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Angeles City, Pampanga




Submitted by;
Group 49

Antonio, Alneil Manuel, Arvin John

Dela Cruz, Jellyn Pineda, Gherome
Esberto, Mylene Santos, Rodel
Labolera, Roselyn Torres, Abegail
Lansang, Paul Kenneth Yturralde, Chielo Ann

Submitted to:
Ms. Kristine Joy Villarosa, RN

Submitted on:
March 2, 2010
Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean to
prevent dental problems and bad breath. It includes teeth cleaning, gum care and
proper nutrition. It also involves medical intervention particularly dental check up.
(Oral hygiene, Retrieved at:, February
28, 2010)


Teeth Cleaning and Tooth brushing

Teeth cleaning is the removal of dental plaque and tartar from teeth to
prevent cavities, gingivitis, and gum disease. Severe gum disease causes at
least one-third of adult tooth loss.
Generally, dentists recommend that teeth be cleaned professionally at
least twice per year. Professional cleaning includes tooth scaling, tooth polishing,
and, if too much tartar has built up, debridement. This is usually followed by a
fluoride treatment for children and adults.
Between cleanings by a dental hygienist, good oral hygiene is essential for
preventing tartar build-up which causes the problems mentioned above. This is
done by carefully and frequently brushing with a toothbrush and the use of dental
floss to prevent accumulation of plaque on the teeth. (Teeth cleaning, Retrieved
at:, February 28, 2010)
As children grows more teeth, begin brushing with a soft tooth brush
intended for children. For fluoride toothpaste, use only a small amount because
too much fluoride can stain teeth. Children should be taught to brush their own
teeth around ages two or three. Parents can help their children establish daily
tooth brushing routines by brushing at regular times each day. Because new
brushers are not always thorough, parents should ensure no areas are missed.
(Pediatric Dentistry. Retrieved at: http://www.dublinmetro February 28, 2010.)

Tongue cleaning
Cleaning the tongue as part of the daily oral hygiene is essential, since it
removes the white/yellow bad-breath-generating coating of bacteria, decaying
food particles, fungi (such as Candida), and dead cells from the dorsal area of
tongue. Tongue cleaning also removes some of the bacteria species which
generate tooth decay and gum problems.
Gum care
Massaging gums with toothbrush bristles is generally recommended for
good oral health. Flossing is recommended at least once per day, preferably
before bed, to help prevent receding gums, gum disease, and cavities between
the teeth. (Tongue cleaning and Gum care, Retrieved at: http://en.wikipedia.
org/wiki/Oral_hygiene, February 28, 2010)

The following are foods which are beneficial for the teeth:
1. Milk and yogurt are good for teeth because they contain low acidity, which
means that wearing of teeth is less. Because they are low in sugar, it
means less decay too. Milk is a good source of calcium which is the main
component of teeth and bones.
2. Cheese contains calcium and phosphate. It helps balance your mouth pH
balance, preserves and rebuilds tooth enamel, produces saliva, and kills
bacteria that cause cavities and disease.
3. Fruits such as apples, strawberries and kiwis contain Vitamin C. This
vitamin is considered the element that holds your cells together. If this
vitamin is neglected, your gums can break down, making gums tender and
susceptible to gum disease.
4. Vegetables-Vitamin A that is found in pumpkins, carrots, sweet potatoes,
and broccoli is necessary for the formation of tooth enamel. Crunchy
vegetables may also help clean your gums.
5. Water-Water cleans the mouth and produces saliva that deposits essential
minerals into the teeth. It keeps teeth hydrated and washes away particles
from the teeth. Nutrition for healthy teeth, Retrieved at:, February 28, 2010)

Other healthy habits:

Around age three, children are ready for his or her first visit to the dentist.
ng properly. Thumb-sucking should be discouraged if it continues past age four.
This habit can cause crooked teeth and malformation in the roof of the mouth.
Thumb-sucking affects speech and the position of the jaw as the child grows. .
(Pediatric Dentistry. Retrieved at: http://www.dublinmetrodental.
com/pediatric.php. February 28, 2010.)
A. Learners – The learners include students of the day care center at
Barangay San Jose Angeles City.
B. Topic – The topic is about oral hygiene.
C. Objectives – At the end of the chat session the learners must be
able to:
c.1 Understand oral hygiene and its importance
c.2 Understand the different components of oral hygiene.
c.3 Learn to perform healthy lifestyle habits towards healthy teeth
and gums
D. Method of Teaching – Discussion through story telling
E. Materials – visual aids and writing materials

Content to be taught Teacher-Learner Evaluation of

Activities Performance
I. Introduction Question and Answer The group will ask the
learners of any intial
information that they
know about oral hygiene.

II. Concept Story telling The group will evaluate

Singing nursery rhymes the learners through a
game and question and
III. Summary Discussion
The group will evaluate
the learners through
question and answer.

Oral hygiene is important in one’s health. Oral hygiene starts from infancy
and must be developed throughout childhood. Oral hygiene has many
components namely, teeth cleaning, tongue cleaning, gum care, nutrition, and
dentist visit.

The learners will be evaluated through a game and question and answer.
Tokens will be given for those who will be able to answer each question correctly.

(Oral hygiene, Retrieved at:, February

28, 2010)

.(Pediatric Dentistry. Retrieved at: http://www.dublinmetro February 28, 2010.)