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ACKI'hIIOWLmGlUit~N,f'S al,!llllCr ;0 nd pub:'liBh:aonli .....1(;1'1~o ~tm!"lkilhe 'fQIIO'Wing (ififi\j;);(Inl~1J tlllt;! fmllh,idu.ols kii' nl4.:!ir lQ~:UoiJJ"H:i!'l 11 po:uttlng tilts: ooEil:' te nrhi:lt:"; F;1J;r t'hrti {ICmJlJ;i"ollIi.I!!libitD '~f tQOrS@a oqulpi'Dmi'L'" I!:IIlld 'err .I"h"l'lll 1:1'1 !'i;r k:n~~e 1100 l,p:I!IltJ;l:ii3,. I,hilrdi YQU "'0 Mervin i d J.=!k.P.Jl.ll IF " "to D~ • The- HeMwBJlB' elm.' Alliin and be· &Ill AIl'IEa~ji <!;It 'The. Pafflt 8;, The
Wilte,rpi>iJQi'ingi C:llmm;; .~Il'I:On Ell Rm WOOO:3i. Fti3im;:1mn"a AnliqlJl8~llifl]i'I'W'Q F!.tiCorerli: ,and! i'iAI:l:rk Fl,i'!.iii5-a Bit TH::Ic'Rn - bers. We' alIW wrsl'i m Iitulnk Sue MeA-" rn alt loft lLiving fb a I~" U~ to USB lir IP ifl'ml~!::, Or pl'Jol~~OS!f~p.hins' if'Ie:' fin isP1!!1d P'1(ije(:~'S;.. Mit! [lava C:re~en .cl Sm~~n5, & Co 'PI,'rJ~ Ud Jor e~ltll:!i~Jn~lil~ 'l.!'ti~h ,~~r IRlp.!llJb;~acliiinerv. A \'\if'l" :5F~81li'i"Orl!l at Uta ks 'tel, ~~ liS: de"ho~. a~'Wb!ld1:n<;!1: fm hr$ tl'f',el'c$S !lfll'ortlii alld nne £I ~ll'Ifihip in nii!lling Ur;JI the ij:IrIO.vetl,~, ~wtlHfing Ulil rj\lr,n~d~;fI!b!e~ i

a~

This

etlir' ," iiJ1'St putilished I"i 1003 ~ NClw ':llTIi:JrH.11~!3fg: London It' e~(ll Town SVdn~ .Ilucldflru:t! FIrs.1. pNbiished in 1999 2tH:i·SHJ915J
EIi6--SS Edg.,.f.3r>B

U.di

Rood

L'(lom(fCln 1N2 :lEA Unlu3d f:Jn9.€O«r1


,00 Mel(
~

~feSLII!!eL

TQ'!>... n

ao'Jr;

Sotlih

AfriQ{!

" ,A.q!Jarti~ DnljQ rrafid'!!'I; POM!!ilt

NSW 20
~

A11:!'irr.ll

211 la' J~ Road tllooti3. ~lda~ill Nowa~d


tIll

Comrllrgt'!t
All
1;::,

C:lPYftSI'ti 0 2"003'New ~~13Jl(I Isnerl ~n~m C ~ n, ,e~t Flk'bl,=,r tlkl~

CO:P\I11gh t C :;:: ooe

:woo

m pno~1{I1l ' S~ S'lrl.!i~ Fmage' Llbll!liY 11'1 1hJ~~taMna; St rill;):, Illlag blllrEi:ry. rn~ be
't, 1"1) Ui'pII~BEI, ,

r~J:d
fY Ei'II

Ffo p~: of

~nI!!!p!atl~r:tL~
OJ!'

~[Qr;:Qr~

;)

tt'1li!wiil
~.

~rem

i"nlti=(!I, n tlii1~'form

~'f

~toooFirrrtt!i f¥ o,1t;af"Nl:;(:', perm S;SIOr'l 'IJ~. hI]: P\Jb4:she13

Iffi=llor
459 1

w~L

1;1et;1llmk:,. med11!11 .hE! pi 101 'l."1IllWi'1 I !71~'lIt hoW iii"

~Eil~ 1~33~ 459 I ~hI»


BN

1 :94330

'r.-bl

E:ditclIl': JQV Cfiije$;: OBi;!;Ig ileri ~=.arl Palm!Br I!! d QlJ1 agEl i's;ta fl t: le.lI'i'fJ CI'H t'i"!Ell C'OO:iUll!Bn~B= Jeii [lW ~l!Iniced SlBLe<S),Rod Osm(l{'fti' rAmtr;ali3: P,h[JitQgH!lpiller: RVi'I@ Sly1rs;t: ,SYMe HLllrr.oKl, Leigh de Vries ~l:8jm IlhJ!'IU,iittor: D!J....e Sr..ollk

IPro(ltrreaOOr
Reprool;ro'

&: lr'ld!3~r. M~

B'ffnm BIik:

an

'1)/'1 ~

Pl'ir!1W IIndMund
,

IJfJ

"'I!r1 & Carwr Caps ~F'1.,.~Lad _ Itfr.' 1I'Ii~ ml'S;(!t (M~:&In.

E! d.

~ toduction 01

'1

~heph~' one

wo'od:s fo~t',he,

'~I:~(idW'Dfker

!9

chapte: ivlio
t,0015

far 1:'he ioh

1:9

chap'te r thre~ j'D~t1~ftg tfYood i!U~d taJ ming


ch~plertour fin

eg,

;'5 t. eG' ~nd fi ~';Bhi"g

9f.'J

chapter five :stap~by"'.s1:ep P ~jOie,Clt~


chapter slx

"iii 1 1

r~pa 5"15;

,ID n.d

I!:storati:on

'145

c haoter seven 'YOU r Oll"~n de~iQns

1'53

It!

·flH'jJ"'nO;~nd I

stress
fI'

Qf

,Once y(:! u

gr!t

the

~ve,rtd:6Jy,"~i{e ~~,me's ,'a life .ine tlilJO !,Ii.t

boo..

fool ~~:i'til e aifte11ent

f4 Ufil me rn~ ~', 001: e n~oymr~[nt ~ nd

<bolO fe. and ~c

nique~"

W-OfI'kjnglwith a m~rt,er:i~11ha·1: is a yit~1pa.rt


II

ntl pr.oducf Of

tfafu

reo

Wo

IJ

dl; Wi1b inr

boak,

'ana-Iii!

the'

b.a's~ 'W"'Oodworrkf:Jlg
~:Sl Fu'Obtlibl'y

the most anclsnt rn;a~~Qrialwitti


I1d

skills o~tline,cJ:" and

w.l1~CI1I, u nl11"1~j

has worked. F ro'm sitting


I:,,~st~to

on a fa I~ei'lllog to

't'he rntr~Q,acies 0,'

fil~gf{l'e ,carvill1g. 'Wood has, - e.en an ~nJtegr~'1

as ~Infa! oonl;;rfilt of y'8~ rs of :p{r~cHi:~1WIse,

If you ooake
scenomlc

yQIJ

r own 'hll mrt:ur~. t'h,~r~ Eire

be,fiIefI~, as wel,1 in that, net Qnily ~ ua~ vou i'my

WI U ~t be ,the simi' deslQ nand ag'et g endeir


0r

afP{, other

00 f'!sJdsrn Uon..

wa n ~ bu t it wi I~~~&O ~",e you me nery'.,

a most

:11

yoodV carl become s profid~nt

not on~y to your~8lf bu t: to The fr.iland:s will 0

B the woo mall'

IU:r'S

anabao·

chapter one

-kl"

4Ll!0'm

to

O1anfonhis.

it

-S ~Dod

-'0

remembe r 'that wood ~sa pmduc of natu fie

wi~h wI'! fem we' willi

l.fees and preserve appear th~t we


as
8 re

our f'Om.slts~it WOU Id fi g·h fng ~ ~osing battle of 'wood d~d iIOes 'In
oem and. ~t
'[t! ~ f!!llSiEl[f'-'

the ava ilabmty

vi s'imr wi II~be' ImpresSJE1id by the n IU m b~r gf

the face of S~owinQ worldwide us n at too


growill1Q

dl'fierfll flit 'ty1Pe"~ 0'( wood) l8iVai'~~b~e.alflJd ths

diffie;mh to re[p1ace.

trees

th~tII r,~ ready fo.r

ha rvsstitrll!Q do.-

20-:25,

y&ars ailer' p'l'anting. 110 wha'[ lilt

e::a:;pB[j'~eIflC~' [he. v~rilety of. a rom~!S! ax,udlad ""


rrom woods is a pleasure i:n and of itself.

3(1il ye~ F~ to rnatlJ re'? WIh enO-VE:r ''tou liiIancl~e


a baa lJ'ti'rIW!'I piece of ti mbe,r VOid
:S 1iI0'UlI dl

'~1hij k n

or

its

h15"torv~ appmciat~

lh e n atYra~

so

long to

prod uee,

Natu
Tlh~:s. ill~e9(HlY ~Sdr'll'i d~d "nrto C
MO

major g roups.~ s.oftw<!i')cds,


0

a ned ha n:lwoo-d's;., Wtl,en appmied

woed,

the le

"':soft"

and {hard r are usual IV in relafl,on to each o~h~,r~ but lh~r@i EIre exceptio.n:s. Ba~sa.,for e~!Blmple is plly:sica~lv ~robtl!b~y .. one o.f ~he' sof'te51 woods, :tivaHBbl8 Lomme~claUy.but due to lts rna ke-~Pr it IS scc~ rn-tifica II'if
iIJ[I~~

j'Fcied !iii $ a ha rd'wood.

IBifll:s.e1~;S: a light. wood. bat . i!"! weijg Iht a nd in co Iour; a I1d h~!S;Vtuy litll~' strlJu:;~ural iSt'refflgth. It rs fIIot used IQf

fI,Ni'I'1lIW irE! m D ln Q ... blJt ma i~ Iif i rJ the construct! on ill n1Qd~1 8(l;ropl'ane~ ~ndot her 51 . chi prnlects.

A'l the' othe,r end erf the sea le are [ham'woods.,.

such as t9'.e!lkBind 1ronwo:cliI:t whi~h ~r@

9m~rl! ng ~ystrong. ha d a nd ur.BJbl~'~ [

The-re' ara
wood w'tl

lij'ter11l IIV hun dlred,s of: d ~ffererlt raa-tu ra'i

w,fJ,()1c1

s, a nd i~~s Ii m portant 'th;ii:lil,VOU se'h3~t

the eiherBcteriisfcs

Yol!J n~ql.llre f~r UI,e'

pe ~t' pn-o.joot YOLIIhava in mlnd, This


,and eereu r., [For
im j.!j;

eh(i!ic~' wiU l1e Qfj,\liB. rll!~d ~ factors sueh

.e Ei, dUiI'abi Iil~. enrellilsrE,h~, ~H13C'ticll Vty


'will be mad

IQxQmle, most ordlini!!i1ry kitchen ,arad children~:s furniture

rom pin '.,as

11'Il!laitTve ilrtFilxp Bnsive. easy' 10 w,ork. and it doesti"t, manti r to 0 muett ~fit ~s' QbUl~ed Iv
filVery ay U5fL

'tn rough

On 'tne other ha rid.. dining-room

and Im,JlIlgiI3J fu rtni~!.l!re wi~I' usually be made


8S ~( ;~ ~m portant

f'rom a III aH;mctb.IV{;. nd re!at~vely e,x.pemiiiw ha rdwo 0 dJ '


.!Iiijc,s,theticaUy pjeasiog a6 well
ItIS

that the fIJI rniture is,

long-Ia:sti I1g ..

The na me of each wood rep~~~nltoo in th Irs.

'c.~apter is. i iii

most lnsta nC€ls... IlhI@

earnmen

nama 'fo r a nu mber .of v~ ri~ties. wjtl'll~r!thta speClill~·5. lthough ~t. is pOS1s:i bt@ itO lrn .on almos~ A any wood

a'i.fiil Ia ~ bile Or! wOlild rna rke~5. th e 'type, of wood you


o.n wh~t is U'l e eas lest to obte ~n ~ri1 YOUr 1'0 c~ilfon"

~ w!t!hi n e.a~~ g roup w~II

[ar~,l)ly depend

10 the wa Ddw'orker'is

[Illi H ndb DO~'

Pi ne is ava i ~ab~l~ a'l.must ; III over the world rEllndllS Sli II re ai'J\i'~tt i IIIex.p.anshle. Th trees grow
tall s nd strs tghtt •.. charr8ot.e..fistic wh i ~n.,n y-ears 'Ql on ~ b.y, made thern $,lilIIUllbl ~ . e In' masts i

, .dIu" Gftfl ell"a"y the colour


ho.i1E!¥. rn ~&t v.e netle:i

OVtl.

on pfn[Jl {CI

gon It&dlt.

Q
0

Uquld
cedali'
:ill

JlJI'O ;n!fQIDa ie .lInd h6V~

:S~ti!ili~h~. ,o!;e,pr:'l",de ned grain. WeS!lJfltn red ce-dClr is 'often IUsed! 111'1 ,!he, czyn5trw:~t.iolll of nl;;JllfJEi!llGi ,alfid Jg,1neF'!J'r while ,eed-l!Ir of LebUi non ~ a P'D Pl! lar ctruJ~~e ~r billi;(-ma~'n9 !ilS flit ~13 ch srnleal ma!;):e:-IJp;:i!l:ilDt!B:~, 11!l!SleC'~. M srny. variet'ies in ~Q 'te<iler 'fam ily IU6I 110m' paiitlcullnty stl'u.n;. Dld they
ilM 'Yr;;ry dUlrabtJa.

j\l rnltu e. has a pJJrtic:ula.Mlv Bl!tirac: hi'e' ~!fBin eft .(!! 10 ely bwwn.y low c;:Q1i1lu , Thfs wCiodiiviitS off j:llaa~DfI!t a>foma Whilffll beililiC! w-oMkedu~e

C Dug . :s Hrl' ,0 mgOf! p~nB i:s a IlQIJ·Ulaili' woo~

in~p.e"si·'Ii'e, P'llfie can. bEll

o'b'tDJru~d ~ variety of sh;@s. in


iJ.ua. g~ljJ~il'ij. sltllicllJcr'.:uds a rn net e~:s,y' come by. WMfI 1.0·

h ;8 - ~!gyW wOr

in ClIlLll1r -v·S'ayle

IPln;· t~n' "' '0111:11

Ii~e' 53

B'o.r [\I mituf<8 ma~ng. W.i1~r.:tr o rJt for ~flota .alii lihoV ~lJn be al ~:IiNlhJ re or 8j problg,m. !Knots ij"j, bmbe~ Em el3iLH~Jad /l}y the gl'owtl1 -of 8 branoh ou of' 'CJhe.~ 1k ant'! -r tne!''!t a ·delilc· mev ~n ~i!111
QU'

l!iE~ectiliJgPIITii!!:

F'LilQ:1S geliler'a~ly. !IiIi c'l~alnl wh~e 'IfIsUOW coh;mr. U. i~ essy' to Wl;)r~. 1'& ~n p~~l11Iirtll !5uppl!pf an~ is 'dillrmore !llI$lIially

er ereemv

of tf:l9 lloardl UiteraLlyj ~~ but

if tllaV are' liVlQ d"rey call be a very e.nrel!i.'ti'lo'!BI 'I'e:aw re i!'ill 'U1e
'Ei nished IPmd'!.!~t.

'00

, oodwo her

!SlPec:3king. the .

hl~u"{h1\!'oods havE! a mu c·1l

morel

b!Eu:IIutihJll

1C:1'rl~ r.act€fr~ patt@lfrll

,Emdl

I1.'j

i f:I

.#i!mii3~£?8f!

~i!I i!lH3JIIl.

i'!5i ~lgllll~ str'Oi"ig alftldIh~i'd. Tho


wE1i~BF the wjjod~ 1tJie ¥,o!.iJii'iI!ill±ilr i:I; 'i$! ,8111a the mCirts 1P<l1Pi,J11 iU 'rti r 'rumi~:ure m:!l!k'llliQj. Avoid uS~lfIig

This w~ is; !he~¥Vr I;;h,IIf,Bb,la !9 m:ll very 51:!'QI1~r !t h'!i!~ eim ill;l F qua I~li!f;ls•. ' Ame.r'!i[:i1IF1i 'i,l'i!b~~e 0 081k. !but tends to be red;de r in ~Cillotillr I!!M hes 8 mQre htWr'{!sti!fL9 '&Jlrai~r
AmEln!tIi:1iII1 .... lit:o '.nl"

ABlhoug~ s~mnlllr ;l1li

oak
If! !Ij}D8IT<anc::e

'ahe ,d;;!r1:~(I' tU di'~lO'U fi!1id wood :;!_S. it"'i~ comes: f'rclITI much !:!It!er .~s· :!IIr'tdi h:;l;S: ~he< te\fl!(:lar:J~y'l(! $plit ~y~~~ <iJ~~i!v. lBeeGt! ~~.!I!5i :;Jill ei(98U.e~t
te~lJJm. lTIall;fl1~ l'QW e!i!!:!,'!J!'

IE.1m TilliS alirra(;~'!f~''~i cer is often m !.J ~d tor rna_~Ii'lS1l~fge, piifi~JitS O'~ J'tIimiituro. It ~ ,19 ~i!3h~ redbl'OWn ilil eeteur fIli'ld SOiinE! :bipec:I!3~J SiUtfl1 as EilJro~i!I!l1 ~~IifI" i:iJ~y,a a b~aliitl'f'U!1 'r.~!JJrJ'};Qrid ~ml jislit!3 rll.
!fi;J(ka,

to ,[)'tlii!iM ,oc:ik V&riD'tb~:s. Ai'rl!3rican wbici9 M k has i9I '!r13UcrMsli"red r:o~o!JJr ~ nod 1I I~oo oi!Iitrac~v,a il±I!r8Ji nl, 'l.Mia[ i~ IO:SP5 hi! atlr'aC1i~.anes5~ :l'toOVil8VEH"h: •.
{laiM in 'S J'1!ipu~S't~!5n 'ftiT

fillr~!i irtQ. U 1'a~O'S U~(t b!JImj:liS 8nd seC"'$P'Ei~ (If f\(jf,'ma:i tiw&Bhoid iliIse wry !Nti;11 • .§In:di b~ci!i;lJMi 0'[ i~:s.fifflOO·th finis'" i~ !lils'{! a fa~\j}bij?,iM: is iiihClIc:a '~or !lj$Si lill itool' he ndles, OOi!!T'!I

p~l'!I'! Il!'I1;i'. ~ai~rl1~and

~roko 1'$ gEiCle.rally g,oldan

~ril'!Nfl in ~aIQtllr~ and haS! a

iLOlJghn!t'sltil Blid dur:iilbim~y. recI'S~l!:llll" Ufllik~ other eedar V" rieUe;_s~ t~h~ timlbolu is a IHU'dJNo~d, n is :5,li;htl'!J!" fll-cJj!i'eil' 11'1 ,ecd~!Jr 'tf1an 10th!!!r c8d!il~,s; tlndi hes ;9 {l r.f!in very I9q~'lnlii;l'r in ap~!lh1I·.aIi"'lOQ t'l} Orel;JliiIll! ~~liIe (:;:813 palje 11~ whl6'n ·lir.iSlhiedL iI: IB, most oo,mmQnly used "'tIiI" !;:R1id~ eflblfiie~:!li and ache~ 'rUfiilitur~.
AIJ:flHfaU!!lrl

~unS!e!'l~ iiIInd irr:lte~ingl ,ellfgma when W!t!netl rn lli'h!lchilll;!'5l; Similaf to t~~: iJli ~1:li~~ri;:l.1'lDI;I !9 f!;~ dll!lr,E!lbiliW. but '11 t ~~ ,gily .. g ir~oo Ls ,1:1 g~!Q'dl iC!iI~ilOO fo~
OG![tL~or: furniIUf~.

Cherry

Tn~ is

fiI!II!!lIch

,snoUtsI'" f1opulaJf'
'Wc;iCid

'~'~miW~IlI1{!i~inQ

ills

r~

it;l ~ j;iOji;i'llih,l'r moire vri~hIJro:fifl~!;!it!!n~li ?"~biflie<'t-m-'!l~e\l'!il. i:iu~ :i~ i::fi: q~lits difff~!Jlt '~~ QtJ~IJ1I ~n!j I~ 1IJ3!J1~U~ expel1ls~ om~i.mg ~l!ie 'USA. &ii'l!d Cil~:!id~. It r:a,i'li n91 d IffltlJn:. te W(l;Mk ,!!IS Uta i{;lIFa!n'mi'iltl, 'tD' oom aasl IYa lbou~,if 'iIVOrkell jt;lrDpe~'V it ,C9if'll Qli'i,!'~ oI!I wry lbe<liurtifful lini:::n. Tille ·t~ mOS'~ i;:ommitJi'lI'l!i' L(;.5IEiC specJes ~vithrl!i this f~lmilv a"(1 1C:1l~1 i:sh Jl::herl!'l;lanti Am(:lDic-ilIfII e;hm rry.
"IVCi!!:l~

Ji!llutJtiin; Th~~ 11{j]1'ii~.~ya t~niIbQji' i.so II®w !!Jf;tl;lil U:5i8Jt1 ill!;! ,8 $U lJ~tit:ulM I'OF $o!llltn A~uic8 n ysllOWl.!'iK!o:d
85i

1G

:;till p:eilllrijlllCe
,!i!re

and

Jl:ill8~,Ii!il:teristj'c5i

V..erv iilmf'l;ar"

but !t is: ,8 ~~.at del!'!lll !;es~

a:qltUlsI,.ro. Al'thou:sh stro~9


~U!i'O':l!lJlor o~rt£s n:oed liD! ~ b because they have ~ tern;d'ElrtC-Y L'O!UI ntaJln !IJ~a~ho~·i!tS!,SI~ w~11 as !:iilCilda r. i wcrffl hQle:!i ...
iIlIiI'iI!:I

iSoEI!r.eCiled i:iOl,rl'lrrwIlV

-oJ ElIUt©i'li'!;j
-

~1I';;:!lf~'IJ'

'B'Q'i,~iClmc[llirltl9iGn~
-

. r'-5

h~!;lI}~f:I

Thls is, a ~ry Il.Do~~i(1J I:irnbali with ;s ll'ecr-Dl1'OWn C010t!f arid if!l
dl;rll\!;tN'I,;! grai n. M D:Jt Y , iCftie:s: a..r'9 quile hB'B'i.I)'ilffl com Pfl.riSOf! IQ other w~Qd8r antll t ~y are
5trafl'!} ~ifj(! dlJrElb~8. Alt"-o~Qh U, is iil po~ Jilr ohoice fOr

[0. k Am.

Thi:s vc te8ulih.!~ 1l~~dwtlOd i5 gtmlVnl in mElfiY Pilrta [if 'tile ... .or.orld al1ld ~hl!!ly~e of oal '11m.. use 'WIll d~. nd upon whera "'OU I~vil. Oak I::; ~ r»pulaf ehoi.Qe iOT loon{llfl illlld dijl'!il1l~JiJom ~Ylrl1itufi13 Ilnd lCrur:is to daoom \vi~'h agB_ Ir ls 8ft a m:(ltl:~f'glyi5l~ron.u wlltltll whlG:h~ i d:ays SO n by~was u:sQd in

r~~· valrietTe!il~

U spi!1l<~e5 pcept

wall tlJ! ssasonilll e te ch~ilDB$ in cUma te Utl'!ditlom;. lU,~s.WCl(lod Is eempaet, has ;g

fl ne 9 i!'l .ancl eillll be 'WID rJ:ed CIU it'o eas ilV. r't lI~tlall¥ has ~ light eream to w. 11[H colQl!Jr. tIi t"~n dS! to d'ad~~ n w ~.h8913:. of ,'l;t1C!~insllmi l gen.a al "urnirhaC. bUI...... """.... '..., "" tlf 'INarp;ing .and sh r ifilhag~.
Trli;(~

Furr'limr&omakl'ng. and ha$ bii!~n Fo . a~y yeilFS. m3h.lJg~FrY. lp.al1jeu'~'IiI'!( tile

ra.r illl Ih~, ml:lk;mg

S'yGiElimOfi

is

common Y

IJS:Bd

vari E!li~~ riii jjecami'n'l:!' rnore scarCE! ~li'id I'}xp nslve, maio

S'f)en":sh I1d St lDomi ngil

I,

dye to hig h M pile

'~!:Ul1 and.

Tniil Ie E! Fe liTlillilV va i'icties af lrfJi3JrJle. tiJl,lIl: gEll"li!!lr.mit", it Ihas a wIrY !ignl-blrr;;nNn clI~atlJr with

rha !l::~n51!1'!.tet~lJ!n I!:.f r5-hips, It . ~as. 8 . rt illlk! mii'5oSfVeJl ba-mns "Oil' tIiJ!D C:~II!i~Ir1Jot~Qn D'f htHJ~;as (tvpr.eal V in It!.e Eli;rabet ·iiin ~8 riClili) 'tnil1t ea Fil 5'til I Ib-e ~ee il in EI ri _JiJI!l '10 dlfs _a . - 'h:il~l'ilt)nv

.;0 ~ls. IOiigQvit1J'l


mJ:ge1¥lolgQd

~ n mUr;:u:;t.i'lt~

{I naira

"that

finishes we". It h5 a tougtJ

There .are mmny

Rill S8 Vfl!lcd

\irQ( mkta,

011

wood and! Vf.!iF'5aljlla' foil' aU a:;piJd; of wn.[]r[fw!fl:r ng. Ort!), ijMnic IJ I eI rly !p ret.t)! vitlricrt i bilrd'~-e,ye maple. wh[.cn h~ rreguleJr d'Brk-brllfliiln marklnQiS that look Ilite l~,
>I

a.... ail~~b This le, :5;pecie~ \JiIk~ it n me Jron '~Iile,fcir(rjma ~f ~hD wood - the nciEl{!"gnlu ndl mti l-on of ClUl!3f¥
1\il.:tew,jJLl):!j i~ ;11'1 fillet.
U S<Dd

Tnrs str.e~gh -grs i'n!EIi:ll~ hOO\r't bu~~ifJJl1icuI8rl'i durab 10 wO>ot:I as 9reesv ie.e! l'O l'r '~.hatis ~a'blsed by' i'1s ti1.gh 011 c.o.nltranlt, If i~ s:u~t:f.llble foT Qul·doOf ~urrnitu're. CE!'!!)k pi eJIJ'!Q· and ~~lIip.,illdin • I hough ~' (J mooss. mates 'lJhe'UiSe (rid' wMd gllJ(t r.! Unle 'Cricky- IJghtl:mJwll1 Clio . IJfM"', !lId i!'l ool.our" it is a cli!l~c811'Y befJlL!tifu~ 'IlIJ.'Dod W W~ t and ghl\E!iS a mvely In s, but It tends l'O
b~ hard 00 blades,

~rri

na i'i1~ ·s:tJ~~o:sa:, lB~rdrs-~


Rtap.

e i~ QtiQn !J,sed flJljT S!l1ii1iRl:S1::ale W(]cdwa;rki fiEii prQ~ct§: such as pi8Gen1: lio b@es. anti \I'EIn~a rs,
Ml!IlI"a~li

af pEla-ftlfIl'U'l:.. RO~!]Wt)DtI bEis S dark-rE: dI t~ r (!;..tlifO'WJl 001QlJ rand 11 nlshlt!is bea'uti'fllJlly, ~li~·used ~or
~ho.lo\!Pjeees of ii'urnfture. piBnoaF 'IIEJirua~rsand ~!JJriled __ Q1II!I~.

Ihe prepl8lJ'.;!tiQn

'l!umrp,,"vD!!lId
'ThIs bee utii'll.Ilht $tr l:ped. very

.Siapa1a ~s p;~I. [m: n~!1I;;Ii'nr)


i'n iIrIDl'ry

Me rarUl is v>ery ~imiJiilir,


~~

1nl:5 '!Jery
text!,!

g:rai Iifip' iflilful cearse-

h.a!J'd w!!joo... iElnone:oliJs~~ referred to ,1iI:!1l poplar. is a light red-brewn in Qol!Jlur and 'flnlsl1es w~lI. It i§ ,o.-h.'en U!OO fC!r Iti.I nlng and deco i?:lirt .. e pUIl'p!iGsrr.s..blJt is I'!m a cllmiTllon .

LlI} maho:ge ny_ h. is il IJlaln hut 8Itrac~, straigB[-{I ralnl!t,di nardwooG yt'ith .e! re~t!j_$h celeur, BCC:3i...iOO. (If fti SlraLlilllil: nod. 6¥t!!11 gr.afn·_ mei1'.e!nri j!j IlJTIII;!:!Jl O'fhlirJj use'itl 1m 1111.[1 coflstrLlcDijcli! Dr tiOOI" Bind Whldow 'f ern es

anI!!! for ~kir1ing boards. \1\fhel'll worki I'lg ~j,ls WB!XI


~~I!!! Iii! IllBir III l\.,eewr5i in you r wOrkshop 85:more 5i~1ntBr'$ i end up in 'Filnga-rs Billa h:ancls

re~ wood flI:;; mal IlIV used SiS ;H wneer en l"rrIi!'i!nLJr:fI:C~.ured beards .. :end is POiPU~;ilI'~ used ~nI"~fi orm '('CIT maJiJf'lg pianos. f und other Jl.Jmil!!Jre, It iii! radbrown rl'll oollj}lJ~.. 5tron~ ;jJl1ld (I'll raMEr. hut has a fB'ttile-r dull ~JlPeemt\Cla_ Moo variet~!'iI~ Ilrig)lIa~B from WMt AJI"1~~D.

cnoico fo pl~es:

of fLll'nrtui'

W'ahlllll'it Wslmu q is an !f!j~ullsltelv ooB.Lmful he rdwoodJ witl1


tIlorK-broWfl.

8J

'Q rev. 0.1' "I:I'd ~J(J_U lh~:B W{)od iii ;t pllBi!JS!Jrf! to

r..

work and

~i!:iY[(I :!ruCii.

I'Torn

FfiO

anti

'[,lUI

anv

1his i's .([! be~lUti~1!J1INflCiti wluJ:n


RrJishCloi1t if you C'~n DEit rI. t'o ttJ.3~.smger a~ fI' doe:;!,not 'l;3k~

sv~ mov.e

LJIf'I'foruJlnat Iy~ diu g. 11.'0 h[{Jlh den'! and. it is i!;ec!l:Iml fig 1~l,Iita
eJIKpa n'Si;,Ji!i:nd
U!81;!'d

~e. hEH'Q[ore
.8100~.

Qflly of

rcl' sma~1prQje~l:s.

othell'

~8impl!:r

kirtd oJ tl mblii 1"1

f1iigh-ll:l'ualrtv tI un

an tlllli3' pfll;fc;ludkm

f\iJi1!"

Gods

rk

15

increasing
I

IV

8'>1:

e nsiw. AnOla, ,r

'f",'C'~.o~

is

that: h,t1F1ijle. nahlllflB 1,'"1NOOO

bo:ards.

tend

'to war p.
U iii its~. rn

w1!1erl::: Els n-m ad!!!l'~ ~ds are much m om, stable. 8u~ ..iIl11 'rn boa It: kitchen Ind bedroom

Me~

sm!5ittv

'mib~- :0.' I'd ~MDF~

Til is II» a rirl i~ m Eilli!.!,fc~etu rod bfIJ

t in :;;hise-:e Qf wood {i:D mal the !Qlr'ufn Df each sheet '~, a!' iliglTlt .r!lrJg~!!;c51 to ~Jhtf! one

iamiln.g

'f1~

8D8 rds

are fflf'lflUfaiti!;ul"e!l:l

jl'! ;0

fe,hJcung "YOQd lo

very

"I

fl mixing it ' itt resl alilijj! U~6rn~cm P-l~e~~ng It IJflid (if plT!l'&'~a1rEI to 'ronn sMeot.si', Standard !Si2"es~ n d hicknetSS'es 'V I)! rum COUI'I 'rry to r;olllnlrvt I'th '1:~ m!1i! ~~ rll~ !!III" ; h,m
~a:!i!s}Sit

adi~re~l-o it t prywood ilil Jl!!)Ua IIV pre


llil

Ll\Csdl

sh om Df 2.,44 rn ts Itt by ~,22, rn M it~an dl ln .a "'til riot)!'


illl Ihiltlk)

VarEi3~ err wi tUhs anti telrlgths. IJ~ to sbour 100 mm (28 'j!1~ wide' b'll up, to m ~ ttJ ~oflg 13 and USliJ~lfry in 13 standard oreKflQss of 22 mm [~il!'Jl..

or lhi~J\i3!~5l, r,fmg~ng ~r'tl,m iJ' '~hinthree-ply [bout


~ ff1~mfA

iWa~lable tlllJ&tkI18:;;;~,

IJ fl'lQ1 'Ulle most Bull 1:)1 B fOf g~['Ie;r~~ ~'mitu ·m akinQ_ YQ I.! ~ 1lQlC.8~ tJ:!!irdwam stlOIJ't8 0 r wm]dy~ ffi sh(llbJ!d ba .!iibl@ te ~I,I ppty sheets of Shl1Q!I .en_ ;s.l~e' you reqLJfFG. TIiII~ mod
It'U;I!t;l~

f.aool.J1I; :2;5 mrnf11 In tl IcJO.,YrO u r local wDiodyaJfd snou Id !have


t1JA~

to m ulrl"piy

1,01' til ,5:Drne

Wtl1YS

to MDf,

I, pboa rd is m ede by mi;~dn{J1


wood Oh~p!i wi~t'Ii ~c~n a:ndi t~e!1 oomplI'~1 nrg ~t!J nder preS~W11'l!1

dime n~iQf!!s you Il}quloo_ AllnOIlJ~tl the su d:tJce itS' not EilssmQol'h as 1MDFf piywlood
h e~ a nat!Jral'WClCldallJPetBI",anlI:e
SUd

te ftln'ln ~hee'~~, lmi lar eize of


iJll'I~ ~h~i; ness

to MDF_ 'Thi~

jJs:

and itS far

nger

Itt311

M OF.

Iml a i5a~isfat:torv 'I.~r!loiJI:for rllll'nitlJl~!'I'I;fI ~Ili~ ,and nllu~l:lofd projects as i~ d~eG; 01 finisfitJ
VHI]I' W~~!'

veil!

SfltoOl~h

:fi.lli:st1. IU~~boi)rd ~OOiP[I1Ji;I~~re 91 ad]

w'J1idl can IJ,Q h.3Jnl;l- I!J r Spf~pii! inted : nd a also .... el!"l 'i'er,5atl~€! i9 It it can be rol!!t~d a fj eli ~'Il~ cl rEI' I~ iv.-e ~r~1I r. p8 e
I bl~
ttl~i1S

pane.~

·~I

~~its Ela5liiy QIl1he find grain ,f1lnd ;s;EiE!'r'Ii16 De to e~p-e;:;i8~ly tJ~:rdl on Slaw Diad!!!&.

Wh~t;elongl, wide b~~rds O'f I'nltiJHI~ wO[iig csn be lJJ~l:st[jb I

I. ~:afl. howev' r. tJ
J

1,,![5l€!~

WfI{!

thick eno ,![Ih.r alse


\-Y

Iism8Nbtv

M VW1[]'IJ;iII

In ~oltililg.
a naed '10

't1'i1li

e ;a o.ften

liltive1"1 thin

c.o~Kb 'that h~ a high :5'tll'e-flg tl!J,..r~o·w-eiQhi, r,31~~. ·rUI


xampl panels ijtl dIDil.Il"S or

c.abi"ct~ • .81'1.(1 dra!.vel' bol,l~Ms". Is IS wh ere rJi~o.~d COme!;: hUn itiil D..'~rlll, U is m iii door

n,

tbeFol~is :5~iinB dem8nl1c tor tnCFJll. 'Til meet ttl is dOWIand.lle rmbar i ndlJ!;tlry iltms ltiOme up wi~1i'Il b:fJS eli~I"U~C!n Cilf ,g~jjJi!r'lg t-ogethA;lIr strips O'r pmna or Qak~ wh,ich are ab ut ~ mm wide (1~ in'~and i1-21 mIT! (§-~ in' ·tlil~ck.Co iform bl!'ards: up ro ' 7DO rnm {21l wide. Bloc :.bo~)jd.wbif.e" l!),e~rttJ wfLI atfOng a nci ::r1,J;llbre,.re:t~~nS ihs ap~Q_aranee of f1I8[Uf,fl1 wood.

~he stIrt.ao wi I~n(Yt b~ vrSiI jjl ~ 'f'ti r example I n the consnuctlon M uphofstsred III l'IiuJ re, "IImtBa:raG (~,h1pbil!ar~

"iii'

tnen plL8illli ~ 'gboaw. M' ~pmdlllc&d Jl,i mU"1JI1"'3 is or'tllfl mEida lram tl]i!9, rfH~te r ~fI~. b nU' bee.;! use ef Lr:5 ulul1:trac.liiJ al1l~ gr:e'Ii1, I· snou Id be.' :::J'i/otd,sd for 'FllIr!'lirtlJJ!re~ m~ k:illgl and J-Jo~r~ehQ,ld i1J:6:e'.

V~!nfil!'i$redl t!hrpboarn arnd r1iIr1'i~t1es b -U r

lCJ~

0,0.

'fo~ , he

'18 the woo-dwarker's

handbook

chapter two

.r

to a~hi~ve :~.atr~JaiC!ory!reSl:! Its,- evelfll ~ sl11I1Iall


Se'~

of Ib~SL~ttoC!,I~~a 111 be 1:J~~d~o produc~

g 000 "llJalitv. alb61I: relatively simple p~e.oes


of fu mit,y re. I'f Irrl'lOIllOY is. a proDI em.

t1 rst b·uy

the es;sel"lit~a~~ 1'nen 9 rad ual Iv build up a , .nd

Farnl I:i a r

with

j'ts

lNaight and '[Ille


'110U 1I s:e it.

fea I of it.~ and the m o~e

th e rna re 0 dep' you wi II be-Donne even the


most d lfflcu It

at

[p efl!!c:t~ng

woodworki

9 tech nlquas,

It is also -Ii gil:!odl idra~ ee tiU:", simp B :so.ul1dp'lii)o11If!'9l pre!!:,J!l~iilJtls. sue . iDS l(.eephrUJ At! m 0 sf '!tiro,{!ft (.'I :rke I'lL le n d top iol:ctiso' theif hobby [j~ home'. clUt!:er in ;Eli QElI"il5l 01' In a iNC! &:~ hop .attached to lfi1e hr,J~5e. I~i,s; II uparianl
to IDe
~fEI

O'~ neise

wmrol.

WI[K):dJ.nJarking rnaClhirriory has mhe lenCiletlCV lo be \'l!;Ilry noisy ii It· ~U.hoIJ911 tfl~s WQl:I!ld 1Ii~ iII~~'e ptablfl;i in il1ldtiSi[lI!il~" OOS~ ~n i:i suburbs n csirUlatiQ.!l it can e~I'I,J:SEl't:afl:sidifIT:Ible irnconvel!1lj~nc8 :a n8;1ii;lhMur: " Ills, "hiE! eW'll!! Important to select 'U1B daV5. ,end thnes when you .. s.h bJ. pr.acti!9'e '{our h obbv in erdo w ~rJili1l u 'rltiu D., dlsturba I'I~. l09erthall' wilt! itnri:l p~11J19 rBflfiu]n prgb~ms,

worksholJ) WiMOVII! .anrndoll r.g eles d w~en tile w!!:rath:r:w and en1o'ifonm en~ wi I~pa,mil, ~tandt. if YQI,JI're F,lliYfi n{llto bu-Id IBI !ftI~rk:sh~p. mn e :sur nl ,'ha. ~ts 'iii s!U~table IO'C'-l!Ilion lilli f"ilJr a:s v{]lur 1i"I neitJllfilbDU ti ~ m c!llI'lcemoo. AniIJ~'hat ,mi:sndvann.ag 0' 't11 e naiEaa 'fst;tor iiSi Ul t it CBn affect ~ of) WIXI dlINrJr~,e r phy~tealtvL COfldFl,LfiJIUa i!DP~SU re 'to f&iJisy nl8chil1a'ry C~11' suit il1l ina-ver.s.ih'l ds m tl 1,0 the h Igh'l'rl senslllv!:l m~dd~ and iriiniHOlT parR: of 'fOur oB81f'SJ Bond It hs S'tFOIil9 V sdvmE!ti never 1:0 £i!N1'Mh on 8 maOMii'!i1i oof,ol'l~ p\!tling Il'JIl' lntlustri.a~ear plra~C'lnrs lSOO page i55J.

R,

E I 'W

&
to ~aO, filS:! e r whe d
1'1

choorsill1lQ a workbe

no .

re tie ,s,ta·bihty

about. ev~n

bY a f~aCtion~whe.!! ,,!cuir!3! tJrYlrig


n re:at re, I theig
over ell n
1\00

t~ pl'ane

Of

d(.ill a~c;IlJIil"a1e~~,Height l&'llIlllIotl'tier


beoome

_e ry

impo

beln(;h
in

IS

toc!" low~. or ,in will

dliflicl,.IIl

an

I. S

CGntilflUCU~ ~

m:s: I

bacbch ~.AI a ~at~velv. if he bencl rs· Oil,) tit ~gh. t'ne

work

SiIJ r 'eee 'VII,irl

be

close [0 your WEC~ flfiG this «g Ih, m8kes for· uncomm rtule ~

a III d:

jthl.a r cu a ~!J~11aDle'le filgth

off 'th 0 ~egs Qr' ,add .Ell bl oek WI

&¥I\ltlIlf'l·

e ~h leg' to lb dng ~e wor!k

surfa c:e to ttl e weq I!J ired. comfo rtlb Ie ,I'i!eight

Fire n in b-ndt TJts bench t'S t,~ical !O comme tl~ I~'V fI ii'Ulfat::hJlred f11' WCiOrl_ 'kf Ii Ille III Ites, th!,'!!

Bfe oClJIStom-mB(.

'ff.ir'

{:h" job.;

b l II 1oU'gh sa1:~ "elf; my. they Cil i:!1[lJ ~ el"i~'W!!. IF'fIaturies wi II d Iffur rl'~m Om!' rna 1liui':tctUfoe 'tD n~lhBrl a(l it:s .1;11 ~nQ -de to in v.{i''fi ti Q ate a:~ m :!I 19!II Ii'i'1 o lie I~,

rrilai!itam:lilTli~ b!El!nch has iha ,8~l3 I'll$ge Q.f !tt!cJng _p~rtibibl9 (tI.if1'QI.!j}!r) - ~aln haa'l/lf) and aUDw5 { Wdmll of M(t'I.tem(J1l't rilJllr arr:o!J.Jitd Itle e ch1- 01118 cJ tin Ii! few tfls.ailllv>8nt8,gV$ havell
n!J
<£I

as pO!i!iib. chm~l. A

hBfqre milking VO f

~ thiH1:· if ';fOU
lli

cO{fllfTr:ted . r~.

:m.Jch a~ a 51 !l1!ge, l CEifil

is;({nlte tD tr8¥e 1"0 dm~ fila belTicll Inl>!} om W(J Ag rail e.8!l:i1 '~moyou no 'tf.! t,. !f ~lJ enn t Il'iUe: ill to'til of Ulli~ si e Q., p lIm.:tlti I xefCi O1iji fs to de~iijn .~1f'Id btdl:t· '!fO!l.Irm~n bench. t) has 'he' i:lv:alil :age

ill'

,of

'g

'lis

Q~8n8illl:8

Bll'ld

rh~' p.'ea-J
~" ~

'IN]

~o..
af

will 9 iv~~tJiJ th e plel:l'!ltllf8 ~r pl'oduting vqllJli Dwn pch w~Um I{s O\~nd~iig n 'rHIl! res,
fl

_g~i'1dfflg fgf9B alia BID ~r ftiw'.',


D

1ttlIiIi:I!tI

'WGrtDef].zA Me Lid'i!J dro~ 1rN t;xi/". ar cddJ

lC1

r!)rHi~;.,

nd oak

R~iild '1iI®1 This bellleh is rJ;le:.1 '(0 ~:n B rll'fii! Wi ~-,h !'lIt! :ad wl)lI'ik ~.pacer I.J ut it·~ not oommA3l\dal~ aooil1!iliJJ!8.~y fJ;eed \.0 be ~fl3ifJdI wti VOlJ selEtCI ycur
$!~'=J f ;;til" 1iICIrlil.

'

S OI1lGIflJ QIi'i~ IS.

fi;utd iq gleGe' ;t eafm~t be JIll ov Ii:d, C hlJ:Q'ti; B iil PD si ~ n ~111 fa 11mpl " na IJr,el1 Irgbt Of install a 1fJ(] IJ reSE:€'nt icght d fc .[IV' BllIer"e the' ..""OIJ·k:S,urfil!~a_ SII\C,I£l' Il}a~.Iil'g ~;tt'hQ;1l1 I lIiEl'iliJ' nevar ·wQJ1:.Q.d 011'1 comm~K:ially. mSlI'! ... JfeaulU:~ ~en.... alw3'yS IPre[errin'g 'to tIl, make- illlV own and fb:; i'L 11lJ the ;!3IIf~-gf,,'l willi I, ;\\gain Ilher~ ara ~h.cad'i'iantagof ~f1'li9(ible ItO d~lsn t~B bOili(:h 't@ ~lIIi Vil:ldf Ci. n f!!ilngtl1p w~dU' 8n~ f"te~ghii:'!l"eQ r.rem9i1'i'~s. n it
SI'SQ a~IQYi'5l ~~J

TiM :ital. sllJPP.Qrl, bntiffl, e.' w~1'c1 slwul ~ 'be he :same • n. th 3S' e i:Ien ~h,Irle~ [0 bEl firm Iy ser'Cw~d 0' ~d 00 tnfJ' wan w,i~h th(l: cd Q masonry p1ug~ The wo SUIl'I IDe boaJd$ can [ !J I liPe
scr;ew-e:d CI'~f(e ellJjiIi.

.n be~m5.

RiJf'I1!3mber"itO leavB a .su:rf((lie~lt 0.'110 np at the tJI;m~':arrml Emd~ of 'btl b; nen te 110w ~l'"a1J ml2!l&I'.amfll'!lLereund the Ithlli!l8 ,"5Iidegr!J.f t nm wlthotl
stub ~n~ yaur
'oS, I:

A ~Dr~iI

wen

1iI~

S~'(iC

[or Uee u~e ~


w{hen

s en thE lag-s.,

~~h ~ ~JJ""IJd ... 00 l ,~ Ih .1'tM 10' rite! b rdr w ..:Ii I~~ ~oden jnw:s nW~lwffh rh ~.Qfk ~IoJItfti rn",

G,-d~ m~t;I.:o.~

p4)_iil= 4j ~

S!I:l>eI,ut!lg v,/lluk lu Illite.: su f,Hrl:fe;

to

-s 1l1Oft

CqU ible b8;rH;~" , TIt~ C,l!,iimm9reially produced bQ <:;tt es h.JVEi aQ C d ISPQct i!ld"~n'm~l'iil~iiJlI1d diS dv '['rt~e'S
'1f.I\I\i),f'

11, ,b illslll \llJ:1!i If \!I!I!!U m~ .IE! yoo r ClllNn beflChr th cooi~ ~r' a b~It1::1 Ylice ~ 10' iiV' lm P'Oril-'elllt Ma su e J,aiL
~u pIJJnlcnEl8S8

'I;~6odwortiilij'g

a chipboal'd s rt8Ce: shaul~ 00 B!l;h,·qlllate.1t"s·Cflirtelnltlp.!'

8t~ad.nmc~I~. S~~ as & ibef1d1 'lJ'ics ~nd 'SWf,k5\, 'Ji'f~Fjn you Eml them I'Q ba. i u'surrace C'calllJ made I hM ooi.U'd~ ~;ijjl!ied wi.1lIa bi<6CuLt i!di~Il~ ~seej)siQE!! 91 b ~e~~ DI)i:l rds '!l{!e;i:f t~ b.a r rr Iv eliu'll:ht iI]l nd Jt Ieaet 31) m FfII in'. rjdQi. Ifyol,J do ~~l (!Dlil;isaglOl: i.'!r:I'!t' hea'lll{ Wt)t'k. tlrtert
i

lila: PreviiQ'L:Is< MO

dose 1 eld The adY •. l'!it~~ ;jJ~" 't {It·~ is Co lap~' bl'O rnd till r;u'of(l re higbl~ po'ltlJIbla. allTl~ t;:)1ocis. IUp ~~ry li~1J~

~m a,e Sj)Bce 'j,.rtU':!n ~(Jna pseirl


U~ &0 IQroviae5l HI a ~~I'td ~m~11

\rIce 3'fl,jj noo on€! rJr.JSIg fled tor '"I B~I'Nb • eOlb riiEf 'Yicc' tQ tM:e bend'!, USlII~J~y fie I' dllc Ief:t-· hiUUi1~l'1!d.Vltilh !the lap 01 ~'n~ .t~ws level ,wid1i I~O .~urfaU! ofh~

bene ~' .

~ n~

s.ts

e!ile>ap-er h~n solid wo.od..I::Jut t ntt ~e31l'1y if.!i !Satr,s;fE!~or; in lhe


finDI ,8nB~-sJs"

\MJ Ii; , rtaee ~ti


B

~Uiii1ac.e~,efl In U!;i:8" ;anti (1\(1 wh-Qle


v(c ,

'8 wo. _
..

~:

h~ 1j:1.1;tI'l0i1$ and liigs mBa. Dt:}O be $} .. v (all!}8,' 60 x ~ So. mllll.2 x 3~ i ~r w~h {IJ wootlelll !IJT m I!t<J I IlrraCkjii fOr: ext18 sUe r:JQlih. ,It 'I"i ;dviJ1'lg (l,epJ jO.ff~ ts e-llJatJ8S 81J-H.n j.s. , dClqlJl1~D 'fClf EhB Join qtwe:elll HlQ: h~g FJ;d [tie aupptJ rt bOllJm .f!In(i thta' :S1J~~on 1tJ.eI~ rn an; the:.
p

h~ ktntf af b ncn is. thii!t tile '-'11(11 s'urfM\l araa &:;


V(l fy

The rna'in d1~tiir:.1\!'anu.,gu ~.'

:~nrn;E!II iU'IIiJd ·~CO I~w

oftoo
com

~O p:!foY.i{iA
~\j)rt

flb'le

'IN

11

am.

wcrrdng qlZllidil~.ot.i&

A ~~b1a

~w.l~

',5 ~,

or tJ,

~I.lmal

rhlJ ~

D9

OJ tC'01Dppjm>iIDJll:?"

~rlt&,gnf"h to i&!

utea vm.-

w~ f~'~ 'wJd GmJ

HA . D

.. gLS~ ME SUifl'l

ARKINlG

00

i i?I1'Ol:t.F-4JlctOI'
-

MANIB 100 tS': M EAS IJIR ~N G A:NlIiJI MARK' NG 1"00 LS

ap;pllr[cat~onf.cost ;a IfIIQ 8l@C!U~acv O'f the' '~ool; as wall as peiFSo I pr0fE3:r~rU::@l •. On~ FU I~ ~n 0 pun na inte[lIGi!Qd'I'~ err W'Oodworking ls
~1!ifI iSitiiSi!J!Fe

t,w~oe~ cut c nee"

,.

COfi $:1 lerable 'f'll'us'triliitiol:1l and c

mletislJlre'men'~~s El,-'Cur,ately

m~r'~!9(.1ltNl

~hewood. A s I'm ~.I[e~xa:mp~e of how IIh us wlDu~d wonk' . -

8pirilt level

~11'r'ili:i:S00i~ 11e'!IIlI!ll

Th is, tool is; 1i18l1al~y f'IfiIi:':irl~, oif

.i!J

ffiFai~h~ piece of wo<od er met;9J1 wi'tll ~ ~c\{IIn9'u iaF glilaa ~ee.jCln fi W~mlh Qil. ilia Oil Ih.£!!~ !6 !mbt~e sus:~en;lj;e!)j i!I it. ~

~~~h slTiould 1!'1'118 intain ;;II een -:rtI!l ~osj~~o., [bte~w!ilen ,t~ rna rt~d ~iDCS'to indie~t\8 wh eo
the level ls 1i'~$1r:i"!;f!irn fin 6:t"1I!cl

nOifi~Onttal or '!/Q !tICiliI pc:sl'H{iH'1i, E"i~i:'il U~tOug,h :sprniii: IC'WI~S: a Fe mnClS't ,comman~'I u:boed troll' br~L8yi n 91, the,y !taJ!l alae ba 1IJ8~ ill 'W'tiEIJdwiJIrki n91 to d~llIb!e-cllet!'l: '~lh.£!J1,~l"IIrf~ ~ ~!il I,evel. pali1tclJ~aiflr fwn- l.erger ~m~ects• .81Ji:h es B t~t!le"

WOiCi<"~ fl!! ~e Ttrns ts the woodw(i r~..er':s tr.atrlrUQFi al m6~Stl r1rlg IinS-~fiJmCi:lt, It has 'four di~.jJ1i~t Fo~drolJ.t seetlens wrrtlTi b filS'S '8fltfu;" ~hliC'h alee JiCllned 'rogljJttiQ~ with ~ rass hi n ges" Tile n.llrait~!lJlf fG 'Fm~d-r:= trern he ~wCiad and tSi m;nr.li)d ~il.llt rn 'i !lflIperia~ [incnB!5}·oF mC'~Ji1C ~if!llilIimelf~~;'s;cmilll Ima kG:g· til!8Ive bolll .. The ~:dJ;!ln r:i!'IlrpiUlIte(s nda dQ'!;!:;lhi!l\li!l som iJ' ilfis{! dvantf!!l)es. hCiWJ;l'l."8.1':, in (h in it ean biD ti)rQ~e fI (Ill,Jitel !BEIsily i[lnd U~ iCdg~ ean be
darnagiB:d Ufllfm.liQh regliJlar use, .(d1r~C~'ing ~cC~rc:lc,iJ' of "IQuf the

Quitethe

Iln!~eyremi;l.ql,t.. I~ J;an :a~;D bm. .Ei clml1~V flu]1 io UrG:8' iilirnd


n8S' ~:a;flI'BI'i!been roapl8t:El~ by

S't@el Jl,Ble and

lietF.iIIOt(Ible

,5iteEiI !Il!il):!'e!'

rneaSIJJ~.

See\! rule
The ~t~1 H.I!I!;! ~~ ~uc'h !1l!l!iJe vers.atme land] dl;.!lf.8ble th81l its wtiOdfilil Cl!)Ufi'i.lI)rp3rt, It ~sIl'IIG. !Ili8s~I'!f arnatlled and ~\efO'rOfO d U'I!JJ rnn<3~'krn,'9 s, wlilLt:11 Ii'i"I~V 013' meUic'. h'lftllO~FI~1lOr iIl()'t!1i. rS-lii'i8ii Ii intact·. makin~ i~ .IIi v.sry
BOC:l,i.llf,elEiil!l~fUJlll·el1lt

to use,

I~has ar!olJrar
Il)ve! thlll:~de,"

ill ~.oll't1l!igiJ

can b.e uSQ;tI

i9:5

Iru le 'n .:hat.il a eu tiIii1lQ tl u lde,

·too's 'or t

IS

job

.os a

kni mao con be d ftliWl!Ii ~'I01' g' .he edge of rhe nd wilhoul

oC.Llusilii9 any

dl:! mayer , e,I''tIIpo


II!IUl.a:run'lQi

groe:Bit :r di:s·"ano:os; bmythfn!il from :J.-l5 mI,o--iS "U. a~d it can bel U~d for instldo

~ilfOtr;gdor

88urem

n~'8where

iii

~e:1

Re1J"temble'

Ttl "iii I'lS3iii .Ilwbebly hlJl:l~me the< mO~1 wrdlil~V !J;:;$d

rn (l~gUlrir't~toQ 1 klir tfle ~ ner~~ ~(]dWllirkef 811lU tU:iJj~liL It ha~ !SC\'!I:!ra~IlIH:I'V1!InragC's over •h e, l\"JO fllJlB'S.me 11:1fonetJ ~br::w.o. ,ellSill!i miJOO c'l!mpeCiL ,. is cap:obr,e ct'f rneasu Fin~

!GumbEl SQ~' {I! n~ Inlo 'he ~p~ce liViII ;~Bb~e. As wi" h th6J Otllta--r ISe~ it may be msrf«idl nut in jmp8ria~ rn O'Ilt'k:; or bQtlt. ~ts ma[,or di~d~,f!nmge f5l hoo. Ilh ~ !tIi! ~~ q[Ji~e mmlliV am:d rnu~.nbe u~ carefidly to QlJtain an .fi!~eui'1tti3' nu!tU::IU'Qlrne nt

!Dr WQO!::hl'll

rure rna" ~ too

A ~~'i)'n'8c;tQ~ used' m ilS: ft't-a bl1sl~ a~d set afi{lle~ b t es tl'ti} gel1le!l",g~wood''''iillr1krn" is unl i 91", 'to !lEie t() do t~hs: 'Wry of1llfi~ P 6imp I i111 a'X)Je nsi'i'E Oi. pr:ilBti'c protracl:OF @uch :is ;~ lI&Sd ill 5ctiooJI:j ~hCi'LIJd~JiB s\ii~l!)te fOil mCi~l' 1Pj1'6je.cta~ ;'Qalr 'if! mEriel. hl'1W!:lNsr, ~'hat lh 0 I' !filer lila pro:tr em '"ithe morn
ocl;n.ato

1I1 Et rneiMiiJll"'smenl':S

a r'Ei li~ly tGi be.

GAUGES

'. rnktn.m B
_is '001

UQI;!'

gflsn

8V.ru~

bloe i!i~ <EI

u~d for' milrtdng 1ih-e w.dth Q'f @ hD.Brd t om one prGpElJed

~:G mD~t O~1~ii

ct!mltiil'la~onmenis 'and marki'.!lO ~a lrg 8_ ,As the name stisgeat·e: I ~~s


F

,slraight ,alga, A sit! thrpene[f :5t~1 rJin is used! ro !icore '~h!3


IS

itOlJ~ [$ 'til"ru::.n

wed f'O'r1!'IIlt! !'king out Ihe mQr1~ for mortrse 8 ~id

urfcat:e of 'the wood.

til 'fill

is Mit

'thi@

nno, \has,

inden:~~tr'Ofil.Ofl~
"0\1'1

IBlI~1ng

wrrecnv

rni31rked. a Bha~p fJencil e41l1 be DlrawG dO\i'i!n lh" int;je-ntali Bil to ma~ ~ mom vfslliJ6. d·s~"~€lI frDIm ~:h.' Sf.OOk to '11lIe 'lip ~f 'th!9 pi'r;, C~fI be :3e1' using a ~teeJ fU' "N(;IOOO'fi rule, WtlQi'i tht!j dis~ii'll(:iI;!l~~ ~ I'mo:~t

fl,Jr~he:.5tfrom ~he :s.t~a.; ls fJIxed wh,me '[frio :Gteel plin AEl'Br r to 'the mmt i8 wnncnei(l tc {II sl ida. alfowin; 1ltU;!, llIIisliCiirn::6 !);i1lt'Wsf31l1
1Jhe- M'O p..Il1~' is '!iI'8ja II~ t. , clisE6!rlOEI'frQm ~h€l ~lOOk te lJI1 e pins 'tn be . dIus;ied'. The di~I;Ulct: EJ~efI tnetWIJ pFrlSl is: IlsuaUv ee te the Viidtfi of ahe nlItI,rtise e; is8~ vou 'nmno to lI~ "Uds i!il
I

john ..ibe

SltBel [~in

'r~e

CQ

r&Ct~

,igftt.en ~he

lr1ece~1I ry'. fhles:e tools a re


I'll

.ad", aiWB ys,


whlh

DtllJ!Mb~~ ;Dn~y ~~i!'l o~the 'IN f:ir'J lind tap the :steD"! ()f It"!e ~tiQi13 lIIn i 1 ltne e)(3Q~ tIl$Ui~C(jl C n be set, Oil1~ ~np'all:(I'J' dghtBn tl'lle tftlumbst:r'6!N.
..orii$:i)' i9,mge The main di'hreJlt;e

I r mhe a:e(;tTo;ll QI1 me 'ia:e a !'I t&n Dill" ~ [:3 on ~~es 1'4- ;5}.
diSCltlsail!'tJ

rriflade

of
~~11

C.DurJl;en~ "lh~dell\~' flid1


OOIlTllPUi '6

wood,

he

sf:id~ng scmo

sto k. ,se~ilJ'r[~d by

mhis Ql8U!)1!!' and1 't~le rna !tin;

,orm of th~ m bsclJ'ew"

gauge is .hat the' m[Jf~it!l g(l!llJ$_Je l1as. 'DNo ~iI;!il pi'!'i:G'J., This can be llure,hlasilJa tis. s S>epafi's't.a ,oot DLd is me re

hSiS@ teo~s are 'VtOry ~8'ful' ili1 .tie ~~hop. !J~ 8<1i the'lf 8(,8' mcr ofign used in ~11~ IP~~ OIr 'tumi ~Wr tillery' BFe (! lS{;u:S.:!;led in mtlre detaU in
Eha~ SlCt!UOJl ($Be !liage 'SS}.

------------

--

Mall"ki!l1'!]

rr..l]'I.iI'Q 8

MoirtiS[l'

{f-i!lUlge

Inte.fdl{iiU

i;;~

m~Cr

------

E)!ij·~f.'l'ut'ieel i:lpd]r.

----

mvf.dlll ra

:Poiil:r

o] cempnsses

001

2.

sou
You

wm

n e-ed at

~~:tIgt three

of

Ih888

no ots fa r 9 e nera I U se,

Try ~I:JlcBrll!i
Thii t'lA!CI ~Qm~oni;;!inn.6 (if thia:

Co' Il!i-Iti'gtl $qUl!in!! A eem iJ.iir'lr.elll!IJii sq uare te-attl res


~ 45,'" as

tool a re ~i1oblad.e. '.\!\hiell is


uwal m~ e of fi1~esteel, and

'WiBn

Ell;! ~

SI(P ~ng le,

the s-~ook.wh-~l!!Ils mfld!3leither'


of wood or steel, fAo b 1Ulr.-quaHt wooden st.nd:s have i3J

b ~ strfp 01'1 the ;r.J:!iide ed;a .. w~(]h cff~e-lva I 9;ws gr<e~t~r seeu rB~V .rJfldllo·ng ar ~m:l'-Same
S'til:!l;;kfj t;.;tvt;
'IN

mkl1 is uS8fui fiOlr mer .in~ ,and] ~h o~il15i1 045P' al'1glp."s...

..::saCU[-.8"~v.

Some mab!3r. sue as HIli} OOl1'lbi!ll!3Jtfcn SqU8fC pl!:!~utmd here. riJk""K)hil'!iVl!i -u sp;r~t leve911d a bla~e. wnce ~ 1iI1Ii:llrbid eu i!1 Milllm~rNa J;]r inc;ne;s;.. ena h"g II:to be u~d in pllaoo of i8 :slc!'}1 ru Ilg.

. J U!iita bl
T·ll~U

II!1!l1iI-~1 li:di 1TI:m fljl

:Ste'el :sqil.ll;l;l·t',e
..

Til

tty squa r'EI has: three

prirfl!Sll)!' Uliers::, fi rsl. fell" dr wln .a ~qu8if\EI I~n~ ,EilCII'O!S~: iBI pi'-ece of weod ,.Bel;a;;ma. for cl"Ieclli:il'lg Ih,a :sqll~r-eJl e~t;I tlf til ·Ehnd~ artd Ih-rlJl. for estl'lIl ~ H~e ii:CCI,ITBCV lof join s tha1'
11:1

ing:set

,S'teslJ~,g a

A :i18l31 ~~t!'all'e Ii! fI1ll.u::h 1~lI'llIe[; the n a !'1f sqU8W .aifld !has tWO

iblatle.s. one !Min" ~ht!fU!1f Uiill!iJ rrli1e other [.aoout ~O€ll irru''nl' 6 j'1f! . nCi 600 m :2 -, in r:SSpEl'C'tive , }. One be-flefit OWl the 'try :s.qJW!fe is 1tiBl: a~1 ed{lrllis jg rEi m,£!ir~edi ,11'1 mi lirnerts [eli Enr;hes.~r ~ hrc: S~I~ts tn marki.ng CI;J~and ch~kilf! wo k_ ~I1I!I;Ithe di Eirenea S 'Ihil 1'ne- 00 liS rllClt ;!;rnti i;&1le!S nrm ha!ol":t;IiD stock, i!9.sq Fe is ms i.,IV 1J~!3d er JifVi:!f in!EII la rgeJ bo uf.5 an~ ~or che:eki rllQ 'the BCCl.!!r-ac\I ,t CDl!'ners o~' ~8rQ.e lobs. s.uoh! , s b6<lt cases.

T ,it 'Mol 11.88 13 bmsdethat GIlt'll l).B. EU;lju~~l!!d te lmest nry anQ!h~l. ~~main. 100 !.!t5ei:l as .8 squ.a ~ _ oillthllug~ i~ ts 1'I0t as relieble iJl 'U'tlis 'Use as: a ,square ,_ !l;If' 'J'o . markin . 4!liP!!Or; aJiy mher 1I n~1 .• In th is book it i's I,.IB~dl fOIf marking eut difietei~ j'QlifTi~ The be:st .t od or ~eltil"l9 IS be. I 3CCurll~8t¥ "I;ji to 1laV rl 00 a [j]la~ i:l p~tr~OIl" and men set and IX it at ttta requ ifOO arlol' . BaDaiI,J:!I!ll1 the 1bd8dcpmtrbldas; frllm Ib(lh e;ijjes 01 tho· sloc:k. ~D eng!'e51lu~ i!il{llJlliZI!bI~· nd. ~ Y'QU' rf1lry f~11 a
from your :setH:!!1l1 ;t;r~,Qm~tiY assena. 'he 'Iwo a:ngles i!!ddedl tnglMfi'iar a tW.RiWS add up to ~Mt' ~iJI !i'tr.a[g ht line). fOrr C'_)(tlITI . a.. il the ~n9te OQ 'OM eldo i{; - 5fr tha
J

--

0-'

D'~hi!r wj~1be 1SSD. TI'1-e!!be te \,~u Iltv b veres hsve B brass cr SteEl1 b e'Cfe 'lNi1tl a woode n stOCk., blJ' .tlp.
less o:qlen!iiva ver~iDn~i'~h,

-----

AliililLl$~a!b10 ~iBvil3'1'1Iii~dir1lg
"ii"ob Si~'811~

, stlesl blade and [Ill 0l!I s.f e s~.ook..

a Fe !iJSUl]li~v quire adegnEb~etJ

lur t.!!sli!d -1iJ:iit oft.e Ill. So mQ sre Q'ks ha '!lie ;ijI s btit!e d :'Gi'l$VI.r fo r '!l;( iIilS .:tIe b'atie in Ptl(5.ition.r ethe rs !have ih umbse ~S .. The lhulil bserew ~8 sasler to s.~Y1r.e ar!iiytltJ dD not I!JC"od screv.'drivEI 1", bu Ib Ii!IC~USQ it Ilr.o'tfwU;!les IroM ihe, tock. it l'OIU:js to get i n ,th~ wey. The' ~oi(;O is a r at~erQ'f
I~

Pi! rricul.arlty

t'!'J(ngas tile lKIinl i!j :~Il"p. Ir ~~e ptln-cil1 Is I:i m, - he .ark mad_ 01':1 tho wOlld (;!!Fl be iRS muOn a~ 1.S m O~! . i. e, 'Ntlich ~
'E:EI n

le.atl IAl ermrs wnrlln

~lJIlting.

Wham t;!lrMf'l{ns ~ SQlJar~ liM, alroutr'lu :a pleee of WOOld,. p~8(: '~heIiItntil poim ~ n the ["Irj4llr:k nd sl id!ll! 'ttU:1 .«JlJ.Jare up to the!! JHlni:iU~ ensu ring that the ~)tI~ iDf the :squ litre is he d aigl'l~ Iy ~g£lin8t the' wODd end lhill
h.-e b~

e ~s.Om
the

:Q~im5l VlEllIlicil

thm.
along

SII.I rleil::e- IDFiOW

~e r~tlJ1a prell!:} rei1e~,

age to form a c19~r line ....... OU nonce from t 13! photog flliP!lll'lat the I1Icil

the :s;tFaill"

wm

WI' 0 n melH5:ur"lJ1l[JIr ma!ke sur . '~hiU lihlfl' la~ Dr F!J lIB ~~ 1t~1d 1riTrllV Of) '{tie !i:lliiaca 0,1 til

in tOVir;lllTdiii ttJ0 t.ld:go as thi!:rl win en S:UJ4:I ll'hal thE!' Jl]:oint is f~u:sh ~9s~n!!l1~ne Sllr;Qigtu ed~e... When ~he i i:ne IS Q~ab1li5h~d, rn eeeur~ tits di:!!la oa; onl;:e' 6~~ill'li to cns:c:'k thi£t OilCC!U ;m;v before Guttil"bQ~
is al1l{i~~
11 L" li,r~ig

be ore piecing a slfl;g1e bl.i~ elea r _,Qnll:il m:a!i:: s[ the


rSq!l,d,..~d len.grtb. Do
J'lQ.t USB' ill

birrn DE!

wQOidwor ing prO,~ectis the

aoou racy of ths m ;zas IJ ring

and mark" ng eu .

r ljllldr lil1llen mC1 . f'I{I !11m. II!;; th is .eigai r'Ii Ic:an ~8.l!idto I flEl!(:curacy'. When 1i'I;§,kin; -'I ij enc:il' rTrH3JInk,. "fCI\.I r aVE! shot! Id ~18 {~)ec IV alixwe wtiare h'Qmark is b.e-.1I11g !1ir18de-[]I'"a~ng SI'Tutil eicme
!I)

big whe

roun dllLiom

der 0[' a ·X' cent ril1!il1on t~BImrf( win he Ip to itl1imitjfy eX;SicEly wh roe it Is. ~rolJn~
d18

A ICerp.afrllIl s pencil with i;l rectan{l1.J'loarpoint is is ong r 8 nd betliEi!r than (l~ >Q!rdlin.(llry H B ~f10-2J ~ncll, eu h Do1f1
win do tha job sabj:!:if>aet~ri~.r as

:Smril1l~ tile

1~1'le!lwitlil

8,

knife

bl~dl;
Un;l:1

Or

i~'

lilO~

b mdawt 'l\Ifll m.pke tha visib!o, ami will ~1i9Q

pra-vettt. Iha gr~ln brdfllg torn

by 'ttle ~ew when yo u cut'.

"c_AWS

~tls IPB rtieula

liV ~ mportanrt to pu re ase good-·

aJILVsaws

S" t ese

aro 1:11 mest 'Iraq uentlv


I

used tOQr,s In wuodwQming.

The hlad@ :suhotUld be mad!! from Calf'iif'u~~V s~lecred ,S"l~tJ:1 n· tte·

to the IMade. To test

',h. qllJality of

8 CI'OI5S.CUi[ OlF

Ii .saw blade, bend the 1l:np rig t around to

the handle and '~frIenrl~ease it. ~tsil!l) hj ;sprlrtg

back 'wah

a good 'l'lil'fang' and. as vo

100

al~on:gthe blade, it sheu lid be perfectly straight.

Be c.EIlrnflU I wnen you do 111 - ~f10 u try this is;

Ianger

S!!J II
1

-t YIlith a night-a rngledl bend irl


5hOIJ

e. lade ~
'B,usta,i F1l the :$0 U

qU1!i 1

ltv saw

1.d1Irdtn9 I Ute ,a ben

;l n

,ill when :at rUiC k wi .h .someth irn91

tJtarell.. f you 't~ this

'wiii h

a· e I eap bladlet·~li'~willi result in a rJ u ~~"'thunk·. BlJ~' S~W'S thaI car!fV rl1s'

1~:IlSCII!i "aw ThiB i~ the .g.enct;al 'wiGrtih-o,lse (!if m11E! WID4l orf<e r's WQIfk;s:I'tOP ii\r.I .~'S primary U:SlB ~!;l, f'Qr Quttittg ae'~ tfla gFairl o'F 1 B '!.w~od.
'litll! Cr11S®C1Jt.
i1'-l!1:5,

,~~:s;gw

Tlle rlp:ut!N is qui~sS!I1l~laf ~n


alJilllear.a1ilC9 to mitts~IiOSKlJt
b\!tr.

~aw ll~8lJV
~f\i::h

~l:!Jout f!lglu t8e~lh ~r

{25 mil'! ~~ wilJ'I each'lOOtn

stiarger!e'c!llike ,ill kl!'iife !9 nil thS1 'teath 5e IMm~elv le11 1'1 til Ii'logJAt'_ l1!ue ,~heJ rp3l11ed lip CIt

.a:;) ~m,prim.E1ry use-is lor cult" iArillh 'the' gr,(lin. 'th ~ee.tllhaN a Dj1 i~er edge raiMr tf.l8n· pcoint8ld edge. Th~s~ 1J~1,J,,~ly h~s iiWe 't~ IS~X '[0£ltl1 PBF iill~~ ~ 25 mm~ ~ntI. lIDS r.tI.!ith the- ero9;SC1d\~ saw. 'me Ie. til ana ae~ ~It€lm t~ly raft an rig ht_
lSlt!]
fI

;:;aw

h t'2S mIT!~ t3f!d ,~ ~f'(J IiiJ bll"!:!!5s,back, whiclrn gi'lt.'es s'[shillily a nod we ~lit tg the blaaiHl"
i3bll)l!t:OO lB.a11l pe:r -ri'

D.ov, .ait ~w cssEilFi'tia 11,(.lhis sw ,- a Sl1fIiDlllsli VElrsr.on 0'[ [11 .limon


:&ilIW ilflId ij!S

lured

'fa

vaty' 'line",

,eacn
8
P!:ilJt

1(lCl,tn

CUI$;

tne ~Il':ain ~I Ice

S:.tf:aight cut'riI'l9~ suc:h iiIIS r!lJr d(jI!J~'I3.~1ojl!l!S. N"tiQ~ the j dififiErrent· snaee O'~ dia haFl.c! r~.
CQJ)rfllg:

rdfe and U'le !/ii(IOO 11'1 the mrcl-d[e ~f U:Hiii CIllI is p'Udled
aa $I..-wdu~t

~w

til'

!C -

s.awl

A ~s nel S~ leo s va-.ry. similar' lQ .a t::ro~t Eiawr. lout i't Is SiNg htlly s horte: and Iile b~l.lcle n~srnere pofm,S,per I nch, allowfng For a flii~!ef ,end
SfI\1(l1oilhElJ' cut

Tlli;s; is. anotn Elf ;Ql1a.raJIPi.J r'R'D-"Se!Saw wh Ich';! illS frts: nanne 5:Ue!9u:ns.,. i6i lIJ!iijodi for
~ut1~!lg tenons ~nd

fhi'S ~a~ has a Rne-'WQthcd~ n!;lrrrlJ'lN bLlt l!Danll bhlde ana is


!uR~

'ro f {11M nr

'l\or C!IJJUiintl!l

QIIIf"Vri3!S h'l tMn

IoWlDd ~flC 11iC:~1I31f thali1 liD rnml

cunfn lObs U'lal nee. ,3 II 1Br ,end me oonlroll~lble ,~aw th n 'the Qro.S!;:cu,' or " ~saw. Tho t non 8!;1W U s;!JoUV ihas

11 n~. ih~ angle ,of he b~21dE!~~ Il ~1lJ$ta Ii 5t! _lila. tf'lo. SrJW cen
DO<<usad to cul if! ny rllr:ect iol'il ~ ClU n-dthe 361T of .j] d cle-

--Q~CL!I~~'1IW

---

"___

-~

Yb!.l wi II If!Qti,ce har the wood '1.0 00 eat is 'fi rrnly fiKS' to ,tte ~ S!J rf::lm!r the In de Unger (if tho "'8 nd h!l~tli tJfJe S8W is; rig e:rdSfltled for Qll"fJiiltBr conuol or tl 9 blade" ncl ail t;Ji: or fi I'\gJe ~ ~1I1t1 tnurrJ bs are ,out of the W{W.

Aft-er
graduolly

flJYt s:~1;;1 r1. :g,1:mlss..


Im;:r~l!I!:e 't1-.9 Jai1g~

~r_ stlJ'Oke he
u$iflrt;!
jt$

'!JTIt~1 ..... u aru e

U'9' fUllI len-tu _ C1fth sa", bI~dav J!' 'forCi3' .(!! saw tn do
work - if t11(i.eeth
Sire

~hell'p~ mirnlmal dO~Wiward pl!'e!S~1I'Bhs r(:quirem ,!:inti rhe saw "--'tinwD,k adeQu:j!ite~v. A~9.0

m~1 ng., s I(]w :suotas.. to

8u~mpt Soil' q u lCi'dy wi It rn lJebJ'f re5uJt it! inucL! raci~j as well es 'thee bhuJi3' ~ mmilf!g
in tho C!J[. W

'0

as

i;I ny

u,s;ng I! ny hand Gi!IiW. en~rt ll-iQ ert DV QleT1~lvdrew! ng


911

W an nnating aBle en.d


beil1l~

or

{:Lfl.

ensulie. thM .he r;.i)eCrI;I '1I'Iat is


cut o~

the b!larlB

b~cl:w,f!rds, tha (
'he
iCl..J:tfng

IS
1'0

wen :!iJ,Upperted,

G~pr;;Jr!i~Ee ~'to

as he 'irY..fJig
'W~

ire",kln) and akl ngl wJrv shan', ligRI: :5troIDQ:3 u ntrlllJt-e cut ~iS es~at;;!~i:!;h ~ d

hi9 ~ rplu:s i1'l~'f PlJ II tiM·,m a n di csuse 11le

to spBrC, er l'Car berti-roe .tle

cut is CQmptet,ed,

PlsnlEts are used fa


sawn ~for to
:sit!
~QVI2J~ lin 9

srneo hling bOI§lFds thai ha~e bee"


0" ~ rler

off until! ~alt~o a~1d f-inishing IiIS ("Of

no~ g. pai!l

ing or seaUng.

bn ell pi ane,

wn lch will

he~p yo IJ to llIliJderstand

ow the

L8'/Br

cap

Fr.a~t ~dlP3'

Ja;r;k :pl~ne

MJ'Us.tln~ ~I hog ~ad d

P'lh

01

F.II'Ce-

./
J ~ic
plialmJ8'

~1.!~erTIel!lth~

(&r'mlioithing pi il' Dsflel'l p18Fi~ is re~ IIV ttil!i;!! I;!In~ 'l.QDi in thi<s; eel :eg{lN 'a"'D~ 'h e g-eJi'l~ral JNQodwl!)r~e _.-m need. A modeClf about 26'0 rnrn {101' In~ in ~e.f1gtl'!J iN4liha blade width of
Befudil
plElfl'B (:J8ll el"~l-pUrpcH5i!1i

epprexlrn iU{:~V60 rnrn {2 ~ if!. shotJ~d tte sur ci{!J'II~

If"yrJ!.! WI;! nt ',c add an.-otJiL!lif plane to YClj,lr collecaion. ~l i:!l won M oollS!deritlllJ 1;11 lil ek pi a fliC ~atoo kl 01ol\!fi IiIS 8 jairnl.er pi ane), It "s made 0': eitne{F liIlelill 9' wood. is ~ltio!.!~ 420 Iilifl1 [ (1:~~nl In i . 91tJ. ~ nd i~ "':;Ieiul '(J smD[)'tJ~ing til'! e

und 1,_~1,!J.~f!i9 edge,s of bcKaird5i _. I he lo~S fiJQ~ rides ,tr~~J 'Che undu lalioli'Si! i8llowi F! [Il the blooo te .smooia'tllll oH 'tho 'tops. B~O;t:'Ii!:.p~!Iil~UJi

,/U: d1l!'~ I;1ilher


~iith
B ~[)D:l

,s:nd

Cir the' i5C;";:I,IEI


W'!..mI1!i!!l,
~i)C'Ult

MI1k-c' an ITJ("~~r:~mElfilt~1{lJ~ p ~fi tl1~ ibltlr,c l'lI ib~ ~li!rmd1 te !f:lin:!ick WI'lMtJ'I!i;lir tltlB blad$ is~In

CDm8:!l lI:.ii 8' Sihorl: bh;K:I{'

mm i4~ in) in le~llgrtn. It (.s paHieunJi'lri'f !.I ~e1f!J I fo, ,e!.ilrJi~g end gra~fi.and for. gt.rttifl~ IMo [Igtl~firn~s,
l;2ij
ThiEHI :3t~, IMa'ny' othf,lf'

~ni3t is only

:5h\(ilUow~The cane.m !ii3t1iiIlll9 !.Ni~1 n88 III !t: hi 3 bee!utifum 1C~lIri ilXl'rTilinij~eeii'v off '~'heSIIJI rjface Qff lihe ~ool
~nD d8Sp Cir Itlli

pi Em88.

BVai

labri3•. hut 'dle~e g1re lY~uE:iI~'y ~ff ~ ~lPeda1i.lll;!ld [!aturE!l ,~n~esn bA tHiFtli[:u~t ~o tJt,iu!iil). IPto~"'9h

p.iSJne:s. re-'bat-e ~rabbet] iPlsn.e:s,


and !;:h!lIi!U~d~r pnerU:l!5i

naflJe

!'l ~~

lr!O, eet

:lli11i~

~ajju;s;t .tiEi deIJpth


,PI;

bee:!l in~li!~ed in rhTs see'tio~. as nile '!twrk of' tfli!ll:se~ 1}11I111e:s ts f!(lW' more Etl!!sily B!)ColIDpl~sn~d with 'ele-ctnc n!9:f!{il to~Js. It r.s w.!:ioif:tn~~Uo.., ~~qwcri{cr", 'v'isft a to C{Jfli'IIp"8~~ef!:SIV!e '~I]dwotkhtg ~~ii"1[i. and have a. Iloo,k.at llilill f11:!:lliilQ~ 8v.f.lilalbfJo. ifl;m:onlv fo,
~ft!mr~iSiI:~s a k:~.but alse s
pI8~!GY i1II

11M pJ~!le~ blade~turn

~J ~pt;lid~

'rOlf' th B

nt. 'J.VtD!jI'dl glv!!l! YOL! to OWn ano or m~ '0'( In£SQ sPI:II:::~~li;oo~ p~i!JII1S8~!iIrvfi;n i~ .,.Utl !ij illy i:.JISE:i thsm iO~siiOf\allv.

~cwn a nd IQDk '1iI1!llirn~ :hIi! 'fl~ ~ of the p~Bne" Ii. Iew e:.~JEm It.!1'~;ilI! ~UI rns C!!1 1111:1 ;3!dj!JsU~g ~eel w'i II s;llow vou tQ see 'the bl\f:!de el(re!1d~il'J;~ (l,r Iretlact~liIigr~omthe face Clf rl'ffi fjIiOH1!1i'. It Is Imif}OFtf.ilFit that. the' blat'!!!ii Is p.Ilri:'iUe,1 .lth 'tho w J\Qoa arid. thart ~flIV tho tl p IS vr Slilhlo i!I bovc 'ttJ~ ~urr;Ij,C!2l. GO U thlll 'iitiiusliinQ 'Wh;~~1 to SfJ:t Unu
bi~d~ to Il'ie ~itl:rt'8~1 de;ptlili.

It is ~mp;Ottoi'rl~. Q\fi!S!J Fe milt to

thl) ~nl.iru rtiw of' ih~ plano is In Mntarn wl1h rhe sull1,'a~!9: ,of

litis ~o(!d. 1h<E!!'~he pre~~ure

rrom

",-our hands itS ~.,eP'~


bllQl::
t~Q

cun~NG'

6Qn5~:ai'fi[ ~ .111;:' 'fr!l!1l~8n" 8

,AIND Sil!IllPINIG 'TOOL,S, CHrSEL£ AND GDUGElS

~r thE! pjiilno. and that

p:!osi~i~1iI '!p!01Jr head ls abeve of a ndl belli~nd !lhB philllflB.. all or whien will 1'.a:5Ul~ ij gtlM. rnJ

b~1:Oil'Ce-dl CIJ~. You vm~1lIlOticEi

fn:i!rrl1 tli}e ~hQ1'O'{I r.lI!~h lrn.l: d~8

indilMflin961l' ot the alli"",i ng ne nd Is iCxtende'd1 'DfHa I,he :side ~f ~It~ phlnl'J 1Jj!',;:u~c tic!:p ~Hh to (S~I'l3r:I1iQ na~eentrel. The otlher hE! n,cll Is pi.a!Z:.;Jd C~ the 1~.1dlng
~D@b in !5ucli a Way a:!l 10

prov'id':e 'Ii'iirliJli d I1INl1WJi;!lrdi l=ire~ rEi ia!t '~lhe Same 'Eir'llllE!i as ~llIe!Mf!'91di recl!on:pl, !oolltr~l, Alw.~y~ plaifl.'e wit!l '~hi!i!i gr,eilli of ~I;le't'mber liifl'tll !lOt' iB1]!e!~fi~!, im. PI~1ri ifi~l ,~~8Uf1M 1!11e~Hiii'll !Nill Jam 'the blade ~11 'the woad Cii' Willi '~:OlJiI' lh)} :sn~'3~in[l:S, f!rQfP Ih{i :!itlltf~eg. Icmlliill!O lma~Ilr!IJ(;iivQ mm rks, A ri!!W St1"'0 k0:5, O)Cf00S3 'tho '(001) of the pn~li.jj 'wm'l ;a wfl);' c.andlrll win 8'!i'S1:g~l'ernll~··ildDUsl,¥ In thE! t I!:'lm;l)I)IJi C,pSJ,8itiolfi of tnEl' piiCllne iii!;!! i~rorm:;l ,81 :iighil: lu bricatiomi
ii!igaillM '~haw(]"(]<1L

d{l·~1or' h~m i'if'I~ri'F.lg ~lite:rally !J~so


f'eelilF1igand looking

at

wood~lIl h andle, whg le

ibGltiler tJh~Fl1 U nn,rnn • made com posite,


CO'U.riSiB

may shrl fi k, and ~pli~'l'fl, 'lIMe

of tlme, Dn th ~ ether

Ihtilod. ~ com p05ite h andl~ dCJies~tft io-ok as glood ~-e:sp~ci~ Iliy


if '11'0 LfPrn it!! 'rr'ad I'~'i[o n,alisUr but it 'is; \!,g rU,J,ally ~~d~gtrtlr.t'i'b I~-

jj'jl'MiJide' il'F'l.ater'jal, 'E'hesm,BlIl strl kling ~ rfl-3 and sharp -

iB'D'g of a . iE::sl

AiW,F.iy.5i rev [5:

!planS!

on hEil , 2'

~ide·whail1lt ls !P~~ in use, !f it

!:lhe(:ell 0111 its face 'itJis; m.my d~rn;9'ge! ~~~ fIlle' cutting eijgle~ aJ,d (;ii uea m ~!fks en ti't" ~Iofled Sl!!ri';l}~GI \~htiin n I,s ~.u~:'ings:ecl. ill

m mm

in

and 2Q

mmlK ill1l)

s:n.ou ~d be

.s.ufficieJ'iit: 1:0 starr

C "I!SIE SAND GOUGES

6.iJill.!l!BIes
--

LiIlUli1B' ~h.i'5J81:i

34 the woodworker"'s

ndboo-

fiir"fflaJ' t~~~ ~ tfrsm'ing !1:hiSii1J fili:s is Iihoi:i rrnoot b35:fG WU::III;I rtilf ehlset n ihtiS 8 n 1. ree alf'j~I.JJla r IbiI~d~.tn~d &.an be m;i3d fer e wide ~,JJngeJ o-~ a'p~IIC8iliQnS' ... l h3S :3 f8\Y dma(;hitlli"itfi'9'.e~. 1101A'®'i;i1ll'. ,ElS i[ CSI'Jnllt ltia' u!OOd tfaCli'¥ely iNhere an aDLltu iaJl(l11t1! runs 8llon{ll1'he len!tll~h 01 a ~~ (c.ud'J as wiith 8 dOVBta 11 ioint~" bu~ this. er{liwb~ has. been OV!!IJrOOl DC: If'I! the. morel i1900ierrn bs'ltl8l~edg€' chisels ..

I. YI9~..re~!le iEhi!!il!B'I~ i(p.~niI1i9 !tlhi~ I ~ Inau:a'1::l of ~-eiI!1iQ Irlltdt8nQlullll! in ~lion. Ihe ed~~ Qil·1.h i~ ~h is.Q~'S bll:3d'e. 8rE! b~ller1l flapeFQ(U 'fj t@'N'8!'(is the 'CE)iIltrG o-f the 1J.~!tl!r;kt. TILls. allows -.lile
;::lj.Illiingdg
p[):!;leijtJJle
ILl(;

to g€f.as doa~
~tc.rc;

.88

.Il Is needed

1!l1 many .all pi cat ens, .. ·~i!llB ·chis*, [no. ~J·C1iUlred] TM i~ tIIh'ilScei is :5lpt:~lical y d~siga1erj fof' ~tling ihe

montae
and
C!JltiFlgl

:!XI('o!lon re non j'Dint.

Beta u .eail4le ~ij !ll:ilUe IIV


mIlTlt~~

or ill rnertlse

ti'1{!
na iYQW

A .GlDOd CllJ'rir4i r&chntQfU¥J

, 001111 H

Um u~adie i~ l~i(lter ·than1itIC!S! (u:her chisie·ls, Thls r,r mvidBs ~h'Q flIee~"afV 8cll!::lillCin:Ri~ anO'th. st ;i:liS wulil as ~is!ing in Un! aoclJll'.~:{,."!IIl)f the cut. Tli'ia t1~ndlle Qf' a nl Qft~s;e tlii$!e~ i~ mer ·subslanli~! 'heifl 'rhii!' rnhil!!li ,r:llisals fn:€ll1lrno n.ed ebove .8'5.·l Mads to Yiltllls1811rj
'~Ile~ontltr! ual ilJDm, of
Q

i I'll widQ).

Md

.ma ~

~s

rt.r aj%rrth'Jiii" I.

The ClJtlil1!i!iIl!;!mlg8i rnn Iru

sl'rle rpsnad on dae rr:S1ldeof l1e' ~I,.I'NB' fiJr' ctJ~hf'l{l g reeves, 011' en ~"'eClul~ida rM po.a ring. . U1@J.i g~ qUlte:r;;imilar ~n~PJlGtlr.ar1lt':.c '00 letha' ollt~I:S; lJIre hOlndl of 00 lJ{le is sh~rb;rr' and 'thkkQ r.
!!iIif'01J!l" 811l.rll

wo(Hj,fj1l rna.lat 'Wi'hen


pertormllflg 'its mal n ~urrl!!:licurr.
CC.UG5.,

GC!ugas . aee ctii:sefs wfctb curwrd blads<s ~CUtl~i1gedge.'5J .ail1d ,eire


pri rna

rllv u 1i8t! fDr euu~n.

groovE:!!. andl parl n I!ll eorne rs..

lathe !l;:ld!Sll!l~s. These Wo!iS Sire cl~m jed as iI:iIliools ~nfll 1001:: q,uPl.ia i~!!]r; sim bu [ have 811 enti ne'Y il:HfrereA't pr.lrpo~O ~.othe Il::hi~iiiI~e descriood aoove. Tlfte . '1j:re Ur;iOO.0 Jf-lel3l~oillf wood whne

;t .:s re'Yohring On.E( i!:tthc. and n evrer be !!J~Bd ;;:;rs OOl1vtmliomll cl'Lisel:s.., ~ the 1'1gu,,!~ 1183 8{il '!i~ m:: ~ VIIi I h a r m3Jlle~. 'Ihey win eful,Uer. ,.t: bl a4.~ i:il 'mhe ·!l.lL::I m i!I I n creas-seet en as 'tr.e ~fFif!'iie-r claise-i .. but. tho re .;9 re m8111V dtffrarent shapQs 3~ - ne c\.minl) end. Tho il.endhlts i?Jr~'!Js;u~'I~V made of wl;;ulId and i] G longer than otheli eh.ise~s In c!f;'dfdl to r pr:Qv,ide ener Q rill illi1t1
5 hould Ili<I\!'l9moo

fll'l1'

me! Fe d()1;:m on ~min9J


ae-.r:!l pagas

"81I1e

W(lT~~

~ tit

9M? .~

not nacessltles 'irl the workshop.!' it is 'worth

'Y0UI

while addi- g them to your ooliectiQn arid

11@3,rn '1)0maste ing

the' 't~chniquelS of usi [19 tl!'1·em.

Spokes
,Its,

II1~,!l$i'I)~:sh3ve

I;)

the

tl1:c flOil'fl £i :!ilJg{l-a~.B, .'h~:s too I Wri:!i, Ct(~giiialiv irlVElnted Io shaFlili1~I he 1i'/QDi;le 11 s:poRt;j~ o~ W8!!i!!tJ:l1 wh iiI'e Is. I~ i"';
plane Q;sig - ad for tvvQ-hen ·:ed use, ASi mtJih oil l;'!;!nvel'1<tiorrta I ~biJl\e. [hEl1 rO!l!~ i'G: lDu~hed BVtB'lJi' rrom
9,si9m"a,I~y a vary 8lnE!iU

The,;, are ver)' Ulsollo.illr:a r


~11aping concave t:(JJ(Ws. convex ctJ tVa'S arne l"I~itia \l'I!Drk'. 8ttl'lf~lIS h they Is--.aw a rough surface 'a.h:.t IiBSda. ~J~fl;Jll

cOflvf.rrtio
['OWE rds

"~pIUmB,;5 dr~o

thiJ WDu!i:l~liOrblr: A ••tl6!J9h I it aJ , ..ery b~i~ tool. il rlieM8 GIJ t'd 1;1 r~bl EI 1118 pr~d[OO ;.ml1il a&ill in on:j~!l" 10 mastlllf the teGhn1tIJl!le. byt the

'l'lle WDO(JWOri:JeIf: ThE!i s:pDk~:s:h'EI'!.!'e C811li bo pu rehased e!-tn-e wr h a fhu bottelfn ,"Oil' wo.rkiing conc:!'!; . sh~~a:s. Of wf1h a l"Oundod boltmn 'for 'NO n~ OOfWw.; !ilhs pe~. If ¥~U dodd~ Ito add!a iJ)Qkjl!S;havl} to y.floLIII' 'LQ(J~ checst~ ~e n~'t- . (liter cd '!;t'fl:l"Sicnia.
reearn mended
Dr.

;GlI~ayli'fl'ial'l~, ~ul:;ce:5sfUlliv or USritQ IJii!!:i·1:101]I~ l'11:;1kes tip for .j]U the; dHlficu 1 1~!;i:and h ustr at! Dn In 1I1l8~ti3'FII1Q it! AhhQIJ'I}h i ~v be IffL'Cutrt to ITack down ~hB d r8!Nkfllird oati b(!l Jiilj r(]!!iOSH!d e U:!i(i'r wi til
I

fin'isih'ing tJlff. Thi3", ar,1] not ia I~ lh mt 100:;", 1:0 use iiI~ thev. tend In (I1!3l ::;h.iok tin ~h8 WOIi;;i!d. ~iIld
rC . S
rllCOf'II'IIIiI1Eil1ld9d
cI;Ii

1t1at yo .~

lat Qf pr~otice on ,Sl:t8,P wOad ber"Ofe !Jsi""9i nllom


put it! quite
ii:Ii

on

prOject-

llli!ai!!ips; ~nd 'lUei£,

8l

curv~d ade. dosl'91f\~dfot ho11~wjflg QU~ rho :s~~l:S o~


J

w_" "~

cha~r:s an!l:1the Uke Or wi th 8l fiat b oMfe. des~nlJtI r~... 'l.iWl'OOirl!jJ the s,p'c.io!Jss iCJlf' whae~El a mlltte shliij')ad ~gr;lS G'f ooliJi'r!;j:"
S'!J];rn~1ilI·i'm:s;

~rn:l!:t ldufEd~ p
linoonilo'@lilliClnlal

It Is r.aU'i:lr

i "',"ude Ih is pardCl!I ar tool ill


a gHneJ1l~ wl;;IOtl:Wllrkirlg boo •

bU't i~'ie slJl~h oil! pleasure to O\l'Jn 8 nd use tha't l\re rleliIJ~Q
it wUth en.joyme fi~ rj)~It(jr than

If,krac~icaJl~ly mJfldi. Th in dil'tI\lVkJ'life is. 8 FI1 iii ncl9n~ •.col and I'rIO[ at iQ II ~'£Isr eta illS . ~t censssts of two ha:r'lidfe:s with .s:rl\9la blade, hi'eh! I,Ilnli~e

It is ,1"01, o-fltin Ih.u sQmetlling nsIW lsi added ~'O che rr.an~e m lIIsefiJl WOOdWDFki n,g tcols, bur. in '~eflt yes f'lS; tne SiJ orm hs~, been added ito the repertoire uf sitslpingJ tools, 'TIle b E! E!£ ef t 'Icois
lliiJoli: q !J~tCI slfii'lflar DO. ;g;n,d
Q~i?J

ere esse-Flt"cl for the pUrp05:e !Ilf" 5h~plln{ll wo.OOl.. and tn-ely' eome illl! (i rifli!lt vaFi'e~y'iJf s. apes a d sliUl!i. They may 00 '!2d;)lfI~ u ~alll', haH re L! ned reu n:dlr or tFf.aI!lQ Lllar in ~ei;lion.MthQ voariety of blooes.. fi!i ng~n.grrtltn a \!'<e!I"V eoarsa etIt Cfor gelti ng 'throtlgh wort qlu i.c.k-Iy~ 10 .Ill 'il.BT!t filf'le lCul (,f.o~ lilfllisning iJif!t~_ ~8 selectitiJl. of resp.s am m(:t.5. Vi:;iY ~QiD5e will be a
J

hl3&B'wl

rt!.trflt!eil' of
1JilSli.'
.ai

PE!~SOfii81 ,pr~f1l1ii'!!Iin ~Il' -

as a

3to on uts same. prin(:iple


(:h:M:38i gramr:

corn pr.ehonslv8 w"tl!C:d}wc~k~n![fstOIl'IlI '~o vi'.ew : t'heir s!l!lcet&on b~ rfor,s mabng E! 'fi Fi el dui~ic.n.

SHAPING TOO S

/-----.

R usps ;i}11l1lii ~HM


-

to ts for the ~o

II)

~l.-8

the woe

to acenrn mod ate SCfSVlS lOr dowels. Or to ilssist in

VO use wil J

depenD u on

too b IJ Ikv' , get into 1. e avai a biGu~ing hand tlC<l)l:G;. ~B9i n C:-O;[ll1i'S; 8' 'too! I, Sue h EI3S !eI SIU rfIlIH'MI 011"lI'~r and when HiMel' ib!!!sic I!lhagle' hss bean Doni€! ad. lI'efi!'l1e It wdiil ~orl!; I'Jf .fiI deerrea5lifll) eO!!lrseillillSs,. fln~!Jh-no tlff wilt! :GatJdpilpe.r.
oil

S'pBOO.

A hand orm

j';s also

Men

wilih

WtI~e~ r CiBi ~ha dr In ~d Tho§! wl"l~1Ql1 ibriE!l~i:1! 8 wry b.BirsiJ:i


'~OQI nd is de~iql'led a il~ht we • using IiII bit no 1;9rtlrSri'lan

'ror

5-6 mm t~I!--M ~n~ dietrlellef. In TIM is d rin Dper,!JlO~ on 8i :s:impfB, 'ItfInical CIl"Bn~ driV<D and has,
,~If! i!dJu~.ab~e

'ct1lJck ~hart c~n


B v3nie~v til"

f!c{.';Q1ifil!llilld.ele

d r.ln bitB_ Th ' 'mtlieke.r ~he di8met&r of HIQ bil~ Ilh ~ mQI"O dif1ioo,Jt it bi9.'OOm~ t@ t4! m ~hc drill ~. 'f-or fliorse; 61reell.er Tn di8 IiIlEite r ltiran m h~,;ij rn 'nt~CU!l~, I[ iiS ,ajj'lJiiiS8briJ

, 'Wt-liIl!'sl -

1i:llt'f.Jf.'I)

~h.Ll!ll1d1 driHl
-

to

USB

,ill

IUJiIflIi maaL
I

H Ad bn!' ~c_1l;"~ br carpen'~ef",' rail:e~

iIilf

Mafce sure' tha the w(lOQ -

se-oornly

1,8::1:1'<8

.ed re

IJlre\!',e

Bny mOll.!'er1!'lel1t~ and 8S ess

y CI~ P

wlith a vi b!'al ~nspei:on, AlJways 'rile mU, the i


Q,9I1'8Ss.

grai n as

'NO

rlkl'lflg ag in:st tt

wm

j~m '[he ton I iO t ;!EI:rIir'he wcuJ.d_

This. brace oper.a.e.s try 'mtnl fl 9 , ,lime p handie horr, Qntan'VThe ~I}VQrag~ 8J;1~li(id1 by' h j's. ~cp is fsw greailler' lilt~n ID~, r:( Ins CirBln~ hli ~I in.ih wflliJJE:l br~ce' abollfl. Billd h (j refn ra tSfgm' bitEil CSII1 iJm USeC'_ The Bd1usmble eh uek e th~Eii rrl wl~1 a~al'Jl' Den

IHIU'ild: Ibr.BiCi3'

~c:h[l:st
bi"~!(;<!}~

l:iJ'iil'CIl! (I i"

I
I

!l;:;fI

rpanter's

00

l~j1!Ier ~I'ill iIlitJ; as w~11as ifi!uga:r bH!i !9.peda ily clG1iign~ f~1I" uS!lI! win~thi[ji l(ltlt Sl;.lb:s~an~iaI
d~\Vl!'!l~r"~lrd pr.e:5!5u

''liW in ~ its

re can

'TI1~~ ~ynndri~1 bit;s;.arm: oI!t5ig n..ad mIT l!P:ie hll aI '!.wllla:el


t;;Jrs~ Or elecfriC ~rm ~nel f!CT

~p~lled! bV ~~-Eicin~ .:he


h~r:tdllc'8~ U"I'Ii! tiJ'P
@i:

n~t

bl':!

~e['lem! W@Ci~w~rk

Ir1ll!lQi FI:~

U; ef,og!

Irr.'~flii1p~,lm of youII' h;Blrlld snd .helll ~bldn!!:'J th~ 'bBck err YO:tl!f h~ nlu rn U!l9 Q~iiltlM CI~' ytiU r cne$t ~1iE!i"icetlm9 name,]" Moot fnOIDEiIEl 1tne."iJ& ,a Ja~cnat 80 Iitl~~, 'wtiere' ;IIi fu II JtiIIf' 'ScWE":8P of the hand le i£ not PIJI5i5:ib1e" he t S'~rQkeC!;JJ,,! II;J:.e r-e'rers!u:! withD~'~ h.J,-ning tile ~l b1)(:lw>f!Irds.

DIFIIllL II rrs

'fmm ,~-~Q mm ~ ~ in d~eme:tJ@l!". The miDst oomn-mn twl~~ I'Jrt was ~rl9ll~la~ly dQ~I{liI'ied ftl<F drlnl i'l4l1 mat;gI~but i~ qui:te ;suhteb~B 1811'use- with '!litOCid .. The '~'ip"lh(]wi!!W!ir~rnl8'V tend !o "d rifi( Q'n the wood If net il~&:llied c-ar-afu !~¥.end m~J" r'E!~y~1 ~'Ille hole 1'101 b€ing In E!)1:;:Jctly ~oC!r'~ you w.ant it. I3tad.~lf1t twist ttlus; nave ,iii r.o~~dI pili'll 'In [n;Jll cGf'I~m o~ .,he IC;!JU11n{j sLu~faoof wh~Gh i ~ads 'ttim. d,ll~ ~malll ins- wiJOcl.
fI~'1:bi~15, spscs (
bltt(~

'"l

-'

','

Dri~ II

it! i rs

come:
,a nd'

i1"1

rmi!I ny

i'tlle~e
1;1'

ar.'i;! dfiigr»ed fur 'l,.B5:ein

hiil!1~ br~l;}e ,:mdl Bin;! aVi!!'ir~b!EI

'sh'ap as

si~es., but

in 8 '!orelliety

01: ~~~es" Tiheir


~t-.1W. inJ.

Fn.tllTIl

use is '2~30

t'illi'

tllTilli'fl Q ho~es,of
for el,i-i;amp'~Ei

13C'gelF di,ElQl;eters."

,a~though 'Ihey are desi 9 tfled

Iml m

Angeli' Ib~,
Use :Blill 81J,g,\[lr bil' {11111: ~s

dQ~~gfi;j}d {l! r 'lJ~O ~lih a hQlt1d bfi',~CB ['C! r ihlolos; ,t.of'QIO:'i" than , 1 IifIm 'Jill inJ gn tlR~m!J'~Q 1':, This tYIlQ (I~' ati~r f,s not evllflarlcal @fHLlI h as a '~ap8 red r,Elt;:IJalngulill r Elnd tfi1a1t 'fi~1i,hnao 'the. eh LIck, gi\oin'il5j 'far' mOrn l~v8rBQ!Et ~nafl '~hi!!icvliliid~r and (],f' 'the con~8111~'ionalN/ls~ !b'1~" ' ~djui5l~atJir!B btt ~!;l lJ'M~ name 5iU!l!iile'Stsrthis bit ea n be 8di!Js~ed to ~;e re{l!Jrred
:s~a! savrfl~ y'OlJ 'Frli}!11 buyi fig EIo i"OlT'I~Q oJ :,'lIu(p.Qirblm, The disad,,",ai'ilil;~e. ~f oou n;Q~ i:G: that Gvltrt timE! you rnlB'~~ 'lIO dr'i i~el ditiftarE nt dia ma'i:i:lf'- 'i~"'i13 clillti liin err~ Iti~:s tl;) be a~lel\ed alild then ch~ked for S~1U,r~,
" _~ • ~I
J ~

F!~~ (~p~d'~ ~;b~ b~b ----

COiilnUi'liilnlk bib;

AJltJOU!}n

n1il38B

;S!~ricUV usad tor dri !ling homes, ~h~ ha\r{il been inc'Judecti here sa a~ ;Bd.[UIl'C:~ liD th~ dfilUIfi(li
~I'!I

Oltfi;

,Sri3!

ni1~

BAsur~: [)III>I L.LmN'G rSCN I\UGU IUii

iPrQ:ce~~- he roost <COw,if!'l T ~nd uooJuI of 1hc mOf1i{


'Iw!'~ Mletics C(! U ntgF;G.lint

:mv,~~Ii!lIb-:It:: i~ d'iil3' rnl5Jl3

bi~, A DOI.ll~1tW:!'iink bit i5 Ui!ied1 't'(l P rfldlLJ~ a! l~oniGBI shap8' lQ ll'le


I~J;IIdIhC!~e rl!lr
!Ii

iCrew

$Q

tn;srt

Adj,u s.1i:sble bi.rt

.he head of the ecrew will ~~enu!Sh with ~~11E!$url:ace' (1<1ho t ~~ when it has: been ~r.e~d 'into pGsrrtfon. C(U;.lI'!OOiJ'~~of( nol~st::an b~ dri 116d larger th8irll the ~fij~ of Um ~F.eW 00 th3it H can b8 flllSn..fllloo with a ~LRt.ti:l t.1~ wood fUll'}f' i!o ,OD'Iler' tt1e ~I;;:roew h.e~d a fid '~Omah::,h tilws au rf8~ of '~I!J(!: ~urr'OulildirfSl ~"OOd,
l

Wh !311-mfusifllg a ha ndJ drl i~(;If' D~p~ti :S~[lP$ Comme1'!t-i~m¥ pr.'ildu~edl de~ttf'tl 6l'Op:.s; .srs ,8!1.1'i;I:il~ ble in vari,QlJIs a i::: &:3 'm'() f it IIIO!I t tvI.Fii rS~ til its,

ef,Gdrl!l::d i'm, ;enaUr!3i that ,nllE;l bit is f1!i"m 1"1 s~ i.J r'Elg iIll! i'h EI dU,:l (:ik; and In.cl: the dh I.!Ck i~ ~g!Cked.

ililey ,fire" VQ!'V tleelwd a~ they IC~if!I be ;5e~: '~hee;l(act ~o


required
.
. ._

d~ptlri of ~he J;J·~IICi.


QI1 !y

iMEii nst ---- -

eoo!Jr~~ ;l}CC!Jlr,m:.e
;(II

R®s{::

'C.Q!ilI1i'dII:

rn'in'k !bit

dIl'Hli~i;I. buij; gle<es

~~f\QI ~

lowoilln:l~ ~reve~ling8 I~ of telllllr:;'llii! r, .(lI[S there 'Is ,nofhiing mor~' frlJSl18~iolJ II'iOIri iJl'ie dri! I bit 'Ewuptl'ifI:gr on '~h!Oli'Ci~IIiIi!fJ[, sid€! rO,f ,:;:J piece o'f WOCJd to de:i~n]v
the ~ooJi. iilf, Bin 'Mtu!}rw~:i8

bea,ytirlJ!~ sUli'laei1! l-:o SBri,;'(lI mID n.av~ y:CI u GIlD ~ ako 'Y'fl'Li r own di!Jp~h t;lWPS;, AU 'i{OiJ i18!:la i'O dn ~ cut' a ~m.an bl Dt:k dif ~ni;l '00 tl'te ll'eI;t;Uuired! le-ri!;Jth. 'atJen driU 8
irlii!lll!ll thrflil!liGI.l1 'il' 'to Ilhe !Sam!} diame:ter .FIlS: '~Mc t.~~, O!l.li· I I bill! V

If U~i!:ldlriU !:IiI, d(;re~ ~ol


celillif~ g!!ii'i;
I,J~'

tu!'I,!'i;!'

ii

il'Ii

1!II~'il [I".!lf!ch to

mate

81

sma II ini;lemijttlln

at

-,oo.eptltrt 5tQ,f}

u~i~9. 'You ea n o!)~SO w.r~np ~ii::do!llfe;jj t ilIl PEl' al:'rOWlnd ihe tJi[
t~) inti

I:h 8 B~ al. i9'Jl'ilt w~er~ d riIJI rt~1 Should' ~!T!lJFienee;, Thl's wrll

ai5isi.st ~he bia

[{Ii ;Sl[:!1Ii1,

[Yxi!l~tliY

lea-to Un" oorr\E1i::1 de~1 h ,

wheH~: yo'!..! Wi!ifl{

It te,

C:LAM'S AND ·C:RAMPS'

ool'i 1'0 '['he

Moot h!1.l~~~must

bB

rlr illoo

4~,

and tt i!i heliP1ilUll~] b:!ie P '!f(iiLI r linO; !i}'~ ~~9ht 'M'lJrtf'Cell:y ~bove In(J' cfriUi f'I'9I process, If V!lIIIlI IilFlEl not ~!.IUIIthait V'o.Y Ci n ne&v on. YiJlilllf vl®u~1 JuGgement'. platle a try :sqliJ,U9 ~longSiide lhe j-gb 'EO 1I!i!15U re 'that ~ItQ dr~1Ibit ~~p~eed aa l5Ii!i:Cm'E1ooIVes ~11:i1t.:"

ElIlUf;Ee O'~ thlfi 'W~!l:id

(l·diDiml)~, ~\c~laml:i~~' TihQ Sh8Plil of '~!hlsLoot g,iv~~ ijl ~lff, namo, ~n ;!I,d.di~iQn to lJ.i;!i:ngl
rjJ

lbI~d l'O ho~d JoH'lts 'Iitige~tier tHliu l!iilljJ,~' UiS :J~it, 'G-!llla!nps

Ilim

are ollJelil l:I88d fer sec!JI~.'i[lQi wood f1 nntl'ij' 10 tho: work


:5.UJriae;.e Sl! \!YtiC!i'!I iPjUC}B'

iM~ Ii\O mo'!tB!f'flle'of1t


pl£lLi"I'ill"lg. c\Ilttin9

{-Ifill i~ ~i{ll~t roi}1,)'9 h ,a 'It! lOr WMd. pl~ee OOfl'!Jl}:!

II).DCm~, when

OB'

!ili;llfl

di 1i;.Q1,

w~ad unli1f1niU~~th stuD Ille a,O !liT ~rom bmaking out on the

ra r :SIde
Fill r
8um

i;llnll1

piEi. 'WtJi£ln u:sing

l.aa rnn~ t!'\o wiJ.od.


;3

'nil1t

Ib~tf'~um QV~r the w~~d (is 'soon

as 'the ~J'!i!Jl! tilililQ lI-E!1nel'tre'l,\~sl' o:!JIl(! d ri!! ~iJE!~1iI at '~he~ncale" lihls


'Yi.IiU

~,n!s:une :(II ,cr.ean

Il:;ilJ~

1r'OraTi

batl1 s~d~'S"wtJeJ!j wli'!hJdlrliwlng


the drUL 16~ ~h€I bit t~rill !SI~IV i~ 1l11~ :sai!m~,dir!IDtion to r~Hse; ~t d!3'ai:'aU~ frnrn UIIQ hole,

E'ach nl!l;!ln!LJf:e~llu fell' ~aH the'iil" O'~ rmie!;"Cid !Cf nurnb!fil~i f'l11J tho ~~es 01 ~n8ir,clem jls., so the 5i[iilCS ~jye~ belo-w rafal" tID tlTiie ffls:t!:'i'rnu.I!ID !Strel'9h I1r mihlB clsmFJ. A (joDd genelf .o1'-f)Ymo8@ s:iZ8 G.cliDIrmp, ~$,;[iJbcn[., 1O~ mrn ~4~ inl. btlt If Y{J U call 8'ff'Qrd it pLil~l\a!!:i~ a 1:0 ii'og' pair of tilhDIJI' Q 15TI mm ~'fl,i1~ as \WI I as @ i :~!11!i5Illlll!!ir plair wiih ,i! SllF1I:~cl'I iC~' 10 mm ~~in~_
1

;Sash Cfil!.mp~, ~D~r di!].f'll'l]:li:!ii~ n~j,scr.i.urrjO b~sed iljfl oil 1'011'91, ..


;S'~..

~ilgiht .S'~8e!bar. !las b.BanJ

d1G'iI~I~pcdror I~rg~r ;!l;Ib:;;" The


!fUlld

i1)I.it

s!l:op. 8~i'de~, il:ong .he ~~ee~ @ GEl n be !5~lto me regU~FlSd,leflgU, by H! e illieef:itron cf a sl'Ccil Ij}h-, IlTIlOth8

a nd

to tale $:::1 Ff!Ie· !S'im· as ~he I;!·ndsof the d~rmp!3 ndl 'Oll.i!} tft1ern 0111 witi'! ~ ~tb!oQ ~t'Cip right). 'This f'tHtlireS th~H"n ~mrf· lI)f:fm ill1l(::ifU' il:md tiacs .~ dis'~fI~
D ' 1D;1~!OiI'I
a~'!.rali"liUJ"iU ~ vtlu oft8'rl '~Elild U18t to hold tn8 wDod ~nd 1110

91)jl)roprcflt'fi

The OOS~. fnrfthod of usl ne


[Si tel put 'thE!! 1:t!'Ellll:h.er before

holo in ·U~~ r; ba

~"'iap 81rtd.!1lii!t '~heel.amp a~ the


~~r,nf;i

limE!

ri;!'!Q!Jli.Fe5l a~ 11E!09~t

sash CriUlll~S

g~U!!!l .Ellid the! nrto se:t ths l8nd ~tQPf~~ of title OF8mp{$~ t~ Ute ~on-ect.len9'~h ~l'In.soFt pilel:;:~ IlIr !Sc:rBp WlJ CKIl ootYlafiJiil 'the ja~ te prevcM brui6rng the iPF~j~~I'~, The c:riilTlJ:B!i wilii

P seas QP'PlykliQ

~wo p:9llrs Qt. hli!nijs ._,8 ~ mblem 'lM'Jen 'WQi'J~i:n:g Glonc~ ~'f t~are is 8ii'1¥ d,Qr.Je9 of ghJ~ s~;jlipin@ Oti~ or [I1.'B· jiiJiM: C!IltD
'U~G prOOOOl.h!'{'1 IJ.1QDk. !lJ'r
'm'I]DO.

ptaea .~ :phsce of Wa):: paijP.EI;(;or

19lreaSe,prlJoO'~ cO!llkin5!! p:ape;r


1fli8Meeli tile pf(itr8~i~e; IlJ!ICi~~ ~lJd ~Ill~, Ig!'Qj;ec~: trigJi1tt rhis win
!81l1:5iUre Dh.a~' you

~ne'nlba :se~ al!ild rJa;i~nd'll J(lr I!Ise as soon as ~im ;Lib 1$gliiJetJ1 aod ready foF GiaiTIp:lilI{I"
Qui~k;.;)l',£i~!lia:!lO .mn&mJ[lo:1;il ~iIilg~eld

ao

fit! I; ,ei1(] up

with h u;mrJte!(lthl'oe'llllociL'S heing fI~m!y gllJedl to ~1Jf


h8scYl~irlJl iob~

!ij1i!imRJ.:s.~ N:i:hllil1\P'~~ Ah~iOLJQh ic I[!(]!k~ i51m+i~oiI!r ~n !:@fI$~'r'UG'~~1:).1Il '1/01the G~I.IIIm[J)~ iii i:g. !i:lall'liip has 8l .PIlIIIiI"CitiCli!'l crigger th~l 'i:iglht·e\ll~ ~:a~ them~h e~chi :sgll!leEillei" Sec®lJs·e:
tlflei5B' IGI.;IIm~· ~11'1)W"iI gr>eil'l!'te'F !o!";~ni-ety it!f ,!;Id~b!~tlmel1trl1ey -

5i1Jmetumes ~ s-ash C;i'i!rmp m!:iy not be liLln!t1! cri!Lilligli ~DIi' Ilhe ~ob in' ~,and. A. simll110 selutlon to 1\111s. prtlblGM i~10

remove
l.wo

U1Ei' (!Ilia Sl'{jip~ ·rl,om

8m '~rv !.!:slef!J1 8!i'U~~ime-

si9~h iCr,~inps lIf1d jain ahi1:m tog«UfJi3Ir usl ng Or'lle' (If dl'l!i pins' ~nd IwO G.clam~ 'tg pr~FIit th:.em coming ~Ipan!For allNk1.vardl'!l alilap8<i
p~OIl:iIi:i., !JISB'

'IiEiVI.f'l.{IIt!tiolls. tHl!I' ·thoy. ar-c 11Cit: ess iii n t t~ I.

a a~lrap~r' cord
iI:J;eI~}.

I;! 11'1:1

't'o~~~G

S,(,s'N:lm .EI~ ali'll

te ela mping ~pi~tl;.lrred

aJiit'emmWe

B·AS~C CLAM P .. 0 Tl!t;MIN ~QliIss WhCn using damp~. f O

cr'.3IIl1'iFil:;:~

i~.is a.dIo'i:!lCi!b~-e ·to pnEl!l:ea p1ec~' ;t;!f ~,,[;:r.ilP- 'MOod! b~e n tille' SIEFt] i~~ il:1f the .,;:tarnp .e!lTid ~'he
iNO.tJtIl olfl 'wh icli 'lJQ!!,J·re' wiJrki.n\i1 kJ. pn;!i~oI;int Ulie! ~(id !leine

br!!i~5i~dl by the pre~s!il!rc. 0" lh~ ! ~~e.elAil-emBitivelv. Clblt pi'ecCts


u ,

Pin(;e:IlS tn:mlU I:l!l.! !~e!l't. Th~8 toot is de!9ignerl 're r


Eiii(,1tf:'aelTfI~l rHlijl5: Jrom
wC!([id_

_
IPiirncell"5~n;ali pu

..

i.1iI r]

~n be used rn a lever aetl!t1[1l~ I~:is ad",i!S:abl~ to place :l:j bPt af ~r'ap be't~~n t~e [tool ~nd ll:'le
WOQC 01111wl1~~~ yObt:ro

The: ~.Qc€:I's CIJf:V!f:d

'0 nl8'~ il

worting

to P~liIt, !rllo ml!!tc~ 01 the ~C!oll from bruiSlrig thl!l wUDdl su rflilOO.
QltIe~,!!i Atthg I;Ig hi

a wootiiworkJ ng tco1 ..'~here- .elf~ m8inv OCG!i:I~i ens 'wtrleo plie:r~ ~Il'e'I"H6.ai'U~for , gJ~pj:!~ng.'~Mmiliig CI :Y!1ipPjng r 'It! il1gs. For ~~mllle-" iii !ili8nsl pin has '~hep;!Qtent.ial ~@ splitt i3J 'llhjfl IPje~eo~'wooti. wed,g iill(;jl •he gm! n fillN'n~ b~t sni p'pln,gl !l)ff eJhep~Jfired. eod !Nijth ~ Iliiir ~f pllers ~otlld ~efll H'~i's
I'llGit,

fl'oJ"mJhap~e-fI!tnGl.
M~~1!l1'8Irlip~ 1[llDdl1:ing pli(lf$}

A'5. with pUUriS Itn~sis


J,

fjlllt

stl'bettv ;21 ~~rk~llIig '1,'001. bui' il'nl:;!ii EI gnips !lira uS8rtl~ W:MCIll ,~OlilliIUtJ~ng n.El!RD8 'Ie 00 9 pp~if! Vll!ir,y' ,tightly. F[lIF EI~l'ifIpJ;i}, wh:on tile bead of ~ :s.cr\el'iV br~8lk$, ofl~ mgle ~flps '08 n be lI..I~d 1;0 IQrilp the rem8lin:ilfl'l;) SCfe'W Mlflk !lind
''Jhi3fl

turn ~t eut of •.'hoewoIXI'dI,

HAMIMIE I,S' AINO IM.Al LE1F.S

h a'fujll,es ara made of a nen-s pi U. com posite

m at'lI.IlFia~~ r dra1NJ fig out r!",ai~$, f'O ®

no tOT

kr1lo.eking

th j'ng s a ~;lilrt" There

81m rna

r1y ,s:ty~~s of hi amlllll~f he;,ds; a IIId ham meil" h:andh~6 avaih~b~e'.Sam e


O~

1h'!!I!ntUe :B IfE m!lild ~ of wood and [aatn,err othiers of steel 9

com po;~;'i'~:e pLastf.c mat.ell'ls lis, iifi'l ffil th me


ha m me~

most sstl sf\aetJ:lFy h j!;:uuIlG'~, owever., a m made of h I'~ko ry' or ash. The h

~is:~ed

biijlow ~hould be adeq ll!ail'e 'for the ge'if!lerall woodwC! rk,e(s pIUlFpOS'~S.

CjilOS'5·lIie~fi1h i1Ufli~f

NW8lfrii n ~Mn hnmm~rl Thi:s [lonQiral.pt.il~ mmer is ffl.::iirnly used for kn O'dk illl;g in

~~

.~iil

miFid i~u:;;e1Cl' fOJ'- ,JlJrIiJWi~'lQI alit li'iIa.i~::i, ~,aa pjC1!~U red DlIli 'i he

1r!~lls iIl~d iti!i"{! £ill" pins. Th a PHi n ~th8'itBp:erBd iBlil[ill aa i~sand pi I'fI 8, Ihsl: n.e!$d 'to bil! llle1d OOItW8;[!11I I:hi;l thUlmb Bod In d~~ filil9tir_ ih~ 1&P8'fet:E i:lBlSign fiR.iiibles Villi lo tlMi\Ni!1 jl'! '[h~ gi Il~ WiU'!o!.f[ ~ini n{! your
~ingers. it115i ci3n h{3PJlsn when
i.JijiL~ Uila

(]P:p:g~ite [I)eI~e.~r. ~ WilQije;n fiamille m~ II1Ci~' SliNoIl'fiS !be ~trtl n.g ,eJiI'1QlJgn ij'ti' (;-'ti!Jle 'w1d'iJ
UllE1

rs USQiflJ '''Clt' :S1,ardl'1l~:sm silif;lJ'

leverage th8'~needs, to

bf,i sp;p.Hei;l, Ma'~~!liL'~

Tber,-e a~e'!Sey.efa~cliff'Brent de~lg OOJ but, 8 CEifDCt'U0F's 'l,!'!Kl1fld~1il m aII e;[ will II::Mil
sQ'€!qlll8te 'fo fllOSt flf 'tn9 ,g~fl!)~~IWGO(h~fknli'J~ Or l1iobbVists fftJlLd irem~i'IIts. The. two mlithl fUi'l&ll.iuJIiS: Oi~ this i(ind Qf m~'II~ a j"jj) I'CJ t drlvhll" ,~hisll}ls 'Lvl"""n c uii:til1!iil ,and for g~nUv kfl~ing tog~thcil' _joirn1t8, Ii. m9i III!;~ i~
lJiSi!Jlt'1U'jf ~i'lfi8d.8' of D88'lI:h a nd

br'Q~ d, flat. IS-lJri!ii(:e.


,~~~
1~:f!!~Ul'! er]

------

11?;11fIl h!!lllil:li!lJ1e!l'

Cr:®:5:5:·p"'~1ll htJ

mmG'F

The' p~n ham miF ha!S me same diersign 8DrI i5i 'very slmm8~ I'lfl
,(IIPlle~::lIr.(lloce 'to ~

'IW.[IIl'Iri Ii,grl'or.ll 111:1 mer] m

cr(!<s:t·p~j'f1 hi(i:!mofl'le:r~,tn,n il ~~ U91'l1:e~ ,~.1J{!


has i9l 'sli9 l'it~)'IOfi~ef ~ll'i'idll:OL 'This hammer i~ dliSl@fl~d J~i"

d rilv'I!I'i" :!lfI paflGI pins l'urnficliiil'fl " ltecks. 8il'd I he I~,,*(I.w.itl1l t~g p:9~f1l bOllrli9 ~ ti~ftJ I, ;)ji1diti9f1 'fu:r ~t8i1ir:Jg ::im~ II pin!;, ;gnd iac'ka...
C~W' luaMliilfiislf

:G:howiltI IlliJl I.J!:iisd i.1I pT!!!!~en;i~ce te haJrrill1tJerg a:5i the ~Ii!lp_{iIC'~ ie ~!9:~ iarrill1~" ~~Ii knllCki ng ,~[J1nil!5! tD~ethell' wj~~ 8 rnsl~e~. Hl,fi ~e'i~~t af th;e ~I!O'ir'tl s ~p:reed i
CJlller ,B much laf~er sunaee
.FIIJJ;!'B 'r.Q

This ia, h~e'ijmell"~h Em !th8 Iwo pilB'Viol.J5 h~m rne'~, .enid cften
ha@
8

camp-Bfed 'Dl:!''Ile. f8lativ,I3~'i . n'!iiined strikifi'9 s!Jrf:aco a

or

hammer, 'llle«lJ'Offl'iI 'If

rbJOOd

81eel ~hsrh !iJ\i\e'r19i~with

a fiUlbbe.r gJrillJ.. !Because 'the

p'fC!poer~YI 'tho I'IUillh,t 'NJU nCiit, ti ruJ!So or !liii!lrn;~tg,9 WOtttil.

SC E

As so aws come 'in :fI vast va-ieW olf shapil1s and s,i:zesr the tool:!ti, to t

I:1J

h m into plate are

speciat V deslg

li1ed to

,ilt:

tn ese sizes alrtd sh

ces. Trc;ildW 01181 woo-d en- a n led serewd rivers

itI:re b,ea IJ!t~'fUII e ~gok a~ llliid 'to, use. but they a,rSl mpidlly be.i F1g reol a~ed bV se rewdl11vi!lIFs with t plastlc or

composute handles, There are. of COY :$- ',. m~mv advlIlIlhilQes to Us-rillg the-s~ modern
tf1 Ell h ndles are st FOI1iQ'er' no Ion,gJsr-la sfi ng
l'006~

serewd rivers as th ey 8!,'e; usus Ilv less expensiv,e. and there ~:S vi we ny n 0 onalltC6 oft

e' blade waitjng

as it is

!TIO uJdedl

into the h~ndllel i'n and


use j'n

A basic rali11ge of at ~Ieast '~ihr,e:i8' con'M'entlOli!la~M '~Iat~blad€ld {B mm~

in. 4, mmffl

:a

mmf" iF1~ :sc.-ewd h/iEl1rrs $ no WIld bi!l IiIde~1,!;I~ue WOQdworkinQiI

,eoa I

w~th1 tih@ va ri8lY of ~rEW,S

g; Iler~

burt yOy will need to add to you 001 h~C1ion the ne ed 13l'1i88s- i1 is as

very I Iii"! P 0 1l181l11tthat

1 he si2e

o'F't~ e blilH1e marches

d, e heiil'Q

O'~

tlM·e StlftJ:rW. If ther blil de ~s too

b 19.. ~twm eithe'r not fit into the :slot' of ths screw. or lhe, averlh.a'flQ of the Ib~~d wi II dam ~g~ s

the wood as the so ~


d.am!illQ'ing

is driven i nto iP~aGte. I~the blad~

is too s mall ~ it

te n s to sf p'-

the' shlt un

il eventlj,Jiallv t hom

is

I'i1 0.

she IU ~de ilgainst wh leh the blade

cam

tu r j'1I"

C:abill1ii1t-nnl1iie-:r"~ ~wd. ~ve; PLJ'iimeri~y' sed by prPme . io~ I u


w~i}ij'-VQrters, a typical

Sp~rID rilti;:'ll1e~: ~rlB!~'!Aer


{'(!IIl1Ik'Be

~~Jlewdrt~l !i'~
S~~8W

1'ha !!:Ip~rt=l~atchet r
hijl~

Ivor

e:-::amllJ"le· crf tills 'to!'JI~ a has harcJwoo l'ilaflilll~!) nd a Ii II!! a StC0:'l ih-l3tlc.. but s.cFGwd rdV<eHJ milh plal!ill!Ghand 8~ .aiFEI elso ii, ~ II~ ole. Mos:t cabii'let-m aker.s
pfI'ef'Elr ih 8' f,8el
'!.!'i.'OilJdlBl!1 Q~

;;:II CQrts:cre'W 8:c:~iol"Jl illS U~ijI lois nd le ,.S PlJlmpod up ilnd dDWrl, The ltItU b :sHd;tZl ti dJ u<5.'tmenl: a II~ t~G dirllitUr.:m J;;<Ir lu m or 110 blade 10 be reve~d t1IF

lhe !if.):::I[ped

l)ttBd :sO ~.h8ltll..ts:10(11 Cin b~

harutre
r~ve. r

oEI5:

the

SCi!'ViW

'~his !ElUow.s: be- used for

ased b-l1th
ISX1lIB-C

OF

ifl91 screws, 8S w II ..

~rewin91 in and with

a S!lreeler le·ft9th af timl'J i'tflgut h!J.utilllg .heir l\!!Jnds.

milj(inQI

nile

8d,~bltStmifP~lS

a fI 'ed lade, II' 8 S:O AM:' kr _illS rli1Tlg.wbich rnaa ns

Rlart'cl~et ·str·6Wl1riwf . '''.:It 'WOoodwor . iDbs retll.! ire .iho USG of a rnJim'ber Clf oore!ii.f5.~ iJln-d oue [d tha IJ reblerns

u ~heiCI

imod ~Ji.rnJ.[d be ;IIe

r~g Kif

wari'f!B1

blade

tJi'3a &al!!W

Mme'

wMJI,

Df t,ulIfning in ::dl '~tte5ie. S1t'ru'Ws.. II'I8:!!uiliing 'I'm,ei sere wJ!'iS1:~ To overcome his COfl:9t 'n~ gr-i l)Q!ilng arid) retaesl FLtI or trice !SCrewdriveil' _-andl. so 18 screwtl ,ri'i!~ rs :[lire. ffi'iill'[i tit ac:milJre d with if!J r!)tc'l9ot. m ~j:(iiilg i~' e,e;s..;'B:F .0 I\lm.o d pUtting G5S strain en tt.e WfibS't.

"fi th

'1 Elt it '0;9 n ,Q~S-Ili bit i.I:ti(Id as 8 (;i!)J'i'!;(tnrtl!J i!ll 5a!IJ<wdlriver. A di:s.tilTlH.::. il:IId""anl.1Iigilll Q ' I'h is scr9iiilrlrht-eii' 15'the' it h~:!I: ,f.j
~In.llckth a[ can iIl1lCcrpC1JJ't!.te ill ' .... 8IriiH~y,of blad'e e!l~~-

i!'l,

i~ ,11-e neces£ry

IMIJI~~i-1lI1 ~ sere .
100t

t~S:i.:mti.fi!l~ 't11B ;ftdW8Illm~1} is' rewdriv1J!i1'fs '~ha·.

it comes 'Will'! a set or


S(:re'N'drh,er bla(1)$ Ilhai elIn fitted Into ,a.ell'! uek, ~fyou wDul d ! I to add CllIQ of the>M

48 the

to your

to bW iii r~pljt\i!lbl'e rn-a!Tuj !:'!!S rnl;!n.y D~'ltieSO tools seam 'to' fill! imD '
~:Oli:i~ eet'. be iijl,JlTJf;I

se REWS.,

NA LS, ,AN I!J , INS:

the ~gimmic;k' C(;fJitGgory :D 11(1

dmeremrn pil)rFOrwi a~ ~ gimmni@t .9iIi1l[l no.t 1I~, ill er:aft5mii;lir1"~l3'I;~bllt ~ool. r


l~fO~"~Ellilld 'i5l!l:rewdrii'LIIE!f'

Tn,~' ;slotted-head ~rew haa Ileifili!i used 111~i!Xl:WClrk.i!li~ FlJiI'

!:}en~:U1fi'i'iI!s~ ilfl: reeem 'f-eiiFS bot 'the cro~S'-hQad &Crew has DeltGrn!§l 'mOfl3 popula (see ~h~ 5;eci'i!IJllI On S!E:I'~,S. i1il1ils: a I'I~

flLns: 'on

ll~g8iGi

o1le-.m~.'rhQ

~s~e!l1EijiiJl dM1~!i8nCe bEl'Lw~8n l.he '~ is tnat 'lJ1itEi !::I'osa- head ~r,ew !!IleaC!hal!: 8 nI em~~;nI:;:i&Il stallJ mtl"liel" Iill !.'!iii] Ell ![S~l!li;l~8' s.Yot
i!I nd

the~fliJre requ]rnra ~ spooially de!J~9ne>dl s!1:iI'l~wod,li~i IDl d rivG' these screws llIom;E!. U nr~~s "IOU 11J.!fVii) iBJ i'I'!~Ui·b!8ij~ :9!::i'cwtlil'~r. it ~s~d~~sab1le to hiiiiV8' ~i't ~8St ~,wosiaes of crO::!is·h1Iulti ~e;iI'l:Jwd~'rfliff,rs fo~ gBir.'liea~wQct!iworldn g !JS!Bl. r

S(:f€!

SI:K!WtIi com . In

many :silep;.e:8

.and! '$:i:z.e,s and iIl~'EI made (jif b~ij.. stool or g Ivan il~d m8'I~I. Thft '~hil'M maun kinds

fe

IOf :6;ci'ir;lw I'teads a Fa .1h~ra1siBd I e.ad.. GO;(Jli'Ill'£lf5uni:; head a ndl rQuncil ~c:tidUnti~ faifl~ r8~nl t- rnes, tno screw h f!8 Ii i.JGiila Ily
C

!had

s ngte slot.

bit

il!l~\cross-

h eDdi hcas b:e cemc

if:! u" tiij


i!J

popt.i~Br.It 15: iomc.im~

,Ill iS~i!lf hEl~tIl afu:f h,z;]s

enst

OB~~ed
I'l~~ -

arJvamagtl o.'!t~r!the,~!n~1 slot ;n tllat it ojw~ Ii'le ~c~'dl1't~er


iii mQTe

pos Ii'!ie grip a d


-II!
,£(!II'

ra~ul

ir ~.essIPillTl.R9J '0 $C~W I d if th--e s!Crewdri ls Inil~ ,31p~li.ad O-(JITltCU; •. ~~'!!! (I, giOo[d ideEJ t-o k~ I
,S

_.

Re!,H'iltll~G'aid, IH;(i!Sed head ,ijlllld rot! rlftBr!5llJ1i!1lk tucacH sCre'liil',s,

'Ollal wiu!' neifi ::ind' round


w~rlH' rr cdD -

'me. order' scrl7W!i '1:0 ~'old 1 S1:r'iiiian fer boll'll va u;rsetrr 6 n dl t • 1l~rd'rtNB18 sims ..T\!\IO
lQW

11'oo:SiJIleme:nltS a !l' 'the leng-~1fIand ~I'!:-B ~filti1kina!!l$ i~lig'El],. Th e lhdcb'lsse is '9ivcn ,§>,b. a n U rnber - thE! r,Dl.iVef l;fi)e.

~a:

nlllmi:Er~ the tnlr'illlls r ~h~ SCfC'lh\, For e):'.I)mp16. !M~en s5kin~ 'fo I;1iiocmdO'~r.ll No. 3D m rn 11 !A in

$Ita!P.i~ !l)1)1:mtersuol hEli!i!u;:l: SC e\iY"!i1 ~No_ ,3" refoji';s to 'tn8 ~1h~ek_Fte:ss 01

Ih@~ew aillld '3.0 ffim {1~ In)' f'i8~r-S ro 'th!fl! tengH'II of th;€l ~rew in milllR'lelJFes t nchQ.s.)_ A. ctl _pbeta d !SCH!I'W haG: De - n deVielop8dl ~n f>8(:en't "lOOtS to, sop • 11:s rrO't~rjOIlSlV d i:fffc;u I ' elld 9f,~il1l-The icrew ~fi iJ:!iU!slIrmade; tIr~ ,galv~ !llllMll meta I wi~h a C !l)Sl;-:ha;Bnj a r d l:l much wlder tnll', ad .han th e fit ot.1e ee I'IvBrrtior1i~ I seFUW, In !l,Iff.eCl'~ lh is,ma.Rl'1~'tl'i'al It i'tiasri~ a llciJlJJl ha,I'fd~e number of rums to be
hQmu~ tOOJTllp~red L(Jo tba COI1'U'!(lIl!itlli rral BOrE!.' • The! shsn . of nli~ ,:sCrew is ,~~~o narr.Q.'Wer, '\Ii} ir;:h means Uftiiit i~'s tess Ii Blv 110 ~pll[ th!!ii wm:lIlll' i
!l:il1I3W'1E!d

Ch~piJo.9ll;'dserows
-.

,p'lnli~n pori\:J

~bnH:Ds.~

odw 0 rke r~s lit

~nd Fegui~a!!i.

.Ai lTlaiFrlJ,v1e11r

1~5!d!

but. Jl!) r d~'i}p1d ~e


!9,flfl!9r,,~woo~mke'r_

of tile
81

hi)lo. ~!l'f~f. ff 'tI;)Uf.r-e Wiyf1{iI1l9. witl!i lanrly 9!l]\lijV'j ti Ff1De.rm~d(jl WWfi rf'!JI~~ICM~ n'it!er~ \fIery otte;n a le~dhole is nOI.

range

!O!f '~hrc~ lelfllgmt;~ :$IlolJld be


ild!;hq lJatEl f,25 mmJ1 'j 1']1.

regui r.ad at 011. Th~sS~"K ~ime~ bYl g f'!8at C::iM n.a!iHl', to be U}(eFCi;5~ wJ111l!1i'I us:ing ~:h81
s(;~ew '~hi:;; w@v. '~OeJl~~IJijIthat ltie wo:t!t! dCl~ n !It ,!iigl~t.

20 mf,tlM ill anti '115 m~ in~. The tt~ 01: a eanel P~1l is

Ni1U.s The. [most eommnn '~vpm£;.uf


n~ils: used in woct!wDrki'I'Logl i1r!91 ttiEf round wire na.ii all1:liI'tifie 0V'ai1 w~Mf1aEL BefOji',e you con:s5der Lr~i'ngl Il!!iilit~i n5ttamd of .e;:1;:1l',Ei~ t~ !5ecnre piecE;!'51 of W'l;t:l;)d. bear i.n m rntl '~"e 'rQUOw~l1!g three
rliSlaO'ol'.Elrll'.BIQIIl'S.

l;:Ie-s!'1;I !'led ta be dlr.i"i/@rI oolow (jM;e, 9uriaee (iiI' ltie wt'!odt. t:11<£l fet;l!Jltl F!f]l :Si11l~l~ I~ol(ileen ~Ji I:nl be 'filled W'Ji h wood fiU 13 it ~ ~~!'Jh~ p;ropeill¥ 8 ppl ied 8'ndi if 'I1n~Sihad. 18a\l18$ ~inle 'i;J'M'EderJ~ 'lnii iih8 f'1!I!l}1 thi;l't' 81 [pill Ihaa bean 'dliiv~n in .£:I[ ·t~e!t PQim'.

(i,A,SIC F~XmG AND


IFA,STEN INIG
'TiECHINIIDU 1::5J

lFir.!it. J1ajls Imlld

to ~~I i~~'Cigd" ~f y(I~ decid~ t'IJ Ib!ae lI'~i It5\, cheese '~he oval mra rlBi'I !!l~eF 'Ul!e r~und '~re 'flaiL lOtS it is less hke IV 1,0 :spm ri'1ofl' w~1 wilen ariYaIlI 'Wib h thr:l1
head
~i'311~OII

~oifliJ1oQl ~r-eoe5J ilr ~d (]if' vo!lirv~n9 ~hi~f1eSSr 'E!~wa'fS ~. llh rough the ~hj~!1er pl~ inl:o th~ thlckfir pie~ 38 ~:h;i:9 wi!m ef1i!3:!Jlre 81 b~:te;r~rlp
~Ill

fQF ~he thl'El8d of th.e Stra-~.

to IJI"Ioi!l iN(!M

gwin. S~i1d, bcoous(; G l'lEiliJ seeu res wOOod ~V ij5ln'tll '~ridt~[Jn ~U oo~uls: thGt {l'raiiil as ~[ i~: drirlt~il hOfnmL :il: doe'S, not a~w1l1'f.s 'm~l~ fiOf' ,8 afton 91 011' paii"jlJ~nVIl'ilI. ~C!ijnt., Th ird, nails are mum morn dlrflil;;l!1l~'It!
Ff!I1IOVl!!

se, in

Il'-ElPJ:IiurllF' R ( m;sta ka,. part. !Of the job ma~ be sevsrel\!" brui!;le':d or 'even dC!liIfQYa-i;l in e~fliIl;iIH~e!3¥mU''l~ mmov~ '~~e liliiiH. I,~ fidv.~9;aMe Es

'[n~ cas!?! Dr a

[lIneEli lila [TI~elf-ed

tJQ.Jl'IE!

te 8v~id UJ!9ang naits


WDiJ!dWOMkil~9

i'ifI"

~at f-e:alSt itlo If!JjrnitIJJre·m,8~iF\g a~cl'Q

wnere'ler

po:ssib~Et.

'lNtien scrQwr;:d il1l I,iyhtt t~e lMef:id ,01 Ihe .sCrew s'h DI!lr.J;I be

iPal1C!llPlns ~br:ig'~ These ,i§jfQ 'V81fV $ntiaU liii;lli1a


used
~'Of' ~e!::l.Iilling

2-:3 !mHll'il ~~~ ;ll1Il ba~1J'!Ii,I' the ~lirlacB of IJIiIlli '!NQ(I:Q. TMiij
r1ii~liilti'r\~ Indenl'.!ii~~rDn ~.onthen

bael!l:lin~~

m iJ!U~i1ul'tg Dr lD<lIne~e-Thery' oomll ~n.i;!I .....ariety lerigths:

or

1m filled wm, m~tch~rm~00l fillJ;!,[ to di'siQ ulse '~'hehole.

10GI:!; for 'the

iob

49

'G!rnI e'i: Thts ~(Iolhas ~ ~Oi\'Q ...t'Jml ~pik~, 'WitlM 8 point FC~~mtJlrrig 'ths ,t~p or a serow. AlJovllt tU8' ~tP i':!;> ,i;I cylindriGml :s~tl(jjn 8Irri1i~ell"' 110 a -fihrln ~i~"~ncl U'I~:5 is tapped b!( a W'O.miEtn T-:!illapGd h'Blld~~AItI1!'JlIIgih
UOtid "r\01i

Rlfad;arw~
Thera ilJl'l;I :seve!',8i wr~io!l~

_tie :n,~\rmn3ge of' bC'jng [Jood .Cif leading in !l:il xrcw. buJl a~
i~r &OO!JjI'~LeI" mtHking ceru.re

or ~:hr~ tall'll. A n~i!;-bl~dellll br~d.ll"vl !Ci~~S,si!lJili~8r t.g; ,8 Iln:y


5:clllE!wdri~i!!'r
olll1iijJ

is

IJS~

tHlir.5i 'tilJo1 ia m.iliinly

l'J1ilJjktn:g ~'~d hC!~e!S fur :5:G~. i~'[}'iJj1'l 8.1~ Ib:e U~IIHj '~i&i 00 rEi h(]~e~in wll:iCid~ blY~ this i:!l: :ill V1B1)i' lilJborioJtll!!il' ~ifO~~"

pl.scin; it on the mquirliidl !1iJJiO'~, wiU~ th:e ~18de UnOO1 aeress up the 9rf~ii!'! of the wood. whlJJlf:~ .u sImple, twi$'t of the wll\ls~ ,i,md1 some !l8ntt.fl pressu I"(J mU d'IiIoll9 ~l into LJm~. A br.ild~~ with ~I sp'l ked tip not Oi'iJy I'JiI!i!

spo.So On!) dlsadv ..uuag!Di ,of the i ,S;P! fld b:l(!Jde is lh al car~ n eeda ~ 'to b~ taKon whtlill iI1ppl~a'i(J1 thi~ 'to I h a 'NOIl'd SD 'th~~, dO>El:5 not it' 'lclinift". TI'1Bnatura i WJ:)1l1ll grai n has, OOT.1l1na rd iBno' ~(ift ~m;:J~!j., and ins' :spi~@i ean d rdtt :;Jw.EI,y 'from th 8' hard a Fe!iil8 ae ~lhf;l;:Qift !
ar~.l!i2'i aiff,i;lr I~

reai<s;te nGEi_

paglnt... III a mode'ffll w¢~bl'!ioj;;ll rn IIJclrn

O'~ 'the

£Inris Iii ng ,can !be aeeern plish,ed

whh

the LI1St~of

pow1er 'tQols. DtlI'l t~ er,e iiflre IJSU:i ~~ some ~pp~i[:Blions and I

corners

ttl,at win need to

be

fifIJi8heo an by h~if1d.

'C~b~llIe1 s~r~pe,' The ~~fJ;ill:l$e ~'11e C-;IIbi n.:el scraper Is '~i!J1 ~fIil!Jiolh the :!iuIToiiIOe {il~'a bO;H rt:! and 'W rsmuv0 any miner !i.lndL!la~j'ctn-s

or

pufpOS~

'tool
ij'

~:Qt, C>:III1

be!

u:!i!XI i[~etid of a [':8 ililll.el Uiolp131i' e f. 00 same


i3'XlEc'Il~~. a

8f1l'6>[;i'tlNGI

:spCike;s!h:::r'l~. Tnils

~:OI,J,gb IitHe 1l1Q0!~ ~:5'iBll:!:i v~Pi I)

Iillnd p olrudH f1'9 9r3~n, h~ mQ~l T bmsi(; cablf1e~ sera jjer ts iii relm) l"Ij}ildgjlf pi~fl o~ steel n~iBit is tised In a tv!'!'Q-h<iulded fa!lh'ian an!lll ~:!:i f1~sh;j}d aWQV from ~,ni3hOO!JI'. 'irtlll!;!inEl' is I:IIITIIO'rhe['. mere ~phiiS.tK:ei[ed ~nd E!:a::iie-lO~III:;l;!3l r (':.ftj~ililet sera par. ~lh;al, is, SiMil~If'
in.glpr,t~g nam;:e to BI'!c!
rec-teI1l~U~~IF blade
8 :5.1l0~:!iha\iA.

:!;i.t:II'~pirng ,paint and v,amiell off the ,SlUlrfaa:; CI~ '!Need. The bi.etd~ arB rep!o!I!ce"iibl~.but (:on~id'_'Elro3i'l)le c@s! can be :!il~ed ,ei§l Ih>88!2i
IjUil~~ulr'CIT

b~ooe-s ~.FI!!'i ti;ie. resh~ Ftpoenro ,8


nu fI!IIber of '~ime!;l'Wi~h a 'Inle
cdlsWflli! ~see ~!i!~e S4~.

(IT

accem rnodiJLi!;I~tli1e
Tn, a

b.ii!l!ldle. lne !11!~lii 11 diiff,'8'FGIi1IDE:;l

m.em~

!il€!~~n ~'n.a'Sillll~:;:h~\!!l end


oe::;!~iIFie.SIlJ ~pe;r i~, th<$ wav ~n wtJkh il:he bI8d~{I: .!'ue, Sh!9Jj"pr:ned. ,A $pct.eshave bladE! is S~®Fjlefled iill ~he SF.lm;,e fashion as ,a [plane· tJ!Jsd~" IN 1oeUta:s a e@~JflC't, SCf~l:l!ef' ilia d~,has ;9i &qiJiiro and ~~Llrii!Nf' iB~QiQI ~:Sce s!htilrj!!leifl irf'lS
blades on PCifl>G 54],.

Aib ra sJw P iD,fJj ei'S. omnc!!doth:c TIt~, !i"ilBfrlli}! saJl~jJ!f!per is !S;ti~~ !J~DrIlI as a deSCrli!l'ti"'"e 'gemrf.c '[.8'iTFII (ram the d3Y;S. when 'It waG lite[:"tj il'i ~h;3t,; bc8t:11 S'8nfi ·gllrnd ornto ~~p,f.!r. Tod!:o,y'!S ·Standp,ilp~,~. h(f~rr ~ I"Ci rnuch i'IfiIOrB: £oi:!\j:!lJ'i l:Slll;z:aled ~lnd1 U:;le; h'Ii!l:!dCifi"i (ibn ~l\!'es.. 5u~h 3S !;i:ilk:aTIa ca rb'ifle Q nil:!gjlumhlium
CI)::itlEi~

gh.l!3d to '!3:lI.hiU n ll}H1pei"

or cl@'lt! b(lc:F!;lli'Ig. bail'ii:: rnll~ spe~k1nQ. l~ cl j)th·had(~ d


siDli'ildpRp.ei
F~

~Ci1Ei dlulI'ab ;:J

MDiilik l5CFapell'5 ~D!:d' pie-hi

t,\8~J P'Br
!1Iii-

[I~an ~l'Sl Pf;!l~!i~'r rtit!!!,np.ill1. b(jj~ COLI

Ar:JiO'~tlel' r~l~ii~~ lilibdJ3:m 'iilllflQY«tioll1 it;: '.tle hCl(j~ ISctr'l!l

[also kl1lJWn

il'!!5i Ell Sli!;s

~tl;ilil

:!joiC:f.',;:!~er~. "'i!!!Fs.5lij~e and mI.l a

it IS:liJ®lJa~ly morn e'l(!;ii!)'tS;'i-tlE!'. ADJa:iI'YQ f)apers al1l~ c:IQ~h~ <ilrQ-coMmof:'cCi~~ly !fL"l1ii~!Hlble ~1l1 :II variatV ()!f [E.f~hj res;" F[rOImi '!tref'i/

At;.. f ,~:SE IJIi: !i:i! f.!.j(l"i:!t5i

I
I

"tDDls f8r

Ihe job 51

CO;iJf.E.i3

to v-erv fi ne. A prh'l~l!'d

nom tin tl1~ back !l:!f !O~~11:5hEiI!i~ uSIJa I~vQWes: .8 fluffd:flet ljjll DWed by i'h~' I)lid~~rirw ths IOIl.....e r tho numbsf' .:tIe !tQiir.!)-er tile g rii.. Ftlf the gens ral '\i\!OO~WDr,J.; r .turee' or rour gr.8de~ silloul6 DEi:adiJQ!JJate'.; f;or ,e)l]l)mplc. USB tla '9lfit rtJ r \l'ety cesrse, 1IlIJ SJIfi.
for med~lJm, (10 grjt for fine . tillil dClw!l t'O 1 20Q g "r fllr a SJ ~8.:"r- m ike s he£I n,

l'!JEt paper:!J ,ere. wry ..... "'O'tsa'ciI8 and CI9!li n iIJ:::igdl ith w a sa nd~nll blocl: for ,(]I~ IlIElr. 'Aal't All
ill<

slllrfau;:9~ wrapped tnillJlntll tfile Efttge of a ~'ea: af ~rBP ..IlQIXJ ' f\f.lr ~11'I8~f€l' a re.as: arne cemers .!lind wrappo aC!tIIlrld,jill dowa~
1!"t1>C1'

fe Sa ntijng

C-ti n~v,e,

Ptob.;l1blythe most piilptJ er way @f u:slng ;Ob.iM;iv8' ~t1'PflrS i~ tn fold the :stiflet. a 1I.ut 1'011;1 imes se "rua" 'llile r p.apiEill''f-orms its OVtrii pad_
CUNf!S.

AbFf.!Sh/Cl· !piipiB r Wlf"apped .fI!POiIJi1!O

a sa mDrrli91 Dro-ck

,. HARPIENING

EllS

difficult to use ~. is hSfefore rm:p-C:Htan~ that you c:neck

~hft ilia des' cubingl etfrges 'frequently 00' msk,e !SUIf~ ~hat nu~V

woodworker.

Inst ulCtio Its

fo r

s A{!l. ;.enT ngl

!Saw

b.la· as Il'IBlve

eo

:a

prD'fe ss.i enal, _A..sk

VOiIJI

r'

I !'lea I ha rd . alre sto re to

recernrn ilnd a good s B'W s a pane. r.


Olf<slio 1i18'S, This mol is ,l!IDS.O II.deli!{ ~lf1tjal .h~11 it cernes to. .snamiCning bledoe~_Oilstooos alr.s' ava i~8bf.e as both new i91iln~ man-flTllaoi10 stones .' mtl va ry n.g CQ,E!r$e.FlI}S!s' U i~ De:s.1 to CO'f!S'blllt YOI!Jr' ~OC!DI l.an:lW'ilre store ftC! r aill~~e 'Itlre moot npproj:)r.i.(ll~e :none for ¥()Uil' 98nl:1l iIll WQQ{hl'i'ilf in. pu PD:Ses..
Dn ~eJII r:;h8Jl"lj);t:ming ;:II IiJr\l;ldMi!!,

. AbF.;::l:s.ivE! p.HIp~r WfijJpP!t!d


.iJl:rIIilIl.mda dClw(!'! t(ld
.

1~~bri.eHll:CIlft8 Slto ne vWlWI .f.j ~i9ht rn~~1 f'i>9 oil to facfritat(l Ile- preeeas, Mav8' tile b ell JII1 i9 ij~UI!l'e~of-..si9h~ nl!lltio~~evar
~r5t

the wh Dis' ~tlriel!f:e Q'W mlhestone, 1!J[1'1 s ~~e '~he i~ClnewUI 1J:oo!'Jl1 ,Qrf! -n 'he D1 idtlle~ r.:tlu'Sifl$l it to become unusable. Even 'if 91J,e'8t care is e~i3 cis f. i:Gif'l '!'itabE~ thai w~tH1 conssent u~ ths alJlrla~e of the eil 'tOOiii' will b<ecome pif eti or co Mve... \!'Iiheli!} his h;ElppaB5~ rln.d e fl EIItp.lece o'f cone rete :p.ev~rte! I b- - celt WItt! water elna ee~ nJttbirng
the t"

unlil ~i3t iJrrelie Is re-esra bl is.t!od.


p.;::!'I,i'rf}~

r~e o,.fthe stene

across

Sh " ;09 Clhiseis. pi ne~, oii'ld !imilillr till tIles Some calM and prsctice ~~ - geSSS . to acllj eve a tI oOed ollJltiln.g .adg!l;!i an !lin iee:! ond
plal'18 b~des", TWQ IiIl'!ijfe • about

:a0"" D{.:ll grindinQ E!f1~ le antl1 beU:wS13n J5-~5f'for ~ cun~MQ BOg B. !S31ould b ade-q IJ\Q .

r,m gener::II1 \"/{li~d~ rk. n~{llri'ndiiIll9 "ale Is ,1Jil:st


ach reve

~~inSJ slow ..r- ovi ng ;

'w(liter-r~(brlceled. s;j)fldsUllr'iBi grini;!~r., but ~~t f!lJobbyloSts


do.
!ilQ '

h!il'iJ!ill

a~c

'to sueh

rLJrJ(urias. ""rill I, ,a mlile pn·tld'iel!!! the ~ me esult e n be ~~hiev'ed ii.l8~ng Marte l[)i~S"mrm.', iii OOf!cn grindStDne. OF e~1'I a belil. ~ nder. pro..mde;;J . h<~t in tbo eo~~ fif '!he le~ ~. he b'1 . is hiE!ill1irlle-dvery
c refu Ily ~ II. IS kEp~' 0091 re~MJlarlf if! ipping il: ~n i ~lJbri:&aI:lng or a bo~ Cl~ Qi' water, If Ufl~ il!!lsd'-e ~9l1101 ::.ept eo !:]I II ~ntM:s WiiV .. it' will ~"" lille I. .he edge wm (Urn i:J1-u:e and title QY8nW of tho stQ-ei will de[Ei~O'~iti}. Whi!!lll' Ie gfl di dg.e liIali home!l EI~tablis.hed ,~fld tlilil31 !b!ads' ls Sl;lIuare 810fllg ils widtn,r tllen tIi e cutting lAg-tan be.

~:5t'ilblishsd1, Gently appl ~ t~ e bl'~de!il,ltl the !IJ~lsU:llle l=iUl(lj.


figuFe-Qf'-eig.lht me IOrl. s:h srpen ClITIIV ~he ti of "~c
i.J~j'ITQI 8

err 'times. wlthoUl lI'Ia'r.!'l~ to re-estabush th!Rl


iIlI flililmbsif

blolJde to 45il•
.hen th bl~d bceem s

gl IiIdillQ A!l9 e, O,n,.c.e the cullJ n,.~ a 1I1s;;!~ e flies been astabHs!l,g!lll. ~he lIer!;'r;lide ef the iliad sH.o1,J1 Ilie moved

b libint atI!81h. ~Aiil~,ilI'filB .. ~ha eu "log ift g~-e,can bs re. stfjJbllstied


qlJiils 'eae:i 1\1'.and

tlooMtI rtt~ all1ld forwards

0. fI

'Iti: Ski f'l..e to ~fIiIQ'Il.e tl1'e bur, ih 'Inal burr ean t en be

OS'

01'

the i~,-3:

fhj~pf;l(lqr~~ #i¢w; ft'lc;;(Irnpk(( b:i/~~"r.ig. wj'~Ur ~i:II, ,I~tr- fi'I~i bv ~et

w~~rJ~,

iii!

c;,c~tq; ,~w h~J

w-Meh~tr?~~

fPO~~~ro_r\O~ ~Igr~ling

.crrr:/

rrorl'J ~rJon

oar: ~L7mmr~.
.t:!I!"H~10 qf ·4051i1' CI!'II

~tf'Cipped ~w.Qi'( wjt'h


'S'tr-CP;

a ~e-~UW1J'
!t!ie

rOfm 81 ~(i,!,!.dli:r!{I

le'a'iti'FJ:9 :E! very '[in~ cUllingl a{]g,e. ~t !5l11culd only


ne~38i1lr.v'

In re-{!~[8b~ish'tliili1!:

!ilr:rrtdi'!,!Ij~~ !ltQle wh-el'! 'litle' a ICI;.ntil!l'9' E!~giE! tJa!!l bHITi ree{ltf]ilil~8heij Ihree or foul' 1ime~.
U ls loo~1 ole b) [J}u:.,..a till ade-

a ~!l'i f! d~~ne 011" oilstone, thu:n esDtilbI i:stl ,(!j blllff by ,;te~grel~ rH$~1!Jillii!Jjg filii? bl!!l:de i!1 ~ !JJe nocl1 vke. and dr:.awi n~1iI;I I'llSird S'~:ee-~ Shil l tsueh B_~ .a s~.revvdri"l£!If' e"O'~U ~(;:r~ the: b!atl~'.,
I-hXlf!] !SiCl''aJ!!'e~'' Mgde~

by ~ecmif)~ 'Ilhe 'OOiJl a be !'!0h ~ieil .f!n~ 'usi,ng .;i1 brn\llid~npe fiile I)ij;

i!ehie.ved

'~1r.!1l~' iJll

shtlr))elll 'the

·edue [0 the
bliIDcI~~
blades !aocd 1'0

reQuif:ied ;[!'!rJ!gle.
SIti:~n~lr S"~dri,,,'l::i"

'sha.fP'B.rlirl~ 911 r.g:~hIla whr~h bl ades Ci3 t1 bl3'cl8m~d so tlun


thO'{ C"'-lr.i hG sharponcd Ii!} a

One or ~'h,ebenefits Of the

PQfl1oo.t 45~ o n~I'{l'. "(!lUi" leeel h~roi\YCJ Fe SIt! Fe 'Wlm 00' abiGt
ttl assist yOu in COQct8ill"lg iI1 su~t;:ubla mt>tJ~~.

Gobinet L6,'l?ill'sl1ler Iidmd_Mi TIiiI e ~1Tj'!11~ ry ~ ifT-elirertQe b~e!1l tlles.a bl~e$ an(l ch~~~ ~nl;'d pl~ ni;! Ib]Elf!fa:s, Ii:;: II1I!!G' .5lclfsp;er bl::!dEis, ,(lire· des~91l1e{!l to ,s~r.iSI~' rnthl2if tn8i1 ,eldll.. F i'r~~~

hoo):; scraper 'i$; 'the hu;;mtV to F£lpl!i9CC b,YlFIl bl'8~es: wi~h In iUJluf;aC'tuiNiig flfNM' ones. T11is can, however,; be. sern ewh~~ El~pefl&i""i!:'if ,,/lLiur cerra pe r ls iill reg u Iail' !.JS(f. i31f11lll il: ~~ tn~'rilrDi'!E !Q !)od 1,0 tinfi'IN
1M ;;!it time c!.J~linrg iEldlgBi can 08

100, harpsned !Nhl~fI IiItGl'blad!l s 00 co rflfl !S: m I!SSti'ilP9f1 '(ron'll iG)[~G8S~WIl uss, A ,good ,'rutl' cdge .e~~lb~ §tI!JJDI i!!:lI1G!fY by !i.m:ln{la grind:s~:on'EI (111" $~n iii ooh, :5arni~ar, [If u~atl Veiiry
car'e'full¥'. Onty ,aI minv rratrtiDIi ~hB Ibiade ~h;l;lIu~dii;;!e r(!im~d
lilll order

of

'.0 e~.-ablj'$h .all edge

~h;;:lrt

i5: :~l,_lall'e ,and 'true if!. .aU

re-~ebli:5lili::!id ~~eral

tilill5i:;l

(Ii Fei;tiol1ls. The sha rp OOr1lleifS

be air ,re~1 IU~- Re-~~3bl i~~I'!!9 1Mei edgo O'r H!;E!b Ii de (;a~ be

ber'CIire 'mile imllilce is: to!O Wilm '.~

o'f.''I he bli9d';.e~;6lnbe removed to at'! !".mille ~lj)ib(j flt~1 diOlm;[lj~1) to W(I~i1.

It shcu~d go. wulb o.UI·~.sayTn.91'fbial

lQa Is.(both

hand ~;o![]~1S' n(ll e[ectfIlc toois~"a n dl rnlBdh~ n ~ry 81V I!lI rly bue

~~I potent~g IIV da~gemus~ Th;!s iG p8nic:ula

c,r woodwOirk

m ail:l'lineR"V~as !ividli!!.nc~d by who h !:Iva fi I'ilgers


Oli

tn:a h~GJ.hat il1:s, quiit~ conn f"no Iil t

1rnN9!!!!ll

pr'O'fessh:ulJal woodworlkerrs

im '~1rrI1) wOIr;kshop.

ls IPOS5i~blie'.r however,

to
0'

QFrlJ

oy a lunQ

~ n~ produ~~ive w>O<ldwok"n 9
some
Di1I51(:

ihcib!by wi'~~ j](L11. os~ I!2l 'U:'bQ use o~ alllY pa rts ~ r:'
:SiEife!V prec-QUit~tnlS

dle

hum an 8imnomv •. as long as

sire a dIh ~mcl 110.~n,pamcula rr~ &.xtre me e:ar"{f, should be take n w~ an us;~ng
m achil ~nes~· most of d'U~mIifJ.B'!J!: ex~e '10nally sha rp Cllltting b ed'~s ~,g"
Of

Qlootr~Gii:l1 teets

.and

ell'hi no edge3 that mov~ art hig n speed

--

...
'

Sa1iJ!;!'t.\i'go IJ. [!:"i £:5


.

ln dlW$~'rl.pf: 'Ci81:' Pil'oil:s,cto!r.S,


---

---.I.

I.

AI'r,!!~e'Js. welriT eye


'(Ii

iliS;Ofl. iD i5l adlii,Girllb~ t'l' W'elllr


prt!teclivf!
illil

p '(j~c[f1Jn

tllrii U s:1 FI(JI $sW'!!J~

ijO{J{liIe5

rO\f@Ja'

lathe5\, e~~Lliiic.o~ silnJiief,S Oil' any atlier t,(lQ~ ~l1ai,hi j}8' le of Ilh mv~f ll) 5lS'l.v.dUGt or ci'iips I 1"0 bllf!d. E'!J n i 'rOu- wJI:a v~mlaSS:etl; t@ ~">ist " ..it" YOUII'·

wootLcihi~ th~n

d1Ies.e'. ~ut lnto

y.Our

ur.comfOiTUllllle anc Ilf)!a"f Cill,JIGll3 penmeneDl eye dElnla,[!e.

.'. Cit I igh sPeed Oafil, "31 he; "'8'I"'V I~DSi. be e:;rtTelmeiV

r: pfmBet:.ofS ~helil !;lEi 1'19 ~iJ'Ct leal teols 13 n d !Ill u~ rV" lEI Illlil t 11'1 !ltD!Ill ~IX!!S f1!i tQ 'rna' I11llJiSB ean t~'Sl.\Iilt 'i fl ll~fm.Qne:m, injury iI:O til V 1Y l".S'~f1 "Liva (I r'~an~ ~f ~,1tI9iI!~ •
WIJ~11 ~

"s' ~

...... Sawit1lg~ ~~111 ill~ and sa mlti I'{] (j:fH~WG1!I(dlll8'1"


~Cll1ielJ l:arLy Wh!;lfl wOJki nQl

IJhiS bhH~e
liriQ'iJ'e

tile -cu. wood


;::;top.

6*lIJiP:~en.BFJ;d mlty
@

-,gV

!iia~8 of 8lacmrtc.a1 ~~nl({et~~10 r

MOf
1fTtat

~~"8l p!8(i1!Ei ]i6'}~ Mak~

s:ua;e

whpJ'i ~h:DblooQI h.i)p oome


.9! ••

1:0

~ml?!ct(:j

l{[;)!)r

'!wi'trrJ:!Stioj:l is ~I
NIl"!/ei !fIUlik~an,!,

''''l!In.il8\led'\I :t!in"d, ~~arr .(Ii du,s'I' ,~a~k ttZi" 'oover 'S!'aUf nU&iI
;ai'lti rrulU~1\
oiI;..

m1Justm,elfU [0 ciEI Iin~~),illfa


wilh~iUt Q.n~tJriln,gHl~t

rn ~

~!1e- tt'O~~ U~i do tlte iQ~ wi~~ ~(J;V~r:oolv ,I)ft~tt'tiTle :;Iudoll:e'-o'r ~Jl'ie:~. CEUiI .dms~ il!l~lJ.lrvatlfd rMll posshbLy ~'i:mllil)~ Ul~ mach ina o:~'~i1:k1S)} the mot~' It! lbium out.
p4iaI'l8:!i-~lorcing

,AlwA~

tha~

m~~

We:ijf"(:~O'~t.ing

l,}lJ!y ~ it lIS
F

!\O"~

'li 11(iQ!1iJ (1(1 (II n '1'0


CI r1ilJijrt

a ~ es il

:S le E!\!' 0

~El:h€iioi [iff. 111 fE~-, ii:;l~n .0 h<lI pr'i~IiMlUII®11I ~[;)U 'Elb~yl~ ~mbVP 'tliJ(! "~u~ 'r~ the: 'fhL~ II :!LCI~tE<t
.10;1,

~h!fj~yaw r w!:lirk ,5lll.lrfEO"~ ~s; smblJJ' and sillld!


M i3~
SUfe

.;Iii
i

t~l~ g'St ~l;I!ltJ_t IfIi 1:0 madljnerv. i'leG"Uin9 .n i!!1JIiI~


mil" t~n;tI d~ mi'I9~ ,~ ,

Alw~

re,ed iin!lll"a~hia're

1'0

to daB ~

tltl:l T!llol

maI1lU~iIIC"nJ\ilJ!l!l!i':§i

:~aJlil_y

~~ Il:l';~@~f!e~. ~!l ~hbtdd 8!1~ rel"11e'll'e rMIH'I~ery aDlti 'WB~IlIe'S, tie bia~'k--lon.g·h8h':.ond fl!im~

h~S1rUiIr'11[:iIl1:S.
.. M~~9

'Or :GliTt~JI platlB or W'Ood. "if!iIYray;s ~'''fl'S:uM ~'ilIl "II: ~5i lirmlv '1'1 ~dor etam p~d ~·o~lhB
WO ~

...... Meill!N'Q i1:i~~ il:i!ri an

Il4h,."utl!r

tii~~ 8 nd ••

SCflifV8S.

aafGt:v
gunlkl~

d~reas.

su r'@ nllii~ Ei lOil!-'-s: II:h eUl!:h

rno\!'lli1{p oto.SbilPil1Q_
. io.

~ur-rwo!J to. ~f~va-n ~ It 'rom


nllive' Er ~ill",r.;t" lIli'l:!
'~Q

tilip: QJ~d~
!;In!;;:! ~ecJ.!m"

.Alw,B'{.s

lk1t

~rn i n iPl~

Wl'lflri tI~!I"I~":I !u'd~~r;ul Of radla! a rrn SjJw~ ki~1l VQJ!.If Unger.c; ~lrid fiJ£j n~ wsl i clear

wfthi!1 BoaI:sy rea~ mfflor inJIUIi~,


iIII iii

1r.t::;;I't f1W'p'

of tn£t lkflaaa, Otl~V 'IE8e, W'ODd ~llVtil:i~:h0 £tftmill19 ~UtE;la~n '~Itli~


~~MCi'~i(in'FiElaammerrtle<i ~)i'

~~tefl.l!lV a hDUI what ~Ul 11r~l9il:l!infll tQ !liIo to eilUl.tf.I;1thBtthe ma-&hlrib i~ "~e,p.eble qf perr91l!1F1~Jri9 IJ1.al la5ll-fjl(Jeqt!it'e~ ilnd ill fe~f.
Jt..&

AlwCIJy::;lhjnk

l!nf~r. u nill,ll!!lv"

~l'fGIJ~

injllfl'feaCQ QOClJlI'r'~ JrIiE!L!te ~\1 ~ it:lal YQ!l.IBra aj~lc l'Q ~n

ahiif IlI'Icwnulacl\.l r'E!r~'"3rrd! !J!Se! iPLl~~ E~ip~· q):l fi !1i~ll 'th~opd ~f a 'tllll, IthUOlU~h tlie ~JadQ.
Ma~c.ij au ~ ~ti8t tll~ blrDH~ nos a prollg~~\i'e ta~iwg tnlii "1~~!lU as JUlie tiS posslblfl!l of

.I. ...

:0, ~a~h~nQ E~ (h~,il.'G: wDrl,t ill


the
CI:11i:tl

N~£lII'-tli:i:rc;, an 8tDc;;~n~ 11::001


tI r, 0

~1rcuf;EIr.~)! tn~ mil'f !GjII~:se.hle! I]led'EI '~Q jim Q r Ihe ~O!J 'to ~i~1i:: ~~t" h1l Ule

iSOTlleb!ldy e~.iS ill( ~n rt!lr::.. {lY£iflT ~t: 8'!1 tfe-lI!idtJ!"!t. !t r~also tiji(JW~ob~iJ' 10. !!i.am~ ~\Qi ibn ow" hIQIINLang VOIJ~il i be ~n f.OIllJ"
W(ii~~p S[jJ,IlAilt:"~;h8y C~ n
IIJ

,I~"hgflk~p
~'a~

n y~lir

,~~(ri;lW~i 1(tHJ

Jo. !lila F IIIlBl1! f.!~Pfr.-~-e~.

56 "thie woodwQrker~

hand Dok

E~~jg:

l!iril i!i,

The

iNQQ.cIwork~ ng thiE!n wh en
prq~'Sru::iBi fell ; (11
W\D

m,achine'ry be~an '~o make rts

rksheps, TIh e :~Moom- and belto.{Jliiiven

pl\oba oi,!!" n"e most ver.e8ti I;e;and iUlbiCi U iqoU5: tool in thllli w~r~hQP. A!thClIJ9ti! ie'S: primary r!JS-~ is rOJ' ali! lililQ Ih)Ql&s~ :o~ilJsmb]Ei clll!Jd;, can 'thlli accOm i'li\'ll)dt1t,Q :Gticf'l a Y~iie1y 6f ,i;!lg;I;I!!::hllil.wn~ thC1~ i~ea n :!J€i
@llIlCtJ&t: driU ~
';;1I:lii;li~~8dD bMOI"iiI!RI~ rullsse.tlt ~

!£icofilomic4t! Ih~' fabla alfLdl :sma,1 ~ @flIO ugh v private woodwodiier ;ai$

'~'O

om

Jig~ai!N.:galidet e r dlrili 'pres!;:. end can even be iJ lied to . drhte!i ,!;j r;:mall !athil!O. Y"OIJ~ enoree Ot1 dFiU ~viU
S~Wr

used b~' th€:

dQ~l1Id

unen tile

IllU!l1CllJia F

"Yen

as the fur~ ltu re' induS'ilrt., :Now~

rna nufa~luiF'fl'

ca riI be~ .;!iCCO m pl1$;00 d

f~ s,'~e a F:'l:d rne F0 r

~p1Pik~tj-O!1 y~1i ihw'il;e ,111 mi nd. fuu;haS1) a gl~ljId qU:9lity mooel a'S~n~ ~'h~iIper d UIs wlU not be a Dh",1.0 ~.tand li!ip to much hi!!'aVV"'dury U-:~.
'CorilIlEat5i!i, ~r~lJs

e~UlralE Iy b'il mach; ne t han by'

ha n d. H~ve

r. a m l'gh

With ttts incrsas!] ~nthe


!t!!uF!!libi I!l)' a m:ll pO\i'i!sr o-f
b~tl;'E!rre~~ 'QI1!!!! ordi18:!;i:!!i ij~{:ClriC' c drill' hss, b!Wllme '~n)!' p-(lipLIIL~r. Th i~ womll;1I1,ul te 011 earn IbE

1i:'-lII!i'Fled Bind

LJ$adl

jl:li;i~ about

too~s forr the job 51

i811il'fWt (I'M. <I:G you ;a,ji;! l1I~t fil:StriOt,cd :by Ithi:i rnoed ~Qr an let.trir.:a~ CtU tl mt and do [!lDt, n~~ to d~al wm"! II:l"Iie
!8f'iwmbrn~
CI

pl~~_ In Qrner. to ac~ro.V>G III


t;lrFiOco.1:t'I tl:i~t and
!!;J
10 PIi9'l,i\8i'1~

ming III 0

W(J

ad. ttl 'Ii


!lU

'!iVW'!t!Hcn1b1 rs comptl!lm.atlt or l"{tls but, alUlOlLIlQ:h I~i:s: .a v~ry us ful ma'Chl ne 10 ri"JG~IJ~r9", ~t j:g
net ill ne:ce:s~ifv.

madiJdn9l turnS; ar e m uch

laalls; and cords. 5"[}me< diiliadv.l;linta:ge~" hc~v.ei', ;118 "lillaf are Ie i:l powerful. eJElw-er 8 n tJ have ,;3 Um ted wo.!1;:Jng time be'foHI the ba't1elf1( f1ee;ds: r.o~h IIgi n Qt. MCi' models iI"t~'rIa tip-sad ~Oi'lr 01 witi'll n the trrgge;r
meet fin Ism 1Ind piB'rior'iln
"Il,!'

e~te[l;!iiQIli hera .gr@

I'll 91'mr :&pBiifdl ths'n t;lrlV iJ't

The machirlEt "s, I::JB51rlWltv an


IElniil!~i;!i:wri ncer with a biscui~jID111l1lillllg 8 '~c~rn!E!l1l '~h:at
t.um!li ~ !5ffl~ II.

(Jlcdtical WCIDd,WDll'kin{! eel, which meens hat e'K~Je.ime !I:iil1lJ(Jicl1 musE be i!!'xerdsd
vIM
8111 !I.! !ling

I.

Thel' eh IJI:~ firm~r ,1'lJIld:G a c~Jltitte bil, a nod 'thB race ~I~t·e

broad I)lade ~thickfH' HI an .0 d I"CIJ lar .a ~ ~od(!l ,at hlgl, spaed ttl cut a COflC8'w"e Inti nt Iron hnlto a
8.'lJffauH thM ilB~thi ~.obEl

!!

elll'lol riic !i~rev.-dfive~", fP.[3rLkula flV '!Nhlliin I he jilb


i3S

nas iJ depth ~ap :so aha., therGt,m:~u can be: u:s:adi in a V"~l!'ielY ,of appl "IJCH1:s... Depending on th .. j;)it being LJSe!l:l. 11h GI fOul'i6l' 1:&, cap.abra Qf CUtliJ19 slra '9hl
groevB!;i ~fCt!9h Umbe " tIlove'te'i Im"~ and ~l!Iltlifl[ll 'Ya,~lou<s

'ol ned to anotl1~r_ WlI'ien a mlatcll·llg ·liItje-n' a -DI'J ~o.f'slotl has bElEIo ~!-IrJl in~Cl e3-'Ci'1
::;lJd~Q3
IQ

b'e iQ~ne\t 8

·bj.seIJ~t"

rAqtJill'ss

rn8rnv.'
ifiOf'

:screws,

is. gl~8d ~!1t1 -nserled hUn the .g rooV!!'!:. A ~vef' of {IlllJiEl ts I.hm'l
Elpplie"d to bolt! !SL! rlaees ;I n d !hEil~e a re etam [;)ed t~gGthll3'r.

DrlU b~

elee ~I'!C: nUs

aI13pe.s: 'kif mQU 1d'lfli£ls and


decora IWil

If you 100 . baek 1.0 th :sa~Uol"i i:lil'l ttsficil d rms; .t"indl blti; [SeEi' paEli~~ 3HO~.yOLll wilililotice Hurt. lh e bHs lismd Ih~ EJ are 'EI~~'O 8JPplfcaMQi '[0 Qleclric clri! !IS-

r\le e>dg s,

HrnA' r,. i) C LJ&e Of the !lowe .jJ!id 'lJU m~f'i9 speed of an il;l!lec~n.e
drill, othmr tlMs OEMl be us:e~ 'for
81 var Ell' of j;Jppl;oo~ion!5i_T ese addition'al {d:t£l~h mEl'ltUil mlli~e

The IIl'UIc'l'IIilf'l6 I!;(l n be use!!!! in wa)' .. lhc. tfi.:l1S( lJ.iD.p~ ar of wtr1~c.t! is hoJdlrilg 'he ma!::l1iil1ll!! tn bo~J'! hands aurui a!pP~IilS!l ~he lCutror t'O thB W~C:ii:l, wl1icl1 ie 'f,irmly Ibrod to tho: WDrk ~urfo!JCElAlrte nativE! "I. tile rOI!l~~~-G!1i1!'! ~ II v(l'fltt'ld 81i1t1 bOI'Ed to. ,;;I oonuYlord~~or h(Jm'E!-IlL.r,i~t
"!lfO, hi lilIing liIe IT!ach~j!te-!1f!~ 8 ,spi die ci.J'r~ell'. !JiS;JIiiQ the rnu~flr in 'litis 'f'@iBlM~!:;:In means I h I thlJ woatJ IS i;lP-1l1j tI 'lo ~he fi ed roLftlfl r. as O"~.f!!rI ~'O the hiBlnd·herd iii"lilJtIlCld~'i"lher,e lh~

the olf!~ lc d II all'l amao:ililfllllV 'II!€! FS8Itile lOO~. Hilr'd\vBr8 !5;IDI!'(j-S

T'he ~rl!r.:huJs~ofll ff cli!o M~llIur O 0 a much stron;ge r ioint tn an ~f Tnr:J' su rf'a!l::4!~haJj sjmplv b~9n bull·ioint.ed '13'DtflrtU. T 0 bl501. it r:-s ,8 m DllemOOiiun and mn.Jc;h stro!'1!ll1er a ' .matl 'i'~ t{.J using dlOw~!S -n tho cia.rne' SlI it 0' ilip'PDICHIiiClf!. "ici u cali! slI'e haw '~tJi8,il;!: u!!:ed "nd applied on. p.ege 91.

m es

WOlOth~or~ang 'i:(iol :ipeciaUMs usuaLly dislllPaV as many as flvl!li ur :Iii}; i;JI~"erenL


:0 n ~

modats tClg.elillef wi,i1 tllte'


m;m"Ur~Ohj ell"'!; ranlJG
ill

route!\' i applied to. th 8 "xed


'lA!ood. E'~~ n1Ill'r'Is Ci;I'LJli'OIl mu~il

atlQ(l;h meillt:!l aJPlt:i ti;lils- For lI.~e

woodwoMkar rt can tie en njovab e and enligh~en~niJ:!I)l,per~abnc-E!t"l spend timo


i::ompl8ning11hesR ill! ute

prod

uets.

be (:)tgrci:sed whe-n IJ:si'iI1ij1 this gtlilod as yOUII' ' -AQeT!!o wllU be cllllS:a 1:0 'th~ t:lJIll1 in" l!;J.i~;wHli~~ J"iBvolvEts .a!t e 'i.!la:ry l1il;llh pooa.
ProbablV nTlOffi n~ers and fi I1>QeI 11ii~ tlii!l'lle b:een I~ in :spin _Ie c ners than IlJst
;fIi

r(;ii r::cIliJiB"1l' Sa'l;fill'S

The ~Id En ,Iisl word ro ut means to f'O ree Otic. hl!!l1l;;:l;I! tltJ~ n!i!lm0 ,I)'r H11!G:Machine '!Nh i.;;;1i!

Al1er ¥"Oy h;fl,vn bOllJgh~~;en eleetrje .. rt I. t e (;1r&LIllilli saw shollJld pf®bll!l:'!ily bu Ills ne-~1. ttem on your [ist O'f ro!)IS to pusehasa, ER d8S ~Dr lhe
r

boy~' a 1T!f Otlhe r ~uJC:e0

WOOi;lWOlkil1i~

.. ;tires. out" wood "Ii alllcAl'!d!9 o'f opp..lkariQrH3~ A rO'U:te' eensists !o'.ilIli'iailie chuOk on

rn ae

1h ery..

or An

!jIiiBC"~ric

mQ~crilHl
Ir,a

gfJi DB

i<K!JIilt io.·f[J~~ TI~iIiI bi::i.CiIdt j!'jiru~r 1$ @ rehUf'i@ . me'Wt:C!M Sr to 'tllle prof, jO-J,al

circtflar :saw arB varied. cfliilbli ng '~ni8 ·~!tI!l;l1o cut 81 ii:riO'"'t t n· materiBii. fFQI1li a very ri 111:: pl'!rWll'lI£1 to 'ttJlc . bel ks;or
tlmllBlr, and from pll!!®ttes to light meta I~,.

tDol S

fOlF

ttho job 59

itJ~ Ifi I1bl.i!lcl~ nBS COBlfse teet~ da~~gIilBd '(1;1 r c~tti 1'\9~Ih N l1ii' 9 ra~n dii;i!i'!/lll Si le!'l!'gltf'j of ti MD(;Jii'. The eFQ~!Jt blail e has: sm ~I~~rr :€!e1i1 Ul~fI Ute rilOb~8de 1 ~n:d rs des Igifi9d ~Or' cutting
~cr{lo~ tho grain.
MOd

s!j}ml!i' way' '~cw:ards ~11!"¥\;'iati i\g

neli:::~I~y ;:;:If iCQFI$ta Ilt~ cIl(lllllgil!!l!±ll ~Ile bleQ\E!:::6ec8tJtSoe !B elreu I~r ScIJW .bl~de: 1\.1 ms 31 h isi'M S'p-Boo,r e)lfiHime O<J nC!!Icll> t'O b£J, 1)l!En·e~d Fe ciuting ib;, W5~. Th.lnk allE'En:l~ l:s
Ith,B

spl1nlDitGa~ mars "t;ry '~~~,;,1l lSi 'ttiC bB~ii1I(t I iul'J1' llO 111m ~ 'siBim:
pi! 9113:5, 55---56 for nile i@B r'Bl,¥, PJ~ull(J
Il!!l

VEllI,iI niP.sd ~o ~iAlke-_ <the

MQ$'t
have
,G!

~aL!\!~ l);Ii tlll&s: f1IBtLIIlfie

oollcn to I~

ma 11 urfe"CI:orefS' 1'Ia:...GI dl!i~i{in:ad ~ combination Oil" 913rH3r'illI-PlJrpose tlil~de.. whioeh can b<e'-Jood I(t,itnf:l r 'fOr Irlpp.JfIIQ or ~1l'0S5~lJliit\Ql. This dQe::: go

the W(I(J>CII ril'if1idy t5et:IUl~a tID d1u w()r~, !Sl.u:faE:E!l7;~a,.he wnQ.OI l


1 ikeEy

ito '~p~illlti3r

UM'!;j: is

P8'Flir. u larl \I' ~ppl iGillbl1:i~hElf! cuning p!~(1(:1,; w!li!l]tJ

ml~m~f.i;rtf'i Urte 'OI1i; positil!:! n, lti1Jt l IImuch pmfer ~o,I(.e'li!P Ilf'I<¥ 'finger Of'll 'thfll trl g;~iii r -- a SatiN ru nniRQ a r'tiiili'id t~1jj; workshop Dn rt!B CiWtn iB, r'!.nt e :siirLr.l!ltiolli

went!

~Qntempll;!ltilig

Hcfll1Id",1l1t1hllU9'flW he' ~lJtting action cd lI! jig9W is' VfJr1icalu p-a n IJ..dOWfL
mencn ..The iSath or
:I}

'.No

blade !Cut he prood on liho upWti riC fTliIQtion..thus holdi rig thil:liwood firml)!;" i;IIQslni5.1 thll3' bSS8 Fllat!}~This SiIIW i5 p::n1iIC:u larl", t!serul I", r C~'l;tLnQ
oro until (lUfYOS.

are ava laD~Ei\'A b-1~d~ 'widrh D' ?Q~8Q mrn ~2~-a'" fin~ 5lhm.!lld be arlcqu te foil' .he pne;l'r.oal wDllldwurt.er, Electric p e.ns:t arse tJaVi adj uS1a:bled~P.tl1 SBiJing~ so 111iiI th~y can be !Used 'f'Of' fill' novi n slJ~;n ntti81 ~uanlilii(t:s
(:UI

of

wood

01'

"or

As v/th

lfil"iy

ot.h. 'r e'ec~'Ii(ial

or imiichine :saw. \i!i]lrious


ItJla{['f.is {lire aYaOabla- and .tle
~lec'~Cin depel"tdlii tipoff! lh:i!

is!Li(i~coo ViI h ,0 IiriliE;h~l'\g. Ttn~ work \'-"tmUwhen clJtll'l f109 wl' h .hl!! gra Ln. ml 11is; recemrna n(lil3d fhtu: ~hgy ever

pIl'eRl~u'illg 8 line: Cl-1t prh:u'

be usad to ~ul: aeross: 13110 gra in oi I.ha WD.!md BS thie is ~Ik~ to i!{ c;:Il~p, r daliTliB ge the au rf'mc • o 'WIlle'Jl 'ploilnl ng ~·~h 'ttle, rahl toe ,plane ahoulQl ~ mD"!'red f~irl'J( iSlow'ly. ollJieM'ise ,f:I serles of p8r:;,iI'ei ~n~O\!,fg~. vvllich arc di'ffieutllQ remove'. w'ill be; left on n,e sm-[(I!oo of the wood. n y.llU are 1IJ:Ilintian ele!Jlric plBOO (11r -'11·9 firslli mo';! il ij~ 8.:iIJiS . bt-'ll llJ lP'u't in Mmc praenee 0111 ~crap ""nod b~tllj',Cl: using th~ "lane gill aI pmper eb,

Ih1d:fies:s: ~mlj '~VQ!8'of w'Clod .'hilJ~ needs ki CUi, Your stOll'€' C!o9ln 8d~i50e 'l([!lU Qf n~,glype of blade needel;l flJ.f
hiilrtlrN8f18

ilp Heat em. tt iEi 8 !9 001.1 id~iI .JIj ~e;p thrs1! or fou r dH'ferent t"lles of I de ill ytl-I,ff wD~k~hop- atse !keep- ~Olfl.e ~p!lIr.c8 because J g~w lb1ad~ tB1"ld to b :B! uit@ '8a~iIv. Jig5leW5i Doms rn ,8 'l.i'if1 r1ety. of m8k~ lind maiY nal;;' a>.rtI1iG
el;iC11

comes 'UJ '~i ishing off n

a. jo.

rier 'to sea ing or ~a rn ish~mig as


I

sum es tlJ9~ SV!!'A3d iC:tJ ntrul bliln~ioMQ tn~ trig gar

liI"Ied!anisrn. or 8 dsv'i-Gelhal IlJrf.\s 'the b~ade. rn~ki n'Qj ii e (nul tf'ocUfeetTQn~' C:Ulitln-g thevlcg. A cil!Cle-.:~tting guide carl be plll!,cll!M431t1 ,f115: iI n
al;la~~~j'c 'C an ell wim enaible "fOUl to out perfect cirde~ M ~t jig~". 8r~ come wij~'hiilll

adjusiabJc bas pna!;eso tn.st ~ifI!8 8 ng Ie Cit Thg: blade CHin be 8dlj;u~tBtI1 to cut bevels, H aJu:hlh!el d, e Ie tint; iflu n i'J'5 TIJ'1ie!i:le ~I;!!;II~ i;I fIB pillrtiiC:ulally u:se[] 1 for '::omoQ·lli (ll rha n S!.J rfaee of r(nr,gh-S8WIl'II limoo~ prle r '0 .se'ttinij iBce ~idBElalfldi 1t1iOO eiiges, Eaeh m.(llrnufadu e:r has tl:'icl o.wn parti~\I~all' e:sigrn d :sps1!1nl'tns . ul1i ~nw ll1e machlilile~ .as Y.:lri OIJS wl("h~(It

0. i.$Ci ~11Jl-dllf'!:9 iitnu: h11J'b8111 ts T 1j}3B!llillt&ehmenl~ for 111 Q Icc:IJiG odd U (!l!"e ~'!,!I~lhl;b~-e in a ~ rlo~y af stvl J1I'tIm.5:1 im rubber pa s witlil a 'fil(ed -&haft. to 'thiok ii nd r6~Hltl'lw!'IJ~¥ C\lmlbG-~me peds wilt! fle;Kibll!'!i !5lhafll.:s, T,h>f! rle.:.:iblB' ::llu~ft !Bn1~I]I;j!js Ilhe P.iII d to marl'ilirnl'n fum slJrf'sCBeon et '-'t"th the wood. r&.Qard ~s;s of th0 ,::IIng1(1 o.f .he driU. The S~Iirl.' inlQl d iS(;.,'5 ltJem:gelves .are. el~C! a\!'~Ua'lJlt!i In h same V8 riB1y 88 d~~ribed in the !ie~iQn on i!l bt,f1s3ve' papem, i91nd 'Glllthi!l~ S!:l 11- L tJi lse saader SIUI be u~a far JUS-1: about ;;!1'!Y1h.ril5lI~

fr!)nl 'Il'jppi]fl{l~ 1IJ3Lnt off 'W'lIOO 10 pfodlilei09 al v~ry fine end :8ifioolh ffni.sll. HOW~\!,f!:r, mre must he 18~erl when Lm.~imlla ltti:Ii:C saader as tIler:e is .iii 'tan:i:.Ie n.:,,,, [or Il'IoE! ~lbr;fj!!Siv1l3 disc. to htaViC score ma !l on 'the surraGEl~ pa,rtio.u!a~lv eeross th~ gre1n. i~ lao iTuj~hdt!wnw'lird preSsure ~.ap Ihul. 'fh'e :iIIbll'a:gi~.ediscs: r~I' 'U!SIE! Dr! this tDol can be I=!UrfCt! !1I~d eady-m(lldifi!1 Oli. as, an ecen mit: 81 tema~tve" you can 1}bJ rcti8t;;1!Il :sti!!lfldtllrd s:11IE!f:Ila. o,f a rasilJe j}ilper: ~ncil e:ut til E!l dises viiJtII~'self. Sgm 8 disc:.!: af1:l m [11J[IietlJr,ed wit Ve~c~o~"'pl;:backtn 91. 'II tnrcl1 s'~ick::jonto ,

pa(l1. Th is i8 ~Eiry u$efu I

when lit {::OllTileEii '1:0 !!}h~1ll9irl9 11110 ,g tur:a si \1113 :d h:;e, il1l i~ es :m Ct.tin. do 1l0w8Visr. ~.hiiiltyO!.! wiU n8\i'O to FlufiC i;Io~e' 'n e mad-mad 'dl15&:!i, I"'sllher' 'lihsn be~1'19 ' '1119 to Cui, them QLlt YtiI,lH6Jf. smiilrnel!ltS These sanding auachmenn: ~;(II~ '[or lJS~ 'M'i.'itll an 'eIKtlfrc dll'lJlJ ro made UIJ (If' H ccntfill
'l' Fi~~p !5aniliin

ca'uMiS he OO~ pia ,.e t!J! '\lib i!iItc. ~iI!I~ ~I'J~ .e Del ta sanger' 0 move In emall ci~les Ell: hl9111

speed, Thll:i [<S B i!;.!Inn~t 1t0DI roll' , .~ hn'Ql oH allkifltls of woodlB:r'iI ;6il;Jlrfiaresr bidlt, Care
must. I::lie'~~ken

eo ,i§lp~V 'I;t!~ry

little tf.own~ ard pr~:re O~ the mach~ne.AUOii1,r Lh13 W'Eit' hI of the r[1acl~if!IIBi to d€ih.e 'WOrk Qtl1erwi ~~,ll1€1 surface' will be olfficu 1·[ro remove, TI'1i1: bras.lve !Sheets 'for an Wpo~ of !DriJiin~1 oondru~ &an be pUfCl18~d ready.- ads Or ylllu c.mn eu . ~Ii!em L>o si:2:8 fr1;lfl'J
.Hi1iiE!

P ush inti! tliucl1Jgh. ~he blndo' ~an jam. C'~usj"9 the wood te' icto: b~ out of ~liIemc~~nB at !li'gh s,pecd. ee.dlsGS iti;JI Slay• .t- s ee uld • - U 11: in serlou!S 'Injury_ T·l'le l'E!rl1ii(lf ~rm S',i}W can 8i~ ac.t:omrnodatl3 .jJ number of other 31t~crnc.nts.. These rep~ece ~ 'I(l: ClIflil1lg bJla Ie'.and eenve rt '~hfii:S:.a'w inw a reuror
WQOO VQY'"
E!',s
I

~oored YltrJthsrna II. gfDl)y

S U"la~

IiJT so.

dla CU'tn~r, B~:i!tI!S

cyll n de, witn a iargle, fill

r,"li1]f5f

{]iF,~br'lI:sive pi;! j;t'..er er 61O'th ~Iapi_!;l sC(;iJil'e(l to it- R.9P san,ders a riel V tV Ll5.8'~1lJ!1 fo~ ere ifl~ngwoad B,nd p8irti~1.I1.orly Mr g-attilll!!l ~rI:ta ICO!lllcave spaces 011':s~epe5lTllev cs_ be iJ roll ilSfild ijn \!'QirUOIlJS :siI~gs.shapes. and deg'&Cls of OOall'aellEl~~ sn(!l a ,l.rip 1(1; YCJ iJT harnw,gr-a ~kire wm "'er~ to d~i'de 'Nihiclil l)ipe you need for' hEl' p-ertiil1!ylEl1J ,~ppUeiiUOI!IyOLll nave ~nmind. It ifldil'fI1!ll Th Is lyp@ Df sander I as n elec:trio mQtG,r ti!!at puns li etJ,lnlintlfiiJ~ bellO" a bmsiva. m8t{J' al crrnss iRl ·r.~edface, [plaoo. 11:linDlIIl1II be !.m'o.m MJy ttl oo~d with the glf~~J1I. oath MEsa n:s>jgihtl'y sGra~c"e3 will eceur, l1~csta are very diff 10IJi 1\0 I ~!Jrm o~" The rn~'Cltilirn-l€is' coma rn a Vi;lnleW Q' b It WI atJs and !.lirig hS !but ~ 00 t widtn D( 1HO I!1I1m [~g~ ·in} will be iildl!!-q l1cal<e fDr th gQ11l1!1r~1 wol)d~c . er', 11 abtasi'll1l;l tJelt!;il use in tbis mitChi ne vary r'rl'Cim ve~ c(!m:1;(3 to ·ve~ fi FIe 8 rasiw ptlp£lr or 'fi'ni:5f'1il!lg ctff,
I
i

.1'1 b ad~ ill bot" of thcs(I ~lPplicat['oll"5l i:s e)fI)Q,seijj and :sporn n ing .GIL h ist! SI%"f:'a gx-tr'.sme ~iJ1reIn b15't tit} taken to ,i1I1:1hl!n;I '10 the rn t:t!i"lll raiThtu ril;!r~'
J

:stan(l'!!Ird 6heB~S o~·aibri!i5i'l"le "in"iS!h can b ac:tiis!IJ"ed when .D very fR!1e' .obrtlsa't;",s material f-s

Safl~ty ~n~itr;ud:rons.

papftI or do-th. A r.!upe'fb flnal

l,.I~e;;;:l with 1.11 ma~filiil1e. is,

Thee ptiY9:('ODI :il~jg' Q ' UH~! motor m fij fMlult iln the m~l~i fie bel ng ,Bili9lhtlv uadurI)l;)Wered to r appHC',jJl;ijol'!~ :stlol::tL as rfppi n , In ;h:hg; inlEltfmcn. Ihs wlJ'ild may nesd to be pfl~ed lilrow'9 h ,t - i9 mel(l:h!l!1e fi l1!Jmibsr
of ~IFnQS" seUing Ji"H:I bhu1il iI1

CiHINERY ~8a:U"I.

I itl~e dQEtp;et 81: eae!1 J)f!.cSS. Th i~ CBn t me-Eone\!nlF~ iafl "


'f'r!l,!IsttatI f'IiQI w~rk

b!.n (11 D

i'1r'Il1

'!is;W

'!I~~ 1:0 rrip

This famer nlnue:llI~I looking

mfJchifil~ iSl r'Qi;I'iJlly !.Bad

or ~,f(llSSC:lII[ wood.

tihity (If the fn:9chinll It s. up 'for I .i " SOVer.alety~~s of C!uUinQ


'rQIf'

b~ildo .are .8Ma II!:IbIO


I

(he

Orbtt!91 . n!lJl'Iff.'.s l1he' iCI rbhal :!i8l1ldoer .. as an abfasl""8 paper 'Or eletMI fl'JCe'.D ~Q !':II He base ~Ie!~e I d i~ driVSiIl by i'lIlfI ei ee 'r~C' iJ~:O lIha~ m

Whe us tis] m ~I!rWl1 he -crOSSiCuUing,. litre ~ Is ih.ald 8!l1afnst ~ gluid:a Brlci ~1lc~I ader whj'chl 1$ al.it!lcl1lecl to tl\e, mO~or 0. n hI!:.oWI'+~:l;Iad ,1;1 rm "s dll'awn a cross nilY r~fnbeF. Wh~11I ripping wood-. tt'i I!i bkldl() en tl'18 IJ'M'em (lei aiI'm ie S'W~vened In rough gil}-t. .mmd the 'Wood i:!il p~J:shed nl! l:!U5ll11 !theIblsn::lEt by hand ~!!SO a 'p\!Ish 5ltia~when llea'riJ!lg il1e en.d ,of rhe'l~mber ~el1!Jtb so lh~~ 'Your Iil1l!!;1lcrs ;] F!d l"tantls lillie ~Wlll de1!!1l' e , the hhJtfml. "(,01,1 sHloul~ Iways sta Fitll ttl tlle::f 13.' ~f the machl" ' and li'I!:lIt b~hifld lIie

radi~'1arm S.jl~. but It'Wtl bl.,des 1i)uld1be ~ fficien , 'fDIi the gell1sral Wl:!C1dw.o~r and tlcbbyi51r: !;! U£ln!9lrQIl-PlJ~ blade. 'VlIhic~ is: .:Ii oo-rnbr.n:;:l ion rrif:W~I'1lSS(:i)J b ladB~shQ.u Idl Ile atl'sQui;Jrto foil' rrnos[ pu ![p(!rse:s.~ - nd oiJ bl ade wimh Viii ry l1~e lSiI!U'I call b. . u~((Id fur very lfjn ~'IJttt!19.seeh as thin Iil'IYWO>od. Arwfl"lS !IliscDllllem tho S;~W
[n;iff! !iOUI\O

th Eilectd~r pOweF

,Ill: fore cl'nmfj tn

btaas5;"

'ttJ:ldB 'SB W As t 13' r1'Sme implim;. this "w is fb::·sd 0 ·the!J as.rsliIile a'

&2 the

I~O~s fur t&e iob 61

nIIl £H ME ,

s ea~ ~ati18.II~is UiIJfl11V .fl m ueh 1110fEI :!l(JIb.ilto! fit Ell S!9W l'h,gn 'Iills
r~ lB.
8J rn 1iliW '

~t hlflG a

m!JI~ 1PO'WB'tful mot<tr. T~is m C:Bnli ';i1~ j[ 'iU r1fi dorm ,a bmlr-d !l;If 'timber HI e CLn. -n:9ooad of telk:lng ~[I iIlil" thir~aJ p.Elasesfl~ you WOIUlld l1et1a Itt. dO wiU, a ra{l]laJ arm :s.ew" Th !Ii! 00' i;U{i~,howfl:ver. SQlrlIliil! . i8.Ellt:l\i'ant~{I.cs this 'I ee of to ':;~'N- 8ecauS3!!11 tll'lo cut In&de~ Jfom the undhtl:r.Gllde. 0f nil oat:! It ~ dlrfficulllfO :;0

vk.tbloC! surf8~e qf: '11iJe WQQ.j.. AnMtiQr dis;all?l~~ ntsg,e illIf ~n8 table saw Gwr I 'e ,adrial ann $.EJW is tl:\D~ It lis; oems fd~ra y bl fIlT1cnJ dirUicult, [JO nilf!l'1Qve iii m.i elitE!nge' Jte l) lade,. The ch(,1i~.~ between wJ1{llh~r te . UJY 8 radj~1 .Eulifl saW C! a ~bl B saw is ~a rge~v~ m 'ti'el' Qf
PQirOOnB~ p rererence bWT~.

B nd, '5aW ~Im.vt ri~ct\!red~

Til\a bl:i!rle (!if the ca n d S~W is iF.! lGon1jnut!tls bait and is usually vor!( narrow. Benit si!iw.~are fliv1Blllalbre rn two r~rlllls.Iiil ~a bid gr belilc ., Itlp v>erSi(il1l with ~h ri!e, wlile;ells.
or'
i3

l!Srget. fli\B9Sfta ntilifig m(u:lIe~

.8

WheH~1 you

iI;IIll"e11

cUll]ing.

1M1I~ne-a51with ~he liati 811arm aw lihe (!1.!!~ i's madS' On toe

monmy pttfmllting. t is ust1i'1l,Ii 10 have one iU~' eeh, The table e~' can tf1en bo bJ!~adf1lJ1I' Ir!eaw~dut\" 'wort., wh iI t e II' died iall"nl 5~iW Cii!l n 00 utiri:ed for Iig%te r WOI'~ anti mCIli'!Jl ecu o[!I'h:li cutting-

on ,ole rgilll whea s, Thb :9:fiiW can be 1J~e-d fer ~Ui y ge'm~ I;(:JU rves ~e -..wll as s~Dig t'lt Vines iii n,~ wm amr:cu1i"I[p1;sh ['Ii IJ eh ,tli' "h Ei' Wilrk of 8 te::nOn !SQw• en if!;o f'rection O',,~I '4) ~mAJ.1 Alltloll9'" the' Ililildi!! I III :all niI~Ikie.S 8il1d mQae' ~ is.fixedr ,t~ 'tll Ie s

t: DI8 f

rill

USLJ~nV

,B!dIUi5WbSjJ

FifI~~~nQ H1G

Drnl

P'f;\j;:~"

b.m~cli 3Rw "!1:IJimbiEi 'k! r cUfting 'mitres ~S; well 8~ $D" i!li'I{! lEI'S!.

Jigsaw t~I)Qn ~w
Or fil'·!ll~[!S;8W~

This 'I¥P8 of saw is lIst::cI ror cl1fti.in~ ti9ht ~tlNat!· ~fJ 'NIlod
dli!lt is no ih iC:kcr Ih[if~ .:l:!>ou[ 10 nnml (% in}, Th~ ihafd s~£Q~

ih9 chait!) Q'~ a 'r'rtfiii:~~rLdll'llg 01" bilJ'~t:n.l\Op D'I(!d.o1dgpgnds ~i!lir'Q~ty upon pmr1i.ona~ ·tn05ce ~indI i;I\!':;I ilijlbl'>I;ib\!ldg$~"~ 8:i!h!O~gih ~t"5l itSi '!NelllCi refill em ber 'lh E!lt ·~tlf;! elll;:!il .tlf!! 'Yi:1l~iCHn i!!'i ~ usuall'!il' ~ry heavy a nd 'll"i~! n;'il\!c '10 remeln i.n tJ;l'I!e pl3~~BKallJ®<9

THE MOST ~MPO RTAN T

iitlCi'lS

b!.Aid~ i$ very (hi


'moluon

Iil

and has
l:il

\f,B

tv

the lable' eBB be :let

fme' test'h. I~: tEl in eu

'i.tertit4:l~

,81: high '!ilp8;8!r:L

aJt(t1(aetly SlY to ~h€l dri I~ bit lt ~!;; a vel')' aIX:Ur.a.E mgchiil1~ to lIJae~Iittt On Iy rOf ~till in~ 'hoIQ~~ C!IIt far drii linQ (rut 81:.11;:111 th i ng6
lllIi';;Irti!:ile :~I.g.~With most ·lJIf ~"e~e !l1I~ltlin~ me drll! chll_l~k s:nd1~lh8ft f-s cll)nlflec~:ed W the motoF bV ~ nlDber belt ~hi:!Jt (:~!'1l be' 5t!ifte Ij 1'0 smeller Oil' lar!der whee:~s.
~$

1P1llnHeM!lti~nel$'~' Thl":s is a woru:le·r!'·ul mach lne

you wi II need, s oGording

to haw In ~V'0i!lJil'wm'slliop' ~ii~' is.within your IiJ!l3:FI1c;iid mea fi~ ..


ApE! rl rralTii g~lLilto!iJl IPIDn~Fl'Q

w@rk. the pia nrg....1Jh ktJl0S8C1F W~II B~~b~8 yr1!1I.i to pialfllY rough .. sawn W!iJod to perfe'Gtiofii, Ir ahu moiliGnrn8' ihaa.8i th~ckJilti~i ng
1f~;[lill.y.ElnO'lth Br ~~ni!agElI J:g, tlii~t w,heJl' you lIle~ wood of

'This Ib~:sic set will he liPyou g,~l sl·arled 8 nellis useful 'for

Ih{m~1m'!lideCl'e.a~ino Of inOr£lQSlillg rbe spc~d iDiF 'Iho bit Oh:.en ~he' hHrllest :slJj'Goo sQitt~ng sr'liEirKle~ yOiiJ te usa .hC!
mt!i!i:::lflina

.dJrorPaJi i'rIg tl i[:''I'~, for birthdav


and Clhristma
$l

a~ .j] rm.J~rp

Dul. be

an

II.! 11i1J~lln!.!

be .iJl;I~iji to

tlili(:k:n~ ,!!!,C!1II will p~~ne dGw~ 'e:he

cii:Ilr'i!lfu i w~iilfn LJ~i rL!91 It li'iis ww;}v .3<5"lIB blede Will 1lllia1 e)ti>IlI~ed,

gifts~

'!.!'!modi ~o 'Iti;llUlI" 'ex:Sl!ct .~~E!~ifh:;:~:;!i"iCin5 witho!llJ~ ft8~d~nQl t.Q 8!;l~ 'Iihte 'WQi~d'far~ .gi QQ' il"

Spl!I'UtlJ!9 ICil&tbir' ~ill1V;E!rt'8'd ooL\ftliit" . '~1lIillF,) iEtr..~


1

l1I~tt '5l!;!ln,i;Jeof5 This: ls a lar,geT arid fi;:.redl wr5:iOIl Cif ·t~e fNS! !1~\...neltl tJ.e1~ S~ ooer aJllo hes '~ihe d.i~ti~a~ a~.arlt.flige UU:litr as weU as bei!fl:li!l used ·rar gcneFa~fiaf S;B !ldi'n i1 WfJ r!:\! U ean ;Ij lso be u~9d''ffl1V ~e{:tJrn~al~ J'O r

sl:!<lpin:g wo>Cd. :m~" boil:n ntl rud1~ WM~,i n 'frf:l~ 1,0 nroidi till1Jd

At. @mn1;8:imia Uy ll!IiiillliuJac-turi3rl :gp,ifJd Ie .clJlterr ~~,U:Slil~Uv a v~'" ~l;!Irg;B. heavv lIniiil e!):,p.8f1aiv>8 lpigce' of ~ui pnrner'it'.~t rlil 1~!!S;ilbl~. h~l,j'j,!'Q~r. '~ b uv a itah'le vriU, ,(!i1Ti iniSertion p~Elte il)1;JI wh~h i hE!fldl-~eJld e!!e!l;:b'1i'!;; muter eaJll be bolted. turning the router. into ;!J :f;!Jiifiidile cuMer. n ~~f~allc{:s p~m'll[t. !t is i~{l:1
to IfIWJl '~ rOiJtC:~1! one of whrch is p~rma i"i~ilIlgy aU'SIehiflfj 'to [hE! ~bjl(r 'ror use .~:!:I, a

- '1I"oI!ll"lQ..n s:~w~bac,k S~W~ Relra>et1!:bI;e $~.e~~ mpe

m~aslJw
iii

"0 mill (%iI1lJ and 25. mm

~; in) bevel-edgg ,Qhi<s~~s, {PEl ring d,i:Si3lt~ • CarliJe'nt8r·~1WOOo!8r'1i r'i"lilJlll£lt


III

iFW{], 10S mnil M~ ln] G.-il;larnn ~ (t-clarrn p~j


5'QII.JElre n hemm!E'.i1l"

.. Tll'v

• Ca-oss-pei
I

ID~fllpul~r(!!i '~tJeI '~mbe~Fa r the 1~IIUIr:'POEl!35of iffllB !iilel1eral ~@r~eorr ttili~ mililt:(I;lnes ere beet P\!n::Iri.osEJ,d a:s rT~e:sJt.1il n-d ilflg ·!J.er-s'iICns.. as

tW3fltn~~~m 118mme r] (hench pI8!l}e'

:s.pi ntUB

ll::!WttiBirJ and

thie ilJt~le-r

tnev

no,t used ,ell 'Ulia1j 'fr'EllIquEinl;lya!1~ iB!fe sm~111 9ROUgh t'Q be 5;~)ij!red~ F! !;.II mCi~ed gjlJli1ie' e~si IV.

e~

wlilil;:h is fUllii3'Btano ing 'fD!i I;IllIji na ry I10~lin9 w~Fk.

At 'INOodll~ rip, i;'jill ~e; i:F!'iIm~ed QJ!ltllJ the WQrk. surl'e-ee. te- aca as :[Ij guide for the wollJd D(l,'Iti'i![li run acrese the- blade,

i.

• Wnool braee ~h8rldldrm~. or' pm·fumbly ii Fi' ~Iee~,ic~t!! d • ~M 'Or dim iIl'its ~prnfClmb!v oli'@d"jllIoinll'l,"ti'st bitsl • Two diffol\r;;n~sizoo Uart'" iD~8citil!:l s,y;t!lwdi'~vQiI'S ,ali'ldl tw'O
cm~s=4;eaoOl t5:Gre'iJ.ftllnV8Js: • AbrasivE

iii::! pi;! r~;

66 tfie woodworker;l's

handbook

c~hapte r th ree

o nu 9

ood ane tu

ng

1m m~~ '~~llf:dlj,¥Qrkinl' lWiJliojad~,separ.erle: p[~[~-s of wood ha:v€' to, bg' ,io1ned 'tQg€melr

any ex.o.elle,ntoo

s,

B\H9

bIB n wri

e ' about \VOodwo lcimg .and, like every other subject:


l

requi dng an,!! r,evc~ O'f 1'~i!J rfl

in91 and 5klll., It he rna

Fa 'V'OU read arlld lei! m,

the Ibette~. AeaJd booKs.

I"
I
I

RULES THAT SHOULD

N!;;VE-R DIE BIUlIKIIl'N

MAIIU{IIN

G .FA. ,E 511 5 DI

"NIO mOlG E· '


N!B!JIerrush mai(il1:Q ~

i~

Ml

mlng wi~ w~od


fUiI'l1itlJ

nd

roe~s a mos.

~rll!Cye~le hob~
{IOq~ ~ ffi~

b-e -I~ .. lit 'FasteFyo~ try to eem krta til prQjec.~ tha rl'WF'i} liSt tri", a ~f.iU aJ~likelv to fin '!kJi) - !9tnd thj' f;lVe!1 IJ p:Ue.s to l0 i'la.s;r ~wh:l~' ana W'O~ ~Dr t:$. To 8Lwid ~ -n [n,(is-a
~nn~~e!Js;elll' m.~fa~as ytllll ""'II l\1~ed m ~,mTI ytJu ~r!Ji~~ II i 8dva.-'loo. ~NlcJ y-DU II also w~d 1:0
p.i~r.llncifre~ulllf'

.but ~tls

e[rfiDY C~~lc a '~rr:mg r'I'iIB815U r:emE!n.; and tim· th ~u r !ove IV' pie'(:e. oJ ~~d .ls
tim'" \i\1rnrn~ ~~z.:e. Wb:lte Uie
i!lF1d fI'U!~lrffif{lln il"t¥o 'VEld be very up~et1ing, On8 W:3¥ (I. p''jrelpJofJnt th~s· from h,~pp.1111l9 is to ,tak,e yQU'- rnsa su~m.anl nd m ~ $IIQOJI! i neil ,I'lark at the cc rrect: ~p01", 6.1Q:U n

twic8t~ 'c:u1;QIi1.Ee! ~.S' ot diHIIl:~lt il re(;tif'( II n m l:!ita r,; I!!l wtU;!1i1 IJiI ei;!~ riIli9 'Fur ~ cut bu' wliJeJl you harrre
' C,D -,

Most of he wood 'You

b 'If

'f.of rna ~i rig projects: wm be


al most n';:aJdy to' WOlr' •

can
suriacl1;I!S

sn ould !be c sen

Ta

:Q

If "lOti try "'~rki'!"l"9 't!l) i31 ~i!flJ!' IJadlinc.. you ~19l li~{l1vtip rn j.re. b ~ic:.~ rmrs t n.e 1- wi n ev&flru..l~ U, GrJs. ,01.11 .h1!'1e and l1l!ll'i'lOY. Taki£! ~o IlU" 111!11 · wl1 en e FnC' su n9. cl!ft~mgand fT I:s:h i1119 oiif Elrliov 'mt:i~ "me You SI]f: nd .
I

tl:l, .siB me ~he~A e,Qai rIj,. if j:lO:SSd~J8 'frOm anlflltuJr ~hl"C!Cllon,lif rba ihNo

m~~,sJJ~ Ilnt en r IB plan coned, ill d I 1:f]1l'I ~i3!S;UlfE

QlS'.s--S:!JreaWIIIV.lth·!¥k VQ!J tI:ave rijOd i.h-e

ll"l,at

mupsu IliImf;ig)l~, ~lijd 11 a re thl' ,lie rifle. thaI""! lt 5bou~d ~B'


~a1a IQ m ke tne cut,
but I~silic' rl rtJ ie. MI M ·on wm be tlep te li ml n ImLIm.
I
Y0l11

"~ii!

~III V~l.IIr WOIl"I~hOD.

snd vau
tI

wll gahl'll 811 F.!~!ij rmeus 8mou:l1m of h..!lffilmo I s tisf-aalioo fr-o.mjL

QIIQW 'flUs simpla

do lhe follO'lHing:

aDd

an

tho tae 'edgp.:. 'JAIihen you are l:9rtgln that th~s: i:s aeeureto, peoo.H Ort the 'few erlgEl' nli:rrloi.

Iaee :s.1de~ t D'1j,II 8' mad square to

Every p100~ .,1 wood wit!;


wb~ch V'OiJ ~Of should 1M market! O1..It ln ahls way. The fBce :e;iitl@ [$ tno I'i rst t:Q 00 estaDi1sh8 foll4>.wc - by tl'ln f,8ce ed'!;le • and if these two !Il:dges: are etlr[1l:!l[;lIV' nd
1

~f the '~~e~ s.ldB has uli'ldlJ.l~ariDf~!I llIlid it;: nnt oonnplrJ'fcJy fJf.I ' ,fiInd rue ilf! al I ,sIspeG'ts .3f1Q if tne fsce edge i!S, lIl'Ct cJ3xt1ctly ~"u3re to ItltJ 'ra~esid e. ~rlleccll,ll"'ades r.a im eeeu r t'hi 0 IJJ gl h..g.1.I~ the tflSJ 0 f ~he job. I!;O ~~F8IN'{J rth ifllVeSiti Fig
t;:!

acc.tJIH!teJy pr'ElpaMtl. aU otnor


i1'iIi9',aSUf!iilro~nt!i
fDf'

width,

bit

Q' tlmm: ~o'trng

'~"i,;:r191'1

U.J.e a illy

SQwr' ~d.e ~Q chad: ~th bx rid .', /1a,Ji aM WoII'

~ ce !5lid@ m~Tk
Om'~ 'you have prepared lhe

thiJ:;kties~ 8ri~ length Gain b~ '~akr~1ifrom 'U1ese 't'MVO, 8!U,rf,go&:1!. Th e ~i.JIj!',IU~Y til ~he enlire projsct will r~ly Or'! ttl~fl fir!!!! :!Jlnd mQ:Sl i rnportnn't' !S~ep::l and .. it is ~vorih m&ldI1{f you r ti mv to ii:!:nSt!Je that it I';. dO~9 j;)rope r1VlE,iit,~bIIAI - I!I tllte [~!IJiIT~'O-li::t ,itr.~~~ IIIe$i51

p,ieoe 01 woQm::l and tho face sidelE.sUbU5!·ltl~1iJj~ tIl


~'lie ~dl3l

This is tll'l~ 'l;l:LJii"ftlctJ that wtll tie visib e in mOSim [ohs, C~Oo.SE!

Is not and !ervel" drilW' 3 'fBoo .sldl!} mt:lll'k on :the su nfac:e iCltlch1 fig lhe- edijB.i as ean be ssen ,1'1 he pl1otClgra,ph Dalo'N.

If' 'tou 0 re !J11l~ble 'lQ blly il:1.mb r gn d1iB 9<Xi!ld nrjiek~2's.'S; 'you
requl M. there ifiire ~~I"a~ oaen to 'VOUI. V(J-tI ean ask, itI.EI Um~fY8rd '~Q put it: thJ@ug iI pl~nc th~kl1l~"6i8r to lesl:ibl~:in the correct thickllli3'5'S.j 'f(I1J1 can us 'You r 6W1I1I ~1;II1liI;Ii"'"
optrOll:5

the b~S1h1aDking Stlrf~CO GlII1!lj mase :sure tMt it ~ ~a ,~m~


smDo~h by chedri 1111 It !,!'l,Iiah sree rule Of, '5'qlJa' Q. If line
Stl rfl1!C"e liTieeds. oil

ee De: S o o Itul!a.

bench p~~n:8 (] F ihantil· hold ~I!ld'ic plane i'5 the bD'Si tooll;Q

US!}. 'U\~~en you ~Fe 5at~~ ~d chl.1 t Ilt"ill;:' !S-urf a ICE! i'5: '1 a 1 In !8 '!ttl r tiilledl61l. cl1o~~131 13> Sid' i un t R5l g!t!ing ll(!o be the 11;100 B~d8 a~d
J

c!lge'm~rk WhGf'i ~I~e face ~(I~e haG MQII'fi 11313b IIshe 1.draw ~ s !iIrl;e mark III n InveFited leU;er 1,\1") en ihe fi:l108 o:dOCc. which tlDucl1l!i 'rlie fao~ s~do mark (seoe'':h:"8 ptl!t;;ltogroPl D@lo'!iY'),
(l!j;

"~tEl

"hi(:~ne2i8
y.D.U

to chlr.'ive this: or' '1::8 n do ~hB foll\owil'1lg:

plnl}~ your face s'jd.e mark IlIgai n!t.i trJal edge,


IEirtllb~jshing ith faGe'ed S'

HsvinilB !i818Cl\(la YOI.'u·lij:G8 'e(llge. l\w cOfmider-a11ofi:S are

fClt ge.mlrl91 thf.s 'eag£l true, IPTr!5t '~hr:i ~acu o-d{J,EI J1eeds
FrnPQ'rtl;ll'lt
D

be !iii!! sniDC. as ~Qf:Sib~8', This con b-il cl'ieckllJd wltlll iii

steel

riJl e·or ~U\Elte

i1S

was

dono Of the fE!CEi ai de.. S~Jl:;ond11 ttlil!l fi8e~side row st be ~:S' sqll<lr!l as po~"t~hll;! ihe f:K:o te

Ddge, TI1~ ~ I.J rl~ce rnav nee-elle t Iboe p] ill 11-8 d to &C1'lll~y.e It'hl is· ,in. d m~~ bs ittleclWd r'e9uh~FI'Y Vl.1hh a t5(1 ~m::llreCi!l makJe sure th!.'n the

Rf~~ ~J"l.:i~ In '.00 ~t'J


M'" JlIrmoe:lll'nl' ~t

i~

maJi: 0fI@ Men M ~


to
!!Ifre~

Wid .:!lg'Wrc:

oJf.JeF.

jloi 01ng

GOd

MrrB M thOI tnfl (lice ,~1de.

ae kQl J tTal!l

mmilQg ga~I!!I' ~

bd!11kJf. agoJi'1:lr

!~1~ (If'~] -, marA-ir-:Jg gol.l!g~ f'i~ ~1i'QlrJd N ffng~ed .a:l¥O}, ~m lI'he ~miJlba-mg fflq,btJ_ E:sittl Il<I !5h 1119. ftiie ~@n . . : wi fit 111 Th f:i is ,B!l::h h)v lifd 11 IIJli: r n Q t:t:l e V !S=CIR'I<E!I m~tl1 ad '[Qr estti 1J11:sh~rig' tile thkJ.u't9ss" ~e~pt .:hal the
miluk;Fng UiYnJ';jjre' ]s sot agJil~I1i3t

HoIti
~41

me bWe' ~d
-

tlfID,o/ ..gorm the ~

:mx--i 01

try
b

~ ~lili~' aceli_m1q ~:qLlOnl' tFtiQS"

Siln :0 marl!drlg ,gauge to 'mho mq "r d tlilirt:j.;;ne.N;i; Bnd. WOltiflgl 'fI:'1J1IfI tnB '~i;I~ sfdQ Ilnly, {j:!i'fSblis8l ~' Ilfle ~n 11"" way- IN'OUliid If'!' wooi;l. F,lUtri iii ~~8rTJ1 pendl pOLM ~IQ·n!ltil . iitn ii!' m miD~e' il,i'I'lIoJV !{-s~Dll•

1Ce>ep
yotJ'

ch-oc.Jtrnn· )Kiut

pn:;lgf8:ilS:

(i!!i

the '[aGs'edga. F~1lin tnli iftlds"t81l Of! left by the m.pd~ing gauge Wltl'i iii .I;:t.a rp pElI1!~i~~ .s:eoorethe we ~d i,n blmclll vice .Brldllull1s "It dOil!lfl ~Q 1"8 fi'JaJted II n,8. Use 8 square III chEl'Cj( tt.i:oL !alrl Elag6S are :s;qU(i]M tart Q{)!>1 to 9lI!li1l other. Whllm you .81"8 sati&~i!Bd t~iSil W-s p~~ of WQQd ts tl1a consC!' wid~h sl'!O·thfo'J:nB~S~ t.h;j r'le-xl S1:~ge wm be, ~D gfJ't i~ ~o'the <conoo l-engtn. To do th Is, 'Y@um 1.1t1i~ fif:S~ c'~~E:!llliSh on& <SQlI~UjrG i!md. .liIl!J !lJ!16 s,gMor' ndl Lay a ~q'1J.erel .as, 1it11!:l8i!11 'to liha e~l}sQ'tll <MId as pc~5ible~ mt:l ng i$yre tflat n:.li1e1o~1i!l©f s U'iB sgdolare ls ffmr.rry' 8!}cinst the. 'rac:~ edgo~ :1I1(1j dm:w ,a Hnr:,aEICS:~, til 0 f~c:e !!lfde·. Establr

M~ke mure 1hu ~fle ~efl~11 PD]n~ Is ~hBrpf and iii 1113e U: I rn rowardS' tl"llQ blade< of ltie :S~llJatf'B lihal the line is Ei~ drWW':f1B~, close a:g p~ti 'biEIl "'0 'thi'J 'Bdge.

p.llon· OOMffl ~ 0lJ mm~~ II'

fh~:;~
f'J.l\b oU ~

iJ~ mllll! be ~nded


arr~~
Cli':l '5qtII1'IB

,H:M:the wood tf800--s.i'de tI~wn~ ' in a bench 'i,l'r~ to pra\l'E!11!1 n slitlFI19 off' the b~i1t::ti,..81liPll! pl!i!lf1C Iih.e IS utfac9 ~o.WJl to ihs m.BIrk".;Ot;I lilll8, U!Il'O 91,~'te:t!1 mfa· or UV ~ 1,I.1i!f8 't]} dhEict that :rhe'
!SU 'aCe

EH;~.slJi

1'0 Cl"WGrefy end.

!ins; is, 900IJ,Me O~ Ita, 'fol!!e~ side. r,evem . -.he sqUIl re and drew a piOncir nne dowml ~he, f'il1Ce edg€l an cI '~ti6
Wfil191l1 illiliti QP'po$itfl' edae,

i$ 'Rat. fltI1 true,

ell! gi ng ~III
11J1.a
lin61 ...... 1:!U

Clnd

:5;:1;1111

are

WhCU1

'If'au are

eure nil

he

m81k~ 0111 8 pl,l!:!:at of' wood ifldica~e:s '~lllIe{fK.aCI,

mM:!>unNliliet'll[ ~s COf'Fsct uiile

po~ilion or ihe em vou warn ~Q. m '1<9. Thereof@!',e allWarys 'CD, (I r (;nlsel Olit the scr p :~rdB c;tf the. oro!Jid ~~h~ :s;idc VOu Wiln't tQ rI!t 1i'ii!D 'II,!;!,}. II''fei<U: lOut y.1II l he IIIll] f 'iOLJ will be ooUing unto Ute meE!mJ red Ilan. and 1'''8 .eirrld res~n wfll b9 n8C:il:~~II'8t(li,

V!IlIoo ,lJt the: ii»rmc~ iengEh.


rn the
~fTI1

vour :sqUBI!iS to draw s4UlE!r~ Ifnt!!lsatl the Wily around 'the

e.' way

sa 'if

WI'tBIl tl'lJs, is don • .sCD.ie e r ~hiael"ne IIne 8 nd O1t ,8W~y 'the :5cra;p. You ~llOUld rlO\!'i! f1~ ,£II p:iliB~ of wood ~ha~is ~iW~I'f the ,tlorf,'1:IIct y..I'l'dti1. '~JrJlolI:ness .and lengm.lii. a~ wen alii' h!ej1jj9

est{lOIl.si1Itf1g mft" ~ uare otid,. e


--

squ

and

tru e in

ai~iIItlpedli.

A, W'ilJRD' A9,QUT GlUE


....

"

MQ.I;c
~~

""HiI' ~~

o'.lr;;'OOfl9'r

both bcrl.m.rJralry lJfld


~ ~~~ lil']'S'_

ffl~ K!W fJ.b:1e l~

W'h ite 1Jij',l)od

~~U1B

EpQ:t: 'J glue

n~bab.1'1lh
tKItrs e~'tOrv

0 I1fIOa.l

Ono

fIfIG.u,O!;l '~

enSufEli

that

',he

wood g Lre.
Itfe R'l.arllie fa

1E,pil):,Y 0 Lf,us ~(Im8 i'n tw~


~tlrltB~nOr.Gi

or tube'S .an
J

ii'!,i's"ta'ble

!lim

ctIt i:;i E1C!&iLilrale fs to e dsl;tl .!:I! gftlJl!'.Jw' iJIIl'O tine ICumljnlQ ~i!!ul~ I'J! fI f.hE! ~~r.f!i p :si~ I(j; of I,n Ei r..'!fQ:oodi" Th ~ IMI! na~p-0 I4iBEiP 'Iih:e i5SVt fI)~ao:H'v1"0 tbe Ilifi:e a~ YD'U Dife

fl"mrwi~~[e.Q'iakl

no lis wn~t(]:

cutling 8 .flV at the @rf:!D. '!NilelTl vou hilvtl c~mPJered n,. Cu~. c:flecPl: that thB' e nel i~ s:q jJ<il!'E! ~Ilid '~C Ii'll a il d~reotlof1-S, E~eib~;:!ihinll ilitr!e'~
m' . "~

1!B'1it91 :

Now that yO\!! have 01118 Stlue'Fe erut t: ts a !',e!J:af r.re 'si jlle prnceaLlil"e 'lQ measure flfQI'Il!

HI-ls: Sql,l8lB
, (;'ill U r
me8<5iUfEi

rm~ 11;; the re ill! Ie_F! EJ~1II I'!e mern be r. f


~HI .:i fie! ~

NA ~te: lb.j)!ed~'g~ue'" This QII!.J El. hCr.Wv.~r. is not ~rrJilll'ElMOU:St'O wabS r Blul is 'tI1!erefOne ffifit :caJI'table fQf usa Olil ViIOOO tbtrt ic& tiJ be WJlac d QlrtdoOJ'So ~tn jo'n~ wll~ W{18~Q ~nd tliOLlhj iall rt i e~Msd ,to de mp-or \i\i'8~ cQndl~(]:nw, tJ~ Iii! !3~OO~ ~lJIalll~ Ytlilter-relj~8nl: {llue 0' tI utdO!or ,\lmi ilIfO - Your hOCiilI'WOQ . _ork stOIf ~ can d'ill~', eu B " to 'W ielt is Ihe miJIt:ll !SLI~mbIQ.,

moy:st bo mi:w::ed 'Qgel:f16 in e~u.ol a'm'~un They '[8 ,$; ,t,~FlS,P;8 nr ~5Hld waite; "roof • .eln;1 ooe, iJOO Ilh.eV d~ \i'1i~y (ll.!i~lv:·mu '!IDe,u~ltd a'S: ecen !IS they ,iU:~ mi:r[:{IId. ;tlth'o'u If! 8pfi~ wm cI~ :he i~b~ CCIIQIIPpr for rep iIlIin{l ~9. I~imss tt1av dry Ih~rd. Q1(en in, ~E!PS (wh.c~ _ 118 VA Ql,g;eSfi"'~ !i1it!J\. tlle~ ,~rem l,I~h milllf ,Q):l~nlSjvo Ebiill1 wM ita PVA g lu>t~,E!if'i-tll are mere fili leu t to US9. Qjn~a adlillilt£;:ivS 'B no,: i:Oui'tl=llble for ··!tllini... '!N(iOcE.

ttl I ClB. C'_iI: Q!'lCe'),

- oint

fo fla

ails and c rers

.. ElIilru:::h wl~h bol'l~h .. Tl"Ji '!lq u am


.. i:iII~f1ijir'~
iii III

"",jCl;ll

~1:tCi1

MOrtf:;!lEi ia:ftqtle'

Et~lrlC !IlIrili .nnd: dirm IIIU.$l

Ii

,C:1 FN~~oro woedOfil


FlIm\~r tfr4iffitng,
11i(!;I1b;~'

i1!It'l:llel

.iii

o!!ttT::lf.1

or

Cltif~1

,OJ

~)(f'!tJ~~rjUO h~i!rrI'19~ '~i~l~

l!lsat1 fo~ 'moOp! j[;i~nts Or f-or jo; rnts wlihlln 'Ih ~ ~~g or rall, rna
1m

~ ~n ~ I
'"' ~ill,& ~~~

(![~!o'k 5:l!\\i~ {!Ilum

anise an d tenon join~ i$ 'if~ry s~'rongl because the,

G, ,;::I~m~ i~h!lm'ps1
'!' lIliJmp.;tfC,tlCJ

JOirft i~ '1(;11 bEl made, ~J1id usc tii181 by :sql.li;lO!ll~ dr3W 8qU81\i)I i in~.5l ~Tg :fU'QUn~ (19 ~ W(j o!1. M-

lE~r~~It~h ~xi;;liCIlPv here the w

[_

,o~m·l~ijrd '.wo-thirds o.~'tft~ :Dr.-a wi!:illti O'~ Ihe woo,tI,

Set 'l!lle

'I:WIJ!

~msiJf ~'ho

mor~jse g;n!!l!;1~ ,eK.~~tl'i 81

e' face s~de on !both !;I~e(:es,rna rok the §l1W~lje I !rt£lS -ft! r tba mor~iS:I!!' I'!iol;@ ~ Ili:l '~tJe tenon eut. Oraw ~i'i Ih ese I lnes wit}iJ D psn!:;i I pOi I1!t.
W!J'r;k;illig 'f~lJ!m th

74 tho 'woodwmrker"s .handbook

'~l;iemCl'lti:se hu.le. Usa @ d.r1~1 llt b aOOUl.;li millimetM ~~ in~ n~ rwowe r'then this' n ole al1lIDldd be. ~f"fCi!IJ d'o !!leta, Iha~ a;~.e:s:s
10 ,8

4 ~rag~ to dtill lOut 1!I"i~ tu~l~af


drUI press. 'f.i~ tne ~Dod

A drill press Is.u!Sehlll at '~his

!!'II ,e b~J1I~lh 'M'ioe' ~ntl tlrul~ ~ut 'the hel e with a 1:J£il1ld-l'teld ~1~~tr1edrill. n1i@ikl!!l1;! eve!'!{ QKtJ.Ft to emm~eth~t 'I~e dri I~ is '~tI~C1Jj1 1[0 'liMe WiJoo.,
i]rmh!'

~O! (:1,,11 ([Own

6'N~'

8
,on '~.'d'l~ tell D~

- nefl W

I:ltiie ,ifiili:il' fttti:

a p'pht i;l1,u;e

'~~I.

811

til e

'!1l~t!Qn ..

u~ a

stlU1aees to be J!ijlJli!ed ~!lid

IliBnilNl iii-aw

~iie WCI'O(i ai"ilthe

:S~I"i!P ~ide (i.f '~he '~i2'nnlillIi Ms, ~ th~ VOl,!! hS\I'e .ill completil:lld
iliefiO!'ll,l ~fI st!i!iP'

which

IWK:5

'lir,;~ Ul~ ,[line.

damp jllto lXI'Sl~i~n. M!sks sure thwtt aUthe glue; th09fl hiS'5 been ®!:I'l! BllZed ilU. af' '~tJe I'1t jgi ls 'Nlpod ;!iway ~itti a i;lI{lJmp clofh. Cl!ioc~ t~m 'the JQin:t" i$
~u~i't' IlGlroMtI·llewil1l!9'hill' t
{IlIrUQ t~ OO:~.

"1 belQ'VI'.

Wlllgil:l Ii rnDrti5B chi'Siel and t,irn ~ff, ch~ 'rla~~'ide~m~!h bevei;-Bdfje .e

5 >Cut !:I.utllf'1thl'Ji rflm8il'~1'\tII thQ: nola wi~h


~LIIPi3

!l;;ll'i~'" rme'lcin.1;Il

l:h,B~ this

ends anal aides 8 r~ e-xs""'tly vert~e!3l~ ,oH'KI1}a1l".~I! et

h!i):ut 'ijIU::eI') $l1Id mao tin'ly ooj ws.1me!1t"S wh'h .a broad· blladiGd b~iel-ed{le eni~e'l UilntiI 'th~ JOIilt iI~ aeeurate,

7 ~w..

~rt'_'llhejDlEnE, ~(Iti!e~I"uu clI'y

jloin'iing wa.d and turn~ 9 75

rill1::3, ,10frn"1l~:mest
'i~,a bh~~ ,stolO~ or (!Iii'

alppr:'Oprlato~ylJ s!~dat

the, 00 p corner of a
pUJ II'p(1lS~

slrni I'ar ennstruetien, The.

ef ,1'1 e

• Bl!in~h wl~h ItiElf:J~1!i YItti

pi ncS of' 1~111!1 m I)HtN:iiI;l' '9:1!l!l)lg@i a~:ElxEla.tly Qner'U1!~rd 1!1~ ~w,gHh~rdiil ~f'
f;wo

SEIt Ilia

.. T~ !6qWi!1,8 • CJlqm~'8(:spi8ne-i!
• Tll!ft~' !ia'ii'l.' Jlba.ekaBw~ • ~ ..'el..a19'8' ~pilllif!W ICm6.El11i .. ~~FQ.en1'8:~,Wo[joo8i11~I~, .. E.De$ii:' €iflll dli111 IM,t&

am

ii

G~EI!I'Ii'I\[;ltt {1i:-i!;lim~~

wor1\:al'llg fr.Q:m 'iihe ritQel !!;iide: on bo~;n lIJi.ece:t mafr-i, tll ei li!le~ forthe rnertlse hol!i!' and t-enQI'II (;:IJ'~'Draw il1 these 1~['ilIe:s a wjtb p~n c:1~ fi"i}:l1f'I1. to m~ke thE!! gu~dK i1'1Iorn '!pllsibl'Ei'.

the wid~\h O'~' ~he lil.rooo ,alllid•

(:hQp, QU.~ "'~hil!ii"Elmail1int] l


~'lfiDdi ~Ih iI!I HrlTli£1r er ~n[l I,\nll"fil Ui!!li 'Ua,'
~B'!Ie~

rn,.g.rti'$l;l ctiiisei.

.. M'~~
i!

SI~[J9ri

~i~i!I'S qf ~~

hO~B

wi~h a

~! ffL?_f rhiimlD~ ~~r.sfl~Ill1r I


fIIXfft1~fW~

• ~\'hl~B ",mild {!Ilus

edge ~hlr~.I" Also Cl,lt 'lhG alad: f'or thiit. !le!!.! n~'h .. m~lcintll! 5U rEI that 'the ends anQl ;:iid~5i i;lfl!!
e:qjc~~'!(.'Io!ertt~1

.. Da mjl) eleth

~ n I;:i

p:;I rHill'al.

WQIf'k SiJr1&eoe;]. and

Fr~ ~hQ; olXl in aha tUl'l'I"Ch w vice, ~!Orc!iamp it to U~e


II:! Fill {j;!J~ (hI!!

bulk af Itli13 l'if'jOrlJH tll[il~

~~ta~lu:5,h ~~e~ly ~IIJCru 11'1 i3 JCHni[ I{j; '[0 1m m;J~!}\! 3ifUI liIS0 Htil ~'r)" iSlti'I.J~ra to f:lr.!¥W s:q!l.ii1H"1I1l lin~ righ:t BiMUlliidiil;e 'WCIiDtl..

u~IT'I{!1 B drill :bIt ,~'bo!J't ,m~I~~mel:ro ~ {}5::r ~n lfiianMwor I!hm~th-B ~ lC'!lrnp-l~tEld1 h,o~ ~1~(FLJ~db~. I r "Joo arijl I,EE:i:n.'81 a hili'lld·rIil3~d ICh:iCtll're dFm~!T:I~ki;I :SUTe '~hoiJ~ tho drr~1Ii~, 'IlE!r1Ur:al itO line W(lo!1i.

wtlCld on ttill!!: :scrap~ida of tnlJ tenolil ~~nB5SCI,nat "au llaV!H.iii t '1:;:1i;l1t'l'l p'le~edl'tenDn similm' to d'lo ~11~ in 'the plillq.~g.g raglil ~bDv.8'_

~OIT'~~(.".t~il~i1 '
U!iftll!ll

saw

s~~1

IL'OIC:!Jf.

clown i!hxl

U~p u_se:,~

The he u fltt'll Sh~y~tJ be ,eI;JoU't ~JI)% af t~E'!' wocrJth iilf the tenllUIL

7& ilhe woodworh;er~s, han,dllook

B_ IDLE JtrNli

the corns

,5:

of frrames as ii(

Se ~ e 9'10 rtrse 99iJ e to 8);:fICUV. one-thim ana

lW~"'tlltrds the: ~bid.ne!S!S of the: .- Clad.

Joint ~o;etJti!lr dry (witnout !1h,lel and malHll o!Jl)'!( ad~u:S.1 nr.t1B!1t!i W1Hil is firmer !I:.hi~~ all tl'ia( tll~ ~oint fit6 to!j!;itheli wi~"'!fi!Jt 81!lYg.;tps, Whgn 'tlrna 1,01 nt ~ egl'Jllple~8'. !:Ipgly Ii1IIUI!:!l to, 011 th e !9!1J rfac~ to !be'~oillled iilfld clamJp into po:sl lon whh G·cltlfflll'!;L M ke suite thtlt 1911- te e<')plC~S! \11ue SClllu;:·e.~ed OU t of the ja.nt is W !leo a!M1y whrh ·13 dam!) elom, eh sct tllat tho JOii'! i~ :KJ!II i9! re bel'Cif'S IGill'v. iifl9 I1 ij g~ueto. !Sib
Fir rhe

• Bread"ancl nil ~ f~ Qi'fiiri1J~ mst:l:;

11tfflllt1'

'Whh~ vrooo.!fiI
, D~~'"Cf;mlh .

IJ

Worktrlg Irom tll6l

f;;lQe

'side OJ) I!!\Bcll pIie.e8. U!5e 1he mo;rti:se ,gi';lug.(l 10 m8~k III .es en t~ ~,wo~(js amid IElind ~M WODei. of

~:s.>tablish wlile.re 1!J'i6 lo~rll is be-eo nrsotruct'Q-d, . nd "}slli; aquarr: ~iJ!Jes Mi9-bt 8rt!llIfiti bll'th pieo!3G I!}f wood.
[00

. 'Haroh' ~n ~ille+9 0111 t e s~~ep a M8S til fl>nsLl re a 1al you do gC![ rna '00 misW!kas whis n V.CI~ Cu~ thl S58 mill;,

Ing

15..
,-.

~~IJ[te ljifl~ pi~~goJ 'WO(!ifj In 'tho beMI1 .... ~~8 and.


th8'

using Ili ~MlClfI :i!l4W:,tClu't DUl tarn;rn s:t:::cll.tin of Ih~ joll1t.

10

f~t·tti[(lj ,t@i:n-1 dlfY fwitn:oi,U " , g]Ii.!JO~ ;fljfl d m!ll~1}.any

.a firm'lef

ili3!l:lu:iSl!lrv

adiu~~Elllt~ c~i~el.

W'i111

!
'Whon 't.h0~~\,~f:tOC:aI ~I ~!i n ha\l1) boon 001:, r1l1lmfD,1l~ iniG piQCG f'r!:im the l:i<enoo 'i,iiic{:.~~~fI'IPI finmly In II:n8 it.
b;c;t1ICiI1 s~li"f,alti •

.a nd!

CUit

aiW8,y

t~l1lre !qllf.l~',

Use e (i(j;P'i ng
title

:5.e!'i'M' to

cui

. i(f!II{,[lV

!9~r.IP

ln the

1 ~1
bttM:!kro

Whrefi oomprCllO. l'irilrU

OOl1tl1ct~fig SljjrftM~~S wrr.1m il11~ ioiru: Dmld

ili Ii

~~ue'. a~somblc

th ~ sorajp On i!eeh! side to


oo:ttllbl isa~ tha termn.

i:~m p up u8~n~ al (l ..r:;l'am11 ~dm'~E f'OF.{let tne, IPl'lJItactk1J9


,1:1 nd

Q1r~~pcr(liD.1
ro

B(ilf(! i"Q ~1!!I~'i'ing ttH!·


U:i;G' tlfile:, tn)i' SflIl!Iiilte

prJJ~8~., g~lJi!!I' to :5l8~,

,che(l'k 1h;\Jt th~ 1oh'l't i~ .eN..CI~:ly' squiRlra_

9
~:Brl'l;;m ~W.,Il<I!.n ~:!\1::ert~cElI ~ Ihu::s ttl ei~iJbt,ish '~lrie eentre slot.

Fi~ I~~:!:l, :suMo pLCOBi _ ~rii[;iiIlll'!( ~11 ~h~ be neh vke.


~Ieai'i up

'i!!,..... II<. • ."11.. r,l[!( 'h'le ~h',eli' p~BCe_1n tuli!!i

8 ntl

th e :!In [I I' wit,h ~ bl"(lsl;I firmer ,cl:1~5-81 'th~ flat on


side ;!;!nd .e!
I':!~FFQW

bi;l'n'c;n VIce

£! n.g"

W:9~f'!S

;(II

eili~1 on

~he bettom

'Il'[ Itt!!:!. !;l~O't

IllJrHI the

slot ~ssquare and true,

18 1he wGoawDrker':s, handbook

jo 1 nt.

11, 1$,

'1 u ie;k9fJ" to

IITl

an

thafil a morti ~e aFfld u~ 11l0n" b!JI i'~ t

5lJI1c h

dh be-rtGtn
PlJl].C[I

Ci!

I~ not as S"t~o.ng. un us; [oi nt can be 'LIseDIwi'1:n pro[9~l:G where


them

CAI'1PSrJI!IIra

• Mt(trk~ll1g gB!llIg8
~ ~~ P!!!iII\o!l rrs IN([jiJidDn • !Mqjil Plllt'I.;1ti

win

not be a great dleill!I of prill~sureen the ,joirot. fo F

ma iI 8e~

MllllDt

fLm::c e rlll;:!oo lK~-po!ru.

'LWSt bill3
.. R-B'Bp

g ugQ [.0 n .ark the p~il:iCl n of [h-e It!OwEl1s em ooth pi~s e 'WO[!id_ litamem IlBr tc me-a$ur9i fro!ll1.tne faw ~i~e.
sO'[

. 1a

II II

Tmwon:[j![J " DfIiFlp,

fb'II:t

r.

""~

tt.)e, mer~ing

\\!h.ire. woOtl glm)

US(!! t1J nai~ punch to m~ :0. an iru~(j;IilW~OIl vfflers' tile dOWE!1 ho1cs .a e- to be dri lied Uli<5 will ald aitCUfflte d!l.'imng.

cleth ,. Siis.+! «.&mp ii6 .. r cl mp'


Iii

~do not sel th Ftm mlS abrJ'u'Q 1J1la;j},lhl!~;'flf as rl'l,i~.wiU prevBilt tne- wDod :s,P!11ing .ilIClI"~g NtJe gfllliQ when tI rilll". or i.nserting
the do.we~f;,

-1

1(5 elSQ

8dvi~i!llDle te

Sf3$1'!Jer 'he dU'm!!18

a I~n'ad",poh'littwiS-t bit h the ;&Bm~ di3rn~t~f ae til!} dDwe I rods_ Til dri 11M hol1JS stimJl!:1I n~r be wrdE!f" '~h3n hllit th~ width cf th~ woo.d~ :stJQ!J Id ~13 Itte f!i~Jmo Oil ~I!i~h lP:iillee BDd, 'ra.f 11h;ct.eii' \volJid" su~n as ll:at!~ele!1l~~ !ShQUlld l:JeaboiJl 20 rnm f% in) eep- ~vtte "J d n IIingll mBite sllIfl!!: thm the dri II is. h(llid et 8 9'013 engile to thsl wood"

u~ 3wi.

Cut lh·~ H~quired n_~m!her of 2. m m f~!! mJ s mrteF U~~ritnB. oombil1ed deptli'll o~ ·U,~ ~ose~ ~if !!ttllclll hole is 211 mmJ ~, in deep, each pieee of d01Ne~ should bel :ahoul 38 mmJ1 M- in ~Of!91. 5~ight:J'I 'rtaP!JF ~~~ tI['Itlsi (J<F(lQC:h (I~I usl n~ a r.RI!ilp.

4 dOw~s

um"ng

79

~with(Jut 1;IliU!;\iJ ~rrlQ Ol!ll~ sidiFJI ~nd pLl~the iO~l1ll'OfFeth m f aJ)!' 'tg ~hecl!i U1U~ fits ~ell. il

:.. 5a

Tap Iilia ~a~"I;!I5: dry

5b

When '!tot:! ar>Dsilli~Lar.!3d . ' thait Ihe ~ri'iit is! ne'al ijind aeeu rate, ;a~y ,ghiiO ontD Dr!!!;!! ha~f Or eacl'J dOW8J EiJnd jj;!1lif, it I'fi!u ims i1!qljj~~ 1P(]L~i.inn.
Pa~f1t W!.~iiDdQ'iue onig ali .tt!!j;!i
~~

,elr.e- gOi fig' lo be joined BInd 'eharn,p liD 'lJhejoil1~ with ~ sash cramp. lE~e:ss ~111lI"€: ~hQIJUdfuI~ w~ped 8way with II ch~mp, leth, teave th e ~o.int e to s;et Fm"24 nO!:iJft:Gi"
:&;Ulnl3C8:!i.

This JerirU is made !bv III rTll(]ving half ~h!l]lwrd~'h ~Il ~h!Ei' eentra I .~e~1on 0'1' one piece' of
'W!:] oell

",:-,':

." :'.Whi1 ....¥'Q ..1 'WIlt. -~,]ie-d'-.'1:0.0.1:5 '.. o._ .. -.."I •...
,.., •• ...-" •• L__ ' ~'.' _ •• _.

z, ,_" ..;. .!..

.0"

_.

"'

._.:.....
'1:"-

.-.
.1

I'"

and hs If 1hQ w~dth til'f' tllile 'top

.. B[mc-h vJ~fl JI!o:.ngh


;;; l:ilrpl!m.:(Ir:1;. pEifliCiI

¥i"OI)

.. Til)' :6q)uare .. S1:oe:a:I !'UI'~ Dr "fiih"B>litlible ~feBl


tEilp:e- ~'5Wei
Ii

lfGRPf'I

iIIBW

(b.o<:~ aBVtl

.. Gdo mFt2 'kllll[,f1i~l

.. ~H;Ii;Jilfle [1!i4"lngl.ehl~e~ Vllfil,e w~9d g~L:I~ •. Oii"rtip cl~U.


Ii

IM,E!o:truer ijJl! 8 T-:.:stJap~)

'1 a .'

Loy the ~ ~Ieeas ~o96~.he~ '[one on top of ~n ctl~

same position I.hc'( w~11 b:;; when the' ~oinl. ls ceJmpr!Ell\~L

'1 b.M~n I·..·


80 the WOgdWOfkeT~lS handbDDk

aJ jl.ali'lcli marl\; ;fin Gm·IiB~ ~nde- of E!1Ich :5ifii:'tnol11 Winere the"" alFEi in O!Dn~.ad:w~th &.ach !lJ~"'e'r,.

dr8W pl:'H'vci I IiFlio:s all theYl\iliY i3 re u n d tile s~oos and edge5: of QO'~hIllOO~S. easure tflE!i thickF!le~ o'r eaeh pi el!}~ of wi;lIDd ~~I1:sy. hould he 'the 5;~ mEt1. divt.(l!e tfijis li:!ixaetly b'rpIlwo (IIml iel ~tle markl,ng gBJ1J9€tal tills

IJ S!irttl tno

'trv squ F.ir~,

me;;:tS;Lllratt'I

enL

edglcS'

Us 6 and-"9Wi1!1:;'ingfrom hath
1I.\DW'.3lrd'

8 be-v~~t:lge clli~IF

th~1 middie.

rBmO'VQ

me scnUJ wll~d"

and ciSl!l'erlJllly maKii!I any atl~iW!9tm~l1t!j'!,i'i.Iii, h .a b9vQI,.OO 91]-

9 ~rt snu;ly t~gell·n1fc.

Check: the,'!: rhQ rwil places

lines lei 1ndi!!:irla '!.Ntlere YOIJ l\E!ed IQ cu ~~y dla Seta

WrJ 4 on rt~lilg

chism. 'Whe 11 Vr;;ill ;iJF8 iSa sficd .!hat till}. ]oim ~~ii'lIS near p!'lJrfi:3ct as; possEble. malee th e [o iii: 1a_cf' !S,ltie
[iii!}

~rom lho(]

Clile !DE8lta. m9M:.

glu~. rlil~fTltlsl'lied ioi"llt slu)u1d

piiUlTliDli'l!:i

fit

u Srl'li!) wh.~eWl1Cldl
,~!S, tilE!

fit

8<5

,i]I:t:!l.IIrately

ona i..

tfie pi oKig iOrph be'lQ\~.

to mate

fld ~e l'1'Dii in '!The~nd8 nitatlons It m ~re '!li!~jIbJ",

~mt i!QIiI'n
_:S OC!bl Ire (I, e IQ\I'Irol r -s;·s!ti iC! n '.,the C!fOSB pleee to 'the wall;; Siljr'aC!3 wit, G·d;i!mp$ and,
U311!1g a tBn(!lfll :!i~. '!It!;! 111 i~Ij Iin es i rut!

Fix 'U,e a,helr piaca wffit:;!IIIIV In the bel'J~1h 'v.r-M


IJS~lilge te non '5.i!w~

cut dcWfl "h~' ~e~9"I"of th~

or

wc~d to the m~ketJ

u ne,

u~@OO1l!ip

CUI fj,I£iver~:I

hcriwl'lta I lJQ:SIiti£lti. and eut


iilWi3i1p.1 ~illlp;:i

Secure th e 8 to 19<e w~rkis .!5-i!Ili'f'Ie p -eIn:a rFat:e


I
:5tJ

rh 0 romiil illlil;fer of

'hill

wooi;J dltlwil t'O IIJU:

ih.!!JHtl!le dEl,pth

0'

g uge lin

In Ctctlte a '!;io!'l1pierL'Eld

Ul~ YIOodt

te non 'Eadi&rL,

101

,.

>Ii

!at1~h Wilh bll~h

''!,lito

'" Gi;jrpsM8'r'lSi pe1i!;:i1

.. IEUBClriI~ if,fillI.and Ifilll bil&


• RI!IBP
Ii

~~r~tl!r'S~"~1Ii

i1)illlia'l:,

II

TrY S4Wo!Ift:!
G·el!!!!"Ii1ii)~ ~C el~m].);l! WliitO~!l! (J11j?

'J!
oj!

ii'rl~ :shOtlli;r' thi!llll thG C!JIrri~irM3;td dEl;p,thi or Um iho:l!8~ ~I:r 1Bat:11 Iilt:.lle, i:g 2{j mml
~~o ~ i It deep.,. e-ar:h p~i3ce

'~.q,u 4 dO'wcj~ ~'mm


Du t Ht~

ked rrn.lm ber Il:If

'" !lam P ~I!tIIfil

• Sea.1i cr.c:rnp ~blllrcallmp~

ISohDUld b~ ~biD.llJt. :38 mmt'~ iii! ~ofi~~. S 1~~h':!Y ~i!lip8:r both B n'~~
q~:~cl'!

Ci~

odli)~~1

!tlowe1 US~J11~

(II

n;i!9l~t,

:SeeUH!1t~·u~: seetiens i~ iviro the: bCrich ~~el{l'1n the same p!}S'itinn as, tl,ey win be wl1o€!i1I [M iit'limlt 118,eomaloto, i[lJ1il di"~W In l'iililrl!cin~ lines wn£wQ the SUC~iOIiil8,eerna ~n:tt!i Oi"ft~t e with! 'il:,ich otIi £I'f'.

tokc it i:l,lxin. olg~in end brush g11l!8 [Jritl!! i9J~ ~liifl :5 !l.UfRQEIs' thM will Ftle-eL RE:ljiil!ril'[!'ie' :s;.eO'llitl'ns ilIiilld !::manlIp:! ~hiElm '!.MJt!lI
.a alii Sih m",i3iii p.
;!;U F,p
ICiF Sl

lUI!!!. BI JOifl.t 'filts

P.!FOP.8r'IYJ

Wipe ,away Elii'!

IU:!;II Q,lu-e. Ths' aIlJlliC:E1~~[!!!l I!;la"",1Pcan (Iyll ~ ~!Ollil out

IIl'F ~~iilIPe-. !;l!)J check; 811 i;lng~e~ with ~ '~ryOO,lJitif~ f:lnr,! mElt€!

,anv

1!1i1~("E!5is::;!rv adJY~!T1err~~, biefQ!"Ei le-avir.g t~ e' gthl.!!e t>iJ 8@t

bo~1lpr;ecoo O'f w®d. S81~' ~ tlrrm b~t tlimt rs tn9 i!iame d~amet'{Jr ~:; t~!lJi dOWBI
'toll

2 on

M' a! ..!Ir .• 1l.. .-II,o.we. PO:S!l[.'O'N "r .... !..!:~e.... ,I

1Il:00c:hd1)W8~ ,!!inc! tap th.t:m Lnt.O


p~iI;I.'DI3' wJtliJ 1I mlillet in l+li8 piec:e5 or: '~\r~:lil;ltll., DH!!!i

8:rusMJwhim woof! glue onm onE! of U'IfiI Eiti'id:s: Df


of

~eh

2.0 IIT'ITi

edg~ O'f one

eM· ~n~ d£l!:'p


~~Q~

1[4!i !JSI')"

and rnr;11 ii.'!.!'o'D


hollEl::i Olil dle of WQoC!"

3
,

n 'ti1JO ~Bn:'Gh VI~e!1 orrwd drill 'tv~niJ' klcntir:a1 hol~s •nib- -th~ e nQj (lOr tlti~ rpjOO8'_
W(]'[J;d !

SeC\,! r~ '&!hGl olh,~r pi~

~f

'~heJe i~ no 5U1rl!l'!~'91U'I;! 'tt1ie :surJ\E!ce. tap 'tl'1e to! fit toge-tl!ler dry ~wlthoul fJ lue~
0J'Ii

Firs:1' !'1iiiil ~ing SiIJ~8 lh ..,£II.'

as a 'jjl·a~~WFit~.

B2

the woofih'l/ork.er's hand bo Ilk

• 1!k~~tJ. 'd'ilh IbCl!!1iCh !"IJCiD

Thl:1!;i,joill1i. ~s f;I!llr Srm:ngllH t nan

a regu lar 1'1 a Ivling JQ~IllI~!Si th e a

• J:'lJrF!>8lj<w(s IJ Adltl~lli!b~ 1·beV91~


III

Jl!1Nl~.

li~t\I ~~ioillinl;l!
, tl:tJ~ 3.Il",~-.mr

we!l:llg;~~ ha P'fJ'd dovet~~~ prevents the j 0 llill'~ 'from PI,.(! i n g ·aJpart. II

lMalilang ·g.au!1J'il
1'eooll
&IIMf

Ii

it!G\i'e11:d b ~

1
O~

~ l~YS~OI3!Hi! .. 1B~1.!'!lf!gi!i

M~rk:(j _ sql!.lc~~~ on !;!O line loui" ~idcs 0'1lh·i]! end -ot


IlJ r:

r~al'lin.n~mf~d

•~
III

Ittom'\: WOOdlllil fi'I:81lbl

the pi QOOS to'

the' liBn5nh

O'r i.h~dovet~U,

~ndieate

.. iG~p;s, lCrilil ~~) W h [te WI' OIOCI EI' Uti • L!;;Imp .cIl!J:lh

Divide t.h~ '~ickn,~ O'~ Dne off the tWD PI8~PS D'f WQt!!d ~~tv ~ twO Wi.my
~fl!D'U,I!I;I it!r8 1"h e
:5.iiill1ie~. 8 n di

4
tlie,

Wl!:lf!(~lllig'h'Dm the f'aQ8 ~id~, ms rk ha-tdl ~ill1le~, ilitii't:a'M to

'W~l@re

ye1J

.f!~W '[0 CU~ ,E!lW.ElV

S'i)f.filp.

:s:e;

8i m~rk:iI'19 g~LIlg8 si:

eh is

tllick!le~~ (rh~,~iHlil" iIIcrp88 11':i(i width shcu Id ibe Ih!l;l~afliUI! as the wmUlI Q~ 'me '~e!;}llJ.n'tll piecEt ..)

1IJ~11Il~ n i!I ~illJ@lable bEvel a se~ to ,M.;!. 1!r18r.k: !lid. tn e ti)ovt!lall orl bOlli soldes Glr till'S. sari'il9' 1p>1ec:e;"

5
c:y~

SeCt.irnl~ ;pJx't1Ti(t, dmre~8i I lJi~ in .hoD: bo;flj!1l vies ,end dOW!1 ~hiB :i!:!li'mp' siae with
Il]J

TUlf1"l

the p~!!!0;C.8' af w'ClQd

the tenon

D~"'8tilii :l~W.

around and; 1I.l:!;;,lngl.a t~n(in. :s.~'iV.eurt' !!'!,wHiY' I he tI:CI'l! PI wO!IJd to ~e;a'r/t! :B: completed dove18i I,

Joiniing wood and ttllrning II

in Ihe ~~meIiJ!Q~rtiill1 Ii!~ 'NUl be when it is ~omlP;let,e. MiBlrk {liut the. r:im!£u-alv '!NUt! a Sh8FIJ IPDfi~1 WbOfiO tho 'MO Sli rh:!cos eeme
PI8C'C

Lav the CDmlP~et8'£1 ~h'lli


.~ctkJ;fli
O!~

I
,8 ~mm :5a'!Nr curt 6ev~ral ell'~il;a:l~i FIIf!S ilnto V I ~hetS~ifaP woo.d .c:Q<WIlI '~~e gauge llne ~hf;l!rfI he ~ep'~hQ'J
" 0"

l'QIp I;!!~'·.tle ~llher'

th!;

~rnr

li$i'I;g

_.

.Q

tiJIgi;rlher,.
,Ill

and m,al~ i!Iny net:85Ssry ;El!dh~alm8 nt~ '~lti


l)~el'-E!:d;g;8 dhi:;:eL

12..
.

P11!;!OO8

C~e~ tnat '~h!9tw.Qo fit an,ugly

1Me 'No.od~.

I i'lito, ~:01'ltLi&1will, oa;ch (Jtholt.

Dii'i§lWUIC V61'~~c~1 ~iill~S

dow".n l,hc::· (ld!SQ~ ,elF 1[11 e SQCQii'I d piQ(iI) wJth ,GI try square,

'from ~©1h OO(lf!S towards the m Id:dllQ. U8e a tJcvci~ed{IH~' i~~ dl


WGf.kilf'i!!j

to roff10VQ'~.he~C~~IPwood.

when ViiJU iRlll"ij- iS8~i!ifie-dl tHiH3Jt" ~ihi!liitiilil~. i!9, es n~1;:i1'~e rt~ ,E1:S. p~-s;i ble, .(!!IJM:l3V ~hJ~' 19 the SYrl;;l~i9 to be ~Qh"lIed,[,jliid cl~~1l the l~Jilt' if! lXI's:itro.!1.

IW"i3rt IFn;;! !1;intl 'ffiCim thE!' face 5:idet},


gl!;luge ~;remel'Jijber tti

M eJl[k Ii;h~~udfw.illV ~~nl!!! wit,1; ~'hle,,'!ir,8adv S1e1' rna rlcing ,

iii

-fo

con

POWE l J 0 INil'
~ "_c:~ ~I· baRe ~~

.. Car~e(~
II

llerrnJl

.. I: - tr-ft! iI'lIlfiIl• .fI~f11 dr-Iii bl~


BFt!@t!wl

• C8~tC'J~
II

W'KId

(j~IClITl!l;pa, U;.odO!l~
'reriOITi fll3W

flnd its str'13l11gth fl:n

~Si

depende'iin UIPo 11 ~I~ U'le :surfao~8

:b eing

• Sfih Oi'limp f'iJ:!I Shllm,)


il

p,~

all1c1

and

bil~ ~ml

Si,ljU are.

..
iii

'h - \NOod EJIU IIhfmi!l d!i,;dh

JMiH:Ge CJ flcilird showingl the iCOi'li'9Cl ~o~iiii[jn6f ltie 'CQmplet.oo 1'1l1 flt. MBri:e: 111!1!1 ~'~ID'i"l:5, or ~hill P dowB!S - II:I1i;lY she dd be abuu t 20 rnm {~ in]' in fr~m ea(:frI~nd arid the n about lOa rrnn (.1 ~In ~ Bill ~ A p;enciM.ad IX-DSS is adeq uaCe. b~l l1iakfn . an ndem8[itu1I alilhii!i- contI!! pili net
0 • Ql"L-eI

,- Mark

Wltlni iiJlbri!d;i!!1IY1

drill ~it ;0 better starHi'\{Ii porm and \\Ii II prc:~F!1 the bit om "~~i n'g off tile m~r~._ ppl

wm ghfC

the

~!1 Q)ijlWe~ P iIlilnl!S 'Q ~ 'lil'J e e ,O'~tiersac:1ion Q'm bOillird :80 Ihat tl1e drl11e potBS will be In 9xactly fl a Sl{!lllTle jpijisiliofll
'Il1 a nk
Q:n l89Cn

VQ'l,J1F wol1i; 'S:IJ rface CWlth llil~ flat ~'de$ ttJgCtl'ior~ ~ n d

Cls.llI1p

mo I'M}.

'pier.-e'5

ta

UG;lng .(II drm hit the samB Ihid~essaa IJnt; dowcl and ~itta:d with !HI de(llh slap. driU ," hoi is if\'t 0 rhe end p- iEieG, 8't ev.ery marr1a:ed r(linl~ ,-ate .sure 'lh~ 11'19 helos are in th& eenrre or the 'widtn or I:l'Ile' btNlird and ~!"i! ;;ro m m ~. an 1 de-ep. IL]s;ng lh EI seme r!t~11 . l 5i!ll ~hCl depth S;LQp tc mID mllr.e 'ttrlll'il Ifrrree.-qU'isners "'liB 'dl ickrl !}5 of U'IC se{!Dod ooerd CIIM drill tile holes ln dili~piece ,alll\i) m.srked p!Jll1t~,

ploce,

Old a-

,u

-ni

81

{sl11o~lDr't.han 1 he COfi11".idJ'iGa dElpth Qf th~ 11 ol'~:!l~,i§lIlti drv··'tap ~h!!'nm ill1lO [JlIla~!'!iIto II:EH5~:~h B t8oCI!Iriilty (JIr "ie j151rlt-

5 d'JilWQI~ to z nun (1' h.,j

c~~ requ Ired number or' t~~


A. 'stop,ped he iJsing Joint iiS snrong ~nd sta bl'i! ,and u ~cJ to secure sheh.fas lin~o Gab;in,et~or bco~ases

r.~,uSlllai Iy
(aee iiil50

.. ~ q,ne Ii 'IN im Ib c i'iw h ...4l fi f • C!lrtJOnl.r~jjM!n!j' .. TII"~ ~quil rJj


.. MiIIJld'ng '!i~~i3 I! lBooll'Jo WoW f~~ "' Fkip~Br
I'

~w~
cn·~(l•

~l~ge~~rinl~

.. Ca.rpen~firi!l·~i)d~n

m~lI~

.. G..,clom~!l (~..gf!i!li!'!~sl
III

~~£iI!~\IB

f,;IOQ.'1I~~
1ll1U~

II

W'M:[:ot!: w~tI [lBrrllI'

~~ j:Z!a:ii5iiD~~. II"fU1ik:e ~ipfi'i"m~ n ~ni by ,a;p;pJying gh.ile on It!O dcwrels and an 8V6fY ::s.iJlfr... il.ioi!!l 'Ih,et w! I~00 ~Orn€i:d, .;:md c~am~ up witn a ~~~sh cmmiP~

6 ltie Jo~m~s.

WJlieli 'fQ!Jl am 'satlsfl00d thai:


3S; rl!:l~1i ~a If.e~~'

I:I~"

whartevi!H 'll0llr" Ctlli1liG~iis, dlj}p!9-f'ldli rttIJ 1Df1 ~hil!i Widl'h [)f lne boalras~~Il!'iiEla6iur!3Jfrom tile ~e m~fl1: 1lil dEit.ermmnewhere .tne smp wil i biB !;in b~~hbC8~~,
tor

2.'

lJJ~ifl9 a malrk~n91 g~ UQi3i


(114 in:j·

:SEll [0 J{l fin rn

M~rt: C! ut thu bea ~'$ ahowl ng '~tJ!f! i nteiidel!:i PDBiulIJJ1 of ~he ~!J!Ifti(l~eted j~'in t, E!il'lJj !11!Jike ~n;!! tJ'iIoEU,~h'lll. IF~C'G

ere sQu{IIrre 8cmi)~ '~h!ebeard,

on ttiite di;lilJth of the ho.1Jsing fi:t !;lhOU Id rJewil" be mo~e. .'hall1 h,fl~f·~h·F.! thic:kfi:f~$m the I~ceq'rli n~~ bca rd ~ f.iridl. rIJ si rtSi itII milllrk;iF1;9 g~ug ~ ~e~to this !l!IApt'h. rl'l!~n the hillU@;]ii'lg' d~ptn en the !find of'th!9 boa rd,
~e:idEl'

of thg S'[Op.

use ,be'V£lI- dQe dh hS43i


to Il:tiop out, he S:tU!l~re end

CU[ B!A'8V

the

S{ifilP ln

mha

o d pil)DE! wlrl9 a ttln!CfI saw 'an 'fo~m ~n ~1-oP. 0

T~S't.f!~,1tieDint 'k1gellher j dry a ndJ ma k-e ;B_!1Y. l1;m::e~ry iid~tuuFIlIilIflI;5i. Whs!fi 'the jO-1i'1t IS accurate, apply glue to. 0111St.I fac98 thllt will be in i CjJInlB~t w;U hi 'flO anet he. :11111'1;1 ~hmpUFJ.

TlHRoum

DOVnAILS

.. Bonch .'inW, be;i'J~l'Ivl~e t:.8l'1pl!n_~'$ ~ I


III

.. M:a
II

rk1ne 9~U{ii:i A€I r 11'61 OIl) boYtJ I ~II rd L l.-Q

d rawers,
Usirn~ iii II'Oiil6f1 .~et to he Feqt!lir.ed dalPth, MI.l't eu 1t118 btl~~ elf ' he housing. ee ~ str.(fl~glifl'liifiEtJ ~hl:s lis ~6St iIlllX(!lm:ll1i~tJed llIe~l1Iig ~ wOf.lden !iilri p claiTfn:J)ed too th!Bi b08rd -

It

sheuld not,

'ttDeriElll • - I!Y ISQII'Blf


l[)flVI3~BIS SB'W
ji

'ro

1119 <SaW

i!

Wh .
GrC.

,Wi)@fi'l!Ih.l(l !TI~

~C"~lIim(ffi}

Ii!

Diomp,~~

illS iii

gu'dGl,

show 'ttl rough.

~Djn"

un

FiN U,;u; oU1or piecg !n U'i6 bel"l.t:h ~e~ .Qfld dir..f1Iw a~cu~g the 'ltai~1i ttl {1~vm e' ~itlon eh of lhe pillll&,

In, (j b (hU!:I.

~ti6bll!'l1'Cfl 'ii~ and uSce .tllf: • square to drew the '~!!!i I 1I1'IitJ-~ across, me 'ItJh:::kne9:s of

s 3 inrv

e~iUiI'"EI 'Ihie: p-ie(:'Ei '¥~rt~c;jl;i Iy

thic"'ne~. !J!ie ;II r.n-ilrk;i!'l,g! ·Q~utr.e' se,t te t!'l:e thCe'kne1:~, oF. Il!nl;!'
bo;;! rd t~ 1ff!I:::I1I'. 8r,g,un~ 1'11<8 !3Ind~ ot bmh boords i9'S sh ~Ili.

,A"!L:Imung
Ul

'~lhal, th81 Ibo..rCl:s


8:;:1

be

~C1~l1ed re ttle' i;!

m~

~ 4
[i

~9l~~~ u.~~n!t!tn~ Q!fdjuS'h1b~ ,

ln~ o1:fn~r'S;i;fl~

ibtl'i.i"l8l. !liraVI' 111 'rh!il: dOWh'lBI:::o

illf tlie b!)a rd.

fol'ltl~.i'in:g the '~qJll.Ia Elfies from rEi !Step; :3 sbove,

ware cui 111 sh:lp 5.

CuI

ow t I~'i~I)ilm!i in ~1\(1
as mha ~.jJil:Gi

8:arli'lO rN3V

TiIiI8~:-'n~' .hm joint ro'r~tn-8 r dry and mi;ll~8' iIIi~ neC!B85e rv ~.djUSJ!:fmrt.!nt~_ Whil;!ln

¥'l'u .l;!re '5!,8mi~fis:d '~ha~: 1h8 J!lJi'ln 1 is ,8t:CI.ilirate-, ap~iy white 'Woed gluel' to ~nWlUdl~ng au r~:,::I~~ eilld (:iamp II.!J). Cheo~ U1j3~ ~'!'!;e

]ohm i5i '5:I;IUa re barore leEi'!t~n!;l 'Dh~ I)lu~ to !jet fur 2'4, J;i(!l!J!'S.

CoBih::uJI;!'te ~tte' slee il:Jf th~ dovElrtaits ~this 'Wi II ge~e! n(l (!;!'il ~hewidU'I- of .Jl't~ b'i),EU'ds~ and, ilisin; an adjr!J :;~ah-1ebevel 00.' a~ ~1l"J pillncil in 'itJ~ dll''!ie~~lhi, n on!'il' ·!:i:iif.f~ ,of o tAB' end alone lDoal'd,

~ 2

v(."fJlt~1I~nes of '~tie lan:s with a dlow~a~~~w a_nd~h~fl use ~he

"n 5

l(:Iin9 ~hi~preco firmly ifi U"l6 tJeoch viee. Clift out 'the

QCIIping

to out '~hc nOll'llloIl'tE!i1 I(rm:s~U·~tl!lwaya a j;JDbii!l idem to "'1"k:Jt:e1l" ritE! in !jCrF.:lP !pi~i3'5 as t:h is prev£iRB;s,
8;9W

cURling C!U~,.h wron!;ll :5-etttiQI1, I wh~ch. !Surpri!i:ingly ~rtOLIgh. is

qm~:o (i-'[~:Jy 'to do I

o•

effect i'!Ie

way of j Qining
.:sp rlM1llv
Of
Ii!

neh Vice
nell
EIlftiSl:!i

!boards 'to~ethe r. the on,lv

!IJ~IJ'i;e
ruL lie • I '. MY

tmilla. E111"1iI1 OOW

t:!.It iIl'iw. Y the NJD 5I~de:s: I 9 o. h er board to to rm ~hiEI'l,O'fi'j)I1iO

4 saw ~~
iQf the jlOlnl.

lJoo a ~pincUl!I;liC:uUIfI , table


radial arm
S31I{

or

t6

Tr!Jol $ql,llla'e

• ~Vt'li~oiNOOdglw '
• ~·r;l m ~ (C~E::18m:Jil1}
• Dilmp ~w~11

·el S 1
of
Olil~

(:J)BIu5)9

iR!lij MO·it!

.g'X8&tly ~ne·[h Ire irtfs the ~hickrte:ss .of II Q oo.arrds-

the !i" ns Ilf tITle mm ~jse·

@t

Tes't-fi~tnlll j",1nt d~ glue) and ftIl!;l e afty. fiecaaS8Iry .tJju S1m p.n~s_. Whe!'ll 'bhe joi M Is wmpete.

5 4witn~ut
ghJl!3

app~

to olol"Cr'Vis I.frT8CEi
(;Iamp up.

that will rn;;BU't .. tI R

Mark: In 'tne ! jllle:;l ~l(]m the faGEr !G.I~ of bl)U~ lJ.Q..ards.

ii ~~urwd~ Clllt'te'r, ~aib1e saw er re· la~arm s,aw with ,0 cutti!l9 g~ide dna cut out a groov-e IhD~~.;l 0 In flil ~~ i n] 1 deep C11f1011 e bl;Jar'd.

3U!;e

ja i

1111

W()

d and turn i g 89

. .: W·Ii~it~'Li' wiJltjli~i:f..:.· .~~·~'I~··_ : .... _


_ ••• fl .... I
," • _ •• ... _,' _.: •• _

•-- ::.-: . -_':.--=: •.-:-:..

_.

....

=--:-i

.i' ••

strBi[91htfoM8f\dl mel'noo e,f

11
I

Bent],

'j,"lItl'" berwc.:t1 vlen:

,ioJ I'll i n g te no boall'cls;. buI it

'C:EliI\~~~eli'~ OOI"!t::1I

I [0

T'V'!!KIlJl'illil

Mni1ting

anye~

iI

!!I
iI

Ih1!tlitWj' I:1hilt.1:riii::: drill and drd!J ~


'TiIJIlOn

saw [tlae.k< s;aw~

.. 'Ramp

f!ClI d tt!e 'two 'bQ~ rds tQge'th~r ~f1 !Ii bert~h ~C!'J: ~(li 'thai' ,'h8' edge~ 'l'O ba ~O~inl8darB

.. lVhit~ glum • S&-m' CIl"ii'mj:l ~b!ifr d~fjlli'~


• O~m~~~

w~a

4 ~ljm:::~IiIe:~
lj~i ng
,8

(I,ri!1 !bit the St;:Ime!


ilii5

'the dQWe~8

~Iid

flt~l!!ld""i~h

i;I

de pth

dr.iU I1IiI!!e~ 20 mrn

i!7!r' de~o ai, every me rl:ed ~oil!U.

f.'

tZlLQP",

n~t to iD\ach ",tnc:r.

!5hO!lfl!er'~tI:e1llthe ~ombl n.;;d


oepth of '~he(!;pposing h(1~e!i.,n i

C\!!11~e r,~~y Ired


[C'~. dltl'nels :Ii!

rnm

(J4~ in}

nllm

I).Elr

'~lh CiiOO' 39: mm fl ~ :In} IOllig~ is·


,el!'l;d't!lll~r

the {ilf'itls 'YIliltJ

oI!I

ras.p.

~mhla ~.hejol nit, !!!ry te ensu re ,~ [lOQrn and mek.e any ilUI,c:~s~a 8djlli:$tmt!!~l~. J1i' Wl'Iien ~mpll(d.\8'. miiJjli:i;!I the joill'!t

fi.'.

~rmiIUQ~i11 b¥ aiHlh(i"f1;Ql

white

wOCid gliJJY tc ~E!!1l!' fQl.u;n~l1!l $tI rf~CQ tJlf'ldi clamp ~iP-'.

tiiLlOI "bDenh: J~ ~h,-!l ben~h Vl'C8 an~r Y~~ng III iiti~i'l1:nng gi9W;g!3',; m!;[lr~ ~ line
IR;l2:m~'I,\I!l'

2
Ilf

M~rk the pOS~t.it1lfil illi' the

,L1!l~1J:ls lJolli~ 10 m~ [a ii1l ill} [rom [!:fad .. end Ol!ritl sibout


100

mmlli. in

eperd

a nd

!.)lSI;!

~ til)' :squ !!Ire to rn 8 rt

~11~~e

dlowfil Ihi3 mirl'rlle or ~lfF.e' .:Illckn ass of ,thQ bo~riljs 00 1:11 ~ 'Ine d o Wi!! I! l"vol:e5.1 8 :l09 e):,(IICflv i!lJ 'the Qem;rni. M:3i~ an gn~e rn~tit!'I' at the iC@!AN:na' fJ!J~nl 1' e~~~ :Sjla~ wi.a, a 0

wm

Ii nas ii:l:rQ~5'~he,[ttl idlf'!ess

hot" boa~tI~.
the

b;r!ldawl to establish ;IJ gODd ~laifUng ~ int for I~e filril~bi '.

90

'WOGdwuJ"ke[f'Si

handbook

(I,

S C,I!JjJIT J 01[1 NIT'

'fry qu
ii1

i'

bu asp! ndie- GU . e:r lOr e'!;'en a In and-he Id route r can be u~d


II II

Bis:.Yill i i.~ll: • ~iii Int! [;u ~I-Ilru r (B~tjr~ er h !:I ml!l~ r


iCarpellt(lrs W ~ in ,.11 Wtllt-en,\'oo!l! S'Jw G-clamp!l' ~C'G'llilltJp3j

II

the' bisOli ~t, wtJ ich I§IbS!l]rM t~e gl ue a nd e):,p.anlis ':3,1ghtly i


TrrtD the jOi!'flt making ,a very 'Ei9h~ a nd sUo g f! l"

Dalnp

mil

Hold th8 i"llMo. boards logelf.t.s r in a b~nt:11 vice 00 'U~8'1' the' et!l;ea ~CI be joinm-d are
fied 'to I!!!sc1hotliler',

dry bi~uij,s into th 101 _ slots. and lBp the iOlnl,


till)

art tl'le 'p-o!)ition or lite'


eentre ef t~e bi~u i't$" ,iiltiCtlt 70 mm (2~ If! ~ill from e~h

11J:GO ~tJc MSOlnit joints,!" {"lil8';; [ to 2: mm (~ ijn1dreeper ~h81l h~1f ~h wid"~h of Un~b~uill:~ caU ill slet Q):'8etiv. In th~ c:enli'El Q the. wi til of t"e oen;l:5 at' ~~h of ~I'I~~ ~ifitt tg (! ccommoi:ltil(1 tlfl,@ fu II lenlinh of lhe bi'5GUlt:s. 'fo save 'time"

'0

to.gmhe to ensure aha. it f?ts Wfi1 I ';Il'um you (lire 8at.is I. ~ .: th~t t.he i'i]?lriot ~ ~~ lnei;l r j>ElII'fGQL as fH}fit~blEI'. app glue 10'til· blscul s rid all to Ching glJrlaoes~io:JfiQl el,gmp u 11 !AliII~ £] {I~S camp.

end i!IIrwd abou~300 (10 mm n2-1S iH1~O~~rl m Is wfll depend (jfl tJilfl, len91:h 0" Ilhe

'hoI;! rd$}. Use a 'equa - 00' mall' tnese li!'f~ sertl'B3 th.a ~hdoknlO$.$. o.J bot" bQ,(Ijrds.

antu:;IIb1g h it Wiltak@M the jo'i ["I t lIl~igtltlv~ .3i LOrig groO"'!/..acan be (;.Uit in ooct! I!w-I;m1. but don'1 CDm'JtifllLIe the gri,lJDvEI'S r~ghi, Ullr'(l1Jg,1 'the ood~ o1i'the ftn:uu'ds., This ls the tin IV rBfil~ SQh.nlo:n ~f vou do !l'. hRl~.e 30CElSS til S bi:scu II Jo in :.er~

. , ini

woo

Is th e

wIJ<cdwc

k'e.r an

artist Or a FiI a rt~san l' WhBn f( cernes 'to Wfj .cttumi rilg th ~ 8!rgu m ent

USIlJa~~vhi r,ls t'o 'HUt tI"S side~ as rIiotlMing qu rr£e cern pa res with sert i ng a pi8fEl' af prepa rad wood Oll'l 'Yl'lI!lI r IBtrne and then watch inQ .as il ct1Janges illH st!ape e nd
g'i~Q

under the careful

movemer

t of your own hand. WoodllJJ mi ng ana bl as "10 IJ EO. reate so me '111 9 be.Blutiru I and c ~n

LA'J'IHE,$ t~c;n1Jg w.a:!:l b[] un (I around ~hi!!i end Qf the WQt'id and.hsal :seciJi'fldl between 81 QlM9fll sa 1'1ng sdll ~~~!1teKll irt me. !LIroun!:il 31i11d ill ~1\fr.Qdllil ur\de r th9 ~8 neh. TI9 e POWIJIr :for thli!J lathe Wlli $Upp~r cd by' ,lt1~ trnlbmi:!f!~s roOt ;I)lfld 61 e springy ,saJl)lil1lg.

Fo.rtuna1:i:1ly we"v.e rom ~ leliig ~ y si r'l.oDeIlh:efl, but,


Silnmge as im: m lilY seem, th B'~ Plan Mc:eFlft~ybeen .!II r«SiiJIrtgE;tn:oe
(fj{ imWUl!l5,t in

Aill iIllDliIt l:i 1hB The rlJ II hiSiUlJy of WOQQUlIming ilj: 10m hl the. m i!e' ~ ~f rlm!!l. bu : 'Ihere arB drB'Niri9S Of! MDmd 001 el'Bffi!sm8n wc-rt:rf[!J p.F~m I[!w ~o~e' lool9es~wl1i!Ch t::~:ns~s.tQa o'~ ~l1Je~~ecoGf w.oo.d to txt tmned secured hu::twl!ll!ilil lwo eentre Poi~ltSL A feather

.el1ciEl'M hlOI:s, and

mtFthClds.. i rtd WOOd'WOr~8i1"~ are- going cout to 'find lilapilings ~o ba-nd .end LISe in polo i{ll hes, ilil1ilulsti n.g 'tosu IJBsI;I300 'fat! rs oB90. i!Js~for th~ h.m of i t~
[~r.aEtvi'C d~1I1 tt.m~lllment One of itho- IGil!Sl tlXp8f!~jV~

methods of bGginninll
in'lllliFl!lng

earn r

15 by buVitll9 ~8t1~~ ~;t~~C'!lmefU' an electric: d '11. for


It}:!:!

whe~

d I~Iprovide'S 'tho p[m\!~r SiJlJrGe • .Ahhoug'h f@ra~ve.-:lv In eXpl3l11"i'lw!'e. I~.o dba dv nl liB ~ethE!~J IJ FiII{!:58 VQ.IJ Ioultiie e 'I1~ria ble.~jp@S'd drill.
VQ!J 8 Ill!

smnetly lilllilOG witn ne{;l81ii~ ~o tl:Jlming SP(H~r.:I. Anolh1li1r dissQv!9f1't[lQ,G' is t'h

E!i~

~or·'qlu ~Jitv ,e~elC'ttrCdnilPcs. tend ~D "/Dbble1 Wlllch Ci9ii lead to

unS'2l~i$rat.1'ory M~t1I1:s..
IC"r Wt:imell1~151 ~!ithes, ine.re a>re iii vBlflet!f. of lathes; $vai~E!b.16~hCJt raIl i nto ItJ~S ccal.eijiory. Some O'f ~h!Oso, lam EI!3
HiDmB
Br€t

A b.e~(Ip ~11w po~~ waJl' 1'r.i1Yl~ ilelJ!l:5. :s.t.dl

o}'
0$

Q~

~lB

~ndbrd eteC-J' drill I'a_mp.!- .fir jf1ttj~,1 ;f»wt$

1!;Or;!

be 1t-.500Po O"OOte

rrsass-produeed

iifl e.a:!l~'Elrl'l

countries. sre rel;9titvoiy

92 he

8nab.

ok

~l'!e~R!;lI~

and ~re l;!:!iltl4ll11y lP~rf-e~Ur (lde.tly~~e t"lJIg wft~ wl1lcll 'to t.l6~'!9t!!irted.

The model:s:av~n~M@ llf'1(~ydf!

There a re OI:h:B.1 ~adl~~' 11'1


lillis, ca~e~orv m~fu,dact!l.l'(id by woll ..~m awn iE.uM'~tlJn ,and" Alifl8fi~iJn cDmp:Llini,8:S~ '!tMtJkh a f1!! [if ill hlglher qua ii~,'!J!'. b()~h if!

N;ll'~se' tlat earl 1M: ~~~nl:ped ~ Dr b~i't~lt of Q1'h,OiFS th j;U: am 'fr:.arrcGtta nfdiILg .....
SCfi3Wfi til to 1:1"1 e YOlllr cnD~M

2.. MOI~:r ~h£ttt:i~tGek~ - .. ",.a~h6d t'Q ,113 !9i::ti'f1iT1iillrneehanlsm ~n9

mbber
3.. Dnvi

DiJlts.

wlU be g O'IiI'liImedl

by 8va,ilahi~i~'!(. pf woMkl!;ihop' ~p:(ll;:e iii ~IJ S!il '1iI')fU'ocers~ la~he pal1_5, 1FherlEiare basiC6!ny Oil~V mafor p~ns to ~ ~attJ8:
~. S~alll1[1- ::;l!iJtu.Jldb~
iii nd

1191lC!!lnlre - at1l3CIt~Jjtl ~OI I:h e m eter tM~1l 1b~1t!;:.

ma~eri;t!ilSa ritE en!allleeJin~. an d are Iflrell'i'lforB me,",,!;! e~~l'Isive. Ir' 'tOy a Fe ~fl'ler.~stedin tiOfii"9 ifUli r skills QS a 'W{i{iod)tll.lli'ft(ili', this lyp~ or latho wOLIId h:!Q' lhl:l !lInQto aim 'Jtili".

1i,lo'iflI

4. Bad:, eei1tJf~ tl\;llmlSto!:;k; e,J.nhis], - IJh fI pa s;~lve end! Qn which U1,g, W(jod Wm!i.
!SI. T{]c;:Ij 113$11; _, '1;£311 !be

!HdJ ustlltl

~t~rt!iv

'~enl

¢Oristrut;'1;i3orR,

~n Itll;tiri!ll11~ ~Il!id'(_1'i~'l:aJlC8 ffillm ~ilo!'!'!'iiprnni'I1iQ wooc!',

r.

M::uGi'
~hlE.a:dstoc'kl <,

,~ ~h

'Gen'll'a

~~ililstock.cer:Jtr~~

" Stllmd

join~ngwood and :urning 9

l.e11i!e I:!h~~ElI5~~lIIminlJ t:CU]~flJ' Ther,e ilrr~, two types 0'[ e~is{j-i

to r

U:S'EI

on ~11ii 1;I]1:nQ, eniD

,:s'

C~ lIe~ .f! suap'f:t' cali~sl~ wniEGh ciki'g.cribtlis its lIiti.-iion", and 'thl":l'
mhor I'~'fhS; lCouttUliIg ~hi!5litl.
,efllr'5lSlel

An aelequa'ta i!ie~,lif" l:alt!e ( !i'i.!i~! C'Qrn~ff~e eiix or e~9"t e'h ise~ wnh b~~ii1:e~ ~f

v oil r'jo us s)'hE!jles Brit! SiZ88, Thil!'l h~ndles: or li3t!lQ' dlJsels Z1m

l~fig<Clr3 nd mom :s:h ap~~ ~han {lor'!ill i'[fJ;Il11j' vro~diNotkili1g clTii:3!B1I;s:.. Tih~s!3: harul1~s: aUDviJ 1hhE! cm~lW'li.ali'l a firm gnp I9Il'l!td giOodl
i!:(!ntrol 0" Uie NlQI ..mhHe

I~ t~

~e££j~
~[f

~r;.
~1'ECt~

be sttHkil!!f1r

d' Grx.lJf ~I:J:Of efg~r kil'llB d;ir.5e~ :!i'h~ rhe 'o'(Ir'kil' of ,shopm' wad' rill WIXldwm~.
ili! ~~

~olOd. wh'idl 'is 'l1,J mllllg Oil '~IlI~ !idtle. The- Q'the~ m;!lior airH-elf>ence i(Si I n the. !Sh~pes of 'the. cujj~f1g edlg&s. ~S' ca n I:le seen ~ntli Ei p1Hltograph.
:sbapkl:lJ '.he

CF~Xl!ie Q forha Fhar fi ,s~lod lID yo.!ff


~RI1B' 51':illlJid ~

ptJrpQ-Ji,lJ

c;rd~iJ.(f/~ (i),r' mru~ ~w.nill51 pr~~

gfiO ~.Lfa-b1~ ~~~'~OP ~\ The IM'rrOOm ood can bi! p.;;iicMed liVlItI} wni!ifJ rlO.! rn ~

oo~~ ~~
..

~u{>fld

, cv r U:~e Itl tl:Je cl1i:sels ss iJr-dll'tfi rv ChE~e~$-. H-my Eire ~pBiC181ze(j tODh'r all Ione mile i ~~p wil '11 8 ~1I8t wiU prob.ablV :!:tI~ j:' e h~lltll~ hiS I fOlUnd 3Qt as il 'YOLlnQs~elf.~s.ulling in I deos![~oY-i!!d I~the !&hiS!!l!~ anti a

wllt)1}. rrom my dadU. M 1.100 o the 'WOrk don~ Cl n ill la~hemil De with a~rndle~ -.hal

!$ [0
WIlDd

S8J"~I. !9_h !'Ipi fI !;I Ell pilllco

til a t ts ~e!iTt lied b iflWMi1 tw'o poffi.rts, W r e>:.smpils abl' l\egs 0 r l.j)iWI~' s alllt!:!l:l

or

STAN.LfP'

A f.a~ pilot.! «lilt ~ aJhxh~ g~ fifhr; JJl!:i~ ~r MrUlf~ '~'

p ~e

---

E]{It.-em;3!I call i(.l:(;1"

, !'11t-srm)'I (;:iaUl~)i()l1i'

Someti~1J"Haar sllIe tIi& when tumifll9 biQ.wlsJ ~lnielJ,aok ~ r it ' IC!OIf! not be used ,88 ~iwOu~d prf)\'l]il t aeoess t-o dIiil;li~n:s.ld~ i5li ae 111'1hi;s inst;;! nee. uh t WO!lid to be t 1J!lT1 liU'.Iis s ¢r etWflidl fl rml"l onto a -li~ plate .. Wh1ct1 ln t~rn ~ :ic:rc:w.ed o.nto mo drive; ~haft_ of the lathe. Thie.now rr~a;hmdarlll --.I:It;&: r;;:9litrs b ii'!iSSBIifl oly. !Shot) d be re rno't!od
I

Meas.l!I 1"0

tOilli~

,Ap a 1ft I\mrn ,8 sot E!~ II I'1U Ie 0 r


r°e1r seta til Q; ~stee~ilille n'L-8~EiIJ r-i3'~ t VOU "mil nc:~d I hr~ otnB i" ·S-C

1\91 ' :ool~: Intern ml (:'~~~i~r:s~o.xtema~ 'C8mp1!918 I8!nd d!vidEl'i1i~ TtuEsce·8J1E1 :about the cniy tDOh; "P -Wi'hii::tr YOli can
mS'.II8!lJ1'i

make aceur !te rn eaEUj men.'bs 01"11 IEllthe work. ,elnd rl\ey ~fO ~~!!i!r;:I Kr cJheck 'he i;li8mI'U-.c"& of

to

"riidlitflJte r'nC!Verl'lflf'lt a 'tnB


I

fa[::e of th iii bow

nd ,eO!T1C~JVe curves Cfe8t8t1 on tho laUle.


1ll000VEI'J(

th e

EX'PER

ME

TING

'proper" ~u~ninQ p.roie:ct:~ rt

2 rn

I 9fiotll, t,8!t:in~ U'!:i W(KJd out 0f tile vice!'. ri'H3if118u~iB'10 m"",

from etilCih criMer QI1 e~d'I sltle_ MBke' a clear pent:lI mark and i;draw ttfJR:a lines,
"0'

ae ms;a the!'
WQ©d_

eOnrJ;llr:;

and

dow'

the IlflttF"e leJl{1 til !iJf the piece 101

This ar-eBi ~d5l W be pla.ned ;;tWilIY. SOl hlU whe'" you I urn tItTle woorl on 'the laltJe .!here wlill 100no SIilBm'P eo.rn. ~ te j8iFIiJ en th~ cllisef or iilV o~tin htuglal chunr<s.
eEl ntre thlR' wood !tin ~he Isthe-1 Till] metn.g.i;I ,e.-f ~!B1trili1g wl!! VillfV trom liDrthg: fill Ie he. bu . eli'i;S'ute Ihal in [I

W!lJo(i

Ts;fi Ffiilhj !!!'l.t~bIJshed on

th~~;a pi~Qe ef wood 3bou '3IIHl m f12 rn~ ~Dng m ;3 rI! 1'1)( it verticeUv In ins henr;h \lieu. Draw i n ~.-UQgQ;na~1~liIe5:at 0'1 EI end ta establish Itire e~:ac1 r~nrrB_ PI';;lii;e >1'1 n.ail puncr. il:lill
this cenlr.e pl}Jfll and

belct ll;:-el'1lirni;S. secure. Sm mnlB ~~ad of ~hl'l IBthe aC;:'!j)1'~iI'l9 to tbe rn8r-!Jjfmc'~uH.!~i1' in8rtuttion~.bu ~genorrJ Ilv ~ should b~ a'bQl,I~ 1 5M rpm
rOt

't~~ driving fl9n:~i'fa' :alil(j Hl!riilth~

:thl;!! tee rest as clOSE!!'I:S i posai bir.:e ''0 til f!.YCDd ailld a'bolll5 mm 11'ii~ bBlc'";I 'dle ,C9'rrtr-18_ BilfQM swiitCh i rt9 iln th e lalll1-e,l ..lm tile' woDd by ha Fld 'to jgi1i51J~B Ul~t it turl1ltZl fre~lv Withc:u.n touohlUl9 ~ih!B ~:OO1 rosL
SGi:

'~!I

un;ev.en

'lNQ1J!!l

;:Jfj,fE

ab(lut

qiv~ ~~' ,j}

:2 ODG Il"jl;'.lm for [ini.:lll1i IiIg Ilf:f.

~~de dl. 6 ~laf1di 'to sJAlIEchit on. I'~ I Ihc n vvoibbiing.


1{]'U~~fI'9

'Ine 0'[ tl 8 i;I [he W(!.tl~G t~rn5l easUy wlif,h[nJ~

lighl' tap with 9 l1la mrner so lihat it ls f rrniV iI!~~ab'i':Sihed. fl'.epeat th S aft Ihe othe en i1.

4 ore p_

tne- tool

Cf'leck lMal B~~IOcl:~n!d nuts i[ Ql!n~aM IlJll.It on :lo.u r


~t8S.

you

re~~~ r flyir'lll off r'll.!tili!!h is why' fI stlill1dl to 'cho sMa Q'f 'She
1p'O!.l 8rf!

ereet 'it H~

.~he'~"

ready to be.gifl.

96 tho

oodwQr er's hon

'Qok

0 T~ ke fi-t~ chi$€:1
Oil

ilh... !tlr~

a Fir S'iNltCih off 'th . I m.h13_

Whe!1 ~~11 is
Dr

c!lFnJ1lel1!Qly

S'~{1f!,~d~ 1ID:8mine' ttts EfHa~l


Fall tM!i"rtg .SU:p91 "I to J) above. try to tum PlBriSC'il" t:ylinder on ~tJiDwood; ·hal i~, om pili) b) Jir" oUiliid and I!:l ~tl'll p@ra lei' sld .:S over hs
J

~. I 1: _

O'rf~rm..

~'!l'ti~B lerlgitJ.

Takt~ tI rnUln;d nIIQ$ecMoof IJ!r shaltoil'l" go uge 4!lnd hor IFI trie tJ end ie ;;It .he end in your wf'il:intll ~i;I nd end ·the Illada !!:ihiri't riFml, irlJ the oth r ihand
w~l:h 8(1

overh81f1: 9rlp {(lbOill

00 mm f2 inJ ·rrQm In.-a clJlI.1ir.g e d-{l e)r oWer 1), dl·S~I.

1110 r tltJ

fit B! 1)0 11'1 og Ii' DIl.UIIO.

VSr'J'

cEliFer1.llllVte lftO WltiHj. !:Le ehi:s-e:! shil)uh::l rQS 1Ck5iUat ·as ~oS:5Irb~' 0 n 't~9I 'tool r·8:$4.

8
"ArS

~n{l,
COD

PLJt toOl mucJl


UiI@

pif(nt;~Ui'i;;I' n o

filmiDp.the
o[r~ Ilil Ul'e

~h a ;,.yo~d

la~he" Jam

octlf'91el

as

most

mlU p.~.rform.

:!ieriou'S cijI;ae.eel!!.!" ·~tJeW(ilQ . 1:0~pl ill: and nv 'Oft i'fl,e Ci,tF e,. US8 ~li1echis-el5l !!lIemtrv ILlmil you get It!e re~I of haw tl' cy

tiL'

ea:c!'J . (lip. use U.


r:l:;

C'iJ!n~jillll.lg .eu ICl,iI' :einol!ll!l 'lh'e! length elf 'tho w~~d. or as foOl' a ths- toal !'ii:sl will 8~1'OW y.<i'iJ te,

Wnmc:h with delighl ,~~I!"!:oe 1'1 rG1 ~(JVre~ beQ~~I!O mel aWay. DilJl1I' '!MI)rrv !::!OOlJTt 81 ~it!Lla braucn a' 'his sta e vi 8~ ~Ile WQQd 'MII !lEI tlrloV(J~lr balanced as ft spins. Onl . wh elf! acyl lnder 3G b~Qn iformed Blf'ld U ero tilj'G no unbals fleed *U'Ga~ 18ft !AliI!
i ~ll!'ln smQOtlilty.

unifu rmi'tf of me di~f<I'Il~l'Cr.'Th 8~'hie'J' n aeee iBit cyllr dcr "'O'u wi~1 ha'rle ['0 s10P 31n d ·st~ii'ir ·i'te ~Ei 'h e :0 !'i)!,UflOOrr or II f11F.H:i. 10 rOXcB· i Q, cur P 139 1!!!itP...

cam~e

l'O ehcc

(h£J

Viri61 tfi1ij1lCoh~selsJ tlIse


~ndpellers
·r.n~sh)~~~'

'.. ~ · 1
.

Whefl you've flini:dfill!:d ~ all .1'1' you 'Want 1:0' V


'113nOu8

per ect cyrlindel". i5.1alrt iEIIl:the (tnlIllllei;llne-st ·the' m tJitor


o£Ind e;Kperil1llel'¥~ w~lh .a c:ont.f!iVill! ~ 1"\l"19'. Also e);;pe,imel1 witli dlf~erenl1v 311;3ped CM~B~S" st!opping mq[J~nt&-1l ro (J)t .. 'In your F'rng~;

. .. 12Ina

'W!h11:UiI

YOWl hClf!.l'a;.acIni8ve·d

to get 1.hl! . I of .'I job. bit biB! C8f'~!'ul - rElm~ t:hl uro'l ~ whSin using san - j)liP&1" to PJiElVElfit y-our hand from ~~j;;JentaUy !IlQf,trng dr.ewn rn~o ·it. At:m~si\i pa P.SI5l ca n a IS(I g~(. ~ant hot 1f thay ~!"ehold ~'O(J

the WOcl)d. lfIalr;;d them lightly iEI n.d maye iJll and dowlil ~ IOTig ~1lIIe:en.irE!' IElJlSItIl _, f,his; wi II I'f!l¥'tell't i::Oll!t.ches bej"f1:~ i nde ntGd ~nl;o the 'l,\\i'OCltL

ard

iii !leins.

jo ~ningl won;

lima tarn ing 11 iii

chapter four

fi

IS

Ing

th91 it h~cs',b~!!J1"I inished., ~ f

WOOdWiOftk:

has

T~ e w:J'i1 fn which 'the


\\11[]

de"lalo Dad. both prlOife.ssio n,alily iliInd as a


hobby.
50

oil '3 SLJ rfntii;l


'~'Q

Ihe teen III ical quality

of wood

ls prli1pl;Ireid pri OF'

!:h ap~elr 81r~ praetlcel ,~nd looa"lr. but


til ~

Be!

wid ely lJJoSe-d

'lJita~. as a c:1&Eln a rid 5mo ot1l1


mii)st important a nd
aU

,~l!J rfac!S:ls

~h~'

bGiQng I~ rgslt to 'U~9real m


t'QO 0

baais 'for a good"Qu.!;I IilV

af th~ sp~d;!l! Ii~lartcJ are. not used

neilli

rable -ti n Ish;

e~ ormeus

IPIreasure whe

rrI

the rssu r:tS are

and

iQlh

e I'" fi n ~shes I'ilk

bel1iill d

wh e n

1:1II::!ln9f' 't~an you expected,

r@s~orrl9;91~ P i'[~ce ·of hJ mituiPe.

99