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American author of the second wave Beat Generation, noted for his stories of sur vival and heavy drinking on the fringe of society. Before starting his career as a writer, Bukowski worked in menial jobs and as a journalist at Harlequin and L augh Literature. He was described by Jean Genet and Jean-Paul Sartre as America' s 'greatest poet'. However, the author refused to meet Sartre - he had his bottl e to take care of. "There are so many," she said, "who go by the name of poet. But they have no tra ining, no feeling for their craft. The savages have taken over the castle. There 's no workmanship, no care, simply a demand to be accepted. And these new poet a ll seem to admire one another. It worries me and I've talked about it to a lot o f my poet friends. All a young poet seems to think he needs is a typewriter and a few pieces of paper. They aren't prepared, they have had no preparation at all ." (from Hot Water Music, 1995) Henry Charles Bukowski, Jr. was born in Andernach in Germany as the son Henry Bu kowski, an US soldier, and Katherine Fett, a German woman. His family immigrated to the United States in 1922, and settled in Los Angeles, where Bukowski spent most of his life. His father was in and out of work during the Depression years, regularly beating the boy. Later Bukowski depicted his childhood in HAM ON RYE (1982), seeing him as a cruel, shiny bastard with bad breath. He died in 1958. T o shield himself from his father, he began his life-long occupation with alcohol in his youth. He also suffered from acne which left scars on his face. During t he school years Bukowski read widely, especially he was impressed by Upton Sincl air's Main Street, Ernest Hemingway's Nick Adams stories, Carson McCullers, and D.H. Lawrence. After graduating from Los Angeles High School, Bukowski studied a year at Los An geles City College, taking courses in journalism and literature. He left home in 1941 - his father had read his stories and threw his possessions to the lawn. H owever, Bukowski returned still to his parents' house when he was totally broke. During World War II Bukowski lived the life of a wondering hobo and skid row al coholic. He travelled across America, working in odd jobs: petrol station attend ant, lift operator, lorry driver, and an overman in a dog biscuit factory. At th e age of thirty-five he began to write poetry. "If you are going to write, you have to have something to write about. The gods were good. They kept me on the street." In 1944 his story 'Aftermath of a Lenghty Rejection Slip' was published in Story . He returned to Los Angeles and met Janet Cooney Baker, with whom he lived the next decade. She was ten years older than Bukowski and also drank heavily. She d ied in 1962. Bukowski started to work at a post office in 1952 - this period las ted three years. He was then hospitalized with an alcohol-induced bleeding ulcer and came close to death. Bukowski's marriage with Barbara Frye, the rich publis her of a small poetry magazine, lasted two years. Barbara published in her Harle quin magazine Bukowski's poems and he wrote several poems of her. In 1958 Bukows ki began his twelve years work as a Post Office clerk. The salary was bad but Bu kowski needed the money. He lived years with Frances Smith; they had one daughte r, Marina Louise. In 1955 Bukowski began writing poetry, publishing volumes almost annually. His f irst collection, FLOWER, FIST AND BESTIAL WAIL, was printed in 1959. It was 30 p ages long and the print run was only 200. Bukowski's early poems have much in co mmon with the work of Robinson Jeffers. He admired strength and endurance, and f eatured violent and sexual confrontations between men and women. Bukowski's firs
In 1970 Bukowski left his job after the publisher John Martin of the Blac k Sparrow Press had offered him $100 a month for live to write full time. starring Ben Gazarra and Ornella Muti. Allen Ginsberg. Bukowski died of leukemia on March 9.t volume of prose. but became meditative and sarcastic comments on his surroundin gs. In poetry Bukowski shifted from introspection to more expressionistic writing. FACTOTUM (1975). . who lives with the bums and criminals. directed by Barbet S chroeder. THE LAST NIGHT OF THE EARTH POEMS (1992) was Bukowski's last book he published in his lifetime. and forward visions of his death. Towards the end of his days. The texts were later collected in book ( 1969). Gradually Bukowski esta blished a loyal following for his depictions of down-and-out people. EXHIBITIONS. One of his publishers in the 1960s was Jon Edgar Webb from The Outsider magaz ine. Bouchitey. Geert Hunaerts. in which Chinaski returns to his childhood and youth. Jean-Francois Stevenin. Although prolific. WOMEN (1978). . which published works from such writers as Gary Snyder. Bukowski married in 1985 Linda Lee Beighle. in which he survives the tyrannical nature of paid labor. It constituted reflections of people who have passed from his life. 1994 in Los Angeles . dir. Barfly. It was direct ed in 1983 by Marco Ferreri. Script drew material from EJACULATIONS. Bukowski's poems no longer engaged the adventur es of an outcast. They had met in 1976. The story de picted a drunken poet who is obsessed by sex but can't find a happy relationship with his women. Henry Chinaski.Another film. Lawrence Ferlinghet ti. full of romantic longing. has its literary roots in Dos toyevsky's underground man and Louis-Ferdinand Céline's protagonists. primaril y on the West Coast. the author lived in a house with a s wimming pool.Lune Froinde (1991). Bukowski was numbered among the original 'dirty realists'. This also started a more balanced perio d of his life. hard-drinking womanizer. The tum ultuous relationship ended in the mid-1970s. and William Burroughs. she was 20 years younger. Buk . a s seen in AT TERROR STREET AND AGONY WAY (1968) and THE DAYS RUN AWAY LIKE WILD HORSES OVER THE HILL (1969). As his social situation changed. starring P.Crazy Love / Lov e is a Dog from Hell (1989) was based on 'The Copulating Mermaid of Venice and o ther Stories' by Bukowski. and Rossini. who meets a lush who takes him under her wings. and HAM ON RYE (1982). a health food proprietor twenty-five years his junior. appeared seven years late r. grows up to be a necrophiliac. In 1973 Bukowski gained a wider audience when an award-winn ing television documentary by Taylor Hackford was shown. starring Josse de Pa uw. Bukowski's alter ego in the books. drove a black BMW. Story: a frustrated boy. Bukowski doc umented the making of the movie in his novel HOLLYWOOD (1989) . based on Bukowski's stories 'Copulating Mermaid of Venice' and 'Trouble with th e Batery'. The Notes of a Dirty Old Man appeared in Open City and Los Angles Free Press. Michael Pas. directed by Dominique Deruddere. Mahler. Film Tales of Ordinary Madness was based on stories of the author. was about a writer. trips to the race track or his daily routines. written by Charles Bukowski. by Patrick Bouchitey. Laura Favali. A Bibliography of Charles Bukowski by Sanford Dorbin (1969). sometim es also visiting high society. wrote on a computer. Bukowski r emained a literary outsider who published his works with small presses. In the same year Linda King entered Bukowski's life. A longstanding friend of Raymond Ca rver. For further reading: Charles Bukowski: A Critical and Bibliographical Study by H ugh Fox (1969). AND GENERA L TALES OF ORDINARY MADNESS (1972). Gene Bervoets. Henry Miller. Chinaski is a tough. starring Mickey Rourke and Faye Dunaway. ALL ASSHOLES IN THE WORLD AND MINE. Chinaski' s adventures were further chronicled in the novels POST OFFICE (1971). His columns. and listened from records his favorites Sibelius. The character was introduced in the autobiographi cal CONFESSIONS OF A MAN INSANE ENOUGH TO LIVE WITH THE BEASTS (1965).
EXHIBITIONS.suomennoksia teoksessa Jatkuvaa sotaa. 1972 . 1984 (screenplay for the 1987 film. 1974 BURNING IN WATER DROWNING IN FLAME. 1970 POST OFFICE. 1984 WAR ALL THE TIME. Fame. 1988 THE MOVIE CRITICS. 1987 THE ROOMINGHOUSE MADRIGALS: EARLY SELECTED POEMS 1946. Charles Bukowski by G. FIST. Kustannusliike Sammakko on julkaissut kaksi kokoelmaa Bukowskin runoja. 1965 CRUSIFIX IN THE DEATHHAND. 1986 YOU GET SO ALONE AT TIMES THAT IT JUST MAKES SENSE. suomentaja Seppo Lahtinen Selected works: FLOWER. 1968 NOTES OF A DIRTY OLD MAN. 1969 FIRE STATION.Suom. 1979 DANGLING IN THE TOURNEFORTIA. 1966 THE GENIUS OF THE CROWD.A. suom . 1984 . Harrison (1994). by Barbet Schroeder) ALONE IN THE TIME OF ARMIES. 1986 GOLD IN YOUR EYE.: Lisäksi su omennettu Rakkaus on koira helvetistä (1984).film Ta les of Ordinary Madness. Seppo Laht inen THE MOVIE: BARLY. Seppo Lahtinen HAM ON RYE.Postitoimisto ME AND YOUR SIMETIMES LOVE POEMS. 1975 LOVE IS A DOG FROM HELL. Päivät karkaavat kuin villit hevoset yl i vuorten ja Amerikan matadori (1998). 1988 . 1959 LONGSHOT POEMS FOR BROKE PLAYERS. 1962 POEMS AND DRAWINGS. Locklin (1995). Brewer (1997) . 1973 SOUTH OF NORTH. Crumb) HOT WATER MUSIC. Kaupungin kaunein tyttö ja muita kerto muksia (1989). Against the American Dream by R. 1983 (with R. 1983 THE BUKOWSKI-PURDY LETTERS. 1981 . Pulp (2000) ja Jatkuvaa sotaa (2001). by Jeffrey Weinberg. and Bestial Myth by Jory Sherman (1982). 1982 BRING ME YOUR LOVE. 1969 THE DAYS RUN AWAY LIKE WILD HORSES OVER THE HILLS. AND BESTIAL WAIL. 1966 AT TERROR STREET AND AGONY WAY. 1977 . 1963 CONFESSIONS OF A MAN INSANE ENOUGH TO LIVE WITH BEASTS. 1972 MOCKINGBIRD WISH ME LUCK.film 1988 WOMEN.. 1984 UNDER THE INFLUENCE. 1968 POEMS WRITTEN BEFORE JUMPING OUT OF AN 8 STORY WINDOW. 1973 BURNING IN WATER. DROWNING IN FLAME: SELECTED POEMS 1955-1973. 1972 EJACULATIONS. 1986 LUCK. ed. 1974 FACTORUM. A Chales Bukow ski Checklist. dir. 1979 PLAY THE PIANO DRUNK/LIKE A PERCUSSION INSTRUMENT/UNTIL THE FINGERS BEGIN TO BLEED A BIT. 1965 ALL THE ASSHOLES IN THE WORLD AND MINE. A Sure Bet by G.suomennoksia teoksessa Jatkuvaa sotaa.Naisia SHAKESPEARE NEVER DID THIS. 1973 LIFE AND DEATH IN THE CHARITY WARD. 1971 . Hank: The Life of Charles Bukowski by Ne eli Cherkovski (1991). 1985 THE DAY IT SNOWEN IN L. 1983 THERE'S NO BUSINESS. 1983 LIFE AND DEATH IN THE CHARITY WARD. AND GENERAL TALES OF ORDINARY MADNESS.66. jossa on runoja kokoelmista Mockingbird W ish Me Luck ja Burning in Water drowning in flame. 1978 . suom.owski: Friendship. 1962 IT CATCHES MY HEART IN ITS HANDS. 1962 RUN WITH THE HUNTED.
1990 IN THE SHADOW OF THE ROSE. 1993 PULP. 1994 . 1992 SUPPOSEDLY FAMOUS. 1995 SHAKESPEARE NEVER DID THIS (Augmented edition). HONEY. WE AIN'T GOT NO MONEY.htm . 1990 SEPTUAGENARIAN STEW: STORIES & POEMS. 1991 THE LAST NIGHT OF THE EARTH POEMS. 1999 OPEN ALL NIGHT: NEW POEMS. BUT WE GOT RAIN.kirjasto.fi/bukowski.Lounaalla REACH FOR THE SUN: SELECTED LETTERS 1978-1994. LIVING ON LUCK: SELECTED LETTERS 1960s-1970s.suom.suom.HOLLYWOOD. 1996 BONE PALACE BALLET. 1993 SCREAMS FROM THE BALCONY: SELECTED LETTERS 1960-1970. 1997 THE CAPTAIN IS OUT TO LUNCH AND THE SAILORS HAVE TAKEN OVER THE SHIP.sci. 2000 http://www. 1998 (illu strated by Robert Crumb) . 1999 WHAT MATTERS MOST IS HOW WELL YOU WALK THROUGH THE FIRE. 1992 RUN WITH THE HUNTED: A CHARLES BUKOWSI READER. 1989 . 1995 BETTING ON THE MUSE.
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