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c  

Anion Symbol Test Results
Add silver nitrate solution to a Pale yellow precipitate,
Bromide Br- solution of substance in dilute nitric dissolves slightly in ammonia
acid solution.
Carbon dioxide gas is given
a)Add dilute hydrochloric acid to the
off.
substance.
Carbonate CO32-
b)Add drop of phenolphthalein to a
Turns bright pink
solution of substance.
(HCO3 turns light pink).
Thick white precipitate
- Add silver nitrate to a solution of
Chloride Cl dissolves in ammonia
substance in dilute nitric acid.
solution.
Carbon dioxide gas is given
a)Add dilute hydrochloric acid to the
off.
substance.
Hydrogen-
HCO32-
carbonate
b)Add drop of phenolphthalein to a
Turns light pink (CO32- turns
solution of substance.
bright pink).
Pale yellow precipitate, does
Add silver nitrate to a solution of
Iodide I- not dissolve in ammonia
substance in dilute nitric acid.
solution.
Add iron(II) sulfate solution followed
Brown ring forms at the
Nitrate NO3- by concentrated sulfuric acid to the
junction of the two liquids.
solution
White precipitate, 

2- Add solution of barium chloride to
Sulfate SO4  dissolve in dilute
the solution.
hydrochloric acid.
White
Add solution of barium chloride to
Sulfite SO32- precipitate, 
 dissolve in
the solution.
dilute hydrochloric acid.
Add lead(II) ethanoate solution to the Black precipitate
Sulfide S2-
solution.

c  .

  Cation Symbol Test Results a)Add dilute sodium hydroxide White precipitate that dissolves solution to a solution of the as more sodium hydroxide substance.\. Lead(II) Pb2+ b)Add dilute ammonia solution White precipitate that   to a solution of the substance. deep blue solution as more ammonia is added. Add sodium hydroxide solution Ammonia gas is given off. Iron(III) Fe3+ Red-brown precipitate formed. solution is added. solution to a solution of the substance. changing to to a solution of the substance. hydorxide is added. Also try flame test a)Add dilute sodium hydroxide Pale green precipitate formed. Aluminum Al3+ White precipitate that does not b)Add dilute ammonia solution dissolve as more ammonia to a solution of the substance. solution to a solution of the that   dissolve as more substance. Add dilute sulfric acid to a White precipitate formed. Iron(II) Fe2+ Pale green precipitate formed. . Copper (II) Cu2+ b)Add dilute ammonia solution Pale blue precipitate. a)Add dilute sodium hydroxide White precipitate. 2+ solution of the substance Calcium Ca Also try flame test a)Add dilute sodium hydroxide Pale blue precipitate that solution to a solution of the dissolves as more sodium substance. b)Add dilute ammonia solution to a solution of the substance. solution to a solution of the substance. b)Add dilute ammonia solution to a solution of the substance. Use flame test to distinguish between lead and alumminum. solution is added. a)Add dilute sodium hydroxide Red-brown precipitate formed.  dissolve as more ammonia is added. sodium hydroxide is added. Ammonium NH4 + to a solution of the substance and gently heat.

added. Vagnesium Vg2+ White precipitate that   b)Add dilute ammonia solution  dissolve as more ammonia is to a solution of the substance. hydroxide is added. that dissolve as solution to a solution of the more sodium hydroxide is added. to a solution of the substance. that   solution to a solution of the  dissolve as more sodium substance. . a)Add dilute sodium hydroxide White precipitate. substance. a)Add dilute sodium hydroxide White precipitate. Zinc Zn2+ White precipitate that dissolve as b)Add dilute ammonia solution more ammonia is added.

 c  Flame Vetal Symbol Color Yellow- Barium Ba green Calcium Ca Red Copper Cu Green Lead Pb Blue Lithium Li Pink Potassium K Lilac Sodium Na Orange c   .

  Gas Symbol Test Results Carbon bubble gas through limewater Turns limewater cloudy. . Put a glowing splint into a sample Splint relights. Oxygen O2 of the gas. CO2 dioxide (calcium hydroxide solution) Put a lighted splint into a sample of Burns with a "popping" sound Hydrogen H2 the gas.

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