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Up to a million deaths each year among children five years and below world-wide, or a

devastating forty-nine (49) deaths every hour in the Asia-Pacific region is caused by
streptococcus pneumoniae.
Streptococcus pneunomiae, or the pneumococcus, is a major cause of acute respiratory
infections (ARI) in the world. Pneumococcal disease includes bacteremia, meningistis,
pneumonia, acute otilis media and sinusitis. It is the leading raccine-preventable killer of
the children worldwide. S. pneumoniae is a Gram-positive encapsulated organism and
differs from other bacteria in that it has several serotypes. Among the 90 identidies and
classified serotypes of this bacteria, 11 are responsiblefor the least 75 percent of invas ive
pneumococcal disease (IPD) in all regions incidentally, thee severe forms of the disease
are found in poorer countries.
110 D is a severe pneumococcal disease that occurs when the organism is cultured from
the blood or the other normally sterile extrapulmonary sites. These include bacteremia ,
sepsis, meningistis and bacterenic pneumonia.
Being a developing country, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is yet to be included
in national immunization program (NIP). Significantly, the vaccine, as of 2008, is
available in 76 countries, and is now included in the routine NIPS of 17 countries in the
North and Latin America, Europe, Oceania ang the Middle East.
As evident of its virulence, a group of health-care professionals in the Asia-Pacific is the
first and only goup aimed focus resources on pneumococcal disease in the region. Dr.
Anna Ond Lim, a specialist in pediatric injections diseases at the University of the
Philippines, pushed for the inclusion of the pneumococcal anjugate vaccine (PCV) in the
national Immunization program during her speech at the first “Curing Poverty through
Vaccines.
The necessity of providing the vaccine to Filipino children lies in the fact that of all the
cases of streptococcal pneumonia in the world, the Philippines accounts for 10 to 15
percent of all streptococcal-pneumonia-related deaths. The pneumococcus is also fairly
easily to transmit, usually by direct contract with respiratory secretions from both patients
and health carriers. When it finds its way in to the respiratory system, it can spread to
different parts of the body, including the sinuses and middle ear, where it can cause
bacteremia see thee barriers are penetrated. Incorporating pneumococcal conjugate
vaccine (PCV) to the national immunization program will result to “herd immunity”
when those were not vaccinated stand to benefit from reduction in the infection rates.
This “phenomenon” can be traced to the fact that S. pneumoniae is known to dwell in the
nasopharynx; introducing PCV as a part of the national immunization program will
amuse the decline of number of injected nasopharynges thus there will be finer
transmissions then herd immunity. On the top of all these reasions on the importance of
PCV, overuse of antibiotics leads to increased resistance and threatens the effictiveness
of existing therapy for pneumococcal injections, which in turn increases the cost of
treatment by requiring the use of more expensive antibiotics. Steptococcus pneumoniae
was originally sensitive to penicillin, but it after more than a decade of penmicillin use
the world saw the first penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae instead of being cured by the IV
penicillin, patients need to be treated by more expensive antibiotics such asceftriazone
which costs give to 10 times more than IV penicillin.
The relevance of this article to the public is that few people know about this killer disease
which causes approximately 1,176 deaths every day among Asia-Pacific children. A lot

As the old saying goes: “An ounce of prevention is better than a ton of cure. We must bee vigilant in educating parent in the importance of immunization and how importance it is to follow the vaccination schedule and avoid missing the schedule. It is a sad reality that many of us pinoys will become sick or die from what would have otherwise been a preventable disease. If more parents. MD Source: Medical Observer. It is my recommendation that pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PVC) be made available in our health centers or at least be part of the cheaper medicine art we must find ways to close the “vaccination gap” between the rich who can afford this vaccine and the poor who cannot and rely only the available vaccines in the health center. urgent steps will be taken to distraclly reduce the disease burden.of us not know that pneumococcal disease is preventable by a vaccination. policy makers. Year 17.27-28 . Our country’s greatest wealth is our human resources thus we must learn to protect this wealth. January-Febuary 2008. But by making vaccines such as PCV available to the masses we can significantly reduce health costs and have a better quality of life. pp.” Title of Article: Stop the Killer Diseas Contributing Writer: Roger R. Majority of our population belong to the group who fall in-line on a Wednesday to avail of the free and limited vaccinations in their neighboring health center. and decision makers know about the diseas ad its prevention. Issue 1. physicians. Opportunity loss due to disability and death can lead to poverty. Badillo II.