Culture in language teaching

Multi ² Pluri ² Inter The Prefixes of Culture

culture appearing and disappearing from theoretical approaches regularly. a review of the L2/FL literature shows that this is clearly not the caseµ (LessardClouston. . Now it is enjoying a revival. 1997). M.Culture in language teaching ´Although some L2/FL teachers seem to think that the presence of culture in current writings is relatively recent. Culture and Language come together in LT.

. the incorporation of multicultural and intercultural approaches widened our perspective. ‡ The scope of cultural studies nowadays includes the self. the group and the communicative situation.Culture: the prefixes ‡ If at first the terms ´contrastiveµ and ´cross-culturalµ were the key terms in cultural studies.

The prefixes Pluriculturality Interculturality Pluriculturality Multiculturality .

Definitions: two approaches ‡ Dynamic definition ‡ Static definition ² ´Inter-µ: active and ² ´Inter-µ: critical participation in definition of a communication communicative ² ´Pluri-µ: perception and construction of the situation multiple identifications ² ´Pluri-µ: definition of a person of the identity of ² ´Multi-µ: a person ackowledgement and appreciation of the ² ´Multi-µ: coexistence of a number definition of the of cultures in the social social context context .

country.Multiculturalism (I) ‡ Multiculturalism describes a general situation (region. ‡ Normally. community) of ´culture contactµ. the term comprises three visions of diversity: ² culture as state-nation (multicultural = different nationalities) ² culture as religion (multicultural = different religions) ² culture as ethnic groups (multicultural = different ethnic groups). .

´culture as ability/disabilityµ. region. ‡ Consequently. not restricted to nations. ‡ So. any country. ´culture as genderµ. ´culture as professionµ. community or group is multicultural by definition. religions or ethnic groups.. . we would keep multiculturalism for the description of contexts where cultures are in contact. . as different cultures interact simultaneously at any level.. none of these metaphoric definitions of culture are satisfactory ² it could be argued that other ´culturesµ could be added: ´culture as ageµ.Multiculturalism (II) ‡ However.

‡ Pluriculturalism implies an approach to the self and the other as complex. ‡ Thus. .Pluriculturalism ‡ Identity is the by-product of experiences in different cultures. rich beings which act and react from the perspective of those multiple identifications. multiple identifications create our unique personality more than a static ´identityµ.

(2003) Huber-Kriegler. undoubtedly. Oomen-Welke and Perregaux (2004) Dupuis et al. Lussier and Penz (2003) ² Grima Camilleri (2002) . Skopinskaja (2003) and Facciol and Kjartansson (2003) ² Zarate. Issaiass and abec (2003). Draghicescu. one of the key notions in language teaching at the moment.Interculturality ‡ Interculturality is. Lázár and Strange (2003) Aleksandrowicz-P dich. ‡ ECML projects: ² ² ² ² Candelier. Gohard-Radenkovic.

. ‡ Being intercultural is a way of participating in communication in which interlocutors ² Are aware of the relevance of culture in communication. for our perspective.Interculturality ‡ Interculturality is. ² React critically to communication. intimately related to communication: it is the link between language and culture. ² Participate actively in communication.

the language learner must be aware of ² diversity in society and ² how social groups. use and manage cultures. including nations. ‡ We will refer to it as awareness of culture from a multicultural perspective. . which are intermingled in a complex matrix of social contact. pluri-cultural and inter-cultural. ‡ First.Awareness of culture ‡ The language learner must be aware of three layers of culture: multi-cultural. create.

Awareness of culture ‡ Secondly. flexible. . ‡ culture as product ² which is static ² ‡ culture as process ² which is dynamic. dynamic composite which. awareness of culture from a pluricultural perspective implies ² to define identity as a complex. can adopt an apparently definite layout for a certain purpose with a particular interlocutor. in any situation.

cooperative attitude on . ‡ Awareness of these cultural conventions can smooth communication ‡ At the same time. the learner must be aware of the pluricultural identity of his or her interlocutor as defined above.Awareness of culture ‡ From an intercultural perspective. awareness must be displayed in two directions. the language learner must be aware of the cultural conventions of the language(s) they may use. ² Second. ‡ Language is a culture-bound phenomenon and there are conventions ruling any communicative act. written or spoken. ² First. a positive.

The LEA Project ‡ To raise awareness of diversity as a key element of society. ‡ To enrich language teacher education with the potential to exploit cultural diversity at individual and social levels ‡ To facilitate curricular changes aimed at incorporating a pluricultural dimension into language classes. .

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