On the book ‘Introduction to Biochemical Ecology’. Keywords, terms and concepts: biochemical ecology, introduction, book, bioactives, S.A.

Ostroumov, new concepts, ecological, chemomediators, chemoregulators, ecological role, secondary metabolites, chemical, communication, interorganismal, interaction, new terms, ecology, botanicals, phytochemicals, pharmaceuticals, new, medical, biotechnology, useful chemicals, natural products, biotransformation, biodegradation, xenobiotics, environmental hazards, biosphere, chemico-biotic interactions, alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, steroids, terpenes, phenolics, biomolecules, pest management, new pesticides, including herbicides; allelopathy, terrestrial, aquatic, environments; sustainable, agriculture, forestry; biocontrol agents; phytochemicals, bioactive agents; natural pesticides; biopesticides; biologically active; terpenoids; biocidal; pyrethroids; insecticidal; antifungal; herbicidal; agents; algicidal; isoprenoids; alkaloid; toxicants; toxic; phytotoxins, pharmaceutical; allelopathic, potential; bioassay; blue-green, green, alga; algae; cyanobacteria, pathogenic; agrochemical; biocide; mutagenicity; phytotoxic; ichthyotoxic, phytoplankton; secondary; metabolism; metabolite; integrated, weed, management, biological, testing, glycosides, growth, inhibition, inhibitory, feeding, phenolic, chemical defense, antimicrobial, pathogen; infochemicals; chemical communication; Ostroumow S. A., Wprowadzenie do ekologii biochemicznej, Ostroumov, Sergei, Uvod v Biokhimichnata Ekologia, translation, Polish, Bulgarian, languages, The international poster session ‘Ecosystems, Organisms, Innovations-14’ (February 12, 2011, University of Massachusetts, Amherst) is dedicated to anniversaries of two books, one of them is ‘Introduction to Biochemical Ecology’. The book ‘Introduction to Biochemical Ecology’ by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov was published in 1986. Now, in 2011, the 25th anniversary of publishing this book is celebrated. About the book 'Introduction to Biochemical Ecology' see: http://www.researchgate.net/group/BiochemicaL_Ecology/; http://www.getcited.org/pub/103448392; http://www.researchgate.net/group/BiochemicaL_Ecology/board/thread/13522_integ rated_pest_management; http://www.scribd.com/doc/47842224/On-the-book-Intro-bioch-Ecol; http://www.researchgate.net/event/International_Poster_Session_Ecosystems_Organ isms_Innovations14_Amherst_MA_USA/board/thread/21140_About_the_book_Introduction_to_Biochem ical_Ecolog; Reviews and evaluations of this and other books by the same author: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45111401/Reviews-evaluations-ofbooks-bys-Ostroumov

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Further development of the ideas of the book see at: http://www.springerlink.com/content/e58651u631313465/; Since the book was published, 25 years have passed during which a further development of both ecology and biochemistry took place. On the basis of recent developments in science it is possible to say that the main new conceptualization made in the book was timely, relevant, and profound. The book ‘Introduction to Biochemical Ecology’ was the first book in international science, the title of which contained the phrase ‘biochemical ecology’. The book in a multi-faceted way provided an insightful analysis of existing facts at the frontier between ecology and biochemistry. Actually not only those two disciplines were involved. The author also covered many facts in the area of chemistry of natural products, environmental sciences, geosciences, and Ecotoxicology (in other words, Environmental toxicology and chemistry). In the book, for the first time consistent fundamental concepts were developed of the ecological role of plethora of natural chemical substances that do not belong to those major classes of biomolecules that are under study in traditional biochemistry (those major classes are proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids). Many of the other natural chemicals that do not belong to those 4 major groups are called secondary metabolites. Their name is legion: among them, we see such broad classes of natural products as alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, steroids, terpenes, phenolics, and many others. On the basis of an analysis of that huge diversity of chemical compounds, the author of the book developed some unifying concepts that discovered the fundamental ecological role of those chemicals. This role is of dual nature: (1) mediation in interactions between organisms involved, and (2) regulation of the functioning, reproduction, and development of organisms. In connection with those aspects of the role, new concepts and terms were introduced in the book: ecological chemomediators and ecological chemoregulators (see also: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5465_ConceptsEcologic alChemomediators). Additional comment on the book:
Biochemical Ecology. Many natural products were described, especially secondary metabolites, that have biological effects on a broad range of organisms. Some of them have a commercial importance as crop protection agents [1], and as pharmaceuticals. These was a publications which contributed to the principles and basic concepts of biochemical ecology were formulated and analyzed [2]. The book analyzed, inter alia, the ecological roles of natural and man-made chemicals. Inter alia, some problems of chemical communication and regulation in natural populations and ecosystems, environmental toxicology and chemistry. Ecological functions of secondary metabolites of bacteria, fungi, algae, plants, invertebrates and vertebrates. The book got a positive evaluation in several published reviews [3] . The book contributed to the conceptual framework and theoretical basis for advances in the areas with the key words, inter alia: pest management, new pesticides, including herbicides; allelopathy in terrestrial and aquatic environments; sustainable agriculture and forestry; biocontrol agents; phytochemicals, bioactive agents; natural pesticides; biopesticides; biologically active; terpenoids; biocidal; pyrethroids; insecticidal; antifungal; herbicidal; agents; algicidal; isoprenoids; alkaloid; toxicants; toxic; phytotoxins, pharmaceutical; allelopathic potential; bioassay; blue-green, green, alga; algae; cyanobacteria, pathogenic; agrochemical; biocide; mutagenicity; phytotoxic; ichthyotoxic, phytoplankton; secondary; metabolism; metabolite; integrated, weed, management, biological, testing, glycosides, growth inhibition, inhibitory, feeding, phenolic, chemical defense, antimicrobial, pathogen; infochemicals; chemical communication; This book was translated into Polish [4] and Bulgarian [5] languages. A relevant recent paper was published [6]. It covers the trends in research that include studies of the role of chemical substances in interorganismal interactions, in communication and regulation of supraorganismal systems. Another part of biochemical ecology is the studies of the fate and transformation of external chemical substances when they interact with the organisms. Both natural and man-made compounds are interesting for

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biochemical ecology. The basic concepts of biochemical ecology include the new concepts and terms, ecological chemomediators and ecological chemoregulators, that have already been included in the body of modern conceptions and are used in modern ecological literature. Application of biochemical ecology to aquatic ecosystems creates the basis for development of biochemical hydrobiology. Also, some relevant materials for university education were published [7-9]. Many new natural chemicals were discovered after those publications. Some novel bioactive natural products were found by many authors. A series of relevant publications was published, e.g., by Stephen Duke (USDA-ARS, U.S.A.). References: 1. L. Copping, S.O. Duke. Natural products that have been used commercially as crop protection agents. - Pest Management Science. 63: 524-554 (2007). Also, see other publications by S.O.Duke and co-authors. 2. S.A.Ostroumov. Introduction to Biochemical Ecology. 1986. Moscow. Moscow University Press. 176 p. Figures, tables. Bibliogr.: pp. 168-174. 3. Published reviews of the book 'Introduction to Biochemical Ecology': Priroda (Nature). 1987. No. 1. p.125. Professor Telitchenko M.M. Review of the book 'Introduction to Biochemical Ecology'. – Bulletin of Moscow University. Ser. 16. Biology. 1986. No. 4. P. 58. Prof. Stavskaya S.S. // Physiology and biochemistry of cultivated plants. 1988. v. 20, No. 1. p. 99 - 100; Prof. Pokarzhevsky А.D., Semenova N.L. // Ecology. 1988, No. 2, p. 89 - 90. - Review; Prof. Sokolov М.S. // Аgrochemistry. 1987, No. 7, p. 135-136; Prof. Gusev М.V. (Dean, School of Biology, Moscow Univ) // Plant Physiology. V. 35. No. 2, p.412 413; Prof. Dubinin N.P. (Full Member, Acad.Sci.) // Izvestia Acad. Sci. Ser. Biol. (Bulletin of Acad. Sci. Biological series). 1988, No. 1. p. 799 - 800; Prof. B. Stugren. Introduction to Biochemical Ecology by S.A. Ostroumov (a review) // Studia Univ. Babes-Bolyai. Biologia. 1987. N 2. P. 96 – 97 (in English). Dr. E. Symonides // Wiadomosci Ecologiczne, V. 33. No. 2. P. 199-201; Review // J. General Biology. 1989. V. 50. No. 3, p. 429. 4. Ostroumow S. A. Wprowadzenie do ekologii biochemicznej. [=Introduction to Biochemical Ecology] Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN [= PWN Press], 1992. 205 pages [translated from Russian by J. Kurylowicz = tł. z jęz. ros. Jerzy Kuryłowicz] ISBN-13: 9788301104542. ISBN-10: 8301104546. [in Polish language; the book is recommended and used at several Polish universities, including: The Technical University of Lodz (Politechnika Łódzka); The Jan Kochanowski University of Humanities and Sciences in Kielce; University of Wrocław; University in Bialymstok (Uniwersytet w Bialymstoku); University in Opole (Wydział Przyrodniczo – Techniczny Uniwersytetu Opolskiego); Akademia im. Jana Długosza, Instytut Chemii i Ochrony Środowiska, Częstochowa; Uniwersytet Kardynala Stefana Wyszynskiego, Warsaw; and other universities]. 5. Ostroumov, Sergei. Uvod v Biokhimichnata Ekologia (=Introduction to Biochemical Ecology). Nauka i Izkusstvo (Science and Art) Press. Sofia. 1990. 155 p., fig., tab. Bibliogr.: pp.146-152 (in Bulgarian). 6. Ostroumov S.A. On the concepts of biochemical ecology and hydrobiology: Ecological chemomediators. - Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 2008, Volume 1 (2), p. 238-244 [publisher MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica, distributed by Springer Science+Business Media LLC. ISSN 1995-4255 (Print) 1995-4263 (Online)] DOI 10.1134/S1995425508020100; www.getcited.org/pub/103448435 ; http://www.springerlink.com/content/e58651u631313465/;

This paper was translated into English from the paper: On concepts of biochemical ecology and hydrobiology: ecological chemomediators. - Siberian Ecological Journal (Sibirsky Ekologichesky Zhurnal). 2006. 13, No.1. - P. 73-82. Bibliogr. 32 refs. [ = Siberian Journal of Ecology = Sibirskiy ekologicheskiy zhurnal; ISSN 0869-8619; http://www.sibran.ru/English/SECJE.HTM 7. The program of the lecture course. Introduction to Biochemical Ecology // Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2001. 5: 122-124. Bibliogr. 11 refs. The program of the lecture course. Ecology of Water Self-Purification // Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, 2001. 5: 124-125. Bibliogr. 13 refs.; 8. Syllabus of a new lecture course 'Introduction to biochemical ecology' // Syllabuses of lecture courses (Programmi spetzkursov). Moscow: Moscow State University. 2002. P.123-125 [the new innovative course developed]; 9. Ecology and Hydrobiology. Curricula of Lecture Courses. Moscow. MAX Press. 2005. VI + 36 p. The collection of curricula of several lecture courses including: (1) Ecology; (2) Mechanisms of Interorganismal Interactions in Ecosystems; (3) General Biochemical Ecology; (4) Introduction to Biochemical Ecology of Drinking Water and Human Nutrition; Of interest to professors and students in various fields of ecology, life science, environmental science, limnology, medicine, sciences on the biosphere, protection, and sustainable use of biological, aquatic biological and water resources. (Diploma of the Academy of Aquatic Sciences, awarded in 2006).

** Elements of CV of the author of the book are at the site: www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5190_Elements_of_CV; Some of the other publications by the same author are at the sites: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/7209_Ecology_Environ mentmaterialsonlinefree; http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6882_scribd_fulltexts; On the most recent book by Dr. S. A. Ostroumov: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/7418_BookBiological_Ef fects_of_Surfactants;

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http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/7123_FAQ2BookBioeffe cts; http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6878_EcotoxicologyDet ergents6languages; Some examples of citations of the publications authored by Dr. S. Ostroumov: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5341_CitedPublications Update; http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/3380_Ecology_biology_li fe_sciences_Bibliography;

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