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wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

pmrlcGifhjyKcsuftrSwf

885^2003 (6)

rsufESmzHk;cGifhjyKcsuftrSwf

834^2003 (7)

xkwfa0ol

OD;armifrsdK;

aMumifESpfaumifpmay

yHkEdSyfol

OD;armifrsdK;

aMumifESpfaumifyHkESdyfwdkuf

xkwfa0jcif;

yxrtMudrf 2004 ckESpf arv

tkyfa& 500? wefzdk; (30) usyf

armifrsdK; pDpOfonf .... aMumifESpfaumif pmtkyfwdkuf.... trSwf 132 (ajrnD) 35vrf;? &efukef/
zkef; 01-253721? 01-282248

-1-
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

udk,fvdkcsifwmudk &wmu
atmifjrifrIaygh ... /
udk,f&wmudk ESpfoufEdkif&if
aysmf½TifrIyJ ... /

(tdwfcsf?*sufqef?ba&mif;)

-2-
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(1)

udpöu tqifajyrnfvm;? rajybl;vm; rajymwwf/ ½lyrSmuawmh a&Ta&mif0wfpHkMuD;jzifh


tlaMumifaMumif jydK;jyufae&jyD/ taetxdkif cufjyD; ywf0ef;usifudkvnf; &Sufvdkufonfhjzpfjcif;/
tat;qdkifwpfqdkifxJrSm jzpfonf/ tjcm;0dkif;rSvnf; ½lyudk MunfhjyD; tprSmawmh
tHhMoMu\/ aemufydkif;rSmawmh NyHK;pdpdjzpfvmMuonf/ tcsdKUuvnf; pm;yGJxdk;udk ac:jyD;
taetxm;udk wD;wdk;avhvmyHk &onf/ bmrSrodaom pm;yGJxdk;uvnf; rodovkdraeyJ
aygufu&awG avQmufajymyHk &onf/ 0dkif;wpf0dkif;rS aumifrav;awG qdkvQif ½lyudk MunfhjyD;
[efusyefus £ajE´xdef;aeonfhMum;rSyif &,frdMu\/
tararG;uwnf;u rsufvHk;rsm;ygvmjyD; xdkrsufvHk;rsm;uvnf; ,ckxufxd
ruef;ao;aomaMumifh ½lyu xdktjzpftysufrsm;udk jrifavonf/ rjrifcsifa,mifaqmifjyD;
olUeHab;rS oaumifhom;oHk;a,mufudkom aigifawmifawmifMunfhaerdonf/
odef;aZmf0if;u ...
]]a[haumif ½ly? rif;uvnf;uGm ... rsufESmMuD; romr,meJY}}
&J0if;jrifhuvnf; ...
]]at;avuGm .../ rif;u b,fvdkjzpfaewmvJ}}
-3-
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]bmjzpf&rSmvnf;? wpfckckawmh r[kwfao;bl;vdkY igxifw,f}}


]]bmudk r[kwfwmvJ}}
]]tJ‘'gudkvnf; rajymwwfbl;avuGm}}
]]rif;uvnf;uGm ... 'Davmuf pdwfrvIyf&Sm;prf;ygeJY}}
]]tdk; ... 'D0wfpHkMuD;eJY igraewwfygbl;uGm}}
a&Ta&miftusÐ a&Ta&mifabmif;bD&Snf0wfjyD; a&Ta&mif qHyifqdk;aq;awG qdk;xm;&wm
b,fhES,fMuD;rSef; rod/ udk,fhemrnfu a&T½lyvnf;r[kwf? a&T½kyfvTmvnf;r[kwf/
a&T&Guf0gykqdk;wdkYudk aMumfjimolqdkvnf; xm;ygawmh/ odkYaomf udk,fu oeyfcg;vnf; rvdrf;?
ykqdk;0wfvmolvnf; r[kwf/ wDADGaMumfjimwpfckrSm xufxufrdk;OD;u txufatmuf
a&Ta&mif0wfxm;wmudk jrifbl;onf/
odkYaomf olu xufxufrdk;OD; jzpf\/ rdef;uav;jzpf\/ udk,fu bmaumifrS r[kwf/ jyD;
... a,musfm;MuD;/
olYpdwful;awGukd rSef;qrdüvm; rod/ atmifqef;OD;u...
]]rif;uvnf;uGm... rwdkprf;ygeJY}}
]]bmvJuG? bmudk wdk&rSmvnf;}}
]]½ly&m... 'D0wfpHktwGuf ukefuscJhwJhaiGawGudk rif; wdkawmif; aerdwm r[kwfvm;}}
]]tm... tJ'gudk b,fvdkrS oabmrxm;bl;}}
]]'gqdk&ifvnf; r&SnfawmheJYuGm}}
]][if... bmvJ[}}
]]pum;r&SnfeJYawmhvdkY ajymaewm/ igwdkYu aumif;atmif pDpOfay;xm;wm? rif;uom
ydkifydkifEdkifEdkif qufvIyf&Sm;zdkYyJ vdkw,f}}
½ly oufjyif;csvdkufrdonf/
odef;aZmf0if;u...
]]rif;u bmudk b0ifrusjzpfaewmvJ ½ly}}
]]'D0wfpHkMuD;uuGm...}}
]]bmjzpfovJ}}
]]vlawGu ighudk iaygMuD;? iaMumifMuD;vdkY xifMurSmayghuG/ tckawmifrS tm;vHk;u
ighudkMunfhjyD; NyHK;pdNyHK;pdeJY}}

-4-
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

½ly ajymrnfqdkvnf; ajymp&myifjzpfonf/ olYudkMunfhrdolwdkif; rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;&onfcsnf;


jzpf\/ qdkifwGif;odkY 0ifvmump vlMuD;wpfa,mufuvnf; ½lyudk rMunfhrdciftxd olYbmomol
tat;rSmaomufjyD; at;at;aq;aq;yifjzpfonf/ ½lyudk MunfhvdkufrdaomtcgusrS
txl;tqef;jzpfoGm;yHk &onf/ rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;NyD; aomufvufp tat;awGyif eifoGm;onf/
½lyrSm tawmfyif pdwfnpfrdavonf/ &J0if;jrifhu tm;ay;\/
]]rif;uvnf;uGm.../ 'Dvdk0wfpHkrsdK;udk rdkufu,f*sufqifawmif 0wfao;wmyJ}}
]][dku wDADG½dkufzdkYwdkY? pwdwf½Id;rSm azsmfajzzdkYwdkYtwGuf 0wfwmuG/ tck igh[mu...}}
]]tdk... rif;uvnf; &nf;pm;pum;ajymzdkY 0wfwmyJ}}
½ly acgif;udk wGifwGifukwfaerd\/ trSefawmh acgif;u r,m;yg/ b,fu
,m;wmrSef;vnf; rod/ b,fudkukwf&rnfrSef; rodojzifh acgif;udkom ukwfaerdjcif;jzpfonf/
atmifqef;OD;u...
]]'Dr,f½ly.../ rif;udk ig &Sif;jyjyD;ygNyD/ a&Ta&mif[m wefcdk;tmPmudk jzpfapw,f/
usufoa&r*Fvmudk jzpfapw,f/ tJ'gawGtwGuf pGrf;tm;awG trsm;MuD;ay;w,f/ 'gaMumifh rif;udk
'D0wfpHk 0wfcdkif;&wm/ tqifajyoGm;rSmyguGm...bmrS rpdk;&drfeJY/ *E¨m&DodyÜHt& ig
taotcsmajymwm]]
ajymr,fhom ajym&onf? atmifqef;OD; &,fcsifaeonf/ ½lyqdkonfhaumifu
ajr§mufay;onfhtwdkif; auG;atmif uonf/
olY½kyf&nf olYtaetxm;ESifhqdkvQif ½lyonf rdef;uav;awG pdwf0ifpm;avmufol jzpfonf/
½lyqdkonfhtwdkif; ½lyaA' t"duESifh bGJU&jyD;ol/ ol wpfEdkifwpfydkif&Sdaom pufbD;ypönf;
ta&mif;qdkifav;udk zGifhxm;jyD; pD;yGm;a&;vnf; tqifajyaeol/ ½kyfacsm oabmaumif;onfh
N*dKvfaumifav;jzpf\/
½lyu tlaMumifaMumifEdkifonf/ ol tlaMumifaMumifEdkifrIaMumifh usefolrsm;udk
'ku©a&mufapcJhwmawGu wpf wpfvD wpf? ESpf ESpfvD av;uae q,fhajcmuftvDavmuf wdkifcJhjyD/
tckrSyJ 'if;udk jyef ynmay;&jcif; jzpf\/
pm&if;udkifoifwef;udk (bGJU&jyD; vkyfp&mr&Sdjzpfí 0ifwufaeol) aumifrav;wpfa,muftm;
½lyu &nf;pm;pum; vdkufvH`rGufMum;rnf jzpf\/ ykAÁ? rkOÆ? y& apwemoHk;wefwdkYudk rqDrqdkif
jyXmef;jyD; cspfa&;vdkufqdkrnf jzpfonf/ olYbmom r0Hhr&JjzpfjyD; vma&muf tultnDawmif;ojzifh
0rf;omtm;& jyefvnfacsmufwGef;cGifh &vdkufMujcif;jzpfonf/
½ly &nf;pm;pum;ajymrnfh aumifrav;u olwdkY\ oli,fcsif; aumifrav;yJ jzpfonf/
txufwef;ausmif;rSmvnf; twlwl? wuúodkvfrSmvnf; twlwlyJ/ ar*smawmh uGJonf/ ½lyu
BudKufrnfqdkvQifvnf; BudKufp&m/ aumifrav; emrnfu "mwkwJh/ "mwkaA't"dueJY
ausmif;jyD;xm;ol oli,fcsif;r jzpfavonf/
]]uJ...uJ a[haumif ½ly? tcsdefr&Sdawmhbl; oGm;zdkYvkyfawmh/ "mwkwdkY oifwef;qif;csdef
eD;vmjyD}}
-5-
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]rif;wdkYvnf; vdkufcJhavuGm}}
]]tm... rvdkufawmhygbl;/ awmfMum... igwdkYudk jrifoGm;rS rif;pum;udk tav;teuf
rxm;awmhyJ oufouf oli,fcsif;awG qHkrdjyD; olYudk vdkufavmifaewmvdkY ayghysufysuf
xifoGm;r,f}}
]][kwfw,f ½ly/ odef;aZmf0if; ajymwm rSefw,f/ igwdkY 'DqdkifuyJ apmifhaer,f/ &J&Jom
ajymyguGm.../ rif; tqifajyrSmyg/ "mwkuvnf; rif;ukd oHa,mZOf &Sdygw,f}}
olwdkY xdkifaeMuonfh tat;qdkifu "mwk wufaeonfh pm&if;udkifoifwef;ESifh
oHk;vrf;jcm;onf/ avQmufoGm;vQifawmhvnf; teD;av;yJ jzpfygonf/ ½ly oufjyif;wpfcsufcsjyD;
xdkif&mrS xawmh &J0if;jrifhu wGJxlay;onf/ EIwfuvnf; wGef;tm;ay;vdkufao;onf/
]]oGm;...oGm; vdktyf&if MuufajceDaowåmudkifjyD; ig tajy;a&mufvmr,f/
[dkESpfaumifuvnf; xrf;pifudkifjyD; a&mufvmMuvdrfhr,f/ oGm;awmh...oGm;awmh/ awmfMum
vGJoGm;OD;r,f}}
pdwfav;av;ESifhyif ½ly qdkifxJrS xGufvmcJhonf/ pddwfudk taumiftxnfjyí r&aom
j'yfrJht&mwpfcktjzpf nTef;qdkMuonf/ odkYaomf pdwfav;vQif rnfhonfhypönf;av;onfESifhrQ rwl/
"mwkwdkYoifwef;a&SYodkY r&Jw&J avQmufvm&onfhMum;xJ a&Ta&mif0wfpHkMuD;uvnf; wpfarSmifh
jzpf\/
]][Jh...[Jh b,fES,fMuD;wkef;}}
]][kwfyghawmf.../ ajymifajymif ajymifajymifeJY}}
"mwkudk &nf;pm;pum;ajym&rnfh ta&;MuD;udpöom &Sdraebl;qdkvQif xGufom
ajy;vdkufcsifawmhonf/ xdktcgusawmhvnf; ajymifajymifwif;wif; xGufajy;oGm;onf[k
ajymMuOD;rnf xif\/ ajymifajymifuawmh xm;ygawmh...? wif;wif;u bmwkef;/ tdk... ½Iyfygonf?
"gwkudkyJ &nf;pm;pum; ajymawmhrnf/
ZD;uGufwdkY\ atmfjrnfoHtrSefrSm ]MunfhuGuf} jzpfonf[k q&mwpfa,mufu ajymzl;onf/
ck... ½ly vrf;ay:avQmufvmonfudk nOfhiSufjzpfonfh ZD;uGufMuD; aeYzufrSm xGufvmovdk
vrf;oGm;vrf;vmtm;vHk; cHpm;Mu&onf xif\/ ½lyu MunfhuGuf MunfhuGuf[k ratmfyg/
odkYaomf vlawGu olYudk uGufMunfh uGufMunfh vkyfMuavonf/
rwwfEdkifonfhtqHk; ½lyuyJ olwdkYudk vspfvsL½Ixm;vdkuf&ygawmhonf/
"mwkwdkY oifwef;csdef jyD;qHk;oGm;NyD? oifwef;om; oifwef;olawG avSum;twdkif;
wpfa,mufjyD;wpfa,muf qif;vmMu\/ "mwku awmfawmfESifh qif;rvm/ avSum;twdkif;
qif;rvmbJ avxD;ESifh qif;vm&ef jyifaejcif;awmhvnf; r[kwfEdkifyg/ aomufaumifrav;u
aemufqHk;usrS qif;vmonf/
olYeHab;rSmu xHk;pHtwdkif; jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkYygvmonf/ "mwkudk Munfh&wm
MunfvifvSyaeonf/ ½lyu olwdkYtem;odkY csnf;uyfoGm;vdkufjyD;...
]]"mwk}}
-6-
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]bk&m;a&...}}
]][Jh... yvkwfwkwf}}
olwdkYjzpfoGm;yHkudk MunfhjyD; ½lyu bmajym&rSef;yif rodatmifjzpfoGm;\/ olrwdkYuvnf;...
]] ½l... ½ly...r[kwfvm;}}
]]at;av.../ ig... ½lyyJ[m}}
]]b,fvdkjzpfvmwmwkef;}}
]]&J0if;jrifh&,f? odef;aZmf0if;&,f? atmifqef;OD;&,f ighudk 'Dtwdkif; qifay;vdkufMuwm}}
]][,fawmf...}}
"mwku olY&ifbwfudk vufz0g;av;ESifh zdvQuf a&&Twf\/ "mwk\ trlt&mav;u
vGefpGm cspfzG,faumif;onf[k ½lyu olYbmomol jywfjywfom;om; xifypfvdkufonf/ "mwku...
]]aeygOD;.../ ck eifu b,fudkvmwmvJ}}
]]ig eifhqDudkyJ vmwm}}
]]ighqDudk...}}
]]tif;}}
]]bmudpövJ}}
]]ig... ig... ajymp&m&SdvdkY}}
jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKu...
]]½ly eifh ajymp&mawGu rukefawmhbl;vm;[m}}
]][m.. tckrS ajym&rSm[}}
]][if... eifh[mu vGefvGef;ygw,f ½ly&,f.../ bmMumao;vJ}}
oufa0csdK\ pum;u rqHk;vdkuf/ "mwku Mum;jzwfjyD;...
]]uJ...uJ xm;ygawmh/ eifu bmajymrSmvJ ½ly}}
]]igav... [dk...}}
]]jrefjrefajymyg[,f.../ eifhudkMunfh&wm rsufpdusdrf;w,f}}
]]'gjzifhvnf; oufa0wdkY jrwfpkwdkYa&SUrSmyJ ajymvdkufawmhr,faemf}}

-7-
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]ajym...ajym bmvJ}}
]][dk... igav... eifhudk awmfaumufcsifvdkY}}
]]'g...'g... &nf;pm;pum;vm;}}
]]at;av...}}
]][if...eifajymjyefjyDvm;}}
]][m... tckrS ajym&ygao;w,f[m}}
]]eif t&rf;apmfum;w,f? uJ... 'g ightajzyJ}}
]]a'gif}}
]]tm;}}

-8-
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(2)

jyóemu þrQESifh jyD;qHk;roGm;yg/ tckrS pjcif;jzpfonf[k qdkEdkifygonf/


"mwku xD;ESifh acgif;udk acgufvdkufojzifh ½ly tawmf&SufoGm;onf/ e*dkuwnf;u ½ly\
0wfpm;qif,ifyHkudk Munfhr&jzpfaeyHk&aom teD;tyg;rS vlwcsdKUu ]rSwfua&m[}... [k
0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om &ifhusL;MuoHudkvnf; jrefrmvdk yDyDoo ½ly Mum;vdkuf&\/
"mwkvnf; oufa0csdKESifh jrwfpki,fwdkYudk qGJac:jyD; jrefrmvdkyJ vSnfhxGufoGm;ygonf/ ½ly
xlyloGm;jyD; ta,mifa,miftrSm;rSm;jzifh teD;&Sd &Srf;pm;aomufqdkifxJodkY 0ifoGm;vdkuf\/
uHaumif;axmufrpGm qdkifxJrSm vl&Sif;aeonf/ qdkif&SiftrsdK;om;a&m? pm;yGJxdk;av;rsm;yg ½ly\
tjzpfudk rsuf0g;xifxifjrifcJhMujyD;jzpfygonf/ ½ly xD;ESifhtacgufcHvdkuf&onfudkyif
udk,fwdkifudk,fus tacgufcHvdkuf&ovdk 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om jzpfcJhMuolrsm;jzpfonf/
pm;yGJxdk;av;wpfOD;u...
]]bmpm;rvJ}}
]]cscsifwmom csuGm}}
]]tm... tJ'Dvdkawmh r[kwfao;bl;av}}
]]avmavmq,f opfcGazsmf&nfwpfcGufuGm}}

-9-
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

qdkif&Sifu ,yfawmifMuD;cyfum...
]]nDav;u bmoabmeJY tJ'Dvdk vkyf&wmvJuG}}
]]cifAsm...}}
½ly wpfcsuf aMumiftrf;trf;jzpfoGm;jyD;...
]]bmjzpfvdkUvnf; tpfudkMuD;&,f.../ tysdKudk vlysdKu &nf;pm;pum; ajymwJh[myJ}}
]]'gayrJh nDav;tvGef jzpfoGm;wmayghuGm}}
]]uRefawmf em;rvnfbl;}}
]]nDav;u olUukd apmfum;ovdk jzpfoGm;wmudk;}}
½ly awGai;ovdkvdkESifh tpOf;pm;&usyfoGm;um...
]]'D0wfpHkaMumifh xifw,faemf}}
]]'gaMumifhvnf; ygwmayghuGm/ rif; r&SufayrJh olu &Sufwmaygh}}
]]tdk...uRefawmfvnf; &Sufygw,f tpfudkMuD;&? olacgufxD;eJY acgufvdkufjyD; tm;vHk;u
0dkif;Munfhaeawmh ydkjyD;awmif &Sufao;w,f}}
]]'geJYrsm; bmvdkY 'Dvdk vkyfao;vJuGm}}
]]oli,fcsif;awG qifay;vdkufwm}}
]]r[kwfao;bl;avuGm.../ [dkuav;ru rsufpdaemufp&m jzpfoGm;wmaygh}}
xdktpfudkMuD;u ,yfcyf&if;? acgif;udk ,rf;cg&if; ajymjcif;jzpf\/ olYudkMunfh&wmuvnf;
rsufpdudk aemufp&m jzpfaeawmhonf/
]]'gayrJh tpfukdMuD;&,f... ol 'Davmufxd a'goxGufvdrfhr,fvdkY uRefawmfrS rxifyJ}}
]]rif;uvnf; a'goxGufp&mudk;uG,fh}}
]]tm... tpfudkMuD;uvnf;}}
]]yxrwpfacguf rif;vmajymvdkY rif;wdkYcsif; tqifajyjyD;aejyD? aumifrav;uvnf; rif;udk
vdkvdkvm;vm;&Sdygw,f/ bmudpö aemufwpfacguf xyfvmjyD; ckvdk vkyf&wmvJ}}
]]Asm...}}
]]at;av...olu rif;udk pOf;pm;ay;r,f? tajzjyefay;r,fvdkY ajymvdkufjyD;om;/ tJ'gudk
rif;u ckvdk aMumifaMumifpDpDawG 0wfvmjyD; &nf;pm;pum;udk aemufwpfcgvmxyfajymawmh
ola'guefwmaygh}

- 10 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]cifAsm...}}
½ly olYem;udkyif ol r,HkEdkifavmufatmif jzpfoGm;onf/ uysmu,myif...
]]tpfudkMuD;... bmawGajymaewmvnf; rodbl;}}
xdktpfudkMuD;u ,yfawmifudk tcyfrysufay/
]]igvnf; pOf;pm;aewm.../rif;u OD;aESmufodyfraumif;bl;xifw,f}}
]]tmAsm... taumif;MuD;yg/ jyD;cJhwJhESpfurS bGJU,ljyD;w,f/ ckvnf; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfaew,f/
aeygOD;... tpfudkMuD;ajymwmu uRefawmf yxr wpfacguf a&mufcJhw,f qdkygawmh}}
]]at;av.../ rif;u ajymae&if;eJYudk azmufvmjyefjyD/ tlaMumifaMumifeJY}}
]]tm... r[kwfbl; tpfukdMuD; rSm;aejyD/ uRefawmfu tckrS vmwmyg/ 'Daumifrav;eJY
uRefawmfawmif rawGYwm oHk;&ufavmuf &SdjyD}}
tpfudkMuD;crsmvnf; ,yfawmiftcwf &yfoGm;onf/ ½ly\rsufESmudk aphaphMunfhjyD;...
]]rif;ygyJ? ig tMunfhrrSm;ygbl;? igu vlawGudk wpfcgMunfhrd&if rSwfrdygw,f}}
]][m... bk&m;pl;? rdk;BudK;ypfyg tpfudkMuD;&,f...r[kwf&ygbl;/ uRefawmfu tckrS vmwmyg/
'ghxuf reufu vmoGm;w,fqdkwJhvlu...}}
]]reufu r[kwfbl;.../ oHk;em&DausmfausmfavmufyJ &dSOD;r,f/ awGUxm;wm}}
]]olu uRefawmfeJY tawmfwlvdkYvm;}}
tpfudkMuD;u ½ly\rsufESmudk 'kwd,rÜd aphaphMunfhjyefonf/
]]rif;ygyJ}}
½ly idkcsifoGm;onf/ odkYaomf opfcGazsmf&nfxJodkY ESyf&nfrsm; usoGm;vQif cGJjcm;z,fxkwf&ef
cufcJrnfjzpfaomaMumifh ridkrd.../
]]r[kwfygbl;qdk tpfudkMuD;&,f}}
xdktcsdefrSmyJ qdkifxJodkY pm;rnfh aomufrnfholrsm; 0ifvmojzifh xdktpfudkMuD;u
aumifwmqD jyefavQmufoGm;\/ ½lyESifh pum;rajymtm;awmh/ 0ifvmonfh {nfhonfrsm;uvnf;
½lyudk jrifjyD; NyHK;NzD;NzD;vkyfMuojzifh ½ly rsufESmvTJxm;vdkufonf/ pm;yGJxdk;av;u ½ly\
a&Ta&mif0wfpHkudk vufn§dK;ESifh vmvmxdk;aeojzifh [efY&ao;\/
aocsifapmf eHvSygawmhonf/
]]a[haumifav; [dkrSm {nfhonfawGudk pm;yGJoGm;xdk;av/ bmudpö ighem;rSm &pfoD&pfoD
vmvkyfaewmvJ}}

- 11 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tpfudkY tusÐu a&Tqdkif;awG uyfxm;ovdk jzpfaevdkY}}


]]'ku©ygyJ.../ pdwfnpf&wJhMum;xJ oGm;prf;yguGm.../ oGm;...oGm;... udk,fhtvkyf udk,fvkyf}}
]]&w,f...[dkbuf0dkif;udk wpfjcm;pm;yGJxdk;ay;r,fholawG&Sdw,f/ qdkif&Sifu tpfudkYtem;rSmyJ
uRefawmfhudk aecdkif;xm;w,f}}
]][if...bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]apmifhMunfhxm;wJh/ odyf pdwfrSefyHk r&bl;wJh}}
]]tm...uGm}}
qdkif\ wpfae&m&mrSm xdktpfudkMuD;u rSefabmifxJ0ifjyD; "mwfyHktjzpf
rdefYrdefYMuD;NyHK;aewmrsdK;om&SdvQif em;befoGm;usif;vdkufcsifonf/ vl t&SifvwfvwfMuD;udkawmh
rvkyf&J/
xdkUaMumifh...
]]at;yguGm... igu pdwfrrSefbl;yJ xm;ygawmh/ rif;ajymygOD;/ ig yxrwpfacguf
vmoGm;zl;w,f/ [kwfvm;}}
]][kwfw,fav}}
]]rif;u awGYvdkufvdkYvm;}}
]]tpfudkMuD;yJ aiG&Sif;ay;oGm;wm? uRefawmf rSwfrdwmaygh}}
]]b,fvdk...b,fvdk ighudk &Sif;atmif ajymprf;yguGm}}
]]tm... tpfudkuvnf; tJ'DtpfrwdkY oifwef;rwufcif tpfudk a&mufvmw,fav/ 'Dqdkif
'Dbuf0dkif;rSmyJ tpfudkwdkY xdkifoGm;Muwm/ tpfudku &nf;pm;pum;ajymw,f/ tpfru OD;pm;ay;
pOf;pm;r,fvdkY ajymw,f/ aemufawmh oifwef;csdef eD;jyD qdkjyD; tpfrMuD;u jyefzdkY vkyfw,f/
tpfudku ydkufqH&Sif;ay;jyD; tpfrudk vdkufydkYw,f}}
]]igqdkwm aocsmvdkYvm;}}
]]aocsmygw,f.../ tJ'Dwkef;u tpfudku aumfvHuwkef;eYJ/ aumif;aumif;rGefrGef vmwm/
'Dvdk r[kwfbl;}}
]]tck tck bmjzpfaevdkYwkef;}}
]][if...tck[mu ½l;ovdk aygovdkvdkMuD;}}
]]bmuG}}
xdkpOfrSmyif qdkifa&SYu ra,mifrvnfjzwfoGm;aom paeN*dKvfoHk;pif;udk awGYvdkuf&ojzifh....

- 12 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]a[haumifawG atmifqef;OD;? odef;aZmf0if;? &J0if;jrifh}}


oHk;aumifvHk; qdkifxJ a&mufvmonf/
]]a[haumif tajctae b,fvdk&SdovJ}}
ukvm;rjcif;qGJ EdkYqDvdk qJypfvdkufonf/ yspfyspfESpfESpf qJypfvdkufonf[k
qdkvdkjcif;jzpfonf/ oHk;aumifvHk;u ar;r,fhomar;aomfvnf; jzpfjyD;orQudk odxm;yHk &\/
odef;aZmf0if;u...
]]at;....rif;ta&;rvSbl;qdkwmudkawmh 'DteD;tyg;rSm vlajymolajymrsm;vdkY igwdkY
Mum;jyD;ygjyD}}
½ly rsufESmav; i,foGm;onf/
]]b,fvdkawGrsm; ajymaeMuvdkYvJuGm}}
]]aMomf...a&Taq;okwfxm;wJh aumifav;udk olpum;vdkufajymwJh aumifrav;u
teufa&mifokwfxm;wJh xD;eJY wD;vdkufw,fwJh/ aumifav;crsm tem;u qdkifwpfqdkifxJ0ifjyD;
rsuf&nfa&m ESyfacs;yg a&mokwfae&w,fwJh}}
]][muGm}}
½ly pdwfroufromjzpfoGm;yHkudk MunfhjyD; oaumifhom; oHk;a,mufu w[m;[m;&,fMu\/
qdkif&SiftpfudkMuD;u ,yfawmifMuD;ukd cwfvsuf olwdkY0dkif;qDodkY avQmufvmjyefojzifh...
]]rif;wdkY&Sif;MuOD;/ 'Dqdkif&SiftpfudkMuD;u ighudk pdwfrESHYbl;vdkYxifaejyD}}
&J0if;jrifhu qdkif&SiftpfudkMuD;bufodkY vSnfhum...
]][m;...[m;... 'Daumifu r½l;ygbl; tpfudkMuD;&m.../ uRefawmfwdkYu cRefwGef; wGef;jyD;
a&Ta&miftusÐ abmif;bDawG qifay;vdkufwm}}
]]tJ'gudk ajymwm r[kwfbl;/ igu yxrwpfacgufvmjyD; "mwkudk &nf;pm;pum;
ajymxm;ao;w,fwJh/ "mwkwdkY oifwef; rwufcifav;rSwJh.../ 'DqdkifrSmyJwJh...}}
]]bm...}}
tukefvHk; em;½GufaxmifoGm;Mu\/ ½lyu tjzpftysufudk &Sif;jyvdkufjyD;...
]]tJ'gudk ajymjyvdkufOD;/ igu wpfreufvHk; rif;wdkYeJYtwlwl &SdaewmvdkY}}
]][kwfw,f tpfudkMuD;&/ 'Dvdkav...}}
odef;aZmf0if;u 0goemygí &Srf;pm;aomufqdkif zGifhxm;yHk&aom qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;udk
vdyfywfvnfatmif &Sif;jy\/ xdkqdkif&SifMuD; ajymaomtcsdefwGif ½lyu a&Ta&mif0wfpHkMuD;udk 0wf&ef
jyifqif&if; tvkyf½IyfaecsdefjzpfaMumif;.../

- 13 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;u acgif;ESifh ,yfawmifukd a&maxG;,rf;cgjyD;...


]]oifwef;csdef rprD vmoGm;wmvJ olygyJ/ igwifrubJ pm;yGJxdk;av;awGuyg rSwfrdwm/
aumifrav; pdwfqdk;oGm;wmuvnf; 'Da&Ta&mif0wfpHkMuD;aMumifh t"dur[kwfbl;/ olYudk ESpfcgjyef
&nf;pm;pum; vmajymvdkY? olYudk oufoufapmfum;w,f xifoGm;vdkY}}
]]Asm...}}
]]rif;rSm t`rTmawG bmawG&Sdvm;}}
]]tm... r&Sdygbl;}}
]]aeygOD;... rif;wdkY reufu [dk0dkif;rSmxdkifjyD; pum;ajymoGm;wm/ ESpfa,mufvHk;u
acsmawmarmawmav;awGrdkYvdkY 'DtwGJu vdkufw,fqdkjyD; igowdxm;rdwm/ rif;wdkY
emrnfawGuvnf; vdkufygw,f/ bmwJh... aumifrav;emrnfu "mwk? rif;emrnfu ½lyav.../
rif;wdkY pum;awGudk wpfcsufwpfcsuf Mum;ae&w,fav}}
]]Asm...}}
[dkaumifoHk;aumifwif r[kwf? ½lyvnf; rsdKrusawmhacs/

- 14 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(3)

]]½ly}}
]][if...}}
]]½ly}}
]]tif;...}}
]]½ly}}
]]bmvJuGm...}}
]]rif;uvJuGm... MuufemMuD; tdyfa&;r0ovdk vkyfraeprf;ygeJY/ 'Davmuf
pdwf"mwfrusprf;ygeJY/ tqifajyatmif jyefBudK;pm;Muwmaygh/ igwdkYvnf; aemufudk 'Davmuf
'ku©ray;awmhbl;}}
]]awmfprf;yguGm}}
]]wu,fajymwmyg}}
]]"mwkudk rif;wdkY jyef&Sif;jyay;}}
- 15 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]at;yg...pdwfcsyg/ tJ'gudk pdwfxJu arhxm;vdkuf}}


]]'gayrJh igr[kwfwJh aemufwpfa,mufu &Sdao;w,f/ bmrSef;vJ rodbl;}}
]]at;...tJ'Dhudpöuawmh wu,fOD;aESmufpm;w,fuGm/ wpfckawmh &SdwmayghuGm..../ "mwkeJY
pum;ajymMunfhvdkuf&if tajzxGufvmrSmyg/ b,fhES,fvkyf rif;u ESpfa,muf jzpfae&rSmvJ}}
]]igawmh "mwkeJY pum;rajym&Jawmhbl;}}
]]tdk... bmjzpfvdkY rajym&J&rSmvJ}}
]]rdef;raqmif;xD;vnf; emwmyJuG}}
]]tm...rif;uvnf;uGm}}
odef;aZmf0if; pdwfnpfonfhMum;xJ &,fcsifoGm;onf/ tlaMumifaMumifEdkifwwfonf
rSefaomfvnf; ½kd;om;jzLpifvSonfh oli,fcsif;jzpfol ½lyudkvnf; oem;oGm;rdonf/
½ly\ pufbD;ypönf;ta&mif;qdkifodkY ola&mufaejcif;jzpfonf/ tcsdefuvnf; naecif;/
þteD;tyg;rSm &J0if;jrifh\ pmtkyftiSm;qdkifvnf;&Sdonf/ atmifqef;OD;wdkY tdrfvnf;&Sdonf/
atmifqef;OD;u tdrfwifruyJ nDrawG tpfrawGvnf; &Sdonf/ xdkYaMumifh odef;aZmf0if;u
½ly\qdkifrSm tepfemcHjyD; vmvmxdkifaejcif;jzpfonf/ oludk,fwdkifuawmh bmudkrS r,fr,f&&
rvkyfjzpfao;bJ tvkyfa&G;aeqJ/
xdktcsdefrSmyJ atmifqef;OD; a&mufvmonf/ ½lyu pdwfnpfaeojzifh odef;aZmf0if;u
tm;ay;aeaMumif;udkvnf; ol oabmaygufonf/ [dkaeYu udpyö J qdkwmukdvnf; &dyfrdonf/
]]½ly pddwfnpfaewkef;yJvm;/ rnpfygeJYuGm... *E¨m&DodyHÜynm&JY oabmt&qdk&if}}
]]a[haumif awmf...awmf}}
½lyu xatmfojzifh atmifqef;OD;u yg;pyfudk vufav;wpfzufjzifh ydwfjyD; Nidrfvdkufonf/
½ly qdkifxJrS ukwifay:wGif arSmufcHkMuD; vSJtdyfaejcif;jzpf\/ aps;0,folvmonfudkyif xra&mif;/
odef;aZmf0if;ESifh atmifqef;OD;uvnf; ra&mif;wwfojzifh tcufBuHKum aemufqHk; ypönf;ESifh
aiGudkom vJ,lxm;vdkufMu\/ qdkifvl&Sif;csdefusrS atmifqef;OD;u...
]]½ly&m jyóem&Sd&if tajz&Sdw,f/ rif;udpöu wpfrsdK;MuD;jzpfaew,fqdkwmudk igodygw,f/
'DjyóemxJrSm a&Ta&mif0wfpHkMuD;u t"du rusawmhbl;/ rif;xuft&if wpfjcm;wpfa,mufu
BudK0ifoGm;vddkufwJhudpö/ "mwku tJ'gaMumifh apmfum;w,f xifoGm;wm/ "mwkudk igwdkYawGUjyD;
ar;Munfh? ajymMunfhvdkuf&if &Sif;oGm;rSmyg/ udpöu pdwf0ifpm;p&mvnf; aumif;ygw,f}}
odef;aZmf0if;u...
]]'DudpörSm ½lytjypf bmrSrygbl;qdkwmudk rif;&Sif;Edkifr,faygh/ [kwfvm;...atmifqef;OD;}}
]]at;...bmcufvdkYvJuGm? trSefudk ajymjywJh[myJ}}
]]'gjzifhvnf; &Sif;ayawmh/ [dkrSm vmjyD}}
- 16 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

atmifqef;OD; qwfceJ acgif;axmifoGm;onf/ ½lyvnf; &ifxJrSm 'dwfceJ ckefoGm;\/


]]b,folvmwmvJ? "mwkvm;...}}
atmifqef;OD;\ tar;udk odef;aZmf0if;u jyefajzonf/
]]r[kwfbl;/ jrwfpki,feJY oufa0csdK}}
]][if...olwdkYu b,fudk vmwmvJuG}}
]]aps;0,fvmwm aerSmayghuG}}
½lyu pufbD;ypönf;ta&mif;qdkifudk aps;wef;wpfckteD;wGif zGifhxm;jcif;jzpfonf/
atmifqef;OD;u...
]]olwdkYu aps;udkvm&if; 'Dqdkifudk 0ifwwfovm;}}
]]0ifwwfw,f 0ifwwfw,f/ vmMuvdrfhr,f}}
xdkpum;udk odef;aZmf0if;u jyefajzjcif;r[kwf? arSmufcHkMuD; tdyfaeaom ½lyxHrS
xGufvmonfh atmufuvdtmtoHjzpfonf/ atmifqef;OD;u odef;aZmf0if;udk ykcHk;wGefYjy\/
odef;aZmf0if;u atmifqef;OD;udk wpfpHkwpf&m jyefajymrnftjyKrSmyJ...
]]aMomf....eifwdkYvnf; &SdaeMuwmudk;}}
toHESifhtwl jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkY qdkifa&SUa&mufvmMuonf/ odef;aZmf0if;u...
]]aMomf...jrwfpki,fwdkYygvm;/ rawGYwmawmif MumjyDvm; rodbl;/ eifhtpfrawGa&m
aeaumif;Muvm;}}
]]ightpfrawGeJY eifeJY bmqdkifvdkYvJ}}
]]tJ'gudkawmh um,uH&SifawG todqHk; jzpfrSmaygh[}}
]]atmifrm... vmvmcsnfao;/ eifhvdk ESmbl;udk ightpfrawGu rpOf;pm;ao;bl;}}
xdkYaemuf vQmESifvQmcsif; "m;oufoGif;um olwdkYawG tEdkifrcH t½IH;ray; ckwfMu\/
jrwfpki,frSm tpfrESpfa,muf&Sdonf/ jrwfpkOD;ESifh jrwfpkvwfwdkY jzpf\/ jrwfpki,fu
odyfrvSaomfvnf; tpfrESpfa,mufurl vSavonf/ xdkYaMumifh a,musfm;av; oli,fcsif;rsm;u
pMu aemufMuvQif (olYudkawmhcsefxm;ojzifh) jrwfpki,f tvGefpdwfwdkwwfonf/ olwdkYESpfa,muf\
jiif;cHkoHawG nHoGm;awmhonf/
]]tm;...em;nnf;w,fuGm}}
½dk;½dk;MuD;aZ,sr[kwfonfh arSmufcHkMuD; ½lyu xatmfvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ xdktcgusrS
olwdkYESpfa,muf toHwdwfoGm;jyD; oufa0csdK\toHxGufvmonf/

- 17 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]½ly...eif [dkaeYu vkyfwJhyHk r[kwfbl;aemf}}


atmifqef;OD;u 0ifar;onf/
]]bmvJ...a&Ta&mif0wfpHkMuD; 0wfvmvdkYvm;}}
]]tif;...tJ'Dh aygaMumifaMumifEdkifrIuvnf; wpfcsufaygh/ 'gayrJh t"du...u}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]oifwef;rwufcifrSmvnf; vmajymjyD;oGm;jyD;jyD/ "mwku &ifawGckefvdkY.../
OD;pm;ay;pOf;pm;ay;r,f? tjrefqHk;tajzay;r,fvdkY ajymvdkufjyD;jyD/ tJ'gudk oifwef;qif;csdefrSm
tlaMumifaMumif t0wftpm;eJY &nf;pm;pum;udk tpuae jyefvdkufajymjyefa&m.../
rdef;uav;wpfa,muftaeeJU b,favmufcHjyif;zdkYaumif;ovJ/ 'g oufouf apmfum;wmyJ/ eif
tJ'Dvdk rvkyfoifhbl; ½ly}}
½lyu oufjyif;udk tomcsjyD; bmrSjyefrajym/ atmifqef;OD;uom...
]]oifwef;rwufrD ½lyvmw,fvdkY eifu bmvdkYajymEdkifwmvJ}}
]][Jh...igwdkYyJ oleJY "mwkeJYudk tJ'Dh &Srf;acgufqGJqdkifrSm xm;cJhjyD; a&Smifay;vdkufwJh[m}}
]]eifwdkYeJY tJ'D½lyeJYa&m pum;ajymjzpfao;vm;}}
]]rajymbJaervm;? ajymMuwmao;wmaygh}}
]]'D½lyqdkwm aocsm&JYvm;}}
]][Jh... raocsmbJ aervm; ½lyudk odaewmu ESpfaygif;renf;awmhbl;/ rSm;p&mrS
r[kwfbJ}}
jrwfpki,fuvnf; 0ifajymonf/ (xdkYaMumifh odef;aZmf0if;uvnf; 0ifajymonf/)
]]aeygOD;.../ tJ'Dh½lyawG? 'D½lyawGeJY eifwdkYajymwmawG wpfrsdK;MuD;ygvm;/ bmjzpfaewmvJ}}
]]at;... eifhtpfrawG&JY rsufESmudk axmufxm;jyD; igajzay;yghr,f}}
]]bm}}
ESpfa,mufom; &efjzpfMu&ef toifhjyifqifvdkuf\/ ½lyu...
]]tm... awmfMuprf;yg/ 'Dudpöu aemufp&m r[kwfbl;/ ta&;MuD;w,f}}
atmifqef;OD;uvnf;...
]]at;...[kwfw,fuG/ rif;wdkY &efjzpfcsif&if aemufrSjzpf? avmavmq,f ½ly&JYudpöudk
t&if&Sif;&r,f}}

- 18 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

xdkodkY tpcsDum atmifqef;OD;uyJ tjzpfrSefudk &Sif;jy\/ jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkY


rsufvHk;uv,fuv,f jzpfaeMuonf/ odyfvnf; r,HkMu/ trSefawmhvnf; ,Hkp&mvnf;
taMumif;r&Sd/ olrwdkYu ½lyudk vlrSm;p&mrvdk/ i,faygif;oli,fcsif;awG jzpfonf/
]]eifwdkY vQmt½dk;r&Sdwdkif; avQmufajymraeeJY/ igwdkYu oli,fESyfpm;awG r[kwfbl;}}
oufa0csdK\ uefYuGufpum;ukd atmifqef;OD;u pdwf&Snfvuf&Snf xyf&Sif;jyygonf/
axmifhaphaph tuGufaphaphyif/ tcsdeftaetxm;? ae&mtaetxm;? oufaotaxmuftxm;rsm;t&
&Sif;jyjcif; jzpfygonf/ jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkY rsufcHk;twGefYcsdK;jyD; Za0Z0gjzpfaeMu\/
]]eifwdkY r,Hk&if BudKufwJhvludk ar;vdkY&ygw,f}}
atmifqef;OD;\ pum;tqHk;rSm odef;aZmf0if;u...
]],Hkyg[m... ½lyudk tJh'Da&Ta&miftusÐMuD;csKyfzdkY? abmif;bDMuD;csKyfzdkY qdkifaumif;aumif;udk
atmifqef;OD;&JU tpfreJY nDru a&G;ay;wm/ tJ'DhaeYu qdkifuae a&G;vmjyD; atmifqef;OD;wdkYtdrfrSmyJ
vJ0wfwm/ atmifqef;OD;&JY tpfreJY nDruawmif zpfqdk'fyJvdkY ajymaeMuwm.../ ½ly prf;0wfjyD;
[dk[dkonfonf avQmufoGm;Munfhaeawmh atmifqef;OD;&JU tpfr&,f? nDr&,f? ig&,f
'ef;ay:rSmxdkifjyD; tuJcwfaewm/ igu owd&jyD; b,fESem&D&SdjyDvJvdkY ar;awmh
atmifqef;OD;&JUnDreJY tpfr ESpfa,mufvHk;u wpfNydKifeufwnf; jyefajzw,f/ 'gqdk xGufxm;wm
aumif;r,fqdkjyD; igu atmifqef;OD;&JY nDreJYtpfrudk EIwfqufjyD;...}}
olUpum;udk atmifqef;OD;u onf;rcHEdkifawmhacs/
]]a[haumif vdk&if;udk ajymuGm/ rif;u ightpfreJYnDrukdyJ t&rf;aZmif;ay;aew,f}}
]]at;avuGm... olwdkYudkyJ tvDbdkif jy&rSmaygh}}
]]rif;[mu ydkvGef;ygw,fuGm}}
]]t[J...'guawmhuGm}}
olwdkYESpfa,muf\ tjiif;tcHkpum;udk jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkYu
tav;rxm;tm;awmhyg/ wpfa,mufrsufESm wpfa,mufMunfhjyD; pdwfxJrSm vdyfcJwnf;vnf;
jzpfaerdMu\/ xdkYaemufrSmrS oufa0csdKu...
]]½ly}}
½ly pdwfysufvufysufavoHjzifh....
]]bmvJ}}
]]olwdkYajymwm trSefyJvm;}}
]]tif;}}
]]wu,f}}

- 19 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]wu,fygqdk.../ 'gaMumifh ig 'Davmufpdwfnpfae&wmaygh/ b,faumifursm; igeJY


'DavmufwljyD; eifwdkYeJYyg odae&wmvJ pOf;pm;vdkYudk r&bl;/ ighudk yHkrSm;&dkuf&avmufatmif igu
urÇmausmf yk*¾dKvfMuD;vnf;r[kwf? oef;MuG,folaX;vnf;r[kwf/ avmavmq,f tJ'Dhaumif
0ifaESmifh,Sufvdkufwm ighudk "mwku rkef;oGm;jyD}}
½ly\toHu cHpm;csuf tjynfhygonf/ vdrfnmajymqdkjcif; r[kwfaMumif;vnf;
odomonf/ jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkY cPtMumidkifawGaejyD;rS...
]]atmifrav;}}
oufa0csdK\ atmfoHaMumifh odef;aZmf0if;u...
]]bmwkef;[}}
]]tckrS awG;awG;jyD; tonf;,m;vdkY/ 'gjzifh&if tJ'gMuD;u b,folvJ rodbl;/ ½lyvnf;
r[kwfbl;/ "mwkudkawmif &nf;pm;pum; ajymoGm;ao;w,f}}
]]at;...tvSnfhuswJh/ aemufqdk eifwdkYESpfa,mufwJh}}
xdkYaemufrSmawmh pum;rqdkjzpfMuawmh/ xdkudpöMuD;udk wpdrfhpdrfhawG;jyD; &ifxJrSm
av;aerdMuonf/ ½ly\rsufESmu txl;wnfNidrfum vQdKU0Sufeuf½Idif;aom tm;rmefawG
jynfh0aeonf/
]]bmjzpfjzpfav...'Dudpöudk iguawmh jywfjywfom;om; tajzay:atmif vkyf&rSmyJ/
avmavmq,frSmawmh "mwkudk em;vnfatmif ajymjyay;xm;yg}}
]]at;yg.../ 'gayrJh owdxm;ygOD; ½ly&,f..../ 'DudpöMuD;u wpfrsdK;yJ/ &JwdkifvdkY
&wmrdsK;vnf; r[kwf/ awmfMum eifhudk tEÅ&m,fjyefay;&if...}}
]]vTwfay;xm;vdkufrS ig tEÅ&m,fa&mufrSm}}
tm;vHk; NidrfoufoGm;Mujyefavonf/

- 20 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

wpfcsdKUawGu
tcuftcJudk taMumif;jyKjyD;
OD;usdK;w,f.../
wpfcsdKUawGu
pHcsdefcsdK;w,f.../
(0DvsHtmom0'f)

- 21 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(4)

]]½lytwkqdkawmh 'Daumifhudk igwdkY vlvSvdkY avmavmq,f emrnfay;xm;r,fuGm}}


atmifqef;OD;\pum;udk tm;vHk;u axmufcHMu\/
olwdkYawG 0goemygí &Srf;tpm;aomufa&mif;aeyHk&aom w½kwfMuD;\ qdkifodkY
jyefa&mufaeMujcif;jzpfonf/ olwdkYawGqdkonfu xHk;pHtwdkif; atmifqef;OD;? odef;aZmf0if;?
&J0if;jrifhESifh ½ly/ ½lytwkqdkaom vlvSukd qHkvdkqHkjim; þqdkifrSm vmapmifhaeMujcif;jzpfonf/
þwpfBudrfwGifawmh ½lyu &SyftusÐtjzLESifh &cdkifvHkcsnfudk wGJzuf0wfqifxm;jyD;
½dk;½dk;uav; &nfrGefoefYjyefYaeonf/ 0goemygí vmvmpum;ajymaom qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;uvnf;
olwdkY\ udpöudk r,Hkwpf0uf ,Hkwpf0ufESifh pdwf0ifpm;aeonf/
]]rif;wdkYajymwJh udpörsdK; ighwpfoufrSm wpfcgrS rMum;zl;bl;}}
odef;aZmf0if;u bkawmonf/
]]b,fMum;zl;rvJAs/ tpfudkMuD;u &Srf;acgufqGJyJ a&mif;aewmudk;}}
- 22 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]][... &Srf;acgufqGJ a&mif;wmuawmh a&mif;wmyJ/ b0tawGUtBuHKqdkwm &SdwmyJuG}}


]]tpfudkMuD;uom 'Daumif ½lyae&mrSmqdk b,fvdkcHpm;rvJ}}
]]wpfrsdK;MuD; aerSmayghuG}}
]]b,fvdk wpfrsdK;MuD;vJ}}
]]'gawmh rajymwwfbl;uGm}}
]]b,fajymwwfrvJAs/ tpfudkMuD;u &Srf;acgufqGJyJ a&mif;aewmudk;}}
]][if...rif;ajymyHkqdk&if igu wpfjcm;[myJ ajymif;a&mif;&rvdk jzpfaejyD}}
0dkif;&,frdMuonf/ odkYaomf ½lyuawmh cyfwnfwnf qdkiftjyifbufqDodkYom
rsufvHk;upm;aeonf/ vlvSu "mwkudk vma&mufcsOf;uyf&if; olwdkYESifh qHkEdkifonfav/
odkYaomf vlvS\ t&dyfta,mifudkyif rawGU/ "mwkwdkYtkyfpkudkvnf; t&dyfta,mifyif
rawGU/ jzpfcsifawmh "mwkwdkY tkyfpku ½lytdrfodkY a&mufaeMujcif;jzpfonf/
]][if...orD;wkdYygvm;/ vm...vm orD;wdkY oli,fcsif;awmh r&Sdbl;}}
olrwkdYuvnf; ½lywdkY&SdaerSmudk pdk;&drfaeMujcif;jzpfonf/ odkUaomf [efudk,fzdkY qdkaom
pum;twdkif;...
]][kwfvm;...qdkifa&mufaevdkYvm;}}
]]qdkifudkvnf; aeUcif;zuf ydwfxm;w,fuG,fh/ ckwavm 'Daumifav; ajc&Snfaew,f/
xdkifMuOD;/ a[h...axG;&Da& tat; oHk;cGuf vkyfygOD;}}
]]tefu,fuvnf; ½kH;oGm;w,faygh}}
]]'gayghuG,f}}
þtdrfu olrwdkY\ pm;tdrf aomuftdrfqdkvQifvnf; rrSm;ay/ ½lywdkYtdrfu Nidrf;csrf;onf/
½ly\tazu ½Hk;vkyfief;wpfckrS t&m&SdMuD;wpfa,mufjzpfonf/ rcsrf;omaomfvnf; rqif;&JMu/
jynfhjynfhpkHpkH aeEkdifonf/ ½lytxufrSm tpfrwpfa,muf&SdjyD; tdrfaxmifusum
EdkifiHjcm;a&mufaeonf/ tm;vHk;u azmfa&Goabmaumif;Mu\/
]]orD;wdkY b,fu vSnfhvmMuwmvJ}}
]]pm&if;udkifoifwef;uav.../ 'DaeY twef;csdef aemufusoGm;wmeJY rwufjzpfawmhbJ
'Dbufukd vSnfhvmMuwm}}
]]at;...at;/ uJ...tat;aomufvdkufMuOD;}}
]]aomufwmaygh tefwD&JU.../ tefwDudk ar;p&m&SdvdkY}}

- 23 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tHrm...xl;xl;qef;qef;ygvm;/ qdkprf;ygOD;...bmudkar;rSmvJ}}
½lywdkUtaru wuúodkvfu uxdua[mif;jzpf\/ q&mr ÓOfav;u raysmufao;ojzifh
olUudk pmar;rnfatmufarhjyD; i,frli,faoG;awG wufMuGvmonf/ pum;awGu
a'gif;wifarmif;wifcsDí ajym&efjyifvmol "mwkyifvQif trf;oGm;onf/
]]ajymavuG,f... bmrsm;wkef;}}
]][dkav...tefwD ½lyudk b,fvdkrsm; arG;cJhwkef;vdkY}}
]]trf...}}
½lywdkYtar tlka0a0 jzpfoGm;onf/ jrwfpki,fu...
]][Jh..."mwk eifuvnf; ar;wmMuD;u b,fvdkMuD;vJ}}
oufa0csdKuvnf;...
]]at;av...'Dvdkyg tefwD}}
]]ajymuG,f}}
]]tefwDh&JU twdwfa0'emawGudk orD;wdkYu jyefwl;azmfwm r[kwfygbl;}}
]]tJ...}}
]]tefwDh ESvHk;om;xJrSm ESpfaygif;ESpfq,fausmf emusifcJh&wmawG &SdEdkifw,fqdkwmudkvnf;
orD;wdkY em;vnf udk,fcsif;pmygw,f}}
]][if}}
]]'Dvdkaygh tefwD&,f.../ avmuMuD;rSm topfvnf; aqG;wmyJ? cspfvnf; a0;&wmyJ
r[kwfvm;}}
]]bm...bmawGvJuG,fh}}
½lywdkYtaru em;rvnfwwfavmufatmif jzpfaeyHk&onf/ tajctaeudk &dyfpm;rdaom
jrwfpki,fu oufa0csdKudk 0if[efYvdkufonf/
]]oufa0&,f...eifajymrSyJ ydk½Iyfukefawmhw,yJ/ 'DvdkygyJ tefwD}}
½lywdkYtarjzpfaom a':oufxm;jrifhu pdwfroufromjzifh...
]]uJ...uJ qdkprf;ygOD;uG,f}}
]]½lyudk rarG;cifu tefwD iSufaysmoD;trTmwdkY bmwdkYudk pm;rdao;vm;}}
]]i,fi,fuawmh pm;zl;yg&JUuG,f/ aemufawmhvnf; odyfawmif rawGUrd? rjrifrdygbl;}}

- 24 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]uav;trTm arG;&if aumif;rSmyJ qdkwmrsdK;aum awG;rdvm;[if}}


]]tdk;...rawG;rdygbl;/ wpfa,mufxJudkawmif AdkufxJxnfhvG,fxm;&wm xdkif&cuf x&cufeJY
t&rf;yifyef;wJh udpö}}
]]tJ'DMum;xJu trTmarG;vmawmh tefwDaysmfoGm;ovm;}}
a':oufxm;jrifh rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;onf/
]]b,fuvm trTm&rSmvJ.../ ½lywpfa,mufwnf;av}}
]]aocsm&JYvm; tefwD&JY}}
]][Jh...bmvdkY raocsm&rSmvJ/ udk,farG;wm udk,fodwmaygh}}
]][kwf&JYvm; tefwD&,f}}
]][,f...[kwfygw,fqdk 'Duav;rawG b,fvdkjzpfaeMuygvdrfh}}
]]tefwDu rD;wGif;xJrSmqdkawmh tJ'Dhwkef;u tjzpftysufawGudk odcsifrSodrSmaygh/
uav;trTmarG;jyD; tefwD ½ly wpfa,mufwnf;vdkY ajymcJhwmqdk&ifaum}}
]]tdk...awmufwD;awmufwJhuG,f}}
a':oufxm;jrifh tawmfpdwfnpfoGm;yHk &onf/ ukd,fhbmom tdrfxJrSm tNidrf;pm;uxdu
vkyfaewm aumif;wdaumif;&JY &Sdom;ESifh/ ckawmh b,fhES,f/
aemufqHk;awmh "mwkuyJ 0ifajym&awmhonf/
]]'Dvdk tefwDa&.../ ½lyeJY wpfax&mwnf;wlwJh wpfa,mufukd orD;wdkYawGUcJYvdkY}}
]]a[...}}
a':oufxm;jrifh udk,fhbmom tNidrf;pm;uxdu vkyfaeygvsufuyif yg;pyfta[mif;om;
jzpf&jyefonf/
]][kwfvm;.../ b,frSm awGUcJhwmvJ}}
]]orD;wdkY oifwef;em;rSm}}
]]wu,faum wlvdkYvm;}}
]]tdk;...wpfax&mwnf;yg tefwD&,f/ 'D½kyf 'Dt&yf 'Dvdk tcsdK;tpm; 'DtoHygyJ/
orD;wdkUuawmif ½lyatmufarhjyD; pum;awG ajymvdkufao;w,f}}
]]EdkY...r[kwfbl;vm;}}
]]r[kwfvdkUaygh tefwD&JY}}

- 25 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]olu b,folvJ? b,fuvJ}}


]]tJ'gawmh orD;wdkYvJ rodbl; tefwD/ aemufwpfcgawGY&ifawmh odatmifvkyfcJhr,f}}
]]'DudkvJ ac:vmcJhprf;yguG,f}}
]]&&if ac:cJhr,f tefwD&JY}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu pdwf½IyfaxG;pGm ta0;udk ai;onf/ odkYaomf eH&Hu cHaeojzifh eH&HudkyJ
jrif&onf/ olYbmom wpfudk,fwnf; ajymovdkvdkESifh "mwkwdkYudk ajymonf/
]]bmrsm;vJ tefwD}}
oJvGefp &rvm;[k "mwkwdkYu tarmwaum 0ifar;rdonf/
]]½lyu tazwlom;uG,fh/ olYtazeJY wpf½kyfwnf;.../ olYtazursm; tefwDeJYr[kwfbJ
aemufrdef;reJY aemufuav;wpfa,muf arG;cJh&if olwdkYcsif; wlEdkifw,f/ tif;...udkpdk;vGif...udkpdk;vGif
aeESifhOD;/ ½kH;ujyefvmrS awGYr,f/ [if;....tNidrf;pm; uxdu oufxm;jrifhtaMumif; 'if;odoGm;r,f}}
]]Aka'¨g...}}
"mwkwdkY tjrefqkH; jyefvpfcJhMu&avonf/
cufawmhjzifh cufjyD.../

- 26 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(5)

bkrod brod ½Hk;rSjyefvmaom? tif;... ½kH;rSjyefvmonfuawmh bkrod brod r[kwf?


½Hk;qif;csdefa&mufí jyefvmjcif;jzpfonf/ tdrfa&mufrS bkrod brod jyóemwuf&jcif;jzpfonf/
cspfZeD;u ndKrIdif;aomrsufESmESifh apmifhaeonf/
]]xm;... bmjzpfaewmvJ? aeraumif;bl;vm;}}
bmrSjyefrajym/ vufqGJtdwfvmo,faom axG;&Dudk ar;cGef;xkwfaom rsufvHk;rsm;ESifh
Munfhawmh axG;&Du atmifrSwfr0ifaom rsufvHk;rsm;ESifh jyefMunfhoGm;onf/ wpfckckawmh wpfckck[k
OD;pdk;vGif odvdkufavonf/ cspfZeD;MuD;\ trlt&muvnf; xl;jcm;aeonfukd;/
]]xm;...ajymp&m&Sd ajymav.../ bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
xdktcgusrS a':oufxm;jrifhu "mwkwdkYvmajymoGm;onfh udpöudk jyefajymjyonf/
OD;pdk;vGifuawmh wthHwMojzpfaeawmh\/ aemufqHk;rSm olYoHk;oyfcsufukd a':oufxm;jrifhu
wifoGif;vmonf/
]]tJ'g &Sif uRefreJY r[kwfbJ wpfjcm;rdef;r wpfa,mufeJYrsm; om;&cJhbl;ao;vm;}}

- 27 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tdk...usm;om;rdk;BudK;uGm/ aygufu&awG rawG;prf;ygeJY}}


]]tdk...aygufu& r[kwfbl;}}
]]at;...aygufu&r[kwfbl;? uav;uvm;/ rif;vdk tNidrf;pm;uxdu wpfa,mufu 'Dvdk
uav;uvm;awG avQmufawG;&ovm;}}
OD;pkd;vGif\pum;u a':oufxm;jrifhudk csKyfudkifvdkufEdkifonf/ OD;pdk;vGifuvnf;
tvkyfMuD;tudkifMuD;vkyfum 0efxrf;aygif;rsm;pGmudk tkyfcsKyfaeoljzpfí jyóemrsm;udk
ajz&Sif;wwfonf/ a':oufxm;jrifhu avoHMurf;csifvmvQif olBudKxdef;wwf\/ ]tNidrf;pm;uxdu
uvnf; pdrf;pm;ig;yd usaewmyJ} [k aemufajymifwwf\/ xdkpum;vkH; wGifus,foGm;rnfukd
a':oufxm;jrifhuvnf; vifr,m; &efjzpf&rSmxuf ydkaMumuf\/ OD;pdk;vGifu t0wftpm;vJjyD;
jyefxGufvmum...
]]'Dudpöu enf;enf;xl;qef;aew,f}}
"mwkwdkYtdrfodkY zkef;aumufvSnfhvdkuf\/ a':oufxm;jrifhu OD;pkd;vGifudk rodrom
tuJcwfaeonf/ ododomom tuJcwf&rSmudk ysif;aomaMumifhvm;rod/
]][Jvdk..."mwkwdkY tdrfuygvm;}}
wpfzufrS a,musfm;oHMoMoMuD; xGufvmonf/
]][kwfygw,f.../ ck pum;ajymaewm b,folygvJ}}
OD;pdk;vGif pdwfnpfoGm;onf/ wpfzufrS zkef;ukdifonfu "mwk\zcif OD;rsdK;jrifh jzpf\/
atmifjrifaeonfh 0wfvkHawmf& a&SUaewpfOD;jzpfjyD; tvGefav&Snfonf/ olESifh pum;ajymoludk
yg;pyfxJrSm yDauvdk xnfh0g;Edkif\/ arsmoGm;? &SdorQ tiftm;av;awG ukefcef;oGm;jyD;rS ol\
pum;ajymazmfu jyefxGufcGifh&\/
odkYaomf OD;pdk;vGifuvnf; OD;pdk;vGifygyJav/
]]udkrsdK;jrifhvm;...uRefawmfpdk;vGifyg}}
]]aMomf...[kwfjyD [kwfjyD udkpdk;vGif/ raeYuawmif uRefawmf cifAsm;wdkY½kH;buf
a&mufao;w,f/ ukrÜPD vTJajymif;pmcsKyfwpfcktwGuf vdkufvkyfay;&if;eJYav/ 0ifrvm;
pOf;pm;ao;w,f/ r0ifjzpfvdkufygbl;Asm.../ wpfjcm; tyGdKifhrefYawGuvnf; &Sdaeao;wmudk;}}
]]at;Asm...uRefawmfwdkYuvnf; tyGdKifhrefYudk,fpDeJYqdkawmh tcsdefudk vkaeMu&wmygyJ/
uRefawmfawmif cPuav;tcsdef&wkef;rSm "mwkqD udpöav;wpfck ar;csifvdkY
zkef;vSrf;qufvdkuf&wm}}
]]"mwkudk... [kwfvm;}}
]][kwfw,f...&Sdw,fr[kwfvm;/ cP ac:ay;prf;yg}}
]]&ygw,f... &ygw,f}}

- 28 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

OD;rsdK;jrifh av&Snf&ef cufoGm;onf/ avonf jynfolydkifypönf; jzpfjyD;


olwpfa,mufwnf;\ yk*¾vduypönf; r[kwfaomaMumifh yk'fr 6^1 udkajy;jrifjyD; "mwkudk
ac:ay;vdkuf&\/
]][kwfuJh...ajymyg tefu,fvf "mwkyg}}
]]at;... orD;ajymoGm;w,fqdkwJh ½lyeJYwlw,fqdkwJh aumifav;qdkwmav.../ tJ'DhtaMumif;
aoaocsmcsm xyfMum;csifvdkY}}
]]aMomf...tJ'gvm;}}
]]at;uG,fh...jyefajymjyprf;ygOD;}}
"mwku aoaocsmcsm &Sif;jyvdkufonf/ a':oufxm;jrifhudk ajymjyonfxuf ydkpkHaphonf/
OD;pdk;vGif aphpyfwwfaMumif; odxm;ívnf; jzpfonf/ OD;pdk;vGifu taotcsm em;axmifonf/
jyefar;onf/ a':oufxm;jrifhuvnf; ododomom acgif;ndwf&rnfudk ysif;aomaMumifh
rodrombJ acgif;ndwfaeonf/
]]orD;wdkYu tJ'Dhaumifav;udk ½lyvdkYyJ wnDwnGwfwnf; xifaeMuwmaygh... [kwfvm;}}
"mwku taMumif;tcsufrusef&atmif xyfajymjyonf/
]]tif;...tif; 'ghxuf olajymwJh pum;awGxJrSm ½lyr[kwfaMumif; xif&wJh
taMumif;t&mawGawmif ygrvmbl;vm;}}
]]tm...vkH;0rygbl;/ wu,fh ½lytwdkif;yJ/ tefu,fwdkY tefwDwdkY taMumif;awmif
ygao;w,f/ orD;eJYu tat;xdkifaomuf&if; awmfawmfMumatmif pum;ajymjzpfwmqdkawmh
ydktHhMordw,f/ ½ly r[kwf&ifvnf; orD;u &dyfrd&rSm.../ tckvkH;0 r&dyfrdbl;}}
]]orD;u bmtaMumif;udk t"du ajymovJ}}
]]cPav;aemf tefu,fvf}}
"mwku (a':oufxm;jrifhvdkyJ rodromem;axmifaeyHk&onfh) olYtaz OD;rsdK;jrifhtm;...
]]azaz orD;udk [dkaeYu vdkufaESmifh,Sufwm ck jcHa&SYu jzwfoGm;wJhaumifav;awGaygh}}
OD;rsdK;jrifh jcHa&SYxGufoGm;ykH &onf/ xdktcgusrS "mwku...
]]olucsnf;yJajymwm rsm;ygw,f tefu,fvf/ orD;u em;axmif½Hkaygh}}
]]at;av...bmtaMumif; t"du ajymovJvdkY}}
]]vltdkpum;awmh r[kwfbl;av tefu,fvf&JY}}
]]a[...}}
]]vltdkpum;awmh r[kwfbl;vdkY}}

- 29 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

xdktcgusrSyif OD;pdk;vGif oabmaygufoGm;jyD; w[m;[m; x&,fonf/ "mwkESifhqdkvQif


½lyudk tm;awmifay;&OD;rnf/ odkYaomf cufoGm;onfu xdkowå0gonf ½ly r[kwfqdkawmh...
]]vlysdKpum;ajymwmudk orD;u b,fvdk jyefajymvdkufovJ}}
]]pOf;pm;yghr,faygh}}
]]tif;...tJ'g}}
enf;enf;yg;yg;qufajymjyD;rS rSmp&muav;awG rSmjyD; OD;pdk;vGif zkef;csvdkufonf/
a':oufxm;jrifhbufodkYvSnfhí...
]]awmfawmf xl;jcm;wJhudpöyJ xm;&JY}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu bmrSjyefrajym/ xdktcsdeftxdawmh olYyg;pyfukd tjidrf;pm;ay;xm;onf/
]]om;a&mufvm&if ukd,fhtcef;udk cPvTwfvdkuf? ajymp&m&Sdw,fvdkY.../ [kwfvm;}}
a':oufxm;jrifh yg;pyfu csufcsif;yif vkyfief;cGifjyef0ifawmh\/
]]bmudpö &Sifhtcef;xJ vTwf&rSmvJ/ ajymp&m&Sd&if {nfhcef;rSmyJajym/ yGifhyGifhvif;vif;aygh/
uRefrvnf; em;axmifrSmaygh}}
OD;pdk;vGif pdwfysufvufysufESifh atmf&,favonf/
]]aMomf...xm;&,f udk,fu r[kwfwm bmrSrvkyfygbl;/ {nfhcef;xJrSm xm;udk
ab;xm;jyD;ajymqdkvnf; ajymyghr,f/ rdom;pk oHk;a,muf wdkifyifMuwmaygh}}
OD;pdk;vGifu tcef;xJ 0ifoGm;onf/ em;OD;rnf xifonf/ a':oufxm;jrifhuawmh rem;Edkif/
½lyjyeftvmudk apmifhjyD; pdwfapmaeonf/
n ckESpfem&DcGJavmufrSmrS ½lyu qdkifodrf;jyD; jyefa&mufvmonf/ 'if;u a&rdk;csdK;ao;\/
jyD;rdom;pk xrif;pm;Mu\/ xrif;0dkif;rSm OD;pkd;vGifu bmrSrajym/ vufzufokwfwpfyef;uefudk
cv,frSmcsjyD; oHk;a,mufom; pum;ajymMu\/
]]om;u azazwdkYudk jyefrajymbl;udk;}}
]]bmvJazaz}}
]]rif;eJY wpfax&mwnf;wlwJh aumifav;wpfa,mufu rif;ta,mifaqmifjyD; "mwkudk
&nf;pm;pum;ajymvdkYqdk}}
]]aMomf...azazwdkYu b,fvdkvkyf odovJ}}
]]"mwk ajymwmayghuG/ uJ...rif;bufu ajymprf;ygOD;}}

- 30 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

½lyu olYbufrS awGUBuHKorQudk jyefajymjyonf/ a&Ta&mif0wfpHkMuD;ESifh "mwk\


acgufxD;taMumif;udkawmh csefvSyfxm;cJhonf/
OD;pdk;vGifu ezl;aMum ½IHUjyD; pOf;pm;onf/ ½lyuvnf; xdkudpötay: b0ifrusEdkifjzpfaeqJ/
a':oufxm;jrifhuvnf; tawG;& Muyfaeonf/ twefMumrS OD;pdk;vGifu...
]]½kyfwlwmwdkY toHwlwmwdkY bmnmudk jzpfwwfygw,fqdkjyD; z,fxm;vdkufOD;/
tckaumifav;u rif;tjzpfeJYudk w&if;wESD;ukd ajymqdk qufqHoGm;wm tHhMop&myJ}}
]][kwfw,f azaz/ "mwkwdkYqdkwmu om;r[kwf&if csufcsif;&dyfrd&r,fh vlawGMuD;yJ}}
]]uJ...arar tMuHay;r,fuG,f}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu olYtpDtpOfudk ajym\/
]]rif; cP c&D;xGufvdkuf om;/ "mwku tajzjyefay;r,fvdkY ajymxm;awmh
tJ'Dhaumifav;u vmEdkifao;w,f/ tJ'gudk apmifhzrf;&rSmyJ/ rif;u e,fuaejyD;
tdrfudkvnf;zkef;quf? "mwkeJY oli,fcsif;awGudkvnf; zkef;quf/ rif;'DrSm r&Sdbl;qdkwJh oabmyJ/
tJ'gqdk wpfcsuf&Sif;oGm;r,f}}
OD;pdk;vGifuvnf; ]at;...tJ'g aumif;w,f} [kajymonf/

- 31 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(6)

vrf;ab;wpfzufwpfcsufrSmu tNydKif;t½dkif; &Sifoefaeaom opfyiftdkMuD;awG?


v,fuGif;awGudk jzwfjyD;jrifae&onfu xef;yifpkpkrsm;? ajr&eHYwdkYuyifvQif &efukefESifh rwlovdk
wrluGJjym;pGm ½SL½IdufcHpm;&\/ ½ly awmifilrSm qif;vdkufonf/
tvkt,uf 0dkif;tHkvmaom qdkufum;rsm;udk vufumwm;&if; tkyfxJrS vkxGuf&\/
]]q&m b,foGm;rvJ/ c&D;aqmiftdwf uRefawmfhudkay;}}
tm;vHk;ukd jiif;qef&if; eD;&mpm;aomufqdkifwpfckxJodkY t&if0if&\/ vrf;c&D;u qdkifrsm;rSm
pm;&wm tqifrajyvS/ wdkYueef; qdwfueef;om pm;vmcJhojzifh ckawmh AdkufqmjyD/
AdkufjznfhtjyD;rSm olt&ifqkH; owd&vdkufrdonfu "mwk.../
aumifwmrS w,fvDzkef;qD avQmufoGm;vdkufonf/
]]&efukefudk zkef;ajymcsifw,f}}

- 32 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

aumifwmrS trsdK;orD;u...
]]&w,f}}
uHu aumif;onf[k qdk&rnfjzpfonf/ zkef;u wdkuf½kdufwef;0ifoGm;onf/
]][Jvdk...oufvsm"mwkeJY pum;ajymcsifvdkYyg}}
"mwk\ emrnftjynfhtpkHu oufvsm"mwkjzpf\/ udkapmNidrf;\ oDcsif;pmom;xJrS
,lxm;jcif;jzpfonf[k od&onf/ oufvsmrsdK;jrifh rjzpfvdkufí awmfygao;onf/
wpfzufrS trsdK;orD;toHudk xdkodkYomMum;&jyD; cP toHwdwfoGm;onf/ aemufrS...
]][Jvdk...ajymyg}}
]]"mwkvm;}}
]][kwfygw,f}}
]]igyg... ½ly}}
]]aMomf...at; ajym}}
a&jcm;ajrjcm;rS "mwktoHav;udk Mum;vdkuf&wm ESvHk;om;xJ aEG;axG;oGm;ovdk
cHpm;&onf/
]]ig tck awmifilu qufaewm}}
]][if...eifu awmifiludk bmoGm;vkyfwmvJ}}
]]aMomf...awmifilbk&ifvdk oufvsm"mwkudk oGm;vGrf;wmyg}}
]]vJaovdkuf/ tck eif eifh&efukeftdrfuyJ qufaewm r[kwfvm;}}
]]r[kwfbl;/ awmifiludk wu,fa&mufaewm}}
]]bmoGm;vkyfwmvJ/ aMomf.... tJ rajzeJYawmh? rajzeJYawmh/ awmfMum ckeu tajzudk
xyfMum;csifw,f xifaeOD;r,f}}
½ly cyfwkd;wdk; &,frdonf/
]]udpöwpfckaMumifh qdkygawmh[m.../ tJ'gudk xm;vdkufygOD;/ eif [dkaeYu ighudk t&rf;
pdwfqdk;oGm;vm;}}
]]t[if;....tJ'Dhwkef;uawmh qdk;wmaygh/ aemufawmh rqdk;awmhygbl;}}
]]pdwfqdk;w,fqdk&ifvnf; igu awmif;yefygw,f[m}}
]][ifhtif;...iguom awmif;yef&rSmyg}}
- 33 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]bmjzpfvdkY}}
]]eifu ighudk awmfaumufcsifw,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]tm...}}
]]awmfaumufcsifwJh &Sifbk&ifudk a&TxD;eJYacguf&r,fhtpm; acgufxD;eJY acgufvdkufrdvdkY}}
]][m...eifuvnf;}}
"mwk\ &,foHvGifvGifav;udk Mum;&\/ ½lyuvnf; vdkuf&,fjzpfonf/
]]eif awmifilrSm b,fESpf&ufMumrSmvJ}}
]]eifpOf;pm;csdef&atmif wpfywfq,f&ufygyJ}}
]]igu bmudk pOf;pm;&rSmvJ}}
]]igawmfaumufwmudk vufcH rcHaygh}}
]]atmifrm...vlyg;0vdkY}}
]]"mwkaemf...igwpfu,fajymwm/ igr[kwfwJhvludkawmif igatmufarhjyD;
OD;pm;ay;pOf;pm;r,fwdkY? tjrefqkH;tajzay;r,fwdkY eifajymcJhao;wmyJ[m}}
]]tr,fav;..av;/ tJ'DudpöMuD;udk jyefrajymprf;ygeJY[m.... ausmcsrf;vGef;vdkY}}
]]'gayrJh bmyJjzpfjzpfav.../ eif olYudk ajymcJhwJhpum;awG[m ighudk ajymwJhpum;awGvdkYyJ
igowfrSwfw,f/ tJ'Dawmh....}}
]]udk,fawmf qufrajymeJYawmh}}
]]eifvufcHjyD qdkygawmh}}
]]bmudkvJ}}
]]ig awmfaumufwmudkav}}
]]tvdk...vm vm csnfao;}}
]]eif ighudk wpfcgwnf; tajzjyefay;vdkufjyDyJ/ igawmfaumufwmudk vufcHvdkY eifu ighukd
udk,fawmfvdkY w&dkwao ac:wmayghaemf}}
]]bm eifaemf}}
½ly &,frd\/ rcHcsd rcHom jzpfaernfh "mwk\ rsufESmvSvSav;udkvnf; tm½kHxJrSm
jrifaerdonf/ 'Daumifrav;udk p&aemuf&wm bmESifhrS rwlatmif aysmfp&maumif;onf/
]]igu pufbD;ypönf;a&mif;wJhaumif qdkawmh eifeJY twlaecsifwmaygh[m}}
- 34 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]bmqdkifvdkYvJ}}
]]pufbD;qdkwm ajceif;wpfzufwnf;eJY oGm;vdkY r&bl;av[m/ ajceif;ESpfbuf&SdrS &wm/
eifeJY igeJY aygif;pnf;jyD; b0MuD;xJudk c&D;xGufMuwmaygh}}
]]eif awmfawmfpum;wwfaeygvm;/ aeygOD;...eifeJY igeJY [dk;i,fi,fuwnf;u
twlwloGm;vm pm;aomufaecJhwm/ ckrS eifhpdwfawG b,fvdkajymif;oGm;vJ}}
]]q,fwef;atmifjyD;uwnf;u igeifhudk MudKufaewm[/ tJ'Dhwkef;uwnf;u
&nf;pm;pum;ajymrvdkYyJ/ wuúodkvfwufvdkuf&vdkY rajymjzpfvdkufwm}}
]]wpfrsdK;ygvm;}}
]]ckrS wuúodkvfqdkwJh t0dkif;MuD;udk ywfjyD; eifhqDudk *i,fauGU jyefauGUvmwm}}
]]tJ'DhMum;xJrSm igu olrsm;aemufygoGm;&ifaum}}
]]tJvdkawmh b,f&rvJ/ tJ'Dtcgusawmhvnf; igu rD;eDjyjyD; wm;rSmaygh}}
]]eif pufbD;ypönf;a&mif;vdkYyJ? tmumo,mOfypönf;a&mif;&if b,fvdkaer,f rodygbl;}}
]]bmudkyJa&mif;a&mif;[m eifhudkawmhcspfrSmyJ}}
]]uJ...awmfawmh awmfawmh/ eifzkef;zdk;awG odyfukefaer,f/ igvnf; tdrfrSm
tvkyfawG&Sdao;w,f}}
]]at;..at;/ aMomf... 'geJY "mwk}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]eifhqD aemufwpfcg vlvSvm&if...}}
]]bm...b,fu vlvSvJ}}
]]ig twkav[m.../ igu ½lyqdkawmh olYudk vlvSvdkY trnfay;xm;wm}}
]]MuHMuHzefzef[m}}
]]at;...tJ'Dhaumif eifhqDxyfa&mufvm&if owdxm;OD;aemf/ 'Dwpfcg rrSm;apeJY}}
]]at;yg}}
]]wwfEdkif&ifvnf; pkHprf;..prf;/ ajc&mcHprf;yg}}
]]at;yg...igodygw,f}}
]]aemufjyD;...tckigzkef;qufawmh vmudkifwm b,folvJ}}
]]ararav}}
- 35 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]aMomf...}}
cPtMumrS zkef;csvdkufonf/ OD;rsdK;jrifh r&Sdaeí awmfao;onf/ "mwkwdkYtar
a':uvsmu OD;rsdK;jrifhESifh qefYusifbuf? tvGef pum;enf;onf/
qdkifxJrS xGufjyD; qdkufum;iSm;awmh....
]][m...q&m b,fvdk jzpfvmwmvJ}}
qdkufum;orm;av;u olYudk rsufvHk;jyL;ESifhar;onf.
]]bmvJ.... bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
oluvnf; rsufvHk;jyL;ESifh jyefar;vdkufonf/
]]tck b,foGm;rvdkYvJ}}
]]a[mfw,fwpfckckudk}}
]]raeYu uRefawmfydkYay;cJhwJh a[mfw,fudk oabmrusvdkYvm;}}
]]tm...r[kwfwm/ igu tckrS 'DjrdKUudka&mufwmyg[/ apmapmurS ta0;ajy;um;ay:u
qif;vmwm/ rif;vlrSm;aejyD}}
]]q&muvnf; aemufaejyefjyD/ q&mhtdwfudk uRefawmfyJ a[mfw,fxJ xrf;ydkYay;wm/
aumifwmrSmawmif [dkw,f0efxrf;awGu q&mhudk aemufaeao;w,f/ q&mhemrnf ½lyqdkawmh
"mwkuvsmqD vmwmvm;vdkYav}}
]]a[...}}
½ly yg;pyfta[mif;om; jzpfoGm;&\/ aoG;aMumawGvnf; zsif;ueJ jzpfoGm;onf/ vlvS
acG;rom; 'Daumifu BudKa&mufaejyD/
bmvkyfrvJ...
bmvkyfrvJ...
bmvkyfrvJ...
]]uJ...tJ'Dha[mfw,fudk q&moabmrusbl;qdk&if wpfjcm;a[mfw,fudk uRefawmfydkUay;r,f/
wuf...wuf tdwfudk uRefawmfwifr,f}}
qdkufum;ay: wufxdkifvdkufjyD;rS...
]]rif;raeYu ydkYay;cJhwJh a[mfw,fudk rif;rSwfrdw,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]rSwfrdygw,f q&m&JU}}

- 36 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]at;...tJ'Dha[mfw,feJY teD;qHk;a[mfw,fudk oGm;r,f}}


]]&w,fq&m.../ tJ'D rsufapmif;xdk;em;u a[mfw,fudk ykdYay;r,f}}
]]aumif;jyD}}
a[mfw,fa&mufjyD; tcef;xJrSm tem;,l vJavsmif;um cPpOf;pm;onf/ xdkYaemufrS
0efxrf;wpfa,mufudk ac:jyD; vlvS wnf;cdkaeonfh rsufapmif;xdk; a[mfw,fudk nTefjyum...
]]tJ'Dh a[mfw,f&JU zkef;eHygwfudk odovm;}}
]][kwfuJh}}
]]at;...ay;prf;yguGm/ tJ'DhrSm ightodwpfa,muf wnf;aevdkY}}
zkef;eHygwf&jyD;awmh....
]]&jyD... rif;vkyfp&m&Sdwm oGm;vkyf/ ig tcef;xJuzkef;eJY qufr,f}}
]][kwfuJh q&m}}
xdk0efxrf; xGufoGm;jyD;rS zkef;eHygwfudk ESdyfjyD;...
]][Jvdk....]................} [dkw,fuygvm;}}
]][kwfygw,f}}
]]tJ'DhrSm raeYu vmwnf;wJh &efukefu {nfhonf ½lyeJY pum;ajymcsifvdkYyg}}
]]ck pum;ajymaewm b,folygvJ}}
]]&efukefuyJ? olYtodyg}}
]]tck&efukefu qufwmvm;}}
]]tm...uRwf}}
udk,fu pdwfavmaeonfhMum;xJ wpfzufrS tar;tjref;xlaeojzifh ½ly rausreyf
pkwfoyfvdkufrdonf/ wpfzufrSvnf; &dyfrdonf/
]]cPaemf}}
wpfzufrS zkef;oH wdwfoGm;onf/ jyD;rS wpfjcm;wpfa,muf vmudkifonf/
]][kwfuJh...uRefawmf 'D[dkw,fu refae*smyg}}
]][kwfuJh...uRefawmf ½lyeJY awGUcsifvdkYyg}}

- 37 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]'Dudpöudk 0efxrf;u ajymjyvdkY uRefawmfodjyD;ygjyD/ udk½ly&JU todqdk&if


uRefawmfwdkYuawmif jyefar;p&mav;awG &SdaevdkYyg}}
bmvJ[? bmawGjzpfjyefjyDvJ/ pdwfaxGjym;p&mawGudkcsnf; BuHKae&onf/
]]bmrsm; ar;rvdkYygvJ cifAsm}}
]]udk½ly[m uRefawmfwdkYqD wnf;cdkae&muae xl;xl;qef;qef; aysmufqHk;oGm;ygw,f}}
]]Asm...}}
]][kwfygw,f.../ raeYuyJ a&mufvmjyD;? 'Dreufusawmh r&Sdawmhygbl;}}
]]olYypönf;awGa&m...}}
]]bmrS rusefcJhygbl;}}
]]olxGufoGm;wmudk cifAsm;wdkY b,folrS rodvdkufbl;vm;}}
]]rodvdkufygbl;}}
]]r[kwfbl;av.../ rSwfyHkwifudk b,fvdkjyef,loGm;vJ}}
]]tpuwnf;u uRefawmfwdkYqDrSm rSwfyHkwif rtyf&ao;bl;As/ c&D;aqmiftdwfxJ
a&mufaew,fwJh.../ xkwf&cufvdkY reufusrSyJ ,lawmhwJh/ olu wpfywfq,f&uf wnf;rSmwJh}}
]]Asm}}
vlyg;0wJh vlvS/ olu udk,fhvdkyJ wpfywfq,f&uf wnf;rSmwJhvm;/
]]aeOD;.../ olYrSwfyHkwifuwfudk r,l&ao;ayrJh olYrSwfyHkwifeHygwfudkawmh ,lxm;vdkufrSmaygh}}
]]'guawmh ,lxm;&ygw,f}}
]]aus;Zl;jyKjyD; tJ'DheHygwfav; wqdwf&GwfjyvdkY &rvm;}}
]]cP apmifhyg}}
aemufrS....
olYrSwfyHkwif eHygwfu ............... vdkYay;oGm;w,f/
]]Asm...}}
½ly\ vufxJrS zkef;cGuf vGwfusoGm;onf/
[dkaumifvlvS ay;oGm;onfh rSwfykHwifeHygwfu olYrSwfyHkwifeHygwf jzpfaeonf/ wpfvHk;rS
rvGJ/

- 38 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

zkef;qufajymcsifpdwfvnf; r&Sdawmh/ zkef;cGufudk jyefwifxm;vdkufonf/ tdyf&may: ypfvSJ&if;


ezl;ay:vufwifum pOf;pm;aevdkufonf/
bmvkyfrvJ...
bmvkyfrvJ......
bmvkyfrvJ........./
aemufawmh zkef;cGufudkrjyD; zkef;eHygwfawGudk ESdyfvdkufonf/ 'Dwpfcguawmh
&efukeftdrfqDudk.../ azhazhqD.../

- 39 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(7)

olYpum;tqkH;rSm tm;vHk;u rsufESmtrlt&m trsdK;rsdK; ajymif;vJoGm;Muavonf/


yifhouf½Idufol½Iduf? oufjyif;csolcs/ olYqdkifuav;xJrS avawGyif uarmufur jzpfoGm;onf/
]]rif;udpöu odyfawmh rvG,fawmhbl;uG}}
]]at;...tjyuf tjyufeJY ESmacgif;aoG;xGufr,faemf}}
&J0if;jrifhESifh odef;aZmf0if;u xdkodkY rSwfcsufcs\/
jrwfpki,fuvnf;...
]]½ly&,f...eifhtpm; ig &ifarmvdkufwm}}
]][kwfw,f ½ly&,f... &Jwdkif&ifvnf; wdkifygvm;/ ta,mifaqmifrI ajrmufrSmaygh}}
oufa0csdK\ pum;udk ½lyu acgif;ndwfjyaomfvnf; vdkufvHtaumiftxnfazmfrnfhyHkrsdK;
r&Sd/ &J0if;jrifhu...
]][kwfom;yJ.../ oufa0ajymovdk &Judk wdkif&if wdkifxm;ygvm;}}
- 40 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]odyf tqifrajyvSbl;uG}}
odef;aZmf0if;u rsufarSmifMuKwfvsuf 0ifar;onf/
]]bmjzpfvdkY tqifrajywmvJuG}}
]]rif;wdkY igwdkY "mwkwdkYudk &Ju tukefac:ppfOD;rSm}}
]]tif;...tif;}}
]]aemufjyD; awmifil[dkw,fu vlawG.../ ½Iyfw,f? udpöu us,fukefr,f}}
]]tif;...}}
]]aemufjyD; &JawGua&m igeJY vlvSudk cGJEdkifyghrvm;/ igvGwfvGwfvyfvyf vIyf&Sm;EdkifrS
jzpfrSm/ EdkYrdkYqdk&if &J&JY nTefMum;csuftwdkif; oGm;vmae&jyD; igyg ajccsKyfjyefusaer,f}}
]]tif;..}}
½lyu pum;udk qufrajymawmhacs/ tm;vHk;jidrfoufoGm;Muonf/ cPtMumrS
oufa0csdKu...
]]at;av...eifajymwmvnf; [kwfygw,f}}
&J0if;jrifhu...
]]tJ'gqdk rif;bmvkyfrvJ}}
]]avmavmq,fuawmhuGm}}
]]tif;}}
]]ckeu rif;wdkYvdkyJ yifhouf½Idufr,f? jyD;&if oufjyif;csr,f/ bJpm;bJaMuaygh}}
cyfoJhoJh &,fMuavonf/ odkYaomf &,foHrsm;u toufryg/
]]awmifiluae tJ'DhtaMumif;awGudk rif; vSrf;zkef;qufawmh rif;taz rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;rSmaygh}}
]]t[if;.../ at;aygh rsufvHk;jyL;oGm;wmaygh}}
]]zkef;xJuae eifujrif&vdkYvm;}}
]]jrifw,fa[h... jrifw,f/ ightaz&JY rsufvHk;u &efukefuae awmifiltxd vSrf;jyL;wm}}
]]tif;...rsufvHk;rdkYvdkY awmfygao;w,f}}
&,farmvdkufMujyefonf/ oufa0csdKu...
]]uJ...uJ &,fraeMueJYOD;? b,fvdkvkyf&ifaumif;r,f qdkwm 0dkif;pOf;pm;vdkufMuOD;}}
- 41 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

jrwfpki,fuvnf;...
]]½ly}}
]][if}}
]]eif 'DtajctaeawGay:rSm pdwfvIyf&Sm;aeovm;}}
]]tif;...txdkuftavsmufawmh &Sdwmaygh[m}}
]]eif vlvSudk raMumufbl;vm;}}
]][ifhtif;}}
]]wu,fvm;}}
]]wu,faygh/ pdwf0ifpm;rIawmh&Sdw,f}}
&J0if;jrifhu awG;awG;qqESifh tMuHay;vmonf/ axmufjyonf[k ajymvQif ydkrSefrnf/
]]rif;awmifilrSm uwnf;u [dkaumifhudk trdzrf;vdkuf&if aumif;rSmuG}}
odef;aZmf0if;u vufcHvdk[ef r&Sd/
]]bmjzpfvdkY}}
]]awmifilu usOf;ygw,fuG? &efukefxuf pm&ifaygh/ &xm;*dwf? um;*dwfawGrSm ydwfzrf;&if
rdEdkifw,f}}
]]rif;bkd;at...vlvSu vpfxGufoGm;jyD;jyDqdkawmhrS tJ'Dvdk vkyfvnf; tydkayghuG/ aemufjyD;
&xm;awG? ta0;ajy;um;awG rpD;bJ olYtpDtpOfeJY ol xGufoGm;&ifaum bmwwfEdkifrSmvJ}}
&J0if;jrifh bmrSqufrajymawmh. ar;aphukd vufESifhyGwf&if; pOf;pm;aeonf/ ½lyu...
]]igvnf; tJ'Dhwkef;u awmifilrSmwif 'Daumifhudk trdzrf;rvdkYuG? aoG;u
t&rf;yloGm;w,fav/ 'gayrJY aoaocsmcsm pOf;pm;Munfhawmh &efukef jyefvdkufwm
ydkaumif;w,fqdkwJhtajz xGufvmw,f/ 'DvdkuGm...}}
]]tif;...qdkprf;ygOD;}}
]]&Sif;oGm;wm wpfcsuf&Sdw,f/ vlvS&JU OD;wnfcsufu "mwkudkr[kwfbl;/ ighudkyJ
jzpfaew,f}}
]]at;...[kwfw,f}}
]]ig &efukefudk jyefqif;&if 'Daumifvnf; jyefa&mufvmrSmyJ/ olrsm; &yf&GmrSmxufpm&if
udk,fh&yf&GmrSmu 'Daumifhudk cGifqifjyD; zrf;&vG,fw,f/ [dkrSmqdk&ifiguawmif olYowfuGif;xJ

- 42 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

0ifovdk jzpfaeOD;r,f/ igu olYudk rodayr,fh olu ighudk BudKodaewm/ ighrSmawmif


tEÅ&m,f&SdEdkifao;w,f}}
]]tJ'gaMumifh azazhudk tusdK;taMumif;ajymjyD; &efukefudk aemufaeYreufrSmyJ csufcsif;
jyefqif;vmwm}}
]]tefu,fvfuvnf; rif;eJY wpfoabmwnf;yJaygh}}
]]at;}}
]]tefwDuaum bmajymvJ}}
]]oluvnf; jyefvmcdkif;wmaygh/ arar taMumif;jywmawGu &,f&w,f}}
]]bmwJhvJ}}
]][dkaumif vlvSu [dkw,fu ypönf;awGudk cdk;oGm;cJh&if igu tacsmif tzrf;cHae&r,fwJh}]
]]t[J...t[uf...[kwfwmyJ}}
]]aemufjyD; ighqdkifu ypönf;awGudk ighta,mifaqmifjyD; xkwf,loGm;&if cufOD;r,f/
jyefomvm...wJh}}
]]rSefwmyJ... olpdwfylyHku wpfrsdK;}}
cyfwdk;wdk; &,fvdkufMuonf/ aps;0,folwpfa,muf a&mufvmojzifh pum;p
jywfoGm;Muonf/
½ly\ qdkiftwGif;rSm jzpfonf/ atmifqef;OD;ESifh "mwkrSvGJvQif usefol tm;vHk;
vlpkHaeMujcif;jzpfonf/ ½ly\ udpöudk udk,fhudpövdk oabmxm;&if; aomuayGae&jcif;jzpfonf/
aps;0,fol xGufoGm;jyD; ½ly olwdkYqD jyefavQmufvmawmh jrwfpki,fu...
]]½ly}}
]][if}}
]]eif csufcsif;jyefa&mufvmwmudk "mwkodjyD;jyDvm;}}
]]ig &efukefa&mufa&mufcsif; olYqDzkef;qufwmyJ/ ol bk&m;zl;xGufoGm;w,fvdkY
ajymw,fav.../ okH;&uf Mumr,fwJh/ tJ'geJY igvnf; igjyefa&mufaejyD qdkwmudkyJ rSmcJhw,f}}
]]OD;rsdK;jrifhudkvm;}}
]]ig rSmcsifwmudk rSmzdkY tcsdef&w,f qdkuwnf;u a':uvsmudkayghuGm}}
&,fjzpfMujyefonf/ onfwpfcgawmh &,fMuonfhtxJrSm oufa0csdKryg/ &,foHrsm;udkvnf;
olr\ em;xJrSm csdKvGifyHkr&/

- 43 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]eifwdkYuvnf; &,fyJ &,faeMuwmyJ/ &,f&rJhtcsdef usaewmyJ}}


&J0if;jrifhu...
]][...bmjzpfvdkYvJ[}}
]]'DrSm ½lyudpöu aMumufp&mMuD;/ tav;teuf xm;Muprf;yg}}
xdkpum;udk ½lyuyJ ajz&Sif;ay;ygonf/
]][kwfygw,f oufa0&JU.../ 'gayrJh igwdkYem;vnfxm;&rSmu &Sdw,fav/ vlYpdwfqdkwm
avxD;eJY wlw,f[/ tvkyfvkyfawmhr,fqdk&if t&ifqHk; yGifhoGm;zdkY vdkw,f/ tck igwdkY&JUpdwfawG
yGifhaezdkU twGuf &,f&,farmarm aeMuwmyg/ 'grS wdkYpdwf? wdkYÓPfawG tvkyfvkyfEdkifrSmudk;}}
]]at;yg...at;yg/ eifpdwf&Snfwmudk iguvnf; tHhMojyD; csD;usL;ygw,f}}
½lyu wnfMunfpGm jyefajymonf/ rsufvHk;tpHku ta&mifawmufvsuf.../
]]vlwpfa,muf t&rf; tcuftcJawGUwJh tcsdef[m tJ'DhvltwGuf t&rf;pdwf&Snf&r,fh
tcsdefyJav[m}}
tm;vHk; wdwfqdwfoGm;Mujyefonf/

- 44 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(8)

]]"mwk}}
ac:aomfvnf; "mwku csufcsif;rSm Mum;yHkray:/ olr\ tem;odkY
uysmu,majy;uyfoGm;vdkufjyD; uyfac:vdkufonf/
]]"mwk}}
xdktcgusrS Mum;oGm;jyD; vSnfhMunfh\/
]][if}}
"mwku tmar#dwfoHjyKjyD; cE¨mudk,fwpfckvHk;udkvnf; qwfceJ awmifhwif;oGm;onf/
]]"mwk eifb,foGm;rvdkYvJ}}
½ly\ pum;ukd "mwku rnfodkYrS rwkefYjyefyg/ ½lyudkom cyfpl;pl;jyefMunfhaeonf/
]][Jh... "mwk? eifbmjzpfaewmvJ}}

- 45 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]½ly... eif ckeu [dkbufudk bmoGm;vkyfwmvJ}}


]]b,fbufukdvJ}}
]]'Dbufudkav}}
"mwku ta&SUbufudk vufnd§K;nTefjyonf/ taemf&xmvrf; awmufavQmufudk jzpfonf/
]]tm...roGm;ygbl;[m}}
]]oGm;ygw,f.../ igudk,fwdkif jrifvdkufwm}}
]]tJ'gqdkvnf; ac:vdkufa&maygh}}
]]ac:wmyJ.../ eifrS rMum;wm}}
]]eif ac:ao;vdkYvm;}}
]]at;}}
]]ig vHk;0udk rMum;vdkufwm[}}
"mwku tuJcwfovdk MunfhjyD;...
]]bmoGm;vkyfwmvJ}}
]][m...[dk[mav}}
½lyu tajz& Muyfaeonf/
]]ajymav}}
]]bm&,f r[kwfygbl;[m...'DvdkyJ [dkai; 'Dai; avQmufoGm;aewm}}
]]ck b,fvdkvkyf 'Dem;jyefa&mufaewmvJ}}
]][dkvSnfh 'DvSnfheJYyJ jyefa&mufvmwmaygh[/ aeygOD;... eif uaum oifwef;csdef r[kwfbJ
bmudpö 'Dem;udk a&mufaewmvJ}}
]]ig bk&m;zl;oGm;wkef;u vGwfoGm;wJh pmawGudk wpfjcm;quf&SifrSm vmjyefwufwm}}
]]aMomf...tJ'gaMumifh jrwfpki,fwdkY oufa0wdkY rygwmudk;}}
]]at;}}
]]'grsm;[m...olwdkYudk jyefjycdkif;vdkuf jyD;wmyJ}}
]]r&vdkYaygh... 'gawGxm;prf;yg/ ig tat;aomufrvdkY}}

- 46 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]at;...aomufr,fav}}
olwdkY tat;&onfhqdkifxJodkY 0ifcJhMuonf/ 0goemygí ½Srf;acgufqGJa&mif;aeykH&aom
w½kwfMuD;\ qdkifodkYjzpf\/ w½kwfMuD;u olwdkYudk tuJcwfovdk xdkif&murx Munfhaeonf/
½lyu...
]]tpfudkMuD;...opfcGESpfcGuf}}
qdkif½Sif w½kwfMuD; (0g) tpfudkMuD;u ,yfcwfaevsufuyif acgif;ndwfjy&if;
pm;yGJxdk;av;awGudk xdkif&mrx jyefcdkif;onf/ tat;cGufrsm; a&mufvmjyD;aemuf...
]]"mwk...eifhoifwef;u jyD;oGm;jyDvm;/ tckrS wuf&rSmvm;}}
]]jyD;oGm;wm/ tdrfjyefzdkYyJ &Sdawmhw,f}}
]]aMomf...'gqdk at;at;aq;aq; pum;ajymvdkY &wmaygh}}
]]tif;...eif cPxdkifaeOD;? igzkef;qufp&m ½Sdao;w,f}}
]]at;..oGm;...oGm;}}
"mwku aumifwmrSm zkef;oGm;qufonf/ 0goemygí ,yfcwfaeyHk&aom
qdkif&SiftpfudkMuD;u rsufESmvTJaeay;\/ "mwkzkef;qufwmu jrefawmhjrefonf/ odkYaomf
ESpfcgqufjcif;jzpfí enf;enf;awmhMumonf/ 0kdif;qDjyefvmjyD; tat;cGufudk tmajcmufajyatmif
armhaomuf\/ MuD;vmrS olronf tat;cGufudk i,fi,fwkef;uvdk pkwfraomufawmhacs/
]]ydkufeJUaomufygvm; "mwk&m}}
]]tm;r&bl;}}
xdkodkYajymjyD; pum;pu wHk;wdwdMuD; jywfoGm;onf/ twefMumrS ½lyu...
]]bk&m;zl;oGm;wm aysmfcJh&JYvm;}}
]]'DvdkygyJ}}
]]bmyJajymajym pdwfMunfvifvmrSmaygh}}
pum;p jywfoGm;Mujyefonf/ b,fvdkMuD;rSef;vnf;rod/ olESifh olrwdkY qufqHa&;u
awmifhawmifhMuD;jzpfaeonf/
]]"mwk}}
]][if...}}
]]ighudk eif b,fvdk oabmxm;vJ}}
]]bmudk ar;wmvJ}}

- 47 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]eifuvnf;[m... od&JYom;eJY}}
"mwku bmrSjyefrajym/ xdktcsdefrSmyJ...
]][m...}}
½ly tHhMowMuD; jzpfoGm;ykH&í...
]]bmvJ}}
]]azazygvm;}}
½lyu xdkif&mrS xrnfh[ef jyKonf/ odkYaomf xr&/ 0goemygí ,yfawmifcwfaeyHk&aom
qdkif&Sif tpfudkMuD;u ,yfawmifudk csxm;cJhjyD; olYykcHk;ESpfzufudk vufESifh vmzdxm;aomaMumifh
jzpfonf/ trSefawmh olYvufwpfzufwnf;ESifh zdvQifyif ½ly tawmfydaeavmufygjyD/ ckawmh
vufMuD;ESpfzufvHk;ESifh zdxm;jcif;jzpfí ½lycrsm touf½SLír&/
]][ bm....bmvkyfwmvJ}]
]]xdkifae}}
OD;pdk;vGifu qdkifxJodkY tarmwaum a&mufvmonf/ "mwku xdkifae&mrS x&yfum...
]]olyJ tefu,fvf? olyJ}}
OD;pdk;vGifu ½lyudk aphaphpl;pl;Munfh\/ r,HkMunfEdkif[efjzifh...
]]orD;...aocsm&JUvm;}}
]]aocsmygw,f OD;&,f}}
]]tif;...'gqdk&ifawmh awmfawmfwlwmyJ}}
tm 'ku©ygyJ/
olYudk vlvSESifh rSm;aeMuonfjzpfaMumif; ½ly em;vnfvdkuf\/
]][m...azazwdkY rSm;aeMujyD. uRefawmf ½ly tppfyg azaz&JY}}
tm;vHk;u olYpum;udk *½krxm;/ OD;pdk;vGifu...
]]tif;...[kwfw,f [kwfw,f/ awmfawmfhudk wlw,f}}
½lyu tawmfpdwftdkufvmojzifh...
]]b,foleJYwl&rSmwkef;}}
]]igom; ½lyeJY}}

- 48 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]][m...½lyyJ[m ½lyeJYwlrSmaygh azaz&JU}}


]]awmfprf;}}
OD;pdk;vGifu pum;rajymeJY[laom trloabmjzifh ½lyudk vufn§dK;&rf;jyonf/
tlaMumifaMumif ½lyuvnf; emrnfESifhvdkufatmif tlaMumifaMumifjzpfjyD; yg;pyfydwfxm;vdkuf\/
OD;pdk;vGifu ½lyudk a&SUaemuf0J,m vSnfhywfMunfh\/ acgif;wqwfqwfndwfjyD;
rSwfcsufvnf; cs\/
]]'Davmufwlwm tHhMozdkYaumif;w,f}}
½ly xatmfvdkufonf/
]]wlwm r[kwfbl; azaz&JY? [kwfwm.../ uRefawmf ½lyyJ [mudk...}}
OD;pdk;vGifu pum;rajymeJY[laom trloabmjzifh ½lyudk vufn§dK;&rf;jyjyefonf/
tlaMumifaMumif ½lyuvnf; emrnfESifhvdkufatmif tlaMumifaMumifjzpfjyD; yg;pyfydwfxm;&jyefonf/
xdktcsdefrSmyJ...
]]a[m...tefwDyg a&mufvmjyD}}
"mwku atmfvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ qdkifxJodkY a':oufxm;jrifhu tajy;wydkif;
a&muf&Sdvmonf/ ½lyudkjrifawmh....
]]bk&m;a&...}}
xdkYaemuf OD;pdk;vGifbufodkY vSnfhum...
]]ukdpdk;vGif &Sif b,fvdkvkyfvdkufwmvJ}}
½ly 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;om jzpfoGm;onf/ OD;pdk;vGifu ea0wdrfawmifjzpfoGm;jyD;...
]]bmvkyfvdkYvJ}}
]]olYudk &Jvufrtyfao;bJ bmvkyfaewmvJ}}
]]tyfrSmyguGm.../ taotcsm ppfaq;aewm}}
½ly tawmfpdwfydefoGm;&jyefavonf/
]]tkd... &Jvufudk tyfvdkufawmh/ pcef;a&mufrS qufar;}}
]]tif;...tJ'Dvdk qdkawmhum}}
OD;pdk;vGifuvnf; &JqDtyfzdkY tpDtpOfudk acgif;xJrSmqGJoGif;vdkufjcif; jzpfygonf/ odkYaomf
a':oufxm;jrifhu onf;rcHEdkif/

- 49 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]&Sif bmudpö tcsdefqGJaewmvJ/ oleJY &SifeJY bmywfoufvdkY &Sif &Jvuf rtyf&JwmvJ}}


'Dwpfcg pdwfydef&olu OD;pdk;vGifjzpf\/
]]at;...at; tyfygr,fuGm? tyfyghr,f/ igeJY bmrS rywfoufygbl;/ rif;uvnf;warSmifh}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu OD;pdk;vGifudk wpfcsufa0hMunfhjyD;rS ½lybufvSnfhí...
]]rif;u b,folvJ}}
]] }}
]]rif;rdbawGu bmvkyfovJ}}
]] }}
]]rif; rdbawGemrnf ajymprf;}}
]] }}
]]rif; bmudpö ar;aewmudk rajz&wmvJ}}
]] }}
aemufrS a':oufxm;jrifhu OD;pdk;vGif\ vufn§dK;MuD;udk jrifoGm;\/ OD;pdk;vGifuvnf;
½lyudk vufn§dK;w&rf;&rf;jzifh vSnfhywf tuJcwfaeqJ...
]]aMomf...udkpdk;vGif &Sifhvufcsufudk;}}
]]bmvJ[}}
]]&Sifu olYudk bmudpö uRefrar;wmawGudk rajzcdkif;wmvJ}}
]][ tJ'Doabm r[kwfygbl;}}
]]&Sif vSrf;vSrf;wm;aewmyJ/ ajymprf;... &SifeJY oleJY b,fvdkywfoufovJ}}
]][m...ighES,f 'ku©ygyJuGm}}
]]&Sif bmajymcsifao;ovJ}}
]][ rajymygbl;uGm/ uJ...ar; ar;/ rif;bmom ar;}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu tprSjyefar;ojzifh ½lyu tprS jyefajzonf/
]]rif;u b,folvJ}}
]]½ly}}

- 50 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]rif; b,frSmaevJ}}
]]r&rf;ukef;rSm}}
]]rif;rdbawGu bmvkyfvJ}}
]]tazu nTefcsKyf? taru tjidrf;pm;uxdu}}
]]rif; rdbemrnfawGu}}
]]OD;pdk;vGif a':oufxm;jrifh}}
a':oufxm;jrifh wtHhwMo a&&Gwf\/
]]tawmfwlwmyJ.../ 'Dtxdawmif wlw,f}}
½lyu bkrIwfrdawmh\/
]]bmwl&rSmvJ...½lyygqdk}}
wpfqufwnf;rSm "mwkudkvnf; vSnfhajymvdkuf\/
]]"mwkuvnf; bmrS tm;rudk;&bl;? wvGJawGvkyfw,f/ bmvJ...eifu ighudk
vlvSxifaevdkYvm;/ [kwfvm;..}}
vlvS[laom toHk;tEIH;aMumifh "mwk wpfcsuftrf;oGm;onf/ odkYaomf...
]][kwfw,f}}
cyfwif;wif;yJ jyefajz\/
]]ig vlvS r[kwfbl;[? ½lyrS ½lytppf}}
]]avQmuf ajymraeeJY? ½lyu awmifiloGm;w,f}}
]]jyefa&mufvmjyD[}}
]]½lyu ighudk awmifila&mufa&mufcsif; vSrf;zkef;qufjyD;om;/ ol [dkrSm wpfywfq,f&uf
Mumr,fwJh/ olY[efaqmifwJheifvm&if zrf;ay;xm;wJh}}
]][Jh igu aemufwpfaeYnrSmyJ jyefa&mufvmwm}}
]]tJ'gqdk&if ighudk zkef;jyefqufrSmaygh}}
]]qufygw,f...eifhtar a':uvsmeJYawGUw,f/ eif bk&m;zl;oGm;w,fwJh/ eifhaqGrsdK;awGeJYwJh/
tJ'geJY igrSmcJhw,f...igjyefa&mufaMumif; ajymvdkufygvdkY}}
"mwk Za0Z0gjzpfoGm;jyD; OD;pdk;vGif a':oufxm;jrifhudk vSnfhMunfhonf/ OD;pdk;vGifu...

- 51 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]][kwfawmh [kwfw,f orD;&JU/ ½ly aemufaeYnrSm jyefa&mufvmw,f/}}


]]&Sif}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu 0ifar;onf/
]]orD;u olYudk vrf;ay:rSm awGUvdkufw,f/ olu orD;udk rjrifbl;/ orD;ac:oHudk
Mum;awmh [dkMunfh'DMunfh Munfhao;w,f/ orD;udk rjrifbJ qufavQmufoGm;w,f}}
]]tif;...qufprf;ygOD;}}
]]aemufrS wpfcg oleJY jyefqHkw,f/ oljyefauGUvmvdkY&wJh tcsdef r[kwfbl;/ orD;u
ar;awmh jzD;jzef;jyD; jyefajzaew,f/ tJ'gaMumifh ½lyr[kwfbl;vdkY qkH;jzwfvdkufwm}}
½lyu 0ifatmf\
]][m...'gqdk eif yxrjrifvdkufwm vlvSjzpfr,f/ igr[kwfbl;}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu "mwkudk...
]]orD; b,fu vlvSvJuG,fh}}
]]½lytwkudk vlvSvdkY emrnf ay;xm;Muwm}}
a':oufxm;jrifh\ rsufESmu ½lybufodkYjyefvSnfhum...
]]rif;u ighom; ½lyqdk&if qdkprf;/ reufu ig bk&m;&Sdcdk;wm b,fvdkcdk;vJ}}
½lyu pdwfysufaomtrlt&mjzifh rsufESmvTJoGm;\/
]][Jh...ajymav}}
]]taxGtxl; ajymae&OD;rSmvm;/ araryJ w&yfuGufvHk; Mum;atmif tpdaEÅ,s? tpdaEÅ,s
vkyfaejyD;...}}
]]tJ}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu ½Id;wdk; &Sef;wef; jzpfoGm;jyD;...
]]wpf&yfuGufvHk;awmh rMum;ygbl;[,f}}
]]tdk...vkHNcHKa&;uif;wJu udkaomif;a&Tawmif vefYvdkYwJh/ xGuftvm vrf;rSmawGUawmh
ajymw,f}}
OD;pdk;vGifu rsufarSmifMuKwfvsuf...
]]uJ...xm;ygawmh/ rif;u ½lyqdk&if 'DxGufrvmcif tdrfrSm ighudk bmajymvJ}}
]]rkefYzdk;awmif;w,f}}
- 52 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]igu bmajymvJ}}
]]udk,fhqdkif&Sd&JUom;eJU udk,fhqdkifuaiG udk,foHk;ayghwJh}}
]]rif;u bmjyefajymvJ}}
]]tazhqDrSm om;urkefYzdk;awmif;wm bmjzpfvJvdkY}}
]]tJ'Dawmh iguay;vm;}}
]]ay;w,f}}
]]b,favmufvJ}}
]]ig;axmif.../ wpf&mwef tkyfvdkuf/ azazh wpfaomif;tkyfxJu cGJay;vdkufwm}}
]]tJ'Dh ydkufqH rif;rSm &Sdao;vm;}}
]]oHk;awmif roHk;&ao;bl;}}
]]jyprf;}}
½lyu olUtusÐtdwfxJrS ig;axmifudk xkwfjy\/ OD;pdk;vGifu tusÐtdwfxJrS
wpfaomif;xkyfudk xkwfjyD; eHygwfudk wkdufMunfh\/
]]tif;...[kwfw,f/ 'gqdk&if igwdkYom; ½lyyJ}}
]]&Sif}}
]]&Sef}}
a':oufxm;jrifhESifh "mwkwdkY\ toHjzpf\/ 0goemygí olrsm;ykcHk;ukd vufESifh
vmzdxm;yHk&aom qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;uvnf; tif;....[k oH&SnfqGJum a&&Gwf\/
xdktcgusrS aygufuGJolu ½lyjzpfavonf/
]]"mwk&,f vkyf&ufvdkufwm/ vlvSudkawmh vTwfvdkufjyD; ighudkawmh zrf;xm;w,f}}
]]tJ [dkav eif jyefa&mufaewmudk igrS rodbJ}}
]]eifhtarudk igaoaocsmcsmrSmcJhom;yJ}}
]]ightar pum;enf;wmudk eifvnf;od&JYom;eJU}}
]]pum;enf;wmawmh enf;wmaygh[Jh/ rSmwmuawmh jyefajymrSaygh[Jh}}
zcifjzpfolESifh rdcifjzpfolbuf vSnfhrJjyefonf/
]]azazeJU ararwdkYuvnf; aumif;vdkufMuwmaemf/ om;udk &JvuftyfMurvdkYwJh}}
- 53 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]][Jh}}
]]tJ...[dk}}
]]rmwmyDw rdESifhz qdk}}
]][Jh}}
]]tewÅ*kPf&nf aus;Zl;&SifawGqdk}}
]][Jh}}
]]tJ...[dk}}
qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;u vTwfay;vdkufjyDjzpfí vGwfvyfpGm vIyf&Sm;EdkifjyDjzpfaom ½lyu
rwfwyfx&yfjyD; ykqkd;wdkudk jyif0wf\/ tusÐvufudk yifhwif\/ qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;u vefYoGm;jyD;...
]]rif; bmvkyfrvdkYvJ}}
]]idkrvdkY/ t&rf;aMuuGJaew,f}}
ukvm;xdkifay: aqmifhaMumifhjyefwufxdkifum yg;pyf[í idk&efjyifonf/ yg;pyfuNyJoGm;jyD;
rsuf&nfokwf&ef vufuajrmufoGm;aomfvnf; OD;pdk;vGifu uysmu,m wm;vdkufEdkifonf/
]]r...rikdygeJY om;&,f/ 'Davmuf tlaMumifaMumifEkdif&if azhazhom; ½lyqdkwm ,HkygjyD}]
½ly xdkifcHkay:rS jyefqif;jyD;...
]]rkefYzdk;awG jyefay;}}
olUydkufqHawmh olrarh/ OD;pdk;vGif\ wdkufyHk tusÐxJrS ydkufqHrsm;udk jyefEIduf,ljyD;
wpfcsdK;wnf; xGufoGm;awmh\/ tm;vHk; NyHK;wrJhrhJESifh ai;Munfh usef&pfcJhMu\/ twefMumrS
OD;pdk;vGifu ...
]]ighom; ½lyqdkwm aocsmoxuf aocsmoGm;jyefjyDuGm}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]olUig;axmifxkyfudk r,lbJ wpfaomif;xkyfudk ,loGm;w,f}}
"mwkvnf; rxdef;EdkifawmhbJ wpfbufodkYvSnfhí &,frdavonf/

- 54 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(9 ^u)

"mwku jyefajymjyawmh jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkYrSm &,fvdkuf&wm tawmrowf/


"mwkuvnf; pdwfnpfnpfESifh vdkuf&,frdonf/ &,fí tm;&rS oufa0csdKu...
]]udpöu tJ'DhrSmyJ jyD;oGm;vm;}}
]]enf;enf;awmh aemufqufwGJawG usef&pfcJhwmaygh[}}
]]ajymygOD;... bmawGrsm;vJ}}
]]aMomf...qdkif&Sif w½kwfMuD;u igwdkYudkvnf; enf;enf;pdwfqdk;wmaygh[m/ t"du
tefu,fvf OD;pdk;vGifudk OD;wnfajymawmhwmaygh/ q&mMuD;u raocsmbl;vm;.../ bmnmaygh[m.../
olu ½lyudk zrf;ay;xm;&wmudk;}}
]]at;aygh...at;aygh}}
]]aemufjyD;... olYqdkifxJrSm ½kwf½kwf ½kwf½kwf jzpf&awmh odyfraumif;bl;aygh[m/
azmufonfawGudk rdwfysuf&w,faygh/ olu ½lyudkvnf; cifaewm[/ ½lyudk ol b,fvdk
rsufESmjy&yghrvJaygh}}

- 55 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tJ'Dawmh...}}
]]OD;pdk;vGifu ajymwwfqdkwwfygw,f/ w½kwfMuD;udk aMuvnfatmif ajymqdkEdkifygw,f}}
]]awmfao;wmaygh}}
]]rawmfao;bl;a[h...jrm;OD;u ighqDudkyg vSnfhvmjyefa&m}}
]][if...[kwfvm;}}
]]at;...udk,fh&nf;pm;udkawmif udk,fhbmom rrSwfrdbl;vm;wJh}}
]][,fawmh}}
&,fMu&jyefonf/
]]igvnf; rsufESmylvdkufwm[m}}
]]tefu,fwdkY tefwDwdkYuaum bmajymvJ}}
]]tukefvkH; oGm;NzJav;awGeJY &,fjyaeMu&wmaygh[m}}
]]at;av.../ tJ'DvdkyJ vkyfae&awmhrSmaygh}}
jrwfpki,f\rSwfcsufaMumifh "mwk wGefYueJ jzpfoGm;jyD;...
]]igu ½ly&JU &nf;pm;r[kwfygbl;aemf}}
]]ckr[kwfvnf; aemif[kwfvmawmhrSmyJ[m}}
]]oGm;prf;yg}}
]]bmvJ...jiif;vTwfrSmvm;/ tajzvSvSav; jyefay;rSmvm;}}
]]acgif;xJrSm bmrSawmif r&Sdbl;}}
]]ESvkH;om;xJrSm &SdzdkYyJ vdkygw,f/ 'gayrJh wpfckawmh &Sdw,f}}
]]bmvJ...bmajymOD;rSmvJ}}
½lyudk tajzray;rdbJ vlvSudk oGm;ay;rdrS cufaeOD;r,f}}
oufa0csdKuvnf; ]at;av...[kwfw,f} [k axmufcH\/ "mwku...
]]tJ'Dh udpöudk ig odyft,kHtMunf r&Sdygbl;[m}}
]]bmudk t,kHtMunf r&SdwmvJ}}
]]½ly ÓPfqifaewmvdkY}}

- 56 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkY rsufvkH;0dkif;oGm;onf/


]]bmaMumifh tJ'Dvdk xif&wmvJ}}
]][dkaeYu ighudk &nf;pm;pum;vmajymwJhaeYu yxr wpfacguf vmwmvnf; olyJ/ 'kwd,
wpfacgufvmwmvnf; olyJvdkY igxifw,f}}
]][if... bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]wdkYu olajymorQ ,kHae&wmav}}
]][dk atmifqef;OD;wdkY? odef;aZmf0if;wdkY? &J0if;jrifhwdkYuvnf; ajymw,fav}}
]]tdk;...olwdkYu ykvif;wl bl;qdkYawG}}
]]'gjzifh ½Srf;acgufqGJqdkifu w½kwfMuD;eJY pm;yGJxdk;awG}}
]]olwdkY pnf;½kH;jyD; tuGufqifxm;wm jzpfrSmaygh}}
]]tm}}
jrwfpki,f jidrfoGm;onf/ oufa0csdKu...
]]xm;ygawmh.../ tJ'gqdk olwdkYu bmvdkY tJ'Dvdk vkyf&wmvJ}}
]]ighukd xl;xl;jcm;jcm; csOf;uyfcsifvdkYaerSmaygh/ olrsm;xufpm&if ½lyu olYudk ydkOD;pm;ay;
pdwf0ifpm;atmif vkyfwmvnf; jzpfcsifjzpfrSmaygh}}
oufa0csdKu acgif;udk jznf;jznf;csif;cgonf/
]]r[kwfao;bl;[}}
]]bm r[kwfwmvJ}}
]]'Dudpöudk ½lyudk,fwdkif tawmf pdwf½Iyfaewm.../ 'DudpörSm olrvdrfbl;vdkY ig,Hkw,f}}
jrwfpki,fuvnf;...
]]at;...igvnf; tJ'DoabmyJ&Sdw,f}}
"mwku rsufcHk;uav;udk vSvSyy jr§ifhcsDvsuf...
]]qdkygOD;... bmaMumifh}}
]]'Dudpötay:rSm oltawmfcHpm;ae&wm/ ol awmifilrSm bmawGjzpfcJhw,f qdkwm eifodvm;}}
]]a[hat;}}
awmifilrS udpöudk jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKu jyefajymjy\/ tm;vHk;qHk;rS...
- 57 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]] ½ly[m tlaMumifaMumifEdkifw,fqdkayrJh rawmfwqjzpfwJh tlaMumifaMumifawG[/ ckvdkrsdK;


tuGufqifjyD; vkyfrSmr[kwfbl;/ tJ'DavmufvJ olu tm;aewJhaumif r[kwfbl;}}
]]'gjzifh...}}
]]wkdYtxifawmh 'Dudpö[m wu,fjzpfaewm}}
]]'gqdk...}}
oufa0csdKu ykcHk;wGefYjyD; vuf0g;jzefYjyavonf/ "mwkuawmh tif;...rausvnfvSao;yg/

- 58 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(9 ^c)

½lyu pum;EIwfqdwfvsuf wdwfwdwfuav; xdkifaeonf/ atmifqef;OD;? odef;aZmf0if;ESifh


&J0if;jrifhwkdYuom pum;awG azmifzGJYaeMuonf/
]]trSefawmh ½lyudk igaemufwm r[kwfbl;uG? twnfajymwm}}
]]bmudkvJ.../ rif;uvnf; t&if;r&Sd twdk;r&Sd}}
]]t&if;r&Sd tzsm;r&SdyguGm}}
atmifqef;OD;ESifh &J0if;jrifhwdkY tjyeftvSef jiif;ckefMuawmhonf/
]]uJ...uJ rif;u bmudk ajymcsifwmvJ/ ajym...}}
]]igwdkY *E¨m&DodyÜHynmt&qdk&if...}}
]]awmfygawmhuGm...a&Ta&mif0wfpHkjyD;awmh aiGa&mif0wfpkH 0wf&OD;rSmvm;}}
]]aeygOD;uGm.../ igajymwmudkvnf; qkH;atmifem;axmifygOD;}}

- 59 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

odef;aZmf0if;u 0ifa&mufjzefajzonf/
]]at;av &J0if;jrifh&m.../ olajymwmudk qkH;atmif em;axmifygOD;}}
]]uJ...ajymajym/ vdk&if;udkajymuGm.... *E¨m&DodyÜHawG? *efzvm;odyÜHawG vkyfraeeJY}}
]]ig ½lyudk "mwkqD &J&Jwif;wif; &nf;pm;pum;oGm;ajymcdkif;&Jwm taMumif;&SdvdkYuG}}
]]oGm;prf;yg.../ taMumif;qdkwm zifrSmyJ &Sdw,f}}
]]zifu[mu taMumif;r[kwfbl;uG/ ajrmif;}}
]]ajrmif;qdkwm yvufazmif;atmufrSmyguG/ zifu taMumif;udk b,fvdkac:ovJ ajymygOD;}}
zsefajzol odef;aZmf0if;uyif pdwfr½Snfjzpf&awmhonf/
]]rif;wdkY[mu bmawGvJuGm.../ pum;aumif;aumif; ajymMuprf;yg}}
[dkESpfaumifpdwfavQmhvdkufMuonf/ atmifqef;OD;u qufajym\/
]]tJ'DhtcsdefrSm 'Daumifu vufonf;yGifhaew,fuG}}
]]tJ'g bmjzpfvJ}}
]]tJ'Dhwkef;u vufonf;yGifhyHkudk t"dyÜg,fzGifh&if tdrfaxmifjyK&awmhr,f?
tcspfa&;tqifajyr,fqdkwJh oabmuG/ vHk;0aocsmw,f}}
]]'gqdk bmjzpfvdkY jyóemawG xay:ovJ}}
]]'Daumifu aemufvufacsmif;wpfacsmif;rSmyg vufonf;xyfyGifhvmw,f}}
]]tJ'Dawmh...}}
]]aemufxyf vufonf;yGifhyHk&JU t"dyÜg,fu taygif;toif;awGeJY rwlbJ
olwpfa,mufwnf;u wpfrsdK;jzpfaer,fwJh/ taumif;tqdk; cGJ&cufwJhoabm}}
]]rif;u bmvdkY tJ'Dwkef;u rajymvJ}}
]]aMomf...igwdkYvdk &nf;pm;r&SdwJhaumifawGxJrSm olu xl;jcm;jyD; &nf;pm;&awmhrSmyJvdkY igu
xifrdwmudk;}}
]]tJ'gqdk&if *E¨m&DodyÜHvdkY rajymeJYawmhuGm/ odyÜHqdkwm wdus&w,f}}
]]at;yguGm...tjypfajym&ifvnf; cH&rSmyJ}}
atmifqef;OD;u 0efcHojzifh &J0if;jrifh pdwfajyoGm;onf/
odef;aZmf0if;u pum;vrf;aMumif;udk wnfhatmif jyefwnfonf/

- 60 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]uJ...xm;ygawmhuGm/ ½lyeJU "mwku cspfoljzpfEdkifacsawG rsm;ygw,f/ avmavmq,f


cufaewmu ½lyeJY vlvSudpö? b,fvdk vkyfMurvJ}}
]]½ly b,fvdk pdwful;xm;w,fqdkwm t&ifar;&rSmyJ}}
tm;vHk;\ tMunfhu ½lyqDodkY OMorqGJbJ qdkufa&mufvmonf/ ½lyu jidrfae&mrS...
]]ig pOf;pm;xm;wm wpfckawmh&Sdw,f/ rif;wdkY vufcHzdkYawmh rvG,fbl; xifwmyJ}}
]]Oya'eJY rvGwfwm? udk,fhtwGuf tEÅ&m,f&SdwmawGudk rvkyfeJYavuGm}}
]]tJ'grsdK; r[kwfygbl;}}
]]pdwf0ifpm;vmjyD...ajymygOD;}}
]]'Dvdkyg.../ rif;wdkYu ighudk tlaMumifaMumif½lyvdkY ac:Muw,fr[kwfvm;}}
]]aemufjyD; cspfpEdk;ac:MuwmyguGm.../ trSefawmh rif;u wdkYxuf trsm;MuD;awmfygw,f}}
[kwfawmhvnf;[kwfonf/ ½lyu q,fwef;atmifawmh ig;bmom*kPfxl;ygonf/
rdbuvnf;wwfEdkifygvsuf aq;wuúodkvf0ifcGifhvnf; rDygvsuf ½lyaA'udkyJ txl;jyK
ar*smtjzpfa&G;onf/ ½lyaA' ausmif;om;rsm;xJrSm cHkeHygwf (1) jzpfonf/ tlaMumifaMumif½ly
qdkaom emrnfuvnf; xdkudpörSpí wGifoGm;jcif;jzpfonf/
]]vlvSu vQdKU0Sufw,fuGm/ olU'Pfudk igcHae&w,f}}
]]tif;... [kwfw,f/ tJ'g bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]igu vdQKU0SufwJhae&mrSm olYudk NydKifvdkY r&bl;/ tJ'gu olY ]uGif;} jzpfaew,f}}
]]tJ'Dawmh...}}
]]olYudk ighuGif;xJ t&ifqGJMunfhrvm;vdkY}}
]]rif;uGif;u}}
]]tlaMumifaMumifEdkifwmav}}
]]a[}}
atmifqef;OD;wdkY oHk;a,mufvHk; jyL;oGm;onf/ ½lyu ajymonf/
]]ol vdQKU0SufwJh 'Pfudk ig cH&jyD;jyD/ ightlaMumifaMumif EdkifwJh'Pfudk olcHEdkifatmif
BudK;pm;av}]
&J0if;jrifhu...
]]rif; tlaMumifaMumifEdkifwmudk olcHEdkifr,f rxifbl;}}

- 61 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

0dkif;&,fjzpfMu\/ ½lyu NyHK;a,mifa,mifrsufESmjzifh...


]]at;av...tJ'Dhtcgus&if ½lytwk vlvSqdkwm &SdvmyghOD;rvm;qdkwm pOf;pm;p&myJ}}
odef;aZmf0if;ESifh atmifqef;OD;uvnf; aysmfoGm;onf/
]]at;...tJ'Dhpdwful; aumif;w,fuG/ 'gayrJh...}}
]]rif; tlaMumifaMumifEdkifwJh'Pfudk vlvSu cHEdkifjyD; igwdkYu rcHEdkifrSmudkom pdk;&drfwm}}
&,fjzpfMujyefonf/ ½lyu aMunmcsufxkwfonf/
]]tJ'D tpDtpOfudk eufjzefcg pr,f}}

- 62 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

rD;½SL;rD;yef;uav;awGudk MunfhjyD;
'Hk;ysHudk vlawG wDxGifcJhMuw,f/
ajymp&mwpfck &Sdvmw,f/

udk,f[m 'Hk;ysHMuD; jzpfcsifjzpfaevdrfhr,f


'gayrJh
rD;½SL;rD;yef;av;vdkyJ oabmxm;yg
ayghayghyg;yg;
vif;&Jvif;yGifhpGm b0udk jzwfoef;prf;yg/
(armifa,m)

- 63 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(10)

½lyu pufbD;ta&mif;t0,fudpöwpfcktwGuf vufzuf&nfqdkifwpfqdkifxJrSm csdef;xm;oludk


apmifhaecsdefjzpfonf/ NrdKUxJrSmr[kwfaomfvnf; udk,fhNrdKUudk,fh&yfuGufxJrSmvnf; r[kwfyg/
wpfckawmh &Sdonf/ "mwkwdkY NrdKUe,f? "mwkwdkY &yfuGufxJrSmawmh jzpfaeonf/
vufzuf&nfqdkif rxdkifcif "mwkwdkYtdrf oGm;vnfOD;rvm;[k pOf;pm;ao;onf/
tvkyfudpöjyD;rSoGm;vQif ydkí at;at;aq;aq; &Sdrnf[k jyefpOf;pm;rd\/ xdkYaMumifh
vufzuf&nfqdkifodkY OD;wnfjyD; xGufvdkuf\/ 0D&d,vGefjyD; udk,fuapmaeojzifh csdef;xm;olu
ra&mufao;/
vufzuf&nf wpfcGufrSmaomufjyD; wpfiHkwnf;iHk&ao;onf/ jyóemu pdefatmifrif;
idkcsif;csovdk &ifbwfpnfwD; 0ifa&mufvmjcif;jzpfonf/
]]atmifr,fav; u,fMuygOD;&Sif? u,fMuygOD;}}
tarmwaum atmfoHwpfckESifhtwl qdkifxJodkY trsdK;orD;wpfa,muf ajy;0ifvmonf/
qdkifxJrSm pm;yGJ oHk;ckom vl&Sd\/ ½ly\ pm;yGJaemufrSm xdktrsdK;orD;u 0ifykef;onf/ trSwfwrJhrdkY
½lyvnf;vefYoGm;jyD; xdkif&mrS x&yf\/

- 64 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]][ bmjzpfwmvJAs}}
]]uRefrudk u,fygOD;&Sif.../ uRefrudk owfrvdkY 0dkif;vdkufaeMuygw,f}}
xdkpum;rSefavonf/ nmoHay; atmf[pfoHrsm;? qJqdkBudrf;armif;oHrsm;udk Mum;&jyD;
qdkifa½SUodkY wkwf? "m; udkifxm;aom vlwpfpk a&mufvmonf/
]]a[h xGufvmcJhprf;}}
]]xGufqdk xGufvmcJh? qdkifxJu ypönf;awG xdcdkufukefr,f}}
wkwfawG "m;awG ajr§muf&rf;&if; trsdK;orD;udk ac:xkwfaeMujcif;jzpf\/ trsdK;orD;u
cE¨mudk,fwpfckvHk; wqwfqwfwkefatmif aMumuf&GHUjyD;...
]]tpfudkMuD; tpfudkMuD; uRefrudk u,fygOD;&Sif}}
]]cifAsm;u bmjzpfvmwmvJ}}
]]aemufrS &Sif;jyyghr,f&Sif? tck u,fygOD;}}
½ly qdkifxJudk a0hMunfhawmhvnf; tjcm;ESpf0dkif;rSm tzdk;MuD; tzGm;MuD;ESpfa,muf/
olwdkYuvnf; tajctaeudk xdef;odrf;EdkifpGrf;&SdyHk ray:/ vufzuf&nfqdkifrSm wm0efcH qdkifydkif&Sifu
vnf; r&Sdaomtcsdef/ pm;yGJxdk;av;rsm;u rsufvHk;uv,fuv,fjzpfjyD; aMumuf&GHUaeMuonf/
xdkYaMumifh ½lyuyJ (oufjyif;wpfcsufcs&if;)
]]bmjzpfMuwmvJAsm... at;at;aq;aq; n§dEIdif;Muyg}}
]]a[hvl cifAsm;rod&if 0ifr½IyfeJU}}
]]a[haumif rif; ab;udk z,fay;prf;}}
wpfzufrS wkwf? "m;udkifolrsm;u ½lyukd [def;a[mufonf/ q,fa,mufcefU&Sdonf/
tm;vHk;\rsufESmu xdktrsdK;orD;udk owf&rS auseyfrvdkvdk}}
]]r[kwfbl;avAsm...jyóemudk wkwfwpfjyuf? "m;wpfjyuf ajz&Sif;wm raumif;ygbl;/
ajyajyvnfvnf aqG;aEG;Muyg/ EdkYrdkUqdk&if tukefvHk; tusdK;,kwfp&m jzpfukefr,f}}
]]a[haumif tydkawG ajymraeeJUuGm/ rif;...z,fprf;/ 'if;udk xkwfay;}}
]]r[kwfbl;av.../ uRefawmfajymwm em;axmifygOD;}}
]]rvdkygbl;uGm}}
]]a[hvl cifAsm;ajymwmudk em;axmifzdkYvmMuwmr[kwfbl;/ tcsdefukefw,f? z,fprf;ygAsm}}
wpfzuftkyfpkuvnf; b,fvdkrSudk ajymr&acs/ trsdK;orD;uvnf;...

- 65 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tpfudkMuD; tpfudkMuD; uRefrudk olwdkYvufxJawmh rxnfhvdkufygeJY&Sif}}


]][kwfygw,f rxnfhygbl;}}
xdkae&mrSmawmh ½lyu owÅd tjynfh&Sdonf/ wu,fhpdwf&if;jzihf ajymjcif;jzpfonf/
bmawGyJjzpfcJh jzpfcJh xdkvltkyfxJodkY tyfvdkufvQif xdktrsdK;orD; t½dk;tom;yif &Smíyif&awmhrnf
r[kwfacs/
xdkYaMumifh...
]]pdwfavQmhMuygOD;Asm.../ olvnf;aor,f cifAsm;wdkYvnf; axmifusr,fqdk&if b,folrS
tusdK;r&Sdygbl;/ w&m;Oya' &Sdygw,f/ wm0ef&Sdolu wm0ef&Sdovdk aqmif&Gufay;oGm;rSmyg}}
olYpum;aMumifh vltkyfMuD;onfyifvQif trf;oGm;\/ axmifus&rnf?
0&rf;ajy;jzpf&rnfqdkonfudkawmh tenf;ESifh trsm; tm;vHk; aMumufMuonfcsnf;jzpfonf/
wkwfawG? 'g;awGudkifjyD; aeYcif;aMumifawmifMuD;rSm vlwpfa,mufudk
owfzdkYvdkufaeMuonfuyifvQif vGefvSjyD.../
]][Jh ½ly}}
vltkyfMuD; trf;jyD;onfhaemufrSm ½lyu trf;oGm;&jyefonf/
tb,fhaMumifhqdkaomf vltkyfMuD;udk wdk;a0SYum "mwku qdkifxJodkY vdkuf0ifvmjcif;aMumifh
jzpfonf/
]][if..."mwk}}
"mwku ½lyudk rsufapmif;xdk;Munhfum aumifwmqDodkY oGufoGuf avQmufoGm;vdkufjyD;...
]][Jvdk... 0rf;Edkif;Edkif;uygvm;&Sif}}
vltkyfMuD; wGefYceJ jzpfoGm;\/ ½lyaemufrS trsdK;orD;uyg wGefYceJjzpfoGm;onf/ "mwku
zkef;udk wdkwdk&Sif;&Sif;ajymjyD;aemuf vltkyfMuD;bufodkYvSnfhum...
]]wm0ef&SdolawG ckcsufcsif; a&mufvmawmhrSmyg&Sif/ w&m;cHudkvnf; olwdkY
ta&;,lay;rSmyg/ avmavmq,f &SifwdkY&JUwkwfawG? "m;awGudk z,fjyD; vlpkudkvnf; cGJxm;vdkuf&if
taumif;qHk; xifygw,f}}
vltkyfMuD;u wpfa,mufrsufESm wpfa,mufMunfhjyD; awGa0oGm;Muonf/ odkYaomf olwdkYawG
pdwfrmefusdK;onfuawmh aocsmonf/
"mwku qufajymonf/ ½lyudk nTefjyvsuf...
]]uRefroli,fcsif;u tjzpftysufawGudk rodao;vdkYyg/ olu rdef;uav;wpfa,mufaemufudk
a,musfm;MuD;awGu owfzdkY vdkufaew,f xifvdkYyg}}
½ly pdwfwdkoGm;onf/

- 66 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]ig bmrSm;ovJ}}
"mwku ½lyudk a&SUwnfhwnfhrS MunfhjyD; rsufapmif;xdk;vsuf
]]tJ'g rdef;r r[kwfbl;[Jh/ a,mufsm;MuD;}}
]]a[...}}
½lyu olYaemufrS trsdK;orD;udk vSnfhMunfh\/ jyifqifjc,forI tenf;i,f
vGefuJoa,mif&Sdaomfvnf; trsdL;orD;[kyJ oljrifrdygonf/
"mwk\ toHu em;xJodkY0ifvmonf/
]]tJ'g rdef;rvsmawmfa&U... ewfuawmf/ zJvnf; vdrf&dkufw,f? pdefyGJpm; ausmufyGJpm;vnf;
vkyfw,f/ t"du uawmh vlvdrfyJ/ olYaMumifh 'D&yfuGufxJrSm 'ku©a&mufcJhwJh rdom;pkawG
renf;awmhbl;}}
]]a[...}}
"mwku vltkyfMuD;bufodkY wpfzefjyefvSnfhum...
]]uRefr oli,fcsif;u rsufrSeform;yg/ tck rsufrSefrygvdkY olu rdef;reJY rdef;rvsmudkawmif
rcGJwwfbl; jzpfaew,f/ aemufqdk rdef;reJY tajcmufudk cGJjrifEdkifwJh rsufrSef wyfcdkif;vdkufygOD;r,f}}
]]Aka'¨g}}
½lyrSm rsufvHk;jyL; rsufqHjyL;om jzpfae&awmh\/ "mwkudk...
]]'g...'g tajcmufMuD;aygh}}
]]aMomf...'Dtcsdefu eifhudkig aemufajymifae&r,fhtcsdef r[kwfbl;}}
xdktajctaeaMumifh ½lyudk tm;udk;wMuD; uG,fykef;aeaom tajcmufu...
]]at;...[kwfw,f? igu rdef;rvsmyJ/ rxl;bl; rif;rvIyfeJYawmh/ tm;...}}
olYudk,fay:rS "m;wpfvufudk tvQiftjref xkwf,ljyD; ½lyudkvnf; vnfyif;axmufzrf;&ef
MudK;pm;jcif;jzpf\/ "m;pmcH vkyfoGm;rnfhoabmyif/ rSm;awmh tawmfrSm;oGm;onf/
ol ½lyudk "m;pmcH vkyfívnf; odyfxl;rnfr[kwf/ olYudkom ol a'goxGufaeojzifh
rnfolurS ½lyudk iJhrnfrxif/ aemuftrSm;uawmh ½lyudk ol txifao;oGm;jcif;jzpfonf/
ol"m;xkwfjyD;jyD;csif; tcsdefrSmyJ ½lyu olYaygifNcHudk aemufaygufESifhuefvdkufjcif; jzpfonf/
rdef;rvsmMuD; aqGUaqGUckef atmf[pfaeawmh\/
tjzpftysufu jrefvGef;ojzifh "mwkyif rsufpdvnfoGm;onf/
]][Jh ½ly? eif bmjzpfoGm;ao;vJ}}

- 67 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]rjzpfygbl;}}
]]awmfao;wmaygh/ olu eifhvnfyif;udk "m;eJYaxmufrvdkY}}
]]r&ygbl;}}
]]b,folurSawmif owdray;vdkufEdkifbl;/ eifu b,fvdkvkyf odovJ}}
½lyu olYb,fbufvufz0g;xJrSm aysmufaeaom rSefav;wpfcsyfudk jyjyD;...
]]'DrSefav;xJu wpfqif jrifwmaygh}}
]]aMomf...w,f[kwfygvm;}}
trSefawmh 'DrSefuav;u ½lyvufxJrSm &Sdaewm MumjyDjzpfonf/
pufbD;ypönf;ta&mif;t0,ftwGuf olcsdef;xm;onfqdkonfrSmvnf; rSefESifhywfoufonf/
pufbD;aemufMunfhrSefrsm;udk jyifnDrSeftjyif rSefcHk;rSefcGufrsm;udkvnf; wyfqifa&mif;csEdkifonf[k ol
pD;yGm;a&;tuGuf awGUxm;onf/ xdkYaMumifh wpfzufvlESifh tqifoifh pum;ajymEdkif&ef
xdkrSefwpfcsyfudk vufxJrSm udkifxm;jcif;jzpfonf/
]]"mwk... eifajymwm [kwfw,f[}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]'Dvlu a,musfm;MuD;[}}
]]aMomf...aygifjcHudk ajcaxmufeJU uefjyD;rSyJ a,musfm;rSef; odvm;/ tlaMumifaMumif
½ly&,f.../ eif[mav ig rajymvdkufcsifbl;/ 'gaMumifh eifhudk rdef;reJY tajcmufeJY cGJodwJh rsufrSef
wyfay;r,fvdkY ajymwm}}
xdktcsdefrSmyJ &Jrsm;ra&mufcif &yfuGufvlMuD;rsm; a&mufvmjyD; rdef;rvsmvlvdrfudk
zrf;qD;um vltkyfMuD;udkvnf; vlpkcGJvdkuf\/ tm;vHk;udpöawG jyD;oGm;rSyJ...
]]aus;Zl;yJ "mwk&m}}
]]awmfyg}]
]]wu,fajymwm.../ eifom a&mufrvm&if ig tlaMumifaMumif jzpfae&rSm}}
]]wpfoufvHk;jzpfaewmyJ/ vmajymraeeJY}}
]]eif vufzuf&nf aomufOD;rvm;}}
]]aomufrSm...aomufrSm ryleJY}}
"mwk vufzuf&nf aomufaecsdefusrSyJ ½lycsdef;xm;olu a&mufvmonf/ olwdkY
tvkyfpum;awGajymMuonf/ odyfrMumvSyg/ xdkvl jyefoGm;onf/ "mwku a&aEG;ylyludk

- 68 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

zdaomufaecsdefrSm ½lyuvnf; bmpum;udkrS rajymbJ jidrfae\/ vufzuf&nfqdkif


ydkif&Sifjyefa&mufvmonf/ tjzpftysufawGudk jyefMum;&awmh olYcrsm &ifoyf½Iarm jzpf&Sm\/
xdkMum;xJrSm ol pdwf0ifpm;aeonfu rdef;rESifh rdef;rvsmudk cGJodEdkifonfqdkaom rsufrSef.../

(rSwfcsuf – xdkrsufrSefonf uREkfyfxHwGif r&Sdyg/ uREfkyftaejzifh jrifyifrjrifbl;yg/


tu,fí pdwf0ifpm;olrsm;&Sdygu uREfkyf\xkwfa0ol (OD;) armifrsdK;? aMumifESpfaumif
pmtkyfwdkufydkif&SifxHwGif qufoG,fawmif;,lEdkifygonf/ þpmtkyf\ a&SUydkif;pmrsufESmrsm;wGif
olYvdyfpmESifh olYzkef;eHygwf yg&Sdygonf/ þum; pum;csyf- pma&;ol)
]]"mwk}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]eifuvJ[m... aumif;aumif;xl;prf;yg}}
]]'DvdkyJ xl;wwfw,f}}
]]r[kwfao;ygbl;/ uJ... 'gjzifhvnf; iguyJ jyifac:Munfhay;yghr,f/ a[;... oufvsm
"mwkuav;a&...}}
"mwku jyefrxl;bJ ½lyudk cyfwnfwnf jyefMunfhaeonf/ ½lyu...
]]xl;av}}
]]rxl;ygbl;}}
]]a&mf... bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]eifac:wmu [kwfrSr[kwfbJ}}
]][if... eifhemrnfudk ac:wmav}}
]]ighemrnfqdkayrJh eifac:wm oabm½dk;rS r[kwfbJ}}
½lyu acgif;ukwfjyD; &,f\/ "mwku...
]]ighukd ac:raeeJY/ eif ajymp&m&Sdwmudkajym}}
]]atmifqef;OD;&JY tpfreJY nDrudk eifoGm;awGUw,fqdk}}
]]at;}}
]]bmvkyfwmwkef;[}}
]]ighudk vlvS pum;vmajymwJhtcsdef olwdkYtdrfrSm eif&Sdw,fqdkwm [kwfr[kwf oGm;ar;wm}}
]]tckawmh &Sif;oGm;jyDaygh}}

- 69 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tif;}}
]]'gayrJh[m eiftJ'Dvdkvkyfawmh ighudpöMuD;udk vlydkodoGm;wmaygh}}
"mwku ESmacgif;av; ½IHUonf/
]]eifhudpöMuD;udk tm;vHk;u odaeMuwJh[m}}
]][if...[kwfvdkYvm;}}
]]'Davmufxl;qef;wJhudpöMuD;udk b,folawGu EIwfvHkMurSmvJ/ eifhudpöu wdk;wdk;wdwfwdwfeJU
wpf&GmvHk; odaewm}}
]][if...[kwfvdkYvm;}}
]]a[mAsm}}
½ly trSefwu,f pdwfysufoGm;onf/ oufjyif;vnf; csrdonf/ "mwku...
]]½ly}}
]][if}}
]]'DudpöMuD;udk ½l;ovdkvdk aygovdkvdk vkyfraeeJY}}
]]at;yg/ ighrSm tpDtpOf &Sdygw,f}}
[dk[dkonfonf avQmufajymMujyD; olwdkYawG vlpkcGJvdkufMuonf/
"mwku tdrfjyefa&mufawmh vufzuf&nfqdkifrSm jzpfcJhonfh udpöudk azazu Mum;jyD;aejyD/
Mum;jyD;om;udk xyfar;aeí olodjyD;om;udkyJ "mwku xyfajzae&jyefonf/ ½lyudk ulnDonfuawmh
aumif;aMumif;? odkYaomf rdef;uav;wpfa,muftaeESifh xdkodkYaom ½kwf½kwfoJoJ
tajctaeMuD;xJwGif 0ifygjcif;udk aemufaemif a&SmifoifhaMumif; azazu pDudk;q,fwpfacGpmavmuf
ajymonf/
aemufaeYrSm oifwef;r&Sdojzifh "mwk tjyifrxGufjzpf/ AGDpD'D tacG xdkifMunfhaewkef;
tdrfa&SUrSm xDvSnf;MuD;u qlqlnHnHESifh a&mufvmojzifh taESmuft,Suf jzpf&jyefonf/
]]uMuD;tu©&myg cifAsm.../ t*Fvdyfvdk ]at}aygh/ tm'HeJU {0wdkY&JU txdrf;trSwfygyJ cifAsm/
]1} tp ]0} tqHk;/ cv,frSm ]50} zHk;xm;ygw,f/ xdk;oltrnfu udk½lycifAs/ twdwfuawmh
]jyefrcspf&if owfypfr,f} ... wJh}}
tay:xyf 0&Hwmudk xGufMunfhawmh xDxdk;olu trSefwu,f ½ly/ olrwdkYtdrfbufudk
iJhapmif;íyifrMunfhbJ xGufoGm;onf/ wpftp okntqHk; cv,frSm ig;q,fzHk;xm;onf qdkawmh
]1500} ayhgav.../ twdwfuvnf; jyefrcspf&if owfypfr,fwJh/ vmvmcsnfao;/ xDa&mif;oludk
vmbfxdk;jyD; olatmfapcsifovdk atmfcdkif;jcif;jzpfrnf/ aomuf½ly tlaMumifaMumifaumif/ "mwk
jyHK;rdwmawmhaocsmonf/

- 70 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(xdkuJhodkY rodrom &nf;pm;pum;ajymenf;onf tusOf; ]36} enf;? tus,f ]108}


enf;&Sdonf[k od&onf/ rdrdtaejzifh rwwfuRrf;yg/ xdkenf;AsL[mpm&Gufudkvnf;
jrifyifrjrifbl;yg/ tu,fí pdwf0ifpm;olrsm;&Sdygu uREfkyf\xkwfa0ol (OD;) armifrsdK;?
aMumifESpfaumif pmtkyfwdkufydkif&SifxHwGif qufoG,fawmif;,lEdkifygonf/ þpmtkyf\
a&SUydkif;pmrsufESmrsm;wGif olYvdyfpmESifh olYzkef;eHygwf yg&Sdygonf/ þum; pum;csyf- pma&;ol)

- 71 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(11)

½ly tlaMumifaMumifEdkifrIudk xdk&ufrsm;twGif;wGif qufcH&olu &J0if;jrifhjzpf\/ ol\


tlaMumifaMumifEdkifrI'Pfrsm;udk vmcHyg[k ½lyuvnf; aoG;aqmifzsm;a,mif;jcif; r&Sdyg/
wdkufwGef;ydkYaqmifcH&jcif;om jzpfygonf/ xdkodkY wdkufwGef;ydkYaqmifolonfum; OD;rsdK;jrifh
("mwk\zcifqdkol) jzpfavonf/
"mwkwdkYtdrf\ {nfhcef;twGif;rSm &J0if;jrifhwpfa,mufwnf; wpfudk,fa& avrkefwdkif;
rdcJh&jcif;vnf; jzpfavonf/ trSefawmh OD;rsdK;jrifhqD vmvnfjcif;r[kwf/ olYorD;qdkol
oufvsm"mwkxH vmvnfjcif;jzpf\/ ,cifuvnf; a&mufaeus? 0ifxGufoGm;vmaeustdrf
jzpfygonf/ "mwkESifh wpfcGef;ESpfcGef;yJ ajym&ao;onf/ OD;rsdK;jrifhucsnf;yJ 0ifajymaeawmh\/
olajymonfu a&SUaewdkY\ b0taMumif;/
]]a&SUaeqdk&if wpfcsdKUvlawGu rkef;Muw,f &J0if;&}}
]]aocsmwmaygh tefu,f&}}
]]bmuG}}
&J0if;jrifh aMumifwufwufjzpfoGm;jyD; wpfcHkausmfrS "mwkudk tm;udk;wMuD; vSnfhMunfh\/
"mwku olYvufonf;rsm;udk wHpOf;ESifh wdkufíyHkazmfae&if;u...

- 72 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]azazhpum;udk olu axmufcHaewmav... bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}


]]aMomf..at; tJ'Dvdkvm;}}
]]tJ'geJYrsm; azaz emrnfausmfa&SUae jzpfaeao;w,f/ tHha&m...}}
]]bmuG}}
OD;rsdK;jrifhu xdkatmfoHrsdK;udk aMumufvQifaMumufrnf? "mwkuawmh raMumufacs/
OD;rsdK;jrifhu rEdkifí onf;cHvdkuf&aom rsufESmxm;jzifh &J0if;jrifhbufvSnfhí rqDrqdkif &,fjyonf/
]][J...[J...[J...[J}}
&J0if;jrifh wpfcsufawGa0oGm;jyD;rS tcsdefrD vdkuf&,fjyvdkufonf/
]][D;...[D;...[D;...[D;}}
OD;rsdK;jrifhu b,fa&mufoGm;rSef;rodaom olYpum;udk b,fae&murSef;rod jyefquf\/
]]'DvdkuG &J0if;&}}
]][kwfuJh}}
olYukdom tvdkufoifh tvsm;oifh jyefqdkae&onf/ olYpdwfxJrSm awG;rdaeonfu wpfjcm;/
rsdK;jrifhESifh &J0if;jrifh/ aemufpmvHk; ]jrifh} csif;twlwl olu udk,fhudk &J0if;[kcsnf; ac:aeonf/
udk,fuvnf; olYudk ]jrifh} jzKwfí ac:&rnfvm;/ ]&J0if;a&...}? ]rsdK;a&...}? ]ajymr,f..&J0if;a&}?
]em;axmifaew,f rsdK;a&} ponfjzifh qdk&rnfvm;/
tlaMumiftlaMumif½ly\ oli,fcsif;aumif;yDopGm &J0if;jrifhvnf;
tlaMumifaMumifjzpfaeavonf/ OD;rsdK;jrifhuawmh owdxm;rdyHkr&/ w&m;cHk½Hk;r[kwfí
tvkyfcGifwGif;rSm r[kwfívnf; jzpfygvdrfhrnf/ OD;rsdK;jrifhonf olYe,frSm oluawmh
xdyfoD;wpfa,muf[k &J0if;jrifh odxm;onf/ OD;rsdK;jrifhu (tm;vyfcsdefrSm) pum;ajymazmf
wpfa,muftaejzifh olYudk vGwfvyfpGm (twif;t"r®) pum;qdk aejcif;jzpfonf/
]]wpfa,mufu wpfa,mufudk aiGrufjyD; vufxyfwm aumif;ovm;}}
]]b,faumif;rvJ tefu,f&JU}}
]]at;...'gayrJh tJ'gudk Oya'orm;u b,fvdkwm;rvJ}}
]]'gu olUvlrIa&;udpöyJOpöm...Oya'usL;vGefwmrS r[kwfbJ}}
]][kwfjyD.../ armif&if oabmaygufvG,fw,f &J0if;/ olYbmomol aiGrufvdkYyJ ,l,l?
olYbufu vifh0wÅ&m;? r,m;0wÅ&m; rysufuGufbl;qdk&if bmrS vkyfvdkYr&bl;}}
]]'gaygh tefu,f&JU}}
]]aiGrufvdkY,lwm tjypfvdkY Oya't& owfrSwfvdkYr&bl;/ ,ljyD;rS jyefuGJ&ifaum...}}

- 73 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tif;...aiGrufwm ay:vGifovdk jzpfaejyDaygh tefu,f}}


]]at;...'gayrJh olbufu uGm&Sif;oifhaMumif; tcsuftvuf cdkifrmae&if b,fvdk
oabmxm;rvJ}}
]]tJ}}
&J0if;jrifh tajz&usyfoGm;onf/ olESifhrqdkifaom taMumif;t&mrsm;jzpfí wpfcgrSvnf;
rpOf;pm;rdyg/ jAKef;pm;MuD;ar;vmojzifh ajzvnf;rajzwwfyg/ OD;rsdK;jrifhu tdk;wdkYtef;wef;jzpfaeaom
olYyHkpHudk MunfhjyD; tm;rem vQmrusdK; w[m;[m; &,f\/ (xkdtcsdefwGifawmh &J0if;jrifh\
pdwfxJrSmawmh ½lyudk owd&rdwm trSef/ ½lyudk qdkvQif þyk*¾dKvfMuD; &,faeEdkifrnfr[kwf/ ½lyu
wpfaxmifhr[kwf wpfaxmifhrS jyefacsyvdrfhrnfjzpf\/ odkUaomf olu ½lyr[kwf) xdkYaMumifh...
]]tefu,fwdkY&JU Oya'ynm&yfudk uRefawmfvdkufrrDygbl;/ t&rf;euf½Idif;w,f}}
]]at;...tJ'gaMumifh ajymprSwfwGifwJh qdk½dk;pum;wpfck &Sdw,f &J0if;&JU}}
]][kwfuJh}}
]]q&m0efu vlwpfa,muf&JU toufudk u,fw,f/ a&SUaewpfa,mufu
vlwpfa,muf&JUb0 'grSr[kwf vlwpfa,muf&JU *kPfodu©mudk u,fEdkifw,fwJh}}
]]b,folajymwmvJ}}
]]bmuG}}
]]b,folajymwmvJvdkY ar;wm}}
&J0if;jrifhu bm&,fr[kwfbJ ar;vdkufjcif;jzpf\/ OD;rsdK;jrifhtwGuf
tawmftxdemoGm;yHk&onf/ wu,frodwmvm; od&ufESifh arhaeonfvm; rajymwwf/ olYar;cGef;udk
OD;rsdK;jrifh rajzEdkifacs/
]][dk...[dkuGm}}
]]'DvdkyJ ajymMuwmyJvdkY ajymvdkufyg tefu,f&m}}
xdkpum;ESifh tdrftwGif;odkY 0ifvmolu ½lyjzpf\/ xdkYaMumifhvnf; &J0if;jrifhu OD;rsdK;jrifhudk
xdkuJhodkY jyefar;&Jjcif;jzpfonf/ ½ly tdrfNcHtwGif;0ifvmuwnf;u ol jrifae&í jzpfonf/ bmESifhrS
rwlatmif aeomxdkifom &SdoGm;&avonf/ ½lyu...
uRefawmftBuHay;ovdkom ajymvdkufwm taumif;qHk;ygyJ/ rif;rod jAr®m'wf? wdkif;rod
Am&mPoD? usrf;rod t*kFw¬dKvf...vdkY tqdk&Sdw,fr[kwfvm;}}
OD;rsdK;jrifh pdwftaESmifht,Suf jzpfoGm;yHk &onf/ odkYaomf tlaMumifaMumif½lyudkvnf; zufí
pum;rqkd&Jojzifh...
]]ta[;...a[; qdkygawmhuGm? qdkygawmh}}

- 74 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

vufonf;udk jyKjyifíjyD;oGm;yHk&aom "mwku ...


]]½ly eifu b,fuaevSnfhjyD; 'Dudk a&mufvmwmvJ}}
]][if... eifarhoGm;jyDvm;/ ighpufbD;aemufMunfhrSef ta&mif;t0,ftwGuf
[kdvufzuf&nfqdkifrSmyJ 'DaeU jyefcsdef;xm;wmav/ udpöjyD;vdkY eifwdkYtdrfbuf avQmufvmwm...}}
"mwku NyHK;axhaxhESifh NidrfoGm;\/ OD;rsdK;jrifhuawmh tNidrfraewwfoljzpfojzifh...
]]½ly}}
]]tif;}}
½ly\ wkefYjyefavoHu olYtay: tav;teufxm;yHk r&Sdojzifh OD;rsdK;jrifh pdwfnpfoGm;onf/
olvdk emrnfausmf 0wfvHkawmf& a&SUaerif;a&SUwGif t½dktaoxm;oifhonf[k ,lq\/ odkYaomf
½lyudk trsm;enf;wl tlaMumifaMumif½ly tjzpf owfrSwfxm;í aAGr,lawmhyg/ jyD;... olwdkYcsif;u
rdwf&if;aqG&if;awG}}
]]rif;jyóemu b,fvdkvJ}}
]]bmjyóemvJ}}
]]rif; twk ay:aewJh jyóemav}}
½lyrsufvHk;u &J0if;jrifhqDodkY apGYceJ a&mufvmojzifh...
]]ig bmrS rajym&ao;bl;/ a&mufuwnf;u olcsnf;ajymaewm}}
"mwkudk aphaphMunfhvdkufrd\/ "mwkuvnf; ajcumum vufumum...
]]ig a,mifvdkYawmif todray;bl;}}
xdkYaMumifh ½lyu OD;rsdK;jrifhudk wnfhwnfhar;vdkufonf/ trSefvnf; pdwfwdkoGm;\/
]]tefu,fu tJ'gudk b,fvdkvkyfodovJ}}
]]aMomf...wpfa,mufpum; wpfa,mufem;ayghuGm}}
½lyu acgif;wqwfqwfndwfonf/
]]wpfa,mufpum; q,fa,mufem;jzpfzdkYrsm;ygw,f}}
]]xm;vdkufyguGm.../ rif; b,fvdkajz&Sif;rvJ}}
]]bmvkyfzdkY ar;wmvJ}}
]]tJ}}
OD;rsdK;jrifh ]vQm}eifoGm;\/ bmqufajym&rnfrSef;yif rodawmh/ ½lyu...
- 75 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]uRefawmhrSm tpDtpOf &Sdygw,f/ 'gayrJh xkwfajymvdkY r&awmhbl;/ awmfMum


wpfa,mufpum; q,fa,mufem;qdkjyD; jyefYoGm;&if tvum;jzpfa&m}}
]]aMomf...t[D;...ta[; [kwfygw,fuGm}}
OD;rsdK;jrifh oGm;NzJuav;ESifh (acwÅ) NidrfoGm;onf/ jyD;rS
]]rif;udpöudk Oya't& ta&;qdkvdkY &w,fuG}}
]]Asm}}
]]Oya't& qkH;jzwfay;vdkY &w,fvdkYajymwm}}
]]trsm;jynfolydkif Oya'vm;}}
]]at;...'gayghuGm}}
]][ifhtif;}}
]][if... bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]uRefawmfu uRefawmfh Oya'eJYyJ qHk;jzwfrSm}}
]]'g...'gqdk&if rif; abmifausmfoGm;Edkifw,faemf}}
]]tJ'Davmufvnf; rqdk;ygbl;/ uRefawmfwdkYu acwfvli,fawGyg/ em;vnfrIeJY
,SOfNydKifwwfMuygw,f}}
]]rif;vGJaejyD}}
]]avmavmq,f vGJaewmawmh tefu,fyJ/ bmrSef;udk rodbl;}}
]]bmuG}}
]][kwfw,fav.../ tefu,fhudk uRefawmf wdkifyifjcif;r&Sdbl;/ tultnDawmif;jcif;vnf;
r&Sdbl;/ tefu,fvf uRefawmfh ukd,fa&;udk,fwmxJudk 0ifjyD; tmPmjy tBuHay;aewmudk;/
wvGJMuD;qdk b,fvdkvkyfrvJ}}
]][if... rif; rif;}}
&J0if;jrifhu om;rufavmif;ESifh a,mu©ravmif;\ tajctaeudk 0ifxdef;&\/ odkYaomf
½lybufu...
]]tefu,f 'DudpörSmawmh tefu,f qE´apmw,fvdkY uRefawmfjrifygw,f/ ½lybufuawmh
'DudpöeJY ywfoufvdkY vQdKU0Sufxm;wmyg/ 'DtaMumif;oGm;ajym&ifvnf; ol a'goxGufygw,f/
tefu,fu a&SUrMunfh aemufrMunfh pGwfajymwmudk;.../ olu BudKufrSef;rod? rBudKufrSef;rod}}
]]bm}}

- 76 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

emrnfausmf 0wfvHk& a&SUaeMuD; OD;rsdK;jrifh vSdrfhcHae&onf/ olurS taetxdkif


rwwfbJudk;/ acwfvli,fawGudk em;vnf&cufonf qdkaompum;ukd olvnf; olrsm;enf;wl
ajymcJhzl;ygonf/ ckawmh...
t[ifh...&Twf/ ckawmh...
ydkíem;vnf&cufonfu olYorD;acsm "mwkudkyif/ tazhbufu em&aumif;rSef;rod NyHK;aph
NyHK;aph vkyfaeonf/ pdwfroufrompGmyig OD;rsdK;jrifh xdkif&mrS xvdkufawmh\/
]]uJ...rif;wdkY udk,fhbmom ajymMuawmh/ igoGm;awmhr,f}}
½lywdkY oHk;a,mufu xdkif&mrS x&yfMu\/ vufydkufvsuf...
]]r*Fvmyg azazMuD;}}
]]bm}}
OD;rsdK;jrifh tHhceJ MooGm;\/ "mwku olYudk azazMuD;[k ac:wmudk xm;vdkufygawmh/ ½lyudk
vufn§dK;aigufaigufxdk;vsuf...
]]rif;u bmudpö azazMuD;vdkY ac:&wmvJ}}
½lyu olYpum;udk em;0ifyHkr&yg/ &J0if;udk vufn§dK;aigufaigufxdk;vsuf...
]]rif;u bmudpö azazMuD;vdkY ac:&wmvJ}}
OD;rsdK;jrifhtzdkY idkcsifonfxuf ydkíidkcsifoGm;\/ odkYaomf rsuf&nfu rsuf&nfruswwfyg/
idkcsifrIu idkcsifí r&yg/ uav;oHk;a,mufudk &,fjyvdkuf\/
]]awmfjyD...rif;wdkYudk ig vdkufrrDawmhbl;/ udk,fhbmom pum;ajymMuawmh}}
toHudkaemufrSm xm;cJhjyD; vlu tvsifxGufajy;cJhawmh\/ b0rSm wpfcgrS þodkY
rBuHKcJhbl;ygacs/ olwpfyg;udk ]tusdK;aqmif} vdkvSaom udk,fh ]taMumif} u qdk;avjyD/
OD;rsdK;jrifhxGufoGm;awmh oHk;a,mufom; wufnDvufnDjyefxdkifMuavonf/
pdwfvufayghyg;oGm;Mu\/ "mwktaeESifh zcifudk rcspfí rav;pm;í r[kwfyg/ avaMum&Snfjcif;?
ae&mwumrSm q&mvkyfjcif;? vli,fawGtay:rSm MuD;olwpfa,muftjzpf toufESifh
tEdkifusifhjcif;udk vufrcHEdkifjcif;jzpfavonf/
udk,fwdkY\ vli,fa&;&mudk udk,fwdkYbmom wdkifyifvdkonf/ cdk;aMumifcdk;0Suf
pum;qdkaeMujcif;vnf; r[kwf/ {nfhcef;xJrSm ajAmifxdkifí pum;qdkaeMujcif;jzpfonf/
acwfa[mif;½kyf&Sifum;rsm;xJuvdk tazvkyfolu cv,frSm vmxdkifjyD; rsufrSef yifhyifhMunfhaeí
&aomacwf r[kwfawmhacs/
]]rif;tlaMumifaMumifvkyfaewJh udpöudk vlvSu cHEdkifrSm r[kwfbl;vdkY rif;xifovm; ½ly}}
&J0if;jrifh\pum;ukd ½lyu rqdkif;rwG acgif;ndwfjy\/

- 77 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]xifw,f/ 'gtjyif wpfjcm;tcsufwpfck &Sdao;w,f}}


]]qdkygOD;.../ bmvJ}}
xdkodkYjyefar;onfu "mwkjzpf\/ ½lyu NyHK;onf/
]]eifar;vdkY igajz&wmaemf/ jyD;rS eifr&SufeJY}}
"mwk odkYavm odkYavm jzpfoGm;onf/ odkYaomf...
}}vQm&Snfvdkufwm[m... ajymrSmom ajymprf;yg}}
]][mowdkav;wpfck &Sdw,f/ rdef;ru a,mufsm;udk ajymwmyg/ &SifhrsufESmudk uRefr
rjrifcsifawmhbl;? ckxGufoGm;/ csufcsif;xGufoGm;wJh}]
]]tif;...tJ'g bmjzpfvJ}}
]]a,mufsm;u jyefajymw,fav/ at;... igxGufoGm;ay;yghr,f/ rif; ighaygifay:
wufxdkifaewmuae xay;ygOD;wJh}}
&J0if;jrifhu &,faomfvnf; "mwku rsufarSmifMuKwf\/ ½lyudk...
]]igwdkYar;wJh ar;cGef;eJY bmqdkifvdkYvJ}}
]]qdkifygw,f..../ 'D[mowdkav;udk Munfh&if tcsuf (2) csufawGU&w,f/ rdef;rvkyfwJhol[m
oluyJ uJaejyD; oluyJ avvHk;xGm;aewmvdkY ,lq&w,f/ aemufwpfcsuf taeeJYu oluyJ
ESifxkwfjyD; xGufoGm;vdkYr&atmif oluyJ zdxdkifxm;w,fvdkY ,lq&w,f/ ckvlvStay: oHk;wJh igh
enf;AsL[mu 'kwd,tcsufeJY ywfoufw,f}}
]]r&Sif;ao;bl; ½ly&,f}}
]]aMomf... igu ½lyudk ESifvJxkwfcsifao;w,f? oGm;r&atmif zdxm;w,fqdk&if
rjzpfao;bl;av/ ckqdk iguvnf; zdvdkufrdw,f/ ighrdbawGuvnf; zdw,f/ ightazudk
ayghao;ao;rxifaveJY.../ oleJYywfoufwJh rdwfaqGawG/ wynfhwyef;awG tukefvHk;u 'Dudpöudk
vdkufukefMujyD/ igu jyefazmhay;vdkufwmyg/ 'DaumifvlvSudk xGufvdkY&atmif zdrxm;bJ
BuGay;wmyg/ oGm;ygapaygh/ olxGufoGm;&ifvnf; jyD;oGm;wmaygh}}
]]aMomf...aMomf}}
ESpfa,mufvHk; oabmaygufoGm;\/ &J0if;jrifhu (rqifrjcif) tm;ay;pum;qdk\/
(rdkufrJpGm)
]]at;...igvnf;ulr,fuGm}}

- 78 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(12)

wpf&ufyJ jcm;vdkufygonf/ &J0if;jrifh cH&aom'ku©u urÇmajrjyiftay:


EGm;r'gef;ao;&nfuJhodkY wjzef;jzef; oGefusvmygawmhonf/
oluvnf; taetxdkif rwwfpGmyif ½lyxHodkY oGm;rd\/ tdrfrSm r&Sdqdkí qdkifodkYvdkuf\/
qdkifrSm&Sdonf/ ½lyESifhtwl olYudk 'ku©ay;rnfh udk,faysmuf'ku©vnf;&Sdonf/ olu
owdrrlrdvdkufacs/
]]½ly b,fvdkvJ.../ qdkifu ta&mif;t0,faumif;vm;}]
]]ighqdkifu emrnf &jyD;om;? rdwf&SdjyD;om;qdkawmh ta&mif;t0,fu aumif;ygw,fuGm/
'gayrJh ig tckyJ qdkifukd cPydwfjyD; tjyifoGm;rvdkY/ rif;a&mufvmwm tcsdefrDvdkY}}
]]rif;u b,foGm;rSmvJ}}
½ly\ rsufESmu wnfoGm;onf/ avylMuD;rIwfxkwfvsuf...
]]ig aumifrav;wpfa,mufudk oGm;awGUrSm}}
&J0if;jrifh trSefwu,fyif r,HkrMunfEdkif jzpfoGm;&\/
]]bm... rif;ursm; aumifrav;wpfa,mufudk oGm;awGUrvdkY}}
]]tif;}}
- 79 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]t...tysdKvm;}}
]]xifwmyJ}}
]][m...½ly rif; bmawG aumuf½dk;ayGUxm;wmvJ}}
]]bmaumuf½dk;rS rayGUygbl;/ aeygOD;...tJ'D aumuf½dk;ayGUw,fqdkwm bmudk ajymwmvJ/ ig
em;rvnfvdkY &Sif;jyprf;ygOD;}}
&J0if;jrifhyif tajymtqdk&cufoGm;onf/
]]rdef;reJY ywfoufwJh t½IyftaxG;wpfckudk ydkufxm;w,fqdkwJh oabmayghuGm.../
'gudkxm;ygawmh.../ pum;vHk;AsL[mawGudk &Sif;&r,fh tcsdefr[kwfbl;/ rif;udpöudk rif;&Sif;prf;ygOD;}}
]]at;...rif; igeJU tazmfvdkufcJhprf;yg}}
]]b,fudkvJ}}
]]AdkvfcsKyfyef;jcHudk}}
]]bm...}}
]][kwfw,f...AdkvfcsKyfyef;NcHudk}}
]]rif;eJY tJ'Dhaumifrav;eJYu tJ'DhrSm csdef;xm;vdkYvm;}}
]]at;...}}
]]aeygOD;/ ighudkvnf; vdyfywfvnfatmif &Sif;jyprf;ygOD;}}
½lyu csufcsif;r&Sif;jy/ &J0if;jrifhudk tjyifxGufcdkif;jyD; olu qdkifydwfonf/ jyD;rS...
]]rif;tcsdef&w,f r[kwfvm;}}
]]&ygw,f}}
]]'gqdk jyD;wmyJuGm}}
]]a[h... rjyD;bl; a[haumif}}
]]bmvJuG}}
]]ighudk &Sif;atmifajymzdkY vdkao;w,f}}
]]ajymrSmyg[/ rajymvdkYrS rjzpfyJ}}

½lyu Taxi um;wpfpD;udk wm;onf/ aps;wnfhoGm;onf/ olwdkY AdkvfcsKyfyef;jcHqD


a&mufoGm;Muonf/ ½lyu Taxi iSm;vsif enf;pHepfwpfrsdK;udk oHk;avh&Sdonf/ oluaps;qpfavh

- 80 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

r&Sd/ ,mOfarmif;olu ydkydkxdk;xdk; aps;ac:vQif olu tifwifwifrsufESmxm;udk txufpD;rS


vkyfjyvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ ,mOfarmif;oluyJ jyefavQmhay;&onf/

vrf;rSm...? Taxi ay:rSm &J0if;jrifhu ar;&\/


]]ajymavuGm... b,fuaumifrav;vJ/ bmvJ}}
]]igvnf; rodbl;uG/ raeYu ig bD,maomufwm tawmfrsm;oGm;w,f}}
]]b,foleJY aomufwmvJ}}
]]ig wpfa,mufwnf;}}
]]uJ... xm;ygawmh/ pum;udkqufygOD;}}
]]at;... aumifrav;wpfa,mufudk rl;rl;eJU &nf;pm;pum; vdkufajymrdw,f}}
]]yg;½kdufrcH&bl;vm;}}
]]a[hat;.../ olu tajzay;r,fwJh}}
]]b,fawmhvJ}}
]]'DaeY}}
]]jrwfpGmbk&m;}}

&J0if;jrifhwifr[kwf? Taxi armif;oluyg tcrJh 0ifí bk&m;wjcif;jzpfonf/


]]rif;...rif;[mMuD;u [kwfrS[kwf&JUvm;uGm}}
]]rodbl;av}}
]]aeygOD;...rif;u "mwk&Sdvsufom;eJY bmudpö olYudkoGm;jyD; &nf;pm;pum; oGm;ajym&wmvJ}}
]]rif;uvnf; od&ufom;eJU}}
]]rodygbl;/ bmvJ...}}
]]vlvSudk jyóem &SmaewmavuGm}}
]]aMomf...}}
&J0if;jrifh oabmaygufoGm;jyD/ odkYaomf ar;p&mawGu usefaeao;onf/
]]rif;u tck &nf;pm;pum;ajymcJhw,fqdkwJh aumifrav;udk b,frSmawGYwmvJ}}
]]tJ'Dh AdkvfcsKyfyef;jcHa&SUrSmyJ}}

- 81 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]aumifrav;u vSvm;}}
]]rrSwfrdbl;}}
]]a[...}}
]][m...a[haumif}}
]]wu,fajymwm.../ tJ'gaMumifh rif;udk ac:wm}}

&J0if;jrifh bmajym&rSef;rod jzpfoGm;onf/ Taxi '½dkifbmu taetxdkifrwwfpGm


w[m;[m; atmf&,f\/ &J0if;jrifhu...
]]cifAsm;u bm&,fwmvJ}}
]]aMomf...rl;jyD; &nf;pm;pum;ajymwmudkvnf; rSwfrdw,f/ csdef;xm;wJh tcsdefeJU ae&mudkvnf;
rSwfrdw,f/ b,faumifrav;qdkwmudk arhaevdkY.../ wpfcgrS rBuHKbl;ygbl;Asm.../ [m;...[m;...[m;}}
&J0if;jrifhuvnf; pdwfysufvufysuf vdkuf&,fonf/
]]½ly&m... rif;uawmh wu,fhudk tlaMumifaMumif½lyygyJ}}
½lyujzifh cyfwnfwnf/
]]tJ'g rif;vdkuf&Smay;prf;yg}}
]]bm...}}
]]tJ'Daumifrav;udk vdkuf&Smay;prf;yg}}
]]Aka'¨g}}

Taxi armif;olu x&,fjyefonf/ &J0if;jrifhu [efY&\/


]]cP wdwfwdwfaeprf;ygAsm.../ cifAsm;uvnf;}}
½lyudk qufar;\/
]]rif;bmom&Smawmh bmjzpfvdkYwkef;}}
]]ig &SufvdkY}}
]]aMomf...iguawmh t&Sufr&Sdbl;vm;}}
]]r[kwfbl;avuGm.../ igu olYudk rrSwfrdbJ vdkufar;ae&w,fqdkwm olodoGm;&if
raumif;bl;/ ESrcsif;pmemwJh oabmayghuGm}}
]]rif;u jrif&if rSwfrdw,fr[kwfvm;}}

- 82 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]][ifhtif;}}
&J0if;jrifh idkcsifoGm;onf/
]][...igu b,fvdk vdkuf&Sm&rSmwkef;}}
]]aumifrav;awGudk awGU&if vdkufar;Munfhay;avuGm}}
]]bm...}}
]]taumif;ajymaewm.../ ighudk ulnDprf;yg}}

&,fcsifaeaom Taxi '½dkifbmyifvQif r&,fEdkifawmhbJ rsufvHk;NyJoGm;onf/


(jyL;wmxufqdk;onf)
&J0if;jrifhtwGufrl qdkp&myifr&Sdawmh/ ½lyudk aMumufrufzG,f owÅ0gMuD;wpfaumifvdk
Munfh\/
]]rif;[mu rzG,fr&mMuD;ygvm;uGm}}
]]rif;uvnf;uGm... &J0if;jrifhyJ[m}}
]][m... bmqdkifvdkYvJ}}
jiif;&if;ckef&if; AdkvfcsKyfyef;jcHa&SUodkYa&muf&SdvmygjyD/
0if0ifcsif;rSm um;ay:rS rqif;rD awGUvdkuf&aom trsdK;orD;MuD;wpfOD;tm;...
]]a[haumif... olvm;}}
&J0if;jrifhu nTefjyvdkufonf/ ½lyu rwlovdk rwefovdk jyefMunfh\/
]]rif;um;cay;jyD; qif;rSmom qif;vdkuf}}
]][if... um;cu igay;&rSm.../ [kwfvm;}}
]]at;av...rif;vmac:wmyJ Opöm}}
]]rac:ygbl;uGm.../ rif;qdkifrSm pum;ajymzdkY xGufvmwmyg}}
]][kwfvm;... rodbl;av/ rif;½kyfu aiGay;jyD;ac:wJh½kyfjzpfaewmudk;}}
]]odMum;rif; u,fawmfrlyg}}

xdktcsdefrSmyJ Taxi armif;olu...


]]q&mwdkY 'Dtem;rSm &yf&if &w,fr[kwfvm;}}

- 83 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]&ygw,f}}
&J0if;jrifhuyJ ydkufqH&Sif;ay;&\/ um;xGufoGm;jyD;rS ½lyu...
]]rif;t&nftcsif;udk Munfhr,fuGm}}
]]oGm;prf;yguGm}}
ajymomajym&\/ &J0if;jrifhcrsm rdef;uav;awmfawmfrsm;rsm;qD csnf;uyf&ygonf/
yxrqHk;awGU&onfh opfyifatmufrS aumifrav;udk...
]]nDrav;...nDrav;}}
aumifrav;u [efyefESifhjyefMunfh\/
]]bmvJ}}
]]nDrav;udkav...tpfudkYoli,fcsif;ursm; &nf;pm;pum; ajymrdao;vm;/ raeYwkef;uav}}
]]bmawG vmajymaewmvJ}}
]][dk...[dk ½lyqdkwJhaumifav}}
]]awmfprf;yg avQmufajymraeeJY}}
]]raeYuav...nDrav;udk 'Daumif rl;rl;eJY &nf;pm;pum; ajymvdkufwmav/ nDrav;u 'DaeY
tajzay;r,fqdkjyD; rdk;vif;uwnf;u vmapmifhaewmav}}
]]atmifrm...atmifrm}]
aumifrav;u xD;ESifh½dkufrnfjyKí renf;xGufajy;&\/ ½lyudk...
]]tJ'Daumifrav;vm;}}
]]rrSwfrdygbl;qdk}}
]]'ku©yJ}}
aemufaumifrav; wpfa,mufqD csnf;uyf&jyef\/ þwpfBudrfwGifawmh El;nhHjiifompGm...
]]uav;a&...}}
aumifrav;u vSnfhMunfhyg\/ olYudkawGUawmh rsufESmplykyfpGm jyefvTJoGm;onf/
]]a[h uav;av;a&}}
ac:rnfhom ac:&onf/ udk,fhudkudk,f tajcmufMuD;wpfa,mufvdk cHpm;&\/ aumifrav;u
rsufarSmifMuKwfvsuf cyfrmrm jyefMunfhjyD;...

- 84 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]&Sif udk,fhvrf;ukd,foGm;yg}}
]]r[kwfbl;... ar;csifwmav;wpfck&SdvdkYyg}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]raeYu nDrav;udk 'Dyef;jcHxJrSm awGYrdovm;vdkY}}
]]&Sifaem.f.. vludk b,fvdktwef;tpm; atmufarhvdkYvJ}}
aumifrav;awmfawmf a'gyGoGm;\/ &J0if;jrifhuvnf; prdrS rxl;awmhjyDjzpfí...
]]'Dvdkyg.../ raeYnaeu 'Dyef;jcHxJrSm &nf;pm;pum;tajymcHvdkuf&wm nDrav;rsm;vm;vdkY}}
]]&Sif ajymav uJavygvm;}]
xrif;bl;ESifh aumufxkrnfh[efjyKí &J0if;jrifh vpfajy;&awmhonf/ ½lyudk a'guefrdawmh\/
]]a[haumif ½ly/ rif;udpöudk rif;bmom &Sif;awmhuGm}}
]]cufwmyJ... iguvnf; enf;enf;rS rrSwfrdawmhbl;}}
]]aeygOD;... igar;ygOD;r,f}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]tJ'Dhaumifrav;udk awGU&if rif;u tajz wu,f,lrvdkYvm;}}
]]tJ'Dvdkvnf; r[kwfygbl;}}
]]'gjzifh bmvJ}}
]]bm&,f r[kwfygbl;}}
]][muGm...}}
&J0if;jrifh pdwfqdk;rmefqdk; jzpfrdawmh\/
]]'Dr,f ½ly? igajymr,f}}
]]ajym...}}
]]rif;u tJ'Daumifrav;udk rl;rl;eJY &nf;pm;pum;ajymjyD;jyD/ tJ'Daumifrav;u vlvSudk
tajzjyefay;ygap.../ vlvS'ku©a&muf&if jyD;a&m r[kwfvm;}}
]]at;... tJ'DvdkvJ &w,f}}
]]'geJUrsm;uGm... xm;vdkufawmh/ bmrS vdkufvkyfaep&m rvdkawmhbl;/ jyefMur,f}}

- 85 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

tlaMumifaMumif½lyu rsufvHk;ayuvyfayuvyf vkyfaeao;ojzifh....


]]vm..vm a[haumif oGm;Mur,f}}
]]aeygOD;[}}
]]bmvkyfrvdkYvJ}}
]]AdkvfcsKyfaMu;½kyfqD oGm;OD;r,favuGm}}
]]rjrifzl;bl;vm;}}
]][ tav;oGm;jyKOD;rSmayghuGm}}
&J0if;jrifh cHvdkuf&\/ raeYu 'Daumifrl;rl;ESifh AdkvfcsKyfudkrsm; &nf;pm;pum;ajymcJhwmvm;
rod/
]]tif;...t½l;u wpfrl;omoGm;jyefjyDayghuGm}}

- 86 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(13)

½ly\ AdkvfcsKyfyef;NcHxJrS cspfZmwfvrf; tpkwftjywfudk &J0if;jrifhcrsm


atmifhtD;zHk;zday;xm;&ygao;onf/ "mwkjyefMum;oGm;vQif raumif;/ tlaMumifaMumif½lyu
tlaMumifaMumifESifh vkyfcsif&m vkyfcsif;jzpfaomfvnf; em;vnfrIvGJp&m jzpfaeonf/
aemufwpf&uf ESpf&uftMumrSm olwdkYawG tkyfpkvdkuf qHkjzpfMuonf/ atmifqef;OD;awmhryg/
N*dKvfwkpavmif;rS vmaom abmvHk;yGJudk oJMuD;rJMuD; xdkifMunfhaeojzifh ac:ír&/ odef;aZmf0if;u
enf;enf;rS rauseyf/
]]a';Apfbufcrf;udkrsm; olUtazusaewmyJ}}
]]aMomf...olY0goemudk;uG}}
&J0if;jrifhu ajzmifzsjyD; twif;qGJvm&onf/ atmifqef;OD;udk r[kwf/ atmifqef;OD;udk
0ifac:onfh odef;aZmf0if;udk.../ 0goemygí ½Srf;acgufqGJ a&mif;pm;aeyHk&aom w½kwfMuD;\qdkifodkYyJ
csDwufvmcJhMuonf/ olwdkYESpfa,mufa&mufoGm;awmh "mwkwdkYu tat;aomufíyif jyD;aejyD/
]][if...eifwdkYESpfa,mufwnf;vm;}}

- 87 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]at;...atmifqef;OD;udk ac:r&bl;}}
]][dk um,uH&Sifaum}}
½lyukd ar;jcif;jzpfonf/
olYbmom vmvdrfhr,f/ olwdkYtdrfrSm e,fu {nfhonfawG a&mufaevdkY}}
]][Jh... "mwk/ ½lyudkyJ arQmfraeeJY/ vlvSudkvnf; MunfhOD;/ eifu olYudk tajzay;&OD;rSm}}
jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkYu "mwkudk p\/ "mwkrsufESm txm;& cufoGm;onf/
]]at;[,f...tJ'DudpöMuD;uvnf;}}
trSefwu,fyif uoduatmufEdkifvSaom udpöjzpfonf/
]]a[m [dkrSm vmaejyD}}
]][if... b,folvJ}}
]]rodbl;av.../ ½lyvm;? vlvSvm;}}
qdkifxJodkY ½ly wpdkufpdkuf 0ifvmonf/ (vlvSvnf; jzpfEdkifonf) tm;vkH;
toifhtaetxm; jyifvdkufMu\/ vlvSudk awGUvdkawGUjim; þqkdifrSm
vmxdkifMunfhaeMujcif;jzpfonf/
]]"mwkwdkYu xdkifaewmMumjyDvm;}}
]]at; anmif;&ifawmh xygw,f}}
]]eifawmif aemufwwfaejyD}}
]]eifwdkYtdrfrSm e,fu {nfhonfawG a&mufaew,fqdk}}
]]at;[m...pdwfnpfygw,f}}
]]aiGvmacs;wmyJvm;}}
e,frS aqG&dyfrsdK;&dyf ruif;olrsm;u ½lywdkYtdrfrSm BuHK&ifBuHKovdk aiGvmacs;wwfMuonf/
wpfcgwpfcg "mwkESifhyif wdk;wwfao;onf/
]]ck[mu taMuG;vmqyfwmyg}}
]]aumif;wmaygh[Jh}}
]]raumif;ygbl;[m}}
]]b,fvdkjzpfvdkYvJ}}

- 88 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

½lyu "mwkeHab;rSm cHkqGJxdkifjyD; avylMuD;rIwfxkwfvsuf...


]]igu vmawmif;jyD; todray;bJ jyefoGm;vdkY olwdkYu &efukeftxd vdkufvmjyD; ay;wmwJh}}
]]eifu bmudpö todray;bJ jyefvmwmwkef;? [kwfom;yJ}}
]][Jh...t½l;r&JU/ igu b,frSm e,foGm;vdkYvJ}}
]]tJ...[kwfom;yJ/ [if...'gqdk&if}}
]]at;...[kwfw,f/ vlvSaerSmaygh}}
]]Aka'¨g}}
tm;vHk;tvefYwMum; jzpfoGm;Muonf/ qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;u ,yfawmifwzswfzswfcyfvsuf
olwdkY0dkif;udk vSrf;Munfhae\/
]]eifhrdbawGvnf; tHhMoae&rSmaygh}}
]]at;aygh}}
]][dk...e,fuvlawGaum}}
]]rajymvdkufygbl;/ olwdkYuawmh igr[kwfbl;qdkwmudk b,fodrvJ/ 'DvlvSudpöMuD;u
avQmufajymvdkYvnf; aumif;wmrS r[kwfwm/ &Sif;jyvdkYvnf; rvG,fbl;}}
odef;aZmf0if;u ausmudk vufjyefukwf&if;...
]]Zmwfuawmh ½IyfukefjyD}}
½lyu odef;aZmf0if;udk vSnfhMunfhjyD;...
]]aMomf...at; [kwfyg&JU/ ighrSm bmvdkaeovJ atmufarhwm}}
]]bmvJ[Jh..../ eifuvnf; tvefYwMum;}}
]]igvnf; ausm,m;aewm..../ [Jh "mwk ukwfay;prf;[m}}
]]atmifrm}}
]]ukwfrSm ukwfprf;yg[m}}
jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKu...
]]"mwk vdrfygqGJvdkuf}}
]]eifwdkYukwfcsif&if aemufwpfcg ,m;awmh ajymr,f}]
]]atmifr,f ... atmifr,f}}
- 89 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

"mwku ½IHUrJh½IHYrJhESifh ½lyukd ausmukwfay;&ao;\/


&J0if;jrifhu pum;vrf;aMumif;udk jyefwnfhonf/
]]rif;wdkYtazu b,fvdk tMuHay;ovJ}}
]]olvnf; pOf;pm;& Muyfaewkef;yJ}}
]]rif;uom &efukefrSm tlaMumifaMumifawG vkyfjyaewm? [dkaumifu e,fa&mufoGm;wmudk;}}
]]b,fvdkoabmvnf; qdkwm pOf;pm;vdkYudk r&bl;}}
]][kwfyg&JUuGm}}
xdef;xm;onfhMum;rS &J0if;jrifhu vTwfceJ xGufoGm;ao;onf/
]][dkaumifrav;uom wpfcgwnf; tajzjyefay;vdkuf&if vlvSu 'ku©ra&mufbJ
rif;'ku©a&mufaerSm}}
xdkpum;aMumifh "mwk acgif;axmifoGm;onf/
]]bmajymw,f &J0if;jrifh}}
rxl;awmhojzifh pum;udk avQmcs&if; 0efcH&onf/
]]'Daumif ½lyaygh/ vlvSa,mifaqmifjyD; b,fvdkrS rvSwJh aumifrav;wpfa,mufudk
&nf;pm;pum;oGm;ajymw,f/ [dku vlvSr[kwfrSef;odvdkY jiif;vTwfvdkufw,f}}
"mwku ½lyudk pl;pl;Munfh\/
]]½lyaemf}}
]]tvum;yg...eifuvnf;/ ig &nf;pm;pum;ajymwm eifhwpfa,mufwnf;udkyJ &Sdw,f}}
½lyu ajAmifjiif;&\/
]]at;av... eifyJ ighudk &nf;pm;pum;ajymxm;jyD;}}
]]at;yg... igeifhudkyJ,lrSmyg}}
olwdkYESpfa,mufudk MunfhjyD; usefoltm;vHk; 0dkif;&,frdMu\/
b,fvdkoHk;oyf&rnfrSef;yif rajymwwfawmh/ olwdkYESpfa,mufu oHa,mZOfMuD;Muwmawmh
aocsmonf/ tdrfcsif;? rdbcsif;uvnf; ajymrem qdkrem t&rf;&if;ESD;Muonf/ txl;ojzifh
"mwk\zcif OD;rsdK;jrifhu ½lyudk tawmfcspfonf/ ½ly *Rwfqwfqwf rmausmausm vkyforQudkvnf;
cGifhvTwfonf/

- 90 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

i,fi,fuqdkvQif OD;rsdK;jrifh tpvGefojzifh ½lyu tkwfcJESifh vdkufxkzl;onf/


aemufcH&mZ0ifawGuawmh xdkodkYxdkyHk jzpfonf/
]]orD; a,mu©r w*sdef;*sdef;jzpfaeygOD;r,fuGm}}
]]tdrfcGJaerSmayghuG}}
odef;aZmf0if;u jzwfajymonf/
]]tdrfcGJwm aemufrS cGJMuyg/ avmavmq,f vlvSudk b,fvdk vkyfrvJ}}
]]at;...[kwfw,f/ 'DudpöMuD;u uefYvefY}}
pum;0kdif;u acwÅNidrfoufoGm;onf/
½lyu rJhNyHK;ESifhtwl acgif;udk,rf;&if; pm;yGJay: ydkufqHtdwf wif\/ ydkufqHtdwfay:rSm
wpf½SL;pwpfpudk wif\/ tat;cGufudk wusdKufwnf; armhaomufonf/ jyD;... Toilet
qDavQmufoGm;\/
]]bmvkyfrvdkYvnf;uG}}
odef;aZmf0if;udk bkawmoGm;\/ odef;aZmf0if;u oGm;jzD;usefcJh&mrS...
]][dkrSm rcifoef;OD; r[kwfvm;}}
]]b,frSmvJ}}
]][dkbufyvufazmif;ay:rSmav..../ a[m...'Dbufudk ul;vmjyD}}
]]aMomf...at;...b,foGm;rvdkYvnf; rodbl;}}
atmifqef;OD;\ tpfrjzpf\/ aMumhaMumharmharmh qif,ifxm;onf/
odef;aZmf0if; tl,m;zm;,m;ESifh "mwkwdkYudk....
]][Jh...racsmawG...racsmufawG? ighudk abmhyif pm&Guf tjrefay;prf;yg}}
oufa0csdKu abmhyifurf;ay;\/
]]vkyfygOD;[...pm&Gufyg ay;prf;yg/ tjref}}
]]bmvkyfrvdkYvJ}} [k pm&GufudkEIduf&if; oufa0cdsKu jyefar;\/
]]&nf;pm;pm ay;rvdkY}}
]][m ... eifuvnf;}}
]]vkyfprf;yg[m..../ 'DtcGifhta&;rsdK; &cJw,f}}

- 91 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]][Jh... udk,fholi,fcsif;tpfrudk}}
]]bmjzpfvJ...ay;prf;yg pm&Guf}}
]]ray;bl;}}
]]tm...}}
odef;aZmf0if;u ½ly\ ydkufqHtdwfay:rS wpf½SL;pav;udkyJ qGJ,ljyD; ]rrudkcspfw,f} [k
toufatmifh a&;vdkuf\/ jyD;...cifoef;OD;qD uysmu,m ajy;oGm;onf/
]]rcifoef;OD;...rcifoef;OD;}}

Toilet xJrS xGufvmaom ½lyu....


]]odef;aZmf0if; bmjzpfwmwkef;}}
]]atmifqef;OD;&JUtpfrudk &nf;pm;pm vdkufay;rvdkYwJh}}
]]olu &nf;pm;pmudk tdwfxJrSm tqifoifh xnfhxm;wmvm;}}
]]b,fuvm...eifhwpf½SL;puúLay:rSm oufa0&JU abmyifeJY a&;jyD; ,loGm;wm}}
]]'Daumifuawmh vkyfcsvdkufjyefjyD}}
odef;aZmf0if;ESifh rcifoef;OD;udk ai;MunfhaerdMuonf/
]][... wu,fudk ay;wm[}}
tprSmawmh rcifoef;OD;u ½dk;½dk;vmEIwfqufjcif;[k xifyHk&onf/ odef;aZmf0if;u
pmudkxkwfay;rS trlt,majymif;jyD; rsufESmxm;wif;oGm;onf/ atmfxkwfvdkufaom toH oJhoJhudkyif
Mum;&onf/
]][if...odef;aZmf0if;? eif½dkif;vScsnfvm;}}
odef;aZmf0if;u wwGwfwGwfESifh bmawGajymaeonfrod/ ½lywdkY&ifxdwfae&onff/
rcifoef;OD;u pmudk ZwfceJ qGJ,ljyD;...
]]eifhpmudk 'DvdkyJvkyfr,f/ tJ'g wpfcgwnf;jyefay;vdkufwJh tajzyJ}}
pmESifh ESyfn§pfjcif;jzpfonf/ pmuvnf; wpf½SL;jzpfí ESyfn§pfcsifp&mav;jzpfyif.../
]][m...[m...}}
½lyu rsufvHk;jyL; rsufqefjyL;ESifh atmfonf/ "mwku...
]]aumif;w,f...tJ'Dvdk cH&ygap}}

- 92 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tm...r[kwfbl;[}}
]]bmvJ}}
]][dk...[dkrSmMunfh}}
½lyu vufn§dK;xdk;jy\/
rcifoef;OD;u a'gowMuD; ESyfn§pfae&if; rsufESmysufoGm;onf/ ar;u qwfceJ qwfceJ
jzpfoGm;jyD; rsufvHk;uyg rSdwfvdkufzGifhvdkuf jzpfaeonf/
odef;aZmf0if;vefYjyD; aemufodkY ajcwpfvSrf;qkwf\/
"mwku...
]][Jh... ½ly ½ly b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ}}
]]tJ'Dh wpf½SL;u igESm½SLrvdkY ESmaq;awG okwfxm;wm}}
]][,f...}}
xdktcsdefrSmyJ qefYiifqefYiifESifh rsufvHk;ayuvyfayuvyfjzpfaeaom rcifoef;OD;
atmifjrifoGm;onf/
]][yf...[yf...[yf... acs;}}
odef;aZmf0if;yg vefYjyD; aemufckefqkwfonf/ rqkwfodef;aZmf0if;yg vefYjyD;
aemufckefqkwfonf/ rqkwfívnf;rjzpf/ rcifoef;OD;\ ESyfawGyg pifxGufvmjcif;jzpfonf/
rcifoef;OD;udk,fwdkifonfyifvQif olYtjzpfudk ol Za0Z0gjzpfoGm;\/ arhjyD; ESmacgif;rS ESyf&nfrsm;udk
wpf½SL;ESifhyJ zdokwfvdkufrdjyefonf/
aemufwpfcg vmjyefacsya[h.../
]][yf...[yf....[yf.... acs;}}
odef;aZmf0if;u aemufudkckefqkwf&jyefonf/
rcifoef;OD;\ a'gou odef;aZmf0if;udk jymusoGm;apavmufonf/ odkYaomf odef;aZmf0if;udk
bmrS rvkyftm;ao;yJ olwpfa,mufwnf; ½Iyfaeonf/ wpf½SL;udk vTifhypf\/ odkYaomf
ESyf&nfwef;u t&SnfMuD; qefYxGufvmjyD; wpf½SL;udk qGJxm;\/ wpf½SL;u ESyf&nfaMumif;udk
wGJavmif;cdkxm;onf/
rcifoef;OD;u ESyfudk vufESifh n§pfcs\/ wpf½SL;jyKwfusoGm;onf/ odkYaomf ESyf&nfwef;u
vufacsmif;rsm;rSm wGJjyD; ygvmjyefonf/ vufn§dK;ESifh vufrudk um;um;MuD;jzefYxm;jyD; ESyfokwf&ef
wdkifvdkuf&Sm\/ wdkifr[kwfaom odef;aZmf0if;u aemufodkY ckefqkwfvdkufjyefonf/
odef;aZmf0if;rSm tajctaeudk em;rvnfEdkifawmhyJ jzpfae\/

- 93 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

rcifoef;OD;u cyfvSrf;vSrf;rS "mwfwdkifqD ajy;jyD; ESyfokwfvdkufonf/ jyD;... odef;aZmf0if;udk


rsufvHk;jyL;ESifhMunfhum....
]]eif...eif}}
oGm;jyefjyD/ pum;ajymcsifaZmavmjyD; ESmacgif;rS vufusefaq;rIefYrsm;udk ½IdufoGif;rdjyefonf/
]]odef;aZmf...[yf...[yf...[yf...acs;}}
'Dwpfcg ESyfawGu ar;atmufxdwdkif wGJus\/ yg;pyfxJudkyifenf;enf;0ifoGm;onf
xifonf/ ar;wpfckvHk;udk vuf0g;ESifhyGwfypf&\/ odef;aZmf0if;uvnf; b,fvdk ulnD&rnfrSef;rod/
vufuav; umum umumESifh awmif;yef[efjyK&if; jyefvSnfhajy;vmcJhonf/
odkYaomf...
]]'kef;}}
]]tifh}}
rcifoef;OD;u vrf;ab;rS cJvHk;MuD;udk aumufí xkvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ odef;aZmf0if;awmh
ausmtawmfatmifhoGm;a&mhrnf/
]]odef;aZmf0if; eifhudk raus [yf [ [k [Gwf acs;}}

aemufawmh rsufESmcsif; Taxi wpfpD;udk wm;jyD; uref;uwef; wufoGm;awmhonf/


odef;aZmf0if; tlwlwlav;jzpfjyD; ai;Munfhusef&pfonf/ rcifoef;0if;udk r&,f&ufcJhaom
½lywdkYtkyfpkvnf; odef;aZmf0if;udkom vufn§dK;xdk;jyD; [m;wdkufMu&awmh\/
odef;aZmf0if;u...
]]b,fvdkjzpfwmvnf; rodbl;uG}}
&J0if;jrifhu t&,fwpf0ufESifh ajymonf/
]]w&m;cHuawmh ½lyayghuGm}}
]]atmifrm...igeJY bmqdkifvJ/ olYbmomol rar;rjref; ighwpf½SL;udk ,loGm;wm}}
]]bmawGvnf;uG/ ig&Sif;atmif ajymjyygOD;}}
]]igu ZufaMumawGwufaevdkYa[h/ tJ'g...wpf½SL;ay:rSm ESmaq;okwfjyD; ½SL½SLay;aewm/
rif;u tJ'Dtay:rSm &nf;pm;pm&atmifa&;jyD; oGm;ay;wmudk;}}
]]a[...aMomf 'Dvdkudk;}}
odef;aZmf0if; ckrS oabmaygufoGm;onf/
]]wdkufwdkufqdkifqdkifuGm...oluvnf; ESyf,ln§pfypfwmudk;}}

- 94 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]aocsmwmuawmh rif;udk awmfawmfrkef;oGm;jyD}}


]]at;uGm... iguvnf; 'DvdkrsdK;MuD; r&nf&G,fygbl;/ atmifqef;OD;ukdawmif rsufESmjyzdkY
cufjyD}}
odef;aZmf0if; trSefwu,f pdwfraumif;jzpfaeyHk&í jrwfpki,fu...
]]igwkdYyg ul&Sif;jyay;yghr,f[m..../ aeygOD;... eifu bmudpö &nf;pm;pm oGm;ay;&wmvJ}}
]][...BudKufvkdYaygh[}}
]]BudKuf&ifvnf; aoaocsmcsm BudK;pm;aygh[,f.../ ckeifh[mu...}}
]]at;av...&nf;pm;pmuvnf; wpf½SL;ayygMuD;}}
]]at;... tjypfwif&ifvnf; cH&awmhrSmyJa[h/ igtawmfpdwfnpfoGm;w,f}}
&J0if;jrifhu odef;aZmf0if;ausmrS cJrSefxm;onfh &THUoJrIefYrsm;udk cgcsay;onf/
]]½ly ½ly}}
odef;aZmf0if;\ tufuGJuGJ a&&GwfoHaMumifh ½lyu....
]]bmvJ[}}
]]rif;[m aumif;usdK;udk ray;ygbl;uGm}}
]]vm...vmcsnfao;? ESmbl;u/ rif; 'Davmuf&nf;pm;vdkcsifae&if igwdkYvrf;xdyfu
tar&duef a&wyfrav;awGqDoGm;}}
]]bmvJ tar&duef a&wyfrav;awGqdkwm}}
]]touf 17 uae 45 txd a,musfm;tm;vHk;udk 0ifcGifhjyKw,fav}}
tif;...t½l;u wpfrl;omoGm;jyefjyD/

- 95 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(14)

]][Jh...orD;/ vufESpfzufaemufypfjyD; acgif;idkufpdkufcsvdkY/ bmawGrsm; 'Davmufawmif


onf;MuD;rnf;MuD; pOf;pm;aewmvJ}}
]]aMomf...[dkaumif ½ly taMumif;yg azaz&m}}
]]a[... 'Daumif bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]][dkudpöyJav... azaz&,f/ oleJYwlwJhol aemufwpfa,muf ay:aewm}}
]]'gvm;...olYudpöu xl;awmh xl;jcm;w,f/ azazvnf; Mum;oifhoavmufMum;jyD;jyD/
aoaocsmcsmajymprf;ygOD;/ orD;wdkYudk ulnDpOf;pm;ay;vdkY &wmaygh}}
]]rjzpfbl;xifw,f azaz&JU}}
]]a[...bmjzpfvdkY}}
OD;rsdK;jrifhu olYem;udk olr,Hkovdk jyefar;\/ "mwku...
]]½lyu 'Dudpö azazhudk jyefrajym&bl;wJh}}
- 96 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tHr,f...'Daumif bmaMumifhwJhvJ}}
]]azaz 0ifyg&if ydk½Iyfukefr,fwJh}}
]]'Daumif[mav...ighudkqdk b,fawmhrS taumif;rjrifbl;}}
]]azazh tcspfawmfyJav}}
OD;rsdK;jrifh NyHK;pdpdvkyfaeonf/
"mwkuvnf; OD;aESmufaNcmufaeonf/ MuufOtp &Smr&qkdaompum;yHk Mum;zl;onf/
tck[muawmh tp&Smr&onfhtNyif bmrSef;vnf; rod/
aeUcif;uvnf; vlvSu &p&m&Sdonfh taMuG;awGudk oGm;awmif;vmay;onfqkdí
Mocs,l&\/ okdYaomf odef;aZmf0if;ESifh rcifoef;OD;wkdYudpöu 0ifaESmifhoNzifh taotcsm
raqG;aEG;vkduf&/
]]uvif uvif uvif}}
zkef;Nrnfonf/ azazhhtrIonfvm; [laom tawG;rsdK;Nzifh vSnfhMunfhawmh azazu
acgif;cgNyonf/ ayghayghyg;yg;yif qkd\/
]]'DaeY azaztm;w,f/ eufNzefvnf; tm;w,f/ bmudpörS r&Sdbl;/}}
zkef;aumufukdifvkdufawmh...
]]"mwkvm;...}}
]]at;...b,folvJ/ &lyvm;...}}
zkef;u w*spf*spfNrnfaeonf/ toHruGJ/
]]eifuvnf; &lyukdyJ waewmyJ/ igyg...atmifqef;OD;}}
]][Jh...at;...aNym/ eif b,fu qufaewmvJ/}}
]]eifwkdYvkd tdrfrSm zkef;r&Sdawmh vrf;xdyfpwkd;qdkifu quf&wmaygh[}}
]]at;...aNymav/ bmtaMumif;xl;vdkYvJ}}
ar;om ar;&onf? rsufckH;u cyfvIyfvIyf/
]]ig ckeu odef;aZmf0if;ukd qGJxkd;vkdufw,f}}
]][kwfvm;.../ at;...at;}}
]][if...eifhavoHMuD;uvnf;[}}
]][Jh...bmNzpfvkdYwkef;/ igwkdY arQmfvifhxm;NyD;om;udpöyJ[m/ rthHMoygbl;}}
- 97 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]odef;aZmf0if;u aNymw,f}}
]]tif;...}}
]]&lyudkvnf; xkd;&r,fwJh}}
]]atmifr,f}}
]]tJ'geJY igwdkdYESpfa,muf &lyudk vkduf&SmaeMuw,f}}
]]atmifr,f...atmifr,f/ eifwkdYu &lyukd 0kdif;xkd;MurvkdYayghav}}
]]aeygOD;.../ aNymwmukd qHk;atmif em;axmifprf;yg}}
]]uJ...aNym aNym}}
]]igwkdY vlvSukd awGYvkdufw,f}}
]][if...}}
]][kwfw,f...taumif;aNymaewm}}
]]ao...aocsm&JUvm;}}
]]aocsmygw,f/ ESpfa,mufpvkH;ukd awGYcJhwmyJ}}
]][,f...}}
"mwk tMuD;tus,f pdwfvIyf&Sm;oGm;onf/
]]'g...'gqkd wu,fyJaygh}}
]]bm...wu,fyJvJ}}
]]vl...vllvSu wu,f&Sdaewmaygh}}
]]at;...[kdaumif odef;aZmf0if;qkd&if 'l;awmif acGusw,f}}
]]&lyuaum vlvSukd bmrS raNymbl;vm;}}
]]r[kwfbl;[.../ 'Dvkd igaNymNyr,f}}
]]at;...at; aNymprf;ygOD;[m}}
OD;rsdK;Nrifhu bmvJqkdaom trlt&mrsdK;Nzifh ar;qwfNyNyD; ar;\/ "mwku cPqkdaom
trlt&mNzifh vufumNyvkdufonf/ atmifqef;OD;\ pum;ukd tm&Hkpdkuf em;axmifaevkduf\/

- 98 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]igwkdY olYqkdifukd oGm;awmh r&Sdawmhbl;/ qkdifydwfoGm;NyD/ tJ'geJY olYtdrf vkdufoGm;Muw,f/


enf;enf;uav; arSmif&DysdK;NyDaygh[m.../ &lyuvnf; b,fuNyefvmwmvnf; rodbl;/ igwkdY&JU
rsufESmcsif;qkdifuae ikdufpdkuf ikdufpdkufeYJ Nyefvmw,f/ igwkdYukd rNrifbl;}}
]]at;...at; aNymygOD;}}
]]olYtdrfxJ ol 0ifoGm;wmaygh[m.../ igwkdYuvnf; 'Daumifh trlt&mu ikdifawGawGMuD;
NzpfaevkdY vSrf;rac:NzpfMubl;}}
]]eifwkdY tdrfxJ vkdufr0ifbl;vm;}}
]][Jh...Nyefac:xkwf&rSmaygh/ igwdkYu olYukd ebefusif;rvkdY[mukd}}
]]aocsif;qkd;awG}}
]][,f...aNymwm em;axmifprf;ygOD;}}
"mwku aqmifhMuD;atmifhMuD;Nzifh...
]]aNym}}
]]igwkdYu wkwfMuD;ay: wHawG;axG;NyD; tpkdtaNcmufvSefw,f/ 'Daumifhukd
b,fol0ifac:rvJaygh}}
]]tif;...arSmifMuD;xJrSm}}
]]Nrif&ygw,f[m...}}
]]at;...xm;yg/ qufaNym}}
]]tJ'DtcsdefrSmyJ igwdkY yg;pyfta[mif;om; NzpfoGm;&w,f/ &lyaemufwpfa,mufu igwkdY
rsufESmcsif;qkdifuyJ ikdufpkdufikdufpkduf avQmufvmvkdY ckeu yHkpHtwkdif;yJ}}
]][,f...}}
atmifqef;OD;\tpfrurS ESyfxGufuswmavmuf&Sdao;onf/ "mwku &SL;&SL;awmif
xGufusawmhrnf xifonf/ touf&SL&rSmudkyif arhaerdonf/
]]NyD;awmh ol tdrfxJ0ifoGm;w,f/ ckeu twkdif;yJ/ igwkdYukd rNrifbl;}}
]]'gqkd tdrfxJrSm &lyaum vlvSaumaygh}}
]]at;}}
]]b,folu &lytppfvJ}}
]]rodbl;av}}

- 99 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]wlvm;.../ tawmfwlvm;}}
]]wpfa,mufwnf;twkdif;yJ}}
]]tkd...}}
]]aeygOD;.../ tdrfxJrSm &lyESpfa,mufNzpfaewmudk tdrfu rodMubl;vm;}}
]]odyHk ray:bl;[/ at;at;aq;aq;yJ}}
]]Aka'¨g...b,fhES,fhvkyfMurwkef;}}
]]tck odef;aZmf0if;u tNyifuae uif;orm;vkyfNyD; apmifhMunfhaew,f/ igu eifhukd
zkef;vmqufwm}}
]]ig...igu bmvkyf&rSmvJ}}
]]rodbl;...igwkdYvnf; trSm;vkyfrdrSmpkd;vkdY eifhukd vSrf;wkdifyifwm}}
'Dawmhvnf; "mwkcrsm zcifNzpfolukdom tm;ukd;wMuD; vSrf;Munfhrdawmhonf/
0g&ifh0wfvHkawmf&wpfOD;yDopGm OD;rsdK;Nrifhu olYorD;ukd pdwfryl&ef vufNyNyD;...
]]azazwkdY q,frdepftwGif; tJ'Dhukd ta&mufvmcJhr,fvkdY aNymvkduf}}
]][Jh...atmifqef;OD;}}
]]at;...at; tefu,faNymwmudk igMum;w,f/ wkdY apmifhaer,f/ eifwdkY
qufqufvmcJhvkduf/ tefu,fygvmawmh trsm;MuD;aumif;wmaygh/ tawmftm;&SdoGm;w,f}}
]]at;...igwkdY tckxGufvmNyD}}
zkef;csNyD;NyD;csif;rSmyJ...
]]azazhum;udk xkwfyg azaz&JU}}
]]orD;yJ 'Dum;ukd rpD;csifbl;qkd}}
OD;rsdK;Nrifh\um;u *spfum;Nzpfonf/ xkdYaMumifh "mwku rpD;/ ESmacgif;&HIYonf/ ckawmh...
]]tm...azazuvnf; ta&;xJrSm}}
]]azazYukdvnf; tusdK;taMumif;aNymNyOD;av.../ ckeu &dyfzrf; oHzrf;yJ em;axmifae&wm}}
]]tif;yg...azaz&JU/ um;ay:rSm aNymNyyghr,f}}
olrwkdYom;tz &lywkdYtdrfqD a&mufoGm;Muonf/ NcHa&SUrSm um;&yfvkdufuwnf;u
atmifqef;OD;ESifh odef;aZmf0if;wkdY taNy;tvTm; a&muf&SdvmMuonf/ "mwku...
]]bmxl;ao;vJ}}
- 100 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]bmrSrxl;bl;}}
]]tdrfu vl0ifvlxGuf r&Sdawmhbl;aemf}}
]]at;}}
NcHwHcg;ukd vmzGifhay;olu &ly.../
olwkdUukdawGUawmh oluyif tHhtm;oifhaeao;onf/
]][if...wpfNyHKMuD;ygvm;}}
OD;rsdK;Nrifhu...
]]a[haumif vlMuD;awG &Sdvm;}}
]]'DtcsdefMuD; vmrSawmh &Sdwmaygh}}
olwkdYESpfa,muf\ qufqHa&;uawmh &kdufaygufawGcsnf; Nzpfonf/
&lyaNymovkdyif olwkdYwNyHKMuD; txJvkduf0ifoGm;Mu\/ t&yf&SpfrsufESmxuf ESpfckydkonf/
txuft&yf atmuft&yf/ vlvSursm; rsufESmusufrSm wufuyfaervm;? ckHatmuf0ifykef;aervm;
ponfNzifh.../
OD;pkd;vGifESifh a':oufxm;Nrifhu aysmfoGm;yHk&onf/ OD;pkd;vGifu tvkyfrsm;aecsdefawGrSm
OD;rsdK;Nrifhukd av&Snfwwfolwpfa,muftNzpf pdwfnpfaomfvnf; tm;vyfaecsdefrsdK;wGifawmh
vkdvkdvm;vm;&Sdonf/
]][...b,fvkdawGqHkNyD; b,fES,fha&mufvmMuwmwkef;}}
]]'DukdyJ wrifvmwmygAsm}}
]][kwfvm;...udpöygao;vm;}}
]]udpöu ygvmwm r[kwfbl;? 'DrSm&Sdaewm}}
]]bmwkef;As}}
t&if;a&m? tzsm;a&m? yifpnfa&m? bmrSr&Sdonfh OD;rsdK;Nrifh\ pum;aMumihf OD;pkd;vGif
aMumiftrf;trf;NzpfoGm;onf/ OD;rsdK;Nrifhu OD;pkd;vGifukd vufumNyNyD; atmifqef;OD;ESifh
odef;aZmf0ifbufokdYvSnfhum...
]]rif;wkdYESpfa,mufrSm wpfa,mufu NcH0rSmapmifh}}
]][kwf...[kwfuJh}}
aNymomaNymonf ESpfa,mufvkH; wkwfwkwfrvIyf/

- 101 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]][m...a[haumifawG}}
ESpfa,mufvkH; &GHUwGefYwGefYNzpfaeMuNcif;yif.../ &lyuvnf; a0a00g;0g;Nzifh...
]]NcHwHcg;ukd uWefawmf aomhNyefydwfcJYygw,f}}
]]ae...rif;wkdY rodbl;/ uJ...rif;wdkYxJuwpfa,muf NcH0rSm oGm;ae}}
atmifqef;OD;u odef;aZmf0if;ukd...
]]rif;u ighukd xdk;xm;w,f/ rif;oGm;}}
]]'gqkd tpkdtaNcmufvSefr,f}}
]]wkwfr&Sdbl;/ usm;bkdqGJr,f}}
ESpfa,mufom; cGJwef;csaeMu\/ bmrSef;rodNzpfaeaom tdrf&Sifrdom;pkukd OD;rsdK;Nrifhu
rsufESm&dyfrsufESmuJNyí wm;xm;NyD;...
]]uJ...&lya&...0SL;...armvkdufwm/ vmygOD;uGm}}
]]a&aomufrvm;}}
]]a&.../ at;...aomufwmaygh/ 'gayrJh xm;ygOD;/ rif; igha&SU vmxkdifygOD;}}
]]uRefawmfwkdYcsif; awGYzl;w,fav}}
pdwfr&SnfEkdifolu "mwkNzpf\/
]]&ly oGm;rSm oGm;prf;yg/ azazha&SUrSm xkdifvkduf}}
&ly rsufvkH;uv,fuv,f NzpfoGm;onf/
]]tif;...xkdifqkdawmhvnf; xkdifwmaygh/ 'Dvkduav;xkdif&if &w,faemf}}
OD;rsdK;Nrifhu &lyukd aphaphpyfpyftuJcwfNyD;...
]]tif;...rif;uawmh &lyygyJ}}
]]Asm...}}
OD;pkd;vGifESifh a':oufxm;Nrifhuvnf; wpfa,mufrsufESm wpfa,mufMunfhrd\/
]]OD;rsdK;Nrifh bmawGwkef;As/ uRefawmfwkdYukdvnf; enf;enf; &Sif;NyygOD;}}
]]'DvkdAsm...}}

- 102 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

OD;rsdK;Nrifhu tusdK;taMumif;&Sif;Nyvkdufawmh wpfrdompkvHk; xdwfxdwfysmysm NzpfoGm;onf/


NcH0rSmapmifh&rnfukd aMumufaeaom atmifqef;OD;ESifh odef;aZmf0if;wkdYuvnf; vdIufvdIufonf;onf;
tvkt,uf 0ifaNymNyMuonf/
&lyu "m;qGJNyD; NcHxJrSm ywf&Sm\/ b,frSmrS rawGY/ "mwfrD;ukdifNyD; xGuf&SmNyefonf/
rawGY/ tdrfwHcg;ydwfNyD; wpfcef;0if wpfcef;xGuf aphaphpyfpyf vkduf&Smonf/ rawGU/ raeEkdifoNzifh
"mwkuyif wef;vef;ygoGm;ao;\/ atmifqef;OD;ESifh odef;aZmf0if;wkdUvnf; wGefYqkwf wGefYqkwfNzifh
ygvmMuygonf/
b,fvkdrS &SmrawGYyg/ tpuwnf;u rawG;wwfatmif NzpfcJh&onhfNyóemukd ckvnf;
rawG;wwfMuyg/ okdUaomf OD;rsdK;Nrifhu rsufvHk;tpHk pl;&JawmufypGmNzihf...
]]OD;pkd;vGif}}
]]Asm}}
]]'Dudpöukd uRefawmf azmfxkwfay;yghr,fAsm}}

- 103 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(15)

pdwfylwwfaom "mwku tdrfjyefa&mufa&mufjcif; olr\zcif (OD;rsdK;jrifhqdkol)udk ar;rd\/


]]azaz..../ azaz azmfxkwfay;r,fvdkY ajymw,f/ azaz wpfckckudk odxm;vdkYvm;}}
]]tif;...xifwmyJ}}
]]orD;udk enf;enf;ajymjyav}}
]]raocsmao;bJ rajym&bl; orD;}}
]]'gjzifh [dkaumif vlvSu b,fvdka&mufvmwmvJ}}
OD;rsdK;jrifhu bmrS jyefrajym/ "mwku pdwfwdkwdkESifh...
]]tvum;yg.../ azaz bmrSrodbJeJU}}
OD;rsdK;jrifhu at;at;aq;aq;yJ acgif;ndwfjy\/
]][kwfw,f.../ azaz bmrS rodao;bl;}}

- 104 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]'geJUrsm;...}}
]]at;at;aeprf;yg orD;&,f...azazpOf;pm;aew,f/ wpf&uf ESpf&uftwGif;odvmrSmyg}}
tvGefpum;enf;aom a':uvsmuyifvQif...
]]'Dom;tz bmawGjzpfaeMuwmvJ}}
"mwku xkdif&mrS &kwfceJxvsuf rdcif\pum;enf;rIukd tcGifhaumif;,lum oluyJ...
]]'Dvkdav...arar&JU/ [kdaumif &lyaygh}}
tpcsDNyD; tlracs;cg;rusef aNymygawmhonf/ OD;rsdK;Nrifhuvnf; a':uvsmudk rsuf&dyfNyNyD;
ac:oGm;[lonfh tcsufvu©Pmukd ay;vkdufonf/ a':uvsmu "mwkukd ac:xkwfoGm;\/ OD;rsdK;Nrifh
at;at;aq;aq; pOf;pm;NyD; usef&pfcJYonf/
reufrdk;vif;awmhvnf; pdwfylwwfonfh "mwku &lywkdYtdrfokdY apmapmpD;pD;
a&mufoGm;avonf/
]][Jh..."mwk}}
]]eif...eif &lyaemf}}
]][if...bmaMumifaewmvJ}}
]]ig...ig awmfygao;&JU/ vlvSatmufarhvkdY vefYoGm;wmyJ}}
]]vmNyefNyD 'DvlvS}}
"mwk a'guefoGm;onf/
]]atmifr,f...eif 'Dvkd raNymygeJY/ eifeJYywfoufNyD; igwkdYu owdNyKae&wm}}
&lyu 'Dvkdawmhvnf; avQmhay;ygonf/
]]at;...[kwfw,f/ aus;Zl;wifygw,f/ 'geJY eifu apmapmpD;pD;}}
"mwk EIwfcrf;&GJYNyD; taNymtqkd& MuyfoGm;onf/ rEkdifEkdif&mrJNyD;...
]]eifyJ ighukd taNzawmif;xm;w,fav}}
&lyu a&yef;c&m;MuD;ukd csNyD;...
]][if...tck taNzay;rvkdYvm;}}
]]ig apwem&Sd&ifaygh}}
]]eifhES,f apmapmpD;pD;}}

- 105 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]bm}}
]]tdrfxJ0ifOD;vkdY aNymrvkdY}}
]]eif[mav...}}
&lyu wHcg;zGifhay;\/ "mwku ukd,fukdapmif;0ifNyD;...
]][Jh...&ly}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]vlvSukd nu awGYao;vm;}}
]][ifhtif;...rawGYaygif}}
]]nu xyf&Smao;vm;}}
]]tif;.../ rawGYygbl;/}}
]]eif tdyfaysmf&JYvm;]}
]]okd;vkdY}}
]]eif[mav...}}
"mwktaeESifh &lyukd ukdifaqmifhvkdufcsifawmhonf/
]]tefu,fwkdY tefwDwkdYa&m}}
]]txJrSm.../ Ekd;aeNyD}}
]]ig bmrS rpm;&ao;bl;}}
]]awmif;pm;vkdufav}}
]]bm}}
]]aNymvkdufav.../ olwkdY wpfckckvkyfay;rSmaygh}}
]]eif[mav...}}
awmfNyD.../ onfaumifESifh bmrSraNymwmbJ taumif;qHk;Nzpfrnf/
xkdokdYyif "mwk qkH;Nzwf\/ tdrfxJ wef;0ifoGm;vkdufonf/ tNidrf;pm;uxdu
a':oufxm;NrifhESifh wef;wkd;\/ a':oufxm;Nrifhu...
]][,f...orD;}}

- 106 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

"mwku ][,f...a,mu©r}[k NyefraNymyg/


]][kwfuJh tefwD}}
]]apmapmpD;pD;ygvm;}}
]][kwfuJh.../ nuudpöukd odcsifvkdY.../ zkef;qufrvkdYbJ/ tdyfaeMu&if tm;emp&mNzpfrSmpkd;vkdY}}
]]aMomf...&ygw,fuG,f/ orD; odom;yJ...tdrfuvlawGu apmapmEkd;aeus/ nuawmh
bmrSrawGYbl; orD;&JY/ tefwDNzifhav wpfnvkH; wxdwfxdwfeJY/ tefwDu
tNidrf;pm;uxdur[kwfvm; orD;&,f}}
'guyg&ao;onf/
]][kwfuJh...[kwfuJh}}
]]½lytwkqdkwJhaumifav;udkawmh b,fvdkrS &SmrawGYbl;/ tefwD *gxmawG? rEÅmefawG
&GwfjyD;tdyf&wm}}
]][dkaumifuaum...}}
]]b,folvJ}}
]]tm... ½lyudkajymwmaygh tefwD&JU/ tefu,fhudk uRefru tJ'Dvdkac:rvm;}}
]]r[kwfygbl;.../ ½lytwkudk ar;wmvm;vdkY}}
]]½lyu raMumufbl;vm;}}
]][ifhtif;...aMumufyHkvnf; r&ygbl;}}
]]b,fvdkrSraebl;vm;}}
]]rxHkwufaw;MuD;ygyJ}}
]]uRwf}}
"mwk rausreyfjzifh pkwfoyfrdonf/
]]orD;}}
]]&Sif}}
]]wdkY bmqufvkyf&if aumif;rvJ}}
]]orD;u rajymwwfbl;av...tefwDpOf;pm;aygh/ tefwDvnf; tNidrf;pm;uxduyJ[m}}
]]at;..tefwDuvnf; tNidrf;pm;,lxm;wm MumjyDqdkawmh...}}

- 107 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

trSefawmh bmrSvnf;rqdkifacs.../
xkdtcsdefrSmyJ (uHaumif;axmufrpGm) OD;pdk;vGifu bk&m;cef;xJrS jyefxGufvmonf/
]]aMomf....orD;"mwkygvm;}}
]][kwfuJh...tefu,f}}
]][kdkaumifaum...}}
]]yef;yifawG a&avmif;aew,f}}
]]orD;u apmvScsnfvm;}}
vmjyefjyDwpfa,muf/ rdef;raps;usonf/
]]'DaeY orD;wdkY oli,fcsif;wpfa,muf arG;aeYyGJudk oGm;&rSm.../ tJ'g [dkaumifhukd
apmifhMunfhaewm}}
]]½lyukdvm;...}}
]][kwf.../ ½lyvm; vlvSvm;qdkwmudk prf;oyfjyD; apmifhMunfhaewm}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu 0ifajym\/
]]aMomf...'gqdk&ifawmh rapmifheJYawmh orD;/ reuftapmMuD;uwnf;u arG;aeYvufaqmif
ygq,fxkwfudk 'Daumifpjyifaewm/ [dkrSm...}}
rsufapmif;xdk;u eH&Huyfpm;yGJay:rSm ygq,fxkwfMuD;awG.../
]]aMomf...aMomf 'gqdk&ifawmh ½lyyJ}}
]]aocsm&JYvm;uG,f}}
]][m...tefwDuvnf;}}
"mwk t[kwfvefUoGm;jcif;jzpf\/ ½lyukdqufqH&wm EdkifiHjcm;AGD'D,dkwdwfacGrsm;xJrS
o&Jum;udk Munfh&onfhES,f jzpfaeonf/
OD;pdk;vGifu tajctaeudk xdef;odrf;onfh oabmjzihf...
]]orD; "mwk}}
]]&Sef}}
]]orD;tazu bmoJvGefpawG &oGm;vdkYvJ}}
]]r&ygbl;}}

- 108 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]ol tjrefqHk;az:xkwfawmhr,fav}}
]]avQmufajymaewm}}
orD;uvnf; zcifudk þodkYþyHk tm;ay;\/
]][,f...r[kwfwm}}
]][kwfygw,fqdk...tefu,fuvnf;}}
]]awmfprf;.../ udk,fhtazudk txifrao;eJY/ bmt&nftcsif;rS r&Sd&if
ol'Davmufemrnfr&Sdbl;/ ck... ol wpfckck oJvGefp&oGm;w,f/ olYrsufvHk;awG Munfh&if odw,f}}
"mwkNidrfukwfoGm;&onf/ xdktcsdefrSmyJ ½lyu tdrfxJjyef0ifvmonf/ "mwkudk...
]][if...eifu &Sdaewkef;yJvm;}}
]]bm}}
"mwk xckefrdrwwf jzpfoGm;onf/
]]r[kwfbl;av.../ eifu [dk...arG;aeYyGJoGm;rvdkYvmwm r[kwfvm;}}
]]at;..tJ'gbmjzpfvJ}}
]][dkrSmav...igh ygq,fxkwfawG/ eif vlMuHK,loGm;vdkufav}}
]]eifu roGm;bl;? rvdkufbl;vm;}}
]]tm}}
½ly pdwfnpfnL;pGm rsufESmatmufiHkYoGm;\/ ½lyu xdkodkYaom yGJrsdK;udk wufavhr&Sd/
"mwkuvnf; odawmhodygonf/ odkYaomf ½lyudk pdwftajymif;tvJ jzpfapcsifonf/
]]uJ...eif bmrSajymraeeJY/ ck...a&csdK; t0wftpm;vJ/ igeJYvdkufcJh}}
½lyu ½HIUrJhrJhESifh twGif;cef;xJ 0ifoGm;onf/ a':oufxm;jrifhu...
]]tJ'grsdK;uGJY.../ orD;ajymrS &w,f/ tefwDwdkY ajymvdkYr&aygif}}
OD;pdk;vGifu [mo0ifazmufonf/
]]at;aygh.../ ighvdkrsdK; rzufvdkufjyD; rdkufzufygoGm;wmaygh}}
]]bm...}}
]]&Sef...}}
]]ajy;jyDa[h}}
- 109 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

OD;pdk;vGifu trSefwu,fyif tcef;xJ ajy;0ifoGm;jcif; jzpfonf/


a':oufxm;jrifhu oufjyif;csjyD;...
]]b,fvdk om;tzrSef;udk rodawmhygbl; orD;&,f}}
]][kwfygh}}
]]aMomf...wpfckawmh&Sdw,f/ olwdkYuvnf;ajymw,f}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]b,fvdk om;tzrSef; rodygbl;wJh}}
]]b,folYudkvnf;}}
]]orD;eJY OD;rsdK;jrifhudkav}}
]]bm}}
xkdtcsdefrSmyJ oyfoyf,yf,yf 0wfpm;qif,ifjyD; ½lyu tjyifa&mufvmonf/
]]arar}}
]]a[...}}
]]om;r&Sdwkef; vlvSvmvdkY&Sd&if...}}
]]tr,fav;awmf}}
a':oufxm;jrifhu wu,fyif wufrwwf csufrwwf jzpfoGm;ojzifh "mwku
0ifxdef;xm;&\/ ½lyudk aigufirf;&\/
]]ightaruvnf; tonf;i,fvdkufwm}}
]]eifurS bmMuD;rSef; rodwJh[mudk}}
½lyu racsyyg/
]]wdkY um;,loGm;rvm;? vrf;avQmufoGm;rvm;}}
]]eifu um;armif;Murf;w,f igrpD;&Jbl;/ 'Dtwdkif; vrf;avQmufr,f}}
]]eifharG;aeY vufaqmifaum}}
]]igu vufpGyfay;wm/ igh pvif;bufcfxJrSm bl;ao;ao;av;}}
]]aMomf... iguawmh tMuD;MuD;}}

- 110 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]bmawGvJ[/ tav;MuD;}}
]]eif arQmfvifhxm;rdrSm r[kwfwJht&mawGayhg[m}}
]]bmwkef;vdkY ar;aew,f}}
]]t½dk;awG}}
]]bm...}}
]]t½dk;awG? t½dk;acgif;awG}}
]]eif... eif bmvkyfwmvJ}}
]][Jh... tJ'D t½dk;acgif;yGawG[m urÇmOD;rSmuwnf;u wl&d,mvkyfjyD;wD;rIwfwJh ypönf;awG/
aemufjyD; vnfrSmwyf? vufrSmqGJwJh ypönf;awG/ 'DxufydkjyD; wefzdk;&SdygOD;rvm;.../ igr&ru
rSmvdkuf&wm}}
]]eif...eifaemf/ tJ'gqdk ig eifeJY twlwlroGm;awmhbl;}}
]]&w,fav.../ vlvSeJY oGm;aygh}}
]]awmuf}}

- 111 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(16)

]]orD;..."mwk}}
]]&Sif...}}
]]'DaeY b,foGm;rvJ}}
]]oifwef;awmh r&Sdbl; azaz}}
]]at;...tJh'gqdk tdrfrSmyJaeprf;}}
]][kwf...[kwfuJh/ bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]tdrfrSmyJ azazhzkef;awG apmifhem;axmifvdkuf}}
]][kwf...[kwfuJh}}
]azaz b,foGm;rvdkYvJ}[k ar;p&mrvdkbJ "mwkar;rdonf/ ]azaz rkefYMumaphoGm;pm;rvdkY}[k
OD;rsdK;jrifhu jyefrajzyg/ rSmp&m½SdwmawGom rSmjyD; OD;rsdK;jrifh xGufoGm;onf/ "mwkuvnf;
ysif;ysif;&Sdojzifh ½lytaMumif;pOf;pm;jyD; usefcJhonf/
(rdef;rawGrsm;...)
xdkaeYu OD;rsdK;jrifh tawmfyifyef;\/ ½lyudpöjzpfaeonfuwpfaMumif;? tjzpftysufu
pdwf0ifpm;p&mjzpfaeonfuwpfaMumif;wdkYaMumifh OD;rsdK;jrifh tyifyef;cH&ygonf/ naeapmif;usrS
tvkyfawG em;&\/ odkYaomf udk,fhtdrf udk,frjyef&ao;yg/
- 112 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

ola&mufoGm;onfu ½lywdkYtdrf/
awmfao;onf/ aoemuav; ½lyr&Sd/ OD;pdk;vGifuvnf; ½Hk;u jyefvmup jzpfaeonf/
]][m...OD;rsdK;jrifh}}
]][kwfw,f...armvdkufwmAsm}}
]]em;OD;av/ uRefawmfvnf;ckrS a&csdK;jyD;w,f}}
]]uRefawmfvnf; a&csdK;r,fAsm}}
]]csdK;...csdK;}}
tNidrf;pm; uxdu a':oufxm;Nrifhu rvSrf;rurf;rSvmaom {nfhonfawmfukd
tukefNyifqifay;&\/ 0ufykef;&nf? ykpGeftpdrf;okyf? ig;acgif;csOfa&wkdYukd OD;rsdK;Nrifh
cHwGif;awGYavonf/ NyD;...aMumifeuf[k trnf&onfh ykvif;Nym;av;ukd xkwfNyD; ESpfa,mufom;
0dkif;zGJYMuonf/ pum;aNymaumif; qkdaumif;&Hkaygh/
OD;pkd;vGifu...
]]OD;rsdK;Nrifhuvnf; uRefawmfwkdY rdom;pktwGuf yifyef;aeNyDxifw,f}}
]]'DvkdygyJAsm.../ &lyqkdwJh aumifuvnf; Nzpfvkduf&if tonf;toefMuD;yJ}}
]][kwfyghAsm.../ "mwkuqkd&if olYukd tlaMumifaMumif&lyvkdY emrnfay;xm;wm}}
]]tif;...emrnfMuD;r,fqkdvnf; MuD;avmufay&JUAsm}}
&,fNzpfMuao;onf/
]]OD;rsdK;Nrifh}}
]]Asm;...}}
]]tif;...pOf;pm;p&mawGawmh &SdwmayghAsm}}
]]qkdygOD;}}
onfwpfcgawmh OD;rsdK;Nrifh av&SnfvQifvnf; onf;cHem;axmifvkdufrnf[k OD;pkd;vGif
qHk;Nzwfxm;NyD; Nzpfonf/ OD;rsdK;Nrifhu...
]]uRefawmfwkdY w&m;a&;avmurSm xl;xl;Ncm;Ncm; Nzpfzl;wmav;awG &Sdw,fAs}}
]]aNymAsm...A[kokw &wmaygh}}
]]t*¾gaupDukd OD;pkd;vGif Mum;zl;w,faemf}}

- 113 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tif;...yg0geYJ aq;ukwJh yk*¾dKvfr[kwfvm;/ tMum;tNrifenf;eJY ol azmfxkwfay;zl;w,f/


w&m;cHvnf; ay:oGm;w,f}}
]]'gayrYJ t*¾gaupDrSm Nyóemwuf&w,f}}
]]b,fvkd NzpfvkdYwkef;}}
]]tao;pdwfaNymNyEkdifvGef;wJhtwGufaMumifh 'DvlowfrIukd pDpOfnTefMum;ol? 'grSr[kwf
ukd,fwkdifyg0ifol Nzpf&r,fqkdNyD; &JtkyfMuD;ukd,fwkdifu olYukd zrf;zkdY vkyfw,fav}}
]][if...b,fhES,fhwkef;/ tzrf;cHvkduf&vm;}}
]][ifhtif;...t*¾gaupDbufu oufaoawG trsm;MuD;&Sdawmh zrf;vkdY b,f&rvJ}}
]]awmfao;wmaygh}}
]]tif;...tJh'Dh uyfoD;uyfoyfuav;awG w&m;a&;avmurSm &Sdwwfw,f}}
,rumav;ESifhqkdawmh pum;0kdif;u pkdpkdNynfNynf&Sdonf/ a':oufxm;Nrifh vkyfay;xm;aom
tNrnf;rsm;uvnf; zG,fzG,f&m&m&SdvS\/ OD;pkd;vGifu OD;rsdK;Nrifh\ cGufxJokdY xyfiSJYxnfhay;NyD;...
]]aNymvnf;aNym aomufvnf;aomufAsm/ a&cJaowåmxJrSm ykvif;awG usefao;w,f/
usKyfwkdYraomuf&if [kdaumif&lyu tvpfrSm ckd;ckd;aomufvdrfhr,f}}
]]'Daumif aomufwwfw,f...[kwfvm;}}
]]wpfcgwpfcg aomufw,f}}
]]tif;...a,musfm;av;yJ &SdrSmaygh/ awmuf...usKyfAsm}}
OD;rdsK;Nrifhu a,musfm;av; t&rf;vkdcsifol Nzpf\/ (om;wpfa,muftNzpf vkdcsifNcif;
Nzpf\/ tNcm;oabmr&Sdyg/) "mwkukdarG;NyD; a':uvsmu uav;xyfr&EkdifawmhoNzifh
wpfOD;wnf;aomorD;ukdom ykdifqkdifxm;&awmhonf/
]]orD;&Sd&if om;&rSmayghAsm.../ NzpfvmrSmaygh/ aemuf aNr;a,musfm;av;awG &Ekdifao;wmyJ}}
]]at;As? orD;ukdvnf; tdrfaxmifcsay;&OD;r,f}}
]]&lyeJYom ay;pm;vkdufygAsm...}}
]]tif;...uRefawmfvnf; tJh'DvkdyJ pOf;pm;wmyJ}}
a':oufxm;Nrifhu 0ifaNymonf/
]]ay;pm;wm aemufrS ay;pm;Muyg/ om;av;&JY Nyóemudk t&if taNz&SmMuygOD;}}
]]tif;...[kwfom;yJ}}

- 114 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

OD;rsdK;Nrifh pum;ukd Nyefaumuf\/


]]wpfcgvnf; b,fvkdaNz&Sif;&r,frSef; rodwJh Nyóemwpf&yf Nzpfvkdufao;w,f/
zdvpfykdifbk&if&JU eef;apmifhppfonfwpfa,mufukd ruúqDukdu zrf;vkdufwm}}
]]tJ'guawmh b,ffvkdNzpfwmvJ}}
]]wdwdususaNym&&if 1593 ckESpf? atmufwkdbmv (25)&ufaeYAs/ ruúqDukd
eef;apmifhppfonfawG wef;pDaewJhMum;xJukd tJh'D zdvpfykdif eef;apmifhppfonfu a&mufaewm}}
]]bmvJ...pykdif 0ifvkyfwmvm;}}
]]r[kwfbl;/ olu zdvpfykdifrSmaewmyJ/ tJ'Dhreufuvnf; olu wm0efxrf;zkdY eef;awmfukd
xGufvmwm/ tJh'g zdvpfykdifeef;awmfukd ra&mufbJ rkdifaxmifaygif;rsm;pGma0;wJh ruúqDukdeef;awmfukd
a&mufvmwm/ olYbmomolvnf; b,fvkdNzpfwmvJ rodbl;}}
]][if...}}
]]ruúqDukd ppfonfawGvnf; tHhMowmayghAsm/ olwkdYMum;xJukd ,leDazmif;rwlwJh
wpfNcm;EkdifiH ppfom;wpfa,mufu cyfwnfwnfa&mufaewJh[m/ olwkdYuvnf; tJh'Dhppfom;ukd
txl;tqef;vkyfNyD; 0kdif;Munfh? tJh'Dppfom;uvnf; olwkdYukd txl;tqef;NzpfNyD; NyefMunfh/ tawmf
ukdY,dkYum;,m;EkdifwJh udpöAsm.../ &,fp&mMuD;}}
]]tif;...[kwfyg&JUAsm}}
]]aemufawmh tJh'Dppfom;udk ruúqDukd axmifxJrSmyJ zrf;xnhfxm;&wmaygh/
tJ'Dhppfom;emrnfu *sDvfyD;&ufZfwJh/ aemufrS zdvpfykdifu t&m&SdMuD;wpfa,muf &GufoabFm eJU
ruúqDukda&mufvmNyD; yD;&ufZfzufu rm;rm;rwfrwf oufao0ifxGufay;vkdY NyefvTwfvkdufw,f}}
]]awmfao;wmyJ/ 'ghxuf tJ'gu b,fvkdNzpf&wmwkef;}}
]]rodygbl;qkd/ bmhaMumifh tJ'DhvkdNzpfovJqkdwm raNz&Sif;EkdifMubl;}}
]]&lyNzpfaewmuvnf; tJh'DhvkdrsdK;yJvm;}}
]]aeOD; rNyD;ao;bl;/ aNymp&m usefao;w,f}}
OD;rsdK;Nrifhu pum;ukd csufcsif;rqufao;bJ tNrnf;wpfzwf aumuf0g;onf/
,rumwpfMudKuf armhonf/ pum;awGukd acgif;xJrSm pOfaeovkdESifh olYbmom Nidrfaeao;onf/
xkdtcsdefrSm &lyuvnf; pdwfnpfae&\/
qkdifrStNyef tokH;vkdoNzifh aumfxkyfav; 0if0,fNcif;Nzpfonf/ qkdif&Sifaumifrav;u
tHhMoovkdMunfhNyD; a&mif;&aumif;Ekd;? ra&mif;&aumif;Ekd; NzpfaeyHk &onf/
]]bmvJ? aumfxkyfr&Sdbl;vm;}}
]]&Sd...&Sdw,fav}}
- 115 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]aumfxkyfwpfxkyf ay;ygqkd}}
]][kd...[kd ckeuay;vkdufwJh aumfxkyfu bmNzpfvkdYvJ}}
]]bmrSvnf; ray;&ao;bJeJY}}
]]r[kwfbl;av.../ ckeuyJ tpfukd vm0,foGm;ao;w,f}}
]][if...}}
aumifrav;u &lyukd tuJcwf&if; rsufESmwpfrsdK;Nzpfaeonf/ &lyuyJ &l;aeovkdvkd?
olruyJ &l;aeovkdvkd/ &lyu...
]]vlwlwm Nzpfygvdrfhr,f/ uRefawmfu tckrS vm0,fwm}}
]]tif;...[kd...wlwmuvnf; wpfa,mufwnf; twkdif;yJ}}
]]uJ...uJ...aumfxkyfukdom ay;yg/ tckrS 'Dwpfxkyfwnf; 0,f&ygao;w,f/ cifAsm;aNymyHku
uRefawmfuyJ ckeu aumfxkyfukd pm;ypfvkdufwm usaewmyJ}}
]][m...tJh'Dhoabm r[kwfygbl;}}
aumfxkyf,lNyD; NyefxGufvmawmh aumifrav;u pdwf&IyfaxG;aeaom rsufESmESifh olYukd
ai;MunhfNyD; usefcJhonf/ &lyu vlvSukd usdefqJaerdonf/ cGJxkwfvkdYvnf; r&/ aumfESifh
uyfxm;ovkdyJ/
OD;pdk;vGifwkdY\ pum;0dkif;uvnf; t&SdefNrifhae\/ OD;rsdK;Nrifhu...
]]1896ckESpf Zlvkdifv(8)&ufu e,l;a,mufNrdKU &Hk;awmfrSm xl;Ncm;vSwJh trIwpfckukd
pD&ifcsuf cs&w,f}}
]]tif;...pdwf0ifpm;w,fAsm/ aNymygOD;}}
]]w&m;cHu 0DvsHrufa':e,fwJh/ tdrfazmufxGif;rIeJY w&m;pGJcH&wm/ Niif;vkdY rvGwfEkdifbl;/
olYukd rsufNrifoufaoawG trsm;MuD; &Sdxm;w,f/ 0dkif;zrf;wJhMum;xJu qef;qef;Nym;Nym;MuD;
vGwfoGm;cJhwm/ tck NyefrdvmNyD; &Hk;ay: a&mufaeNyD}}
]]tif;...}}
]]b,fvkdrI rvGwfEkdifwJh cGifxJuae pD&ifcsufcsawmh rufa':e,f vGwfoGm;w,f/
bmvkdYvJqkdawmh ol 0ifazmufxGif;ygw,fqkdwJhtcsdefrSm tar&duefaq;avmurSm t&rf;ausmfMum;wJh
ygarmu©0kdif;vfu olYukd tdyfarGUcsaewJh tcsdefrdkYvkdYyJ/ tcif;NzpfyGm;wJh tcsdefrSm rufa':e,fukd
ygarmu©0kdif;vfu (5)rkdifa0;wJh b&kpfurif;Zmwf&HkMuD;rSm o&kyfNytdyfarGUcsaewmrkdYvkdYyJ/ *kPfoa&&Sd
cHkorm"dvlMuD; (10)OD;eJY y&dowfaxmifcsDNyD; 0kdif;MunfhaeMuwmav}}
]]'gqkd...}}

- 116 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]][kwfw,f.../ tdyfarGYcscH&wJhtcsdefrSm Astral body vkdYac:wJh ukd,fyGm;vdyfNymu


vGifhxGufoGm;wm}}
]]atm...}}
]]zrf;vkdY r&bl;? vTwfay;vkduf&w,f/ tawmfudk vlpdwf0ifpm;cHcJh&wJh trIaygh}}
OD;pkd;vGifu acgif;wpfqwfqwfndwfaeNyD;rS...
]]'gayrJh &lyu tdyfarGYusaewmvnf; r[kwfbl;As/ vdyfNymvTifhwmvnf; r[kwfbl;}}
xkdtcsdefrSmyJ a':oufxm;Nrifhu...
]]uav; NyefvmNyD}}
uav;qkdonfu &lyukd aNymNcif;Nzpf\/
NcHwHcg;zGifhoH? NyefydwfoH Mum;ae&onf/ tdrfqDavQmufvmonfh aNcoHukdvnf;
Mum;&onf/ okdYaomf tdrfxJokdY awmfawmfESifh 0ifrvm/ a':oufxm;Nrifhu...
]]&ly...om;...vmav/ {nfhonfu wpfNcm;vl r[kwfbl;/ rif;&JY OD;rsdK;Nrifh}}
0ifrvmacs/
]][if...}}
pdwfr&SnfoNzifh a':oufxm;Nrifh tdrftNyif xGufMunfh\/ tdk;wkd;trf;wrf;NzpfNyD;
Nyef0ifvmonf/
]]b,folrSvnf; r&Sdbl;}}
]][Jh...toHawGukd aoaocsmcsm Mum;vkdufygw,f}}
]]r&Sdbl;qkd.../ 0ifvmNyD; NyefxGufoGm;wmvnf; r[kwfbl;/ wHcg;u 'Dtwkdif; yHkrysufbl;}}
]]a&mf...}}
OD;pkd;vGifESifh OD;rsdK;NrifhwdkY wpfa,mufrsufESm wpfa,mufMunfhvkdufMu\/ rsufrSefrygMubJ
,rumt&SdefNzifh &Da0a0MunhfMuNcif;Nzpfí aumif;aumif;MunfMunf rNrif&/ okdYaomf
wpfa,mufrsufESmwpfa,muf MunfhvkdufMuwm aocsmonf/ pum;pvnf; NywfoGm;Muonf/
þtwkdkif; NidrfaeNyD; ig;rdepfcefUtMumusrS...
apmapmutwkdif; toHawG NyefMum;&onf/ tdrfxJokdY 0ifvmoH Mum;&onf/
]]a[m...}}
&ly trSefwu,f Nyefa&mufvmonf/

- 117 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

OD;rsdK;Nrifhu &lyukd wpfcsufMunfhNyD; oufNyif;csum ,rumukd armh\/


]][m...ukefygNyD? ukefygNyD}}
OD;rsdK;Nrifh aomuf&wmyif eifovkd NzpfoGm;\/ &lyudk plykwfykwfMunfh&if;...
]]rif;uawmhuGm}}
xkdYaemuf OD;rsdK;Nrifh xkdif&mrS xonf/ tm;vHk;ukd EIwfquf\/
]]uJ...NyefOD;r,fAsm}}
OD;pkd;vGifu NcHwHcg;0txd vkdufykdY\/ OD;rsdK;Nrifhu wkd;wkd;uyfaNymonf/
]]uRefawmf taNz&oGm;NyD OD;pkd;vGif}}
]]Asm...[kwfvm;}}
]]tif;...aemufrS at;at;aq;aq; aNymNyr,f/ odyfpkd;&drfp&m r&Sdygbl;}}
]]at;at;aq;aq; rvkyfygeJYAsm/ 'D&ufykdif;twGif; aNymprf;yg}}
]]'gNzifh eufNzef cifAsm;qD usKyf0ifvmcJhr,f/ &Hk;rSm &Sdr,fr[kwfvm;/ zkef;MudKqufvkdufr,f}}
]]tdkau...}}
tdrfxJNyefa&mufawmh a':oufxm;Nrifhukd wD;wkd;uyfaNym&onf/ &lyu a&csdK;ae\/ NyD;vQif
xrif;pm;OD;rnf/ NyD; T.V MunfhvQifMunhf? rMunfhvQif pmxkdifzwfrnf/ OD;pkd;vGifwdkYu
om;awmfarmifukd wpfcsufwpfcsuf vSrf;tuJcwfae&\/ &lyuawmh owdxm;rdyHk r&/
q,fem&DcGJavmufrSm...
]]uRefawmf tdyfawmhr,f}}
]]at;...at;/ arar0,fay;xm;wJh ykwD;av;vnf; pdyfOD;/ bk&m;&Sdckd;NyD;rS tdyfaemf}}
acgif;ndwfNyNyD; &lyu olYtcef;xJ ol 0ifonf/ olYtcef;u tdrfxJrSmawmh
oD;oefYqefonhf tcef;jzpfonf/ rD;zGifhvkdufawmh...
]][if}}
acgif;xJrSm rkdufceJyif NymNyma0a0 cHpm;vkduf&onf/ olYckwifay:rSm awGYvkduf&onfu...
]vlvS}
olYESifh wpfykHpHwnf;? wpfax&mwnf;/

- 118 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

avmuMuD;[m opfyifwpfyifqdk&ifaygh.../
igwdkY[m opf&Gufwpf&GufpDeJY wlw,f/
opfyifeJYyJjzpfjzpf
wjcm;opf&GufawGeYJyJjzpfjzpf
uif;yjyD;...igwdkYr&SifoefEdkifbl;/
(yghbfbvdkuufq,fvfpf)

- 119 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(17)

]]'gjzifh.... jyóemu &Sif;oGm;jyDaygh}}


]]qdkygawmh[m...&Sif;vnf;&Sif;oGm;jyD? jyóem&JU aomhcsufukdvnf; rdvdkufjyD/ 'gayrJh
tajzqDukd a&mufatmif oGm;&OD;r,f}}
]]eifajymwmudk igwdkYem;rvnfbl;}}
tm;vHk;ukd 'dkifcH&Sif;jyaeolu "mwkjzpf\/ olYcrsm cspfoltwGuf tawmfudk
&wufayGcJh&ygonf/ ckawmhvnf; pdwfvufayghyg;oGm;jyD/ zcifjzpfol OD;rsdK;jrifh\ tpGrf;tpudkvnf;
todtrSwfjyKoGm;&jyD/
ae&mu "mwkwdkY pm&if;udkifoifwef;teD;rS &Srf;acgufqGJqdkifrSmyJjzpf\/ wpfckyJ
uoduatmufjzpf&onf/ udk,fholi,fcsif;awGcsnf;r[kwfbJ ZmZmodrfhwdkY? at;at;armfwdkYuyg
a&muf&SdaeMujcif;jzpfonf/ olwdkUuvnf; ]wpfqifhpum; wpfqifhem;} [laom EIef;rsdK;jzifh ½ly\
tjzpftysufudk odjyD; pdwf0ifpm;aeMuonf/
xdkYjyif "mwkrvdkvm;&jcif;u taMumif;&Sd\/ ZmZmodrfhESifh at;at;armfu
tlaMumifaMumif½lyudkrS pdwf0ifpm;aeMuolrsm;jzpf\/ olwdkYa&SUrSmodyfrajymcsif/ odkUaomf
rajymívnf;rjzpf/ olwdkY&Sif;oGm;rS wpf&yfuGufvHk; &Sif;oGm;rnfjzpf\/ olwdkYbmom xif&mawG
avQmufajymaevQif uarmufurawG jzpfukefEkdifonf/

- 120 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]'Dvdk[m...}}
pum;u wkefYoGm;&jyefonf/ 0goemygí &Srf;acgufqGJa&mif;aeyHk&aom
qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;uyg cHkqGJ,lvmjyD; olwdkY0kdif;rSm vmxdkifaomaMumifhjzpfonf/ "mwkudk...
]][dkaumifav; rygbl;vm;/ ½ly....}}
]]rvmao;bl;/ ol ra&mufao;cif olYtaMumif; twif;ajymrvdkY}}
]][dk taMumif;r[kwfvm;/ ajymygOD;...igvnf;pdwf0ifpm;w,f}}
"mwkujyHK;rdonf/
]]uJ...'gjzifhvnf; em;axmif}}
pum;p b,fa&mufoGm;ovJ qdkwmudk jyefpOf;pm;ao;onf/ jyD;rS...
]]'Dvdk[Jh.../ ightazqDrSm tJh'Dvdk xl;qef;wJhudpöawGeJY ywfoufjyD; rSwfwrf;awG zdkifwGJawG
&Sdw,f}}
]]tif;...}}
wdkuJhodkYpum;udk {nfhaxmufcHaeolu at;at;armfjzpf\/ atmifqef;OD;? &J0if;jrifh?
odef;aZmf0if;? jrwfpki,f? oufa0csdK? ZmZmodrfhESifh qdkif&Sif w½kwfMuD;wdkYu tai;om;yJ
em;axmifaeonf/
]]vlvS&JUudpöu obm0rusbl;qdkwm ightazu tapmMuD;uwnf;u &Sif;&Sif;jrifxm;w,f/
olu a&SUaeqdkawmh tusdK;taMumif; tcsuftvufeJY uGufuGufuGif;uGif; jrifwwfw,faygh[m.../
tJh'gaMumifh 'g[m obm0vGef udpöwpfck qdkwmudk olurSwfcsufcdkifjyD;om;}}
]][kwfjyD}}
]]obm0vGefjzpf&yfawGudk olvdkufavhvmawmh jzpfEdkifacs &Sdwmav;awGYw,f}}
]]b,fvdkvJ}}
]]Oyrm[m...½lyu vdyfjymcE¨m vTifhEdkifolrsm;vm;qdkwmrsdK;u ppOf;pm;&wmaygh}}
at;at;armfuvnf; *rÇD&r*¾Zif;rsm;udk pmar;yGJeD;wdkif; zwfaeoljzpfí...
]]aMomf...[dk tufpfx&,fabmf'Dudk ajymwmvm;}}
]]at;...'gayrJh tJ'gvnf; rjzpfEdkifvSbl;}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}

- 121 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tJ'Dvdk vdyfjymcE¨m vTifhEdkifzdkYqdkwmu tcsufawG trsm;MuD;&Sdw,f/ Oyrm...tdyfaiGYcs


cHxm;&wmrsdK;? taMumavQmh avhusifhcef;vkyfwmrdsK;? aeraumif;jzpfjyD; rl;aewmrsdK;? t&ufawG
tvGeftuRH aomufxm;wmrsdK;? pdwfzdpD;rIawG wtm;rsm;aewmrsdK;? tJ'grsdK;aygh}}
]]aMomf...aMomf}}
]]½lyu tJ'DtcsufawGeJY wpfcsufrS rnDbl;}}
]]at;...[kwfw,f/ ½lyu vlaumif;av;yg}}
"mwku at;at;armfudk rsufapmif;xdk;rdrvdk jzpfoGm;ao;onf/ tcsdefrD jyefxdef;jyD;
pum;udk quf&\/ tm;vHk;u olr\ pum;udk pdwf0ifpm;aeMuonf/
]]tJ'gaMumifh pOf;pm;p&m wpfckyJusefawmhw,f}}
]]at;...at; ajymygOD;}}
]]Ama'g*g;rsm;vm; qdkwmudkaygh}}
]]bm...}}
]]Ama'g*g;...Ama'g*g;}}
]]wpfcgrS rMum;zl;bl;}}
*rÇD& r*¾Zif;rsm;udk pmar;yGJeD;wdkif; zwfavh&Sdaom at;at;armfu xdkodkY rSwfcsufcsonf/
]]at;av...eifMum;zl;&ifvnf; 'Davmufb,fxl;qef;ygawmhrvJ}}
]]'gaygh...'gaygh [kwfwmaygh/ qufajymygOD;}}
]]trSefawmh... Ama'g*g;qdkwm udk,fyGm;vdyfjymxuf ydkxl;qef;w,f/ vlwdkif;rjzpfwwfbl;/
jzpfwJhvlawGusawmh arG;&myg ADZt&jzpfwm rsm;w,f/ avhusifhvdkY&w,fvdkY rSwfwrf;rSwf&mrSm
r&Sdbl;}}
]]b,fvdk[mrsdK;ygvdrfh}}
]]aemfa0? 'def;rwfeJY paumhwvef ajrmufydkif;uvlawGrSm tawGY&rsm;w,f/ olwdkYu
tjzpfrsm;w,f}}
]]at;av... b,fvdk[mrsdK;vnf;vdkY}}
]]'Dvdk[m...tJ'Dh Ama'g*g;obm0udk ydkifqdkifxm;ol[m tEkpm;taeeJY toHawG
t&dyfta,mifawG ay;wwfw,f/ Oyrm oltdrfudk wu,fjyefra&mufao;bJeJY a&mufaeovdk
xD;oH? zdeyfoH? wHcg;zGifhoHawG ay;wwfw,f/ jyD;... ig;rdepf q,frdepfMumrS tJ'DhtoHawGtwdkif;
olu wu,fa&mufvmw,f}}
]]aMomf...}}

- 122 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]'Dvdkvm;...}}
]]tJ'grsdK;awmh BuHKzl;ovdkvdkygyJ}}
]]BuHKzl;w,fxifw,f.../ [kwfw,f}}
þtcgwGifawmh wpfa,mufwpfaygufa0zefoHrsm; xGufvmonf/ qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;uyg
roJruGJ rSwfcsufay;av\/ olYtoHu olY &Srf;acgufqGJvdk aysmhwGJwGJ jzpfaeojzifh oJoJuGJuGJawmh
rMum;&/
]]ydkqdk;wmu Ama'g*g;[m um,uH&Sifudk,fpm;xGufjyD; vIyf&Sm;wwfw,f/ oleJY qufqH&wJh
vlawGuvnf; olYudk um,uH&SifvdkYyJ xifw,f/ vdyfjymcE¨mxuf ydkqef;w,f}}
]][,f...tHhbG,fyJ}}
]]tJ'DhrSmrS igwdkY&JY tlaMumifaMumif½lyu Ama'g*g;obm0 vm&Sdaew,f}}
]]t&ifu r&Sdygbl;}}
]]b,fvdkjzpfvdkYvnf;}}
"mwk ESmacgif;½IHUjyD; acgif;cgjyonf/
]]tJ'gawmh rajymwwfbl;/ tlaMumifaMumifMuD;yJ}}
&J0if;jrifh awG;p&m &oGm;ovdk NidrfoGm;onf/ jrwfpki,fESifh oufa0csdKwdkYuawmh "mwkxHrS
BudKMum;xm;jyD;om; taMumif;t&mrsm;jzpfaeí axGaxGxl;xl; rSwfcsufawG ay;raeawmh/
qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;u olYpm;yGJxdk;udk olYvufpGJawmf ,yfawmif vSrf;awmif;&if; eH&Hudk ai;aeonf/
"mwk\pum;udk at;at;armfu 'dkifcH axmufay;aeqJjzpfjyD; odef;aZmf0if;ESifh ZmZmodrfhu
pOf;pOf;pm;pm; em;axmifaeonf/
at;at;armfudk a&SUxm;jyD; pum;ajym&onfrSm "mwktwGufvnf; tawmf taESmifht,Suf
jzpf&avonf/ at;at;armfu rsufESm trlt,m trsdK;rsdK;ajymif;jyD; em;axmifwwfaomaMumifh
jzpf\/
Oyrm...tHhMop&mqdkvdkY&SdvQif vnfudkqefY? yg;pyfudk [jyD; acgif;wndwfndwfjzifh
tHhMojyonf/ bmrS rajym&ao;vQifvnf; "mwk\rsufESmudk ai;jyD; BudKwifacgif;ndwfaeonf/
&,fp&mjzpfoGm;vQifvnf; oGm;aphjyD; &,f[efjyKonf/ vufcHp&mygvmvQifvnf; vufnd§K;udk
wpfaxmifaxmifvkyfjyD; axmufcHjyefavonf/
oluvIdufvIdufvSJvSJ em;axmifjcif;jzpfEdkifygonf/ odkYaomf "mwktwGuf
pdwftaESmifht,Suf jzpf&avonf/ udk,fhudkyJ &GJUaeovdkvdk.../
]]aeygOD;.../ igr&Sif;vdkY ar;ygOD;r,f}}
odef;aZmf0if;u tdyf&mrSEdk;vmovdk qwfceJ ar;\/

- 123 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]tJ'Dh Ama'g*g;u udkifwG,f xdawGYvdkY &vm;? r&bl;vm;}}


]]ESpfrsdK;vHk; jzpfwwfw,f}}
]][...wu,fh[mMuD;ygvm;}}
]]at;av...wdkY½lyu tJh'gMuD;rSoGm;jzpfwm}}
]]uJ...uJ...xm;yg/ eifhpum;udk qufygOD;}}
]]jyD;jyDav.../ vlvSqdkwm wpfjcm;olr[kwfbl;/ ½ly&JY Ama'g*g;yJ}}
at;at;armfu...
]]rjyD;ao;bl;av[m....? ½lyu tJh'gMuD; raysmufawmhbl;vm;}}
]]aysmufrSmyg...[Jh}}
]]b,ftcgus&if b,fvdk aysmufrSmvJ}}
xdktar;pum;udk "mwku at;at;armfESifh ZmZmodrfhwdkYqD rsufESmcsDí jyefajz&efjyifonf/
at;at;armfudk,füu rdkufrJpGm ar;vdkufjcif;jzpfonf/
]]ighudk ,lvdkuf&if aysmufr,fwJh}}
]]bm...}}
"mwku cyfrmrmyJxyfajzonf/
]]ighudk ,lvdkuf&if aysmufr,f}}
]]bmqdkifvdkYvJ}}
]]qdkifw,f}}
at;at;armfESifh ZmZmodrfhu wpfa,mufrsufESm wpfa,mufMunfh\/ vufcHcsifao;yHkr&/
rdepfudk;q,ftwGif;rSm oa&usvQifus? r[kwfvQif tcsdefydkrSm oa&us&rnfqdkaom
pdwf"mwfrsdK;&SdyHkyif/ raewwfawmhaom oufa0csdKu...
]]"mwkuvnf; &Sif;atmif ajymvdkufav[m...}}
]]'Dvdk[}}
]]pm;yGJ ESpfyGJ}}
]]&Sif}}
"mwkyifaMumifoGm;onf/ qdkifxJodkY0ifvmaom {nfhonfrsm;udkMunfhjyD; qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;u
pm;yGJxdk;av;rsm;xH vSrf;atmfjcif;jzpfonf/ w½kwfMuD;u ysmysmovJ awmif;yefygonf/
- 124 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]qufajym...qufajym/ igpdwf0ifpm;ygw,f}}
]]ajym&wmawmif b,fa&mufoGm;rSef;rodbl;}}
]]eif...eifu ½lyudk wu,f,lrSmvm;}}
]][if... &Sifh&Srf;acgufqGJawmif 0,fpm;aeao;wJh[myJ}}
]]eif...eifu ½lyudk 0,fpm;awmhrvdkYvm;}}
]]bm...}}
]]r[kwfao;bl;av[m.../ iguvnf; Armpum; odyfrwwfbl;[}}
jrwfpki,fu tajctaeudk 0ifxdef;&\/
]]ajymp&m&Sdwm qufajymyg "mwk&,f...}}
"mwku xdktcgusrS rsufESmudk jyefarmhjyD;..
]]'Dvdkav.../ ½ly&JU Ama'g*g;ay:vmwmudku ighudk &nf;pm;pum;ajymwJhaeYusrS r[kwfvm;/
tpu r&Sdbl;}}
at;at;armfu...
]][if...[kwfvdkYvm;}}
]][kwfw,fav.../ ½lyu tpu Ama'g*g;rS r&Sdwm}}
]]eihfudk &nf;pm;pum;ajymwm [kwfvdkYvm;vdkY ar;wm}}
]]odyf[kwfwmaygh}}
qdkif&Sifw½kwfMuD;u ][kwfw,f...[kwfw,f} [k0ifajymonf/ at;at;armf NidrfoGm;onf/
rvIyf&ao;aom ZmZmodrfhuvnf; NidrfNrJtwdkif; qufNidrfvdkuf&onf/
]]ighudk vufxyfzdkY pdwfvIyf&Sm;wJh tcsdefrSm ½ly&JY Ama'g*g; obm0u ay:vmwm/
awmufavQmufqufjzpfaewm/ ighudk vufxyfjyD;&if aysmufoGm;rSmygwJh}}
]]b,foluajymvJ}}
]]ightaz&JY rdwfaqG? uRrf;usifol ynm&SifawGuaygh[m}}
]]tJ'Dawmh...}}
]]igeJY ½lyudk ay;pm;zdkY jyifaeMujyDaygh}}
]]b,folawGuvnf;}}

- 125 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]ESpfzufrdbawGu}}
Zmwfvrf;u qHk;oGm;jyDjzpfaomaMumifh at;at;armfESifh ZmZmodrfhwdkYu EIwfqufjyD;
jyefoGm;Muonf/ qdkif&Sif w½kwfMuD;uvnf; ,yfcwfjyD; jyefxGufoGm;onf/ "mwku qufajym\/
]]ightazajymwmuawmh tJh'Dhudpöu a&S;a[mif;t,ltqwpfckeJYvnf; ywfoufw,fwJh}}
&J0if;jrifhu...
]]b,fvdkwJhvnf;}}

]]Astral body awmh r[kwfbl;aygh[m/ Astral Spirit qdkwm &Sdao;w,fwJh}}


]]½IyfvmovdkvdkyJ/ uJ... ajymygOD;}}
]]yg&Sm;wdkY? *&dwdkY? [D;A½l;wdkY t,ltq[}}
]]at;yg...ajymyg}}
]]vlwdkif;rSm tapmifhMu,fwpfpif;&Sdw,fwJh}}
]]tif;...}}
]]wpfcgwpfcg tJh'Dh Mu,fuav;u vlYudk,fpm; xGufvIyf&Sm;ay;w,fwJh}}
]]atm...}}
]]tck ½ly&JY udk,fhapmifhMu,fuav;u xGufvIyf&Sm;wm jzpfcsifvnf;jzpfrSmaygh[m}}
]]tif; awmfawmf taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,fyJ}}
]]bm...}}
]]aMomf...vlawGtm;vHk;udk aer& xdkifr& jzpfatmif vkyfw,fvdkY ajymcsifwmyg}}
]]aMomf...cspfwmudk;[}}
]]b,foluvnf;}}
]]½lyu}}
]]b,folYudkvnf;}}
]]eifaemf...}}
]]aMomf...ar;Munfhwmyg}}
]]awmfawmf.../ eifwdkYudk bmrS rajymawmhbl;}}

- 126 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]ajymp&mvnf; ukefrSyJ/ at;at;armfwdkYqdk apmapmpD;pD; xjyefoGm;w,f}}


"mwk cHyufrnf tjyKrSmyJ ½lyu a&mufvm\/ tarmwMuD;jzpf\/
]]abmvHk;yGJu vmwm/ tcsdefrDatmif renf;ajy;vm&w,f}}
]]eifhMunfh&wm t&rf;yifyef;aeovdkyJ}}
]]at;av...igtm;ay;wJh toif;bufuae vlvSu 0ifuefw,f/ 11a,mufeJY 12
a,mufjzpfaeawmhwmaygh}}
]]a[mawmh}}

- 127 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

(18)

vltrsm;Mum;xJrSmrdkY rar;cJhaom ar;cGef;udk ckrSyJ "mwkar;&onf/ ta&;MuD;aomar;cGef;


r[kwfyg/ odkYaomf odcsifí ar;jcif;jzpfygonf/
]]aeygOD;[,f.../ tJ'Dvdk 11 a,mufeJY 12 a,muf uefaeawmh 'dkifvlMuD;u bmrS
rajymbl;vm;}}
]]csufcsif;awmh b,folrS rodbl;aygh[}}
]]vdkif;pfref;awGuaum}}
]]olwdkYvnf;rodbl;}}
]]csufcsif;rSm rodwmudk ajymwmr[kwfvm;}}
]]at;aygh}}
]]vlvSu ausmeHygwf b,favmufeJY 0ifuefwmvJ}}
]]13 wJY}}
]]b,ftcsdefrSm vlMuD;awG odoGm;ovJ}}
- 128 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]wpfzuftoif; *dk;orm;u xatmfwm}}


]]tJ'Dawmh...}}
]]eifhvif vlvSu aysmufoGm;aum}}
]]eif rrdkuf&dkif;eJYaemf}}
]]r[kwfygbl;/ pdwfr&SnfjyefjzpfrdvdkY ajymwmyg}}
]]eifu bmudpö pdwfr&Snf&wmvJ}}
]][... ig &Sufwmaygh[}}
]]bmjzpfvdkYvJ}}
]]'DaumifeJY igeJYu wpfax&mwnf; jzpfaewmudk;/ ighab;u vlawGu ighudk vSnfhMunfh
vSnfhMunfh vkyfMuwmaygh}}
]]atmifqef;OD;vnf; ygw,fqdk}}
]]at;... olutqdk;qHk;aygh}}
"mwk idkcsifoGm;aomfvnf; rxdef;EdkifyJ &,frdonf/ b,fvdkMuD;rSef;udk rodyg/
]]eifwdkY[muvnf;[m...}}
]]tJ'gudk xm;ygOD;}}
]]ajym...}}
]]ck eifeJY igeJYu ,l&awmhrSm}}
]]'guawmh eifhoabmyJav}}
]]bm...}}
]]at;av... eifu ighudk tajzawmif ray;bJ abmifausmfwmudk;}}
]]atmifrm... atmifrm/ vlyg;0vdkufwm}}
]]eifu ighudk cspfaMumif;ajymzdkY usefaeao;w,f}}
]][Gef;... eifhudk igu rcspfaygif}}
]]'gjzifh ighudk bmvdkY ,lrSmvnf;}}
]]eifha&m*g aysmufatmif ulnDrvdkY}}

- 129 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]raysmuf&if b,fvdk vkyfrvJ}}


]]tJY'Dtcgusawmhvnf; aemufvif ,l&Hkaygh[m}}
]]aMomf...eifu tckwnf;u tJYwmawG pOf;pm;xm;w,faygh/ [kwfvm;...}}
]]tlaMumifaMumif ½lyudk vifvkyf&rSmyJ? rpOf;pm;vdkY &rvm;}}
olwdkY\ pum;0dkif;u ESpfa,mufwnf;jzpfaomfvnf; tpyft[yf rwnfhvS?
ESpfa,mufvHk;uvnf; rcsdKrcsOf/ tawmfcufonfh aumifav;ESifh aumifrav;jzpfonf/ tck
olwdkYajymaeonfu r*Fvmcef;rSm/ pum;ajymonfhaeYu r*FvmaqmifrnfhaeY/
olwdkYu enf;enf;awmh tuGufaphonf/ r*Fvmaqmifrnfh cef;rudk ESpfcsdefquf
iSm;xm;jcif; jzpfonf/ r*FvmaqmifrSmu aemuftcsdefusrS? a&SYtcsdefrSm owdkYom;ESifh owdkYorD;wdkY
&efjzpfaeMuonf/ trSefqdk 0wfpm;qif,ifae&rnfhtcsdef/
tlaMumifaMumif ½lyu tcsdefudk jyefowdxm;rdygonf/
]]uJ...uJ... eifvnf; jyifp&m &dSwmjyifOD;/ eifhudk jyifay;r,fh tajcmufawG apmifhaejyD}}
xdkodkYajymjyD; vSnfhxGufcJh\/ "mwkuvnf; (½lypum;udk em;axmifwm r[kwfonfhwkdif)
tajcmufawGu...
]]uJ... orD;av;a&}}
]][kwfuJh}}
olwdkU\ yvl;yvJ a&,mOfausmrSm r[kwfrSef;odvsufESifh arsmae&ao;awmh\/
vSvSyy0wfpm;jyifqifjyD;umrS tlaMumifaMumif ½lyu owdkYom;0wfpHk0wfjyD; a&mufvmonf/
"mwku...
]]eifhudk b,foljyifay;ovJ}}
]]at;at;armfeJY ZmZmodrfh r[kwfygbl;}}
]]b,foljyifay;ovJ}}
]]rcifoef;OD;}}
]][if...[kwfvm;}}
]]at;av...tapmMuD;uwnf;u aMunmjyD;om;yJ/ eifrodbl;vm;}}
]]olu igh&JY owdkYorD;t&efqdk}}
]]tdk...igjzKwfcsvdkufjyD/ olu eifhxufvnf; toufMuD;wJh[m/ rwifhw,fygbl;}}
]]'gjzifh...}}

- 130 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]eifh&JY owdkYorD;t&efu at;at;armf? jyD;...ZmZmodrfh}}


]]bm...}}
]]olwdkY oabmaygufoGm;ygjyD[}}
]]"mwk bmyJajymajym auseyfoGm;avonf/ (rdef;rawGrsm;)
]]aeygOD;.../ eifu 'Dtcef;xJ bm0ifvkyfwmwkef;}}
]]aMomf...at;.... vm&if;udpöudk ajymzdkYarhaew,f/ igeifhqDvmwm xl;jcm;wJh tpDtpOf wpfck
ygvmw,f[}}
]]bmvJ}}
]]aMomf... ajymr,fav}}
wpfcgrS r*Fvmraqmifzl;ojzifh "mwk &ifckefjyD; pdwfawG vIyf&Sm;aeonf/ ½lyuawmh
tawGUtBuHKrsm;xm;jyD;aom vlvdkvdk/ bmrS rxl;jcm;ovdkvdk/
]]igwdkY {nfhonfawGudk xl;jcm;wJh tpDtpOfwpfckeJY {nfhcH&if raumif;bl;vm;}}
]]b,fvdk tpDtpOfvJ}}
]]ujyr,f[m}}
]]bm...}}
]]ujyr,fvdkY}}
]]iayg... at;at;aq;aq;aeprf;yg[m}}
]]eifu ighudk aemufaew,f atmufarhwmudk;/ igu twnfajymaewm}}
]][if}}
olu twnfajymonfqdkojzifh "mwk vefYoGm;onf/
]][Jh... bmvJ}}
]]'DrSm[ ig pmtkyfwpftkyf zwf&if; tawG;&vdkY}}
]]r*FvmaqmifcgeD;udk eifu pmtkyfzwfaeao;w,f}}
]]at;...}}
]]eifhES,f[m...xm;ygawmh/ bmpmtkyfvJ/ [dkydkYpfarmf'efqdkwmawGvm;/ avQmufrzwfeJYaemf/
ydkUpfarmf'ef0w¬KawGu usef;rma&;udk xdcdkufapw,fwJh/

- 131 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

]]r[kwfygbl;[/ igwdkYxufawmif toufMuD;wJh pmtkyfyg/ tcsdefr&Sdbl;/ igajymwmudk


em;axmifprf;/ eifu t&ifqHk; tysdKawmftu ...u}}
]]'ku©ygyJ.../ ig uwwfw,fvdkYrsm; eifMum;rdovm;}}
]]'DvdkyJ Munfhuvdkufaygh[m.../ b,fvdku&r,fqdkwm enf;vrf;ygvmw,f}}
]]b,frSmvJ}}
uzdkYtwGuf "mwk enf;enf;rS pdwfrul;yg/ ½ly b,favmuf
tlaMumifaMumifEdkifrnfvJqdkwmudk odvdkojzifh ½ly ,lvmaompmtkyf? axmufjyaom pmrsufESmudk
zwfvdkufonf/
]tysdKawmftuonf OD;acgif;? ycHk;? vufarmif;? cg;? &if? wif? aygif... paom
udk,ft*Fgtpdwftydkif;rsm;udk wpfrsdK;pD vIyfum vIyfum ujy&...}
owddkYorD; "mwk aqGUaqGUckefrwwf jzpfoGm;onf/
]]½ly/ eif...eif... ighudk bmatmufarhaevJ...[if}}
]]r[kwfbl;av.../ ightpDtpOfudk ajymr,f/ tysdKawmftuudk eift&ifu/ jyD;... ighudk
&nf&G,fjyD; opömawmfcHtuudku/ jyD;...igxGufvmr,f/ eifeJYig tJY'DYtcgusrS
ajr0dkif;ESpfyg;oGm;tuudk ur,f/ {nfhonfawG t&rf;oabmusrSm aocsmw,f}}
]]tm...awmfprf;yg t½l;&,f}}
]]½l;wmr[kwfbl;? wu,fajymwm}}
"mwk xdkifae&mrS 0kef;ueJ x&yf\/ "mwk tMuD;tus,f a'gyGaerSef;vnf; ½lyu r&dyfrd/
cef;rMuD;t0qD rsufapha&mufoGm;jyD;...
]]'DtefwDMuD;udk igjrifzl;ygw,f}}
"mwku vdkufMunfhjyD;...
]]ightar[Jh..ightar}}
]]aMomf...tJY'gaMumifh jrifzl;ygw,f atmufarhaewm/ jyifqifxm;awmh rrSwfrdbl;}}
a':uvsmaemufrS ½lytar a':oufxm;jrifhyg ygvmonf/
"mwk olwdkYqD ajcaqmifhidk,dkvsuf ajy;oGm;vdkufonf/
]][Jh...[Jh...b,fvdkjzpfwmvJ}}
]]u&r,fwJh arar&,f/ tefwDvnf; pOf;pm;MunfhygOD;}}

- 132 -
wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

"mwku ZmwfpHkcif;\/
]]ridkeJY... rikdeJYorD;/ jyifqifwmawG ysufukefOD;r,f}}
"mwk &Sif;jyonfrsm;ukd em;axmifjyD;csdefrSm a':oufxm;jrifhu...
]]½ly}}
]]Asm...}}
]]rif;..a0;a0;oGm;aevdkY r&bl;vm;}}
]][if...uRefawmf r*FvmaqmifrvdkYav}}
]]tcsdefvdkao;w,f? a0;a0;oGm;ae/ olrsm;udk raESmifh,SufeJY}}
qlnHqlnHtoHrsm;aMumifh xifonf/ atmifqef;OD;wdkY tkyfpk 0ifvmonf/ bmjzpfaerSef;
rodaomfvnf; tajctaeudk oabmaygufMu\/ &J0if;jrifhu...
]]½ly&m... rarTprf;ygeJY/ vm... vm... igwkdY tjyifoGm;r,f}}
]]b,fudk oGm;rSmvJ}}
]]um;wpfywf avQmufpD;r,fuGm/ 'g...rif;&JY vlysdKb0 aemufqHk;tcsdefav;yJ}}
]]at;av...oabmyJ}}
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pum;qdk&ef tcsdefr&ao;/

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wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

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=============================================================

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wm&mrif;a0 taetxdkifrwwfwJhMu,f

armovm;vdkY ar;w,f/ a&wdkufw,f/


udk,fhudk az;r wGJul...w,f/

tvHwpfvufudkifjyD;...
rif;a&SYrSm udk,f bHk;bHk;arSmufcJhaygh/

(wm&mrif;a0)
20-1-2003

Presented by Dotekha (www.myanmarcupid.net)

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