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The views expressed in this paper are the views of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Directors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the source, originality, accuracy, completeness or reliability of any statement, information, data, finding, interpretation, advice, opinion, or view presented, nor does it make any representation concerning the same.
M Sc Civil Engineering 40 years experience of planning, design, construction and management of roads and road transport. 5 years international experience. Member of PIARC committee Financing, Managing and Contracting of Road System Investments. Swedish chairman of Nordic Road Forum committee Organization and Market
B Sc Civil Engineering B Sc Education 37 years experience of planning, design, construction and management of roads and road transport. 15 years international experience. 3 years with Nordic Development Fund.
• Founded in 1981. • The task is to carry out consultancy services, which also can include the sale of products and services, in the area of road management as well as other things compatible therewith. (articles of association) • Strong areas are traffic safety and institutional development. • 12 persons at head office in Sweden and almost 50 employees in different parts of the world during a year. • Activities in almost 20 countries in 2010. • Owned by the Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications and managed by the Swedish Transport Administration.
Swedish Transport Policy
The overarching goal of Swedish transport policy is to ensure a socio-economically efficient transport provision, sustainable over the long term, for citizens and trade and industry across the country • • The main objective for Sweden s transport policy: Accessibility Considering and setting end conditions for: Safety, the environment and health
Vision: Everybody arrives smoothly,
the green and safe way
The STA is responsible for: • the long-term planning of the transport system for road traffic, rail traffic, maritime shipping, and air traffic • construction, operation and maintenance of the state road network and national railway network
Swedish Road and Rail Networks
The road network
– 98,400 km of state roads – 41,000 km of municipal streets and roads – 76,100 km of private roads with state grant
The railway network
– – – – 11,900 km of railway line 90% electrified 11 400 switches 560 stations for boarding and alighting
STA is committed: to a transport system for everyone
A transport system for both women and men Accessibility for disabled Good conditions for pedestrian and bicycle traffic Public transportation attractive to many Smart technological solutions that increase accessibility without jeopardizing safety or the environment • Effective logistical solutions in cooperation with trade and industry • • • • •
STA is committed to infrastructure adapted to people and nature
• Creating habitats for plants and animals • Minimizing noise emissions from vehicles, tires, and road surfaces • Making it easier for both people and animals to cross roads and railroads • An infrastructure designed starting from the conditions of the city and the landscape • Well-designed rest areas that show and safeguard the unique values of the landscape
STA is committed to an energy-efficient transport system with limited impact on the climate
• Better speed adjustments on the road network • Economical driving in driver education • Collaboration with trade and industry on things on important issues e.g. logistics, carpools, travel policy, and mobility management • Collaboration with municipalities on restrictive community planning for cars, and increased public transportation and cycling • Groundwork for decision-makers, for example definition of an environmentally clean vehicle • Solutions for a more energy-efficient infrastructure operation and maintenance
STA is committed to a safe transport system
• Adjustment of road traffic speed – adjusting to road traffic safety standards • More than 1,000 traffic safety cameras are located on the most dangerous roads • Work on influences: alcohol/drugs, seat belt use, keeping to the speed limit, safety on and near railway tracks, and bicycle helmet use • 4200 km of multi-lane, bidirectional highways • Suicide on roads and rail reduced through preventative measures
15 years ago Sweden started to look for a new long-term road safety strategy
• Already one of the safest countries in the world (6.5 killed/100 000 inhab.). • Traditional strategy: fighting speeding, drunk driving, promoting safe driving, seat-belts etc.. • More of the same – or?
Vision Zero: a Safe Traffic Concept
On October 9, 1997 the Road Traffic Safety Bill founded on "Vision Zero" was passed by a large majority in the Swedish Parliament. This represents an entirely new way of thinking with respect to road traffic safety.
Goal The long term goal is that no- one shall be killed or seriously injured within the Swedish road transport system.
New approach to responsibilities
• Historically main responsibility on the road user (blame the victim approach) • Vision Zero suggests a shared responsibility Claes Tingvall
14 Swedish Road Administration
Vision Zero Safety philosophy
• The chain of events behind a serious accident can be cut at many places • Inspiration from other areas ( i.e. occupational health and safety) • People make errors, mistakes and misjudgements • There are biomechanical tolerance limits
15 Swedish Road Administration
Vision Zero philosophy Integration and Separation
1. Vulnerable road users should not be exposed to motorised vehicles at speeds exceeding 30 km/h 2. Car occupants should not be exposed to other motorised vehicles at speeds exceeding 50 km/h in 90 degree crossings 3. Car occupants should not be exposed to oncoming traffic (other vehicles of approximately same weight) at speeds exceeding 70 km/h or 50 km/h (if the weights are considerably different) 4. Car occupants should not be exposed to the road side in speeds exceeding 70 km/h or 50 km/h (if road side contains trees or other objects)
Fatalities in road traffic and cars in use in Sweden 1950-2010
1500 1250 1000 750 500 250 0
1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0
Number of cars (1000)
SweRoad at a glance
• Project implementation in:
• • • • • Africa Asia (incl. Former Soviet Republics) Europe Latin America Middle-East
• 21 person-years on overseas assignment through 47 staff (2009) • Swedish Transport Administration provides staff resources for overseas assignments (6,500 staff) • Annual turnover 7 MUSD
SweRoad follows a Multidisciplinary Approach in its Road Safety Work
The ambition is to achieve: Safer People, Safer System, Safer Vehicles and Safer Roads through: • Enforcement • Education and information • Emergency • Evaluation • Engineering
SWEROADS general conception of Road Safety
In Depth Analyses
Guidelines Planning and Design of Accessible Infrastructure in the Emirate of Dubai
Multi sector approach
Politicians Police Engineers Vehicle inspectors Driving Testers
ROAD SAFETY PROBLEM
Safety publicity Legislators Medical Emergency services Educators Researchers Private sector Non Government Organisations
Extensive proven experience from assisting other countries to improve Road Safety activities . Extensive experience of institution building through co-operation and training of local professionals. Can cover all areas in Road Traffic Safety projects. Roads and traffic Advisory work 62 countries Road Safety + Enforcement projects 32 countries
The fundamental principle……
“ A large number of people exposed to a low risk is likely to produce more cases than a small number of people exposed to a high risk. In business the same principle underlies the mass market: profits are larger when small amounts are taken from the masses than when large amounts are taken from the few rich people; and this principle of the mass market applies to many community health hazards.”
Geoffre Rose. Strategy of prevention: lessons from cardiovascular disease, British medical journal volume 282 6 June 1981
“It can never be ethically acceptable that people are killed or seriously injured when moving within the road transport system”
Why? Partly because being a road user is not a voluntary activity.
Swedish Road Administration