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Department of English VIKRAMA SIMHAPURI UNIVERSITY: NELLORE ___________________________________________________________
Reading Material for Elementary Soft Skills – I Semester

&
Advanced Soft Skills – IV Semester
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K. Narasimha Rao Vocabulary
Fill in the blanks with the suitable word(s) 1. The doctor is_____ that she will soon recover. Doubtful b. anxious c. hopeful d. critical. d. critical. 2. It is to be regretted that he ___from the world, so early in life. Retiredb. left c. acquired nature and human motives. Financial b. confused c. religious d. cynical. 4. The manager tried to act but his plans were ___by his cabinet. Embellished b. over-looked of stars within it. a. Limited Whither manufacturers.
a. Default

3. He was widely regarded as a _____man because he revealed his distrust of human

c. frustrated d. unleashed

5. His lecture gave us a sense of how empty the universe is, inspite of the ____number b. enormous b. higher c. diminishing d. varying. c. thither d. therefore

6. The wind bloweth ____it listeth. 7. The ___in black and white television sales is causing some concern to the b. deterioration b. sporadic c. slump d. shortage.

8. ____survelliance included the use of tape-recorders and microphones. a. Biological power. c. electronic d. legitimate. 9. The use of electric heater had to be ___that winter because of shortage of electric

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a. Augmented

b. postulated

c. manipulated

d. curtailed.

10. Fate is an ____and in order that it may play an active part in human drama, it must be ____in some particular incarnation. a. abstraction, personified c. imagination, illustrated ____society like the air we breathe. a. Refreshing b. pervading c. dominating d filling 12. It is indeed ____that even 40 years after independence, we have failed to___a suitable education or examination system. a. objectionable, present d. undesirable, foster. 13. He, being a public servant, is ___to people. a. Vulnerable b. approachable c. familiar d. accountable 14. Fiction approximates to science, first in accepting the obligation of being ____to life as it is, and secondly, asserting the right to___ a. committed, narrate d. Faithful, explain. 15. When there is water in a well, you can see your ____on the surface. a. Face b. shadow c. image d. reflection c. inconsiderate, thoughtful d. hopeless, 16. Few sons, indeed are like their fathers, generally, they are___ but just few are ____ a. worse, better b. stupid, sensible admirable. 17. Watch the boss this morning. He is in a thoroughly bad____ a. Mood b. mind c. temper d. disposition. II. Choose the word which is NEAREST in meaning to the word highlighted. 1. The entire nation grieved over the death of the President. a. Wept b. mourned a. Expends c. caved d. bellowed d. lavishes 2. That rich fellow dissipates his money because he has not earned it himself. b. squanders c. hoards 3. He is of a very affable nature. b. tire, theorise c. close, describe b. bad, produce c. sad, evolve b. ideology, realized d. ideal, represented.

11. The law touches us here and there, but manners are about us ever where

3 a. Uncivil

b. irritating b. haughtiness

c. humble

d. pleasant.

4. He is very polite to his parents, and treats them with deference. a. Respect a. Very talkative c. indulgence d. adoration. c. shy d. impudent. 5. Our neighbours are diffident people. b. well-known 6. He found her capricious a. Changing mind constantly b. make frivolous objection c. Make sharp judgements a. Breeding shrimps c. Growing fish a. Harmful a. Buxom d. wandering. 7. Mulberry plantation is a prerequisite for sericulture. b. growing trees for timber d. breeding silk worms. b. dangerous c. amiable d. destructive.

8. The atmosphere in the college is quite pernicious these days. 9. The French Revolution was inspired by the bourgeois b. chauvinists c. middle classd. ebullient b. irritating c. genuine d. exciting 10. She is a woman of sterling qualities. a. Interesting punishment. a. Harsh b. unjust a. Lessen b. postpone c. physical c. leave d. general. d. increase 12. He wanted to mitigate his burdens. 13. She adjusted well with her thousands idiosyncrasies a. Weakness b. peculiar habits c. bad habits d. stupidity 14. Deputy Inspector General made a perfunctory inspection of police station. a. Thorough and complete d. intensive. III. Choose the word which is FARTHEST in meaning to the word highlighted. 1. The story you will read is about a dwarf. a. Midget b. giant c. superman d. famous hero. 2. Since his childhood he has been living in prosperity b. superficial c. without interest or care 11. Although the boys in his class were naughty, he never resorted to corporal

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a. Poverty a. Verbose a. Stubborn a. Disparity
a. Famished

b. affluence b. pedantic b. docile b. unity b. nibbling b. girlish b. noisy

c. misery c. visionary c. meek c. similarity c. sated c. surgical c. quiet

d. grandeur d. far-sighted. d. humble. d. unanimity. d. starving d. lively d. turbid d. florid.

3. Do you expect a good leader to be myopic? 4. To my surprise, he is quite arrogant 5. Diversity in certain matters can be strength. 6. The ravenous dog upset several garbage pails in its search for food. 7. She had always been vivacious and sparkling. a. Inactive a. Boisterous 8. The crowd became obstreperous 9. His rubicund complexion was the result of an active outdoor life. a. Ruddy b. pallid c. nonsensical 10. He will never turndown your request.
a. turn-up b. turn over c. reject

d. accept d. faithful d. faithful

11. I am still dubious about this place. a. Certainb. doubtful
a. Enmity

c. difference

12. I cannot see much likeness between the two boys. b. doubtful b. gather b. usual c. docile 13. He has accumulated wealth disproportional to his known sources of income a. Games a. Rare c. scatter c. exotic d. produce d. expensive d. unpleasant. 14. This is very common piece of furniture. 15. Frederich, the great was a benevolent despot. a. Malevolent b. morbid c. careless 16. Discouraged by the father’s death, Rahim abandoned his plans for a new house. a. Began b. pursued a. Casual b. recurrent c. succeeded d. welcomed c. normal d. accidental. 17. An occasional lapse cannot be condoned.

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18. She is quite liberal in her views on marriage. a. Irrational b. unconventional c. rigid d. non-committal Cloze-Test Supply a suitable word from the choice provided for filling in the blanks to make a meaning passage Small car means__(1)__power, less power means less__(2)___consumption, and less fuel __(3)___ means more __(4)___of the fuel which could be used for some other __(5)___for public __(6)____. Thus, “less for__(7)__” should be the criteria among the__(8)___. Simple wastage would mean no __(9)__ and the time has__(10)__ for us to review our expenses. 1. a. less b. costly c. luxury d. hidden 2. a. danger b. fair c. fuel d. wood 3. a. consumption b. drinking c. opportunity d. weight 4. a. burning b. saving c. richness d. lacking 5. a. purposes b. faults c. fouls d. short-comings 6. a. negative b. frankness c. utilization d. inconvenience 7. a. more b. likely c. short d. nothing 8. a. Animals b. Lions c. Indians d. foxes 9. a. saving b. back c. rear d. honest 10. a. flied b. shied c. come d. dimmed Read the following two passages and answer the questions given below A. In our approach to life, be it pragmatic or otherwise, a basic fact that confronts us squarely and unmistakenly is the desire for peace, security and happiness. Different forms of life at different levels of existence make up the dark turnings of this earth of ours. And, no matter whether they belong to the higher groups such as human beings or to the lower groups such as animals, all beings primarily seek peace, comfort and security. Life is as dear, to a mute creature as it is to man. Even the lowliest insect strives for protection against dangers that threaten its life. Just as each one of us wants to live and not to die, so do all other creatures.
1. What is the basic living that everyone wants?

2. 3. 4. 5. B.

What do the different forms of life represent on the earth? What is important even for a mute creature? What does an insect do if its life is threatened? What forms the ultimate desire of all creatures?

One often comes across the remark, “It’s not what you know that gets you ahead; it’s who you know.” We do not subscribe to this cynical remark, but neither do we wish to minimize the importance of having influential people back you up in your application. Often the recommendation of a person whose word is respected is a

The _______________laboratory facilities did not _________J. The academic records alone might not provide a clear basis for a choice. The accused _______having made any statement. 5. The efforts of many of the current champions of public health are usually ___ 13)_______to providing curative services. carping denied b.keen c. deter assured. The ____ (2) ______association between poverty and _____ (3) ____had already been recognized in the West. 1. The crowd ___________ the symphony of the maestro with a standing ___________ 2. the media quickly move on to the next ___(11)_____and the need for _____(12)_____public health solution is forgotten. 2. The government’s response is ___ 10)_____and curative. 3. Unfortunately. What is the significant idea expressed in the beginning line of the passage? What is the essential aspect for a job application? What forms the deciding factor in getting a job? When does recommendation play a major role in bringing job? What is the tone of the passage? Advisory/ critical/ appreciative/ sarcastic. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word set/word from the words given below outmoded. best .C. The management took _____________action against the ___________employees whose mouthful demands tower high before their little work. good doubtful applauded. every ____ 9)______of an infectious disease makes media headlines. Indians need sincere leaders not people of _________integrity. The survival of human body is _ (1) ____ explained by the material benefits of a person. a. 4. Bose from making his insightful observations on Plant Response. 4. 3. The constant demand for better curative services has been ___ 14)______back the immediate necessity for public health strategies. stringent 1. and they ____(6)____ the situation by providing temporary ___(7)______to the suffering and allow the underlying causes to go ____(8)______. 6. The West ____ (4) ___ epidemics of infectious diseases through public health measures. 5. However. bent d.6 deciding factor in getting a job. The ____ 5)____ of antibiotics in the prevention of diseases is negligible. 1. This is perhaps especially true when an employer is considering a number of applications from graduates who do not have professional experience. The Chief Minister_______the House that_______action would be taken against all those found involved in corruption Cloze-Test Supply a suitable word from the choice provided for filling in the blanks to make a meaning passage. ovation stringent.

(a) (b) (c) (d) 5. poised d. unparallel d. reciprocal 3.singular b. Being a woman of youthful excitement. encouraged 5. a. imaginative b. retardant c. a. elevate 7. motivated 14. a. outline d. (c) (d) 4.a. a. relief d. dissimilar c. (a) (b) who got sufficient support from the governmental policies to be named in the Forbes. restricted b. luxury c. sobs 8. eliminated b. tabs c.Thomas Paine in his literary works dealing with daunting questions pestering (a) (b) democratic institutions have suggested an all pervading Fourth Estate for strengthening (c) (d) democracy. fetter d. The girl hesitated arguing with the teacher on her being given a difficult task as . remedied d. illusory 13. a. swift 11. undermined d. role c.a. worsen c. plot b. a. The Wiseman detested to remember the follies of the past so that he could have (b) (a) (c) only the good deeds to have their say in the present. a. pushing Identify the incorrect underlined fragment in the following sentences 1. a. stored d. (d) 6. he often expressed his wish to marry her. subtlety c. The proceeds of his income is very little to sustain his family and his dependants (a) (b) (c) (d) 2. sops b. wealth 4. untreated b. figure 6. landmark 12.7 2. 3. stepping up b. thrusting c. infection b. sluggish b. finesse d. disease d. richness b. hypothetical c. permanent d. shadow b. rejuvenated d. redefined c. liberate b.a.a. crisis c. Prominent among the Industrialists emerging from India was Dirubhai and Mahindra. epidemic 10. retrieved c.a. cared 9. sustained c. tremor d.

calcined ox Bone China is still used by many English Fine China manufacturers even today. Bone china became the English porcelain for several reasons. which gives traditional English Bone China its translucency and whiteness. It is calcined bone. 50% bone ash in its standard formula. The amount of calcined ox bone also allows the addition of more colourful patterns (or more colours to stain the china). the brilliance of enamel colours and gold was greater than on other porcelains. (a) (b) the glint of which is stately in the sun shine. J. The firing temperature was much lower (1250 D Celsius) than for hard paste porcelain (1400 D Celsius). It was less liable to loss in firing than soft paste porcelains. Bone China is a form of hard past porcelain because it is a mixture of 25% china clay. (b) (b) (c) (d) (c) (d) 8. beautiful. which distinguishes it from hard-paste porcelain. Bone China. (c) (d) Read the following passage and answer the questions given below Prior to English porcelain. made from a hybrid hard-past porcelain containing ox bone ash has the following properties: Bone China is extremely hard. The granite boulders carried on the trolleys are heavy in weight and square in shape. Bone china is intensely white and will allow light to pass through it. You can check the quality of percentage of ox bone ash in a china piece by putting it up to a light source. and those usually are the more expensive and costlier ones. This is also is created by adding bone ash to the ingredients for hard-past porcelain. thus Bone China usually has the most exquisite patterns of all china. Bone China has a beautiful ivory white appearance. Also. called bone china. and expensive fine china pieces in the China. potters could use their existing methods and ovens.Spode II (1754-1827) was the first to use ox bone to create a hybrid form on hard-paste porcelain china. which contain glass. . the more light that you can see through the fine china plate or piece. The higher the quality of fine china.8 (a) assignment. Thus. and is stronger than hardpaste porcelain due to the addition of the ox bone ash and easier to manufacture. People shall not simply uphold the pitched battles of the politics unless they shall (a) receive some benefit out of the absurd confrontations. English china manufacturers and potters were using hard-paste and soft-paste porcelains. and the properties of this china allow for some of the most unique. 25% Cornish stone. Finally. 7.

Today. Thank You. as usual the worker operated the machinery and immediately noticed the lower power supply and put off the power supply immediately. According to the passage which of the following statements is true? a. we have reported to the Electricity department to install separate High power transformer in our Industrial Estate. What ingredient makes Bone china appear in beautiful patterns? 7. the power fluctuations resulted in the loss of costly machinery as a result of which the work suffered a lot. Pick out the word in the 1st Paragraph that stands for the word “before”? Telephone Conversation Write down the conversation over phone on the following lines Imagine you are the Works Director of a Chemicals Manufacturing Company and an accident has happened because power fluctuations. Works Director of Unit-A. None of the above. Despite their presence of mind. What makes English Bone China more shiny and translucent? 4. 5.9 1. Ans: Works Director: Hello! Good Morning !! I am Dev. Works Director: Thank you Sir! I immediately follow your instructions. b. What makes the soft-past more liable to undergo loss in firing? 6. Chairman: Oh! Where did the accident take place? And I am concerned about the reasons. The Electricity department also responded amicably and the transformer has been installed but due to incessant rains last week the concrete structure could not be laid so that the Transformer becomes operational. they could not prevent the damage caused to the boiler which gave out fumes because of insufficient power supply. Chairman: See that the new transformer is installed immediately and reduce the load on the machinery by operating them in shifts so as to avoid over-utility of power. I am sorry to report an accident happened in our factory because of wild power fluctuations. Works Director: Sir! As already reported to you earlier. . Except this damage all the other machines are in good condition and major damage has been avoided. Report the incident to the Chairman over the backup measures taken by the members of your team and also report to him over the cause of the accident. Ox bone can only be used to make a hybrid form on porcelain china. Bone China is the hardest form of porcelain c. A week earlier. What was the main reason for bone China becoming English porcelain? 2. What is the reason for Bone China being stronger than hard-paste porcelains? 3. Bone is 100% transparent d.

Inform your friend that participating in such youth festivals will broaden one’s understanding and in developing good interpersonal skills. IC: Abstain of smoking. Karim: yes! I agree with you. takes place over phone Imagine that you have attended a youth festival in one of the colleges in your city. Apart from education. At the same time we shall build good inter-college relationships using this platform. Ans: Shyam: Hello! How do you do my dear Karim? Karim: How do you do? Shyam: I am happy to talk to you after a long time. Last time when I spoke to you.10 Telephone Conversation Write down the conversation that following the incident detailed below. you told me that you are preparing for competitive tests. I should tell you that in this globalized world we cannot sit isolated and we have to grab every opportunity through competitive spirit. . C: Abstain from smoking. and expertise it is good networking skill of the professional that takes one to the global stage. Shyam: Very nice to hear! I called you today on phone to inform you that our college is going to organize a tech-fest in which you can participate and win fabulous prizes. I definitely participate in the tech-fest and let us be committed to make education more informative and amusing. excellence. See you! Prepositions IC: The pool abounds of fish C: The pool abounds in (or with) fish. Let us use the opportunity to build good interpersonal skills and get the pulse of the expectations that the market desires of us in value-addition and professional competency building. I hope that your preparation is going well? How are your regular studies? Karim: Well ! Very nice! I have good averages in all subjects and I am also interested in extra and co-curricular activities which are conducted at regular intervals in our college. IC: He acceded with my request.

They appealed about the judgement. 18. 3. 26. 10. Will you answer your father for this act? 16. She broke up into a house. 13. Don’t blame him about it. He started boasting about his ability. 24. They were accused with theft 2. 19. I have no access at the Prime Minister. 4. Can you agree with your mother in this issue? 6. Will you assure me about it? 25. He alighted over the aeroplane. 21. What do you ask to? 22. She appealed at help. I asked to him to furnish explanation. 8. Will you approve with my conduct? 11. 15. Mohan broke a good news into him. I attended my friend yesterday. 23. What do you aim for in life? 14. You shall have to answer to your conduct. 17. 1. Don’t break for him. .11 C: He acceded to my request. 12. He availed of this opportunity. Please apologize with him on this misdeed. 9. 20. He was appointed for a high post. He arrived in Bombay at India. 7. The dogs were barking on him. Do you have any acquaintance of the Home Minister? He agreed with my proposal 5.

34. The trader deals with tobacco. 45. 35. He differed with him from a point. Can you distinguish wood with metal? 54. 36. The Headmaster consented for the proposal. Beware for the thieves. You cannot deprive me from my wealth. How can you bargain of him? 40. 47. I called at him. Beg pardon of that man about that thing. 50.12 27. 39. 43. Do you believe of your statement? 31. The bridegroom delighted over his marriage. They were filled by anger. She died from cholera. 49. Do you have any confidence with him? 41. She competed with her sister about a prize. I cannot count in your support. 48. 52. Whom does this house belong? 32. His services were dispensed from. I came into a person while walking on the road. 33. She competed with her sister about a prize. Bring it to light. What will become you? 29. 30. She bought this thing from a confectioner. 51. 28. I called on him in his house. 37. 38. 44. They ceased with quarrelling. . Don’t try to avenge of them for this misdeed. The subject was brought into discussion. 42. 46.

The jury inquired of the case. It is better to live with honest means. They mourned on the dead. The teacher dwelt in this subject. 62. She was enlisted with the Air Force. 73. I cannot hide this thing of you. 58. 56. 75. She failed on her attempt to pass the test. What are you enquiring with? 70. 80. 64. You can’t get with this person. Look by this child. Listen this story. Guard about his eventuality in future. I cannot live by a small income. 60.13 55. 57. 59. The melon was divided in five parts. 65. 66. 71. 67. 79. He tried his best to get on the truth. 72. Don’t indulge into gossips. She dreamt about her glorious past. 76. 78. 77. . Can you exchange this book with that? 63. Don’t insist in this thing. 74. They live on riches. They flew with anger. Try to live under your means. 69. 81. 68. They jumped on a wrong conclusion. It occurred on me once. Don’t laugh over these people. He was invited for a dinner. The dacoit escaped of the jail. 61.

83. Send in a doctor. 99. He had no craving about theatre. mesmerised c. 84. 87. Where is the next heir for the throne? 94. They prayed on pardon. Who can be a match with you? 97. 90. which was a treasure trove of gems and precious stones _____many a foreign traveller and invader alike a. Do you have any objection on it? 98.14 82. She had entire freedom of worries. 85. I have no enmity on you. They rebelled over the authority. beguiled 2. He pretended for being innocent. She recovered on illness. Fill in the blanks with suitable words 1. I rejoiced on his success. 100. They claimed exemption of the taxes. Abandon b. Protect yourself of this danger. 89. Don’t try to persist with your attitude. The policeman ran with the thief to catch at him. eradicate . Vocabulary I. Do you have any influence of the Prime Minister? 88. demolish d. 86. in the country within the next five years. 92. enticed d. Tantalized b. discard c. 91. Do you have any interest with music? 95. a. Don’t try to play in harmonium. 96. 93. The government is planning to ____child labour. India.

misfortunes…happiness c.. superfluous…leave d. accredited c.. nurture…suffer c. sponsor. .feebly d. make yourself so___to the company that they will never let____of you.spoil 7. but your relationships will____ a. Never neglect to ____the right bonds. He ____the credit of this achievement to his friends who stood by him through thick and thin. Attributed b. a. a. suppress…last 8. entrusted d. fighting…ferociously c. The Supreme Court____the constitutional___of the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA). indispensable…go b. out 5. Ganguly’s team fought___with such determination that the match slowly began to turn in his favour. personnel 4. Far from____meekly to its fate. upheld…validity c. relegated 6. over d. Martyrs b. submitting…. First and foremost.endure d. civilians d.” a. advantages…woes b. a. The___of modern society in general and the holiday____in particular can be traced to our consumer culture. miseries…ecstasies d. observing that “terrorism is affecting the security and sovereignty of the nation. overturned… power d. paramount…allow b. She looks pale and run____after the bout of fever a. a. ills…blues 11. The entire nation saluted the ____who sacrificed their lives for the country’s safety. accepted…injustifiability 9.15 3. His ___attire and winsome manners impressed his superiors. foster. down c. dispensable…force c. preserved…invalidity b. facilitated by advertising. a. yeilding…for b. succumbing…back 10. as your job may not last forever. citizens c. Off b.

terminated d. destroyed. Voice b. 1. attache 2. underrated 19. settled. Our sense of smell is incredibly complex. a. compatibility 15. Persuasive b. futile d. 12. If all nations of the world live in____and mutual tolerance then peace will not remain an elusive commodity. a. a. resulted c. munched d. plausible c. 21. a. spacious 17. harmony d. cautious d. adopt d. impeccable. II. yet often____when compared with sight or hearing. Gnawed b. . Because each of them was thinking on different wavelengths there was no____of opinion between them. communicate d. gorgeous c. Luxurious b. The machine stopped functioning because the rats had___away all the electric wires. impart c. adept c. 18. A hailstorm accompanied by strong wind and heavy rain has___in a massive damage of crops in this area. Not just a collector of books but one who loves reading them enthusiastically. Extravagant b. a. 20. magnificient d. censured c. Agreement b. careless 14. beneficial. Reproached b. Through this experiment he proved that his theory was____ a. announce. Shoddy b. berated d. resplendent c. sloppy d. lenient c.16 a. frugality c. consensus c. The meeting was held in the____grounds of that college so that it would accommodate thousands of people. clash d. Concluded b. opulence 16. Being and impulsive shopper. Adapt b. I most often tend to be ___while shopping. consumed c. a. Someone who is an expert. We feel happy if we are able to ____our opinions without the fear of being reprimanded or ridiculed. a. a. Penury b. Choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given statement. a.

biblioklept d. brilliant d. a. III. Flair b. 3. denial. lewd. bibliophile c. Digress b. inane d. Natural ability. discreet d. bookworm 3. Crucialb. inopportune 10. detour d. which is not timed well or inappropriate. detach 6. Depreciate b. The movie was too graphic with gruesome war scenes. a. Fantasy b. a. deride d. foible d. aptitude or knack. flaunt d. circumlocute 4. The manner in which one conducts oneself. One event putting another event off course. momentary 4. a. inebriate. Derail b. hall. circumscribe c. disobey. circumspect d. dubious 7. difficult d. To ridicule someone. Deciding to join the armed forces. a. flout 8. Bibliophagic b. Pick the right word from the alternatives. dereogate c. Felicitate b. A moment. He does not give credence to rumours. defray c. a. Repulsive b. foster c. natural c. The bride walked down the aisle a. 1. painstaking. Circumvent b. ferment c.laconic c. 5. flagrant. a. 9. Larceny b. . church d. To defy with open contempt.17 a. demeanour c. It was understood that this bond was irrevocable. a. 2. Isle b. Inept b. c. To speak in a roundabout way. obtrusive c. a. denounce 5. was a momentous decision for him. A contextual usage is provided for each of the highlighted words. To be brief and concise a. importance d. belief c. a. pathway c. laity d.

5. uneven c. As the performance of the cricketer is likely to be lacklustre.18 a. bewildered 8. they could never have got it. Active b. 6. depression c. curiosity d. a. a. maligned c. If they hadn’t clamoured for their rights. This encyclopedia is an infallible source of information. infamous d. The unsolved crime baffled the police. animated d. commanded c. Obscure b. The nation should develop industries to energize a stagnant economy. For a vivid understanding of the share business. unbalanced. mollify IV. transformed d. decline 2. dormant c. Demanded b. a. . reticence c. unerring c. it may be wise to search for quality bowlers. a. Irregular b. animated. 7. a. infuriate c. opposed d. sombre d. a. a. 6. reinforced d. acquitted d. Eleven people were wrongly convicted and jailed for militant activities. sanctioned c. Let us know the Antonyms for the words highlighted 1. Unalterable b. Authorized b. learn a few lessons on the stock market. static d. lethargic. Her constant whining and complaining finally exasperated everyone. major c. vapid c. a. Renounced b. a. The country’s economy fell into recession as the exports and imports faltered. 7. The visit of the President of America to India cleared the lopsided relations between the two countries. The Minister for Railways endorsed the hike in the passenger fares. Condemned b. Downturn b. recommended 4. Humour b. 3. His diffidence in addressing the MD was very evident. lopsided. boom d. Intimidated b. dull c. inevitable. warmed c. a. Ingenious b. a. doubted. eliminated 9. exalted d. boldness 10.

vague. The managing director is expected to ________his plans to remove all the doubts and mysteries. (Summit. Collapsed b. Intermittent b. applauded. 10. regular. clearc. vivid) 7. depression. dangerous 11. convicted. periodic d. demanded) Find out the Synonym (word closest in meaning) for the word emboldened the sentence below 1. Fifteen persons were killed in the incidents of ________violence (Suffered. divulge d. (hide. declined. minimize) 9. Manufacturers need to invest hefty capital in order to run quality business. The Minister for Railways__________the hike in the passenger fares. dissent. Fifteen persons were killed in incidents of sporadic violence. crucial. inconsonant. a. (Infamous. (Unnatural. soared d. Deciding to join the armed forces. revolving. they could never have got it. Strong b. maximize 9. Eleven people were wrongly _________and jailed for militant activities. endorsed. robust c. objective. (constant. (Released. suffered. 8. If they hadn’t ________for their rights. recession) 5. acquitted) 8. erratic. pacified. disclose c. reveled) 6. (Recited. The teacher asked the student to elucidate the topic in a) Simplify b) liquefy c) classify d) exemplify . trivial. The country’s economy fell into____________as the exports and imports faltered. a. stocky d. irregular c. For a ______understanding of the share business. infallible) 4. 1. erroneous. This encyclopedia is an ________source of information. Sturdy b. sporadic. momentary) 2. gruesome. eventful) 10. vague d. When the factory feud became public. a. a. (Eliminated. dangling) 3. was a __________decision for him. difficult. reveal. The movie was too graphic with__________war scenes. abode. the markets plummeted. learn a few lessons on the stock market. sagged. The managing director is expected to unveil his plans to remove all the doubts and mysteries. (Gratifying. flopped c. Reveal b.19 a. Fill in the blanks with suitable word(s) from the choice provided at the end of each question.

No sooner had the professor stepped into the class. a) Beginner b)skillful c) veteran d)apprentice a) Restraint b) tastec) excessiveness d) anger 5. It would be best to amend those paragraphs that are found offensive by the Censor c) delete d) revise Since he is a novice in the job. Ravi not only enjoys playing football but even enjoys playing cricket. when all the students rose (1) (2) (3) from their seats (4) 2. The students ran out of the classroom so soon as the bell rang. Bombay is one of the most crowed city in the world. People shed tears at the carnage left over by wars and aggressions.20 2. a) Succinct b) jocular c) wordy d) dramatic 2. . 1. he cannot accomplish difficult tasks assigned to him. No fetter can stop a man resolved to become successful b) disrespect b)unmethodical b) destroy c) chain c) sad c) decrease d) fever d) joyful d) remove 4. (1) (2) (3) (4) 4. He bored everyone by giving a garrulous account of his exploits while he worked in the army. a) Carnival destruction a) Liberate a) Concise a) Condemn b)battle c) hazard d) deadly 3. a) Fast b) precise Board a) Change b)maintain 4. The assault was planned with meticulous attention to detail and was therefore executed in record time. The house ordered that the tenant evict the house within a month Find out the Antonym (word that is opposite in meaning) for the word emboldened below 1. One should leave an ideal example rather than leading a desultory existence 5. (1) (2) (3) (4) 3. c) careful d) negligent 3. A man with temperance in eating will always be healthy Identify the incorrect fragment in the sentences given below.

resisted. laudatory tribute to one of the great men in history. one must develop a more positive outlook to life. subject) Find out the Synonym (word closest in meaning) for the word emboldened in the sentence below. (Control. surrendered) 4. bright) 5. a) Criticizing b) appreciativec) bitter 3. I had reached the hall after the show had ended. Instead of ________over lost opportunities. (ceded. relaxing. 1. (1) (2) (3) (4) 8. After years of legal battle for his rights. (1) (2) (3) (4) Fill in the blanks with suitable word(s) from the choice provided at the end of each question. the old man seems to have _____ to his fate. ( goading. He had given up trying to understand what the speaker was saying and now only gave a semblance of listening. d) hall a) Isle b) pathway c)church . He passing the civil services examination is unbelievable. (1) (2) (3) (4) 9. raising) 3. worrying.21 (1) (2) (3) (4) 5. (1) (2) (3) (4) 7. Srikant wants to be an artist that is why he joined in fine arts course. (1) (2) (3) (4) 6. (Indisputable. (high-handed. profitable. so I did not trust him. It is doubtful that the average citizen will find in this film anything other than a warm-harted. I know the problem is difficult I will try my best. The selection of the products for quality inspection was to be done in a ______manner. escaping. subsisted. She has great_______in the philosophy of Socrates. 1. Three hours are too less a time for performing the task. random) 2. doubtful. a) Drudgery b) appearance c) note d) attempt 2. Hurry up for you will miss the train. (1) (2) (3) (4) 10. The whole idea seemed _______. interest. The bride walked down the aisle d) liberal. regard. unplanned.

The unsolved crime baffled the police. Eleven people were wrongly convicted and jailed for militant activities. a) Fantasy a) Bullied b) belief b) warmed c) importance 4) denial c) transformed d) puzzled. carping run. Find out the Antonym (word that is opposite in meaning) for the word emboldened below. As the performance of the cricketer is likely to be lacklustre. Indians need sincere leaders not people of _________integrity. 9. guidance doubtful 1. Condemned b) maligned 3. 8. The crowd ___________ the symphony of the maestro with a standing ___________ 7. 5. a) Obscure b) vapid c) somber d) lively 4.22 4. Our latest battle plan________some projects_________at saving the earth’s biological diversity. aimed denied applauded. a) Active a) b) dormant c) static d) lethargic c) acquitted d) doubted 2. Brad Pitt’s quest for credibility as Homer in the epic ‘Troy” has been a qualified success. 1. . The miniscule importance given to him at the meeting has become a point of embarrassment. it may be wise to search for quality bowlers. The management took _____________action against the ___________employees whose mouthful demands tower high before their little work. He does not give credence to rumours. a) Mammoth b) minimized c) limited d) light Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word set/word from the words given below Covers. The nation should develop industries to energize a stagnant economy. a) Resounding b) outright c)limited d) proficient 5. ovation stringent.

the better division you get. Cloze-Test Supply a suitable word from the choice provided for filling in the blanks to make a meaning passage. No error A A A B B C B D C E D C D 2. Trying to _________a team without a good and simple______system is like trying to drive a car without a steering wheel. 1. In the State of Himachal Pradesh the embroidery has a ____(4)______charm and is deeply rooted in the ‘Pahari’ culture. Either the president or the secretary have an option to donate funds. 11. Embriodery is essentially a child of the landscape and is. The Romans called it ‘needle painting’. Harder you work. a) received b) threading b) pictures b) style b) distinctive b) derived c) knitting c) molds c) system c) different c) been d) sewing d) embossings d) tone d) design d) being Identify the incorrect underlined fragment in the following sentences. No error E 4. colour. The doctor advised us not to told the patient about his disease. The accused _______having made any statement. therefore. No error 3. from which it has ____(5)____its designs. Embroidery is the ___(1)______of any material with patterns or ____(2)_____done with a needle. a) special 5.23 10. a) art 2. No error . as classic in its richness and beauty as varied in her manifold representations. Health is more preferable to wealth. b) sketches 3. No error A B C D E 5. combinations and techniques. She is more cleverer than any other girl of her age. In India. 1. each region developed a ____(3)______of its own. c) design 4.

Which quality of the primitive man is expressed through the mask? 2. Masks were also worn by merrymakers at festivals. What procedure is adopted by the shaman in curing a patient of his disease? Telephone Conversation Write down the conversation that takes place over phone following the incident detailed below. food joints. it revived our spirits and made us longing to visit the place again and again. the fun and the frolic of the youth is really worth enjoying. Convey your enjoyment in the ocean-park over phone to your brother/sister and tell him/her to visit the place to have a nice time again at the ocean park. Imagine that on a week end you have gone to the ocean park along with your classmates. What benefit did the masks worn by shaman bring? 5. How about you? Nirup: Great! Just two days back my friends and I went to the Ocean-park and had great time. Tell you. animal of demon that the mask depicts. a lot of amusement and rollicking. and to ward off evil. swimming pools. Though it is not planned before hand. it is a water theme park with high water skidders.24 A B C D E Read the following passage and answer the questions given below A mask is a covering for the head or face. This time when you come to me on vacation let us plan to go to the Ocean park with our family and have some great moments. Thus. What is the supposed advantage for the primitive man by wearing the mask? 3. food huts. Masks of change are believed to turn the wearer into the spirit. . Primitive tribes used masks to ensure a good harvest. Ans: Nirup: Hello! How are you Rohan? Aren’t you planning to visit my place this vacation? Rohan: Yes! I am planning. the shaman (medical man) masks of the Eskimos are supposed to establish a mystic link with the spirit concerned. What kind of change does a mask of change bring to the wearer? 4. They include a state of trance and possession before effecting a cure. the battery car drives. The roller-coaster ride. 1. There is a lot of fun. a safe hunt. It was one of the first ways in which primitive man expressed his artistic instinct.

Fact is often stranger than________. 2. aimed transmitted exclusive 1. a) worklessness b) filling b) shortage c) growing c) imbalance d) developing d) diversity . The poorest quarter of the population in developing lands__(3)____being left almost entirely behind in the vast___(4)_____of the modern technological society. 6. II. chastity and charity are not the ________possessions of any religion in the world. purity. a) piling 2. the ___(5)______strugglers for survival on the __(6)_____of farm and city. A number of scientists in the country think that they are on the________of a major breakthrough. 5. 7.25 Rohan: Nirup! I wish I had soon visit this place. Very probably there is an equal measure of __(2)____in the countryside. The magician__________the man into a rabbit. Holiness. Cloze-Test Supply a suitable word from the choice provided for filling in the blanks to make a meaning passage. Can we __(8)_____any human order surviving with so__(9)____a mass of ___(10)_____piling up at its base? 1. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word set/word from the words given below whole-heartedly. The cities are____(1)____up and urban employment steadily grows. 3. 4. Our latest battle plan_______some projects________at saving the earth’s biological diversity. Unless the authorities adopt the principle_________. The “marginal men”. successful Fiction spurious transformed threshold Covers. may ___(7)______more than two billion. It is becoming increasingly difficult for a housewife to pick up a genuine article from the crowd of the _______on in a store. 8. Diseases are easily________through contact with infected animals. the strategies cannot become__________.

as well as mine. when he entered the office. No error A B C D E 4. No error A B C D E 3. When you have read this magazine. Neither the carpenters nor the plumber have finished the work. 1. The committee is comprised of a chairman and five members. a) population b) condemns b) surface b) aged b) ground b) project b) suspect b) far b) misery c) suffers c) result c) wretched c) surface c) number c) question c) gross c) humility d) risks d) abundance d) ultimate d) background d) extend d) imagine d) long d) generation III. his great love was art. No error. are playing for the college. who was an amateur artist. No error A B C D E 2. so he was thoroughly spoilt. a) believes 4. He hated school and often refused to go unless his doting parents allowed him to take one of the father’s pet pigeons with him. a) fringes 7. a) account 8. Identify the incorrect underlined fragment in the following sentences. a) struggle 5. a) brave 6. No error A B C D E 5. Pablo went with him . No error A B C D E 8. please return the same to me. His daughter. a) little 10. No error. a) hope 9. No error A B C D E 10.26 3. He is the cleverest student in the class. No sooner had she finished the typing. He was the only son in the family and very good-looking. A B C D E Read the following passage and answer the questions given below Pablo Picasso showed his truly exceptional talent from a very young age. Sonu brought the suit before he met Neetu. A B C D E 6. Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world. No error. They who are wise do not waste their time. and when in 1891 his father. Apart from pigeons. Lucknow is more populated than any city of Uttar Pradesh. got a job as a drawing teacher at a college. No error A B C D E 9. His first word was Lapiz (Spanish for pencil) and he learnt to draw before he could talk. A B C D E 7.

Pablo was just 13. 5.27 to the college. He returned to find that Pablo had completed the picture.Dress code and accessories • Posture • Occlesics • Eye Contact Seven Communication Roadblocks • Differences in Perspective • Difference s in knowledge levels • Lack of common knowledge • Adoption of stereotypes • Strong emotions • Self centredness • Laziness Difference in Perspective • Malinovski’s encounter with a cannibal about second world war. Difference in Knowledge levels • One’s knowledge is built on one’s personal experiences. Lack of Common Language • The difference in dialects. • The perception of allopathic doctor and ayurvedic doctor on a disease is different. 3. One evening his father was painting a picture of their pigeons when he had to leave the room. . 2. 4. 1. Jargonish communication. He often watched his father paint and sometimes was allowed to help. and it was so amazingly beautiful and lifelike that he gave his son his own palette and brushes and never painted again. even in the same language • Dicky to American listener is different from the perception of an English man. How was Picasso in his childhood? Why was Picasso spoilt? On what allowance did Picasso go to school in his childhood? What was the job of Picasso’s father? Why did Picasso’s father give up painting? Communication Road Blocks Various ways in the Distortion of Communication • Loss of Symbols – “Smoking is injurious to health” • Creation of new symbols – winking of eye • Symbol Mismatch – Implications • Non-Verbal Symbols . beliefs. and testimony of people one accepts or respects as knowledgeable. • Steven Covey and his meeting noisy children. studies.

Sneha and I But I don’t get along with Raji Don’t be a spoilsport. Verbal Phrases I. Pin down c) Do away with 4. visit unexpectedly. hope to happen) . Acronyms and Short forms create difference in knowledge Tendency to Stereotype and jump to conclusions • Occupations of the people will make us treat people differently. Live up to d) Peter out 5. Draw up g) Knock down / tear down 8. Dispense with h) weed out 9. I am counting on your presence. Spark off j) trigger off II. Level against b) Measure up 3. Hi! My classes have suddenly been called off. so I was wondering if you could come across to my place and all of us can eat out. A well-dressed stranger asking you to buy tickets for him as he has lost his purse will make you believe in his words. Match the following Phrasal Verbs in Column A with the synonymous phrasal verbs in Column B. cancelled or stopped. 1. Die out f) rail at 7. A B 1. Reel off i) chalk up 10. Raji. The bureau replied in scientific jargon to the plumber “ The efficacy of hydrochloric acid is indisputable. Root out a) Nail down 2. but the corrosive residue is incompatible with metallic permanence”. discover. move with. expect to happen. manage. Reshma speaking. dine outside. Pull down e) rattle off 6. From the telephone conversation find the meanings of the highlighted phrasal verbs from the options given below.28  The story of American plumber who wrote to Bureau of Standards saying that he found hydrochloric acid good for cleaning up clogged drains. Nisha: Hello! May I speak to Reshma? Reshma: Nisha: Reshma: Nisha: Reshma: Nisha: Yes. Whom does the “all” refer to Swetha. (to start to suffer.

turned it down d. mark off 6. “I wish to become a pilot when I ____”. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate phrasal verbs. a. Blow out lunch. grow on c. Some children_____the days to their birthday on the calendar. pour in c. build in d. discover. working towards b. c. she had to___his vast business. took back d. look upon d. mark out 7. (meet with an accident. Turned it out b. Mark up we____immediately. I had to drop in at my aunt Padma’s place with some lunch for her. a. I requested my colleague to______for me while I stepped out of the office for . stay within d. Grow up a. getting over. take up 4. As soon as I could____to her. turned it around b. look towards c.29 (At the restaurant) 2. Work for a. Get out b. she_____since she wanted to spend more time b. c. fill in c. We did not intend to stay back long after the opening ceremony. Though it was an interesting offer. grow out b. got over d. Took off with her family. She came down with flu a few days back and since then I’ve had to help her out with a few things. took away c. 1. working to d. so b. a. collapse. took of 9. Stay in a. a. pay a causal visit. Look into b. create out c. mark of. 5. My brother is_____an MBA from one of the top IIMs. Japan had come to___Manchuria as a granary for the future and also as a supplier of timber. 10. working at d. By 1990. said the young boy. Turned it away. destroy) III. grown up d. 3. 2. We need to____a few incentives in our HR policy to boost the morale of the employees. After her father’s demise. b. Nisha: Hi. she already had a smile. get across c. a. look out on. Why are you late? Reshma: I am sorry. a. 8.

made up for c. she found it difficult to___her family’s expectations. c. I may need to____after the meeting. b. He____his tardy behaviour. Looking forward toward c. c. b. made for b. a. Turned us out b. I think you need to c. a. It took the poor man almost a lifetime to___the debts of his family. Put aside b. Turn out b. 18. Looking back on b. Though we had passes for the concert. live up to d. 13. I’m ____our family vacation in Europe. made up with d. She felt___by her closest friends when they refused to help her out. put over c. Let down ___your differences. put out. pay off c. touch on c. b. looks down on d. lay off b. turned us around d. 12. looks on a. d. by bringing her a big bouquet of red roses. Pay of b. Looks upon b. they___since we had not adhered to the a. let off 17. Live out a. put through d. lay down. it may not be as easy to____the rules for the students. d. Let in on 16. Lay away a. Made up a. turn up c. It’s not surprising to note after all these years how she still____everybody else. Since the two of you have always been such close friends. a. Looking forward to d. Each time she came to class.30 a. turned us away . 20. We were indeed shocked to learn that such a gentleman could_____to be a criminal. lay c. touch by. live up 21. turn in d. 15. live on c. let out. looking forward for. pay up 22. a. looks at 14. 19. pay out d. touch in on d. Although essential. take on d. Turned us down. she made it a point to atleast____what she had covered in the previous class. Take away dress code. turn around. a. take off c. Touch up on b. take over 11. a. After having lived a non-demanding life abroad for nearly twelve years.

Hand over b. Called through b. When given a choice by my mother. a. Hand over b. Figured out b. She promised us that she would_____our assessed projects today. The first rule to success is ‘Never____”. Run away fabric for her outfits. figured up 30. check. hand in c. hand out d. As soon as she entered. figured in 31. On hearing the news that she had lost the bet. give away c. run off. a. picked up a. When I____that moment. b. in. run out of d. called off d. a. pointed in d. of d. give. The little girl was____by a heavy-duty vehicle that crippled her for life. a. pointed through 26. Blew through b. Pointed down b. in b. 23. 34. on d. back a. run down c. give. 25. 32. c. give. she____and waled out of the room. I’m filled with gratitude. my sister always____the best colours and a. picked of. several social service activists came together and began to___pamphlets seeking help for those affected victims. a. blew in d.31 a. we will__the keys of your new flat. Run into b. 28. picked on c. run against d. Pointed out 27. hand out d. I would like you to____each name___the list. Give in b. on c. hand back 35. check. blew over. c. hand back c. a. Picked out b. away 33. After the aftermath. You must try again. As soon as the members begin in at 9 am. called about c. Look back on d. b. run around. called up 29. Huray! I finally____the solution to the problem. give off a. check. a. figured on d. hand in. look back at d. run off c. give. Look back on to. blew up c. I will tell you the secret only if you promise me not to____ it_____ c. She____the business meeting at the last minute due to the news of the serial blasts. As soon as you make your final payments. a. look back upon . b. off c. 24. give up d. she ____the flaws she had noticed in our work. check.

think. think. out . talk. in 38. Most college students prefer to___the college all day. He is so slow. hang in d. that you have to____everything for him. Hang within b. hit upon c. Stay out a. that she had to_____her words. If you can’t get home after the party. by b. showed over 42. through b. he was the only one b. a. 41. let me____it_____with my b. She was so ashamed when she heard the truth. hand out d. over d. In those times when I faced crisis in my personal life. take on c. save on c. have. spell aloud d. Save up b. talk. mummy?” a. talk. Showed in b. a. have. have. showed off c. think. stay over. 45. save about d. Take back family a. It was heartening to watch as the child_____her mother’s arm as she left for work d. showed up d. Hand over b.32 a. spell out c. a. talk. Held up to b. held on c. Before sending the children away to a boarding school. held against. a. d. 36. 46. spell of 43. why don’t you just___at our place? a. think. it’s amazing to note how you can just____an excellent idea. Spell up who_______ a. down b. hang around 37. stay by b. hand in. save through. “Can we please____Tara___for dinner tonight. a. hit by d. Stood up to b. a. When I heard the news. stay in c. held on to house. I knew I would have to____this____carefully before I could make any decision. we hope to____enough money to buy ourselves a new b. Sometimes. over d. a. It was odd to note how after all these years his family just____one day. stood by 44. hit on 39. through c. stood out for d. up c. on c. even when you’re not thinking deeply about the problem. on d. 40. Hit of on very morning. off 47. take away d. hand toward c. stood next to c. take down. hand back c. have. By the end of next year.

sops b. stepping up b. shadow b. taken over. good 2. infection b.a. stored d. you just might____ c. However. every ____ 9)______of an infectious disease makes media headlines. remedied d. motivated 14. a. permanent d. hypothetical c. best d. The efforts of many of the current champions of public health are usually ___ 13)_______to providing curative services. imaginative b. retardant c. a. a. throw off b. a. luxury c. The West ____ (4) ___ epidemics of infectious diseases through public health measures. Unfortunately. taken in from b. redefined c. Taken off a. 49. tabs c. Throw out a. d. 1. taken in for d. figure 6. They had warned me not to be ____by her innocent appearances. The constant demand for better curative services has been ___ 14)______back the immediate necessity for public health strategies. a. Cloze-Test The survival of human body is _ (1) ____ explained by the material benefits of a person. the media quickly move on to the next ___(11)_____and the need for _____(12)_____public health solution is forgotten. subtlety c. sobs 8. plot b. richness b. taken on c. throw it. undermined d. role c.a. finesse d. elevate 7. sustained c. a. untreated b. The proceeds of his income is very little to sustain his family dependants (a) (b) (c) .singular b. dissimilar c. sluggish b. disease d. and they ____(6)____ the situation by providing temporary ___(7)______to the suffering and allow the underlying causes to go ____(8)______. Taken in b. The government’s response is ___ 10)_____and curative.a. restricted b. poised d. landmark 12. bent c. eliminated b.keen b. If you eat too much. reciprocal 3. c.33 48. relief d. rejuvenated d. outline d. The ____ (2) ______association between poverty and _____ (3) ____had already been recognized in the West. wealth 4. illusory 13. tremor d. liberate b. a. taken after d. a. It was assuring to see how even as a little child he had___his exceptionally talented grandmother. cared 9. fetter d. epidemic 10. encouraged 5. worsen c.a. crisis c. The ____ 5)____ of antibiotics in the prevention of diseases is negligible. swift 11. taken back. throw up 50. thrusting c.a. a. pushing and his (d) 1. retrieved c. unparallel d. a.

Thomas Paine in his literary works pestering (a) democratic institutions for strengthening (d) democracy. (a) (b) (d) 5. (a) who got sufficient support from the governmental policies in the Forbes. The granite boulders carried on the trolleys square in shape. are heavy in weight and . The Wiseman detested to remember could have (c) the follies of the past so that he (c) (a) (b) only the good deeds to have their say in the present.34 2. Being a woman of youthful excitement. (d) arguing with the teacher (b) (c) on her being given (d) a 7. People shall not simply uphold unless they shall the pitched battles of the politics (a) (b) receive some benefit out of the absurd confrontations. he often expressed his wish to marry her. 3. (a) (b) the glint of which is stately in the sun shine. (c) (d) 8. Prominent among the Industrialists emerging from India and Mahindra. 6. was Dirubhai (b) to be named dealing with daunting questions (b) have suggested an all pervading Fourth Estate (c) (c) (d) 4. The girl hesitated difficult task as (a) assignment.

b. 1. According to the passage which of the following statements is true? a. which distinguishes it from hard-paste porcelain. This is also is created by adding bone ash to the ingredients for hard-past porcelain. Pick out the word in the 1st Paragraph that stands for the word “before”? . 25% Cornish stone. called bone china. and is stronger than hardpaste porcelain due to the addition of the ox bone ash and easier to manufacture. The higher the quality of fine china. 5. English china manufacturers and potters were using hard-paste and soft-paste porcelains. beautiful. What ingredient makes Bone china appear in beautiful patterns? 7. 50% bone ash in its standard formula. Bone china became the English porcelain for several reasons. and expensive fine china pieces in the China. Finally. The amount of calcined ox bone also allows the addition of more colourful patterns (or more colours to stain the china). What is the reason for Bone China being stronger than hard-paste porcelains? 3. What makes English Bone China more shiny and translucent? 4. calcined ox Bone China is still used by many English Fine China manufacturers even today. which contain glass. Bone China is the hardest form of porcelain c. Bone China is a form of hard past porcelain because it is a mixture of 25% china clay.35 (c) (d) Passage Prior to English porcelain. Bone China. Bone China has a beautiful ivory white appearance. and those usually are the more expensive and costlier ones. J. It is calcined bone. It was less liable to loss in firing than soft paste porcelains. thus Bone China usually has the most exquisite patterns of all china.Spode II (1754-1827) was the first to use ox bone to create a hybrid form on hard-paste porcelain china. made from a hybrid hard-past porcelain containing ox bone ash has the following properties: Bone China is extremely hard. Bone china is intensely white and will allow light to pass through it. Bone is 100% transparent d. None of the above. the brilliance of enamel colours and gold was greater than on other porcelains. which gives traditional English Bone China ists translucency and whiteness. the more light that you can see through the fine china plate or piece. What makes the soft-past more liable to undergo loss in firing? 6. potters could use their existing methods and ovens. The firing temperature was much lower (1250 D Celsius) than for hard paste porcelain (1400 D Celsius). and the properties of this china allow for some of the most unique. Thus. Ox bone can only be used to make a hybrid form on porcelain china. Also. What was the main reason for bone China becoming English porcelain? 2. You can check the quality of percentage of ox bone ash in a china piece by putting it up to a light source.

From the available specimens it can be ___(9)____that the inhabitants of picturesque Himachal Pradesh practiced this _____(10)_____till the first decade of the 20th century. No error A B C D E 7. The two brothers hated one another. 12. No error A B C D 9. 11. No error A B C D E E 10. Diseases are easily________through contact with infected animals. a) skill jugglery b) read b) spinned b) surmised b) style c) trace c) perishable c) found c) craft d) d) immutable d) visited d) Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word set/word from the words given below whole-heartedly. A number of scientists in the country think that they are on the________of a major breakthrough. . a) knitted 9. a) follow swathe 8. B C D E 7.He goes to college by foot everyday. Fact is often stranger than________. Six miles are a long distance. Malathi has been suffering from fever since seven days. successful Fiction spurious exclusive threshold transformed transmitted Covers. No error A B C D E 8. 10. One of my best friend is both a novelist and a poet of repute. aimed 9. a) summarized 10.36 6. It is becoming increasingly difficult for a housewife to pick up a genuine article from the crowd of the _______on in a store. because cloth is____(8)_____material. No error A Cloze test Embroidery It is difficult to____(7)______the history of ‘Pahari’ embroidery.

37 13. Can we __(8)_____any human order surviving with so__(9)____a mass of ___(10)_____piling up at its base? 11. 15. Cloze-Test Supply a suitable word from the choice provided for filling in the blanks to make a meaning passage. may ___(7)______more than two billion. Our latest battle plan_______some projects________at saving the earth’s biological diversity. purity. chastity and charity are not the ________possessions of any religion in the world. 16. No error A B C D E 12. 14. the ___(5)______strugglers for survival on the __(6)_____of farm and city. are playing for the college. The magician__________the man into a rabbit. 11. a) struggle 15. No error A B C D E . The poorest quarter of the population in developing lands__(3)____being left almost entirely behind in the vast___(4)_____of the modern technological society. a) account 18. a) worklessness 13. His daughter. The cities are____(1)____up and urban employment steadily grows. Unless the authorities adopt the principle_________. a) fringes 17. Sonu brought the suit before he met Neetu. as well as mine. Very probably there is an equal measure of __(2)____in the countryside. a) little 20. The “marginal men”. the strategies cannot become__________. a) piling 12. Holiness. a) population b) filling b) shortage b) condemns b) surface b) aged b) ground b) project b) suspect b) far b) misery c) growing c) imbalance c) suffers c) result c) wretched c) surface c) number c) question c) gross c) humility d) developing d) diversity d) risks d) abundance d) ultimate d) background d) extend d) imagine d) long d) generation III. a) brave 16. a) believes 14. Identify the incorrect underlined fragment in the following sentences. a) hope 19.

He often watched his father paint and sometimes was allowed to help. Apart from pigeons. How was Picasso in his childhood? Why was Picasso spoilt? On what allowance did Picasso go to school in his childhood? What was the job of Picasso’s father? Why did Picasso’s father give up painting? Telephone Conversation Write down the conversation that following the incident detailed below. The committee is comprised of a chairman and five members. 3. No error. He is the cleverest student in the class. No error. 5. No error A B C D E 20. who was an amateur artist. Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world. and when in 1891 his father. so he was thoroughly spoilt. 1. A B C D E 16. Lucknow is more populated than any city of Uttar Pradesh. and it was so amazingly beautiful and lifelike that he gave his son his own palette and brushes and never painted again. No error. A B C D E 17. Pablo went with him to the college. No sooner had she finished the typing. No error A B C D E 18. He returned to find that Pablo had completed the picture. got a job as a drawing teacher at a college. One evening his father was painting a picture of their pigeons when he had to leave the room. Pablo was just 13. his great love was art. A B C D E Read the following passage and answer the questions given below Pablo Picasso showed his truly exceptional talent from a very young age.38 13. When you have read this magazine. 4. No error A B C D E 15. Neither the carpenters nor the plumber have finished the work. They who are wise do not waste their time. He was the only son in the family and very good-looking. No error A B C D E 14. His first word was Lapiz (Spanish for pencil) and he learnt to draw before he could talk. takes place over phone . please return the same to me. No error A B C D E 19. 2. He hated school and often refused to go unless his doting parents allowed him to take one of the father’s pet pigeons with him. when he entered the office.

Look at the following pie-diagram which shows how a young man called Chris spends his money. Describe the following information shown in the Bar-diagram in about 100 words. One of the major items on which Chris spends his money is rent and food which occupies 45% that is almost half of his income. So we can say that Chris spends almost a quarter of his income on knowledge-gaining. Describe the following data shown in the diagram in about 100 words. By this we can draw the conclusion that Chris gives least priority to one of the essential needs of the human beings that is clothes.39 Assume that one of your friends is studying a professional course and in one of your casual talks on phone you suggested that attending Workshops and participating in events of academic orientation like Tech-fests and Youth fests will not only bring competitive spirit but also enables one to know the changing trends in one’s area of study. Write a brief conversation of the above. Write a report describing the information shown in the diagram below. . The other item on which Chris spends is entertainment which also plays a major role in man’s living. By this we can say that any person spends half of his income for supporting his food and shelter. Chris spends his income in the way that the diagram projects. The above Pie-chart shows the income of Chris who spends his money on various items which support his livelihood. (OR) A. The least among his expenditure is occupied by entertainment and clothes on which Chris is spending 15% on both of them equally. The second item which occupies priority is Study materials with 25%.

In this period the sales touched the all time high in August. While there is a steep fall in October and business in the sales of hamburgers became steady in November and December with the financial year closing down with mixed results. There is a steady growth of sales in the beginning of the year from January to March with the columns in the diagram touching almost 1800 mark more or less. . The columns representing July. We can say that the columns in the bardiagram are not just spirals but they indicate the business of an eager salesman. I. The diagram is an example of the business trend which is not all the same throughout the year. August and September stand tall with the sales of Hamburgers touching the all time high of 3000 mark in a year while the least of the hamburger sales was done in the month of October. There is a fall in the month of sales from April and May and a steady rise in the sales is recorded from June till September.40 The data shown below relates to Harry’s annual sales of Hamburgers in 2009 The above bar-diagram represents the sale of hamburgers by Harry which show fluctuation in the one financial year.

Dolls are the least preferred toys in Region 3. trucks 2790 while the sale of puzzles is very high spiraling 2795 which is highest among all. while the puzzles are the least preferred in Region 1. Overall the sales show the stability in the sales of the toys. II. Trucks. trucks 2031 and puzzles 1918. Trucks are the least preferred in Region 2. In region 3 the sale of dolls is 2388. trucks 2173 and puzzles 2722. A close observation at the diagram also denotes that Dolls are highly preferred toys in all the three regions while the sale of puzzles occupied second in the overall figures. In region 2 the sale of dolls is 2640. It is noticed that Region 3 has the highest toy sales in the mentioned three items while Region 2 stood second in the record of sales closely followed by Region 1. The variants of toys shown in the diagram are Dolls. . and puzzles. In region 1 the sale of dolls is 2478.41 The Bar diagram shows the sales of toys and the fascination of children for toy varieties in three regions.

The pie chart above shows the male students enrolled for the Bachelors degree in Business Administration. Bio-sciences.42 The above pie-chart shows the consumption of energy in Australia during 2005-2006. and Renewable sources of energy. Agriculture. The sources of energy shown in the figure are Oil. It is a worrying factor that a lot of pollution results in the consumption of Oil and Coal as these are fossil fuels and it is time that the world looked towards the renewable sources of energy. Coal. It also shows that life-sciences also does not have good enrollment. . As it can be observed that Oil and coal combined put together 76% of energy consumption and the other sources of energy supply are least preferred with only 24% left over for Natural gas and Renewable sources of energy. Renewable sources of energy are least depended as it occupies only 5% in the energy production while Natural gas with 19% occupies the third position in Energy consumption in Australia. Oil with 35% occupies the second position in energy supply. It is understood from the figure that coal with 41% is largely used for energy consumption as is the practice around the world. The diagram apart from showing the inclination of the male students for Business Administration shows that the there is an unequal distribution of enrollment in other subject areas. Bio-Sciences with 10% comes third in preference. III. It is observed that the Business Administration takes the lion share when considered the preference of the male students for enrollment into Bachelors degree. It occupies almost 20% of the admissions. It occupies almost 65% of the enrollment ratio while Agricultural Sciences comes second in preference. and Arts. Natural Gas. The least preferred is Arts with only 5% of the students going for enrollment.

If we put both Rock and Country Music together they occupy 58%. It is also said that the people are giving equal importance more or less to the country variety while Jazz and Rap are preferred mostly by good number of people.43 IV. Jazz with 15% percent and Rap with11% occupy the third and the fourth positions. The music preference shows that people are mostly interested in refreshing and stress relieving music rather than the smooth classical variety. The least favourite is Classical with only 5% of the people enjoying the music. As we observe the chart only represents 99%. It is observed that Rock music with 33% is the favourite music types of all followed by Country music with 25% of the people preferring it. . The Pie chart shows the favourite types of music and the preferential ratio in each of the categories.

• Strike up interaction with his/her immediate audience • Know his/her purpose. Interactive – It involves both the speaker as well as listeners. For effective presentation. An oral . Oral presentation is a tool of professional and business interaction. four important elements are to be remembered. to inaugurate a function. Prepare. while the oral presentation raises a particular issue for discussion. These objectives may range from exploring new area of information to introducing a new product by a company. presentation is: Purposeful . They are called 4 ps. Practice. Planning the presentation is to • Know the audience • Stimulate the interest of the audience • Be sensitive to the needs and expectations of the audience. that is. It is a participative two-way communication process characterized by the formal and structured presentation using visual aids. business presentations. Plan. workshops. There are certain objectives for each presentation. etc. In some reputed firms recruitment is based on oral presentation in the form of seminar presentation. Oral presentations differ from other forms of oral communication such as speeches and debates. The presentation should be planned well in advance so that the material is delivered effectively. symposia. such as seminars.44 PRESENTATION SKILLS An oral presentation is a form of oral communication. and Perform. short lectures. It is purposeful and goal-oriented..The presentation will be made with a definite purpose. There are several forms of oral presentation. conferences. Speeches are intended to celebrate an occasion. Formal – It is a formal situation Audience oriented – the topic will have to be dealt with from the listeners’ perspective. team presentations. An oral presentation develops the ideas logically.

. • Seek precise and relevant examples and illustrations. and stereotyped phrases. Making an oral presentation –whether a seminar presentation. A – udience : who are the members? U – nderstanding : What is their level of understanding? D – emographics: What is their age and sex? I –nterest: Why will they be at this event? E. redundancies. and the process of selecting and narrowing the topic of presentation. Identifying the specific purpose of a presentation involves identifying a measurable action that the audience should be able to take. r a business presentation – is easier when it is prepared it in a systematic manner. analyzing audience needs and expectations.45 • Analyse the occasion • Fit the material to the time • Select and narrow a topic for presentation. Planning an oral presentation thus involves: purpose identification. audience analysis. knowledge.nvironment: Will everyone be able to see me? N – eeds: What are the listeners needs? C – ustomised: How can I custom fit my message? E – xpectaions: What do the listeners expect to learn from me? Preparing the presentation is the key to success. Analysing the audience includes identifying the audience characteristics. a project presentation. and identifying factors for getting and maintaining audience attention. and • Check for accuracy. analyzing the occasion. r oral report. Being prepared helps the presenter • Deal with speech anxiety effectively • Develop the required confidence. expectations and interests. and using one idea that matches audience needs.

The presenter should develop the main ideas. There are three Ts. It shoul be a complete declarative sentence that captures the essence of the message. It has five functions: • Get the audience’s attention • Introduce the subject • Give the audience a reason to listen • Establish the credibility • Preview the main ideas. The key to good organization is the repetition of the main ideas of your message. The following are the characteristics of a central idea. ORGANISING THE PRESENTATION Good organization is essential for effective presentation. Tell the audience what you are going to tell Tell it Tell them what you have told. The opening of the presentation should convince the audience to listen to it. A startling statement A rhetorical question A pat on the audience’s back an interesting anecdote an unexceptionable joke the statement of a relevant problem . and planning visual aids. gathering supporting material.46 Preparing for a presentation involves developing the central idea and the main points. Get the audience attention by using one of the following ways. He should make a logical division of the central idea and gathering support material depending on the scope and length of the presentation. The central idea of the presentation is its core idea or thesis statement.

at this moment. reemphasizing the central idea. standing right in the middle of your own ‘acres of diamonds. or you can see nothing. and providing effective closure to the presentation. focusing on the goal. The body of the presentation should be supported by the appropriate details. but not good enough. • Sequential • General to specific • Specific to General • More important to less important • Less important to more important • Categorical • Problem and solution • Contrast and comparison The conclusion of the presentation should follow four specific objectives. The pursuit of self-development . That is one’s pursuit to self-development. Dreams are good. but not good enough. Faith is good. Earl Nightingale said. “You are. The speaker should choose the sequence he/she will follow from among any of the following organizational patterns. dreams and goals. **** Self-development There are million dollar ideas around you every day. Summarizing the presentation. There is only one way to transform your dreams into reality. motivating the audience to respond.47 - a description of the topic’s importance to the audience A piece of statistical data A summary statement of the structure etc. You can see a thousand miracles every day.” There is a master key that unlocks life’s possibilities. There’s only one way to prove your faith.

A Lazy man is judged by what he doesn’t pursue. from Marriott Corporation to Apple computer. Success takes time. Once you get your dream going. The world makes room for a person on the pursuit of self development. so don’t expect to break any speed records. The hardest thing to do in pursuing your dream is to get it rolling form a standing stop. The road to success runs uphill. You want to have to do that only once – the first time. “If a man hasn’t discovered something that he will die for. energies. It is very clear that they care deeply about what they do and their efforts. Dr. over time it gradually comes true. Like the fire truck with its lights on or a police car with its sirens blaring. Nothing worthwhile happens overnight. Life’s heaviest burden is to have nothing to carry. A vision is like a treasure map with “X marks the spot. Said. It captivates your heart. you have to maintain its momentum. parent. They were actually “workaphiles. revealed that not one of the leaders was a person enslaved by work but compelled to do it anyway. The choice of stopping or pursuing is a defining moment in our life. increases your momentum.” lovers of work.” Success always starts with a dream that seems impossible. Garfield said. but when that dream is pursued and worked. or spouse than to see a man or a woman pursing their purpose in life. You can’t afford to stop along the way. A major corporate study of sixty-two business leaders all over the world. he isn’t fit to live. Nothing brings joy to the heart of a leader.” Martin Luther King Jr. People who want milk should not seat themselves on a stool in the middle of the field and hope that the cow ill back up on them. unleashes focus and brings astonishing results. The right way to work for success is t find joy in the work we do.48 changes everything. The impact of any person is determined by the cause for which they live and the price they are willing to pay. The impossible becomes possible when you get the picture right. and enthusiasms are traceable back to that particular mission. “Peak performers are people who are committed to a compelling mission. One’s vision controls one’s future.” .

is Attitude which is a crucial factor in success. including one’s personal and professional life. Every place be it a home. Man cannot discover new oceans unless he has the courage to lose sight of the shore. Whereas in an honest environment a corrupt person has a tough time. Someone once approached Pascal. In countries where the government and political environment is honest. increase productivity and profits. Be a better person and you will have my brains. Education. There are three factors that largely determine attitude formation. People are more valuable than . law abiding and helpful. “ if I had your brains. Experience. There had to be a first Kennedy. **** Attitude Attitude applies to every sphere of life. 3. reduce wastage and become more loyal. I would be a better person. capital or equipment. With better attitudes people would be better team players. The vision must be bigger. An attitude to serve better will change the work culture and the world. In a corrupt environment. they are measured by feelings. or a country has a culture. Environment creates culture. Greatest buildings in the world have strongest foundations. and relationships. Building great attitude in the people is a magic wand that would give a cutting edge in the marketplace. regardless of our chosen field. There had to be a first Rockefeller. Just like a great building stands on a strong foundation. attitudes. Develop an infinite capacity to ignore what others say that you cannot achieve success. Environment 2. and said.” Pascal replied. 1.49 Vision marks the path to victory so that everyone can move in the same direction together. so does success. generally we will find that the people are honest.” Great organizations are not measured by wages and working conditions. success is Attitude. And the foundation of Experience has shown that human resource is the most valuable asset of any business. The foundation of success. Learn to be comfortable with great dreams. the famous French philosopher. an honest person has a hard time. The best way to predict future is to create it.

Experiences and events become reference points in our lives. and high stress levels. It energizes and increases your enjoyment of life. People with negative attitudes have a hard time keeping friendships. Negative attitudes lead to bitterness. Strategically applied. marriages. resentment. Education refers to both formal and informal education. knowledge translates into wisdom which in turn translates into success. and relationships. honest citizens become cheats. Life is full of stops and hurdles with negative attitude. In societies where lawlessness becomes the law. A teacher affects eternity. The effect is immeasurable. **** It inspires others around you and helps you become a contributing member of society We draw VIKRAMA SIMHAPURI UNIVERSITY Nellore – 524 003 . never from the bottom up. A positive makes for a pleasing personality. The role of educator is vital. We are drowning in information but starving for knowledge and wisdom. a purposeless life. There are many advantages to have a positive attitude. and an asset to your country. conclusions which serves as guidelines for the future. Our behavior changes according to our experiences with various people. crooks and dacoits. ill health. If we have a positive experience with a person our attitude towards him is likely to be positive and conversely negative experiences tend to make us cautious.50 Culture in any place always goes from the top down. jobs.

Sound recognition Exercises  Activities: Role-Plays – Telephone Conversations – Pyramid Discussions – PPTs Unit – IV (Career inputs) Periods  Letter Writing – Résumé Writing – Functional aspects of the Résumé – Group Discussions: Etiquette of GDs – Interview Skills Unit – V (Personality Development) Periods  Self Development and Assessment – Perception and Attitudes – Goal Setting * The said components are taught with the help of Multi-Media enabled Computer Systems Suggested References: 4 8 . Vowel sounds.51 ___________________________________________________________________________ _ Syllabus for the Elementary I Semester Soft Skills Course for the students of all the Departments under Choice-Based system Objectives: • To impart the specifics of Communication Skills and Soft Skills to the Learners • To help them overcome inhibitions • To enable the students to acquit themselves effectively by cultivating proactive nature through an array of interactive sessions and presentations Unit – I (Communication Skills) Periods 8  Communication Roadblocks – Vocabulary building – Cloze exercises – Error Analysis Unit – II (Writing) 8 Periods  Style of Writing – Describing Facts and Figures – Bar charts – Pie Charts  Summarizing Data – Selecting important information – Comparing Data Unit – III (Speaking) Periods 12  *Phonetics: Consonant sounds.

Friends and Business Associates. New York Jones. Friederike. Elgin Il. 2007 Covey. 2007. How to Succeed at Interviews. New Delhi For Unit –V Hill. Thrope. Sudhir. English Pronouncing Dictionary. Cambridge University Press Seely. Prentice Hall Press. Advanced English Grammar: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for South Asian Students. Accord Educational Services. Tata McGrawHill. W. Oxford University Press.V and P. M. Technical Communication – Principles and Practice. Cambridge University Press. pdf . 1992. Paul.V.com/Motivating_Students_Research. Daniel. Pearson Education Limited. The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. Business Communication Strategies. 34th Reprint. Spoken English: A Self-Learning Guide to Conversation Practice. Barwa. Robert S. Cambridge University Press. The Oxford Guide to writing and speaking. Martin.accordeducationalservices. 11th Reprint. Steven. Matthukutty. http://www. LPE Third Edition Klippel. New Delhi (2004) Hewings. Napoleon.52 For Unit – I Thrope. New Delhi Swets. New Delhi (2004) Gerson. 1985 For Unit . The Art of Talking So That People Will Listen: Getting Through to Family. Technical Writing Process and Product. New Delhi Andrews. Dhamija. New Delhi For Unit – II & III Sasikumar. Think and Grow Rich. Sharon and Steven Gerson. Reprint 2003.IV Monippally. Edgar and Showick. 1993. Keep Talking: Communicative Fluency Activities for Language Teaching. Pearson Education Asia. 1983. Tata McGraw-Hill. Motivating the Reluctant Learner. John. 21st Reprint. 1999. 2001. Dover Publications. New Delhi Meenakshi Raman and Sangeetha Sharma. Tata McGraw-Hill.R. 1988. Objective English. Oxford University Press. London: Simon and Schuster.

org Evaluation MBA & MCA – 20 Marks for Internal Examinations 80 Marks for External Examination (60 Marks Descriptive & 20 Marks Oral Test – 10 Marks Accuracy Test & 10 Marks Fluency Test) 20 Marks for Internal Examinations 80 Marks for External Examination (60 Marks Descriptive & 20 Marks Oral Test – 10 Marks Accuracy Test & 10 Marks Fluency Test) The Power Point Presentations of the students will be given weightage upto 5 Marks Group Discussions or Situational Dialogues will carry another 5 Marks **** For Other Departments – Fluency Test - VIKRAMA SIMHAPURI UNIVERSITY Nellore – 524 003 .53 Websites § § § www.wordsmith.dictionary.org www.cambridge.com/digital_solutions/monippally www.tatamcgrawhill.

facility with language.Dress Codes Unit – III Presentation Skills* (2 Periods of instruction and 10 periods of Practice = 12) Elements of an effective presentation – Structure of a presentation – Audience Awareness – Presentation Plan – Visual Aids – Discussion (interactive & dyadic) – Writing Functional Résumé – Active Vocabulary in Résumé – Interview Skills – PreInterview Preparation Techniques – Self-analysis – Skill Assessment Unit – IV Soft Skills (8 Periods) Self-esteem – Interpersonal Skills – Right things for the Right Reason – How to Interest people * Fish bowl. friendliness which will make the transition from college to workplace smoother and help them to excel in their jobs. personal habits. Multimedia based oral presentation on any topic of choice shall be done. Just a Minute and Dumb charade games. social graces. Correcting Errors Unit – II Acquisition of Oral and Aural Skills (10 Periods) Syllable stress – Voiced and Voiceless Sounds – Diphthongs – Rate of speech – Reading aloud – Body Language – Posture and Gesture .Eye contact . Unit – I Re-cap of Language Skills (12 Periods) Vocabulary – Phrase – Clause – Sentence & Reading Sources with Thought match exercises – Phrasal Verbs – Prepositional verbs – Twinning Functions of Reading and Writing – Spotting.54 Proposed Syllabus Draft for III Semester Advanced Soft Skills Course offered under Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) Objectives: • To help students develop a cluster of personality traits. Group Discussions and other recruitment exercises and enable them to stand in global reckoning. Suggested References: For Unit – I . Refute the Reality and other oral and behavioral games. • To enhance students’ performance at Placement Interviews.

owlsenglish. Fireside. Cambridge University Press Seely. 2007 Robert Heller. 2007 Schwartz. Sharon and Steven Gerson.wordsmith. Friederike. Oxford University Press. New York Jones. Paul. Cambridge University Press. LPE Third Edition Klippel. Advanced English Grammar: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for South Asian Students. A . David. Reprint 2003. 1987 Allen. How to have a Beautiful Mind. Edward. 1999. Essential Manager Series: Dk Publishing Websites § § § § www.dictionary. The Oxford Guide to writing and speaking.Improve your communication skills – Kogan Page India Pvt Ltd. James. First South Asian Edition (2004) Hewings. New Delhi Barker. Martin.tatamcgrawhill. New Delhi For Unit – II & III Swets.org www. John. Objective English. The Magic of Thinking Big. New Delhi (2004) Gerson. W. New Delhi (2006) Adrian Doff and Christopher Jones – Language in Use (Upper-Intermediate). English Pronouncing Dictionary.cambridge. J. Edgar and Showick. Pearson Education Asia. Cambridge University Press. Buynick.55 Thrope. Friends and Business Associates. Daniel. “Effective leadership”. 1985 For Unit .com/digital_solutions/monippally www. 1983. Thrope. Keep Talking: Communicative Fluency Activities for Language Teaching. As a Man Thinketh.org www.com Evaluation Process . Technical Writing Process and Product. Prentice Hall Press. Cambridge University Press. Vermilion. Pearson Education Limited.IV De Bono. The Art of Talking So That People Will Listen: Getting Through to Family.

56 The Evaluation Process for this paper will be in the following manner Internal Examinations – Two internals will be conducted for 30 marks each and the better of the two scores shall be considered. End Examination . Phrases. Activities in Unit – II of the Syllabus draft shall be considered to award these marks to the students. Record Book (5 Marks) – Every student attending the classes conducted for the course will have to maintain a Record Book that comprises Vocabulary. *** . Clauses and Reading Sources and Other inputs discussed in the classes. Case Writing and PPt (5 M) – News paper reports.60 Marks for all the Departments. Students being active and dynamic and show willingness to participate and learn shall be given the advantage.

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