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and four note chords taught on this site. Correct chord fingering is important as it will allow you to play chords easily as well as change between different chords quickly.
Shown above is the left hand with each finger numbered. Remember the finger numbers as I will be using them in this section. The right hand is similarly numbered.
Major and Minor Chord Fingering
Lets take the G major chord we learnt in the last section, it looks like this.
G major Left Hand The simplest fingering for a three note chord such as this with the left hand is 5 -3-1, that is, pinky, middle finger and thumb. The pinky would go on the G, the middle finger on the B and the thumb on the D. This fingering can be used for all major and minor chords on the keyboard regardless of whether they have black keys or not. Right Hand The same fingering reversed can be used for playing this chord with the right hand, 1-3-5. So in this case the thumb goes on G, the middle finger on B and pinky on D. Excercises Try working out and playing these chords and playing with either hand to test out this fingering. You can play each hand separately or play both hands together: C Major
A7. Basically what you have just learnt is that two basic fingerings will work for all major. because of this we cannot use the 5 -3-1 or 1-3-5 fingering used to play major chords otherwise we'd have no fingers left to play the top note! Lets take the G7 chord for our analysis. minor. Left Hand The fingering for this chord with the left hand is 5 -3-2-1. Thumb on G. In the advanced chords section the major and minor 7th chords are explained and these fingerings will work for those as well. These fingerings should work for all 4 note 7th chords on the keyboard. B and E flat. it looks like this. 1 -2-3-5.G7. index finger on D and thumb on F. major 7th and minor 7th chords! Too easy isn't it? .E Major . 7th Chord Fingering Remember from the common chords section that 7th chords are four note chords. A flat Minor . If you have small hands this might be difficult to play. Pinky on G.B flat is a black key in this chord. 7th. its notes are A flat. G Minor .This is a tricky one.B7. middle on D and pinky on F#. middle finger on B. G7 Chord Does this make sense? If not try going over the common chords section again.Notice that the fingering still works even though G# is a black key. Right Hand The same fingering reversed can be used for the right hand. Excercises Try out this new fingering on the following four note chords . index on B.
pianobychords.E! . add this to your site. Now count up 3 half tones from B to get you to D. work out the A Major chord.C# . a note 3 half tones above the middle note. please support me by linking to me from your site. Count up 4 half tones from A to get C#. Find the note G on the keyboard this is known as the root note of the chord. This is your G major chord G-B-D! So the Major chord consists of the root note. <a href=http://www. this is the second note of your chord. a note 4 half tones above the root note. Thats it! As soon as you read that you just learnt all the major chords on the keyboard! The Major chord consists of the an interval of 4 half tones followed by an interval of 3 half tones Lets try another one. in Silent Night. a simple chord based method for learning piano. G major chord Next count up 4 half tones fro m G to get you to B.If you like my site. Now I am going to give you the power to work out any Major chord anywhere on the keyboard. Say we wanted to work out the major chord G Major the process is as follows(its probably best to practise this at the keyboard). A . in this case A.com>Learn How To Play Piano By Chords</a> . The Major Chord You've already seen three of these(C F and G) before. Count up 3 half tones from C# to get E And wolah! we have the A major chord. Find the root note.How to play piano by chords.
The 7th Chord This is another very popular chord in music. The Minor Chord The minor chord is another chord that is used commonly in many popular songs. D7. and it is very similar to the major chord.E on the keyboard. E7 etc. Suppose we want E7. I will walk you through the process of working out a 7th chord. Now count up 3 half tones from G to get Bflat.G# . Am = A C E Cm = C Eflat G Fm = F Aflat C Excellent! One more chord to go then we can start looking at some tunes. not three like the previous chords. it has a sadder more laid back tone to it then the major chord. The Minor chord cosists of an interval of 3 half tones followed by an interval of 4 half tones What does this mean? Well the process is the same as the process to work out the major chord. now count up 4 half tones from Bflat to get D and theres your Gm chord. in this case G. we find the root note . The 7th chord consists of an interval of 4 half tones followed by an interval of 3 half tones followed by an interval of 3 half tones The 7th chord thus is comprised of four notes.Bflat .D .D! I want you to convince yourself that the following minor chords are indeed correct. G . two more chords to go. It is usually written on chord sheets as C7. it is known as the 7th chord or dominant 7th. Now count up 4 half tones from E to get to G# Now count up 3 half tones from G# to get you to B Now count up 3 half tones from B to get you to D So your E7 chord would consist of E .Ok you're almost there. it will be easier to do this if you have a keyboard in front of you.B . Suppose we wanted the G minor chord (commonly denoted as Gm) we would start by finding the root note.
a simple chord based method for learning piano. Bmaj7 etc. even more songs will open up to you! Major 7th If you've been following the pages in order then you would already have come across the major 7th chord in Under the bridge and Imagine. you are ready to forge on and play some tunes! If you like my site. Its quite simple to play The Major 7th consists of an interval of 4 half tones followed by an interval of 3 half tones followed by an interval of 4 half tones. add this to your site. there is nothing more complicated about the chords I am about to show you from the ones you already know. Amaj7.com>Learn How To Play Piano By Chords</a> . please support me by linking to me from your site. Advanced Chords Dont be fooled by the title here. Suppose we wanted to work out the Gmaj7 chord we would take the following steps G major 7th chord Find the root note G. . <a href=http://www. count up 4 half tones to get F#. These chords are just different thats all. The major 7th chord is commonly denoted as Gmaj7. count up 4 half tones to get B.How to play piano by chords.pianobychords. come up quite often on chord sheets you may find on the internet. Giving you the Gmaj7 chord. Once you learn these. count up 3 half tones to get D.Try to work out the following 7th chords G7 = G B D F A7 = A C# E G E7 = E G# B D Phew! That was a lot of information wasnt it? Well now that its done. I'm showing you these chords because they are also quite common in popular music and as such.
Then you'll be ready to try out some tunes that use these new chords! MIDDLE C ± THE STARTING POINT So. and dominant 7th chords. The musical guru's who came up with this stuff are really out to confuse us! Minor 7th Just as the major 7th chord is very similar to the regular major chord. I am sure it is found in a number of other places on the Internet. In a chord sheet the minor 7th chord would be denoted as Cm7 Gm7 Am7 etc. where is middle C? The placement of middle C on a musical staff can be researched on the person¶s own time.Please take care to notice that the Gmaj7 is different from the G7 chord which has notes G B D and F. . the minor 7th chord is very similar to the regular minor chord. The minor 7th chord consists of an interval of 3 half tones followed by an interval of 4 half tones followed by an interval of 3 half tones. So. let us have a look at a diagram of the some keyboards. in the next section you can review all the chords you know to get them clear in y our mind. C Minor 7th chord G Minor 7th chord Ok if you're getting confused by all these new chords then dont worry. This lesson will show how to finger all the major chords. hopefully without overwhelming you with music theory. So here are some minor 7th chords make sure you understand how to work out the notes they contain. just follow the formula for the minor 7th chord. minor chords. The process is exactly the same as every other chord.
Note that middle C is off centre and not the middle note in the keyboard. Figure 4 and Figure 5. . These can be seen below in Figure 3. This is because this and many other keyboards as well as full-size pianos are not symmetrical about middle C. The reasoning behind that is for some other topic of research that goes into the development of music as a whole. 76 keys. and 88 keys. What is important is that you can learn how to locate middle C with a little practice. respecti vely. Other common sizes for keyboards are 73 keys.
it is almost there. It makes a practical place to start in terms of range of musical sounds.While middle C is not usually (see Figure 3) in the middle of the keyboard. THE C MAJOR SCALE The notes of the C major scale are: Each note in the C major scale can be numbered using regular numerals and Roman numerals: . It also makes a very good place to start when studying music theory.
Place the thumb of the right hand on middle C (or any C). start by playing the C major chord. If you place the thumb of the right hand on middle C. everything falls into place.) When playing chords in the C major family. skip using the index finger. some are numbered with capital letters and some ar e numbered with lower case letters. all chords in the C major family are built using only notes from the C major scale. When each finger of the right hand assigned to one key. and place the little finger on G. the rest of the fingers will each fall on one key naturally. This will make learning how to apply the formula to other notes easier later. commonly referred to as C. So. Notice that when the C major scale is numbered using Roman numerals. That is the simp lest C . place the middle finger on E. very little thinking has to be done because only the white keys are played. This has to do with showing the formula for a major scale. (Jumping a little bit ahead. Refer to Figure 6 below as an example.Note that I listed the next C in the scale while showing an octave instead of stopping at B as shown in Figure 2. skip the ring finger.
chord you can make. Those numbered with lower case Roman numerals have chords that are minor chords. The vii° chord is a diminished chord. (It is a chord with a minor 3rd and a 5th that is lowered by a half a step. To play the E minor chord (commonly shown as Em). This is the same for all successive chords for the C major scale. and the little finger plays A. the middle finger plays F. This information can be left for later exploration of knowledge of music theory. Now go back to the C major scale where it is numbered with Roman numerals. Those notes numbered with capital Roman numerals have chords that are major chords. just move the hand to the right one white key so the thumb plays D. The exception to this last statement is the vii° chord. move the hand to the right one white key. To play the D minor (commonly shown as Dm) chord.) So: CHORD NAMES .
For a C chord. Any chord in the family of the C major scale (and any major scale for that matter) begins with the note which is the name of the chord. If playing an electric guitar it is easier to play chords one octave higher because the fingers can be placed that high on the fretboard (fingerboard) more easily due to the way the guitar is built. E (iii). . it is easy using a piano or other keyboard instrument. the third note up from that note and the fifth note up from the note of the name of the chord. and G (V) of the C major scale. the chords are shown for the respective note below: DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MAJOR CHORDS AND MINOR CHORDS A full chord must be constructed of at least three notes. For the C major scale.When it comes to playing chords an octave higher. that means the chord is made up of the notes C (I). When playing guitar it is different beca use you can form different version of the same chord in different places on the fingerboard.
F. The piano teacher asked the question of the students ³What makes a minor chord sound minor?´ The answer was that a minor chord sounds sad whereas a major chord sounds happy. This means that the 2nd note is reduced by a half step. Example: D notes: D.What makes a minor chord minor? The answer is that the 2nd note in the chord (the major 3rd) is made a minor 3rd. A ± note that F# is not a note in the C major scale. Now it can be seen that the D chord is not a chord in the C major chord family. . A ± note that the major 3rd (F#) is reduced to F. Dm note: D. F#. I once saw a musical play about a couple of piano students that m ade humorous the stories their careers starting from their early days. When you pl ay a minor chord in comparison this generally sounds true.
A. Note that there is no sharp (#) or flat (b) between the notes E and F and B and C. The top of the figure shows how an octave normally looks while the bottom of the figur e shows the octave as if the black keys in the octave were extended to the full length of the white keys. for later use and knowledge. Remember. the middle finger and the lit tle finger. the same holds true for playing the chords to the left of the right hand but starting with the little finger and moving to the right. the method for playing all of the chords in the C major scale is provided in the paragraph below Figure 6. E. F and G. and the diminished chord is associated with the note B. The extension of the black keys is done to show that there is movement of one half -step between all keys. the movement from the notes E to F and B to C or the movement of F to E and C to B is still only one half -step. EXTENDING THE KNOWLEDGE OF MINOR CHORDS TO FIND THE REST OF THE MAJOR CHORDS ON THE KEYBOARD Figure 7 shows an octave of keys from the notes C to C. black or white even though some white keys h ave no black keys between them. Aside: However. We the know the minor chords are for the notes D.Just using the knowledge associated with the C major scale we know where the major chords are for the notes: C. This is important to understand because using this knowledge along with of what notes are in the C major scale allows us to . The fingers used on the left hand are the little finger. Actually. the middle fin ger and the thumb. All chords in the C major chord family can be played by using the thumb.
Fm has the notes F.figure out for ourselves the formula for the major scale if we so wish. Refer to Figure 7 above for re ference. Refer to Figure 8 as an example. We can also use the above knowledge to figure out what the minor chords are what the minor chords are for C. E and A by using the chords Dm. Just move the middle finger (the one on the 2nd note of the chord) up a half-step. Bb and D. Because we know what makes a minor chord minor. Imagine moving the fingers from the notes indicated on the bottom chord of Figure 8. F and G. Using Dm to find D: Using the notes D. Using Am to find A: Using the notes A. G# and B. Cm has the notes C. Gm has the notes G. C# and E. with this knowledge. F# and A. To do this. Eb and G. Using Em to find E: Using the notes E. D and F => move the middle finger up by one half-step and the little finger up by one half -step gives the notes B. Using Bdim to find B: Using the notes B. we can extend that knowledge to figure out what the major chords are for the notes D. F and A => move the middle finger up by one half-step gives the notes D. G and B => move the middle finger up by one half-step gives the notes E. To moved up a half-step is to move up by one key ± black or white. D# and F#. C and E => move the middle finger up by one half-step gives the notes A. . D. Place the right-hand fingers on a keyboard for one of the minor chords mentioned. Em and Am. Ab and C. More importantly. simply finger the chord and move the middle finger down one half -step. we can refer to the C major scale to figure out the formula. if we forget the formula for the m ajor scale. Dm to the top chord of Figure 8.
The only chord that has not be explicitly d iscussed is Bdim.Now it is possible to figure out all of the major and minor chords for all the notes on the keyboard. It is good to note that this method is easiest to use for the white keys. Examples: C to C#. you can figure out the formula every time. Half-Steps and Whole-Steps: A half-step is a movement (up or down) form one key to the one immediately next to it. Bdim has a minor 3rd and a minor 5th. A# to A. . and E and F. it is important to know that there are no black keys between the keys B and C. B to C. You should be able to figure out or research what the notes are for the chords B and a Bm. G# to A. C to B or G to F#. However. THE MAJOR SCALE FORMULA The major scale (as well as every other scale) has a set formula. E to F. Again. if you know the C major scale and the key spacing. You could also use the major scale formula to obtain the B major scale and work from there. (Refer to Figure 7). NOTE: It is important to reference the keyboard (a real one or the diagrams) when studying this material to have a visual aid.
If the chords in the music you are playing are contained within the major scale. They are called equivalent harmonics. you can use that scale to solo. However. NOTES ASIDE By figuring out all of the major scales and putti ng them in ascending order you end up with half of the Cycle of Fifths. remember that you have already been provided with the method of figuring out all the major and minor chords for all the keys on the keyboard.A whole-step is a movement of 2 half-steps. This is information used for chord progressions in many songs. and Bb. and A# or C. B7 . This information can be used in many ways. the fourth (IV) and the fifth (V) notes of the major scales. and the major 5th from the 1st note of the chord the major scale formula will provide you with the major chords in the root note chord family for the root (I) note. E. To figure out how to play a dominant 7th chord. The numbering of the notes in the chord family (originally presented in the scale) is also often used in chord progressio ns of songs. A# to C or F to D#. E to F#. APPLYING THIS KNOWLEDGE TO THE GUITAR . E. reduce the (major) 7th by a half -step and fit it into the chord fingering. Again. because a major chord is made up of the 1st note of the chord. C Major Scale Formula: y y W = Whole-step H = Half-step By using the major scale formula you can figure out all the major scales. The dominant 7th is A#/Bb. The 7th of the C major scale is B. G. Such as figuring out all of the major chords on the keyboard. The notes of the C7 chord are C. it is a good indication that it is correct if the 7th note is a half-step below the 8th note. Dominant 7th chords are written as follows: A7. Stick with the white keys for now. etc. A# and Bb are the same note. When figuring out a major scale. the major 3rd from the 1st note of the chord. DOMINANT SEVENTH CHORDS Dominant 7th chords are often associated with a bluesy sound. G. Examples: C to D. C7.
A movement of 2 frets is a whole-step. . On the guitar. Ate Dynamite. The same note of the same pitch appears at more than one place on the guitar. One key follows directly after another. Good Bye Another piece of information that is important to know about the guitar is that a movement of 1 fret (up or down) is a movement of a h alf-step. To take this theory and apply it to guitar remember that standard tuning on a 6 string guitar is (low to high): E A D G B e. Now you can pick out scales and chords on the guitar as well as the keyboard. when you get to the last fret on one string.One of the main advantages to learning about music theory using a keyboard is that the keyboard is a much more linear instrument than the guitar. the next note on the next string is not the next note as it is on the keyboard. You can remember this by using the letters of standard tuning as an acronym for Eddie Eddie.
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