You are on page 1of 12

1

Assignment:
ORGANIC FARMING SHOULD
BE PROMOTED OR NOT?
Submitted to:
Madam Ayshia
SUBJECT:
ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN
GROUP MEMBERS:
ZAKA ULLAH (Leader)
NASEER AHMAD
RASHID AHMED
FAIZAN AHMED
SHAHID HAMEED
Quaid e Azam College of Commerce UOP

This method avoids the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers and genetically modified organisms to influence the growth of crops. maintained without the use of man-made fertilizers and pesticides. chemical-based agriculture. The motto of the organic farmer is to protect the earth’s resources and produce safe. The definition of organic varies from place to place but may include things such as a minimum time period that a field is free of chemical use before being used for organic farming. including the US and in the European Union. chemical-based methods. and usually subscribes to the principles of sustainable agriculture. This has benefited the consumer by ensuring that quality assurance standards have been met and that the source is reliable. Supporters of the organic lifestyle believe that food produced in this manner is of higher quality and possesses higher nutritional value in comparison to food produced by conventional. The main idea behind organic farming is 'zero impact' on the environment. 2 Organic Farming: Organic farming is the process of producing food naturally. Explanation: Organic farming is a way of farming that avoids the use of synthetic chemicals and genetically modified organisms (GMOs). have certification programs to restrict the liberal use of the term "Organic". yields higher quality food than conventional. Its theoretical basis puts an emphasis on soil health. and livestock raised without drugs. healthy food. Farmers and gardeners plan to grow their crops without the aid of artificial fertilizers and harmful chemical pesticides. organic farming is also defined by law and regulated by the government. . Many developed countries. Its proponents believe that healthy soil. In many countries. Organic ranchers and dairymen raise their livestock free of drugs and animal hormones. including the United States and those in Europe.

3 Organic farming has re-emerged as the outcome of consumer reaction against harmful toxins and the desire for more health and environmental safeguards. . compared to conventional farming techniques. Some critics doubt that organic farming can be a global solution. This method is a re-implementation of the primitive process followed by our ancestors before they discovered chemicals that could save time and improve crop quality. Organic farming and organic food production have some other basic rules: • no use of chemical fertilizers or synthetic drugs • no use of genetically modified organisms • prevention from soil loss and erosion • Promotion of 'bio diversity' – support a range of crops. • A 2008 survey and study conducted by the UN Environmental Program concluded that organic methods of farming result in small yields even in developing areas. Organic Farming Disadvantages: • While organic farming generally receives high praise from the media and environmental experts. the expanding cropland is dramatically destroying world ecosystems. not a single species. and soil. argues that while organic farming practices are capable of catering to the demands of a very small consumer fraction. Norman Borlaug. but had the side effect of ruining our air. water. • The Father of the Modern Green Revolution. there are also some critics who make the claim that the negative effects of organic farming be more important than the benefits.

for a given amount of labor. an organic farm will produce less food than a nonorganic farm. nonorganic farmers can use synthetic pesticides and herbicides. easier to apply and more effective than those which organic farmers can use. coli infection via consumption of organic food rather than non-organic food was publicized by Dennis Avery of the Hudson Institute. which may result in lower overall planting for a given amount of land. the impact is not dramatic. Secondly. In addition. Productivity One potential drawback to producing organic foods is that organic farms may have lower productivity than standard farms. increased risk of E. There are many reasons productivity of organic farms are likely to be lower than others. • Organic agriculture is hardly able to address or combat global climate change. 4 • Research conducted by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency revealed that organic farms producing potatoes. • In 1998. which may be cheaper. the federal guidelines for organic food states that farmer must maintain their fields through crop rotation or other means. Firstly. Adhering to all the rules of organic farming simply takes a level of time and care above and beyond nonorganic farming. machinery and capital expenditure. That is. . organic farmers cannot use genetically modified organisms that can result in higher crop yields. seed grass and sugar beet are barely able to produce half of the total output churned out from conventional farming practices. Though regenerative organic farming practices are recognized as effective strategies for reducing CO2 emissions to an extent.

Because of this. Japanese alternative agriculturalist Masanobu Fukuoka succeeded in establishing crops by broadcasting seed coated in clay onto untilled land. plants often go through a few cycles of poor yields before producing at peak capacity when transitioning from chemical based fertilizers to organic nutrition. particularly if protected appropriately by windbreaks and Key line soil conservation measures. Cultivation While their conventional counterparts may sow by direct drilling of seed into herbicide treated soils. . Even the need to cultivate may be questioned… After noticing rice thriving wild amongst weeds on roadsides. So it’s a circular argument! Structurally sound (life-rich) soils may be cultivated regularly without significant damage. Soil goes through both biological and chemical changes when the transition from chemical to organic fertilizer is made. This is a valid argument where farmers are working marginal quality soils. However. organic farmers are usually at least partly dependent on cultivation to remove weeds prior to sowing. direct drilling does not mechanically disrupt soil structure and removes the risk of exposed soil being lost to wind or water erosion. it can take a while for the soil to adjust to the loss of chemical nourishment. In contrast to cultivation. and it can take the soil quite a while to adjust. 5 Transitional Problems that Occur When Organic Farming When changing from using conventional farming techniques to organic methods. the structure of agrichemically-deadened soils is weakened by the corresponding loss of soil life and thus unable to maintain its integrity under occasional cultivation.

. Time Indeed. the best organic farmers are converted agrichemical farmers. because professional farming of any sort naturally imparts a close and observant relationship to living things. Skill advantages and disadvantages organic farming It requires considerably more skill to farm organically. It is inherently more labor intensive than chemical/mechanical agriculture so that. organic farming requires greater interaction between a farmer and his crop for observation. Organic farmers I have interviewed report that their most valuable remedies and advice come from other organic farmers. However. the cost to produce a certain amount of organic food is higher than the cost of producing the same amount of nonorganic food. They have to engage careful observation and greater understanding in order to know how to tweak their farming system to correct the cause of the problem rather than simply putting a plaster over its effect. 70 percent of Americans buy organic food occasionally even though it can cost 50 percent more than nonorganic food. timely intervention and weed control for instance. This is a bigger issue during the conversion period from conventional to wholly organic when both the learning curve and transition related problems are peaking (it takes time to build a healthy farm ecosystem that copes well without synthetic crutches). 6 Cost Due to the lower overall productivity of organic farming. According to Redbook Magazine. naturally a single farmer can produce more crop using industrial methods than he or she could by solely organic methods. These costs of production are ultimately passed on to buyers are supermarkets and grocery stores. Organic farmers do not have some convenient chemical fix on the shelf for every problem they encounter. This shows that many consumers are willing to pay a premium for organic foods.

Consumers may be less likely to take the same precautions with organic foods that they do with other types of food. E. though. as many critics attack the methods by which organic foods are produced and the effect they may have on the body. parsley. • Critics say one disadvantage organic farming production has is that it is not as productive as food grown by modern methods. While foods produced through conventional farming have similar risks. • Another disadvantages organic food production has is that. For example. For example. which often translates into using animal feces combined with other components instead of chemically constructed fertilizers. All foods were grown organically until the past couple of centuries. Critics say organic farming cannot produce as much food per acre as newer farming methods. coli is a common type of bacteria that can get into food. some consumers may buy organic apples and then assume that there is no need to wash the apple thoroughly prior to eating it because of its organic origins.such as lettuce. although people assume it is safe. organic food may be contaminated with toxins? Some critics contend that not all organic soil additives and . of course. chemically assisted growing methods dramatically increased food production. Opponents of organic farming warn that some foods . This issue. This does not exclude organic foods from criticism. What Is E.may harbor harmful bacteria that can be passed on to the consumer. but it is a cited concern nonetheless. like beef and vegetables. coli is short for the medical term Escherichia coli. The strange thing about these bacteria — and lots of other bacteria — is that they're not always harmful to you. Modern. and other foods . is not the fault of organic farmers. critics warn that the threat is heightened in organic foods. 7 Effects on the Body Organic foods are generally regarded as healthier than conventionally produced foods because they lack added growth hormones and other questionable elements. organic farms turn to natural fertilizers for growing crops.

but what is an acceptable percentage and does this vary from product to product • . • organic farming will generally not include the use of pesticides. For that reason. herbicides. • Understand that we have to pay more for organic produce because there are more crop failures due to the fact that the farmers cannot use pesticides(Insect killer). They point out that while organic . so it is more costly to grow and produce organic food. concluding that organic farming is inefficient. Less food is produced per acre. • One more disadvantages organic food production has is its cost. and that toxic residues may remain on the food. so it spoils more quickly. 8 pest controls are non-toxic. and the food doesn’t keep as well. This can result in serious consequences for those who eat organic foods on a regular basis. This is a disadvantage for both consumers and stores. it is a disadvantage of organic food that poor people cannot afford it. and other compounds that have been shown to be potentially harmful to the environment • Critics of organic farming point out that conservative farming methods yield more product than organic farms. Those added costs are passed on to the consumer. Preservatives are not used on processing organic food.High labor inputs required .lower crop yield compared to intensive agricultural systems at present although some experts say that the yield of organic farming can meet and exceed these crop yields. as it can be quite costly in the end. • It’s a major disadvantage that most organic food has a shorter shelf life than non-organic food products.

it's important to understand the risks and take steps to avoid them. They fight disease. The “blood life of the soil”. crop stubble &amp. Soil Organic Matter Feeds the soil. green manure crops. Although organic farming has the both advantages and disadvantage but there are some principles that can be beneficial to solve the problems of the organic farming.If you can get the right balance in your soil with bacteria & fungi you will be a successive in organic farming. composts. 7 Core Principals to Organic Farming 1. There are millions of micro-organisms that live in your soil. 2. 9 farming may be attractive to consumers who can afford the foods. Bacteria & Fungi . the benefits of moving away from using chemical crop nutrition stand on their own merits. . When you're ready to transition to organic farming techniques. With organic farming the higher the organic matter content the better (normally 10 %+). one of the negative effects of organic farming is that it may not be able to feed everyone within the world. Soil Organic matter (examples include mulches. 3. Organic Farming Success Even though there are a number of problems that occur when organic farming. prepare & release nutrients for the plants to take up into there system. Soil Organisms The most important part of organic framing. with a crop free of pest & disease. more) helps to retain moisture plus provide a food source for micro-organism.

both nutrients plus the soil activity test are needed. br /> Organic farming is all about getting everything into balance. By this I mean growing around 7 different crops. When starting out replace every chemical spray or application with a liquid fertilizer spray. Rotating your crops around and giving your paddocks a rest helps to break up pest & disease numbers. A good food source for organism is seaweed & fish products as they are very rich in essential elements. fish emulsion. worm extract mix as a foliage spray. vegetable or animal (meat) that . calcium & micro-organisms to complete the blend. Plus have a good mix of minerals. Balance (holistic) Organic farming is all about getting the right balance in your soil. Diversification In main stream farming they farm in a mono culture (meaning one crop normally on a large scale). fertilizers should have compost as a base ingredient. Chemicals or pesticides kill all living insects. Having the right balance of organisms in your soil can make a world of difference.in organic farming the more you diversifies the better. Most crops prefer fungi dominated soil. A healthy soil leads to healthy crops. Natural Predators With organic farming. Once this is achieved you can produce the most wonderful delicious grown fruit. You can monitor soil health through soil tests. 6. There are many natural predators that will combat pest if only you give them the chance to build up. 7. the bad plus the good. You must learn to know want you soil is lacking. Say use a seaweed. With the right mix of organisms you can really bring your soil alive. Some crops like a fungi rich soil while overs like bacteria dominated soil. Introducing animals into organic farming helps enormously with the balance of the farm. neem oil. Then putting back that component to bring the soil back to balance. 5. 10 4 Organic Fertilizers In organic farming. either when starting out or converting a farm to organic farming practices you must get your natural predators numbers in check.

Sources: Wikipedia Investopedia wordIQ. 11 you have ever tasted. potassium(125%) and zinc(60%). sense of completion that only comes with organic farming.com etc. phosphorus( 91%). calmness.organic food averages 29% lower in mercury than the conventionally raised food. molybdenum(120%). Thus if you were to eat organic grown produce you could cut down the intake of vitamins that you are currently have to take to keep your body healthy. .com Answer. Food that is produce of a organic farm has higher levels in nutrients. magnesium(118%). The buzz that you will get is because you have produced a product that is chemical & pesticide free. iron ( 73%). calcium (63% ). This brings about a real joy.

12 .