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# Bridge Rectifier

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Aim: -
To simulate a Bridge Rectifier circuit.
Components: -
Name EDWin Components Used Description Number of
components
required
TRANSFORMER SMB_TRANSFORMER Transformer 1
RES RC05 Resistor 1
DIODE 1N4007 Diode 4
VGEN SMB_VGEN Ac voltage 1
source
GND SMB_SPL0 Ground 1
Theory: -
The Bridge rectifier is a circuit, which converts an ac voltage to dc voltage using both half cycles of the
input ac voltage. The Bridge rectifier circuit is shown in the figure. The circuit has four diodes
connected to form a bridge. The ac input voltage is applied to the diagonally opposite ends of the
bridge. The load resistance is connected between the other two ends of the bridge.
For the positive half cycle of the input ac voltage, diodes D1 and D3 conduct, whereas diodes D2 and
D4 remain in the OFF state. The conducting diodes will be in series with the load resistance R and
L

## hence the load current flows through R L.

For the negative half cycle of the input ac voltage, diodes D2 and D4 conduct whereas, D1 and D3
remain OFF. The conducting diodes D2 and D4 will be in series
with the load resistance R and hence the current flows through R in the same direction as in the
L L

previous half cycle. Thus a bi-directional wave is converted into a unidirectional wave.
Peak Inverse Voltage
Peak inverse voltage represents the maximum voltage that the non- conducting diode must withstand.
At the instance the secondary voltage reaches its positive peak value, Vm the diodes D1 and D3 are
conducting, where as D2 and D4 are reverse biased and are non-conducting. The conducting diodes D1
and D3 have almost zero resistance. Thus the entire voltage V appears across the load resistor R . The
m L

reverse voltage across the non-conducting diodes D2 (D4) is also V . Thus for a Bridge rectifier the
m

## peak inverse voltage is given by

Ripple Factor
The ripple factor for a Full Wave Rectifier is given by

The average voltage or the dc voltage available across the load resistance is

## RMS value of the voltage at the load resistance is

Efficiency
Efficiency, η is the ratio of the dc output power to ac input power
The maximum efficiency of a Full Wave Rectifier is 81.2%.
Procedure: -
EDWin 2000 -> Schematic Editor: The circuit diagram is drawn by loading components from the
library. Wiring and proper net assignment has been made. The values are assigned for relevant
components.

EDWin 2000 -> Mixed Mode Simulator: The circuit is preprocessed. The test points and waveform
markers are placed in input and output of the circuit. GND net is set as reference net. The Transient
Analysis parameters have been set. The Transient Analysis is executed and output waveform is
observed in Waveform Viewer.
Result: -
The output waveform may be observed in the waveform viewer.