504 absolutely essential words

Lesson One
Abandon: desert; leave without planning to come back; quit; leave behind; reject; renounce; and give up Anecdote: short narrative describing an interesting or amusing incident; tale; narrative; urban myth Bachelor: unmarried man; graduate who holds a bachelor's degree Bear: give birth; something difficult to do or deal with; endure; carry; support; suffer; produce Blade: edge (of a knife); cutting portion of a razor; thin leaf; paddle; bat; racquet; propeller Break in: enter forcibly; interrupt a person while he is speaking; an illegal forced entry in order to steal something Breeding: courtesy; education; upbringing; rearing; cultivation; producing offspring Cloak: loose sleeveless outer garment that fastens at the neck and hangs down the back; mask; disguise; cover Contest: fight for; appeal; challenge; competition Cot: a small bed with high barred sides for a baby or very young child; light portable bed; a camp bed Data: information; facts; facts and statistics used for reference or analysis; the quantities Detective: investigative; one who searches for information and evidence relevant to specific occurrences Flirting: coquetry; affectionate and playful conduct meant to arouse sexual interest; brief romance Gallant: brave; showing respect for women; chivalrous; gentlemanly Generous: freely giving more of something than is necessary or expected; giving; unselfish; abundant; plentiful Gesture: express an idea or emotion through bodily movements; motion of to emphasize or help to express a thought Hardship: something that is hard to bear; difficulty; suffering; trouble; severe suffering or privation; misfortune; bad luck Jealous: afraid that the one you love might prefer someone else; wanting what someone else has Keen: sharp; intense; eager; clever; perceptive; astute; strong; enthusiastic; wonderful; amazing Knight: medieval warrior; man who holds an honorary nonhereditary rank; chess piece shaped like a horse's head Lot: divide; allocate; section of land; film studio; large amount; a great deal Muddy: covered in mud; cloudy; hazy; vague; cover in mud; make impure; confuse the issue; make unclear Oath: a promise that something is true; words of a solemn promise; a curse Peg: fasten with clothespin; strengthen with a wedge; reinforce with a spike Puddle: small pool of water or liquid; mud; pool of foul stagnant water; dirty; pollute; roll about in the mud Qualify: become fit; show that you are able; meet the minimum standards; restrict; attribute a quality or characteristic Swore: past of swear; solemnly promise; curse; use obscene language; testify under oath (Law); bind by an oath Tact: ability to say the right thing; diplomacy; ability to skillfully deal with people; sense of what is proper or appropriate Unaccustomed: unfamiliar; not accustomed to; unusual; not used to something Upbringing: rearing of children; the treatment and instruction received from one's parents throughout childhood Vacant: empty; unfilled; unoccupied; not in use; lacking expression; not claimed Widow: woman whose husband has died; take away something valuable

Lesson two
Adventure: escapade; exciting experience; risky undertaking; put oneself at risk; take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome Blanket: cover; coat; a large piece of woolen material used as a covering for warmth as on a bed Castle: large building typically of the medieval period; chateau; palace; turret; tower Cemetery: place where dead people are buried; a tract of land used for burials Cheat: deceive; swindle; betray; be disloyal; break rules; obtain answers or information in a dishonest way Coffin: a long; narrow box in which a dead body is buried or cremated. Conceal: hide; cover; keep secret Corpse: a dead body; especially of a human Deadened: diminish; alleviate; anesthetize; numb; make less lively; become dead Dismal: dark; gloomy; cheerless; depressing; sad Fled: past and past participle of flee; escape; run away; move swiftly; hurry Frigid: very cold; frozen; sexually unresponsive Grave: place where a person or thing is buried; severe; serious; critical; somber; sober Inhabit: occupy; live in; dwell in; reside in; populate; be present in; be inside of Janitor: custodian; maintenance man; gatekeeper; doorman; warden; cleaner; maintenance man Latitude: angular distance on a meridian north or south of the equator; an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth Legal: of or pertaining to the law; allowed by law; established by law; according to law Longitude: angular distance measured east or west from the prime meridian; an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth Maid: servant; cleaning lady; young girl; unmarried woman; virgin Numb: without the power of feeling; deadened; lacking sensitivity; in shock; senseless Peril: danger; risk; hazard; a situation of serious and immediate danger Recline: lie in a horizontal position; lie back; lie down and rest; stretch out; lean back Revenge: action taken in return for an injury or offense; take vengeance; avenge; retaliate; requite Shack: small crude shelter used as a dwelling; a roughly built hut or cabin; live together without being legally married Shriek: scream; loud shrill cry; screech Sinister: evil; wicked; dishonest; frightening; malicious; threatening; ominous; portending evil; on the left side; Slight: small; light; lacking substance; unimportant; treat with indifference; pay no attention to; disrespect Slum: poor neighborhood; densely populated poverty-stricken area of a city Stuck: past participle of stick; fixed in place; caught; puzzled; jab or poke with a pointed object; fasten; put in a particular place Teller: a person who deals with customers' transactions in a bank; cashier; vote counter Tempt: try to get someone to do something; test; invite; entice; tantalize; seduce Wage: salary; payment; earnings; a fixed regular payment for work typically paid on a daily or weekly basis Wager: bet; gamble the act of gambling; stake on the outcome of an issue Wicked: evil; bad mischievous; vicious; malicious; severe; unjustified; dangerous; unpleasant; vile

Lesson three
Annual: occurring once a year; something that appears Anoint: rub oil on a person's head or feet as part of a religious ceremony; smear with a liquid Appeal: plead; request; petition for a new trial or judgment; earnest or urgent request Barely: hardly; scarcely; by a small margin Blend: mixture; combination; mix together thoroughly Breezes: light wind; quarrel; feud; any undertaking that is easy to do; a gentle wind Contrary: contradictory; opposed; stubborn; obstinate; in opposition; against; counter Costume: clothing; outfit; dress of a distinctive style or period; style of dress; woman's outfit Devise: think out; plan; invent; bequeath property through a will Dined: eat dinner; give a dinner for; have supper; dinner party Dispute: argue; debate; appeal; contest; oppose; fight against; disagreement; argument Essential: necessary; very important; needed; fundamental; impossible to live without Excessive: immoderate; exceeding normal bounds; extreme; more than is necessary Exorbitant: excessive; extreme; disproportionate; expensive; greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation Expensive: costly; high priced; precious Grant: award; gift; present; contribution; donation; agree; donate; agree to give or allow Immoderate: excessive; extreme; exaggerated; not moderate; not within reasonable limits Labor: strenuous physical or mental work;; job or work that must be accomplished; work-force; worker Legislative: having the authority to make or enact laws; having the power to make laws; relating to laws or a legislature Minimum: least possible amount; smallest possible size; lowest degree Persuade: convince; induce; cause to do something through reasoning or argument; win over to do or believe; make willing Precious: expensive; valuable; priceless; beloved; dear; affectedly delicate; overly refined Quarrel: fight; an angry dispute; argue; struggle; squabble; conflict; complain; find fault Retail: pertaining to the sale of goods to final consumers; of the sale of merchandise to end users Roam: travel about aimlessly; wander; drift; rove; move about aimlessly or without any destination Scarce: hard to get; rare; not abundant; in short supply Shade: cast a shadow upon; dim; darken; screen; hide from view; protect from light; cover with a shade change gradually Shortening: add butter or other fat; act of making shorter; act of cutting; abbreviation; solid fat used in baking Slaughter: butcher an animal; murder a person; indiscriminately kill a large number of people or animals; kill (animals) for food Strike: temporary work stoppage; hit; blow; knocking down of all pins at one time (Bowling); failure to hit a ball (Baseball) Talent: natural ability; innate ability or skill; capacity for achievement; talented person Typical: usual; of a kind; characteristic; representative; conforming to the expected; standard; classic Visible: able to be seen; can be clearly seen; in view; observable; obvious; apparent Wholesale: on a large scale; in large quantities; at a wholesale price; less than retail in price

Lesson four
Aggravate: make worse; exacerbate; annoy Beau: a man who is the lover of a girl or young woman; lover; young man courting a woman; suitor Cellar: basement; underground room; wine cellar; a storage space or room below ground level in a house Circulate: go around; go from place to place or person to person; move around; distribute; pass around; hand out Complain: find fault; express displeasure; express dissatisfaction or annoyance Convincing: persuasion; influencing; swaying; cause to believe firmly in the truth of something Country: rural; located away from urban areas; state; region; inhabitants of a particular nation; one's homeland Crab: any of a number of crustaceans having five pairs of walking legs; grouch; bad-tempered person Crumble: fall to pieces; shatter; collapse; break into small crumbs; fall apart Dense: closely packed together; thick; compact; close; stupid; slow Descend: go or come down from a higher place to a lower level; go down; lower oneself morally Eliminate: remove; get rid of; omit; terminate or take out Enormous: extremely large; immense; huge; extraordinarily large in size or extent or amount or power or degree Extravagant: lacking restraint in spending money or using resources; unrestrained in especially feelings; lavish; costly; excessive Folk: people; people who share a common background or way of life; cultural or ethnic group Fortify: garrison; defend; strengthen; reinforce; enrich; make strong or stronger Gossip: talk about the private affairs of others; spread rumors; light informal conversation for social occasions Hoop: encircle; surround; make a basket; a rigid circular band Humid: moist; damp; marked by a relatively high level of water vapour in the atmosphere Mist: fog; haze; veil of tears; blurry vision; a cloud of tiny water droplets in the atmosphere at or near the earth's surface Perceive: feel; sense; be aware of; distinguish; discern; see; behold; become conscious of Predict: tell beforehand; prophesy; foretell; announce in advance Schemer: planner; deviser; one who plots; a planner who draws up a personal scheme of action Scissors: a cutting tool consisting of two blades which slide against one another and cut material placed between them Sleet: partly frozen rain; mixture of snow and rain; rain containing some ice; or snow melting as it falls Swamp: an area of waterlogged ground; flood; fill or cover with water; inundate; overwhelm Sword: weapon consisting of a long straight or curved blade fixed to a hilt; a cutting or thrusting weapon with a long blade Theory: explanation based on thought observation or reasoning; coherent group of general assumptions; speculation; hypothesis Utilize: make use of; make practical and effective use of; employ Vacate: give up; leave; and leave behind empty Vanish: disappear; disappear suddenly; cease to exist; pass away rapidly Vapor: moisture in the air that can be seen; fog; steam; mist Villain: a very wicked person; a wicked person or a person guilty of a crime Weed: a wild plant growing where it is not wanted and in competition with cultivated plants; tobacco; cigarettes

relating to or derived from documents Dragnet: net which is dragged in fishing or hunting. release moisture. free from sin or wrongdoing. disappear. avoid or try to avoid fulfilling answering or performing Evaporate: turn into vapor. be shaped. passed on from one person to another. a load. examine thoroughly. dresser. get organized. display. turn from liquid into vapor Explore: go over carefully. a very small drop of a liquid Evade: get away from by trickery or cleverness. unconventionally modern and stylish Hand down: passed on as by inheritance. unsophisticated. consider Documentary: a film or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event. investigate.Lesson five Altitude: height. accidental. some situation or event that is thought about Tradition: beliefs. advertise. bring together. deal with. a change for the better as a result of correcting abuses Riot: a public act of violence by an unruly mob. make by putting pieces together Batter: a ballplayer who is batting in baseball. a flexible slender surgical instrument used to explore body cavities Reform: make better. become vapor. transfer. method by which someone or something is found or caught Droplet: a tiny drop. not guilty. change. the age when a person is legally a full adult Pretending: the act of giving a false appearance. rustic. office Campus: grounds of a collage university or school. improve by removing faults. opinions. act in a role Probe: search into. random. investigate. weigh down. make believe with the intent to deceive. magician . a violent disturbance of the peace by a crowd Rioter: one who takes part in a riot. vanish. a field on which the buildings of a university are situated Career: the particular occupation for which you are trained. characteristic of a small town. troublemaker who participates in a violent disturbance of the peace Rural: in the country. look into closely. temporary. writing desk. an ugly evil-looking old woman Wizard: someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field. panicky. informal Debate: a discussion in which reasons for and against something are brought out. beat. argue. run away. more than half. the general progression of your working life Casual: without or seeming to be without plan or method. fashionable. accept as a challenge Topic: subject that people think write or talk about. cause to work. publicize. distance above sea level Assemble: gather together. naive. defy. without effort Innocent: free from evil or guilt. cool. present. simple. behave in a more respectable manner Take on: accept responsibility. harmless Majority: the larger number. discuss. genius. living in or characteristic of farming or country life Shape up: develop in a positive way. direct attention to Burden: what is carried. terrified. greater part. oppose Bring out: express. develop. avoid. a long thin stick or rod especially one held as a symbol of office Witch: a female sorcerer or magician. strike. an onerous or difficult concern Bureau: an administrative unit of government. research Funky: fearful. superficial. admit into a group or community. customs handed down from one generation to another. one who practices magic or sorcery. an inherited pattern of thought or action Wand: a baton used by a magician or water diviner. get together. weight to be borne or conveyed. hit repeatedly Beard: the hair growing on the lower part of a man's faces. occupy. examine. put together. make visible. travel to unknown regions. profession.

lacking interest or excitement Employee: a person who works for pay. district. deaden. fail to care for. matter. or obtaining. a room or floor which is partly or entirely below ground level Bracelet: piece of jewelry worn around the wrist. cool. common Praise: an expression of approval and commendation. the head of a city government Neglect: give too little care or attention to. story of a building which is underground. receive votes Popular: liked by most people. beyond doubt . well-liked. drive Superstition: belief that is not based on fact. forget to perform (a duty. drive out. maintenance.Lesson six Accuse: one who has been charged with a crime. cold Client: a person who seeks the advice of a lawyer. deceive Deprive: take away possessions from someone. rob. including all or everything. device. get the opinion. division of land Deceive: make someone believe as true something that is false. covering completely. gadget. discern. accepted. the act of guiding or showing the way. deal. banish. having a thorough understanding of a subject Convict: prove someone guilty of a crime. appeal to. sustenance. or standard. complete. of the general population. keep from having. discover Dull: boring. not sharp. be negligent. convince someone of error or wrongdoing. cheat Defect: fault. customer. buyer Comprehensive: including much. prevent from having. tool. a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship. concern Appliance: a device that is very useful for a particular job. apparatus Approach: come near or nearer to in distance. rights and etc by cheating. means of supporting oneself. unquestionably. eject. express admiration. approved. exile. depress or discourage. gloomy. that which is wrong. abandon Pilgrim: Christian who has traveled to a sacred place. deficiency. admired. finished Undoubtedly: certainly. be dishonest with. stupid. deny Detect: find out. occupation Mayor: elected official acting as executive head of a town or city. a series of vertebrae extending from the skull to the small of the back Steering: act of causing a vehicle to move in a particular direction. imperfection. one who has been blamed Affair: a vaguely specified concern. location where convicted criminals and people awaiting trial are confined Livelihood: the financial means whereby one lives. backbone. a worker who is hired to perform a job Expel: force to leave or move out. weakness. irony Spine: spinal column of a vertebrate. keeping. mislead. comprehensive. one who makes a journey for religious reasons Poll: an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people. not intelligent. satire. limitation Defraud: take money. remove from a position or office Jail: prison. express approval of Sarcasm: witty language used to convey insults or scorn. disregard. turn to Basement: cellar. an irrational belief arising from ignorance or fear Thorough: being all that is needed. time. an ornamental band or chain worn on the wrist or arm Brake: devices which allow one to slow or stop a vehicle Chill: coldness due to a cold environment. prisoner County: a region created by territorial division for the purpose of local government. not shiny. cheat.

delay. an accident that destroys a ship at sea. rushing stream. should arrive at a specific time Entitle: give the right to. Unique: having no like or equal. pill containing medicine Condemn: express strong disapproval of. a lawyer appointed to act for another in legal matters Capsule: a small case or covering. flow freely. declare guilty Conqueror: someone who is victorious by force of arms. law. sad. forceful Wreck: something or someone that has suffered ruin or dilapidation. singular. being the only one of its kind. rub. destroy . score or mark with a sharp or pointed object Stream: a natural body of running water flowing on or under the earth. blow. unanticipated. a strong and fast-moving stream of water or other liquid Unforeseen: not known beforehand. using unwarranted injurious force. give permission or approval. permission to do something. team of people working together. a small container. unexpected. bulky. group of people who associate for social or criminal purposes Gloomy: dark. strong. in low spirits. set of governing principles Crew: group of people working together on an air or watercraft. dim. fitting. matchless. censure. suitable. express strong disapproval. right. flood. depressing. lacking clarity or distinctness.Lesson seven Attic: section of a house below the roof. characterized by hopelessness. flow. arrange for something to take place at a time later than that first scheduled Preserve: keep from harm or change. low wall at the top of a classical building which hides the roof Attorney: a professional person authorized to practice law. not shining brightly or clearly Due: that which is deserved or owed. protect. give an affirmative reply to Constitution: law determining the fundamental political principles of a government. payable. victor. act of looking over carefully and critically. depressing in character or appearance Hall of fame: building which houses plaques and statues honoring famous people Inspection: a formal or official examination. rule. annoy. denounce. not foreseen. declare or judge unfit. review Lifeguard: expert swimmer employed to watch over other swimmers and rescue anyone in danger of drowning Massive: big and heavy. a domain that seems to be specially reserved for someone Resent: feel injured and angered at something. adequate. convict. band. pour out from. rare Violent: acting with or resulting from great force or emotional intensity. accuse Dim: become or make darker. be displeased or bitter Scratch: scrape. have a feeling of ill will. disturb. enormous Molest: interfere with and trouble. give a title to Gang: an association of criminals. unequaled. keep safe. sexually harass Outfielder: player in the outfield. Baseball) Postpone: put off to a later time. make a small cut or laceration. wave Torrent: any violent. social unit Denounce: condemn in public. one who defeats Consent: agree. a heavy rain. large and solid. bother. speak out against. ruin. player in the outermost field (Sports.

given prominence Foreman: a person who exercises control over workers. guarantee. novice Apparent: obvious. logical. unmistakable. continue to live after another has died. boring. ordinary. feeling or condition of being safe. Valid: supported by facts or authority. stock Skim: glance through quickly. in good order. depict. splendid. readily perceived or understood. dull Prominent: well-known. send out Reluctant: unwilling. hesitant Ridiculous: absurd. apparent. make larger than normal Featured: characterize. seeming real or true Bulky: large. drawing of a conclusion Lumberjack: a person who fells trees. make something seem greater or more important than it really is. clumsy Clue: something which helps to solve a problem. regular. concerned with fate or destiny . poor Neat: clean or orderly. unearthly. safety. act of deriving. not messy Obvious: easily seen or understood. queer. coloring. not professional. important.Lesson eight Amateur: a person who does something for pleasure not for money or as a profession. completely devoid of wisdom or good sense. inspiring wonder or awe. of such excellence or beauty as to inspire great admiration or awe Survive: live longer than. noting only the important points. average. having a quality that thrusts itself into attention. protection. have a sexual encounter. well-founded Variety: lack of sameness. bring into a particular state or condition. massive. a thin layer of a substance on the surface of a liquid. broadly or extravagantly humorous Security: freedom from danger. go to sleep. defense. famous Put out: move to or place in a particular position. clear. make proud. tidy or carefully arranged. a fact or piece of evidence used to solve a crime or that serves to reveal Dye: a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e. care. fabrics or hair.g. having features as specified. noticeable. of medium quality. well grounded in logic or truth or having legal force. describe. plain. logger. a frequently visited place Inference: a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning. any of numerous low-growing small-flowered violas. unwillingness to do something contrary to your custom. stop bothering. supernatural. not to be doubted. outlive. continue to live. leader of a jury Get off: come down or off of. remain alive after. annoy. strange. sound. odd. fill with high spirits. endure or last. low-grade. slow and clumsy because of great weight. of a color midway between red and blue Weird: mysterious. escape a punishment Haunted: obsessed or terrified in a strange manner. pigment. of large size for its weight. or fear. make happy. fill with optimism. small group of people trained to work together as a team. man who is in charge of a group of people. evident Ponderous: heavy. a cooperative unit Sublime: wonderful. hint. tint Elate: put in high spirits. true. clear to the eye or mind. Squad: small military unit. beautify Exaggerate: overstate. taking up much space. the quality or state of being different or diverse Violet: purple color. weighty. a number of different things. one who cuts down and prepares trees for sale Mediocre: neither good nor bad. visited or populated as if by ghosts. remove.

withstand. something that arouses intense but brief enthusiasm. resist Sundae: ice cream served with a topping. try to prevent by action or argument Sawbuck: a framework for holding wood that is being sawed. send away. wonderful. deduce. five-dollar bill (Slang) Grand: large. struggle. not possible to deny Vicinity: region near a place. have not enough. intense enjoyment. test one's ability Conclude: end. a person who lives in a main city Miniature: represented in a small scale. neighborhood. challenge. sophisticated. originate from Strive: attempt by employing effort. one who watches from the side Poke fun: subject to laughter or ridicule. finish.Lesson nine Banish: expel from a community or group. observer. strive against. proximity. cannot be questioned. one thousand dollars (Slang) Ignore: pay no attention. magnificent. indisputable. 100 years Challenge: call to a fight. a demanding or stimulating situation. area. eagerness Fin: organ attached to various parts of a fish's body for steering. overlook. splendid. spectator. compete. make fun Poodle: an intelligent dog with a heavy curly solid-colored coat that is usually clipped Rage: violent anger. decide. oppose. refuse to recognize. as for punishment. ban from a place of residence. characteristic of a important city. order by law District: region. record in detail. try hard. passion Resist: act against. of a much smaller size than normal Onlooker: someone who looks on. disregard. a dish of ice cream with added ingredients such as fruit. the state of feeling bored Century: period of one hundred years. tiny. ten-dollar bill (Slang) Source: place which something comes or is obtained. and syrup Thunderstorm: a storm resulting from strong rising air currents. great interest. anger. be immune to the effects of. nearby area . a region marked off for administrative or other purposes Document: something handwritten or printed that gives information or proof of some fact. main. a surrounding or nearby region. record for evidence Enthusiasm: a feeling of excitement. reject. reach a conclusion after a discussion or deliberation Decree: an official order that has the force of law. be missing Metropolitan: of or pertaining to a capital city. chief. origin. heavy rain or hail along with thunder and lightning Undeniable: not to be denied. starting point. decide by reasoning. invite to engage in a contest. refuse to acknowledge Lack: be entirely without something. endeavor. reduced in size. nuts. dismiss Boredom: the feeling of being bored by something tedious. the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable.

using tricks for a dishonest purpose Masculine: male. not authentic Pony: small horse. having been previously Jockeys: someone employed to ride horses in horse races. a person or thing competing with another for superiority or the same objective Squeeze: the act of gripping and pressing firmly. market. difficult to treat or deal with. ride. strong. end resistance. capable of change. raise. be better than. compress. press on. danger. be anxious about Excel: do better than. an estimate that is less than the true or actual value. fearful expectation or anticipation. be exceptionally good at an activity or subject Fair: a traveling show.Lesson Ten Admit: declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of. be flexible under stress . characteristic of a woman. animal which can be ridden Mountebank: charlatan. especially under pressure or force. simple. ancient. forsaken. a professional rider in horse races Juggling: the act of rearranging things to give a misleading impression. participate in a contest. very many. an inclination towards a particular characteristic or type of behavior Underestimate: set too low a value. press firmly Stubborn: persisting in a reactionary stand. underrate Victorious: having won a victory. the beliefs or opinions that are generally held about someone Rival: competitor. accept as valid Attitude: a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways Compete: try hard to get something wanted by others. establish. earlier. amusement Phony: something fake. be a rival. amount or rate. multiple Pastime: an activity that one does regularly for enjoyment. willing to yield. entertainment. especially at night Yield: production of a certain amount. do very well. miniature breed of horse Quack: one who practices medicine without having the proper qualifications. having qualities traditionally associated with women Flexible: easily bent. left desolate or empty. treating people equally. a hobby. measure oneself against others Deserted: abandoned. characterized by or pertaining to victory Watchman: a guard who keeps watch. charlatan. sound made by a duck Remedies: a medicine or treatment for a disease or injury. located in a dismal or remote area Dread: look forward to with fear. hard to control Tendency: leaning. resistant to change. bazaar. considerable in size or amount Feminine: of woman or girl. confess to something. having a humble opinion of yourself. first. allow entrance. able to change readily to meet new circumstances Former: previous. ascend. a man employed to look after an empty building. of the past. causing great fear. extract by pressure. movement in a certain direction. a person who deceives others Numerous: amounting to a large indefinite number. past. something that is a source of danger Modest: marked by simplicity. exhibition. consisting of a great number. one who pretends to be a doctor giving phony medical advice. something that corrects something that fixes Reputation: the state of being held in high esteem and honor. fear greatly. characteristic of men. winning. of the female sex. impostor. surpass. festival. opponent. manlike. prior. limited Mount: get up on. of man. be talented. climb up. successful. bother. persistent. conquering. having appearance traditionally associated with men Menace: threat.

and nothing more Minority: smaller number or part. unclear. imagination. sex. done without the company of others. proof. not gentle Scuba diving: the sport or pastime of swimming underwater using a scuba Shoreline: the line along which a large body of water meets the land. bush Slope: side of a hill. bestowing. group of ten. crude. incident Proverb: a short pithy saying in general use. nonsensical. pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness Juror: a member of a jury.) Mitten: hand covering for use in cold weather with one section for the fingers and one section for the thumb Occasion: particular event. raw. rough. usual. saying Recent: done. inconsistent with reason or logic or common sense Binocular: an optical instrument designed for simultaneous use by both eyes. soft. or occuring not long ago. lonely. disagreement. unwilling to hear. less than half. occurring repeatedly. cruel or severe. on itself and tightening it. two-eyed Conflict: direct opposition. be undecided. regular. heedless. not smooth or level. someone who serves (or waits to be called to serve) on a jury Knot: a fastening made by looping a piece of string. a small group of people Mediation: intervene in a dispute to bring about an agreement. foolish. or the time at which it takes place. simply. not tightly controlled and therefore ineffective Frequent: happening often. a surface of which one end or side is at a higher level than another Solitary: alone. an equal exchange Vision: act or power of seeing with the eye. a boundary line between land and water Shrub: a woody plant which is smaller than a tree and has several main stems arising at or near the ground. a serious disagreement or argument Deaf: unable to hear. imaginative narrative which has no basis in fact. part of a population differing in some characteristic (race. give. single. belonging to a period of time not long ago Rough: having an uneven or irregular surface. just. stating a general truth or piece of advice. having happened or been done lately. adapted for or using both eyes. occurrence. the ability to think about or plan the future with imagination or wisdom . rope. a period of ten years Evidence: that which makes clear the truth or falsehood of something. fight. your basis for belief or disbelief Fiction: that which is imagined or made up. only. common. opportunity. severe. made. purely. etc. agree to give or allow (something requested) to Harsh: unpleasantly rough or jarring to the senses. be uncertain. silly. extremely unkind Hesitate: fail to act quickly.Lesson Eleven Absurd: plainly not true or sensible. coming at short intervals or habitually Granting: fulfilling (of a request or desire). weak. incline. tie. event. act of bringing peace between two nations who are at dispute Merely: only. etc. unwilling to listen or respond to Decade: ten years. unreasonable. limp. act of creating with the imagination Flabby: lacking firmness or stiffness. secluded or isolated Swap: exchange one thing for another. make an exchange or trade.

airy. make impure. injure. etc. a police officer ranking below an inspector Sought: past and past participle of seek. resembling or containing water Audible: able to be heard. used for boring holes. far above the ground. glowing. fiery. the action or fact of dying or being killed Decrease: make or become smaller or fewer in size. financial officer. living in a city Urgent: demanding immediate action or attention. attempt to find Treasurer: one in charge of the funds of an organization. show. shine Comet: a relatively small extraterrestrial body consisting of a frozen mass that travels around the sun in a highly elliptical orbit Death penalty: punishment of death for a criminal offense. command against. contaminate (water. immediate Whisper: speak very softly using one's breath rather than one's throat. offend . watery. candid and honest Halo: a circle of light round the sun or moon caused by refraction through ice crystals in the atmosphere Igneous: formed by great heat (Geology). male child Sergeant: noncommissioned military officer ranked above a airman first class. request. make public. important. exhibit. prevent Reveal: make known. reduce. overflow Frank: free in expressing one’s real thoughts. especially in the dark Medieval: of or pertaining to the Middle Ages. fully sufficient. or other impact. like the Middle Ages Meteors: a small body of matter from outer space that becomes incandescent as a result of friction with the earth's atmosphere Pollute: make dirty. heard or perceptible by the ear Blaze: a very large or fiercely burning fire. a structure that transmits or receives radio or television signals Aqueous: of or relating to water. momma's boy.) with harmful or poisonous substances. cause to start burning Luminous: emitting light. amount. go in search of. the air. suitable. catch fire or cause to catch fire. pressing. blow. pertaining to or characteristic of a city. bright or shining. not hiding what is in one’s mind. satisfactory or acceptable Aerial: living in the air. or feelings. or degree. practice. great stream of water. revoke Adequate: as much as is needed. search for. enough.Lesson twelve Abolish: formally put an end to (a practice or institution). money handler Urban: of or having to do with cities or towns. understandable. total number of people living in an area. start to burn. cause or allow to be seen Boy Scout: member of the Boy Scouts (boys' club that stresses outdoor life and service to others). all the inhabitants of a particular place Prohibit: forbid by law or authority. a very bright light or display of colour. decline Drill: tool or machine with a rotating or reciprocating cutting tip. bright. speaking softly without vibration of the vocal cords Wound: an injury to living tissue caused by a cut. opinions. train Flood: an overflow of a large amount of water over dry land. one in charge of a treasury. cancel. intensity. ruin Population: people of a city or country. outlaw. ignite. expose. lessen. of or pertaining to fire Ignite: set on fire. display.

continue to exist Revive: bring back or come back to life or counciousness. be expressed by a person's eyes Hazy: misty. vague. insist. refuse to stop or be changed. be wide open . act of operating and navigating a sailboat. having a hole or empty space inside Identify: recognize as being or show to be a certain person or thing. managees. smoky. turn out to be useful Commence: begin. belonging to (a group. watching. prove to be the same. shine brightly. one who revises and corrects a manuscript and helps to improve it Exhausted: tired. establish the identity of Journalist: one who writes for. having nothing inside. immigrate. friend Girl scout: member of an organization for girls aimed at developing citizenship. man or boy. tire out completely Famine: starvation. or psychological problems. paying attention. concern. edits. device Vessel: a ship. deal. smash into pieces. stand firm. social. move forward abruptly Migrate: move from one place to another. paying close attention especially to details Persist: continue firmly. instrument. noticing. sparkle. matter. weak. especially with reflected light. tool. resettle seasonally. restore. relate. or produces a newspaper or magazine. tube containing body fluid. renew. great shortage. filled or abounding with fog or mist. a hollow container. boat. a boat or ship Editor: person who prepares a publication. a matter that is a particular person's concern or responsibility Burst: break or cause to break suddenly and violently apart. a currently circulating story or report of unverified or doubtful truth Sailing: act of traveling on a sailboat. start. reactivate. unclear Hollow: empty. drained of energy. container Yawn: involuntarily open the mouth wide and inhale due to drowsiness or fatigue. supervisor Craft: an activity involving skill in making things by hand. take the first step or steps in carrying out an action Counselor: person trained to give guidance on personal. worthless. academic organization.Lesson thirteen Affair: amour. move to a new area in order to find work Observant: quick to notice. become unfit for eating. persevere. put into action again Rumor: unverified information spread by gossip. a girl belonging to the Scout Association Gleam: a flash or beam of light. someone who keeps a diary or journal Lunge: sudden forward movement of the body. guy. especially for household use. watchful. the act of exploding or bursting something Came in handy: be useful. serve a purpose. unclear. act of cruising Spoil: diminish or destroy the value or quality of. extreme scarcity of food Fellow: having membership in. implement. harm the character of a child by being too indulgent Utensil: tool or container.). etc.

and uncontrolled Skinny: unattractively thin. make an exact copy of. unmanageable.Lesson fourteen Bewildered: confused completely. or speaking against Oval: elliptical shape. disregarding or taking pleasure in the pain or suffering of others Duplicate: an exact copy. brutal. like a brute. moderate. savage. cause to be confused emotionally Bitter: having a sharp. (of a person's features) not elegantly formed or proportioned Cruel: heartless. wild. wicked. impolite. rough force. doubtful or suspect Tempered: having a particular state of mind. thin So called: inaccurately or questionably designated as such. part of a city near the shore. push suddenly or violently in the specified direction Turf: ground-level layer of matted soil and plant roots. savagely violent Coarse: crude. new arrival. spinning. pungent taste or smell. not sweet. one who is expected to lose. lawless. forceful. a copy that corresponds to an original exactly Junior: for or denoting young or younger people. having a rounded and slightly elongated outline. rough. person fighting. a part of a town or city alongside a body of water Whirling: turning or swinging round and round. very angry. puzzled. strong. area of influence or expertise (Slang) Underdog: person having the worst of any struggle. known as. a tendency to become angry easily Thrust: push with force. slim. a noisy fight in a crowd Brutal: coarse and savage. untamed. loser Unruly: hard to rule or control. game. disorderly and disruptive Vicious: evil. causing pain or unhappiness Brawl: a noisy quarrel or fight. cruel or violent. uncivilized. repeat exactly. raging. egg-shaped Pit bull: a dog of any of several breeds that was developed and trained for fighting and is noted for strength and stamina Rival: person who wants and tries to get the same thing as another. who is called. brutal. ungovernable. very intense or powerful Waterfront: area by the shore. soften. struggling. territory (Slang). cruel. violent. drive by applying pressure. one recently admitted Opponent: a person who is on the other side of the fight. move or cause to move rapidly round and round . or discussion. causing suffering and pain. toughen. faulty in character Violent: acting or done with strong. one who tries to equal or do better than another Roller derby: used for an entertainment involving a contest between two roller-skating teams on an oval track Savage: barbaric. cruel. unkind. area. low or lower in rank or status.

express praise. aged. expert on the study of the environment and its inhabitants. adult. temporary. prepared for a particular experience. destroy. animated story which appears in sequels (in a newspaper) Dig up: discover. an innovator or developer of new ideas or techniques Pledge: promise. having a higher rank. to cause to decompose or disintegrate. enlarge. found Ecologist: expert on ecology. continue. alter. broaden. accidental Comic strip: series of cartoons. find by digging in the ground. spread out. elderly. change. inflate. appropriate Sacred: worthy of respect. worthless. fully developed or grown. a person serving drinks at a bar. penetrate Loyalty: faithfulness. pertaining to students in their final year at a school or university Swell: expand. follow in order to catch or attack Revise: change. swear. occupy. amount. ready for use. a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest Invade: enter for conquest or plunder. concerned with religion or religious purposes Salute: raise the right hand to the right side of the forehead (as a sign of respect). meaningless. swell. the branch of biology Expand: increase in size. completely planned. holy. guide. solemnly undertake to do or give something. correct. not calling attention to itself. appearance. work at. without real value Innovative: fresh. proceed along. disclose. show respect to. change in character. showing firm and constant support or allegiance to a person or institution Mature: ripe. or composition Bartender: bar attendant.Lesson fifteen Alter: make different. having unexpected good fortune Hollow: having a hole or empty space inside. carry on. persist in. make changes in order to improve something. or volume. fully grown or developed. questioning. destruct Unanimous: in complete agreement. rise up. having new ideas. mortgage. pertaining to religion. random. make or become larger or more extensive Fortunate: having good luck. based on careful consideration Pioneer: one who goes first or prepares a way for others. bring up to date. aoth Pursue: follow. honor Senior: older. reveal. lucky. become or make greater in intensity. in one mind . an employee who mixes and serves alcoholic drinks at a bar Carve: cut into or shape (a hard material) in order to produce an object or design Casual: happening by chance. hock. clever. successful. a search for knowledge. ready for action. being or producing something like nothing done or experienced or created before Inquiry: exploration. vary. not planned or expected. waiter. become larger or rounder in size Torn down: past part of tear down. produce an updated version Ripe: mature. modify. edit. trustworthiness. in complete accord. investigation. vow.

forest. careful to avoid potential problems or dangers Confidence man: a confidence trickster. garden for wild growth . thankful.prick. slim. astonishing. splendid. exceed Toothpick: small pointed piece of wood for cleaning between the teeth Vast: very great. immense Vex: anger. appreciative. wary. barely sufficient Surpass: be greater than. the state of being unsure of something Eardrum: the membrane of the middle ear. damage. comprehend. enter. enormous. defrauder Confident: firmly believing. precise.Lesson sixteen Aboveboard: exposed. shake heavily. desert. feel uncertain about. excellent. go through. stab. pass into. expressing thanks. disturb the peace of mind of Wilderness: wastelands. sure. large. transcend. correct in all details. affording comfort or pleasure Jar: a wide-mouthed cylindrical container made of glass or pottery. extraordinary. penetrate. honest Accurate: exactly right as the result of care or pains. smash. fail utterly or come to an end. capable of reaching the intended target Capacity: amount of room or space inside. shatter. a device used for shaping metal Doubt: not believe. just. strike. unit of weight equal to 16 ounces (equal to 454 grams) Retina: light-sensitive layer at the back of the eyeball which receives images and transmits them to the brain as nerve impulses Scar: mark left on the skin after a wound or burn has healed Slender: long and thin. fair. obvious. pierce. huge. back country. gracefully thin. limited. do better than. harm. go beyond. make a hole. vexation. make annoyed or worried. range. confuse and concern. annoyance Penetrate: get into or through. force or cut a way through Pound: punch. lack of certainty. which vibrates in response to sound waves Grateful: feeling or showing gratitude. excel. persuaded of Die: stop living. of very great extent or quantity. slight. without concealment or deception. a cylindrical vessel with a wide mouth and without handles Marvelous: wonderful. understand. certain. largest amount that can be a container. volume which can be contained or received Cautious: very careful. hit. uninhabited region. not be sure of. a swindler who exploits the confidence of his victim. puzzle. extremely good or pleasing Microscope: instrument with a lens for making objects larger so that one can see things more clearly Mischief:source of evil or misfortune. beat. understand or gain insight into Pierce: go into. trouble maker (usually a child). causing great wonder. small cubes with 1 to 6 spots on the faces. never taking chances.

able to survive or endure unfavorable conditions Harsh: rough to the touch. evade. unit of weight which equals 100 pounds (45 kg) Miserable: unhappy. tidy or carefully arranged. develop an attitude. realizing. make a choice Quantity: amount. miserable. degree. cause to become dependent on Appeal: attraction. earnest or urgent request Avoid: keep away or refrain from. extent. comfort. taste. measure.g.Lesson seventeen Addict: one who cannot break away from habit or practice. poor. pal. coarse. hardship. select. freedom from effort or difficulty. wealth Hardy: strong. prefer. interest. a certain amount or number Swiftly: quickly. keep out of the way of. petition for a new trial or judgement. traditionally made of wooden staves enclosed by metal hoopsdrum Buddy: a close friend. feed. a strong desire or impulse. request. escape. having knowledge or perception of a situation or fact Barrel: a cylindrical container bulging out in the middle. in a very unhappy or unfortunate state. adversity Molasses: thick. infer. disaster. immediately. cautious about possible dangers or problems Wretched: sorry. strong instinctual desire Wary: on one’s guard against danger or trickery. eye or ear. moving or capable of moving at high speed Urge: encourage or entreat earnestly to do something. insatiable. keep from happening. sharp. pitiably small or inadequate Misfortune: bad luck. tragedy. avaricious. dejected. a public toilet Deduce: arrive at (a fact or a conclusion) by reasoning. dark brown juice obtained from raw sugar during the refining process. used to express anger or annoyance . to urge. promptly. a person who makes wooden objects and structures Convenience: serviceableness. especially one of less than 10 gallons. covetous. pitiable. the property of something that is measurable. bold. speedily. brave. suspicious. golden syrup Neatly: in good order. cruel or severe Keg: a small barrel. attentive. immoderately desirous of acquiring e. prevent. nullify Aware: knowing. robust. choose or favor. selfish. size. grasping. cautious. cleanly Nourish: make or keep alive and well. done with or demonstrating skill or efficiency. unpleasantly rough or jarring to the senses. wretchedly unhappy or uncomfortable. with food. hastily. trace the course or derivation of Greedy: gluttonous. keep a feeling or belief in one's mind for a long time Opt: optional. something useful. fellow (Slang) Carpenter: woodworker. draw conclusions. conscious of. one who makes things out of wood. expeditiously. guy.

gleam. dreadful. without thought or care for the consequences of an action Referee: an official who watches a game or match closely to ensure that the rules are adhered to. strike at an angle Horrid: terrible. act of adapting or changing to suit one's purpose Nimble: active and sure footed. . clever. uninspired Puppet: a movable model of a person or animal. disaster. jump Lubricate: make (machinary) smooth and easy to work by putting on oil. financial plan. injure by biting. male first name (short form of Patrick) Pedant: a person who is excessively concerned with minor detail or with displaying technical knowledge Pedestrian: person who goes on foot.Lesson eighteen Ballet: style of dance performed by a group of dancers. a lightweight form of rubber or plastic made by solidifying foam Glance: to look at quickly. light and quick. hit. quick and light in movement or action. sharp. very unpleasant. marvellous Budget: estimate of the amount of money that can be spent. summary Sure footed: unlikely to stumble or slip. a sad play. an estimate of income and expenditure Complimentary: expressing praise or admiration. giving good value or return in relation to the resources or money expended Essay: a piece of writing on a particular subject. article Fame: the state of being famous. clever. cause to be slippery Manipulate: handle or treat skillfully. original. (of a price or figure) increase dramatically. entire quantity. used to entertain Rave: talk wildly or incoherently. favorable public reputation Foam: produce or form a light frothy mass of bubbles. bounce off. tap. make. causing horror. and inventive. produced in an imaginative or original manner Leap: jump or spring a long way. or a similar substance. slap gently. distress. very intelligent. horrible. keen Pat: touch quickly and gently with the flat of the hand. deliver a blow to Sum: a particular amount of money. or difficulty). awful. an event causing great suffering . a theatrical representation of a story performed to music by dancers Brilliant: (of light or colour) very bright or vivid. release. ease Struck: past and past participle of strike. grease. costing nothing Economical: not wasting money or time. amount that is determined by adding two or more numbers. a person walking rather than travelling in a vehicle. produce a spark. composition. shining. splendid. attack. given or supplied free of charge. shine. outstanding. heedless. typically moved either by strings or by a hand inside it. an attempt or effort. handle or operate with the hands. cause (someone) to stop feeling distressed or anxious. endeavor. critic Relieve: alleviate or remove(pain. a quick look. confident and competent Tragedy: a very sad or terrible happening. traveler. speak or write about someone or something with great enthusiasm or admiration Reckless: careless. frightful. take a brief or hurried look. dull. repulsive. wild. rough Ingenious: having great mental ability. walker. move quickly and suddenly.

forbid. a field of cultivated and mowed grass Lobster: a large marine crustacean with a cylindrical body. numerous Quota: share of a total due from or to a particular state. inquest Lawn: stretch of grass-covered land (usually around a house or estate). determine mathematically Concrete: a building material made from a mixture of gravel. take without permission. have an opinion Harvest: gathering in of grain or other food crops. fear spreading through a group of people so that they lose control of themselves Pebble: a small stone made smooth and round by the action of water or sand Pesticide: a substance for destroying insects or other pests of plants or animals. upper limit Resort: a place frequented for holidays or leisure activities. believe. figure. multiplying. a chemical used to kill pests Plentiful: existing in or yielding great quantities. uncomfortable. used for washing. irony. exact. complete Threat: sign or cause of possible evil or harm.Lesson nineteen Abacus: a frame with rows of wires or grooves along which beads are slid. rich. something that is a source of danger Uneasy: restless. etc) Inquiry: another term for enquiry. really?. cement. reaping Indeed: surely. setapart for some special use. amount of crops gathered in a season. absolute. severe. suppose. keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view Estimate: form a judgment or opinion about. suitable. estimate. product. outcome. genuinely. and water. interest greatly. disturbed. present in large quantities Appropriate: fit. in fact. abundant. slice. used for calculating Absorb: take in or suck up(liquids). estimate. exclusion from a particular channel for a certain length of time (Internet) Calculate: find out by adding. not feeling at ease. use up (time or resources) Abundant: more than enough. lacking a sense of security . honestly. maximum quantity. or deviding. faithfully Sponge: a piece of a soft. compute. harsh. district or person. mouthful. guess. light absorbent substance usually made of synthetic material. make a blockade. very plentiful. truly? (used to express surprise. stalked eyes. anxious. full. truthfully. disbelief. etc Strict: demanding that rules concerning behaviour are obeyed. expression of intent to damage or injure. forming a stone-like mass Deem: consider in a specified way. sand. and has large pincers on the front pair of legs Morsel: a small bite. a small amount or piece Panic: unreasoning fear. earnestly. as padding. investigation. tiny amount. actually. an approximate calculation or judgement. questioning. subtracting. restricted amount. exploration. utilize a source of help Sincerely: sincerely yours (used at the end of a letter). proper Ban: prohibit.

be revealed. not strong or sturdy. real. spree Uneven: not level or smooth. crafty. marked by skill in deception.Lesson twenty Ambuscade: ambush. with rough. sensitive. a lingering quality or impression. tending to shirk Fragile: easily broken. sharp points protruding Lamb: a young sheep. authentic. be slow in dying. be extremely noticeable Stroke: an act of hitting. natural. method of swimming (i. rough. farm building used to house animals or store hay and grain Bison: a humpbacked shaggy-haired wild ox. gain in wealth Ranch: a large farm. hardy.e. go slowly as if unwilling to leave. one of the names for Jesus Christ Lebanese: a native or inhabitant of Lebanon. hold a position. smell Perish: be destroyed. unbalanced. apear Evasive: tending to avoid commitment or self-revelation. tear to pieces. bold disobedience. move out of something and become visible. consistent. clever. excel. person who is easily fooled. original. expire.). where cattle or other animals are bred Shrew: small mouselike mammal with a long snout. stay longer than usual. droplet of fluid from the eye. light touch Sturdy: strongly and solidly built or made. grow stronger. rebellious woman. attack unexpectedly. person held against his will Crafty: skillful in deceiving others. weak Genuine: truly what it is said to be. pull or rip apart or to pieces. requiring sensitive or careful handling Devour: eat hungrily or quickly. be slow or reluctant to leave Odor: a distinctive smell. odd (Mathematics). sly. unevenly cut or torn. rend. thrive. easily broken. meat of lamb. not regular. come up. die. come into view. of or pertaining to Lebanon. challenging. or equal. relating to the making of objects by hand Defiant: openly resisting. sincere. delicate. surprise attack Ambush: a trap in which soldiers or other enemies hide to make a surprise attack. flourish. intelligent Sly: crafty. become shrunken or wrinkled from age or disease . read quickly and eagerly Emerge: come out. attack from a concealed position Barn: a large farm building used for storage. a tenacious or eager person Torn: past participle of tear. have good fortune. having a cunning and deceitful nature Stick out: be outstanding. a person who has been taken prisoner or confined. firm Terrier: a small dog used for turning out foxes and other animals from their earths. robust. etc. not fake or counterfeit Jagged: with sharp points sticking out. honest. unfair Vigor: active strength or force. American buffalo Captive: prisoner. prey upon. destroyed or damaged. ability to survive (as of plants and animals). that which is perceived by the nose. die. avoiding. rip. beat. opposing Delicate: fragile. innocent person. stealthy. sharp. true. lacking sophistication or good taste Wither: (of a plant) become dry and shrivelled. cunning. especially in a violent or sudden way Prosper: be successful. of Lebanese origin Linger: stay on. energy Vulgar: characteristic of or belonging to ordinary people. nagging woman Shrewd: having or showing sharp powers of judgement. unequal. backstroke. especially in the western US and Canada. tricky. take in greedily. absorb completely. physical strength and good health.

let through. detour. tiresome. come into conflict or opposition Confirm: prove to be true or correct. make certain. that which is asked of another. be eligible for. complicate Plea: request. any admirable quality or attribute Multitude: a large number of people or things. verify. especially as a result of violence Home plate: (Baseball) base made up of a white rubber slab where the batter stands Horn: hard bony growth projecting from the head of certain animals. season Superintendent: a person who supervises or is in charge of an organization. hard physical work. drink. puzzle Collide: come together with force. etc. phrase. exhausting effort Transmit: send over. broadcast Verify: prove to be true. become bored. make easier. boost provision: the action of providing or supplying. difficult decision Fond of: having an affection or liking for. or justified Weary: tired. rotary Sauce: a liquid or semi-liquid substance served with food to add moistness and flavour. approve. fatigued . indirect road or method. difficult situation. make sure or demonstrate that something is true. crash. device used to sound a warning Inn: a pub. hostel Merit: goodness. replace. traditionally an establishment also providing food and lodging. expect.Lesson twenty one Abbreviation: act of shortening by removing or omitting a part. department. exhausting. many. be aware of and prepare for. deserve. frustrate. free. or equipment. supervisor. keen on Gore: wound by piercing with a sharp or penetrating object. act in advance of Aviation: science of flying aircraft. labor. release. confirm. meet head on. bewilder. liberate Roundabout: indirect. or text) Anticipate: look toward to. large quantity. excellence. be worthy of. go by an indirect way. motel. bypass Dilemma: situation requiring a choice between two evils. supplies of food. pass on. accurate. confuse. worth. appeal. the aggregation of a country's military aircraft Baffle: be too hard to understand or solve. circuitous. bang into each other. blood that has been shed. make more firm Detour: a roundabout way. reduce the pain of. shorten (a word. raise to a higher position or rank. overseer Toil: work extremely hard or incessantly. value. transfer from a source to a destination. partial to. confuse. pass along. the mass of ordinary people. a request made in an urgent and emotional manner Promote: further the progress of. predict. especially for a journey Relieve: make less. attached to. crowd perplex: cause (someone) to feel baffled.

unpredictable Vocation: occupation. favourable. likely to collapse or change. prevent (a person or place) from having or using something hiker: one who makes a long journey by foot. a word or letter placed before another Reject: refuse to take. vocation. serving a charitable rather than a profit-making purpose Benign: genial and kindly. easily moved or overthrown. mode. generous. cut down a tree. use. make clearly known. course. criminal. a person who gains benefit from something.Lesson twenty two Abound: be plentiful. inhabitant Justice: just conduct. take notice. mate. a person's partner in marriage Trend : tendency. grown for its soft wood. insecure. desire Prefix: a letter attached at the beginning of a word to adjust or qualify its meaning. murder. protector. reveal one's intentions or identity Delinquent: an offender. confirm receipt of or gratitude for. deny. a sharp increase. cry. just behaviour or treatment. take special note Occupation: profession. crave. person in charge of a prison. decline. recognize. a long walk or walking tour. jailer. fair dealing. chiefly inhabiting fresh water Unstable: not firmly fixed. shriek. a strong feeling of suitability for a particular career or occupation Warden: keeper. career. business. etc. deny. employment. subject to a penalty or punishment pine: an evergreen coniferous tree having clusters of long needle-shaped leaves. guard . especially a trust or will Benevolent: well meaning and kindly. B. believe. observe carefully.). a way of spending time Penalize: declare punishable by law or rule. a judge or magistrate Log: a part of the trunk or a large branch of a tree that has fallen or been cut off. gentle. especially in price Homicide: a killing of one human being by another. mark well (Latin). resident. overflow with. the head of certain schools or other institutions Yell : shout. behind time. set a penalty for. bearing. profession. scream. not harmful. fashion.write in a log Mosquito: any of numerous small winged insects whose females suck the blood of animals and humans Nota bene: (N. grant. shout in a loud or piercing way . equality. work. putting to death Inmate : one who is imprisoned in a jail. confess Beneficiary: person who recieves benefit. (typically of young people) tending to commit crime Deprive: take away from by force. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence Declare: make a statement. exist in large numbers or amounts Acknowledge: admit to be true. refuse to accept or acknowledge Spouse: husband or wife. be abundant. consider. a general direction in which something is developing or changing Trout: an edible fish of the salmon family. trade. prisoner. business. be filled with. unsteady. one who is confined to a hospital.

inhabitant. recklessly daring. gentlemanly. fractional. especially a canine tooth of a dog or wolf. courageous Invasion: an instance of invading a country or region. obtain (a substance) from something by a special method Fang: a large sharp tooth. glass. climb. conduct.Lesson twenty three Audacious: bold. existing only in part Precaution: measures taken beforehand. order. alligators. be in first place Lizard: a reptile that typically has a long body and tail. wrap the arms tightly around (a person or thing). escort. begin a course of action Rarely: seldom. refuse to allow Groom: tend carefully. lizards. of or according to the rules of logic Paratroopers: soldier who is a member of a paratroop. keep close to Indomitable: impossible to subdue or defeat. foresight. ban. bring. guide. brave. prohibit. move along quietly and slowly. very slow. infrequently. cause. preceding. movable eyelids. bold. live in or at a place Embrace: hold closely in one's arms. newly married woman. continue. especially as a sign of affection. tooth of a venomous snake Forbid: order someone not to do something. move forward. sneak. manifest Extract: pull out or draw out. snakes. or spiny skin Logical: reasonable. a person employed to take care of horses Hug: embrace (someone) tightly. hug. not total. carry on. present. a measure taken in advance to prevent something undesirable happening. former. and crocodiles Spit: saliva. man who is about to be married. loyal. daring. fearless. courageous Creep: crawl. eject saliva forcibly from one's mouth Splinter: a small. usually with some effort. scaly. member of an infantry unit that is trained to parachute from planes Partial: not complete. etc. show. any entry into an area not previously occupied Led: past and past participle of lead. make clean and tidy. especially towards women. reasonably expected. influence. lacking respect. not often. courageous. publicly display (an item) in an art gallery or museum. make a rule against. prevent. drive. hollow opening in the ground Chivalrous: (of a man) courteous and gallant. wrap one's arms around. unconquerable Intrepid: fearless or adventurous. advance. Prior: coming before. Resolute. occasionally Reptile: a cold blooded animal that creeps or crawls. thin. impudent Bride: woman on her wedding day. turtles. hold tight. accept Exhibit: display. and a rough. a woman on her wedding day or just before and after the event Cave: natural underground tunnel. fearless . daring. direct. take. broken off from a larger piece. sharp piece of wood. existing or coming before in time. deny. demonstrate. separate into factions Valiant: brave. four legs. earlier. or importance Proceed: go on after having stopped. fragmentary. impossible to frighten Dweller: resident. steady movement or progress Dauntless: fearless and determined.

bedbugs. without intense coloration Scorn: contempt or disdain expressed openly. mistreat. cruel. very common and of little value Drab: drearily dull. displeasure. be able to do without difficulty. cause disorder. gloomy. take into account Contempt: the feeling that someone or something is worthless or beneath consideration. or means for. (Slang) corpse. an author that appealed to in support of an action Bargain: an agreement between two or more people as to what each will do for the other. rats. dislike intensely Dime: coin worth ten cents (used in the USA and Canada). printed or written character used to designate something Trifle: a small amount. be able to pay for. fleas. power delegated to another. a scornful look or remark. deep sorrow. or bad-tempered expression Sneer: show scorn or contempt by looks or words. lizards. insult Afford: have sufficient money. regard. dismal. or hope to. provide Authority: the right to command obedience. especially caused by someone's death Impartial: treating all rivals or disputants equally. violent or aggressive. misuse. intense sorrow. unbiased. and some mammals. fair Lice: small flightless parasitic insect which lives on the bodies of humans and other mammals Milder: not severe. disrespect (Law) Cuddle: hold close in one's arms as a way of showing love or affection. fake. inspire. an angry. supply. gentle and not easily provoked. scorn. confidence. disturb. scorn Muddle: bring into a disordered or confusing state.Lesson twenty four Abuse: use to bad effect or for a bad purpose. mock. treat with derision. reject with contempt. pointed horny nail on each digit of the foot in birds. false. and mice are vermin Wail: cry loud and long because of grief or pain . hate. small bloodsucking insect Frown: furrow one's brows in an expression indicating disapproval. arrive at an agreement Claw: a curved. harsh. treat with contempt Scowl: look angry by loewring the eyebrows. time. give hope Fierce: savage. or serious. scowl Grief: sadness. unprejudiced. the head of a university faculty or department Detest: dislike very much. ridicule. struggle through. a thing of little value or importance Vermin: small animals that are troublesome or destructive. of no particular kind or character. something of little value. increase the confidence of. powerful. talon Consider: think about in order to decide. extremely bad. regular person. hug closely Dean: the head of the chapter of a cathedral or collegiate church. severe or strong. disdain. not authentic or real. frown. drunk Symbol: something that stands for or represents something else. imitation. ridicule. constrained. lice. give support. treat with cruelty or violence. push on Neutral: no neither side of a quarrel or war. lacking brightness or color Encourage: give courage. injure. negotiate. or concentration. objective. very severe (Slang) Flea: a small wingless jumping insect which feeds on the blood of mammals and birds. cheerless. little bit. believe. not relaxed or friendly. moderate Mock: tease scornfully. a contemptuous or mocking smile or tone Statue: three-dimensional work of art that has been created from any of a variety of materials Stiff: not easily bent. mess up. wild.

a creator. out of doors Acquaintance: familiarity. awareness. used for carrying or holding things. or distress. member of the Freemasons (international. cargo. a maker. disaster Collapse: a breakdown. escaped Glazier: a person whose trade is fitting glass into windows and doors. to feel jealous. platter Weld: join together (metal parts) by heating the surfaces to the point of melting and pressing or hammering them together . support provided to the needy Sour: having an acid taste like lemon or vinegar. company. designer Baggage: the trunks and suitcases a person takes when he or she travels. corporation Fugitive: a runaway. an event causing great and often sudden damage or distress. knowledge. break down. person one knows slightly Architect: a person who makes plans for buildings and other structures. going around. one of the four primary tastes. carry on. brick-layer. parcels. brotherly secret society) Matrimony: married life. division. section Envy: jealousy. ceremony of marriage. fixed. serious trouble. liberation. one of five children born from one pregnancy. determined. marriage to two or more spouses at one time Bloodhound: dog with an acute sense of smell (used for tracking and hunting) Calamity: a great misfortune. put on trial. naughty girl Bigamy: having two wives or two husbands at the same time. desire for something which belongs to another Firm: strong. anxiety. cabin. enclosed area (cell. pull or push forcibly at something Tray: a flat. beginner. to fall in. misuse Strain: force (a part of one's body or oneself) to make an unusually great effort. attributes or genetic qualities passed from parents to offspring Lather: a frothy white mass of bubbles produced by soap when mixed with water. release. shallow container with a raised rim. fail suddenly. foam formed by excessive sweating Mason: one who builds with stone. solid. state of being married Pauper: a very poor person. property left by deceased person to heirs. hard. far and wide. file a legal action. part of a sock or stocking which covers the heel Infant: a very young child or baby. impoverished person Plaster: a soft mixture of sand or cement and water for spreading on walls and ceilings to form a smooth surface when dried Plumber: a person who fits and repairs the pipes and fittings of water supply Prom: formal dance celebrating the end of high school (in the USA) Prosecute: bring before a court. someone who cuts flat glass to size Heel: the back part of the foot below the ankle. an army’s equipment. fold together. waste. a person who has escaped from captivity or is in hiding. showing resentment or anger Squander: spend foolishly. follow up. suddenly lose consciousness Compartment: a separate section of a structure or container. conduct a prosecution in a court of law Quintuplet: group of five items. stable.Lesson twenty five Abroad: outside one’s country. the object of jealousy. etc. a person who has not attained legal majority Inheritance: estate. beggar. in different directions. minor. commercial business.). one item from a group of five Relief: :the alleviation or removal of pain.

occur Begone: get out!. not true to duty or obligation or promises Utter: speak. quiet down. one who throws the ball to the batter (Baseball) Plead: make an emotional appeal. destiny. fellow member of the human beings Fort: a fortified building or strategic position. the Devil (Biblical) Tyranny: cruel and oppressive government or rule. self-conscious. jar. capable of existing. reply. cool by immersing in a cold liquid Respond: answer. go away at once! Betray: give away to the enemy. wink. satisfy (thirst) by drinking. complete. make known. form etc. powerfully evoking attention or admiration. or happen. etc. satisfy (a desire). be done. hard to do or deal with Beckon: signal by a motion of the hand or head. to expose to risk . a task that is taken on. an attempt to make money by taking business risks. speech. make a gesture to encourage or instruct someone to follow Befall: happen as if by fate. drown or put out.Lesson twenty six Awesome: causing or showing gret fear. absolute. react with surprise or disapproval Bunt: (of a batter) gently tap (a pitched ball) without swinging. quell the anger or agitation of Pitcher: the player who pitches the ball. or respect. disloyal. mission Unfaithful: not faithful. not well suited to use. extremely beautiful woman (Slang) Graceful: elegant and beautiful (movement. inconvenient. or confuse Fate: development of events outside a person's control. get by force. army base Fur: the short. appeal Possible: able to be. hit softly (Baseball) Clumsy: awkward in movement or performance. flicker. take the risk of. evil person. soft hair of certain animals. lacking tact or social skills. fine. influence Dare: have the courage to do something. act treacherously towards one's country by aiding the enemy Blink: shut and open the eyes quickly. inspiring awe. impressive. show. wonder. or being achieved. could be Quench: put an end to. often as a sign of disapproval or derision Jaywalking: act of crossing the street against a traffic light or in an area where there is no crosswalk Mob: a disorderly or violent crowd. present and argue for (a position). another person. happening. be unfaithful. push. to dare. say or do something in reply or as a reaction Serpent: a large snake. express. jug. not easily managed. react. common people Pacify: make calm. fortune Fellow man: kindred human being. dishonest. say. especially in court or in another public context.). go away!. to manage. to direct. ram (with the head or horns). cause unease. a dragon or other mythical snake-like reptile. instruct. commit oneself to and begin. poorly made Compel: force. make (a sound) or say (something) Venture: a daring undertaking. regarded as predetermined by a supernatural power. not graceful. manner. anxiety. shame. pronounce. or ashamed. characterized by beauty of style. embarrassing. bring peace to. fortified place. venture Embarrassing : cause to feel awkward. unchecked use of power and authority Undertaking: a formal pledge or promise. able to be true. terrific (Slang) Awkward: clumsy. defy or challenge (someone) to do something. total.. the dressed hairy coat of a mammal Goddess: female god. lead Hissing: make a sharp sibilant sound as of the letter s. not awkward Guide: a person who shows the way. Satan. mislead. inaccurate. frightening. attract.

especially one in a circus. cause to break down. selfishly unwilling to share with others Thrifty: saving. use up. own. violence. finance.Lesson twenty seven Bout: a short period of intense activity.) Despite: in spite of. economical. etc. admirer. feature of your personal nature Unite: join together. a wrestling or boxing match. (with reference to liquid) flow or cause to flow over the edge of its container Stake: risk. screen Descendant: a person. come or bring to an end. become one. cheap Monarch: king or queen. difficulty. follower. amusing person. typically with shiny five-pointed leaves Miser: a person who hoards wealth and spends very little. seriousness. ruin. very great Shipwreck: destroy or sink a ship. prospering. quality. tire out. prospering Trait: distinguishing quality or characteristic. that is descended from a particular ancestor. expel (gas or steam) from an engine or other machine Fan: device that produces currents of air. like a miser. economizing. animal. a part of a river where the current is very fast Rash: a breaking out with many red spots on the skin. ruler. have as an ability. a playful. disturb. harshness. happening in a short time or at great speed. integrate . interrupt. careful in spending. be sunk. etc. a sovereign head of state. thriving. the destruction of a ship at sea by sinking or breaking up Spilt: past and past participle of spill. without being affected by Disrupt: upset. seriously alter or destroy the structure of Exhaust: empty completely. typically with infection of the lungs Possess: have (something) belonging to one. failing to convince or impress Fought: past and past participle of fight. halt. a long vertical rod used in basket-making Stingy: miserly. a foolish or incompetent person Contamination: make (something) impure by exposure to or addition of a poisonous or polluting substance. penny pincher. thrifty. have as property Rapid: very quick. gamble. grandchild. spread out Feeble: weak. take part in a violent struggle involving physical force or weapons Frugal: sparing or economical as regards money or food. combine. lacking physical strength. lacking intensity. infection Curtain: a piece of material suspended at the top to form a screen. of livestock or plants) strong and healthy Thriving: succeeding. orange and black migratory butterfly (Zoology) Plague: a contagious bacterial disease characterized by fever and delirium. typically movable sideways. swift. or characteristic. too hasty or careless Severity: strictness. ungenerous. offspring (child. one who is stingy with money and is miserable Miserly: stingy. control. supporter. session Cease: stop. outbreak of many instances within a short time. stingy Ivy: a woody evergreen climbing plant. break Clown: a comic entertainer. plainness. divide.

firing of numerous missiles at once Zodiac: a belt of the heavens including all apparent positions of the sun and planets and divided into 12 equal divisions . or desirable. a great misfortune. further the progress of. a person who transgresses moral or civil law Outcast: a person rejected by their society or social group. too great. fat. person guilty of a fault or crime. of different racial and social groups Excessive: too much. sweet baked goods Promote: raise in rank or importance. reside. tempt Censor: person who tells others how they ought to behave. youthful. fusion Offender: transgressor. an outcast. one who change books to make them acceptable to government Cereal: a grain used for food. extreme.become stuck in. reveal. examples. expose to view. food suitable for light eating Tacos: a Mexican dish consisting of a folded tortilla filled with spicy meat or beans Torment: severe physical or mental suffering. annoy or tease unkindly Undernourished: not sufficiently fed. contain. help to grow and develop. a criminal. serve as an example Insist: keep firmly to some demand. expel. persevere. pain. calamity Disclose: uncover. firmly request Juvenile: young. comparisons. cake. integration. of or for boys and girls. firmly emphasize. immature Lodge: live. be banished. homeless Outlaw: an exile. eaten between meals or in place of a meal. one who insults. store or entrust with someone for safe keeping Disaster: an event that causes much suffering or loss. immoderate Exile: the state of being barred from one's native country. seduction. banish Hook: curved piece of metal or by which things are hung.fishhook Horoscope: a forecast of a person's future based on the relative positions of the stars and planets at the time of their birth Hurricane: a storm with a violent wind. make known. help to organize. or rye. one who breaks the law. for example wheat. a bent piece of metal. persist. waste away Deposit: a sum of money placed in a bank or other account. or position. make (secret or new information) known Ethnic: relating to a group of people having a common national or cultural tradition. getting less than the required food needed for health and growth Volley: concurrent burst or discharge of words or ammunition from opposite sides. torture. especially companies. put bait on a hook or in a trap.Lesson twenty eight Bait: food used to attract fish or other animals so that they may be caught. deteriorate. rejected or cast out. more than is necessary. an event or fact leading to ruin or failure. normal. childish. food made from this grain Culprit: offender. deprive of protection of the law Pastry: a dough of flour. or other means. advance Snack: a small quantity of food or a light meal. a person who is responsible for a crime or other misdeed Decay: rot or cause to rot through the action of bacteria and fungi. grain. used as a base and covering in baked dishes such as pies. typically baited for catching fish. maize. make or become firmly fixed in a place Merger: an act of merging two things. statement. a fugitive from the law. a young person. in particular a tropical cyclone in the Caribbean. to declare unlawful. rent a room to. and water. strong tropical storm Illustrate: make clear or explain by stories. into one.

break the heart of Luxury: the state of great comfort and extravagant living. propelled with a paddle. etc. ring-shaped bread roll. or other part of the body. a pleasure obtained only rarely Maim: cripple. feel deep sorrow for the death of. exhausting effort. maim Curry: dish of meat. examine and record the area or land so as to construct a map. without meaning or significance . present as suitable or good. recommend Comprehend: understand. a draft of a proposed law presented to parliament for discussion Blunder: stupid mistake. make useless Mourn: grieve. reiteration. freshwater crocodile of southern Asia Mutilate: injure or damage severely. worthless. harm. stumble. submerge or flood (an area). allowing no further doubt or dispute Grieve: cause sorrow. say clumsily. a feeling of shame when you do something immoral Coyote: a wolf-like wild dog native to North America Cripple: a person who is unable to move properly through disability or injury. etc. feel or show sorrow for. the act or an instance of repeating or being repeated Stumble: trip or momentarily lose one's balance. shock.. freed from. proposed law. walk unsteadily. at the end. labor Vain: having too much pride in one’s ability. blunder Subside: sink to a lower level. cause to lose an arm. to work hard. promissory note. or description Toil: hard work. looks. move blindly Bobcat: a small North American lynx with a barred and spotted coat and a short tail.Lesson twenty nine Bagel: a dense. an inessential but desirable item. deciding. plan. used to shave unwanted hair from the face or body Repetition: act of doing or saying again. cause great distress to. bewilder.. robber. move with difficulty. bank note. hand over for safekeeping. sink Exempt: make free from. (Yiddish) glazed yeast-raised doughnut-shaped roll with hard crust Belt: a strip of leather or other material worn round the waist to support or hold in clothes or to carry weapons Bill: charge. settle to the bottom. descend. leg. wildcat with a brown coat Canoe: a narrow keelless boat with pointed ends. or severe Survey: look carefully and thoroughly at. to make a stupid mistake. feel regret about the loss of (something). become less intense. get the meaning of something Conscience: a person's moral sense of right and wrong. released from an obligation Final: coming last. attacker. Mugger: a person who attacks and robs another in a public place. destroy Pond: a fairly small body of still water. of no use. ultimate. violent. grow less. mourn. cause severe damage to. damage. cause a deformity. cooked in an Indian-style sauce of strong spices Daze: confuse. pool Razor: an instrument with a sharp blade. make unable to think or react properly Drown: die or kill through submersion in water. grasp mentally. disable. vegetables. make a mistake or repeated mistakes in speaking. small lake. typically so as to disfigure. light narrow boat Commend: praise.

fatal. ship built by Noah to withstand the Flood (Biblical) Attract: draw to oneself. literary variant of amid Appoint: decide on. excite. irritate Cram: force too many (people or things) into a room or container. especially one that is imaginatively recounted. or other carnivorous mammal. draw Monument: a statue. surrounded by. designate. pertaining to man. section. memorial. stimulate. or position. lion. strange. rumor. relate. study intensively just before an examination Cub: the young of a fox. lose one's way . a long story with characters and plot. a single line or a group of lines of poetry. integrity. subdue (physical urges) by self-denial or discipline. office. bear. divide into 4 equal parts. building. to provide a place to live. a set of rules or principles of conduct. shame Mortuary: a room or building in which dead bodies are kept until burial or cremation. refer Quarter: region. bother.840 square yards (0. virtue. related. ethics Mortal: sure to die sometime. describe. pertaining to or causing death. win the attention and liking of. a quotation. one fourth. or applicable to. give the price of. or other structure erected to commemorate a notable person or event.Lesson thirty Acre: a unit of land area equal to 4. choose for a position. equip or furnish. stay Quote: repeat exactly the words of another or a passage from a book. rhyme Waddle: walk with short steps and a clumsy swaying motion. (quarters) a place to live. lie. set a time or place. deadly. annoy. portray. relating to burial or tombs Novel: new. an aimless walk Site: position or place (of anything). compress. electrify Verse: a short division of a chapter in the bible. an area of ground on which something is located. conceal a miniature microphone in. inexperienced person Depict: represent by drawing or painting.405 hectare) Amidst: in the middle of. tombstone Morality: the right or wrong of an action. be connected to. nominate. great (Slang) Mortgage: a conditional conveyance of property as security for the repayment of a loan Mortify: cause to feel very embarrassed or ashamed. an experience that produces such a feeling. interestingly unusual. citation Rigor mortis: stiffening of the joints and muscles a few hours after death. draw or bring in by offering something of interest or advantage Bug: a harmful microorganism. Web site Stockbroker: a broker who buys and sells securities on a stock exchange on behalf of clients Tale: a fictitious or true story. story. characterize. assign a job or role to Ark: cabinet in a synagogue where the scrolls of the Torah are kept. walk in a duck-like manner Wander: walk or move in a leisurely or aimless way. area. falsehood Thrill: a sudden feeling of excitement and pleasure. settler. go about with no special plan or aim. a fictitious prose narrative of book length Occupant: person in possession of a hause. move slowly away from a fixed point or place. any small insect. lasting from one to four days Roam: wander. resident Peacock: a male peafowl having very long tail feathers with eye-like markings that can be erected and fanned out in display Pertain: (pertain to) be appropriate.

secured by a bungee around the ankles Commuter: one who travels regularly. jump from an airplane with a parachute. main stem of a plant Striking: noticeable. scope. share. thin layer of rock or mineral Stock: a supply of goods or materials available for sale or use. blaze. not busy. fun. without any good reason or cause. a crack or seam in a rock filled with a different minerals Veteran: soldier who has been serving in the armed forces for a long time and has much experience Wrist: the joint connecting the hand with the forearm . hold on. abundant. to waste (time). nationalistic Polio: poliomyelitis. not marked by interesting or exciting events Valor: bravery. try to win. or time) Dispute: disagree. oppose. courage. reckless Parachute: skydive. producing much of anything. tongue of fire. a debate or disagreement. act of hitting. refusal to work as a form of protest Uneventful: without important or striking happenings. passion. farm animals. insane. question the truth or validity of (a statement). dramatically good-looking or beautiful. appeal Fertile: bearing seeds or fruit. usually an image that is worshiped. having no purpose or basis Idol: a thing. a person who is mentally ill. mockery. passenger Confine: keep in.lazy.Lesson thirty one Bungee-jumping: the sport of leaping from a high place. fruitful. US spelling of valour. the extreme limit of understanding or achievement in a particular area Hatch: emerge from an egg. tree trunk. courage in the face of danger. lover Frontier: a border separating two countries. fallacy Jest: joke. plentiful Flame: a hot glowing body of ignited gas that is generated by something on fire. a person or thing that is loved very much. moon (in Latin) Lunatic: crazy person. between home and work. keep or restrict someone or something within certain limits of (space. to joke. serious infectious disease affecting the central nervous system makes people unable to use their legs Seam: a line where the edges of two pieces of wood or other material touch each other. especially over a considerable distance. thing to be laughed at. showing love and loyal support for one’s country. shading consisting of multiple crossing lines Idle rumors: statements that have no foundation in fact Idle: not doing anything. extremely foolish. a blood vessel that carries blood to the heart. cloth dome-shaped device used for descent from airplanes Patriotic: loving one's country. especially in battle Vein: mood. something said or done for amusement Luna: (Roman mythology) the goddess of the moon. poke fun.

study of myths and legends Norse: an ancient or medieval form of Norwegian or a related Scandinavian language Pitch: relative highness or lowness of a sound. arrange or fold as a cover or protection .. very great pain. idea. government. (baseball) the throwing of a baseball by a pitcher to a batter Proserpina: (Roman Mythology) goddess of the Earth. fighter. decrease. be a sign of. make known by signs. direct or turn for information. extent. a person with whom one works in a profession or business Curriculum: the subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college Diminish: make or become smaller in size. reduce Dip: immerse in a liquid. help or action. defense Apollo: sun god and patron of music and poetry (Classical Mythology). cause of very great pain. a strong feeling of support Maximum: greatest amount. to cause pain or make unhappy. relating to Troy. search for and find someone or something Styx: (Greek mythology) a river in Hades across which Charon carried dead souls Torment: cause very great pain to. goddess of the underworld Provide: to supply. bind. custom. worry or annoy very much. escape. trustworthiness. happiness. or the like. have importance. and fortunes of a person or group. influences. (Slang) condom Vulnerable: capable of being injured. very large Mythology: legends or stories that usually attempt to explain something in nature. nonsense (Slang). torture Trojan: a native or inhabitant of ancient Troy in Asia Minor. toss. hurry Loyalty: faithfulness to a person. make arrangements Refer: hand over. greatest in amount. any thought that has little or no worth Ceres: goddess of agriculture (Roman mythology). to prepare for or against some situation. send. having or showing great strength or force or intensity. financial assistance for the needy Wrap: cover or enclose in paper or soft material. greatest possible. to state as a condition. or intensity Mighty: very powerful or strong. pack. first asteroid discovered (the largest and one of the brightest) Colleague: associate. or actions. lower. cover. soldier Welfare: the health. prosperity.. move swiftly. US space crafts designed to land on the moon Bunk: a narrow shelf-like bed. assign to or think of as caused by. relate to Signify: mean. go quickly. etc. hardship Flee: run away. represent. open to attack. excuse. words. misfortune. most. highest. courageous person.Lesson thirty two Alibi: a claim or piece of evidence that one was elsewhere when an alleged act took place. sensitive to criticism. unprotected exposed Warrior: (especially in former times) a brave or experienced soldier or fighter. indicate Sought: past and past participle of seek. fellow worker. support. put or let something down quickly or briefly in or into (liquid) Distress: great pain or sorrow. amount or importance. throw. dangerous or difficult situation.

etc. noiseless Orphanage: a residential institution for the care of orphans. clever. unable to speak. bite or chew with toothless gums Mute: silent. make it difficult for (someone) to do something or for (something) to happen Indistinctly: not clear or sharply defined. especially in a university Merry: happy. accept as inevitable Retain: keep. cheerful and lively. benefits given only to people of a particular group Resign: voluntarily leave a job or position of office. indistinguishably Jolly: merry. advantage. full of fun. speak in a low voice. one who chats Lecture: speech or planned talk. a soft partly suppressed laugh Cricket: leaping insect which is related to the grasshopper. the condition of being a child without living parents Pirate: a person who attacks and robs ships at sea. (of a person) refraining from speech or temporarily speechless. bad or wrong use. treat badly. steal copyrighted or patented materials. make an outline Fury: extreme anger. outdoor sport played with ball and bat (popular in England) Draft: a preliminary version of a piece of writing. to scold. give up. scold very severely. to harm or injure Privilege: a special right. funny. remember. madness. make hard to do. giggle. a scolding. unclearly. to offer one’s services Wad: small. extreme strength or violence in an action or a natural phenomenon. use wrongly. flicker Volunteer: person who enters any service of his or her own free will. sparkle. showing or characterized by quick and inventive humour. soft mass. raise someone's spirits. glad. joke. to roll or crush into a small mass. US compulsory recruitment for military service. violence Hinder: hold back. especially at a card game. high and sharp in sound. (Slang) large amount (as of money. jest. hold fixed Scold: one who frequently reprimands others with abusive language. encourage in a friendly way Kibitzer: one who gives unasked for advice. happy and cheerful.) Witty: cleverly amusing. or immunity for a particular person. keep possession of. scream Twinkle: (of a star or light) shine with a gleam that changes constantly from bright to faint. friends. sharp Yiddish: a language used by Jews in central and eastern Europe with words from Hebrew and several modern languages . illegally use computer software Prejudice: an opinion formed without taking time and care to judge fairly. bad treatment Chimney: a vertical pipe which conducts smoke and gases up from a fire or furnace Chuckle: laugh quietly. look on and offer unwelcome advice. continue to have. slightly drunk Mumble: speak indistinctly. piercing. joyful. shriek. wildness.Lesson thirty three Abuse: make bad use of. employ by peyment of a fee. an educational talk to an audience. a woman who nags or grumbles constantly Shrill: having a high pitch.

diminish in strength or quality. endure. person with extreme political views Rag: a piece of old cloth.device Vaccinate: inoculate with vaccine as a protection against smallpox and other diseases . without rehearsal. vaccinate Precede: go before. go down. easily hurt or offended Skim: remove from the top. fundamental. relating to a region or climate characterized by mild temperatures Toss: throw lightly or casually. moderate. stimulate. be higher in rank or importance. make dirty. implement. experience. youthful. pass without attracting attention Inoculate: introduce a virus or microorganism into a person or animal to create immunity to a disease. come before. go through. or less. person with extreme opinion. glide along. fewer. immunize. on the spur of the moment. tool. not in order. remove from the surface of a liquid Smallpox: contagious disease characterized by skin eruptions which often leave permanent scars Spontaneous: of one’s own free will. quiet continuous motion. person who applies for a job or is nominated for election Coeducational: having to do with educating both sexes in the same school. make a mess. ride quickly Surrender: stop resisting an opponent and submit to their authority. throw. sinking Glide: move with a smooth. roll Undergone: experience or be subjected to. capitulate Temprate: not very hot and not very cold. throw (a coin) into the air so as to make a choice. move lightly (over). or possession. (psychology) a form of practice Sensitive: receiving impressionsreadily. a person from about 13 to 22 years of age Candidate: person who is proposed for some office or honor. read hastily or carelessly. right. be ahead of Radical: going to the root. suffer Untidy: not neat. give up a person. instinctive Spur: sharp device attached to a boot for goading a horse on. fly without power or in a glider. submit. pitch. extreme. mock. natural. old cloth. instrument. disarrange Utensil: tool or container used for practical purposes. poke fun at Rehearsal: a trial performance of a play or other work for later public performance. especially one torn from a larger piece.Lesson thirty four Adolescent: growing up to manhood or womanhood. decrease. attended by members of both sexes Decline: become smaller. tease. easily affected or influenced.

standing still. of uncertain or indefinite character or meaning. rise high. dream Avail: use or take advantage of. acquire or secure. narrate. to provide money for. coming after. help Boast: talk with excessive pride and self-satisfaction about oneself. increase rapidly above the usual level. move up to a higher position. important happening. connect in thought or meaning. hazy . disregard. raise to a more important or impressive level or status Erosion: gradual destruction and removal of rock or soil in a particular area by rivers. happening after. not moving. result of outcome. receive a specified treatment (abstract) Relate: tell. exaggerate about oneself Charter: document granting certain rights and privileges. cheering. aspire. the sea. praise Aspire: direct one's hopes or ambitions towards achieving something. a theatre where films are shown. or weather. ignore Elevate: raise. come into possession of. not changing in size. a thing that takes place Finance: money matters. movie theater (especially British) Discard: throw aside. disintegration Event: happening. provide funding for Lottery: a scheme for distributing prizes by lot or chance. profit.Lesson thirty five Applause: approval expressed by clapping. following. science of money management. give an account of. following in time or order Thou: archaic or dialect form of you. something whose success is governed by chance Obtain: get. one item in a program of sport. ascend Stationary: having a fixed station or place. get rid of (something) as no longer useful or desirable Discount: a deduction from the usual cost of something. not distinct. achieve. not clear. lift up. price reduction. contract. earn. succeeding. number or activity Subsequent: later. yearn. have a good relationship with Soar: fly upward or at great hight. as the singular subject of a verb Thy: (also thine before a vowel). archaic or dialect form of your Vague: not definite. hire Cinema: moving picture. . be in use. seek to attain a goal. glide high in the air.

sweet or musical sound. pacify Sprinkler: device that sprays water. comfort. an interval between parts of a play or film. rash House-hunt: seek a house to buy or rent Humming: make a low. against the law. abstract. done or acting with haste. etc Lesson thirty seven . especially during meals Tempest: violent storm with much wind. make (tea or coffee) by mixing it with hot water. sleep. mechanical device that attaches to a garden hose for watering lawn or garden Sympathetic: showing kind feelings toward others. swift. buzzing Illegal: not lawful. carry out. a single distinct event Intermission: a pause or break. remind someone of the words or actions needed Redeem: buy back. dry up. criticize sharply. done at once. decomposition. absorb with blotter paper Breakup: the termination of a relationship. pasta. stain. summary. temporary pause in an action Measles: an infectious viral disease causing fever and a red rash. regain through payment. steady continuous sound like that of a bee. on time. dullness. not well thought out.Lesson thirty six Blot: a dark mark or stain. and lessens pain by dulling the nerves Opium: an addictive drug prepared from the juice of a poppy. especially one made by ink. or an insensible condition. approving. calm. a violent disturbance Wheat: cereal widely grown in temperate countries. an instance of something happening. boiling. continue after a pause or interruption. convert an item into its cash value Refrain: hold back. reduce pain or discomfort in. set free. relieve (pain). typically occurring in childhood Narcotic: drug that produces drowsiness. contrary to or forbidden by law Incident: an event or occurrence. gently calm (a person or their feelings). hurried. pay off. the grain of which is ground to make flour for bread. stop oneself from doing something Resume: begin again. sing with closed lips. reckless. collapse. make up for. and fermentation. to cause someone to do something. travel at excessive speed (Slang) Soothe: quiet. CV Scorch: burn slightly. quick. go on. prepare Harmony: situation of getting on well together or going well together. take again. enjoying the same things and getting along well together Tablecloth: a cloth spread over a table. agreement or concord Hasty: reckless. coming apart Brew: make (beer) by soaking. something inducing a false sense of contentment Prompt: quick.

betrayer. chair of God. excess. make or become united or uniform. move forcefully and rapidly Stump: the part of a tree trunk left projecting from the ground after the rest has fallen. rumble. the highest attainable level of achievement. having fine personal qualities or high moral principles Raft: a floating mass of fallen trees. as though allowing time to decide what to do Demonstrate: clearly show the existence or truth of. display emotion Drought: long period of dry weather. extra Throne: a ceremonial chair for a sovereign. present. put down forcefully. gentlemanly. dignified. or dignity. royal March: trek. lack of water. lack of rain. (Slang) short fat person Summit: highest point. having or showing impressive beauty. tire out Zounds: damn!. respectful. etc. noisily. continue. a member of a body of armed men. fade Grumble: complain in a bad-tempered way. a complaint uttered in a low and indistinct tone Heed: give careful attention to. top. journey. forest. intended. annoy. anger. scale. beneficiary Howl: cry out (in pain. dryness Dwindle: become smaller and smaller.Abide: accept and follow out. make or form into one. join Vandal: person who willfully or ignorantly destroys or damages beautiful things Wear on: progress. yowl Majestic: grand. a friend. or area of countryside. or birth to the aristocracy. etc. characterized by courtesy and gracious good manners Deliberate: consider carefully.. stay. a person who says one thing and does another Unify: unite. the third month of the year Noble: belonging by rank. walk in coordinated steps like soldiers. consideration. accept or act in accordance with (a rule or decision) Arsonist: the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property. duty. take notice of. bishop. especially to appear in a law court Surplus: amount over and above what is needed. a long doleful cry uttered by an animal such as a dog. scout Recruit: enlist (someone) in the armed forces. and considerate. noble. slow and careful. especially with the fist or a blunt implement.). toilet (Slang) Thump: hit heavily. greatest success Summon: authoritatively call on (someone) to be present. thought Heir: person who has a right to someone’s property after that one dies. title. or decisively Traitor: person who betrays his or her country. bother. remain faithful to. exhibit. person who inherits anything. shrink. careful attention. typically divided into several smaller units and often into two battalions Rip: tear or pull forcibly away from something or someone. peak. one who intentionally lights fires Courteous: polite. done on purpose. to heck with it!. endure. protest. chair of a king or queen. civil. new member of a group Regiment: a permanent unit of an army. successor. diminish gradually. or similar figure. primitive boat made from buoyant material fastened together to make a platform Ranger: a keeper of a park. dwell. kingly. expressing surprise or indignation Lesson thirty eight .

remain on the knees. natural force. gradually diminish. retreat. friendship and mutual support within a group Handful: a quantity that fills the hand. empty out water. withdraw. make extremely wet. a loud. force to drink Fleet: a group of ships sailing together or under the same ownership. prolonged sound as made by a lion. willing to obey. kindness in judging people’s faults Chin: part of the face located in the center below the mouth. movie. cruel master. cross with difficulty.) Charity: generous giving to the poor. uproar. loud burst of sound Soak: make or become thoroughly wet by immersion in liquid. one who resists authority Recede: go back. depart (Slang). not strict Obedient: doing what one is told. a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest Wade: walk through a liquid or viscous substance. Biography: the written story of a person’s life. or engine. rescue from distress.Bail: free a person from jail by pledging a sum of money. confused noise. walk in water Wobble: move unsteadily from side to side Lesson thirty nine . throw so as to spread over an area. draw back Roar: a full. compliance with an order or law or submission to another's authority Parasol: a light umbrella used to give shade from the sun Rebel: a person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority. discourage Downpour: a heavy fall of rain. deep. move back. ebb and flow. choose actors (for a play. slope backward. as caused by a large mass of people Tyrant: cruel or unjust ruler. cloudburst Drench: wet thoroghly. a small number or amount. depress. mild or soothing. rest on the knee or knees Lenient: merciful or tolerant. to fly or move about in great numbers Tide: the alternate rising and falling of the sea due to the attraction of the moon and sun. institutions for helping the poor or the helpless. a person exercising power or control in a cruel and arbitrary way Verdict: decision of a jury. etc. as much as the hand can hold Kneel: go down on one’s knees. absolute ruler. act of saturating with water Swarm: group of insects flying or moving about together. soak. crowd or great number. be encouraged Dejected: in low spirits. violent disturbance or disorder. sad. current Tumult: noise. a number of vehicles or aircraft operating together Fraternity: a group of people sharing a common profession or interests. judgment. the part of literature that consists of biographies Cast: throw forcefully in a specified direction.

Assassinate: murder (a political or religious leader). burn with hot liquid or steam. discover. occupy the same time. heat almost to the boiling point. mark so that it cannot be used. die. catching Cross out: remove from a list. in accordance with custom.change. plain and clear. banner Rhyme: correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words. easy to read. conventional. serve as evidence or proof of something. go in a different direction. intentionally murder someone Blindfold: a piece of cloth tied around a person's head to cover the eyes. poster. got rid of. agree Contagious: spreading by contact. find out. the act of sending off something. (Slang) kill. symbolically Lava: hot molten or semi-fluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissure. metaphorical. borrower Depart: go away (from). allowing light to pass through so that objects behind can be distinctly seen Tribe: a social division in a traditional society consisting of linked families with a common culture and dialect Unearth: dig up. erase. recognizable Literally: word for word. declare under oath Transparent: easily seen through. especially meat) cook or be cooked by prolonged exposure to heat in an oven or over a fire Rye: wheat-like cereal plant which tolerates poor soils and low temperatures. company that owes money. fall over or off a vehicle Lesson fourty . the seed of the cereal grass Scald: pour boiling liquid over. actually. discover by investigation or searching. delete. suffer from intense heat Testify: give evidence as a witness in a law court. goods carried by a large vehicle Swelter: be uncomfortably hot. die leave. or solid rock resulting from cooling of this Legible: able to be read. infectious. churchmen Coincide: occupy the same place in space. virtually Mutton: meat taken from full-grown sheep Placard: a notice to be posted in a public place. correspond exactly. in a literal manner. especially in order to start a journey Figurative: departing from a literal use of words. clear. eliminate completely and without a trace. bring to light Vase: decorative container without handles typically made of glass or china and used for displaying cut flowers Wipe out: destroy. communicable. accurately. decide that (a planned event) will not take place Clergy: persons prepared for religious work. subject to harsh criticism Shipment: the action of shipping goods. habitual Debtor: person who owes something to another. with the eyes covered Cancel: cross out. void. clergymen as a group. easily spreading from one to another. transmissible. wipe out. especially when used in poetry Roast: (with reference to food. cancel Customary: usual. call off.

or feeling). absolutely necessary. widespread Hath: archaic form of the verb to have (third person singular) Impediment: a hindrance or obstruction. custom Convey: transport or carry to a place. routine. deceive Turnout: the number of people taking part in an event. impression. make too much of. financial benefit paid after a person has stopped working Proportion: a part. obtain fraudulently. lively. fleshy. an often persistent bodily disorder or disease. supply the blood with oxygen Vertebrae: each of the series of small bones forming the backbone. prevent or hinder. pain. discuss openly. reject. more than average fatness Obstacle: anything that gets in the way or hinders. state of being excessively overweight. conference. undesirable or unwelcome Obesity: extreme fatness. impediment. plump. or number considered in relation to a whole. necessary to life. urban Negative: saying no. having something to do in the affairs of a city or town. obese. purify by fresh air. hindrance Obstruction: be in the way of. sickness. fat. excessively fat Daze: make unable to think or react properly. sturdiness. firmness. the property of being strong and resolute Swindle: use deception to deprive of money or possessions. the ratio of one thing to another. suffering Barbed: sharp projection near the end of something which is angled away from main point so as to make extraction difficult Chiropractor: a person who treats ailments by massage and manipulation of the vertebrae and other forms of therapy Chubby: overweight. fatness. segments of bone which form the spinal column Vital: having to do with life. overweight Convention: a way in which something is usually done. minus. essential Lesson fourty one . go beyond the truth in telling. in a condition of being mentally numb Ditch: a narrow channel dug to hold or carry water. veto. cheat. get rid of Epidemic: an outbreak of a disease that spreads rapidly so that many people have it at the same time. obstruction. a cause for complaining. agreement. compromise the safety or security of.causing death. endanger. block. of the mouth. portion Stoutness: rather fat or heavily built. dig a canal. showing the lights and shadows reversed. treaty.Ailment: a minor illness. failure or ruin. imperil. physical defect which causes speech problems Jeopardize: risk. using speech. communicate (an idea. compromise the success of (also jeopardise) Magnify: cause to look larger than it really is. interfere Oral: spoken. transfer the title to (property) Corpulent: (of a person) fat. share. exaggerate Municipal: of a city or state. negate. a part of a road that has been widened to allow cars to pass or park Ventilate: change the air in. verbal Pension: regular payment that is not wages. deny.

balcony Potential: possibility as opposed to actuality. set aside or apart for a specific purpose or use Henchmen: a faithful follower or political supporter.Acronym: a word formed from the initial letters of other words Annihilation: destroy utterly. surround or attack from all sides. extinction Assertive: having or showing a confident and forceful personality. appoint to an office. a promise Porch: a covered shelter projecting in front of the entrance of a building. put forward Parole: word of honor. deeply absorbed in thought Rehabilitate: restore to good condition. destruction. mass Nominate: name as a condidate for office. annoy continually or chronically Brainchild: an idea or invention considered to be the creation of a particular person. ruin. make over in a new form. fur-like layer on deer antlers Vertical: streight up and down with reference to the horizon. etc. the reference library of a newspaper office. a large number of people or things. previously occupied. especially one prepared to engage in crime or dishonest practices Indifference: lack of interest. a product of your creative thinking Complacent: pleased with oneself. capability of coming into being or action. large quantity. used as a comfortable support for sitting or leaning on Devote: give time or resources to (a person or activity). or attention. restore to former standing. having a multi-level structure Wasp: an insect with a slender body and powerful sting. couch Stain: mark or discolour with something that is not easily removed. unconcerned. to free (a prisoner) under certain conditions. Lesson forty two . reputation. besiege. busy. Upholstery: covering and cushions of furniture. or nylon with a thick short pile on one side. typically as a result of anxiety. conditional freedom. crowd. for two or more people. or frailty Undertaker: a person whose business is preparing dead bodies for burial and making arrangements for funerals. a close gathering of people or things. a vertical line. for example. lost in thought. mortuary Multitude: a great number. dedicate. plant. excitement. careful attention Cushion: a bag of cloth stuffed with a mass of soft material. care. Sofa: a long upholstered seat with a back and arms. engaged. capable of inflicting a painful wound by injecting poison Tremble: shake involuntarily. smug Concentration: the action or power of concentrating. damage (someone's or something's reputation) Sting: a small sharp-pointed organ of an insect. self-satisfied. content. soft covering on chairs and seats that makes them more comfortable to sit Velvet: a closely woven fabric of silk. cotton. confidently aggressive Beset: trouble or harass persistently. possible energy (Electricity) Preoccupied: took up all the attention. rank. apathy Morgue: place where bodies of unknown persons found dead are kept. etc. having no particular interest or sympathy.

meditate Resign: give up. show openly. myth Maintain: keep. scornfully. the whole number of votes cast. relief. leave unprotected. all over again. offense Submit: accept or yield to a superior force or stronger person.Afresh: in a new or different way. intense. carry on. proposal. murderer. present. bear. cause or enable a condition or situation to continue Mound: a raised mass of earth or other compacted material. remain in existence. rage. sigh heavily Kinsmen: relative. severe Endure: last. offer Wharf: platform built on the shore or out from the shore beside which ships can load or unload Wrath: very great anger. submit. uphold. make (something) visible by uncovering it. yield. reveal Forgery: a copy that is represented as the original. keep on. yield. what is written on a coin or below a picture. countries that fought the Axis forces during World War II Amend: change for the better. one who is of the same race or nationality Legend: story coming from the past. with disdain. showing. killer. which many people have believed. make minor improvements to (a document. especially in Nazi Germany. sound of rushing air Slayer: one who slays. mockingly. family relation (especially a male). cold treatment. uncover. etc. declare to be true. propose. especially one created for defence or burial Notorious: famous for some bad quality or deed. a person who is frightened and in need of help Drastic: acting with force or violence. continue on in spite of difficulty Expose: lay open. deep. support. keep up. tiredness. chiefly domesticated for meat or milk or as beasts of burden Concentration camp: a camp for detaining political prisoners or persecuted minorities. the method of secret voting. anew Allies: nation-members of NATO. someone who causes the death of a person or animal Snub: treat coldly. right to vote Cattle: large ruminant animals with horns and cloven hoofs. certificate. audible exhalation expressing sadness. voluntarily leave a job or position of office. hopeless. having a strong or far-reaching effect. suggest. improve oneself. short and upturned (of a nose). quietly accept Roundup: the activity of gathering livestock together so that they can be counted or branded or sold Scornfully: with ridicule. act. stand.) Ballot: piece of paper used in voting. radical and extreme. etc. or involving despair. fury . rhythmically rise and fall. Deed: a conscious or intentional action. criminal falsification by altering an instrument with intent to defraud Heave: lift or haul (a heavy thing) with great effort. reflect deeply on a subject. from the beginning. think. a notable achievement Desperate: feeling. undergo. contemptuously. abondon. or with contempt. having an exceedingly bad reputation Ponder: consider carefully. infamous. document. without respect Sigh: a long. doing. alter. known for disgrace.

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