HYDRODYNAMIC LUBRICATION THEORY The Classification of Hydrodynamic Lubrication Hydrodynamic Lubrication Formed the oil film by the relative

movement of the friction surface. Hydrostatic Lubrication Formed the oil film on the friction surface by the external pressure oil. Hydrodynamic Lubrication The liquid of definite viscosity fill of two slantwise plate Three assumptions 1 the lubricant is assumed to be incompressible. 2 the length of A and B plate in Z direction is infinite, plate B is stati c ,and plate A is moving with a velocity V in x direction. 3 the liquid is laminar flow in the wedge -shaped space. The plate A and B is parellel Based on Newton law of viscosity: the position of the rate of flow of fluid in the section plane is triangle.velocity spread of the relative moved parellel plate Fig.a)(the velocity spread is line or curve. ) the velocity spread of import, export, middle part is the same. neglect the squeezing action, the oil film is no carrying capacity.

velocity spread of the relative movement parellel plate

The A and B is wedge -shaped The velocity spread of import, export, middle part is the different. For the liquid is incompressible, the oil is pressed from the import to the export (wedge -shaped) which causes the flow produced by press , the press is upward pressure. It has the carrying capacity Wedge Effect: the press which is caused by the liquid of definite viscosity entering the wedge

shape convergent clearance. Oil film pressure in wedge -shaped space is higher than oil film pressure in the entrance and the exit, so that it can support the load F. If it balances to the external force, the quantity of flowing into is equal to the quantity of flowing out, so the vel ocity spread of liquid in the wedge -shaped space is parabolic distribution.

velocity spread of the relative moved parellel plat e The necessary conditions to form hydrodynamic lubrication 1. There must be a wedge -shaped space between two relative moving plates. 2. There must be a relative sliding velocity between two plates, and the lubricant must flow from big entrance to small exit in the direction of the moving plate. 3. The lubricant has sufficient viscosity, and the supply of the lubricant is abundan t. Hydrostatic Lubrication Hydrostatic lubrication is that send the liquid between the friction surfaces by the hydraulic pump, using the hydrostatic pressure to balance the external force. Eg: the system of hydrostatic lubrication pressure oil entrance the two friction surface balance the external force by static press. Carrying capacity is independent of external load , the structure is complex, but reliable.

LUBRICATION THEORY:  Liquid lubrication  Hydrodynamic lubrication  Boundary lubrication(three ca ses)  Externally pressurized lubrication  Dry or solid lubrication Lubricant addictives

Lubricant addictives are widely used to improve the performance of lubricants. For examples, addictives can enlarge lubricant viscosity, prolong its working life and assu re its effect under very bad working conditions. Additive² the additived material for ameliorating the quality and characteristics of lubricant. Function² improve the unstuousness,performance and extreme -pressure increase of service life. oiliness additive  extreme-pressure additive dispersed purificant

)ULFWLRQFRHIILFLHQW f unextreme-pressure oil 
Oil of extremepressure additive


antifoam additive antiperoxide additive pour inhibitor tackifier

fatty acid


sintering temperature W 

MAINLY COMMENT OF THIS CHAPTER The mainly object of tribology ²²the fundamental problems of the friction, wear and lubrication. The classification and mechanism of friction and wear. The hydrodynamic and hydrostatic principle of forming the oil film. The ABC of elastohydrodynamic lubrication. MAIN POINTS Mechanism and physical characteristic of all kinds of friction. Mechanism and physical characteristic of all kinds of wear. The fundamental principle of hydrodyna mic lubrication. Exercise 1. What is the characteristic of the boundary of the friction? And try to relate the form mechanism. 2. What is unstuousness and extreme -pressure? 3. What is the characteristic of the mixed friction? And what is the physical sign ificance of the oil film thickness ratio? 4. What is the characteristic of the fluid friction? 5. How many phases are the process of the element wear? And what is the characteristic of each phases? 6. What is the main quality index (QI) of lubricating oil and lubricating grease? 7. What is viscidity What is the ususl unit of viscidity? 8. What is the different of the oil film form principle between hydrodynamic lubrication and hydrostatic lubrication