Student Nurses’ Community

NURSING CARE PLAN – Spontaneous Abortion ASSESSMENT SUBJECTIVE: “Dinudugo ako, humuhilab ang tiyan ko kagabi pa, 12 linggo na ang ipinagbubuntis ko” (I am twelve
weeks pregnant, have had cramping and bleeding since last night) as

DIAGNOSIS Deficient fluid volume (isotonic) related to excessive blood loss.

INFERENCE

PLANNING After 8 hours of nursing intervention the patient will demonstrate improved fluid balance as evidenced by stable vital signs, good skin turgor, and prompt capillary refill.

INTERVENTION INDEPENDENT: • Monitor vital signs, compare with patient’s normal or previous readings. Take blood pressure when possible. • Note patient’s individual physiological response to bleeding such as changes in mentation, weakness, restlessness, and pallor.

RATIONALE

EVALUATION After 8 hours of nursing intervention the patient was able to demonstrate improved fluid balance as evidenced by stable vital signs, good skin turgor, and prompt capillary refill.

verbalize by the patient OBJECTIVE: • • • • Delayed capillary refill Restlessnes s Changes in mentation V/S taken as follows T: 36.9 ˚C P: 90 R: 19 BP: 110/ 70

A miscarriage (spontaneous abortion) is any pregnancy that ends spontaneously before the fetus can survive. The World Health Organization defines this unsurvivable state as an embryo or fetus weighing 500 grams or less, which typically corresponds to a fetal age (gestational age) of 20 to 22 weeks or less. Miscarriage occurs in about 1520% of all recognized pregnancies, and usually occurs before the 13th week of pregnancy. The actual percentage of miscarriages is estimated to be as high as 50% of all pregnancies, since many miscarriages

Changes in blood pressure may be used for rough estimate of blood loss. Symptomatology may be useful in gauging severity or length of bleeding episode. Worsening of symptoms may reflect continued bleeding or inadequate fluid replacement. Reflects circulating volume and cardiac response to bleeding and fluid replacement. Provides guidelines for fluid replacement. Activity increases intra-abdominal pressure and can predispose to further bleeding.

Measure central venous pressure (CVP), if available.

Monitor intake and output (I&O), and correlate with weight changes. Maintain bed rest. Schedule activities to provide undisturbed rest periods.

• Fluid replacement with isotonic solutions depends on the degree and duration of bleeding. RBC count. Of those miscarriages that occur before the eighth week. Promotes hepatic synthesis of coagulation factors to support clotting. 30% have no fetus associated with the sac or placenta. • • Monitor Hb. Aids in establishing blood replacement needs and monitoring the effectiveness of therapy. and many women are surprised to learn that there was never an embryo inside the sac. • • Administer vitamin K.Student Nurses’ Community occur without the woman ever having known she was pregnant. DEPENDENT: • Administer fluids as indicated. This condition is called blighted ovum. . Hct.

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