Xin Tian Di

Location: The Taipingqiao Redevelopment Project is in the Luwan District of downtown Shanghai. It is one block south of the prestigious Huai Hai Zhong Road and the Huangpi Nan Road metro station, and is close to the intersection of Shanghai's major urban freeways. History: Xintiandi (“new heaven and earth” in Chinese) used to be a 30,000-square-meter neighbourhood located nearby Huaihai Road, a well-known high-quality shopping street in Luwuan District in central Shanghai. The houses in this neighbourhood were Shikumen lane houses, a typical local folk house style with mixed features of Chinese traditional houses and European architecture elements and the architectural symbol of early 20t h century Shanghai. One of the old Shikumen is the birthplace of the Communist Party, which later became a local Museum. Over the years, the neighbourhood was sadly deteriorated because of lack of maintenance and overcrowded with high-density population. Shikumen- In the early 1900s, the Shikumen lanes were considered among the younger generation as the ultimate examples of dilapidated, crowded and wretched urban living. Luckily for the generations to follow, a few literary masterpieces were written by writers infatuated with the lane's architecture which introduced people to the hidden beauty of Shikumen. The Stone-hooped Doors and Shikumen- In the Shanghai dialect, wrapping or bundling is called 'hooping', giving rise to phrases like 'hooping a bucket', so doors 'hooped' by stone bars were called Stoned-hooped doors, and later the name changed to Shikumen. Generally, the Shikumen-style buildings have long bars of stones as doorframes and burly wooden planks as doors, each fixed with a huge bronze ring. The origin of Shikumen buildings can be traced back to the 1860s. In 1860, the Taiping Rebels led by Li Xiucheng advanced east, conquering a string of important towns in eastern China, causing an influx of refugees from southern Jiangsu and northern Zhejiang into the foreign settlements in Shanghai. To

all near the Xinmatou Street close to Zhongshannan Road. A Valuable Architectural Legacy. The typical buildings of the Shikumen style can be seen within Xingrenli . Life in the Lanes. above which is a flat roof. In this community. The structure and layout of the Shikumen-style houses also changed as a result. appeared. These new two-or-three-storey Shikumen houses were separated by lanes four meters wide. Humble "Tingzijian" rooms were found at the turn of the staircases while verandahs were added to the facades. locally known as a parlour. which has survived for more than a century. After the 1920s. and the Daluxin Villa on Shanyin Road. some family activities were often moved to public spaces. To the sides of the courtyard and the parlour are the right and left wing rooms. and then there is the back courtyard. local merchants were encouraged to invest in housing for these people. The Shikumen style. Behind the Shikumen door is a courtyard. Shanghai's households became smaller in size and the residents' living patterns underwent major changes. Since then most Shikumen-style buildings have had their original layouts altered and became mansions housing more than one family. Ningbo Road and Beijing Road.accommodate this inflax of refugees. Mianyangli and Jixiangli. These buildings reflect a mix of Chinese and foreign styles of architecture. As the density of the community rose. To use the limited land more efficiently. . Smaller units.At their peak. together with somewhat larger units with one parlour and one wing room. but above the kitchen is the garret. without wing rooms and suitable for small households. Shanghai faced a housing shortage. and further inside is a living room. After the area of 1. is however no longer suitable for modern urban living. so the owners of Shikumen-style buildings rented out some of the rooms. sewerage systems were installed. everyone knew everyone else's business. and also within Dunrenli. but most of the design and layout is in line with that of the "Jiangnan" area of eastern China.33 square kilometers defined by the east side of Henanzhong Road. Typical examples of such Shikumen buildings are the Jingan Villa on Nanjingxi Road. Shikumen-style buildings have certain elements of the west. The layout of the second storey is similar to the one below. kitchen and back door. the Shikumen-style neighbourhoods numbered more than 9000 in Shanghai and took up 60 per cent of the total housing space of the city. the houses built were in most cases rows of Shikumenstyle buildings. After the early 1900s.Shikumen-style houses formed the basis of the "Li Long" (lane) community where private spheres and public spaces overlapped.

S. Shopping and entertainment centre (a Broadway-style theatre and retail and entertainment outlets ) and Taipingqiao Lake and Park with a 44. Corporate Avenue international business district. believed that Shanghai in the 21st century would become an important international metropolis.O. An historical area preserved as a complex for business. The main components of this project are Shanghai Xintiandi. It was only when more and more of these houses were replaced by skyscrapers that people began to realize such monuments of Shanghai's past deserve to be preserved. 4. commercial. A city-core development project consisting of office. 3.000 sqm lake as the green area. . the Taipingqiao Redevelopment Project blends the architecture and charm of “Old Shanghai” with modern features and facilities to create an integrated community. demolishing many Shikumen-style buildings. restaurants. residential. Corporate Avenue and Lakeville. of which the main part is Xintiandi 2.M. reuse and improve the function and facility of the inner city. The lake is the largest manmade lake in downtown Shanghai. Lakeville premier residential area zone. retail. Project Concept: Many cities around the world have their own landmark architecture set in old districts that were renovated into famous tourist spots. Shanghai Xintiandi provided an answer for preserving the old architecture of Shanghai that would be representative of its historical and cultural heritage. Mr Vincent H S Lo. Details of the Development Planning: In order to redevelop. Shanghai Xintiandi . entertainment and tourism. Shanghai began a new wave of renovation and development.Since the 1990s.000 square metres. designated four parts in the plan: 1. entertainment and cultural properties in the heart of the city. covering 12.It is located on the western edge of the entire project and south of the prestigious Huai Hai Zhong Road. chairman of the Shui On Group.

2km stretch of Hubin Road on the north border of the Taipingqiao Lake. It is within walking distance of the renowned Shanghai Xintiandi. modern architecture is the motif while Shikumen is an accompaniment. The dividing line between the two blocks. and serviced with quality property management services. a great one-stop fitness centre as well as luxurious serviced apartments. In the North Block. the renowned urban retail and entertainment area. Aside from a series of international restaurants representing the flavors of the world. decorations and equipment play host to a dazzling array of restaurants putting on display the full international dimension of Shanghai Xintiandi. . Corporate Avenue – Corporate Avenue is on the bustling Hubin Road at the north end of Taipingqiao Lake.Xintiandi is divided into the North and South Blocks. Located in the central business district of Huai Hai Zhong Road. the Huai Hai Zhong Road business district and the Huangpi Nan Road metro station. The buildings are equipped with world-class technology and communications systems. The North Block is characterized by the historic and renovated Shikumen buildings. There is also an underground carpark with 220 parking spaces. Built along the 1. Lakeville.The project is located on the southern side of Taipingqiao Lake. Adjacent to Shanghai Xintiandi. a movie cinema. Corporate Avenue is developed for multinational companies in Shanghai and is destined to become the core of the Luwan business district in downtown Shanghai. Xingye Road. In the South Block. The completed Phase 1 of Corporate Avenue recalls the Art Deco style that is characteristic of Shanghai's architecture in the 1930s while offering the latest "smart" office building services and facilities. accessory shops. in contrast. it is a short walk from Huangpi Nan Road metro station on Huai Hai Zhong Road. a food court. it becomes the top commercial hub in Shanghai. there are classy boutiques. antique buildings with their modern interior design. it has stunning views of the Lake and Shanghai Xintiandi. is the site of the First Congress Hall of the Chinese Communist Party. the South Block is defined by its sleek modern architecture style.

m. The Shikumen buildings within Shanghai Xintiandi retain the antique walls.000 sqm Gross Floor Area.000 sqm 2003 2004 2006 2009 Completion Date 2001 *It consists of three low-rise apartment buildings. Renovation/ Restoration/ Conservation/ Heritage The Preservation of Shikumen Architecture: Shanghai Xintiandi's Shikumen attraction was created by converting residential blocks into a multifunctional dining. deluxe clubhouse and a flagship centre for fashion brands.000 sqm Lakeville* Corporate Avenue Phase 2 Phase 3 Lakeville Regency** Casa Lakeville*** Gross Floor Area.It offers modern amenities in a serene living environment and proximity to entertainment and business facilities in downtown Shanghai. **It features 17 blocks comprising 645 units of between 93 and 660 sq.m. minimalist style. features 11 blocks to provide 474 units.57.000sqm Gross Floor Area. each.m. Shanghai Xintiandi is where "yesterday meets tomorrow in Shanghai today. It also has a 7.000 sqm Gross Floor Area. while the internal spaces have been designed and decorated to suit the up tempo lifestyle of the 21st century urbanites.000-sq. deluxe clubhouse offering a full range of exclusive facilities *** The project. with infinite details that exude the casual elegance of modern city living. tiles and exterior of the Shikumen housing of old Shanghai.49. The sizes of oneto-four bedroom units range from 89 sq. providing 283 units of between 105 and 500 sq.390.m. cafes and bars of an international standard.98.136. Phases and Time Frames: Phase Phase 1 Shanghai Xintiadi Area Site Area. two high-rise buildings and two villas. 40% of the site is landscaped area with recreational amenities including an indoor heated swimming pool and a clubhouse. retail and entertainment center flowing with restaurants. Casa Lakeville is equipped with supporting facilities such as a 3. Besides.30.000-sq. in a modern.m. to 430 sq.000 sqm Gross Floor Area. each. boutiques.m." .

is one example. To design Shanghai Xintiandi. including concealed fibre-optic and air-conditioning systems. the original bricks and tiles have been preserved as rebuilding materials. Design and Research Institute is its architectural consultant. Installing the Modern Facilities in Old Building. The price for these old bricks and tiles proved far higher than that of new ones. and the Singapore office of Nikken Sekkei International Ltd. The dry brick -wall. the Shui On Group hired the services of Wood and Zapata Inc. amounting to more than 8. Yet the beautifully restored old buildings also boast the latest modern facilities. The southern plot is mainly made up of new constructions in a contemporary style. such as modern M&E systems. Preserving the Old Bricks and Tiles. the need for urban development. A pedestrian path links up the northern and southern plots. The old bricks and tiles were primarily laid with a costly moisture proof chemical fluid imported from Germany. All the Shikumen houses at Xintiandi are equipped with the latest modern facilities. Shanghai Tongji University's Urban Planning.Shikumen-style houses formed the basis of the "Li Long" (lane) community where private spheres and public spaces overlapped.. The Shui On Group has invested over US$75 million to relocate these residents. As the density of the community rose.300 families.A lot of time and effort were spent on the design and construction stages to preserve the old architecture.000 people. The designers needed to consider Xintiandi from several perspectives: the importance of preserving historical buildings. they were covered with two layers of waterproofing and heat insulation materials. most of the old Shikumen buildings on the northern plot have been restored and complemented by some appropriate modern buildings. everyone knew everyone else's business. . As a result. to ensure maximum efficiency and reliability. Restoring the Shikumen House. Yet many original architectural features had been retained. Before the roofs were paved. some family activities were often moved to public spaces. The Shikumen houses have been restored to meet the aesthetic and practical needs of the new tenants.In order to reflect Shikumen's true history. as well as functional considerations of the buildings.The area previously housed about 2. In this community. mixed with a small number of preserved Shikumen buildings. a US-based architectural firm specialised in renovating old buildings. a specific feature of Shikumen houses. escalators and concealed fibre-optics.

giving passage fr om one to the next. and skirting chair s dr aped with quilts that. dripping pair s of ther mal long johns (buildings in Shanghai. Use Boutique Shops Shikumen Open House Museum Area Location North Block Opening Date Area. the buildings in the Fr ench Concession wer e tur ned into communal dwellings. and design elements fr om the or iginal str uctur es have been incor por ated into the new ones. isn't ver y far. it follows the festival mar ketplace for mula established in Amer ica at Quincy M ar ket in Boston and the South Str eet Seaport in New Yor k. Xintiandi. according to Chinese custom. hundr eds of r esidents wer e compelled to r elocate t o suburbs or highrise apartment blocks. Xintiandi is a kind of Shanghai. and a walk thr ough its str eets invar iably involves navigating laundr y lines str ung between lampposts.Use (Transformation) Xintiandi cover s two city blocks in the Fr ench Concession district of Shanghai. moist weather. dur ing Shanghai's colonial per iod. and the ar ea became known for over cr owding and poor sanitation. To make way for Xintiandi. louche tr ading por t. gr ay-brick houses that have stone ar ches for door ways and terra-cotta tile r oofs. M uch of the neighbor hood still consists of multiple dwellings. have no centr al heating. given the pollution and typically misty. Narr ow alleyways inter sect the str eets. Ades of the most significant buildings have been pr eser ved. with as many as 10 families living in a house intended for one. ducking under flapping shir ts and.Shui On Group Clubhouse Art Studio North Block North Block . the kind of housing that has pr olifer ated in Shanghai as far as the eye can see.2 sqm Gross Floor Area513. although r ather less narr ow spaces have also been opened up to allow for open-air cafes selling Fr ench pastr ies in an atmospher e of r ather mor e gr aciousness than is histor ically accur ate. and the winter s ar e cold and damp). have been br ought outside for a daily air ing. The Fr ench Concession is distinguished by tr ee-lined str eets of two-stor y.which. however . Owned by a developer fr om Hong Kong and designed by the New Yor k-based ar chitectur e firm of Wood & Zapata. displays none of the messiness of r eal lives being lived.9 sqm North Block One Xintiandi. in winter .land. alleys r un between buildings just as they did in the old days. when the city was a cosmopolitan. After 1949. as in all Chinese cities sout h of the Yangtze.367. an ar ea that was or iginally developed in the 1920's.

and many families were content to take the monetary compensation and left. The current land rate in the area is over US$ 15000 per square meter. using its relationship with the district government. compared to US$ 2700 per square meter in 2002. the director of Hong Kong Shui On Gr oup and a former business partner of the local officials.O. signed a 50 years. relocated families were compensated at an average of $15. The Original Residents: In the first phase of relocation.Restaurants/Cafes/Bars/Lounges 88Xintiandi. the private developer will provide capital for the redevelopment.Office Buildings with commercial and entertainment complexes 390. in which Xintiandi is part of the project. Understanding the prime position of Taipingqiao area. They asked Vincent Lo. and local district government will provide subsidies and take responsibility for the relocation of original residents. One stipulation was that the old party hall has to be preserved. Lo decided to invite the famous Skidmore.A Luxury Boutique Hotel Shopping.) from US to master plan the area and Kohn Pederson Fox (KPF) and Palmer & Turner to design the area’s office buildings. Owen and Merril LLP (S.M. This was considered a good term in 1997. The local district government wanted to redevelop the whole 52-ha Taipingqiao Area. to provide some advice. . Financials/ Project Development Investors and Partners: In 1997. Architect Benjamin Wood worked on the restoration of the old residential area.000 sqm North Block South Block South Block Mid 2002 2004 The property value in the surrounding area has already risen and continues to rise -more rapidly than in other parts of the city.600. According to the contract. Enter tainment and Leisure Complex Corporate. 52 hectares of land. Hong Kong developer – Shui On Group. The idea of redeveloping Xintiandi was initiated in 1997.000 sqm 25. 3 billion US dollars investment Taipingqiao area land lease with Luwandistrict government.

most of the investment in the project came from the budget of the company. The SOM plan was then approved by Shanghai Municipal City Planning Administration in 1997. Since the calculation of compensation is based on living area ins tead of the number of residents. Owings and Merrill LLP (SOM) to Luwan District Government to design a controlling detailed master plan of the Taipingqiao area. The rest of the land is being developed into residential and office towers . it is impossible for these families to buy an apartment in the city that is large enough to accommodate all family members.Shui On is now marketing some of the completed space. with 20. to good response.415) per square meters.000 Yuan (US$2. The investment in preserving each old building is several times higher compared with new building construction. which is normally a task only for the public sector and public finance. it is far from enough to purchase an apartment unit in the city. Shui On Group had great autonomy in deciding the direction and design of the redevelopment. which is 97% of the total investment. US$45 million (30% of the total investment). Although the compensation was raised to $20.000. The bank’s loan. partially monetary compensation. Shui On Group thus recommended Skidmore. Therefore the relocation methods in the XTD areas included partially in-kind (offsite). real estate prices in Shanghai skyrocketed in the next few years. Xintiandi is one of the earliest projects implemented under private finance initiative to preserve old building in a city. one year after the project started. The flagship of Shui On group in Shanghai. a state enterprise owned by the Luwan district government. Xintiandi takes up only 6 per cent of the 52-hectare site off fashionable Huai Hai Zhong Lu. In the end. only arrived at the end of 1999. . The families are mostly lower-income residents living in extremely crowded conditions. Total investment on Xintiandi= US$ 170 million. The families have been negotiating with the local government for on-site relocation. The remaining 3% is provided by Shanghai Fuxing Development Corporation. Total Investment: Shui on Group agreed to invest 3 billion US dollars over the next 15 years.However.

Xintiandi’s success has helped to raise the property value in the area significantly and turned the surrounding area into the most expensive real estate in the Area Name Shanghai Xintiandi (Historic Restoration Zone in Taipingqiao Project) Corporate Avenue (Corporate Headquarters Zone in Taipingqiao Project) Lakeville(Large-scale Prestigious Residentials in Taipingqiao Project) 5.m. with an occupancy rate of over 98% (not sure about this data).000 http://www.16.000 .000 Site Area (Ha) 3 Gross Floor Area (Sqm) 57. Areas: Phase 1 has a gross floor area of 83.000 4.51.

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