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What is bronchopneumonia?

Bronchopneumonia is a illness of lung which is caused by different organism like bacteria,
viruses, and fungi and characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles. It
is also known as pneumonia. It is common in women and causes to the 6% deaths.
Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae both are the
common bacterium which which causes bronchopneumonia in the adults and children.

Causes of bronchopneumonia

Bacterial pneumonias tend to be the most serious and, in adults, the most common cause of
pneumonia. The most common pneumonia-causing bacterium in adults is Streptococcus
pneumoniae (pneumococcus).

Symptoms of bronchopneumonia

• Cough with greenish or yellow mucus
• Fever
• chest pain
• Rapid, shallow breathing
• Shortness of breath
• Headache
• Loss of appetite
• fatigue

Treatment of bronchopneumonia

If the cause is bacterial, the goal is to cure the infection with antibiotics. If the cause is viral,
antibiotics will NOT be effective. In some cases it is difficult to distinguish between viral and
bacterial pneumonia, so antibiotics may be prescribed. Pneumococcal vaccinations are
recommended for individuals in high-risk groups and provide up to 80 percent effectiveness in
staving off pneumococcal pneumonia. Influenza vaccinations are also frequently of use in
decreasing one’s susceptibility to pneumonia, since the flu precedes pneumonia development
in many cases.

Bronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia or "Bronchogenic pneumonia" (not to be
confused with lobar pneumonia) is the acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles. It is a
type of pneumonia characterised by multiple foci of isolated, acute consolidation, affecting one or
more pulmonary lobules.

It is one of two types of bacterial pneumonia as classified by gross anatomic distribution of
consolidation (solidification), the other being lobar pneumonia.

E. coli. H. S. S. K. parainfluenxae. Klebsiella • Uncomplicated and disseminated gonorrhea caused by N. catarrhalis. S. Klebsiella. pneumoniae • Dermatologic infections. cefuroxime sodium Kefurox. aureus. S. Enterobacter • UTIs caused by E. pyogenes • Lower respiratory tract infections caused by S. aureus. S. tonsilitis caused by S. H. influenzae. pneumoniae.Cefuroxime axetil Ceftin. coli. aureus. E. causing cell death. influenzae • Meningitis caused by S. pyogenes • Otitis media caused by S. coli. pneumoniae. meningitidis • Bone and joint infections caused by S. H. S. E. coli. H. M. pyogenes. pyogenes • Dermatologic infections caused by S. Zinacef Pregnancy Category B Drug classes Antibiotics Cephalosporin (second generation) Mechanism of action Bactericidal: inhibits synthesis of bacterial cell wall. H. N. aureus • Perioperative prophylaxis Contraindications • Allergy to cephalosporins or penicillins • Renal failure • Lactation . aureus. influenzae. pneumoniae. gonorrhoea • Septicemia caused by S. Indications Oral (Cefuroxime Axetil) • Pharyngitis. influenzae • UTIs caused by E. H. Klebsiella. pyogenes Parenteral (Cefuroxime Sodium) • Lower respiratory tract infections caused by S. S. Klebsiella. influenzae. including impetigo caused by S. pneumoniae. coli. aureus. pneumoniae.