Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd, 1St Floor, Honnam Complex, 8/12, South Cross Road, Basavanagudi, Bangalore 560

004, Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183, Fax: +91-80-51312184

SAP- INTRODUCTION (An introductory Manual by Global Cynex)
This manual will give an overall of picture of SAP & ERP market and the opportunities awaiting the prospective professionals who want to make it into SAP consultancy which has vast opportunities Introduction to SAP & ERP SAP-History, Evolution & Market position SAP Releases, Versions, Service packs/ Patches, Country specific Add-on components/ settings, Modules-Core modules & Additional modules, New dimension products 4. 4a. Scope & Position of SAP Consultants in the Organizational Structure 4b. Scope of SAP Projects / Employment opportunities 5. SAP R3 –System Architecture/ System Landscape in a Live environment and Training Environment 6. Concept of Client in SAP and client copy procedures 7. SAP-Project Implementation Methodology 8. Documentation for learning individual module / Course Curriculum 9. SAPNet / Online Service Support, OSS Note 10. Customizing / Implementation Guide (IMG) –brief introduction, Data in SAP: Input data, Transaction data, Output data 11. Profile of Global Cynex and how it is positioned to handle the training of SAP its contact addresses 1. Introduction to SAP & ERP: SAP is a ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software: ERP: Definition “A packaged business software system that lets a company automate and integrate the majority of its business processes; share common data (ensuring data integrity) and practices across the enterprise and produce and access information in a real-time environment.” 2. SAP-History, Evolution & Market position: In 1972, five former IBM employees -- Dietmar Hopp, Hans-Werner Hector, Hasso Plattner, Klaus Tschira, and Claus Wellenreuther -- launch a company called SAP Systems Analysis and Program Development in Mannheim, Germany. Their vision: to develop standard application software for real-time business processing. One year later, the first financial accounting software is complete, forming the basis for the continuous development of other software components in what later came to be known as the "R/1 system." "R" stands for real-time data processing. By the end of the decade, intensive examination of SAP's IBM database and dialog control system leads to the birth of SAP R/2. The 1980s: Rapid Growth The SAP R/2 system attains the high level of stability of the previous generation of programs. Keeping in mind its multinational customers, SAP designs SAP R/2 to handle different languages and currencies. With this and other innovations in SAP R/2, SAP sees rapid growth. The 1990s: A New Approach to Software and Solutions SAP R/3 is unleashed on the market. The client-server concept, uniform appearance of graphical interfaces, consistent use of relational databases, and the ability to run on computers from different vendors meets with overwhelming approval. With SAP R/3, SAP ushers in a new generation of enterprise software -- from mainframe computing to the three-tier architecture of database, application, and user interface. To this day, the client-server architecture is the standard in business software. 1996: 1,089 new SAP R/3 customers, more than 9,000 installations worldwide. 1997: employee strength 12,900 Around 2000, mySAP strategy announced heralding new direction for company and product portfolio The 2000s: Innovation for the New Millennium: With the Internet, the user becomes the focus of software applications 2004: 84,000 installations worldwide, 1,000 partners, over 25 industry-specific business solutions (IS solutions like Auto, Retail, Pharma, Telecom, Media, Oil & Gas etc.,) and more than 24,450 customers in rd 120 countries. SAP is the world's 3 largest independent software vendor. 1. 2. 3.

0A 4.0C 3.6C CIN 4.1G.6B CIN 4. Service packs/ Patches. G.6C Mar 2006 Packaged along with R/3 / integrated 2000 End 2000 Q1.0A 4. Remarks MRP most important sub-module. C. E. Satyam) Payroll most important sub-module Triveni Engineering Very common with US & Gulf clients (part of Logistics Execution) KMAT (Configurable materials) projects are by an entity itself with certain clients.1) 1990s Country specific (India Version) CIN CIN version Version CIN 2. Fax: +91-80-51312184 Market Position: In India SAP has more than 600 customers and 1000 installations (more than 60% of rd market share) 3 largest market for SAP apart from UK & USA 3. Triveni Engg) . Country specific Add-on components/ settings. New dimension products: 3a) Releases R1. Basavanagudi. Configuration.2B 4.0A 3.6C 4. 2006 Q3.1H 3. CAIN instead of INT (International chart of Accounts) 3c) Country specific settings/ customizations available in SAP: i) Installable country versions in Customizing setting (SPRO General settings) with relevant chart of accounts (FICO) & HR / Payroll settings ii) Purchase Account Management applicable to certain European countries like (feature needs to be activated in customizing setting) iii) EWT (Extended Withholding Tax) functionality applicable to certain countries 3d) Modules.5A 4. 1St Floor.7) Q3.0F 3.7 R/3 Remarks/ Support until 1997 1999 Dec 2003 Add-on component/ patch until 4.6B 4.7 SR1 Aug 2004 (India specific Chart of Accounts. Workflow configuration very popular with US clients now .1i 4.2003 (R3 Enterprise verion) Latest version: 4.7 End 1998 End Oct’98 End Mar00 End Sep00 Oct’00 End Dec03 End Dec03 End Oct99 End Dec03 End Sep00 End Dec03 Q1. Bangalore 560 004. R3 3b) SAP versions & Country versions: Version Year of launch Support from SAP up to 2. South Cross Road. Sub-Modules: Functional Module Description FI-CO * Finance & Controlling MM* Materials Management SD* Sales & Distribution PP* Production Planning (PP-PI) PM Plant Maintenance QM Quality Management PS Project System HR CO-PA CS EIS WM SAP office & CA (Cross Applications) Human Resources Controlling-Profitability analysis Customer Service Executive Information Systems Warehouse Management Work flow.1H CIN2. Versions.0F CIN2. Honnam Complex.0B.0B CIN 3.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. PP-PI for Process Industries Now it is very common More suitable for Project based manufacturing / Machine tool manufacturers (ABB.0A 4. SAP mail.0B 4. Software companies (Infy.1B 3.6A 4. 2007 (core 4. R2 (mainframe version). Modules-Core modules & Additional modules. SAP Releases.5B 4. 4.2X 3. 8/12. Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. 2005 (ent extensions 1. 3. BHEL.0D 3.

IBM > 1500.e) New Dimension Products: SEM (Strategic Enterprise Management). AT & S. Jyothi CNC automation. from procurement to sales) Technical: Basis ABAP/4 ALE. Alembic etc.. 8/12. Honnam Complex.. MM & PP are the important modules of Logistics i. Siemens >800.g. 1St Floor. Lotus notes etc. Bangalore 560 004.a) Scope & Position of SAP Consultants in the Organizational Structure: Some SAP team sizes in consultancy organizations: Satyam: 1200.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd.f) Other Products: BW..e. Intermediary Documents. Vmoksha>50. IDoc. Currently lot of SMB (Small & Medium Business) implementations are going on in India for e. Jupiter Knitting etc. Accenture>1500 . Electronic Data Interchange . South Cross Road. RFC System Administration of SAP R3 (Advanced Business Application th Programming Language (4 Genration Language) Application Link Enabling.. minor improvements based on tickets using CRM / workflow packages like Remedy. PLM (Product Life Cycle Management) APO (Advanced Planning & Optimization) SRM (Supplier Relationship Management) (Requires SAP Netweaver_ mySAP SCM mySAP CRM 3. Training is also part of implementation v) Newer versions of SAP & New generation products create a demand for consultants . Remote Functional Call Features / technical components available in SAP to communicate and exchange information with external SAP R3. Congnizant>100 (acquired Ygyan). iv) Training of individuals. ) iii) Support projects (helpdesk support for day to day problems. There are more than 30 implementation & supportive SAP consultancy firms 4b) Scope of SAP Projects / Employment opportunities: i) Greenfield (New) & Global implementations (across countries for homogenous business practices-Molex.. MNC companies). Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. BAPI. Nilkamal Plastics. ii) Upgrade to higher versions & Enhancement of existing versions to improve utilization and business efficiency (ABB. AT & S. Fax: +91-80-51312184 *Core modules (SD. Basavanagudi. Bristlecone>600. EDI. Business Application Programming Interface . Digital/ HP> 1000.. R2 / non-SAP systems 3.Business Information Warehouse: Needs RFC connection with SAP R3 for data extraction 4. corporate users etc.

Normally it is a 3-tier architecture viz. These customizing settings are then to be released by individual consultant to the project leader/ process owner through Customizing & Transport Organizer (Transaction code SE10-Transport Organizer). Details under Transport Management System (TMS) . Ericcson>3000 users 5b) Training Environment: System Landscape consists of DEV & PROD servers tied up in a logical loop (no physical DEV. Customizing requests will have Source & Target clients and the owner of the request.. 8/12. SAP R3 –System Architecture/ System Landscape: 5a) Live implementation/ support environment: System Landscape consists of DEV. Fax: +91-80-51312184 SAP implementation/ upgrade/ support projects are executed under VPN (Virtual Private Network & Bonded warehouse environments) mostly. Honnam Complex. South Cross Road.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. Bangalore 560 004. QAS.. SAP Licenses are maintained by Basis Administrator through OSS userid (Online Support Service Userid which is given by SAP to its customers. with stringent SLAs (Service Level Agreements) & IP (Intellectual Property) requirements of the clients 5. tested in the QAS server to check the performance (unit and integration testing) before it is released to Production Server. . Basavanagudi. PROD servers will be there) in a single server connected to the clients. PROD servers (Development. This kind of installation is also termed as Distributed System viz. MS-SQL) on separate servers connected to Clients / user PCs (which are installed with SAP GUI (Graphical User Interface). 1St Floor. It is also a 3-tier architecture but normally Central instance & Database instance are on the same server (Central System host). Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. Central instance host and Database instance host separate) Some sample of number of users: ONGC: more than 1000 users. Production servers) to ensure that configuration settings/ changes are released / transported to Project Leaders/ Process owners (normally in support environment) and systematically and approved by them from DEV server to QAS server. Central Instance (SAP R3 instance) & Database instance (it can be oracle. This installation is termed as Central System In both the above architecture /environment any customizing setting will lead to a pop-up screen (Cutomizing request/ prompt) with a unique identity key (assigned to the consultant by system/ BASIS support team). Quality.

After post-installation activities are completed in the development system. Bangalore 560 004. At some point in the implementation process. of the underlying companies. Plant. Standard Clients supplied along with SAP Client no 000 001 066 Standard Client Description Client no 800 810 820 IDES Demo Client (separate license required) Description Earlywatch client Clients 000. and 066 are part of the R/3 delivery system. Fax: +91-80-51312184 6. the quality assurance system is installed and requires at least one client. In addition. SAP recommends that you create a new client as a copy of client 000 and work in this new client. 1St Floor. Business Area. Sales Organization. Honnam Complex. Although one may work in client 001. Chart of Accounts. Customers are not allowed to work in 000 & 006. Basavanagudi. the client copy tool is used to create clients CUST and TEST. Controlling Area. Concept of Client in SAP & Basic Customizing settings required to set-up Organizational Structures: “CLIENT” in SAP terms is different from Client-Server concept in the sense that SAP Client is the highest level at which the data is retained. Warehouse etc.. a . Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. But there are still some settings like Calendar which are common across clients. 8/12. It holds the data of underlying companies. South Cross Road.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. the quality assurance test or QTST client. 001. Each new client in the ASAP three-system landscape is created from client 000 with the client copy tool.

South Cross Road. Fax: +91-80-51312184 training client or TRNG may be required. 1St Floor. the production system is installed and the production client PROD is created. Basavanagudi. Honnam Complex. Bangalore 560 004. ASAP-System Landscape Methodology (1) ASAP-System Landscape Methodology (2) Basis Administrator will copy the Client 000 (allowed namespace 002 to 999) to DEV. 8/12. Project Implementation Methodology: SAP recommended Methodology is ASAP (Accelerated SAP) Stages of ASAP methodology depicted in the pictorial below Key ASAP Deliverables as depicted below A model Go-Live Project: . PRD servers.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. During the final stages of implementation. QAS. 7. Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183.

b) SAP-Introduction –document organized by Global Cynex 7.a) Training Material organized by Global Cynex 7. Downloading SAP patches 10. Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. ii) Critical customization settings done to turn ON & OFF certain screens and fields and to control data flow during transactions iii) There are also some vital settings like Setting Valuation Area.. Requesting SSCR keys.. Activating Batch Management/ Split Valuation where he shouldn’t make a mistake iv) Consultants should also device fool proof methods to avoid replication of master data when implemented across plants and companies for a client . OSS Note SAPNet . Production Planning etc. SAP partners and SAP. SAPNet/ Online Service Support. The following are examples of tasks that can now be performed via SAPNet: .Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. Materials Management. Output data: Customizing of SAP R3 refers to tailoring a standard ERP package to suit a customer’s business processes or mapping of SAP to customer’s business processes. They can also access through web-browser at http://service. Customizing (IMG settings) can be broadly modularized into Reference IMG (Standard SAP settings).com/login with the required userid and password.R/3 Frontend provides access to valuable information about known problems and helps you resolve them on your own or with the help of the SAP Support Team.R/3 Frontend wherever they are 24 hours a day.sap. 1St Floor. Enterprise IMG (settings relevant to the customer/ organization). South Cross Road.g. Transaction data. SAPNet . Honnam Complex. Customizing / Implementation Guide (IMG) -brief introduction. Searching for R/3 notes . Navin Flourine etc. Fax: +91-80-51312184 In terms of implementation approach we can classify it into Big-bang implementation & Phased implementation approach. Data in SAP: Input data. Requesting new SAPNet users . Bangalore 560 004. SAP customers have free access to SAPNet .. 8/12. Triveni Engg. Project IMG (settings relevant to only particular project) This is done by both Functional & Technical consultants by i) setting up structural framework or Definition /Assignment for various organizational elements like Finance Controlling. . TVS motors.g. In Phased approach or they go for few core modules in Phase I at one location / multiple locations and remaining additional modules at other locations at a later phase e. Basavanagudi. Beyond this. Searching for SAP information . Companies follow Big-bang approach (Implementation of All modules at all locations totally migrating from legacy system to SAP R3) at one stroke e. 8. Sales & Distribution. It is the technological link between customers. Documentation for learning individual module / Course Curriculum: 7.c) Learning documentation list given in separate Annexure for individual module 9..R/3 Frontend (formerly Online Service System (OSS)) provides the infrastructure for SAP's R/3 Service & Support and is the primary medium for problem management.

. Suite # 1103 & 1104 Alpharetta. GA 30004 Tel: (770) 521-0031 Fax: (770) 521-0760 Washington 606 110th Ave NE Suite 210 Bellevue.) who are authorized to only certain transaction codes. Secunderabad 500 009 Tel : +91-40-55174594 / 55194594 Fax: +91-40-27819794 1St Floor. Tel : +91-8051203956 / 51312183. Virginia 21155 Whitfield Place. India 105.. to provide the technical assistance to corporations in order to achieve their data processing goals in various fields. Global Cynex is armed with Release 4. placement assistance etc. South Cross Road. Tel: (703) 433-9249 Fax: (703) 433-2587 Georgia 11820 NorthFall Lane. Bangalore 560 004. raising a Sales/ Purchase Order/ Invoice/ Credit Memo/ Debit Memo/ Stock Transport Order etc. was established in 1998. Invoice Clerk etc. Transaction data & Output data: Input Data: Inputted by users while performing their business functions like creating a master data.globalcynex. IL 60606 Tel: (312) 674-4625 Fax: (312) 674-4501 Delaware 501 Silver Side Rd. INC. VA 20165.Address : SG Softech (Ind) Pvt Ltd. Basavanagudi. Suite 201 Sterling. Honnam Complex.7 SR1 –latest in the market with a structured approach. Bangalore 560 004 Tel : +91-80-51203956 / 51312183 Fax: +91-80-51312184 Bangalore. Basavanagudi.com/ Corporate Office. Liberty St. 8/12.. Wacker. South Cross Road. Suite 104 Powell. 1St Floor. Suite 2170 Shelburne. Profile of Global Cynex and how it is positioned to handle the training of SAP its contact addresses: GLOBALCYNEX. Sikh Village. India . .. IS (Information Systems) Module deals with standard reporting needs for all the modules 11. Transaction Data: This is internally generated System data controlled by Customizing settings and structural settings Output Data: Output Data generated by SAP through Standard Reports. Suite 98 Wilmington DE 19809 Tel: (302) 792-1100 Ohio 70 S. Future plans include tie-ups with consulting houses for development projects. For the profile of Global Cynex please visit the website at http://www. SAPscript. Fax: +91-80-51312184 Assignment of user roles and profiles: SAP has more than 500 standard user roles and profiles (like Purchasing Manager. WA 98004 Tel: (425) 467-0230 Fax: (425) 467-0233 Illinois 200 S. Basis Administrator assigns the user roles and profiles based on both functional and technical consultant’s requirements Data in SAP can be broadly sub-divided into Input data. Honnam Complex. SMARTFORMS & custom ABAP reports. #3153 Chicago. VT 05482 Tel: (802) 985-9994 Fax: (802) 846-2023 Hyderabad. Ohio 43065 Tel: (614) 436 2870 Fax: (614) 273 0988 Vermont 45 Pine Haven Shores Road. 8/12. SMR Sartaj Plaza. Vermont. excellent infrastructure & practical orientation with live project simulation.

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