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Yarn Evenness CV
.....................7 Result display .............4 Deviation of the CV mean value of the group (CV-MV) ............................................................................3 Definition of the coefficient of variation CV.................5 Deviation of the CV of the winding position (CV-SP) ..........................................................................................................................................6 Settings ....................Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Introduction . 10 USTER® QUANTUM 2 (10) ..................3 Reasons and effects of the yarn irregularity .................
USTER® QUANTUM 3 (10) . caused by defect machine parts. like e. From these points is becomes clear. the system can provide an alarm for the respective spinning position and another one for the machine value derived from all producing spinning positions. When a preset limit is exceeded. In general it can be said: the lower the CV-value. the more even is the material and the more even it will look in the end-product. Reasons can be divided into: · raw-material related faults. that the coefficient of variation is used as an efficient method for quality and process monitoring.g. fiber adhesion or · process-related faults. like draw-box defects or the kind of roller coats. 2 Reasons and effects of the yarn irregularity The reason for yarn irregularity is based on the fact that it is not possible for staple fiber yarns to keep a constant number of fibers in the cross-section. 2-1 shows a comparison between two fabrics with a low (CV = 11. Fig. The continuous determination of the quality parameters guarantees that all spinning positions produce the same quality. rovings and yarns. it can be selected between 2 measurements: · continuous over the whole bobbin length with selectable reference lengths or · starting from a bobbin change with selectable reference lengths.76%). For the calculation of the yarn evenness CV. Each process in a spinning mill contributes a part to the evenness.48%) and a high coefficient of variation (CV = 17. the evenness of the fiber length.1 Introduction The coefficient of variation CV is a well known value for the determination of the evenness of slivers.
can be monitored. it is a measure for the yarn evenness and is defined as follows: CV% = s ´ 100 x mass/ diameter +s _ x -s length Fig. This circumstance has to be taken into account when evaluating the values when setting in the setting of the monitoring limits. which deviate in quality. 3-1 Graphical representation of the CV With the help of the coefficient of variation. 3 Definition of the coefficient of variation CV The coefficient of variation is given in percent. It usually decreases from the tip to the base of a bobbin.48% CVm = 17. that the evenness is not constant over the whole bobbin length. CVm = Coefficient of variation based on the measurement of the yarn mass (capacitive sensor).CVm = 11. 2-1 Comparison of two fabrics with a different CVm It is known.76% Fig. CVd = Coefficient of variation based on the yarn diameter (optical sensor). USTER® QUANTUM 4 (10) . CVm as well as CVd. winding positions.
4-1 Schematic representation of the deviation behavior of the CV mean value of the group USTER® QUANTUM 5 (10) . the settings of this alarm band should not be set too sensitive. Erratic deviations can occur with individual winding positions. one shift or several doffings). Compared to the CV of the winding position. This is illustrated by the following Fig. the setting can then be adjusted according to the specific application.MV Alarm is triggered Upper alarm limit CV .MV Lower alarm limit t Fig. If the upper or lower alarm limits are exceeded. it does not show any erratic deviations. After the CV mean value of the group has been determined over a certain time span (e.g.4 Deviation of the CV mean value of the group (CV-MV) The CV mean value of the group (CV-MV) is determined from all winding positions. The CV-MV indicates important changes and trends of the yarn. 4-1: CV . After a period of observation. The upper alarm limit “CV-MV upper” and the lower alarm limit “CV-MV lower” can be set independent of each other. this "alarm band" is set to a relatively high sensitivity because a mean value CV-MV which exceeds preset limits is usually an indication of serious problems. In an initial test cycles. then the upper and lower alarm limits can be set. then this will be indicated by an alarm. As it is based on a large population.
then this will be indicated by an alarm.2% and 16.8%. 5-1: CV CV+ CV+ CV-MW CVCV+ Alarm is triggered CV-SP Fig. an "alarm band" can be set for the CV-SP value. If an alarm limit is exceeded. as shown in the following example: With a CV-MV of 14% and an alarm limit of ±20%. the effective range is between 11. As with the CV-MV. The set value is effective in both the positive and the negative direction. The deviation behavior of the CV of the winding position is shown schematically in the following Fig. Depending on the settings.5 Deviation of the CV of the winding position (CV-SP) The CV-MV is used as a basis for the CV value referred to a single winding position. 5-1 Schematic representation of the deviation behavior of the CV of an individual winding position USTER® QUANTUM 6 (10) . which is defined as the alarm limit. is calculated be means of the CV-MW. the winding position can be blocked. Example: The percentage deviation (CV-SP). The monitoring of the CV of the spinning position is carried out in relation to the current CV mean value of the group.
A longer reference length is not recommended as the number of faults increases at the bottom part of the bobbin and thus. The reference length must be derived from the possible CVdeviation in the yarn. In winding. · For data acquisition: For the monitoring of the CV it is recommended to select the reference length of 400 m starting from the bobbin tip (see "measurement"). faults which are formed in the compacting zone can influence the CV-value. no action is taken in case of exceeding limits.6 Settings In the window "Q-Parameter" of the Control Unit. As the yarn evenness increases from bobbin tip to bobbin base. However. it is guaranteed that results measured under the same circumstances (same yarn length) can better be compared with each other. This is a length which is necessary for a reliable CV-value. · For the selection of bad bobbins: The selection of the reference length depends on the quality requirements. Mainly in the production of compact yarns. The monitoring of faulty yarn must be carried out continuously (see "measurement"). 6-1 Setting window for the coefficient of variation at the Control Unit Reference length: It is possible to set the reference length between 50 – 10'000 m. For pure data collection. Such faults can occur over the whole bobbin length. This guarantees that bobbins which do not meet the quality requirements will be monitored and can be taken out of the winding process (action: block). the setting of the reference length also depends on the objective when monitoring the coefficient of variation. the following settings can be adjusted: Fig. USTER® QUANTUM 7 (10) . the CV-value is influenced. a reference length of 400 m has been accepted as the standard.
the monitoring is inactive. If the alarm limit is set to 0. the alarm must be considered as a warning.e. Monitoring of individual winding positions With the monitoring of the CV of a winding position. At the same time. i. As no action is carried out in case of an exceeding limit. this deviation from the mean value can be found on the window for "textile alarms" at the control unit. · The setting of a upper CV alarm limit which serves for the monitoring and detection of: – a general high CV.Measurement: The measurement can be carried out: · continuously · at bobbin change The following winding machines provide a bobbin change signal. · The setting of a lower CV alarm limit serves for monitoring and the detection of yarns. Due to the diverse causes for the changes of the yarn evenness. The setting of the percent value must determined out for each individual application. – a rough ring. – slow spindles caused by loose drive belts. – twisted drive belts. · Schlafhorst Autoconer System 238 · Schlafhorst Autoconer 338 USTER® QUANTUM 8 (10) .or CVm alarm is triggered. the old traveller was not removed. This means that the winding position informs the clearer when a bobbin change is carried out: · Murata Mach Coner 7/5 · Murata Process Coner 21 · Savio Orion Alarm limit MV-monitoring This is an absolute monitoring of the CV-group mean value. which have too much twist caused by: – heavy ring travellers. it is not possible to give any recommendations for the settings. a CVp. If the yarn evenness of a bobbin deviates from the SP ALARM LIMIT. a relative deviation of the SP-MV from the CV-MV is set. caused by diverse faults in the production process. – 2 ring travellers on one ring with different operating hours. The CV-MV alarm can only be deleted by increasing the alarm limits or when the CVMV decreases below the alarm limit.
the measurement with a set limit serves only for data collection to monitor the quality of the production. Action If the CV of a winding position exceeds one of the alarm limits. the monitoring is inactive. If USTER® QUANTUM EXPERT for winding is connected. In this case. USTER® QUANTUM 9 (10) . the iMK reacts according to the selected alarm. There are three different possibilities: · none · cut · block If no action is chosen. trained personnel is necessary. For this. if it is desired to take a bad bobbin out of the process. CV alarms are quality parameters and indicate changes of the yarn quality. the signal is transferred to this data system for alarm purposes. It does not make much sense to take the yarn off the cone since it causes damages in the packing and leads to weak places in the yarn. Depending to the machine type. setting column ACTION. The action block can be recommended. the number of alarms is indicated in the shift report.If information on the yarn evenness is desired only. an automatic bobbin change is carried out or the bobbin must be changed manually. If the alarm limit is set to 0. but without selecting any actions. This setting should not be chosen. there is the possibility to set the alarm limit. a cut is triggered when a preset alarm limit is reached. An entry is made in the logbook in all cases. With the selection cut.
7-1 shows the results of the CV-measurement of each winding position as well as the CV-mean value of the group and the absolute CV-alarm at the control unit.or CVm-alarm is triggered.uster. Uster Technologies AG Wilstrasse 11 CH-8610 Uster / Switzerland Phone +41 1 943 38 88 Fax +41 1 943 38 38 www. Fig. 7-1 Display of the CV-value · SP UPPER LIMIT The upper absolute CV-limit is calculated from the CV-mean value of the group and the set relative upper CV-alarm limit.7 Result display Fig. a CVp.com USTER® QUANTUM 10 (10) . If the CV of a winding position lies above or below the absolute SP ALARM LIMIT.com sales@uster. · SP LOWER LIMIT The lower absolute CV-limit is calculated from the CV-mean value of the group and the set relative lower CV-alarm limit.
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