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Sr. Analyst, PatInt Solutions, New Delhi, India Phone/fax: +91-11-26465762 E-mail: email@example.com
This article explores finding of future car body materials which will be 100% recyclable that is environmentally safe, cheap and strong to pause-up the head on impact. The finding of futuristic car body materials is all done through the TRIZ’s innovative tools. The objective of the article is to find out possible car body materials and also to show the technology their competitors and the patenting activities in this area. The article divided into six stages. In the first stage, we introduce about the actual problem associated with car body. Secondly, we introduce TRIZ tool to find out the TRIZ standard problem by comparing the actual or general problem which has been found out in first stage. In third, we have gathered the facts related with TRIZ standard problems by using various sources such as uspto, epo and wipo.After that in fourth stage we have identified the materials which could solve the problem defined in stage one. In the fifth stage we have suggested some hypothetical solution for the futuristic car relating their body materials and different kind of fuels. In the last stage we summarized the whole process of idea development.
Topic Title: Purpose of the Topic
FUTURE BODY MATERIALS FOR CARS
To make car more environmentally safe, cost effective & strong by identifying new futuristic materials other than base material (Steel and Aluminum) which is currently in use. To achieve 100% recyclable car body material. (EU legislation by 2015).
Hypothesis for Topic
failure analysis. tool set. knowledge base. 2 – CTI: Competitive Technology Intelligence . and patterns of system evolution (both 'as-is' and 'could be'). CTI Landscape Stage-V Stage-VI Idea Exploration Summary. and model-based technology for generating innovative ideas and solutions for problem solving.) Stage-IV Patent / Technology gathering CTI 2 Landscape Stage-III Material Identification (from Identified Technologies / Patent domains) Patent / Technology gathering. system analysis. TRIZ provides tools and methods for use in problem formulation. References Note: 1 .TRIZ is a methodology. scientific literature and other available documents.METHOD OF IDEA DEVELOPMENT The ideas were developed and processed as follows: Stage-I Stage-II Problem Identification (general problems regarding Car Body material) Compilation of Problem (through TRIZ 1 to get standard TRIZ problems and solutions regarding car body materials) Information gathering (Technology / Patent Identification through Patent documents.
Stage-I Problem Identification (general problems regarding Car Body material and car fuel) Problems: a. Identification of materials which are compatible with corrosive fuel. Identification of materials which are rigid and can absorb crush impact as well. It also reduces inflammability. Keyword Generated from above problems: a. Identification of materials which are light weight and rigid b. Compatible with Corrosive fuel but reduce inflammability c. Environmentally safe but cheaper d. c. Light Weight but Rigid b. Rigid but absorb Crush impact . Identification of materials which are environmentally safe and cheaper. d.
1.Stage-II Compilation of Problem (through TRIZ 1 to get standard TRIZ problems regarding car body materials) Followings are findings by applying TRIZ’s Tools (1) Improvement Contradiction Strength Weight of moving body (2) Improvement Contradiction Stability of the Object Object affecting harmful (3) Improvement Contradiction Stress or pressure Object generated harmful Stage-III Information gathering (Technology / Patent Identification through Patent documents. CRASH BOX FOR ABSORBING IMPACT ENERGY IN E.G. IN PARTICULAR FOR COMPRESSED GAS USED IN CAR . CAR. WHERE SHEATH HAS END ARRANGED SO AS TO BE ROLLED ON PLATE DURING IMPACT 2. HAS SHEATH COMPOSED OF FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND RESTING ON OUTER PART OF DEFORMATION SECTION. PRESSURIZED FLUID TANK. scientific literature and other available documents by applying TRIZ) FOLLOWING TECHNOLOGIES / PATENTS ARE IDENTIFIED FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.
CAR BODY ASSEMBLY. IMPROVEMENTS IN AND RELATING TO THE PROTECTION FROM CORROSION OF RESISTANCE-WELDED SHEET METAL COVERED WITH NON-METALLIC LAYERS. ON THE BLANK AREAS THEREOF 5. WHERE MATERIAL HAS ACTUATOR WITH WHOSE EXCITATION MATERIAL CHANGES FROM ONE STABLE FORM TO ANOTHER STABLE FORM 4. COMPOSITE LAYER COATING FILM FORMING METHOD AND COATED ARTICLE 9. FOR CAR FUEL OR OIL CONTROL DEVICE 18.G. METHOD FOR PREPARING COMPOSITE MATERIAL IN USE FOR CAR BODY CASE 8. HONEYCOMB CORE VACUUM COMPOSITE PLATE AND ITS PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT 12. COMPOSITE MATERIAL FOR E. CAR FRAME FEATURING RTM-TECHNOLOGY MODULES OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL 6. STAINLESS STEEL POWDER COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND ITS WARM-PRESSING METHOD 7. COMPOSITE MEMBER HAVING NOISE PREVENTING CAPACITY AND IMPACT ABSORBING CAPACITY 11. MAGNETIC COMPOSITE BODY WITH FERROMAGNETIC SECTION AND WEAK OR NON-MAGNETIC SECTION E. PRESS FOR FIBRE AND PLASTIC COMPOSITES E. METHOD FOR SHAPING AN ELEMENT FROM SYNTHETIC COMPOSITE MATERIAL FOR A CAR BODY 14. BODY STRUCTURE OF ROLLING STOCK . FOR CAR BODY PANELS 19.G. HAS LAYER COMPOSITION WITH TWO LAYERS HAVING PARTIAL STRUCTURES. CONSTRUCTION THEREOF AND MANUFACTURING METHOD AND 13. COMPOSITE MATERIAL.G. GASEOUS HYDROCARBON MESOPOROUS BODY ADSORBING AGENT CONSISTING OF 15.3. FRONT HEAD STRUCTURE OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL STRUCTURAL BODY FOR HEAD VEHICLE 17. COMPOSITE CAR BODY PART 10. MOLDING PRODUCT OF FIBER-REINFORCED COMPOSITE MATERIAL 16. COMPOSITE SUPPORT SHEET METAL COMPONENT FOR CAR BODY LID 20.
MANUFACTURE OF COMPOSITE BRAID FOR CAR BODY TRIM 29. COMPOSITE ARTICLES OF ALUMINIU-BASED ALLOYS Stage-IV Material Identification (Through Identified Technologies / Patent domains) Followings are the materials which can be used for car body a. COMPOSITE SHEET FOR AUTOMOTIVE USE 26. INTEGRAL CAR BODY MADE OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL 30. CAR BODY OUTER PLATE MEMBER CONSISTING OF COMPOSITE FIBER MATERIAL FOR AUTOMOBILE AND ITS MANUFACTURE 32. 27. 23. ORGANIC MATTER COATED ALUMINUM MATERIAL EXCELLENT IN AFTER-PROCESSING CORROSION RESISTANCE 24. Cellulose Plastics and Metal Composites) . Biomaterials (Natural Fibers. HIGH IMPACT RESISTANCE HARD POLYVINYL CHLORIDE MOLDING COMPOUNDS AND APPLICATION THEREOF 22. STRUCTURE FOR JOINING STRUCTURE BODY OF VEHICLE 28. METHOD FOR PRODUCING A DOUBLE WALL CAR BODY PART WITH AN INSULATING LAYER. DAMPING RESIN COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND DAMPING LAMINATED BODY FORMED OF THE MATERIAL 25.21. COMPOSITE INTEGRAL CAR BODY 31. SELF-SUPPORTING ROOF PANEL OF PLASTIC MATERIAL FOR MOTOR VEHICLES AND THE LIKE 33. COMPOSITE MATERIALS COMPRISING A REINFORCING MATERIAL AND A SILICATE MATRIX. Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) b.
g. MOFs +Fibers) d. Solid Fuel (Electrical/Thermal) KR20050019055 DE10249332 Body Materials 1 Metal Organic Frameworks WO2007111739 (MOFs) JP2007196545 EP1896718 2 Ceramics (Composite SE526471 materials based KR200165738 on Ceramics) DE10222008 JP3089973 Bio-Materials and Aluminum DE102007058120 alloys (Natural Fibers. Ceramics. ) Reinforced DE102006040748 Plastics (Hybrid DE102006027578 Composite) (MOFs+Fiber) JP3213653 WO03090929 JP57038919 3 US2004183055 KR20040064386 4 US2008087869 JP2008066273 PATENT LANDSCAPE:. Metal-Fibrous Composite/ . Reinforced Plastics (Hybrid Composite. Cellulosic Plastics. Methane) Liquid/Gel Fuel Hydrogen.Landscape) Following are the Technologies (Based on Application for Car Body Material) and their Patent landscape: • • • • ORGANO-METALLIC with Fibrous goods.composite materials.(CTI .c. ORGANO-METALLIC additive for plastics. Ceramics (Composites) FUELS Gas Fuel (e.
• • • Metallic-Honeycomb Cellulosic PLASTICS (Bio) TRUSSESS (1) METAL ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS(MOFs) .
• (2) Ceramics. .composite materials.
• (3) Bio-Materials .
• (4) Hybrid Fibers (Plastics) .
Patent Traffic and Countries in Patenting CAR BODY MATERIALS Traffic: Patents / Technology MOFs 200 150 Structural AEROSOL 100 100 50 0 53 120 Hybrid Fibers Bio-Materials 86 200 Ceramic Composite COUNTRY'S CONTRIBUTION KOREA 24 10 10 12 MOFs Ceramic Composite Bio-Materials Hybrid Fibers JAPAN 74 134 1012 EUROPE 60 116 74 28 USA 0% 85 20% 40% 132 60% 26 20 80% 100% .
Hypothesis: Solutions I Material: Fuel: Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs). following possibilities or idea has been created) Idea-I: A body material which could give the strength as well as the capacity to store “Gaseous Fuel”. which means it should mould easily and have powerful as well as strength to store fuel like hydrogen and methane under pressure. . Ceramic Composite & Natural Fibers like Flax and Hemp. Porous Metal.Stage-V Idea Exploration (On the basis of above facts and material identified. Hypothesis: Solution II Material: Micro truss supported metal panels represent the ultimate currently available structural material for manufacturing the skins and interior surfaces of high performance vehicles. a class of materials presumed to offer the highest stiffness to mass ratio of all. Whether we will be seeing them in the automobiles of the future cannot be said with certainty. Cellular Structure. Gas (hydrogen. Methane) / Liquid / Solid Idea-II: There is another idea to stop inflammability of gas fuel by converting the gas fuel into gel and carried though out the materials like structural aerogels.
Trusses and Metal organic Frameworks (MOFs) with other composite materials work as semiconductor and store solar energy which could be utilized directly as fuel. The liquid in the gel is replaced by gas. Solar energy / Solid Fuel . resulting in a mass of almost microscopic interlocking filaments. Aerogels are materials made from gels. Hypothesis: Solution III Material Micro.Fuel: Gas like Hydrogen or Methane which is inflammable which can be converted into gel and may be used like gel fuel. Idea- III: Alternative use: The body material could be used as FUEL that means the body material could work as conductive materials such as SOLAR PLATE.
The tool which we applied here is TRIZ and 9 boxes techniques here we are not giving the full details of our TRIZ methodology. But below this table we are giving the methodology of general TRIZ. General Requirement Condition 1: Condition 2: Condition 3: Condition4: but /Conditions for Future Light Weight but Compatible with Environmentall Rigid Rigid Corrosive fuel y safe but absorb Crush Car body material / Fuel TRIZ Conditions (Improvement / Strength Contradiction) based on Weight above general condition Of moving to Find out Future car Body body material Condition 1: but reduce Cheaper inflammability Stability Reliability Of the Object Object Ease Affected Of harmful operation Condition 2: impact Stress Or Pressure Object generated harmful Condition 4: Available Technology filtered from the Patent documents by using keywords based on TRIZ findings. cost effective. and strong.SUMMARY The purpose of this project is to find out the future body materials for car. The idea behind this project is to find out materials which will be more environmentally safe. As we all know that the basic or the base materials would be still Steel and Aluminum but by finding new materials we could certainly decrease the cost of car by decreasing the fuel consumption. Below table represent our summary of methods by which we found out the materials which could be used along with base material (Steel and Aluminum). These materials would be recyclable according different countries norms. Crash box And Absorbing Impact Condition 3: CAR FRAME FEATURING Composite materials and RTMchanging Forms TECHNOLOG Y MODULES OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL Technology 2: Technology 3: Selfsupporting roof panel of plastic material for motor vehicles and the like Technology 4: Technology 1: .
If we can accurately define this. EXAMPLE: Question: How can we re-design a leaking flange joint? . we are half way there. Ideality = ‘Value’ = Benefits Cost + Harm Start by focussing on solutions not problems Then ask how can we use the resources to achieve this? Resources • • Everything in the system is a resource (even the harmful things) The best solutions will come from knowing about all the resources Contradictions • • All systems contain contradictions – What gets worse as what gets better? E. all benefit no cost. strength v weight We should actively look for contradictions as there are ways of eliminating compromise. no harm.Methodology used TRIZ Concentrate on the ideal solution Ideality is the overriding driver for system evolution Concentrate on all the resources available to us If we can use these more effectively we will get more out of less Ideality • • • • I.g.e.
Tilt or re-orientate an object. . lay it on its side… 9 Boxes Techniques 5 years ago Supersystem level Present Coming 5 years Put here the consequences if nothing is done System level Think about a hazard that Put here the consequences if can be blocked in the nothing is done solution space Put the main problem here Put here the consequences if nothing is done Sub-system level Note: This project contains only the over view of Methodology (TRIZ) used and the core idea that is finding of car body materials.What are we trying to make better? Seal tightness Reliability What gets worse as we do this? Weight Ease of operation Complexity TRIZ solution from 40 inventive principles: “Another Dimension” .
Using patent online documents such as USPTO. EPO.com 2. WIPO.com 3.References: 1. The TRIZ tools from www. India . Examples taken from www.trizsite. © 2008 PatInt Solutions India Pvt.triz-journal. Ltd. New Delhi.
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