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sensing room temperature; and a control ABSTRACT: This paper gives a short introduction into Fuzzy Logic, presents an overview on fuzzy controllers, and its applications. According to L.A.Zadeh, fuzzy logic is a superset of conventional (Boolean) logic that has been extended to handle the concept of partial truth -- truth values between been "completely increasing true" and "completely false". Fuzzy Logic has gaining acceptance during the past few years. There are over two thousand commercially available products using Fuzzy Logic, ranging from air conditioners to high speed trains. Nearly every application can potentially realize some of the benefits of Fuzzy Logic, such as performance, simplicity, lower cost, and productivity. An air conditioner temperature control apparatus comprising: a remotely controlled signal receiving unit for inputting the detected room temperature and the temperature error between detected room temperature and sensed room temperature and for compensating the temperature error to linear-control an operation frequency of the compressor by inputting the compensated temperature error.
WHAT IS FUZZY LOGIC?:--Fuzzy logic is a powerful problem-solving methodology with a myriad of applications in embedded control and information processing. It was introduced by Dr. Lotfi Zadeh of UC/Berkeley in the 1960's as a means to model the uncertainty of natural language. Zadeh says that rather than regarding fuzzy theory as a single theory, we should regard the process of ``fuzzification'' as a methodology

unit for carrying out fuzzy logic by

to generalize ANY specific theory from a crisp (discrete) form have and to a continuous recently (fuzzy) .Thus also so

washing machines to high speed trains. Nearly every application can potentially realize some of the benefits of Fuzzy Logic, such as performance, simplicity, lower cost, and productivity. Fuzzy Logic has been found to be very suitable for embedded Several automotive control industry applications. in the using are manufacturers


introduced "fuzzy calculus", "fuzzy differential simple way equations", to or draw from on.Fuzzy provides a remarkably definite vague, imprecise conclusions ambiguous

information. In a sense, fuzzy logic resembles human decision making with its ability to work from logic deep numeric approximate data and find precise solutions.Unlike which equations, requires and classical a

fuzzy technology to improve quality and reduce development time. In aerospace, fuzzy enables very complex real time problems to be tackled using a simple approach. In consumer reduce electronics, In fuzzy improves time to market and helps costs. manufacturing, efficiency fuzzy is proven to be invaluable in increasing equipment and diagnosing malfunctions APPLICATIONS OF FUZZY LOGIC

understanding of a system, exact precise values, Fuzzy logic incorporates an alternative way of thinking, which allows modeling complex systems using a higher level of abstraction originating from our knowledge and experience. expressing Fuzzy this Logic allows with

Fuzzy logic can be used to control household appliances such as washing machines (which sense load size and detergent concentration and adjust their wash cycles accordingly) and refrigerators.A basic application might characterize sub ranges of a continuous variable. For instance, a temperature measurement for anti-lock brakes might have several separate membership


subjective concepts such as very hot, bright red, and a long time which been are mapped gaining into exact numeric ranges.Fuzzy Logic has increasing acceptance during the past few years. There are over two thousand commercially available products using Fuzzy Logic, ranging from

functions defining particular temperature ranges needed to control the brakes properly. Each function maps the same temperature value to a truth value in the 0 to 1 range. These truth values can then be used to determine how the brakes should be controlled.

bit in the data stream. The likelihood measures might use a scale of 256 values between extremes of "certainly 0" and "certainly 1". Two decoders may analyze the data in parallel, arriving at different likelihood results for the values intended by the sender. Each can then use as additional data the other's likelihood results, and repeats the process to improve the results until consensus is reached as to the most likely values. AIR CONDITIONING

TEMPERATURE CONTROL In this image, cold, warm, and hot are functions mapping a temperature scale. A point on that scale has three "truth values" — one for each of the three functions. For the particular temperature shown, the three truth values could be interpreted as describing the temperature as, say, "fairly cold", "slightly warm", and "not hot".A more sophisticated practical example is the use of fuzzy logic in high-performance to over improve a error correction reception information Temperature control is widely used in various processes. These processes, no matter if it is in a large industrial plant, or in a home appliance, share several unfavorable features. These include nonlinearity, interference, dead time, and external disturbances, among others. Conventional approaches usually do not result in satisfactory temperature control. In this Application Note we provide examples of fuzzy logic used to control temperature situations. fuzzy in These inference several different are examples


communication link affected by datacorrupting noise using turbo codes. The front-end of a decoder produces a likelihood measure for the value intended by the sender (0 or 1) for each

developed using FIDE, an integrated development environment. FUZZY CONTROLLER FOR

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM:--In the following discussion, we give examples of air conditioning systems, ranging from a basic model to an advanced model. We do not provide FIU (Fuzzy Inference Unit) source code as we have in previous application notes. Instead, this time we concentrate on the input/output variables of the fuzzy controller for an air conditioning system.

A Basic Model:--Let us start with the simplest air conditioning system, which is shown in Figure 1. The only control target in this system is temperature. There are two adjustment valves to change provided temperature. in An example directory

/fide/examples/fans in the FIDE software package is similar to this basic model. Figure 1 Air Conditioning System: Basic Model

there are two control elements, cooling valve and heating valve, to adjust the air supply temperature to the room. Figure There is a sensor in the room to monitor temperature for feedback control, and Figure 2 diagrams a fuzzy controller for an air conditioning system basic model. Rules for this controller may be formulated using statements similar to: If temperature is low then open heating valve greatlalues such as low are defined by fuzzy sets (membership functions). We can use the MF-edit function in 2 Fuzzy Controller for Air Conditioning System: Basic Model FIDE to define the fuzzy sets. Generally, membership functions of fuzzy sets take on a triangular shape because they are effective and easy to manipulate. A Modified Model:--In the real world,however, it is usually not enough to manage an air conditioning system with temperature control only. We need

to control humidity as well. A modified air conditioning system is shown in Figure 3. There are two sensors in this system: one to monitor temperature and one to monitor humidity. There are three

control elements: cooling valve, heating valve, and humidifying valve, to adjust temperature and humidity of the air supply.

Figure 3 Air Conditioning System: Modified Model

A fuzzy controller for this modified air conditioning system is shown in Figure 4 The two inputs to the controller are measured temperature and humidity. The three outputs are control signals to the three valves. for figure Air Modified 4 Fuzzy Model Controller System: Conditioning

temperature control in the basic model. Additional rules must take the interference between temperature and humidity into account. For example, in the winter, when we use heat to raise temperature, humidity is usually reduced. The air thus becomes too dry. To address this condition, a rule statement similar to the following is appropriate: If temperature is low then open humidifying valve slightly.This rule acts as a predictor of humidity (it leads the humidity value) and is also designed to prevent overshoot in the output humidity curve. We could have







formulated by adding rules for humidity control to those already formulated for

usedthefollowing rule: If humidity is low then open humidifying valve slightly.But its action, if acting as the only rule

forlow humidity, will be late when low humidity is already the case.

strength of sunshine radiation and the automobile speed must also be factored in. Figure 5 shows a fuzzy controller which employs five sensors to obtain data for temperature control and humidity control in an automobile. A recent industry report on the application of such a controller on a new model automobile indicates this controller outperforms conventional control systems substantially. It prevents rapid change of temperature in the car when doors or windows are opened and then closed. It even reacts to weather changes because interior humidity changes caused by the weather can be detected by sensors. Figure 5 Fuzzy Controller for Air Conditioning System: Advanced Model

An advanced model for automobile passenger environment: Temperature control in
an automobile passenger environment is more complex than that of a static room in a building. To address driver and passenger comfort and safety, many factors must be taken into account. Temperature and humidity should be controlled to provide an enjoyable ride. However, it is also critical to keep windows from being fogged, which is caused by a temperature differential between inside and outside air in combination with the interior humidity. To obtain satisfactory control results, the

CONCLUSION:--Air conditioning systems are essential in most of our daily

lives. Our expectations of such systems have been raised to demand more than

just temperature control, and it is increasingly desirable to apply these systems in varying situations and environments. A comfortable and safe environment is often difficult to define and affected by sometimes contradictory factors. Fuzzy logic control provides an effective and economic approach this problem. Fuzzy controllers incorporated in the latest model automobiles designed by Japanese auto makers provide proof that temperature control in diverse

environments can be solved. The key to a good solution lies in thorough analysis of factors affecting the control target and the kinds of sensors and sensing techniques used to detect these factors. For an engineer, an ideal machine would be one in which human requests are automatically interpreted and responded to by adjusting itself appropriately to variations in the environment. Fuzzy logic can help make this ideal a reality. At the least, it makes the effort easier.

REFERENCES: --Zadeh L.A., Fuzzy Sets, ‘’Information and Control’’, 8 (1965) 338353. • • • • • •

Ahmad M. Ibrahim ,Introduction to Applied Fuzzy Electronics, , ISBN 0-13206400-6--Sahelefarda 22:07, 10 January 2007 (UTC),.,

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