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List of the papers authored and coauthored by Dr. S. A.

Ostroumov,
indexed at PubMed.

Updated February 3, 2011:

KEY WORDS: priorities, fundamentals, ecology, environmental, science, biospheric,
sciences, life, bioassay, biomedical, sciences, geosciences, ecosystems, biosphere,
organisms, levels, of, life systems, man-made impacts, anthropogenic, effects,
terrestrial, and, aquatic, research, topics, environmental, hazards, man-made
impacts, anthropogenic, effects, pollutants, xenobiotics, aquatic, ecosystems,
water, purification, water, quality, filtration, bivalves, surfactants, detergents,
biosphere, SDS, sodium dodecylsulfate; TX100, Triton X-100; TDTMA,
tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide; functioning, mollusks, mussels, oysters,
Unio, tumidus, U. pictorum, Mytilus, galloprovincialis, edulis, Crassostrea gigas,
ecological, hazard, sublethal, concentrations, synthetic, self-purification, bioassay,
innovation, S.A.Ostroumov, theory, new, conceptualization; Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb,
experimental systems, Ceratophyllum demersum, phytoremediation, innovations,
hot topics,

1. The aquatic macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum immobilizes Au nanoparticles
after their addition to water.

Ostroumov SA, Kolesov GM.

Doklady Biol. Sci. 2010 Mar-Apr; 431: 124-127. PMID: 20506851 [PubMed - indexed
for MEDLINE] [© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., ISSN 0012-4966]. DOI:
10.1134/S0012496610020158. http://scipeople.com/publication/69766/ .

Full text see online free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45579375;

Abstract: This is the first time it was shown that the nanoparticles of gold (Au) in
substantial amount bind to the living biomass of the aquatic macrophyte,
Ceratophyllum demersum. The concentrations of Au were measured in the samples
of the phytomass using neutron activation analysis (NAA). As a result of the binding
and/or immobilization of the nanoparticles, the amount of Au in the samples of the
phytomass increased manifold (by a factor of 430) above the background level of
gold in the plant tissues. The increase was by two orders of magnitude. The new
data added some new information to the modern vision of the multifunctional role
of the biota in the migration of elements in aquatic ecosystems. Also, the result
added new information to the studies of interactions of Au with organisms that may
contribute to new biotechnologies.

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2.Decreasing the measurable concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in the water of
the experimental systems containing Ceratophyllum demersum: the
phytoremediation potential.

Ostroumov SA, Shestakova TV.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2009 Sep-Oct; 428:444-447.
PMID: 19994786 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]. Abstract: Discovery of the fact
that aquatic plants C. demersum induced a removal of the heavy metals Cu, Zn, Cd,
and Pb from water. Using the method of inversion voltamperometry, the
concentrations of the heavy metals Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb were measured in the water of
the experimental microcosms. Aquatic macrophytes Ceratophyllum demersum
were incubated in some of the microcosms. The measured concentrations of all four
metals decreased in the microcosms with macrophytes much faster than in the
control microcosms without any macrophytes.

[publisher: MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica] DOI: 10.1134/S0012496609050159;
www.springerlink.com/index/ML1062K7271L318N.pdf;
https://www.researchgate.net/file.FileLoader.html?
key=8fd8998627b86102db72c9b237c25054;
http://sites.google.com/site/9dbs444/decreasing-the-measurable-concentrations-of-
cu-zn-cd-and-pb-in-the-water; PMID: 19994786 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE];

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3. Aquatic ecosystem as a bioreactor: water purification and some other functions.

Ostroumov SA.

Riv Biol. 2004 Jan-Apr; 97(1):67-78.

PMID: 15648211 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15648211; PMID: 15648211 [PubMed -
indexed for MEDLINE];
http://scipeople.com/uploads/materials/4389/4Rivista.Biologia97p39Aquatic..Bioreac
tor.RTF ; http://direct.bl.uk/bld/PlaceOrder.do?
UIN=159337168&ETOC=RN&from=searchengine; Publisher ANICIA S.R.L.; Country
of publication Italy; ISSN 0035-6050;

Full text: http://www.scribd.com/doc/48097462/-4Rivista-Biologia97p39Aquatic-
Bioreactor;

Abstract: Ostroumov S. A. Aquatic ecosystem as a bioreactor: water purification and
some other functions. - Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum. 2004. vol. 97. p. 39-
50. The author formulated a new fundamental concept of aquatic ecosystem as a
bioreactor that carries out the function of water purification in natural water bodies
and streams. According to his new concept, the ecosystem as a bioreactor has the
following characteristic attributes: (1) it is a large-scale (large-volume) bioreactor;
(2) it is a diversified (in terms of the number of taxa and the scope of functional
activities) bioreactor; (3) it possesses a broad range of biocatalytic (chemical-
transforming and degrading) capabilities. New experimental data on xenobiotics-
induced inhibition of the functioning of the molluscs Unio tumidus, U. pictorum, M.
galloprovincialis and Limnaea stagnalis emphasize the potential ecological hazard
from sublethal concentrations of pollutants (including those exemplified by
synthetic surfactants and detergents).

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4. On the biotic self-purification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory.
Ostroumov S.A.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2004 May-Jun; 396: 206-211. Opinion paper.

PMID: 15354827 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE];

http://www.scribd.com/doc/48099028/4DBS-On-the-Biotic-Self-Purification-fulltext;

ABSTRACT: Ostroumov S.A. On the biotic self-purification of aquatic ecosystems:
elements of the theory. - Doklady Biological Sciences, V. 396, 2004, p. 206–211.
(Translated from DAN, V.396, No.1, 2004, p.136–141). Fundamental elements are
formulated for a new qualitative theory of the polyfunctional role of the biota in
improving water quality and doing self-purification of water in aquatic ecosystems.
The elements of the theory covers the following: sources of energy for the
mechanisms of water self-purification; the main functional blocks of the system of
self-purification; the system of the main processes that are involved; the analysis of
the degree of participation of the main large taxa; the reliability of the mechanisms
of water self-purification; regulation of the processes; the response of the
mechanisms of water self-purification towards the external influences (man-made
impacts, pollution); and some conclusions relevant to the practice of environment
protection. In support of the theory, the results are given of the author's
experiments which demonstrated the ability of some pollutants (surfactants,
detergents, and some others) to inhibit the water filtration activity of marine filter-
feeders, namely, the bivalve mollusks Mytilus galloprovincialis, Mytilus edulis, and
Crassostrea gigas. ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online). Distributed by
Springer, orderdept@springer-sbm.com. DOI:
10.1023/B:DOBS.0000033278.12858.12; http://scipeople.ru/users/2943391/;
https://www.researchgate.net/file.FileLoader.html?
key=60f338228d6f3c5114d223ab81e15d3b;
http://www.springerlink.com/content/t0nv6rk522230175/;

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5. Medium-term and long-term priorities in ecological studies.

Ostroumov SA, Dodson SI, Hamilton D, Peterson SA, Wetzel RG.

Riv Biol. 2003 May-Aug; 96(2): 327-332. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14595906 ;

PMID: 14595906 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]; Abstracts in Eng. and Italian (p.
332). Bibliogr. 20 ref. Full text: http://www.scribd.com/doc/48100827/3Rivista-Bio-
96-Priorities-2;

http://scipeople.com/uploads/materials/4389/3RivistaBio96Priorities2.rtf;

ABSTRACT: Ostroumov S.A., Dodson S., Hamilton D., Peterson S., Wetzel R.G.
Medium-term and long-term priorities in ecological studies // Rivista di Biologia /
Biology Forum. 2003. 96: 327-332. Abstracts in Eng. and Italian (p. 332). Bibliogr.
20 ref. PMID: 14595906 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE];

Research priorities in ecology and environmental sciences for the future are
formulated. The priorities for both fundamental and applied ecology are proposed.
The list of priorities includes 50 items. The priorities are relevant to terrestrial,
aquatic, and general ecology. The list of priorities is helpful when grant proposals
are being prepared, evaluated, and selected for funding.

KEY WORDS: priorities, fundamentals, ecology, environmental sciences, biospheric
sciences, life and biomedical sciences, geosciences, ecosystems, biosphere,
organisms, levels of life systems, man-made impacts, anthropogenic effects,
terrestrial and aquatic, research topics

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6.Effect of a cationic amphiphilic compound on rotifers.

Ostroumov SA, Walz N, Rusche R.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2003 May-Jun;390: 252-255. No abstract available.

PMID: 12940156 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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7. The synecological approach to the problem of eutrophication.

Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2001 Nov-Dec;381:559-62. No abstract available.

PMID: 12918433 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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8.The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic
effects.

Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2001 Sep-Oct;380:499-501. No abstract available.

PMID: 12918416 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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9.Responses of Unio tumidus to mixed chemical preparations and the hazard of
synecological summation of anthropogenic effects.

Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2001 Sep-Oct;380:492-5. No abstract available.

PMID: 12918414 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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10. Pellets of some mollusks in the biogeochemical flows of C, N, P, Si, and Al.

Ostroumov SA, Kolesnikov MP.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2001 Jul-Aug; 379: 378-381.

PMID: 12918380 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Pellets of some mollusks in the biogeochemical flows of C, N, P, Si, and Al. —
Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001. Vol. 379, P. 378-381. Bibliogr. 12 refs. [Authors:
S.A.Ostroumov, Kolesnikov M.P.] (Translated from: DAN 2001. Vol. 379. No. 3. P.
426-429). ISSN 0012-4966. Distributed by Springer, orderdept@springer-sbm.com.
DOI 10.1023/A:1011620817764;

DOI 10.1023/A:1011620817764;
http://sites.google.com/site/2001dbs379p378pellets/;
http://www.scribd.com/doc/45911730;
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/10614352_Pellets_of_some_mollusks_in_th
e_biogeochemical_flows_of_C_N_P_Si_and_Al;

ABSTRACT: The author obtained new data on coupling of geochemical and
ecological (hydrobiological) processes. The role of freshwater mollusks Lymnaea
stagnalis in the flows of chemical elements in the biosphere was studied by
detecting the elemental composition and amount of pellets produced by the
mollusks. For the first time, the following was quantitatively studied: the elemental
composition (C, N, P, Si, Al) of pellets formed by mollusks Lymnaea stagnalis
feeding on the leaves of higher plants Nuphar lutea and Taraxacum officinale; the
amount (wet weight, dry weight) of pellets formed by L. stagnalis feeding on the
leaves of N. lutea and T. officinale; the transfer of matter and chemical elements (C,
N, P, Si, Al) with pellets of freshwater bivalves (unionids Unio sp., etc.) per unit
biomass of mollusks and per unit area of the ecosystem of the river; the transfer of
matter and chemical elements (C, N, P, Si, Al) with pellets of L. stagnalis per unit
biomass of mollusks and per unit area of the ecosystem of the pond. Synthetic
surfactants ТDТМА 2 mg/l, SDS 1-2 mg/l, detergent Tide-Lemon 75 mg/l inhibited
the trophic activity of L. stagnalis. Percents of food assimilability of taxons of
invertebrates, from Rotatoria (48-80) to Diptera (1-31)].

-------------------Full text see: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45911730;
http://sites.google.com/site/2001dbs379p378pellets/;

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11. Imbalance of factors providing control of unicellular plankton populations
exposed to anthropogenic impact.

Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2001 Jul-Aug;379:341-3. No abstract available.
PMID: 12918370 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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12.Effect of amphiphilic chemicals on filter-feeding marine organisms.

Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2001 May-Jun;378:248-50. No abstract available.

PMID: 12918342 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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13.Anthropogenic effects on the biota: towards a new system of principles and
criteria for analysis of ecological hazards.

Ostroumov SA.

Riv Biol. 2003 Jan-Apr;96(1):159-69. Review.

PMID: 12852181 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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14. Identification of a new type of ecological hazard of chemicals: inhibition of
processes of ecological remediation.

Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2002 Jul-Aug;385:377-379. No abstract available.

PMID: 12469618 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Ostroumov S.A. Identification of a new type of ecological hazard of chemicals:
inhibition of processes of ecological remediation. Doklady Biological Sciences. 2002.
385: 377-379. In Eng.; ISSN 0012-4966. DOI 10.1023/A:1019929305267;
https://www.researchgate.net/file.FileLoader.html?
key=8408a7cfaa984764b812ce79c77007f2; http://scipeople.ru/users/2943391/;

Full text see online free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45911150;

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15.System of principles for conservation of the biogeocenotic function and the
biodiversity of filter-feeders.

Ostroumov SA.
Dokl Biol Sci. 2002 Mar-Apr; 383: 147-150.

PMID: 12053567 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Full text: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45911862;

System of principles for conservation of the biogeocenotic function and the
biodiversity of filter-feeders.- Doklady Biological Sciences. 2002 (March). Vol. 383:
147-150. Bibliogr.15 refs. ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online). Distributed by
Springer, orderdept@springer-sbm.com.

ABSTRACT: As a result of the author’s studies of filter-feeders (DAN, 1998, Vol. 362,
P. 574-576; DAN, 2001, Vol. 378, P. 283-285), it is clear that the filtering activity of
populations of filter-feeders in natural habitats might be significantly reduced if the
concentrations of some pollutants reach certain levels. The role of filter-feeders as
factors of water purification in ecosystems is so important that their inhibition is a
danger for the entire ecosystem. The author emphasizes that not only the
biodiversity of filter-feeders but also their level of functional (filtration) activity is to
be protected. In order to do so, the author suggested establishing a new type of
protected areas whose main purpose is to protect functionally active populations of
filter-feeders, including bivalves and other organisms. Those protected areas could
be named hydrobiological (some variants: biofiltering, or malacological) reserves
(some variants: refuges, sanctuaries, etc.). The author formulated 5 principles of
nature conservation requirements in malacological and hydrobiological reserves
(Tabl. 3). Among them is principle 2, "conservation of filtration activity of organisms
and populations". The paper contains data on how 5 detergents (1-50 mg/L)
inhibited the filtration activity of Unio tumidus, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Crassostrea
gigas (Tabl. 2); on effects on the efficiency of elimination (EEE) of suspended matter
from water were measured (Tabl. 2); on the number of days (0.3 – 10) needed to
filter the volume of aquatic (freshwater and marine) ecosystem by the local bivalves
(a review of data from literature) (Tabl. 1). "I suggest that the existing system of
protected terrestrial and water areas should be supplemented with special sites
intended to conserve populations of filter-feeders. In addition to biodiversity
conservation, these populations should be conserved because they fulfill a very
important biogeocenotic function of water filtration and purification" (p.149). "The
system of five principles…is proposed to provide an ecological basis of the
environment conservation conditions at these sites (malacological and
hydrobiological reserves)" (p.149).]. DOI 10.1023/A:1015398125876;
www.springerlink.com/index/1MNVLNAYW36TC92R.pdf
https://www.researchgate.net/file.FileLoader.html?
key=888352078b275ef40a430eb5b4d7714c;

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16.New definitions of the concepts and terms ecosystem and biogeocenosis.

Ostroumov SA.
Dokl Biol Sci. 2002 Mar-Apr;383:141-3. No abstract available.

PMID: 12053565 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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17.A new type of effect of potentially hazardous substances: uncouplers of pelagial-
benthal coupling.

Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2002 Mar-Apr;383:127-130.

PMID: 12053562 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.scribd.com/doc/45913695; Ostroumov S.A. A new type of effect of
potentially hazardous substances: uncouplers of pelagial–benthal coupling. -
Doklady Biological Sciences. 2002 (March). Vol. 383 (1-6): 127-130. Bibliogr.15.
ISSN 0012-4966. Abstract. The paper presents a discovery of a new type of
negative impact of pollutants on the biosphere, as a result of inhibition of water
filtration by filter-feeders / suspension feeders. The water filtration and associated
removal of suspended matter from water is part of migration of matter. As V.I.
Vernadsky stressed, organisms are mediators of “biogenic migration of atoms in the
biosphere”. This migration is partly implemented in the framework of pelagial–
benthal coupling via the activity of filter-feeders, which remove the organic
suspended matter from water and excrete pellets. The tables contains the following
data: the average percentage of assimilated (16-90%) and non-assimilated (10-
84%) food matter for 15 large taxa of invertebrates (Table 1); potassium
bichromate inhibited water filtration by mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis (Table 2);
surfactants, detergents, pesticides inhibited filtration by filter-feeders, marine and
freshwater bivalves and rotifers (Table 3). A prediction was made: "Further research
and experimental studies are expected to provide new evidence that sublethal
concentrations of chemical pollutants induce a significant decrease in the filtration
capacity of freshwater and marine filter feeders" (p.129). "The uncoupling process
considered above is an anthropogenic violation of two basic laws (empirical rules or
biogeochemical principles) of the biosphere functioning: (1) biogenic migration of
atoms of chemical elements in the biosphere always tends toward its maximum
expression; (2) on the geological time scale, the evolution of species gives rise to
the forms of life that are stable in the biosphere, and is so directed that the biogenic
migration of atoms in the biosphere increases" (p.129).];
DOI10.1023/A:1015385723150; https://www.researchgate.net/file.FileLoader.html?
key=d988acb599e121964c48114374a87e8d;www.springerlink.com/index/28V23JBF
ADL1Y100.pdf;

Full text see online free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45913695;

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18.Biodiversity protection and quality of water: the role of feedbacks in ecosystems.

Ostroumov SA.
Dokl Biol Sci. 2002 Jan-Feb;382:18-21. No abstract available.

PMID: 11998748 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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19.[An amphiphilic substance inhibits the mollusk capacity to fliter phytoplankton
cells from water].

Ostroumov SA.

Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol. 2001 Jan-Feb;(1):108-16. Russian.

PMID: 11236572 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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20.An aquatic ecosystem: a large-scale diversified bioreactor with a water self-
purification function.

Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2000 Sep-Oct;374:514-6. No abstract available.

PMID: 11103331 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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21.Biocatalysis of matter transfer in a microcosm is inhibited by a contaminant:
effects of a surfactant on Limnea stagnalis.

Ostroumov SA, Kolesnikov MP.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2000 Jul-Aug;373:397-9. No abstract available.

PMID: 11013843 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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22.The concept of aquatic biota as a labile and vulnerable component of the water
self-purification system.
Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2000 May-Jun;372:286-9. Review. No abstract available.

PMID: 10944725 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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23.Criteria of ecological hazards due to anthropogenic effects on the biota:
searching for a system.

Ostroumov SA.

Dokl Biol Sci. 2000 Mar-Apr;371:204-6. No abstract available.

PMID: 10833660 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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24.Biological filtering and ecological machinery for self-purification and
bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems: towards a holistic view.

Ostroumov SA.

Riv Biol. 1998;91(2):221-32.

PMID: 9857844 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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25.Electrochemical proton gradient across the membranes of photophosphorylating
bacteria.

Ostroumov SA, Jasaitis AA, Samuilov VD.

Biomembranes. 1979;10:209-33. Review. No abstract available.

PMID: 387102 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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26.Membrane potential and surface charge densities as possible generalized
regulators of membrane protein activities.
Ostroumov SA, Vorobiev LN.

J Theor Biol. 1978 Dec 7;75(3):289-97. No abstract available.

PMID: 745444 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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27.Participation of chloroplasts and mitochondria in virus reproduction and the
evolution of the eukaryotic cell.

Ostroumov SA.

J Theor Biol. 1977 Jul 21;67(2):287-97. No abstract available.

PMID: 197321 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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28.Reconstitution of Biological Molecular generators of electric current.
Bacteriorhodopsin.

Drachev LA, Frolov VN, Kaulen AD, Liberman EA, Ostroumov SA, Plakunova VG,
Semenov AY, Skulachev VP.

J Biol Chem. 1976 Nov 25;251(22):7059-65.

PMID: 62754 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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29.[Membrane potential as a possible polyfunctional regulator of the activity of
membrane proteins].

Ostroumov SA, Vorob'ev LN.

Nauchnye Doki Vyss Shkoly Biol Nauki. 1976;(7):22-6. Review. Russian. No abstract
available.

PMID: 136276 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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30.A study on the membrane potential and pH gradient in chromatophores and
intact cells of photosynthetic bacteria.

Barsky EL, Bonch-Osmolovskaya EA, Ostroumov SA, Samuilov VD, Skulachev VP.

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1975 May 15;387(2):388-95.

PMID: 236031 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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31.Direct measurement of electric current generation by cytochrome oxidase, H+-
ATPase and bacteriorhodopsin.

Drachev LA, Jasaitis AA, Kaulen AD, Kondrashin AA, Liberman EA, Nemecek IB,
Ostroumov SA, Semenov AYu, Skulachev VP.

Nature. 1974 May 24;249(455):321-4. No abstract available.

PMID: 4366965 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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32.Electrogenesis by bacteriorhodopsin incorporated in a planar phospholipid
membrane.

Drachev LA, Kaulen AD, Ostroumov SA, Skulachev VP.

FEBS Lett. 1974 Feb 1;39(1):43-5. No abstract available.

PMID: 4851814 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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33.[Membrane potential in the chromatophores of Rhodospirillum rubrum
conditioned by a transhydrogenase reaction].

Ostroumov SA, Samuilov VD, Skulachev VP.
Nauchnye Doki Vyss Shkoly Biol Nauki. 1974;2:92-5. Russian. No abstract available.

PMID: 4150987 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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34.Transhydrogenase-induced responses of carotenoids, bacteriochlorophyll and
penetrating anions in Rhodospirillum rubrum chromatophores.

Ostroumov SA, Samuilov VD, Skulachev VP.

FEBS Lett. 1973 Apr 1;31(1):27-30. No abstract available.

PMID: 4145457 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Addendum: the following material is not on PubMed but it is equally important.

Ostroumov S.A. Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders //
Hydrobiologia. 2005. Vol. 542, No. 1. P. 275 – 286 (in Eng.). Bibliogr. 63 refs. DOI
10.1007/s10750-004-1875-1. ISSN 0018-8158 (Print) 1573-5117 (Online).

-------------------Full text see: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45914201;

------------Abstract. The author gave innovative analysis of the vital role of filter-
feeders in functioning and maintenance of stability of aquatic ecosystems (both
freshwater and marine ones). The paper includes the following tables. Table 1.
Examples of the impact of filter-feeders on the water column: clearance time. Table
2. Examples of diversity of taxons of benthic organisms involved in removing seston
from water, and filtration rates. Table 3. Effect of the increase in concentration of
algae on the filtration rate and the amount consumed by rotifers Brachionus
calyciflorus. Table 4. The ratio F:P in some groups of organisms (examples of
"ecological taxation"). Table 5. The ratio F: (P+R) in some filter feeders. Table 6.
Results of the ecological tax: biosediment formation in 6 ecosystems. Table 7.
Contribution of various aquatic organisms to oxidation of organic matter in the
ecosystem of the Sea of Okhotsk. Table 8. Some chemicals that inhibit the filtering
activity of the filter-feeders (new data of the author). Table 9. Some features of
water-filtering biomachinery: 6 fundamental principles. Table 10. The level-block
approach to the analysis of ecological hazards of anthropogenic effects on the biota
(the new conceptualization proposed by the author). Some fundamental principles
that characterize the pivotal roles of the biodiversity of filter-feeders in ecosystems.
Among those roles are: (1) the role of ecological repair of water quality, (2) the role
of contributing to reliability and stability of the functioning of the ecosystem, (3) the
role of contributing to creation of habitat heterogeneity, (4) the role of contributing
to acceleration of migration of chemical elements. It is an important feature of the
biomachinery of filter-feeders that it removes from water various particles of a very
broad range of sizes. Another important principle is that the amount of the organic
matter filtered out of water is larger than the amount assimilated so that a
significant part of the removed material serves no useful function to the organism
of the filter-feeder, but serves a beneficial function to some other species and to the
ecosystem as a whole. The new experiments by the author additionally
demonstrated a vulnerability of the filtration activity of filter feeders (e.g. bivalves
and rotifers) to some xenobiotics (tetradecyltrymethylammonium bromide, heavy
metals and some others). The inhibition of the filtration activity of filter-feeders may
lead to the situation previously described as that of an ecological … of the second
type.

Ostroumov S.A. Inhibitory analysis of regulatory interactions in trophic webs.-
Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, Vol. 377, p. 139–141. (Translated from Doklady
Akademii Nauk, 2000, Vol. 375, No. 6, p. 847–849). Abstract: In the paper, the
author proposed a new approach to analyze the key ecological issue, the
interactions between organisms in ecosystems. The new methodology proposed is
inhibitory analysis. The author applied this approach to analyze trophic chains: the
top–down control of plankton by benthic filter-feeders. This control, as the author’s
experiments have shown, might be removed by chemical inhibitors (the latter may
enter the ecosystem as pollutants). As an example, the author gives the results of
his experiments on how surfactants [tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide
(TDTMA)] and synthetic detergents inhibited the control of plankton (Monochrystis
lutheri) by mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis. The method was successfully applied to
innovatively analyze the factors that are among reasons of eutrophication. Among
new facts: the cationic surfactant TDTMA 1 mg/L inhibited the filtration rate of
juveniles of marine bivalves Mytilus galloprovincialis, and the removal of cells of the
algae Monochrysis lutheri from water (50 min, 26˚C)]. DOI
10.1023/A:1019218026198;

Full text see online free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45911405;
http://sites.google.com/site/2001dbs377p139inhibitory/;

S. A. Ostroumov. On the Multifunctional Role of the Biota in the Self-Purification of
Aquatic Ecosystems. - Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 36, No. 6, 2005, pp. 414–420.
DOI: 10.1007/s11184-005-0095-x; S. A. Ostroumov.

[Full text see online free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/45572968]

(Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Vorob’evy gory, Moscow, 119991
Russia)

Abstract: The study of water self-purification processes (Skurlatov, 1988;
Ostroumov, 2000a) is essential for approaching fundamental ecological problems
(Alimov, 2000; Ostroumov et al., 2003) and for resolving some applied issues
related to the sustainable use of aquatic and biological resources. The purpose of
this paper is to give a systematic account of the concepts concerning the multiple
functions of the biota in the self-purification of water bodies and watercourses,
without attempting to review the numerous publications in this field. In this paper, a
paradigm shift was made and some new principles of the theory of the ecological
mechanism of water self-purification based on multiple functions of the biota in
freshwater and marine ecosystems were formulated. In developing this theory, the
results of the author’s experiments with aquatic organisms (filter-feeders) have
been used. As a result, the author discovered that the natural ecological mechanism
which maintains water quality (water self-purification mechanism) is vulnerable to
the impact of some pollutants as exemplified by synthetic detergents and
surfactants. Conclusions drawn on the basis of the theory have practical
significance for biodiversity conservation and for the sustainable use of the
biological resources of aquatic ecosystems. 1067-4136/05/3606-0414 © 2005
Pleiades Publishing, Inc. Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 36, No. 6, 2005, pp. 414–
420. DOI: 10.1007/s11184-005-0095-x; Translated from Ekologiya, No. 6, 2005, pp.
452–459. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2005 by Ostroumov. The English
edition of the paper is available on SprigerLink:
www.springerlink.com/index/Y6370W774LK7G786.pdf; Key words : aquatic,
ecosystems, water quality, water, self-purification, pollution, paradigm shift,
surfactants, detergents, sustainability, environment, filter-feeders, invertebrates,
bivalves, freshwater, marine, resources, bioassay, hazards,

E. A. Solomonova and S. A. Ostroumov. Tolerance of an Aquatic Macrophyte
Potamogeton crispus L.to Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate. Moscow University Biological
Sciences Bulletin, 2007, Vol. 62, No. 4, p. 176–179. DOI:
10.3103/S0096392507040074; -------------------------------Full text see online free:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/45556848;

Abstract: Macrophytes are important components of ecosystems and participate in
the purification of water, which contributes to the sustainability of water quality.
This is especially important in conditions of pollution of water bodies and water
streams. Surfactants constitute an important class of pollutants. Therefore, further
investigation and clarification of the facts concerning the interaction of plants and
various surfactants are necessary. The present paper presents the results of
investigations of the effect of various concentrations of aqueous solutions of the
anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) on the viability of the aquatic
macrophytes, the pondweed Potamogeton crispus L. When the effects of the anionic
surfactant sodium dodecyl sulphate on the aquatic macrophytes Potamogeton
crispus L. were studied, it was found that the concentrations of 83–133 mg/l caused
fragmentation of the stems of plants. The tolerance of the plants to the negative
effects of the surfactant was higher in the spring (April) than in the autumn
(September). DOI:10.3103/S0096392507040074; Moscow University Biological
Sciences Bulletin, 2007, Vol. 62, No. 4, p. 176–179. ISSN 0096-3925, © Allerton
Press, Inc., 2007. Available at SpringerLink; Original Russian Text © E.A.
Solomonova, S.A. Ostroumov, 2007, published in Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta.
Biologiya, 2007, No. 4, pp. 39–42. Keywords: effects, surfactant, aquatic,
macrophytes, Potamogeton, crispus, concentrations, fragmentation, stems, plants,
negative, pollution, detergents, phytoremediation, chemico-biotic interactions,
water quality, sodium dodecyl sulphate, SDS, phytotechnology;