St.

Croix Estuary
Monitoring Program - 2008

Field Data

Karen MacKay, Melissa Price, Art MacKay , Kim Reeder, Quoddy Futures

St. Croix Estuary Monitoring Program - 2008

Report #2008-1
November, 2008 Karen MacKay, Melissa Price, Arthur MacKay, Kim Reeder Quoddy Futures Dufferin, NB, Canada Primary Funding Provided By:

Your Environmental Trust Fund at Work Votre Fonds en fiducie pour l’environment au travail Environment Canada Science Horizons Youth Internship Program

Atlantic Coastal Action Plan Environment Canada

Quoddy learning Centre Dufferin, NB, Canada

Table of Contents
The Study Area .............................................................. 1 Acknowledgements ........................................................ 2 Summary of Results ...................................................... 2 Materials & Methods ...................................................... 3 Site Names, Numbers & Previous Designations ........... 5 Gateway Cathedral ........................................................ 6 The Cove-Dover Hill ...................................................... 8 Riverside Grocery ........................................................ 10 Aliant Building .............................................................. 12 Clark Building ............................................................... 14 Chocolate Park ............................................................ 16 Boat Ramp East .......................................................... 18 Pizza Delight/ Wharf .................................................... 20 Picnic Kiosk ................................................................. 22 Old Sewage Lagoon Drain ........................................... 24 Seniors’ Apartment Building ......................................... 26 Dennis Stream ............................................................. 28 Donald’s Cove ............................................................. 30 Ledge Loop Road ........................................................ 32 Ganong Park ................................................................ 34 Benson’s Corner .......................................................... 36 Shore Road .................................................................. 38 Oak Bay Causeway ..................................................... 40 Waweig River ............................................................... 42 Bayside Port ................................................................ 44 Island View Campground ............................................. 46 Johnson’s Cove Brook ................................................. 48 Biological Station ......................................................... 50 Pottery Cove ................................................................ 52 St. Andrews Wharf ....................................................... 54 Indian Point .................................................................. 56 Town Park/Old Dump ................................................... 58 Field Data - Summary .................................................. 61 References .................................................................. 71

The Study Area

The study area is located in the outer Bay of Fundy in the St. Croix River Estuary between St. Stephen, NB/Calais, ME and St. Andrews, NB/Robbinston, ME as shown in Figure 1. The St. Croix Estuary is a typical estuary where marine influences become more pronounced as one proceeds downstream. The study area has both freshwater and marine affinities. The river bottom has been subjected to serious industrial pollution and was anaerobic and virtually dead during the sixties. While the river is not fully recovered, some hardy colonizers now occur in the upper study area, including sand shrimp (Crangon septemspinosus), green crabs (Carcinus spp.), annelid worms, seaweeds and some molluscs. The once large runs of anadromous fishes are virtually gone. The recovery has a long way to go and the river is still influenced by chronic pollution from industrial releases and domestic sewage leakages. The study area is primarily influenced by domestic sewage leakages from the Town of St. Stephen and industrial pollution from plants located upstream. Sampling along the Calais waterfront did not find high bacterial levels during the 2002-2003 study. Other small sources of pollution occur throughout the estuary. St. Croix River Estuary

Passamaquoddy Bay Bay of Fundy

Figure 1 The Study Area in the St. Croix Estuary with locator map.

1

Acknowledgements
Continued financial support from Environment Canada’s Atlantic Coastal Action Program and New Brunswick’s Environmental Trust Fund has made this continuing monitoring of the St. Croix Estuary and Passamaquoddy Bay possible. Additional funding from Environment Canada’s Science Horizons Youth Internship Program provided funding for Melissa Price who is trained in water quality and bacterial sampling and analysis. These annual monitoring reports have been the foundation of presentations to municipalities and individuals that have resulted in some serious pollution sources being eliminated and potentially serious pollution problems being averted. Data collected during 2008 will be used to launch additional remediation efforts in the study area with particular emphasis on the St. Stephen and St. Andrews waterfronts.

Summary of Results
This study has identified 9 “watch sites” that require continued annual monitoring and 7 “sites of concern”, 5 of which were found along the St. Stephen waterfront, making this municipality the single largest municipal polluter in the St. Croix River Estuary. Two emerging “sites of concern” were identified at the Ledge Loop, a locality that is seeing substantial coastal development, and at the St. Andrews wharf where sewage is clearly being discharged through storm drains.

2

Materials and Methods
A field team was deployed to collect water quality data, bacterial samples, photographs, GPS points, and to conduct biota surveys at preselected sampling sites in the estuary. Sampling and Sample Sites 1. All selected sites (seepages, storm drains, open sewers, etc.) entering the St. Croix Estuary within the study area were surveyed. 2. Bacteriological samples were collected and processed using the Coliscan Easygel System (http://www.micrologylabs.com/ Home/Our_Methods/Coliscan_Easygel). 3. Basic chemical parameters were recorded using test strips. 4. Biota was surveyed and recorded for the intertidal area from high to low water. 5. Sites were categorized as follows: a) No problems identified - check mark symbol/green b) No serious problems identified but of potential concern - eye symbol/yellow c) Site of concern, potentially hazardous - skull and crossbones/red Coliscan Baterial Analysis The Coliscan Easygel method was used to determine the E. coli and total coliform counts for the water samples. This method was chosen due to its simplicity and straight forward sampling technique and incubation period. The samples were taken with a 3 mL sterile pipette and placed directly into the liquid medium. The samples were put on ice until ready to plate. Once in the covered plates, the samples were left to solidify for 45 minutes to an hour. They were then placed in an incubator for 24 to 48 hours at 35.5°C. The bacteria colonies were counted and recorded for 3 mL of water. The number was then divided by 3 and multiplied by 100 to represent the bacteria colony count as Colony Forming Units (CFU) per 100 mL of water. The CFU/100 mL of water is the standard approach to represent bacteria counts in water. Values with a less than sign (<) are plates on which no bacteria were visibly detected. These values are represented as Not Detected (ND) on the graphs. The values with no signs prior to the number are statistically viable counts, meaning this is

Field staff collecting samples in 2008.

3

the number of CFU/100 mL of water in the water sample. The values with greater than signs (>) are counts of bacteria colonies which are above the statistical range for the plates; these values are represented as “Too Numerous To Count” (TNTC) on the graphs. Each method of plating bacteria has a different statistical range in which the bacteria can grow without interfering with the nutrient intake of other colonies of bacteria; the range for the Coliscan method is up to 300 CFU/plate. Above that range there would not be a sufficient amount of nutrients in the media to allow all the colonies to grow. Therefore there would be more bacteria in the water sample than represented on the plates. If this occurs the water may be resampled with a smaller quantity of water until the count is within the statistical range of the method. However, this is not always possible and was not done for this project. In previous years, different bacterial analysis methods were used by other laboratories and these values were reported in previous annual monitoring reports. The categories “Not Detected” and “Too Numerous to Count” provide the analytical status required for the general survey provided here. Actual count numbers are considered accurate and comparable.

Water Quality Analysis Whatman pH indicator paper was used to measure the pH of the water at selected sites. The strips range from pH 4.5 - 10. HACH Water Quality Test Strips were used to measure ammonia, phosphate, nitrate, and nitrite. The sample procedure was as per instructions for the strips. The range for the ammonia strips is for total ammonia (NH3-N) 0 - 6.0 parts per million (ppm). The range for the phosphate strips is for phosphate (POˉ4) 0 - 50 ppm. The range for nitrate/nitrite strips is for nitrate nitrogen 0 - 50 ppm and nitrite nitrogen 0 - 3.0 ppm. A LaMotte thermometer with a range from -5˚C to 45˚C calibrated in tenths of a degree was used to measure the temperature of the water sampled. Biota Check An intertidal beach survey was done at selected sites to catalogue the plants and animals occurring from high water to low water. This cursory assessment of the biodiversity and abundance of resident species was used to determine in a qualitative manner, whether any adverse impacts may have occurred. Data may also be used in future evaluations of the evolution of the site relative to data collected in the general area during the major surveys conducted in the 1970’s and during the 20022003 survey that serves as the foundation for this work.

4

Site Names, Numbers, and Previous Designations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Site Name Gateway Cathedral The Cove-Dover Hill Riverside Grocery Aliant Bldg. Clark Bldg. Chocolate Park Boat Ramp East Pizza Delight/Wharf Picnic Kiosk Old Sewage Lagoon Drain Seniors’ Apartment Bldg. Dennis Stream Donald’s Cove Ledge Loop Rd. Ganong Park Benson’s Corner Shore Rd Oak Bay Causeway Waweig River Bayside Port Island View Campground Johnson’s Cove Brook Biological Station Pottery Cove St. Andrews Wharf Indian Point Town Park/Old Dump Site # SCE-5B SCE-10MB SCE-11B SCE-12B SCE-13B SCE-14B SCE-16B SCE-20MB SCE-21B SCE-24B SCE-28B SCE-30MB SCE-40MB SCE-50MB SCE-60MB SCE-70MB SCE-80M SCE-90MB SCE-100MB SCE-110MB SCE-120MB SCE-121MB SCE-130MB SCE-140MB SCE-150MB SCE-160MB SCE-170MB Other Names for Sites -----------Cove 1 Cove 2 - Buchanan St. NBTel Shore ---------------------------------Pizza Delight -----------Sewage Lagoon 1 Seniors Apartment 3 --------------------------------------------Rose Bowl Inn -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Related Site # Z1-001 Z1-002 Z1-003 Z2-001 Z2-002 Z2-003 Z2-005 Z2-006 Z2-007 Z3-002 Z4-002 Z4-005 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Related Site # -----------Zone J - Sta. 1 ----------------------Zone J-Sta. 2A ----------------------Zone J - Sta. 2 Zone J-Sta. 2B -----------Zone J - Sta. 3 Zone J - Sta. 4 Zone I - Sta. 5 Zone H -Sta. 6 Zone E Sta. 10 ----------------------Zone G -Sta. 7 Zone F - Sta. 9 -----------Zone D-Sta.12 Zone C-Sta.14 -----------Zone A-Sta.16 -----------Zone A-Sta. 15 Zone A-Sta 12

SCE = St. Croix Estuary M = Monitoring B = Bacteria

5

Gateway Cathedral - Sampling requirements: Bacteria

Water Sampling Location

6

Station No. SCE-5B
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 10:00 am

Gateway Cathedral 45˚ 11' 31'' N 67˚ 17' 26'' W

St. Stephen

þ

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This site is located at Gateway Cathedral, 18 West Street. The station is to the north of the building.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

ND

48

67

2004

2007
Year

2008

Haw thor t ne S

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 67 2,666

SCE-5B

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Schoodic

Milltown

Blvd

St

st We

Remarks: This station was chosen to determine inputs from sources along the brook that parallels Schoodic Street and which empties into the cove at Station No. SCE-10.

St

7

The Cove - Dover Hill - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 20/2008, 10:15 am

Biota Check

October 20/2008, 10:15 am Mud with rocks and boulders

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 2.5 0 5.0 6.0

Species Unidentified green alga in drainage Gammarids Worm castings & holes

2008 C A P

8

Station No. SCE-10MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 10:15 am

The Cove - Dover Hill, St. Stephen 45˚ 11' 31'' N 67˚ 17' 14'' W
1,933

N

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Year

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 1,933 >10,000

Hawthorne St

Milltown Blvd

(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: Dramatic increases in E.coli levels suggest substantial inputs into the brook along Schoodic Street or some other source. See comments Station SCE-5.

International Bridge

Total Coliforms

SCE-10MB

St Watson

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

This site can be accessed from the small park beside 252 Milltown Blvd. The station is at the drainage pipe near the white house at the top of the cove.

1,370 885 870 366

9

Riverside Grocery - Sampling requirements: Bacteria

Water Sampling Location

10

Station No. SCE-11MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 10:30 am

Riverside Grocery 45˚ 11' 33'' N 67˚ 17' 07'' W

St. Stephen

N

2004

2007
Year

2008

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 14,999 >10,000

Hawthorne St

Milltown Blvd

(CFU/100 mL)

SCE-11B

Remarks: E.coli levels have remained high since 2004. Examination of town drawings suggests direct input from a combined storm drain along Buchanan Street.

International Bridge

Total Coliforms

St Watson

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This station is located behind Riverside Grocery at 240 Milltown Blvd. The site can be accessed from the small park beside 252 Milltown Blvd.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

11

Aliant Building - Sampling requirements: Bacteria

Water Sampling Location

12

Station No. SCE-12B
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 10:45 am

Aliant Bldg. 45˚ 11' 31'' N 67˚ 16' 48'' W

St.Stephen

þ
t Mar ks S

Year

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: This site is no longer a site of concern.

International Bridge

Total Coliforms

2008 None Detected 5,666

Milltown Blvd

Main S t

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This station is located behind the Aliant building on Milltown Blvd.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

100

ND

2004

2008

SCE-12B

13

Clark Building - Sampling requirements: Bacteria

Water Sampling Location

14

Station No. SCE-13B
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 11:00 am

Clark Bldg. St. Stephen 45˚ 11' 31'' N 67˚ 16' 46'' W

N

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL) (CFU/100 mL)

2008 33 4,166

Remarks: Previously a site of major concern, this site was cleaned up by the building owner and has not shown high levels since 2005. It remains on the watch list.

SCE-13B

Public Wharf

Total Coliforms

Mar ks

Year

Milltown Blvd

St

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

King St

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This station is located behind the Clark Building on Milltown Blvd.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

78

6

33

15

Chocolate Park - Sampling requirements: Bacteria

Water Sampling Location

16

Station No. SCE-14MB
October 20/2008, 11:10 am

Bacterial Analysis

Chocolate Park 45˚ 11' 31'' N 67˚ 16' 42'' W

St. Stephen

N

2004

2006

Year

2007

2008
ks S t

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL) (CFU/100 mL)

2008 >10,000 >10,000

Remarks: This site has consistently shown extreme levels of E.coli and is considered a site of high concern that requires immediate attention.

SCE-14B

Public Wharf

Total Coliforms

Mar

Milltown Blvd

King St

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This station is located behind Chocolate Park on Milltown Blvd.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

17

Boat Ramp East - Sampling requirements: Bacteria

Water Sampling Location

18

Station No. SCE-16B
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 11:20 am

Boat Ramp East 45˚ 11' 31'' N 67˚ 16' 40'' W

St. Stephen

N

2004

Year

2007

2008

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 33 5,199

Milltown Blvd
Public Wharf

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: Counts have been decreasing each year and now is below the Canadian Recreational Guidelines. The site remains on the watch list.

SCE-16B

King St

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This station is located at the boat ramp behind 46 Milltown Blvd.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

500 262 33

19

Pizza Delight/Wharf - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 20/2008, 11:30 am

Biota Check

October 20/2008, 11:30 am Mudflat with rock fill wharf landing

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 5.0 0 6.5 13.0

Species Fucus Ulva Filamentous green alga Unidentified green alga on pilings Balanus sparce on wharf pilings Gammarids White film in eastern drainage flow Holes in mud

2008 C-A P P P P C P A

20

Station No. SCE-20MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 11:30 am

Pizza Delight/Wharf 45˚ 11' 32'' N 67˚ 16' 34'' W

St. Stephen

N

2004

2006

Year

2007

2008
ks S t

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 2,666 >10,000

(CFU/100 mL)
Remarks:

This site showed extreme levels of E.coli in 2004 but was within standard in subsequent years. Extreme levels returned in 2008. This site is of great concern and requires immediate attention, particularly considering the level of human activity there and the presence of a popular restaurant.

SCE-20MB

Public Wharf

Total Coliforms

Mar

Milltown Blvd

King St

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This station is located beside the wharf and behind Pizza Delight on Milltown Blvd.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

52

49

21

Picnic Kiosk - Sampling requirements: Bacteria

Water Sampling Location

Photo showing toilet paper in outfall.

22

Station No. SCE-21B
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 11:45 pm

Picnic Kiosk 45˚ 11' 31'' N 67˚ 16' 28'' W

St. Stephen

N

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This station is located behind the largest picnic kiosk on Budd Avenue.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

2003 2004 2006 2007 2008
Year
Kin gS t
Budd

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 >10,000 >10,000

Remarks: This site has consistently shown extreme levels of E.coli and is considered a site of high concern that requires immediate attention. Raw sewage was observed.

Pub

lic

Wh

(CFU/100 mL)

arf

Total Coliforms

Ave

SCE-21B

23

Old Sewage Lagoon Drain - Sampling requirements: Bacteria

Water Sampling Location

24

Station No. SCE-24B
Bacterial Analysis
Old Sewage Lagoon Drain, St. Stephen
October 20/2008, 12:10 pm

N

45˚ 11' 29'' N 67˚ 16' 04'' W

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

To access this site, take the walking trail beside the St. Croix Retirement Community Inc. building. (The building is located on River Street, beside 89 Prince William Street.) Walk to the sewage lagoon, and then along the fence to find the drainage pipe.

ND

2003

2004
Year

ND

ND

2008
Prince William St

(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: This is the outfall from the old sewage lagoons. It has never shown detectable levels of E.coli or coliforms. Possibly, this is a result of chlorine from the town water supply.

SCE-24B

River St

Bacterial Test E. Coli

2008 None Detected 2,666

25

Seniors’ Apartment Building - Sampling requirements: Bacteria

Water Sampling Location

26

Station No. SCE-28B
Bacterial Analysis
Seniors’ Apartment Bldg., St. Stephen
October 20/2008, 12:20 pm

N

45˚ 11' 27'' N 67˚ 15' 55'' W

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

This site is located behind the St. Croix Retirement Community Inc. building. To reach the building, turn onto River Street at 89 Prince William Street.

310

296

2004

2006
Year

2008
Prince William St

ND

(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: This is the site of several seniors’ apartments built on the site of old infrastructure. Somewhat elevated levels of E. coli have been detected in the past and this site remains on the watch list.

SCE-28B

River St

Bacterial Test E. Coli

2008 None Detected 1,367

27

Dennis Stream - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 20/2008, 12:40 pm

Biota Check

October 20/2008, 12:40 pm Rocks and boulders

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 2.5 0 5.0 6.0

Species Spartina (marsh grass) Ulva ? Unidentified green alga on rocks Fresh water clam shell Gammarids Holes in mud

2008 P A C P C-A C

28

Station No. SCE-30MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 12:40 pm

Dennis Stream 45˚ 11' 30'' N 67˚ 15' 32'' W

St. Stephen

þ
B ay R d

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

This site is located at the Dennis Stream bridge on Prince William Street, near the junction of Ledge Road and Old Bay Road. The station is on the opposite side from the old axe factory.

110

2003 2004 2005 2006 2008
Year
Pr inc eW
O ld

ND

87

49

ND

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

2008 None Detected 833

SCE-30MB

illi

am

St

Le dg

Remarks: This site is just downstream from the new sewage lagoons. It shows no elevation of E. coli, but will remain on the annual sampling list due to its proximity to sewage treatment facilities.

eR d

29

Donald’s Cove - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 10/2008, 3:15 pm

Biota Check

October 17/2008, 10:15 am Mud and some rocks

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 5-15 0 5.0 11.0

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Unidentified green alga Littorina Mytilus shells Mya Balanus Gammarids

2008 P P P P P P P P

30

Station No. SCE-40MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 16/2008, 9:20 am

Donald’s Cove 45˚ 10' 23'' N 67˚ 14' 02'' W

Ledge Road

þ
Ledge Rd

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

To access this site, turn onto Donald Road, which is located near 470 Ledge Road. The water and bacterial stations are at the drainage pipe beside the road. For the biota, walk through the marsh to the cove.

2003 2005 2006 2007 2008
Year

10

87

91

88

ND

SCE-40MB Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: This biota site shows no obvious changes and is typical for a marsh and estuary cove.

Donald R d

2008 None Detected 400

31

Ledge Loop Road - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 10/2008, 2:45 pm

Biota Check

October 10/2008, 2:45 pm Mud and upper cobble beach

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 >50 0 6.0 18.0

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Enteromorpha on mudflats Hildenbrandia Littorina Mytilus Mya Balanus Carcinus Gammarids Obelia 1 Unidentified fish Small worms in mud

2008 A A P P C P P C P C P P C

32

Station No. SCE-50/51MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 16/2008, 9:25 am

Ledge Loop Rd. 45˚ 10' 22'' N 67˚ 12' 22'' W

Ledge Road

N

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

This site is located near 80 Ledge Loop Road, which is off Ledge Road. 1,200 782

239 20
51MB 51MB 51MB

18
Ledge Loop Rd

Hannah Rd

2003 2005 2006 2007 2008
51 MB 50MB

Year/Station No. Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 1,200 >10,000

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

SCE-50MB SCE-51MB

Remarks: Originally a cottage community, Ledge Loop has had more and more permanent housing built. It has been an area of concern and elevated E. coli levels suggest action should be taken to curb long-term impacts.

33

Ganong Park - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 10/2008, 2:00 pm

Biota Check

October 10/2008, 2:00 pm Mud, cobble and rock outcrop

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 15 0 6.0 18.5

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Hildenbrandia Spartina (marsh grass) Littorina Thais Mytilus Mya shells Macoma (?) shells Balanus Carcinus Gammarids Worm castings

2008 A A P A AA C P P C A A A P

34

Station No. SCE-60MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 16/2008, 9:40 pm

Ganong Park 45˚ 10' 11'' N 67˚ 09' 38'' W

Ledge Road

þ

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This site is located inside Ganong Nature Park, which is located at the end of Todds Point Road. The station is located on the shore below the memorial bench.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

2003 2005 2006 2007 2008
Year

ND

53

57

25

ND

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

2008 None Detected 133

SCE-60MB

Remarks: No bacterial or biotic changes have occurred at this site.

35

Benson’s Corner - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 10/2008, 3:30 pm

Biota Check

October 10/2008, 3:30 pm Mud with rocks and boulders

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 5 0 5.0 12.5

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Enteromorpha in stream Enteromorpha on lower mudflats Littorina Thais Mytilus Mya Balanus Carcinus Gammarids 1 Unidentified fish Worm castings

2008 C P C AA P P P C P A P P P

36

Station No. SCE-70MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 10/2008, 3:30 pm

Benson’s Corner 45˚ 13' 05'' N 67˚ 11' 39'' W

Oak Bay

þ
Oak Bay

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This site is beside 29 Oak Haven Road, near the junction of Oak Haven and Benson Road.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

Oak Bay

42

ND Year

2007

2008

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

2008 None Detected 833
d Benson R

SCE-70MB
Rd

Oa k

Remarks: No biotic or bacterial changes have occurred at this site.

Haven

37

Shore Road - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota
Water Quality
October 17/2008, 9:45 am Mud with rock and some boulders

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 1 0 15 1.0 5.5 ---

38

Station No. SCE-80M
Biota Check
October 17/2008, 9:45 am

Shore Road 45˚ 13' 27'' N 67˚ 11' 19'' W

Oak Bay

þ
SCE-80M

To access this site take Shore Road off Highway 1 in Oak Bay. This road is adjacent to Oak Haven Road junction.

Oak Bay

Remarks: No biotic changes have occurred at this site.

Oak Haven Rd

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Enteromorpha Brown and green algae on mudflats Littorina Thais on isolated rocks Mya 1 Carcinus Gammarids Clymenella tubes ?

P P P P P C

Hig
Shore Rd

2008 C P-C A C

hwa

y1

39

Oak Bay Causeway - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 17/2008, 9:30 am

Biota Check

October 17/2008, 9:30 am Rock, mud and ledge

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 10 0 5.0 9.5

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Filamentous green alga Chondrus Hildenbrandia Lithothamnion on mussel shells Spartina (marsh grass) Littorina Thais eggs Mytilus Mya shells Acmaea 1 Buccinum shell Worm castings

2008 C A C C P P P P P C P C P P

40

Station No. SCE-90MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 16/2008, 10:00 am

Oak Bay Causeway 45˚ 13' 43'' N 67˚ 11' 07'' W

Oak Bay

N

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

This site is across the road from Cook’s Muffler and Brakes in Oak Bay on Highway 1.

110

120

2003 2004 2006 2007 2008
Year

ND

20

100
Lill yH ill R d

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 100 2,233
Highway 1

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: E. coli levels remain slightly elevated as would be expected with the level of shore-side housing. No water quality or biotic changes have occurred. Elevated phosphate is consistent with the 2003-2004 study.The site remains on the watch list.

SCE-40MB

41

Waweig River - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 16/2008, 10:10 am

Biota Check

October 16/2008, 10:10 am Boulders and rock

Water Sampling Location Species Ascophyllum Filamentous green alga Zostera Littorina Thais Mytilus Balanus Gammarids 1 Unidentified fish 2008 P P P A C AA A P P

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 5 0 6.5 9.0

42

Station No. SCE-100MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 16/2008, 10:10 am

Waweig River 45˚ 12' 37'' N 67˚ 08' 46'' W

Waweig

þ

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

This site is at the Waweig River bridge on Highway 1, near the junction with Highway 127 to Bayside. The station is at the drainage on the northeastern side of the bridge.

28

2006

2007
Year

11

2008

ND

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

2008 None Detected 2,233

SCE-100MB

Remarks: There are no water quality, biotic, or bacterial concerns at this site.

Hig

hw ay

1

43

Bayside Port - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 20/2008, 1:30 pm

Biota Check

October 21/2008, 12:00 pm Rock and cobble beach

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 1 0 5 0 6.5 11.5

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Chondrus Porphyra Hildenbrandia Verrucaria Littorina Thais Mytilus Mya shells Acmaea Balanus Carcinus Gammarids Orchestia in drift zone Mysid shrimp Obelia 1 Nudibranch 2 Unidentified fish Sea urchin Worm castings

2008 C C P P AA C AA C A P A A P C A C-A P P P P P

44

Station No. SCE-110MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 20/2008, 1:30 pm

Bayside Port 45˚ 09' 23'' N 67˚ 08' 21'' W

Bayside

þ

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

To access this site take Champlain Drive off of Highway 127 in Bayside. There is a sign at the junction: Champlain Industrial Park and Bayside Marine Terminal. The station is opposite the sewage treatment facility.

31

ND Year

2007

2008

(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

SCE-110MB

Remarks: There are no water quality, biotic, or bacterial concerns along the intertidal area at this site.

Champlain Dr

Bacterial Test E. Coli

2008 None Detected 333

45

Island View Campground - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 14/2008, 4:30 pm

Biota Check

October 14/2008, 4:30 pm Sand and cobble beach

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 5 0 5.0 10.5

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Enteromorpha Hildenbrandia Unidentfied green alga at drain pipe Spartina (marsh grass) drift mat Littorina Thais eggs Mytilus Mya Acmaea Balanus Carcinus Gammarids Obelia Lineus 1 Nereis 1 Sea urchin shell

2008 P-C P-C P P A P P-C C C C C C-A C P-C P P P P

46

Station No. SCE-120MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 14/2008, 4:30 pm

Islandview Campground, Bayside 45˚ 08' 27'' N 67˚ 07' 53'' W

N

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This site is at 3406 Highway 127 in Bayside. Enter the park and take Beach Road to the shore.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

246 10 22 20

233

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Year

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 233 3,900

SCE-120MB

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: There are no water quality or biotic concerns at this site. Bacterial levels are somewhat elevated as would be expected at this campsite. This site remains on the watch list.

Beach Rd

47

Johnson’s Cove Brook - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 14/2008, 5:10 pm

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 10 0 5.0 9.5

48

Station No. SCE-121MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 14/2008, 5:10 pm

Johnson’s Cove Brook 45˚ 07' 23'' N 67˚ 06' 15'' W

Bayside

þ

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

This site is between 3646 Highway 127 in Bayside and Mountain Glenn RV Lots. The easiest access is through the RV lot.

H ig

37

33 Year

ay hw

2007

2008

12 7 B ay si de

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 33 12,365

Saint Croix Island

SCE-121MB

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: There are no water quality or bacterial concerns at this site.

49

Biological Station - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 14/2008, 4:00pm

Biota Check

October 14/2008, 4:00pm Rock and gravel with some mud

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 2.5 0 6.0 12.0

50

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Chondrus Lithothamnion Hildenbrandia Littorina Thais Mytilus Mya Acmaea Balanus Carcinus Gammarids Obelia Worm castings

2008 A A P C P A C C C P C C A A P

Station No. SCE-130MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 14/2008, 4:00 pm

Biological Station 45˚042' 53'' N 67˚ 05' 04'' W

St. Andrews

þ

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This site is at the end of Brandy Cove Road. Follow the signs for the St. Andrews Biological Station.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

ND

10

1

ND Year

8

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

ND

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

2008 None Detected 433

SCE-130MB
B

dy ran

d eR Cov

Remarks: There are no water quality, biotic, or bacterial concerns at this site.

51

Pottery Cove - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 7/2008, 3:15 pm

Biota Check

October 7/2008, 3:15 pm Marsh leading to mixed shore

Water Sampling Location Species Ascophyllum Fucus Enteromorpha Porphyra Littorina Mya Balanus Gammarids 2008 A A AA P C-A C-A C- A P

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 1 0 5 0 6.0 12.0

52

Station No. SCE-140MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 16/2008, 10:40 am

Pottery Cove 45˚ 04' 43'' N 67˚ 04' 11'' W

St. Andrews

N

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

This station can be accessed at the bridge beside 215 Joe’s Point Road.

300 60

291 49 Year ND

SCE-140MB

Bra

n

Rd ove yC d

2003 2004 2006 2007 2008

(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Remarks: E. coli levels are no longer elevated. Biota is healthy and no changes are evident. Phosphate is somewhat elevated as would be expected from a brook that passes through a golf course. The site remains on the watch list.

Joe’s Point Rd

Bacterial Test E. Coli

2008 None Detected 1,833

53

St. Andrews Wharf - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 7/2008, 2:35 pm

Biota Check

October 7/2008, 2:35 pm Mixed shore

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 2 0 15 0 6.5 14.0

Species Fucus Enteromorpha Porphyra Ulva Littorina Thais Balanus Balanus on wharf pilings Gammarids Orchestia in drift zone Isopod (Sp.?)

2008 C-A C C C C C A AA C-A C A

54

Station No. SCE-150MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 16/2008, 10:45 am

St. Andrews Wharf 45˚ 04' 27'' N 67˚ 03' 14'' W

St. Andrews

N

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This site is on the west side of the wharf, which is located near the post office on Water Street.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

99

2004

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

2008 >10,000 >10,000
SCE-150MB

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

Water S t

Year

2008

Remarks: E. coli levels are hazardous and immediate remediation is required. Odours have been noticed at the wharf for the past two summers. No significant biotic changes were noted. Phosphates are elevated.

King St

55

Indian Point - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 7/2008, 2:15 pm

Biota Check

October 7/2008, 2:15 pm Mixed shore with ledge outcrop

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0 0 5 0 7.5 15.5

Species Ascophyllum Fucus Enteromorpha Littorina Thais Mytilus Mya Balanus Carcinus Gammarids Orchestia in drift zone Lineus 1 Ensis shell

2008 A A P A C-A A C-A A C-A A A C-A P

56

Station No. SCE-160MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 23/2008, 12:00 pm

Indian Point 45˚ 04' 01'' N 67˚ 02' 30'' W

St. Andrews

N

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

This site is opposite the exit to the Kiwanis Campground on Indian Point.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

310 53

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Year
Water St

30

105

ND

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

2008 None Detected 3,000

SCE-160MB

Remarks: There are no water quality, biotic, or bacterial concerns at this site. Because of the proximity of the campsite, this site remains on the watch list.

rk Pa

Ex

it

57

Town Park/Old Dump - Sampling requirements: Water quality, Biota, Bacteria
Water Quality
October 7/2008, 1:45 pm

Biota Check

October 7/2008, 1:45 pm Cobble beach

Water Sampling Location

Parameters Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2008 0-1 0 25 0 6.5-7.0 12.5

Species Ascophyllum on bar Fucus on bar Enteromorpha Spartina (marsh grass) Balanus Gammarids Orchestia in drift zone

2008 P P P A C P

58

Station No. SCE-170 MB
Bacterial Analysis
October 16/2008, 11:00 am

Town Park/Old Dump 45˚ 04' 27'' N 67˚ 02' 16'' W

St. Andrews

N

TNTC 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

One of the entrances to this site is located across from 411 Prince of Wales Street on Indian Point.

E. coli (CFU/100ml)

110

246

2004

2007
Year

2008

ND

Bacterial Test E. Coli
(CFU/100mL)

Total Coliforms
(CFU/100 mL)

2008 None Detected 24,998

SCE-170MB
Town Park

in Pr ce

Remarks: There are no water quality, biotic, or bacterial concerns at this site. Because of the proximity of the campsite and the underlying old dump site, this site remains on the watch list.

Wi llia m St

59

60

Field Data - SUMMARY

61

1) Gateway Cathedral SCE-5B Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----------------2004 <100 4,060 ------------2005 ----------------2006 ----------------2007 47.1 >2,419.6 ------------2008 67 2,666 -------------

2) The Cove Zone - Dover Hill SCE-10MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 80,000 200,000 ------------2004 1,370 14,450 ------------2005 885 >2,000 0 0 15 --5.95 16.1 2006 870 >20,000 5 0 15 0.25 6.27 16.34 2007 365.4 >2,419.6 o 0 15 0 4.1 7.4 2008 1,933 >10,000 0 0 2.5 0 5.0 6.0

3) Riverside Grocery SCE-11B Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----------------2004 885,000 20,000,000 ------------2005 ----------------2006 ----------------2007 >2,419.6 >2,419.6 ------------2008 14,999 >10,000 -------------

62

4) Aliant Building SCE-12B Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 5) Clark Building SCE-13B Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C)

2003 -----------------

2004 100 2,070 -------------

2005 -----------------

2006 -----------------

2007 -----------------

2008 <33 5,666

2003 >2,000,000 >2,000,000 -------------

2004 1,652,000 >20,000,000 -------------

2005 >20,000 >20,000 0 0 30 --5.1 23.2

2006 78 1,560 0 0 5 0.25 6.3 17.1

2007 5.2 >2,419.6 -------------

2008 33 4,166 -------------

6) Chocolate Park SCE-14B Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----------------2004 53,000 560,000 ------------2005 ----------------2006 >20,000 >20,000 ------------2007 >2,419.6 >2,419.6 ------------2008 >10,000 >10,000 -------------

63

7) Boat Ramp East SCE-16B Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----------------2004 500 7,820 ------------2005 ----------------2006 ----------------2007 261.3 >2,419.6 ------------2008 33 5,199 -------------

8) Pizza Delight/Wharf Zone SCE-20MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 9) Picnic Kiosk SCE-21B Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----0.5 0 15 0.4 7.09 14.1 2004 42,000 42,000 ------------2005 ----------------2006 52 1,040 0 0 5 0.25 6.98 16.84 2007 48.7 >2,419.6 o o 5 0 7.4 4 2008 2,666 >10,000 0 0 5.0 0 6.5 13.0

2003 6,500 200,000 -------------

2004 99,000 831,000 -------------

2005 -----------------

2006 >20,000 >20,000 -------------

2007 >2,419.6 >2,419.6 -------------

2008 >10,000 >10,000 -------------

64

10) Old Sewage Lagoon- Lower Drain SCE-24B Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 0 100 ------------2004 <100 4,780 ------------2005 ----------------2006 ----------------2007 ----------------2008 <33 2,666 -------------

11) Seniors Apartment Building SCE-28B Parameters 2003 --E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) --Nitrate (ppm) 0 Nitrite (ppm) 0 Phosphate (ppm) 0 Ammonia (ppm) 0.2 pH 7.07 Temperature (°C) 10 12) Dennis Stream SCE-30MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 110 810 -------------

2004 310 42,000 -------------

2005 -----------------

2006 296 5920 0 0 5 0.25 5.96 19.36

2007 -----------------

2008 <33 1,367 -------------

2004 <100 7820 -------------

2005 87 >2,000 -------------

2006 49 980 0 0 5 0 6.85 20.72

2007 -----------------

2008 <33 833 0 0 2.5 0 5.0 6.0

65

13) Donald’s Cove SCE-40MB Parameters 2003 10 E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) 260 Nitrate (ppm) 0 Nitrite (ppm) 0.1 Phosphate (ppm) 5 Ammonia (ppm) 0.25 pH --Temperature (°C) --14) Ledge Loop Road SCE-50MB Parameters 2003 20 E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) 190 Nitrate (ppm) 2 Nitrite (ppm) 0.15 Phosphate (ppm) 5 Ammonia (ppm) o.5 pH 7.53 Temperature (°C) 9.6 15) Ganong Park SCE-60MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 <10 60 0.5 0 5 0 7.99 11.6

2004 ----------------2004 -----------------

2005 87 >2,000 0 0 30 --6.4 17.9 2005 782 >2,000 0 0 30 --8.2 17.8

2006 91 1,820 0 0 5 0 7.3 19.60 2006 239 4,780 0 0 15 0 8.13 17.06

2007 88 >2,419.6 0 0 5 0 --5.0 2007 17.2 >2,419.6 -------------

2008 <33 400 0 0 5-15 0 5.0 11.0 2008 1,200 >10,000 0 0 >50 0 6.0 18.0

2004 -----------------

2005 53 192 0 0 15 --8.3 18.1

2006 57 1,140 0 0 15 0 6.77 18.32

2007 24.7 >2,419.6 -------------

2008 <33 133 0 0 15 0 6.0 18.5

66

16) Benson’s Corner SCE-70MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 17) Shore Road SCE-80M Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----------------2004 ----------------2005 ----------------2006 ----------------2007 41.4 >2,419.6 0 0 0 0.25 --4.0 2008 <33 833 0 0 5 0 5.0 12.5

2003 -----------------

2004 -----------------

2005 -----------------

2006 -----------------

2007 -----------------

2008 ----1 0 15 1.0 5.5 ---

18) Oak Bay Causeway SCE-90MB Parameters 2003 110 E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) 840 Nitrate (ppm) 0.5 Nitrite (ppm) 0.07 Phosphate (ppm) 5 Ammonia (ppm) 0.12 pH 6.72 Temperature (°C) 10.4

2004 120 1,400 -------------

2005 -----------------

2006 <100 7,380 0 0 5 0 7.05 18.62

2007 19.9 1299.7 -------------

2008 100 2,233 0 0 10 0 5.0 9.5

67

19) Waweig River SCE-100MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----------------2004 ----------------2005 ----------------2006 28 700 0 0 5 0.25 6.53 16.46 2007 11 >2,419.6 0 0 5 0 6.9 6.0 2008 <33 2,233 0 0 5 0 6.5 9.0

20) Bayside Port SCE-110MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----------------2004 ----------------2005 ----------------2006 ----------------2007 30.9 1986.3 ------------2008 <33 333 1 0 5 0 6.5 11.5

21) Island View Campground SCE-120MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----0.5 0.12 2 0.12 7.06 10.8 2004 10 1,500 ------------2005 22 271 0 0 15 --8.1 15 2006 246 4,920 2 0 5 0 6.69 17.70 2007 19.7 >2,419.6 ------------2008 233 3,900 0 0 5 0 5.0 10.5

68

22) Johnson’s Cove Brook SCE-121MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 2004 ----------------2005 ----------------2006 ----------------2007 36.4 >2,419.6 ------------2008 33 12,365 0 0 10 0 5.0 9.5

-------------

23) Biological Station SCE-130MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 <10 120 0.5 0.07 0 0.2 7.78 12.6 2004 10 4,500 ------------2005 1 1,090 0 0 30 --7.9 15.9 2006 <100 2,880 ------------2007 7.2 1986.3 0 0 0 0.25 --8.5 2008 <33 433 0 0 2.5 0 6.0 12.0

24) Pottery Cove SCE-140MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 60 1,070 0.5 0 10 0.12 7.75 11.8 2004 300 1,400 ------------2005 ----------------2006 291 5,820 0 0 15 0 8.11 15.42 2007 48.1 >2,419.6 0 0 5 0 --6.0 2008 <33 1,833 1 0 5 0 6.0 12.0

69

25) St. Andrews Wharf SCE-150MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 ----------------2004 99 >200,000 ------------2004 310 >20,000 ------------2005 ----------------2005 53 >2,000 0 0 30 --7.5 26 2006 ----------------2006 30 6,040 0 0 30 0 7.41 16.12 2007 ----------------2007 104.3 >2,419.6 0 0 15 0 6.9 8.9 2008 >10,000 >10,000 2 0 15 0 6.5 14.0 2008 <33 3,000 0 0 5 0 7.5 15.5

26) Indian Point SCE-160MB Parameters 2003 --E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) --Nitrate (ppm) --Nitrite (ppm) --Phosphate (ppm) --Ammonia (ppm) --pH --Temperature (°C) --27) Town Park/Old Dump SCE-170MB Parameters E. coli (CFU/100mL) Total Coliforms (CFU/100 mL) Nitrate (ppm) Nitrite (ppm) Phosphate (ppm) Ammonia (ppm) pH Temperature (°C) 2003 -----------------

2004 110 50,400 -------------

2005 -----------------

2006 -----------------

2007 245.2 >2,419.6 -------------

2008 <33 24,998 0-1 0 25 0 6.5-7.0 12.5

70

References

71

Anonymous. DRAINAGE SYSTEMS. Issue No. 1. National guide to Sustainable Municiple Infrastucture. March, 2003. Anonymous. INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY BOARD ON POLLUTION CONTROL, ST. CROIX: FIFTY-THIRD PROGRESS REPORT TO THE INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMISSION 1995, ST. CROIX RIVER MAINE AND NEW BRUNSWICK. Unknown. 1995. Bader Mark & Philip Holmes. SEDIMENT SAMPLING FOR TRIBUTYLTIN AND POLYNUCULAR AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN THE ST. CROIX ESTUARY. St. Croix Estuary Project. August, 1999. Bailey, Harold S. 1987/88 ST. CROIX RIVER WATER QUALITY REPORT IWD-ARWQR-89-148. Inland Waters Directorate. Environment Canada. Water Quality Branch. Atlantic Region. Moncton, NB. June, 1989. Bailey, L.W. THE GEOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE ST. CROIX RIVER AND PASSAMAQUODDY BAY. Contributions to Canadian Biology, FRB, pp. 109-112, 1915-16. Bailey, Harold S. et.al. 1992 ST. CROIX REPORT WATER QUALITY REPORT. ECBAR-ESD-94-189. Environment Canada. environment Conservation Branch. Ecosystem Science Division. Moncton, NB. February, 1994. Beaudoin, J.R. BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES AND OBSERVATIONS ON THE ST. CROIX. date unknown. Bowman, M. L. et. al. ESTUARINE AND COASTAL MARINE WATERS: BIOASSESMENT AND BIOCRITERIA TECHNICAL GUIDANCE. Environmental Protection Agency. December. 2000. Bowron, T.M. Jennifer Graham & Mark Butler. COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL CONSIDERATIONS IN SALT MARSH RESTORATION WORK IN NOVA SCOTIA. Marine Issues Community Special Publication No. 5. The Ecological Action Center. October, 1999. Anon. Coliform/Easygel. http://www.micrologylabs.com/Home/Our_Methods/Coliscan_ Easygel

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