Introduction: Noise pollution is a type of energy pollution in which distracting, irritating, or damaging sounds are freely audible.

As with other forms of energy pollution (such as heat and light pollution), noise pollution contaminants are not physical particles, but rather waves that interfere with naturally-occurring waves of a similar type in the same environment. Thus, the definition of noise pollution is open to debate, and there is no clear border as to which sounds may constitute noise pollution. In the most narrow sense, sounds are considered noise pollution if they adversely affect wildlife, human activity, or are capable of damaging physical structures on a regular, repeating basis. In the broadest sense of the term, a sound may be considered noise pollution if it disturbs any natural process or causes human harm, even if the sound does not occur on a regular basis. The prevailing source of artificial noise pollution is from transportation. In rural areas, train and airplane noise can disturb wildlife habits, thereby affecting the manner in which animals in areas around train tracks and airports hunt and mate. In urban areas, automobile, motorcycle, and even entertainment noise can cause sleep disruption in humans and animals, hearing loss, heart disease (as a result of stress), and in severe cases even mental instability. A notable exception to the rule is the electric, or hybridelectric, automobile. Hybrid vehicles are so quite, in fact, that legislation is pending to actually make them louder. This is in response to numerous injuries in which pedestrians, unaware of a hybrid vehicle's presence, have been struck by such vehicles in parking lots and pedestrian crosswalks.

Definition: The present generation and the coming generations have to solve three grave problems, namely, population poverty and pollution if they have to survive. Pollution being the most dangerous problem likes cancer in which death is sure but slow. Environment pollution is assuming dangerous proportions all through the globe and India is not free from this poisonous disease. This is the gift of modern living,

Noise can be described as sound without agreeable musical quality or as an unwanted or undesired sound. According to Encyclopedia Britannica: In acoustic noise is defined as any undesired excessive or annoying degree of noise in a particular area.a sound. from traffic or aero plane engines.or tends to be injurious to environment. . a harsh disagreeable sound. At times. Thus noise can be taken as a group of laud. e. Pollution is a noise derived from the verb pollute. Noise pollution stands carved out as phrase separately from noise. non harmonious sounds or vibrations that are unpleasant and irritating to ear. liquid or gaseous substance present in such concentration as may be .3 In chambers 21st Century Dictionary the definition of noise has undergone a change.1 Noise is defined as unwanted sound.g. a din.industrialization and urbanization. which pleases the listeners. Section 2 (b) of the said Act defines environmental pollutant to means any solid. 1986 defines environmental pollution to mean the presence in the environment of any environmental pollutant. Unless timely action is taken we have a forbid and bleak future for the world. 1981 includes noise in the definition of ‘air pollutant’. a potential hazard to health and communication dumped into the environment with regard to the adverse effect it may have on unwilling ears. or such sound. is music and that which causes pain and annoyance is noise. The word noise is derived from the Latin term nausea. Sound. what is music for some can be noise for others2 Section 2 (a) of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. The two are defined as under: Noise. Section 2(a) air pollution means any solid. Section 2 (c ) of the Environment (Protection ) Act. It has been defined as unwanted sound. Pollution. liquid or gaseous substance including noise present in the atmosphere such concentration as may be or tent to injurious to human beings or other living creatures or plants or property or environment.

87. 20 db is whisper.e. natural and manmade.2 Measurement:A decibel is the standard for the measurement of noise. Chennai-89 db etc. namely.80 db. the lowest sound pressure that can be heard. and other areas previously unaffected by aircraft noise has claimed national attention over recent years. the problem of low flying military aircraft has added a new dimension to community annoyance. which produce a canyon in which traffic noise reverberates. the main sources of traffic noise are the motors and exhaust system of autos . and motorcycles. as the nation seeks to improve its nap-of the. Non.industrial source of noise includes the noise created by transport/vehicular traffic and the neighborhood noise generated by various noise pollution can also be divided in the categories. Road Traffic Noise:- In the city. The industrial source includes the noise from various industries and big machines working at a very high speed and high noise intensity. e.Bombay85. and consumer products 1. aircraft. Broadly speaking . 60 db is normal conversation. Noise from railroads: . 80 db is the level at which sound becomes physically painful. 2. Most leading noise sources will fall into the following categories: roads traffic. on the scale acc. To smith. Kolkata . smaller trucks. i. wilderness areas . 3. noise in buildings. The Noise quantum of some of the cities in our country indicate their pitch in decibel in the nosiest areas of corresponding cities. urbanizations and modern civilization. Air Craft Noise: Now-a-days . 3 Sources of Noise Pollution:. industrial and nonindustrial. buses. railroads. construction.g. The zero on a decibel scale is at the threshold of hearing. This type of noise can be augmented by narrow streets and tall buildings. the noise pollution has two sources. industry.Noise pollution like other pollutants is also a byproduct of industrialization. 40 db the noise in a quiet office . aircraft operations over national parks.

footfalls and noisy activities from neighboring units. voices. motors. loaders. neighbors of noisy manufacturing plants can be disturbed by sources such as fans. 5. which translates to levels as high as 138. air conditioners. Construction noise sources include pneumatic hammers. and even through building walls. city streets . External noise from emergency vehicles. can be audible and annoying. high level screech that can reach peak levels of 120 dB at a distance of 100 feet. refuse collection. traffic. These interior noise sources have significant impacts on industrial workers. and pavement breakers. For example. generators. In this case. bulldozers. and switching and shunting operation in rail yards can impact neighboring communities and railroad workers. 7. dump trucks (and their back-up signals). Noise in Industry: Although industrial noise is one of the less prevalent community noise problems. 4. and fans. and compressors mounted on the outside of buildings Interior noise can also be transmitted to the community through open windows and doors. air compressors. horns and whistles. boilers. internal building noise from plumbing. and other city noises can be a problem for urban residents. Noise from Consumer products:- . 6.The noise from locomotive engines.induced hearing loss is unfortunately common. and buildings is a major contributor to the urban scene . rail car retarders can produce a high frequency. or 140 dB at the railroad worker’s ear. Construction Noise:The noise from the construction of highways . Improperly insulated walls and ceilings can reveal the soundof-amplified music. among whom noise. especially when windows are open or insufficiently glazed. especially when the building is not well designed and constructed. Noise in building: Apartment dwellers are often annoyed by noise in their homes.

people cannot concentrate on their work.The effect of nose on audition is well recognized.For better quality of work there should be concentration . A study by Sinha & Sinha in India suggested that reducing industrial booths could improve the quality of their work. Mechanics . Animal and property are as follows: I It decreases the efficiency of a man:. III Fatigue:. mostly all the offices are on main road. The effect of noise pollution is multifaceted & inter related. Sudden Noise causes abortion in females. V It causes Blood Pressure: . The noise of traffic or the loud speakers of different types of horns divert the attention of the people working in offices. Unpleasant sounds make a lady of irriative nature.Noise Pollution causes certain diseases in human. so intense. such as vacuum cleaners and some kitchen appliances have been and continue to be noisemakers. In big cities . It attacks on the person’s peace of mind. VI Temporary of permanent Deafness:. although their contribution to the daily noise dose is usually not very large. II Lack of concentration:. Thus human efficiency is related with noise. All have their . telephone operators etc. Animal and Property: Noise has always been with the human civilization but it was never so obvious. These tensions result in certain disease like blood pressure or mental illness etc.Regarding the impact of noise on human efficiency there are number of experiments which print out the fact that human efficiency increases with noise reduction. 4 Harmful Effects: On Human Being.Because of Noise Pollution. The effects of Noise Pollution on Human Being. locomotive drivers. Thus they have to give their more time for completing the work and they feel tiring IV Abortion is caused: . so varied & so pervasive as it is seen in the last of this century. The noises are recognized as major contributing factors in accelerating the already existing tensions of modern living.There should be cool and calm atmosphere during the pregnancy. Noise causes lack of concentration. Noise pollution makes men more irritable.Certain household equipment.

IX EFFECT ON PROPERTY:. Fundamental Duties:.Now is well known to all that plants are similar to human being. It weakens the edifice of buildings.every citizen of the country has the fundamental duty to clean the environment.Right to religion does not include right to perform religious activities on loud speaker and electronic goods which produce high velocity of noise. physicians & psychologists are of the view that continued exposure to noise level above. Right to Information:.Noise pollution damage the nervous system of animal. Impairment as a result of noise at the place of work. permit the industry which effect the environment. Noise pollution causes poor quality of crops in a pleasant atmosphere. They are also as sensitive as man. Directive Principal of State Policy:. VIII EFFECT ON ANIMAL:.Article 21 of the Constitution guarantees life and personal liberty to all persons. They become dangerous. Right to Religion and Noise:. bridges and monuments. Any one who wishes to live in peace. 80 to 100 db is unsafe.hearing . . Animal looses the control of its mind.Every one has the right to information know about the norms and conditions on which Govt.Loud noise is very dangerous to buildings. 5 Legal Control:(a) Constitution of India Right to Life:. VII EFFECT ON VEGETATION Poor quality of Crops:.The state has the object to make the enviorment pollution free. Physictist. comfort and quiet within his house has a right to prevent the noise as pollutant reaching him. There should be cool & peaceful environment for their better growth. It creates waves which struck the walls and put the building in danger condition. It guarantees a right of persons to life with human dignity. It is well settled by repeated pronouncements of the Supreme Court that right to life enshrined in Article 21 is not of mere survival or existence. Loud noise causes temporary or permanent deafness.

He can adopt immediate measure to prevent danger or injury of a serious land to the public. Who ever commits a public nuisance in any case not otherwise punishable by this code. Under Crpc. A common nuisance is not excused on the ground that it causes some convenience or advantage. A person is guilty of public nuisance who does any act or is guilty of an illegal omission which causes any common injury.(b) Cr. The provision can be utilized in case of nuisance of environment nature. For filing a suit under law of torts a plaintiff is required to comply with some of the requirement 1. Private remedies suits in the area may related to public nuisance under A299. 269. 287. Noise pollution can be penalized with the help of above section. 280.P. 288. of tort should of be nuisance be with the which use & are as follows:interference. There Interference should reasonable enjoyment 3. As a general rule . of land. .C. a civil suit can be filed claiming damages for the nuisance. obstruction danger or annoyance to persons who may have occasion to use any public right. Section 133 Here Section 133 is of great importance.C. 290 291 294.. safety.. (d) Law of Torts Noise pollution is considered as civil wrong:- Under law of torts . or annoyance to the pubic or to the people in general who dwell or occupy property in the vicinity or which must necessarily cause injury.P. For prevention of danger to human life. danger. shall be punished with fine. which may extend to Rs.. morals under Sections 268. health or safety the magistrate can direct a person to abstain from certain acts. Section 133 the magisterial court have been empowered to issue order to remove or abate nuisance caused by noise pollution Sec 133 empower an executive magistrate to interfere and remove a public nuisance in the first instance with a conditional order and then with a permanent one. (c) I. This article punishment in case of Public nuisance law of torts covers. Public Nuisance 268-295 Chapter IV of Indian Penal code deals with offences relating to public health. 200. 2. 279.decency . In an action for nuisance actual damage is required to be proved. 270.

In Hollywood Silver Fox Farm Ltd. limits for noise exposure for work zone area have been prescribed. (e) Factories Act Reduction of Noise and Oil of Machinery:.either the presence or absence of malice does not matter. The court said that even on his won land was nuisance. However. (g) Noise Pollution Control Rule 2000 under Environment Protection Act 1996 :Further for better regulation for noise pollution There are The Noise Pollution ( Regulation and Control ) Rules. & the defendant was liable in damages. But in some cases deviation from the rule has been made. rules. In Christe Vs Davey The extent of noise & the amount of disturbance caused there by was ignored & it was held that the noise which arose due to the practice of lawful profession. under the Modal Rules. # State government shall take measure for abatement of noise including noise emanating from vehicular movement and ensure that the existing noise levels do not exceed be the ambient as air quality are standards for the specified purpose under of these these rules. could not be considered to be actionable nuisance. Similarly. & without any malice. Provision Relation to use of horn and change of Engine:In Motor veichle Act rules regarding use horns and any modification in engine are made. # An area not less than 100 m around hospitals educations institutions and court may declare silence the following main provisions:# The state government may categories the areas in the industrial or commercial or . is mentioned as notifiable disease.The Factories Act does not contain any specific provision for noise control. unde the Third Schedule Sections 89 and 90 of the Act. 2000 – in order to curb the growing problem of noise pollution the government of India has enacted the noise pollution rules 2000 that includes residential # The ambient air quality standards in respect of noise for different areas have been specified. (f) Motor Vehicle Act. Vs Emmett It was held that presence of malice was a factor in determining liability for noise amounting to nuisance. noise induced hearing loss.

. to 5 A.M. in dB(A) Leq. 6 Judiciary And Noise Pollution :- In Raghunandan Prasad5 the engine of a factory was causing noise so as to be a serious nuisance to be the people living in the neighborhood the forbade the working of engine from 9 P.M. denotes the frequency weighting in the measurement of noise and corresponds to frequency response characteristics of the human ear.# A loud speaker or a public address system shall not be used except after obtaining written permission from the authority and the same shall not be used at night. Leq : It is an energy mean of the noise level. In Mauj Raghu6 A rice mill working at night during season will not disentitle the inhabitants of locality to relief under this section if it is established that such working is a nuisance. Schedule (see Ambient Area Day (A) (B) (C) (D) Industrial Commercial Residential Silence Air Code rule Quality Category of 3(l) Standards Area/Zone Time area area area Zone 75 65 55 50 in Limits and respect in of dB(A) Noise Leq * 70 55 45 40 NightTime 4(l) *dB(A) Leq denotes the time weighted average of the level of sound in decibels on scale A which is relatable to human hearing. over a specified period. Between 10 pm to 6 am # A person found violating the provisions as to the maximum noise permissible in any particular area shall be liable to be punished for it as per the provision of these rules and any other law in force. "A". In Ram Avtar7 The appellant carried on a trade of auctioning vegetable in private house the noise caused by the auctioning caused discomfort to person living in society. An order was passed restraining auctioning g of vegetable in the their house. A "decibel" is a unit in which noise is measured.

It was held that the carrying on the trades causing intolerable noises emanating offensive smells and spreading dust containing articles of fodder cut was public nuisance as noise pollution.It was held by supreme court that the order was not justified merely because the applicant carried on auctioning gin connection with which the carts were brought they could not be taken as cause of problem Section 133 was held not intended to stoop such trades merely because of discomfort caused by the noise. In Himmat Singh8 Where there were fodder tals in a residential colony to which fodder was brought daily during nights by trucks which were unloaded in the morning and fodder was cut during the day by electric operated machines. Latest authority of supreme court is a land mark judgment in the field of noise . the immediate reason for this was that a 13 years old girl was a victim of rape he cries for held and went unheard due to blaring sound of loudspeakers noise music over loud speakers in the neighbor hood. In Maulan Mufti Syed and Other10 V. Some other important cases are also have great relevance in this regard: In Govind singh9 the court examined the emerging parameters of public nuisance. The supreme court on special leave to appeal noted that the evidence disclosed the emission of smoke injurious to health and physical comfort of people living or working in the proximity of appellant bakery and held this as a case of public nuisance. In Re: Noise Pollution11 Following important observations have been made by Supreme court regarding noise pollution which are discussed as follows:Facts of the case: Anil mittal an engineer filed this case . State Of West Bengal AIR 1999 CAL 15 The court held imposition of restriction on the use of microphone and loud speakers by the state government between 9 pm to 7 am which inter alia include recitation of azan on microphone in early hours before 7 AM is not violative of Article 25 of constitution guaranteeing pollution. the Petitioner complain of noise created by the use of loudspeakers being used in religious of freedom of religion.

The young children of impressionable age should be motivated to desist from playing with firecrackers. 7 Conclusion:- We have made the law relating to noise pollution but there is need to creating general awareness towards the hazardous effects of noise pollution. Suitable chapters can be added into textbooks. in our country the people generally lack consciousness of the ill effects which noise pollution creates ad how the society including they themselves stand to beneficiary preventing generation and emission of noise pollution. Every body who wished to live in peace . The target area should be educational institutions and more particularly school.performances or singing bhajans and the like in busy commercial hi fi audio systems are used. Particularly. which teach civic sense to the children and teach them how to be good and responsible citizen which would include learning by heart of various fundamental duties and that would obliviously include learning not to create noise pollution and to prevent if generated by others. comfort and quiet with in his house has a right to prevent the noise as pollutant reaching him.In this case supreme observed that Right to life enshrined in Article 21 is not of mere survival or existence. The amendment empowered the state government to permit use of loudspeakers or public address system during night hours between 10 pm to 12 pm in the mid night on or during the cultural or religious occasions for a limited period not exceeding 15 days.There are rules framed by the government regarding noise pollution and known as Noise Pollution control and Regulation Rules. There in are included all the aspects of life which go to make a person life meaningful complete and worth living. No one claim a right to noise to create noise even in his own premises which would travel beyond his precincts and cause nuisance to neighbors or others. Holding of special talks and lectures can be organized in the schools to highlight the menance of noise . which cause noise pollution. . On 11-10-2002 govt brought in an amendment in the rules. . religious and social functions. family get-togethers and celebrations etc. It guarantees a right of persons to life with human dignity. 1999. use of high sound producing equipments and instruments on festivals.

. For these purpose the state must pay its role by the support and cooperation of non-government organizations (NGOs) can also be enlisted.pollution and the role of the children in preventing it .