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4/1/2010

Major Turbine Components
Turbine Manufacturing

Andrew Kusiak
Intelligent Systems Laboratory
2139 Seamans Center
The University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa 52242 - 1527
andrew-kusiak@uiowa.edu
Tel: 319-335-5934 Fax: 319-335-5669
http://www.icaen.uiowa.edu/~ankusiak

The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory

Rotor Blade Materials Modern Blade Design
 Rotor blades are usually made using a matrix of fiber glass
that is impregnated with a material such as polyester
(GFRP = Glass fiber reinforced polyester)
 The polyester is hardened after it has impregnated the
fiber glass
 Epoxy may be used instead of polyester
 Likewise the basic matrix may be made entirely or partially
from carbon fiber, which is lighter, but more expensive
material
 Wood-epoxy laminates were also being used for some rotor
blades Laminated shell design with spar box and spar webs

The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. Hau (2006), p. 238 Intelligent Systems Laboratory

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230 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. 237 Intelligent Systems Laboratory 2 . p. Hau (2006). p. Winding the complete blade The University of Iowa E. p. 4/1/2010 Rotor Blade Cross-section New Blade Design Mixed glass fiber/carbon fiber with cross-bolt joining at the rotor hub GFRP = Glass fiber reinforced polyester The University of Iowa E. p. Winding with D-spar 2. Hau (2006). Placing the cones for the rear box 3. 237 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. Hau (2006). 239 Intelligent Systems Laboratory Winding Machine Automated Manufacturing 1. Hau (2006).

p. 441 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory 3 . 4/1/2010 Blade Manufacturing Facility Tower Section The University of Iowa E. p. 430 Intelligent Systems Laboratory Concrete Tower Manufacturing Blade Testing The University of Iowa E. p. Hau (2006). 239 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. Hau (2006). Hau (2006).

558 Intelligent Systems Laboratory Tower Transportation Tower Transportation The University of Iowa E. i. that the layers of the rotor blade do not separate (delamination)  Also. 659 Intelligent Systems Laboratory 4 . 4/1/2010 The Purpose of Testing Rotor Nacelle on the Road Blades  The purpose of rotor blade testing is to verify that laminations in the blade are.. p. Hau (2006).e. Hau (2006). Hau (2006). 659 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. safe. p. the test verifies that the fibers do not break under repeated stress The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. p.

Hau (2006). p. Hau (2006). 662 Intelligent Systems Laboratory 5 . 4/1/2010 Tower Base Foundation for a Tabular Tower The University of Iowa E. p. 662 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. 660 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. Hau (2006). p. Hau (2006). p. 431 Intelligent Systems Laboratory Assembly of Three Puling up Tower Sections a Nacelle The University of Iowa E.

4/1/2010 Mounting the Helicopter Use Complete Rotor The University of Iowa E. p. Hau (2006). p. 662 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. Hau (2006). p. p. 664 Intelligent Systems Laboratory Portal Swinging Crane Crane The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. 666 Intelligent Systems Laboratory E. Hau (2006). 665 6 . Hau (2006).

p. 672 Intelligent Systems Laboratory Concrete Cost Breakdown Tower Construction The University of Iowa E. 711 Intelligent Systems Laboratory 7 . Hau (2006). Hau (2006). 4/1/2010 Two Cranes Top Crane Mounting a Generator The University of Iowa E. 670 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. Hau (2006). p. 439 Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. p. p. Hau (2006).

.g. electrical... Hau (2006). high power electricity. 713 Intelligent Systems Laboratory Turbine Supply Chain Turbine Supply Chain  Supply chain of importance due to global production of Characteristics turbine components  Product (wind turbine) assembled in the field  Overlapping supply chain with the number of sinks equal  Mix of mechanical. p. and civil engineering g g activities to the number of wind turbines at a park  Different assembly equipment (e.. mechanical assembly) of the network  Energy cost to manufacture and transport components  Modeling such a network is challenging due to new network and assemblies is an issue architecture (intertwined networks) The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory 8 . 4/1/2010 Mfg Cost Cost Breakdown Breakdown 200 MW turbine with 25m rotor diameter E. p.g. Hau (2006). 712 The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa E. cranes) and different  Transportation distance (time) a significant component assemblies (e.

and services offered by many suppliers The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory 9 . and assemblies  Data-driven models (data mining) Important to consider in modeling supply chains:  Multiple supply sources  Evolving network architecture  More involved quality control  Risks  Lower risk of delivery disruption  Costs  Management of cost and quality is needed The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory Turbine Supply Chain Turbine Supply Chain  Many to many relationships prevail  A supplier may work with many primes. and a prime may be supplied with components. 4/1/2010 Turbine Supply Chain Turbine Supply Chain Supplier options Examples of supply chain modeling methodologies  Single supply source  Ease of quality control  Network flow models  High risk of delivery disruption  Petri nets  Low control relative to the cost of  Neural N l networks t k components. assemblies.

M1 The University of Iowa Intelligent Systems Laboratory 10 .com/books?id=Z4bhObd65IAC&printsec=frontcover&dq#PPP1.google. 4/1/2010 Reference http://books.