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Foods High in Uric Acid

A by-product of purine metabolism, high levels of uric acid or hyperuricemia in the body, can lead to development
and aggravation of diseases such as gout. They also result in the joint deformation and kidney damage along with
diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension and atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). In normal circumstances the
uric acid is eliminated from the body by the kidneys. However, the failure to do so, results in the development of
uric acid and the formation of uric acid crystals in the joints. While there are other causes for excess uric acid
formation in the body, diet may also be an important factor for increased level of uric acids. Usually, the purines in
food, break down to form uric acid during digestion. So, when people susceptible to excess uric acid production,
intake foods high in purine, it results in hyperuricemia and conditions of gout arthritis. Here, is a list of all the foods
high in uric acid.

Foods High in Uric Acid Levels

Meat: All meat products especially sweetbreads and organ meats such as livers and hearts have the highest level of
purines and are therefore the most likely culprits of disorders caused by high uric levels. While animal meats or the
"red meats" such as beef, pork and seafood should be completely avoided, "white meats" such as poultry and ham
can be eaten in moderate amounts. Processed meat such as bacon, is very high in purines and therefore a strict no-no
for the people suffering from gout.

Yeast: Foods which contain yeast such as breads, beer and alcohol beverages, contain high amount of uric acid.
Alcohol in particular is known to hamper the renal excretion in the kidneys, thus resulting in high levels of uric acid.

Seafood: Seafood such as sardines, trout, tuna, ocean perch, anchovies, herring, halibut, salmon, shrimp and lobster
have high levels of purine.

Lentils: It is advisable to eat legumes such as dried beans in moderate amounts to control the levels of uric acid.

Vegetables: Vegetables like asparagus, cauliflower, mushrooms and spinach are also moderate purine foods
containing 9-100 mg purine in 100 g food.

Caffeine: Intake of caffeine found in coffee, tea, beans and leaves of many plants is known to increase the uric acid
levels and aggravate conditions of grout. Instead, try the decaffeinated coffee which actually helps reduce uric acid
levels.

In addition to these, people prone to having high uric levels should also avoid some acid-forming foods such as
processed syrups, packaged fruit juices, sauces, commercial pickles and artificial sweeteners.

How to Avoid Foods High in Uric Acid

In order to avoid foods high in uric acid, the diet should be fashioned to eliminate all the high purine foods and
instead include foods with moderate to low amounts of purine. This uric acid reduction diet should include, a liberal
carbohydrate intake, such as pasta and rice and foods low in protein and fats. Eating plenty of raw fruits such as
bananas and apples and vegetables such as celery and tomatoes have also known to be beneficial for reducing uric
acid levels. In addition to this, remember that dehydration reduces kidney function, allowing uric acid to build up
and hence, drinking lots of fluids especially water, will help keep the organs hydrated and dilute the amount of uric
acid in the body. Juices made of black cherry, celery, birch leaf and parsley are very effective gout remedies, for
combating and flushing out uric acid from the tissues. Check out some of these low purine diet gout recipes for
controlling uric acid formation.

With the appropriate dietary changes, the levels of uric acid in the body may be controlled. So once the diagnosed, it
is prudent that one takes care of it, since the condition can recur and if not treated well, may lead to other
complications. These diets, should be worked out in conjunction with other changes in diet and lifestyle, to relieve
the body from the problems occurring due to high uric acid.

affect the risk of gout attacks. Foods High in Uric Acid To find a particular food quickly. then you should measure your total intake. you must realize that typical portion sizes vary enormously. but you should treat this advice with caution.The table below lists foods high in uric acid first with purine concentration reducing as you move down the list. the effect of foods high in uric acid depends on direct absorption through the digestive tract. You need to find the level that you can tolerate best by trial and error. smoked 804 Sheep’s spleen 773 Yeast. Baker’s 680 Ox liver 554 Pig’s heart 530 Pig’s spleen 516 . Many other factors. besides foods high in uric acid. Read more about the main food factors that can affect gout in the Gout Diet section. Calf’s 1260 Sprat. Though purines in food can have a slight effect on uric acid. Firstly. Be sure to calculate the amount that applies to your typical serving size from the value shown for 100 grams. Foods High In Uric Acid Table You should use the information in the table below only as a guideline. The overall contribution of foods high in uric acid is debatable – figures of between 5% and 15% are common. In this way you can calculate a total intake from the list of foods high in uric acid for every meal. Multiply the weight of your food (in grams) by the value from the table and divide this by 100 to give your uric acid intake in milligrams. Many advisers tell gout sufferers to avoid anything over 400mg and restrict foods in the 100-400mg range. Most uric acid derives from the breakdown of your cells as part of normal metabolism. Secondly. Purines Warning Please be careful about getting obsessed with the purine content of food. use your browser Find function (usually Ctrl-F). there are many other factors to consider. Purines (Uric Food Acid mg/100 g) Theobromine 2300 Yeast. Brewer’s 1810 Neck sweet bread. If you do feel that it is important to manage foods high in uric acid.

Herring. Soya. Calf’s 460 Ox spleen 444 Pig’s lungs (lights) 434 Ox lungs (lights) 399 Fish. Matje cured 219 Kidney. dry 222 Fish. chicken 243 Fish. sardines in oil 480 Liver. Tuna 257 Ox heart 256 Liver. seed. flat. Sheep’s 241 Fish. Calf’s 218 Fish.Pig’s liver 515 Mushroom. Atlantic 210 Horse meat 200 Bean. dry 190 Fish. seed. trout 297 Fish. Tuna in oil 290 Ox kidney 269 Fish. pilchard 345 Spleen. dried 488 Fish. edible Boletus. Redfish (ocean perch) 241 Heart. Herring. Herring roe 190 Lamb (muscles only) 182 . sardine. Calf’s 343 Pig’s kidney 334 Fish. Anchovy 239 Black gram (mungo bean).

liver (liverwurst) 165 Fish. muscles only 172 Fish. neck with bone 150 Lungs. leg of veal with bone 150 Veal. Mackerel 145 Pork chop with bone 145 Caviar (real) 144 Sunflower seed. dry 170 Pork muscles only 166 Goose 165 Sausage. salmon 170 Poppy seed. boiling fowl.Fish. average 159 Pork fillet 150 Pork shoulder with skin (blade of shoulder) 150 Turkey. Carp 160 Ox tongue 160 Pork leg (hind leg) 160 Chicken. Halibut 178 Chicken (breast with skin) 175 Veal. with skin 150 Veal knuckle with bone 150 Veal. seed. Saithe (coalfish) 163 Fish. young animal. average. dry 143 Pike 140 Pork chuck 140 . brown 147 Fish. Calf’s 147 Shrimp.

Pike-perch 110 . shoulder 140 Fish. entrecote 120 Pork hip bone (hind leg) 120 Lobster 118 Chicken (chicken for roasting). dry 128 Lentil. muscles only 133 Rabbit meat. white. fillet 110 Beef. seed. roast beef. fore rib. sirloin 110 Beef.Veal chop. cooked 131 Bean. chuck 120 Beef. seed. average 115 Mussel 112 Sausage “Jagdwurst” 112 Beef. leg with skin. cutlet with bone 140 Veal fillet 140 Veal. average with bone 132 Fish. shoulder 110 Chicken. Haddock 139 Duck. average 138 Venison haunch (leg) 138 Pig’s tongue 136 Scallop 136 Beef. dry 127 Pork belly. Sole 131 Ham. without bone 110 Fish. smoked dried 127 Beef. raw.

whole grain 94 Plaice 93 Brain. seed. frying. Soya 80 Tench 80 Nuts.Fish. flat. edible Boletus. dry 109 Grape. from veal 91 Oyster 90 Frankfurter sausages 89 Sausage “Bierschincken” 85 Pea. green 84 Pig’s brain 83 Broccoli 81 Bean sprouts. dry 95 Oats. dried. whole grain 96 Sausage “Mortadella” 96 Pea. raisin. Cod 109 Peas. from pork 101 Pork belly 100 Barley without husk. sultana 107 Linseed 105 Rabbit/Hare (average) 105 Venison back 105 Sausage salami. frying. Calf’s 92 Mushroom. peanut 79 Artichoke 78 . German 104 Sausages. without husk. chick (garbanzo). cep 92 Sausages. seed. pod and seed.

German (Mettwurst) 74 Apricot 73 Sausage “Munich Weisswurst” 73 Cocoa powder. luncheon 70 Brussel sprouts 69 Tofu 68 Chives 67 Fig (dried) 64 Plum. dried 64 Millet. green 55 . eel (smoked) 78 Sausage “Fleischwurst” 78 Sausage. not including 71 theobromine Grass. Crayfish 60 Crispbread 60 Mushroom 58 Banana 57 Beef. Viper’s (black salsify) 71 Meat. Oriental.Fish. oil partially removed. leaf 57 Spinach 57 Peppers. corned (German) 57 Parsley. dry 62 Fish. Vienna 78 Ox brain 75 Leek 74 Sausages. shucked corn 62 Sesame (gingelly) seed.

French (string beans. 40 etc. Limburger. Lamb’s 38 Almond. red 32 Cheese. Cantelope 33 Cabbage. black 33 Melon. Lettuce. mushroom 50 Kale 48 Beans. whole grain 51 Wheat. hazelnut (cobnut) 37 Date. canned. French. black 55 Corn. marinated 29 Cress 28 . 20% fat content in dry matter 32 Celeriac 30 Morel 30 Quince 30 Bamboo Shoots 29 Mushrooms. whole grain 51 Oyster. green. sweet 52 Cauliflower 51 Rye. macaroni. haricot) 37 Cabbage. savoy 37 Nuts.Pudding. dried 35 Elderberry. spaghetti. dried 45 Pumpkin 44 Pasta made with egg (noodles. solid and liquid 29 Olive. sweet 37 Beans.

Walnut 25 Plum 24 Squash. strawberry peach) 19 Orange 19 Pineapple 19 Caviar substitute 18 Potato. blueberry. canned. Chanterelles. Morello 17 Currant. summer 24 Asparagus 23 Nuts.Grape 27 Kohlrabi 25 Nuts. bread 21 Strawberry 21 Avocado 19 Beet root 19 Kiwi fruit (Chinese gooseberry. solids & liquids 17 . cooked with skin 18 Raspberry 18 Carrot 17 Cherry. Chanterelle 17 Mushrooms. Brazil 23 Bilberry. red 17 Endive 17 Mushrooms. huckleberry 22 Cabbage. white 22 Aubergine 21 Chinese leaves 21 Peach 21 Rolls.

regular beer. Brie 7.1 Yogurt. 40% fat content in dry matter 7. dripped off 16 Radish 15 Apple 14 Beer. 30% fat content in dry matter 7. cottage 9. edam. Pilsner lager beer. min.1 Cheese. 50% fat content in 6 dry matter . wheat (flour) or (white bread) 14 Fennel leaves 14 Beer. 3. sweet 7. real.1 Cucumber 7.1 Cheese. alcohol free 8. 45% fat content in dry matter 7.5% fat content 8. edam.1 Cherry.Gooseberry 16 Potato 16 Sauerkraut.4 Beer.1 Cheese. Cheddar/Cheshire cheese. edam. light 14 Bread.1 Cheese. German 13 Lettuce 13 Onion 13 Radishes 13 Chicory 12 Pear 12 Rhubarb 12 Tomato 11 Cheese.3 Cheese.

• Usually people can eat what they like within limits. . Results from a study led by Dr. Department of Orthopedics: • Obesity can be linked to high uric acid levels in the blood. Ultimately. diets shown to be connected to gout are the same kinds of diet linked to cardiovascular disease. • The Gout Diet Quiz Recommendations For Seafood Should Be Individualized At this point. resulting in pain and inflammation).150 men with no prior history of gout over a 12-year period. • Study participants who ate the most seafood were 50 percent more likely to have gout. reported in the March 11. People who are overweight should consult with their doctor to decide on a reasonable weight-loss program. 2004 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine. not all purine-rich foods were associated with an increased risk of gout. There was no increased risk associated with a diet which included: • peas • beans • mushrooms • cauliflower • spinach Even though these foods are considered high in purines. In this specific study. undeniable link between seafood and gout. Hyon K. The conclusion: during the 12 year period of assessment. How does Choi reconcile what seems like conflicting information? He believes "recommendations for seafood should be individualized. Choi. About The Study Choi's research team followed 47. it may seem like it gets confusing. 730 men were diagnosed with gout. though. Choi's team also found that low-fat dairy products decrease the risk of gout and overall protein intake had no effect.Foods To Avoid Diets which are high in purines and high in protein have long been suspected of causing an increased risk of gout (a type of arthritis caused by high levels of uric acid in the body which form crystals in the joints." Sorting Out The Myths More importantly. offer an interesting twist. Fasting or severe dieting can actually raise uric acid levels and cause gout to worsen. how does a person begin to sort the myths from the facts and decide what to buy at the grocery store? According to the University of Washington. People who have kidney stones due to uric acid may need to actually eliminate purine-rich foods from their diet because those foods can raise their uric acid level. • Study participants who consumed the highest amount of meat were 40 percent more likely to have gout than those who ate the least amount of meat. Isn't seafood typically recommended as part of a diet which is healthy for the heart? Yet research has revealed that there is a strong.

especially for people with kidney stones. Foods Higher In Purines Johns Hopkins lists foods which are higher in purines Foods very high in purines include: • hearts • herring • mussels • yeast • smelt • sardines • sweetbreads Foods moderately high in purines include: • anchovies • grouse • mutton • veal • bacon • liver • salmon • turkey • kidneys • partridge • trout • goose • haddock • pheasant • scallops . Drinking at least 10-12 eight-ounce glasses of non- alcoholic fluids every day is recommended. to help flush the uric acid crystals from the body. • Consuming coffee and tea is not a problem but alcohol can raise uric acid levels and provoke an episode of gout.