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Define chemistry. Name it’s any four branches and defines them.(06, 08)

What is scientific method? Write the names of its four stages and explain them. (06, 08)

 “Chemistry and human society go hand in hand” write five arguments in support of this
statement. (07)

Write the names of any five renowned scientists of the world and write one contribution of each
of them in the development of chemistry. (07)


What is a chemical reaction? (06, 07)

Define and give one example of each of the following:-
(i) Double Displacement Reaction (ii) Combustion Reaction. (06, 08)
State the law of conservation of mass and describe Landolt’s experiment for its verification. (06)

Define mole and Avogadro’s number. Calculate the mass of one atom of carbon in gram. (Atomic
mass of carbon=12). (06)

Balance the following chemical equations: (06)

NH3+O2  NO + H2O (06, 07)
KNO3  KNO2 + O2
C6 H12 O6  C2 H5 OH + CO2
Ca + H2O  Ca(OH)2 + H2
NaCl + MnO2 + H2SO4  Na2SO4 + MnO4 + H2O + Cl2
Define and give one example each of the following chemical reactions:-
(i)Addition Reactions (ii) Decomposition Reactions. (07)

Balance the following chemical equations: (07)

PCl3 + H2 O  H3 PO3 + HCl
Pb(NO3)2  PbO + NO2 + O2
Kl + MnO2 + H2SO4  K2SO4 + MnSO4 + H2O + I2
Zn + HNO3  Zn(NO3)2 + H2O + NH4 NO3

State the law of multiple proportions and the law of reciprocal proportions and explain any
one of them with the help of an example. (07, 08)
Define Molar Mass. Calculate the molar masses of the following compounds:- (at masses:Al=27,
O=16, K=39, Fe=56, C=12, N=14). (08)

What is chemical reaction? Define and give one example each of the following:- (08)
(i) Combustion Reaction(06, 08) (ii) Single Displacement Reaction.

Balance the following chemical equations: (08)

(i) Ba(NO3)2  BaO + NO2 + O
(ii) NH3 + CO  (NH2)2CO + H2O
(iii) PbO + O  Pb3 O4
(iv) CH4 + O2  CO2 +H2O
(iv) CaCO3 + Al2 Si2 O7  CaSiO3+Ca2 Al2O5+CO2

Define Mole Fraction. A solution has been prepared by dissolving moles of ethyl alcohol in 3
moles of water. Calculate the mole fractions of ethyl alcohol and water in this solution. (08)

Define the following:- CHP-2, 4

(i)Atomic mass (ii)Mole (iii)Boiling point (iv)Electron Affinity (v)Molecular

Write five characteristics of Cathode Rays. (06, 08)

Define the following:- (i)Radioactivity (ii) Isotopes (iii)Atomic Number (iv) Mass
Number (v) Atomic Mass. (06)

Describe Rutherford’s experiment which led him to the discovery of the nucleus of an atom. (07)

What is meant by radioactivity? Draw a labeled diagram showing the separation of Alpha, Beta
and Gamma rays. Also write two properties of each of these rays. (07)

What are Isotopes? Define the terms Mass Number and Atomic number. Give the symbol,
including the mass number and the atomic number for the atom, which has 2 fewer neutrons and 2
fewer protons than 2010Ne. (08)


State Mendeleev’s periodic law and write its four salient features. (06)

What are Metalloids? Write four differences between metals and non-metals. (06, 08)

Write five general properties of the elements of group VIIA of the periodic table. (07)

Define the following:- (i)Periodicity (ii)Atomic Radius

(iii) Electro negativity (iv) Electron Affinity (v) Ionization Potential. (07)

State the following laws:- (i) Dobereiner’s law of triad (ii) Newland’s law of octaves

(iii) Mendeleev’s periodic law (iv) Modern periodic law. (07)


Write five differences between Covalent Bond and Coordinate Covalent Bond. (06, 08)

Define the following:- (i)Ionic Bond (ii)Metallic Bond (iii)Dispersion Forces(London forces)
(iv)Vander Waal’s Forces (v)Dipole-Dipole Forces. (06)

What is a chemical bond? Define an ionic bond. Explain mechanism of formation of the ionic
bond in NaCl. (07)

What is a coordinate Covalent Bond? How is a coordinate covalent bond formed between
ammonia (NH3) and hydrogen ion (H+) producing ammonium (NH4+) radical? Explain. (07)


Define the following:- (i) Brownian Movement (ii) Evaporation

(iii) Fusion (iv) Sublimation (v) Boiling Point. (06)
State kinetic molecular theory Define the following: (08)
(i) Diffusion (ii) Brownian Movement (iii) Sublimation


Write five differences between a solution and a suspension? (06, 07, 08)

Define Molarity. Calculate the molarity of an aqueous solution that contains 5.3gm of sodium
carbonate dissolved in 500cm3 solution. (At masses: Na=23, C=12, O=16). (06, 07)

Define the following:- (08)

(i) Saturated Solution (ii) Unsaturated Solution (iii)Super-Saturated Solution
(iv) Solubility (v) Crystallization

Define Solubility. Write the names of the factors that affect solubility and describe the effect of
temperature on solubility. (08)


State Faraday’s 1st & 2nd laws of electrolysis and explain any one of them. (06)
With the help of a neat and labeled diagram explain the construction and working of a Dry Cell.
(06, 07)

A current of 5 amperes was passes through a solution of CuSO4 for one hour; calculate the mass
of the copper metal deposited on the cathode.(Electrochemical Equivalent of
copper=0.000329gm/C). (06, 07)

Define the following:- (i) Diffusion (ii) Heat of Neutralization

(iii) Faraday (iv) Coulomb (v) Ampere.(06)

State and explain Faraday’s 2nd Law of electrolysis. (07)

Define the following:-(i) Evaporation (ii) Sublimation (iii) Diffusion

(iv) Brownian Movement (v) Boiling point. (07)

Define the following:- (i)Heat of Neutralization (ii)Ampere

(iii)Exothermic reaction (iv)Faraday (v)Coulomb.(07)

With the help of a labeled diagram, explain the construction and working of lead Storage Battery.

What is electroplating? With the help of labeled diagram, explain how you would electroplate an
iron spoon with nickel? (08)


State Lewis concept of acids and Bases and explain it with the help of an example. (06, 08)

Write two physical and four chemical properties of Acids. Write one balanced equations in
support of each chemical property. (06)

State Bronsted-Lowry Theory of Acids and Bases and explain it with the help of the examples of
HCl and NH3. (07)

What is a double salt? Write the chemical formula of the following salts:- (07)
(i)Potash alum (ii) Chrome alum (iii)Carnalite (iv)Mohr’s Salt

Define the following:- (08)

CHP-9, 10
(i) Neutralization (ii) Titration (iii) Salt (iv) pH
(v) Double Salt

Define an Exothermic Reaction and give two examples of exothermic reactions. (06)


Describe giving balanced chemical equations of the Solvay’s process for the manufacture of
sodium, carbonate. (08)

Define a “Thermochemical Reaction”. What is meant by “Enthalpy of a reaction”? Also define

Endothermic Reaction and give its two examples. (07) CHP-

What is an Ion? Write the electronic configuration of sodium ion and chloride ion. What Is an
Ionic Compound? Write the chemical formula of sodium chloride. (08) CHP-