Pencak Silat or Silat (fighting by using techniques of self-defense) is an Asian martial arts are rooted in the culture
of the Malays. This martial art is widely known in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore but can also be found in different variations in different countries in accordance with the spread of the Malays, like the southern Philippines and southern Thailand. Thanks to the role of the trainers from Indonesia, Vietnam is also currently has a formidable fighter-fighter. The parent organization of Pencak Silat in Indonesia is the IPSI (Institute of Pencak Silat Indonesia). Persilat (Pencak Silat Association Between the Nation), is the name of the organization that was formed by Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam to accommodate Pencak Silat federations in various countries. :: History:: Silat tradition handed down by word of mouth and spread from mouth to mouth, are taught from teacher to pupil. Because it's written record of the origin of martial arts is hard to find. Most martial arts history is told through the legend that vary from one region to another. Like the origin of martial arts Cimande flow that tells about a woman who witnessed the fight between a tiger and a monkey and he modeled the movement of animals fighting. The origin of martial arts in Indonesia are likely evolved from the skills of Indonesian indigenous tribes in the hunting and fighting with machetes, shields, and spears. As is now encountered in the Nias tribe tradition until the 20th century relatively untouched by outside influences. Silat is expected to spread in the archipelago since the 7th century BC, but the origin could not be ascertained. Nevertheless, silat is now recognized as the Malays culture in a broad sense, ie the inhabitants of the coastal areas of Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula, as well as various other ethnic groups who use the lingua franca Melayu language in various areas on the islands of Java, Bali, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and others are also developing their own form of traditional martial arts. In Languages Minangkabau, silat was the same as silek. Sheikh Shamsuddin (2005) argues that there is the influence of martial arts from China and India in the martial arts. In fact not only that. This is understandable because it is culture Melayu (including Pencak Silat) is an open culture where Malays since the beginning of the culture has to adapt to different cultures brought by traders and nomads from India, China, Arabs, Turks, and others. These cultures and then assimilate and adapt to the native culture. So presumably the historical martial arts were born simultaneously with the emergence of Melayu culture. Therefore, any area which generally has a proud martial figures. For example, the nation especially in the Malay Peninsula Malays believe that the legend of Hang Tuah-14th century is the greatest martial arts warrior. That kind of thing also happens in Java, which boasts of Gajah Mada. The development and spread of martial arts have historically started carrying when their distribution is heavily influenced by the Ulema, along with the spread of Islam in the 14th century in the archipelago. This historical record is considered authentic in the history of martial arts whose influence is still visible today. That time has taught martial arts together with religious instruction at the mosque, mosque. Silat then spreads than just martial arts and folk dances, became part of the education to defend the country
that's barely Association. or the flow throughout the body. Silat has now officially entered the sport in international matches. knees and feet in attack. Besides. or other aspects of psychotherapy in order to achieve the highest level of their knowledge. namely: 1. punches. martial arts. The national martial arts organization was formed as Indonesian Pencak Silat Association (IPSI) in Indonesia. teaches the use of setting foot. :: Technique:: Pencak Silat has a lot of kinds of defense and attack techniques. arms. particularly competed in the SEA Games. stumbling block. which is used as a guide to mastering the use of advanced techniques of Pencak Silat (fruit). When a fighter moves when fighting. attitudes and movements change with the change in the opposite positions on an ongoing basis. martial arts became part of spiritual practice. sweep. locking. After the era of independence. Mental and Spiritual aspect: Pencak silat build and develop personality and noble character of a person. Has grown to dozens of universities also parried in the United States and Europe. throwing. broke the bone joints. martial art developed into a formal martial arts. holding. Immediately after discovering the opponent's defensive weaknesses. Ordinary practitioners use hands. or small movements of the body. and Brunei Darussalam Silat Association (Persib) in Brunei. The term in Pencak Silat :: Attitude and Motion:: Pencak Silat is a system that consists of the attitude (position) and gestures (movements). 2. When combined. then the fighters will try to beat your opponent with a fast attack. The mighty warriors and ancient martial arts teachers often have to pass through stages of meditation. Aspects of Art and Culture: Culture and the game of "art" Pencak Silat is one of the most important aspect. legs. :: Kick:: Fighters train with the stance-stance. Silat has developed in Indonesia and Malaysia (including Brunei and Singapore) and have the same historical roots as a means of resistance against foreign invaders. Pencak term generally describes the art form of dance. elbows. Kick is a series of basic movements for upper and lower body.against invaders. and others. when done for practice singly or in pairs. The use of steps. Common techniques including kicks. the Guild Silat Kebangsaan Malaysia (PESAKA) in Malaysia. :: Aspect and the Shape:: There are four main aspects of the martial arts. asceticism. with music and traditional
. Singapore Silat Association (EXACTLY) in Singapore.
where they will be given techniques . because it usually is a martial arts techniques of combat technique is very effective in paralyzing the opponent / very deadly. when the martial arts to join the world of sports. taught all the basic steps such as horses. the result of a mature capability based on experience in the beginner stage. as well as the basic stance college circuit and a standard stance IPSI 2.
Pencak Silat in the World Pencak Silat has developed rapidly during the 20th century and has become a competition sport under the control and regulation Persilat (Pencak Silat Association Between Nations. and middle would make the fighters stepped into the next stage. catch. Beginners. both for single. kicking techniques. they will inherit the secret sciences high level.dress. tend to emphasize the technical skills of the martial aspects of martial arts. Coach. understanding. many argue that the fundamentals of the martial arts terhilangkan.
Forms of martial arts and padepokannya (where berlatihnya) differ from each other. where this technique is only given to people who are trustworthy. namely: 1. or The International
. both physical and breathing. Martial aspects: self-confidence and persistence is very important in martial arts master in martial arts.techniques martial arts college. is a fighter who has been recognized by the elders of the college. as a regulator of martial arts organizations worldwide. Therefore. and will be distributed to each branch. or watered down. Those that are of the opinion that the aspect of martial arts and sports. Aspects of sports and martial aspect is what has made martial arts became popular in Europe. most martial arts practitioners continue to focus on traditional or spiritual forms of martial arts. 4. Many schools are finding comes from observations on wild animal fights. fighters are more focused on the application of all the basic movements. Fighters were trying to adjust my mind with the body. punches. Medium. Silat-kungfu tiger and monkey are examples of such streams. Aspects of Sports: This means that the physical aspect of martial arts is important. 3. body work. in accordance with those aspects that are emphasized. Aspects include games and sports demonstrations stance forms. Sports & Art Culture. variation. defense. :: Skill Level: In summary. The term martial arts. The competition is part of this aspect. dual or team. the student or the martial arts fighters are divided into several stages or levels of proficiency. and capable of technically and morally . 4. slamming. and did not follow the membership and rules adopted by Persilat. and here will begin to see interest and talent of a fighter. is the beginning of the development of silat. However. 3. this ditahap. Swordsman. for example. dodgery.
Pencak Silat is being promoted by Persilat in several countries across five continents. In 2002 Pencak Silat was introduced as part of program performance at the Asian Games in Busan. It is estimated that there are hundreds of streams (styles) and thousands of college. there are still many old schools of traditional martial arts that developed under the name Silek and Silat in the various parts of the world. As a means to strengthen the friendship among the people Pencak Silat in the various countries. As a center of information. 1997. In 1986 Pencak Silat World Championship outside of Asia first. Now. Last World Championships in 2002 is taking place in Penang. As a means to strengthen the unity and cohesion of society Indonesian Pencak Silat. South Korea for the first time. Padepokan Pencak Silat Indonesia (PnPSI) is padepokan national and international reputation in the bag located in an area of land approximately 5. The total area of the building is approximately 8700 m2 and total area of the hall-selasarnya approximately 5000 m2.
:: Organization of Pencak Silat::
. 4. Padepokan Pencak Silat Indonesia (PnPSI) have at least 5 functions. Padepokan was officially opened by President Soeharto on April 20. Persilat recognized only members are allowed to participate in international competition. education. :: Padepokan Pencak Silat Indonesia:: Padepokan Java is a term that means a residential complex with extensive acreage devoted to learning and teaching knowledge and skills.2 acres in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah complex.Pencak Silat Federation). namely: 1. Malaysia in December 2002. 2. Padepokan provided for learning and teaching called Pen-cak Padepokan Silat Pencak Silat. presentation and promotion of various matters relating to Pencak Silat. Persilat promoting Pencak Silat as an international sports competition. Austria. took place in Vienna. some European national Pencak Silat federations together with Persilat have established European Pencak Silat Federation. with the aim of making Pencak Silat became Olympic sports. As a means to popularize the second codes of human conduct Pencak Silat. namely: Indonesia and the Pledge Prasetya fighter fighters. 5. Apart from making efforts Persilat martial arts as a sport. As the center of various activities that berhubu with the conservation. deployment and an increase in the image of Pencak Silat and its values. development. 3.
.European Pencak Silat Federation Until now Pencak Silat Organization Members who are registered / recorded in PERSILAT total of 33 organizations around the world.* PERSILAT-Pencak Silat Association Between Nations * IPSI .Indonesian Pencak Silat Association * PESAKA Malaysia .Fellowship of the Singapore Silat * EPSF .Guild Silat Kebangsaan Malaysia * Precise .