Power Quality Seminars

Power Quality Education and Training
One of the fundamental challenges facing utility and power customer personnel is the need to become familiar with and stay informed about issues dealing with power quality. As the utility industry undergoes restructuring and as customers find their service needs changing with increased use of equipment and processes more susceptible to power system disturbances, power suppliers and customers alike will find a solid background in power quality not only useful, but also necessary for continued productivity and competitiveness. Electrotek Concepts® offers a number of seminars focusing on various aspects of power system disturbances, monitoring, mitigation technologies, simulation and modeling, and power quality program development and administration. Aimed at engineers, managers, and other technical professionals, these seminars can either provide you with a base of knowledge on the subject, or serve as a refresher for new concepts and technologies. The seminars are designed to be presented at your facility, one of our offices, or off-site at a location of your choosing. These seminars present both a theoretical as well as practical approach. While the seminars feature a set format and agenda, we can customize them to emphasize certain topics or include additional material. Available seminar topics include • • • • • • Overview of Power Quality Electric Power Systems Quality Distribution Power Quality Contemporary Topics in Power System Harmonics Utility Capacitor Applications and Concerns Power Quality in the Industrial Environment • • • • • • • • Adjustable Speed Drive Application Considerations Efficient Motor and Drive Application Considerations Monitoring Power Quality and Solving Problems Using Computers to Solve Power Quality Problems Developing a Power Quality Program Establishing Benchmarks for Utility Power Quality Performance Power Quality Assurance for High Reliability Facilities Building a Web-based Power Quality Monitoring System

We also offer in-house and off-site training for the SuperHarm®, EMTP, and PSCAD® software packages. Our training is designed to allow you to progress at your own speed, and consists of two or more days of case study analysis and practical applications. Semiannual workshops can be arranged for continuous training. Pricing for these seminars varies according to the number of days for presentation, number of expected attendees, and instructor travel costs, if any. Please send e-mail to info@electrotek.com for information on pricing, scheduling, and availability. Full descriptions for all seminars can be found on the Internet at www.electrotek.com/seminars/pqtrain.htm. Also check our web site for information on seminars sponsored by utilities and other organizations. Notes for selected seminars are available for purchase. Please visit www.electrotek.com/seminars/pqtrain.htm for more information.

“Electrotek Concepts” is a registered service mark and “SuperHarm” is a registered trademark of Electrotek Concepts, Inc. “PSCAD” is a registered trademark of Manitoba HVDC Research Centre.

Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive, Suite 222 • Knoxville, TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek.com www.electrotek.com

Overview of Power Quality Power quality is a growing concern for a wide range of customers.Capacitor Switching Transient Magnification Problem .Process Controller Tripping During Voltage Sags Problem .Transients from PWM Inverters Power Quality Monitoring and Site Surveys Monitoring Objectives Initial Site Survey Monitoring Equipment Selection Monitoring Locations Data Collection Data Analysis Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive. and utility engineers. methods for analyzing these problems. One of the most important is better education of customer service representatives and customers themselves. Industrial customers can experience interruptions to important processes during momentary voltage sags associated with remote faults on the utility system. Suite 222 • Knoxville.Excessive Neutral Currents Voltage Sags and Interruption Concerns Voltage Sags vs. This one-day seminar provides an overview of the most important industrial and commercial facility power quality concerns. Electric utilities are dealing with these problems in a variety of ways. resulting in higher harmonic levels in the buildings. Outages Faults on the Transmission System Faults on the Distribution System Motor Starting Events Equipment Sensitivity (ASDs.com www. These harmonic sources cause excessive neutral currents and transformer overheating. Commercial customers are installing high efficiency lighting and electronic office equipment.com . utility representatives that deal directly with these customers. Even residential customers are concerned about surge protection for sensitive electronics in the home and the impact of momentary interruptions on their electronic equipment.electrotek. Introduction: Power Quality Overview What is Power Quality and Why is it Important? Symptoms of Wiring and Grounding Problems Symptoms of Voltage Sag and Interruption Problems Symptoms of Harmonic Problems Symptoms of Transient Problems General Approach Wiring and Grounding Definitions and Terminology Purpose Wiring and Grounding for Power Quality Typical Problems Problem . They will learn about the different categories of power quality problems being experienced by customers. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek.High Neutral-Ground Voltages Harmonics What are Harmonics? Harmonic Producing Loads (ASDs.Nuisance Tripping of ASDs Problem . Attendees at this seminar will develop a basic understanding of important power quality concerns. The seminar also provides an overview of important standards relating to power quality.Voltage Notching Problem .Capacitors Magnify Harmonics Problem . and possible solutions. Controls) Utility / Customer / Equipment Solutions Problem . etc. The seminar is appropriate for customers interested in power quality concerns. Power factor correction procedures are complicated by harmonics in the plants from adjustablespeed drives (ASDs) and other electronic loads.) System Response Characteristics Effect of Capacitor Banks Harmonic Filter Design Impact on Transformer Heating Commercial Building Harmonic Concerns Industrial System Harmonic Concerns Harmonic Standards (IEEE 519) Problem .Local Area Networks Problem .Voltage Variations Caused by Variable Load Transient Overvoltage Concerns What are Transients and Where Do They Come From? Capacitor Switching Transients Basic Principles of Overvoltage Protection Arresters and Surge Suppressors Effect of Chokes and Isolation Transformers Problem .

Customers require higher quality service due to more sensitive electronic and computer-controlled loads. the solutions are often not simple because the problems involve interactions between the power system and the customer electrical system and equipment.) System Response Characteristics Effect of Capacitor Banks Impact on Transformer Heating Harmonic Filter Design Harmonic Standards (IEEE 519) • • • Voltage Regulation Voltage Flicker Seminar attendees will develop a basic understanding of important distribution power quality concerns. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. Reliability Categories of Variations Performing a Site Survey Symptoms of Power Quality Problems Impact of System Protection on Power Quality Overcurrent Protection Reclosing Schemes Voltage Sags vs. Also. Interruptions vs. Suite 222 • Knoxville. Electric utilities have addressed these concerns by establishing programs that can help customers evaluate problems and develop solutions.com . Controls) Utility / Customer / Equipment Solutions How do capacitor switching transients get magnified in customer plants? How can I apply IEEE 519 to evaluate the impact of customer loads on distribution system harmonic levels? Why is customer equipment so sensitive to voltage sags during remote faults on the power system? How do lightning transients get into customer facilities? How do I develop a monitoring program for determining power quality levels on my distribution systems? • Harmonic Distortion Concerns Harmonic Generation (ASDs. Utility personnel dealing with distribution system design and power quality need to develop an understanding of how events on the distribution system can impact customer operations. They will learn about the different types of power quality problems being experienced by customers. Power Quality Monitoring and Site Surveys Monitoring Objectives Monitoring Equipment Transducer Requirements Selecting Monitoring Locations Monitor Installation Summary Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive.electrotek. However. etc.Distribution Power Quality Electric distribution system power quality is a growing concern. and possible solutions. customer loads are generating increasing amounts of harmonic currents that can be magnified on the distribution system due to resonance conditions. Key issues include: • Introduction What is Power Quality and Why is it Important? What is a Power Quality Problem? Whose Problem is it? Power Quality vs. methods for analyzing these problems. The seminar also provides an overview of important power quality standards. Outages PQ Aspects of Fault Clearing Practices Feeder Design for Power Quality Major Distribution System Power Quality Concerns Lightning Protection Capacitor Switching Transients Magnification at Customer Buses Nuisance Tripping of ASDs Solutions to Capacitor Switching Problems Voltage Sags & Momentary Interruptions Voltage Sag Characteristics Impact of System Protection Practices Transmission & Distribution System Analysis Equipment Sensitivity (ASDs.com www. Capacitor switching events and voltage sags associated with remote faults that never caused problems in the past now cause equipment tripping and even failures within customer facilities.

simulations are performed in conjunction with system monitoring for verification of models and identification of important power quality concerns. excite circuit resonances resulting in transient voltage magnification in the secondary voltage networks. Quite often. grounding.electrotek. switchgear capabilities. energy duties of protective devices. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek.com . etc. The seminar also provides an overview of important standards relating to the application of capacitor banks.) System Response Characteristics Effect of Capacitor Banks Effect of Harmonics on Equipment Harmonic Filter Design Harmonic Standards (IEEE 519) Case Studies / Example Problems Transient Disturbances Capacitor Switching Transients Control of Switching Transients Synchronous Closing Preinsertion Devices Prestrike / Restrike Transients Phase-to-Phase Transients Ferroresonance Case Studies / Example Problems Impact of Capacitors on Power Quality Magnification at Customer Buses Controlling Transients with Harmonic Filters Nuisance Tripping of ASDs Effect of Chokes and Isolation Transformers Case Studies / Example Problems Summary Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive. overvoltage protection.com www. It can produce a high phase-to-phase overvoltage on a terminating transformer. determine resulting power quality problems. Introduction Reasons for Capacitor Bank Installations System Benefits Voltage Improvement Loss Reduction Increased System Capacity Control of Capacitor Banks Standards for Capacitor Applications Impact on Power Quality / Customers Capacitor Bank Design and Protection Capacitor Ratings Capacitor Bank Connections Grounding of Capacitor Banks Capacitor Bank Calculations Overcurrent Protection Back-to-Back Switching / Outrush Overvoltage Protection Application of MOV Arresters Unbalance Detection Example Problems Harmonic Concerns Harmonic Generation (ASDs. overcurrent protection. and unbalance detection.Utility Capacitor Applications and Concerns The analysis of utility capacitor switching events often requires the use of sophisticated digital simulation tools. The considerations must also be extended to include distribution systems and sensitive customers. and evaluate possible mitigation methods. Transmission system concerns include insulation withstand level. Application considerations include capacitor bank configurations. and system harmonic considerations. Simulations provide a convenient means to characterize transient events. The capacitor energizing transient is important because it is one of the most frequent utility switching operations. methods for analyzing these problems. or cause problems with sensitive electronic equipment in customer facilities. energy duties of protective devices. Attendees will develop a basic understanding of important capacitor protection considerations and power quality concerns. They will learn about the different categories of power quality problems being experienced by customers. insulation withstand levels. There are a number of important transient-related concerns when transmission voltage level capacitor banks are applied. switchgear capabilities. Suite 222 • Knoxville. and possible solutions.

Suite 222 • Knoxville. Increased awareness of power quality issues has created a need for utilities and their customers to become better informed. equipment has become more sensitive to fluctuations in voltage along the distribution line. Power quality is now viewed from a systems perspective rather than as an isolated instrument problem.Electric Power Systems Quality This two-day seminar is based on the McGraw-Hill book Electric Power Systems Quality. Understanding the entire scope of the problem helps in identifying the solution and preventing future occurrences.electrotek. Transients Total Harmonic Distortion and rms Value Power and Power Factor Triplen Harmonics Single-Phase Power Supplies Three-Phase Power Converters Arcing Devices Saturable Devices Effects of Harmonic Distortion System Response Characteristics Principles for Controlling Harmonics Locating Sources of Harmonics Devices for Filtering Harmonic Distortion Harmonic Study Procedure Symmetrical Components Modeling Harmonic Sources Harmonic Filter Design Telecommunications Interference Computer Tools for Harmonics Analysis Long-Duration Voltage Variations Principles of Regulating the Voltage Devices for Voltage Regulation Utility Voltage Regulator Application Capacitors for Voltage Regulation End-User Capacitor Application Regulating Utility Voltage with Dispersed Sources Terms and Definitions Transients Long-Duration/Short-Duration Voltage Variations Voltage Imbalance Waveform Distortion Voltage Fluctuation Power Frequency Variations Power Quality Terms and Ambiguous Terms CBEMA Curve Wiring and Grounding Definitions Reasons for Grounding Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems Voltage Sags and Interruptions Sources of Sags and Interruptions Areas of Vulnerability Fundamental Principles of Protection End-User Issues Motor Starting Sags Utility System Fault-Clearing Issues Monitoring Power Quality Site Survey Detailed Power Quality Monitoring Power Quality Measurement Equipment Summary of Equipment Capabilities Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive. New equipment that increases productivity for a plant may also cause power quality problems for other equipment down the line. and Wayne Beatty.com . coauthored by Roger Dugan. As technology becomes more advanced. Introduction What is Power Quality? Why are We Concerned about Power Quality? Transient Overvoltages Sources of Transient Overvoltages Principles of Overvoltage Protection Devices for Overvoltage Protection Utility Capacitor Switching Transients Utility Lightning Protection Load-Switching Transient Problems Computer Tools for Transients Analysis Harmonics Harmonic Distortion Voltage vs. and solutions are explored during this in-depth overview of power quality. Power quality concepts. Current Distortion Harmonics vs. This seminar is targeted toward electric utility customer account managers and technical staff. Mark McGranaghan. causes. Surya Santoso. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. and other key stakeholders.com www. industrial plant engineers.

as well as utility engineers and customer representatives that must deal with compatibility between the utility power system and modern day industrial loads.electrotek. This seminar provides a basic level of understanding for critical power quality problems being experienced by industrial customers. Controls) Area of Vulnerability Improving Voltage Sag Ride Through Harmonics Concerns Harmonic Generation (ASDs. Attendees will learn how to identify problems using measurements and analytical methods.) System Response Characteristics Effect of Capacitor Banks Impact on Transformer Heating Harmonic Filter Design Harmonic Standards (IEEE 519) Transient Overvoltage Concerns Capacitor Switching Transients Magnification at Customer Buses Nuisance Tripping of ASDs Controlling Transients with Harmonic Filters Arresters and Surge Suppressors Voltage Notching Effect of Chokes and Isolation Transformers Power Quality Measurements/Monitoring Monitoring Instruments Site Survey Procedures Analyzing and Reporting Survey Results Maintaining a Power Quality Database Example Case Study . and will learn key techniques for solving the problems. etc. Suite 222 • Knoxville. Introduction Why is Power Quality Important? What are Power Quality Problems? Whose Problem is it? Power Quality Definitions Characteristics of Industrial Loads Motors ASDs Process and Machine Controls Harmonic Generation Sensitivity to Disturbances Power Factor Correction Voltage Sag Concerns Voltage Sags vs. Most importantly. This seminar presents harmonic filter design procedures for power factor correction and harmonic control and describes methods for controlling transient voltages both on the utility system and at sensitive loads. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. Increasing application of adjustable speed drives is resulting in higher harmonic distortion levels and an increased potential exists for resonances with power factor correction capacitors. this seminar covers approaches for solving power quality problems. Transient overvoltages caused by capacitor switching and switching operations within the plant can cause component failures and misoperation in sensitive equipment. Equipment sensitivity to voltage sags and momentary interruptions can often be improved with proper protection of control circuits.com www. harmonic generation) are described. along with the impacts of utility operations.Power Quality in the Industrial Environment Power quality is increasingly important to industrial customers as process operations and facilities depend upon sensitive electronic equipment.com . Key characteristics of industrial loads (sensitivity to disturbances.ASD Applications Sensitivity to Voltage Sags Controlling Harmonic Levels Power Factor Correction Capacitor Switching/Magnification Concerns Nuisance Tripping Concerns Recommendations Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive. Momentary voltage sags caused by remote faults on the utility system result in equipment dropouts that affect entire processes. This seminar is ideal for industrial customers. Outages Faults on the Transmission System Faults on the Distribution System Effect of Fault Location Equipment Sensitivity (ASDs.

However. ASD Applications Fans Pumps Compressors Process Controls Other Types and Characteristics of Adjustable Speed Drives DC Motor Drives Synchronous Motor Drives Induction Motor Drives (CSI. Many ASD problems are localized within customer facilities. voltage sags. switching procedures. Attendees will gain an understanding of the different types of adjustable speed drives and their interface requirements.Adjustable Speed Drive Application Considerations Applications for adjustable speed motor drives (ASDs) are dramatically increasingly at all customer levels. filters. The application of ASDs is one of the major reasons for increased customer concern over power quality. will also be presented. Also.com www. interruptions. and harmonic distortion levels will be discussed.com . surge protection. the controls and the power electronic components for the ASD can be particularly sensitive to power quality variations.electrotek. Since they use power electronics for the power conversion. VSI. Suite 222 • Knoxville. This seminar is targeted towards utility personnel dealing with customer power quality problems or customers involved with the application of adjustable speed motor drives. and appropriate ASD components. The applications in industrial facilities for process controls and improved efficiencies are particularly important. These must be understood and carefully evaluated. including isolation transformers. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. ASD characteristics will be described and important considerations for transients. they are significant sources of disturbances and harmonic distortion on the system. Concerns for utility/customer system interaction will be covered in detail. The power quality implications associated with these devices must be carefully considered. Methods for solving power quality problems. some of the problems can be associated with utility switching operations or harmonic distortion levels. This one day seminar was developed to introduce the major application considerations for adjustable speed drives so that power quality requirements for these devices can be intelligently evaluated. PWM) Economic Considerations Energy Efficiency Equipment Reliability Product Quality/Process Control ASD Power Quality Requirements Component Ratings Surge Protection Control System Requirements Impact of ASDs on Power Quality Harmonic Generation Voltage Notching Due to Power Electronics Starting Characteristics Interface Considerations Lightning Transients from the Utility System Capacitor Switching on the Utility System Customer Capacitor Applications Voltage Sags/ Motor Starting Harmonic Control Power Quality Problem Solutions Isolation Transformers Surge Protection Switching Control Component Ratings Harmonic Filters Voltage Regulation ASD Application Case Studies Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive.

even more significant savings can be obtained through application of electronic variable-speed technologies. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. This seminar is targeted towards utility engineers and marketing representatives. but many industries are recognizing the benefits of improved process performance. Suite 222 • Knoxville.com www. These technologies must be carefully applied. better interface with microprocessor controllers. but this difference in purchase price can usually be recouped in less than two years for new installations.Efficient Motor and Drive Application Considerations Energy-efficient motor and drive systems are being applied in increasing numbers. Experienced instructors present an overview of the types of technologies that can be used. Often these technologies are applied for energy conservation and cost reduction reasons.com . Introduction Motor Applications Motor Types Motor Sales Technologies for Improved Efficiency Energy Efficient Motors ASDs Energy Efficient Motor Performance Efficiency Definition Motor Losses Purchase Price vs. energy-efficient motors can be economically justified for replacement of failed standard motors which would otherwise have to be rewound. In addition. plant maintenance and production personnel. In applications with varying load conditions. electrical contractors. Running Cost Motor Efficiency Comparison Motor Efficiency Testing Motor Rewinding Abnormal Operating Conditions ASD Performance Types of ASDs ASD Efficiency Proper Application of ASDs Power Quality Considerations Economics Utility Rate Structure Load Factor Calculations Energy Savings due to Efficient Motors Energy Savings due to ASDs Economic Analysis of Alternatives Motor Surveys System Considerations Selecting Motors for Application Selecting Drives for Application Case Studies Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive.electrotek. and superior system characteristics which accompany many energy-efficient motor systems installations. taking into account possible power quality problems and control system requirements. This one-day seminar serves as an introduction to motor and drive applications for increasing energy efficiency and improve process performance. Particular emphasis is placed on economic evaluations and power quality enhancements. commercial customers. along with specific characteristics and application considerations of each technology. building and industrial designers. Attendees will learn how to assess economic benefits of motor and drive technologies and how to apply motor systems and drives effectively and efficiently. and motor and drive vendors and manufacturers. Energy-efficient motors typically cost 15 to 30 percent more than standard efficiency motors.

Suite 222 • Knoxville. The past few years have seen an explosion of new ideas for dealing with these concerns. Fundamentals Increasing Concerns from Harmonics Voltage Distortion vs.0% IEEE 519 Limit (7%) 10. The industry now markets "K-Factor" transformers.0% 40. excessive neutral currents within buildings. The increasing application of power electronic equipment with the potential to generate harmonic current components. Harmonic distortion problems include equipment overheating. and other standards committees. IAS.0% Type 1 Current Waveform Type 2 Current Waveform 40. is creating higher distortion levels throughout the system. New computer software techniques allow for easier analysis of harmonics problems.com www.0% (% of Max Plant Load Current) Total Plant 5th Harmonic Current 60. And.0% 60.Contemporary Topics in Power System Harmonics Harmonic distortion on the utility power system and within customer facilities is a growing concern. An IEEE committee has been discussing how to apply the new current limits of IEEE-519. Electrotek personnel participate in IEEE. and are on the "front line" of new thinking and technology in this area.0% 30.0% 20. IEC.0% 50. active power line conditioners have become available.0% ASD Loading as % of Max Plant Load Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive.0% 80.com . TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. combined with changing power system characteristics.electrotek. This seminar is offered for anyone who has an interest in the topic of harmonics.0% 100. capacitor fuse blowings. motor failures. European standards lead the way for imposing limits on individual electrical devices. Current Distortion Characteristics of Various Sources Effects on Equipment Neutral Wiring Concerns Effects on Power Factor Effects on Metering Equipment K-Factor and Transformer Derating Cable and Motor Derating Application of IEEE 519-1992 The Intent of the Current Limits Measurement Criteria Industrial Plant Case Study Survey of Various Utility Company Practices European Standards for Harmonics IEC 555 IEC 1000-2-2 G5/3 Cenelec (BTTF 68-6) EuroNorm Methods for Reducing Harmonics 6-Pulse and 12-Pulse Harmonic Filters Active Power Line Conditioners Harmonics Analysis Modelling Harmonic Sources Hand Calculations Computer Methods 70.0% 0. The National Electric Code has revised the standards for neutral wiring due to switch mode computer power supplies. and inaccurate power metering.0% 20.0% 0.

analyzing measurement results. The seminar includes several case histories.com www. It includes site surveys. This seminar presents an overview on identifying and solving end user power quality concerns. It describes the processes that many utilities and customers are employing to prevent. identify. many utilities are recognizing the need to provide improved services to their key customers. Due to restructuring of the electric power industry. customer account managers. Introduction What is Power Quality? What Causes Power Quality Disturbances? Types of Power Quality Problems Undervoltage/Overvoltage Voltage Sags Interruptions Harmonics Flicker Switching and Lightning Transients Site Survey Procedures What to Look For How to Set Monitoring Thresholds Where to Monitor Case Histories Monitoring Equipment Types of Equipment Available Guidelines for Using Monitoring Equipment Monitoring PQ on a Utility System Selecting Sites Statistical Analysis of Data Providing Data to Customers Using the Internet Solving Wiring and Grounding Problems Characteristics of Voltage Sags Equipment Sensitivity to Voltage Sags Power Conditioning for Voltage Sags Case Histories Solving Overvoltage Transient Problems Causes of Overvoltage Transients Transient Voltage Surge Suppressors Case Histories Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive.electrotek. and technical staff who want a better understanding of power quality. and solving power quality problems. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. monitoring power quality.com .Monitoring Power Quality and Solving Problems Electric power quality has become a strategic concern for electric utilities and their customers. Suite 222 • Knoxville. Customers will also find this seminar beneficial. and solve these problems. Sensitive electronic equipment places new requirements on customer power systems. including management. This seminar is targeted towards utility personnel. The seminar provides practical measures for providing power quality services to end users.

Transient studies are performed to study the response of power systems to switching operations. and the design of harmonic filters. and how this process is used for IEEE-519 evaluations. to compute the additive effects of various harmonic loads. Inc.com www. and explore "what if" scenarios. Together. Emphasis is placed on the use of the Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP). and to perform IEEE-519 compliance calculations.electrotek. can be an expensive exercise. This seminar will show how harmonic loads are represented.com . Simulations can determine problems before any action is taken. the effect of phase angle cancellation using delta-wye transformers. It focuses on two different types of computer simulation studies: harmonics and transients. and control system dynamics. Example case histories are presented showing harmonic resonance caused by power factor correction capacitors. load rejection.Case Studies Computer Software (EMTP) Discussion / Lab Exercises "SuperHarm" is a registered trademark of Electrotek Concepts. only to find out that it causes major problems.Using Computers to Solve Power Quality Problems Simulation tools are a powerful way to analyze power quality problems. with several case histories showing how capacitor bank switching. Harmonic studies are performed to evaluate resonances caused by power factor correction banks. these studies provide important tools for the power quality engineer to evaluate What happened? What can be done about preventing it? and What is the best solution? Introduction: Overview of Power Quality Concerns Power Quality Analysis Using PCs Overview of Software Tools / Solution Methods Solving Harmonic Problems: Sources of Harmonic Disturbances System Response Characteristics Minimizing Harmonic Disturbances Impact of IEEE Standard 519-1992 Computer Software (SuperHarm®) Discussion / Lab Exercises Solving Transient Problems: Sources of Transient Disturbances Developing an Appropriate System Model Conversion of Power System Data to EMTP Format Examples of Transient Disturbances . breaker restriking. power electronic modeling. Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive. This course provide an overview of using computer simulations to understand and study power quality phenomena. Installing a capacitor bank in the field. Suite 222 • Knoxville. and power electronic devices can be simulated. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. how power delivery systems are modeled.

funding. program costs. The answers to these questions must be developed through market analysis. equipment requirements. Suite 222 • Knoxville. Ideal attendees include supervisor. Different alternatives must be evaluated and important questions related to program options. customer surveys. analysis of existing organizational structure.electrotek. many utilities have initiated programs to help evaluate and solve power quality problems in customer facilities. and company preferences.Developing a Power Quality Program A growing number of utilities are recognizing that customer satisfaction and productivity depend on an electric supply reliable enough to operate the new types of microprocessor-controlled equipment being installed. Developing a power quality program involves many important decisions regarding structure.or managerial-level personnel who will be responsible for directing and implementing power quality programs.com www. training needs.com . and performance measuring must be answered. organizational structure. Load Growth. Profit) Customer Interface Education and Training Monitoring and Site Surveys Solutions to Power Quality Problems Organizational Analysis Overall Structure Customer Service Functions Marketing Functions Engineering Functions Legal/Regulatory Considerations Market Research Market Size Market Structure Customer Characteristics Competitive Position Other Factors Marketing Strategies Developing a Business Plan Need for the Program Program Objectives Market Analysis/Marketing Strategy Description of Products and Services Organizational Structure Financial Projections Getting Started Personnel Requirements Equipment Requirements Training Requirements Advertising/Marketing Program Review Case Studies of Existing Power Quality Programs Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive. analysis of technical and training requirements. types of services. In order to support these customer. Introduction Importance of Power Quality Changing Nature of Customer Loads Consequences for the Utility Available Utility Responses Program Scope Program Objectives (Service. This seminar is designed to provide the background so that these decisions can be made in an intelligent manner. personnel and customer interaction. staffing. market needs. This seminar is also valuable for utility personnel responsible for existing power quality programs who are interested in revising or expanding their programs. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. Attendance is limited in size so that a workshop atmosphere can be used to arrive at answers to these important questions for individual utility situations.

Customers must understand the expected levels of power quality. Once the power quality characteristics are understood.Establishing Benchmarks for Utility Power Quality Performance Deregulation of the electric industry is creating a greater need to define the quality of power being provided at all levels of the utility power system. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. End users can evaluate the economics of different alternatives for achieving the quality of power required to optimize their operations.com . It should be of interest to utility engineers and managers evaluating the role of the utility organization in the deregulated marketplace. contracts for premium power services. What are the indices being used to characterize power quality levels? What is required to benchmark power quality levels? What monitoring systems are available to characterize power quality and also provide information to improve system performance? What are the economics of different alternatives for improving power quality? How can contracts be structured to avoid conflicts associated with power quality levels? What standards are in place around the world related to expected power quality levels? This seminar provides background and basic methodology and tools required to benchmark your power quality performance. along with the characteristics of the equipment used within their own facility. Efforts are currently under way to understand transmission system power quality. Monitoring Requirements Where to Monitor Monitoring Duration and Methodology Data Collection and Analysis Systems Indices for Describing Performance Results from Benchmarking Efforts from Around the World Standards for Expected Power Quality Levels Other Benefits Associated with Benchmarking Power Quality Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive.com www. Distribution companies must define the quality of power at points of common coupling with customers. The seminar will also be of interest to customers that may need to evaluate power quality levels as part of supply contract negotiations or site selection.electrotek. Suite 222 • Knoxville. Initial benchmarking studies were performed by EPRI for distribution system power quality. Transmission companies must define the quality of power being delivered at points of common coupling with distributors. power conditioning technologies. and performance monitoring can be developed. Standards continue to be developed that specify required equipment performance (the semiconductor industry is the latest example).

More and more options are emerging for access to power quality information through a simple Web browser. · Event notification · Identifying problem conditions on the power system Power Quality Monitoring Basics Requirements for Development of a Web-based Monitoring System Communication Systems Data Collection and Management Data Analysis Presentation of Information and Analyses Case Studies · Prioritizing and setting maintenance and · · reinforcement priorities Marketing and delivering enhanced power quality services Administering power quality (“premium power”) contracts The Internet and the World Wide Web have emerged as the primary means of sharing information between businesses.com www. spurring further interest in power quality monitoring. Ranging from relatively simple installations of instruments with webinterface capability to complex systems with large numbers of instruments and extensive data-processing functionality.electrotek. There are many important reasons for tracking power quality levels. there is a renewed emphasis on reliable power. With the global economy increasingly based on computers and other technology sensitive to power interruptions. and administer web-based power quality monitoring systems. Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive. This seminar provides the background information and basic methodology to design. Suite 222 • Knoxville. including.com . Sharing and viewing information about the power quality on the utility system or within a facility is no exception to this trend. and company intranets have become the norm in information exchange within the organization. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. these options provide a number of choices for utilities and power customers seeking to use the Internet to monitor power quality. implement.Building a Web-Based Power Quality Monitoring System Monitoring power system performance and assessing power quality continues to grow in importance as the electric utility industry moves towards deregulation. It should be of interest to utility and customer personnel considering or undertaking power quality monitoring programs.

TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. employees. This can help ensure power reliability.electrotek. mean time to repair Power quality and reliability assessments Power Conditioning. often in redundant configurations. Suite 222 • Knoxville. high reliability facilities must operate 24 x 7 x forever. in partnership with Dranetz-BMI. It is now estimated that power quality and reliability breakdowns could account for $100 billion/year in losses in the U. and Bruns-Pak. This is especially true for data centers that are now requiring power densities in the 100-200 watts/ft2 range.S. Introduction Defining power quality and reliability – high reliability vs.Power Quality Assurance for High Reliability Facilities In the world of high reliability.com www. This one-day seminar is targeted towards managers and engineers of data centers and other facilities with high reliability requirements. other loads Site Selection and Evaluation of Power Requirements Quality of supply from the grid Power density requirements Demand and energy costs Designing Facilities for High Reliability Single point of failure analysis for power systems Risk assessment – Mean time between failure vs. Electrotek Concepts. Achieving high power quality and reliability in today’s energy-constrained climate is a growing challenge. a leading supplier of power monitoring solutions. Achieving high power quality and reliability in today's energy-constrained climate is a growing challenge. To help ensure reliable power. this seminar is offered in partnership with a utility or other organization for presentation to customers. attaining higher and higher degrees of reliability (five nines and above) and produce “perfect” sine waves to maintain operations. facility operators are implementing power storage and backup generation technologies. For more information or to schedule a presentation. undervoltage and unbalance Motor starting voltages and currents – facility impacts Monitoring and Managing High Reliability Facilities Tools and instrumentation for problem solving Monitoring systems Where to monitor? System benchmarking and ongoing performance monitoring Expert systems to identify possible problems Case Studies Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive. In short. has developed this seminar to address the most important power quality and reliability concerns for facilities where downtime is not an option. a data center design/build firm. alone.com . an outage begins after 4 milliseconds and it can cost as much as $6 million/hour in downtime. other loads The nature and impact of power quality events – high reliability vs. Typically. but can impact both facility and utility power systems. contact Electrotek today. Complicating this situation is the reality that power providers must meet this demand with infrastructure that is exceeding capacity. and other interested groups. Storage and Backup Generating Systems Technology options Redundancy configurations Economic analysis Some Power Quality Concerns to Consider Harmonic interactions of loads within the facility – do you need filters? Transient interactions within the facility – optimum surge suppression strategies Capacitor switching transients and variable speed drives Voltage regulation.

Costs can be borne by you or shared with your customers. and Electrotek Concepts® developed the Power Quality Workbook Workshop. It describes analytical tools for more detailed investigations. based on The Power Quality Workbook for Utility and Industrial Applications. as well as industrial facility managers. with a special focus on energy-efficient devices such as adjustable speed drives. all workshop materials. We provide the instructors. and the world. EPRI®. and customized materials to help promote the seminar to prospective attendees. The workbook and workshop also address transmission and distribution interconnection agreements.Power Quality Workbook Workshop Based on “The Power Quality Workbook for Utility and Industrial Applications” Power quality is an increasing concern for electric utilities and customers alike. Bonneville Power Administration. attendees are provided examples of contract agreements and equipment specifications that focus on defining the quality of power requirements in order to avoid problems. and covers the economic aspects of applying these solutions. especially concerns that involve interaction with the electric utility network. requiring utility and customer personnel to continually keep up to date. Easy-to-use worksheets are provided for evaluating these concerns. The seminar covers the most important power quality concerns affecting industrial facilities. Finally. You schedule the workshop at a time and place of your choosing and invite employees and customers to attend. and power quality contracts for customers. . The seminar describes a full range of solutions for each type of problem.S. Power quality issues are complex and can rapidly change. power system design and construction specifications. and covers monitoring requirements to characterize problems and system performance. The seminar emphasizes preventing power quality problems before they occur. This workbook and workshop help utilities and customers understand power quality disturbances and prepare them to analyze and resolve these problems. We offer this workshop on a cooperative basis with electric power utilities and other companies and organizations around the U. Seminar Scope This seminar is targeted towards power quality engineers and customer service representatives at electric utilities.

com .The Outline Introduction • Objectives of the course • Why power quality keeps growing in importance • Using the course material to prevent power quality problems before they occur Power Quality Definitions • IEEE definitions for different types of PQ variations • Monitoring Power Quality • Examples of the different types of problems The Power Quality Evaluation Procedure • Standardizing the investigation of PQ problems • Role of measurements. monitoring projects • Role of simulations. grounding for noise control • The most common problems and how to avoid them Example Cases For more information on scheduling or pricing.com www.identifying wiring and grounding problems • Grounding for safety vs. please contact Electrotek Concepts “EPRI” is a registered service mark of the Electric Power Research Institute “Electrotek Concepts” is a registered service mark of Electrotek Concepts. Electrotek Concepts • 9040 Executive Park Drive. Inc. Suite 222 • Knoxville. analytical tools. TN 37923 Phone: 865•470•9222 Fax: 865•470•9223 E-mail: info@electrotek. • Who needs to be involved Identifying and Solving Harmonic Problems • Sources of harmonic distortion to watch out for • Evaluation with respect to IEEE 519 limits • Rules for identifying possible problem situations • Solutions to harmonic distortion problems Equipment Sensitivity to Voltage Sags and Momentary Interruptions • Causes of voltage sags and voltage sag characteristics • Characterizing equipment sensitivity .electrotek.when sags cause problems • Finding the most economical solution Controlling Transient Overvoltage Problems • Transient overvoltages caused by lightning • Transients caused by capacitor switching • Surge protection procedures Evaluating Voltage Regulation and Voltage Unbalance Concerns • Causes of voltage variations and unbalance • Motor heating due to unbalanced voltages • Power conditioning for voltage regulation Some Wiring and Grounding Problems to Watch For • A general site survey procedure .

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