You are on page 1of 84

Thursday, November 4, 2010

Guide to the
New Congress
n Profiles of new members
n Preview of legislative action

n Impact on committees

112th Congress
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 3

About This Guide


Contents I’m fond of saying that this eagerly awaited
Guide to the New Congress “mints” new
Outlook for the House 4 Introduction to new members 19 lawmakers every two years. It’s the first
chance anyone gets to learn about the
Outlook for the Senate 8 The new senators 20 freshman class all in one place. For more
Results of Senate elections 10 The new representatives 30 than two decades, this guide has served as a
companion to CQ’s biennial Election Impact
Dates to watch 12 Impact on House committees 67 Conference, held the Thursday after Elec-
tion Day, in which we convene the nation’s
Statistics of the new Congress 14 House rules and organization 70 foremost political and legislative analysts for
Departing members of the 111th 16 Impact on Senate committees 75 a daylong discussion of the implications of
the recent poll results. This year the guide
was jointly produced by the CQ and Roll Call
newsrooms, following the merger last year
that created CQ Roll Call.
Putting together this guide is easier when
more incumbents keep their seats. With
the housE: hardtostarboard decades of experience predicting out-
They promised to roll back what Democrats achieved comes of races, we do a pretty good job of
over the past two years. But Republicans will probably identifying the vast majority of incumbents
have to settle for blocking the Obama administra- who are about to lose and writing profiles
tion’s priorities as both parties prepare for 2012. of their opponents ahead of time. For each
Speaker-in-waiting John A. Boehner’s big challenge open-seat race that is too close to call, we
4 pre-write two profiles, one for each contes-
may be in keeping his diverse caucus in the corral.
tant. This year we ended up writing a record
183 profiles, including 54 profiles for 27
races that were too close to call. Happily, this
year we ended up hastily writing only four
profiles for candidates whose upset victories
The senate: limpingmajority surprised us after the polls closed.
The Democrats held the chamber, but Republican You’ll also notice a new logo for CQ Roll Call
leader Mitch McConnell has six more avenues to on the cover: We figured this publication,
block majority efforts. Each side talks of compro- which, after all,“mints” the new Congress,
mise, but in ways that are cautious and qualified. would be a perfect place to mint the new
look for our now fully unified company. We
Tax and budget issues will be the first tests.
hope you like it – and we hope you’ll let CQ
8 Roll Call be your guide throughout the new
Congress.
 – Mike Mills
Senior Vice President
and Editorial Director

HOUSE COMMITTEEs: Ratioflip


Big Republican wins will produce a near mirror
image of the committee party ratios that Demo- 112th Congress
crats enjoyed the past two years. They also give
HOUSE SENATE
GOP leaders the gavels and a slew of committee
Inouye: cq / scott j. ferrell; Ryan: Tom Williamson / CQ Roll Call; others by getty images
slots to hand out to new members. The new Democrats 185 50
67 minority also faces a reshuffling of assignments. Republicans 239 46
Independents 0 2
Not called 11* 2*

*Victors were yet to be determined Nov. 3 in


SENATE COMMittees: thin edge House districts in Arizona, California, Illinois, Ken-
Democrats will hang on to their chairs but lose tucky, New York, Texas, Virginia and Washington.
seats on almost every Senate committee. Under The Senate races in Alaska and Washington also
heavy pressure to cut spending, the Appropria- had not been decided Nov. 3.
tions panel, once a bipartisan refuge, is likely to see
Visit rollcallpolitics.com for continuing coverage
sharper divisions, and will have to deal with a
75 GOP push to “de-fund” the health care overhaul.
of the 2010 elections.

Cover photograph by Scott J. Ferrell / CQ


Page 4 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

IMPACT ON THE HOUSE

Voters Put GOP in Control, but on a Short Leash


B y A lan K. Ota , CQ Staff Writer
Republican leaders are promising to use
their newly won House majority to advance a
conservative agenda and roll back what con-
gressional Democrats have done the past two
years. But they may have to settle for blocking
the remainder of President Obama’s agenda.
With the White House and Senate still
in Democratic hands, the stage is set for a
standoff as both parties build platforms for
an even bigger election in 2012. But the elec-
tion results immediately altered the political
landscape on Capitol Hill.
Tuesday’s wave of GOP victories puts Re-
publican leader John A. Boehner of Ohio

cq roll call / Tom williams


in line to become the 53rd Speaker of the
House and allows the Republicans to claim a
mandate from voters to reverse at least some
of what Obama and the Democrats have
been doing since 2009. Boehner takes the gavel with a strongmajority, but it won’t be easy holdingtogether various party factions.
Boehner said Wednesday that House
Republicans will focus on job creation, spending reductions and not be compromised.”
“reforming how Congress does its business.” Republican leaders Republicans will have a House majority of at least 43 seats af-
campaigned on proposals to reduce some government spending to ter regaining many in the Northeast, Midwest, South and West.
fiscal 2008 levels; extend all of the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts; repeal The exact size of the GOP margin — which should be comfort-
the new health care law or withhold funding for its implementa- able enough to allow GOP leaders to push their legislative agenda
tion; and focus an oversight spotlight on outlays under the 2009 through the chamber — will be uncertain until final results are in
stimulus law. from contests that remained undecided Wednesday.
“It’s pretty clear that the American people want a smaller,
less costly, more accountable government here in Washington,” Democrats in Transition
Boehner told reporters. The Republicans’ net gain of about 60 seats exceeds their 52-seat
But leading a larger and somewhat more ideologically di- pickup in 1994. Numerous Democrats from rural districts, includ-
verse caucus, the new Speaker and his leadership team will ing members of the fiscally conservative Blue Dog Coalition and
be on a short leash held by conservative groups, including tea about half the Democratic members of the Agriculture Commit-
party organizations. They will be operating in a situation where tee, were defeated.
nothing will be accomplished legislatively without bipartisan The results will end the tenure of the House’s first female
cooperation. During the closing days of the campaign season, Speaker, Nancy Pelosi of California, who became a prime Repub-
Boehner dismissed the idea of compromise with Obama and lican campaign target. An aide said Wednesday that Pelosi had
the Democrats. While he said Wednesday he would like to not decided whether she wants to be minority leader. Her silence
talk to the president about areas of possible cooperation, he deterred other Democrats from discussing their own leadership
urged Obama to “change course” and said “it’s pretty clear that aspirations. Should Pelosi step aside, that could clear the way for
the Obama-Pelosi agenda is being rejected by the American her lieutenant and longtime rival, Steny H. Hoyer of Maryland, to
people.” ask his colleagues to make him the top House Democrat.
The president said during a news conference that he wants The new GOP majority will be hard-pressed to reach agree-
to meet with congressional leaders to discuss where there is ments on major legislation with House Democrats, a closely divid-
room for bipartisan cooperation. ed Senate and a Democratic president, particularly in view of the
“What yesterday also told us is that no one party will be able partisan battles during the 111th Congress and the heated rhetoric
to dictate where we go from here; that we must find common during this fall’s campaigns.
ground in order to make progress on some uncommonly dif- The most conservative wing of the GOP establishment and
ficult challenges,” Obama said. “I’m not suggesting this will be independent voters involved in tea party groups have won the
easy. I won’t pretend that we’ll be able to bridge every differ- attention of Boehner and other Republican leaders in both cham-
ence or solve every disagreement. There’s a reason we have two bers. With another election just two years away, it will be po-
parties in this country, and both Democrats and Republicans litically risky for GOP leaders to even discuss compromises with
have certain beliefs and certain principles that each feels can- House continued on page 6
Page 6 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

House continued from page 4


Obama and the Democrats.
Meeting the ambitious expectations created during the cam-
paign season could be difficult for Republicans. Reducing spend-
ing, the budget deficit, the national debt and taxes would be diffi-
cult under any circumstances, and those are particularly ambitious
goals for the Republicans with control of only one chamber of Con-
gress and with a Democrat in the White House.
But the Democrats controlling the Senate and the executive
branch will provide a target for blame if Republican leaders have
to explain a modest list of accomplishments to their party’s conser-
vative base when a new campaign season begins.
The new legislative landscape will be as challenging for Obama
and the Democrats as it is for the new House GOP majority. Just

Roll Call / Douglas Graham


as Republican leaders will find it difficult to broker deals with a
new cadre of fired-up conservatives in their conference, House
Democratic leaders will find themselves with a caucus tilted more
to the left after the winnowing of Blue Dog moderates by retire-
ment and defeat. The GOP takeover ends Pelosi’s tenure as the first female Speaker of the House.
Three Democratic committee chairmen were defeated Nov. 2:
Armed Services Chairman Ike Skelton of Missouri; Budget Chair- rate board, with Boehner as chief executive and Eric Cantor of Vir-
man John M. Spratt Jr. of South Carolina; and Transportation and ginia, the likely majority leader, in a multifaceted role as rainmaker,
Infrastructure Chairman James L. Oberstar of Minnesota. policy wonk and leader-in-waiting.
The House’s pace in the early days of the new Congress will Greg Walden of Oregon was named Wednesday to head a transi-
depend on how quickly the party caucuses can set their leadership tion committee for the new Republican majority. That group will
and committee rosters and complete the tax bills and fiscal 2011 review the House’s organizational structure and procedures.
spending measures that head the agenda for a post-election session Competitive races are shaping up for slots on the GOP leader-
beginning Nov. 15. ship team. Kevin McCarthy of California, now chief deputy whip,
has declared his candidacy for majority whip but could be chal-
NewTeamin Charge lenged by Pete Sessions of Texas, chairman of the National Re-
The GOP takeover and likely election of the 60-year-old Boehner publican Congressional Committee. McCarthy was an architect of
as Speaker marks the culmination of a long climb for a former the GOP campaign agenda, the “Pledge to America,” and joined
lieutenant of Speaker Newt Gingrich, the Georgia Republican Cantor and Paul D. Ryan of Wisconsin to lead the party’s “Young
deposed after his party lost seats in the 1998 elections. Boehner Guns” candidate recruitment program.
lost his post as Republican Conference chairman that year but Jeb Hensarling of Texas has Cantor’s backing to succeed Mike
returned to the leadership ranks four years ago as the successor to Pence of Indiana as Republican Conference chairman. Pence is
GOP leader Tom DeLay of Texas. Boehner survived as minority stepping aside, presumably to focus on a possible 2012 run for
leader through his party’s loss of the House in 2006 and its loss of senator, governor or president. Hensarling, like Pence, is a former
additional seats in 2008, in part by persuading younger potential chairman of the House GOP’s most conservative faction, the Re-
rivals to become his lieutenants. publican Study Committee.
Paul Beck, a political science professor at Ohio State University, Democrats are scrambling to regroup after a sweeping defeat.
said Boehner has thrived as a pragmatic “manager of factions” in Hoyer would give his caucus a more moderate face; Republicans
a minority party but will face bigger challenges in trying to unify a pointed to the more liberal Pelosi as evidence that the Democrats
larger, and now more diverse, caucus. “He has to be worried about were out of touch with moderate and conservative voters. Hoyer
being outflanked by his caucus. Some members may feel he’s not would need help from allies including George Miller of California
enough of a firebrand,” Beck said. and Rosa DeLauro of Connecticut to keep peace on his left flank.
J. Dennis Hastert, a former Republican Speaker from Illinois, James E. Clyburn of South Carolina, who is favored in a race to
predicts Boehner and his team will face challenges in lining up remain his party’s whip, serves as a bridge to rural lawmakers, reli-
votes despite the GOP’s significant margin. “When you have gious groups and the Congressional Black Caucus.
a thin majority — with an advantage of just five or six seats — John B. Larson of Connecticut, a member of the moderate New
that means you can’t lose anybody. But it’s almost easier to stick Democrat Coalition, wants a second term as caucus chairman but
together,” Hastert said. “Everybody can see the casket and the could face a challenge from the liberal wing, possibly from Xavier
grave. You don’t have to preach to everybody. When you get Becerra of California, the current caucus vice chairman.
more of a margin, that’s when it gets to be more difficult. That’s
when some people start to tell the press that they won’t vote for Challenges for the New Majority
something.” As a majority from 1995 until 2007, House Republicans passed
Aides compare the incoming GOP leadership team to a corpo- conservative measures and then bargained with the Senate and
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 7

the White House. Boehner has hinted at a similar House-first to encourage middle-of-the-road deals or mirror the tough parti-
strategy for scoring political points and prodding the Senate and san stand the GOP took against the rival party’s initiatives in the
Obama to cut deals. On the stump this fall, Boehner repeated 111th Congress. “Obama will have to cut deals with Republicans to
the conflict-resolution advice Obama offered when Republicans get anything done, and House Democrats have to decide whether
stubbornly resisted his health care proposals: “That’s what elec- they will support that,” said Ronald M. Peters, a political scientist
tions are for.” at the University of Oklahoma.
As the president attempted to do after his election in 2008, Boehner’s push for spending cuts and other priorities will re-
Boehner hopes to seize momentum from the election results. That quire support from a big freshman class that won election on an
will begin even before the new Congress convenes, as Republi- anti-deficit platform that did not make clear where the knife should
cans insist during a post-election session of the 111th Congress cut. The emphasis on spending cuts could trigger a reordering of
on an across-the-board extension of the income tax rates expiring priorities on Appropriations panels.
at the end of the year. The Republicans will also push for as-yet- It could also lead to a push to rewrite the 1974 budget law
unspecified spending cuts when the lame-duck session takes up an to restructure the Budget Committee and impose new fiscal
omnibus fiscal 2011 spending package. disciplinary measures, including a requirement that spending
Boehner will be looking for a way to avoid the hostility between increases be offset only with cuts in other spending, not with
House and Senate Republicans that developed during the Clinton revenue increases.
and George W. Bush administrations. Boehner has a close working
relationship with Senate GOP leader Mitch McConnell of Ken- Focus on Committees
tucky. And he has promoted an agenda of broad themes rather Boehner has promised to move away from Pelosi’s “strong cau-
than detailed initiatives like those in the GOP’s 1994 “Contract cus” model for developing major legislation and has outlined a
With America” platform. more traditional approach to moving bills under the leadership of
Cantor, 47, said the GOP majority will push for spending cuts committee chairmen.
but will not force a government shutdown in an attempt to force A race has already begun for the gavels of the Appropriations
the hand of Obama and the Democrats. The Republican majority and Energy and Commerce committees, with Jerry Lewis of Cali-
elected in 1994 tried that tactic in 1995 and 1996 and paid a price fornia and Joe L. Barton of Texas, currently the top Republicans
politically. “I don’t think the public wants to see a government shut- on those panels, seeking waivers of a GOP rule limiting lawmakers
down,” Cantor said. to three terms as either a panel’s chairman or ranking minority
It remains to be seen if the numerous conservatives joining the member. If waivers are not granted, Harold Rogers of Kentucky
GOP caucus are willing to draw a line short of a shutdown. will probably become Appropriations chairman; a race for Energy
Former Republican Rep. Bill Frenzel of Minnesota, now a and Commerce chairman would pit Fred Upton of Michigan, the
scholar at the Brookings Institution, said House Republicans will front-runner, against John Shimkus of Illinois.
probably lack the leverage to win major concessions. “They will Another race looms for the chairmanship of the Intelligence
have trouble getting anything done either on budget process, or Committee, where William M. “Mac” Thornberry of Texas is vy-
on the budget itself. That will take compromise. It’s going to be ing with Mike Rogers of Michigan to succeed the current ranking
hard to do anything that satisfies the Republican caucus and the member, Peter Hoekstra of Michigan, who is retiring.
Democratic caucus,” Frenzel said. On the Democratic side, Sander M. Levin of Michigan, the Ways
House Democratic leaders will face tough decisions on whether and Means Committee’s acting chairman, faces a tough challenge
from Richard E. Neal of Massachusetts for the top Democratic
slot. Allyson Y. Schwartz of Pennsylvania is poised to succeed
Publication Note Spratt as the top Democrat on the Budget panel, but she could
Profiles of new members of the 112th Congress begin with an face a challenge from Marcy Kaptur of Ohio.
introduction on page 19. Norm Dicks of Washington is the favorite against Chaka Fattah
Some races remained too close to call at press time Wednesday, of Pennsylvania in a race for ranking member on the Appropria-
including three in the Senate: Democratic incumbent Michael Ben- tions Committee. And the Democratic leaders will have to decide
net of Colorado held a narrow lead over Republican Ken Buck, so
whether to reappoint Silvestre Reyes of Texas as the top Democrat
the challenger’s profile was included here. Later in the day however,
that race was called for Bennett. The race in Washington was too
on Intelligence or select a replacement such as Anna G. Eshoo of
close to call, so the profile of Republican challenger Dino Rossi can California, Rush D. Holt of New Jersey or Alcee L. Hastings of
be found inside. In Alaska, write-in candidate Lisa Murkowski had a Florida.
healthy lead with nearly all precincts reporting, so profiles of Repub- Boehner and the Republicans have promised significant changes
lican Joe Miller and Democrat Scott McAdams are not included. in the way the House does its business, including wider partici-
A number of House races remained tight, including those in Califor- pation in writing legislation and less restrictive floor procedures.
nia’s 11th and 20th districts, Illinois’ 8th and Virginia’s 11th. In those Honoring those promises could make life more difficult for the
situations and others, the profiles of potential freshmen who were new majority.
slightly trailing — and in some cases leading — are provided. Some
Since Democrats took control of the House in 2007, the GOP
races might not be resolved for weeks as officials begin recounts.
Others could be resolved much faster.
minority has taken advantage of nearly every opportunity provided
For updates on all of the undecided races, go to rollcallpolitics.com. under House rules to delay action on legislation and force Demo-
crats to cast votes that the Republicans considered politically ad-
vantageous. F
Page 8 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

IMPACT ON THE SENATE


Narrowly Divided Senate Will Complicate Agenda for Weakened Majority
B y B rian F riel, CQ Staff Writer
Democrats will retain control of the Senate in the next Congress,
but they will be unable to do much there without the blessing of
Minority Leader Mitch McConnell.
When Majority Leader Harry Reid of Nevada pushed major leg-
islation through the chamber during the past two years, he usually
did so without the help of the Kentucky Republican. Reid relied on
the 58 other members of the Democratic Caucus and a handful of
moderate Republicans to assemble the 60 votes he usually needed.
In the 112th Congress, McConnell’s hand will be strengthened by
a gain of at least six seats in Tuesday’s elections.
“Having more Republicans in the Senate will put Sen.
­McConnell in a position where he has more leverage and more
authority,” said J. David Hoppe, the top aide to Majority Leader
Trent Lott, ­R-Miss., when the Senate was evenly divided in 2001.

CQ Roll Call / Bill Clark


On paper, Reid — who soundly defeated tea party champion
Sharron Angle — will have to find at least seven Republicans to
join a united Democratic Caucus to advance legislation with the
60 votes needed to overcome procedural hurdles. But Senate
Democrats rarely act in unison, and there are no more than five In the 112th Congress, Reidwill have an even harder time“gettingto60” votes.
moderate Republicans likely to buck their party on major legis-
lation. Contests in Alaska and Washington remain undecided. If Congress is going to take action to reduce the deficit or na-
“Getting to 60 votes with a shrunken Democratic majority, that’s tional debt, Democrats will have to consider accepting cuts in
complicated,” said Sarah Binder, a congressional scholar with the favored spending programs, and Republicans will be asked to
liberal Brookings Institution. “You can’t just reach out to Olympia accept revenue measures. “Both sides need to come to the table
Snowe and negotiate with her, or reach out to Scott Brown and with the realization that they’re going to have to buck their ex-
negotiate.” treme wings a bit,” said Ryan McConaghy, deputy director of
As is customary after elections, both parties’ leaders called for the economic program at Third Way, a think tank aligned with
compromise in the interest of meeting the country’s challenges, moderate Democrats.
which include a high unemployment rate, a lagging economy, The Senate’s newly elected members universally campaigned
two ongoing military conflicts and a huge federal budget deficit. on a commitment to fiscal discipline. John Cornyn of Texas,
But both Reid and McConnell suggested that the other party do chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee,
the compromising. “Now that Republicans have more members said the message from voters on Nov. 2 was a call for fiscal
in both houses of Congress, they must take their responsibility responsibility. Republicans must “respond appropriately and
to present bipartisan solutions more seriously,” Reid said in do some very bold things,” he said. Cornyn suggested early ac-
a statement Wednesday. McConnell said the election sent a tion to reduce discretionary spending and the growing cost of
message to Democrats to move toward Republican positions on entitlement programs.
issues, particularly in relation to government spending. Voters With Democrats holding the Senate, the House now solidly
“appreciated us saying no to the things the American people in Republican hands, and a Democratic president in the White
indicated they were not in favor of,” McConnell said at a Nov. House — a political split not seen since the Civil War — competing
3 news conference. pressures will hammer the closely divided Senate. Reid will be able
The immediate parrying shows that with the 2012 presidential to shelve or rewrite GOP legislation coming from the House, but
election season effectively beginning about the same time that the he will need to strike some deals to avoid a total standoff that would
new Congress is sworn in, Democrats will be eager to paint Re- make Obama and Democrats look ineffective heading into 2012.
publicans as obstructionists and Republicans will showcase their McConnell’s increasingly conservative caucus will demand
disagreements with Obama. Linda Fowler, a Dartmouth College votes on measures that have no chance of being signed into law by
government professor, said Republicans will interpret their gains Obama, but the Republican leader must show some pragmatism
as approval of their unified opposition to Obama’s agenda and use to prevent ideological overreach. Most of the new members of
of filibusters to block Democratic bills. “Obstructionism doesn’t the GOP caucus campaigned on promises to cut federal spending,
seem to have costs with the electorate,” she said. take steps to trim the deficit and national debt, and fend off tax
Budget and tax issues will provide an initial test of whether a par- increases.
tisan standoff can be avoided. Even with a large Senate majority, The new Congress is likely to be a test of wills among the
Democrats have been unable to clear appropriations bills this year, rebalanced players. Many are betting on stalemate. “Ideologi-
or extend expiring 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, either for everyone or, cally ­divergent chambers tend to exacerbate gridlock,” Binder
as Obama prefers, only for families with incomes below $250,000. Senate continued on page 10
Page 10 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

Republicans Draw Closer to an Even Split


Wash.
Mont. Maine
Heading into Election Day, Democrats
N.D.
and their independent allies controlled
Ore. Minn. Vt.
N.H. Mass.
59 of the 100 Senate seats. But Republi-
Idaho N.Y.
S.D. Wis. (2 races) cans have made serious inroads and now
Wyo.. Mich. R.I.
Conn.
own at least 46 seats, with races in Alaska
Iowa Pa.
Nev. Neb.. N.J.
and Washington still to be determined.
Ohio
Utah Ill. Ind. Del.
Colo. Md.
Kan.
W.Va.
Va.
Republican retained
Calif. Mo.
Ky.
Republican took Democratic seat
N.C.
Tenn. Democrat retained
Ariz. Okla. Ark.
N.M. S.C. Democrat took Republican seat
Miss. Ala. Ga. Too close to call
Texas La. No race
Alaska

Fla.
Hawaii

Winners listed in bold * Incumbents marked with an asterisk Races too close to call are highlighted
State Candidate Percentage State Candidate Percentage State Candidate Percentage
Alabama Richard C. Shelby, R* 65% Illinois Mark Kirk, R 48% North Dakota John Hoeven, R 76%
William Barnes, D 35% Alexi Giannoulias, D 46% Tracy Potter, D 22%
Alaska Joe Miller, R 34% Indiana Dan Coats, R 55% Ohio Rob Portman, R 57%
Write-in candidate** 41% Brad Ellsworth, D 40% Lee Fisher, D 39%
Scott McAdams, D 24% Iowa Charles E. Grassley, R* 65% Oklahoma TomCoburn, R* 71%
Arizona John McCain, R* 59% Roxanne Conlin, D 33% Jim Rogers, D 26%
Rodney Glassman, D 35% Kansas Jerry Moran, R 70% Oregon Ron Wyden, D* 56%
Arkansas John Boozman, R 58% Lisa Johnston, D 26% Jim Huffman, R 40%
Blanche Lincoln, D* 37% Kentucky Rand Paul, R 56% Pennsylvania Patrick Toomey, R 51%
California Barbara Boxer, D* 52% Jack Conway, D 44% Joe Sestak, D 49%
Carly Fiorina, R 43% Louisiana David Vitter, R* 57% South Carolina JimDeMint, R* 62%
Colorado Michael Bennet, D* 48% Charlie Melancon, D 38% Alvin Greene, D 28%
Ken Buck, R 47% Maryland*** Barbara A. Mikulski, D* 62% South Dakota John Thune, R* 100%
Connecticut Richard Blumenthal, D 54% Eric Wargotz, R 36%
Utah Mike Lee, R 62%
Linda McMahon, R 44% Missouri Roy Blunt, R 54% Sam Granato, D 33%
Delaware Chris Coons, D 57% Robin Carnahan, D 41%
Vermont Patrick J. Leahy, D* 64%
Christine O’Donnell, R 40% Nevada Harry Reid, D* 50% Len Britton, R 31%
Florida Marco Rubio, R 49% Sharron Angle, R 45%
Washington Patty Murray, D* 50%
Charlie Crist, I 30% New Hampshire Kelly Ayotte, R 60% Dino Rossi, R 50%
Kendrick B. Meek, D 20% Paul Hodes, D 37%
Georgia Johnny Isakson, R* 58%
West Virginia Joe Manchin III, D 54%
NewYork Kirsten Gillibrand, D* 61% John Raese, R 43%
Michael Thurmond, D 39% Joseph DioGuardi, R 37%
Hawaii Daniel Inouye, D* 75%
Wisconsin Ron Johnson, R 52%
NewYork Charles E. Schumer, D* 66% Russ Feingold, D* 47%
Cam Cavasso, R 22% Jay Townsend, R 33%
Idaho Michael D. Crapo, R* 71%
North Carolina Richard M. Burr, R* 55%
Tom Sullivan, D 25% Elaine Marshall, D 43%

**Incumbent Lisa Murkowski, R, ran as a write-in candidate.


***This map has been corrected to include the Maryland Senate race.

Senate continued from page 8 2008 and Republicans this year — 40 percent of the senators will
be serving their first terms, including the 16 or more new members
said, adding that a divided Congress “is hardly a recipe for elected Nov. 2. Still, the class of 2010 is largely a group of experi-
cooperation.” enced politicians.
Seven Republican senators-elect previously served in the
AFreshman’s Senate House — one of whom, Dan Coats of Indiana, also served previ-
In the early months of the 112th, many senators will be adjusting ously in the Senate, from 1989 to 1999. Two new senators, Republi-
to a new life in a chamber that cherishes its billing as the world’s can John Hoeven of North Dakota and Democrat Joe Manchin III
greatest deliberative body. After three consecutive elections pro- of West Virginia, are now governors. At least four new Republicans,
ducing significant turnover — favoring Democrats in 2006 and including tea party favorites Rand Paul of Kentucky and Ron John-
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 11

son of Wisconsin, have never held elected office. ried traditions and complex rules, Democrat Robert C. Byrd of
Virtually all the newly elected senators campaigned on anti- West Virginia, who died in June, and its most practiced dealmaker,
Washington themes — including the three new Democrats. The Democrat Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts, who died in
GOP freshmen will be hard-pressed to hold on to their indepen- August 2009.
dence and take part in the give and take of legislative negotiations. One important constant in the chamber will be the leadership
“They ran on saying ‘no’ to everything,” said Christine Todd Whit- slates of both parties. Reid and his top two deputies — Majority
man, the moderate former Republican governor of New Jersey. Whip Richard J. Durbin of Illinois and Caucus Vice Chairman
“The challenge for them is figuring out where are the yeses.” Charles E. Schumer of New York — are expected to once again
Already, many Democrats first elected in 2006 and 2008 are face off with McConnell and his lieutenants — Minority Whip
agitating for rule changes to limit the ability of the minority to Jon Kyl of Arizona and Conference Chairman Lamar Alexander
use procedures to block legislation. But such changes would likely of Tennessee. All are expected to be re-elected when their parties
intensify partisan tensions. Republicans would take them as a sign organize for the new Congress during the coming weeks. Senate
that Democrats want to exclude them from lawmaking. Democrats set Nov. 16 as the date of their leadership elections.
Bipartisan deals have been rare in the Senate since 2007, so Newly elected senators will be at the Capitol for several days of
many senators have never been part of cross-party agreements on orientation organized by the secretary of the Senate’s office. Sen-
major legislation. Exacerbating that situation, both parties are los- ate Republicans have yet to announce the date for their leadership
ing veteran moderate dealmakers at the end of the 111th Congress. elections, though both parties usually hold them on the same day.
Evan Bayh of Indiana, a former governor, and Blanche Lincoln of Reid and McConnell are well-versed and well-tested in using
Arkansas are Democratic moderates with a history of working with procedural rules to maximum advantage. Both are highly partisan
Republicans. Bayh is retiring and Lincoln was defeated. The only and cherish party unity on important votes, but they also have spent
other defeated incumbent on Nov. 2, Democrat Russ Feingold of many hours behind closed doors together working out agreements
Wisconsin, famously wrote campaign finance legislation with John to allow must-pass legislation to get through the Senate in ways that
McCain, R-Ariz. They are joined by retiring Banking, Housing and appease the ideological wings of each party.
Urban Affairs Chairman Christopher J. Dodd of Connecticut, who With Reid’s re-election and McConnell’s in 2008 neither will
helped create the 2008 financial bailout signed into law by Repub- face voters before 2014 and can concentrate on their Senate re-
lican President George W. Bush. sponsibilities. Neither has other political ambitions, meaning they
On the Republican side, former governors Judd Gregg of New will be willing followers of their party’s 2012 presidential candi-
Hampshire and George V. Voinovich of Ohio are taking their ex- dates, who shape much of Congress’ legislative debate.
perience crafting bipartisan deals with them into retirement. And,
before the elections, the Senate lost a stalwart defender of its sto- Senate continued on page 12
Page 12 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

Senate continued from page 11 eral candidates initially favored by Senate


Dates to Watch Republican leaders, including Florida Gov.
Reid could have a tough time holding Charlie Crist and Rep. Michael N. Castle of
his caucus together next year in support of • Nov. 15 Post-election session of 111th Delaware.
Obama’s agenda. With the president’s fading Congress begins. Orientation sessions Republican senators who could face chal-
begin for incoming senators and repre-
popularity no doubt contributing to several lenges from the right in 2012 include Olym-
sentatives.
Democratic senators’ defeat, caucus mem- pia J. Snowe of Maine, Orrin G. Hatch of
bers facing the voters in 2012 — particularly • Nov. 16 Senate Democratic and Republi- Utah, Scott P. Brown of Massachusetts and
those in states where Obama’s public approv- can leadership elections. Bob Corker of Tennessee. That pressure
al ratings are low — could be under intense • Nov. 17 House Republican leadership could make compromise with Democrats
pressure to buck the White House. elections. impossible. “We’re doomed to gridlock if the
In the 2012 election cycle, Democrats will • Nov. 18 House Democratic leadership people who preach ideological purity have
be defending twice as many Senate seats as elections. the power to continue to stymie the Senate
Republicans. The GOP has 10 seats to pro- • Week of Nov. 22 House and Senate in with 41 votes, with the moderates and some
tect, while the Democrats have 23. Most recess for Thanksgiving. conservatives looking over their shoulders,”
Democrats up for re-election in two years • Dec. 3 The current continuing appropria- Specter said.
hail from states Obama won in 2008, but tions law expires. Jim DeMint, R-S.C., who supported many
swing-state senators from Ohio, Missouri • Jan. 1, 2011 Federal income tax rates are of those conservative candidates, is likely to
and Virginia, and those from states such as scheduled to increase, reverting to pre- test his clout by pushing for new GOP caucus
Montana and Nebraska that tend to vote Re- 2001 levels. rules to end spending earmarks and make
publican in presidential elections, may be • Jan. 3, 2011 Terms of members of the party leaders ineligible to serve on the Ap-
difficult to keep in line. 112th Congress begin (constitutional propriations Committee. Among the 13 or
Reid and his leadership team will also date). The swearing-in of House and Sen- more new Republicans are several who ral-
need to be on the lookout for party switch- ate members is likely to occur Jan. 4 or 5. lied around the tea party movement, includ-
ers who might defect to the Republican side • Late January, 2011 The president’s annual ing Paul and Marco Rubio of Florida. Both
of the aisle and hand McConnell a major- State of the Union address to a joint ses- promised Nov. 2 to challenge party leaders
ity. Ben Nelson of Nebraska has sided with sion of Congress. to adhere to conservative principles. Re-
Republicans on key votes, while Joseph I. • Feb. 7, 2011 By statute, the president is publican leaders plan to head off divisions
Lieberman, the independent who lost his required to submit his annual budget within their caucus by focusing on fiscal is-
Democratic primary in Connecticut in 2006 proposal to Congress by the first Monday sues, seeking spending cuts and blocking tax
but still caucuses with his former party, in February. increases. “We’re going to first focus on what
backed McCain for president in 2008. Both • Early February, 2012 Iowa caucuses and we agree on,” Alexander said.
Nelson and Lieberman are among those fac- New Hampshire presidential primaries. The makeup of the GOP Conference
ing 2012 re-election campaigns. • Aug. 27, 2012 Republican National Con- strongly favors conservatives, but moder-
vention begins in Tampa, Fla. ates would likely support an emphasis on
APush Fromthe Left budget belt-tightening. “Republicans can
• Sept. 3, 2012 Democratic National Con-
While many Democratic senators may feel vention begins, location TBD show sharp contrasts on stimulus spending
pressure from their right, Obama may feel • Nov. 6, 2012 Election Day and taxes,” Whitman said. “They’re going
pressure from his left. Henry Olsen, a po- to dig their heels in on that, and they need
litical analyst at the conservative American to. The whole tea party movement is a re-
Enterprise Institute, noted that both presidents who have faced sponse to spending that is out of control.” Still, DeMint and other
serious primary challenges when seeking a second term in recent conservatives are likely to press for votes on matters — such as
years — Jimmy Carter and George H.W. Bush — were defeated an earmark moratorium — that would divide rather than unite
in the general election. Olsen warned that Obama could risk such Republicans. “It used to be that minority leaders would rein in”
a challenge from the left if he strikes deals with Republicans the such efforts, Binder said. “Jesse Helms in the end would back down
way President Bill Clinton did in 1996. “Triangulation is not going when Howard Baker said enough is enough, it’s time to play. That’s
to be on the agenda,” Olsen said. not happening.”
Senators and observers say Democrats will likely tackle smaller If the past four years are any indication, the competing pressures
agenda items such as reauthorization of education, transportation on leaders will produce paradoxical results — more gridlock but
programs and energy-related bills rather than sweeping measures more bipartisan deals. For Reid and McConnell, it will be a back-
such as the health care overhaul or the financial regulatory rewrite to-the-future change. In this Congress, the Democrats’ control of
that consumed the current Congress. “The environment is going to 59 votes allowed Reid to gather the 60 votes needed to advance
have some pressures that will be conducive to cooperation in a few legislation over McConnell’s opposition 40 times. McConnell beat
different areas,” McConaghy said, citing possible spending cuts. Reid on such votes just 19 times. But when Democrats controlled
GOP primary voters made it clear this year that they were look- just 51 votes in 2007 and 2008, Reid was able to muster a filibus-
ing for conservative bona fides in their Senate candidates. Such ter-breaking 60 votes only 10 times without McConnell’s support,
demands ultimately cost Pennsylvania’s Arlen Specter and Utah’s while McConnell was able to deny Reid his needed 60 votes on 46
Robert F. Bennett their seats and helped deny nomination to sev- occasions. F
Page 14 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

DEMOGRAPHICS OF THE 112th CONGRESS


Even though the House and Senate chambers will play host to more than 100 new faces in January, in some ways the 112th Congress will
resemble the 111th. The new Congress is only slightly younger and slightly less female, with business, public service and legal jobs continuing
to be the most prevalent. Some of the more unusual career choices have included rodeo announcer, reality show personality and former NFL
player. Note that the Colorado Senate race was decided too late to include Democratic incumbent Michael Bennet in these statistics.

AP PHOTOS
Kelly Ayotte, whoeasily won an open seat in NewHampshire, will be one of TimScott of South Carolina will be one of twoblack Republicans beginning
at least four Republican women senators in the 112th Congress. their service in January.

AVERAGE AGE WITHADVANCEDDEGREES OCCUPATIONS


Senate SENATE 110th 111th 112th
112th 62 112th Congress
Law 58 54 52
63 Senate Public service / politics 31 32 36
111th
Business 27 26 28
110th 62
Education 14 16 13
House 75 Real estate 3 6 7
112th 56 (77%) Journalism 7 5 6
Agriculture 6 5 5
111th 56
Medicine / doctor 3 3 5
110th 56 Labor / blue collar 3 2 3
Artistic / creative 2 2 3
House
Actor / entertainment 0 1 3
UNDER THE AGE OF 40 Military 2 1 1
Homemaker/domestic 0 1 1
273 Miscellaneous 0 1 1
House Senate (52%) Professional sports 1 1 0

HOUSE 110th 111th 112th


27 2 Business 162 175 181
(6%) (2%) Public service / politics 171 182 172
Law 158 152 148
Education 86 78 68
111th Congress Real estate 35 35 40
Senate Agriculture 23 26 24
Medicine / doctor 13 16 19
Homemaker 6 12 13
Labor / blue collar 12 13 13
WOMENINCONGRESS 75 Secretarial / clerical 9 11 10
(78%) Health care 8 10 9
Senate Journalism 7 7 9
112th 15 Law enforcement 9 10 8
Military 4 6 8
111th 17
House Engineering 3 6 5
110th 16 Professional sports 1 1 4
Science 5 6 4
House Technical / skilled labor 2 4 4
112th 73 284 Clergy 3 1 3
(66%) Actor / entertainment 3 3 2
111th 77
Aeronautics 1 0 2
110th 73 Miscellaneous 2 1 1
Artistic / creative 1 0 0
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 15

DEMOGRAPHICS OF THE 112th CONGRESS


Pennsylvania: Chaka Fattah, D Texas: Francisco “Quico” Canseco, R; Henry Cuellar, D;
Black Charlie Gonzalez, D; Rubén Hinojosa, D; Silvestre Reyes,
South Carolina: James E. Clyburn, D; Tim Scott, R
HOUSE (44; two more than 111th) Texas: Al Green, D; Sheila Jackson Lee, D; Eddie Bernice D
Alabama: Terri A. Sewell, D Johnson, D Washington: Jaime Herrera, R
California: Karen Bass, D; Barbara Lee, D; Laura Richard- Virgin Islands: Donna M.C. Christensen, D (delegate)
son, D; Maxine Waters, D Virginia: Robert C. Scott, D American Indian
District of Columbia: Eleanor Holmes Norton, D Wisconsin: Gwen Moore, D HOUSE (1; no change from111th)
(delegate)
Oklahoma: Tom Cole, R
Florida: Corrine Brown, D; Alcee L. Hastings, D; Allen Hispanic
West, R; Frederica Wilson, D
SENATE (2; one fewer than in 111th)
Georgia: Sanford D. Bishop Jr., D; Hank Johnson, D; John Asian
Lewis, D; David Scott, D Florida: Marco Rubio, R
New Jersey: Robert Menendez, D SENATE (2; no change from111th)
Illinois: Danny K. Davis, D; Jesse L. Jackson Jr., D; Bobby
L. Rush, D; HOUSE (23; two fewer than in 111th) Hawaii: Daniel K. Akaka, D; Daniel K. Inouye, D
Indiana: Andre Carson, D Arizona: Ed Pastor, D HOUSE (9; two more than in 111th)
Louisiana: Cedric Richmond, D California: Joe Baca, D; Xavier Becerra, D; Grace F. American Samoa: Eni F.H. Faleomavaega, D (delegate)
Maryland: Elijah E. Cummings, D; Donna Edwards, D Napolitano, D; Lucille Roybal-Allard, D; Loretta San- California: Judy Chu, D; Michael M. Honda, D; Doris
Michigan: Hansen Clarke, D; John Conyers Jr., D chez, D; Linda T. Sánchez, D Matsui, D
Minnesota: Keith Ellison, D Florida: Mario Diaz-Balart, R; David Rivera, R; Ileana Hawaii: Colleen Hanabusa, D; Mazie K. Hirono, D
Ros-Lehtinen, R Northern Mariana Islands: Gregorio Kilili Camacho
Mississippi: Bennie Thompson, D
Idaho: Raúl R. Labrador, R Sablan, D (delegate)
Missouri: William Lacy Clay, D; Emanuel Cleaver II, D
Illinois: Luis V. Gutierrez, D Ohio: Steve Austria, R
New Jersey: Donald M. Payne, D
New Jersey: Albio Sires, D Oregon: David Wu, D
NewYork: Yvette D. Clarke, D; Gregory W. Meeks, D;
Charles B. Rangel, D; Edolphus Towns, D New Mexico: Ben Ray Luján, D
NewYork: José E. Serrano, D; Nydia M. Velázquez, D
North Carolina: G.K. Butterfield, D; Melvin Watt, D
Puerto Rico: Pedro R. Pierluisi, D (delegate)
Ohio: Marcia L. Fudge, D

Religion Women
SENATE Count HOUSE (73, four fewer than in 111th) Pennsylvania: Allyson Y. Schwartz, D
Roman Catholic 22 Alabama: Martha Roby, R; Terri A. Sewell, D South Dakota: Kristi Noem, R
Presbyterian 14 California: Terri A. Sewell, D; Karen Bass, D; Mary Bono Tennessee: Diane Black, R; Marsha Blackburn, R
Jewish 12 Mack, R; Lois Capps, D; Judy Chu, D; Susan A. Davis, Texas: Kay Granger, R; Sheila Jackson Lee, D;
Methodist 11 D; Anna G. Eshoo, D; Jane Harman, D; Barbara Lee, D; Eddie Bernice Johnson, D
Protestant - Unspecified 10 Zoe Lofgren, D; Doris Matsui, D; Grace F. Napolitano, D; Virgin Islands: Donna M.C. Christensen, D (delegate)
Baptist 8 Nancy Pelosi, D; Laura Richardson, D; Lucille Roybal-
Allard, D; Linda T. Sanchez, D; Loretta Sánchez, D; Jackie Washington: Jaime Herrera, R; Cathy McMorris
Mormon 5 Rodgers, R
Episcopalian 4 Speier, D; Maxine Waters, D; Lynn Woolsey, D
Lutheran 4 Colorado: Diana DeGette, D West Virginia: Shelley Moore Capito, R
United Church of Christ and Congregationalist 4 Connecticut Rosa DeLauro, D Wisconsin: Tammy Baldwin, D; Gwen Moore, D
Eastern Orthodox 1 District of Columbia: Eleanor Holmes Norton, D Wyoming: Cynthia M. Lummis, R
Unitarian 1 (delegate)
Christian Reform Church 1 Florida: Corrine Brown, D; Kathy Castor, D; Suzanne M. SENATE (15, two fewer than in 111th)
Kosmas, D; Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R; Debbie Wasserman California: Barbara Boxer, D; Dianne Feinstein, D
HOUSE
Roman Catholic 126 Schultz, D; Frederica Wilson, D Louisiana: Mary L. Landrieu, D
Baptist 60 Guam: Madeleine Z. Bordallo, D (delegate) Maine: Susan Collins, R; Olympia J. Snowe, R
Protestant - Unspecified 55 Hawaii: Colleen Hanabusa, D; Mazie K. Hirono, D Maryland: Barbara A. Mikulski, D
Methodist 37 Illinois: Judy Biggert, R; Jan Schakowsky, D Michigan: Debbie Stabenow, D
Episcopalian 31 Kansas: Lynn Jenkins, R Minnesota: Amy Klobuchar, D
Presbyterian 30 Maine: Chellie Pingree, D Missouri: Claire McCaskill, D
Jewish 26
Maryland: Donna Edwards, D New Hampshire: Kelly Ayotte, R; Jeanne Shaheen, D
Lutheran 22
Mormon 9 Massachusetts: Niki Tsongas, D NewYork: Kirsten Gillibrand, D
Unspecified 5 Michigan: Candice S. Miller, R North Carolina: Kay Hagan, D
Eastern Orthodox 4 Minnesota: Michele Bachmann, R; Betty McCollum, D Texas: Kay Bailey Hutchison, R
Christian Scientist 3 Missouri: Jo Ann Emerson, R; Vicky Hartzler, R Washington: Maria Cantwell, D
African Methodist Episcopal 3 Nevada: Shelley Berkley, D
Buddhist 3 NewYork: Yvette D. Clarke, D; Nan Hayworth, R; Nita M.
Seventh-day Adventist 2 Lowey, D; Carolyn B. Maloney, D; Carolyn McCarthy, D;
Muslim 2 Louise M. Slaughter, D; Nydia M. Velázquez, D
United Church of Christ and Congregationalist 2 North Carolina: Renee Ellmers, R; Virginia Foxx, R;
Christian Reformed Church 1 Sue Myrick, R
Unitarian 1
Ohio: Marcia L. Fudge, D; Marcy Kaptur, D;
Community of Christ 1
Jean Schmidt, R; Betty Sutton, D
Quaker 1

Figures do not include any candidates in races too close to call.


Page 16 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

DEPARTINGMEMBERS

Retiring FromSenate (6 D, 5 R) Retiring FromHouse (11 D, 8 R)


Elected
Evan Bayh, D-Ind. 1998 Brian Baird, D-Wash. (3) 1998 Dennis Moore, D-Kan. (3) 1998
Christopher S. Bond, R-Mo. 1986 Marion Berry, D-Ark. (1) 1996 David R. Obey, D-Wis. (7) 1969
Henry E. Brown Jr., R-S.C. (1) 2000 George Radanovich, R-Calif. (19) 1994
Jim Bunning, R-Ky. 1998
Ginny Brown-Waite, R-Fla. (5) 2002 John Shadegg, R-Ariz. (3) 1994
Roland W. Burris, D-Ill. 2009*
Steve Buyer, R-Ind. (4) 1992 Vic Snyder, D-Ark. (2) 1996
Christopher J. Dodd, D-Conn. 1980
Bill Delahunt, D-Mass. (10) 1996 Bart Stupak, D-Mich. (1) 1992
Byron L. Dorgan, D-N.D. 1992 Lincoln Diaz-Balart, R-Fla. (21) 1992 John Tanner, D-Tenn. (8) 1988
Carte P. Goodwin, D-W.Va. 2010* Vernon J. Ehlers, R-Mich. (3) 1993 Diane Watson, D-Calif. (33) 2001
Judd Gregg, R-N.H. 1992 Bart Gordon, D-Tenn. (6) 1984
Ted Kaufman, D-Del. 2009* Patrick J. Kennedy, D-R.I. (1) 1994
George LeMieux, R-Fla. 2009* John Linder, R-Ga. (7) 1992
George V. Voinovich, R-Ohio 1998

Lost Campaign for Renomination (3 D, 4 R) Resigned FromOffice (9 D, 4 R)


Elected Winner of Nomination Elected Date; Reason
Sen. Robert F. Bennett, R-Utah 1992 Mike Lee (R) Rep. Neil Abercrombie, 1990 Feb. 28, 2010;
D-Hawaii (1) ran for governor
Rep. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, 1996 Hansen Clarke (D)
Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr., D-Del. 1972 Jan. 15, 2009;
D-Mich. (13)
elected vice president
Rep. Parker Griffith, R-Ala. (5) 2008 Mo Brooks (R)
Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, 2000 Jan. 21, 2009;
Rep. Bob Inglis, R-S.C. (4) 2004 Trey Gowdy (R) D-N.Y. appointed secretary of State
Rep. Alan B. Mollohan, D-W.Va. (1) 1982 Mike Oliverio (D) Rep. Nathan Deal, R-Ga. (9) 1992 March 21, 2010;
Sen. Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska 2004 Joe Miller (R) ran for governor
(ran as write-in candidate) Sen. Paul G. Kirk Jr., D-Mass. 2009* Feb. 4, 2010;
Sen. Arlen Specter, D-Pa. 1980 Rep. Joe Sestak (D) seat filled by special election
Sen. Mel Martinez, R-Fla. 2004 Sept. 9, 2009
Sought Other Office (6 D, 12 R) Rep. Eric Massa, D-N.Y. (29) 2008 March 8, 2010
Elected
Result Rep. John M. McHugh, 1992 Sept. 21, 2009;
Rep. J. Gresham Barrett, R-S.C. (3) 2002Lost gubernatorial primary R-N.Y. (23) appointed secretary of Army
Rep. Roy Blunt, R-Mo. (7) 1996Elected to Senate Sen. Ken Salazar, D-Colo. 2004 Jan. 20, 2009;
Rep. John Boozman, R-Ark. (3) 2001Elected to Senate appointed secretary of Interior
Sen. Sam Brownback, R-Kan. 1996Elected governor Rep. Hilda L. Solis, D-Calif. (32) 2000 Feb. 24, 2009;
Rep. Michael N. Castle, R-Del. (AL) 1992Lost Senate primary appointed secretary of Labor
Rep. Artur Davis, D-Ala. (7) 2002Lost gubernatorial primary Rep. Mark Souder, R-Ind. (3) 1994 May 21, 2010
Rep. Brad Ellsworth, D-Ind. (8) 2006Lost Senate race Rep. Ellen O. Tauscher, 1996 June 26, 2009; appointed
D-Calif. (10) undersecretary of State
Rep. Mary Fallin, R-Okla. (5) 2006Elected governor
Rep. Robert Wexler, D-Fla. (19) 1996 Jan. 3, 2010;
Rep. Paul W. Hodes, D-N.H. (2) 2006Lost Senate race joined nonprofit organization
Rep. Peter Hoekstra, R-Mich. (2) 1992Lost gubernatorial primary
Rep. Mark Steven Kirk, R-Ill. (10) 2000Elected to Senate Deceased Members (3 D)
Rep. Kendrick B. Meek, D-Fla. (17) 2002Lost Senate race Elected Died
Rep. Charlie Melancon, D-La. (3) 2004Lost Senate race Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va. 1958 June 28, 2010
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass. 1962 Aug. 25, 2009
Rep. Jerry Moran, R-Kan. (1) 1996Elected to Senate
Rep. John P. Murtha, D-Pa. (12) 1974 Feb. 8, 2010
Rep. Adam H. Putnam, R-Fla. (12) 2000Elected state agriculture
commissioner Appointed to Senate (1 D)
Rep. Joe Sestak, D-Pa. (7) 2006 Lost Senate race Elected Resigned
Rep. Todd Tiahrt, R-Kan. (4) 1994 Lost Senate primary Rep. Kirsten Gillibrand, D-N.Y. (20) 2006 Jan. 26, 2009
Rep. Zach Wamp, R-Tenn. (3) 1994 Lost gubernatorial primary

* Appointed to seat
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 17

DEPARTINGMEMBERS

Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark.

LEFT: GETTY IMAGES / DARREN HAUCK; RIGHT: CQ FILE PHOTO


Russ Feingold, D-Wis.

SENATORS Defeated in the General Election (2 D) REPRESENTATIVES cont.


Elected Defeated by Mary Jo Kilroy, D-Ohio (15) 2008 Steve Stivers (R)
Russ Feingold, D-Wis. 1992 Ron Johnson (R) Ann Kirkpatrick, D-Ariz. (1) 2008 Paul Gosar (R)
Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark. 1998 Rep. John Boozman (R) Ron Klein, D-Fla. (22) 2006 Allen West (R)
Suzanne M. Kosmas, D-Fla. (24) 2008 Sandy Adams (R)
REPRESENTATIVES Defeated in the General Election (49 D, 2 R)
Frank Kratovil Jr., D-Md. (1) 2008 Andy Harris (R)
John Adler, D-N.J. (3) 2008 Jon Runyan (R)
Betsy Markey, D-Colo. (4) 2008 Cory Gardner (R)
Michael Arcuri, D-N.Y. (24) 2006 Richard Hanna (R)
Jim Marshall, D-Ga. (8) 2002 Austin Scott (R)
John Boccieri, D-Ohio (16) 2008 Jim Renacci (R)
Michael E. McMahon, D-N.Y. (13) 2008 Michael Grimm (R)
Rick Boucher, D-Va. (9) 1982 Morgan Griffith (R)
Walt Minnick, D-Idaho (1) 2008 Raul Labrador (R)
Allen Boyd, D-Fla. (2) 1996 Steve Southerland (R)
Harry E. Mitchell, D-Ariz. (5) 2006 David Schweikert (R)
Bobby Bright, D-Ala. (2) 2008 Martha Roby (R)
Patrick J. Murphy, D-Pa. (8) 2006 Mike Fitzpatrick (R)
Anh “Joseph” Cao, R-La. (2) 2008 Cedric Richmond (D)
Scott Murphy, D-N.Y. (20) 2009 Chris Gibson (R)
Christopher Carney, D-Pa. (10) 2006 Tom Marino (R)
Glenn Nye, D-Va. (2) 2008 Scott Rigell (R)
Travis W. Childers, D-Miss. (1) 2008 Alan Nunnelee (R)
James L. Oberstar, D-Minn. (8) 1974 Chip Cravaack (R)
Kathy Dahlkemper, D-Pa. (3) 2008 Mike Kelly (R)
Tom Perriello, D-Va. (5) 2008 Robert Hurt (R)
Lincoln Davis, D-Tenn. (4) 2002 Scott DesJarlais (R)
Earl Pomeroy, D-N.D. (AL) 1992 Rick Berg (R)
Charles K. Djou, R-Hawaii (1) 2010 Colleen Hanabusa (D)
Ciro D. Rodriguez, D-Texas (23) 2006 Francisco “Quico”
Steve Driehaus, D-Ohio (1) 2008 Steve Chabot (R)
Canseco (R)
Chet Edwards, D-Texas (17) 1990 Bill Flores (R)
John Salazar, D-Colo. (3) 2004 Scott Tipton (R)
Bob Etheridge, D-N.C. (2) 1996 Renee Ellmers (R)
Mark Schauer, D-Mich. (7) 2008 Tim Walberg (R)
Bill Foster, D-Ill. (14) 2008 Randy Hultgren (R)
Carol Shea-Porter, D-N.H. (1) 2006 Frank Guinta (R)
Alan Grayson, D-Fla. (8) 2008 Dan Webster (R)
Ike Skelton, D-Mo. (4) 1976 Vicky Hartzler (R)
John Hall, D-N.Y. (19) 2006 Nan Hayworth (R)
Zack Space, D-Ohio (18) 2006 Bob Gibbs (R)
Debbie Halvorson, D-Ill. (11) 2008 Adam Kinzinger (R)
John M. Spratt Jr., D-S.C. (5) 1982 Mick Mulvaney (R)
Phil Hare, D-Ill. (17) 2006 Bobby Schilling (R)
Gene Taylor, D-Miss. (4) 1989 Steven Palazzo (R)
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin, D-S.D. (AL) 2004 Kristi Noem (R)
Harry Teague, D-N.M. (2) 2008 Steve Pearce (R)
Baron P. Hill, D-Ind. (9) 2006 Todd Young (R)
Dina Titus, D-Nev. (3) 2008 Joe Heck (R)
Steve Kagen, D-Wis. (8) 2006 Reid Ribble (R)
Charlie Wilson, D-Ohio (6) 2006 Bill Johnson (R)
Paul E. Kanjorski, D-Pa. (11) 1984 Lou Barletta (R)

Races too close to call at press time not included


Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 19

NEW MEMBERS
of the 112th Congress
The Democratic tide that swept President Obama into office and The 112th will include the first African-American Republicans
expanded the Democratic majorities in 2008 reversed this year, pulling in Congress since 2003: Tim Scott of South Carolina and Allen West
the party out of power in the House, trimming its majority in the Senate of Florida. It also will include a former vice president’s son, Republi-
and leaving Obama to face a more conservative Congress over the next can Ben Quayle of Arizona. California Democrat Nancy Pelosi will no
two years. longer be Speaker, but a former Speaker of the California Assembly,
In total, one-fifth of the new Congress will be freshmen. Democrat Karen Bass, is coming to Congress. The arrival of New Jersey
The diminished Democratic Caucus in the House will be more lib- Republican Jon Runyan will double the number of ex-NFL players in
eral. Many of those who lost Nov. 2 came from the party’s moderate the House.
ranks. The following pages highlight the plans and backgrounds of newly
Republicans could face a different challenge as distinctions be- elected members of both chambers. A handful of the profiles are for can-
tween the chambers grow. Generally, when a party’s numbers increase, didates in races whose outcomes had not been determined at press time.
the caucus becomes less ideological. That might prove true in the House. In addition, five new members — Republican Reps. Tom Reed of
But the Senate GOP Conference is likely to shift to the right. In addition New York and Marlin Stutzman of Indiana, GOP Sen. Mark Steven
to the Republicans who won Democratic seats, several Republicans can Kirk of Illinois and Democratic Sens. Chris Coons of Delaware and Joe
be expected to be more reliably conservative than the party colleagues Manchin III of West Virginia — will be seated immediately because they
they replaced. Mike Lee of Utah, Marco Rubio of Florida, Rob Portman are filling vacant seats (in the case of the House members) or replacing
of Ohio and Roy Blunt of Missouri fall into that category. appointed members (in the case of the senators).
Page 20 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

s e n at e
TOO CLOSE TO CALL AT PRESS TIME
Arkansas Colorado
John Boozman, R Ken Buck, R
Pronounced: BOZE-man Election: Opposed Sen. Michael Bennet, D
Election: Defeated Sen. Blanche Lincoln, D Residence: Greeley
Residence: Rogers Born: Feb. 16, 1959; Ossining, N.Y.
Born: Dec. 10, 1950; Shreveport, La. Religion: Wesleyan
Religion: Baptist Family: Wife, Perry Buck; two children
Family: Wife, Cathy Boozman; three children Education: Princeton U., A.B. 1981 (politics); U. of
Education: U. of Arkansas, attended 1969-72; Wyoming, J.D. 1985
Southern College of Optometry, O.D. 1977 Career: Construction company business adviser;
Career: Optometrist; cattle-farm owner federal prosecutor; congressional aide; lawyer;
Political highlights: Rogers Public Schools Board of Education, 1994-2001; state legislative aide
U.S. House, 2001-present Political highlights: Assistant U.S. attorney, 1990-2002; Weld County district
attorney, 2005-present

W hen Boozman defeated Democratic incumbent Lincoln, Ar-


kansas lost its home-state Agriculture chairwoman, but the
nation’s top rice producer still will have a member on the panel.
B uck’s policy positions and his allegiances to sitting senators
such as Republican Jim DeMint of South Carolina should
help him fit in solidly with the small-government, conservative
That’s because Republican leader Mitch McConnell has prom- wing of the Senate Republican Conference. Along with other
ised Boozman a seat on the Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry conservatives elected in 2010, he will be a “no” vote on most
Committee, the incoming senator says. Democratic policy initiatives and even on some ideas offered by
Agriculture won’t be the only area Boozman will focus on. fellow Republicans.
He also plans to remain active on veterans’ issues and public During his campaign, Buck pledged not to raise taxes, arguing
works, but is less sure that he will get the Senate equivalents that the federal government’s deficit problems are caused by over-
of his House assignments on the Veterans’ Affairs and Trans- spending rather than too little revenue. He suggested several ways
portation and Infrastructure committees. to reduce spending on Social Security, such as raising the retire-
Boozman’s top priority will be “getting people back to work ment age, reducing benefits for wealthier people and establishing
[by] giving businesses incentives.” private accounts for younger workers.
In the House, Boozman was a champion of local interests, He has supported budget cuts at the Department of Education
including retail giant Wal-Mart Stores Inc., which is headquar- and the National Endowment for the Arts, and he backs reducing
tered in Bentonville, and the Springdale-based poultry and “out of control” spending elsewhere.
meat player Tyson Foods Inc. Those proposals would help Buck meet the strict demands
Because he sees lower taxes as a way to revive the economy, imposed by one of his top priorities: As his first piece of Senate
Boozman not only wants to extend income tax breaks Con- legislation, he plans to introduce a constitutional amendment that
gress approved in 2001 and 2003 under President George W. would require the government to balance the budget. A similar
Bush, but he also thinks additional tax cuts may be necessary. proposal that DeMint introduced in 2010 attracted 16 cosponsors,
“Right now the industrialized world is cutting its taxes,” all Republicans.
Boozman says. “I think I would be in favor, in order to get the As a candidate, Buck opposed all of the signature initiatives
economy back on track, to cut taxes on business to create jobs.” of the Obama administration. Like other GOP critics, he wants
The emphasis on business reflects Boozman’s experience to repeal the 2010 health care overhaul and replace it with
as a cattle rancher and cofounder with his brother, Fay, of an market-driven approaches such as health savings accounts and
eye clinic. tax breaks designed to encourage people to purchase their own
As his state’s lone Republican House member since win- insurance policies.
ning a 2001 special election, Boozman modeled himself after During the campaign, Buck rode the support of social conser-
Republican John Paul Hammerschmidt, who represented the vatives who shared his opposition to abortion and embryonic
3rd District from 1967 until 1993. Boozman, a fiscal and social stem-cell research. He also harnessed the energy of the tea party
conservative, says Congress could cut taxes, spend wisely on movement, particularly in the Republican primary. Like many of
priority needs and still chip away at the federal deficit. those activists, he supports gun rights and opposes any “amnesty”
“We’re going to have to be very, very careful where we spend for illegal immigrants.
our dollars and make sure they are for projects that will not In addition to a seat on the Budget Committee, Buck hopes to
only create jobs when they’re being done but create tremen- secure assignments on panels that have particular importance to
dous economic opportunity after that,” Boozman says. Colorado, such as Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, or Energy
In addition to tackling the economy, Boozman says the and Natural Resources.
112th Congress should work to regain constituents’ trust. On energy issues, Buck argues for aggressive domestic pro-
“The business community, the people of America have lost duction of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas; he sup-
confidence in Congress. We’re going to need to come up with ports nuclear energy and opposes a cap-and-trade system for
a plan . . . to restore that confidence,” he says. limiting greenhouse-gas emissions.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 21

s e n at e

Connecticut D e l awa r e
Richard Blumenthal, D Chris Coons, D
Election: Defeated Linda McMahon, R, to succeed Election: Defeated Christine O’Donnell, R, to succeed
Christopher J. Dodd, D, who retired Ted Kaufman, D, who retired
Residence: Greenwich Residence: Wilmington
Born: Feb. 13, 1946; Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: Sept. 9, 1963; Greenwich, Conn.
Religion: Jewish Religion: Presbyterian
Family: Wife, Cynthia Blumenthal; four children Family: Wife, Annie Lingenfelter; three children
Education: Harvard U., A.B. 1967 (political science); Education: Amherst College, A.B. 1985 (chemistry
Cambridge U., attended 1967-68; Yale U., J.D. 1973 & political science); Yale U., J.D. 1992, M.A.R. 1992
Military: Marine Corps Reserve 1970-75 (ethics)
Career: Lawyer; congressional aide; White House aide Career: Lawyer; education foundation aide; campaign aide
Political highlights: U.S. attorney, 1977-81; Conn. House, 1984-87; Conn. Political highlights: New Castle County Council president, 2001-05; New
Senate, 1987-91; Conn. attorney general, 1991-present Castle County executive, 2005-present

A traditional Northeastern Democrat on most issues, Blumenthal


is unlikely to depart significantly from the voting pattern of
retiring Democrat Christopher J. Dodd, who held the seat for the
C ut from a decidedly progressive cloth, Coons is the rarest type
of freshman entering the Senate in January — an avowed liberal
who believes government can and should do more.
past 30 years and was chairman of the Banking, Housing and Urban While much of the new freshman class was swept in on a wave of
Affairs Committee. economic discontent and anti-Obama sentiments, Coons may end
Yet like many candidates who sought to distance themselves up being the sole new supporter the administration and Demo-
from their national parties during the 2010 campaign, Blumenthal cratic leaders can consistently count on in the Senate.
says he’ll be an independent voice. Most notably, he says he would Like Democratic predecessors Ted Kaufman and Vice President
have voted against the 2008 financial industry bailout that Dodd Joseph R. Biden Jr., Coons — a lawyer and New Castle County
helped draft and the 2009 economic stimulus law enacted in the executive — can be expected to bring a fairly traditional liberal ap-
first months of the Obama administration. proach to his work in the Senate.
More parochially, Blumenthal, like Dodd, opposed President Like both Kaufman and Biden, Coons is expected to be a vigor-
Obama’s decision to cancel the F-22 fighter program — the engine ous supporter of infrastructure spending. In particular, Coons will
is made in Connecticut — and says he’ll fight to restart production. become one of the new standard bearers for Amtrak, the passenger
Blumenthal got a taste of the Senate when he worked as an train service that runs the length of Delaware and is an important
administrative assistant to Connecticut Democratic Abraham A. employer in the state.
Ribicoff early in his career. With the economy expected to dominate the political land-
He promises to bring an attorney general’s mind-set to the scape for the foreseeable future, Coons will likely line up behind
Senate, with a focus on consumer protection issues — particularly Democratic leaders on issues such as Social Security, unem-
with regard to the pharmaceutical and energy industries. He was a ployment benefits and efforts to boost the economy through
harsh critic of BP in the aftermath of the 2010 oil spill in the Gulf government action.
of Mexico, and he recently called for an investigation into banks’ One area where Coons and the White House could be at odds,
handling of rampant foreclosures. His 20 years as Connecticut’s however, is taxes.
attorney general could make him a good fit for the Judiciary Coons ultimately backed the idea of extending all of the Bush-
Committee. era tax cuts, including those for people in the upper income brack-
Blumenthal wants to repeal tax breaks for companies that do ets — if it is done as part of a bipartisan agreement that includes
business overseas and supports more “Buy America” provisions tax breaks for small businesses and extension of the research and
that steer government funding to U.S. companies. Connecticut development tax credit.
has sought to position itself as a leader in fuel cell technology, A second area where Coons might come in conflict with the
and Blumenthal wants to extend the federal “48c” tax credit, administration is trade. While the White House will look to move
enacted as part of the 2009 stimulus, for clean-energy manu- a series of trade agreements early next year, Coons sides with
facturers. Utility costs are a major issue in Connecticut, and organized labor and other liberal constituencies in demanding
Blumenthal has promised to press changes to the Federal Energy protections for the environment and workers.
Regulatory Commission. Along with other attorneys general, he But on most other issues, Coons should be a supporter of
expressed support for the cap-and-trade bill passed in the House Democratic proposals.
in 2009. On education, Coons has been critical of the Bush-era overhaul
He also has said he wants to push a “No Veteran Left Behind” known as No Child Left Behind and has vowed to work for changes
program to improve the Department of Veterans Affairs’ claims- to the law. Similarly, he supports climate change legislation and
processing system, expand mental health services, tax breaks and alternative-energy projects.
training opportunities for veterans, and support female veterans. On social issues, Coons will be a reliably liberal vote. He opposes
Blumenthal wants the administration to label China as a cur- attempts to impose restrictions on abortion rights and supports
rency manipulator, a move that could lead to economic penalties. same-sex marriage.
Page 22 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

s e n at e

Florida IllinoiS
Marco Rubio, R Mark Steven Kirk, R
Election: Defeated Kendrick B. Meek, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Alexi Giannoulias, D, to succeed
George LeMieux, R, who retired Roland W. Burris, D, who retired
Residence: West Miami Residence: Highland Park
Born: May 28, 1971; Miami, Fla. Born: Sept. 15, 1959; Champaign, Ill.
Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Congregationalist
Family: Wife, Jeanette Rubio; four children Family: Divorced
Education: Tarkio College, attended 1989-90; Santa Education: Cornell U., B.A. 1981 (history); London
Fe Community College, attended 1990-91; U. of School of Economics, M.S. 1982; Georgetown U., J.D.
Florida, B.S. 1993 (political science); U. of Miami, J.D. 1992
1996 Military: Naval Reserve 1989-present
Career: Lawyer; campaign aide Career: Lawyer; U.S. State Department aide; World Bank officer; congres-
Political highlights: West Miami City Commission, 1998-00; Fla. House, sional aide
2000-2008 (majority leader, 2003-06; Speaker, 2006-08) Political highlights: U.S. House, 2001-present

T he youngest U.S. senator and the only Hispanic Republican


in the chamber, Rubio is a telegenic rising star in the GOP
who is already being talked about as a future presidential can-
K irk, who has charted a path of fiscal conservatism and social
moderation during his five terms in the House, says he plans to
continue in that vein as his state’s junior senator.
didate. Despite his concerns about the deficit, he wants to expand the
He got to the Senate by consolidating conservative support in Small Business Administration, the Department of Agriculture
the Sunshine State and forcing his powerful primary competitor, and the U.S. Trade Development Agency to help Illinois farmers
Gov. Charlie Crist, to abandon the Republican Party and run as and small businesses boost exports into growing markets.
an independent. Rubio, who describes himself as a “mainstream He pledges to be an advocate for heavy manufacturing and
conservative,” rode the tea party wave into office, promising to agriculture — both major drivers of the Illinois economy — and
oppose President Obama’s agenda, seek the repeal of Democrats’ he cites the Agriculture Committee as a good fit for his priorities.
March 2010 health care overhaul, block tax increases and roll back He also has his eye on the Commerce, Science and Transporta-
federal spending. tion Committee — a perch that would help him update the state’s
“By and large, government needs to get out of the way and allow rail, aviation and highway systems, which Kirk says would boost
us to go out and get for ourselves those things we want,” he says. the Illinois economy by making it easier to get goods to markets.
Rubio opposes abortion rights, backs a balanced budget consti- Kirk wants to improve airport security and continue his work
tutional amendment and says he would have voted against Elena on Transportation Security Administration measures.
Kagan’s nomination to the Supreme Court. On national defense The self-described “national security hawk” hopes to be an asset
and foreign policy, Rubio argued against Obama’s plans to close on defense issues as well. He took part in two weeks of training
the U.S. detention center at Guantánamo Bay and has questioned missions in Afghanistan as a Navy reservist in 2008 and says his
the president’s support for Israel. background could be useful in both military policy and homeland
In his campaign, Rubio tacked to the right of Crist on im- security issues. He has pushed to boost the rewards for informa-
migration, proclaiming his support for Arizona’s right to pass tion on international terrorists, including Osama bin Laden,
a law toughening local law enforcement’s role in combatting and opposes moving prisoners from Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, to
illegal immigration and promoting a focus on border security. detention facilities in the United States. He serves on three Appro-
But as a son of immigrants — his parents were refugees from priations subcommittees in the House, including the Homeland
Fidel Castro’s Cuba — he frequently describes himself as “pro- Security panel.
immigration” and says he supports efforts to bolster legal im- He also has an interest in veterans’ issues, including providing
migration to the country. housing vouchers for homeless veterans and their families and
Rubio says he favors offshore oil and gas drilling, despite general increasing health care and educational opportunities.
opposition to drilling off the state’s coasts by most Floridians. A moderate, Kirk has backed gun control measures but sup-
But he has emphasized his opposition to Republicans’ proposed ported the Supreme Court decision negating the Washington,
privatization of Social Security. Florida has the highest percentage D.C., handgun ban. He supports an energy policy that includes
of people ages 65 and older of any state. nuclear energy, offshore oil exploration, and a tax credit for renew-
As Florida House speaker, Rubio developed an initiative called able hydro, wind, solar and biomass energy production.
“100 Innovative Ideas for Florida’s Future” and sought to turn At the same time, he pushes for fiscal restraint, an end to ear-
those ideas into legislative proposals. He followed a similar strategy marking and a balanced budget.
as a Senate candidate, proposing 80 “Ideas to Reclaim America.” He supports making the Bush-era tax cuts permanent, as well as
As a result, he is likely to assume a role in the Senate Republican permanently repealing the estate tax and “marriage penalty” and
caucus as a policy and legislative strategist. doubling the child tax credit.
GOP leaders have also said Rubio could be a good national Kirk says a slot on the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs
spokesman for the party and help Republicans reach out to His- Committee would help him pursue some of his goals on economic
panic and young voters. issues.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 23

s e n at e

Indiana Ka n s a s
Dan Coats, R Jerry Moran, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Brad Ellsworth, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Lisa Johnston, D, to succeed Sam
Evan Bayh, D, who retired Brownback, R, who ran for governor
Residence: Indianapolis Residence: Hays
Born: May 16, 1943; Jackson, Mich. Born: May 29, 1954; Great Bend, Kan.
Religion: Presbyterian Religion: Methodist
Family: Wife, Marsha Coats; three children Family: Wife, Robba Moran; two children
Education: Wheaton College, B.A. 1965 (political Education: U. of Kansas, B.S. 1976 (economics),
science); Indiana U., Indianapolis, J.D. 1972 J.D. 1981; Fort Hays Kansas State College, attended
Military: Army Corps of Engineers, 1966-68 1972-73
Career: Lobbyist; congressional district aide; lawyer Career: Lawyer; banker
Political highlights: U.S. House, 1981-89; U.S. ambassador to Germany, Political highlights: Kan. Senate, 1989-97 (vice president, 1993-95; majority
2001-05 leader, 1995-97); U.S. House, 1997-present

C oats has extensive experience working on national security is-


sues, having served on the Armed Services and Select Intelligence
committees during his previous tenure in the Senate. Coats’ post-
M oran is prepared to reach across the aisle in the Senate, where he
plans to focus on the economy and the needs of his constitu-
ents, particularly veterans and rural residents.
Congress career has included service as U.S. ambassador to Germany “I’m a conservative, but I am not an overly partisan member,”
and time spent as a lobbyist. he says, emphasizing his ability to work with lawmakers of both
That experience is “something I’ll be able to employ to parties and bridge the gap between conservatives and moderates.
address the critical national security issues we face from day “I respect other people’s points of view.”
one,” he says. He demonstrated his independent streak as a House member,
He supports continuing to operate the U.S. base at voting against the GOP’s program for Medicare prescription drug
Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, and vows to prevent the transfer of benefits in 2003, for example.
terrorism suspects detained there to the United States. Democrats “got off track by making health care first and
Coats opposes what he refers to as the Obama administra- foremost” in the 111th Congress, he says. “Employment, jobs,
tion’s “nice diplomacy” approach in the Middle East and says economy need to remain the top priority.” In setting goals for the
he will pursue sanctions to prevent Iran from developing 112th, Moran says, lawmakers should get spending under control,
nuclear weapons. If such sanctions fail to persuade the leaders overhaul the earmarking process, balance the budget and promote
in Tehran to abandon their nuclear weapons program, Coats “the opportunity for business to succeed.”
says, the White House should consider a military strike against While he admits there are serious problems with the current
Iranian nuclear facilities. health care system, Moran is frustrated with the Democrats’
He wants to halt the funding of any new federal programs, health care overhaul. Immediately after Congress cleared the bill,
regardless of their need or popularity, in order to find ways to he presented legislation to repeal the law, but recognizes a repeal
shrink the budget. He says that at current levels, federal spending will not happen while President Obama is in office. He plans to
is adding to the growing number of problems that future genera- take part in efforts to reduce the law’s “effects and burdens” by
tions must address. altering or refusing to fund portions of it. As a former co-chairman
Coats, who is the son of an immigrant, says the government of the House Rural Health Care Coalition, he is particularly con-
must focus on improving its immigration policies. He says he cerned about the law’s effect on health care delivery in rural areas.
would expedite deportation of people found to be in the country Moran helped write two farm bills during his time on the House
illegally, reimburse states for the costs of incarcerating violators Agriculture Committee, and he sees himself as an important voice
and prohibit the payment of federal benefits to illegal immigrants. for farmers when lawmakers consider a new farm bill in the 112th,
“People have to be convinced before they look at anything else which he calls a “very urban and suburban Congress.”
that we need to stop the bleeding, stop the flow of illegal immi- Moran hopes to work with members of both parties on energy
grants into this country,” he says. policy as well, and he expresses strong support for expanding
Coats also favors hiring additional immigration officers, in- nuclear power and developing renewable sources of energy.
creasing penalties for individuals found to have smuggled undocu- He served on the House Transportation and Infrastructure
mented workers into the country and establishing pilot programs and Veterans’ Affairs committees and hopes to continue working
for worker verification. on those panels’ issues. Moran also desires a seat on the Armed
He does not support the Obama administration’s health care Services Committee, noting that Kansas has “almost always” had
policies and instead favors plans that would allow privatization of a senator on the panel but is not currently represented there.
federal heath care programs. True to his pragmatic brand of conservatism, Moran says he is
He opposes abortion and has been endorsed by the National waiting for a report from military leaders before taking a position
Right to Life group. During his previous time in the Senate, he on the “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy that bans openly gay service-
supported legislation to ban the procedure known as “partial members. He backs making the Defense budget more efficient,
birth” abortion. while supporting the significant military presence in Kansas.
Page 24 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

s e n at e

Kentucky Missouri
Rand Paul, R Roy Blunt, R
Election: Defeated Jack Conway, D, to succeed Jim Election: Defeated Robin Carnahan, D, to succeed
Bunning, R, who retired Christopher S. Bond, R, who retired
Residence: Bowling Green Residence: Strafford
Born: Jan. 7, 1963; Pittsburgh, Pa. Born: Jan. 10, 1950; Niangua, Mo.
Religion: Presbyterian Religion: Baptist
Family: Wife, Kelley Paul; three children Family: Wife, Abigail Blunt; four children
Education: Baylor U., attended 1981-84; Duke U., M.D. Education: Southwest Baptist U., B.A. 1970 (history);
1988 Southwest Missouri State U., M.A. 1972 (history &
Career: Ophthalmologist government)
Political highlights: No previous office Career: University president; teacher
Political highlights: Greene County clerk, 1973-84; Republican nominee for
lieutenant governor, 1980; Mo. secretary of state, 1985-93; sought
Republican nomination for governor, 1992; U.S. House, 1997-present

P aul comes to the Senate as perhaps the best-known of the new


conservative firebrands. The son of Rep. Ron Paul, a Texan who
sought the presidency as a Libertarian in 1988 and as a Republican
B lunt was able to ride the Republican wave to the Senate after
serving 14 years in the House, including nearly half of them in
the leadership.
in 2008, he hopes to form a tea party caucus in the Senate. An ally of former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay of Texas,
“I think the mood of the country is for reining in big govern- Blunt rose quickly through the ranks and became majority whip
ment, for controlling the deficit and for bringing attention in 2003, six years after being elected and earlier in his congressional
back to a government that should be restrained by the Constitu- career than any lawmaker in the past eight decades. In total, he
tion,” he said in an interview posted in August on a libertarian spent six years as the party’s whip.
website. He sought a seat in the Senate because that is “where the
Paul calls himself a “constitutional conservative” and has criti- real battles will be fought,” he said on his campaign website,
cized the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Americans with Dis- and because “America needs experienced leadership and I offer
abilities Act as examples of government overreach. that leadership.”
His priorities include term limits for lawmakers, a balanced- Blunt has vowed to repeal the 2010 health care overhaul, “re-
budget amendment to the Constitution and a requirement that placing it with common-sense health care solutions that will
members of Congress cite the specific parts of the Constitution create jobs and drive down health care costs.” And he has blasted
that allow for the measures they introduce. “record deficits and debts and out-of-control federal spending”
Paul has said that the health care overhaul enacted in 2010 is un- by Democratic lawmakers. He supports extending the 2001 and
constitutional, and he opposes U.S. participation in organizations 2003 tax cuts.
such as the United Nations and the World Trade Organization. He He also hopes to see final approval of pending trade agreements
takes a dim view of the Federal Reserve and supports his father’s with Colombia, Panama and South Korea to bolster the exports
proposal to audit the central bank’s books. from Missouri’s farms and agribusinesses. As majority whip in
“Given that this incredible power is granted to a semi-private 2005, he helped push the Central American Free Trade Agreement
institution, one wonders why we don’t hear more about the Fed to a narrow victory in the House.
and its actions from the Congress,” he said in the same interview. Blunt has made energy policy one of his top priorities, and he
“As senator, I would make sure that the Federal Reserve is held is strongly opposed to cap-and-trade proposals for addressing
accountable and restore transparency to our monetary system.” greenhouse gas emissions. He urges an “all of the above” policy
Like most conservatives, Paul opposes abortion rights, gun that encourages increased production of domestic oil, coal and
control and the naturalization of illegal immigrants. He also has natural gas. During the 110th Congress, he chaired a GOP energy
said that he is “absolutely opposed to cap and trade, absolutely task force that led to a push for more oil and gas drilling and incen-
opposed to any carbon tax,” and that he would be “a great friend tives for alternative energy.
of coal” — a linchpin of Kentucky’s economy. As a House member, Blunt earned high grades from National
He is likely to diverge from most Senate Republicans on na- Right to Life and the National Rifle Association, and during the
tional security and foreign policy matters. Paul is a vocal critic of Senate campaign he accused his opponent, Missouri Secretary of
the anti-terrorism law known as the Patriot Act, viewing it as an State Robin Carnahan, of being too liberal for the Show-Me State.
infringement on civil liberties, and he has expressed skepticism Still, Blunt knows how to reach across the aisle and has earned
about the war in Afghanistan. a reputation as a deal-cutter. In 2008, he teamed up with Majority
“How long is long enough? It’s too simplistic to say there is never Leader Steny H. Hoyer, a Maryland Democrat, on a clarification
a time to come home, or that it’s unpatriotic to debate,” he told the of the Americans with Disabilities Act and on an electronic sur-
conservative magazine National Review in July. “There are reason- veillance overhaul that shielded telecommunications firms from
able people, conservatives like me, who believe that defense is the liability suits when assisting the government. He also helped pass
primary role of the federal government, but do not believe that bipartisan legislation to reduce access to the chemicals that com-
you can make Afghanistan into a nation. It never has been one.” pose methamphetamines, a scourge of the Midwest.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 25

s e n at e

New Hampshire N o r t h D a ko ta
Kelly Ayotte, R John Hoeven, R
Pronounced: EYH-ott Pronounced: HO-ven
Election: Defeated Rep. Paul W. Hodes, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Tracy Potter, D, to succeed Byron
Judd Gregg, R, who retired L. Dorgan, D, who retired
Residence: Nashua Residence: Bismarck
Born: June 27, 1968; Nashua, N.H. Born: March 13, 1957; Bismarck, N.D.
Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Roman Catholic
Family: Husband, Joseph Daley; two children Family: Wife, Mical Hoeven; two children
Education: Pennsylvania State U., B.A. 1990 (political Education: Northwestern U., M.B.A. 1981; Dartmouth
science); Villanova U., J.D. 1993 College, B.A. 1979 (history & economics)
Career: Gubernatorial aide; state prosecutor; lawyer; state deputy attorney Career: Bank CEO
general Political highlights: Governor, 2000-present
Political highlights: N.H. attorney general, 2004-09

A yotte’s demographic characteristics — she’s a young woman


from the Northeast, where Republicans have struggled in recent
years — immediately make her a potentially prominent face on the
H oeven, the longest-serving active governor in the country, was
heavily recruited to++ run for the Senate seat held by retiring
Democrat Byron L. Dorgan. Consequently, he is likely to be spared
national scene for her party. the kind of dues-paying that usually awaits freshmen.
During the campaign, Ayotte demonstrated the ability to Before declaring his Senate candidacy, Hoeven — phenomenally
walk a careful political line, backing numerous positions fa- popular in North Dakota — received promises from Minority
vored by tea party activists and winning the endorsement of Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky that he would be given seats
former Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin while running as the party on the Appropriations and Energy and Natural Resources com-
favorite and appealing to the often more centrist sensibilities mittees. That positions him to bring funding and projects to his
of New Hampshire’s electorate. state, which has experienced a boom as a result of its growing en-
She backed Arizona’s law empowering police officers to check ergy industries. Under his leadership, North Dakota has achieved
the immigration status of people they detain and espoused hawk- the lowest unemployment rate in the nation.
ish budgetary ideals while never tacking so far to the right that she “I want to be able to come down and have an immediate im-
alienated moderates and independents. pact, work on issues important to our state and to our country,”
“I stand with [the tea party] on those issues, on protecting in- Hoeven says. “Appropriations touches just about everything that
dividual freedom,” she told the conservative magazine National goes through Congress.”
Review before her primary victory. “We need to stop the unprec- A banker most of his life, Hoeven was financially supported by
edented expansion of government, appeasing our enemies, and organizations such as the American Bankers Association (ABA).
creating an entitlement culture.” But the ABA and others who donated to and backed Hoeven’s run
Ayotte is a military spouse who takes a tough line on national will likely be disappointed that the former CEO and president of
security issues, saying President Obama’s “policies do not match Bank of North Dakota does not see banking issues as one of his
his rhetoric.” Her husband, Joe, flew combat missions over Iraq top legislative priorities in the 112th Congress.
and still serves in the Air National Guard. Instead, Hoeven wants to focus on shaping energy policy, with a
She also takes conservative stands on social issues, opposing mind to encouraging investment by keeping standards consistent
abortion — she defended the state’s parental notification law in and taxes on businesses low.
court — and same-sex marriage, and strongly supporting gun “In the energy world right now, they don’t know what the rules
owners’ rights. of the road are going to be when it comes to carbon emissions,” he
Her work as attorney general makes her a potential pick for the says. “That holds them on the sidelines, so they don’t invest. We
Judiciary Committee, while her emphasis on deficit and spending have to make sure we can give them a favorable tax policy.”
issues could lead her to follow in the footsteps of her predecessor Hoeven does not support a cap-and-trade policy for carbon
— Republican Judd Gregg — on the Budget Committee. emissions. But he says there may be pieces of the energy bills that
One place where Ayotte doesn’t follow Gregg is on the health were in the works in the 111th Congress that he would support
care overhaul law enacted in March. once the new Congress convenes.
In October, Gregg expressed reservations about GOP plans Although other new GOP senators are likely to be hard-line
to push for repeal; Ayotte has endorsed the idea, backing what partisans, Hoeven may be more willing than others to work with
a campaign spokesman called “market-based reforms” in the Democrats. “I do think that’s something that a governor brings
law’s place. to the mix,” he says. “Governors have to work with people from
She also might be a candidate for a spot in the party’s leader- both sides of the aisle.”
ship, even as a freshman. Republicans could be keen to add a Agriculture is a major industry in North Dakota, and Hoeven
conservative woman to the leadership ranks, especially with Lisa expects to back legislation to support food production as well as
Murkowski of Alaska losing her spot after losing the GOP primary biofuels. He also hopes to have a hand in international trade policy,
and mounting a write-in campaign. health care legislation and moving a six-year highway bill.
Page 26 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

s e n at e

Oh i o P e n n s y lva n i a
Rob Portman, R Pat Toomey, R
Election: Defeated Lee Fisher, D, to succeed George Election: Defeated Rep. Joe Sestak, D, to succeed
V. Voinovich, R, who retired Arlen Specter, D, who lost in the primary
Residence: Terrace Park Residence: Zionsville
Born: Dec. 19, 1955; Cincinnati, Ohio Born: Nov. 17, 1961; Providence, R.I.
Religion: Methodist Religion: Roman Catholic
Family: Wife, Jane Portman; three children Family: Wife, Kris Toomey; three children
Education: Dartmouth College, B.A. 1978 Education: Harvard U., A.B. 1984 (political
(anthropology); U. of Michigan, J.D. 1984 philosophy)
Career: Lawyer Career: Restaurateur; investment banker; Club for
Political highlights: White House associate counsel, 1989; White House Growth president
Legislative Affairs director, 1989-91; U.S. House, 1993-2005; U.S. trade rep- Political highlights: Allentown Government Study Commission, 1994-96; U.S.
resentative, 2005-06; Office of Management and Budget director, 2006-07 House, 1999-2005; sought Republican nomination for U.S. Senate, 2004

A s a former House member, U.S. trade representative and direc-


tor of the White House Office of Management and Budget,
Portman brings an insider’s expertise to the Senate, as well as a de-
T oomey arrives in the Senate a seasoned veteran of Congress
and a down-the-line conservative who puts his faith in free
markets and limited government. Long a favorite of movement
cidedly more centrist approach to policy-making than some of his conservatives, Toomey adheres to the right on both economic and
fellow GOP freshmen. social issues.
In endorsing him in the general election, the Cleveland Plain His economic agenda reflects the philosophy of the Club for
Dealer said he would “serve the state well” if he follows in the Growth, the low-tax/free-market advocacy group he once led.
footsteps of his predecessor, Voinovich, and “resists . . . the siren Toomey supports cutting taxes and easing the regulatory
call of blind party loyalty.” The paper added: “The way he has run burden on business. He says America is in danger of becoming a
his campaign — in an old-school ‘senatorial’ fashion — offers hope “bailout nation” and has argued that the Troubled Asset Relief
that he would do just that.” Program created in 2008 to rescue the ailing financial services
Portman has vowed to “focus like a laser on jobs and Ohio’s sector rewarded unnecessary risk-taking and defied sound prin-
economy.” He has a six-point job-creation plan that includes some ciples of capitalism, in addition to being wasteful and lacking
state priorities, such as a national policy on manufacturing and transparency.
enforcement of trade laws, and some themes common to nearly “These guys in Washington are creating an environment that
all GOP candidates, including a vow to repeal the 2010 health is having a chilling effect on small businesses, and medium and
care overhaul. big businesses as well, and that’s a big part of why we don’t have
He also advocates reducing taxes and regulations on small the job growth that we badly need,” Toomey has said.
businesses. With his brother and sister, he owns a small business He served on the Budget and Financial Services committees
himself — the historic Golden Lamb Inn in Lebanon, the oldest during his House tenure, which ran from 1999 to 2005. And
continuously operating hotel in Ohio. given his emphasis on economic issues, he will likely pursue
Though he gained intimate knowledge of fiscal policy as Presi- matching assignments in the Senate.
dent George W. Bush’s budget director, Portman has made only Toomey would repeal the Democrats’ health care law, arguing
vague promises about reducing appropriations and “addressing that it costs too much and will kill jobs. Instead, he supports
the unsustainable growth in entitlement spending,” overhauling the medical liability system and creating market-
And, unlike several tea party-backed Republicans who will be his based incentives to make it easier and less expensive for people
colleagues in the Senate, he has not disavowed earmarks, opting to to buy insurance.
sign onto a one-year moratorium instead and defending earmarks “These reforms will neither bankrupt the country nor force
that can “withstand public scrutiny.” people to lose their current, private coverage as the House bill
Besides taking a middle-of-the-road approach on earmarks, would,” he wrote in the Philadelphia Daily News in late 2009.
Portman also espouses some ideas that could garner Democratic When he served in the House, Toomey was among the group
support, though perhaps raising eyebrows among more conserva- of lawmakers who re-invigorated the Conservative Action Team
tive members of his own party. Portman wants to see changes to and renamed it the Republican Study Group, turning it into a
the unemployment benefits system that would allow states with force in the GOP Conference. While he made a name for himself
high unemployment rates, such as Ohio, to access additional fund- on tax and budget issues, Toomey also opposes abortion and
ing without congressional action. Senate Republicans have spent same-sex marriage and backs gun owners’ rights.
the second half of 2010 trying to block Democrats from extending Before his election to the House of Representatives, Toomey
jobless benefits without offsetting the cost. spent seven years working in international finance, trading
Portman also supports increasing and expanding the federal futures contracts, swaps and other financial instruments while
Pell grants program to workers pursuing certifications and short- living in New York, London and Hong Kong. He then invested
term training programs, and allowing people to use job-training in Rookies, a chain of sports-themed restaurants in Allentown
funds for community or technical college tuition. and Lancaster.
Page 28 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

s e n at e
TOO CLOSE TO CALL AT PRESS TIME
U ta h Was h i n gto n
Mike Lee, R Dino Rossi, R
Election: Defeated Sam Granato, D, to succeed Election: Opposed Sen. Patty Murray, D
Robert F. Bennett, R, who was not renominated Residence: Sammamish
Residence: Alpine Born: Oct. 15, 1959; Seattle, Wash.
Born: June 4, 1971; Mesa, Ariz. Religion: Roman Catholic
Religion: Mormon Family: Wife, Terry Rossi; four children
Family: Wife, Sharon Lee; three children Education: Shoreline Community College, attended;
Education: Brigham Young U., B.A. 1994 (political Seattle U., B.A.B.A. 1982
science), J.D. 1997 Career: Real estate broker and developer
Career: Lawyer; gubernatorial aide Political highlights: Republican nominee for Wash.
Political highlights: Assistant U.S. attorney, 2002-05 Senate, 1992; Wash. Senate, 1997-2003; Republican nominee for governor,
2004, 2008

L ike many Republicans, Lee wants to tackle the federal deficit. “I’ve
been worrying about the deficit for a long time, since the 1980s,”
he says. “We had a $3 trillion deficit back then. Now that’s multiplied,
R ossi, who made his personal fortune in commercial real estate,
brings to the Senate significant business experience as well as
two four-year terms in the state Senate, where he chaired the Ways
and soon it will be five times more than when I first started worrying.” and Means Committee.
He plans to propose a balanced-budget amendment to the As chairman in 2003, he helped enact a budget with big
Constitution that would limit federal spending to 15 percent of spending cuts and no tax increases, despite strong pressure
gross domestic product, unless two-thirds of the House and Senate from Democrats to avoid many of the cuts. In doing so, Rossi
override the restriction. Lee would like to see Congress follow the cited the state’s need to fill a hole in the budget without raising
example set by state legislatures that have imposed balanced budget taxes. (Washington state lawmakers are required to balance the
requirements. budget.)
Lee believes that lowering the deficit will lead to jobs. “In order In 2004, as he announced his first of two runs for governor,
to create jobs, Congress has to control what it spends so it’s not Rossi described himself as a “fiscal conservative with a social
stuck with so much debt that it has to inflate the dollar to pay it conscience.”
off,” he says. “Any time you require Congress to discipline itself Rossi is in favor of repealing the 2010 health care overhaul
to spend less, it increases confidence in investments and people and replacing it with smaller, more focused provisions that are
investing, and when they invest more, they create more jobs.” intended to reduce costs for individuals and small businesses.
The issue is also a matter of principle for Lee, who says the defi- Those ideas include allowing individuals to buy health insurance
cit increases corruption by allowing members to avoid account- plans across state lines and giving them the same tax deductions
ability for spending taxpayer money on unnecessary programs. that corporations receive.
“Every war we fought, starting with the Revolution, required the He favors making permanent the 2001 and 2003 Bush-era tax
country to incur debt, but it has become so easy that it’s gotten out cuts, which Rossi says spurred economic growth. The best economic
of control,” he says. “It allows Congress to overspend and create results, he says, stem from allowing individuals and small businesses
new programs and benefits for constituents without having any to invest more of their own money into the economy. Raising taxes
new money to pay for it.” is not a solution to the government’s budget problems, he says.
Lee believes his background in law will serve him well as a Rossi also supports a balanced-budget amendment to the
lawmaker, and he views his transition from the judiciary to the Constitution requiring a supermajority of House and Senate
legislative branch as a “continuum,” as opposed to a career change. votes to raise taxes. He favors cutting the federal workforce
As a lawyer, he came across laws that were muddled, and riddled along with its “generous pay and benefits.” He wants unspent
with loopholes and complicated wording. Lee has been looking bailout and stimulus money to be used to pay down the na-
for a way to “clean up the mess” and believes the best method is tional debt, and he opposed the financial regulatory overhaul
legislation. He hopes to land a spot on the Judiciary Committee. that Congress enacted in 2010.
“There are limits on what the court can do,” he says. “The courts Rossi favors an outright ban of congressional earmarks, but
aren’t there to be the first and last interpreter of the Constitution. during his tenure in the state Senate he did steer millions of dol-
They are prohibited from acting unless there are two or more lars to his district. He argues that the process in Olympia is far
parties to a dispute. That is the only time, but there are a lot of better in terms of transparency than on Capitol Hill.
questions that never result in this kind of dispute.” On energy, Rossi opposes the idea of using a cap-and-trade sys-
Lee also hopes to join the Energy and Natural Resources Com- tem to address greenhouse gas emissions, and he supports the de-
mittee. He would back legislation to open up the nation’s natural velopment of more renewable-energy sources and alternative fuels.
energy resources, including a proposal to drill for oil and gas in the He opposes amnesty for illegal immigrants and supports the
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska and to extract shale oil completion of a border fence.
from rock in Utah, Colorado and Wyoming. He is also interested According to aides, Rossi has no particular committee
in the Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee. preferences.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 29

s e n at e

West Virginia Wisconsin


Joe Manchin III, D Ron Johnson, R
Election: Defeated John Raese, R, to succeed Carte P. Election: Defeated Sen. Russ Feingold, D
Goodwin, D, who retired Residence: Oshkosh
Residence: Fairmont Born: April 8, 1955; Mankato, Minn.
Born: Aug. 24, 1947; Fairmont, W.Va. Religion: Lutheran
Religion: Roman Catholic Family: Wife, Jane Johnson; three children
Family: Wife, Gayle Manchin; three children Education: U. of Minnesota, B.S. 1977 (accounting),
Education: West Virginia U., B.A. 1970 (business attended 1977-79 (business administration)
administration) Career: Plastics manufacturing company owner;
Career: Carpet store owner; coal brokerage company shipping supply company machine operator;
owner accountant
Political highlights: W.Va. House, 1983-85; W.Va. Senate, 1987-97; sought Political highlights: No previous office
Democratic nomination for governor, 1996; W.Va. secretary of state, 2001-05;
governor, 2005-present

M anchin’s victory in the special election to fill the seat once held
by the late Democrat Robert C. Byrd promises a continuation
of the legendary senator’s practice of using the federal government
I nitially dismissed as a long shot, Johnson rode the nationwide
anti-incumbent, anti-government wave into office.
He is a political novice who assailed the three-term incumbent,
to benefit the Mountain State. Democrat Russ Feingold, as a “career politician.” He jumped
The governor hopes for a seat on the Appropriations Commit- into the race at the urging of conservative tea party activists who
tee, which Byrd chaired for years and used to steer millions of cheered his attacks on the 2010 health care overhaul. Like other
federal dollars in earmarks to West Virginia, one of the poorest Republican candidates this year, he has called for the law’s repeal.
states. He is also interested in the Energy and Natural Resources He is also a sharp critic of the 2009 economic stimulus law,
Subcommittee on Energy because of its jurisdiction over coal, a which he condemns as ineffectual, and of Congress’ repeated
key component of the state economy. extensions of unemployment benefits over the past two years. He
But Manchin will not limit himself to parochial matters. says the extended jobless benefits deter recipients from taking
He wants to serve on the Finance Subcommittee on Taxation, new jobs that might pay less than their old ones.
IRS Oversight, and Long-Term Growth because it has jurisdic- Backed by the conservative Club for Growth, Johnson urges
tion over tax policy. He also is targeting Armed Services, particu- an overall cap on government spending, reduced regulation and
larly its Personnel Subcommittee or its Readiness and Manage- lower taxes. “Ron’s first priorities will be to address our ailing
ment Support Subcommittee; the Veterans’ Affairs Committee; economy and the government’s out of control spending,” cam-
and the Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee. paign spokeswoman Sara Sendak said.
Manchin, who heads to Washington in what would have been Johnson was criticized during the campaign for being vague
the middle of his second term as governor, has a long list of on how he would go about slashing spending and spurring
legislative priorities, including a proposal for a balanced-budget job creation. “I don’t think this election is about details,” he
amendment to the Constitution. responded at one point, according to the St. Paul Pioneer Press.
He also intends to work toward implementing tax cuts; ex- But he has indicated on other occasions that he favors an across-
panding small-business tax credits and lending to small busi- the-board spending cut.
nesses; pushing legislation aimed at encouraging domestic com- He was among a number of conservative GOP candidates who
panies to relocate overseas jobs back in the U.S.; and approving signed the “Contract from America,” proposed by tea party sup-
new mine safety regulations. porters at FreedomWorks. The contract calls for a moratorium
He likely won’t always be a reliable vote for his own party on earmarks until Congress balances the budget, a two-thirds
because he opposes abortion rights and same-sex marriage, and majority in Congress to pass earmarks as well as tax increases, a
he wants to reduce government spending and the federal deficit. flat tax system and limits on federal spending.
Manchin also advocates for Second Amendment rights and op- He is a social conservative, opposing abortion rights and em-
poses most gun-control measures. He plans to focus on improv- bryonic stem cell research. “My basic belief is you don’t want to
ing services for military veterans and creating a “pro-growth tax get in a situation where you’re creating life though destroying it,”
environment that facilitates job growth and economic expan- Johnson told the Associated Press in October. He also supports
sion,” according to information provided by his campaign. gun owners’ rights, winning endorsement from the National
As governor, Manchin has enjoyed approval ratings consis- Rifle Association.
tently around 70 percent. Prior to being elected governor, he Johnson is a skeptic on global warming, saying “it’s not settled
served as secretary of state and in both houses of the West Vir- science” and speculating that sunspots create natural changes
ginia Legislature. He worked in several family-owned businesses in Earth’s temperature. “We certainly should not penalize our
before entering politics. economy to the tune of a trillion dollars when we have this
Considered a moderate, he campaigned at a distance from weakened economy,” he told Fox News.
the White House, promising not to “rubber stamp” President As an accountant, Johnson would like to serve on the Budget
Obama’s policies. Committee in order to help redirect fiscal policy.
Page 30 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

Alabama (2) Alabama (5) Alabama (7)


Martha Roby, R Mo Brooks, R Terri A. Sewell, D
Election: Defeated Rep. Bobby Bright, D Election: Defeated Steve Raby, D, after defeating Pronounced: SUE-ell
Residence: Montgomery Rep. Parker Griffith in the primary Election: Defeated Don Chamberlain, R, to
Born: July 26, 1976; Montgomery, Ala. Residence: Huntsville succeed Artur Davis, D, who ran for governor
Religion: Presbyterian Born: April 29, 1954; Charleston, S.C. Residence: Birmingham
Family: Husband, Riley Roby; two children Religion: Christian Born: Jan. 1, 1965; Huntsville, Ala.
Education: New York U., B.M. 1998 (music, busi- Family: Wife, Martha Brooks; four children Religion: Christian
ness and technology); Samford U., J.D. 2001 Education: Duke U., B.A. 1975 (economics & Family: Single
Career: Lawyer political science); U. of Alabama, J.D. 1978 Education: Princeton U., A.B. 1986 (Woodrow
Political highlights: Montgomery City Council, Career: Special assistant state attorney general; Wilson School); Oxford U., M.A. 1988 (politics;
2004-present lawyer; county prosecutor Marshall Scholar); Harvard, J.D. 1992
Political highlights: Ala. House, 1983-91; Madi- Career: Lawyer
son Co. district attorney, 1991-93; Madison Co. Political highlights: No previous office
Commission, 1996-present; sought Republican
nomination for lieutenant governor, 2006

L ike others who


sought congressio-
nal seats this year, Roby
B rooks’ top priority
is a constitutional
amendment requiring a
S ewell becomes
the first African-
American woman from
is most concerned about balanced budget. “The Alabama to serve in Con-
improving the job situ- most significant national gress and the first Ala-
ation in her district. But security threat America bama woman of any race
she also wants to weed faces are these unsustain- to be elected, rather than
out “waste and inefficien- able budget deficits,” he appointed, to serve a full
cy” in Washington. says. congressional term.
Roby plans to stay as close as possible to He would balance the budget by passing Her top priority is creating jobs in what
the ideological sweet spot of Republican economic policies — such as lower taxes on she claims has been a particularly hard-hit
politics in a solidly GOP district that gave businesses and fewer regulations — that he portion of the country.
Sen. John McCain 63 percent of the vote contends would generate growth. “It really has to be the No. 1 issue: trying
during his presidential bid in 2008. He would also push to cut federal spend- to figure out ways to create jobs and to pro-
Roby wants to help rein in federal do- ing by reducing appropriations for what vide opportunities for people to get skilled
mestic spending and “get money back he calls “wealth transfer” programs, po- to get better jobs,” she says.
to the private sector.” But she also wants tentially including Aid to Families with To accomplish that goal, Sewell wants to
to maintain robust military spending to Dependent Children and subsidized pub- secure funding for infrastructure projects —
support “the tip of the spear,” and will lic housing. But he promises not to trim including roads, bridges, sewers and broad-
work to bolster agriculture in her district, spending on Social Security and programs band Internet hardware. Such initiatives
home to many family farms. To that end, to aid the elderly, the handicapped, and create jobs directly and also make the dis-
she hopes for an assignment to the Ag- abandoned or orphaned children. While trict more attractive to businesses, she says.
riculture Committee, in addition to the he has not explicitly exempted the Defense Training and development, she says, will
Armed Services Committee. Department from his brand of cutbacks, also make workers in her district more
Roby plans to be a champion for two he has made clear that overall Pentagon attractive to companies such as Mercedes
large military installations in her district: spending should not come down. Benz, which operates a plant in Vance.
Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, head- His priorities also include repealing the Sewell also advocates tax breaks for small
quarters of the Air University and the 2010 health care overhaul law and “getting businesses and plans to help promote tour-
42nd Air Base Wing, and Fort Rucker, the illegal aliens out of America.” ism at civil rights landmarks in places such
Army’s primary air training base, which As a freshman, Brooks will have only a as Selma.
includes two aviation brigades. She hopes limited ability to bring about change. He Health care, education and agriculture
to protect the bases through what likely wants a seat on the Appropriations Com- round out her list of top interests.
will be a difficult financial period for the mittee but knows that will take “magic.” Like most freshmen, she would like a
Defense Department, as well as for the rest He would also like to serve on committees seat on the Appropriations Committee
of government spending. where he can help his district: Armed Ser- but realizes that such an assignment is
“My goal is to maintain and expand vices (to support Army and Missile Defense unlikely. Sewell also has her eye on the
their missions,” Roby said of the bases. Agency programs), Science and Technology Ways and Means seat held by her prede-
“We need to prioritize defense spending (biotech companies and NASA’s Marshall cessor, Democrat Artur Davis, who un-
and get money back into the private sec- Space Flight Center), or Transportation successfully ran for governor, and the
tor so they can create jobs and stimulate and Infrastructure (highways and Tennes- Transportation and Infrastructure or Fi-
the economy.” see Valley Authority facilities in his state). nancial Services committees.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 31

HOUSE

Arizona (1) Arizona (3) Arizona (5)


Paul Gosar, R Ben Quayle, R David Schweikert, R
Pronounced: go-SAR Election: Defeated Jon Hulburd, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Rep. Harry E. Mitchell, D
Election: Defeated Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick, D John Shadegg, R, who retired Residence: Fountain Hills
Residence: Flagstaff Residence: Phoenix Born: March 3, 1962; Los Angeles, Calif.
Born: Nov. 27, 1958; Rock Springs, Wyo. Born: Nov. 5, 1976; Fort Wayne, Ind. Religion: Roman Catholic
Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Christian Family: Wife, Joyce Schweikert
Family: Wife, Maude Gosar; three children Family: Wife, Tiffany Quayle Education: Scottsdale Community College, A.A.
Education: Creighton U., B.S. 1981 (biology), Education: Duke U., B.A. 1998 (history); Vander- 1985; Arizona State U., B.S. 1987, M.B.A. 2005
D.D.S. 1985 bilt U., J.D. 2002 Career: Realtor; financial consultant
Career: Dentist Career: Business investment company owner; Political highlights: Sought Republican nomina-
Political highlights: No previous office lawyer tion for Ariz. House, 1988; Ariz. House, 1991-95;
Political highlights: No previous office sought Republican nomination for U.S. House,
1994; Ariz. State Board of Equalization chairman,
1995-2003; Maricopa Co. treasurer, 2004-06;
Republican nominee for U.S. House, 2008

G osar’s 25 years as a
dentist give him a
perspective on the health
Q uayle hadn’t even
been elected to
the House yet when the
S chweikert plans to
pack a calculator
when he heads to Wash-
care system and small speculation began about ington and use it to hack
businesses that makes whether the 33-year-old away at the federal bud-
him determined to end son of former Vice Presi- get. “People around here
the Democrats’ “job-kill- dent Dan Quayle might seem to make decisions
ing agenda” and bureau- follow his father’s foot- by folklore instead of
cratic ways, he says. Democrats have “built steps to the Senate and beyond. facts. What I’d love to do is budgeting based
levels upon levels of bureaucracy” that are Quayle’s father was elected to the House on what the numbers really are,” he says.
choking off job creation and that must be from Indiana at age 29 and moved to the Schweikert is vague on what programs
stripped away, he says. A case in point: envi- Senate four years later before George H. he would cut, saying his experience as
ronmental regulation. Businesses not only W. Bush tapped him to be his vice presi- treasurer of Arizona’s Maricopa County
must deal with the EPA, but also with state dential nominee at age 41. But Quayle says taught him that he should study the fig-
and local regulators, he explains. his ambition will not extend beyond the ures before making any decisions.
He believes the health care law will cut off boundaries of his district. He is no fan of how Democrats have run
access to doctors and dentists by imposing “I’ll solely be focused on the job at the government for the last two years. He
new paperwork burdens, lowering reim- hand,” he says. opposes the health care overhaul for being
bursement and allowing mid-level practi- The family name — and the Quayles’ “devastating fiscally,” financial regulation
tioners such as dental aides to stand in for party fundraising connections — helped for missing an opportunity to increase
dentists and doctors on certain procedures. him win a 10-way primary to replace Re- transparency in the sector and the stimu-
The way to lower health costs is through publican John Shadegg in this heavily lus packages for being ineffective.
market forces, not government, he explains. GOP district. Quayle made headlines with Schweikert proposes a flat-tax structure
Gosar has had the backing of Sarah Palin some caustic campaign rhetoric, labeling as a way to revive the economy. “I believe the
and the tea party, but he emphasizes his Barack Obama “the worst president in fastest way to create economic growth is
independence by calling himself a “Paul history” and running an ad promising to to get the government out of the so-called
Gosar Republican.” “knock the hell out of” Washington. job-creation business. It doesn’t do it and it
He would like to cut federal spending His general-election contest proved clos- doesn’t do it well,” he says. The government
and the federal workforce to help make er than expected, in part because his op- spent billions of dollars but only created
the government “lean and mean.” But he ponent questioned his character, assailing hundreds of jobs in his district, he says.
says government investment has a role to Quayle’s prior postings on a racy website. He believes a carbon tax as part of the
play in strengthening business and eco- His agenda is more or less typical for president’s cap-and-trade proposal on
nomic activity by building roads, bridges winning GOP candidates this year. He climate change could be “devastating to
and other infrastructure and by spending says his top three priorities will be border economic growth” and the nation’s com-
on agriculture. “I also know that you have security, creating new jobs and curbing petitiveness abroad.
to invest in things,” he says. “You just can’t “out-of-control government spending.” Immigration also concerns the Arizona
always cut, cut, cut.” Gosar also supports Quayle says that prior to Election Day lawmaker, who defended his state’s re-
assistance for American Indians. he was too superstitious to venture a guess cently enacted enforcement law. “We’re
His background and policy concerns about the sorts of committees he might carrying as a state something that was
make the Energy and Commerce Commit- like to serve on, a task he says will now be supposed to be controlled and regulated
tee a natural assignment, Gosar says. “the first order of business.” by the federal government,” he says.
Page 32 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE
TOO CLOSE TO CALL AT PRESS TIME
Arizona (8) A r k a n sas ( 1 ) A r k a n sas ( 2 )
Jesse Kelly, R Rick Crawford, R Tim Griffin, R
Election: Opposed Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D Election: Defeated Chad Causey, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Joyce Elliott, D, to succeed
Residence: Marana Marion Berry, D, who retired Vic Snyder, D, who retired
Born: July 20, 1981; Steubenville, Ohio Residence: Jonesboro Residence: Little Rock
Religion: Christian Born: Jan. 22, 1966; Homestead Air Force Base, Born: Aug. 21, 1968; Charlotte, N.C.
Family: Wife, Aubrey Kelly; two children Fla. Religion: Baptist
Education: Montana State U., attended 1999-00 Religion: Southern Baptist Family: Wife, Elizabeth Griffin; two children
Military: Marine Corps 2000-2004 Family: Wife, Stacy Crawford; two children Education: Hendrix College, B.A. 1990 (econom-
Career: Construction company project manager Education: Arkansas State U., B.S. 1996 (agricul- ics and business); Oxford U., attended 1991
ture business economics) (history); Tulane U., J.D. 1994
Political highlights: No previous office
Military: Army 1985-89 Military: Army Reserve 1996-present
Career: Agricultural news service owner; radio Career: Lawyer; White House aide; federal
and television broadcaster; rodeo announcer; prosecutor; party official; congressional aide;
automotive decal and sign shop employee associate investigative counsel
Political highlights: No previous office Political highlights: Asst. U.S. attorney, 2006-07

K elly, who served in


combat in Iraq,
says military issues are a
C rawford is a new-
comer to elective pol-
itics who rode the wave of
G riffin vows to
boost job creation
through what he consid-
priority for him and the voter anger to capture an ers pro-growth tax poli-
95,000 veterans in his open seat that had been cies, such as cutting mar-
district. in Democratic control for ginal tax rates on workers
Not surprisingly, the more than a century. and employers as well as
retired Marine Corps The 1st District’s econ- extending the Bush tax
sergeant, who left the service in 2004, omy is heavily focused on agriculture, and cuts. He also opposes the estate tax.
hopes to earn a seat on the Armed Services Crawford has been personally invested in the But he also opposes tax “rebates,” which
or Veterans’ Affairs committees. field. He has spent most of his working life he says are “indistinguishable from govern-
Backed by the tea party movement, he in agriculture-related news services, includ- ment spending.”
shares the goals of most GOP newcomers ing stints as an agriculture reporter for TV Beyond tax policy, Griffin has signaled
this year: He wants to repeal the health care and radio stations. He also owns AgWatch, that he favors a minimalist approach to
overhaul and rein in federal spending. He a farm news radio and TV network that is stimulating the economy. He told an Ar-
supports replacing the tax system with a broadcasted in multiple Southern states. kansas television station in September that
flat income tax and national sales tax. But he is no stranger to politics. In 2006, “the private sector, not the government, is
“I made the decision to run for Congress former Republican Rep. Asa Hutchinson of going to be the job creator that gets us out
the day President Obama signed the waste- Arkansas enlisted Crawford as an adviser to of this mess.”
ful $787 billion stimulus package,” Kelly his gubernatorial campaign with a focus on He calls the national debt “the greatest
says. agriculture issues. threat facing the United States.” He sup-
He also echoes the standard Republican Given his expertise and his district’s eco- ports holding discretionary spending at pre-
call for an “all of the above” approach to nomic focus, Crawford would like to win a economic stimulus levels, and also freezing
energy policy that promotes wide-ranging seat on the Agriculture Committee. John the salaries of federal employees for one year.
domestic production options, from oil and A. Boehner of Ohio, who is expected to Griffin, a JAG lawyer and major in the Army
gas to renewable alternatives. become Speaker, has promised to support Reserve, has called for trimming the federal
But Kelly devoted much of his campaign his efforts to reach that goal. workforce to “pre-Obama” levels, with ex-
against Giffords, a two-term Democrat, to “Agriculture is the No. 1 industry hands- emptions for the departments of Defense,
a hard-line call for tougher border security down in this district. The constituents here Homeland Security and Veterans Affairs.
— the 8th District includes three counties are going to expect that that be a front-and- Griffin says he’ll back “common-sense
along the U.S.-Mexico border. “The traf- center issue,” Crawford says. reform” of entitlement programs and
ficking and violence in these areas are hav- Crawford, an Army veteran whose fa- pledged to support a repeal of the health
ing a very negative impact on the district,” ther was in the Air Force, says he would care overhaul. But he backs one key pro-
he says. He advocates a double-layer fence also welcome a spot on the Foreign Affairs vision in the law: access to insurance for
along the border and the deployment of or Armed Services committees. individuals with pre-existing conditions.
thousands more Border Patrol agents. A self-described deficit hawk, Crawford Griffin, who served in the Iraq War for
“We must secure the border now!” Kelly says he will focus on reducing spending a few months in 2006, says the U.S. has an
wrote earlier this year. “I can clearly state and deficits. Like other Republicans who obligation to leave Iraq and Afghanistan
that I will never support amnesty for those campaigned on the issue, he also wants able to govern themselves. He says “all op-
who have illegally entered the United to repeal and replace the 2010 health care tions” should be considered to prevent Iran
States.” overhaul. from obtaining nuclear weapons.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 33

HOUSE
LEADING AT PRESS TIME
A r k a n sas ( 3 ) California (11) California (19)
Steve Womack, R David Harmer, R Jeff Denham, R
Election: Defeated David Whitaker, D, to succeed Election: Opposed Rep. Jerry McNerney, D Election: Defeated Loraine Goodwin, D, to suc-
John Boozman, R, who ran for Senate Residence: San Ramon ceed George Radanovich, R, who retired
Residence: Rogers Born: May 28, 1962; Glendale, Calif. Residence: Atwater
Born: Feb. 18, 1957; Russellville, Ark. Religion: Mormon Born: July 29, 1967; Hawthorne, Calif.
Religion: Baptist Religion: Presbyterian
Family: Wife, Elayne Harmer; four children
Family: Wife, Terri Williams; three children Family: Wife, Sonia Denham; two children
Education: Brigham Young U., B.A. 1984 (Eng-
Education: Arkansas Tech, B.A. 1979 (speech) lish), J.D. 1988 Education: Victor Valley Junior College, A.A. 1989
(liberal arts); California Polytechnic State U., San
Military: Ark. National Guard 1979-2009 Career: Lawyer; education policy advocate; Luis Obispo, B.A. 1992 (political science)
Career: Securities broker; college ROTC program congressional and campaign aide
Military: Air Force 1984-88; Air Force Reserve
director; radio station manager Political highlights: Republican nominee for U.S. 1988-00
Political highlights: Rogers City Council, 1983- House (special election), 2009 Career: Agricultural packaging company owner;
84, 1997-98; mayor of Rogers, 1999-present almond farmer
Political highlights: Republican nominee for Ca-
lif. Assembly, 2000; Calif. Senate, 2002-present

W omack pledges to
be a team player for
the Republican Party and
H armer calls himself
“an American first, a
conservative second, a Re-
D enham, a self-
described fiscal
conservative, says that
says he will fight legisla- publican third.” He says one of his top priorities
tion he considers a costly his top priority in Con- as a freshman member
burden on businesses. gress would be to “con- of Congress will be to
He opposes legisla- trol federal spending.” find ways to reduce the
tion that would make it He hopes to join fis- national debt.
easier for labor unions to recruit members cal conservatives on Capitol Hill — par- “I think it is hurting us on a worldwide
and any efforts to revive cap-and-trade lim- ticularly GOP Reps. Jeff Flake of Arizona scale,” Denham says. The debt has led to a
its on carbon emissions. and Jason Chaffetz of Utah — to beat back “lack of confidence from consumers and
Womack also sees the health care law as government waste. “There’s already mem- from businesses.”
a costly mandate on business but says it bers who are doing great work,” he says. Denham, who owns an almond orchard
would be difficult to repeal. He says Con- “They need reinforcements.” in California’s Central Valley, got his start
gress can blunt the law’s effect by withhold- Harmer calls earmarks, funding set- in politics as a state senator. He also owns
ing funding for key portions of it. asides for members’ districts, “the gate- a plastic container company and plans to
He would like a spot on a committee in- way drug to the rest of federal spending,” set up his congressional office “more as a
volving infrastructure. And after 30 years as and he admires Flake’s work to combat business than a bureaucracy,” with an eye
an officer in the Arkansas Army National them. He also supports Chaffetz’s efforts toward his constituents’ needs.
Guard and a stint as the executive officer to force every federal spending program to “Customer service is not something
for the Reserve Officers’ Training Corps at expire. “Just doing that takes away some that’s talked about in politics very much,”
the University of Arkansas, he is interested of the built-in ratcheting effect of federal Denham says.
in military issues as well. spending,” Harmer says. Given his agricultural background and
Womack is used to being in charge and He criticizes the “bureaucratic superstruc- experience dealing with water supply is-
getting things done quickly as mayor of tures” that he believes Democratic leaders are sues, Denham would like to land a spot on
Rogers, one of Arkansas’s largest mid-sized set on creating. He supports repealing the the Natural Resources Committee.
cities, but he says he is getting ready for a far health care overhaul and would like to see the Denham, who served in the Air Force,
different experience in Washington. 2001 and 2003 tax cuts extended across the also wants a seat on the Veterans Affairs
“I’ve tried to mentally prepare myself for board. He also supports a border-security- Committee. He participated in Operation
being one of 435 people,” Womack says. based approach to illegal immigration and Desert Storm in Iraq in the early 1990s
He says that during his tenure as may- has applauded the controversial immigra- and is particularly interested in addressing
or, the city has benefited from more than tion enforcement law that Arizona enacted. issues facing the large number of recent
$1 billion in improved infrastructure and Harmer would be interested in six com- Iraq and Afghanistan combat veterans.
development that attracted retailers, a con- mittees: Agriculture; Transportation and Denham, whose state senate district is
vention hotel and other businesses. Being Infrastructure to benefit his sprawling more populous than his new congressio-
a neighbor of Bentonville, the world head- district, which stretches from the traffic- nal district, is no stranger to the pressures
quarters for retail giant Wal-Mart, didn’t clogged Bay Area to the farms and ranches of political life. He was targeted unsuc-
hurt either, he says. of the San Joaquin Valley; Financial Servic- cessfully with a recall campaign in 2008.
Womack promises “to do everything I es and Judiciary to tap his professional ex- But he says that serving in Congress will
can do” in Congress to improve the na- perience; and Budget and Ways and Means be a whole new experience, which he likens
tion’s economy and reduce the deficit. to make a nationwide impact. to “drinking water from a fire hose.”
Page 34 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE
LEADING AT PRESS TIME
California (20) California (33) Colorado (3)
Andy Vidak, R Karen Bass, D Scott Tipton, R
Pronunciation: VIE-dack Election: Defeated James Andion, R, to succeed Election: Defeated Rep. John Salazar, D
Election: Opposed Rep. Jim Costa, D Diane Watson, D, who retired Residence: Cortez
Residence: Hanford Residence: Los Angeles Born: Nov. 9, 1956; Española, N.M.
Born: Nov. 13, 1965; Visalia, Calif. Born: Oct. 3, 1953; Los Angeles, Calif. Religion: Anglican
Religion: Christian Religion: Baptist Family: Wife, Jean Tipton; two children
Family: Single Family: Divorced; one child (deceased) and four Education: Fort Lewis College, B.A. 1978 (politi-
Education: College of the Sequoias, attended; stepchildren cal science)
California State U., Fresno, attended; Texas Tech Education: San Diego State U., attended 1971-73 Career: Pottery company owner
U., B.S. 1991 (animal business) (philosophy); California State U., Dominguez Political highlights: Montezuma County Re-
Career: Cherry orchard owner Hills, B.S. 1990 (health sciences) publican Party chairman, 1980-84; Republican
Political highlights: No previous office Career: Nonprofit community activism organiza- nominee for U.S. House, 2006; Colo. House,
tion founder; physician assistant 2009-present
Political highlights: Calif. Assembly, 2004-pres-
ent (Speaker, 2008-10)

V idak is a political
novice who wears
the label proudly. Backed
B ass brings to the
House her experi-
ence as a legislator dur-
A small-business
owner who served a
single term in his state’s
by tea party activists, he ing difficult economic General Assembly, Tip-
pledges to cut federal times and a track record ton wants to cut spend-
spending and oppose tax as a fast riser in political ing and taxes while re-
increases. He also vows ranks. ducing the federal deficit.
to restore jobs to his dis- Four years after her He also is seeking to
trict, which is beset by high unemployment election to the California Assembly, Bass redo much of the health care overhaul,
and sustained drought conditions. was elected Speaker, making her one of calling it “disastrous.” He says people who
Water is perhaps the most pressing is- the most powerful politicians in the na- buy their own health insurance should get
sue for the district, which has a vast and tion’s most populous state. The first black the same tax breaks that companies receive
diverse agriculture industry. Vidak, a cherry woman to lead the chamber, Bass drew when providing insurance to employees.
farmer, blames federal restrictions for local praise from California’s most prominent When it comes to the budget, Tipton has
economic woes. Republican, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, called for a 10 percent cut in discretionary
San Joaquin Valley farms rely on water who said that she earned her post “the spending — excluding defense programs —
pumped from the San Francisco Bay area, old-fashioned way — she worked.” and a flat 10 percent corporate tax with no
and recent environmental decisions have During her tenure as Speaker, while un- deductions and no loopholes.
prompted officials to turn off pumps that employment in California rose from 6.6 The husband of a retired teacher, Tipton
send the water south. Vidak supports a percent to 12.6 percent, jobs legislation also lists education among his priorities.
bill to restore the flow of water by waiving occupied a great deal of her time. Bass also He backs tougher graduation standards,
certain Endangered Species Act provisions. was a strong proponent of legislation ex- stronger safety programs at schools and
The district’s combination of water- panding health care coverage. In the 112th more federal support for charter schools.
rights issues and agricultural activity Congress, she intends to work for policies Agriculture is the “backbone” of the dis-
would make Vidak a likely candidate for that increase employment in her district, trict, he says, adding that it is important to
the Natural Resources and Agriculture specifically in the transportation and the protect the water supply from “downstream
committees — panels on which his oppo- entertainment industries. She also expects threats, and from in-state water grabs.”
nent serves. to continue to address pressing needs in On social issues, Tipton supports strong
On fiscal policy, Vidak proposes elimi- health care, and to support legislation gun rights, opposes amnesty for illegal
nating earmarks, freezing further spending that can keep children from entering the immigrants and says abortion should be
on bailouts and stimulus programs, abol- foster care system and aid those who do limited to cases of “rape, incest or threat to
ishing the estate tax, and overhauling the go into it. the life of the mother.”
tax code and entitlement programs. Bass founded the nonprofit Commu- Tipton worked for Ronald Reagan’s 1976
Many of the district’s agricultural workers nity Coalition in 1990 in response to the presidential bid and was a delegate to that
are Hispanic immigrants. Vidak says that to crack cocaine epidemic of the 1980s and year’s Republican National Convention.
guarantee farmers have enough legal labor- served as the organization’s executive di- After college, he co-founded Mesa Verde
ers, there should be a guest worker program rector for 14 years. A former physician as- Pottery with his brother, selling handmade
coupled with strong federal law enforce- sistant, she has also been a clinical instruc- Navajo and Ute items.
ment and border security. Only when those tor in the Physician Assistant Program at Tipton says he would prefer seats on the
things are in place, he says, should guest the University of Southern California’s Agriculture and Energy and Commerce
workers have a path to citizenship. Keck School of Medicine. committees.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 35

HOUSE

Colorado (4) De l a w a r e ( AL ) Florida (2)


Cory Gardner, R John Carney, D Steve Southerland, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Betsy Markey, D Election: Defeated Glen Urquhart, R, to succeed Election: Defeated Rep. Allen Boyd, D
Residence: Yuma Michael N. Castle, R, who ran for Senate Residence: Panama City
Born: Aug. 22, 1974; Yuma, Colo. Residence: Wilmington Born: Oct. 10, 1965; Nashville, Tenn.
Religion: Lutheran - Missouri Synod Born: May 20, 1956; Wilmington, Del. Religion: Southern Baptist
Family: Wife, Jaime Gardner; one child Religion: Roman Catholic Family: Wife, Susan Southerland; four children
Education: Colorado State U., B.A. 1997 (politi- Family: Wife, Tracey Quillen; two children Education: Troy State U., B.S. 1987 (business
cal science); U. of Colorado, J.D. 2001 Education: Dartmouth College, A.B. 1978 management); Jefferson State Community Col-
Career: Lawyer; congressional aide; agricultural (English); U. of Delaware, M.P.A. 1987 lege, A.A. 1989 (mortuary science)
advocacy organization spokesman; farm equip- Career: Energy company executive; gubernato- Career: Funeral home owner
ment parts dealer rial and congressional aide; county government Political highlights: Fla. Board of Funeral Direc-
Political highlights: Colo. House, 2005-present official; youth programs coordinator; coach tors and Embalmers, 1992-95
Political highlights: Del. secretary of finance,
1997-2000; lieutenant governor, 2001-09; sought
Democratic nomination for governor, 2008

G ardner, a fifth-­
generation Colora-
dan, hopes for seats on
C arney overcame the
electoral challenges
facing Democrats this
O ne of Southerland’s
top priorities will
be shrinking the federal
the Agriculture and Natu- year to wrest his state’s government by cutting
ral Resources committees, lone House seat from the taxes and spending, as
which are important to GOP. But he insists he well as rolling back fed-
his Mountain West state will not arrive in Wash- eral regulations.
and largely rural district. ington as a partisan. “Government has ex-
But he won’t stick exclusively to farming, In Congress, Carney says, he will work panded way beyond their means,” South-
land and water issues. with his colleagues from both parties, es- erland says. “Every dollar Congress has is
His first bills in Congress, he says, will pecially on his primary focus: energy issues. a dollar it’s taken away from the family
focus on reducing federal spending and en- And he intends to criticize ideas from his budget and taken away from small busi-
couraging a balanced-budget amendment own party when he is in disagreement. ness.”
to the Constitution. “I’ll be that kind of leader in Congress — Southerland singled out the 2010
As a state legislator, Gardner already rep- one who works with both Republicans and health care overhaul as an “egregious”
resented half the land area in his district but Democrats to move our country forward, example of the growth of government. He
only 20 percent of the people. He bridged starting with a focus on creating jobs and says that a repeal of the law “realistically
that gap with voters in the northwestern getting our economy back on track,” he can’t be done” in the 112th Congress, but
part of the district during his campaign, says. he signals that he would support efforts
and he now plans to make himself a regular And he was not afraid to go against the to limit funding for some of its provi-
presence throughout northern and eastern party during his congressional campaign: sions.
Colorado. Carney was one of the first Democratic “If you believe that government is grow-
“This is a district where the people ex- candidates to attack the Obama administra- ing beyond a sustainable level, then you’ve
pect you to be in their living rooms and tion’s plan to drill for oil off the shores of got to go back to that piece of legislation,”
on Main Street, and that’s what I plan to the East Coast. he says.
do,” he says. “I strongly support the goal of energy Southerland, who is the CEO of his
His experience in Denver and in Wash- independence, however I am opposed to family’s funeral home business, says that
ington, where he was a Senate aide, gives oil exploration and drilling off the coast small businesses like his are “battling
him some familiarity with the legislative of Delaware,” he said at the time. “I have senseless regulation,” which he likens to
process. He wants to draw on that back- serious concerns about the impact of off- kudzu.
ground to reduce the federal government’s shore oil drilling on our beaches and fragile A self-described conservative from a
regulatory burden on water storage projects, coastal areas.” conservative family, Southerland intends
which are vital to both farming and residen- Carney, who declined to say which com- to make constituent outreach a high pri-
tial development. mittee assignments he is seeking, has been ority. “We’ve got to have representatives
He does not like to compare himself to the a fixture in Delaware politics for 20 years. that interact on a more consistent basis
last Republican to hold the seat, the outspo- But recently he has been spending time in and listen to the people,” he says.
ken social conservative Marilyn Musgrave. the private sector: After his 2008 guberna- Southerland, who has four children, is
“I obviously will be my own person,” says torial primary loss, he became president also interested in issues related to child-
Gardner, whose recent homefront hobbies and chief operating officer of Transforma- hood health and education. “Early child-
included turning an antique dresser into tive Technologies LLC, a renewable-energy hood health is a critical component to
a sink. company. expecting that child to learn,” he says.
Page 36 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

Florida (5) Florida (8) Florida (12)


Richard Nugent, R Daniel Webster, R Dennis Ross, R
Election: Defeated Jim Piccillo, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Rep. Alan Grayson, D Election: Defeated Lori Edwards, D, to succeed
Ginny Brown-Waite, R, who retired Residence: Orlando Adam H. Putnam, R, who retired
Residence: Spring Hill Born: April 27, 1949; Charleston, W.Va. Residence: Lakeland
Born: May 26, 1951; Evergreen Park, Ill. Religion: Baptist Born: Oct. 18, 1959; Lakeland, Fla.
Religion: United Methodist Family: Wife, Sandy Webster; six children Religion: Presbyterian
Family: Wife, Wendy Nugent; three children Education: Georgia Institute of Technology, B.E.E. Family: Wife, Cindy Ross; two children
Education: Saint Leo College, B.A. 1991 (crimi- 1971 Education: U. of Florida, attended 1977-78;
nology); Troy State U., MacDill Air Force Base, Career: Air conditioning and heating company Auburn U., B.S.B.A. 1981 (organization manage-
M.P.A. 1995 owner ment); Samford U., J.D. 1987
Military: Ill. Air National Guard 1969-75 Political highlights: Fla. House, 1980-98 Career: Lawyer; state legislative aide
Career: Deputy county sheriff (minority leader pro tempore, 1992-94; minority Political highlights: Polk County Republican
Political highlights: Hernando County sheriff, leader, 1994-96; Speaker, 1996-98); Fla. Senate, Party chairman, 1992-95; Republican nominee
2001-present 1998-2008 (majority leader, 2006-08) for Fla. Senate, 1996; Fla. House, 2000-2008

N ugent has a simple


priority in Con-
gress: “Repeal Obama-
W ebster’s top pri-
orities as a House
member include repealing
R oss acknowledges
that it won’t be easy
to replicate the rapid rise
care. It has absolutely the health care overhaul of his predecessor, Adam
nothing to do with and halting the flow of H. Putnam, a one-time
health care,” he says. “All federal stimulus funds. member of the House
it’s going to do is cre- He sees both steps as GOP leadership who left
ate jobs for government necessary to reducing the seat open to run for
workers, in the IRS or someplace else.” the federal deficit, and they are typical of his state agricultural commissioner, a race he won.
The longtime elected sheriff, who has strong opposition to the economic policies “Those are some big shoes to fill even
spent his professional life in suburban law put forth by President Obama. though he’s 14 years younger than I am,”
enforcement, doesn’t stop there, however. Like other Republicans, he also wants to Ross says. “It’s going to be quite a challenge.”
Nugent also intends to follow in the foot- reduce taxes and regulations. Ross says his primary legislative mission
steps of the GOP congresswoman who re- “Webster is a fiscal conservative who — job creation — will be informed by his
tired and endorsed his candidacy, Ginny believes that lowering the tax burden on two decades running a small law firm that
Brown-Waite. That means focusing on is- families and businesses will spur economic he started after borrowing money from a
sues of importance to his expansive district growth and prosperity,” a campaign staff neighbor.
north of Tampa, home to vast numbers of member said. “That means extending the Bush tax cuts
retirees, many of them ex-military. Webster was the first GOP speaker of the and incentivizing economic development,
“There are so many things that are bro- Florida House in more than a century and whether it be ensuring corporate taxes aren’t
ken today,” he says. “Everything from Social majority leader in the state Senate. higher than European corporate taxes or
Security to Medicare. We need to be part of The devout Baptist and social conserva- eliminating the capital gains tax,” Ross says.
[fixing] that.” tive operates his family’s air conditioning “I want to do whatever we can do to allow
His top committee choices are Ways and business, an experience that allows him to the infusion of private capital back into the
Means (to deal with Social Security and connect with other small-business owners. economy so that people start creating jobs
Medicare), Oversight and Government Re- “In these difficult times, they make the hard again.”
form (“I could be a help with my investiga- choices to cut out unnecessary expenses, pay Like his predecessor, Ross would like a
tive background when you start looking off credit cards, and save for the future. The seat on the Financial Services Committee
at holding the Obama administration ac- government must start doing the same,” he and also has an interest in agriculture policy,
countable,” he says) and Veterans’ Affairs. wrote in an editorial. given his district is home to Florida’s top
That last one reflects personal as well as Webster favors reducing non-defense dis- citrus-producing county. Ross also retains an
professional concerns. cretionary spending to fiscal 2008 levels and interest in transportation issues, something
As a new lawmaker with a large veteran paring entitlement spending. he focused on during his four terms as a state
population in his district, Nugent would He wants the federal government to tight- legislator.
like to make the Department of Veterans en border controls and increase immigration And like Putnam, Ross intends to “take
Affairs less complicated for his constituents enforcement as matters of national security an aggressive role in leadership” within the
to deal with. And on a personal level, he has and fiscal responsibility. GOP caucus.
three sons currently serving in the military: Webster’s background in the legislature “My goal is to hopefully be a part of lead-
“With the number of vets that we have in has spurred his interest in seats on the ership,” Ross says. “That’s going to allow me
this district, and my three kids in it, that’s Transportation and Infrastructure, Judi- to make the necessary changes the country
obviously close to my heart.” ciary and Rules committees. needs.”
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 37

HOUSE

Florida (17) Florida (22) Florida (24)


Frederica Wilson, D Allen West, R Sandy Adams, R
Election: Defeated Roderick Vereen, I, to succeed Election: Defeated Rep. Ron Klein, D Election: Defeated Rep. Suzanne M. Kosmas, D
Kendrick B. Meek, D, who ran for Senate Residence: Plantation Residence: Orlando
Residence: Miami Born: Feb. 7, 1961; Atlanta, Ga. Born: Dec. 14, 1956; Wyandotte, Mich.
Born: Nov. 5, 1942; Miami, Fla. Religion: Christian Religion: Episcopalian
Religion: Episcopalian Family: Wife, Angela West; two children Family: Husband, John H. Adams; three children
Family: Widowed; three children Education: U. of Tennessee, B.A. 1983 (political Education: Columbia College, Orlando, B.A.
Education: Fisk U., B.A. 1963 (childhood science); Kansas State U., M.A. 1996 (political 2000 (criminal justice administration)
education); U. of Miami, M.Ed. 1972 (elementary science) Military: Air Force 1974-75
education) Military: Army 1983-2004 Career: Deputy county sheriff
Career: At-risk youth mentorship program found- Career: Army officer; military training Political highlights: Fla. House, 2002-present
er; elementary school principal; homemaker consultant; high school teacher
Political highlights: Miami-Dade County School Political highlights: Republican nominee for U.S.
Board, 1992-98; Fla. House, 1998-2002; Fla. House, 2008
Senate, 2002-present

I t will be hard to miss


Wilson, who’s well-
known in Florida for her
A favorite of tea party
activists, West says
House Republicans’
A dams is a high
school dropout, an
Air Force veteran, a for-
flamboyant hats, when “Pledge to America” mer law enforcement
she arrives on Capitol agenda must make a officer and a state law-
Hill next year. bigger commitment to maker. The former single
An educator before reducing government mother says her life ex-
she launched a politi- spending. It should be a periences will help guide
cal career, Wilson hopes to play a role in “very specific and concrete document that her first term in Congress.
revamping the No Child Left Behind Act, can be executable” during the 112th Con- Like most other GOP freshmen, Ad-
which she says has hurt some students with gress, he says. ams says she will focus on reducing federal
its focus on testing and college prepared- GOP leaders should embrace freshmen spending. She learned to balance her per-
ness. For many of her constituents, she ar- “and not push us off to the side,” because sonal budget under difficult circumstances
gues, college isn’t the right goal: “I’m just voters want “vibrant new energy,” he says. and says the federal government should do
astounded that everyone in America feels “They want individuals who are committed the same.
that each and every child should go to col- to the constitutional principles and values But Adams promises to be an aggressive
lege. That’s unrealistic.” that made America great and what it is.” advocate for NASA, which is a significant
Wilson, who spent 12 years as an el- West wants “to reform our tax code be- contributor to the central Florida econ-
ementary school principal before her cause the progressive tax system lends itself omy. “They spent a lot of money over the
election to Miami-Dade County’s School to class warfare.” But he does not expect a last few years,” she says of the Democratic-
Board in 1992, wants the next version of prized seat on the Ways and Means Com- controlled Congress. “Some of that money
the law to provide incentives for school mittee. could have been devoted to the space indus-
districts to offer more vocational training, He says that the United States must stay try. We need to reprioritize.”
with the aim of teaching students how to on the offensive against Islamic radicalism An Orange County deputy sheriff for 17
become small-business owners and entre- and that Israel “needs stronger representa- years, Adams ran for the Florida House in
preneurs. tion in Congress.” 2002 to advocate for victims’ rights. The
As a state representative and senator, West argues that the Armed Services cause was personal; her first husband, also
Wilson worked to make Florida’s criminal Committee could use his military experi- a deputy, died in the line of duty in 1989.
justice system safer for inmates and wants ence. After his discharge, he trained Afghan Having grown up in a military family,
to continue those efforts in Washington. soldiers as a private contractor. she quit high school at 17 and joined the
“Nobody wants to look at how incarcera- While on active duty in Iraq, he made Air Force. She hopes to utilize her military
tion rates in this country suck up money headlines in 2003 for firing a pistol near background as a member of the Veterans’
that could be used for education,” she says. the head of an Iraqi policeman believed Affairs Committee. She also would welcome
During 17 years in Florida politics, Wil- to have information about an attack. The a seat on the Science and Technology or
son gained a reputation for working across man admitted to a plot and named accom- Financial Services committees.
the aisle. She teamed with Republican plices, but he later recanted all of it. No con- Adams, who defeated freshman Demo-
Gov. Jeb Bush, for example, on criminal crete evidence was found, but the incident crat Suzanne M. Kosmas, pledges to help
justice issues and on removing the Con- made West a hero to conservatives. West eliminate funding for the health care over-
federate flag from the state Capitol. “I’m was found guilty of aggravated assault and haul, seek a flatter tax code, push Congress
no stranger to working with Republicans,” fined $5,000, but the Army decided against to adopt zero-based budgeting and crack
she says. a court-martial. down on illegal immigration.
Page 38 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

FlOrida (25) GEOrGia (7)


David Rivera, R Rob Woodall, R
Election: Defeated Joe Garcia, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Doug Heckman, D, to succeed
Mario Diaz-Balart, R John Linder, R, who retired
Residence: Miami Residence: Lawrenceville
Born: Sept. 16, 1965; Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: Feb. 11, 1970; Athens, Ga.
Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Methodist
Family: Single Family: Single
Education: Florida International U., B.A. 1986 Education: Furman U., B.A. 1992 (political
(political science), M.P.A. 1994 science); U. of Georgia, J.D. 1997
Career: State party Hispanic outreach director; U.S. Career: Congressional aide
broadcasting agency aide; human rights organiza- Political highlights: No previous office
tion aide; congressional and campaign aide
Political highlights: Fla. House, 2002-present;
Miami-Dade County Republican Party chairman,
2008-present

R ivera, a former
House Appropria-
tions panel chairman
W oodall already
knows the hall-
ways and back rooms
in Florida, says that he of the Capitol. After 16
plans to focus on the years as a legislative staff
economy. His constitu- member on the Hill, he
ents can expect him to won’t waste time finding
champion traditional Re- his way around when he
publican policies such as cutting spending reports for his first day on the job.
and easing taxes on small businesses. “What we’ll bring to the table is the abil-
Rivera says his first goal will be support- ity to start work on day one,” says Woodall,
ing measures — such as tax cuts — that are who will represent an increasingly diverse
intended to give private employers incen- suburban district.
tives to hire more workers. He also says that One of his top priorities will be a pro-
he wants to see a constitutional amendment posal for a national sales tax, which he
requiring a balanced federal budget. calls the “FairTax Plan.” He is continuing
As a representative from a Hispanic- to push a “near and dear” cause backed
majority district, Rivera says he also will by his former boss and predecessor, retir-
focus on policy toward Latin America, par- ing Republican John Linder. Simplifying
ticularly concerning trade and relations the tax code, he says, would help create
with Cuba. jobs and encourage investment in the U.S.
Congress should move forward on the economy.
stalled free-trade deal with Colombia, he But don’t expect Woodall, who is hoping
says, estimating that it could create hun- for a spot on the powerful Rules Committee,
dreds of thousands of jobs in his district always to agree with his own party. Newly
and elsewhere. elected Republicans, he believes, must not
“The import-export market is very im- repeat the mistakes of Republicans who won
portant in South Florida,” he says. in 1994 but subsequently lost their way.
Like his predecessor, Republican Mario Republicans, he says, should put their
Diaz-Balart (who won election to the neigh- small-government principles ahead of par-
boring 21st District), Rivera takes a hard tisan politics.
line with the Cuban government. Rivera “If it’s wrong when Nancy Pelosi does it,
was the author of a 2006 Florida law that then it’s also going to be wrong when John
bans state funding for education research Boehner does it,” he says.
and travel to nations that are deemed to be Woodall, who is an anti-abortion con-
“sponsors of terrorism,” a designation that servative and a supporter of gun rights,
includes Cuba. considers himself an outdoorsman and
“I do not believe we should give any uni- hiker. He is unmarried and views his sin-
lateral concessions until all political prison- gle status as an asset for his constituents:
ers are freed, civil liberties are restored, and “That gives me twice as much time to work
free elections are held,” he says. for the people.”
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 39

HOUSE

G eo r g i a ( 8 ) H awa i i ( 1 ) I d a ho ( 1 )
Austin Scott, R Colleen Hanabusa, D Rául R. Labrador, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Jim Marshall, D Election: Defeated Rep. Charles K. Djou, R Election: Defeated Rep. Walt Minnick, D
Residence: Ashburn Residence: Honolulu Residence: Eagle
Born: Dec. 10, 1969; Augusta, Ga. Born: May 4, 1951; Honolulu, Hawaii Born: Dec. 8, 1967; Carolina, P.R.
Religion: Baptist Religion: Buddhist Religion: Mormon
Family: Wife, Vivien Scott; one child Family: Husband, John Souza Family: Wife, Rebecca Johnson Labrador; five
Education: U. of Georgia, B.B.A. 1993 (risk Education: U. of Hawaii, B.A. 1973 (economics & children
management and insurance) sociology), M.A. 1975 (sociology), J.D. 1977 Education: Brigham Young U., B.A. 1992
Career: Insurance agency owner Career: Lawyer (Spanish); U. of Washington, J.D. 1995
Political highlights: Ga. House, 1997-present Political highlights: Hawaii Senate, 1999-present Career: Lawyer
(majority leader, 2003-07; president, 2007-pres- Political highlights: Idaho House, 2006-present
ent); candidate for U.S. House (special election),
2003; sought Democratic nomination for U.S.
House, 2006; candidate for U.S. House (special
election), 2010

S cott, who owns an


insurance broker-
age firm, has hewn to
H anabusa won Ha-
waii’s 1st District
seat on her second at-
W ith more than 15
years of experience
as an immigration law-
the traditional Republi- tempt, after a three-way yer, Labrador is likely to
can principles of limited special election in May make a splash in the im-
government, tax cuts and split the Democratic vote, migration debate.
support for small busi- handing victory to Re- He has already met
ness throughout his 13- publican Charles J. Djou. with Steve King, cur-
year state legislative career. Hanabusa, a lawyer, comes to Washington rently the ranking Republican on the House
He wants to zero in on bringing down after 12 years in the Hawaii Senate, where Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration,
the federal deficit — and to start the pro- she had been Senate president since January and says that he expects to be placed on that
cess he would prevent unspent stimulus 2007. The first woman in Hawaii’s history panel.
money from being used and cut the num- to hold the position, she brings solid liberal Labrador says that he will push to secure
ber of federal government employees. He credentials with her. the U.S. border with Mexico. He advocates
also supports a constitutional amendment She intends to push legislation that would sending the U.S. military to the border “to
requiring a balanced budget. To boost the expand self-governmental rights of Native battle the drug terrorists just like they are
economy he would extend all of the Bush- Hawaiians through a “governing entity” that battling Islamic terrorists in Afghanistan
era tax cuts that are set to expire. In cam- represents them in negotiations with fed- and Iraq.”
paign materials, he said he would “defund, eral and state governments. The bill passed Labrador opposes amnesty for undocu-
repeal and replace” the Democrats’ health the House in February, but has not made it mented immigrants, but he does support
care overhaul. through the Senate. development of a program that would offer
Scott served as chairman of the Govern- A Buddhist, Hanabusa joins two other those here illegally an incentive to come for-
mental Affairs Committee in the General members who share her faith, which she de- ward — such as guaranteeing them first con-
Assembly, focusing on budget transparency. scribes as “more of a philosophy than a re- sideration by the State Department to return
But he has secured a commitment from ligion” for her. She opposed the invasion of legally after going back to their countries.
GOP leaders that he will be given a seat on Iraq but supports the mission in Afghanistan, “Those we have to go find and arrest . . .
the Armed Services Committee. From that a stance she attributes to her friendship with well, they go to the very end of the line,” he
perch, he hopes to support veterans and Ambassador Karl W. Eikenberry. says.
workers affiliated with Warner Robins Air Jobs and the economy will be her priori- He also urges that the guest worker pro-
Force Base, a major employer and commu- ties, and she said she is eager to make Ha- gram be streamlined — particularly for agri-
nity institution in the 8th District. waii a leader in green energy, considering cultural workers, who play an important role
John A. Boehner of Ohio, who is expect- the state’s abundant renewable resources. in his state’s economy.
ed to be Speaker, pledged that Scott would “We have wind, we have sun, like no one else But his primary focus in Washington, he
get the committee seat during a campaign does,” says Hanabusa, who cites the Natural says, will be on jobs and the economy.
swing through the district to give him a Resources Committee as one of three panels As a member of the Idaho House, Lab-
boost against Democratic incumbent and where she could best serve Hawaii (along with rador proposed legislation that would have
eight-year panel veteran Jim Marshall. Scott the Energy and Commerce Committee and provided broad-based tax cuts for businesses,
said during a debate that he would bring a Ways and Means). individuals and families, and he opposed
different generational mind-set to the job Of course, Hanabusa would like to serve raising the gas tax.
than his Baby Boomer predecessor, who is on the Appropriations Committee but recog- On Capitol Hill, he says, he will do the
two decades his senior. nizes she must “pay my dues” first. same.
Page 40 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE
LEADING AT PRESS TIME
ILLIN O I S ( 8 ) Illinois (10) Illinois (11)
Joe Walsh, R Robert Dold, R Adam Kinzinger, R
Election: Opposed Rep. Melissa Bean, D Election: Defeated Dan Seals, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Rep. Debbie Halvorson, D
Residence: North Barrington Mark Steven Kirk, R, who ran for Senate Residence: Manteno
Born: December 27, 1961; Barrington, Ill. Residence: Kenilworth Born: Feb. 27, 1978; Kankakee, Ill.
Religion: Roman Catholic Born: June 23, 1969; Evanston, Ill. Religion: Protestant
Family: Wife, Helene Walsh; five children Religion: Christian Family: Single
Education: U. of Iowa, B.A. 1995 (English); U. of Family: Wife, Danielle Dold; three children Education: Illinois State U., B.A. 2000 (political
Chicago, M.P.P. 1991 Education: Denison U., B.A. 1991 (political science)
Military: None science); Indiana U., J.D. 1996; Northwestern U., Military: Wis. Air National Guard 2003-present;
Career: Investment banker M.B.A. 2000 Ill. Air National Guard 2001-03
Political highlights: Republican nominee for U.S. Career: Pest control company owner; Internet Career: Information technology services
House, 1996; Republican nominee for Ill. House, data storage company manager; congressional company account representative
1998 aide; White House aide Political highlights: McLean County Board,
Political highlights: No previous office 1998-2003

W alsh comes to
Washington hav-
ing made a “six-point”
A self-described fis-
cal conservative
and social moderate,
W hat compelled
Kinzinger to seek
and win a seat on the
pledge to his northeast- Dold says a respon- county board when he
ern Illinois constituents. sible politician doesn’t was 20 years old contin-
The “proud Reagan simply stay true to his ues to drive him now:
Republican” promises party and his constit- He wants to give voters a
to serve only three terms uents but also under- sense that they are being
in the House, pledges to forgo earmarking stands the importance of “staying true heard — and heeded.
and to vote against any legislation that “in- to ­yourself.” “They just want to be heard,” the 32-year-
creases the size of government or isn’t sup- It is an easy-to-follow mantra for Dold, old says of his district’s constituents. “They
ported by the Constitution,” and promises whose family has lived in the 10th District are literally clamoring for an opportunity
that he will not receive “any health plans for three generations. to be heard.”
or retirement benefits that only congress- Dold says his priority is to “get people Like many office-seekers this year, he
men get and that aren’t available to all back to work and jump-start the economy.” says he will give priority to restoring the
Americans.” As the owner of a small pest control busi- economy and doing something about his
A tea party activist, Walsh painted himself ness, he says he understands the pressures region’s 12 percent unemployment rate.
as an outsider in his campaign, criticizing small-business owners face every day and “You don’t do it with more programs
politicians of both parties who he said “only will use his expertise to create jobs in his and spending,” he says. “You do that with a
care about getting re-elected.” He told the district. promise to start fiscal restraint.”
Chicago Tribune in February that his first “I meet a payroll. I hire people. I under- Along with extending the 2001 and 2003
goal in Congress would be to work with a stand what regulations do to small busi- tax cuts, Kinzinger’s five-pronged approach
“new class of congressmen and women who nesses. I live it each and every day,” he says. for turning around the economy would
will put a spotlight on this reckless growth “I get up each and every day worrying about limit the federal government’s role in the
of government.” other people. That’s something I hope to private sector, provide additional business
Walsh, who has worked as an investment leverage as a legislator.” tax incentives, provide new spending only
banker, is a fierce defender of free-market As the economy struggles to emerge from for national security and infrastructure, and
solutions, saying he would like to help find the deep recession, Dold wants to lower explore new energy resources.
private-sector, market-based answers to ques- the corporate tax rate for businesses. He Kinzinger, who conducted five tours in
tions on taxation, health care, education and also supports an indefinite extension of the Iraq and Afghanistan as an Air Force pilot,
the entitlement programs. 2001 and 2003 tax cuts for all Americans. says his experiences would be valuable
A former think tanker who advocates Dold opposes the 2010 health care over- on the Armed Services Committee. But
school choice, Walsh is likely to work on haul and espouses sweeping tort reform to he also would like to take a lead in iden-
education issues in Congress. reduce malpractice litigation and the costs tifying new energy sources and working
He has expressed concern with federal of defensive medicine. He also wants to pro- toward energy independence, he says. His
education initiatives, including the Obama vide greater transparency in medical pricing district has three nuclear power plants,
administration’s Race to the Top program. and outcomes. and Illinois leads the country in nuclear
He supports charter schools and merit pay Dold is interested in serving on the power production. He would relish a seat
for teachers, but he argues that responsibility Budget, Energy and Commerce, and on the Energy and Commerce Commit-
for education should be left to the states and Transportation and Infrastructure tee, an ambitious reach for a freshman
local communities. ­committees. member.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 41

HOUSE

I l l i n ois ( 1 4 ) I l l i n ois ( 1 7 ) Indiana (3)


Randy Hultgren, R Bobby Schilling, R Marlin Stutzman, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Bill Foster, D Election: Defeated Rep. Phil Hare, D Election: Defeated Tom Hayhurst, D, to fill a
Residence: Winfield Residence: Colona vacancy
Born: March 1, 1966; Park Ridge, Ill. Born: Jan. 23, 1964; Rock Island, Ill. Residence: Howe
Religion: Protestant Religion: Roman Catholic Born: Aug. 31, 1976; Sturgis, Mich.
Family: Wife, Christy Hultgren; four children Family: Wife, Christie Schilling; ten children Religion: Baptist
Education: Bethel College, B.A. 1988 Education: Black Hawk College, attended 1982- Family: Wife, Christy Stutzman; two children
(communications & political science); Illinois 83 Education: Tri-State U., attended 2005-07; Glen
Institute of Technology, J.D. 1993 Career: Restaurateur; financial services agent; Oaks Community College, attended 1999
Career: Securities company executive; financial factory worker Career: Farmer; commercial trucking company
planning consultant; lawyer; congressional aide Political highlights: No previous office owner
Political highlights: DuPage County Board, Political highlights: Ind. House, 2003-09; Ind.
1994-98; DuPage County Forest Preserve District Senate, 2009-present
Board of Commissioners, 1994-98; Ill. House,
1999-2007; Ill. Senate, 2007-present

A mainline conserva-
tive who has served
in the Illinois legislature
S chilling is leaving
pizza for politics.
The owner of Saint Gi-
S tutzman brings po-
litical experience and
a bit of tea-party zeitgeist
for more than a decade, useppe’s Heavenly Pizza to Washington after
Hultgren plans to focus arrives in the House with eight years as a state legis-
on the economy and a vow to oppose all tax lator and two congressio-
drawing jobs to his dis- increases and to slash dis- nal campaigns covering
trict, which lies west of cretionary federal spend- three races in 2010.
Chicago. The best way to do that, he says, is ing in his quest to improve job prospects in A farmer and owner of a farm-trucking
by shrinking the size of the federal govern- his native western Illinois. company, Stutzman has an interest in small
ment and ensuring that laws already in place Schilling says his experience as a small- business and agriculture issues. He op-
are implemented correctly and explained to business operator leads him to believe the poses pro-union “card check” legislation
his constituents. corporate tax rate is too high and should be and argues in favor of eliminating taxes on
“Our manufacturers are nervous with how reduced to increase job competitiveness. capital gains to spur job creation.
many of the big new pieces of legislation that He also supports extending the 2001 Stutzman supports gun owners’ rights;
have been passed will be implemented,” and 2003 tax cuts at every income lev- in the state House, he won enactment of
Hultgren says. “I want to bring some stabil- el. “We’ve got to use things that have a a 2006 law creating handgun permits that
ity back, bring some confidence back.” proven track record,” says Schilling, cit- last for a gun owner’s lifetime.
Of particular concern is the health care ing tax cuts made during President John He backs a balanced budget amend-
overhaul law passed earlier this year. “I F. Kennedy’s administration. He judges ment and full repeal of the health care
don’t think the bill that was passed will the stimulus law as a “complete failure” overhaul while opposing abortion rights.
decrease costs at all,” Hultgren says. because it was accompanied by deficit He also backs expanded development
While in the state legislature, he cospon- spending, and he will oppose any initia- of domestic coal, oil and natural gas
sored a successful medical malpractice re- tive that would build on it. resources to promote U.S. energy in-
form bill. Hultgren would like to continue “We need to take a look at an across-the- dependence, and supports exploring
working to lower health care costs and sees board — say a 10 percent — cut” in discre- renewable-energy sources.
the potential for doing so by creating more tionary spending, he adds. He wants Con- However, Stutzman calls cap-and-trade
price transparency and nationwide compe- gress to take a closer look at waste and fraud legislation to limit carbon emissions “a
tition among insurers. in programs such as Medicare. It is unrealis- direct attack on Indiana’s economy.”
Hultgren says a spot on the Energy and tic to think the GOP could repeal the health Unlike most freshmen, Stutzman will
Commerce Committee would be a good fit care law, he says, so he wants to pass legis- take office almost immediately.
given both his interests and his experiences. lation removing some provisions, including Despite having built a statewide base in
In addition, he believes that his career as an the medical device tax, while retaining new his bid to succeed retiring Sen. Evan Bayh
investment adviser would help him serve protections for health insurance consumers. in May 2010, Stutzman did not survive the
effectively on the Financial Services Com- Schilling signed a pledge to refuse con- primary. So when Republican Rep. Mark
mittee. gressional pay raises and to accept a term Souder resigned in May after confessing
Hultgren notes that all his legislative suc- limit of eight years in the House. to an extramarital affair, Stutzman joined
cesses have come while serving in the minor- He would like to be named to the Agri- the special election contest to succeed
ity, and he says that experience will help him culture, Small Business or Veterans’ Affairs him. He simultaneously won both the
build relationships with members on both committees to represent interests in his special election and the race for a full term
sides of the aisle. district. in the 112th Congress.
Page 42 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

Indiana (4) Indiana (8) Indiana (9)


Todd Rokita, R Larry Bucshon, R Todd Young, R
Pronounced: ro-KEE-ta Pronounced: boo-SHON Election: Defeated Rep. Baron P. Hill, D
Election: Defeated David Sanders, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Trent Van Haaften, D, to suc- Residence: Bloomington
Steve Buyer, R, who retired ceed Brad Ellsworth, D, who ran for Senate Born: Aug. 24, 1972; Lancaster, Pa.
Residence: Indianapolis Residence: Newburgh Religion: Christian
Born: Feb. 9, 1970; Chicago, Ill. Born: May 31, 1962; Taylorville, Ill. Family: Wife, Jennifer Young; four children
Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Lutheran Education: U.S. Naval Academy, B.S. 1995
Family: Wife, Kathy Rokita; two children Family: Wife, Kathryn Bucshon; four children (political science); U. of London, M.A. 2001
Education: Wabash College, B.A. 1992 (political Education: U. of Illinois, B.S. 1984 (chemistry); U. (United States studies); U. of Chicago, M.B.A.
science); Indiana U., Indianapolis, J.D. 1995 of Illinois, Chicago, M.D. 1988 2002; Indiana U., Indianapolis, J.D. 2006
Career: State government official; lawyer Military: Naval Reserve 1989-98 Military: Navy 1990-91; Marine Corps 1995-00
Political highlights: Ind. secretary of state, Career: Surgeon Career: Lawyer; congressional aide
2003-present Political highlights: No previous office Political highlights: No previous office

R okita, a veteran of
the state govern-
ment, emphasizes the
T he only criticisms
Bucshon faced from
conservative voters dur-
Y oung describes him-
self as a libertarian
conservative in the model
need to improve gov- ing the campaign were of Ronald Reagan and
ernment services while complaints that he was says he has one goal as a
scaling back the growth too neatly in line with legislator: to “get our bal-
of federal spending. Washington Republi- ance sheet back in order
His own fiscal to-do list cans. His political phi- as a country.”
includes making the 2001 and 2003 tax losophy reflects the meat and potatoes of Young says that until Congress shrinks
cuts permanent, reducing the number of the GOP platform. the federal budget, it will remain his only
tax brackets, curbing debt-limit increases “I’m a person that always believes in concern. “Everything seemingly comes
and establishing presidential line-item veto limited government, low taxation by gov- back to this massive issue,” he says. “If we
­authority. ernment on business, and I’m a strong be- get this one knocked out while I’m there,
He says government should act “in liever in the private sector and free-market maybe there’ll be something else that I’ll
precise, laser-like fashion to incentiv- economy,” he says. “I’m a fiscal conserva- turn most of my attention to.”
ize business growth and not dictate tive, a social conservative.” His plan involves passing balanced-
economic outcomes.” Rokita backs tar- A cardiothoracic surgeon, Bucshon budget legislation and eliminating waste
geted business tax breaks and measures wants to push for repeal of this year’s across government, including areas where
that could help farmers, such as free- health care overhaul, even though he many Republicans are reluctant to make
trade deals and a repeal of the estate tax. thinks it is unlikely to happen while Presi- cuts. “I’m not one of these legislators who,
Rokita also argues that government dent Obama is in office. His more imme- without pause, thinks we ought to ramp
should “protect our citizens and ensure diate goal is to prevent any tax increases up our spending in the military,” he says.
interstate commerce, while creating a amid the current economic difficulties, Young also says he would support
level and fair playing field for all partici- and he says that cutting government proposals to repeal and replace the 2010
pants.” He takes a conservative stance spending will help create jobs. health care overhaul. He wants Congress
on social issues, opposing abortion and He also gives priority to national is- to boost investment in critical infrastruc-
gun ­control. sues that have ramifications for the 8th ture and remove regulations he says are
Rokita, who was a regulator of the District. As an example, he says he would harmful to businesses. And he opposes
securities industry as Indiana’s secretary fight Democrats’ cap-and-trade legisla- any cap-and-trade program for control-
of state, has an eye on the Financial Ser- tion, contending it would damage the coal ling greenhouse gas emissions.
vices Committee. He also could be a good industry — a major employer in Indiana Young says he has no illusions about the
fit for the Oversight and Government and specifically in the district. limited power of a freshman, but he does
Reform Committee. Bucshon says he would like a seat on the not think he will be overwhelmed by the
During his tenure, he created an online Armed Services Committee to protect the transition to federal lawmaking.
service center for businesses registered Naval Surface Warfare Center in Crane, His previous Capitol Hill experience
with his office. He also helped win a man- Ind., but he also is interested in serving includes a stint as an energy and economic
date for the use of voter photo identifi- on the Energy and Commerce Committee policy aide for Sen. Richard G. Lugar, an
cation cards such as driver’s licenses at and its health panel. A spot on the Trans- Indiana Republican. He lists former Brit-
polling places. He served as president of portation and Infrastructure panel, mean- ish Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher as
the National Association of Secretaries of while, would allow him to address highway “one of the statesmen that I respect most
State from 2007 to 2008. and railroad issues in his state, he says. in history.”
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 43

HOUSE

Kansas (1) Kansas (3) Kansas (4)


Tim Huelskamp, R Kevin Yoder, R Mike Pompeo, R
Pronounced: HYOOLS-camp Election: Defeated Stephene Moore, D, to suc- Pronounced: pom-PAY-oh
Election: Defeated Alan Jilka, D, to succeed Jerry ceed Dennis Moore, D, who retired Election: Defeated Raj Goyle, D, to succeed
Moran, R, who ran for Senate Residence: Overland Park Todd Tiahrt, R, who ran for Senate
Residence: Fowler Born: Jan. 8, 1976; Hutchinson, Kan. Residence: Wichita
Born: Nov. 11, 1968; Fowler, Kan. Religion: Christian Born: Dec. 30, 1963; Orange, Calif.
Religion: Roman Catholic Family: Wife, Brooke Robinson Yoder Religion: Presbyterian
Family: Wife, Angela Huelskamp; four children Education: U. of Kansas, B.A. 1999 (political Family: Wife, Susan Pompeo; one child
Education: College of Santa Fe, B.A. 1991 science & English), J.D. 2002 Education: U.S. Military Academy, B.S. 1986
(education); American U., Ph.D. 1995 (political Career: Lawyer (engineering management); Harvard U., J.D. 1994
science) Political highlights: Kan. House, 2003-present Military: Army 1986-91
Career: Farmer Career: Oilfield equipment and aerospace
Political highlights: Kan. Senate, 1997-present manufacturing companies president; lawyer
Political highlights: Republican National
Committee, 2008-present

H uelskamp says he
will be a “reliable
conservative vote” in
Y oder is expected to
join the ranks of the
conservative Republican
P ompeo is expected
to fit comfortably
with his fellow incom-
Congress, and he has a Study Committee, where ing GOP conservatives.
record in the Kansas Sen- he will focus on fiscal He was one of the
ate to prove it. responsibility, building f irst candidates in
During his 14-year the economy and cut- the country to be en-
tenure there, he spon- ting spending to reduce dorsed by the Club for
sored an amendment to strip Planned Par- government debt. During his eight years Growth, a political group that supports
enthood of its state funding and pushed in the Kansas House of Representatives, he fiscal conservatives. The endorsement,
for amendments to the state constitution developed a reputation as a champion of together with a Pompeo commercial
to ban gay marriage and guarantee indi- small businesses and earned a “pro-business” that accused one of his primary op-
vidual gun rights. rating from the Kansas Chamber of Com- ponents of being a RINO (Republican
On Capitol Hill, Huelskamp says, he merce in 2009. In Name Only), helped him grab the
plans to work with the far-right contin- Having served as chairman of the state nomination in the heavily Republican
gent of the Republican Party to battle House Appropriations Committee, Yoder district. He succeeds Republican Todd
the health care overhaul enacted in 2010 is most interested in a seat on the Appropri- Tiahrt, who made an unsuccessful bid
and to block legislation that would cre- ations Committee as well as the Ways and for the party’s Senate nomination.
ate a cap-and-trade system for green- Means Committee, where he would push Pompeo intends to try to reduce the
house gas emissions. for permanent elimination of the estate tax. size of government, which he says is de-
He has experiences that could make Yoder was first elected to the state leg- stroying jobs and creating uncertainty
him a leading voice on other issues: A islature in 2002 and served all eight years for private sector job creators.
career farmer, Huelskamp says the EPA of his tenure on that chamber’s Judiciary He also believes the government should
has “a real anti-farmer agenda,” citing its Committee. His background as a busi- work to eliminate or outsource social pro-
efforts to ban chemicals that farmers use ness, banking and real estate lawyer — as grams. Instead, he says, the nation should
to grow crops. well as an interest in driving the brewing rely more on the good works of individuals
He has a familiarity with immigration: debate over a comprehensive overhaul of to take care of the poor and ­marginalized.
Two of his four adopted children are from immigration laws — has fueled an interest He plans to focus on de-funding and
Haiti. Although he says the international in a seat on the House Judiciary Commit- repealing the 2010 health care overhaul,
adoption process could be streamlined, tee as well. securing the nation’s borders, strength-
he advocates a hard-line approach to il- A fifth generation Kansan who grew ening national security and promoting
legal immigration. He pushes for more- up on a grain and livestock farm near the growth in the private sector.
secure borders and giving employers the community that carries his family name, Pompeo graduated first in his class
right to do status checks on employees. Yoder supports private-sector innovation from the U.S. Military Academy at West
“I’ve been through Immigration and and free-market competition. His first Point before serving as a tank com-
Customs Enforcement [and] the paper- year agenda will include a push for legisla- mander in the 1980s. After leaving the
work,” Huelskamp says. “And it was a tion to create private-sector jobs and a re- Army, he earned a law degree from Har-
difficult situation, going through all that peal of portions of the Democratic-driven vard and moved to Kansas to co-found
paper. But when I look at that situation, I health care law enacted in 2010 that he an aerospace company. He sold his share
see that citizenship should be a privilege, says will drive up patient costs and grow of it in 2006 and is now president of an
not a right. It should be difficult.” government bureaucracy. oil services equipment company.
Page 44 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE
TOO CLOSE TO CALL AT PRESS TIME
Kentucky (6) Louisi a n a ( 2 ) Louisi a n a ( 3 )
Andy Barr, R Cedric Richmond, D Jeff Landry, R
Election: Opposed Rep. Ben Chandler, D Election: Defeated Rep. Anh “Joseph” Cao, R Election: Defeated Ravi Sangisetty, D, to succeed
Residence: Lexington Residence: New Orleans Charlie Melancon, D, who ran for Senate
Born: July 24, 1973; Lexington, Ky. Born: Sept. 13, 1973; New Orleans, La. Residence: New Iberia
Religion: Episcopalian Religion: Baptist Born: Dec. 23, 1970; St. Martinville, La.
Family: Wife, Carol Leavell Barr Family: Single Religion: Roman Catholic
Education: U. of Virginia, B.A. 1996 Education: Morehouse College, B.A. 1995 Family: Wife, Sharon Landry; one child
(government); U. of Kentucky, J.D. 2001 (business administration); Tulane U., J.D. 1998 Education: U. of Southwestern Louisiana, B.S.
Career: Lobbyist; lawyer; gubernatorial and state Career: Lawyer 1999; Southern U. Law School, attended 2001-
agency aide; congressional aide Political highlights: La. House, 2000-present; 03; Loyola U. New Orleans, J.D. 2004
Political highlights: No previous office sought Democratic nomination for U.S. House, Military: La. National Guard 1987-98
2008 Career: Lawyer; oil and gas contamination
cleanup company owner
Political highlights: Republican nominee for La.
Senate, 2007

B arr is expected to fo-


cus on government
spending and energy,
R ichmond’s propos-
als read like they
come straight from the
L andry heads to Wash-
ington intent on get-
ting the economy back
issues that fueled his Democratic playbook — on track. He says his ex-
victory over three-term of 2008. perience owning a busi-
Democrat Ben Chandler. The incoming law- ness has prepared him for
Barr staunchly op- maker says he wants to the task.
poses the creation of a broaden eligibility for Endorsed by leaders
cap-and-trade system, aimed at reducing the earned-income tax credit, provide a fed- of the tea party movement, Landry is likely
greenhouse gas emissions, that he says eral match of up to $1,000 for new retire- to be a reliably conservative voice in Con-
could cripple Kentucky’s coal industry. ment plans, lower interest rates on student gress. He opposes abortion rights, gun-
Barr pummeled Chandler for his vote in fa- loans, increase Pell grants and crack down control measures and tax hikes. He says a
vor of cap-and-trade legislation during the on subprime and predatory lending. good Republican is “one who follows the
campaign. Barr calls for increased domestic The former state representative, whose fundamentals of the party: less govern-
coal and oil production as well as expanded largely Democratic, African-American con- ment, fiscally conservative, a strict adher-
nuclear power to reduce the nation’s de- stituency includes most of New Orleans, ence to constitutional principles.”
pendence on foreign oil and to create jobs. says his support for such big-ticket items He supports a balanced-budget amend-
A sharp critic of the 2009 economic stim- as the health care overhaul and economic ment to the Constitution and a two-thirds
ulus, Barr says he would oppose any future stimulus laws can be summed up in a single majority requirement for Congress to raise
stimulus packages and extensions of job- word: recovery. taxes. Landry says he would like to serve
less benefits unless they are paid for with “As far as the national deficit and spend- on the Transportation and Infrastruc-
existing funds. He favors constitutional ing . . . those things are on the minds of the ture and Natural Resources committees,
amendments requiring a balanced budget voters in the 2nd Congressional District, where he could work on projects that have
and permitting line-item vetoes. but not as much as recovery,” Richmond been “needed for years” in southern Loui-
Unlike some of Kentucky’s senior GOP says. “We will not get full recovery without siana.
lawmakers, including Senate Minority more federal help.” And even though the BP oil spill caused
Leader Mitch McConnell, Barr wants to He hopes for committee spots that damage in his district, Landry says he will
curb earmarks. He says that while Ken- match up with his economic agenda. “I be an ally to the petroleum industry. He
tucky has benefited from earmarks to an know they’re ambitious,” he says, “but opposes cap-and-trade energy proposals,
extent, people in his district realize that the I prefer Appropriations and Ways and which he says would devastate economies
cash flow needs to end. Means, and we’ll go from there.” that depend on oil and gas.
“I think there’s a difference this year,” he Improving health care also is vital to his The 3rd District, where Landry was born
told the Lexington Herald-Leader. “People district’s recovery, says Richmond, who and raised, serves as a hub for the oil indus-
are palpably concerned about the deficit. supports expanding primary care clinics. try in the Gulf of Mexico. While President
Our debt is spiraling out of control.” Another main goal is to move up the date Obama has lifted an oil-drilling morato-
Barr learned his way around Capitol Hill for sharing federal oil revenue with Gulf rium there, Landry has criticized the slow
after college as a legislative assistant to Rep. Coast states, now scheduled for 2017. The pace of new drilling permits. “We must
Jim Talent, a Missouri Republican. He was move, he says, could provide money for his deal with a de facto moratorium placed on
later deputy general counsel to Kentucky proposals and help erase Louisiana’s bud- the shelf that is killing independent drillers
Gov. Ernie Fletcher, a Republican, who lost a get deficit, which could result in hospital that are the backbone of the oil and gas in-
re-election bid following ethics controversies. and school closings. dustry in Louisiana,” he said in a statement.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 45

HOUSE

Maryland (1) M a ss a c huse t t s ( 1 0 ) M i c hi g a n ( 1 )


Andy Harris, R William Keating, D Dan Benishek, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Frank Kratovil Jr., D Election: Defeated Jeff Perry, R, to succeed Bill Election: Defeated Gary McDowell, D, to succeed
Residence: Cockeysville Delahunt, D, who retired Bart Stupak, D, who retired
Born: Jan. 25, 1957; Brooklyn, N.Y. Residence: Quincy Residence: Crystal Falls
Religion: Roman Catholic Born: Sept. 6, 1952; Norwood, Mass. Born: April 20, 1952; Iron River, Mich.
Family: Wife, Sylvia “Cookie” Harris; five children Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Roman Catholic
Education: Johns Hopkins U., M.H.S. 1995 Family: Wife, Tevis Keating; two children Family: Wife, Judy Benishek; five children
(health finance & management); U. of Pennsyl- Education: Boston College, B.A. 1974 (political Education: U. of Michigan, B.S. 1974 (biology);
vania, attended 1973-75; Johns Hopkins U., B.A. science), M.B.A. 1982; Suffolk U., J.D. 1985 Wayne State U., M.D. 1978
1977 (human biology), M.D. 1980 Career: Lawyer Career: Surgeon
Military: Naval Reserve 1988-2005 Political highlights: Mass. House, 1977-85; Political highlights: No previous office
Career: Physician Mass. Senate, 1985-99; Norfolk County district
Political highlights: Md. Senate, 1999-present attorney, 1999-present
(Republican whip, 2003-06); Republican
nominee for U.S. House, 2008

H arris is the first


person from the
Chesapeake Bay’s west-
A fter capturing the
open 10th District
seat in a hard-fought
B enishek, a surgeon
who had never run
for political office, says
ern shore to win the 1st campaign, Keating says he decided to launch his
District in two decades he will head to Washing- congressional bid after
and the first ever from ton ready to take a bipar- the $787 billion econom-
Baltimore County. tisan approach. ic stimulus legislation
He opposes abortion, “It’s an electorate passed in February 2009.
takes a tough stance on immigration, op- right now that has lost some trust in our “I just couldn’t believe they would spend
poses gun control and favors opening up institution, so I think they’re frustrated nearly a trillion dollars without reading the
the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and with the inability of government trying to legislation,” he says. “This just put me over
the outer continental shelf for oil and deal with issues,” he says, suggesting that the top.”
gas production. He wants to make the both parties should work together to boost It’s no surprise then that cutting federal
Bush-era tax cuts permanent and elimi- job and economic growth in the country. spending is his top priority in his new job.
nate earmarks, which he vows he will never Keating, who takes the seat held for seven But health care, too, will be a defining issue.
seek. He favors cutting the size of the terms by retiring Democrat Bill Delahunt, He pledges to read every bill before voting
government by, for example, eliminating will represent a district that sprawls from on it, and he will work to repeal the health
the Education Department. Quincy just south of Boston all the way to care overhaul enacted in 2010.
Although his official residence is on the the tip of Nantucket. Republican Scott P. Benishek says he is interested in seats
bay’s western shore, he owns a condo in Brown carried the 10th in his 2010 special on the Budget and Oversight and Govern-
Cambridge on the Eastern Shore. An anes- election for the Senate, and Keating’s own ment Reform committees. As the father
thesiologist, he has worked at hospitals in tough election battle suggests that in his of a veteran, he also would like to pursue
Salisbury and Easton. first term he may take a centrist approach a post on the Veterans’ Affairs Committee.
Eastern Shore residents are particularly on some issues. He proposes a hiring freeze in the federal
concerned about the environmental health Having served as the Norfolk County government, and he wants an extension of
of the bay. Harris wants to “assess the effec- district attorney since 1999, Keating the Bush-era tax cuts. Benishek describes
tiveness and funding of federal programs says he would like a seat on the Judiciary his ideas as a combination of basic conser-
and to ensure collaboration between state Committee — where Delahunt has been vative philosophy mixed with the concerns
and federal agencies to accomplish these serving. of his northern Michigan constituents.
goals.” And he wants to make a priority He supports abortion rights and repeal “I’m sort of a common-sense guy. I’ve got
of preserving the legs of the Eastern Shore of the “don’t ask, don’t tell” law barring a lot to learn — I admit that,” he says. “I’m
economy — poultry, fishing, agriculture military service by openly gay individuals. a quick learner.”
and tourism — through private sector job Given the coastal sweep of his district, When Benishek was 5 years old, his fa-
creation and cutting taxes. Keating also pays close attention to envi- ther died while working in the mines of
He says the first bill he will sponsor ronmental issues. As a state senator, he Iron County, Mich., leaving Benishek’s
would limit House members to six terms sponsored a law that virtually banned mother to raise the family.
and senators to two terms. phosphates in household cleaners. He “I didn’t really get too much handed to
He would like a seat on the Agriculture supported the fiercely contested wind me. I had to work my entire life,” he says.
Committee, to fit his district’s rural charac- farm project off Cape Cod, appropriately “I think that’s all Americans want — an
ter, as well as on the Energy and Commerce named Cape Wind, as a source of clean, opportunity to work. People of my district
or Armed Services panels. renewable energy. feel that way.”
Page 46 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

Michigan (2) Michigan (3) Michigan (7)


Bill Huizenga, R Justin Amash, R Tim Walberg, R
Pronounced: HI-zing-uh Pronounced: ah-MAHSH Election: Defeated Rep. Mark Schauer, D
Election: Defeated Fred Johnson, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Pat Miles, D, to succeed Residence: Tipton
Peter Hoekstra, R, who retired Vernon J. Ehlers, R, who retired Born: April 12, 1951; Chicago, Ill.
Residence: Zeeland Residence: Cascade Township Religion: Protestant
Born: Jan. 31, 1969; Zeeland, Mich. Born: April 18, 1980; Grand Rapids, Mich. Family: Wife, Sue Walberg; three children
Religion: Christian Reformed Religion: Eastern Orthodox Education: Fort Wayne Bible College, B.S. 1975;
Family: Wife, Natalie Huizenga; five children Family: Wife, Kara Amash; three children Wheaton College (Ill.), M.A. 1978
Education: Calvin College, B.A. 1992 (political Education: U. of Michigan, B.A. 2002 Career: Religious school fundraiser; education
science) (economics), J.D. 2005 think tank president; minister
Career: Private school fundraiser; congressional Career: Lawyer; marketing consultant Political highlights: Candidate for Onsted Com-
district aide; realtor Political highlights: Mich. House, 2009-present munity Schools Board of Education, 1981; Mich.
Political highlights: Mich. House, 2003-09 House, 1983-98; sought Republican nomination
for U.S. House, 2004; U.S. House, 2007-09;
defeated for re-election to U.S. House, 2008

H uizenga says he
plans to be a voice
of fiscal restraint — a
C entral Michigan,
represented by soft-
spoken Republican Ver-
W alberg will pick up
where he left off
two years ago, advocating
member of Congress non J. Ehlers for eight full for conservative causes
who “rages against the terms, is in for big stylis- in the House. He served
spending machine.” tic changes in Amash. one term before losing to
The first piece of leg- The member-elect was Democrat Mark Schauer
islation he plans to offer already well on his way in 2008 — and then de-
would amend the Constitution to require a to becoming a national celebrity before Elec- feated him to reclaim the seat.
balanced budget. tion Day, earning a spot on Time magazine’s Walberg is a proponent of repealing the
He cites the growing debt and govern- “40 Under 40” list of rising political stars in Democratic-backed health care overhaul,
ment regulation as major roadblocks to October. extending all Bush-era tax cuts and enact-
economic prosperity. To address those ar- The ambitious lawmaker says his pri- ing spending cuts.
eas of concern, Huizenga says, he wants mary initiatives on Capitol Hill will be to “The trillion-dollar stimulus, govern-
a seat on a committee with an economic increase transparency in the legislative ment takeover of health care, and Speaker
purview, preferably Energy and Commerce, process and to interact with constituents Pelosi’s budget with trillion-dollar deficits
Financial Services or Budget. using online tools such as Facebook and are placing America on an unsustainable
On matters ranging from health care to Twitter. financial course,” he says. He also favors
energy, Huizenga claims the private sector “One of the things that I do as a state line-item veto power for the president and
has to be the vehicle for reform and that legislator is to explain every single vote a constitutional amendment requiring a
he will be a stalwart advocate for solutions that I take in real time on the Internet, balanced budget.
pointing in that direction. and I’d like to carry the practice forth to Walberg supports increased exploration
Huizenga takes over Michigan’s most Congress,” Amash says. “We might have of U.S. oil and natural gas reserves, along
conservative House district from his for- some sort of website where you can show with development of wind and solar energy
mer boss, Republican Peter Hoekstra, who how your members of Congress are vot- as well as other alternative sources.
unsuccessfully ran for governor. Huizenga ing and have some kind of congressional In the 110th Congress, he had seats on
worked for Hoekstra as his director of social network.” the Agriculture and Education and Labor
public policy before becoming a state rep- Amash says he will seek spots on the En- panels — assignments that reflected some
resentative in 2003, and he says his social ergy and Commerce, Financial Services or of his constituents’ needs. Farming is a big
and fiscal beliefs are closely aligned with Judiciary committees. He also says he will part of the district’s economy, while Michi-
those of his old boss. vote to extend the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts. gan’s jobless rate remains high.
Huizenga, who co-owns a small gravel “I’ll have a very strong focus on eco- Walberg positions himself as a “tradi-
business, will be a reliable Republican vote. nomic issues, limiting government, de- tional values” lawmaker, saying he opposes
But he is careful to note that Republicans creasing the size and scope of govern- abortion, gay marriage and allowing illegal
must offer alternatives to Democratic pro- ment and also on some criminal justice immigrants to obtain driver’s licenses. He
grams like cap and trade for carbon emis- issues,” Amash says. supports making English the nation’s of-
sions and the health care overhaul. Just don’t expect him to cut a similar ficial language.
“We can’t just be the party of ‘no.’ We profile to Ehlers. He also favors privatizing Social Security,
have to offer alternative solutions. We can’t “We come from different generations,” saying that younger workers should have
just repeal. We need to work toward creat- Amash says. “My predecessor was in his “the option to save their own money in
ing different systems,” he says. 70s, and I’m a 30-year-old.” their own name in their own account.”
Page 48 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

Michigan (13) M i n n eso t a ( 8 ) M i ss i ss i p p i ( 1 )


Hansen Clarke, D Chip Cravaack, R Alan Nunnelee, R
Election: Defeated John Hauler, R, after defeating Pronounced: kruh-VACK Election: Defeated Rep. Travis W. Childers, D
Rep. Carolyn Cheeks-Kilpatrick in the primary Election: Defeated Rep. James L. Oberstar, D Residence: Tupelo
Residence: Detroit Residence: Lindstrom Born: Oct. 9, 1958; Tupelo, Miss.
Born: March 2, 1957; Detroit, Mich. Born: Jan. 29, 1959; Charleston, W.Va. Religion: Baptist
Religion: Roman Catholic
Religion: Roman Catholic Family: Wife, Tori Nunnelee; three children
Family: Wife, Choi Palms-Cohen
Family: Wife, Traci Cravaack; two children Education: Mississippi State U., B.S. 1980
Education: Cornell U., B.F.A. 1984 (painting); (marketing)
Georgetown U., J.D. 1987 Education: U.S. Naval Academy, B.S. 1981; U. of
West Florida, M.Ed. 1989 Career: Insurance company owner
Career: County government acquisitions admin-
istrator; congressional district aide Military: Navy Reserve 1981-2005 Political highlights: Miss. Senate, 1995-present
Political highlights: Mich. House, 1991-93; Career: Airline pilot
defeated for re-election to Mich. House, 1992; Political highlights: No previous position
Mich. House, 1999-2003; Democratic nominee
for Detroit City Council, 2001; candidate for De-
troit mayor, 2005; Mich. Senate, 2003-present

C larke plans to use


the regulatory pro-
cess to get funds for his
A Navy veteran and
Northwest Airlines
pilot, Cravaack sees re-
N unnelee brings to
Congress a wealth
of appropriations experi-
economically hard-hit ducing the government’s ence, a distaste for gov-
district. “I’ll likely work a role in business as the ernment debt and a reli-
lot through the adminis- best way to promote eco- ably conservative vote on
trative agencies — a lot of nomic growth and create abortion, gun rights and
times you can get more jobs. national security.
done that way,” he says. “I’m looking more To boost employment in his district, he He predicts that job creation will be the
at the objective, the outcome . . . that’s put- wants to ease regulatory restrictions and most important issue facing northern
ting more people back to work, helping them thus speed projects intended to aid nickel, Mississippi for decades to come. He says
become more financially secure.” copper and platinum mining. Congress should end its “senseless bor-
Education also will be a chief concern, Cravaack was once a union steward at rowing” and explore ways to spur private
Clarke says. He cites a shortage of nurses Northwest and talked during the cam- sector growth through tax policies like
in his district as an example of how fur- paign about his days manning a picket line. the Gulf Opportunity Zones formed after
loughed manufacturing workers can be He says Democrats have abandoned union- Hurricane Katrina. “You can literally draw
retrained. “In Michigan, we’re having to ized workers like those in the Iron Range to a line on the map” between the zones and
hire foreign workers on a temporary basis curry favor with environmentalists. He op- the areas still struggling with historic un-
to meet that need,” he says. “I want to see poses so-called card-check legislation that employment in the absence of aid, he says.
metro Detroiters doing that.” would allow unions to organize workplaces Nunnelee says his experience with mak-
Clarke wants to find funding for year- without a secret ballot. ing the “difficult decisions” involved in
round schooling and after-school pro- Cravaack calls the 2009 economic stimu- balancing state budgets as chairman of the
grams, as well as for adult-education ini- lus “ludicrous” and says the rapid growth Mississippi Senate Appropriations Com-
tiatives. He also advocates for partnering in government spending and debt threat- mittee will come in handy in Washington,
schools with government agencies to pro- ens the country. He would extend the 2001 but he says his main expertise is in health
vide recreational activities to youth. and 2003 tax cuts for all income levels and policy. Congress should repeal the health
He also says he supports a pathway to eliminate the deficit by limiting spending; care overhaul and replace it with “patient-
citizenship for workers in the country il- one pot of funding that he calls unnec- centered health care reform,” he says.
legally and allowing the 2001 and 2003 tax essary is for bike trails, which have been Nunnelee says the United States should
breaks to expire for the wealthy, depending championed by Oberstar. “treat terrorists as enemies and not give
on “how that revenue will be applied.” On social issues, Cravaack is just as con- them the rights of the very Constitution
He hopes to sidestep the fights over servative. He won the endorsement of Gun they wish to destroy.” He also approves of
committee seats that are typical after an Owners of America, a group that argues the Arizona’s immigration enforcement law.
election, saying he does not have any as- National Rifle Association is too prone to A disease blinded Nunnelee by the time
signments in mind for himself. compromise. he was a college senior. “I learned not to
Clarke wants to change Detroit’s politi- His experience as a pilot — and the fact be embarrassed to ask for other people’s
cal culture. “Many times [politicians] actu- he defeated the chairman — could point help,” he says. Doctors restored his vision
ally believe they’re more important than the Cravaack toward the Transportation and with two cornea transplants.
people they serve,” he says. “That creates a Infrastructure Committee. He also ex- He says the knowledge that another per-
culture of entitlement that’s really been evi- pressed an interest in Education and Labor, son’s death made it possible for him to see
dent in Detroit politics for decades.” Armed Services and Veterans’ Affairs. gives him “a very keen sense of responsibility.”
Page 50 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

M i ss i ss i p p i ( 4 ) M i ssou r i ( 4 ) M i ssou r i ( 7 )
Steven Palazzo, R Vicky Hartzler, R Billy Long, R
Pronounced: puh-LAZZ-oh Election: Defeated Rep. Ike Skelton, D Election: Defeated Scott Eckersley, D, to succeed
Election: Defeated Rep. Gene Taylor, D Residence: Harrisonville Roy Blunt, R, who ran for Senate
Residence: Biloxi Born: Oct. 13, 1960; Archie, Mo. Residence: Springfield
Born: Feb. 21, 1970; Gulfport, Miss. Religion: Evangelical Christian Born: August 11, 1955; Springfield, Mo.
Religion: Roman Catholic Family: Husband, Lowell Hartzler; one child Religion: Presbyterian
Family: Wife, Lisa Palazzo; three children Education: U. of Missouri, B.S. 1983 (home Family: Wife, Barbara Long; two children
Education: U. of Southern Mississippi, B.S.B.A. economics & education); Central Missouri State Education: U. of Missouri, attended 1973-74
1994 (accounting), M.B.A. 1996 U., M.S. 1992 (education) Career: Auction company owner; Realtor; radio
Military: Marine Corps Reserve 1988-96; Career: Farmer; rancher; farm equipment talk show host
Mississippi National Guard 1997-present dealership owner; homemaker; teacher Political highlights: No previous office
Career: Accountant; defense contracting Political highlights: Mo. House, 1995-2001
company financial manager; oil rig inventory
supervisor
Political highlights: Miss. House, 2007-present

P alazzo says his top


priority will be job
creation and that the way
H artzler literally wrote
the book on waging
faith-based political cam-
L ong’s campaign fo-
cused on his catch
phrase of being “fed up”
to do that is by reducing paigns — it’s called “Run- with what he called ca-
government regulations ning God’s Way” and is reer politicians, but he
and spending, blocking based on her election to is likely to a dependable
the “unionization of the the Missouri House. vote for GOP leaders on
entire United States” and Improving the econo- both economic and social
cutting taxes. my, creating jobs and balancing the budget issues.
He also wants to bolster national de- will be her priorities. “We’ve got to make sure An auctioneer and Realtor, he has never
fense, an important issue in a district that we’ve got a stable economy for our future and served in elective office before.
boasts military installations such as Kee- not bankrupt our country with the runaway But Long isn’t worried about not know-
sler Air Force Base, the Naval Construc- spending that’s under way,” she says. ing his way around. He told the Joplin
tion Training Center Gulfport, the Naval Hartzler would vote to extend the Bush- Globe that there is “enough experience in
Oceanographic Office and a significant era tax cuts across the board. She also calls Washington to choke a horse.”
military shipbuilding industry. estate taxes “highway robbery” and says He says his first order of business is to
“We’re in a global war on terror that will she wants them kept low, if not eliminated. repeal the Democrats’ health care overhaul,
last through my children’s lifetime,” the She will seek to repeal the 2010 health which he has called an “unmitigated disas-
retired Marine says. “Equipping, training care overhaul, preferring a revamp of the tort ter.” He backs giving small businesses more
and preparing for future threats will be system and greater transparency in medical leeway to join together to buy coverage,
something I’ll be focused on. We can’t sac- pricing. She backs gun rights and supports a health savings accounts and overhauling
rifice that for any reason. That is why prun- constitutional amendment to ban abortion. the medical liability system. Specific to his
ing the budget in other areas is extremely Hartzler opposes climate legislation that region, he favors loan forgiveness programs
important.” would cap carbon emissions. “There’s no to encourage providers to serve rural areas.
Palazzo, who would like a post on the reason to stifle our energy production here He endorses a balanced-budget con-
Armed Services Committee, says he will push in America when our competitors aren’t stitutional amendment coupled with an
for a significant expansion of the Navy. going to have to abide by the onerous regu- amendment to cap taxes at a specified
But with defense representing more lations in that bill,” she says. She supports percentage of personal income. And he
than 50 percent of all discretionary expanded use of nuclear energy. promises not to “seek, support, or enact
spending, he says budget cutting will Her largely agricultural district includes earmarks.”
be “a long and arduous process,” and he Fort Leonard Wood and Whiteman Air Long also is a strong proponent of free
called for a balanced-budget amendment Force Base, and thus Hartzler is interested trade, saying the opening up of new mar-
to the Constitution. in serving on the Agriculture and Armed kets is essential to growing the economy of
With his background as a CPA and busi- Services committees. Minority Leader his southwest Missouri district. He wants
ness owner, Palazzo would like also to serve John A. Boehner of Ohio has promised to eliminate “obsolete” agricultural sub-
on the Ways and Means Committee, a rare her a seat on Armed Services, and she will sidies, but is not specific on which ones
assignment for a freshman lawmaker. work to expand the missions of the mili- qualify as obsolete.
In addition, the former state legislator tary bases, she says. Hartzler, who owns On social issues, Long is just as conserva-
expressed interest in serving on the Agri- an agricultural­ equipment business with tive. He calls himself “100 percent pro-life”
culture and Transportation and Infrastruc- her husband, also expresses interest in the and says marriage should be defined as
ture panels. Small Business Committee. between one man and one woman.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 51

HOUSE

Ne v a d a ( 3 ) Ne w H a m p sh i r e ( 1 ) Ne w H a m p sh i r e ( 2 )
Joe Heck, R Frank Guinta, R Charles Bass, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Dina Titus, D Pronounced: GIN (sounds like “grin”)-ta Election: Defeated Ann McLane Kuster, D, to suc-
Residence: Henderson Election: Defeated Rep. Carol Shea-Porter, D ceed Paul W. Hodes, D, who ran for Senate
Born: Oct. 30, 1961; Queens, N.Y. Residence: Manchester Residence: Peterborough
Religion: Roman Catholic Born: Sept. 26, 1970; Edison, N.J. Born: Jan. 8, 1952; Boston, Mass.
Family: Wife, Lisa Heck; three children Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Episcopalian
Education: Pennsylvania State U., B.S. 1984 Family: Wife, Morgan Guinta; two children Family: Wife, Lisa L. Bass; two children
(health education); Philadelphia College of Education: Assumption College, B.A. 1993; Education: Dartmouth College, A.B. 1974
Osteopathic Medicine, D.O. 1988 Franklin Pierce Law Center, M.I.P. 2000 Career: Congressional aide; architectural prod-
Military: Army Reserve 1991-present Career: Campaign and congressional district ucts executive; energy consultant
Career: Physician; medical response training aide; insurance and risk management consul- Political highlights: Sought GOP nom. for U.S.
consultant; Defense Department medical school tant; insurance claims manager House, 1980; N.H. House, 1982-88; N.H. Senate,
administrator Political highlights: N.H. House, 2000-2002; 1988-92; defeated in primary for re-election to N.H.
Political highlights: Nev. Senate, 2004-08; Manchester Board of Mayor and Aldermen, Senate, 1992; U.S. House, 1995-2007; defeated for
defeated for re-election to Nev. Senate, 2008 2002-06; mayor of Manchester, 2006-10 re-election to U.S. House, 2006

R epresenting a dis-
trict hurt more than
most by the economic
G uinta says he is “a
small-government
kind of guy” who wants
B ass is no stranger to
the 12th District —
he held the seat for 12
downturn and real estate to focus on tax policy, years, winning election
crisis, Heck will look to with an eye toward eco- as part of the 1994 “Re-
help mold a fiscal policy nomic growth and job publican revolution,” but
aimed squarely at job cre- creation. was ousted in 2006.
ation. He takes credit for He says he wanted
“The No. 1 issue we’re facing is the fact several fiscal moves made in Manchester to reclaim his old seat to counteract the
that no matter what’s coming out of Wash- while he was mayor, including a tax cut, “arrogance” Democrats have shown since
ington there’s been absolutely nothing to budget cuts and a tax cap. Federal lawmak- gaining control of Congress in 2006. The
stimulate our economy and create an envi- ers, he says, should approach the nation’s Congressional Budget Office’s prediction
ronment where we can have sustainable job budget with “common sense, responsibil- of $1 trillion annual federal deficits over
growth,” Heck says. “It seems like the folks ity and accountability.” Small businesses, the next decade was “the straw that broke
in Washington don’t have a clue.” meanwhile, should receive more tax incen- the camel’s back for me,” he says.
There is no doubt that Heck’s constitu- tives, he says. Bass wants to return to the Energy and
ents have had a rough time lately. Com- Guinta acknowledges that freshmen Commerce Committee, where he has six
prising much of the Las Vegas suburbs, his have limited influence, but he says that he years of experience and played a role in writ-
district has seen home prices fall steeply learned a few things as a New Hampshire- ing the 2005 energy bill. Since leaving Con-
while unemployment has steadily risen. based aide to Republican Jeb Bradley, who gress, he has worked as a consultant with
As a member of Congress, Heck will held the same seat from 2003 to 2007. companies that develop alternative-energy
embrace a “fair” tax structure that, he “Certainly having two years of experience technologies, and he wants to form a bio-
says, would allow citizens to keep a larger understanding the needs of constituents mass energy caucus in Congress to promote
percentage of their income. His proposed and how the process works in Washington such technology, which uses plant material
policies include lowering the long-term gives me a leg up,” Guinta says. and animal waste to generate power.
capital gains tax rate and eliminating the He opposes the 2010 health care law and Bass also wants his colleagues to estab-
estate tax. says it should be replaced with measures that lish a new standing committee dedicated
The nation’s health care system is also allow small businesses to pool employees to spending reduction. It would recom-
a central concern for Heck, a practicing together in larger groups and allow people to mend cuts to the full House, he says, giving
physician. cross state lines to purchase insurance. members the opportunity to vote on them
“I think that we need to rely more on Guinta supports gun rights and opposes as resolutions.
people who have real-world experience to abortion, saying that society can do more Though Bass is more socially liberal than
craft changes to our health care system, to help women in “crisis pregnancies” to many Republicans — he opposes a consti-
as opposed to a 2,700-page behemoth,” find alternatives to abortion. tutional amendment to define marriage
he says. Guinta says a seat on the Ways and as a union between a man and a woman
Heck’s ideas for improving the health Means or Budget committees would be — he says he generally supports the GOP’s
care system include implementing an ideal, although he acknowledges they “Pledge to America.” The campaign plat-
individual-based (rather than employer- are long shots. His other choices include form’s fiscal recommendations are most
provided) insurance option, passing tort Transportation and Infrastructure, Vet- important, he says: “We’ve got to cut
reform and improving the health of the erans’ Affairs, Energy and Commerce, or spending — that’s going to be the hardest
nation through more nutritious diet plans. Financial Services. part of all.”
Page 52 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

Ne w J e r se y ( 3 ) Ne w M e x i c o ( 2 ) Ne w Yo r k ( 1 3 )
Jon Runyan, R Steve Pearce, R Michael Grimm, R
Election: Defeated Rep. John Adler, D Election: Defeated Rep. Harry Teague, D Election: Defeated Rep. Michael E. McMahon, D
Residence: Mt. Laurel Residence: Hobbs Residence: Staten Island
Born: Nov. 27, 1973; Flint, Mich. Born: Aug. 24, 1947; Lamesa, Texas Born: Feb. 7, 1970; Brooklyn, N.Y.
Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Baptist Religion: Roman Catholic
Family: Wife, Loretta Runyan; three children Family: Wife, Cynthia Pearce; one child Family: Divorced
Education: U. of Michigan, attended 1992-95 Education: New Mexico State U., B.B.A. 1970 Education: Baruch College, B.B.A. 1994; New
(movement science) (economics); Eastern New Mexico U., M.B.A. York Law School, J.D. 2002
Career: Professional football player; professional 1991 Military: Marine Corps 1989-90; Marine Corps
arena football team owner Military: Air Force 1970-76 Reserve 1990-97
Political highlights: No previous office Career: Oil well services company owner; pilot Career: Health food store owner; FBI agent;
Political highlights: N.M. House, 1997-00; sought stockbroker
Republican nomination for U.S. Senate, 2000; Political highlights: No previous office
U.S. House, 2003-09; Republican nominee for
U.S. Senate, 2008

R unyan, a hulking
former professional
football player, likely will
P earce won his old job
back, and now he
wants to pick up where
G rimm cites his days
in the Marine Corps
when he talks about the
stand out more for his he left off on the House importance of teamwork
6-foot-7-inch frame than Financial Services Com- in policymaking, espe-
for his political views. mittee. cially with Congress so
He expects to align Pearce served on the polarized.
closely with the positions committee in the 110th “It’s stifled our abil-
of the most recent Republican to hold his Congress and was the deputy ranking mem- ity to lead,” he says. “In the military, there
seat: H. James Saxton, who retired in 2009. ber of its Housing and Community Op- are arguments, there are fights. The Navy
Runyan wants seats on the same commit- portunity Subcommittee prior to his un- fights with the Marines. But when it’s time
tees occupied by Saxton: Armed Services welcome two-year hiatus from Capitol Hill. to get back to work, we all have each other’s
and Natural Resources. He says those assign- A slot on the panel would give him a plat- hands and move forward.”
ments would allow him to look out for one form for several of his priority issues, which “Congress needs to take a page out of the
of his district’s biggest employers — the mega include reducing taxes on investments and military’s book,” he continued. “At the end
military complex composed of McGuire Air capital gains. Pearce says such cuts would of the day, we’re all Americans.”
Force Base, Fort Dix and the Lakehurst naval give the economy a boost. As a Republican, Grimm describes his
station — and to protect the pinelands and Another way to foster growth is to bring politics as “just right of center” — he wants
beaches of southern New Jersey. stability to the dollar, he says. to repeal the 2010 health care overhaul law
Even though he would have voted against Pearce, who left the Hill following an and opposes cap-and-trade energy policy
the health care overhaul, Runyan says a full unsuccessful run for Senate, also would feel and gay marriage.
repeal is unrealistic. Instead, lawmakers familiar on the Natural Resources Com- But he says that he could side with
should “chip away at it” by eliminating its mittee, another panel he served on during Democrats if they introduce legislation he
most costly provisions, he says. his first stint in the House. He was the thinks would benefit his constituents.
Runyan will also focus on finding ways ranking member on the Energy and Min- “If they put forth a bill that’s good for my
to reduce federal spending and to jump- eral Resources Subcommittee and he has district and this country, I’m supporting it
start the economy. “We really need a bal- extensive experience with mineral resources . . . regardless of who gets the credit.”
anced budget amendment,” he adds. from owning Lea Fishing Tools, an oilfield His days as an undercover FBI agent on
Though he’s an economic conservative, services firm. Wall Street, cracking down on white collar
Runyan supports abortion rights, except He also is likely to reprise his role as a crime, position him to back moves against
for late-term and partial-birth abortions. point person on the immigration debate. corruption in big businesses.
While believing marriage should be be- While representing a district that shares As founder of a health-food restaurant
tween a man and a woman, he backs civil a border with Mexico, Pearce served as a co- and owner of a biofuels company, he sup-
unions for gay people. “Social issues are the chairman of the Border Security Caucus. ports policy initiatives that could help
only issues that really pull me back to be a He supports upping the man hours spent struggling and aspiring entrepreneurs
moderate,” Runyan says. on patrolling the border, so that officials alike. He advocates dispensing with the
Runyan, who spent most of his 13-year can more quickly respond to reports of capital gains taxes for the next two years;
NFL career with the Philadelphia Eagles, illegal crossings. temporarily reducing the payroll tax by
says his charity work put him in touch with Pearce and his wife, who have been mar- 30 percent to 40 percent, and redirecting
community leaders who urged him to run ried for nearly 30 years, reside in the same unspent stimulus money to help small
for Congress. town where he was raised. businesses.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 53

HOUSE

Ne w Yo r k ( 1 9 ) Ne w Yo r k ( 2 0 ) Ne w Yo r k ( 2 4 )
Nan Hayworth, R Chris Gibson, R Richard Hanna, R
Election: Defeated Rep. John Hall, D Election: Defeated Rep. Scott Murphy, D Election: Defeated Rep. Michael Arcuri, D
Residence: Mount Kisco Residence: Kinderhook Residence: Barneveld
Born: Dec. 14, 1959; Chicago, Ill. Born: May 13, 1964; Rockville Centre, N.Y. Born: Jan. 25, 1951; Utica, N.Y.
Religion: Lutheran Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Roman Catholic
Family: Husband, Scott Hayworth; two children Family: Wife, Mary Jo Gibson; three children Family: Wife Kim Hanna; two children
Education: Princeton U., A.B. 1981 (biology); Education: Siena College, B.A. 1986 (history); Education: Reed College, B.A. 1976 (economics
Cornell U., M.D. 1985 Cornell U., M.A. 1995 (government), Ph.D. 1998 and political science)
Career: Ophthalmologist; health care advertising (government) Career: Construction company owner; property
firm executive Military: Army 1986-2010 development company manager
Political highlights: No previous office Career: Army officer Political highlights: Republican nominee for U.S.
Political highlights: No previous office House, 2008

A retired ophthal-
mologist who later
became vice president of
A retired colonel, Gib-
son spent nearly a
quarter century in the
A native of the 24th
district, Hanna
prevailed in a rematch
a health care advertising Army before retiring against Arcuri, who
agency, Hayworth wants earlier this year to pur- bested him in 2008 when
to spend the 112th Con- sue a political career. But Democrats were riding
gress on the “depower- Gibson doesn’t want to high.
ing” of the 2010 health be typecast in Congress Rebuilding the econ-
care overhaul. as a military man. omy will be a core issue for the business
Specifically, she wants to work on leg- He says his first priority is to help re- owner and philanthropist. Hanna says
islation that would give consumers more pair the ailing economy, particularly the he is ready to “immerse in big problems”
choices by facilitating the sale of insurance hard-hit farm sector of his upstate district. and mentions spending caps as well as
across state lines and ensuring that health That means cutting taxes and burdensome permanent small-business tax credits as
savings accounts are not discouraged. regulations while expanding free trade, possible policy options in the 112th Con-
Hayworth hopes to make changes to Gibson says. gress.
Medicare, and she wants to guarantee that To that end, he wants to repeal the new Hanna says that “neither party has it
doctors are adequately reimbursed by the health care law, which he fears will bust right” on everything, but Republicans have
program. the budget and sap small businesses, and “a much better handle” on economic is-
“Right now, Medicare providers are shelve legislation aimed at combating sues. He describes himself as a fiscal con-
headed for an enormous cut in reimburse- global warming by capping emissions of servative but a social moderate; he sup-
ments,” Hayworth says. “That needs to be greenhouse gases. He also would vote to ex- ports civil unions for same-sex partners
worked out, and that needs to be a pay-for.” tend the tax cuts enacted in 2001 and 2003. and abortion rights. Currently, he says,
She wants a seat on the Energy and Com- “There are three specific reasons small- many “social issues are really a diversion
merce Committee, in order to have a say on business owners say they are not going to from the desperate need we have to regrow
those issues as well as focus on helping to grow next year: taxes, regulation and health our economy.”
develop nuclear energy. care costs,” he says. To serve his farm-dependent district,
Interested in education and jobs issues Gibson says he wants to serve on the Hanna will probably try for a seat on the
as well, Hayworth would like a seat on the Agriculture Committee as well as Ways and Agriculture Committee. He also would
Education and Labor Committee if she Means or Energy and Commerce. Armed be interested in serving on the Energy
cannot serve on Energy and Commerce. Services is another choice, although it and Commerce Committee.
But as a fiscal conservative who wants ranks behind the others on his priority list. His father died when Hanna was 20 years
to cut taxes and balance the budget, she That’s not to say Gibson doesn’t have old, leaving Hanna and his sister to provide
believes funding for the Education Depart- some thoughts on military issues. He’s for the family. He put himself through
ment should not be increased and other the author of a 2008 book, “Securing the college during the next several years and
non-military federal spending should be State,” which argues for a more cooperative afterward founded Hanna Construction,
cut. relationship between civilian and military which he still owns and manages.
“The Department of Education, unfor- leaders. He praises Defense Secretary Rob- Since then, Hanna has played an ac-
tunately, however nobly intended, has not ert M. Gates for doing a good job repair- tive role in the community, serving on
produced any benefit to our nation’s stu- ing that rift. And Gibson says he supports local boards and charities. He is also a
dents,” Hayworth says. “We need to cut President Obama’s approach to the wars in “sustaining member” of the libertarian
spending. We need to facilitate growth.” Afghanistan and Iraq. Cato Institute.
Page 54 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE
TOO CLOSE TO CALL AT PRESS TIME
Ne w Yo r k ( 2 5 ) Ne w Yo r k ( 2 9 ) No r t h C a r o l i n a ( 2 )
Ann Marie Buerkle, R Tom Reed, R Renee Ellmers, R
Pronounced: BUR-kul Election: Defeated Matt Zeller, D, to fill a vacancy Election: Defeated Rep. Bob Etheridge, D
Election: Opposed Rep. Dan Maffei, D Residence: Corning Residence: Dunn
Residence: Syracuse Born: Nov. 18, 1971; Joliet, Ill. Born: February 9, 1964; Ironwood, Mich.
Born: May 8, 1951; Auburn, N.Y. Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Roman Catholic
Religion: Roman Catholic Family: Wife, Jean Reed; two children Family: Husband, Brent Ellmers; one child
Family: Divorced; six children Education: Alfred U., B.A. 1993 (political Education: Oakland U., B.S. (nursing)
Education: Le Moyne College, B.S. 1977 (sci- science); Ohio Northern U., J.D. 1996 Career: Hospital administrator; nurse
ence); Syracuse U., J.D. 1993 Career: Lawyer; real estate company owner Political highlights: Dunn Planning Board,
Career: Assistant state attorney general; lawyer; Political highlights: Mayor of Corning, 2008-09 2006-present (chairwoman, 2008-10)
homemaker; nurse
Political highlights: Syracuse Common Council,
1994-95; defeated for election to Syracuse
Common Council, 1994; Republican nominee for
Onondaga County Legislature, 1987, 1989

B uerkle says that if


she takes office, her
first priority is to help
R eed brings a conser-
vative voice to Wash-
ington, D.C., for a district
O ne of a number of
health professionals
joining the 112th Con-
get the economy back on that has had no represen- gress, Ellmers was elected
track. She favors cutting tative in the House since after promising to undo
taxes, controlling spend- March 2010, when Dem- much of the health care
ing and reducing uncer- ocrat Eric Massa resigned overhaul legislation en-
tainty about government after being accused of acted in the spring of
tax and regulatory policies. sexually harassing male staff members. 2010.
“Businesses tell me all the time, ‘I don’t His primary focus in Congress, Reed Touting herself as a “God-fearing” fis-
know what’s going to happen next. I don’t says, is getting the national debt and fed- cal and social conservative, the 46-year-
know what tax or regulation is coming eral spending under control. To do this, he old registered nurse — her husband is
down the pike,’ ” says Buerkle, an attorney supports a hard cap on nondefense discre- a doctor  — is opposed to government-­
and registered nurse. tionary appropriations to “force a national mandated insurance coverage.
Buerkle supports extension of the 2001 dialogue” on the deficit. But, she says, “simply standing against
and 2003 tax cuts and advocates eliminating He also has vowed to fight to keep in Obamacare is not enough.” She would re-
the estate tax, which she calls “double taxa- place, for all income levels, the tax cuts place it with “free-market-based” changes
tion” and “a punishment for working hard enacted during the George W. Bush ad- aimed at increasing accessibility, lowering
and leaving your family some sort of legacy.” ministration. costs and improving technologies.
Seeing entitlement program spending as Reed says he would support an effort Ellmers says the key to creating jobs is
the principal budgetary challenge, she says to repeal the Democratic health care removing the uncertainty facing small
she’s open to all ideas for bringing Social overhaul legislation enacted in 2010, al- businesses when it comes to health care
Security revenues in line with expenses. though he acknowledges that success in costs and taxes. She will vote to extend all
She would exempt older Americans from that endeavor is unlikely. What’s more of the Bush-era tax cuts.
any changes to the program. But for those important, he said, is to keep debate go- She is against gay marriage, abortion
up to about age 40, “all of the options need ing on the issue. He backs “tort reform” and a path to citizenship for illegal im-
to be looked at [to determine] what’s going and the better use of software to reduce migrants, and she is a strong advocate for
to make this work and what’s going to be medical insurance fraud. gun owners’ rights.
viable,” she says. Despite the polarized nature of Con- To combat illegal immigration, Ellmers
An opponent of the health care overhaul, gress, Reed thinks that his proposals can says she will push to implement harsher
she says she will seek to deny funding to attract some support from the other side penalties for employers who hire illegal
implement the new law and favors its even- of the aisle. He emphasizes that he is open immigrants and to create a stronger em-
tual repeal. to new ideas and will talk to anyone, al- ployment verification system, expanding
Buerkle also wants to eliminate the De- though he notes that he would not com- beyond the current E-Verify program that
partment of Education, which she says has promise his principles. confirms the eligibility of individuals to
failed to improve public education. She He says he decided that the country was work in the United States.
believes tax credits, vouchers and other headed down the wrong path when he saw Ellmers is expected to seek a spot on the
steps making it easier for parents to send President Obama’s agenda, including the coveted Energy and Commerce Commit-
their children to private schools and creat- $787 billion stimulus law. tee. She has said ramping up drilling in
ing competition have a better chance of “The moment rang in my head as ‘This the waters off North Carolina would be a
improving education. is not sustainable,’ ” he says. boon for the state’s economy.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 55

HOUSE

N o r t h D a ko ta ( A L ) Ohio (1) Ohio (6)


Rick Berg, R Steve Chabot, R Bill Johnson, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Earl Pomeroy, D Election: Defeated Rep. Steve Driehaus, D Election: Defeated Rep. Charlie Wilson, D
Residence: Fargo Residence: Cincinnati Residence: Poland
Born: Aug. 16, 1959; Maddock, N.D. Born: Jan. 22, 1953; Cincinnati, Ohio Born: Nov. 10, 1954; Roseboro, N.C.
Religion: Lutheran Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Protestant
Family: Wife, Tracy Berg; one child Family: Wife, Donna Chabot; two children Family: Wife, LeeAnn Johnson; four children
Education: North Dakota State School of Sci- Education: College of William & Mary, A.B. 1975 Education: Troy U., B.S. 1979 (computer science);
ence, attended 1977-78; North Dakota State U., (history); Northern Kentucky U., J.D. 1978 Georgia Institute of Technology, M.S. 1984
B.A. 1981 (agricultural economics & Career: Lawyer; teacher (computer science)
communications) Political highlights: Candidate for Cincinnati City Military: Air Force 1973-78; Air Force 1979-99
Career: Property development company owner Council, 1979, 1983; Cincinnati City Council, Career: Air Force officer; information technology
Political highlights: N.D. House, 1985-present 1985-90; Republican nominee for U.S. House, executive
(majority leader, 2003-09) 1988; Hamilton Co. Board of Commissioners, Political highlights: No previous office
1990-95; U.S. House, 1995-2009; defeated for
re-election to U.S. House, 2008

B erg ran as a political


outsider, despite his
role in North Dakota’s
A veteran from the
Republican class
of 1994, Chabot is on a
J ohnson says the new
Congress should
make “fixing the econo-
political establishment mission to restore con- my and creating jobs” its
as a member of the state servative principles to the top priority.
House for more than two seat he lost to Democrat He backs extension
decades, including stints Steve Driehaus in 2008 as of the Bush-era tax cuts
as majority leader and a result of what he calls for all income levels and
Speaker. “the Obama tsunami.” says reducing federal spending is the best
After completing his education, he “I want to be part of the change from the way to protect Social Security. He opposes
formed a commercial real estate company, change we saw,” he says. raising the retirement age.
now called Goldmark Schlossman, serving Still a strong believer in the 1994 “Con- “We need to get the federal government off
as managing broker for the company until tract With America,” Chabot says his priori- the back of businesses. We have to grow the
2006. His business background, combined ties are to “get control of the spending” and private sector,” he told the Herald-Dispatch
with conservative positions on energy and “restrain the growth of government.” He is of Huntington, W.Va., just across the Ohio
government spending, made him a favorite a fierce critic of the 2009 economic stimulus River from the 6th District, in September.
of influential national Republicans to take package and the health care overhaul. Johnson, who retired from the Air Force
the seat held by Democrat Earl Pomeroy The principal House sponsor of a 2003 as a lieutenant colonel, said fighting the
since 1993. law outlawing the procedure known as war on terrorism “means treating our en-
Like other newly elected Republicans, he “partial birth” abortion, Chabot plans to emies as enemies — not as Americans with
favors minimizing the tax and regulatory continue to promote anti-abortion poli- constitutional rights.”
burden on businesses and permanently cies upon his return to Congress. He also And he opposes repeal of the “don’t ask,
eliminating the federal estate tax. opposes gay marriage and supports Second don’t tell” policy barring gays and lesbians
Berg wants to help move the country Amendment rights, with a mixed record on from serving openly in the armed forces.
away from dependence on foreign sources privacy issues. Johnson said the controversy is a result not
of energy by developing more domestic During his previous 14 years in the of problems arising in the military over the
sources. He also says the government needs House, Chabot served on the Judiciary, policy but from agitation by “the radical
to streamline the approval process for Foreign Affairs and Small Business com- homosexual lobby.”
building new nuclear power plants. mittees. Those stops included a stint as He said he is interested in serving on the
Berg has offered some ideas to extend chairman of the Judiciary Subcommittee Armed Services, Intelligence and Veterans’
the solvency of Social Security, such as on the Constitution from 2001 to 2006 and Affairs committees because of his military
allowing oil and gas drilling in national as Small Business’ ranking Republican in background; Science and Technology be-
parks, including North Dakota’s Theodore 2007 and 2008. He hopes to return to all cause of his work as a technology entrepre-
Roosevelt National Park, to pay for the re- three panels in the 112th Congress with his neur after leaving the military; and Energy
tirement security program. When Pomeroy seniority intact. and Commerce because energy issues are
assailed that idea, Berg said he wasn’t pro- “That will put me in a position to be important to his district.
posing any change in the law and mostly able to immediately play a very active role He backs repeal of the 2010 health care
favored more leasing on other federal lands. in reversing the direction of this Congress overhaul, citing his anti-abortion position
Berg is a social conservative, opposing from one of absolutely lack of restraint in as a reason for working to replace the law
gay marriage and abortion rights while spending to fiscal discipline and balanced with what he calls “market- and values-based
supporting gun owners’ rights. budgets,” he says. solutions.”
Page 56 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

Ohio (15) Ohio (16) Ohio (18)


Steve Stivers, R Jim Renacci, R Bob Gibbs, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Mary Jo Kilroy, D Pronounced: reh-NAY-see Election: Defeated Rep. Zack Space, D
Residence: Columbus Election: Defeated Rep. John Boccieri, D Residence: Lakeville
Born: March 24, 1965; Cincinnati, Ohio Residence: Wadsworth Born: June 14, 1954; Peru, Ind.
Religion: United Methodist Born: Dec. 3, 1958; Monongahela, Pa. Religion: Methodist
Family: Wife, Karen Stivers; one child Religion: Roman Catholic Family: Wife, Jody Gibbs; three children
Education: Ohio State U., B.A. 1989 Family: Wife, Tina Renacci; three children Education: Ohio State U., A.A.S. 1974 (animal
(international studies), M.B.A. 1996 Education: Indiana U. of Pennsylvania, B.S. 1980 husbandry)
Military: Ohio Army National Guard, (accounting) Career: Property management company owner;
1988-present Career: Business management consultant; hog farmer
Career: Lobbyist; securities company executive; professional arena football team executive; Political highlights: Ohio House, 2003-09; Ohio
county party official; campaign aide nursing homes owner; accountant Senate, 2009-present
Political highlights: Ohio Senate, 2003-08; Political highlights: Wadsworth Board of Zoning
Republican nominee for U.S. House, 2008 Appeals, 1994-95; Wadsworth City Council presi-
dent, 2000-2003; mayor of Wadsworth, 2004-07

S tivers, who promotes


himself as a budget
hawk, wants to cut dis-
R enacci is a bottom-
line kind of guy,
an accountant who got
A well-known state
legislator, Gibbs
reflects the fiscal and
cretionary spending and into politics because he social conservatism of
supports giving line-item thought public budgets his rural district, which
veto authority to the could be better drafted sweeps across eastern
president. and executed. and southern Ohio and
But even if it would He touts his conserva- includes rugged parts of
save taxpayer dollars, don’t expect him to tive social values — for example he opposes Appalachia.
support legislation that would privatize abortion and stem cell research — but his Many of his constituents work in agricul-
Social Security or raise the program’s re- campaign manager says “the main impetus ture — mostly dairy and beef cattle produc-
tirement age. “The promises made to our for his campaign is to restore fiscal respon- tion — or in the steel and coal industries. As
seniors must be promises kept,” he pledged sibility. . . . He’s going to take a bottom-line, in other blue-collar areas, unemployment
during the campaign. Instead, he says he business-oriented approach to governing.” in the district remains above the national
wants to reduce costs by promoting ef- A 1980 graduate of the Indiana Univer- average.
ficiency and eliminating waste and fraud. sity of Pennsylvania, Renacci got his start Gibbs’ top priority is cutting the fed-
Energy independence also is on Stivers’ in business as an accountant for a large eral deficit and lowering the national debt.
list of congressional priorities. He sup- firm in Pittsburgh, where he kept the He wants to see greater small-business tax
ports green energy technology, nuclear books for nursing home companies. He breaks, which he says would create jobs and
power and clean coal. But he turned his left for Ohio in 1984 and started his own boost the economy.
back this year on the cap-and-trade ap- nursing home, which grew into a small He opposes any cap-and-trade legisla-
proach to regulating greenhouse gas group of nursing facilities. Fifteen years tion to address climate change, saying the
emissions, the Columbus Dispatch re- later he sold the nursing homes after his effects on industry would threaten to put
ported, even though he supported the election to city council in Wadsworth. another 100,000 Ohioans out of work.
policy two years ago. Renacci’s various business investments Like many of his fellow Republicans,
The new health care law runs counter to have included minor league professional Gibbs opposes the 2010 health care over-
Stivers’ spending philosophy, and he will sports teams. From 2003 to 2008 he was haul pushed by President Obama. “One of
look for ways to control costs and promote co-owner of the Columbus Destroyers, an the first things I will do is repeal ‘Obam-
price transparency. Arena League football team. He is still a acare’ and, at the very least, make sure the
He also isn’t a fan of this year’s financial minority owner of a minor league baseball bill is defunded,” Gibbs says.
regulatory overhaul because it “spends too team in California called the Lancaster He hews strictly to the GOP line on im-
much money and it costs jobs,” he told the JetHawks. migration, opposing amnesty for illegal
Dispatch. In 2004 he was elected mayor of Wad- immigrants and calling on the Obama
But while he says he will try to “fix” sworth, and during his four years in office administration to strengthen security mea-
those two laws, he will not work to repeal he claimed credit for balancing the city’s sures along the nation’s borders.
them. budget without a tax increase by making With his background as a farmer and
Stivers also speaks in support of abor- across-the-board spending cuts. small-business owner, Gibbs says he hopes
tion rights, but he established an anti- He also lured commercial development to serve on the Agriculture and Energy and
abortion record as a state Senator and to the area, which increased the town’s Commerce committees. Given his concerns
was named a “preferred” candidate by revenue. He touts pro-growth, limited- about federal spending, he would also like
Ohio Right to Life. spending, low-tax policies. to serve on the Appropriations Committee.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 57

HOUSE

O k l a ho m a ( 5 ) P enns y l v a n i a ( 3 ) P enns y l v a n i a ( 7 )
James Lankford, R Mike Kelly, R Pat Meehan, R
Election: Defeated Billy Coyle, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Rep. Kathy Dahlkemper, D Election: Defeated Bryan Lentz, D, to succeed
Mary Fallin, R, who ran for governor Residence: Butler Joe Sestak, D, who ran for Senate
Residence: Edmond Born: May 10, 1948; Pittsburgh, Pa. Residence: Drexel Hill
Born: March 4, 1968; Dallas, Texas Religion: Roman Catholic Born: Oct. 20, 1955; Cheltenham, Pa.
Religion: Baptist Family: Wife, Victoria Kelly; four children Religion: Roman Catholic
Family: Wife, Cindy Lankford; two children Education: U. of Notre Dame, B.A. 1970 Family: Wife, Carolyn Meehan; three children
Education: U. of Texas, B.S.Ed. 1990 (secondary (sociology) Education: Bowdoin College, B.A. 1978 (classics
education-history); Southwestern Career: Car dealership owner & government); Temple U., J.D. 1986
Theological Baptist Seminary, M.Div. 1994 Political highlights: Butler Area School Board, Career: Lawyer; congressional district and
(biblical languages) 1992-96; Butler City Council, 2006-09 campaign aide; professional hockey referee
Career: Religious youth camp director Political highlights: Delaware County district
Political highlights: No previous office attorney, 1996-2001; U.S. attorney, 2001-08

L ankford brings an
unusual background
to Congress.
K elly hopes to land a
seat on the Budget
Committee, where he
M eehan promises to
focus on economic
issues in Congress, telling
Instead of a law de- would serve as a fiscal Pennsylvania voters he
gree or a master’s in hawk. will push for federal in-
business administra- “I think if there were vestments in the district
tion, his advanced de- more people in the leg- while fighting against
gree is a master’s of di- islature that had actu- any tax increases on small
vinity focusing on biblical languages. ally run a business, I think they’d have a businesses or individual taxpayers.
His 13 years as program director at better idea of what they’re doing,” the car Repairing the economy “is going to
Falls Creek, a huge Baptist youth camp dealership owner says. take courageous decisions at a bipar-
south of Oklahoma City, helped him Kelly supports a legislative “sunset tisan level,” Meehan said at an issues
develop a network of Southern Baptists clause” that would mandate the expira- forum during the campaign. To help
that proved invaluable to his grass-roots tion of federally funded programs unless create jobs, he wants to allocate federal
mobilization effort in the Republican Congress acts to renew them. dollars to infrastructure projects for
primary and runoff. He will vote to repeal the 2010 health highways and mass transit.
He says the job also gave him leadership care overhaul if given the opportunity, be- The former U.S. attorney, who was
and business experience, as he applied the cause it addresses government, not health sworn in six days after the Sept. 11 terror-
limited resources of a nonprofit corpora- care, according to his campaign website. ist attacks, is likely to be a leader in Con-
tion to the complexity of a large institu- The Veterans’ Affairs Committee inter- gress on terrorism and crime matters. He
tion serving tens of thousands of people ests Kelly. He is not a veteran, but he says earned a reputation in that post for pros-
annually. he is inspired by his father’s military ser- ecuting Pennsylvania officials brought up
He decided to run for Congress, he says, vice in World War II. “I’d like to somehow on corruption charges.
because he believes the nation is “in great be able to work on something that gives He also focused on efforts against ter-
risk of losing our freedom to worship, live back to [veterans] and everything they’ve rorism, identity theft and gang crime.
as traditional families, pass on a better life done for us,” Kelly says. Meehan, who is mum about which
to our children, and speak out for the is- He notes that his district is home to committee assignments he is angling for,
sues we hold dear. Our Constitution does two veterans’ hospital facilities and that arrives in Congress after a highly com-
not give us freedom; our Constitution rec- veterans “have to feel assured that they petitive race. And it wasn’t even the first
ognizes the freedom given to us by God. can go and get the kind of care that they’re race he entered during the 2010 cycle. He
Every generation must work to protect entitled to.” originally sought to run for Pennsylvania
that freedom for the next generation.” While Kelly attended numerous events governor, but he pulled out early in the
Lankford’s top priorities in the House for the tea party movement during his contest to run for the congressional seat
are consistent with those of other fresh- campaign, he says he has not decided being vacated by Democrat Joe Sestak,
man Republicans: stopping deficit spend- whether to join the Tea Party Caucus who ran for Senate.
ing, simplifying the tax code, defending formed by Republican Michele Bachmann The 7th District is a big pickup for Repub-
states’ rights, increasing domestic oil and of Minnesota this year. “I’m not really licans, who counted on capturing the seat
gas production, and securing the borders. painting myself in a corner right now,” he as part of their effort to win back the House
He would like to win assignments to the says. “I’m certainly open to anything that of Representatives. The National Republi-
Budget and Transportation and Infra- would help me serve better as a representa- can Congressional Committee identified
structure committees. tive to the people in the 3rd District.” Meehan as one of their first “Young Guns.”
Page 58 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

P enns y l v a n i a ( 8 ) P enns y l v a n i a ( 1 0 ) P enns y l v a n i a ( 1 1 )


Michael G. Fitzpatrick, R Tom Marino, R Lou Barletta, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Patrick J. Murphy, D Election: Defeated Rep. Christopher Carney, D Election: Defeated Rep. Paul E. Kanjorski, D
Residence: Levittown Residence: Lycoming Township Residence: Hazleton
Born: June 28, 1963; Philadelphia, Pa. Born: Aug. 13, 1952; Williamsport, Pa. Born: Jan. 28, 1956; Hazleton, Pa.
Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Roman Catholic
Family: Wife, Kathy Fitzpatrick; six children Family: Wife, Edie Marino; two children Family: Wife, MaryGrace Barletta; four children
Education: St. Thomas U. (Fla.), B.A. 1985 Education: Williamsport Area Community Education: Bloomsburg State College, attended
(political science); Dickinson School of Law, College, A.A. 1983; Lycoming College, B.A. 1985 1973-76; Luzerne County Community College,
J.D. 1988 (political science & secondary education); attended 1976-77
Career: Lawyer Dickinson School of Law, J.D. 1988 Career: Pavement marking company owner
Political highlights: Republican nominee for Pa. Career: Lawyer; bakery worker Political highlights: Republican nominee for
House, 1990, 1994; Bucks County Board of Political highlights: Lycoming County district Hazleton City Council, 1996; Hazleton City Coun-
Commissioners, 1995-2005; U.S. House, 2005- attorney, 1992-2002; U.S. attorney, 2002-07 cil, 1998-00; mayor of Hazleton, 2000-present;
07; defeated for re-election to U.S. House, 2006 Republican nominee for U.S. House, 2002, 2008

F itzpatrick proved
during his previous,
one-term stay in the
J udiciary would seem
to be a natural com-
mittee assignment for
B arletta made na-
tional news as may-
or of Hazleton in 2006,
House that he was a reli- Marino, who was the dis- when he vowed that his
able conservative on both trict attorney in his rural small city would be “the
economic and social home county for a de- toughest place on illegal
issues. cade and then the Bush immigrants in America.”
During his come- administration’s top fed- The tough ordinance he
back campaign he stressed jobs and defi- eral prosecutor in a mostly rural region that pushed through the city council has been
cits, saying, “Federal spending is out of stretches from Harrisburg to Scranton. struck down in federal court, but illegal im-
­control.” No Pennsylvanian from either party is migration remains a signature issue for him.
On the tax side, Fitzpatrick backs ex- currently on the panel. GOP leaders gener- Although Barletta follows the conser-
tension of the 2001 and 2003 cuts for all ally pick reliable social conservatives for the vative GOP line on most topics — he
income levels, arguing that letting tax committee, and Marino is unambiguous opposes abortion and favors strong gun
rates go up now would discourage job on many of the hot-button issues within rights — he says he wants to be an in-
creation. its purview, starting with his opposition to dependent voice in Congress and find
A former Bucks County commis- abortion, gun control and creating a path common-sense solutions whenever pos-
sioner, the business-friendly Fitzpatrick to citizenship for illegal immigrants. sible. “I hope to make a difference in
served on the Small Business and Finan- If Republicans push to reopen the debate Washington,” he says.
cial Services panels during the 109th on the health care system, Marino could On the economy, Barletta says there
Congress. And he espouses a familiar use a Judiciary assignment to advance his are “many things” that Congress can do
GOP refrain: “Government does not cre- (and his party’s) longstanding goal of limit- to help create jobs while bringing “some
ate jobs. Free enterprise, business, indus- ing medical-malpractice ­litigation. sense” to federal tax laws. He also opposes
try and entrepreneurs do.” Marino also has expressed interest in a the 2010 health care overhaul.
On a range of issues, Fitzpatrick hews few other committees: Veterans’ Affairs, He would like to put his background
to the conservative line: He takes a tough because the aging population he will rep- in road construction to good use on the
stance on national security, backs stricter resent includes a large number of veterans, Transportation and Infrastructure Com-
immigration enforcement, supports gun and Agriculture, where he would work to mittee. His father owned a road construc-
owners’ rights and criticizes the Demo- protect the interests of the dairy farmers tion company, and Barletta co-founded
crats’ health care overhaul while promot- populating the state’s northeast corner. his own construction firm, Interstate
ing “free-market solutions” to boost insur- Another parochial priority will be boosting Road Marking Corp., before becoming
ance coverage. efforts to extract natural gas from the Mar- mayor.
Fitzpatrick says he supports a “bal- cellus Shale geologic formation underneath Barletta is expected to continue to
anced” energy policy that includes nuclear central Pennsylvania. promote a project that will transform
power, development of clean-coal tech- Marino, who describes himself as support- an abandoned coal-mining operation in
nology and “responsible” offshore drill- ive of but not part of the tea party movement, Hazleton into a tourist destination with a
ing. He would also be a champion for the expects to be a reliable vote for the GOP on 20,000-person amphitheater.
development of natural gas from Penn- all major areas but one: While most Repub- He would also like a seat on the Judi-
sylvania’s Marcellus Shale, which he says licans describe themselves as free-traders, he ciary Committee, which handles the bulk
would provide both an increased supply has expressed opposition to several pending of immigration legislation that moves
of domestic energy and jobs for the state. trade liberalization agreements. through the House.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 59

HOUSE

Rhode Isl a nd ( 1 ) S ou t h C a r ol i n a ( 1 ) S ou t h C a r ol i n a ( 3 )
David Cicilline, D Tim Scott, R Jeff Duncan, R
Pronounced: sis-uh-LEE-nee Election: Defeated Ben Frasier, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Jane Dyer, D, to succeed J.
Election: Defeated John Loughlin, R, to succeed Henry E. Brown Jr., R, who retired Gresham Barrett, R, who ran for governor
Patrick J. Kennedy, D, who retired Residence: Charleston Residence: Laurens
Residence: Providence Born: Sept. 19, 1965; North Charleston, S.C. Born: Jan. 7, 1966; Greenville, S.C.
Born: July 15, 1961; Providence, R.I. Religion: Christian Religion: Baptist
Religion: Jewish Family: Single Family: Wife, Melody Duncan; three children
Family: Single Education: Presbyterian College, attended 1983- Education: Clemson U., B.A. 1988 (political
Education: Brown U., B.A. 1983 (political 84; Charleston Southern U., B.S. 1988 science)
science); Georgetown U., J.D. 1986 Career: Insurance agency owner; financial Career: Real estate auction company owner; real
Career: Lawyer; public defender adviser estate broker; banker
Political highlights: Sought Democratic Political highlights: Charleston County Council, Political highlights: S.C. House, 2003-present
nomination for R.I. Senate, 1992; R.I. House, 1995-2008 (chairman, 2002-03, 2007-08);
1995-2003; mayor of Providence, 2003-present Republican nominee for S.C. Senate, 1996; S.C.
House, 2009-present

A fter serving eight


years as mayor of
Providence, David Cicil-
S cott, the first Afri-
can-American Re-
publican elected to the
D uncan plans to fo-
cus much of his at-
tention on promoting
line heads to the House South Carolina House nuclear energy, specifical-
with “a perspective and of Representatives since ly at the federal govern-
an understanding,” he Reconstruction, now ex- ment’s Savannah River
says, of the “urgency of pects to make his mark in site, a portion of which
what needs to be done” Washington as a staunch falls within his district.
to get people back to work. fiscal conservative. He says energy independence is vital to
He would like to follow his predecessor, The small-business owner says he is es- national security and the health of the
Democrat Patrick J. Kennedy, on to the pecially committed to ending the practice economy. He views nuclear power — and
Appropriations Committee, but Cicilline of earmarking. the Savannah River site, which has reactors
also has his sights on a more realistic goal: “This has to stop if we are ever going to as well as a national laboratory — as a key
the Transportation and Infrastructure get our fiscal house in order,” Scott says. ingredient in that equation.
Committee. A former public defender, he Supported by prominent politicians on Duncan, who developed solidly conser-
also is interested in the Judiciary panel. the right including Sarah Palin and Sen. vative credentials as a state legislator, is
Cicilline promises to push to bring Jim DeMint of South Carolina, Scott has willing to work across the aisle on behalf
troops home from Afghanistan as “expe- enthusiastically embraced other conser- of the facility. In particular, he wants to
ditiously and responsibly as possible,” say- vative positions, including repealing the enlist the help of a fellow South Carolinian:
ing, “we spent $400 billion in Afghanistan, 2010 health care overhaul law and reduc- James E. Clyburn, a member of the House
and we have bridges and water systems in ing federal spending and taxes. Democratic leadership.
our own country that need to be rebuilt.” He has made the economic develop- He also wants to work to expand other do-
Cicilline says his first priority is job ment of his coastal district a priority, mestic energy sources — including offshore
creation. He has pushed for a Made in pledging to fight for highway and other oil — and he eventually wants to win a seat
America Block Grant program to help public-works funding. on the Energy and Commerce Committee.
manufacturers retrofit their businesses “I understand the importance of having In the meantime, he is interested in
and retrain employees. He supports the the infrastructure to bring more industry, two other committees: Financial Services,
creation of a National Infrastructure Bank business, and jobs to our state,” Scott says. where he could use the skills he developed
to develop public-private partnerships for He has been critical of the administra- during his career in banking; and Agricul-
investment in infrastructure projects. tion’s efforts to curb deepwater drilling ture, where his experience as chairman of
He refused to take campaign contribu- in the wake of the BP oil spill, saying that the state House’s agriculture panel would
tions from city employees as a mayoral domestic oil production must continue be useful. He also was chairman of a panel
and congressional candidate and supports along with the pursuit of nuclear, solar, assigned to study South Carolina’s educa-
public financing for elections. coal and other sources of energy. tion funding formulas.
Cicilline has vowed to work for full Although he stresses economic issues, Duncan is passionate about stronger
equality for the lesbian, gay, bisexual Scott is also a cultural conservative, op- oversight of federal agencies. In the state
and transgendered community. “As an posing gun control, embryonic stem cell House, he created a subcommittee that
openly gay man, I have a deep under- research and gay marriage. He favors a focused exclusively on reviewing new regu-
standing of the importance of achieving federal crackdown on illegal immigration lations. In Washington, he says, he will
equality for all citizens,” he said on his and was endorsed by the founder of the continue to monitor the federal bureau-
campaign website. Minutemen Project. cracy closely.
Page 60 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

S ou t h C a r ol i n a ( 4 ) S ou t h C a r ol i n a ( 5 ) S ou t h D a k o t a ( A L )
Trey Gowdy, R Mick Mulvaney, R Kristi Noem, R
Election: Defeated Paul Corden, D, after Election: Defeated Rep. John M. Spratt Jr., D Pronounced: NOHM
defeating Bob Inglis in the primary Residence: Indian Land Election: Defeated Rep. Stephanie Herseth
Residence: Spartanburg Born: July 21, 1967; Alexandria, Va. Sandlin, D
Born: Aug. 22, 1964; Greenville, S.C. Religion: Roman Catholic Residence: Castlewood
Religion: Baptist Family: Wife, Pam Mulvaney; three children Born: Nov. 30, 1971; Watertown, S.D.
Family: Wife, Terri Gowdy; two children Education: Georgetown U., B.S.F.S 1989 Religion: Evangelical Christian
Education: Baylor U., B.A. 1986 (history); U. of (international economics); U. of North Carolina, Family: Husband, Bryon Noem; three children
South Carolina, J.D. 1989 J.D. 1992 Education: Northern State U., attended 1990-92;
Career: Lawyer Career: Real estate developer; restaurateur; South Dakota State U., attending (political
Political highlights: Assistant U.S. attorney, 1994- lawyer science)
2000; S.C. 7th Circuit solicitor, 2001-present Political highlights: S.C. House, 2007-09; S.C. Career: Farmer; rancher; hunting lodge owner;
Senate, 2009-present restaurant manager
Political highlights: S.D. House, 2007-present
(assistant majority leader, 2009-present)

G owdy has a clear lit-


mus test for evaluat-
ing whether to support a
M ulvaney stands to
be part of what he
calls a new generation of
N oem hopes to be
a voice of fiscal re-
straint and limited gov-
legislative proposal: Can young fiscal conserva- ernment while also advo-
the bill’s sponsor point to tives in Congress, aiming cating conservative social
the portion of the Con- to curb what he sees as values.
stitution that empowers out-of-control govern- She supports repeal-
Congress to legislate in ment spending. ing the Democrats’
that area? “I got into politics in 2006 as a reaction health care overhaul as well as extending
“I have to have a paradigm that you can to the Republican spending in the middle a moratorium on earmarks and reducing
consistently apply,” the former federal part of that decade,” he says. “I didn’t like taxes.
prosecutor says. “My legislative paradigm how my party was spending.” “We need to get our economy back on
would start with whether or not some- Favoring limited government, legislative track and get the excessive spending and
thing is constitutional.” transparency and term limits, Mulvaney has government growth under control,” she
Gowdy, who has served as circuit solici- the support of both the tea party movement says.
tor (district attorney) for the past decade, and the Republican establishment. While she has avoided being labeled a tea
will be at home in a crop of conservative, Though freshmen aren’t generally party candidate, Noem shares the move-
change-minded Republican freshmen. invited to join the Budget Committee, ment’s prototypical affinity for small gov-
He views himself as an outsider, a role he Mulvaney hopes his defeat of the panel’s ernment, free markets, transparency and
played to the hilt in defeating six-term Rep. chairman and the state’s longest-serving “constitutional conservatism” — stances
Bob Inglis in the GOP primary. He pledges congressman, 15-term Democrat John M. that have gained her comparison to home-
that he will not be tempted by inside-the- Spratt Jr., will give him a shot. state GOP Sen. John Thune and former
Beltway trappings. Too many in Washing- His background in business, economics, Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin.
ton are preoccupied with getting re-elected, commerce, finance and law makes him an Noem also trends right on social issues,
he says, and the tenor of debate has become ideal candidate for that appointment, he opposing gay marriage, abortion and regu-
overly vitriolic. That has eroded public says. A lawyer by training, Mulvaney has lation of firearms.
trust in government, something he hopes also worked in his family’s homebuilding “In the state legislature, I sponsored key
to help change. and real estate company. legislation to protect our Second Amend-
“You can fight hard but still fight fair- He decided to run for Congress while ment rights,” she says. “I plan on doing the
ly,” says Gowdy, who as solicitor donated watching Spratt get jeered at a November same thing in the House of Representatives.”
portions of his campaign war chest to 2009 meeting on health care, and Mul- A lifelong rancher, Noem says she would
keep members of his staff from having to vaney says he’ll immediately seek a full be interested in pursuing seats on the En-
take state-ordered furloughs. repeal of President Obama’s health care ergy and Commerce and Agriculture com-
Gowdy says he would be interested in overhaul law. mittees.
serving on the Financial Services or Foreign Mulvaney hopes to follow that with “an She says changes need to be made to
Affairs committee. He could also be inter- alternative proposal that will bring some federal crop subsidies, an issue of major
ested in a spot on the Judiciary Committee, free-market reforms to health care,” he says. importance in her state. While she is not
which would allow him to draw on his Mulvaney supports a moratorium on opposed to continuing direct payments,
extensive legal background as a prosecutor earmarks, at least until the budget is bal- Noem said more emphasis needs to be
at both the state and federal levels, and as a anced, and he says he hopes to create jobs placed on crop insurance and risk man-
lawyer in private practice early in his career. in his home state by cutting taxes. agement.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 61

HOUSE

T e n n essee ( 3 ) T e n n essee ( 4 ) T e n n essee ( 6 )


Chuck Fleischmann, R Scott DesJarlais, R Diane Black, R
Election: Defeated John Wolfe, D, to succeed Pronounced: DAY-zhur-lay Election: Defeated Brett Carter, D, to succeed
Zach Wamp, R, who ran for governor Election: Defeated Rep. Lincoln Davis, D Bart Gordon, D, who retired
Residence: Ooltewah Residence: South Pittsburg Residence: Gallatin
Born: Oct. 11, 1962; Manhattan, N.Y. Born: Feb. 21, 1964; Des Moines, Iowa Born: Jan. 16, 1951; Baltimore, Md.
Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Episcopalian Religion: Lutheran
Family: Wife, Brenda Fleischmann; three children Family: Wife, Amy DesJarlais; four children Family: Husband, David Black; three children
Education: U. of Illinois, B.A.L.A.S. 1983 (political Education: U. of South Dakota, B.S. 1987 Education: Anne Arundel Community College,
science); U. of Tennessee, J.D. 1986 (chemistry & psychology), M.D. 1991 A.S.N. 1971; Belmont U., B.S.N. 1992
Career: Lawyer Career: Physician Career: Nonprofit community organization
Political highlights: No previous office Political highlights: No previous office fundraiser; nurse
Political highlights: Tenn. House, 1999-2005;
Tenn. Senate, 2005-present

A longtime lawyer
and occasional ra-
dio talk show host, Fleis-
D esJarlais, a physi-
cian, says he was
inspired to run by what
B lack, who will oc-
cupy a seat that was
long in the Democratic
chmann is expected to be patients were saying at column, wants to apply
a party-line Republican his Jasper practice. People her conservative ideas to
in Congress. He told a were talking less about areas such as health care,
Tennessee social club hunting and fishing, he the federal budget and
before the election that says, and more about immigration.
his first line of business would be to “say their anger at the Obama administration. With a background as an emergency
goodbye to [House Speaker] Nancy Pelosi.” He promises that he will be an “equal room nurse, she has made her top priority
He has promised to support a repeal of the opportunity cutter” in Congress: “Every repealing the 2010 health care overhaul.
health care overhaul law enacted in 2010, and program in the government right now has “As a registered nurse, I believe patients,
he says that he will work to reduce the deficit, waste and abuse in it,” he says. “The In- doctors, and health care providers should
promote gun rights, and fight against abor- ternal Revenue Service is a great example be making health care decisions — not
tion rights and gay marriage. He also sup- of a place to start, but there’s so many bureaucrats in Washington,” Black says.
ports oil exploration in the Arctic National departments that need to be pared down Black, who was a leader in the state Sen-
Wildlife Reserve, increasing nuclear power and cleaned up.” ate’s GOP caucus, is proposing an over-
capabilities and clean-coal energy. Bureaucracy limits all levels of the pri- haul of Capitol Hill’s budgeting process,
When he arrives in Washington, Fleis- vate sector, DesJarlais says. “Small busi- advocating that lawmakers’ paychecks be
chmann will be hoping for a seat on the nesses and corporations are being smoth- withheld for every day that Congress fails
Appropriations Committee, where eight- ered by regulations that are keeping us to meet its annual budget deadline. She
term Republican Zach Wamp, his prede- from being competitive with foreign coun- also wants to end congressional pensions
cessor, served. tries,” he argues. and adopt a constitutional amendment
Fleischmann has no prior service in He promises to do “anything that re- requiring a balanced federal budget.
public office. He founded a law firm with duces the size and scope of government Black is conservative on social issues, op-
his wife almost immediately after gradu- and reduces taxes” and says seats on the posing gun control efforts and supporting
ating from law school in 1986. Although Budget or Small Business panels would policies that limit abortion. She also wants to
a political novice, Fleischmann’s victory help him pursue those goals. crack down further on illegal immigration;
over Democrat John Wolfe came as no He identifies with the 1994 House GOP she was endorsed by Jim Gilchrist, founder
surprise. His first-place finish in a con- class and wants to revive one of its signa- of the Minuteman Project, a vigilante group
tentious and crowded August primary ture issues: term limits. They would help that patrols the U.S.-Mexico border.
basically ensured that he would go on to restore accountability and leadership in Black was thrust into the national spot-
represent the majority-Republican district. Congress, he says, moving it to an environ- light when an aide sent out from a state
Fleischmann’s primary win was largely ment where a lawmaker can “say what you computer a racist e-mail about President
credited to his deep campaign coffers, in- mean and mean what you say.” Obama. After an outcry from state Demo-
cluding $700,000 of his own money, which The 2010 health care law also is a tar- cratic leaders, Black reprimanded the aide,
helped him defeat former state party chair- get. “I think that I can lend a lot of exper- saying the communication “does not re-
woman Robin Smith. An endorsement tise as a physician and would be a strong flect my opinions or my beliefs.”
by former Arkansas Gov. Mike Huckabee supporter of repeal,” says DesJarlais, who Black has an interest in defense issues
also helped Fleischmann nab the primary works in the family practice at a commu- and says that she would welcome a seat on
victory. nity hospital. the Armed Services Committee.
Page 62 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

T e n n essee ( 8 ) Texas (17) Texas (23)


Stephen Fincher, R Bill Flores, R Francisco “Quico” Canseco, R
Election: Defeated Roy Herron, D, to suceed Election: Defeated Rep. Chet Edwards, D Pronounced: KEY-koh
John Tanner, D, who retired Residence: Bryan Election: Defeated Rep. Ciro D. Rodriguez, D
Residence: Frog Jump Born: Feb. 25, 1954; Warren Air Force Base, Wyo. Residence: San Antonio
Born: Feb. 7, 1973; Memphis, Tenn. Religion: Baptist Born: July 30, 1949; Laredo, Texas
Religion: United Methodist Family: Wife, Gina Flores; two children Religion: Roman Catholic
Family: Wife, Lynn Fincher; three children Education: Texas A&M U., B.B.A. 1976 Family: Wife, Gloria Canseco; three children
Education: Crockett County H.S., graduated 1990 (accounting); Houston Baptist U., M.B.A. 1985 Education: Saint Louis U., B.A. 1972 (history),
Career: Farmer Career: Energy company executive; oil drilling J.D. 1975
Political highlights: No previous office company financial manager; accountant Career: Lawyer; banker; real estate developer
Political highlights: No previous office Political highlights: Sought Republican
nomination for U.S. House, 2004, 2008

F incher says the fed-


eral government has
become too powerful,
A lthough Flores does
not have any po-
litical experience, he says
C anseco won the only
2010 congressional
race that featured His-
and he wants to restore his business success has panic nominees from
money and power to prepared him for service both major parties. He
state governments. in Congress. He worked says his priorities will be
“We need to return his way up from modest to reduce taxes for small
to the ways of Ronald means to become chief businesses as a way to cre-
Reagan and less regulation,” says Fincher, executive of Phoenix Exploration, an energy ate jobs and to replace the 2010 health care
who considers himself socially and fiscally company. overhaul.
conservative. “I know what it means to sign a pay- He points to his experience developing
Fincher would vote to renew the 2001 check, make a payroll, balance a budget, shopping centers and investing in a com-
and 2003 tax cuts for all income levels. He repay debt, acquire health care coverage,” munity bank as evidence that he can be
says extending the tax cuts would be more he says. “That’s what sets me apart.” a strong advocate for small businesses. In
effective than another stimulus spending Flores says he believes in limited govern- particular, he says, businesses should be
package at creating jobs in the private sec- ment, and he wants to work on improving allowed to expand their tax exemptions for
tor and helping the nation recover from the economy, creating jobs and reducing net operating losses as a way to “weather
the recession. Another stimulus would the federal deficit by controlling spend- the tough economic times, make needed
just add to the government spending that ing. “I want to focus on the things that purchases and prevent further layoffs.”
should be cut, he says. nothing is being done about,” he said. He also says Congress should cut taxes for
He is proud that Tennessee has no income Flores supports permanently extend- people who are currently in the 10 percent
tax and has a right-to-work law, which al- ing the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, freezing and 15 percent income-tax brackets and
lows most employees to decide whether to any unspent funds from the economic prevent unemployment benefits from being
join or support a union. He wants to become stimulus, creating a federal payroll-tax taxed, because it “only adds insult to injury.”
a “salesman” for his district by supporting holiday, repealing the 2010 health care Despite the fact that the district is 65
projects and bills that would benefit it. overhaul and blocking legislation to cre- percent Hispanic and shares a long border
He would vote to repeal the health care ate a cap-and-trade system for green- with Mexico, immigration policy was not
bill because health care and medical deci- house gas emissions. a prominent issue during the campaign.
sions should be made by patients and Flores says he also is interested in bor- Both candidates, however, did call for im-
doctors, not government officials, he says. der security and homeland security in proved border security.
Fincher favors anti-abortion policies; general. On social issues, he said he will Canseco’s stance on immigration gen-
comprehensive energy policy that offers consistently support traditional marriage erally follows the GOP line: He opposes
more domestic drilling, including in the and anti-abortion legislation, though he amnesty for illegal immigrants already in
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; cracking does not plan on introducing any such the United States and supports deporting
down on illegal immigration and improv- bills himself. And he is an advocate of those who commit crimes. In June he told
ing border security; and making military congressional term limits. the San Antonio Express-News that he
and veteran support a top budget priority, Flores says his energy experience would backs Arizona’s controversial immigration
according to his campaign website. make him a good fit for the Energy and law, saying it “parallels the federal govern-
Fincher is interested in seats on the Commerce Committee, and he eventually ment and in many ways is more benign.”
Small Business, Armed Services and Ag- would like a seat on the Ways and Means Canseco’s campaign would not say what
riculture committees. panel. his committee preferences are.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 63

HOUSE
LEADING AT PRESS TIME
T E XA S ( 2 7 ) Virginia (2) Virginia (5)
Blake Farenthold, R Scott Rigell, R Robert Hurt, R
Election: Opposed Rep. Solomon P. Ortiz, D Pronounced: RIDGE-uhl Election: Defeated Rep. Tom Perriello, D
Residence: Corpus Christi Election: Defeated Rep. Glenn Nye, D Residence: Chatham
Born: December 12, 1961; Corpus Christi Residence: Virginia Beach Born: June 16, 1969; Manhattan, N.Y.
Religion: Episcopalian Born: May 28, 1960; Titusville, Fla. Religion: Presbyterian
Family: Wife, Debbie Farenthold; two children Religion: Protestant Family: Wife, Kathy Hurt; three children
Education: University of Texas, B.S. 1985 (radio, Family: Wife, Teri Rigell; four children Education: Hampden-Sydney College, B.A. 1991
television, film); St. Mary’s U., J.D. 1989 (English); Mississippi College, J.D. 1995
Education: Brevard Community College, A.A.
Career: Lawyer; computer and web design 1981; Mercer U., B.B.A 1983 (management); Career: Lawyer; county prosecutor
consulting firm owner Regent U., M.B.A. 1990 Political highlights: Chatham Town Council,
Political highlights: No previous office Military: Marine Corps Reserve 1978-84 2000-2001; Va. House, 2002-08; Va. Senate,
Career: Car dealership owner 2008-present
Political highlights: Va. Motor Vehicle Dealer
Board, 1995-99

F arenthold says gov-


ernment is “too big
and too expensive,” and
R igell will represent
one of the nation’s
most dense populations
W hen he arrives on
Capitol Hill, Hurt
says, he will work to re-
he offers conservative so- of current or former duce the size of govern-
lutions to what he says service members, and ment. He also pledges to
ails the country. he vows to improve the make protecting private
But he says the most quality of life for mili- property laws and na-
pressing issue for his tary personnel and vet- tional security a top pri-
district, which runs from Brownsville to erans. ority.
Corpus Christi, is immigration. He hopes to serve on the Armed Servic- Hurt says he will support anti-abortion
He backs tougher employer sanctions es Subcommittee on Military Personnel legislation in Congress. He also promises
and tighter border security. He also sup- and will work to expand military health to oppose bills that would allow embryon-
ports a guest worker program that would and child care benefits. And he will argue ic stem-cell research or that would permit
bring more people into the country if for increased military spending if neces- gay marriage.
they have jobs waiting and says that such sary to ensure that troops have the best Though a newcomer to Congress, Hurt
a program could include a path to citizen- equipment available. has extensive experience in Virginia poli-
ship. But he argues that those who arrived “If we’re going to put them in harm’s tics. As a delegate to the state legislature,
in the United States illegally must go to way, we owe them the very best — that he focused on funding for K-12 education
the “back of the line” in terms of seeking would mean focusing in on the benefits and safety for students in the state.
permanent residency. awarded [to personnel], the quality of the He has voted two dozen times to sup-
He also said more funding is required training and accessibility of health care,” port bills in the General Assembly that cut
for the border patrol and advocates a says Rigell, a second-generation Marine. taxes on cigarettes, gas and food. However,
closer working relationship with Mexican His coastal district includes Naval Sta- in 2004, he supported a $1.6 million tax
authorities. tion Norfolk and Langley Air Force Base. increase backed by Gov. Mark Warner, now
Farenthold says lower individual and cap- Rigell, who founded an automotive one of the state’s Democratic senators.
ital gains tax rates are needed to stimulate company in 1991, also hopes to serve on But he says his support of that tax in-
the economy, along with easing the regula- the Financial Services Committee, espe- crease should not give his new GOP col-
tory burden on businesses and cutting fed- cially its Subcommittee on Financial Insti- leagues a cause for concern. Hurt, one of
eral spending. He opposes the health care tutions and Consumer Credit to “get our the National Republican Congressional
overhaul enacted in March and would push banks lending again in a responsible way.” Committee’s “Young Guns,” maintained
to allow people to buy health insurance “I’ve been creating jobs for 20-plus throughout his race that he plans to fight
across state lines and to continue using their years,” he says. “I’ve borrowed money; I’ve tax increases and that he will work to cre-
own doctors after moving or changing jobs. paid it back. I have firsthand knowledge of ate jobs.
The lawyer and former radio disc jockey the kind of lending environment we need Although he was originally not received
toes the conservative line on social issues. for business to grow.” well by the tea party, several supporters of
He promises that he “will always protect Rigell has vowed to attack the deficit that movement have since gotten behind
the unborn” and “will never let them take by rooting out “terrible inefficiencies” in Hurt and say they agree with his priorities
our guns.” He opposes what he calls one- government. on Capitol Hill.
size-fits-all education programs and would He says he is “proudly pro-life,” sup- Hurt declined to name which commit-
like to see authority in the hands of the ports “traditional marriage” and strongly tees he would like to join when the 112th
states and local school boards. supports the rights of gun owners. Congress convenes.
Page 64 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE
TOO CLOSE TO CALL AT PRESS TIME LEADING AT PRESS TIME
Virginia (9) Virginia (11) W a sh i n g to n ( 2 )
Morgan Griffith, R Keith Fimian, R John Koster, R
Election: Defeated Rep. Rick Boucher, D Election: Opposed Rep. Gerald E. Connolly, D Election: Opposed Rep. Rick Larsen, D
Residence: Salem Residence: Oakton Residence: Arlington
Born: March 15, 1958; Philadelphia, Pa. Born: Aug. 2, 1956; Charleston, S.C. Born: Sept. 8, 1951; Arlington, Wash.
Religion: Protestant Religion: Roman Catholic Religion: Baptist
Family: Wife, Hilary Griffith; three children Family: Wife, Cathy Fimian; three children Family: Wife, Vicki Koster; four children
Education: Emory & Henry College, B.A. 1980 Education: College of William & Mary, B.B.A. Education: Everett Community College, A.G.S.
(history); Washington and Lee U., J.D. 1983 1979 (accounting) 1984 (business)
Career: Lawyer Career: Home inspection company executive; Career: Dairy farmer
Political highlights: Salem Republican accountant Political highlights: Sought Republican nomina-
Committee chairman, 1986-88, 1991-94; Political highlights: Republican nominee for U.S. tion for Wash. Senate, 1992; Wash. House,
Va. House, 1994-present (majority leader, House, 2008 1995-2001; Republican nominee for U.S. House,
2000-present) 2000; Snohomish County Council, 2001-present

G riffith brings a long


record of legal and
state government experi-
F imian, who could re-
claim for his party a
district that leaned Re-
K oster would bring
conservative rep-
resentation to a district
ence to Congress, where publican until the Dem- that typically has sent
he plans to focus on taxes ocratic wave in 2008, moderates to Washing-
and gun rights. says he would focus on ton.
After earning a law de- job creation and limit- Koster, who lost his
gree, Griffith worked as a ing spending if he heads first bid for the seat to
private attorney in the Roanoke area, where across the Potomac from his Northern Vir- Larsen in 2000, says that he challenged the
he focused on traffic violations and DUIs. ginia home. Democratic incumbent this year because
In 2008, he became partner at Virginia- He opposes many economic policies of of what he calls excessive deficit spending
based Albo and Oblon, run by fellow Re- the 111th Congress, including the health by Congress and the Obama administra-
publican Delegate Dave Albo. Griffith, care law and the Troubled Asset Relief Pro- tion.
who served as chairman of the Salem Re- gram, which he refers to as “job killers.” “They have broken every rule of sound
publican Party, also served as director of The heart of the problem with the economic policy,” Koster says. “Left un-
Salem Bank and Trust. current economic climate, he says, is the checked, their policies lead to an imminent
The Philadelphia native compiled a amount of uncertainty in the market, and fiscal meltdown.”
markedly conservative voting record dur- that eliminating that uncertainty would Koster’s top priority would be balancing
ing his 16 years of service as a member spur businesses to start investing again. the federal budget, cutting the national defi-
of the House of Delegates. In 2000, he “I’m a businessman and a seven-year cit and reducing the unemployment rate. To
was elected the chamber’s majority leader, CPA,” Fimian says. “I know how to bal- accomplish those goals, he wants to make
becoming the first Republican to hold ance a budget and I know how to create the Bush-era tax cuts permanent and to cut
that title. jobs — I’ve created hundreds of them.” back on federal entitlement programs.
Griffith has written and passed legisla- His district is one of the wealthiest; gov- “We don’t have a revenue problem; we
tion to reduce taxes, establish Virginia cable ernment employees and contractors are have a spending problem,” says Koster
television competition laws, crack down on vital to the region’s economy. Still, Fimian spokesman Matthew Parker.
sex offenders and protect gun rights. says he is eager to eliminate inefficien- Koster appears to be a reliable Republican
His voting record led to a strong en- cies in government and institute a more vote on several other issues including im-
dorsement from the National Rifle As- responsible financial model. migration: He supports strengthening the
sociation, which gave him an “A” rat- “What gets incented, gets done,” he says. nation’s borders and opposes any form of
ing every term he was in office. He also “It is time to apply free-market principles to amnesty for illegal immigrants. He also has
received endorsements from a slew of our federal government. I know too many vowed to repeal the new health care law and
delegates and senators. federal workers who are too bright and to fight any cap-and-trade energy legislation.
As a member of Congress, Griffith too talented not to take advantage of their And he opposes abortion rights.
plans to continue the conservative path desire for an efficient federal government.” The former three-term state representative
he blazed in Richmond. He will support Fimian’s fiscal conservatism and busi- would seek a place on the Armed Services
legislation to curb abortion, protect Sec- ness background — he is the founder of and Energy and Commerce committees.
ond Amendment rights to own firearms U.S. Inspect, a property inspection service Those spots make sense for a district that
and define marriage as between a man — could make him a good fit on the Small includes two Navy bases and Boeing’s largest
and a woman. He also intends to oppose Business, Financial Services, or Energy and aerospace facility, which together employ
tax increases. Commerce committees. thousands of Koster’s constituents.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 65

TOO CLOSE TO CALL AT PRESS TIME


W a sh i n g to n ( 3 ) W A S H ING T O N ( 9 )
Jaime Herrera, R Dick Muri, R
Pronounced: JAY-me Election: Opposed Rep. Adam Smith, D
Election: Defeated Denny Heck, D, to succeed Residence: Steilacoom
Brian Baird, D, who retired Born: November 30, 1953; Fairbanks, Alaska
Residence: Camas Religion: Roman Catholic
Born: Nov. 3, 1978; Glendale, Calif. Family: Wife, Mary Muri; four children
Religion: Christian Education: U. of Massachusetts, B.S. 1975
Family: Husband, Daniel Beutler (environmental health); Golden Gate University,
Education: Seattle Pacific U., attended 1996-98; M.P.A. 1988
Bellevue Community College, A.A. 2003; U. of Military: Air Force 1975-97
Washington, B.A. 2004 (communications) Career: Air Force pilot
Career: Congressional aide Political highlights: Steilacoom School Board
Political highlights: Wash. House, 2007-present 1998-2004; Pierce County Council 2004-08

H errera is no stranger
to Capitol Hill: As
a former aide to fellow
M uri wants to balance
the federal budget,
streamline the tax code
Washington Republican and lower rates on busi-
Cathy McMorris Rodg- nesses to free up capital.
ers and an intern in the He also wants to “re-
George W. Bush White peal and replace” the
House, she is familiar Democrats’ health care
with the machinations of the nation’s ­capital. overhaul enacted in March because it does
At 32, she will be one of the youngest not comply with the “free market prin-
members of Congress and the youngest ciples on which the American economy has
woman in the chamber. The National flourished.”
Republican Congressional Committee Muri is an advocate of a smaller and
named her to the top tier of its “Young more efficient government. While on the
Guns” program, a distinction it credited Pierce County Council, he served as chair-
to her fundraising efforts. man of the performance audit committee,
Although Herrera is seen as an “estab- where he worked to improve processes in
lishment” Republican (she bested two the county judicial system in an effort to
more conservative candidates in the pri- streamline costs and promote efficiency.
mary, including one backed by the tea par- In Congress, he also would focus on
ty movement) she has positioned herself as military and veterans issues. He retired as
an independent thinker, a good fit given a lieutenant colonel in the Air Force and
her district’s swing status. She has criti- his district includes Joint Base Lewis-Mc-
cized Republicans for not reining in deficit Chord, an Army and Air Force facility. He
spending or passing their own health care opposes any spending cuts to the military
legislation while in the majority. or to veterans programs, and hopes to win
Her record in the state legislature in- a seat on the Armed Services Committee.
dicates that she does not always toe the He combines a call for tougher border
party line — for example, she voted to al- security and workplace enforcement with
low unionization of child care workers, a a call for a smoother path for those who
position that put her at odds with other seek to immigrate legally. He was a strong
Republicans in the state House. proponent on the county council of requir-
Her agenda in Congress is expected to ing private companies that get county con-
focus on job creation, a direction dictated tracts to use the E-Verify system to validate
by her district’s economic woes. The 3rd workers’ immigration status.
District’s unemployment rate is higher Muri would be interested in serving on
than the national average and its counties’ the Small Business Committee and the
rates are among the highest in the state. Natural Resources panel — a key spot for a
In addition, Herrera has pledged to Westerner — so he can put his educational
oppose all tax increases, and she backs a background in environmental science to
balanced-budget amendment. work.
Page 66 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

HOUSE

W est V i r g i n i a ( 1 ) Wisconsin (7) Wisconsin (8)


David McKinley, R Sean P. Duffy, R Reid Ribble, R
Election: Defeated Mike Oliverio, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Julie Lassa, D, to succeed Election: Defeated Rep. Steve Kagen, D
Alan B. Mollohan, D, who lost the primary David R. Obey, D, who retired Residence: De Pere
Residence: Wheeling Residence: Ashland Born: April 5, 1956; Neenah, Wis.
Born: March 28, 1947; Wheeling, W.Va. Born: Oct. 3, 1971; Hayward, Wis. Religion: Baptist
Religion: Episcopalian Religion: Roman Catholic Family: Wife, DeaNa Ribble; two children
Family: Wife, Mary McKinley; four children Family: Wife, Rachel Campos-Duffy; six children Education: Appleton East H.S., graduated 1974
Education: Purdue U., B.S.C.E. 1969 Education: St. Mary’s College (Minn.), B.A. 1994 Career: Roofing construction company president
Career: Civil engineer; architectural engineering (marketing); William Mitchell College of Law, J.D. Political highlights: No previous office
company owner 1999
Political highlights: W.Va. House, 1980-95; W.Va. Career: County prosecutor; lawyer; bus driver;
Republican Party chairman, 1990-94; sought professional timber sports competitor; reality
Republican nomination for governor, 1996 show personality
Political highlights: Ashland County district
attorney, 2002-10

A fter a 15-year hiatus


from public office,
McKinley returns as a
D uffy has come a
long way from his
days on the 1997 reality
R ibble says he will be
a cautious lawmaker
wary of federal actions
pro-business, pro-coal show “The Real World: that stifle job growth.
conservative who ran a Boston.” But when he During three decades
campaign that was as joins the cast of Con- running a roofing com-
much about his experi- gress, Duffy can employ pany, he says, he learned
ence as a small-business some of the media savvy valuable skills that can
owner as it was about his seven terms in the he picked up while doing the MTV series to be repurposed for legislative work — such
state legislature. draw attention to his signature causes. as knowing how to balance a budget and
McKinley views himself as a loyal con- One of his top priorities on Capitol Hill complete projects on time and in order.
servative but not part of the extreme right will be to return government spending The federal government needs to give
wing of his party. He has disagreed with to 2008 levels. He pledges to end govern- businesses a breather after all the uncer-
national GOP leaders on trade policy (he ment bailouts and to cancel any unspent tainty stemming from legislation such as
believes West Virginia needs a more level economic stimulus funds. the 2010 health care overhaul, he says.
playing field to be competitive) and op- He will also work against the cap-and- “The business community has no idea
poses raising the Social Security retire- trade climate bill. what the impact will be,” he says about the
ment age. His architectural and engineer- Replacing Democrat David R. Obey, law. “The regulations haven’t been spelled
ing firm, McKinley and Associates, has chairman of the Appropriations Commit- out. . . . Government does one thing, and
a comfortable relationship with union tee, will not be an easy job. In a Web video then there’s 15 unintended consequences.”
workers. In a legislature that was dom- announcing his candidacy, Duffy said he During his campaign, he talked to busi-
inated by Democrats, he often worked decided to run because he was frustrated ness owners who said that in the current
across the aisle. about fiscal irresponsibility on Capitol Hill. environment, they would rather pay more
In many ways McKinley is an engineer “I believe that small business is the way overtime than hire more workers.
first and a politician second. He opposed we’re going to get out of this financial cri- “There’s a cumulative effect of every
a bill to increase the weight limit of trucks sis,” he said. “I’m going to support small piece of legislation that American busi-
on state highways, which had been backed business, and I’m going to support the nesses have to respond to,” he says. “That’s
by the coal industry. Although McKinley workers of the 7th District.” really strangling job creation right now.”
considered himself a friend of coal, the civil Duffy personifies a dichotomy in the Ribble believes Congress must make a
engineer in him was certain that raising the House. Born in 1971, the new congress- legitimate effort to balance the budget.
weight limit would simply be too destruc- man will be one of the youngest members, “Every single American understands that
tive to West Virginia’s roadways. but he’ll represent an aging district whose there’s waste in government right now,” he
McKinley has said the Transportation constituents made Social Security a cam- says, and government officials “talk about
and Infrastructure Committee is a natural paign issue. Democrats accused Duffy of it, but they still do it.”
fit for his background, and his state’s coal threatening to privatize the retirement ac- Ribble, an avid motorcyclist, says the
interests make the Energy and Commerce counts, but Duffy insists he will protect the committees that interest him most in
Committee an attractive post. government program. terms of his district’s needs are Agriculture
The state recently lost powerful appro- Since “The Real World,” he married and Transportation and Infrastructure; he
priators in both chambers, and McKinley Rachel Campos, whom he met on another also sees the benefits of serving on Budget
certainly wouldn’t mind a spot on the plum reality show, “Road Rules: All Stars.” They and Financial Services based on his back-
House Appropriations Committee as well. have six children. ground.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 67

IMPACT ON HOUSE COMMITTEES

At First Glance, GOP Majority Mirrors Ratios That Benefited Democrats


B y CQ R oll Call S taff
The House in January will be under the tight control of its new
Republican majority and a crop of experienced GOP committee
leaders, some of whom will be reclaiming gavels they lost four years
ago when the chamber last changed hands.
The swing in membership is likely to result in party ratios that are
close to mirror images of those that benefited the Democrats in the
111th Congress. That will give Republican leaders a large number
of committee slots to award to 90 or so new GOP lawmakers.
And while only two GOP incumbents lost their re-election bids,
the defeat of at least 50 sitting Democrats — including three com-
mittee chairmen — will further strengthen the GOP’s hand by
depriving the Democrats of some of their institutional memory.
The result is likely to be considerable reshuffling in the ranks of

cq file photo / scott j. ferrell


the minority. And Democratic leaders may find themselves having
to take coveted panel positions away from colleagues who moved
into them only during the past four years.

Agriculture
Frank D. Lucas of Oklahoma, in line to hold the gavel as Ag-
Lewis, secondfromright, has ledthe Appropriations Committee before. Rogers,
riculture Committee chairman, will spend much of the next two
seated, alsowants the job— but GOP leaders previously have passedhimover.
years formulating farm policy in anticipation of a new five-year
farm bill in 2012. But until that effort gets under way in earnest, a focus of their successful campaign to win control of the House.
Lucas intends to use his panel’s oversight powers to spotlight what Before they start paring the budget, however, GOP leaders must
he describes as regulatory “overreach” by the EPA. decide which veteran appropriator will lead the effort. Former
In the 111th Congress, the EPA came under fire from farm- chairman Jerry Lewis of California and Harold Rogers of Kentucky,
country Democrats and Republicans alike for proposing tighter No. 3 on the panel, are the top contenders, and Rogers has said he
regulations and tougher particulate-matter rules under federal intends to fight for the gavel. Party leaders already passed over him
pollution laws that might affect farm and livestock operations, and once, picking the junior Lewis as chairman for the 109th Congress.
for finding that in the absence of climate change legislation it could Lewis stayed on as ranking member during the past four years
regulate greenhouse gases as threats to human health. As the com- and seems likely to win a waiver from the GOP’s term-limit rule,
mittee’s ranking member, Lucas has led GOP criticism of the EPA. which allows lawmakers six consecutive years as chairman or rank-
Rewriting federal farm programs will still demand most of the ing member of a committee. The No. 2 GOP appropriator, C.W.
committee’s attention over the next two years, and Lucas plans Bill Young of Florida, was chairman from 1999 to 2005. There is
to expand on hearings held by the current chairman and future also certain to be shuffling among the top Republican and Demo-
ranking Democrat Collin C. Peterson of Minnesota into the ef- cratic spots on the panel’s 12 subcommittees, given the number of
fectiveness of federal farm policies. Lucas said he will particularly senior members who are leaving.
focus on 37 programs set to expire with the current farm law in The Republican victory will give party leaders new seats on the
2012. They cost almost $9 billion annually, and continuing them at panel to fill in addition to the spots of three appropriators who left
even their current rate of spending would add to the budget deficit, to seek other offices — Mark Steven Kirk of Illinois, Todd Tiahrt
which makes them targets for savings. of Kansas and Zach Wamp of Tennessee.
Critics of farm subsidies are expected to go after “direct pay- While the Democrats’ loss will cost them seats on the panel,
ments” that account for $5 billion a year in spending. These pay- retirements — including that of current Chairman David R. Obey
ments are based on historical crop yields and they go to farmland of Wisconsin — and defeats at the polls may spare them from hav-
owners regardless of need or market conditions. Direct payments ing to bump off junior members. Norm Dicks of Washington is
were part of the 1996 farm law and were designed to serve as tran- expected to step up as ranking Democrat.
sition assistance for farmers moved from reliance on federal crop GOP appropriators say that they want to reduce discretionary
production policies to market-driven production. The payments federal spending to fiscal 2008 levels. The budget resolution for
survived, however, after that farm law expired. — Ellyn Ferguson that year capped routine discretionary spending at $954.1 billion,
a sharp drop from the $1.12 trillion cap that the House Democratic
Appropriations majority has proposed for fiscal 2011, which began Oct. 1 and for
Always a centerpiece of legislative activity, the Appropriations which work is not complete.
Committee will be an even more lively battleground in the 112th Seeking to make the most of their final months in control of both
Congress because Republicans made a deep reduction in spending House continued on page 68
Page 68 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

House continued from page 67


Republicans lambasted Democratic House leaders for not
chambers, Democratic staffers have been working to wrap up all adopting a budget resolution for the current fiscal year, but the
12 regular fiscal 2011 spending bills into an omnibus measure that GOP-led House will have a big challenge
can be passed during the post-election session. in trying to reach agreement on a budget
Republicans would like to delay completing fiscal 2011 spending next year with the closely divided Senate.
decisions until after their new members are seated in January, and The GOP victory will give Republicans
will push to simply extend fiscal 2010 appropriations into the new additional seats on the committee, while
year. And they may, in the end, opt to extend fiscal 2010 spending Democrats will lose seats. Two Democrats
levels for most of the federal government through all of fiscal 2011. are retiring and several incumbents were

roll call / tom williams


That was the approach Democrats took when they gained control defeated. Other members are expected
of Congress in 2007.  — Kerry Young to leave in accord with a rule that sets a
maximum of four consecutive terms on the
Armed Services panel. Current Chairman John M. Spratt
When Republicans last ran the House, Howard P. “Buck” Paul D. Ryan Jr. of South Carolina was among those de-
McKeon of California was down the roster of the Armed Services feated, which leaves the post of ranking
Committee. But, after leapfrogging more-senior members to grab Democrat up for grabs.  — Paul M. Krawzak
the ranking GOP spot in the current Congress, he will take the
gavel as chairman in January. Most, if not all, Republicans on the Education and Labor
panel are expected to keep their subcommittee leadership slots. With Republicans in charge, John Kline of Minnesota will be at
Republicans on the committee have a wide range of policy goals, the helm of the Education and Labor Committee, where he will try
including examining the array of U.S. military resources in Afghan- to do away with major elements of the 2001 education law known as
istan and pushing back on the Obama administration’s troop draw- No Child Left Behind, the signature education policy of President
down deadline of July 2011. GOP lawmakers are making it clear George W. Bush.
that administration officials should expect much more scrutiny One of the committee’s major tasks in the next Congress is to
than they have experienced during their first two years in office. reauthorize the law, which is the main source of federal aid to pub-
As part of the war debate, the committee is expected to increase lic schools, and Kline is expected to seek maximum flexibility for
its oversight of private security firms in Afghanistan. In addition, states and local school districts. While he and other Republicans
Republicans are expected to review the planned withdrawal of share some of President Obama’s education priorities, such as ex-
American troops from Iraq by Dec. 31, 2011, and to question the panding access to charter schools and rewarding teachers based on
Defense Department’s plan to cut $100 billion from its budget performance, they balk at many others that they say would prevent
over five years. states from setting standards for students, teachers and curricula.
Senior Republicans say they will persist in their fight to prevent Kline also opposes the administration’s $1.35 billion request for
repeal of the “don’t ask, don’t tell” law for gays in the military, and fiscal 2011 to continue the Education Department’s “Race to the
to halt any effort to transfer Guantánamo Bay detainees to the Top” program for an additional year. He has said the program is too
U.S. mainland. They also have a number of programs they want to rigid and imposes federal policy preferences on states.
protect, such as missile defense systems. On several fronts, Kline will face opposition from Democrats led
On the Democratic side, the defeat of current Chairman Ike by current Chairman George Miller of California. Kline is likely
Skelton of Missouri and at least two other senior Democrats leaves to draft a new version of a mine safety bill in response to the April
the top minority-party seat up in the air. — Eugene Mulero explosion at the Upper Big Branch mine in West Virginia, which
killed 29 miners. A Democratic bill that would give federal regula-
Budget tors additional tools to shut down mines with a pattern of serious
The Budget Committee will see big changes in the 112th Con- safety violations was approved by the committee July 21, but did
gress as Republicans set their sights on cutting federal spending not get a single Republican vote.
and taking steps that in their view will make entitlement programs Under Kline, the committee is not expected to continue Demo-
sustainable. With Paul D. Ryan of Wisconsin as chairman, the com- crats’ review of the rapidly growing universe of for-profit colleges.
mittee will become a forum for debate over the role and size of Republicans also say they want to examine the effectiveness of
government. And as an opening salvo, committee Republicans may federally financed job-training programs.
push to rescind unobligated money from last year’s stimulus law Kline has long been a vocal opponent of legislation that would
and the 2008 financial industry bailout. allow unions to organize workplaces through a “card check” pro-
Ryan has drawn up a “Roadmap for America’s Future,” propos- cedure, rather than through a secret ballot, and would prevent any
ing dramatic changes in health care, entitlements, taxes and spend- attempt to advance such a measure.  — Lauren Smith
ing — a blueprint denounced by many liberals, but hailed by some
observers as a serious attempt to address the country’s fiscal issues. Energy and Commerce
So far, fellow Republicans have tiptoed around Ryan’s plan, and Four Republicans are expected to vie for the chairmanship of the
GOP leaders left its proposed entitlement changes out of their Energy and Commerce Committee. The competition has become
“Pledge to America.” Instead, in that campaign platform, Repub- tangled in the confusion over Republican term-limit rules, but it is
licans vowed to roll back government spending to pre-stimulus, unlikely to affect the GOP’s principal legislative priority of rolling
2008 levels, which they say will save $100 billion in the first year. back the health care overhaul enacted in March.
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 69

Current ranking Republican Joe L. Barton he has not announced whether he will make
of Texas has made it clear that he wants to a bid, and other GOP committee members
take back the gavel he wielded when Repub- appear to be supportive of Bachus.
licans last controlled the House — in spite of
Barton’s apology to Bachus says Democrats have shielded the
the caucus rule that would appear to bar him BP’s chief executive Obama administration from tough questions
from the top position after his having served regarding the gulf oil on financial policy decisions and contends
three terms as top GOP member of the panel. that in shaping the financial regulatory law
Barton will seek a waiver, but he is hardly spill could affect his the administration elevated the role of gov-
a shoo-in, especially in light of his apology to bid for the Energy ernment while diminishing the rights of indi-
BP chief executive Tony Hayward earlier this viduals and companies to make choices.
year over government efforts to make the oil chairmanship. In particular, Republicans will keep a close
company finance a reparations account. That eye on the Consumer Financial Protection
prompted calls from within the conference to Bureau, created to supervise consumer lend-
strip him of his post as ranking member, and Barton was forced to ing, such as home loans and credit cards. And while Republicans
recant the apology the day he offered it. may attempt a repeal of the financial services law, at the least they
Other potential contenders for the gavel are Fred Upton of will try to curtail the effect of new regulations.
Michigan, John Shimkus of Illinois and Cliff Stearns of Florida. Republicans Scott Garrett of New Jersey and Royce are expect-
Upton, generally considered more moderate than Barton, was ed to lead the panel’s efforts to create a new housing finance system
particularly aggressive in recent weeks, stepping up his criticism to replace Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the two giant mortgage
of the Democratic leadership, calling for elimination of the Select agencies that were put under government conservatorship in 2008.
Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, and In October, the Federal Housing Finance Agency reported that
taking aim at EPA regulations. Fannie and Freddie, which have already tapped a combined $148
With broad jurisdiction spanning energy policy, health care, tele- billion from taxpayers, may need as much as $215 billion in addi-
communications, technology and consumer protection, the com- tional taxpayer support over the next three years.
mittee is one of the most active in the House, and it is expected to Garrett and Royce advocate a dismantling of the pair and com-
take a lead role in trying to chip away at the health care law. plete privatization of the mortgage system — a step that Demo-
Comprehensive legislation to address global warming and over- crats say could bring housing finance to a grinding halt.
haul energy policy will be off the table with Democrats in the mi- Committee Democrats, working in conjunction with the admin-
nority. The panel is expected to focus on expanding nuclear power istration, are expected to release their own blueprint for overhaul-
and press for an inventory of the costs of complying with EPA rules ing Fannie and Freddie. Early reports indicate that those plans
implementing the Clean Air Act and other environmental laws. would include a role for the government to help preserve the long-
Both Upton and Barton opposed the cap-and-trade climate term fixed-rate mortgages that the two back.  — Charlene Carter
change bill written by current Chairman Henry A. Waxman of Cali-
fornia and No. 3 Democrat Edward J. Markey of Massachusetts, Foreign Affairs
which passed the House in June 2009. But Barton, a former oil Although the White House has faced considerable pressure on
industry consultant, has been an advocate for oil and gas producers, foreign policy from the Democratic-led 111th Congress, the push-
while Upton has been more sympathetic to legislation designed to back from the Foreign Affairs Committee in the Republican-led
promote energy conservation. 112th will be considerably more vigorous.
Republicans put the brakes on a last-minute push in the current To begin with, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen of Florida, who is expected
Congress to write legislation addressing network neutrality — pre- to take the gavel, is likely to take a much tougher line than has cur-
venting broadband providers from unduly discriminating in how rent Chairman Howard L. Berman, D-Calif., who cooperated with
they handle online traffic — but the panel may revisit the issue. the administration on issues such as Iran sanctions and relations
The House passed a comprehensive food safety bill in 2009, but with Russia and China. Other senior Republicans on the commit-
the Senate has not acted on its companion bill. Concerns about tee — including Dan Burton of Indiana, Christopher H. Smith of
food safety were renewed recently with the recall of hundreds New Jersey and Dana Rohrabacher of California — are equally if
of millions of potentially tainted eggs, and if the legislation is not not more skeptical of President Obama’s desire to engage on the
completed in the lame-duck session it is likely to be back on the international stage.
committee’s agenda next year. — Jennifer Scholtes That does not bode well for some of the initiatives that Berman
pushed last year but was unable to move in the committee. Instead,
Financial Services the committee is likely to intensify its scrutiny of the administra-
Republican control of the Financial Services Committee is likely tion’s enforcement of Iran sanctions, which Ros-Lehtinen has com-
to bring aggressive oversight of this year’s Dodd-Frank financial plained were watered down by Democrats in Congress; military
services regulatory overhaul law and a new approach for financing aid to countries such as Saudi Arabia and Lebanon; and efforts to
home loans. Ranking Republican Spencer Bachus of Alabama is promote human rights in China, Russia and elsewhere.
expected to beat back other GOP contenders to take the gavel from Ros-Lehtinen, the ranking member in the 111th Congress, is
current Chairman Barney Frank of Massachusetts. staunchly opposed to efforts to lift portions of the U.S. embargo on
Ed Royce of California, currently the No. 4 Republican on the Cuba. And she may set as a priority a bill she introduced in 2009 to
panel, is regarded as a potential candidate for the top spot, though House continued on page 70
Page 70 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

House continued from page 69 detaining terrorism suspects.


On the Republican agenda is a permanent, but narrow, authori-
put stiff restrictions on U.S. contributions to the United Nations. zation for the Department of Homeland Security’s chemical plant
Ros-Lehtinen has been an outspoken critic of the body and was security standards. The standards were created in 2007 and have
opposed to the administration’s decision to join the U.N. Human been maintained for more than a year by short-term extensions.
Rights Council. The Democratic-controlled House passed a comprehensive bill
One area where the White House can count on help from panel last year to make the standards permanent, but Republicans ob-
Republicans is the war in Afghanistan. Ros-Lehtinen, in particular, jected to a provision that would have required the use of what is
has been a supporter of Obama’s “surge” strategy there. called inherently safer technology and allowed third-party lawsuits
Berman is likely to serve as the committee’s ranking member for against facility operators that do not make the upgrade.
the Democrats. Though a staunch supporter of Israel, he may try King said the panel will push for a full authorization for the de-
to soften the rhetoric against the administration when it comes to partment, as well as border security legislation focused on “law
Iran and issues in the Middle East.  — Emily Cadei enforcement both at the border and in the interior United States”
— a move that might color any broader congressional debate over
Homeland Security immigration overhaul.
New York’s Peter T. King, in line to take the gavel of the Home- He is likely to find common ground with Democrats on tackling
land Security Committee, seems prepared to take aim at both his the issue of fragmented congressional oversight of the Homeland
Democratic predecessors and the Obama administration on issues Security Department. Security experts and department officials
such as the November 2009 Fort Hood shootings and the policy for have long argued that the large number of committees claiming ju-

Republicans Look to Boost Transparency, Alter Pay-As-You-Go Rule


Republicans are eager to begin implementing the agenda they to continue to require mandatory spending to be offset, aides
outlined in a pre-election pledge, but they have not decided said. The changes could be made through a rules package or
whether to seek House rule changes or procedures to deliver on through guidelines to be enforced by committee chairmen,
their vow to shrink government. aides said.
When Republicans return to Washington for leadership meet- The new majority is under pressure to extend a voluntary
ings beginning the week of Nov. 15, they are expected to start ban on earmarks that the conference adopted earlier this year,
working on setting committee ratios used to determine panel although no final decision has been made. If it is extended,
rosters and picking their leadership team. They are also planning Republicans want it to apply to both parties, either by a rules
to begin drafting new procedures or rule changes to boost trans- change or by guidelines that committee chairmen would en-
parency. One would require bills to be publicly available for at force.
least 72 hours prior to a floor vote; another would make it easier Republicans might get rid of the Select Committee on Energy
to propose amendments that would cut spending. The House Independence and Global Warming that current Speaker Nancy
does not typically vote on an organizing resolution until January. Pelosi of California established. Another target for elimination,
Committee rosters will not be settled until January, although although not immediately, is the outside Office of Congressio-
panel chairmen might be selected in December. Incoming Re- nal Ethics that Pelosi created in March 2008 to probe ethics
publicans may try to send a quick political message with a pack- complaints and refer them to the Committee on Standards of
age of new procedures or rules changes that emphasize their Official Conduct.
desire to curb spending. The package also could lay the ground- Republicans plan to work through the existing Budget and
work for advancing their legislative agenda. Rules committees to push through changes in the budget pro-
With input from party leaders, the Republican Steering Com- cess, a top Republican campaign promise, aides said.
mittee and its counterpart, the Democratic Steering and Policy The Republican gain of more than 60 seats ensures a solid ad-
Committee, will nominate lawmakers to fill committee vacan- vantage on committees. In the past, committee makeup has been
cies. Each caucus will vote on the assignments. GOP leaders are based on a formula agreed to by leaders of both sides. Republi-
expected to enforce limits restricting membership to only one of cans also are expected to reinstitute a House rule — Democrats
four exclusive panels: Appropriations, Energy and Commerce, repealed it in 2009 — to limit committee chairmen to six-year
Rules, and Ways and Means. Democrats have similar limits on terms. GOP leaders have already signalled strict enforcement of
those four committees, plus Financial Services. Still, exceptions a conference rule that limits their panel leaders to three-terms,
are possible. whether as ranking Republican or chairman.
Early on, Republicans are expected to change a House rule GOP leaders also are looking to scale back the 75-member
requiring that mandatory spending proposals and tax cuts be Transportation and Infrastructure and the 71-member Financial
paid for with spending cuts or tax increases elsewhere. Demo- Services committees to make them more manageable.
crats established the pay-as-you-go rule when they regained Democrats are planning to hold leadership contests the week
control in 2007 and renewed it last year. Republicans want to of Nov. 15, after caucus rules are adopted, although no major
exempt tax cuts from the offset requirement, even if they plan caucus rule changes are expected.  — ­A lan K. Ota
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 71

risdiction is burdensome. Both King and current chairman Bennie With Republicans running the House, Thornberry’s tempera-
Thompson, D-Miss., have lobbied for consolidating oversight un- ment might give him an edge over Rogers. Aides say the more
der a single authorizing committee in each chamber. But neither confrontational Rogers might have won out over the more collab-
has been able to sway their parties’ leaders into acting. orative Thornberry if Republicans had remained in the minority.
King was chairman before the Democratic takeover after the Both Thornberry and Rogers are staunchly conservative, but
2006 election. And to take the gavel again in January, he may need both have their fans on the liberal side of the committee. Rogers, a
a waiver of Republican rules that limit lawmakers’ time in the top former FBI agent, has frequently gone after the Obama adminis-
spot. King’s bid is not expected to be met with much resistance, tration over law-and-order issues such as whether terror suspects
but in the unlikely event he is deemed ineligible, the gavel would should be read their Miranda rights, but he also sees broad policy
be up for grabs. The two Republicans next in line for the post value in regularly enacting intelligence authorization bills. While
already lead their party on other panels — Lamar Smith of Texas Thornberry has often focused on big-picture questions such as
on Judiciary, and Dan Lungren of California on House Adminis- cybersecurity and terrorism financing, he also has criticized the
tration — leaving third-in-line Mike D. Rogers of Alabama as a administration for an investigation into whether intelligence per-
potential candidate. sonnel broke the law during interrogations of terror suspects.
On the Democratic side, Thompson is expected to retain his It is unclear who will hold the ranking Democrat slot. If Nan-
party’s top spot, a post he has held since the Homeland panel was cy Pelosi of California retains leadership of the House caucus,
made a permanent committee in 2005. she might be inclined to replace current Intelligence Chairman
The panel may have high turnover in its rank-and-file member- Silvestre Reyes of Texas with friend and liberal ally Anna G. Eshoo
ship. When the 111th Congress convened in 2009, Democrats saw of California. If Steny H. Hoyer of Maryland takes over, Reyes
roughly one third of their membership leave the committee and might remain in the committee’s top Democrat role, given both
welcomed an influx of freshman and sophomore members to their men’s moderate impulses. Or fellow Maryland moderate C.A.
ranks — several of whom lost their re-election bids. Those results, Dutch Ruppersberger might replace Reyes.  — Tim Starks
coupled with the change in the majority and the prospect of mem-
bers seeking other assignments, might prompt big changes again. Judiciary
— Joanna Anderson The partisan rancor that helps define the Judiciary Committee
— if not the relationship between current Chairman John Conyers
House Administration Jr. of Michigan and ranking Republican Lamar Smith — will not
Whether he chooses to elevate current ranking member Dan abate when the two men switch jobs in the 112th Congress.
Lungren or another loyal Republican, presumptive Speaker John Smith and the new GOP majority are likely to press the Obama
A. Boehner can be expected to put a strong ally atop the House Ad- administration about its anti-terrorism and immigration enforce-
ministration Committee, which controls many of the perquisites ment policies, while using the panel as a springboard for more-
vital to the lawmakers’ day-to-day lives — office space and parking vigorous oversight of the Justice Department. Among the likely
foremost among them. targets are charges that the administration did not sufficiently in-
The panel’s duties also include settling disputed House elec- vestigate allegations of voter intimidation at a Philadelphia polling
tions, oversight of the Capitol Police and Capitol Visitor Center, place by members of the New Black Panther Party in 2008.
personnel issues and franking. Smith and Conyers are more cordial with each other than were
When Republicans took control of the House after the 1994 previous chairmen and ranking members. But Smith — who can
election, they briefly renamed the panel the House Oversight serve a single term before term limits force him to step aside — has
Committee. With the GOP leadership’s current focus on oversight proved to be a sharp critic of the administration, particularly on the
of government activities and reductions in spending, the commit- issue of detaining and prosecuting terrorism suspects.
tee is likely to try to rein in costs of operating the House that it views That combativeness is likely to set the tone. Smith has made clear
as unnecessary. Lawmakers depend on the committee for office that he believes tough border enforcement must be the top priority
allowances and approval of various expenditures. when it comes to immigration. Steve King of Iowa, the top Repub-
Lungren won a close race to return to the House. But having lican on the Immigration Subcommittee in the 111th Congress and
challenged Boehner for party leader in 2008, he may not be close in line to become its chairman, is one of the most forceful and often
enough to the likely Speaker to hold on to the top spot. The rest antagonistic voices within the GOP Conference on immigration.
of the committee’s membership is also in flux, as Kevin McCarthy An overhaul of the nation’s patent laws is one potential rare op-
of California is in line to become majority whip, a promotion that portunity for bipartisan cooperation. Smith has long made the pat-
will remove him from serving on any standing committees. Gregg ent law overhaul a top priority, working closely on the issue with
Harper of Mississippi may remain on the panel, and the number of Democrats, including Howard L. Berman of California.
Republicans will grow as a result of the GOP takeover. It remains to be seen how much emphasis committee Repub-
— Frances Symes licans put on hot-button social issues such as abortion or gun
rights, which Democrats had largely avoided in the four years
Intelligence they controlled the House. In recent years, Republicans have
The retirement of Michigan Republican Peter Hoekstra leaves backed off attempts to limit the jurisdiction of federal judges
an opening for either William M. “Mac” Thornberry of Texas or after backlash from their 2005 attempt to intervene to maintain
Mike Rogers of Michigan to take the gavel of the Intelligence Com- life support in the case of Terri Schiavo, a Florida woman in a
mittee. The choice will also help determine the panel’s agenda. House continued on page 72
Page 72 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

House continued from page 71


its investigatory powers. Darrell Issa, a skilled partisan brawler, is
long-term vegetative state. expected to serve as chairman after two years as the top Repub-
Rather than criticize the direction of the Supreme Court, which lican. The Californian says the committee has failed to exert its
has assumed a more conservative tilt with the addition of Chief oversight authority to examine a broad swath of federal policy, from
Justice John G. Roberts Jr. and Samuel A. Alito Jr., GOP mem- health care to environmental regulations.
bers are more likely to emphasize questions about constitutional Already Issa has been viewed as Obama’s “annoyer-in-chief” for
interpretation being raised by tea party activists. One likely target scrutinizing the White House’s response to the BP oil spill, as well
is the Commerce Clause of the Constitution and the degree of gov- as its efforts to help select the field of Democratic primary candi-
ernment intervention in the economy that it permits — a central dates. Democrats have warned that Issa is likely to use the commit-
question in the legal challenges to the health care overhaul law’s tee’s subpoena power to launch politically charged investigations
requirement that people buy health insurance.  — Seth Stern intended to embarrass the president.
For his part, Issa says he will emulate the middle-of-the-road
Natural Resources chairmanship of former Rep. Thomas M. Davis III, R-Va., rather
Doc Hastings of Washington returned to the Natural Resourc- than hard-driving inquisitors like Henry A. Waxman, D-Calif., and
es Committee in the 111th Congress after a 12-year hiatus and Dan Burton, R-Ind., who once led the panel.
grabbed the top Republican spot. Holding the gavel in the 112th Issa has a list of topics he is eager to examine, including the activi-
Congress, Hastings is likely to keep the panel focused on issues re- ties of the community-organizing group ACORN and the White
lated to federal lands and energy development. And barring Senate House’s e-mail archiving system. He also says oversight of spending
action in the lame-duck session, a House-passed bill to overhaul under the 2009 stimulus package, the health care overhaul and of
offshore drilling requirements in response to the BP oil spill is the activities of mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac has
expected to be an early casualty of the shift in party control. been neglected.
Hastings opposed the bill, sponsored by current Chairman Nick He wants to dig into allegations that the former lender Coun-
J. Rahall II of West Virginia, that would set new safety rules for trywide Financial provided some Democratic lawmakers special
oil and natural gas development, lift an oil spill liability cap, and mortgage services. Last year, Issa pushed Chairman Edolphus
repeal royalty relief for offshore oil and gas producers. Hastings Towns, a low-key New York Democrat, to subpoena Bank of Amer-
said it would have the effect of raising taxes on energy production ica Corp., which now owns Countrywide, for documents on the
in federal waters and that removing the cap on a company’s liability program. And while Towns explored the use of stimulus dollars
for a major spill would hurt small producers. and held hearings on the Troubled Asset Relief Program, Repub-
Under his leadership, the GOP will push for its “all of the above” licans complained he gave the administration a pass.  — Ben Weyl
plan for energy production on federal lands and waters. That strat-
egy endorses an expansion of offshore drilling and oil shale pro- Rules
duction and the opening of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to The 13-member Rules Committee, which closely guards the
drilling, as well as the development of nuclear, hydroelectric, wind, process of floor action in the House, will be at the center of a push
solar and coal power. by Republican leaders to allow its rank-and-file members to offer
The committee also is likely to continue its oversight activities more amendments on routine bills, while trying to squelch motions
into the April explosion of the BP Gulf of Mexico oil rig, which from Democrats seeking a chance to derail them.
killed 11 workers and caused the biggest spill in U.S. history. Re- David Dreier of California will head the majority’s usual nine-
publicans will focus on the federal government’s response and the seat contingent, reclaiming the gavel he wielded for four terms
recently lifted Interior Department moratorium on deep-water from 1999 to 2007. He is likely to be aided by a powerful ally, Pete
drilling, which many GOP lawmakers opposed, saying it would Sessions of Texas, who is expected to become the panel’s No. 2
cut Gulf Coast jobs. Republican, replacing retiring Lincoln Diaz-Balart of Florida.
Republicans have increasingly pushed back against proposals Other seats are expected to be filled by veteran allies of the GOP
to set aside land for protection. The panel will emphasize GOP leadership, including at least one member who serves as the Rules
concerns that designations of new national monuments under the representative on the Budget Committee. The GOP majority has
Antiquities Act restrict land use and harm ranching, energy pro- vowed to put in motion a new budget process under the purview
duction and recreation while driving up costs to taxpayers. During of the Rules and Budget committees.
the 111th Congress, Hastings sponsored legislation to promote For the Democrats, Louise M. Slaughter of New York is poised
recreation on federal lands, including bills to allow firearms in to return as the ranking Democrat on the panel. She will be aided
national parks and wilderness areas, and to allow motor vehicle by two longtime veterans, Jim McGovern of Massachusetts and
and pedestrian access to a portion of the Hanford Reach National Alcee L. Hastings of Florida, and possibly Doris Matsui of Cali-
Monument. A credit card regulatory overhaul bill enacted last year fornia.
included language lifting the ban on guns in national parks. Following a practice of the minority party in recent years,
— Anne L. Kim Democrats are likely to try to offer multiple motions to recom-
mit bills to committee during floor debate, in what has become
Oversight and Government Reform an effort to force the majority to take tough political votes
The Oversight and Government Reform Committee is likely to before the House passes legislation. Republicans have so far of-
stage some of the fiercest confrontations between the Republican fered 66 motions to recommit in the 111th Congress, fewer than the
House and the Obama administration as the new majority wields record 122 offered in the 110th Congress. Before that, Democrats
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 73

held the record of 57 motions to recommit Enacting a long-term reauthorization for


in the 109th Congress. — Alan K. Ota Small Business Administration programs
has long been a priority for the committee,
Science and Technology but despite bipartisan support, the idea has
At 87, Republican Ralph M. Hall of Texas not gained much traction. The SBA has

getty images / alex wong


roll call / tom williams
is the oldest member of the House, and the operated under short-term authorizations
former conservative Democrat is about to since 2006.  — Lauren Gardner
get his first full chairmanship when he takes
the gavel of the Science and Technology Standards of Official Conduct (Ethics)
Committee. DavidDreier JoBonner Jo Bonner of Alabama, ranking Republi-
One of the panel’s major pieces of leg- can on the ethics panel, is likely to become
islation in the current Congress — an uncompleted measure au- chairman for the 112th Congress. One of his party’s goals may be
thorizing a raft of science and technology research and education to eliminate the Office of Congressional Ethics established by
grants — is likely to return to the agenda next year, unless the Speaker Nancy Pelosi in 2008. The office was designed to review
Senate acts on it during the lame-duck session. The legislation, allegations of wrongdoing and to make recommendations for fur-
which has been stalled in the Senate for months, would reauthorize ther inquiry to the ethics panel, formally known as the Committee
programs of the National Science Foundation, the National Insti- on Standards of Official Conduct.
tute of Standards and Technology and the Energy Department’s Many GOP lawmakers opposed creation of the office, contend-
Office of Science. ing that it would spawn “partisan witch hunts.”
Under Republican control, however, the legislation is likely to Republican members might push to have the committee revisit
include more-restrained spending levels — and to authorize pro- an investigation of the dealings of lawmakers from both parties
grams for a shorter length of time. Regardless, the panel in the next with the now-defunct PMA Group lobbying firm. Democrats had
Congress will continue its focus on bolstering science, technology, resisted such an investigation in the past, citing an ongoing Justice
engineering and math education. In September, a blue-ribbon Department probe.
panel told the committee that American competitiveness in sci- Few other changes resulting from the GOP’s ascendancy are
ence and technology is declining. expected to bear on the committee’s work, because it is the only
The committee is expected to conduct vigorous oversight of panel whose 10 members are equally divided between the parties
NASA’s transition to rely on commercial spaceflight carriers for and who are selected by party leaders.
cargo and crew. Democrats and Republicans alike on the panel All of the current members are eligible to serve again in the new
balked at President Obama’s fiscal 2011 proposal emphasizing Congress, although the unpopularity of a panel that investigates
commercial carriers and have been reluctant to go along with it. allegations of wrongdoing by fellow lawmakers often leads to an
Hall is expected to make energy-related research and develop- attempt to escape before completion of the maximum three terms.
ment a priority. After the Gulf of Mexico oil spill this year, he called Among those expected to return is Zoe Lofgren of California, who
for research into production and safety techniques for deep-water will stay on as the panel’s top Democrat.
drilling. Pending investigations involving two veteran Democratic law-
Chairman Bart Gordon of Tennessee is retiring, putting the top makers may limit the ability of members to leave. Trials of Charles
Democratic spot up for grabs. — Keith Perine B. Rangel of New York and Maxine Waters of California are slat-
ed to begin later this month. Rangel faces 13 charges of alleged
Small Business misconduct regarding his personal financial dealings, including
Congress just completed work on legislation intended to help failure to report more than $500,000 in assets. Waters faces three
smaller companies weather the economy’s tepid recovery from the counts that she used her status to help OneUnited Bank, a minor-
Great Recession, but lawmakers on both sides of aisle of the Small ity-owned institution where her husband was a shareholder and a
Business Committee are not seeing that as a reason to sit back. director. If the ethics committee does not complete the trials this
Ranking Republican Sam Graves of Missouri is in line to be year, the work will carry over into the 112th Congress.
chairman in the 112th Congress; he is likely to focus on the panel’s — Emma Dumain
regular issues — access to capital, contracting and tax policy —
while also tackling some of his other concerns. Transportation and Infrastructure
One of those is a filing requirement in the health care overhaul As the leadership of the Transportation and Infrastructure Com-
law enacted in March that requires businesses to file 1099 tax mittee changes hands, the panel’s top priority of passing a surface
forms with the IRS once payments to a vendor have exceeded transportation bill will remain little changed. At the same time,
$600 in a tax year. That provision was expanded by the recent the likely chairman of the Republican-led panel, John L. Mica of
small-business jobs legislation to compel property owners to file Florida, is expected to propose a transportation policy that dif-
1099 forms for payments of certain expenses associated with rent- fers in important ways from the draft produced in 2009 by current
al real estate. Many lawmakers on both sides of the aisle want to Chairman James L. Oberstar, D-Minn.
repeal this mandate, which they say will place undue compliance With Highway Trust Fund revenue falling short of spending
costs on small businesses. But with the provision being included needs, lawmakers face the challenge of raising the motor fuels
in the health care overhaul as a revenue-raising offset, lawmakers tax or finding alternative sources of money. The White House
have struggled to find a replacement. House continued on page 74
Page 74 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

House continued from page 73 of Florida, currently the No. 2 Republican on the panel, whose role
is expected to broaden.
has rejected both a higher gasoline tax and a new tax based on Veterans’ programs are among the few areas that typically re-
the number of miles driven. Mica, too, deemed a gasoline tax in- ceive bipartisan support in the House. Over the past several years,
crease “dead” and has suggested replacing the per-gallon tax with Congress has expanded veterans’ medical care, access to higher
a percentage sales tax on gasoline. He also advocates more public- education for vets and their families, and increased reimburse-
private transportation partnerships, large-scale bond issues and ments for veterans who must travel long distances to get care.
speedier approval of infrastructure projects. For Democrats, Bob Filner of California will move from the
Mica also is likely to break with President Obama on one priority: chairmanship to ranking member. Filner has been pursuing a five-
his call for an immediate investment of $50 billion from the next year plan to end homelessness among veterans.  – Eugene Mulero
highway bill on job-creating infrastructure projects. Mica called
the investment plan a “pitiful and tardy” excuse for not enacting a Ways and Means
full six-year reauthorization bill. In taking the gavel as chairman of the Ways and Means Commit-
Administration plans to develop high-speed passenger rail net- tee, Michigan’s Dave Camp will hold one of the most important
works also may suffer. Though generally a supporter of fast trains, positions in Congress and have responsibility for moving the Re-
Mica has criticized the administration’s awards of $8 billion in high- publican Party’s ambitious agenda on taxes and health care against
speed rail grants made possible by the 2009 economic stimulus law, likely obstacles erected by the Senate and the White House.
saying that the winning projects lacked enough private support to Just 13 Republicans on the panel will be returning from the 111th
make them viable and were motivated by politics. Congress, and the party will have to fill out the roster with a half-
Amtrak may be in for a bumpier road as well. Like many House dozen or more new people. The GOP will lose retiring members
Republicans , Mica is not an Amtrak fan. He favors more competi- John Linder of Georgia and Ginny Brown-Waite of Florida. And
tion for passenger rail services. Virginia’s Eric Cantor may depart if he becomes majority leader.
And if the House and Senate can’t agree on reauthorizing the The opposite trend will be true on the Democratic side, where
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in the lame-duck session, just three of the 26 members did not seek re-election. Even with a
the committee next year will also have to move a new FAA bill, couple members of the panel losing their re-election bids, recent
which Mica also may want to rewrite. Congress has been trying for additions to the panel, including John Yarmuth of Kentucky, Brian
months to finish a long-term authorization, but disagreements over Higgins of New York and Linda T. Sánchez of California, might lose
allowing more long-distance flights at Ronald Reagan Washington the seats they won in 2009.
National Airport and a House provision that would effectively put Current Chairman Sander M. Levin of Michigan, who took over
ground-based FedEx Corp. employees under the same labor laws in 2010 when Charles B. Rangel of New York stepped aside during
as archrival United Parcel Service Inc. have stymied an agreement. an ethics investigation, might face a challenge for the top spot from
The committee also will tackle a reauthorization of the Water Richard E. Neal of Massachusetts.
Resources Development Act. Water programs were last autho- The committee’s legislative goals will depend, in part, on wheth-
rized in 2007 over the veto of President George W. Bush. er and how the debate over the extension of the tax cuts enacted
Oberstar’s defeat will cause a shuffle for the ranking Democratic in 2001 and 2003 is resolved during this year’s lame-duck session.
spot. Nick J. Rahall II of West Virginia is next in line but may prefer Inaction would put immediate pressure on the new Congress to
the top spot on the Natural Resources panel. That may set up a revive some or all of them as workers see their income tax with-
race between Peter A. DeFazio of Oregon and Jerry F. Costello of holding rise in January.
Illinois, the No. 3 and No. 4 Democrats.  — Kathryn A. Wolfe And any temporary extensions of current policy, whether they
apply to the income tax, the estate tax or the alternative minimum
Veterans’ Affairs tax, would put significant issues on the committee’s plate right
The retirement of Steve Buyer of Indiana leaves an opening away. If any of these issues are resolved over Republican objections
at the top of the GOP roster of the Veterans’ Affairs Committee during the lame-duck session, the new majority is likely to use its
that will also stir the new majority’s subcommittee lineup. But the first few months to work out changes more to its liking.
panel’s approach to issues is likely to change relatively little. Camp will try to make good on Republican promises to repeal
Spending on veterans’ programs is always a focal point for its and replace the health care overhaul enacted in March, though
work. And senior Republicans say they will pursue almost every details of such an attempt would be vigorously contested. And such
objective laid out during the current Congress. efforts, if they even make it through Congress, are likely to be
The GOP’s chief concerns will remain the processing of claims doomed by President Obama’s veto pen. Still, Ways and Means
by the Department of Veterans Affairs, creating a strong electron- Republicans will be able to use their oversight powers to draw at-
ic-claims management system and reducing the backlog of about tention to the law and point out concerns over its implementation.
400,000 unprocessed claims at the Veterans Benefits Administra- Camp and the Republicans will put pressure on the administra-
tion. tion to advance pending free-trade agreements with South Korea,
Although the panel has a tradition of bipartisanship, Republicans Colombia and Panama. The Korea deal, in particular, may present
have stressed they will increase scrutiny of Obama administration an opportunity for the new majority to work with the president,
officials over their handling of health care benefits for veterans. who favors free trade more than many congressional Democrats.
“We need to ensure there’s proper oversight and accountability to The panel may also attempt a long-term reauthorization of the law
provide veterans with the best possible benefits,” said Cliff Stearns that governs federal welfare programs.  — Richard Rubin
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 75

IMPACT ON SENATE COMMITTEES


Familiar Leadership Faces Vastly Changed Dynamic in Tighter Senate
B y CQ R oll Call S taff
With a narrow margin of control, Demo‑
crats will be losing seats on almost every Sen‑
ate committee.
But the gavels will remain in Democratic
hands, and committee chairmen will still pur‑
sue the policy priorities of President Obama
and the Senate Democratic leadership.
Although some races were too close to call
as this guide went to press, the committee
outlook for the 112th Congress is largely set.

Agriculture, Nutrition & Forestry


With the defeat of Blanche Lincoln,
D‑Ark., the panel’s chairmanship is changing

cq file photo / scott j. ferrell


hands for the second time in three years. But
it is not clear at this point who will claim it.
Lincoln took the gavel in 2009 after Tom
Harkin, D-Iowa, gave it up to replace the late
Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., as chairman
Thecordial relationshiponAppropriations betweenInouyeandCochranmaybetestedina periodof fiscal austerity.
of the Health, Education, Labor and Pen‑
sions Committee. Harkin now is one of four other nutrition programs, authorize the first increase in per-meal
senior Agriculture Committee Democrats chairing other major reimbursements to schools in decades, and empower the Agricul‑
committees. While he and two others are unlikely to switch gav‑ ture Department to set nutrition standards for food sold in school
els, the picture is less clear for Kent Conrad, D-N.D., who is up vending machines and a la carte lines.
for re-election in 2012, when Congress is due to produce a new No Republicans are leaving.
multi-year farm bill. —Ellyn Ferguson
If Conrad remains Budget Committee chairman, the Agricul‑
ture gavel could fall to Debbie Stabenow, D-Mich., or Ben Nel‑ Appropriations
son, D-Neb. Any of them would return the panel to a Midwestern Once a bipartisan refuge in an increasingly fractious Senate, the
outlook on agriculture that is likely to influence the 2012 farm committee is likely to see sharper divisions in the 112th Congress
bill. Stabenow would also bring a greater emphasis on specialty as it faces new pressure to rein in spending.
crops, such as fruit, beans and vegetables, that are important to Chairman Daniel K. Inouye, D-Hawaii, will continue to work
Michigan. with ranking Republican Thad Cochran of Mississippi, whom he
Given intense concern about budget deficits, farm programs and calls his vice chairman. While the two maintain a cordial, collegial
subsidies will be under extra scrutiny this time around. Farm-state approach, the rising clout of fiscal GOP conservatives such as Jim
lawmakers and agriculture groups expect a difficult time in pro‑ DeMint of South Carolina and Tom Coburn of Oklahoma could
tecting direct payments, which are annual payments that farmland complicate their work. This year, GOP appropriators opposed all of
owners receive regardless of financial need or market conditions. the fiscal 2011 bills, saying that spending cuts were needed.
The payments cost about $5 billion a year. Appropriators still have to settle on how much discretionary
Some farm groups are urging the House and Senate Agriculture funding federal agencies should get in the fiscal year that began
committees to shift that funding to programs that better help farm‑ Oct. 1; the government is operating under a continuing resolution
ers and ranchers cope with market fluctuations. that expires Dec. 3. DeMint is pushing strongly to delay a final
One challenge the panel faces is trying to tweak cotton subsidy decision until the next Congress, when Republicans will control
programs so they comply with World Trade Organization rules and the House and gain strength in the Senate.
resolve a trade case that Brazil won against the United States. The Democratic staffers in both chambers are working on an omni‑
federal government paid Brazil $147 million this year as part of an bus package of fiscal 2011 spending bills. If they can get the total
agreement to forestall retaliatory tariffs against non-agriculture down to the $1.108 trillion limit preferred by Senate Republicans,
U.S. goods such as automobiles. The issue is of particular interest they may have at least a slim chance to finish the appropriations
to ranking member Saxby Chambliss, R-Ga., whose state trails only cycle before the 111th Congress adjourns.
Texas and Arkansas in cotton production. Senate appropriators in both parties have largely resisted de‑
Before it can get to the big farm bill, the committee may have mands of House Republicans and some GOP senators to end all
to revisit a reauthorization of child nutrition programs, unless the member earmarks. But the changing fiscal and political climate
House clears a Senate-passed bill during the lame-duck session. could dampen their appetite for such set-asides.
That bill would reauthorize school lunches and breakfasts and Senate continued on page 76
Page 76 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

Senate continued from page 75 Evan Bayh, D-Ind., is retiring. Appointed Sens. Roland W. Bur‑
ris, D-Ill., Ted Kaufman, D-Del., and Carte P. Goodwin, D-W.Va.,
With a shrinking pie to carve, Democrats will be looking to pro‑ will depart as soon as their elected successors arrive, while George
tect some of their major discretionary spending priorities, such as LeMieux, R-Fla., will leave office at the end of this Congress.
education and health care. But Inouye, who also chairs the De‑ — Frank Oliveri
fense Subcommittee, may be less inclined than some of his col‑
leagues to find savings from that side of the budget. Banking, Housing & Urban Affairs
Backed by President Obama, panel Democrats will also have The committee will be under new leadership in 2011, when
their hands full combating House GOP efforts to “de-fund” imple‑ South Dakota Democrat Tim Johnson is expected to take the gavel
mentation of the 2010 health care overhaul. from retiring Sen. Christopher J. Dodd, D-Conn.
The committee will see major turnover in 2011. Five senior After a hectic two years consumed by an overhaul of the regula‑
members are retiring: Republicans Sam Brownback of Kansas, tory structure governing Wall Street, the panel is likely to moderate
Christopher S. Bond of Missouri, Judd Gregg of New Hampshire both its pace and approach to the financial services sector.
and George V. Voinovich of Ohio, plus Democrat Byron L. Dorgan Johnson in the past has been more supportive of the credit card
of North Dakota. Robert F. Bennett, R-Utah, and Arlen Spec‑ industry than Dodd. The industry is a major employer in his state,
ter, D-Pa., were denied renomination, while Lisa Murkowski, R- and Johnson was the only Senate Democrat to oppose the success‑
Alaska, and Patty Murray, D-Wash., were in re-election battles too ful 2009 legislation tightening credit card regulation.
close to call at press time. The major issue facing the committee in 2011 will be the restruc‑
Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., already has prom‑ turing of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. More than two years after
ised one of the open GOP seats to John Hoeven of North Dakota. the George W. Bush administration seized the two government-
— Kerry Young sponsored entities, the committee must decide what to do with
them. Fannie and Freddie have received nearly $150 billion in
Armed Services taxpayer support, with no end in sight.
Under the continued leadership of Chairman Carl Levin, The options range from full privatization to complete national‑
D‑Mich., Democrats will face a difficult task in trying to rebuild the ization. The Obama White House is expected to release a plan in
panel’s traditionally bipartisan tone. And given their diminished January for the firms and the mortgage market as a whole. But that
numbers, their policy initiatives might be sharply circumscribed. plan could hit a wall of opposition from Republicans if, as expected,
As the 111th Congress nears its end, the panel is deeply divided it lays the groundwork for a new system of housing finance that
over a number of issues that could undermine efforts to com‑ would still allow the government to guarantee some mortgages, as
plete the fiscal 2011 defense authorization bill and draft a fiscal Fannie and Freddie do now.
2012 version. Ranking Republican John McCain of Arizona led Most Republicans revile Fannie and Freddie and see their fail‑
his panel members to a united vote in the committee against the ure as the natural result of inappropriate government involvement
current bill. in financial markets. Republicans will likely push for a fully priva‑
With the fate of that defense authorization bill uncertain, Demo‑ tized system of housing finance.
crats are unsure whether to try again next year to repeal the ban The committee is also expected to review implementation of the
on openly gay servicemembers and the ban on servicemembers 2010 Dodd-Frank financial services overhaul. Members will likely
obtaining abortions at military medical facilities. But the GOP seek frequent updates from administration officials and leaders of
takeover of the House likely would doom renewed repeal efforts. the Federal Reserve, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation,
Given the intensifying pressure to cut federal spending, com‑ the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Office of the
mittee Democrats will face pressure from party liberals to reduce Comptroller of the Currency.
defense authorizations — but pushback from GOP senators who If lawmakers are unhappy with the implementation, or regula‑
tend to see any defense cuts as unwise, if not downright dangerous. tors report significant problems, the committee could pursue a
The panel will scrutinize — and sometimes contest — Defense corrections bill to revise the overhaul.
Secretary Robert M. Gates’ efforts to find savings within the de‑ The panel has waded into currency issues in the past, and with
fense budget and manage controver sial and immensely expensive senior member Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., threatening legisla‑
weapons programs, such as the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, the Ma‑ tion targeting China’s currency practices, it might do so again.
rine Corps’ Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle, the Army’s Ground In addition to Dodd, Evan Bayh, D-Ind., Jim Bunning, R-Ky.,
Combat Vehicle and the Navy’s Littoral Combat Ship. and Judd Gregg, R-N.H., are retiring. Robert F. Bennett, R-Utah,
The committee also will closely monitor the expanded war in was denied renomination.
Afghanistan, debating a White House review of military operations — Steven Sloan
there that is due in December, as well as the president’s plan to be‑
gin the withdrawal of U.S. troops in July 2011. Levin will press the Budget
administration to hold to its current plans in Afghanistan, and to The Budget Committee will face new challenges as a narrow
push for the advancement of Afghan military forces and improve‑ Democratic majority comes under pressure from the public and a
ment of Afghan governance as a way to enable a U.S. withdrawal. Republican-led House to scale back government spending.
McCain will continue to lead the GOP’s criticism of a withdrawal The defeat of Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark., raises the possibility that
timeline in Afghanistan. That debate will ratchet up as the deadline Budget Chairman Kent Conrad, D-N.D., could take the gavel she
approaches, particularly if military operations bog down. will relinquish at the Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Com‑
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 77

mittee. Conrad is up for re-election in two feller IV, D-W.Va., and ranking member Kay
years, when Congress is due to produce the Bailey Hutchison, R-Texas, the committee
multi-year 2012 farm bill. also will grapple with several technology is‑
But Conrad loves budget issues; he is the sues. It must decide whether to allow the
Democrats’ leading expert on the process. Federal Communications Commission to
If he remains chairman, he will continue auction off a desirable portion of broadcast
to push for deficit reduction and, perhaps, spectrum known as the “D block,” or instead
changes in the budget process. Given the allocate it to public safety agencies. A Rock‑

cq file photo / scott J. Ferrell


tenuous state of the economy, he is likely to efeller proposal to hand the spectrum over
resist any measures that would slow econom‑ to public safety officials could be doomed
ic growth in the short term. by the Republican takeover of the House
Along with its House counterpart, the com‑ and increased GOP strength in the Senate.
mittee will start work on a fiscal 2012 budget The panel also will address the question of
Facingre-election in 2012, Conradcouldswitch from
resolution against the backdrop of a report how to free up more spectrum for wireless
leadingthe Budget panel toheadingupAgriculture.
due next month from President Obama’s broadband devices. The FCC has called for
National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform. The legislation that would spur television broadcasters to relinquish
bipartisan commission, on which Conrad serves, was charged with some of their spectrum holdings in return for part of the proceeds
recommending ways to trim the deficit to 3 percent of gross domes‑ from subsequent auctions.
tic product by fiscal 2015. That would require a politically difficult The committee will be involved in the FCC’s ongoing effort to
combination of spending cuts or tax increases or both. Even if the ensure non-discrimination by Internet access providers, or “net
commission fails to agree on recommendations, its findings may neutrality.” It is not clear whether the panel will attempt to move
influence the budget process for fiscal 2012 and beyond. legislation, or simply exercise its oversight authority. But Rock‑
The current Congress failed to adopt a final budget resolution efeller is a staunch proponent of net neutrality and of a related
this year even though Democrats controlled both chambers. With FCC proposal to reclassify its jurisdiction over broadband Internet
divided control of the House and Senate in the 112th, it is extreme‑ access after an adverse federal court ruling last spring.
ly unlikely that they will be able to agree on a budget resolution The committee also is expected to consider whether and how
next year. That would effectively eliminate either party’s option to to revamp a federal fund intended to foster universal telephone
use the filibuster-immune budget reconciliation process to make service so that it can underwrite broadband networks as well.
major tax or entitlement spending changes. If the Senate does not act on stalled legislation to authorize a raft
Budget Committee Republicans will have their first new leader of science and technology research and education grants during
in years, with Jeff Sessions of Alabama expected to succeed the re‑ the lame-duck session, that legislation is likely to return next year.
tiring Judd Gregg, R-N.H. Two more senior Republicans, Charles The committee will continue to monitor consumer online pri‑
E. Grassley of Iowa and Michael B. Enzi of Wyoming, will take vacy, but it is unclear whether it will act on any privacy legislation.
ranking spots on other committees. Byron L. Dorgan, D-N.D., and George LeMieux, R-Fla., are re‑
Sessions will press for greater spending restraint. Earlier this tiring. Sam Brownback, R-Kan., was elected governor. Depending
year, he unsuccessfully pushed to cap discretionary spending over on the party ratio, junior Democrat Mark Begich of Alaska could
the next several years at 2010 levels. House Republicans want to be bumped.
go even further, campaigning on a call to roll back domestic discre‑ — Keith Perine and Kathryn A. Wolfe
tionary spending to fiscal 2008 levels.
If Conrad gives up the Budget gavel, Patty Murray, D-Wash., is Energy & Natural Resources
second in seniority. She was locked in a re-election race too close Chairman Jeff Bingaman, D-N.M., is likely to pick up in 2011
to call at press time. Next in line is Ron Wyden, D-Ore. where he leaves off this year — with a pile of unfinished business.
In addition to Gregg, Jim Bunning, R-Ky., is retiring. Russ A stickler for both bipartisanship and regular order, Bingaman
Feingold, D-Wis., was defeated. moved an impressive number of bills through the committee in
— Paul M. Krawzak the past two years, frequently with substantial support from Re‑
publicans. But much of the legislation languished on the Senate
Commerce, Science & Transportation calendar as partisan gridlock on other issues ate up floor time.
The panel will draft several major transportation measures in Bingaman’s ability to find middle ground reflects many years of
the next Congress, including the safety-related provisions of an collaboration with fellow New Mexican Pete V. Domenici, the pan‑
overdue surface transportation reauthorization. el’s top Republican before his retirement in 2008. That approach
If the current Congress fails to clear a long-delayed bill to reau‑ continued with Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, current ranking member.
thorize the Federal Aviation Administration in the lame-duck ses‑ A commitment to bipartisanship will be even more crucial in
sion, the committee also will write a new version of that legislation. the new Congress, with Republicans controlling the House and
Several other transportation-related bills, involving the freight gaining Senate seats.
rail industry and auto safety, could be reintroduced in the 112th One of the major bills that has languished this year is comprehen‑
Congress, but they are likely to meet resistance in the GOP-con‑ sive energy legislation to boost renewable-energy production and
trolled House. efficiency, as well as to improve transmission grids. Its centerpiece
Under the continuing leadership of Chairman John D. Rocke‑ Senate continued on page 78
Page 78 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

Senate continued from page 77


CQROLL CALL SPECIAL REPORT
Managing Director & Executive Vice President: Laurie Battaglia
is a mandate that 15 percent of electricity
EDITORIAL be generated from renewable sources such
editor ial di r ector & P r ofiles wr itten b y con t .
as wind or solar energy by 2021.
senior vice p r esident Mike Mills Matthew Kora, Geof Koss, Paul M. A federal renewables standard has long
e xecutive editor CQ News
Krawzak, Jackie Kucinich, Niels been one of Bingaman’s goals. However,
Lesniewski, Adam Levin, Jacqueline
Susan Benkelman Linnane, Rob Margetta, Will Matthews,
Republicans have shown little enthusiasm
e xecutive editor CQ Publications John McArdle, Alison McSherry, Tait for the renewables mandate, preferring in‑
John Dineen Militana, Tricia Miller, Eugene Mulero, stead a “clean energy” standard that would
editor Roll Call Scott Montgomery Matthew Murray, Daniel Newhauser,
Jane Norman, Frank Oliveri, Alan K. Ota,
allow nuclear power to be included in the
Managing E ditor , E nte r p r ise CQ Weekly
John Cranford Anna Palmer, Christina Parisi, Daniel mix.
dep ut y e xecutive editor CQ News
Peake, Steve Peoples, Keith Perine, Emily It is unclear whether Bingaman will try
Pierce, John Reichard, Bennett Roth,
Randy Wynn
Richard Rubin, Joseph J. Schatz, Jennifer
to revive part or all of a broad offshore
Managing E ditor CQ Specialty Publications & Scholtes, Annie Shuppy, Paul Singer, Stacey drilling bill he advanced in response to last
Leadership News Anne Q. Hoy Skotzko, Steven Sloan, Lauren Smith, April’s rig explosion and oil spill in the Gulf
managing E DI T OR CQ News Toby Eckert Megan Sowder-Staley, John Stanton, Gabe
associate editor CQ Martha Angle Starosta, Tim Starks, Seth Stern, Frances
of Mexico. Although Bingaman’s measure
Depar tment E ditor s Symes, Michael Teitelbaum, Robert Tomkin, was cosponsored by Murkowski, Senate
Carol Eisenberg Social Policy, Neda Toloui-Semnani, Kyle Trygstad, Republicans later offered a competing bill,
Greg Vadala, Ben Weyl, Kathryn A. Wolfe,
Paul Hendrie Industry and Commerce,
Jennifer Yachnin, Kerry Young, Melanie
making it less likely Bingaman’s version will
Kevin Whitelaw Defense and Foreign Policy
Zanona, Shawn Zeller move in the 112th Congress.
Managing E ditor CQ Copy & Production
Arwen Bicknell Bingaman supports legislation that
Dep ut y E ditor S
business would control emissions that contribute to
S enior vice p r esident of infor mation
Chris Wright CQ Today, Joe Warminsky
S e r vices & associate di r ector
global warming. His past climate change
CQ.com, Melinda W. Nahmias CQ Weekly
Keith White proposals, which aimed to strike a bal‑
Cop y and P r oduction E ditor s
Leah Carliner, Neal J. Conway, senior vice p r esident and chief ance between emissions reductions and
Amanda Grace Johnson, Christina Kapler, mar k eting office r Leilani M. Brown economic impact, won support from some
Jamisha Purdy, Jennifer Rubio, manage r , adve r tising Mar k eting
Republicans — as well as criticism from en‑
Sara Smith, Charlie Southwell, Julie S. Kimbro
Chris White vironmentalists who thought they were not
manage r , cr eative se r vices
managing E DI T OR Member Information & Marshall Stoy
strong enough. While talks on a cap apply‑
Research David Meyers
senior vice p r esident of adve r tising ing only to electric utilities may continue
dep ut y E ditor s Member Information &
Mark Walters in the Senate, the idea is unlikely to gain
Research John Bicknell, Tim Yoder
Assistant E ditor s Member Information &
manage r , adve r tising ope r ations traction in the GOP-led House.
Subira Issa
Research Amanda H. Allen, Nell Benton Bingaman also will have to survey the
p r oduction manage r Laura Weeda
senior r esear che r Rachel Bloom
senior vice p r esident of client
changed political landscape in deciding
Resear che r s Ryan Kelly, Kailyn whether to revisit other priorities next year,
r elations hips Arnie Thomas
McGillicuddy, Nicole Moyer, Brandon
Payne, Carolyn West senior vice p r esident & Chief F inancial such as a proposal to establish a Clean En‑
Office r Douglas A. (Chip) Wallen ergy Deployment Administration within
Di r ector Art & Graphics Jamie Baylis
Di r ector of Ci r culation
p hoto editor Douglas Graham the Energy Department to help finance
David Glickstein
P hotogr ap he r s Bill Clark, Scott J.
S enior Vice P r esident of Human
innovative energy technologies, efforts to
Ferrell, Tom Williams
T eam L eade r , multimedia Thomas Wilburn
Resour ces Rodney Whitmore overhaul federal management of hardrock
GR AP HI CS John Irons, Sarah Vanderbilt, senior vice p r esident and chief minerals on public lands, increased fund‑
Devin Varsalona technology office r dennis arndt ing for the federal Land and Water Conser‑
senior vice p r esident of st r ate gy &
E ditor CQ Roll Call Daily Briefing
development Neil Maslansky
vation Fund, a push to stimulate develop‑
David Hawkings
ment of small-scale nuclear reactors and a
politics E ditor Roll Call
Lauren W. Whittington
T elep hone Numb e r s
host of measures intended to improve the
CQ Roll Call Group • CQ Newsroom:
L ob b ying E ditor Roll Call Kate Ackley • Main: (202) 419-8500 (202) 419-8555 efficiency of buildings, appliances and ve‑
we b E ditor Roll Call Melanie Starkey (800) 432-2250 • Roll Call Newsroom: hicles.
• CQ Print Cust. Service: (202) 824-6800
P r ofiles wr itten b y
(202) 419-8621 • CQ.com Cust. Service: As the chairman of the Senate Finance
Rebecca Adams, Ambreen Ali, Joanna
Anderson, Melissa Attias, Rachael Bade,
• Roll Call Cust. Service: (202) 419-8511 Subcommittee on Energy, Natural Re‑
(202) 824-6800 • Advertising:
Jennifer Bendery, Jessica Brady, Jonathan • Subscription Info: (202) 824-6819 sources and Infrastructure, Bingaman also
Broder, Elizabeth Brotherton, Emily (202) 419-8599 • Additional Copies: holds sway over tax incentives crucial to ev‑
Cadei, George Cahlink, Charlene Carter, (800) 432-2250, ext. 599
Chuck Conlon, Kristin Coyner, Steven
ery element of the energy industry.
E mail
T. Dennis, John M. Donnelly, David M. • customerservice@cq.com Evan Bayh, D-Ind., Byron L. Dorgan,
Drucker, Emma Dumain, Theo Emery, Jessica • circdept@rollcall.com D‑N.D., and Jim Bunning, R-Ky., are retir‑
Estepa, Emily Ethridge, Ellyn Ferguson,
Brian Friel, Matt Fuller, Lauren Gardner,
ing. Sam Brownback, R-Kan., was elected
To reach CQ Roll Call staff via e-mail, use the person’s first
Clayton Hanson, Emily Heil, Kathleen and last name, followed by “@cqrollcall.com.” For example, governor. Robert F. Bennett, R-Utah, was
Hunter, Elham Khatami, Anne L. Kim for Randy Wynn, send e-mail to randywynn@cqrollcall.com. denied renomination. Blanche Lincoln,
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 79

D-Ark., was defeated, while Murkowski’s re- there will be tremendous pressure to act early
election race was too close to call Nov. 3. next year.
— Geof Koss The gulf between Boxer The same applies for the estate tax, which

Environment & PublicWorks


and Inhofe has made it is set to snap back to life on Jan. 1 at a $1 mil‑
lion exemption and 55 percent top rate after
Having won the toughest re-election fight virtually impossible to a yearlong repeal.
of her career, Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., will find common ground Chairman Max Baucus, D-Mont., will re‑
retain the chairmanship of this politically po‑ main at the helm, but for the first time since
larized committee.
on climate change or he became the committee’s top Democrat
The liberal Boxer is a champion of efforts other environmental in 2001, he will be working with a different
to curb greenhouse gas emissions. Ranking legislation. ranking Republican. Charles E. Grassley of
Republican James M. Inhofe of Oklahoma Iowa, who has a close working relationship
sees manmade global warming as a “hoax.” with Baucus and traded the gavel with him
The gulf between them has made it virtually impossible to find multiple times over the past decade, will step aside as ranking
common ground on climate change or other environmental legis‑ member because of term limits imposed by Senate Republicans.
lation. Compromise appears even less likely in the new Congress, Orrin G. Hatch of Utah, who has chaired two other committees
given Republican gains. during his long career, will take over the top GOP spot. It remains
Still, the panel gives Boxer a pulpit for espousing her views on unclear whether that will alter the dynamics of the committee,
global warming and other environmental issues, including the ef‑ which has become notably more partisan in the current Congress,
fects of toxics on children, and air, land and water policies. particularly after the grueling fight over the health care overhaul.
While Boxer and Inhofe are at odds on environmental issues, Hatch has been a bipartisan dealmaker many times in his career.
they do cooperate on the public works side of their jurisdiction. He was close to the late Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., and this
The overdue reauthorization of a multiyear surface transportation year he worked with Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., to write a tax
law will become a central focus of the committee’s work next year. credit for businesses that hire unemployed workers. But he faces
To the dismay of some business and interest groups, Boxer a likely intraparty challenge from the right if he seeks re-election
backed the Obama administration’s request to postpone a debate in 2012, when he will be 78, and he must answer to a GOP caucus
on a transportation reauthorization bill until 2011, delaying until that was pulled sharply to the right in the elections. That may dis‑
after the midterm elections difficult decisions over how to pay for courage him from reaching across the aisle.
a bill that could authorize as much as $500 billion over five years. Committee Democrats have been divided on whether the weak
The Finance Committee will tussle with that question, but Boxer’s economy requires Congress to extend all of the expiring Bush-
panel must set highway funding formulas. era tax cuts for a year or two, or to allow higher rates to kick in at
Inhofe proudly calls himself “the most conservative member of incomes above $200,000 for individuals and $250,000 for married
the Senate,” but he makes no apologies for his support for infra‑ couples. But given the big GOP gains in the election, Democrats
structure spending. might be forced to extend the tax cuts for everyone.
However, a potential source of partisan friction in addition to They are in a stronger negotiating position when it comes to
financing may be the administration’s effort to promote “livability” the federal estate tax, which Republicans call the “death tax” and
objectives in a transportation bill. Inhofe earlier this year referred would like to repeal altogether. Since the tax returns Jan. 1 at a
to livability as a “lot of liberal stuff.” much higher rate and lower exemption than most of the past de‑
Another area of potential collaboration is the reauthorization of cade, Democrats can probably extract some concessions from Re‑
the Water Resources Development Act, which funds water proj‑ publicans on other tax issues in return for adjusting those levels.
ects nationwide. Boxer and Inhofe marshaled support in 2007 to Once the fight over the Bush-era tax cuts is resolved, Baucus and
override President George W. Bush’s veto of the last water reau‑ Hatch will turn to other issues — potentially including a broader
thorization — the first veto override of his presidency. overhaul and simplification of the tax code. Baucus has already
George V. Voinovich, R-Ohio, and Christopher S. Bond, R-Mo., held hearings on that topic, but whether an overhaul gains traction
are retiring, while Arlen Specter, D-Pa., lost his primary election. — and how much — depends in large part on President Obama.
Junior members Kirsten Gillibrand, D-N.Y., and Jeff Merkley, D- With the president’s National Commission on Fiscal Responsi‑
Ore., could be removed as Democratic slots are reduced. bility and Reform set to report recommendations for deficit reduc‑
— Geof Koss tion by Dec. 1, some options for slowing the government’s tide of
red ink will be in sharper focus when the 112th Congress convenes.
Finance But again, it would take a major push from Obama to get them
With the government likely to approach the statutory debt limit through a divided Congress.
early next year, the committee’s broad jurisdiction over revenues Obama could send Congress a stalled free-trade agreement with
and entitlement spending will put it at the center of any effort to South Korea, particularly with a stronger Republican, pro-trade pres‑
tackle the deficit and burgeoning national debt. ence in both chambers. Other trade legislation might prove tougher.
But the panel’s very first challenge may be a familiar one — how Baucus has warned China’s leaders that unless they allow the
to deal with 2001 and 2003 tax cuts that expire Dec. 31. If the yuan to appreciate, they should expect the Senate to act on legisla‑
lame-duck Congress fails to extend some or all of those George W. tion targeting the Asian giant’s currency practices.
Bush-era tax cuts and withholding rates rise on Jan. 1 as scheduled, Senate continued on page 80
Page 80 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

Senate continued from page 79 areas remain, including administration proposals to make more
federal grants to public schools competitive, tie teacher evaluations
In a closely divided committee, the vote of GOP moderate Olym‑ to student performance and require failing schools to take dra‑
pia J. Snowe of Maine — who could face a conservative primary matic turnaround steps. The increased GOP strength in Congress
challenge in 2012 — will be even more important than it is now. could force a fresh start on many issues.
Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark., was defeated. Jim Bunning, R-Ky., is Harkin plans to complete an investigation into the recruiting and
retiring. Thomas R. Carper, D-Del., the most junior Democrat, marketing practices of some for-profit colleges, which an under‑
is in jeopardy of being bumped as Democrats lose slots on the cover Government Accountability Office probe in August found
panel. encouraged fraud. He wants to tighten rules for access to federal
— Joseph J. Schatz aid, a goal being pursued independently by the Education Depart‑
ment. But Republicans oppose efforts targeting for-profits, likely
Foreign Relations dooming any such legislation.
Chairman John Kerry, D-Mass., will have a piece of old busi‑ The panel may take another swing at a workplace safety measure
ness as his top priority in the new Congress, if the Senate does not in response to recent industrial accidents, including a mine explo‑
approve ratification of the New START nuclear arms reduction sion in West Virginia that killed 29 coal miners. But Republican
agreement with Russia during the lame-duck session. resistance could force Democrats to water down a mine safety bill
The treaty could make it through the committee again, given its that Harkin cosponsored.
broad Democratic support and the backing of ranking Republican Harkin will continue oversight hearings on the health care
Richard G. Lugar of Indiana, who has devoted much of his Senate overhaul that he advocated, and he will try to fend off efforts by
career to nuclear arms reduction and nonproliferation. Republicans in both chambers to repeal the law or “de-fund” its
But the pact could face more resistance in the new Senate, given implementation. As chairman of the Labor-HHS-Education Ap‑
the increased number of Republicans. Many GOP senators already propriations Subcommittee, Harkin is well positioned to protect
have questioned the strength of verification procedures in the the new law from GOP attacks.
agreement, and those concerns are expected to continue. The HELP Committee also will work on reauthorizing laws, set
Kerry’s next order of business will be the war in Afghanistan to expire Sept. 30, 2012, that allow the Food and Drug Adminis‑
and the U.S. relationship with neighboring Pakistan. The panel tration to collect fees from manufacturers to pay for the agency’s
is expected to hold hearings on whether President Obama’s troop pre-marketing review of drugs and medical devices.
“surge” is producing results. In addition, Harkin wants to explore ways to provide more incen‑
The committee also plans to scrutinize the administration’s ef‑ tives to encourage drug companies to develop treatments for rare
forts to broker a peace deal between Israel and the Palestinians, and neglected diseases, as well as to strengthen U.S. preparedness
as well as U.S. relations with key countries in the Middle East, for bioterrorist attacks.
such as Turkey and Iraq. Kerry is particularly interested in seeing The committee will also to reauthorize the Workforce Invest‑
a revival of peace talks between Israel and Syria, which the United ment Act, which governs job training programs.
States last brokered in 2000 before they broke down amid mutual Christopher J. Dodd, D-Conn., and Judd Gregg, R-N.H., are
recriminations. “It’s a potential game-changer for the region if we retiring. Patty Murray, D-Wash., and Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska,
could make that happen,” said a senior aide. were in re-election contests too close to call Nov. 3.
China’s growing global footprint also will be on the radar. Kerry — Emily Ethridge
plans to invite both Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
and Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner to testify on U.S. eco‑ Homeland Security & Governmental Affairs
nomic relations with China, including efforts to convince Beijing The committee will try again to advance legislation addressing
to revalue its yuan currency. issues that range from border control and cybersecurity to off‑
Kerry hopes to bring several major treaties before the committee shore drilling and earmark transparency. Under Chairman Jospeh
for approval, including the Convention on the Law of the Sea and I. Lieberman, I-Conn., the panel has conducted oversight on all
the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination of those issues and then some in the current Congress, but most of
Against Women. its proposed legislation has not become law.
Ted Kaufman, D-Del., will depart as soon as his successor is cer‑ The panel could renew efforts to create a comprehensive ap‑
tified. Christopher J. Dodd, D-Conn., is retiring. Russ Feingold, proach to cybersecurity and to improve security at chemical
D-Wis., was defeated. plants if those measures fail to clear during the lame-duck ses‑
— Jonathan Broder sion. But the chemical bill faces a clouded future, given GOP
election gains.
Health, Education, Labor & Pensions The committee will keep up pressure on the Department of
The biggest challenge facing the committee is a reauthorization Homeland Security to improve its performance on transportation
of the 2001 education law known as No Child Left Behind — a job security, efforts to prevent attacks using weapons of mass destruc‑
the panel did not complete this year. Both Democrats and Repub‑ tion on U.S. soil, cargo screening and coordination between fed‑
licans want changes to the law, saying it is too rigid. eral, state and local officials.
Chairman Tom Harkin, D-Iowa, says he has brokered bipartisan Lieberman and ranking Republican Susan Collins of Maine, who
agreement on some of the proposals in the Obama administration’s is expected to keep that post, have a strong working relationship
blueprint for change, released in March. But several contentious and often align on the committee’s priorities. But they differ on a
Thursday, November 4, 2010 Guide to the New Congress Page 81

major bill awaiting action next year. Thomas R. Carper, D-Del., Early next year, the committee will
is pushing a bill that Collins opposes to overhaul the U.S. Postal need to revisit the 2001 anti-terrorism law
Service. Given the increased Republican strength in the new Con‑ known as the Patriot Act. Several provi‑
gress, Carper may have to alter his approach. sions are set to expire at the end of Feb‑

cq roll call file photo / tom Williams


Tom Coburn, R-Okla., could win bipartisan support for a bill ruary, necessitating at least a short-term
that would establish a public database for congressional earmarks. extension of those parts of the law.
Appointed Sens. Ted Kaufman, D-Del., and Roland W. Bur‑ The committee also could find itself
ris, D-Ill., will depart as soon as their replacements are certi‑ embroiled in the debate over immigra‑
fied. George V. Voinovich, R-Ohio, is retiring at the end of this tion, which falls under its purview. After
Congress. a comprehensive bill died in the Senate in
— Emily Cadei Patrick J. Leahy 2007, immigration advocates expected a
renewed effort in the 111th Congress. But
Indian Affairs with the weak economy exacerbating voter anxieties about jobs and
The gavel is changing hands as Chairman Byron L. Dorgan, Republicans mounting attacks on illegal immigration, Democrats
D‑N.D., retires. With more-senior Democrats choosing other did not try to advance a comprehensive bill. In the 112th, the cli‑
chairmanships, the post could fall to Maria Cantwell, D-Wash. mate will likely be even more hostile.
The panel’s priorities will include efforts to reauthorize trans‑ Leahy could choose to revive a pair of measures the committee
portation programs related to roads on reservations that will likely approved last year that failed to see Senate floor action: a media
be folded into a broad surface transportation reauthorization. shield bill to protect journalists from being forced to reveal their
The committee also is expected to write legislation addressing the sources and a long-stalled overhaul of federal patent law.
American Indian schools, which would become part of an overhaul Appointed Sen. Ted Kaufman, D-Del., will depart as soon as his
of the education law known as No Child Left Behind. replacement is certified. Specter lost his Democratic primary bid
If the lame-duck Congress does not clear a bill funding the settle‑ in May, and Russ Feingold, D-Wis., was defeated Nov. 2.
ment of the long-running Cobell class action litigation involving al‑ — Joanna Anderson
leged government mismanagement of Indian land trust accounts,
the panel will likely make that a top priority next year. The Obama Rules & Administration
administration has signed off on the $3.4 billion settlement, but Committee Democrats are likely to resume their drive to rein in
Congress must fund it. the use of filibusters and other procedural tactics that bring Sen‑
When Congress considered the settlement as part of an unrelat‑ ate action to a crawl. An initial test is expected at the start of the
ed bill, John Barrasso, R-Wyo., the committee’s ranking member, 112th Congress.
sought to make several changes, including capping attorneys’ fees The committee laid the groundwork for the effort in a series of
at $50 million — a dispute that contributed to kicking the issue hearings this year. Colorado Democrat Mark Udall, who does not
into the lame-duck session. Finding a way to pay for the settlement serve on Rules — his cousin Tom from neighboring New Mexico
could be even more difficult next Congress. does — has proposed to bar filibusters on a motion to proceed to
Dorgan is the only departing Democrat, but tighter party ratios a bill. He also proposes changes that would give senators a way to
could bump Al Franken, D-Minn. Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, was get around a majority leader’s move to block further amendments
in a re-election contest too close to call Nov. 3. to a bill by “filling the tree.”
— Kathryn A. Wolfe At the start of the new Congress, supporters of Udall’s plan may
try to get the Senate to adopt, by a simple majority, an organizing
Judiciary resolution incorporating such rules changes.
Patrick J. Leahy, D-Vt., who is among President Obama’s Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., is expected to continue to chair
staunchest supporters, will retain the gavel at one of the most par‑ the Rules panel, which has jurisdiction over the Capitol cam‑
tisan panels on Capitol Hill. But he will likely be working with a pus and election disputes and laws. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn.,
new ranking member. a member of the Republican leadership team with a history of
The committee’s current top Republican, Jeff Sessions of Ala‑ cautioning against rule changes, is likely to emerge as the rank‑
bama, is expected to relinquish that spot to Charles E. Grassley ing member.
of Iowa, who is term-limited as the ranking GOP member on the Christopher J. Dodd, D-Conn., is retiring; Robert F. Bennett,
Finance Committee. Sessions will take the ranking spot on the R-Utah, was denied renomination. Patty Murray, D-Wash., was
Budget Committee, where Judd Gregg, R-N.H., is retiring. leading Nov. 3 in a contest that was too close to call.
The anticipated swap stems from a deal reached last year when — Niels Lesniewski
Judiciary’s then-ranking Republican, Arlen Specter of Pennsylva‑
nia, switched parties. Select Ethics
Republican gains in the full Senate and on the committee will Few changes are expected on the panel. Each party holds three
only intensify the Judiciary panel’s battles over judicial nominees. seats, and party leaders usually aim for continuity because investi‑
GOP members have opposed a number of Obama’s nominees and gations often carry over from one Congress to the next.
are likely to do so again. Any nominations still pending when the Barbara Boxer, D-Calif., is expected to remain chairwoman of
lame-duck Congress adjourns will have to be resubmitted next year the panel, with Johnny Isakson of Georgia probably returning as
if Obama wants to press the fight. Senate continued on page 82
Page 82 Guide to the New Congress Thursday, November 4, 2010

Senate continued from page 81 regulation of the assisted


living industry and “tar‑
the top Republican. get-date” mutual funds,
The committee operates largely in secret, but it has disclosed a popular retirement ac‑
that it is investigating whether John Ensign, R-Nev., violated Sen‑ count option.
ate rules and/or campaign finance requirements in connection The committee may
with an extramarital affair with a former campaign aide. also look at whether
— Emma Dumain pharmaceutical compa‑
nies should disclose pay‑

cq roll call file photo / bill clark


Select Intelligence ments and gifts to nurses,
Chairwoman Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., is likely to focus next pharmacists and other
year on cybersecurity, cracking down on leaks and eliminating du‑ non-physicians who pre‑
plicative and otherwise unnecessary intelligence spending. scribe drugs, as they do
But she usually waits to set the agenda until she huddles with the for doctors.
panel’s GOP vice chairman at the start of each year. And it is not Court guardianship of
yet clear who will succeed retiring Christopher S. Bond, R-Mo., The Intelligence panel, ledby Feinstein, is infirm elders will be on
as ranking member. likely tolook closely at cybersecurity issues. the agenda, as will Social
The next four Republicans by seniority all have the option Security’s long-term solvency.
of serving as ranking member on other committees: Orrin G. Evan Bayh, D-Ind., and George LeMieux, R-Fla., are retiring.
Hatch of Utah at Finance; Olympia J. Snowe of Maine at Small Sam Brownback, R-Kan., was elected governor. Arlen Specter,
Business; Saxby Chambliss of Georgia at Agriculture; and Rich‑ D-Pa., lost his primary election. Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark., was
ard M. Burr of North Carolina at Veterans’ Affairs or Energy defeated Nov. 2.
and Natural Resources, depending on the outcome of Alaska’s — Theo Emery
Senate race.
If all of these senators take a pass, Tom Coburn of Oklahoma Veterans’ Affairs
would be in line to become the Intelligence ranking Republican. The committee, which is expected to remain under the chair‑
In addition to Bond, Evan Bayh, D-Ind., is retiring, while Russ manship of Daniel K. Akaka, D-Hawaii, will focus on improving
Feingold, D-Wis., was defeated Nov. 2. adjudication of veterans’ disability claims.
— Tim Starks Akaka has already written a bill intended to make the process
fairer and to reduce a backlog of claims numbering in the scores
Small Business & Entrepreneurship of thousands. His bill would, for instance, enable veterans with
After helping win enactment of a new law designed to boost multiple disabilities to obtain partial benefits if some of their claims
lending and hiring in the small-business sector, the committee will can be resolved more easily than others.
continue to focus on the perennial issues of access to capital, con‑ Akaka also plans legislation to enhance the GI Bill of 2008, which
tracting and targeted tax provisions. But it must enlist the Finance pays for education, training and housing for certain veterans who
Committee to promote tax breaks for small businesses. served after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. Akaka benefited from
Chairwoman Mary L. Landrieu, D-La., who is expected to retain the original GI Bill after World War II, and he wants to simplify
the gavel, would like to advance a job creation bill expanding the the system for determining benefits under the current law. He also
law enacted in September. wants to ensure that National Guard and Reserve members who
She also is likely to urge that tax breaks for small businesses be were accidentally omitted are made fully eligible.
added to an extension of expiring 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, which The panel’s top Republican, Richard M. Burr of North Carolina,
could move in a lame-duck session. On tax matters, however, she also supports those bills. Burr is expected to remain the ranking
needs help from ranking Republican Olympia J. Snowe of Maine, member unless he becomes ranking member of Energy and Natu‑
a senior member of the Finance Committee. ral Resources or Select Intelligence. In that event, Johnny Isakson
The panel will face the recurring need to reauthorize programs of Georgia is next in line for the top spot.
of the Small Business Administration. A long-term reauthorization Committee members from both parties plan to pay particular
has not gained much traction this year, and the SBA has operated attention to issues that confront veterans of the wars in Iraq and
under short-term extensions since 2006. Afghanistan. They want to ensure that those vets can navigate the
Evan Bayh, D-Ind., and Christopher S. Bond, R-Mo., are retir‑ paperwork maze, that they know their benefits and get help finding
ing. Tighter party ratios could bump Kay Hagan, D-N.C. jobs or educational opportunities.
— Lauren Gardner The committee also will continue to monitor the signature ef‑
fects of the two wars: traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic
Special Aging stress disorder, mental health issues, suicides, substance abuse and
The committee holds hearings on issues affecting older Ameri‑ homelessness.
cans, such as long-term care and elder fraud, and conducts over‑ Roland W. Burris, D-Ill., will depart as soon as a successor is cer‑
sight of programs. But it has no legislative authority. tified, and Arlen Specter, D-Pa., lost his primary bid. Patty Murray,
With Chairman Herb Kohl, D-Wis., and ranking member Bob D-Wash., was in a race too close to call Nov. 3.
Corker, R-Tenn., reprising their roles, the panel is likely to examine — John M. Donnelly