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Station One: Boyle

B1. “Pneumatical engine”


Carefully slide the glass dome off the stage. Put a “Peep” onto the stage (but not
over the hole) and put the dome back over it. Turn on the pump and observe.
When finished, release pressure by removing the stopper in the glass dome and
throw your Peep away.

Macro Nano Symbolic

http://www.youtube.com/w
atch?v=ciPr4Tg9k78&featu
PV=k
re=related
(Ignore the eating – this kid
Or
violated our lab rules!) P1V1 = P2V2

B2. Vinegar & ground coral


Take a small pea-sized scoop of ground coral and place in test tube; pipette out
5.00 mL of vinegar and release into test tube with ground coral; observe

Macro Nano Symbolic


CaCO3(s) + 2HC2H3O2(aq)
→ Ca2+(aq) + 2C2H3O2-(aq)
+ H2O(l) + CO2(g)

Relevant terms:
http://www.youtube.com/w Reactants
atch?v=VGV3ImM91Xc Products
(Slow version with calcium States of Matter
Law of Conservation of Matter
carbonate – also found in Aqueous
egg shells)
Crystal structure of
calcium carbonate
Station Two: Lavoisier
L1. “Burning” metal
Light Bunsen burner as demonstrated by your instructor; burn magnesium;
observe through cobalt blue glass.

Macro Nano Symbolic

http://www.youtube.com/wa
tch?v=Hu385YwuRaM&fea 2Mg(s) + O2(g) → 2MgO(s)
ture=fvw

L2. Breakdown metal oxide

Place a pea-sized scoop of lead(IV) oxide carefully into a test tube (wash hands
if you get it on them); light Bunsen burner as demonstrated by your instructor;
heat test tube as demonstrated by your instructor until you observe changes;
place hot test tube in glass beaker.

Macro Nano Symbolic


http://www.youtube.com/wa XAOB(s) → X(s) +
tch?v=01z4tnBbsL0 O2(g)
(This is actually a video of
iron making a change.) X = some heavy
metal ions
The crystal lattice of some heavy metal
oxides will become unstable, reducing the
heavy metal ion and oxidizing the oxide ion
into molecules of oxygen gas.
Station Three: Davy

D2. Decomposing water with electricity

Observe - do not touch

Macro Nano Symbolic

There is a picture of this set up


in Zumdahl 3.2, Figure 3.3. Look at the models on the
Also: SO42-
table. There is a picture of Energy
http://www.youtube.com/wa this Nana in Zumdahl 3.2,
tch?v=ZnojWOhg6Ww&fea Figure 3.3. 2H2O(l) → 2H2(g) + O2(g)
ture=related

D5. Discovering iodine: sublimation

Place a few iodine crystals in the warm beaker; place watch glass over beaker
and put a few pieces of ice in it; observe; remove beaker from hot plate and set
aside; place another beaker on hot plate for next group.

Macro Nano Symbolic


Heat

http://www.youtube.com/wa
I2(s) I2(g)
tch?v=E-
fs9OwE9Y0&NR=1
Station Four: Pretzer
S3. Distillation

Observe - do not touch. Distillation is a method of separating mixtures based


on differences in their volatilities in a boiling liquid mixture.

Macro Nano Symbolic

There is a picture of this in


Zumdahl 3.2, Figure 3.2.
Phase change diagram

http://www.youtube.com/wa
tch?v=FXXwdgrHlyA&feat
ure=related

S2. Water, Wine, Milk, Beer

Watch teacher

Macro Nano Symbolic


Ba (aq) + CO32-(aq) →
2+

BaCO3(s)

Formation of a precipitate

BaCO3(s) + 2H+(aq) →
Ba2+(aq) + H2O(l) +
CO2(g)

Evolution of a gas