Darwin & Natural Selection Study Guide

_____________________________ 1.

Name

__________________________ was the naturalist who proposed that evolution happens through natural selection. Darwin observed differences in the _________________________________________________.

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3. Darwin did not say that humans came from monkeys. He said ___________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________. 4. Charles Darwin helped to explain how _____________________________________________. 5. The place where Darwin’s discoveries led to his theory of natural selection is called __________ ____________________________. 6. Darwin theorized that individuals having an advantage due to their traits or abilities will be more likely to survive and reproduce. His theory is known as ________________________________. The process by which populations slowly change over time is called ______________________.

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8. What are two signs that different species may be related and have a common ancestor? _______ _____________________________________________________________________________. 9. The process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than others do is called __________________________________.

10. A spider may produce hundreds of eggs, only a few of which may survive. This is an example of ____________________________________. 11. A characteristic that improves an organism’s ability to survive is a(n) _____________________. 12. The fact that an organism’s offspring are not identical and have different traits is known as _______________________________. 13. Organisms that are not able to adapt to their environment may __________________________.

14. Which of the following is NOT a result of natural selection? A. dogs that are bred to pull sleds B. insects that are able to resist insecticides C. bacteria that survive antibiotics D. elephants that are born without tusks 15. Over the years, the excessive use of antibiotics has resulted in the development of what scientists call “super bacteria.” These super bacteria are resistant to known antibiotics, this is an example of ____________________________ in action. 16. A group of plant eaters are separated from their population. In the new environment, the only edible vegetation grows at the top of tall trees. What is a likely physical adaptation that may develop?

17. A group of organisms that can mate with one another to produce fertile offspring is called ______________________________ . 18. The preserved remains of animals, plants, and other organisms from the past are called _____________________. 19. The total number of fossils that have been discovered as well as the information gathered from them is called _____________________________________.

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