Early history The first signs of jewelry came from the people in Africa.

Perforated beads made from snail shells have been found dating to 75,000 years ago at Blombos Cave. In Kenya, at Enkapune Ya Muto, beads made from perforated ostrich egg shells have been dated to more than 40,000 years ago. Outside of Africa, the Cro-Magnons had crude necklaces and bracelets of bone, teeth, berries and stone hung on pieces of string or animal sinew, or pieces of carved bone used to secure clothing together. In some cases, jewelry had shell or mother-of-pearl pieces. In southern Russia, carved bracelets made of mammoth tusk have been found. The Venus of HohleFels features a perforation at the top, showing that it was intended to be worn as a pendant. Around 7,000 years ago, the first sign of copper jewelry was seen. The first jewelry was made from readily available natural materials including animal teeth, bone, various types of shells, carved stone and wood. It is believed that jewelry started out as a functional item used to fasten articles of clothing together, and was later adapted for use as an object for purely aesthetic ornamentation, or for use as a spiritual and religious symbol.

Gold, turquoise beads, Peru c.2000 BC

Petroglyphs in Cholpon Ata, Kyrgyzstan

As mankind progressed, jewelry was used as a symbol of wealth and status, as well as to protect against harm, ward of evil, and heal ailments. Jewelry was used by early man to adorn nearly every part of the human body, and has been made out of almost every natural material known to mankind. EGYPT The first signs of established jewelry making in Ancient Egypt was around 3,000-5,000 years ago.[19] The Egyptians preferred the luxury, rarity, and workability of gold over other metals. Predynastic Egypt had Jewellery in Egypt soon began to symbolize power and religious power in the community. Although it was worn by wealthy Egyptians in life, it was also worn by them in death, with jewellery commonly placed among grave goods. Egyptians used coloured glass in place of precious gems. Although the Egyptians had access to gemstones, they preferred the colours they could create in glass over the natural colours of stones. For nearly each gemstone, there was a glass formulation used by the Egyptians to mimic it. The colour of the jewellery was very important, as different colours meant

An 18th dynasty pharaonic era princess' crown Pendant with naked woman. made from electrum. Greece . lapis lazuli. while green jewellery meant new growth for crops and fertility. Rhodes. Amulet pendant (254 BC) made from gold.different things.the Book of the Dead dictated that the necklace of Isis around a mummy s neck must be red to satisfy Isis s need for blood. around 630-620 BC. turquoise and carnelian. 14 cm wide.

CHINA One of the earliest cultures to begin making jewellery in Asia was the Chinese around 5. cast pieces and pieces hammered out of sheet metal. The Chinese used silver in their jewellery more often than gold. and decorated it with their favouritecolour. Then the two halves were joined together and wax and then molten metal. Asia In Asia. the Indian subcontinent has the longest continuous legacy of jewellery making anywhere. The more common form of jewellery was the hammered sheet type. Rome they used gold. with a history of over 5. they sometimes used bronze or bone and in earlier times.000 years.000 years ago. Royal earrings. Andhra Pradesh. The inside of the two sheets would be filled with wax or another liquid to preserve the metal work. Sheets of metal would be hammered to thickness and then soldered together.They worked two styles of pieces. This technique had been practised since the late Bronze Age. was placed in the centre. Fewer pieces of cast jewellery have been recovered. it was made by casting the metal onto two stone or clay moulds. blue gems and glass were incorporated into designs . a tradition which continues to this day. blue. Early jewellery making in China started around the same period.000 years ago. Chinese jewellery designs were very religion-oriented and contained Buddhist symbols.[31] One of the first to start jewellery making were the peoples of the Indus Valley Civilization in what is now predominately modern-day Pakistan. glass beads & pearl. but it became widespread with the spread of Buddhism around 2. 1st Century BC. Blue kingfisher feathers were tied onto early Chinese jewellery and later.

brooches. In India today. Over time.Factors affecting the choice of materials include cultural differences and the availability of the materials. such as plastics. Before 2100 BC.[2] Further tracing leads back to the Latin word "jocale". . which was Anglicised from the Old French "jouel" circa the 13th century. has placed jewellery within the economic grasp of a much larger segment of the population. The advent of new materials. Jewellery in the Indus Valley was worn predominantly by females. bangles are made out of metal or glass. manifesting itself as necklaces. prior to the period when bead maker would need a rough stone. The movement is most noted with works by Georg Jensen and other jewelry designers who advanced the concept of wearable art. Modern The modern jewelry movement began in the late 1940s at the end of World War II with a renewed interest in artistic and leisurely pursuits. The first pieces of jewelry were made from natural materials. The beads were then polished. such as bone. such as the development of improved pearl harvesting by people such as MikimotoK kichi and the development of improved quality artificial gemstones such as moissanite (a diamond simulant). the largest jewellery trade in the Indus Valley region was the bead trade.En metals were widely used. This art form was often passed down through family. By 1500 BC the peoples of the Indus Valley were creating gold earrings and necklaces. shell. has led to increased variety in styles. Precious Metal Clay (PMC) and colouring techniques. precious metals or shells. One of the first to start jewellery making were the peoples of the Indus Valley Civilization. The stone would then be placed into a hot oven where it would be heated until it turned deep red. Other advances. a colour highly prized by people of the Indus Valley. bead necklaces and metallic bangles.India The Indian subcontinent has the longest continuous legacy of jewellery making anywhere since Ramayana and Mahabharata times. meaning plaything. which would be bought from an eastern stone trader.Some jewelry throughout the ages may have specifically been as an indication of a social group.The word jewelry is derived from the word jewel. children of bead makers often learnt how to work beads from a young age. They were often shaped like doughnuts and painted black. earrings and bracelets. its patterns or for meaningful symbols. Jewelry may be made from any material. The red stone would then be chipped to the right size and a hole drilled through it with primitive drills. rings. who wore numerous clay or shell bracelets on their wrists. usually gemstones. Jewelry may be appreciated because of its material properties. wood and carved stone. Jewellery or jewelry[1] (pronounced / d u l ri/) is a form of personal adornment. animal teeth. Some beads were also painted with designs. clay bangles were discarded for more durable ones.

Be it Bharatnatyam. forehead. According to the historians. Indian jewelry in Gold. jewellery has been a significant part. Gujarat. toes. Indian jewelry is the most popular and widely cherished jewelry in the whole world. They have created a sensation around the globe due to which everyone is in the hunt to have one. the Meenakari and Kundan styles of jewelry making have been influenced by the Mughal dynasty. diamonds. teeth and precious and semi-precious stones. all have given importance to jewellery in presenting the artist. In India you can find jewelry for your ears. Kuchipudi or Kathak. Jewelry is said to be the integral part of every Indian and by seeing this passion jewelry for every part of the body is made in India. Not only modern Indian jewelry but traditional Indian jewelry is also very popular. These huge varieties of ornaments bear testimony to the excellent skill of the jewelers and craftspeople of the country. The attraction for jewellery has been great in India that it is no more a craft than an art. Then there is a huge range of silver beads found all over India. While Assamese jewellery is influenced by local flora and fauna. but also for the Gods. It is crafted not only for humans. head. especially in Rajasthan. Manipuri jewelry-makers make use of items like shells. when rajas and maharajas vied with each other to possess the most exquisite and magnificent pieces. depending on the differences in geography. Madhya Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh. ceremonial elephants and horses. silver. It s just that you name it and the jewelry for that part of the body is there. If we delve into India s glorious history we can judge that today s contemporary jewelry is somehow related to traditional Indian jewelry as you can find its manifestation in them. popular till date. . India was known to be the golden bird as it had array of mines of stones and gems. and their lifestyle. hands and every other part of the body. culture. Royal class people have given patronage to the art of jewellery since ancient times. sterling silver. Regional differences can be observed in the making of jewellery. While the designs in solid gold jewellery of Tamil Nadu and Kerala are inspired by nature. Indian jewellery is unique in its design and workmanship. animal claws. The range of jewelry in India varies from religious to purely aesthetic types. precious stones and semi-precious stones is a rage all over the world. people. Majority of the tourists coming to India always hound for the place where they can buy or even get the foretaste of traditional Indian jewelry.INDIA jewellery is considered as security and prestige of women in the country. Their availability lead to the development of the bead jewelry. In all kinds of traditional dance forms.

In that epoch silver was said to be the bastion of traditional Indian jewelry as majority of the rajas and maharajas were used to wear jewelry made of silver. That s why it became more important and got the much required popularity. Meenakari was also said to be main pillar of traditional Indian jewelry as majority of the jewelry carried its glimpse. . Earlier instead of gold people used to wear silver jewelry as they found it more graceful and amiable.That s why in India jewelry is so much admired. In the past. traditional Indian jewelry was not only made for people but also for gods and goddesses that showcased Indians dedication and fidelity toward gods. In no time traditional Indian jewelry got the new look as everyone started preferring gold jewelry instead of silver or any other metal as according to them gold is the symbol of living royal and profligate life. Traditional Indian jewelry witnessed the major change with the advent of gold as majority of the populace started using gold as their jewelry. Nowadays too you cannot rule out the popularity of traditional Indian jewelry as many people still love to owe one so that they can flaunt it.

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