CH002.indd 71

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You know. CH002. In my crusade to suggest that caricature is synonymous with gesture.124 Drawn to Life p1670 In the last noontime drawing session there were many drawings made that impressed me as much as the pros I spoke about earlier. destroys all illusion of depth. I would have you view these drawings as perfect examples of caricature. which you can see.indd 124 2/26/2009 7:08:09 PM . f0680 c0140 32 Perspective p1680 You may recall me mentioning a tendency to straighten everything up in a drawing. I confiscated a few from James Fujii. they accomplish what every animator must do daily — caricature of action. That would be like taking the lines in Plate 1a and straightening them up like Plate 1b. and Jane Krupka to share with you. the crooked-picture-on-the-wall phobia. but also depth-wise. Francis Glebas. This tendency goes beyond straightening things up horizontally and vertically. They go beyond just caricaturing someone’s face.

f0700 CH002. but I am not aware of one.Walt Stanchfield 125 f0690 p1690 I am relentless in my crusade against this kind of seeing and drawing. let me know — I’ll make an effort to work something up.) Here in Plate 2 are the six principles perspective. So much depends on perspective — not just what is called linear perspective (see Plate 3). which is a system for linear depiction of three dimensions. once understood. which are loaded with complicated planes. You all have at least some knowledge of perspective.) In drawing human or animal figures. are easy to apply. there is a simpler method. but also what I will call Spatial Perspective. thanks to Bruce McIntyre.indd 125 2/26/2009 7:08:09 PM . (If you’d like a more in-depth analysis of these rules. But take heart. To further complicate matters — beyond just knowing the rules. but sometimes the mind wanders and you fail to make use of what you do know. (There may be a more specific term. former Disney Studios artist and subsequent drawing instructor. I refer to one or more of them often in the evening gesture class critiques. there would be so many vanishing points you would need a computer to keep track of them. This method involves a few very simple rules which. you have to carefully observe (and feel) the pose so that you can fit the two together. and fun to use. effective.

a few perspective lines may help. The hand farthest away being the smallest. the front of the neck overlapping the far shoulder — all illustrate the fourth rule. They illustrate the second rule (see Plate 2). is present everywhere in every third dimensional drawing. The way the forearm delineates the contour of the arm as it overlaps the upper arm. Here Donald demonstrates how that particular perspective rule has been pushed to great extremes. f0720 p1720 p1730 Take the hands first.indd 126 2/26/2009 7:08:10 PM . the shoulder overlapping the chest area. The last rule. Foreshortening. Surface Lines. the forearm overlapping the upper arm. Plate 4b further explains the Surface Lines rule. Overlap. f0730 CH002. the left hand overlapping the forearm. This is called forced perspective. Next.126 Drawn to Life p1710 Three of those rules are illustrated in Plate 4. and is universally accepted as normal. although at times. It should be felt rather than diagrammed. Diminishing Size. illustrates the fifth rule. and the left shoulder follows the contour as it overlaps at the trapezius muscle.

f0750 CH002. Next to it in Plate 6b. I show how the artist must have envisioned himself on a crane which lifted him up and down so he could get a straight-on view of everything. now for the drawing that instigated all this.Walt Stanchfield 127 f0740 p1740 Okay.indd 127 2/26/2009 7:08:10 PM . In Plate 6a is a student’s drawing which is about 98% two-dimensional.

Stanchfield at the Disney Studios. f0760 p1770 So many things to think about! (Pity poor me who has so few brain cells left. you will joyfully exclaim. Then of course.” Here is my correction sketch of that drawing (Plate 7a). He wants to know if you will pose for his gesture class… CH002. “Oh. Plate 8 postulates. Then in Plate 7c. I have translated what the eye sees into the rule of perspective. as my cartoon. or a lazy approach to drawing. we wouldn’t have half as much fun if we could just sit back and draw by the numbers. Foreshortening.indd 128 2/26/2009 7:08:11 PM .128 Drawn to Life p1750 p1760 This approach to drawing either displays an ignorance of the rules of perspective. Putting off learning it only prolongs the agony. Next to it is a chart which shows how the eye saw it from a waist high vantage point — no cranes (Plate 7b).) Anyway. how sweet it is. f0770 p1780 It’s Mr. once you have it. perspective is so much a part of drawing that an artist cannot neglect mastering it. The thing is.

f1540 p3230 Remember the formula I put in a handout several years ago? Impression Expression Depression.176 Drawn to Life p3220 Tina Price’s sketches are so full of life they seem to still be moving. CH002.indd 176 2/26/2009 7:08:29 PM .

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