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A spell can be cast in five different ways: Normally, Carefully, Patiently, Patiently and Carefully, and Hastily.
Wheel of Magic and Spell Failure
If you fail to meet the casting obstacle of a spell, roll the Die of Date! 1 2 3-6 Unwanted Summoning Garbled Transmission Harmless Dissipation
This method uses the standard obstacle and actions for each spell. No special consideration is taken. This is Basic Spell Casting as described above.
+1D = x2 actions +2D = x4 actions +3D = x6 actions, etc… The maximum bonus dice from casting carefully is equal to the spell obstacle or the Sorcery skill exponent, whichever is lower.
Harmless dissipation indicates that the sorcerer has gotten lucky this time. His spell has no further effects, harmful or otherwise.
Garbled Transmission means that the spell has misfired and has an unexpected effect. Consult the Wheel of Magic! To use the Wheel of Magic, roll two differently colored dice. The darker die indicates direction on the wheel: Odd is counterclockwise, even is clockwise. The lighter die indicates how many steps the wheel shifts in that direction. Thus if I roll a 2/3, I move clockwise three steps. Starting in the center ring, find the Element, Impetus, Origin, Duration and Area of the attempted spell. These are the starting points when using the Wheel of Magic. If the Destroy facet result is rolled on the Wheel, use the same mechanics described for Damaging Effects. When factoring the Power of the failure, add to the base Power for each success below the spell obstacle!
+1D = x3 actions +2D = x6 actions +3D = x9 actions, etc… The maximum bonus dice from casting patiently is equal to the spell obstacle or the Forte stat exponent, whichever is lower.
Patiently and Carefully
+1D Cast/+1D Tax = x5 actions +2D Cast/+2D Tax = x10 actions +3D Cast/+3D Tax = x20 actions +4D Cast/+4D Tax = x40 actions, etc… The same limits apply as for both Carefully and Patiently.
This result indicates the sorcerer has torn a rift in the fabric of reality with his senseless prattle. Spellcasting is a dangerous game, and this is about as bad as it gets. The simple version of it: Roll a Die of Fate. On a 1, a really big bad demon comes tearing through. Anything else, and something weird or creepy scurries out into the darkness. The other way is to consult the Offering Wheel of the Summoning chapter from the forthcoming Magic Burner (the beta’s available on burningwheel.org). Roll a d6 to see what type of calling the summoner has put forth: Even is angelic, odd is dæmonic; 1-3 is a roll on the Inner Star, 4-6 is a roll in the Outer Circle. Roll a d6 to determine the precise type of calling: Start with the lowest Named and count up. For example if the dæmonic Outer Circle is rolled: a Lesser Imp is 1-2, Imp is 3-4, Greater Imp is 5-6. Or if the angelic Inner Star is rolled: a Lesser Seraph is 1-2, a Seraph is 3-4, and a Greater Seraph is 5-6. Measured Area
1: Paces 2: 10s of Paces 3: 100s of Paces 4: Miles 5: 10s of Miles 6: 100s of Miles
Hurrying a spell can reduce time, but it increases the difficulty of the casting and the chance of making an error. Add +1 Ob to the casting for each action extracted from the incantation. A spell can never be reduced below half its original actions. +1 Ob Cast/+0 Ob Tax = –1 action +2 Ob Cast/+1 Ob Tax = –2 actions +3 Ob Cast/+2 Ob Tax = –3 actions +4 Ob Cast/+3 Ob Tax = –4 actions
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Inside Left Panel
© 2005 Luke Crane. Burning Wheel is a Registered Trademark of Luke Crane.
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2 D Place Anywhere in the region or GM decides Somewhere local In a specific place or player decides — +1 Ob +3 Ob Earning Name Belief Instinct Trait Humor Right Skill Right Time Embodiment Moldbreaker Workhorse MVP Personal Goals Greater Goals Beyond the Call Earns/Type 1 Fate 1 Fate 1 Fate 1 Fate 1 Fate 1 Persona 1 Persona 1 Persona 1 Persona 1 Persona 1 Deeds 1 Deeds Description Driving the game forward with a Belief Playing an Instinct that makes the character’s life difficult Invoking a trait that sends the story in an unforeseen direction For an in-character game-stopper For having a skill to make the story go For really good or distinctive roleplaying For going beyond the bounds of character For doing all the work for the scenario For being the crucial element of success Revenge. Rare herbs and minerals (wink. wink). or ignore wound penalties Circles Occupation Broad occupation/profession. A legendary warhorse. Full plate barding. Jewelry. A donation to the court for consideration of baronial rank. Pay for household staff or a single professional assistant. Run of the mill full platemail. 3 P. Run of the mill bow. mundane material goods.Spending Name Luck Shrug it Off Boon Focus Grit Your Teeth Will to Live Artha in Brief Cost/Type 1 Fate 1 Fate 1 Persona 1 Persona 1 Persona 1 Persona Effect Open-ends 6s Temporarily negates Sup. no matter the cost Disposition and Character Knowledge Disposition or knowledge common to the circle — Disposition/knowledge different from members of circle +1-2 Ob A specific disposition or detailed/rare knowledge +3 Ob Time Eventually or GM decides Soon (sometime this game session) Now or player decides — +1 Ob +3 Ob Resources Sample Resources Obstacles A list of sample obstacles for Resources tests follows. Elven bow. The examples are taken from items in the various Resources lists and are not all available for purchase. it’s reference. small barge or sturdy 18-man longboat. Rent for a townhouse or a country villa. A crossbow. Conditions for Steel Advantages Being startled by something mundane Feeling safe in a group of friends/allies Steel Test Advantages and Disadvantages +2D +1D Ob 3— Conditions for Steel Disadvantages Being shot at +1 Ob Being directly affected by magic Witnessing a person killed Small explosions Committing murder Explosions Witnessing pronounced sorcery at play Seeing a ghost +3 Ob Seeing the living dead Volcanic eruptions. shoes. A run of the mill long or great bow. Rent for a small flat or farmer’s cabin. Dwarven arms. an occupation uncommon to your circle Specific occupation. Warhorse of renown. It’s not a store. Exotic spices. The more scary and frightening. rare antiques and books. A lord’s or captain’s wages. the longer a character is likely to hesitate. Run of the mill arms. A sumptuous meal. Poor quality arms. and other simple. A letter of marque. Run of the mill plated chainmail. Pay and support for a bodyguard or trainer. Servant’s wages. Turcoman warhorse. victory Accomplishing goals bigger than you! Helping. an occupation common to your circle Uncommon occupation. Day laborer’s wages. Craftsman tools. Elven Tome of Lore. A fancy pair of shoes. Padded or leather armor. Building a castle. A small cart. Traveling gear. Ob 10— A warship. Plated leather or lamellar barding. Elven plated mail. Superior quality arms. Quilted or leather barding. Donation to the royal court to be considered for a viscountyship. seduction. Industrial equipment: a printing press. . exotic fabrics. A riding horse. an occupation completely outside of or unavailable to your circle — +2 Ob +3 Ob Station Same station/rank Higher or lower rank by one iteration Lowest station/rank Highest station/rank — +1 Ob +2 Ob +3 Ob (Complication) Divine Inspiration Saving Grace Aristeia 1 Persona 1 Deeds 1 Deeds 5 F. max three points per roll Counter a time complication Temporarily negates Light Wound penalty Allows player to test Health so their character may recover from a Mortal Wound Cheat death! Double dice for one test Reroll failed dice from one test Gray skill/stat. Popular books. Clothing. Dwarven shield or mask. cataclysm Seeing horrible magic at work Being in the presence of the supernatural +1 Ob +1 Ob +2 Ob +2 Ob +3 Ob +3 Ob +4 Ob +4 Ob +4 Ob +5 Ob Ob 4— Ob 5— Ob 6— Ob 7— Ob 8— Ob 9— The increased obstacle increases the character’s hesitation. Burning Wheel is a Registered Trademark of Luke Crane. Destrier. Passage on a ship. a forge. triumph. wound penalty +1D to a stat or skill for one test. Ob 1— Ob 2— Food for the day. A mule. Dwarven mail. Poor quality plated leather. Riding or draft horse. Lodging for the night. A palfrey or rouncy. Inside Center Left Panel © 2005 Luke Crane. A knight’s wages. A large cargo ship. Chainmail barding. A large baggage wagon. Run of the mill chainmail. Plated mail barding. a small cargo ship.
b: Spiked or weighted hilts and pommels may be added to any weapon. They may not fire until the character takes one volley to reload. Material Statistics Type Surface Breach Destroyed Integrity Strength B4 B3 B4 B3 B5 B6 B6 B8 B7 B3 B3 B5 B4 B6 B5 B8 B8 B9 B14 B12 B4 B10 B10 B5 B10 B6 B12 B13 B11 B16 B14 B10 B16 3 1 4 1 2 1 1 3 4 5 8 0 0 1 1 2 3 3 5 2 1 4 Cloth Pottery Thin Wall Glass Window Heavy Door Brick Wall Slate Flooring Granite Wall Iron Sheet Copper Sheet Earthworks Die of Fate for Missile Weapons Bow/Crossbow DoF 1-2 Incidental 3-5 Mark 5-6 Superb Thrown DoF 1-3 Incidental 4-5 Mark 6 Superb Gunpowder DoF 1-4 Incidental 5 Mark 6 Superb Extra Successes: Bonus to the Die of Fate • One extra success gets a +1 to the DoF • Doubling the obstacle gives +2 to the DoF • Tripling the obstacle is +3 to the DoF Inside Center Right Panel © 2005 Luke Crane. Leather and Quilted Armor Plated.2 Stone2 Spear1. A weapon may only have one type of hilt/pommel.Armor Protection Dice When a player’s character is struck in a location covered by armor.2 4 Polearm Thrust1. Range 100 paces 300 paces 125 paces 300 paces 10 paces 50 paces 10 paces* Notes: 1: Two-handed.24 Polearm Thrust1.2 4 Dirk 1 Mace2 2 Polearm Axe Strike1. Burning Wheel is a Registered Trademark of Luke Crane. Crossbow and Gun Dice hese weapons lose access to their Range dice for one volley after they have fired. 2 2 Sword2 3 Sweet Axe1.2 4 Hammer1. – – – – – 1 – – – 1 – 1 1 2 – 2 1 – 2 1 2 2 1 3 2 1 Shortest Long Shortest Longest Long Long Shortest Short Short Longest Long Long Long Long Shortest Short Longer Longer Longest Long Long Long Shortest Long Longer Longer Armor Types Dice per Location 1D 3D 4D 5D 6D Skins.2 Sword Axe1.2 2 Sword2 3 Light Axe2 3 Footman’s Axe1. c: Beaks can only be mounted on the backs of polearms. To reload.2 2 Superior Quality Weapons Missile Range Dice and Die of Fate Weapon Hunting Bow Great Bow Crossbow Heavy Crossbow Pistol Arquebus Thrown Knife Optimal 1D 2D 2D 2D 2D 1D 1D Extreme 2D 4D 3D 4D 1D 2D 1D Max. may not be used with a shield. . and not fire for one volley of positioning. 2: May Great Strike Miscellaneous Weapon Gear Hilt/Pommela Spiked Pommelb Weighted Pommelb Beakc 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 Slow Slow Slow Unwieldy – 1 – 3 Shortest Shortest Shortest As Weapon Notes: a: All weapons have access to a hilt/pommel Strike.2 2 Spear1. Melee Weapons Weapon Type Power Add Basic Weapons Bare Fist Club or Staff1. a player must be unengaged in melee. Hides. axes and at the reverse ends of spears. Shiv – 2 1 1 3 4 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 WSpd Fast Fast Slow Fast Slow Unwieldy Fast Slow Fast Fast Slow Slow Slow Unwieldy Fast Slow Unwieldy Fast Fast Slow Slow Slow Fast Slow Slow Fast VA Strike Dist. he rolls the appropriate number of dice according to the armor type to attempt to ward off the blow. Reinforced Leather Chainmail Plated Mail Full Plate Shields Parrying Blade Buckler Target Heater Great Shield Dice 1D 2D 3D 4D 5D Poor Quality Weapons Run-of-the-Mill Weapons Hatchet 3 Small Sword 2 Spear1.2 Knife.2 4 Hammer1. 2 3 Dagger 1 Great Mace1.2 2 Polearm Axe Strike1.
all longer weapons are in optimal striking distance. Actions If your weapon is longer than your opponent’s. +3 Ob Disadvantages Striking with a sword or axe on the Inside. thrown weapons and guns must Acquire as normal. Great Strike. Disadvantage in Fight! Melee +1 Ob Disadvantages Acting against a target in lunging distance. Fighting Distance and Timing Positioning tests are rolled before everything else in the volley. Lances. shooters and throwers must Acquire Target to get the Ob 1 base. There are five weapon lengths: Longest: Longer: Spears. Obstacle Penalties for Weapons Used on the Inside: Pole Weapons. firing a crossbow or pistol onehanded. Positioning Tests. Missile and Throwing Weapons (for Fight! only) Note: In melee. +2 Ob Disadvantages Shooting at target behind cover or shooting at something smaller than a loaf of br ead. c’est la guerre. Driving rain or snow. Lock or Throw his opponent. all weapons are considered to be on the inside: The shortest weapon then gains the +1D advantage. to positioning tests at outside. Daggers. Feint. when one is in optimal striking distance the other is in optimal striking distance. Fists. Near darkness. Bows automatically Acquire during the Draw portion of the reloading cycle. fighting distance is determined for the upcoming actions before the actions are rolled.Fighting Distance Outside Striking Distance A character who is outside of his striking distance may not Strike. Clubs +3 Ob Small Swords +2 Ob Hilt/Butt/Shield Strike +1 Ob Knives. Axes. Not taking the Acquire Target action incurs the Snapshot penalty (+2 Ob). +1 Ob Disadvantages Shooting while Maintaining. smoky or hazy visibility. firing at very small targets like mice or small birds. heavy rain. After that’s set. Bonus Dice to Positioning Tests Higher Speed multiplier Higher Reflexes Longer Weapon below +1D +1D See Length Advantage Dice Weapon Length Weapon length is important when determining bonus dice and striking distance in positioning tests. Inside Arms Reach Striking Distance Inside striking distance indicates that one of the characters has closed to the point that puts them both inside arm’s reach. lunging or optimal. Defending from the knees. defending from the ground. add Optimal Striking Distance When in optimal striking distance. +3 Ob Disadvantages Guessing a shot at a known target completely concealed behind cover. Block and Counterstrike. Narrow or restricted fighting quarters. +2 Ob Disadvantages Using Natural Defenses from the ground. Charge. Fists No Penalty Shortest Weapons Inside Striking Distance Once one character is on the inside. If your weapon is more than two steps longer than your opponent’s. shooting a smaller than man-sized target. . the character has no penalty to act +2D to positioning tests at lunging and optimal striking distance. The winner of the test determines the starting fighting distance—outside of striking. Striking with a small sword on the Inside. Claws. An unarmed Block or Counterstrike versus an armed Strike. Clubs. Natural Defenses or positioning from the ground. firing a snapshot. hitting a target who is Closing or Withdrawing (hitting a moving target). Burning Wheel is a Registered Trademark of Luke Crane. Maces Short: Small Swords. Inside Right Panel © 2005 Luke Crane. all actions (not Length Advantage Dice positioning) made against or toward his opponent are +1 Ob. firing from an uncomfortable. Therefore. I Position with My Lance and Stab Him with My Knife The weapon used to gain bonus dice in the positioning test must be used in the melee actions of the volley. Feet Same Weapon Length If two characters are using weapons of the same length. Pikes Polearms Long: Swords. Muddy or icy ground. He may defend from his opponent’s advances with Avoid. Move on to the next volley. Shorter vs Longer If a shorter weapon is in its optimal striking distance. Positioning to Start a Fight When two characters engage in close combat. The characters are vying for position. lunging and optimal striking distance. Push. not inside. the next shorter weapon is in lunging distance. Teeth. shooting while Closing or Withdrawing. Lunging Distance If a character is positioned in his lunging distance. against his opponent. Two-Handed Axes +4 Ob Swords. Striking with the hilt of a weapon on the Inside. a weapon two lengths shorter is outside of striking distance. restrained or cramped position. Defending from your back. shooting in dim light (lantern light). If actions are rendered useless because of fighting distance. you get a +1D advantage defending against his opponent do not suffer this penalty. standing on unstable rocks or in water. firing in near-complete darkness or thick smoke. Moving quickly: Closing/ Withdrawing while acting. Poor visibility: candlelight. then script actions and positioning accordingly. Longer vs Shorter If a longer weapon is in optimal striking distance. Hatchets Shortest: Knives. make a positioning test before any actions are scripted. Crossbows. +4 Ob Disadvantages Attacking from the ground. Dim light or bad visibility: lantern light. Axes.
Task Difficulty Descriptor by Obstacle Ob 1 Ob 2 Ob 3 Ob 4 Ob 5 Ob 6 Ob 7 Ob 8 Ob 9 Ob 10 Easy Routine Difficult Extremely Difficult Master-level Heroic Effort Ludicrously Difficult Nearly Impossible Phenomenally Difficult Miraculous Dice vs Obstacle to Determine Difficulty Total Dice Rolled 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 R D C C C C C C C C C C C 2 R R D C C C C C C C C C C 3 R R D D C C C C C C C C C 4 R R R D D C C C C C C C C 5 R R R R D D C C C C C C C 6 R R R R R D D C C C C C C 7 R R R R R D D D C C C C C 8 R R R R R R D D D C C C C 9 R R R R R R R D D D C C C 10 R R R R R R R R D D D C C 11 12 13 14 15 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R D R R R R D D R R R D D D R R C D D D D C C D D D Advancement Tests Required to Advance Skills type of test: Skill Exponent Obstacle Routine 1 2 3 4 — — — — — and and and and Difficult (1 (1 (2 (2 3 3 4 4 5 Challenging or or or or and and and and and 1) 1) 1) 1) 1 2 2 3 3 R= Routine Test. C= Challenging Test. Players must get high obstacle tests in order to advance them. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 number of tests required Advancing Stats Routine tests don’t count for the advancement of stats. Burning Wheel is a Registered Trademark of Luke Crane. . Skill Category Academic Artist Craftsman Forester Martial Medicinal Military Musical Peasant Physical School of Thought Seafaring Social Sorcerous Special/Misc Practice Times hours per day to earn a test… Cycle 6 months 6 months 1 year 6 months 1 month 1 year 6 months 1 month 3 months 1 month 6 months 3 months 1 month 1 year 3 months Routine 2 hours 3 hours 3 hours 3 hours 2 hours 4 hours 2 hours 2 hours 1 hours 2 hours 3 hours 2 hours 2 hours 5 hours 3 hours Difficult 4 hours 6 hours 8 hours 6 hours 4 hours 8 hours 4 hours 4 hours 4 hours 4 hours 6 hours 4 hours 4 hours 10 hours 6 hours Challenging 8 hours 12 hours 12 hours 12 hours 8 hours 12 hours 8 hours 8 hours 12 hours 8 hours 12 hours 8 hours 8 hours 15 hours 12 hours Tests Required to Advance Stats type of test: Stat Exponent Routine Difficult — — — — — — — — — 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 Challenging and and and and and and and and and 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 number of tests required Stat/Attribute Will Perception Agility Speed Power Forte Faith Steel Cycle 1 year 6 months 3 months 3 months 1 month 2 months 1 year 2 months Routine 4 hours 3 hours 2 hours 3 hours 2 hours 4 hours 5 hours 1 hours Difficult 8 hours 6 hours 4 hours 6 hours 4 hours 8 hours 10 hours 3 hours Challenging 16 hours 12 hours 8 hours 9 hours 8 hours 16 hours 20 hours 9 hours Outside Right Panel © 2005 Luke Crane. D= Difficult Test.
Outside Center Right Panel © 2005 Luke Crane. . Burning Wheel is a Registered Trademark of Luke Crane.
Burning Wheel is a Registered Trademark of Luke Crane. .Outside Center Left Panel © 2005 Luke Crane.
Herbalism. Ob 2 Health Test. Song of Soothing uses Herbalism. it remains throbbing for the duration of the test. the third die heals in two-thirds of the total time and the fourth die comes back once the wound is completely closed. Recovery Obstacles for Recovering from Wounds Superficial Wounds—Ob 1 Health Test If successful.Stopping the Bleeding vs Treatment Obstacles for Stopping the Bleeding Skill Tested: Type of Wound Obstacles for Treatment Skill Tested: Type of Wound Per/Agi — — 6 8 12 20 Field Dressing — — 3 4 6 10 obstacle Herbalism — — 3 4 5 10 Surgery — — 2 3 4 5 Per/Agi 2 4 8 — — — Field Dressing 1 2 4 — — — obstacle Herbalism 1 2 4 5 6 10 Surgery 1 2 3 4 5 7 Superficial Light Midi Severe Traumatic Mortal Superficial Light Midi Severe Traumatic Mortal Note: Bloodletting and Apothecary use the Field Dressing obstacles. The second die is recovered when the wound closes completely. Surgery or an analogous skill. the test may not be taken until the character receives treatment from Herbalism. Note: Bloodletting and Apothecary use the Field Dressing obstacles. The first die is recovered as soon as a successful medical skill test is made. If failed. Mortal Wound—Ob 6 Health Test Recovering from a Mortal wound most definitely requires the aid of Herbalism. A Midi Wound takes 2-12 weeks to recover from. the pain fades immediately. Apothecary. . Surgery or an analogous skill. and Khirurgy uses Surgery. The third die is recovered when the wound closes completely. Surgery or an analogous skill. The test takes 10 minus Forte in hours. Midi Wounds—Ob 3 Health Test This test may not be taken until and unless the character receives treatment from Field Dressing. A Severe Wound needs 1-3 months to heal completely. Light Wounds—Ob 2 Health Test If successful. 2 actions or one action die Gritting Your Teeth: Reducing -1D. the pain fades immediately. The first die is recovered as soon as a successful medical test is made. The second die is recovered in one-third of the healing time. 4 actions or one action die. The first die is recovered as soon as a successful medical skill test is made. Surgery or an analogous skill. The second die is recovered at the halfway point in the healing time. Burning Wheel is a Registered Trademark of Luke Crane. the penalty remains for 24 hours minus the Forte exponent. Ob 4 Health test. See below for more on tending the wounded. Traumatic Wounds—Ob 5 Health Test However. Song of Soothing uses Herbalism. Outside Left Panel © 2005 Luke Crane. Shrugging it Off Clearing the Cobwebs: Reducing +1 Ob. 2-6 months of rest are required to heal from a Traumatic Wound. Severe Wounds—Ob 4 Health Test This test may not be taken unless the character receives treatment from Herbalism. and Khirurgy uses Surgery. If failed.