aircraft, transport Amphibious Amphibious landing craft Anti-Tank Anti-tank, ramped craft logistic Anti-tank, rocket launcher Anti-tank, man portable Anti-tank, self-propelled Artillery Artillery, multiple rocket launcher Artillery, self-propelled Artillery, towed Artillery, mortar Helicopter Helicopter, attack Helicopter, support Helicopter, training Helicopter, utility Patrol and Coastal Combatants Patrol craft, riverine Patrol boat, riverine Personnel Carrier Armored infantry fighting vehicle Armored personnel carrier Light forces vehicle Reconnaissance Tank Tank, light
42

Cambodia

Indonesia 413 413

Laos

Malaysia 123 60 48 15

48

48 11 11 42 42 1302 1302 135 135

912 260 584 60 8

566

428 28

1010

62

436 18

270 296 127 22 44 61

400

135 875 71 6 16 12 37

62

164 254 20

20 52 12 40

1728 257 774 697

260 70 190

367 11 356 142

50 50

879 44 835 314

149

170 20

350 350

35 10

74 26

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment and personnel figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Tank, main battle

149

150

25

48

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Figure 9.2b: Army Equipment in Southeast Asia (Continued)

Philippines Air Defense Air Defense, guns Surface-to-air missile Aircraft Aircraft, reconnaissance Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Anti-Tank Anti-tank, guns Anti-tank, missile Anti-tank, ramped craft logistic Artillery Artillery, multiple rocket launcher Artillery, self-propelled Artillery, towed Artillery, mortar Helicopter Helicopter, attack Helicopter, support Helicopter, training Helicopter, utility Personnel Carrier Armored infantry fighting vehicle Armored personnel carrier Reconnaissance Tank Tank, light Tank, main battle 65 65 605 85 520 242 40 282 3 1 4

Singapore 105 30 75

Thailand 202 202 93 40 33 10 10

Vietnam

320 30 290 335 18 125 192

498 318 180 2473 20 553 1900 173 5 6 3 159

12000 12000

3040 710 30 2300

1280 1280 22 546 350 196

950 950 32 848 515 333

1680 300 1380 100 1935 620 1315

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Figure 9.2c: Southeast Asian Modern Main Battle Tanks versus Total Holdings: 201043
(Number in active service)

43

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.2d: Southeast Asian Armored Fighting Vehicles: 201044
(Number of Tanks, OAFVs, APCs, RECCE in active service)

44

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.2e: Southeast Asian Modern AFVs (MBTs, APCs, AIFVs) versus Total Holdings of Other Armored Vehicles: 201045
(Number in active service)

45

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.2f: Southeast Asian Artillery Strength: 201046
(Number in active service)

46

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.3a: Navy Manpower in Southeast Asia
Navy and Navy Reserve Manpower (1,000s; Figures include Naval Aviation and Marines)

Active Reserve

Australia Cambodia Indonesia Laos 13.23 2.8 45 2

Malaysia 14 1

Navy and Navy Reserve Manpower (1,000s; Figures include Naval Aviation and Marines)

Active Reserve

Vietnam Thailand Malaysia Singapore Philippines 13 69.86 14 9 24 1 5 15

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Figure 9.3b: Navy Manpower and Equipment in Southeast Asia

Australia Air Defense Air Defense, guns Aircraft Aircraft, maritime patrol Aircraft, transport Amphibious Amphibious assault vehicle Landing platform, dock Landing platform, helicopter Landing ship, tank Artillery Artillery, multiple rocket launcher Artillery, towed Corvettes Corvette Corvette, with guided missile Frigates Frigate Frigate, with guided missile Helicopter Helicopter, anti-submarine warfare Helicopter, support Helicopter, utility Helicopter, anti-submarine/anti-surface warfare Landing Craft Landing craft, heavy Landing craft, medium Landing craft, utility Mine Warfare, Counter Mine countermeasures, vessel Mine hunter, coastal Mine sweeper, coastal Mine sweeper, drone 6 2 3 11 12 8 4 40 16 24 2 1 3

Cambodia

Indonesia 150 150 47 24 23 29 3 26 62 12 50 23 23 7 7 37 9 15 13

Laos

Malaysia

10 2 8 2 2 12

6 6

27 6 21

54

115 115

54 11 4 4 9

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Mine countermeasures, coastal Patrol and Coastal Combatants Fast patrol craft with SSM Fast patrol craft, coastal Patrol craft Patrol craft offshore Patrol craft, coastal Patrol craft, riverine Patrol boat Patrol craft, torpedo Personnel Carrier Armored infantry fighting vehicle Armored personnel carrier Reconnaissance Submarines, Tactical Submarine, diesel, with ASW capability Tank Tank, light 6 6 2 7 14 2 14 11

2 41 4 4 8 21 8 8

4 134 34 100 21 2 2 55 55 2 2

Figure 9.3b: Navy Manpower and Equipment in Southeast Asia (Continued)
Navy Equipment Philippines Air Defense Air Defense, guns Aircraft Aircraft, fighter ground attack Aircraft, maritime patrol Aircraft, reconnaissance Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Aircraft Carrier Aircraft, helicopter Amphibious Amphibious assault vehicle Landing ship, medium Landing ship, tank Landing ship 7 4 6 2 92 85 4 6 6 Singapore Thailand 14 14 54 7 12 9 16 2 8 1 1 41 33 3 3 6 Vietnam

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Anti-Tank Anti-tank, missile Artillery Artillery, towed Corvettes Corvette Corvette, with guided missile Frigates Frigate Frigate, with guided missile Helicopter Helicopter, anti-submarine warfare Helicopter, utility Helicopter, anti-submarine/anti-surface warfare Landing Craft Landing craft, medium Landing craft, utility Landing craft, vehicles and personnel Mine Warfare, Counter Mine countermeasures, support Mine countermeasures, vessel Mine hunter, coastal Mine sweeper, coastal Minesweeper, inshore Mine countermeasures, coastal Mine sweeper Patrol and Coastal Combatants Fast patrol craft with SSM Fast patrol craft with torpedo Fast patrol craft, coastal Patrol craft Patrol craft offshore Patrol craft, coastal Patrol craft, inshore Patrol craft, riverine Patrol hydrofoil, with Torpedo Patrol boat, inshore Patrol boat, riverine Patrol craft, torpedo Personnel Carrier 24 12 13 14 34 11 1 62 23 4 39 30 3 6 4 34 34 5 5 1 1 6 6 6 150 150 6

24 24 48 48 9 7 2 10 2 8 8 6 2 13 13 19 1 2 2 2 12 87 6 3 6 3 47 6 5 16 24 4 16 38 10 3 5 7 2 23 18 5 14 6 5 5 6

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Armored infantry fighting vehicle Armored personnel carrier Submarines, Tactical Submarine, diesel, with ASW capability 24 4 4 24

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Figure 9.3c: Southeast Asian Naval Combat Ships: 201047
(Number in active service)

47

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.3d: Southeast Asian Naval Combat Ships by Category: 201048
(Number in active service)

48

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.3e: Southeast Asian Submarines by Type: 201049
(Number in active service)

49

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.4a: Air Force Manpower and Equipment in Southeast Asia
Air Force and Air Force Reserve Manpower (1,000s)

Active Reserve

Australia Cambodia Indonesia Laos 14.056 1.5 24 2.6

Malaysia 3.5 15 0.6

Air Force and Air Force Reserve Manpower (1,000s)

Active Reserve

Vietnam Thailand Malaysia Singapore Philippines 30 46 15 13.5 16 0.6 7.5 16

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Figure 9.4B: Air Force Manpower and Equipment in Southeast Asia
Australia Aircraft Aircraft, airborne warning and control system Aircraft, bomber Aircraft, fighter Aircraft, fighter ground attack Aircraft, lift Aircraft, maritime patrol Aircraft, reconnaissance Aircraft, tanker Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Aircraft, forward air control Helicopter Helicopter, anti-submarine warfare Helicopter, search and rescue Helicopter, support Helicopter, training Helicopter, utility 12 9 18 10 16 3 24 8 18 33 10 6 5 71 33 19 4 2 101 61 6 12 38 27 37 20 10 12 32 2 4 2 205 6 39 14 25 49 22 29 28 Cambodia 35 Indonesia 256 Laos 44 Malaysia 97

Figure 9.4b: Air Force Equipment in Southeast Asia (Continued)
Air Force Equipment Philippines Air Defense Surface-to-air missile Aircraft Aircraft, airborne early warning Aircraft, anti-submarine Aircraft, fighter Aircraft, fighter ground attack Aircraft, maritime patrol Aircraft, tanker Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility 44 17 4 1 99 5 9 41 9 123 57 40 43 28 81 Singapore 36 36 167 4 4 140 64 307 279 Thailand Vietnam

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Aircraft, fighter/fighter, ground attack Aircraft, forward air control Helicopter Helicopter, anti-submarine warfare Helicopter, assault Helicopter, attack Helicopter, search and rescue Helicopter, support Helicopter, training Helicopter, utility 2 40 12 25 12 15 27 64

87 47 91 13 26 4 19 28 48

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Figure 9.4c: Southeast Asian Fixed Wing Combat Aircraft by Branch: 201050
(Number in active service)

50

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.4d: Southeast Asian Fixed Wing Combat Aircraft by Type: 201051
(Number in active service)

51

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.4e: Southeast Asian Modern Air Force Combat Aircraft versus Total Combat Aircraft: 201052
(Number in active service)

52

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.4f: Southeast Asian Rotary Wing Combat Aircraft by Branch: 201053
(Number in active service)

53

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 9.4g: Southeast Asian Rotary Wing Combat Aircraft by Type: 201054
(Number in active service)

54

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Section 10: The Military Balance in South Asia

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Figure 10.1: South Asian Active Military Manpower: 201055
(In thousands)

55

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Some personnel figures are estimates.

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Figure 10.2a: Army Manpower and Equipment in South Asia56
Army and Army Reserve Manpower (1,000s)

Active Reserve
Army Equipment

India 1129.9 960

Pakistan 550

Burma 375

Bangladesh 126.153

Sri Lanka 117.9 1.1

India Air Defense Air defense, guns Air defense, surface-to-air missile Aircraft Aircraft, reconnaissance Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Anti-Tank Anti-tank, guns Anti-tank, missile Anti-tank, ramped craft logistic Artillery Artillery, multiple rocket launcher Artillery, self-propelled Artillery, towed Artillery, mortar Helicopter Helicopter, assault Helicopter, attack Helicopter, support Helicopter, utility Landing Craft Amphibious, unspecified Personnel Carrier Armored infantry fighting vehicle Armored personnel carrier Reconnaissance Tank Tank, light Tank, main battle
56

Pakistan 4890 1900 2990 124 30 4 90 14400 200 10500 3700

Burma 46 46

Bangladesh 184 164 20 6 6

Sri Lanka 27 27

5895 2395 3500

1060 60 1000 238 30

238

40

238 815 472

40 960 22

11258 208 20 4510 6520 222 12

4291 52 260 1629 2350 161 26 54

128 80

343

154 784

210 2 2 1786 1455 331 110 4047 4047

81

1266 1266 2461 2461

325 325 115 255 105 150

226 226 240 8 232

279 62 217 15 62 62

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment and personnel figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.2b: South Asian Modern Main Battle Tanks versus Total Holdings: 201057
(Number in active service)

57

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.2c: South Asian Armored Fighting Vehicles: 201058
(Number of Tanks, AIFVs, APCs, RECCE in active service)

58

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.2d: South Asian Modern AFVs versus Total Holdings of Other Armored Vehicles: 201059
(Number in active service)

59

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.2e: South Asian Artillery Strength: 201060
(Number in active service)

60

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data includes both Army and Marine inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.3a: Navy Manpower and Equipment in South Asia
Navy and Navy Reserve Manpower (1,000s; Figures include Naval Aviation and Marines)

Active Reserve
Navy Equipment

India 58.35 55

Pakistan 22

Burma 16

Bangladesh 16.9

Sri Lanka 15 2.4

India Aircraft Aircraft, anti-submarine warfare Aircraft, fighter ground attack Aircraft, maritime patrol Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft Carrier Amphibious Landing ship, medium Landing ship, tank Corvettes Corvette Corvette, with guided missile Destroyers Destroyer, with guided missile Frigates Frigate Frigate, with guided missile Helicopter Helicopter, airborne early warning Helicopter, anti-submarine warfare Helicopter, search and rescue Helicopter, utility Landing Craft Landing craft, medium Landing craft, personnel Landing craft, utility Mine Warfare, Counter Mine hunter, coastal Mine sweeper, ocean Minesweeper, inshore Patrol and Coastal Combatants Fast patrol craft, coastal 28 10 6 10 94 4 11 20 22 37 1 10 5 5 24 4 20 8 8 12 1 11 107 9 54 5 39 6

Pakistan 12

Burma

Bangladesh

Sri Lanka

12

1 1

3

7 7 10 6 4 18 10 8 3 3

5 3 2

4 4

7 2 3 2

5 1 4

8

50

39 8

130

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Fast patrol craft, inshore Guided missile patrol craft Patrol craft, coastal Patrol craft, inshore Patrol craft, riverine Offshore patrol vessel, with helicopter Fast patrol craft, with SSM Patrol boat Patrol boat, riverine Patrol craft, offshore Patrol craft, torpedo Offshore patrol vessel Personnel Carrier Armored combat vehicle Submarines, Tactical Submarine, attack, nuclearpowered Submarine, diesel, inshore Submarine, diesel, with ASW capability Submarine, patrol, with ASW capability Tank Tank, main battle

7 15 2

3 9 9 9 12 6 4 2 4 2 2 8 4 1 1 1 6 9 2 63 51 11

6

17 1

8

3 16 5 60 60

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Figure 10.3b: South Asian Naval Combat Ships: 201061
(Number in active service)

61

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.4a: Air Force Manpower and Equipment in South Asia
Air Force and Air Force Reserve Manpower (1,000s)

Active Reserve
Air Force Equipment

India 127.2 140

Pakistan 45

Burma 15

Bangladesh 14

Sri Lanka 28 2

India Air Defense Air defense, surface-to-air missile Aircraft Aircraft, airborne early warning Aircraft, electronic warfare Aircraft, fighter Aircraft, fighter ground attack Aircraft, reconnaissance Aircraft, tanker Aircraft, training Aircraft, transport Aircraft, utility Helicopter Helicopter, attack Helicopter, support Helicopter, utility 326 20 178 128 96 536 3 6 271 213 1126 1

Pakistan 150 150 379 2 233 104 15

Burma

Bangladesh

Sri Lanka

99

74

29

58 22

8 59

3 13

25

15 4 66 39 27

7 30 17 13

13 40 13 6 21

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Figure 10.4b: South Asian Fixed Wing Combat Aircraft by Branch: 201062
(Number in active service)

62

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.4c: South Asian Fixed Wing Combat Aircraft by Type: 201063
(Number in active service)

63

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.4d: South Asian Modern Air Force Combat Aircraft versus Total Combat Aircraft: 201064
(Number in active service)

64

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.4e: South Asian Rotary Wing Combat Aircraft by Branch: 201065
(Number in active service)

65

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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Figure 10.4f: South Asian Attack and Armed Helicopters by Type: 201066
(Number in active service)

66

Based primarily on material in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2010 (London: Routledge, 2010). Data for each aircraft type represent the sum of all active service aircraft in Army, Navy and Air Force inventories. Figures do not include equipment used for training purposes. Some equipment figures are estimates. All equipment figures represent equipment in active service.

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