o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O ´

' o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O o
Jan/Feb 2010
Contents
Copyright
All rights reserved. No editorial matter published in “Skills On Site” may be reproduced in any form or language without written permission
of the publishers. While every effort is made to ensure accurate reproduction, the editor, authors, publishers and their employees or agents
shall not be responsible or in any way liable for any errors, omissions or inaccuracies in the publication - whether arising from negligence or
otherwise or for any consequences arising therefrom. The inclusion or exclusion of any product does not mean that the publisher or editorial
board advocates or rejects its use either generally or in any particular feld or felds.
Promech Publishing
has a BEE
rating of 78.8%
ENDORSING BODIES
l CETA l cidb
l ECASA l NHBRC
l NURCHA l SAWIC l Khuthaza
LOOKING FORWARD
5 Challenging Year Ahead
ALTERNATIVE BUILDING
7 Build a House in One Day
FINANCE
11 Making Quality Houses Affordable
CONSTRUCTION, FINANCE & SUPPORT
SERVICES
13 A Man with a Plan
PAINTING TECHNIQUES
15 Painting Need not be Hard Work
SUCCESS
18 A Long Road to the Top
POWER TOOLS
22 The Use of Power Tools to Make House
Building Easier
EQUIPMENT
25 Affordable Compact Dumpers
Proprietor and Publisher:
PROMECH PUBLISHING
Tel: (011) 781-1401
Fax: (011) 781-1403
E-mail: skillsonsite@promech.
co.za
Website: www.promech.co.za
Printed by:
Typo Colour Printing
Tel: (011) 402-3468
13
7
34
EDUTORIALS
26 AFSA
29 WIN A PRIzE
30 CONSTRUCTION STATS
INSULATION
31 The Ins and Outs of Insulation
ENDORSING BODY
34 Laying the Foundation for Change
36 IN TOUCH
The “Skills On Site” team - Top: Susan Custers, publisher; Zinobia Docrat, production; Raymond
Campling, editor. Seated: Debbie Pienaar, advertising sales; Catherine Macdiva, administration;
Jackie Nene, subscriptions/circulation.
4 o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
Challenging
Year Ahead
Many building contractors closed down last year
as a result of the recession that halted so many
building projects in their tracks as people and
companies ran out of money or were denied
building loans by the country’s banks. Those
that survived the tough times last year can be
rightfully proud, but at the same time should be
aware that 2010 will not magically see a return
of the good times that were experienced before
the recession.
side of the business for example lintels and cement,
but we have complete offerings in areas like paint,
hand tools and power tools.
Do you anticipate big price increases across
the board? How much?
BuildIt: This will depend on the Rand and increases in
electricity prices. Other than that, we predict normal
increases.
Penny Pinchers: No we do not anticipate signifcant
price increases, probably in the region of 4 – 6 %.
Chamberlains: We anticipate average infation for
our industry to be about 4.8 % to 5.5 %. The market
is still under severe pressure and it will be diffcult for
wholesalers, manufacturers and retailers to pass on
the full effect of price increases to the customers. Ad-
ditionally, a number of major suppliers have informed
us of their price increases that have up to now been
below the 5% mark
Do you anticipate any exciting new product
launches? Please indicate.
BuildIt: Yes, we plan to extend our house brand range
so contractors can look out for more BuiltIt branded
products at best value for money prices.
Penny Pinchers: Green building is the way forward.
In the core ranges not much has changed, however
solar and wind energy at an affordable compact
level is becoming exciting. Watch this space!
LOOKING FORWARD
H
ardware retailers like BuildIt, Penny
Pinchers and Chamberlains are aware
of this and are placing more emphasis
on relationships with contractors and on
fnding ways to add value to contrac-
tors efforts on site. Pricing is also in the spotlight and
any hardware retailer that thinks that prices can be
hiked in the new year will need to think again. Ac-
cording to the major retailers that we interviewed,
price increases will be kept to a bare minimum.
But, one thing is certain, and that is that building
contractors will have to work smarter and harder in
order to make the most of the opportunities that they
have. They will also have to look at using the right tools
for the job in order to maintain quality and speed-up
time spent on site.
“Skills On Site” asked the retailers some questions
about the year ahead:
What is your offering to small and medium
building contractors for 2010?
BuildIt: We want to cement our position as the leading
one stop shop with quick service and a huge range
from which to choose, with goods at the best prices
and continuous promotions aimed at contractors.
Penny Pinchers: Our offering is the availability of a full
range of core and specialist products and services to
the six trades involved in the building process. These
trade focus areas are Masons, Plumbers, Electricians,
Carpenters, Cabinetmakers and Painters.
Chamberlains: We offer exceptional service with
highly knowledgeable staff, offering a complete build-
ing material and hardware product selection that is
extremely well priced. Value added services like board
cutting, free local delivery on most goods, kitchen
designs, in-house joinery and our own truss factories
means we offer a complete one stop solution.
Do you stock a full range of building
supplies?
BuildIt: Yes, we are primarily builder’s merchants and
therefore have a full range in stock.
Penny Pinchers: We have in excess of 60000 products
listed for availability, however the in-stock items aver-
ages about 6000 lines in store. These cover 98% of the
basic core needs in most building projects.
Chamberlains: Yes, we have a complete range of
building accessories. This includes the traditional hard
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O o
Chamberlains: There are no signifcant new launches,
but the product selection continues to evolve. This
will include the changes in the color palettes, new
models in for example power tools and the change in
fashionable décor items for example taps and basins.
The push for solar geysers might be exaggerated as
it is diffcult for retailers to sell as a DIY product. Ad-
ditionally costs on solar are still high.
Do you negotiate prices based on monthly
volumes of goods purchased?
BuildIt: Yes, we are always negotiating prices.
Penny Pinchers: Yes, the price depending on how
much, we buy is constantly being looked at.
Chamberlains: A larger customer will obviously be
offered more aggressive pricing. Once-off deals are
negotiated on bulk purchases.
Are contractors able to buy supplies on credit?
BuildIt: Yes, there is credit available through various
institutions, although at present this is not so freely given
by them due to the current economic situation.
Penny Pinchers: Qualifed credit worthy contractors
can buy on credit. We also have special develop-
ment fnance schemes available to certain trades
and contractors.
Chamberlains: Yes, we offer credit facilities to ap-
proved customers.
Do you provide technical assistance to con-
tractors? If yes, please elaborate?
BuildIt: Yes we do. If it is product related we get the
supplier involved if we are unable to assist ourselves
Penny Pinchers: Yes we do. We are able to project
assist the contractors in cash fow projections, waste
and material control to site, design of roofng and
kitchens and cupboards is part of our service offer.
Suppliers are also continually telling us about the use
of their products and this information is available to
our customers with us.
Chamberlains: No, but our sales staff are well trained
and will be able to offer basic advice to the cus-
tomer. Additionally supplier representatives are used
to help our customers who require more technical
information.
Name five products that no builder should
be without.
BuildIt: Big 6 – roofng, cement, brickforce, concrete
lintols, blocks and bricks.
Penny Pinchers: A calculator, level, tape measures,
square, plumb bob and note book!
Chamberlains: Good quality tape measure, spirit
level, safety goggles, sturdy aluminum ladder, Stan-
ley knife
Name 10 products that will improve efficiency
of contractors on site.
BuildIt: It is really hard to choose because we have
so many different products that are all useful.
Penny Pinchers: Proper scaffolding, generator, com-
pressor, air tools, safe ladder, heavy duty extension lead,
electric saw, drill and grinder, safety equipment.
Chamberlains: Laser levels, quality masonry drill bits,
circular saw guide rails, presoaked waterproofng
membrane for diffcult waterproofng spots, cord-
less drills, quality screw driver set, quality socket and
spanner sets, correct paint roller for the application,
diamond bales, mitre boxes for cutting angles.
Advice for the year ahead taking into consider-
ation current and future market conditions.
BuildIt: This year will be a challenging year to grow
operations, however it is still important to stick to the
basics, control costs and always have your fnger on
the pulse of your cash fow.
Penny Pinchers: Use suppliers to assist your planning,
costing, quoting and service needs. Customers should
always be treated with a long term approach. Adapt
to the ever changing market economic conditions
and remember that there is always a customer that
needs your services – fnd them!
Chamberlains: The opportunity’s in the market is endless
for those bold enough to take them. Improve internal
effciency and aggressively promote internal positive
attitudes and fght negative pessimistic views.
LOOKING FORWARD
o o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
Coprox has recently launched a fresh and colourful range
of packaging which makes it easy to identify the correct
product for the required application. This development
has been particularly useful for in-store shelf displays and
storage on building sites.
On-site the colourful packaging makes it instantly recogni-
sable making it particularly useful for product identifcation
by unskilled labour. User-friendly instructions are included
on the packaging making Coprox products easy to use
and apply.
Renowned for its range of waterproofng solutions and
decorative coatings, Coprox is recognised as South Africa’s
leading manufacturer of cementitious waterproofng solu-
tions and decorative coatings. Its range of products are
available from all leading hardware and paint stockists
country wide.
Coprox Masonry Waterproofng is an easy-to-use
masonry waterproofng solution. It prevents water seep-
age in new masonry structures and cures damp problems
in existing ones. Its unique properties make it effective
for use on either the outside (positive side) or the inside
(negative side) of above or below ground level surfaces.
Its universal applications range from the curing of rising
damp to the waterproofng of walls, foors, swimming
pools, dams, reservoirs, retaining walls, basements, wine
cellars and underground parking. It can also be used as
a decorative fnish and is available in a wide range of
attractive colours.
Coprox Waterproof Dualcoat is a waterproof cement
wall and foor coating. It is an effective waterproofng
solution for use on the outside (positive side). It is also a
unique, aesthetically pleasing decorative coating giving
a naturally aged mottled and rustic appearance which
becomes more pronounced over time. It is available in
a wide range of attractive colours
It can be brush applied over most surfaces without the
need for a keying agent and provides an elegant textured
fnish. It can also be trowel applied as a smooth, durable
skim coat fnish to walls and foors. It is more cost effective
than tiles and its application is far less labour intensive.
Coprox Waterproof Cement Additive is an excellent
primary waterproofng solution. It renders mortar, screed,
unreinforced concrete or plaster waterproof. Its universal
applications range from exterior or interior above or below
ground level waterproofng of walls and foors to the wa-
terproofng of swimming pools, dams, reservoirs, retaining
walls and basements. It is also an excellent solution for
the plugging of leaks in underground masonry structures
such as underground parking and wine cellars.
Coprox Flexible Waterproofng is a UV resistant co-
polymer latex which when mixed with Coprox Masonry
Waterproofng is an excellent seamless waterproofng
membrane system for surfaces subjected to moderate
expansion and contraction. The waterproofng of abut-
ments of slabs and walls is a good example of its many
applications. It is available in an assortment of attractive
Coprox colours making the waterproofng and rejuvena-
tion of stained and derelict pool plasters a far more cost
effective solution to replastering. This applies equally to
ponds and reservoirs too. And, when used on its own, it is
an excellent general purpose bonding and keying agent
and should be used as a keying agent when Coprox Wa-
terproof Dualcoat is applied as a trowel-on application
to smooth or dense masonry surfaces.
Coprox Waterproof Tile Grout is a waterproof grout-
ing for wall and foor tiles and is suitable for gaps of up to
20mm x 8mm. It is suitable for exterior and interior use and
is available in a range of attractive colours.
Coprox Waterproof Crack Filler is a hardy and easy
to use interior and exterior waterproof crack fller. It is eas-
ily sanded to a smooth fnish and will not fake or crumble
when holes are drilled into it.
Coprox Wall and Floor Clear Sealer is a semi-gloss
scuff and stain resistant sealer suitable for domestic ap-
plications. It is ideal for sealing interior or exterior Coprox
Masonry Waterproofng and Coprox Waterproof Dualcoat
wall and foor applications and pavers etc.
Colourful New Packaging from Coprox
Tel: (011) 579-4300 Fax: (011) 579-4310 www.coprox.com
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O ¯
ALTERNATIVE BUILDING
I
t is possible to erect a strong concrete house to roof level in just one day using technology and non-tra-
ditional building methods. The technology has been around for more than twenty years and has been
used around South Africa and elsewhere on the continent.
In the same way as bridges and other concrete structures are built, the Moladi Construction System uses
concrete formwork to mould the entire structure of the house. It makes use of a simple shell design of
plastic blocks that when completed is flled with concrete and removed when the concrete sets. When the
formwork is removed the entire structure of the house is effectively set in concrete and can be painted, a roof
put on and fnishings added. All this can be done in just one day including erection of the formwork, pouring
of the concrete, curing and removal of the forms.
Within 24 hours the walls can be painted and the roof put on. Electricity, water, doors and windows are pre-
moulded and fttings can be attached as required. A number of projects have been completed in South
Africa, Botswana, Ghana and elsewhere in Africa. This is how it works:
Build a House in One Day
Day 1
Start: 11.00am
Step 1
Moladi formwork is delivered to the site
Area = 74m²
Mass = 550kg
Volume = 4m³
Start the erection of Moladi formwork
Panels are assembled by general labourers to form
the mould kit of the desired house plan


Step 2
Internal panels are erected
Window frames and block-outs (WinBloc) are
positioned
mesh and reinforcing details are placed according
to engineer specifcations and external panels are
then erected



8 o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
ALTERNATIVE BUILDING
Step 3
Door frames and block-outs (DoorBloc)
are positioned and erection of Moladi sys-
tem is completed (4 hours) with only four
labourers

Step 4
Four labourers are needed to manually fll
the wall cavity with 3.4m³ of an aerated
mortar mixture. The pour is completed
within 2 hours
FINISH: 5.00pm


Day 2
Start: 7.00am
Step 1
Moladi formwork is removed. Panel being moved
weighs less than 30kg (3.84m² X 8kg/m²) and can
immediately be re-erected on the next house’s
foundation. Removing the Moladi formwork is
complete within 2 hours.
FINISH: 9.00am


o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O O
Step 4
Final fnishing’s, such as plumbing and electrical
fttings, are completed
The structure is now ready for occupation
The production cycle is completed within an 8
hour day. The construction cycle includes the
erect of the Moladi system, flling with concrete,
curing of the concrete and removal of the Moladi
formwork the next day. The process makes use
of semi-skilled and unskilled labour and provides
a fast and economical way of building houses
quickly and with little room for error



Step 2
The structure can be painted with a cementitious
water based textured paint as soon as the Moladi
system is removed. Oil or water based paint can
also be used at a later stage

Step 3
The walls are 1.5 to 2.0 mPa strong with an ul-
timate strength of 10 to 20 mPa, achieved in 28
days, depending on the mix design of the mortar
(Concrete Water Ratio). An engineer certifed roof
is constructed and installed

ALTERNATIVE BUILDING
´O o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O ´´
Making Quality Houses
Affordable
T
he Cape Town City Council and Standard
Bank have got together to build an affordable
housing development. The projects was so
successful that it won the National Housing
Foundation’s Award for the Housing Project
of the Year at a ceremony at the end of last year.
The city allocates
appropriate land
to the banks to
develop afford-
able housing and
the banks provide
the fnance and
development ex-
pertise. Standard
Bank, assi sted
with the develop-
ment of the Leo
Mews project in
Elsies River in the
Western Cape
on land that was
provided by the
council.
Leo Mews was the frst project
completed in the area in
terms of an agreement be-
tween the City and Standard
Bank, and the bank’s chosen
development partner Bitol
Development.
FINANCE
Left to right: Morgan Munsamy, Standard Bank; Bonginkasi
Madikizela, MEC of Housing; Wayne Muller, Director: Housing
Finance and Leases
The cost of the units range from R237 000 to R254 000,
enabling people with combined monthly incomes as
low as R7 200 to qualify.
“Standard Bank and Bitol supplied housing that, apart
from its price, would not be out of place in more up-
market residential areas. The developer also spent
considerable time helping residents in a nearby older
area with maintenance and cosmetic changes that
improved the entire area- reducing the contrast be-
tween the old and the new in Elsies River. As a result
there is a strong sense of community between new
residents in Leo Mews and established residents in
the area,” says Kevin Duncan, Managing Director of
Standard Bank’s Integrated Residential Developments
division (IRDev).
Standard Bank’s Integrated Residential Developments, Kevin Duncan,
Tel: (011) 770 8000. City of Cape Town, Wayne Muller, Tel: (021) 400
5122. Bitol Development, David Williams, Tel: (021) 949 3482
´' o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
If you are a developer or contractor
who has been awarded a tender in
the following categories:
a) Subsidy housing;
b) Infrastructure (e.g. roads,
water and sewerage
reticulation, drainage etc);
c) Community facilities (e.g.
schools, clinics etc);
or you are involved in
d) Affordable housing,
and you need bridging finance
to start your project or you need
performance guarantees, please
contact Nurcha.
Bridging finance and support
for your construction project
Regional offices:
JOHANNESBURG: 011 214 8700
BLOEMFONTEIN: 051 448 8120
CAPE TOWN: 021 422 3167
CENTURION: 012 658 0176
DURBAN: 031 562 0068
EAST LONDON: 043 726 0615
POLOKWANE: 015 296 0370
www.nurcha.co.za
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O ´o
B
eneath the conservative business dress code
lies a man who is full of energy and passion-
ate about helping people and communities.
He has spent his entire career serving the
public by either fnding engineering solu-
tions to community problems or through assisting with
funding for projects and programs to uplift commu-
nities around the country. His new role as managing
director of the organisation fts perfectly with both his
personality and his past experience.
In this regard, his working career and private lives
follow similar paths and his capacity to rebuild and
nurture are core to him. Throughout his working career
Morgan has dedicated his time to serving people
and communities. This started after he graduated
from the University of Westville in KwaZulu Natal with
an Honours degree in Urban Hydrology water engi-
neering. His frst job was as a project assistant with the
Development Bank where his passion for infrastructure
development saw him quickly progress to a senior
management position.
His career bloomed and after successful stints with
Standard Corporate and Merchant Bank, as the head
of the public fnance division, Intersite and National
Housing Finance Corporation where he grew his un-
derstanding of the importance of using infrastructure
to drive development, Morgan has taken on the
A Man With A Plan
Much has been said in the media about the
appointment of Dr Morgan Pillay as manag-
ing director of Nurcha, his plentiful skills and
impressive curriculum vitae. In order to find
out more about the man behind the news,
“Skills On Site” recently paid him a visit to
find out what makes him tick, his enthusiasm
for developing people and communities and
his plans to improve the reach of Nurcha to
building contractors around the country.
biggest challenge of them all with Nurcha where his
sights are set on taking the organisation to the top of
the construction fnance ladder.
Family man
In the same way as his career developed, Morgan’s
private life has closely mirrored his achievements in the
offce and he is equally as passionate about providing
a balanced way of life for his family. He is a caring
family man and loves spending time and sharing the
responsibility of nurturing his two children, daughter
Kelisha (17) and son Kiyashan (7) with his wife Sandra.
A lot of quality time spent with his family has led to
his family sharing many of the same interests. While
his daughter’s artistic fair and love for reading and
his son’s passion to help build and restore classic cars
refect diverse interests.
Apart from family, his passion for restoring old cars
refects his love for renewing and reinvigorating things
that have become tarnished or aged. Much like his
plans for the housing industry, his cars are carefully
cared for and rebuilt part-for-part with pride and pas-
sion. The gleaming cars are restored like new and the
end result of such painstaking work is all the reward
that Morgan needs.
Future
Morgan believes that the key to ensuring better pro-
ductivity in the building sector can be achieved only
by unlocking the potential of the country’s emerging
building contractors and providing them with the
life skills and fnancial backing to go from backyard
builders to mainstream contractors. “After all, builders
have the power to change communities by providing
housing, water and electricity as well as education
and health facilities to communities.
“If we develop our building contractors and assist
individuals and small businesses to become success-
ful operations then we are able to empower entire
communities. As long as there is a will to develop the
Morgan Pillay, managing director of Nurcha who enjoys the challenge
of breathing new life into old classic cars
CONSTRUCTION, FINANCE & SUPPORT SERVICES
´4 o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
skills to do the work then all that is required is the fund-
ing and that is where Nurcha can play an important
part,” Morgan says.
Expansion
Morgan says he is passionate about providing hous-
ing to the people because owning a house enables
individuals and families to develop their wealth. It
provides collateral for future loans and enables home
owners to create their own wealth. For this reason he
is keen to reshape the industry through the instruments
available to him through Nurcha.
“A top priority is to build even stronger relationships
with government at all levels in order to work with
them to kick-start development projects around the
country. We want to be in a position where government
identifes development areas and we in turn provide
the fnancial expertise in order to make it possible.
“It is important to realise that government doesn’t
always have the funding required so we want to be
able to provide either the funding required or the
expertise to bring partners together to co-fund large
programs,” he says.
Morgan says that in future there should be better
cooperation between private sector fnancial institu-
tions, development agencies and government. These
Since its inception fifteen years ago Nurcha has
financed the equivalent of some 44 houses per
day ensuring that approximately 220 people per
day have a roof over their heads. This translates to
1333 houses per month (6665 people housed) or
16 000 houses per year (80 000 people housed).
www.nurcha.co.za
joint ventures between funders and development
organisations will be key to meeting government’s
mandate to provide housing and infrastructure for
all,” he says.
Nurcha advantage
In keeping with his vision for Nurcha to become the
premium fnancier of construction projects in the
country within the next fve years, he wants to provide
expanded fnancial offerings and
bridging fnance to a broader range
of contractors from the smallest to
the largest contractors.
“In essence we want to assist start-up
contractors to become mainstream
contractors and later multi-stream
contractors. In turn we want large
contractors to become mega
contractors and want to provide
fnancial solutions that ft these com-
panies requirements throughout the
transition cycle from small to mega
sized,” he says.
Meanwhile, Nurcha representa-
tives will continue to go into the
feld and work with contractors to
guide them to make sound fnancial
and business decisions when they
undertake contracts. They will also
look at providing custom solutions
to contractors with special require-
ments or that are not able to access
conventional loans of funding.
In this way he believes that Nurcha will be able to
play a more positive role in the development of the
building industry.
CONSTRUCTION, FINANCE & SUPPORT SERVICES
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O ´o
Getting the job done right
Stirring. Get a stick that is long enough to reach
to bottom of your paint can when you are stirring
your paint. When you stir from the bottom the
paint will mix better and the colour that tends to
settle at the bottom of the paint bucket will be
distributed more evenly.
Some people fnd “boxing” necessary. This is when
you have multiple cans of paint that are the same
colour and you pour the paint into one bucket
to stir and make sure they are exactly the same
colour. If you plan to do this, pour the paint into
a big bucket and then back into their smaller
paint cans.
When you are using a roller, make sure that the
paint tray isn’t completely full. The paint
roller should be wet but not dripping.
Paint strokes with a roller should be
done in a “W” pattern. Go up and
down with the roller making
multiple W’s until they all
overlap and the entire wall
is covered. After this you
should smooth the paint
in non-diagonal strokes to
blend glossy fnishes.




Painting Need Not be
Hard Work
With many painting techniques available it is a good idea to plan your job and decide the best way of finishing
the job on time and within budget. Warrior Paints advises that you first decide what you want to do with your
painting job and then to look at the different paint techniques available to do the job right first time.
If you are using stencilling or stamping as a paint-
ing technique, make sure to paint the walls with
a base colour frst and wait for this paint to dry
completely before putting the stencils on the wall.

If you are creating a sponge or rag effect with
your paint technique, also wait for the frst coat
of paint to dry completely and then use a lighter
colour over your base coat.
If you are using paint that has been
stored for a while, remove the layer of
dried paint in the paint bucket with a
stick. After this you should stir the remain-
ing paint to make sure there aren’t any
lumps.
Brush before rolling. Although there are differ-
ent opinions about this, it is easier (and it leaves a
better fnish) if you use your paint brushes before
paint rollers during your painting job.
When you are using your brushes, only dip the
paint brush in the paint to cover a third of the
brush with paint.
Don’t use too much pressure when you are paint-
ing with a brush or a roller. Keep the pressure light
and sturdy and always try to use long, overlap-
ping strokes.






´o o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
Tape the borders of the walls properly. Use a high quality painter’s tape
gummy residue.
Be sure to either
remove fxtures
(lamps, towel
r acks , et c. )
from the wall or
tape carefully
around them.
Press the tape
onto the surface
you are cover-
ing well so it will
form a seal that
paint doesn’t
get through.
Take care of
your painting
tools. Wash your
paint brushes
wi t h war m
soapy water
and comb the
brushes and roll-
ers to eliminate
fuzz and re-
move any hard-
ened paint.
Keep track of the colours you’re using. Write the
paint colour down so that you can get more of
exactly the same colour if you run out of paint.
Use the correct type of roller for each painting



Tips and ideas
Warrior Paints have listed the top 10 paint tips to make
your painting job a breeze!
Always prepare for your paint job. There are a couple
of things you have to do before you jump in and start
painting walls such as cleaning the surface.
Tape the borders of the walls properly. Use a high
quality painter’s tape. This type of tape adheres well,
blocks paint drips, and will come off with little or no

PAINTING TECHNIQUES
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O ´¯
job. If there is light texture on your
wall, use a semi-smooth or rough
texture roller. You will get a much
smoother coat of paint if you
use the right roller.
Protect your windows. Don’t
forget to put masking tape
around window panes – this will pro-
tect your windows from getting paint on
them and this will also protect the window putty.
When you have fnished, let the paint dry. Come
back in 24 hours to inspect the paint job. There
will be spots that the brush didn’t quite get or that
the roller skipped. Touch these spots up with the
paintbrush or the roller (depending on size of the
sparse paint).
When fnishing for the day put your paint brushes
in the freezer for a night. Wrapping your brushes
in foil and putting them in the freezer will help
keep them soft and also save you a bit of hassle
when you continue the next morning.
If you want to cover a dark paint with a light




coloured paint, frst paint the walls with a
stain blocker. This eliminates bleed-through
of the darker colour or stains and will mean
fewer coats of the lighter paint are required.
Warrior Paints, Chris Agyrou, Tel: (012) 541 3596, Email: chris@
warriorpaints.co.za
Keep track of the colours you’re using. Write the paint colour down so that you don’t forget
PAINTING TECHNIQUES
´8 o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
Leading business people will tell
you that the road to success is long
and can be bumpy. Sam Lubbe from
Lubbe Construction has travelled this
road, first by bicycle, then by car
and now, at the head of his success-
ful construction company, he con-
tinues to do so - only this time it is
in a shiny new Mercedes Benz. Sam
has worked hard to get to the point
where his business is successful and
capable of undertaking large scale
projects using its own funds, equip-
ment and manpower.
I
t all started 30 years ago when
Sam was retrenched from the
company he had worked for
since he was 12 years old. He had
gained experience over the years
and took the skills learned and used
his severance pay to buy supplies in
order to undertake small-scale private
jobs. “At that time Soweto was in the
process of being electrifed and I was
able to grow the business by installing
electrical outlets in households. Soon the business
was sustainable and we were able to fund our own
small building projects and raise funds for bigger and
better ones,” says Sam
proudly.
The business was thriving
and through high stan-
dards of workmanship it
became well respected
within the industry. Lubbe
Construction got its first
real big break when Perm
Building Society offered
100 % mortgage bonds to
any of his clients wishing
to make improvements
to their properties. By
1990, on the recom-
mendation of Perm, he
was awarded a major
contract to build a high-
rise block of flats in Israel.
This is where the business
really took off.
Big trouble
After the frst democrati-
cally elected govern-
ment was elected in 1994 he be-
came actively involved in building
RDP houses for previously disad-
vantaged communities. Soon the
company was building houses at a
rate of 160 houses per month and
was able to invest in properties for
development as well as machinery
and manpower to take on some
pretty ambitious projects. One such
project, however, almost derailed
the business and could easily have
brought the whole operation crash-
ing down around him.
“It was a massive shock when a
development that was being un-
dertaken by ourselves and another
property development company,
that we had partnered with, got
into fnancial trouble. It was an
ambitious development project
at Piroville and I was shocked
when our development partner
went bankrupt and no further
development could take place,”
he recalls.
“It was terrible, the company was not able to honour
bank loans, nor could it pay for services and supplies
that had already been used on site.” For the frst time
A Long Road to the Top
SUCCESS
Sam Lubbe contemplates his next develop-
ment. From humble beginnings Lubbe Con-
struction has grown
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O ´O
the company found itself well and truly on the rocks.
Sam, who had until then been proud of his company’s
ability to pay suppliers, was upset and felt helpless.
Despite his efforts and after many meetings with major
banks the situation looked bleak. That was until he met
Nurcha Construction Finance and Support Services
who threw him a lifeline.
Long-lasting partnership
A representative from the company, Johan Claassen,
was dispatched to assess the predicament and re-
ported that - with assistance from Nurcha - the situation
could be turned around and the company could be
rescued. “Nurcha was like a silent business partner and
they guided and advised me throughout the process
until I had paid off the debt. This was good because
the suppliers that were always happy to do business
with me and that had
become angry with me
when I couldn’t pay
them, had once again
become my friends and
the relationships were
put back in order.
“Ever since then Lub-
be Construction and
Nurcha have formed
a tight working rela-
tionship and if I need
bridging finance for
housing or infrastruc-
ture projects I know
where to go to get the
fnance and assistance
I need. To this day I do
not go anywhere near
the banks and if I want
equipment or stock I buy
it cash,” Sam says.
Apart from supplies and equipment used for the day-
to-day running of his business, Sam has purchased fve
25-ton excavators, a front-end loader, several tractor
loader backhoe (TLB) and three trucks – cash. “Not
bad for a small time building contractor.”
Since the initial funding Nurcha has provided fnance
to him to build more than 4000 houses in Kwenele,
Langeville, Orangefarm and Lakeside. During the
same time the company has undertaken bulk water
provision services, roads and other infrastructure proj-
ects that have been self funded. Work for the private
sector and for government is ongoing and Lubbe
Construction has built a number of offce blocks,
retail outlets and private houses, as well as schools
and community centres.
Jet-setting
It has expanded to include buying its own property for
developments and other related business ventures.
Far from his humble beginnings as a young tea boy
and entrepreneur riding to site on a bicycle, Sam has
built a comfortable lifestyle with the associated luxuries
acquired through a successful career. Thanks to hard
work and dedication his small start-up business has
grown and now has branches in Botswana, Mozam-
bique and even as far afeld as Sudan and England.
Like his business, Sam has developed and grown as a
person and businessman. He has become a jetsetter
that travels the world in search of opportunities for
Lubbe Construction.
Lubbe Construction, Tel: (011) 825-1886, Fax: (011) 825-1694, Email:
enqiuries@lubbeconstruction.co.za, www.lubbeconstruction.co.za
SUCCESS
Initially Sam had to make use of public transport, and later a
bicycle, as his fortunes increased
'O o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
www.ppc.co.za
3
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For 117 years, the South African market has continued to demand exceptional
service and quality cement. And, through both trying economic circumstances and
ever-increasing cement demands, PPC has played its part in giving South Africa the
strength to progress and further develop our nation’s landscape.
18 000 000
16 000 000
14 000 000
12 000 000
10 000 000
8 000 000
6 000 000
4 000 000
2 000 000
0

T
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*
1892 1906 1920 1934 1948 1962 1976 1990 2008
Cement *Total industry in South Africa.
While times have changed, our strength has not.
0
1906 1948 2008
39732 PPC Red Graph 297x210.ai 1/20/10 10:35:41 AM
Parliament Buildings 1910 Union Buildings 1913 Fort Hare University 1916
Loftus Versfeld 1923 Unisa 1946 Hillbrow Tower 1970
Van Staden’s Bridge 1971 Carlton Centre 1973 Koeberg Power Station 1984
Chapman’s Peak 2003 Berg River 2006 And that’s just the beginning...
3
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6
6
6
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o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O '´
www.ppc.co.za
3
9
7
3
2
For 117 years, the South African market has continued to demand exceptional
service and quality cement. And, through both trying economic circumstances and
ever-increasing cement demands, PPC has played its part in giving South Africa the
strength to progress and further develop our nation’s landscape.
18 000 000
16 000 000
14 000 000
12 000 000
10 000 000
8 000 000
6 000 000
4 000 000
2 000 000
0

T
o
n
s
*
1892 1906 1920 1934 1948 1962 1976 1990 2008
Cement *Total industry in South Africa.
While times have changed, our strength has not.
0
1906 1948 2008
39732 PPC Red Graph 297x210.ai 1/20/10 10:35:41 AM
Parliament Buildings 1910 Union Buildings 1913 Fort Hare University 1916
Loftus Versfeld 1923 Unisa 1946 Hillbrow Tower 1970
Van Staden’s Bridge 1971 Carlton Centre 1973 Koeberg Power Station 1984
Chapman’s Peak 2003 Berg River 2006 And that’s just the beginning...
3
9
6
6
6
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'' o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
In order to build a house a start-up contractor needs
little more than the basic tools and materials, but
that is not to say the contractor will be able to do
the best job he possibly can nor, will the house be
built as quickly as it can be with modern tools avail-
able.
T
he bare minimum tools includes the right
hand tools like shovels, wheelbarrows, spirit
levels and trowels for cement and masonry
work. Then the contractor will need cutting
equipment and fastners for carpentry. Fittings
for roofng, plumbing and electrical installations will
need accurate measuring equipment like squares,
tape measures, screwdrivers and a drill.
Almost anyone can afford to stock up on these tools,
as they can be bought at the local hardware store
and are reasonably affordable. These tools are per-
fect for small contractor who are working on single
housing units or house alteration, but when it comes
to building housing projects where many houses need
to be built in a set space of time, within the fnancial
budget and to high quality standards then these
tools will not do and the contractor will have to turn
to technology for assistance.
Better and faster
Almost every job can be done better and faster with
the help of the right power tools. From the basic drill
and concrete mixer to the wall chasing machines and
grinders, every power tool has its place and can save
contractors valuable time, manpower and money.
“Skills On Site” looks at some really handy power
tools from Makita that we think professional building
contractors should have in the toolbox. Remember,
when choosing a power tool for your specifc applica-
tion, bear in mind that buying the right tool with the
correct capacity and strength may cost you more,
but in the long run will increase your productivity and
save you time and money.
The Use of Power Tools to
Make House Building Easier
POWER TOOLS
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O 'o
POWER TOOLS
Most power tool manufacturers have a wide and
varied range of power tools, some for very specifc
applications. The frst tool that comes to mind is an
angle grinder.
Angle grinders
Angle grinders are available in various wheel diameters
and we recommend the use of a high performance
motor and with a depressed wheel diameter of at
least 115mm. This is ideal for cutting foor, wall and
roof tiles with a diamond wheel or a masonry abra-
sive disc. Makita has a excellent product for cutting
bricks and paving blocks and grinding for all metal
requirements with a 2200W motor and a 230mm wheel
diameter. For these rugged jobs the Makita model
provides outstanding durability and is built to last on
even the busiest building site.
Cut-off saw
A cut-off saw is another
power tool which is great to
have on site as it is ideal for
cutting rebar lengths and
all other metal cutting
jobs (eg. square, run
and rectangular
tubing). Ease of
use is of the utmost
importance and
contractors should
spend time assessing
the suitability of the ma-
chine considering it will
be used often.
The Makita Model 2414NB
is a good example and it
has a specially designed
D-shaped handle for
easy gripping
and stability.
It has a
w h e e l
diameter of
355 mm and a
fast no load speed of
3,800 r/min. These saws
can do a job in minutes that
would otherwise have taken
the builder hours and saving
manpower means the builder can get on with the
next job at hand.
Drill
The drill may be one of the most basic tools required by
the contractor, but it is also one of the most important.
When it comes to drilling, having a clear idea of your
exact requirements makes it easy for the supplier to
give you the right tool for the job. Although it is not
an absolute necessity it is a good idea to have both
an impact and a rotary hammer drill in your collec-
tion of tools.
When buying a drill it is important to take into consid-
eration the use of the drill and to avoid buying drills
that are best suited to light use or do-it-yourself type
of work. Cheaper drills that are sold at retail stores are
often aimed at this market and are usually not suit-
able for the tough, rough environment of the building
site. For this reason Makita has drills that are strong
enough to last. Rotary Hammer drills have highly du-
rable mechanical parts and motors with good quality
brushes to provide reliable drilling in dusty and dirty
building site conditions. For house building, a drill
with a drilling range of 4mm – 16mm is ideal for the
contractor and is a trouble-free way of drilling through
reinforced concrete such as lintols or other very hard
surfaces. For more general uses a drill like the Makita
HP2050 13mm Impact Drill has a 2 speed operation,
is compact and has
a strong housing that
makes it suitable for
drilling into wooden
rafters, ceiling board,
bricks and steel.
Wall chaser
When it comes to saving time
some specialised tools may
make the difference between
meeting building deadlines or
not. A tool like a wall chaser
(SG1250) is great to have on any
site where you need to chase
grooves for plumbing and
electrical work. When used
with a light chipper, chas-
ing a wall is a quick
and simple
operation.
These tools
will not only
make your work standard look very
professional, but the real beneft is the
time saving. Busy contractors will notice
an incredible impact on their proftability
on the building contract due to savings
on manpower.
Makita has an excellent product for this
purpose. Its double wall chaser has
2 blades that can be simulta-
neously varied in depth up
to 30mm, giving you an
even cutting depth
throughout your
cut. Taking into
'4 o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
consideration that the average PVC pipe is only
25mm the depth of cut is more than enough to safely
hide your pipe and then plaster over it. The blades
can also be adjusted from 6mm – 30mm in width for
electrical or plumbing uses. When installing standard
surface fex (electrical wire) you would only need to
chase to approximately 15mm. You would use the
light chipper to effciently remove the unwanted
material, leaving your groove ready to place either
PVC pipe or electrical wire.
Cold metal cutter
For cutting all corrugated roofng and IBR sheeting
with no burrs or sparks as well as cutting sheet metal
up to 6mm thick, a cold metal cutter is very effective.
Machines like the Makita Model 4131 is ideal for these
applications as the “cold” cutting stops distortion of
material and cuts out the dangers of fre when working
near fammable material. The blade diameter on this
model is 185mm and the maximum cutting capacity
is 63mm with a no load speed of 3,500 r/min.
Jig saw
Finally a jig saw is another great versatile power tool
to have on hand for cutting of profles in ceiling board
and cutting Formica tops for the placement of sink
units. The Makita Model 4350FCT with its built is LED
job light for easy tracing of your cutting line, and its
low vibration and low noise level, 3 orbital as well as
a straight cut setting is always a good choice. This
model also has a toolless blade change system and
an electronic control with a speed dial.
The big time
These are just a few of the many tools and power
tools that are available to make the life of the build-
ing contractor easier, while improving quality and
saving time. For building contractors who want to
make the jump from small-time operators to bigger
more successful operations, the use of power tools is
a must. Companies like Makita have a huge range
of tools available. It is a wise idea for contractors to
think about on-site jobs that take up the most time
and to fnd out if the use of power tools will assist in
getting the job done quicker.
Rutherford – Makita, Tel: (011) 878-2600, Web: www.makita.co.za
POWER TOOLS
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O 'o
Lambson Hire has
purchased a number
of 3 ton hydrostatic
four-wheel drive ar-
ticulated swivel tip
dumpers. “In the past
these dumpers were
not available in South
Africa. Now with the
Wacker/Neuson merg-
er, the compact prod-
uct range (up to 10
ton capacities) includ-
ing skid steers, mini
excavators, dumpers,
multi-terrain loaders,
all-wheel steer load-
ers and telehandlers
will soon be available
locally from Wacker
SA.”
Major failure area
“In the past we have
found that a major failure area on dumpers was the
gearbox and by going for a hydrostatic drive, this
problem area will be eliminated. In addition, most
dumpers available are in the 1.5 and 2 ton classes
with a pressing need for 3 ton dumpers existing.
Reliable dumping solution
Wacker Neuson’s stylish, heavy duty mid size dumper
range features three payloads (3, 4 and 5 ton), all
with hydraulically operated Powerswivel skips and
hydrostatic permanent four-wheel drive as standard.
The hydrostatic drive system offers operator friendly
hydrostatic controls, which eliminates the need to
change gears while driving making these dumpers
extremely easy and safe to use.
The new dumpers are ideal for surface construction
work, civil engineering, road building, quarrying, indus-
try, demolition and rubble handling, waste disposal,
forestry, farming, landscaping and public works.
Customer enquiries: Tel: (011) 627-7700, Fax: (011) 618-3109,
Email: info@lambsonshire.co.za
EQUIPMENT
Affordable Compact Dumpers
The 3 ton hydrostatic four-wheel drive articulated swivel tip dumper available from Lambson’s Hire
Log onto www.promech.co.za to read back issues
of “Skills On Site” or contact
Debbie Pienaar on Tel: (011) 781-1401,
Fax: (011) 781-1403 or
Email: skillsonsite@promech.co.za for advertising
bookings
'o o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
Tel: +27 (0) 11 453 3339 Fax: +27 (0) 11 453 3403
E-mail: afsa@afsa.org.za Website: www.afsa.org.za
For further information on Aluminium and its applications:
Contact AFSA at:
Comparison of
ALUMINIUM
and Competing Materials in Building & Construction
Property Aluminium Roll Formed Steel
Copper
(Deoxided: Low Phosphorus)
Strength (Tensile) Very good mechanical properties. High mechanical properties. Average to low mechanical properties.
Density Lightweight
About 1/3 that of copper or steel.
High density
About three times heavier than
aluminium.
About three times heavier than
aluminium.
Strength to Weight Ratio Very good. Good. Low
Corrosion Resistance Excellent
It can be further increased along with
enhanced appearance through ano-
dising and other coatings.
Poor
Usually requires protective coatings
for corrosion service.
Excellent
Formability Easily formable and extruded in a
wide variety of complex shapes
including multi-void hollows. Form-
ability to net shapes and extrusions
provides for the placement of metal
where it's needed.
Readily formable
Thinner cross-sections than alumini-
um extrusions metal cannot always be
located where best used in design.
Excellent formability and easily
extrudable. Formable to net shapes.
Electrical Conductivity Excellent
On a Rand for Rand basis, twice as
efficient as copper, used in bus bar
and electric connector applications.
Poor
Cannot usually be used as an
electrical conductor.
Excellent conductivity.
Thermal Conductivity Excellent
Ideal for heat exchange application.
Poor
Cannot usually be used as a heat
exchanger.
Excellent conductivity.
Energy Savings / Thermal
Reflectivity
Excellent thermal reflectivity.
Aluminium can offer energy savings
on heating and cooling.
Poor thermal reflectivity even when
galvanised.
Poor thermal reflectivity.
Finishing A near limitless array of finishes can
be applied including mechanical
and chemical prefinishes, anodic
coatings, powder coatings, paints and
electroplated finishes.
Protective coatings such as paint
finishes are employed along with
electroplated finishes.
A variety of coatings and platings can
be employed.
Recyclability High scrap value
Routinely reprocessed to generate
new extrusions.
Low scrap value. High scrap value.
Tooling Economics Extrusion tooling is relatively
inexpensive. Short lead times for
tooling construction.
Typical tooling costs are thousands of
Rands. Long lead times are required.
Inexpensive tooling costs for
extrusions.
Combustibility Non-combustible
Does not emit any toxic fumes when
exposed to high temperatures.
Non-combustible
Does not emit any toxic fumes when
exposed to high temperatures.
Non-combustible
Does not emit any toxic fumes when
exposed to high temperatures.
Reprinted courtesy of Aluminium Extrusion Council, USA
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O '¯
Property Aluminium Moulded Plastic Wood
Vinyl
(Polyvinyl Chloride)
Strength (Tensile) Very good mechanical properties. Wide variation in proper-
ties from .08 to .8 tensile
strength of aluminium for
glass filled compounds.
Good compressive proper-
ties, variable with the
species of wood and
moisture content.
Low mechanical properties.
Density Lightweight Very lightweight
About 60% the weight of
aluminium.
Very lightweight
About 1/3 the density of
aluminium.
Very lightweight
About 60% the density of
aluminium.
Strength / Weight Ratio Very good. Low to good. Low to good. Low to good.
Corrosion Resistance Excellent
It can be further increased
along with enhanced appear-
ance through anodising and
other coatings.
Excellent
Choice of compound and
colour important for
weatherability (UV).
Not directly applicable
Decomposes in the pres-
ence of some acids.
High resistance to alkalis
and salts but is attacked by
organic solvents and strong
acids.
Formability Easily formable and extruded in a
wide variety of complex shapes
including multi-void hollows.
Formability to net shapes and
extrusions provides for the place-
ment of metal where it's needed.
Easily formed or moulded
into complex shapes.
Poor
Cannot be routinely formed.
Easily formed or moulded
into complex shapes.
Electrical Conductivity Excellent
On a Rand for Rand basis,
twice as efficient as copper, used
in bus bar and electric connector
applications.
Poor
Used as an insulator, high
dielectric capability.
Poor
Cannot be used as an
electrical conductor. Usually
cannot be employed as an
insulator.
Poor
Has electrical and thermal
insulation characteristics.
Thermal Conductivity Excellent
Ideal for heat exchanger applica-
tions.
Poor
Low coefficient of thermal
(heat) transfer.
Poor Poor
Energy Savings /
Thermal Reflectivity
Excellent thermal reflectivity.
Aluminium can offer energy
savings on heating and cooling.
Poor thermal reflectivity. Poor thermal reflectivity. Poor thermal reflectivity.
Finishing A near limitless array of finishes
can be applied including mechani-
cal and chemical prefinishes,
anodic coatings, powder coatings,
paints and electroplated finishes.
Colour can be integral with
material as well as plated,
painted and hot stamped.
Paint and stain coatings
can be employed.
Colour can be integral with
material.
Recyclability High scrap value
Routinely reprocessed to generate
new extrusions.
Routinely reprocessed but
loses properties; repro-
cessed material is added
to new stock.
Low scrap value. Low scrap value; routinely
reprocessed.
Tooling Economics Extrusion tooling is relatively
inexpensive. Short lead times for
tooling construction.
Tooling is expensive
Generally in the thousands
of Rands. Long lead times
required.
Very inexpensive. Relatively inexpensive.
Combustibility Non-combustible
Does not emit any toxic fumes
when exposed to high tempera-
tures.
Combustible
May emit toxic fumes
when exposed to high
temperatures.
Combustible
Emits toxic fumes while
burning.
Combustible
May emit toxic fumes when
exposed to high tempera-
tures.
Reprinted courtesy of Aluminium Extrusion Council, USA
Tel: +27 (0) 11 453 3339 Fax: +27 (0) 11 453 3403
E-mail: afsa@afsa.org.za Website: www.afsa.org.za
'8 o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
Highlights
• Unique accessories: leveling staff that
has a magnetic nail holder, allowing one
person to set nails in formwork at the
desired height.
• Powered by Li-ion battery pack with
CPC technology (can also be charged
in the car with the proper cable)
• Digital measurement: precise visual
confirmation of howmuch you are
above or belowyour desired level
The magnetic staff makes marking
formwork with nails a one man operator.
Depth of excavation can quickly be deter-
mined with the extensive receiver window,
digital measurement and pulse power.
No more guess work when leveling props
for decks. Digital measurement gives you
the exact deviations to the mm.
Hilti PRE 3
rotating laser
Applications
• Transferring and checking reference
heights
• Excavation work, leveling formwork
for decks
• Pouring concrete
• Setting slope
• Measuring, leveling and control
work in civil engineering and building
construction
Advantages
• Extended laser receiver windowthat
quickly and easily allows the localization
of the laser beam
• Automatic shock warning and shutdown
in the event of excessive vibration
provides reliable readings at all times
• Robust design of both rotating laser
and receiver for harsh construction site
conditions
• Tripod closes via self-locking mechanism
• Single-button control for quick, simple
operation
Results at the
push of a button.
A simple yet tough
measuring system.
The newHilti PRE3 rotating laser is extremely robust and easy to
handle. This is ensured by the single-button operation and
by the optimal design which takes the unforgiving,
day-to-day construction site environment into
consideration. The integrated Hilti Pulse Power
technology provides superior measuring perform-
ance even under the harshest operating conditions.
The first-class, complete PRE3 package, featuring
practical and application-oriented accessories,
is worth particular mention.
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O 'O
WIN A PRIZE
(Closing date for entries is 25 February 2010)
Answer the following easy questions in the space provided. The answers are found in the pages in the
magazine. There is only one winner and the person will be contacted personally to collect their prize at the
offces of Promech Publishing in Blairgowrie, Randburg.
All correct entries will be placed in a box and a winner chosen. The judge’s decision is fnal.
FAX OR POST YOUR ANSWERS TO:
Promech Publishing on Fax: (011) 781-1403,
P O Box 373, Pinegowrie, 2123
NAME: ….....………………………………………
TEL: .....…………………………………………
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1. What is built using the Moladi system?
______________________________________________________________________________________
2. Who is the new CEO of Nurcha?
______________________________________________________________________________________
3. What three power tools that can make contractor’s work easier?
______________________________________________________________________________________
4. When did Sam Lubbe start Lubbe Construction?
______________________________________________________________________________________
5. Where is Zithulele Senior Primary School?
______________________________________________________________________________________
Robert McClelland is the proud winner of the Hilti TE1 Rotary
Hammer Drill. He is a self-employed furniture manufacturer with
a keen interest in interior decorating. He is keenly interested in
joining the building industry and actually found his copy of Skills
On Site while seeking opportunities within the industry
Highlights
• Unique accessories: leveling staff that
has a magnetic nail holder, allowing one
person to set nails in formwork at the
desired height.
• Powered by Li-ion battery pack with
CPC technology (can also be charged
in the car with the proper cable)
• Digital measurement: precise visual
confirmation of howmuch you are
above or belowyour desired level
The magnetic staff makes marking
formwork with nails a one man operator.
Depth of excavation can quickly be deter-
mined with the extensive receiver window,
digital measurement and pulse power.
No more guess work when leveling props
for decks. Digital measurement gives you
the exact deviations to the mm.
Hilti PRE 3
rotating laser
Applications
• Transferring and checking reference
heights
• Excavation work, leveling formwork
for decks
• Pouring concrete
• Setting slope
• Measuring, leveling and control
work in civil engineering and building
construction
Advantages
• Extended laser receiver windowthat
quickly and easily allows the localization
of the laser beam
• Automatic shock warning and shutdown
in the event of excessive vibration
provides reliable readings at all times
• Robust design of both rotating laser
and receiver for harsh construction site
conditions
• Tripod closes via self-locking mechanism
• Single-button control for quick, simple
operation
Results at the
push of a button.
A simple yet tough
measuring system.
The newHilti PRE3 rotating laser is extremely robust and easy to
handle. This is ensured by the single-button operation and
by the optimal design which takes the unforgiving,
day-to-day construction site environment into
consideration. The integrated Hilti Pulse Power
technology provides superior measuring perform-
ance even under the harshest operating conditions.
The first-class, complete PRE3 package, featuring
practical and application-oriented accessories,
is worth particular mention.
oO o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
These statistics are provided exclusively for Skills on Site readers by Databuild, the leading provider of construction related information in
South Africa. Databuild has been providing information for thirty fve years and tracks projects from planning through to awarded stages.
Each month Databuild will provide statistics refecting trends in the industry .
For more information about Databuild please contact us on (011) 259-4500 or visit us at www.databuild.co.za
Number of projects awarded by province
- Nov/Dec 2009
Province Total Number
of Projects
Eastern Cape 89
Free State 21
Gauteng 70
KwaZulu Natal 53
Limpopo 28
Mpumalanga 53
North West 15
Northern Cape 15
Western Cape 96
Grand Total 440
CIDB
GRADING
CIDB
Grade 1
Value in
Rmillion
CIDB
Grade 2
Value in
Rmillion
CIDB
Grade 3
Value in
Rmillion
CIDB
Grade 4
Value in
Rmillion
CIDB
Grade 5
Value in
Rmillion
CIDB
Grade 6
Value in
Rmillion
Eastern
Cape
2 12.1 5 2.75 12 17.09 9 97 15 59.68 11 117.2
Free State 4 4.5 2 1.34 6 26.9 3 26
Gauteng 1 1 1 4 4.35 7 23.9 8 70.6 13 74.3
KwaZulu
Natal
7 4.95 15 25.14 5 7.2 8 24.8 5 107
Limpopo 4 3.45 3 3.9 4 14.24 5 18.8 4 73.7
Mpumalanga 2 2.4 11 15.29 11 34.1 7 58.8 4 41.5
North West 1 0.5 1 0.85 1 2.4 2 18.9 5 66.27
Northern
Cape
1 0.35 3 9 3 11.1 3 26.9 4 33.5
Western
Cape
1 16 11.11 14 24.61 10 31.14 9 50.1 2 54
Total value
per grading
in Rmillions
4 R12.10 37 R26.51 67 R104.73 52 R222.42 63 R355.48 51 R593.47
Oooops!
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O o´
INSULATION
H
eating and cooling costs make up more
than 50% of the energy consumed
in a single-family home. Adding the
recommended levels of insulation will
save energy, reduce utility costs and
improve comfort.
But do you fnd yourself standing at the shop staring
at bags of pink cotton candy, blue patches of fur,
and pink, white and beige boards wondering which
one is right for your project?
To Insulate or Not to Insulate
When you renovate a kitchen or bathroom, it’s easy
to get wrapped up in the design. But if you are ripping
out drywall, it’s also an opportunity to
add insulation, which
not only improves
energy effciency but
also reduces noise
and increases fre re-
sistance.
Before you can decide
if you need to add
insulation, you have to
check the current level
of insulation in the home.
In many older homes,
insulation levels do not
exist, is too little and is often
poorly installed.
Remember that thermal and air barriers must be con-
tinuous and in contact with each other. If there is a
gap between the insulation and the back of the wall
or ceiling drywall, the insulation is doing very little, if
anything, to reduce heat loss.
Start your inspection in the ceiling, and then proceed
to the walls and foors next to unheated spaces. To
check for wall insulation, look behind the electrical
outlets, being sure to turn the power to the outlets off
frst. Remove the cover plate and shine a fashlight
into the crack around the outlet box.
The Right Insulation for the Job
Which insulation is best for your project?
Batt and blanket insulation
This is the form that you’re probably most familiar
with. It’s fairly easy to work with and is generally the
least expensive. However, it doesn’t air seal as well
as other types and requires careful installation to
insulate effectively.
Batt insulation usually consists of mineral fbre, either
fbreglass or rock wool. It’s used to insulate below foors,
above ceilings and within walls and is best suited for
standard stud and joist spacing that is relatively free
of obstructions.
When installing, be sure that electrical wires; boxes
for receptacle or light switches; plumbing pipes; and
ducts do not compress batts. Slice the batts so the
insulation can be formed around these obstructions
uncompressed. Cut the insulation so it fts neatly around
electrical boxes. Stuff spare insulation between the
back of electrical boxes and the wall sheathing.
During installation, staple fanges to the face of the
wall studs that face the living space, not to the inside.
Most insulators ‘side staple’ to leave the studs uncov-
ered. Face stapling also makes it impossible to glue
the drywall to the studs or joist. Doing it right takes
lots of coordination between the two trades.
Don’t leave gaps. Gaps of as little as 5% can reduce
the overall R-value of the wall or ceiling by up to
50%.
Loose-fill insulation
Loose fbres of rock wool,
fbreglass or cellulose
can be blown into build-
ing cavities or attics us-
ing special equipment.
Generally, it costs more than
batts, but, especially in
the case of cellulose, it
reduces air leak-
age in wall cavi-
ties if blown in at
enough density
and has better
sound reduction
qualities. Also, it
is well-suited for
areas that are
hard to reach.
Cellulose fibre
Made from recy-
cled newspapers,
The Ins and Outs
of Insulation
Your clients may not see
insulation, but they sure feel it.
In this age of energy efficiency
and huge heating bills, more
customers are demanding better
insulated homes.
o' o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
INSULATION
this fbre is chemically treated for fre and insect
resistance. It can be installed in walls, foors or attics
using a dry-pack process or a moist-spray technique.
If you’re doing it yourself, be sure
that the bags are clearly labelled
to indicate fre resistance.
When blowing into open wall
cavities that are not covered by
wallboard, use a Blow-in Blanket
System (BIBS) to keep the insula-
tion in place.
Rigid board insulation
Made from fbreglass, polystyrene
and polyurethane, rigid insulation
is used for re-roofng work on fat
roofs, on basement walls, as pe-
rimeter insulation at concrete slab
edges and in cathedral ceilings.
Interior applications must be cov-
ered with 12-inch gypsum board
or other building-code approved
material for fre safety. When rigid
foam board is used to insulate
the interior of masonry walls, it
does not require extra vapour
retarder treatment. Exterior ap-
plications must be covered with
weatherproof facing.
Spray foam
Spray foam insulation is a two-part liquid containing a
polymer, such as polyurethane or modifed urethane,
and a foaming agent. The liquid
is sprayed through a nozzle into
wall, ceiling and foor cavities.
It expands into a solid cellular
plastic with millions of tiny air-
flled cells that fll every nook
and cranny.
Spray foam insulation should
only be applied by professionals,
and materials and installation
cost more than traditional batt
insulation. However, spray foam
acts as both insulation and an
air barrier; it eliminates the usual
air-tightness detailing steps, such
as caulking; applying house
wrap and vapour barriers; and
taping joints. This can make spray
foam cost-competitive with batt
insulation. Spray foam in small
containers may be appropri-
ate when replacing windows
or for other jobs. For windows
and doors, use products that
remain soft and don’t wrap the
frames.
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O oo
o4 o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
ENDORSING BODY
K
huthaza represents the growing body
of women in the built environment and
interacts with government, industry role-
players and other stakeholders to promote
the interests of women and the overall
transformation of the industry.
Expansion
In 2009 Khuthaza took their work in contractor develop-
ment further by launching four programmes targeted
to those at various levels of business development.
The Excavation Programme provides an opportunity
for those exploring opportunities in the sector to get a
feel for construction and assists with market research.
Cornerstone, Connection and Re a abelana are 7-9
month certifcate programmes for those developing
and running construction businesses. Nearly 70 people
completed the certifcate programmes in 2009.
Over the past few years the organisation’s work
has grown and in 2009 they began to expand their
scope, previously focussed on housing, into the wider
construction sector.
The growth in the organisation mirrors that of the
women in the industry. Women have steadily been
showing interest in the industry and we now see a
greater number of women pursuing careers in con-
struction and the built environment. The number of
women owned construction companies has increased
steadily with about 40% of contractors in CIDB Grades
1-4 being headed by women. More importantly, a
signifcant number of women owned companies
have now demonstrated their staying power and
capacity for growth.
The mix
Many have asked what it is about Khuthaza that sets
them apart, and makes them stand out as a model for
women’s development. Khuthaza’s Executive Director,
Elizabeth O’Leary, says that their success is due not to
one particular aspect but rather to a combination of
factors. She mentions the dedication of her team as
being one of the organisation’s greatest assets. “The
enthusiasm of our people combined with the incredible
spirit of the women participants in our programmes are
two key ingredients in Khuthaza’s continued success”
she says. The multifaceted programmes Khuthaza
offers are the product of Khuthaza’s experience
over the past several years and the organisation’s
interest in being creative when looking at business
development.
Another signifcant factor is the involvement of a
large and growing number of industry role-players.
Khuthaza works to create a platform through which
women have greater access to opportunities in the
sector and provides mechanisms for them to engage
with and learn from the experiences of a wide range
of individuals and companies. Khuthaza thereby cre-
ates a unique development environment. In the past
year, programme participants have beneftted from
the involvement of many stakeholders including:
Laying the
Foundation for
Change
Khuthaza’s programs include on-site experience and training
Khuthaza promotes and
supports the
empowerment of women
in the housing and
construction sectors.
As a Section 21
(non-profit) company
they encourage change,
partnership and
transformation in the
industry. Their work is
aligned with the vision of
an economic and social
landscape enriched by
the contributions of
women as equal
participants.
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O oo
MBSA and Concor who provided Health &
Safety focussed seminars and site visits.
The Cement & Concrete Institute provides train-
ing through the SCT 10 and SCT 12 courses.
50 participants gained practical experience
while volunteering their time with the Niall
Mellon Township Trust.
HR Practice provided vital support in the areas
of personal and professional development.
Gauteng Piling offered a site visit and workshop
that focussed on opportunities for specialised
businesses.
Nurcha Construction Finance played a key
role in sharing information and skills related
to accessing and managing construction
fnance.
The wide range of role-players involved in the pro-
grammes creates a dynamic learning environment,
enables the participants to build a network in the sector
and provides them with various perspectives.
Khuthaza’s work is supported by a wide range of
funders and partners including Standard Bank, FEM,
PPC, Bentel, Trencon Construction, BKS and a wide
range of role-players who contribute both fnancially
and in kind.






ENDORSING BODY
At the end of last year Khuthaza hosted an event
that marked the successful roll-out of the 2009 Con-
tractor Development programmes and recognized the
commitment and achievements of the participants in
the Cornerstone, Connection and Re a abelana Cer-
tificate Programmes.

N
early 70 participants (including one man)
received certifcates in an
informal presentation prior
to the evening function.
At the function, Elizabeth
O’Leary noted that, “Its one thing to
create a great programme, but the
winning ingredient was defnitely each
individual participant. They came to the
programmes with a level of commitment
that has astounded us.” The Cornerstone
and Connection programmes met ap-
proximately 3 Saturdays per month from
May, with additional activities during the
week. Attendance has been remarkable
overall and in the Cornerstone programme
5 of the participants have had 100% at-
tendance.
Elizabeth commented on the spirit of the
programmes saying that, “The participants
have spiced up the programmes with their
energy, their drive to learn and most importantly their
willingness to share with each other.”
Sinah Mkhonta, Rose Letlape and Gugu Balfour shared
with the guests their experience in the programmes,
highlighting the impact on their personal and business
growth through the year.
Khutaza, Elizabeth O’Leary, Tel: (011) 275-0268, Email: info@
khuthaza.org.za, Web: www.khuthaza.org.za
Recipients of certifcates in Khuthaza Cornerstone program
Building Businesses
Commitment, Determination, Contribution
Women are increasingly emerging as leaders in
the industry. They have either been in business for
a few years or have built careers in the industry
and are starting to give back thereby empower-
ing others.
Individually the women bring a variety of strengths
to the industry. To say that they are ambitious is an
understatement. They are meticulous, have a great
eye for detail, thus recognising quality workman-
ship, and make for excellent managers because
of their ability to multitask.
“We have been really impressed by the commitment
of the women in the programmes this year and the
level of teamwork and sharing that has emerged. The
group dynamic we have experienced is probably
one of the most unexpected benefts to emerge
from our programmes” says Elizabeth.
The women have bonded and now act as part of
a more cohesive group, interacting and infuenc-
ing one another, learning from and supporting one
another, networking on each other’s behalf and
indirectly promoting one another.
Khutaza, Elizabeth O’Leary, Tel: (011) 275-0268, Email: info@
khuthaza.org.za, Web: www.khuthaza.org.za
oo o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
Afrisam provides clean water
Providing clean drinking water in rural areas can
be a challenge for communities that do not have
access to clean water. It can be especially hard on
women and girls who may miss school because they
must walk as far as 10 km each day to get water and
care for relatives who have fallen ill from the use of
dirty water.
In many communities the water that people need ex-
ists; however, it is located deep underground where
it is impossible to reach without a well and pump. For
this reason Afrisam has adopted 20 PlayPumps that
serves as a merry-go-round for children while their
efforts are used to pump water for the community.
In addition to providing easy access to drinking water,
one of the best parts of the system is that it pays for
itself. All four sides of the storage tank carry billboards
for advertisements. Space around the water tanks
is rented to different companies, provided that two
of these spaces are reserved for positive social and
educational messages, such as the importance of
washing your hands and HIV/AIDS awareness.
If a pump breaks, the money from this advertising
pays for any repairs. AfriSam will be using the adver-
tising space on 20 of these sites around South Africa
(Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Northern
Province, North West) to communicate a social as
well as a corporate message and assist PlayPump
International in making a difference to rural com-
munities in Sub-Saharan Africa.
How it works
The PlayPump water system is a children’s merry-go-
round attached to a water pump. As kids play and
spin, clean water gets pulled up from underground
into the 2500 litre storage tank, standing seven metres
above the ground.
A simple turn of the tap pours the water out, making
it easily accessible for both adults and children. Ex-
cessive water is diverted from the storage tank back
down into the borehole. If someone wants water while
the kids are not playing, an adult can easily spin the
merry-go-round by hand.
Providing a clean water solution, PlayPump systems
are usually installed near schools or in the middle of
rural communities in Africa where sanitation is poor.
Benefts of the PlayPump water system are threefold
providing access to clean, safe drinking water, reduc-
ing barriers to education and promoting valued play
and interpersonal skills amongst the youth.
With more than 1200 PlayPump systems already installed
in rural parts of South Africa, Mozambique, Lesotho,
Swaziland and Zambia, the power of children’s play
is bringing clean water to approximately two million
people.
Afrisam, Victor Bouguenon, Tel: (011) 670-5520,
Web: www.afrisam.com
Afrisam has adopted 20 PlayPumps
throughout the country to provide
clean water to communities
Community gets Christmas
present
For many years, the Spruitview Multi-
purpose Park project has been in the
planning stages. Due to the planning
foresight of the Ekhuruleni Metro Mu-
nicipality (EMM) and perseverance of
the community, the park was completed by Rainbow
Construction on 11 December last year – just in time
for the holidays.
The brief from the EMM was to develop a multipurpose
park for community use, with emphasis on providing a
venue with mixed activities and not only for sporting.
The site design is to cater for functions as well.
When the project started in June 2009, with a contract
value of R12.6 million, the Ekhuruleni Metropolitan
Municipality’s Environmental Development Metro
Parks Division had the objective to deliver public in-
frastructure by using labour-intensive methods. Only
local workers were employed on a temporary basis
in terms of the scope of the work.
Rainbow Construction’s director, Gerald Loe says, “The
Spruitview site lies south of Germiston on a moderately
steep slope on dolomite rock. The multipurpose park
consists of 8 000m³ sports felds and an amphitheatre.
The nature of the intended parkland required exten-
sive earthworks.”
In Touch
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O o¯
Work included the construction of several elements
such as two toilet blocks, a lapa that will be used by
the community and for hiring out for small functions,
a caretakers house, an amphitheatre, a play park
as well as a skateboard park. Pedestrian paving was
laid, installation of irrigation and planting of trees and
lawn were the next steps to complete this project.
This second phase’s value was approximately R11
million.
Managing Director of Rainbow Construction, Errol
Burman concludes, “The Spruitview Multipurpose
Park is yet another example of our commitment to
projects with the purpose to uplift the underprivileged
communities that it touches. The park provides a new
recreation and sporting facility in an area where one
is desperately needed.”
Cool new school
On a cold, rainy 22 September
2009, the Zithulele Senior Primary
School, just outside Mthatha,
was handed over in a glittering
ceremony attended by many dig-
nitaries, including the Minister of
Education, Angie Motshekga.
The school, a joint venture
between the Department of
Education and the Vodacom
Foundation, boasts 12 class-
rooms, a reception classroom,
an administration block and a
nutrition centre. The centre for
home economics will also pre-
pare food for the children on a
daily basis.
In addition to the basic
classrooms, the school
features a modern
computer lab, science
laboratory and a well
equipped library. The
Vodacom Founda-
tion, as part of their
sponsorship, will sup-
ply all the desks and
furniture required by
the school.
The new school, which
will accommodate
some 300 learners, is
a vast improvement
on the old school – a 3
roomed mud structure. This was demolished by the
community during the school holidays, and 3 new
classrooms were erected with no disruptions.
The contractor, Mr Nzuzo Mase, was funded by
Nurcha and received construction support from
Tusk. The school was the third project successfully
completed by Mr Mase, who has already completed
two clinics near Ngobo and Maclear with fnance
and support from Nurcha and Tusk.
Mr Mase won the tender for the school, valued at R
15 million and needed up to R 4.7 million in bridging
fnance. The project started at the end of October
2008 and was completed in August 2009 and in-
cluded many extras such as an amphitheatre, and
ablution block and extensive landscaping.
The amphitheatre built for the community of Spruitview
The school’s impressive computer laboratory
o8 o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O
Training for block layers
CETA (Construction Education and Training Authority)
approved training in masonry block-laying has be-
Roofs surveyed
Concrete roof tiles are still the most cost-
effective roofng material for roofs built
with trusses. This observation is based
on an updated survey coordinated on
behalf of the Concrete Manufacturers
Association (CMA) by roofng specialist,
Victor Booth Pr Eng. – an independent
consulting engineer.
Last conducted in 2007, the survey uses
data gathered in August 2009 from
several sources. It focused on three
building models, a 57m² (foor area)
house, a 134m² house and a 1 158m²
commercial building. The results of each
have been published by the CMA in
three leafets, one for each model.
CMA director, John Cairns, says the survey assessed
completed roofs built with trusses which allow for the
inclusion of ceilings and underlays, and in each case
concrete tiled roofs proved the most cost-effective
material.
“An increasing number of low-cost housing devel-
opments are using roofs built with trusses as they
have better insulation and aesthetic properties and
ultimately make for much sounder long-term invest-
ments,” observes Cairns.
Factors such as foor area, roof area, pitch and truss
Work in progress at a church in Khayelitsha which was built using genuine modular masonry
and thin bed mortar (TBM) construction techniques
The Golf Course Ext Development, an affordable housing initiative adjacent to the King Williams
Town Golf Course, in the Eastern Cape, the frst housing project in which the recently introduced
CMA Roofng System was used
spacing, among others, as well as cost factors such as
truss and timber sundries, roof erection, roofng material
and fxing, were taken into account. Prices were based
on complete roof structures, however, fascia boards
and gutters were omitted from the survey because
these are optional items which make no difference
to the costing. Likewise no provision was made for
underlay, membrane or ceiling construction.
Cairns says the fgures represent a “snapshot ” in time
and that price fuctuations of materials and labour will
vary from product to product as time passes.
CMA, Pam, Tel: (011) 805-6742, Email: main.cma@gmail.com
gun in earnest. Based on course material specifcally
developed for laying modular masonry blocks as op-
posed to conventional bricks, the training has been
developed by the CMA (Concrete Manufacturers
Association) in collaboration with a senior block-lay-
ing instructor.
“This is a huge step in the right direc-
tion for the construction industry, as it
will make a direct and positive impact
on the affordable housing market,”
comments Günter Koch, the CMA’s
Western Cape representative.
Towards the end of last year the CMA
completed its trainee and facilitator
training material for modular con-
crete block construction. The course
material consists of 14 outcome-
based activities which comprise the
block-laying unit standard.
“Our new training programme is
designed to address problems and
provided we achieve buy-in from
contractors, specifers and build-
ing authorities, the reintroduction
of true modular construction will
unleash a new and productive era
in affordable housing construction,”
concludes Koch.
CETA, Kentse Mathiba, Gauteng, Tel: (011)
265 5900, CETA, Peter Cleopha, Western Cape,
Tel: (021) 949 5325. Tjeka, Gawie Burger, Tel:
(021) 976 8057
o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O oO
4O o¦i¦¦s on oi¦e )an/Feb 'O´O

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