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1. KPATKH EHOr.

P,AcIlCKH nO,n)\TOIIlH SA JA'HE CAH,n:AH,CK,H*

nHPHHICKM'OT' n,AP', TaKta rol BKKaaMaEe):to~e II Byr~pHTe ,peBoJIYQnoHlepoT J,aae' C~aHC'Im, ;KOj 'Haj~OOJI~JlO no cMpTT,a H.a AeJIlIeB, BO' T'eKOT iEIa TpHec,er ,ronHlH,H c'e 6opeme co, opy:m:je 'B paaa sa OCJl050,~alLeTO liB M,aKe~nHJ(ja H sa cp,~epaIzyIj.a, H MHp na 6aJIK,aH'tC'KMTeHapo,A;H. Yurre IQP( MaJI,e'QOK,:; roj npoj'BBYBame ~eMleJK KOB n03HaBafha,. COl 3aHe~c CJIymame ,!ta MY paCKaEyeaaT aa KpeCHeHeXOTO HPa3JIOm ... !tOTO aoeramre, IQ),ra ererossrre p~HTe.nH Hs6'e,FMe H ro aa ... nymTHJIe' esoero POPJBO [C'(!JlOB,'u8XHj 6.} .nop'~, erpaa OJ]; Typ'" CKHOT ,aJOKep, ~j _K9'J1eJI _jf oIfpa6YB8Jl,;,- MHOry -ro :MHTepecKpa. ... , ae Il'OAB~,e HQ, apalWfHTe IllTO ce Hao;rUIB lIH,3; lIaK-8JlI:OHOlGfTeo ~. Tojl -Mlel.rra,eJl' sa HHBHHoT a:j~, JKlWOT if OaKaJI .n:a BJI'eS,e BO OOCTaB'OT ~lJ,a, liHeK!oja, aj)J;YlJ:Ka, -qeT,B; ~:a !BJIe3'e B,O c'op6ia. eo ryPC'KrH'OT aexep, aa ita, ce OtAMa3AH mpa,v;n Tea nrro :"H- HaOpKaJIe OA p;OMa HeroBHTe po-;ItHTe',JU1i.

Onc,aJ{!O 3a.B1pwyBa GCHOBHO yqKJlK[llTe,; BO 1892 rop;pIH,a Jaae ce .nPHjaBYB,a BOjHuK' B'O 13. llemaq'JOf IIOJIK 00 rpa~;OT Ky.c .. Ten.n;,nJll. KOI',a ja aaspmysa BoeaaTa IC'J1yJK6a, ISO 1a94 ro,z:pma~ xaxo wro 'CaMHOT paCKaJKysa 80 OBOwre, -cnOMeHH, ce apalia BO ,rp. J(ymrn~a, Raj CBOeTO ICle!MejCTBO~ H 3apa6oTYSIa XlaKO no",rOlllffifK-MOJl60IIHceq J{,ajsyj'KO elf Cnac X',apH3a.HOB,a, no M3Bemo CTalK'Hpalbe CTaHy:s.a C'~fOC'DOeH Mon6ouHceq.,

Ho BO TecK10T ,Ra QeJIaTa eaoja BOeHa C.n:Y'1KO,a., H KaK!O EOjHMK H KaKO MQ,JI60mfce,Q" TOj 'He' CH ro ryl6J1 BlpeMeTO rra ... npaaao, TyKy to KCPKCTK B.O "t{HT,aILe' 'KHHl'H, xaKBR nrro ke rt,f.y ce xaj,l1aT nop; paxa.

• 100.oj IC'Boj p'aKOmie nHHeB nO-qJlSln, ,Act ~o nOAI'OT13',YBa YWTe .qo .. ,D;eKa OHJl 80 Byr81pI,'lja. so 19'4", a ro _n;O'OPWHJI BO CKo~jeJI B,O KPajoT He,

1948, F~.a. _

61 Jau€!' C-a~AaHCKJ1 epo~e.H na 18. V 1.872 r., ao c .. , BJ1axH"., CBe~ 'Ffmpa'I{Ko'; p;:eHlec C~laHCIWJ nHpiJjucKaMaKe}:lOHMj a,

Bo 1895 ronMHB, no rpaamtara Mery ByraJpHj a H TypQJlja~ H8 oyrapc&a, TepHTiopMja, ee .IJiHra 'e~HO 1.[eT!HH'IKO ABiU" m,etfJ,e', 't.fHltlJl"'rO BOjIBO;U;M ee c,e crapa B'eT,epaHl4-aj.nYII;H. Ha Jane MY ce 'BAa;n;e I;:::JiQ ,CT,aHe q:eTHHK BO enaa Oil: qeTJ1Te na THe aerepaax, aa ,lJIa ce 6I:te co TYtPCKHTe,nDpo5'YBa~H Ha 'Heroaara TQTKOBHR,a. Toa ,W3HJK'e,J.be 1000IDe opraenrasrpaao ITO Hapeit~ 6a O,)J;, 6yrapciKKoT A-wpeIJl." 38 aanan BHa:11pe 90 MaKe;;:J;,OHiti.j.a. 11 AO TOj HaII~ J:to,j~,e. Tbj 16elue W1Bep3HOKiH;C() nen Aft, ee 6JIa:lu1pacy J1lT,aHO-r rrpen HaJJ;BopeII1HMOT fOB,eT BO e,D;6H MOMeHT Kora TOjl HsjlMH,ory HMame' Di,ornpeDa O,III; BH'aTpeUlHO cnnKOjCTB~).

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Co 'rnQ ,ABJOK1eEbe rH, co H3SpmeHJ1OT Haifla,~, cpep.ItHH.aH.'~ '.

J'!M3me :Qen AR It,a ja 'OT<PPJIK rnpo:n;ellypaT8 ~ CyJITaHOT ~a My ro IIOTIB,p)ltYBa" XHe'3'J'BatEbeT03a ceK!oj nepJID.L\ Oll ''rPM r~Hll:

B,QCOr Jla:CHDCT 00 CTaTyTOT O)1t peweHJtlj ara 'HaB'epJIMHlClG'IOT xoarpec, q,~aHA 6apame HatUm ;q;a ee oe.,no60AJI OA Taa rrpoznera np0l1!eJllypa, Koja ja lH'aRpHylBame HBfOB,atTa ,ABopCKa '~ec-TOJby6HBOCT" a HC1:Q TaKa JI:"al13BJI,e1Lfe 0.)]; CYJIT8HOT 'eKOHOMtKH. H nOJ1wrH~ np'HBHJI.e~~ 3a rBOA,e~aTa o..z:rt !Hero. oyr,apcKa ~6ypmoa.3Kj a.

Bo TOa speM,e 6yrapcKDrr ):tBOpe'r:t 3HaeUIe aa nOC'DOeH:;IeTO' H,B, T'ajHaTa. !BH8TPemHla _AIa:Ke~oHoIfa _pemo,nYlV10HepHa opraax- 3aIlMj,a.... Ho Ta:a 6eure BHaTpeIIIH.a, MaKe.aOHCKa M AB0l',e~OT H'e fllO:iKeUle AQ -ce nocnylKH co Rea 3aCBOYrl'e }JJBope,qKii "H 5yp}KOa'CKH 6yrapc:KH IJ;eJIM. 3aToa ce'DrOC.nylKH rCO Y,am:eAOHCK,al"a fI\lDfFpan,:Kja nrro ce Earoraw,e B,O npe,tteJIHTe sra Byrapxja ,H, BO JIJ1 ... UeTO Ha. TpajKo KHTa'H~es63~ j,a aaj;q,e npsaT'Cl tHCKynYBaitfKa 2KPTB8. Tp'ajKo, KHTa.HqeB,~ Be,pyBajKK ~eKa ee IpaoOTM aa OCJlO- 60AYIB8H:.e, tim M,ax~OIm4ja, ja npHMH331AaQaTQ 'HanO>KeHa. Q;,n; ,q,ep~ H opraHH3npa 1!eTtrIPH 6orp5eHM ~ylK:J1YI'f ·COC'TaBe'HI( OD; MaKeA'OHlV-I, IKOH, 'H,B -qeJIQ H~l BO~QO;z:tH,-apahlrn", B,O npOJ1)eTT,a 1895 ro.AHHa, j,anpeli.tumaa !,rpaHJt.rqaTa U nneroa BO Typrprja, fHa. MaKeL!tOH.'C'Ka 3,8Mj,a. lier8Ta, BQll:~eFm op; Cro]o B'Ojsona, \BO lKoja 6ewe ceo np~Y2KHJI JaRe 'CaH,t(aHCKYI, "DO nananaa c. ,~ocnaT }f' ro H3no.pe. ITa,a llIeT1a ro aanazma ,K rpanor M'eJIHHK" [a 3M8JIH H 'ORJOJI}I'CK9.Ta ynpaea H ce B,paTH BO Byrapxja. Bo 1,8'97 ]'lO~:HlHRj' Caa,;n;aHCD! qnJ'HOBO rrOMHIHYBa reo Ma ... Ke1J;omrja reo qeTa;TQ Era H.eKojcH: KlPCTO 3axapHea. MefYToa~

62 B,yrClJpcIm ~ap OA 1887' AO 19'18, r,

(,J npeTce,lJta'r'en 113 M,aK~OliCK!lfo.l" (mOlW1TeT' BO Co¢tJ1j a, OPI:r8.H nrro J~,fan3a;,ijaqa :ta I'M p,aRn:BO:~;M MaKie);OHCHMre ;qpym'TS8l BO ByrapJ1!ja.

BO e}JtHa cpeA6a. co aexep, npx c. JIOn01BcO, ce 3BJBP3a 50-pea l'I ''I asry CaH"llalf:CKJ! ,oew,e paaer BO nea ara pasa, no nrro ce spaTH DO ~yrIHHn;a Ka,lle DlTO ee 3apJpJKa Ha ,JIeKi:yBa&e.,6-! Toa ()ewe npaoro 6ojHO KpWTeB~e H8 ICaH:AMICKI1, npBOTO H.erOBO J>!CKymeHH,e so 6op6aT8 38 OTcrojYB8lbe mpe;DI, Q'eTmrq ... KMTe H peaOJIYD;HOH.BpHH 'CTpeMelKH., IOTTyxa nOQHj1'B2, ,n:a pae ... 'i'e n H~rOBacr'a CJ1a'Ba. Bo .:Q,eJil!J1[OT' rpan -,ce' 36opj1fJ3a 331 Hero. IIo OBOETO OOA.pe,:yBQlhe, 'Toj ce B,TIymTJ:t DO rparaHC!KY!Tle fi'op'" 61( BO Byrapaja. Ho roa 6ea 6o!p61H on rraprsressr .J! JIOXM,2'H xapaxrep, .KOJl;[ HE!' ro 3a,D;O\BOJIKja,He !pa~nJUtMTYBaa so nero Of!a!H DpHCyWT' sa .HerOBHOT xapaxrep It' :np.UpOJ]!3...nr onycro CaH,D;,aHC:KH 6apame ~o THe BHaTpfUIRH 15yrapCKH 6op6n: Me· KaK:013, OTIWTOm\ipO)llHOCeH M~e,aJI 'KOH HOj ~'a ro 'Te'I'fre cpnero, M nop'a,DlH roa ee nO'Ely:BCTiBys"a 'ryE aa ifH,e' lB!f£aTPeWHH 6Iyrap·· C'KJ1[ 6o.p6H. C,~aHCKH 'Deme ,Ma.x'ep:OHelt, ynrre o~ pasco ee 1.MYSCTBys,ame -raKOB. I'o npJIBJIe'KyBame 60pOOT'a. aa OCJlo6o,IlYStULe' na Ma'K,e}J;OHJ1,ja. M,ei'Y1'oa, Hie nepyaame BO nOJIJlIirTlErcara aa 6,yra.pCKJlTe ,BJI,~H, ce ortlBPaK,ame o~ 6yrapcKaTa xpyaa, Koja oC,e 'CJIYJKeme co MaKe;;rtOHlij{Te K,a£}O rCB·OM ,'QJ-macTMl.frK'Jf-ll:eJlH. ICaH~8.lfCKl1: ~~,a~e J];'a Ice OOPH .aa KOHKpeTHlI pa'OOT:H" ~Ol1 16J1 My Itmn,e [aeao onpe~e'JreH!ft. Toj cJ;ly!u'arcue' xaxo ce 30QPysa MHOZY sa MaKe1l::OHC,KOTO'- ~e'JlOj H ,cawmofl' TO) cltreTalll,e_;D;.e·xa oewle 'B.ojJl!BaJl-Jlf-oem:e- paHeT ea _ roa ,;D;eno .. Ho TOj rJIe,!\am',e' AeKa He ce onpe)leJIleHH HHTy iDop6aT,a :HJtrTy ~e:r.J:fTe' na iToa aeJIOI. Eo CBOMTe CnOlVEeHJ1[", ,Jaxe ,c,aM: :Ke J13j,asu: 'J 'OTKSJKO Ice BpaT'MB, sra pa60T8L xa] Byj'KO MM :BO JJ;YII!H11qa" iOT~

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TOraIlI IIoBeKe ce 3aHHTe'pecJtpaBI zta BHKMaB3M sa ,Pi'eJIoTlo, HO

6ewe TeuIKO, He ccpal{aB, -H1iLUITO onpeneneao. Ili:OnpB.a, ao 18~96 rO,Q11Ha., p,a36pas ~exa BHaTP'e~, BO' M81KeAO:Hl1,j.ajl MJVla peaonyqKoHepaa opr,a:HK3aQIttja" .'6S

O'q"fJIe,AHO, ~o- 18901 ,OOttHHa" Jaae ere e yurre 04mP'~U!H co pr~ejHo-:nOJI:vrTH'qKH MMpor,.nejl;, 3R rrpererojaara 6op6a BO IdaKeJ];oHKja; Toj aoormrro HeMa YWTe 3aIJ;BPCTeH nOJIKTJ1lt{KH il'mpo:rJI1eJl;. Ho aa IIOMo.W My ~oara 'e.D;H,a. Ba.>KH.a OKOJIHOCT If Toja,'exe nO'qHYBa Tpe'3lHO AQ r}[ r.ne;ll,a 'pa.i60THTe. CJlep;H.aTa HJ,.lIiJ1Ha rpyrra 11HTeJIeKT'YBJlQH op,r,aHH3HpaaT npOCB'eTHO ~pynrrso ~,MJIa)J;OCT(~ Borp'. ].l(YflHHu,a., Bo Toa ,;DJP!yII.I'DHO Jane CTaHyB,a 6K6JIItI'OTetKap, a H.ap'eAH,aT;aro,I:tJ1HIa :H aeroa rrpercenarerr.

64 Cn:otPe~ Ono\JtE:'lt1ir,e fl-Gt Jaule' Ca,sQ',llUClCU;, CKOIIje', 1:9'51 J CTp. 1,3-14.

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J:tPYW11B~O "Ma. ~eJI ~a IBOjYBa sa CaM!Opa3'!:BMBafDe Ha MJI'~H'~ BaTa H rpafamrre, TYKa ce M,3HeCYS-BaT HayqHH npenaaasea o;D; peB-O:JlYqJfOHepHa, ,eKOHO~~CKa 'M .nOJIHTH'qKa npapona. TYKa, nEG, rea 1flfTtaJrnIUTe:, 'tfJIeHy.B,a J1 . .n:,HlMO Xa1JH }J:HMOB, lK.oj co ICDOOTe pec)lepaTH 3B.MaKeJtOBClKOTO npamasse vee HCTaIKHYBa. KaKO MaKf:'Jlt0HCKK HJJ;eo.J]or. )J;pymTB01ll0 e lPe-qH~CH ]',[aKe)l;OHH3'Hpaxo, 3aBJI,a.n;eaHH ce ~'e aa ~OO"O rparaa CTB 0" zoe e rOTOBO aa cwr,e EpT'BH -13;0 KOPHCT ll'a J,II[,axep;oHcKaTa peBO..rry ... UHOHepaa OPraHJ13Eu~ja. T9.a. ce p;OJIlKH na rOJI8MQTO MOpa..n:EO it fIOJlJ1TH-nm !8ID1janme xa caaara opraaasanaja Ha.,D; rna ~YIIHl1'tIKjO rpafaacrso. Bo 11p. AyTIIDfn;a xecro orcenayaanre ~e.JPilaa. - BOAaliOT 'lIa HOBOOCHOBaHaTa Berarpemxa MaKe,ttOElCK:a peBo'JIy$OHepHa opraID13,~ja. ,D:YIIH11I{a oeule B82K1eH rryHKT' sa Opr.a.:HH3arzyrjaTa .. TY"Ka Mrpalue BIDKHa YJIol",a nyHKTOBHQ-T Ha:qammx Ha OpraJH]i[3~ja.Ta, HHmOJIB MaJE'ew·,e·B'OKM. He no?iIaJIa Sewe .H YJIOraTa aa lIHM:o X~ J];HMOB. no roa spe]fle. Tjr ... l{a ~oji,Ite zto aarroaaaaarse aa CaHJ];aJHCKH co ,)l;,en:qes.Ha ~e'JP;leB My 6ea Il!O~ TaKlBM Jlyre xaKO Crur.n;aHC'KH:~ ~OJ1 MOiK'aT l;!il;;a HocaT ,paBH: 'M JJ;S. He ry6aT lJ.,yx. }J:eJFtI'eB Ql'N{pn BO Ja.He HAeM roJI,eM MaKeAoHC'KJiI !peBOJIy~oHep. ITo CEe;q6aTa na Jaae co

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3a na 61J1J];e ycn.eWHo CITpOBeJ;lJ!,eRa ezraa peBOJlYl\Hj,a, Tp'e- 6a ~a IQHAe ,Ao6po :npoa:rKTItlIpaB'a H op Fa.HH3JfP aaa, 11: JJ;'e.n:q,en. ee paKOiBO~e;me o-p; Taa. "paBaMHcJIs J1 saroa TOj G1ewe· ce

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~, C,JleAejb ro PS3I10BOPOTH JofCK'BlJiKyBalE'b8Ta rra Can,A-aH'CKH H sa, ,ABeT€!' OBHe npam arsa, :M3j,aBYB,a Pac)JaHJI XaJMXH, j ac 'OCTa:H.aB 'co Brre'tIaTOK ;;n;eKa. ~ejl]qeB, no J]Jtl~eTO 'fra CanttaHOX!H, eft tHamO!J] CBOj aepea N' HCKpeH 3,a~le'HIiJlK ED OOpO'QT.R eo :~;li;eeH M opraaxsanaoaen O)lHOC. 3 ,8.lWT'O , H CaMH01' Jt;en:qes'

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- M'aKi9,qi()HCKH -IllOK'OJleHHja.

ITo cpe')l.OaTa e no HOKa)K,aH,t[Te O,zl; Hero Ml'H~!,JlJ1 aa .qEM~Te npanraaa, CaHP;aHlCKJ1 CH .rH IIpeTBOpK 36opOBHT'e BO nena II{ Cle IIOKa,}KaJ. 'CO 3a.~)JI;y]B.auqKlM qJem3,o.:nY~OHepeH pacr H'e 'CEI.:i'JIOHa 1,1 aKE'I)tOHC K arm" Tyt{y J( 'Ha 6BJ]K'aJlC'KaTa nOJTJ1TJ4lfK,a cuerra, ~I. TORDIry ,3a"IlOaK r6'yp}K'Oac.~aTa. nyeiJ1KU,HCTHKa :MQJI1LleWe nonro npexe no lllerosaTa. CA'Ip''F, .ce nxameme J11 He ce p;OIlJ1p,aIUe AO Hero Sa .qa He ee Aoomjl aT ·pe3.yJfTa~1 WTO, 6H' PI H~lWTeTPlJi'e ua 3arBOijlytlEl'lKaTa nO']UITKKa, 1Ha '6':Y1PlKOa~.j ara. 3a C,aH;rn;a:eOKH U' 2'a, [HlerOBMTe AP:v:raPH ee ,npo:36o[pMnO'C!iJ1j1~,J.I!O 11 nnornopeno o.!{~ Raj BO 193,5 11: 19,81B rO;D;HHa, 80 py6p'HKYITe ~H!a cmreaHJ'!eTO t~'M,a:Ke;n;.oorC.JKH Bet!TH"W'[10 TDK~Iy rro1lHa )l.a l'133Ie;rylBia. Jlcmo;.ram, O'CBe'H KJi'eTBeH,aTa. CTaTJ4j,a na ~JDtIO Xa1)J1 J{ID~(l'B EO 1917 roJtHHa,~ Jijl:YTIo nooHTHO sa aero HeMal FDfKOj IIJflJ1YBaHO. IrI )]re!Bee ~mo'ry5pojHH H~aIlDf, :nporpeIC14BHH n~C,aTeJIH i(!18 YlliTe, iRe""" r&aaT j 31JCHa npeT~CT8Ba 3,9l, Hero, a oyrapcIOfTie rrpo¢eCQP:H DO 'Ore~J)eCTBeHocp'pO!H','OOiBcma Byrapxja ro 1H3yqyt.aaa-T' C'RopeA mop- 6,KTe H3'Aa;!J;,'eHH OIiJ1 Ol'nBmJ.1lTe MarKe;ri;OHCXH: rnpo¢tec;OPH H OHM'e' O,A MM,nentq~ mea]] lIM ['0 npe'Ii'CTaB'YBaKa.KO By.r,apJm~ Toac,e:

AOJ]}KJ[ '[H3. ¢d.iKTOT ~,eKa erroxara na C~aHOKH: OC1"aHYlla H'e-

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I1!pHJ!awm 381 npoJ'lYSalLe H Jie'.He(!t '9J1]a.UITO npHqHHae TPe-

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~];Iaillie HH.eKOK mro 6ea HCTen3:m11 rO~1 nYPeTO aa OpramrsaD;tljaTa~ a HeKOJi Ii ee rIpJ<l.rqpyJKJ1ja H ce npKqyaLTMja. A,a pafioTaT aa OC,JIOo.O;QYSQlb,eTO rra MaKe~O'H11ja.. Ho CaHp;ia~DKJ1 He 6eme Q,1Z]; 1'oj P()~ .:Iyf,e." H ;m;a 6eme ee 3aB,JIeH&OJl[no KMT'an-qe. ... saTla aB-aJHTYpa, II ,n;a o"ewe CTQHa.n q:eTImK Ha :B.QjB()~a-apa,l\01IjaJ, C:eTO T·oa H,aC01t!J1:eHO '~OH eJtHa PB,e.:rnmo6yrap:oxa m;leJI, ,ce~ nax C~aHCKJ1 ce pa3.JlJl1KjrBallie no lOBojal'a ~eCHOC'T' M rnpenBl1'~mlBO:CT' OIA AP:5'TJfTe nrro y'q,eC"TB:YBaa (80 K:wraHqe'BHTie' xeTH.3,aToa" !CKOPO - nOC'BOeTO Bp,a]{a~e O;li; M,axle~OHl1j.a, lHero ... aara 1I.~C'~ r ;o;ywa M HerOBHOT' pa2Yl'r1[ ~~y ROrT'K,a,Zaa J];,eK,a ce BOElne'K[)JI :BO e~O ~BU}Keibe'C'o H,e~CTH IHBlIre!p:J1' npOTJ1iB HJl:e~ HTe If MHT.epeCH're na MaK'e):tOHI.J;H'I'le. J ane ce B,03H,e1\ilJ{p:H xora zraopeuor 11. BJIaJ)taTa H:a K'OH3epaa,T()l,PHTe ce rronnrpaa co KPBTa Ha TIa;J;lHaTHTle IBO 6opowre 00 TY])CKa"a :s,oj'cKa. T,oj ee pa36:YH~ TYB3 KOf'a pa30p,a sa CtET,a,. T8,aaKl(Hjat :,neKaTaa, 'fiMJla. sa emra

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THe H3jaBH -roram nOCJ'IYlKJ;1:j.a .KaKO OC'HOBa sa Tpro:SCXfll -nperOBOpfr[ H p23,6Hpa.lba o~ crpana aa '6yr,apcK3Ta H TYPCKaTa B . .rra,n;a $I, KaKQ pe3ymaT, ee aOlcbr }l;eK,a, BOH,qHJifHa C1>,epWffiaIQll eM ·OCTaJHYBa. nocrojan KHe3 na Byraprrja, 6e3 e9KaJill5a ~npOIJ;e~yp'a sa yTBll;llYBaa.e 0.& crpaaa aa CYJITaHOrr.'·

Toa CTpaJlIHo I"K oropsx cxre yqe(!H~ (BO' aK~HjaTa sa Hanau:m;,OT '80 MaK!e)l;OHKja BO 1B'95 ro;r:m;,HHa" 'patxoBOIAerHa O;J; -TpajK.oKHTalAeB" eo Jf3MaJn:S iHa loyrapCKQTa KPYHa ,J;{ Hal BJI8C·_ TB, H: ):toj)l;e' ~a ro pa3j.aCHIH npen MaKe;n;OHCKHOT M fiyr,apcKHOT Hapotlt :u:l!a:q,e1heTO sa ''Voj HaCTaH. 11 ere e~a 0)]; :3aiJ;a'lHTe Ha -peBOIHYWlOHepHJ1Te ,;1Wyw:mB.- 80 Byrap:Hja, WTO m OpraHH3Ep.a ll:eJI1.feB~ oem,e' 7{a nM ce pa3j.aCHYB3 Ha - nacenesorero EO B Y: rapnjaH aa MalK'e-AOHC'K:KTe 6eraJlIlM zta He ce IIollaa3aaT .npe,rJ;

,cyreCTH'HTe aa ~opem;OT, _;n;a He ytIecTBYB.,Q HHKOj npH HOB, 06H)J; .

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.na OK f.f3Boj:yBa !CJI0 6oAa" Ho sa 3a'l!yBy;BaIbe na HE:3aBHCHOCTa na OpraJIDl3a.lU1ja.Ta, KaRlO WTO Belie o;o;6e.JiIlleJK,aB.lle, IlP;{ cpezroa,Ta Ha T.pojn;aTa" ee ,1OOHcTaTXpa nO'I'pe5a'T8 Ol( napH'tI'HJ1 cpenCTBa. Cpe,A5aTa ]'Iery ,IJ;eJIqeB, CaH)J;.aHC'KH M top'4:e TtO TPeTH.pawe HMe:H,{) TOa 6o.J.rHO npanrasse. C,aHAaHCIGf~ aa -raa epenfia, ee 3.D;o6M co npaao c,aM ,n;.a ce !31a.:MiMCJiys,a aa roa rrpantarse jr ocaxo mro Ke H3jJJ;\e 33, CXO)J;HO T81K'a ,)]ta JJ;,'ejCTBYBa leO TUj rrpa ... Den; 6.e3 A,a ja SHrmKHpa OpraJHJf3a:QJ1jarTa 180 nO'JIMTtNXJ1 O!J;HOC' errpena K0I10 6HJIO. O.rt TOj M()MeHT CaH;taHCK~[ e 3,arpJ1lK'e.H

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69' K. CT03'IJlOBJ, npeT.,Ce;!laTeJll nil 6yrapCKaTa 'BJHI;t31, O')Jj UI9'4 lIIO 1891.9. r~

rapKjaM ao M·3lKe.qoHHja. Me ty TO a, pe!3yJIT2ITwre He ro saaoBOJIy:BaaT, orpOMH.H ee 3MHaTYITe HYlK,AM 0):\ IIaJpJ.{qiHH ICyl\[H aa OpnlHH3a:qMj!aTa. EOI 1'901 ro~HHa TOj BeIte 3amreJIYlSa ~ja npeKy npoeaaa ~a Ha6aE,]1: I~a .. :3J.m~eJIHa cy:lI:a napx, Oaaa rpIDKa xa] HeTlO [a pO~H l1lLtejaTa, )J;a. ja naean Ql\t:ep,HK;BlHcKaTa 1tU1:CHOHepma IrDlC CTOH.. CaK;l;,a!lcU~'KH -j,a CnO~eJIi::r: ~eja.Ta, co f:BOHTe p;pyI'aplVl: Kpcro AceHIOIB, Caaa MHx.aj nOB H ,Xpv[CTO 1fepHonee~, KJ{)H 'Tor-am 6ea 1~~OB,OpHH tl;ej:QJtt 3·aBHaTpe'!IIHaT,a 11LJU~'raJIHa CHzya:QKj a :11. :r.Jd:. nOB;HKa ~anO]rl0Ul, K:3pa:60TJf ]lJlaH JI lIa 31 asrycr 1901 ro~a nOCTaBM '3'BJCe)Ji,a tia naTOT Mefy rOpH8. UyMaj,a 11 Baaezo, tBO 'MeCROC'Ta nOTnp,eua ,C'K.~'ta 'H ja IIJIeHH .n.mc C,TOH" co H'ej3m1aTa ,.a:pyra~a ~KJlKa,. Oaaa aK1:tJ1ja loeme nperxonno o~Qr~peH,a 0,& rOpqe l:De:rpo:a. OTKaKo 6ewe UJIeHeT.a D.D1C OroHj t-opYfe ro npesene paxoaO.D;CTBGTO OIOOJIy nperoaoperre sa ycnenrao 3aBpwYBalbe Ha SLKJ..J,HjaTa H, 1I.oon .... lJlTO sa HHBHHOT yerrenrea 'K.paj. Byrapcaara iBJJi·saa ro ipa3- .fipa roa, ~reH:O .)JjleKa e TYKa :3·8MreJUBH YI }1op:Qe H ]10 :HHTep ... Hl1pa 'B'{) rp, B,eJU1KO Tpaoeo, a, sa cnpeq:ysalLetTo na c,a~raTa ,~j~ ~-TH 'eltHa 8,O-"t{JIE~H'CKa xera rra -qeJIo_ eo CTaPl'IOT apa.I\!rnja ~uJHqe 3J1aTKOB, KOj HaBJIeSeSQ· rOpRO J,lyMajcKo [I aaspaa 6op6'a co 'CaHP;~,K_ sa -~'a-Myja oJi3e~renl[eHeTaTa IVIHC' CTOH.7Q'

- no IIJ1I:eHYB,SllbeTo H8 MHC- CTIOH'1 O~eK'HQ ~emrOT CBeTC"K~~ ne-qaT~ MM'eTrO aa. CaHA,aKCKli--Ce-p,a3H1eCe no ll);reJIJ.IG-r caer, Bo _ O.BeTClOfTe :AHIIJIont[a'TrCKH KaHD;,enapH1'I no-ma ~a ce ~,50prYB,a sa lIHKHYBal&eTOHa eAH.a IHiO'Ba OrIllUTeCTBeH.Q peBO~110Hep'Ha, CMJIa BO Maxeztonaja, ,eRna WTO ,eM nOCT,aBHJIa uen .!ita 'l1.3,Bojyaa ',aJ3,_ TOHOMHj-a aa Ma:xeJJjOHHja H ,AeMOKpaTH3;JtpalbB Era CalJla,Ta TypItKja. OtUIr.JIe,IUlo TYKa ce nOHHKHaTH .1.f~eHTe M rrpH.InJ;tfIDfTle crropen KOH 6ea Ot'JI060;D;,eHH 1ramrr,e 6aJIK.aHCKH: ,rJ;p»raBM. MaKe~OHCKaT.a lKHT,eJlJlfreHIWIja" Bo~eHa Ott )l;leJIt{eB 'V[ 'C,aH;J;aHCKJ'IJ TO cqlaTJ1 lYIONleHTOT" neaa aa OCJJo'50):tyBBlhleTO Hat M,a·xreAoHMja Tpe5a .Ita ce Opr,a!HH3:J;:I[pa. ea,Ha BHaTpenm,a, BOOrpYJKQHa. CHJIat, xoja J];a r~:f npeTCT,aBH 61B1paIbaTa Il!pe"n; 0110MaHCKHTe BJIaC'TJJf, zta ro paatiepar Toa HapO):{H"T,e 80 TYPqHja PI roneenrre CMJIJ!I" xo:w: na ce aaeranar 3,8 ;J;,aB,alD'e c.J]o6o~,a aa M,aKre~rQHnj,a ~ ;2BToHoM~ja 80 COCT~t:B'OT rra rQTOM,aHCKaTa PJ_plKaBa, no,~, 3aUI'liMTaTa 'H.a J'lOJIeMJ1Te 'CJ'IJl[H ...

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10 I'LoIIDrpoKo sa. ax:QHjaT3 i.,MHC C'fOH'c., ao KFmF3T3 sa A .. ~ea - JfAuud,EtUC'K,axa enon,enj, C'oG6rUa~, 1945, 1:. ;CTp., 118,7~lB2.

Ha 'M,aat,;e):t,oHUHTe He Dea rrOCT,U3eH11 nOJIMTJ:tQ'KH OaJpaaR saCJIOViOa,s. M He3,aBMCHOCT. llonyn:apH'3J1paEbleTO 'HaM:;!J;ej aTa Mefy t~BpOrraK11!Te HatpO;J;;W: :111 npe'Ky 'OKeaHOT .D:oj~e HecOMlHeHO xora 'CTaHa ::d50p aa nneaysarsero aa mIC: CTOH~ xora HapO),J!H1"€: pas- 6p,aa ,AeKa IlJlieHYBi~HTe He' ee ofh~'tfHl'l p'a3OO:JIlD1liH, TyKy ce pesoJlyItHOHepn: WTQ ce cpa TTAJIe aa opymj e aa AS. H3BOj y'ooaT c.mo6o):ta, 38 ICB!Oj OT Hapo;:u;. Toranr OTBOPSHQ ce !3ct300PYBa, aa aB~oHoMHj,a, Ha MaK.eAoHMja., CaHJ];aHC',l{iH ro ~~eaJI:K3Hpa.me roj JIOSYHr H My naaame W:J:1P01KO ~eMaK.paTCKO T'OJTKYBali:J"e ii' sa,Aa,~ o;~ OIIWT06a...TJa{aHICKH Ipa3H,epu"M: ere, sa zra Ice pe3lJI:K~ 3t.rn·a·' ~'Oi ro ·JlClnl.iir 'Ir"'TIfOaIJI f:At ~H' ~y·'·'U.I"·TfaT·a·· O",n f'lm1~7IIi·i9'Tr·ft<:!l' aa aero -

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Q'JIeH 2 npoenacysaane nexa aa n'C<!Tl1rEUL,e HB. -raa :qeJI OPra:HH3aJJJ;Kjare ee IOOPJ;1[ SQ. oTcppJIarb'e Ha mOHBHHCTHl:J:K,a'-'a nponar~a l}f H,aLpfOHaJIHKTe pa31\iTMpI1~". 11 ora KOHrpecoT' 130 19'05 rOW1Ha7l Ice OrpaHH"ttHja npeporarxssrre rra Eraapxxjara. Hejae H oew:e' 3ai5paHeTo rta ce )'[em,a. BO pa6on[T€' na OpraHJf3al1J(jaTa, npa LIFTO )il olyrapCK,8lTa nponaraana ee sene xaxo crpaaa ~ BDjYBa. co O'PramI3a11,J1j,aTa" lHanOp'eAHo 'CO' epn('KaTa'M rpQK2TQ, HC1"O T,aK8.

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71 OBoj YCT,aa e ,A("ue-eeH: 130 1894 r,

12' Toe' e Y'CT,a,BQT' Hat TMOPO'~ A.OBe<!'e'H aa KoarpeCO'lI'BO COJ1,Y'fl:

DO 1896 r., 1tJ'HjW1'O npOeKT' ro mpaO,OIfHlIe rOI:l;I9 J];,enlJee. It ,rOPtile ne1!pOE. 73 OeMHC}lH JUl PJfJICKHDT xonrpec HS! BPJIOPO,.

CfTre nponaraiHltJt" lIlpoTHB CHTe RenpHjaT'eJllf sa CJlOOOUla.Ta H8. M'aKe;I(OHCKJfOT Hapo;~. H 110 C'HJIa:m aa Ties. HeYMOJDm,a J.IOrHKa, Ca.HJ:taHOKH CTaHllaeYMOJmBH ;)KE!ICTOK., 3a TOO lIecro HH roBOp,aT H HercmHTe npDTlmHHlJWI' ~B,e'mmooyl"apKTe" KQ", _ He CaR,aaT ,AS HH KIJKaTBO W'TO ee 'COCTO'H (He,roBaT.a JKe'CTO,KOCT .. Taa HeyMO'JIHBOCT H ,lKecTOKOCT Ha C,aHtlI,aHCKHIlpOH3,n:e'ryBa O;t lKecTOKOCTa HQ c:,a~e BBJlHK06YFlapM,Koj'a "TKe ja ttptfM'e',HyEa,aT H~ PJIaJlf8'AOBie!KlIGT :u:a.POA co. Hoocn.a0YBa:lilKo T-eMITO YWT-e 38, Bpel!re'IlO xora c~e OplFaHH3Kpa BPXOlml1J()T1 'KO~~T~ THe Ha.CTOjyn;tBa ,00, lK'eeTOKOOT ~a NIY FO CBHTKaM ~p,aTOT rn:a !i,aKe~OHCKHOT napozt :3aAa 1'0 DprKHY,;D;,8T ~a fH npH3,aae ~a CBOj' rOCIIO~aJP" HTYKa, ;BQ HenO:MMpJIKBOCT'a If ,:H{ecTOK(}CTa Ha c,a..,,"m1QT' C-aHJUllHCK'H cnpeMa npH~elC1!YBa'qHTe B,e:.mmto6yrapK ee KO:PeHH H HerOBa.Ta cnaaa H 'He,rOBM'()! Be'mi'tIiH,t! Ha B'f!'PeH' I[ ~OCToeH ~yxoB'eH H nOJIH'TH"qKH BOl:D:,a~ na MWke.Q),OHICKHOT rrapoiJ:t, KDj OCT,aHyE,a ;n;a 6H:~e a,n;:MHpnpaH IBO' Be]Q)B:Irrre.

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_ ,JJlOBMHJl3AM (l'900~1902)_ _ - __

B,O:PBATA HA CAHttAHCKH [lpoTK_BBenHitfoo'yr.apcnmfm", mOBmDf3ar.I ~THpa O,A-MOMeHTOr--Ha HerOBa78 lcpe}J;,oa. co Fone ,lte.rrqeB H co tup'tJ:e Ilerpos BIOI 18'9'9 fIq;rn;HiHa, itaIm .IIITIO 3sOeJIeJKaBMe sora .n:e~JrlieD 'TOB. AO,6po Fa OOBeT:JlHJI Bp3pa60-, TMTe :HQ'eJIHTe IHIaBMPO H spa, H8M,eplKTeH,a !o,yrapcI011OT' llBOpe:q, H HerO'SR"ra KaMapKJIa cnpent!a MaJKe.,ll;'O'HlCKOT'O nptau1a .... , JL.e.

n'pBJIlOT 'CTaJlJlYM OJl rpa3BOjOT Ha 'Oec'HHOT !BOopYlK:eH

cy,;lO'!JP 'co 'CHJlHTe Ha, B.HaTpeWHaw, '1[~e~OHC'Ka peoonyItKo~ nepaa opraHlf3aUHj a ncsayaa BO 1900 rQJl.HHa.B'pxoBJJreTm'le penrasaar na IHUeTa.aT YllapHo ,no nOIpamtltfHHTepeOHllHa rYfax!e~,OIHHj a H~ 00 'C:B'OH'Te 'ltfe-m,. TalYly ;rr;a aoenocraaa-r _~e? 6yrapo'Ko pa.K.OBO;n;~CTBO. 3a 'Taa QI'eJf"Ml'.r:C.DlejKH ;D;exa C,aHJJ;aiH'" l'KH npo'~OJl[}KytBa JJ;a rrnaKa ,AaHOK sa oBola.T8,npe,tewHa Hl8!Jt3- EecHOCT sa M:aKe~oHrnroroI1p,amaJL,e, xora .go 18·'9'5 lr'O',D;H!H8. "oj no BpXOBH'mt1lfK:a. mmKja. y9!ecTByBaJI BO oopHo:UYMajoxaTa ,813aHTypa., BPXiOBHHOT KOMHT'E'T '~lIy npaka ,500 ~OJ]!r11 n "j'5rcy.cu nylDKH:-M,aHnli'xepKH co. OOO;D;BeTHHOT eipoj xypmyJdH, teo npenopaxa ;!:tB. f:HqyBa ;DiiQ' M,OM,eHrOT KOra HHBHH"r,e qeTH Ke Ice ,oocpeJ];'M'{}'q!,aT xa rpanmrara,

Ca1H,lt,aHCKH 'rH COKpHBa nynnKHTe ~{ fl'OJI'O'JKysa K,J[leTE,a ~'}le nyIllKJ1Deie;nR He nonatztHaT BO pauere Ha HeIIpHjaTeJIH""'Ie Ha MarK,e;g;omrj a.

Co TQ'Q ce -CTaBa ,If DO'll'eTOKO'T 'iMa soopyaceaara 6o'p6a. npOTHIB JIyreT'O HQB,HaTPeWHaTaM,aKe.tJ;,OHCKa peBOJIYqHOHepna 'OpnarHH3aQHja. CaH~aH'CK:H op;6Ksa .n;a rn ~e,,:q,8JAe nynnorre, Toj ce 'lyscTByaa "pas J1 rop,~ nexa H:BSpmJ1!J1' ep;;em ]leBOJIy-' I{HOHepe.H aiKT BO KOPHCT aa [CBeTOTO OC'JI,oOo!ztHTe'JIHO ~e'JlO mla MatKe~H'CK"OT Hapo}l H iHa.nrrerra aa Of3:JJe WTO npasae YC'KJI, .... · 6M ~a I'D no):];j,ap'MaT'., Ha S9lK,a.Hysa:a,aTa. TOj O~OBap,a co ~.D;paB,a.h!OFH~a, nexa eo O,p;Hlocswre nYIUIKH me' lie MY rrOMOI:'H1aT HaMaiK~enOHC'KHOT H3JPOJll, IBO' HerOBaT,Q 6()p5,a aa c •. no6o~,a [OJ]; TYIPeKQ porre'rao H ll'eKa T!oj aapoa He rH OIIOIJIHOMIJ,mmJI ~a )['0 3a,~ 7~H~'HaT neroaoro crapo PO,ITeTBO 'eo H'OBQ. C,aHjl,aHCIKH ce 'D:o~a"':»tyaa J'lOmqeH. TIoH-aTaMY !t,e B.HA€!'Me KaKO To,jnOC'T,anyBa BQr" 6op6aTQ IIpOTHB BeJIKKo6yrapcKHTie, WOBYlHJ1CTH, npOTKB OIHJ.feWTO - ycneaaar H;n.H ee Ha.ohl'aT xpaj rpamMIllaTa, rOTOBH :[ta. nanneaar "810 JrIQ,Ke,llOHCKa Ta. 3eMj'B. - 'Taj ]{e' [OH;Dl,e' HenOamDp-mm. J1 }KeeToR ..

H axo CaH):t8HClKlK -rroaeaoram crrpoale~YBawe BO Ae'JlOt 1~'reTO~ nra HenO~PJIHBOcT Ii lK,eCTaK10CT', 'TO,] Hie FO npaaeme

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roa -00 HaBHJK,a; TYXY O'IutaKO Ke -Ja 'J'1cqpnewe CHJl"aTa. aa ap-·

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Axro ·B;O lHerKoj peoa ce npOBJIe'tJl1e H;~K.Oja aeJ!Jtf-Ko6:yr,alpC'Ka ~leTa, C8H;Q,a.H,C:KH nJI.CMeHO [a ncaaayaame Ha co6paHMe mpejJ; .. Jly~ero '0.0; peoaor, ,Aa ':rH OO,lIBl.CHH OBOHTe MemA!K, lImMepHT.e t1 OHHe' H.arOCTIO.D!,apwre WTO rJ1 np aT H'JI e ,', If, HOeJIe, aKO lJeTaT,a Hie ja npJDJIeme npareaara .D!:O Hea mrCM,eRQ nopaxa If He ceo [aaenre npen ·co6prumeTo, TOfQill TO'j rrpxcranyeanre KOH lHej- 3HHQ nporexyaasse H co C,MJlaT,a na opyscjerc rK co cpeaC'DSaTa H.a lHeflCJBaTa 6ojHia .. R :Jlcnpo6'BHa naprnaaacxa cTparre-, rn,ja.Bo :H,ero ce npojaaysanre lKecroooC)CT nporas Henonpa1B-' ,.'1.JKB,JI .J]HD;a rOHeTJ1 JJ ~pyI'na T o~ Hero, H CIIpeMQ, OHHe nrro My ziaaane J];eKJJ[Cl;paWOl ~eK!a H,eMa na ce nponasaar sa rtna Ta aa. BeJIHK'Ooyra.p'HTe ]1, ro HJnamaJre J1 ro H3HeSepHJIe BO CBOKTe :B,eEaJba. Ho IEp OTKB B'6BIIHH, Jliyf,e~ ~eaJD1tCTM .H 3a,[6n:vAeHlt'" 0)11; BeJIHKOI6,yrapHTe, 'KarKBH IlITO ce nO'KaJK·i,a Jlyr'eT'O 'Q)Jj, '1.e-' TaTQ aa YHTepoq)J;fQepOT l\II.Hj1aJI lIIa~apoo:, ;ROM o,ea ce npo-BJleIUJIe EO Uy)ra,j CIAO BO 1'9101 ro~a,~ npOTI!B 'T3KBMTe 'roj.

nocranyaaure ,S,eJIH.KOAY'WHO, r.11 ,cHa6,tty:aawe 00 nposxaxja AU 6yrapC'KaTa rpanmia 'M fH HCTIip3K,ame co nopaIXa J.lpyrnaT na He ee 3arcpaltaaT' 00 amTalV'l1ja Ha BeJrJ4'Ko6yrapHTe,i KOJ! :R HocaT ::UIO aa MaK'enOHJ1j a,

Ho seJIJ1K06y:rapMTe ce ~lIaBKcTtma IIOAJlH .M lKeCTOKH. }l{.eCTOKOCT,a e HHB.HH apryMeuT'. T'J.1e ro I]OTBrpAHj.a Toa co' l\'fBuCOBHH1:'e IIOJlllITH'tJXH y6HC'DBa HaA MaKre,!ltOHQH M3.BpmeHM rOA "HHB _" cpencnao co lKoeTKe HaC110jYEaa Aa ro ITOp06aT' MaKe~ .n,OHCKH'OT Hapo)J;.B,o "H.JIJ1H!,l(8!HcK.a~ errorrej a" I TO :1/4 na 'M' no ;npyrH 6POllYlPH, ce CpeKBBaaT iOIDlCH na jK,eCTOlOO-CTH BPIlJleHH o~ B,eJlJfKo6yrapt1iTe,. C.TIHCOU~H·re Ha MaKeAOHn;,M~ BID Byr,armja, IU110 ce naofaar OffneqaTemr DO lB. "",n;06pOBOJle~u; 'KOj J1:3ne,ryStillll',e' 1945" 19,410 .lK 1'9,4:7' f'O)l;mfQ, npeT'CTaByBaaTlHps H3 Ca;,n;H3MOT Ha, Bemmoooyra.pM'Te,. }K'OOTOKDCTH IIl"FO TpB'5a na 6.11'" .![,aT O~Ma.3J];reHJI CaMO 'Co meCTOKO-CTJf. Ii H3 apeeero C~aHCEil rMOJ£e.n na ce cnp8BJI co 1Be.Jm.Ko6'yrap~HTe 'CaM"O co JliecTOKOCT }( 'DO ]KeC'I1QKOCT rK HaTepaJI ;n;s. -rpenepar mor,a ICe IIO~ MH,C'JIe·JIe na j a. nO)mHyBaa.T 6,yrapCK,a.Tat rp8HH1JI,a s.aIUJ;nSA Ep:3

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BOo 1902 rqAHHa BenHKr06-yrapHT-e ca~Kaa ;pja .rJ1~ n.p:H!H~a.T ceaamrre eo norpwm::tm:J1Te peonx lIaCJ1:JI!a-AS, BOCT,ooaT. 11 ryK8, "MeRO" Ca.fI!)JiaIFI!ClOrj.a npoj 8By.Ba oBod a~a --;CTHxlfj a cnpesra ne'J'lHK'ooyrapHTe'" otOH rn: OHS H pa,3,DuB.a -I{ ,rH IiOHH no ne-

_ THTe ere '~O 6yrapCKaTa - !lpB!lUII~a .K lHe'~fa ,AB ~ce -lcrvull~J!!_ce - 1I.,o- _ JjfeKa !H'e TH IUI_JlH D\OiMJ.1HaTH :H,a 6:yr~cKa Teplf'TopKja.

Ha 6 ,QBFylCT 1902 rO!D;M.Ha., CaH.QaHCIKiH e no -rp,arHTe tra IJOpyt:IHKK'OT Capa~KlJ1ll0B, oc}»1u;ep aa 'oyrap'CiKaTa apl.IHj a, ,nyT aenpajaren, HajHe.noMHpnHB I.t:a)pe~o'peIJ;J' tHa xoro ne6H My Tp'enHa~o .HH OKOTO rAa J.f',cnomOJle 'nOJIOBJ1l:Ia MaxeA'QHU)1, IOH,~:ejkH spraane DO Yl\I[OT nra .lteJI't{em~ Ka:K1O WTO If CaMHOT ce H3pa3YBSlJJl aa IBpre.Me Ha. npeTfK81baT8, ~I,e'fy .D;eJI"!es, H oQJHu;epare EO BOeHHoTr IKJIyfi. TOl re HCTHQT IUTO CI-I ~,03:BOJIH 'TOr,am na Nty YAP'H IDJI.aJKaHH.qa Ha l.ne.nqoo, 38l nrm Ha, B:peMeTO I111- CaTeJI'OT A~H CTPa.IllM:MHPOB narnnna ,PaJCi:1Q83 nQ.A HalCJI'OB, .,..ill.:rr2.KaHJ1qa.Ta'£. Toram )l;:eJI,1Lre'B HS,BaJJ;lfJI - (KaMa, sro ro yJUlMJ] caxo co paxxara, a Ca.H~aHCKH lIrIy !peKOJI: ,,3,a tunaxanxna [ac 3leMal!t ;:{ym'a xora li,e ja I1!peMIHH:eMe rpaaanara", EBe cera 'Boa CaH!Z{aHeKH My ce BJtB!Jl;,e 'CJIyqaj' J];a eM ro 1Ki8]Kle 360 ... pOT Ha n1:8JKe.nt0HCXa T8PHTOPKj a. ,nOpYqffHKIOT CapaXHROiB" CoO CBO;j.a ra l{leT,8, t5ewe ee !p'a1cnOJIO}KJ%['JI BIO M'eC'HOC1',a CnOR'OB,

rrpecJ1'aiB~Kora J];!l'J3Ha ,il;eKa e' TO,j~ CaH;J;aHCKH' n:naJtlIH,a OJ]!; B036y;m;a M Ny .:nP'e'JWtOlKH Be'~Ham JJ:~a. Ice npe,u;·Me. OToK,aK]O :~o~ r~H orxaa, DelVHawrro~ toop6a '00 Hero.. ,BOTe-XOT C'aMO :Ha ,FliEa xsea Itj'Op6a Ca.paKJIlHOB 6eme pa_3,l5:HeH. He MeCTQtno o~ 6oP5aTa naztaaa meeT AYllIK 'qleTHM1.ll;M. o;n; HexlOBaTaqeTa, a, CaMJ10T CaparKHHClB, ce cnaCHl 100 6eI1CTBo.~ 32l'e~O' co H,errOBpe,.!(~ H [paHeTHTe~ oer,ajiJI KOH ~yrapcKaTaflPaJH'Hu;a.

Bo IC'. XPC'OBO, D'eTPM,q!{O, ee nojaBlfJI H:eKo:jaw: xaneran I'eoprx .. O'TKarKom;o ~03Ra. TOa" Ca.n)J;aHCKJ( Be;DtHam ce yna'fJ;T K()lH MlecrorronolK,fiaT'3. ,HaKaneTaiBOT H My np,8!TJ4 JlI3B,eCTYB·aH,e lBeAHalll )Jl;a. ee Bp.aTtl BoE'yrapHja~ OJ];,K\at,!J;E!' IllTO ~onrOJI He._ RaRer H 6e3 ,;:E{OOEDJI.a Ha 3a;m;rpaHHlIHOTO npeTCTaBHlfllI"DBO na O]:H"alDf3,BU;t1ja:rra.. C,aH~CKH' My nopaxyea Bep;H:aID ~a ja Haftyu:rrPf ;MaKe)Jl;,OHQXaTa 3,eMja, 3~UIITO ,8JKO FO 3aBapHB'I] XpeOEO, MaB .Ke ro C'110pH. 11 aaneraaor, B,e:;D.HaIII O'T'lKarKO re ;!tOOK nlI1C·'~' P.UJPO'.~ Ha ·e:)JIteH 3~JID eM NI' 'CTeI'.HB on~HTie Ji( co IcrpamwTo He Mlom,e .o;a ce omnne j a. n.pe;MJ~H.a., 'Ty-PCKO-IOyTapC'KaT,aEp8.HM'" IJ;.a H mI ce'npeT!C'I'8.E:H ua, CiBO,Ffl'ie rocnonapa 160 Cocj:rDIja" 'Ha KOM. i1lt! pacxaaea sa esaperrocre na Ja..He C.aHJl;8!HCKM:I' l)X~eKa '1'O'j j a yHlfIlITHJl H 'Ca:ParKHlImB,3TQ 'qlera.

3a _K'aneT.aH~O'r_CTOjaHDB H'BMa. Tj1'1Ka llITO ~a ce -3,OOpy:sa .

C~C!KH" e;AH'lWl EO' ,D;YIDHHqa, nyxaa IIO, nero, .HO-.He MO'" 1K~eme ,M- ro l'Joro;IltH., 3a. :K'aIleT·a:tfOT C"TOjanoB, orj:rMltep o~ 16yrap.cKttT8 a!pM:tIjla.) HH roaopa noeror JaooPOB, BOCBDj,BT.a IR!IHra ,~Aj~qK.M. KOIIoe,m:M"75, xoj-ocTaHyBa i];a T8fy:Ba sa 2-9~Te ;n;y1U1l--

11 29-Te 'Ma.HJIHXepOB,H nymKH. CaH)l.QHQ'KH, 'lI'eM,i, ;ala rH rrom- 7'e.!V1 THe' 29 ;:J;.YJWf BeJIHKooYI"apH nop,a,zJ;HD;nm.n:MxepaBHTe nynr-

KH, ~aK'O 'WTO ce H~pa.3YB,aJaBOpOB ~ rropann HHBHHTe nywKlil n011pe6iFm na QpirmIH3~j a'Ta ..

Eo e03HaHMeTO, H& BBJEHKo6yrapHTe· Ca.H)]l .. aHcKH 6,ewecra~ nan qOlBeK()j.~le.q;. Bcynraocr, "roj 5eme .HajKpOTtKHOTt HQjOJIar It HajiHenpl~eHL1fJf03eH' Ham MaJKe~He~. Toj oew8HawH'0T .Haj~ :~KJI! MaK'e1_ilOKICKM cOHapo~, Ha.IUHOT .Hajcn:a:TKO,p;,yMeH CO~ TO'BOp::HJm')1 H31ll""JilfOT Hajxpa6ap 3,amTMTHHK. TaKoB ,oewl8 TOj ynrre 0)]; n'OqeTOK!:OT~Kora npsnar erann 1]3,0 peBon:yItK0HepHaTa Op]na.Htf3aIJ;Hj at, H 'TaKOB tCK oerana ~o K;pa.j err na eBoj OT (]8eH: .. HeroBaTa }Kec'TOKOCT'~ xamoUIm aeke o)]l6e".JIlemYDa.lli1e nOB,TQ_p'"

!Ill _ .. _ f!

HO, ee rrpojaayaanre llPOTJm, HaMepaTa H.8l OHHe nrro p;oaraa..

AS Ice aanaraar Hap; H,erOB·MO'r' :HapO,lJ;J' na My [a O;ll\3eMBrr 3€l1.Iljara ~,~ ~a 1'10 aCKMH.."IIHpQ,aT.

3a C~aHCRri ce lIIl1paT IElY.ItH.K JlE,ereH;lI,H. IO):t '91 cerrrexBPJf 1'9,44 I'O~H(j1. HaB,3.MY cei:1!3BpW,leHJ1 :rroeA,KHeQHM rrcaaacynaa.a sa He'IDeMOT ,crrapT,aHCKJ.1AYX Ii: ce .n;,~eHH K,apa'KTapH'cTMKH WT-O TO B03,D;maaT 'HeOOBOTO 'J:tME!'. C,aH~aHCKH, J3,e-JIaT .HeKOl-i. HerOlBH A,pyrap'H~ He e COIzytjaJIHCT" He e a.HapXlHCT', a ce 3,aO-~ OHKOJlj7'Ea npeltJ1nmo o.u; 'elITe ,c,n060A,OMJ1;CJleq;:J{H JIyre, O)l CJ!rre JIOrOpH; ee xarepecapa sa IDIBIHKTe pa36Jip'atLa~ ru IIp'J1B~~9KyBa M rH l\eHH nOipa~ ffi'fBHaTaroTOBHOC_T' ,Aa. yl\\lJ+fpaaT aa O:CJ]O- 60l[{MT,emroTo ;m;eJIO HB MaKe',~HHja. K THe HaIrWCTHH,a, ~rn:IJaaT K,aocO Haj~OCJIle.PlHH ~ejlJ;" sa npH1U.V4flHT,e· na peaorrynao.HepHQTa 6op6'a )j K.aKOHaj)J;ocJIeAHH npOT.HB i,BeJIHKo5yrapH3-' J'1.IOT Ii aeroaara .B:pYH8, IIpOTHB BeJIHKo6y.rapCKJ10T' lUOBHHl1'" 3aM'.,

Bo ,AeJIOTO ~,KmII"a 38. ByrapJolTe''; AHI'OH CTPawJrmu.J!pDB~ OM,le'JIHO o,~ He'r,OBl1Te HenparB11J1HH H HeTO'9lHH cnOipeA5~'1 (3;8'" M,a.j'H::M ro CaH,qaHIC'KH sa 6yrapcKH 'T~ln)" HM TO OpeTC'FaBYBCl CanmaHCKn ;KaKO !HajKpYITHaTa, rpHryp,a, 80 MaK~OHCKP1Te Kp;oo 8aBH 6op6J.r.~ xoj ,Hrp,a JreKJIyqHTeJIHQ y.n:or:a H KOMY C"@ rooT'''"'' t:.I.HHYBUT .nyfe co BHOOKO 06pa30Ba.HMe .M: ICO Ml1JIH,aH'Ji 6oI",a..T~ CTBa,KOI1l My CTaHy:B,aaT 'qeTHHQM H KOH ee O)zyIllesyBaa'T 0).](

'H:erOBKOT rnpOlmlK~MB DHTeJI'~KIT~ ~.';6- - _ -_-

J,CTPOf BO IIap~p:IH1KTle CMeTKH IKaRo ra6p1J.B,CKlK xo .. TTooap, namyaa IIOHaTaNty AH'roH 'CTpaImfMJipOS, CM;tJ;aH'CX,l[ pacrro..iJ:ar.aiue-oo 'JiJIjl,~H~---fA8H-oqHH 05BP.3HH~:t- a HerO:BHTepo~MT'BJUt e)J;HonOAPYFO yMHpaa, E.O M}I,3epYI.j.,a., eaurro TOj H 'CMm01" ce Ko.ne6ame Aa lKyoyna sa cefiecx ~KomyJIIH H. rakH OA peB,Q,JIYQJf:OHetpHHTe napx, Toj 6,eme· ;HienOMKpJlHB co xose-oorre CJr.aI60CTl1:" He6a.pe J];JIaIOOKO rn -qYBcmYBame, 6ew:e MaK,eptOHeo; 'EO Tloj O)JtHOC: co KpB ro .H3Dwrn:B8!1Ue cexoe nOTKYUHHlliTBO HjUI[ C,eK'C)e' Hapymy,BQtbe Ha opraHH3a.q&10HHT,eIIapH H aa TaKBn 'CJIY't!aH loewe eM 'CtOG.Aan cnaaa aa H:eYMOJIHB 'CY~H!K:.'u,

Alrr.oH CTpaUllfMHPOB semr HaT.aJliry AeKa HeKOj rroer (Ja~ BOpOB. - 6JH.) ~ lKoj 6HJI: aaspeaea o~ CaH;D;aJHCKl:l, nynrran r .aac nexa .BHa,Tpe BO ,Ma.K'e;AOHJ1ja ce HaoraaT neurrepx nOJIHJ1 co 'LtoaetIKM ·l{OCKH na JIYfe 't1CrenWHJ1' o~ CaHA8JHeKl1 .K ,!leKa TOj fJIaC ce npenopRJI DO ne:reH,A,Q_ xoja Ice mrupe.rra epene 6yrapcxsror HapOA. n

Beynraoer, roj rJI,aCHe H~e aa lHl1'!K,axOB, tlDfPOK. npMeM cpene 15yr~pC'KHOrr Hapo):t,. JmatKy O'K.'OJIY C'B.H..nr'aHCKH HeMaw:e ;n.a ce B-praT' TOJIKYM:Ji[Ha KpHCT,aJllHK I1HTe'JrJ1,reHTHH 6yrapcKM

76 K'U.u~a 3,1'1 ObJ1Zapu.Te, CO¢'I'IR~ 1918, C'ilp. 95-96.

11 ]IJ!CTOTO.

JJyte', .ROM 3a,eAlHO [co :Hero ce Dope,a, aa lKHBOT J( C:NIPT rrponrn, meJIHKlooynapcKKOT IlIOIBKHK3aMH XOI!, n,o;ztHecYB,aj!kH ro 080- JOT 3aBeT .KOU: 6yrapoKHOT aapon, ro nOTlKlaHYBM ;0;[8. rH rroeneif;yrBa" yl\fifpajb£ 3ae:AH.O[ reo M3lKe)J;o~'Te Ha nO\3HJ.U;lHTe Hat lrI,axe~OHCKaTa He3a.BHCIHOCT.

3.a C~aHC'KH HaBJ;[CTKHa ee aocea H: ce mrm;yDaa q;y-' .necBI{ JIereJF;:t,H~ He ce 360prys,anre MHory !}f, HHKaKlO He ce :ID1 ... nryaanre QA erpaaa Ha 15yra~e :HroJttH Jro·BKHapH 3,3, He'"" roBaTa 3arpH>KellOCT') npe)JtU3BHKaRa OA BIHa'DpellIH!KTle' npx.o ... BHCTyl, ~OH ja npoeoirapa Opr.aHlw,3aqJfjaTa 100 pemeHJIja,Ta H3. mecnseeeere npo'BOXaToPH na xeno co H9a.a rapBaJHOB 3R BOC-_ T[aHUe era ,HJI~eR, npnfipaaao H B'O KO:pK!CT !}fa epXOO3H3Jl.liOT:

sa W1'lO Cmr,UaHCKH 6eme ja nO~lB'CTBJ7lEan l"OJIeM,aTaOA,roBop"" HOCT' Ha nyre:ro oA MaKEI,D;[,oHCKaT,a :BHClTP@umocT. H, co no:MOWTa sra ,lI,HMO' ,Xal.JH )l;HMOB H na nejo J[&B;OPiOB,TOj ce !Ha),feB,a.w[e ,A8 "lJry rrOMOrH,e aa )1;eJIqe:a )lj"a ;ce' npO!MeH,arr Tit,e IIpJiIOP3arHH peweHHjsj,KOM He JW~ea rC)I[enK!a za peaJIHHTe nlOJK~ H__DCTH He: e.AHol peBOJIYQUOHrepHO ABHlKelELe. C,aH~"aHICKH, saaenre 3,8. 'TeIIIKHTe nOCJI1~ll1JI[ o~ THe pem1eH'I1ja, ROM 6ea ~OHec'e'HH co nerr .It.a lee naaece Y[Aap' B.p3 MOpaJll:HH,Te~ Te~HTe

H CPH3l(ql"({!Jf -,C'KJ'IH aa O:PI'"a.Jm3aI.\Hj~Ta. -T[oj HMame-IOC:H~a ,zta aepysa so M!'SlIleH',aTa aa TH~ 'pemeHJt:j'a" 33JW"]r;o arraenre ,!J;eKa BJIau:J\,BTa, no ropHOliJlYMa.j.CK.aTa aBaHTypa na .reaepazor U,o}i: aea ISiO 19102 ro~aJ BY :6eme' CBp'THJIa---Tp6'-Ha B-PXOBJlcTJ?re- ,:M HM3aIIDpe 'CemaH:B,H napK"l:fHH epe)J;lC':RSa. Ho TYKa C.ruHl"OaHCKH

ee 3aI6JlY;rlYBame. 3:anH]JalbeTO aa ,n.apM'lHJ~ ICpe:)ltCTBa 6eme 'c'aMO npHB~HO, nopanx n:PWI'H'CC)rltOT Ha AKDJIO'MaTlfj ara, Toa fireme 3a6p8HeTO OcpHIV1jaJIH.o~ 'HQ TajHo .fH .nOMPlKYBanIle iBHa~ TpeWHMTe BpX"UttU11CTJ1 EO JIHIJ;eTO[ aa ltBaH r[8JpBaHOB H il-Ia .He~ roeara KOMIIamrjat BOJIUQ[eTO .lila 'M,arTOB H p;-pX1Pl1i.CTO T:a,~ -rapxea, iKOH 6ea 80 ,BPQK.a,~ Opj lUeCTO'DO aa HHlBH'OTQ 3aTOltlelntCj,

co UK pamOBO~eH OlA I'apaaaos. Byrapcaara BJI8)l;a He ja aanpe HI1Kaoco cmojaTa mjlH.a. a.rHT,auJl1ja clllPeMa 'C06,JIa3eHiVITe J1yt'e OlIt ra,pBS!Holnr,OT UK sa OCJIOoo.o;YBalhle H8 MaK1ep;omrja npexy IBOefi8. HFET[ep.B9HqHja o~ erpaaa aa 6Yf',apcKaT.a J!;p1KaBaJ norpal,!tJ1 nrro CTaHa. Jl I1JlJ1H)::teHrcKOTo B~aJHHe.

Ha.CKOpO, Me.ryToo" CaH;AaHCKJl paafipa AeKa ce HaJ]araJIO paaroayaarse aa MaKe,ltOHCKHTe' PijJyDIns.a 00 Byr,ap11j a; IKO:U flea nOIIa~HaJIe nCA .B.nHjaHJ1'[e H.a BpxOBMCTHTle l'Ji:I aa .nyreT.J on 'BpXQBiHJ10T KO:.\UlfTeT nexa THe loea. !BeKe lHenOTpeOHM "3.a. B .. TIaJ)l;.a Ta.;: sanrro, nOp8JI.~1 npMpO:AaT,a, na pa6oTaTa, TIl'e j a. KOM~ npO'lfHTMpaa npen Ha,)U30pelUHHOT [C·BeT'. [CaH)l;,aHCKH pa36pa ne-

18*

K9. BeJI~Kd6~l'rapJi[T\e 6ea FO'lEM)iB.JIeK.n:e TpojmrCKMOT KOlb no ·.IIJPyr nar, H: 'Toa IBOC'le;n;rJ'HIlT1eTO na Max.e~oHHja -~ OOJ!l.YJI. C,~aHoCR:M ja anaenre l~eH,aTa . .a·a Tl4e pentemrja. He ce pa6oTB. 'CaM:O 33 HenOiqHTYBalhe'DO aa Ca[MIM(ltr It "eJIlIfe:B mora ce 'THe ltOHie ... · ceHM ·6e3 .HerOBO 3HaelEbie M C'OrJIDBlOHOCT'r He ee pa:f50TYI H 3,8 uaspenara aa mja TOJIKY enerH'llHOS,OOpyBa ,Jaaopon.3,a Hero EO O)Jl Hero tlIamrm.aHaTa aeroaa 6HO.rpSlcpHja ... 7S JJ;eJP:IeB Ii![ IC,a.H~ ~,aHeKH H norope Ha.cnOM!HaTHTe HRBlIK APyrapH J.m1!aaT npeJ];BHlIl He HaB,pep;a. OJjl JEm1tleH Kapanr.re·p~ Tj?lKY 38. 'reJJ1lKa o~rOBOpHtM:!T He. HB"aM rapBaJHIOIB, ;XO,j" IIO;;m;ae~Y.B·ajlh.( fJ1: THe 16 ~e.neraTH' ~ H3Bpmyoa. JJ:.JIa6.oK. npo6HiS BO peJ];;O:BJ1'T,e nat. Op:ralHl'I3.arJJ;Hj.aT2. Mj',a rtposarrysa rrpea, 01fl{T,e HaF.J\leJ1H'OiT OaJl'KaHCKlH eaer, .rupe!'-

Bopaj]{H ja. :80 npcnaraaaa 3.a BeJ]}IKo6y:ra.pCKH D;,eJIM. -

Bo OOJIjilHiCKMTepeWeHHj a 33. BO-'CT'aHIJ1e, CaHAaH{"JKM :r.neJl:.a :HOBa ~MaHa .z:!tej(:TB,y.BaFh'e Ha 'aeJIHKo6yrapme, Kon YMteumO pa60TeJle npeocy !Bp6YBBJb,e rra CBOM nyr1e ~. rco3.It,anf! COO}[ BHaT]l,eIlrH.H BpXOBflrem., mpaAH WTO Ma.K.e.AoHC·KM;QT· H8- POA 6eme ym~ e~1fa'mHCHlOp'MiCTeH, K.B1KO, BO 1895 rop_:KJHa npeKy Tpajxo :KJ.rr~e.B, RaMO BQ 1.9102 :r.O!l1iHHR npexy re;oHepaJIOT ~t()K:q'BB. Ho :rnaBHatra uen, co -Toa JpemeiHJ1,e 3BBO(! ..... TaHJ1e·J, urro B H30YlB:H3I so aaryer -llU13: ~oJtHHa, cera o,eme il,a ro J1:3HeMOlIf1'H Hapo;QloT" J];ia ce p~rpOOEH[HerOBaTa -opraHlll3aIJ;.HOIaa 'CHJIa.. 'Jf3a~()a;-~~p~ 3Haej kY! rsr uemrre ~a BeJIJlLKQ.;..-loyrapHN., Ca.HJJ;,aH~H oeraua Helc:nD'mOeH .n;:C) ~eBOT 'Kora sa Toa 'Mom:e-me~ lQa liH Hla3H'H lBH;HQBMl1:.~H'I'e (}OCMP''1'"

E):PfHcrB,e:H o~ OOTe H H.ajMHOI'Y 0;0;, JUlyrHTe, no C"MPTT3 aa ,n:eJI:qleB~ CWE(aaHC'Ia1 J];Jla!OOKD ee .3a1MHC.nYBB,TUe sa Cy)l;6H~ RaTa ;Hla MaJKe~GHCI{OTO :)J;eJro~ K TOj r JIe.rtaIll:e· ,rr;eKa -roa ~eJIO ]{e' yerree Ia-~O ICe pasrpae Icrrope~- ~CTO Bu,a-rpeWHH nPJfFIJrJjH .... TIn,. rrpx Ill'TO na ee ;q.yBa cJ[o50~aT,a '3,3, eK.O'HOiM(:!KH~ n:onJfTJ1ll!KJ1. "JUIl:BeH pa3,B'O]1 aa MaJKe~o.HCmHOT HaillO'A H Il!Iia ce tzyB3 M,aKe .. llOHC·Ka.Ta.- oo~a 'ott H~OIPHC~li.aIfile.. 'DJ;)a" MeryToa, OH MO ... · .lKeJH3 na crane caMO KOI"a :MaE:!ealOHcK9tra pei]mJIy~tlHepHa. 6ap- 6'd OM.;ll;,€l npersopeaa I1 .aKO npepaene 'OA .f5opD'a 3,81 a.BTO!HOMH[a sa MaKe~~Huja BO 6opl5a aa ¢eaepa~'Uja. 'Ha 6aJtKCU~CnUT€' 'Ii~apddu. 'IDoj aepyaame aeK,a,. {~aMD no me JlaCllKH MaJKeAoB· ... CXO"OO' )l;,eJIO k.e· YCII1ee m.J]H" mmxy, 'loa. aSMaHH.KJaKO na YCIIee.

,.n;,a ce 'qysa 0)1; paCKHlHyrBa~e Ha TepKTOpKjamraT'a ll'BJIOC'r na Ma'K~p;oIHHja, OMJIO' O~ ICTP,aHa aa 6aJIiKJBJrCKHTe A!plKa:BU DMJlO o~ rOJIBMHT'e CMJrJI" 6ew,e 3aBieTOT rra JJ:e.nqeS OCTaB,ea xa 'C,aH)lPD{CKIH., ,n;,eJ11:{em, 3Ha:e'we sa a'C'IU1:paUHl1!Te 11: na e~HH'Te JI! aa .n;pyrHT,e :H J1r3jrua,ysame:,t,Axo aeaoranr M,~eQ!:loHMja, 6'H-' ne p~e'JIeH,a Mefy ABcrr.po~Y'HrapH'ja H PYCKjia, ,mre C'Me ~IOJ1}K']U1' na ro ;IJiHfHeMe HanmOTMaKe~Q{ffCKH napon ,n;a ItS'ap'a Taa u;eJIa H Hep;e'JIH:Ba Aa ce IIpnooeJJ;,~ .KOiH ellHaTa HJlK APY-' ~'arFa crpaaa, Telp;.KTOpKjaJJ:HO~O P,BICKmHYBaa,e na Maxe,;D;QHHj,Ci :BOAR 1KOH e'ND1"'ilmO pa3;D;,pOOYB8lbe aa HannlOT' Hapo,;D;; KOH paspeTqYBaH;le 'H pacnpenynatse. E.IUUIl Te:PHTOPHj aJlHO p,aCnOKJ:1;'HaTa 3eMj a 11: aapon TIOTeUlKO j a BO,AJ1: CBOj a T8 6op6a 3,aOC'JIO- 6QiAYBaJh!e,. U

)l;'eJIltles 6eme 3aJ]!OBO,JIe:s: oA Toa nrro nporraranmere WTO s.PJIyBa.a 100 ~eceTJIeTHjaBo M,8iKe~OH.J1ja He M01K'ea '_zilla ro aCJ1:rVIJ1'JIHpaaT HanOJIHO lJ..ra(K~)l;o~c~' aapon, THe 00 l\Ily aaaene crpanren y,:t3p axe ycnear ;C;.a [a paCII;OfKKHaT Her0!8aTa.319Mja,.

Err'€!, COToj 3QB1e-T' H co HerOBOTOC03HaHYIe aa y.rroraTa nrro 6J1 -,j a Hrpan,a le.o;Ha aBTOHOMHa, MaK~~j'a,. ICaFI)J;,aH:C~KJi

rM o6eAmIYJ3,amle cHTe~MaKe~OHlP'I M rn1:T'@ npO:Il'ecHBIDr e'JfJDt-BO Byrapnja ILlTO ro 'CHMnaTH3Hpaa OCJl060AHTeJIHOO"O AeJro. Eo oolp6a"T.a Me,fy np.onar,aM~Te .;{ 9praHJf3~jaT',a" 'TOj yerreaawe '.Ila, -rn: HeYTpaJE1'3Hpa T,ecaorpa.;ll;.HTe" a rrporpeceaasrre=ua-

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T-He mTO ;o;oafaa O,A Byrapnja fI BO'[JOMOW na Opraan- 3a~tfjaTa" 'Tpe6aln.e' KeTO raxa a,a [a ccPaTatr ,J( yJloraTa ua Ersepxaj ara, .Q;,exa no lH,ej3HHM.Te BHa11peJllHl1 lmH8lJU1[. ce IllOiT'xpaayaa H ce 3~;pCTYBa BeJIH.Ko6yrapH3,MOT BHa~ lEO Ma-

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O.l( MO'MEHTO'T xora Ca,H,AaHCKM p;03,Ha sa BTOPKOT sarosop npOTMB IOpraHJ(I3,~UJ~J;[jaT~ no 'OHOj - co cnpone,lIJrBa,l:beTO ira 1H6HampelNleIfOT'O l1J]fm;;!Jt'aHC'E:!O BOCTaHJ1e, OA TOj MO'MeHT 'Toj fH rrpoBepyBalIIe H npoyiitiysame' gaMepHTe 'H!a u,t{a6pOHaM,epm~e'u, KIOX npojasyaaa 6ap.a,Fba Ita AOj,;n;aT Aa. B rro'Mol-HaT \Ha, 'OpraHK3aI.{HjaTa. IOI.n; 'Toj MOMeHT' 'Tojr ja npojaax H 3aOCrrpH c'sojlan 6Y.[QHOCT H l(mojaTal 6opoe'HaJroTo-BHocr. Taa 6Y)J;;HOCT ce ~Jl;5eJIe1KYBa ynrre rKa apexero o;J; erpaaa rra HeroBUM l]pJ{jaTe.n~ 6yrapClKKClr uoeT Tlejo ,JalBOPOBt KOj -mrwyname aa nperrraamesocra Ha. Jane EO csojara ~fra "AjlJitY1mtu K:OnHe}KR(~ .,Bo Hea, ITOIKpaj ,1JQPYro~o, CT,()JJf H osa:

:I'; EtBe" My BeJIH J'aBOPOB Ha CanAaHCKH', KaJIT9T,aJHOT CTO-

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IT. ,JaBopOB, '(l,877~1914)e' rroer, Toj: ce Q)jt~rI1IeBM O)l; 6op- 6aTa na MaKe~OHCKHo.T napozr no ID!Huja sra csojara pOMaH'" TIttKa. M:3Ma1:{eHHTe 06Pa3,H" ·crp9.Aalh,aTa aa TOj napon _, ro npJ1BJ][eK~l'B,aaT JaB,O-POB ]it: TOj [a np;,6e'JIeJKYBB, :w: M3pa3YBa. CB'OjaTa BIIeqaTJIJmOCT,. ~HCYCTBOTO Ha JaBOPOB EO pep;OBHTe aa neaeramnrre e BJ1C~HCKO 3,a,pjOBo.meTBO 38 paKOBOAWTe.RHTle ;ua IOpraHH3at.tHjaTa. Op; 3H31Ie1b'e e K aa CR1\010T loe}JleH HapOA, Rod ja rJIe~a eau1!40JKprBaTa Ha - le~e.H HHTeJlHT',eHTeH Byrapna, ~ojiA,eH. sra y:MHpa. sa neroaara C'JIo6M'.a. JaiB0POB, ICTaHyBa ano ... 'CT'OJI H Ma",eHHK sa IHHBHa,Ta [K,aY3,8. Ca,M:K()T J,asOPOB e y6.e·p;e'H ,lJjeKa e TOj lIJIaH aa ~a nporpeczana opraaxsauaja, MaKe ... AOHCKa HaQ;H,OHaJlHa no (Il'OpM,a" c)Jep;'epaTHBHa no COAPJKmra. Toj aaae .qeKa JKJ.mOTOT no. OpraIDf3.aqMjI,aTa e 'TemOK M ro npncl>aI{,a KpCTOT 'H8. Ma,t:n~aHlllTBOTO BO rnren na BPXOBHcTMTe" KOJt

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ro ,pa3Ee,ZJiYBaaT O)l. CeJlO i)tO ICeJJ10H My ce 3axaHYB3,aT AeKaJ. ICe I'O y'onja:r aKa He ce PSllIJ{ JJCa paoornsae,.[tJ[o co tum 38 Byrap,nja " sa fIQTq]{HYBalb,e Ha Opramesanxjara nOJ;: aonjara HEt HJfB'l!D[QT AP~,eH I"JIa1BaTap.

E'l'e" ('&TO TOa" ro H3,ltMrHa ,JU'OPOB 130 o'tU1Te na :p:aKOBOAHTem1T'e H Ha IHapO)l;,OT' H BO IOpiraHI13tu.:~Prj·a.Ta., ltI TO] e U'30paH sa ~:JleH Ha CepC'KHOT OlKpyJKe'H pesonyuaoaepea KO'Nl1f,TeT U T,j'lKa, xora Jce noxae oo:p1oa.Ta Mefy a eJ][P!K!OO'Y rapsrre H OpraHJ1:3ru::p:ljaTa, O:Dl, BMCO~JilHaTa .Ha T'Oj IIOCT TOj ,EIOlfHYBa ;l]Ia FO 3,an:.nawyDa, C~K co OCT',aBKa axo ce no,[tHrne nplaDlalbeTO sa OP,QTOyOncTBeH9.Ta'u (K~H,.). A TOj" 'CaB--.AaHC'KH" He'erIa: ... iKOjmtOT .......... cnoEojHo My O;ntrOBap,a: "Bpe, .::ope, ]lie .J.DI ~ ~ • 3aTJ1e JIYOeHH't,li,apH He ce :Ka:pa!\II!"SO JaBOPOB rmp·OTec ... , Tupa II:pY.rME Ji{IBCTOrKoCTa !Ha CaHAaHCKH" .HO cerrax 90 ICBOjOT 3aKJ'IYQ'OK 3,8 Hero TIJi:lIlIYBa: "Ho, Hl~JC~pO'TJ1 TOf3nm:HTe rrenpxjaTHocTM, HacIIpOTH [I0~O~;HemHaTa ~ejHa, OlIp,a3,at, CaHfJj.,aHCKH ne CT8Jia npe,A MeH€! DpH Ka!EO faaonor. IC'THXH'OKaT,8l eaeprnja, rpa.HHTHaTa ynopH.Q.C'F" iHen:,epoj aTtHaTa BIOJ]j a, Ha TOj 'tJlOrB,ex ee .. xoram .Me BOCx.HTyBa:a. IIp:w Ma.mxy nOB eKe tC,3J.'lOCIlOjiHB. WfICJ[a~ Tpe3Ha \a.M:6HIlI"Ja H pa350pHH cpetWCTCs.a, T-oj 5lJi1! OJ1JI ep;,eH ~~

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3,a p,a36;KBal:DeTO HB xerara Ha xaneraeror Croj arHOB o~ erpaaa aa JaRe CaHJJ;,aHcKH nHfIIYlBa H Xp~n'~TQ. CHJIj aHOB BO' CBOj ara Kml'ra "OcJI060~emD1Te 6op6H ~a MaK'e)J;O:HHj a '. 'u ••• KaneT,aHOT 'CTOj aHOB rrpe3'e.Die 'r-OJIeM IIDXO,III BO lVIeJlH'JittKo, penrea oaojnar )l.a ce npecsrera ,;D;e'cPl1HHTKBHO co CaH)l;aHCKJ1. Heroaara a~ja, 'MerYT'oa, 3,aB,pwH co BHCTHHCKH norposr. Ha 7 arrpnn 1.'905 .OOAKHa c!oe~~nleTHTe B,pXOB,Hi:T')l'iKH '~f'eTH" xaj c. K8llD1Ha, nononaaa aa 3a!C'e,Jl:a nOCT'aB9i.Ht\ Ol-t JMre C,aM,llaH'CKH M6ea ~C'Ferr,aHM J1JIH aapofiean, CaMHOrT xaneraa CTOj aHOB, .f5em,e paaer JI{ ycnea na ce cnaesr, a 37 AyillJf OJ]; He ... roaara ql~a - 06e3QprYlKeHH 11:. npaT'eHH 38l:A rpQlHJ1qa.,",!3l

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ss Xp. O~HHf)B, OCBo6oduTeJtu'UTe o,op6u t!a ,AlIa1CechmuRJ T.. II, COCPM:B~ 1943:" CTp. 3.74.

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npHlm 'COBe'TH OA 'oyrapc'KaTa BJ:Il',~a. -

Bo BPcKa ec-rrpamarsero aa -MeCT-oTQ aa -KO~-pe'C-OTMefy ,Ae'JIer.amT,e ~oji~e AD' nOAeJIY'B,aJh8'. 3 a .III,a j ,8 H2JIOJKH CBoj.aTa aM6~j,a~ ,ll:lat,Me' H HaTaMY Hacrojysame. -T'aKOBH3JIe39 11 CaH~ ;r3HCiKH,- rropaznr nrro QPF',BHH3,aItMja,TR cnpOTM _ moarpeco'I' ee. H,aor,ame np~.:a; rrparor xa pacuen, 3,amTo, npauraa.ero aa Mec'TOTO Ha. KOHrpeCOT ee noxaaea Ba.JKlHO H OJ]; ,3HaQeJf:l.e aa 'JIRTaMOII.m}fTe '~HOC:}I '!",refy .BJIa,,I'CrHU'TexpyroBH 1'1 .nyr eT 0' H8 Opralnf3a~aTa B,O 'Co-cpHja 11 rrpexy rpaasna, Ho TO,j cnop I'D paapenrx f'op'ie. T'oj 3e)l;:e 360p 111 3,5-opYBame EO ~yX'OT' Ha HeonxOA.IIOCTa '0)7;, 3a'lfyB'yraatbe Ha opr,aHH3aUHtOH'OTO ,e~HH("'THO. CBOjOT rOBOp TOj 1'0 npoaaaece O~!apeH,O H BHJ1:MaTI2'JIHO H, JB;O"H'T~peC na ;3aQYBYB,aIbe rI-Ia roa Opralm3.3Izy1(j(HfO ,e,:[tt'll{'C'TBO~, co 3al\<IOJJH' )l;aM:e~ A,a Hie' rH ltraHJ1,¢eCTMpa CBDHTe BpCKH COO H:S,clJE r,apBaHOB, A,a paexane 00 Hero, rrpa InTO lBO, 3 alVleH,a H8 TOS l,~eCTOTO' na KOHrpeCOT ce orrpenenyaa ,p;,a CTMue' Ha 6yr.apcK.a TepJf'I~opHja, a ee rapaarapa J:I npercenareacrao na KOHTpeC'OT"

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Co y6HC'DSOTO H ce aanece CMp1"eH y;ttap aa Be,JlHK.,o6yrap .... csara nponaraIEIA,a BO' Maxe)J;oHJ4:ja. Ho cp!ep~aH)lt" KOj cnoe ... rue, 3a~ Tom paKQBO!Il;CTBO, He nonYWTH npea o,6e3,rJIaBYB,aa,ero. Toj'J1, He:r()lB,H'l1e' :seJPJ.1lKo6yrapclKH cnym J!J'C"l'a,KHaa aa :BOAa.1lJM JJiPym CepBM'JlJIDf JIJlI.~~a.., n,aJl_H8THT,e 6ea 3"arvIeH'eTHO~ n03Ha'n1Te Qrr'DpTYHHCTH}[ ':mpe,n;arBH!I11rpt X'p'HCTO MaTOB, H JJ;-fP '>::PK'CTO TaT,ap-

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91 Cnope;ri Ji'CKcUKYB3H:!aTa sa Paq,aMn :XmrnCH.

xen. Toram KaK'O OT90peH arear HB:s,eJIt.fi{:Ooyrag;l:W.31dOT H Ha, ue:r013B1Ta Kp,YHa sa cneaara H3JlQ3'e H IIeTKoI1,eH.QeB, ,K:Oj BO H,D!H3JTa, rOJ]tHH,a.CTaHS 1.[J]eH: 'sa IJ~K Ha MaTOBaTa :BMP'O. Tor,am HOBJ1:Te rBO)lta'lH rrotmra,a _p;a ro H3;:t;aJBaaT Jf B. "J{JD1H.D.,eH"" aa qHj ~ nrro ype.AHHK 6em,e onpe;l!teJIeHO ,~eTO' BaCJUI flaCKOE" nos ... H,aT np.KCBojyB,a1l sa Hspo.n;:HHTe napH 'HaJ.lleHeT.H sa nOJ1HTH"LI'" K'MTe 3anopeHHQK o.n; CK.OnCKKOT3aTBOp j,jKYPWYMJIH ... ax". ~YJIOr,a.Ta Ha OfBOji jBeCHHK H rnellWUlTero na ~eJIOxyDHl'rM 6y-, rapcKH rrexar sa H,e:rOBHTe 3aAaum ce OmwIaJliJ1I BD .BTOPHOT TOM OJ], "J~JIJ11H.AreH'c!KaT.a, enoneja'''.') OnillTeCTlEf-YOTO ll.{HeID1.e BO' Byrapnja e H8 erpaaera Ka. 'Op',raHH3,aItHjaTa.HSlpoJli,OT ,,n;03Ha Jl;eK8 CapacpoB H I'apsaaoa ce y5HeHH napa)J,H npJ(~nHleJnlQr npenaacrso Jr' BO BojH,a co O'pramt3~jaTa. Ho Ta.a BojHa He

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Beynrsoer, JDI1LIHHOT leJleME!HT lII:rpaIUre YJlOraBO nO'ID1TI1J1- xara Ha - B,eJIHKo6yrapHTe, KOM ji a H'I\!~'aa YlOBoe'HO TaKTJ1lKaTS, 38, KOpH\CTelbe 'Ha 'Ql~,eJIHH Max.e;r.toH::qH, no6yrapreHJ1 ap'~'liD1t1: lH H'En:oC"seTeHH '00 HHB'HilT,e' rpa6e~HJ1-q:KJ1' 3aMHCJIH aa MaxenollHja. Ilpexy H3HpmyBaa.e HB JIWlHHOT eneMe'HT, 130 1893 1"0" ;Ii1;HH3 BeJl.KKol6yrapHTe ro y6Hj a r;.D1HHCT,epoT Be'JI'qen BOHHB" HHOT o6,HA, ;It,,e. 110 y6Hj aT reT,. rCT'al'l60JIOB.MaJIKY IIop;OQHa THe J'O yoxj,a, H CTaM6,JIOB" M.HHnCT,ep-DJperece~aTe'JI HaB,yrapHja.w CJ4Te n~ y6HCTBa BO Byr,apMja, CH'-'re alB,aHTYP'H apnreHM O.D;, 'BeJDIKo6yr,apltTe:, c,e ee HSRpm,eHM npeKy .Jm1ieH e ... me~n~HT'. tlhftlHHOT e.n,eM'e'HTO/l; JYYMneHH3,HpaHH ,J]yre urpame lBO OTIlll'DeM ,CTBO'I'O eAHa HeFa,THBH.aYJl'Ora 'fIroryfura aa npaSH,JIHHOT' lID ...

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saar u~ejHH I103KqIm H Illp~rm 3a.ujpT8iHH 'So npoln;esor Ha eK!OH:o.,.'\f!C'KMOTM IIDJIHTHTJKHOT' pat3.Bcd 'Ra ep;tm HapGA, CTaHaT na 6op6a sa H3BOjysalhe 'Ra COIICTBeHa,Ta cJI06o~a, KalOOB nrro e CJI~ajoT co M3lKeAaHCWfOO" Hapotll;.

O:Jt raa KaTeropHja ,nyie JIHl.I'eH ,en,eMeHT ifSeme H TOJJ;op rr,aHHQa, KOjlHe 6eme MaKeAQHeD;, a. !K,aKO, ByrsJp:ue 'OO3HaTeJllHO O~H p;aOTCTpaHH e:O;Ha rrpesxa O)Jj naTOT Ha pe'BOJI.y~HepHHOT (I]: OOJmTH1tfKllWT paalBOjl na e.!it,eH nop06eJl, aapon KaJKjO ,II1TO e MaXep;;OHOKJWr napon, iHa 3{'oro TOj Deme MY ee SaK'OJIHaJr ,ilta M.y CnylKH AoOPOOO,JlHO H 6ecIOOp'H.CrlIo.

nOneMHKaTa sa y6MCTBOTO na ,A;BajnaTa ro,JIeMHBOp;,a'~:I , H,a :Bemlxo6yrapcKH '1!eT,J( If OTB-OpeHK~ lIOADO'I'OBtIDI sa H~ ~HTe 3a.MeElH~ H&. y6'H,emt'Te', itO)! rrotmaa OAHOBO' ~,a npaiCaa~ q:eTH DO MaxePJO'HHJa, rH IllTpeK'H,aa ,n MJI~OTyPll:KT,e, KOlRl HMaa esoe BJUljamre epeae ,o¢HItepcTBOTO' 'M HanpeAft8;T,a ffYPCKa. ~.:.. ITeJlHrle~ja" If m. .1!P,HHYWI,ja i.l\a nOO,s;paaT poo~ co ;n.yrieTO lUi Opra.mr3:!lqujaTaJ sa ";D;a ce napKpa aa rojl irQqm[ ~~'H,aTa arpecHj BqHmUTO HOCHTe-IDl-Oea. E.eJIHK:oo,yrapHT,e '1liP~HK oif 'lPe~aJQJ;. OB.oeBpeMeHO~ 00 TYPlzy[j a neke apeej,a H YCJIOBH3a eAH8. pamOJIyIzylj a npOTKB anCOJIynt3MOT H 33 ena- - cYBalbe Ha-p,plKwsa'r.a oA_nQonaCT., .AejC'DStlTEll na -peBonyu;jiio~ HepHQTa I-Opra.mr3atntj,a eo 'l{eTH~ 'fOJI,eMwre' 'npoqecH H~noKa ... JKaHHOT x,epOH3aM na BoopymelUfT,e Maxe.n;OHqK mTO rrona,Jli~ aane so loop6.a co TypCKaTa ~Boj-oKa, D,fa'CoBHoTo}lJIJ1I:lAetHCIro gce ... TaHHe tI enaa rpafanexa DOjHa.WTO MaK.e)AOliIlHTe ja socea aa C'BOMTe nJIekH ,~. Ic~e me -KpBaE1H HaCTaHlf YKalKYBaa BJtHj,a~ HHe Bp3 TypCK81Ta rrporpecnsaa OnIIITeC'IlBe-H.OCT K j a rrpl{HY~ ,DlHj a ~a ccp,am ~eoca JJ;en.aT3. Taa. KaBra Mefy lwI.aKe;!ltOHI~,HTe If BOOpYJK'eHJ[Te, nponaramee e sa lU!!BHaTa-q"epra, ):teK,a IDJX)n:aCTa 'Hi,a ,MaiXep;omrj a e H ,HHBH,a nponaer,

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coj y~,H":QHTe" j a CMeTa.a, aa OC,~T.H'JI6o~H.Te'JIHa.

OCJIo6o;zy.aaH:.eTO H3 Heepoxon 0):\ MaKe,Ll;,OHIJiKTe U OB03,-Ili/IOJKJ1 R,a 6yr,apcK,aT,a nojexa 6e3 rrpe=nca p(,a [a upe~n1He KJIH~ eypara na jy.rKaj ~ypeUJ1K~ npO'CTO :l.aTH,aTR, ],1: yxperreaa 0;:1. Tjipc-xa aojoxa. Co mpesexassero ora H:e:BpDKOn J;I na jl'paJ.la" ee nO~rHa e'HTY3Hj,a3hmT na C81~I,a:Ta 6yrapC'Ka BO}CKBl H ce OTSarpK naror sa ,jyr H rro 6perCSl1Te aa Erej.

BOjOT Kaj t:ype'm)!HK,H npeaexaseero aa npE!MHHQIT ()~ M:a:Ke.n;OHI:t"HTe npeCTaBy,B,a aenponeamraa soeaa IIOMom .Di,a~eH,a na Gyr,apex,aTa nojcxa, KOj a nenpeaeao j a nO:MHHa Taa KJIHcypa npenaonena o.q nyfeTo Ra C·aH,AaHCKH, xa 'q'e,n;o 'co' To)l.Dp' TIa.HJfiJ;3 $I ~!.:L KQfL)1;paMa, rpaa nrro Max:eJJ;OHI..lHTe FlO OCJl060~ AHja co COneT"BieHH. y'cHJI6H., CarH~,aHCKJ1 J:1 Hle.I'OiBYlTe J.Iyf,e B"O T,aa 'DOj na ]['0 np01l{)rCT.Kj a _na'DOT aa 6yrapCXa"T,aBoj ORa iJJ:ypJi 11,0 PO.DYl!_ H_yt:reCTBYB.aa aa 'HC_t'OPHC:K]10T oaHKieT BO _geCT'-H,a. Il1iyrapexare OcPHu;epJir1];,a;lteli 0):( KO~I,aH,!I;aHTOT Ha-apr.;mj ara renepan TOit0POB BO Conya, aa IllTO H:J1e HaT,aMY ke ::i6oP.YBal\iU3l. Y"t{'eCTBO'TOHa C.aH,rtaHCKH aa CTp:aH:QT'a xacojy3HMLIl,t-rre BO BOjHaTa, npOTlHB Typ:IUfja ee HQJI·arame O~, .ItaJ[emrr'e 'KOHKPeTlIl<I iBOeHM ,K nOJII1.T:X:fttKH' YCJIO!B·H )[ H3MCKYBalba UlTO ja saceraa eyn- 6J1HaTa Ira He~OBa'Ta Ta,TK.QB,VIHa., Be M'O:~leHTOT Toj ae Mome·w,e ,l1Ia BpIllH, B"em'TO J];,PYro, ,Ili:a npesexe, GeB en Toa nrro j'o CQK,a·we CaMHOT HaJpOJt ~ ~a _ oe npemlHe' DO U30j,H.a. ra aa CTpaH.aTR aa crO~Y3Ht1[IUfT,e; ,c.neiItejlCM ro peaJIH3MOT BOo rrOJD-iTMK.aTa aa l~,eJlHoTl aapezt, KOj 6ew,e :33S.D,a,a;eaH IO~;'iyBcmOTo zrexa C'ojy3JIHu;wre }jtoafaaT ~,a :00 OC JI060lAYB a aT ..

C~a.H'C'KH 6em,e ~eJIOEeH xosex, ,;n;eJlOEeH l\i3Ke;n;OHlCKJ{ HaIp1:0HaJ["'"P'eBOJIy~OHep. Toj ro BOIInOTJ1]3.am!e' JpeaJIM3,~'[01' aa CBOj lOT HapOA K,aJK'O sa speMe aa pe:SOJlYq.HOHepmrOT· rrepaon, KaKO npH npOMeHEa'TJ(Te' IIOJIMTJf1tI,lQH YC.JIOBH co MJI8PIP'rYpcEaT,a PeBoJ[y~ja" TaKa H cera, npH H36::~tBHaTaTa 'B,aJEKaHCK3. BOjH.31,

'II '.'

38 KO,]I,a TOJI He rrIOJKe'IIJ'e' A,a He ,IWJKl( ClileTKa,.

iCrrpoT',H B,aJIKRHIC'KQT,Q. B:oj'a:a, lIpH BeKe CO'9t{azt'eHJfOT H,eH3- fie,lKeH cyp;;.rJl Mefy COljY3-Hm.tJ1T1e K TypIlj11Te" :MS03HHa HerOiB:H

.~py:rapH He J.l0lKea ,AarH H3~EaT CJ1[JIlH;1Te Harnpera:Eb,a rrpeJI)13BMKaHM ~, TPeCKaSHTe noeaa rrO)1I'OTOBKH H '~ AKHaMl1"q,~ HaTe. arHTaqMja sa 6JmClKJUlT pa3npoM aa 'Typ:LtHjaH ja 8.8.'ny1DTHja 31ez.,[ja~a. TIPB,.H ce ''IIOKruKa,a HerpneJm[·BJ! 'OHHle'mTO If}Ilaa ITOMHPYBa'tfKM OAHOC cnpeaa JzyFeTO' Ha MaTOB. ¥WTe BO 1'910 ro.rtmra nOqRa ABKlKelLe na HeJl.araJIHH 6HBI.ID.f rrperxypx ...

-eTrnmqenm:I~H H B,Oj"BOAH. He MO:H{eWe .Ita j a, J13)W}KH nanper ... HaTOCTa .M XPHCTO "t{epHoneeB~, K,'Oj 'HaMJ1-TI11HrOII" !B'D ICTp'~1J1Qa. D:pe)l; .HapoAO!T, aa BpeMe na 'XypHeTOT, ~a;.D;e KJIeTB8 11 J13jl,al'SJtl ,;n;eK,a a'E.IO HBKoram Hapo~oT rOBH1Pf O)J;H10!BO HeJI,eraJI@.H ~ HMa 1IpaBO zta TO pasopysor PI ~,a 00, YO'J1e xaxo npeAaBHHK na Xy:pueTOT'. ITPH raa DOP;MO/JHa amT,aqMj.a sa ~oeHk nO)l;lrOTOIBKH Ba oa.JIKaHCKHT,e APJKmrH sa sojaa co TYP:QKjl a" nlta!MHa l1CHxara Ha CTapMTe lOOMHTH, . .nyreTO ,eM rH npxereraaa 06xeKa,Ta -)1 OI1Jfi:DJ;RTe~, CH. rH HCqJfCTJ1j a nyI.IIKlfFE! H aaxexaa 'CHrHaJl sa ;:tejlcTBo., Carro CaHJJ:aHOKH" XpMJIaTHOT' no AYX open HQ MaKe-.,!n;OHOKaT,a, p'eBo.JIyI.ijl[ja~ crceare HeBOGMYTeII H:a [C:BOj'OT UOCT l1: ,.11BJliHOEpBHO rn H'a6JbYAysame nOJllJ1'TJIq'KHTe .ztBIJIDKe!ba, . .D;,9JIH He 'OM ce jaBIH'JIe HeH3:Becmr np'e1tJKJ( KO'R}l;a I'O 'CIlpe~aaT "3SD;SIPCzyB-:a..I&BTO' na OaAwa·nC1COTO ei)$t'HCT'BO Meiy MaJlJ1'Te 6aJI'" KaHCKM ~p]KaBH, KOH ce FOT.B·ea. sa, BOj,Ha DpOTHB, TypqMj a.- )qJ-

:JK,elD'eTQ H8 CaHlI;aRCK'lf BP3 HeJJ,eraJIHa Hora 6eme o:~ roJIeMa xO!iHcT H .aa cahmTe MJIa)JjOTyp'QM; KOH, -RaKO nITO--Bleke BHJ]JOB-

M,e~ D:05p3aa ~a m JiI,3r JIS,JItaT He)J;opa36Hp,2HtaT8 ~C9' Her·o mTO~ __ BOllHJ1!KHaa nO __ !l'0IBOP; pa:3.QpYJKy:B,aTfK,aTa aKqMj a, To.a YDI!_ ro._ HatJI,araa-npoMeHeTHTe-IIO.JI:HTJ{qKH YCJlOiBM Ha rrpOTHBpelt!KOCTM- - . __ "Te 32 HHBHO 'Oe.30naCHO CTloelbe Ra BaJIKaHOT J1 4[a JJ;alp~,aHe-

J]H.T~'!'. CaHAaHlCKH ro CIP,a1{ame TOa" HO He o,eme HeonXOJJ;HO ~a. ,tj,psa KOH: myniraTa. B myNa ee 'O:AJl :~J1i He'M~plKJD1B,a coeroj.(j'a. H ;so roj O~BOC 'roj npojasa nOm1TJP:lKa IC'l1oc06HOCT aa -BO;n;a'lf H erparer o~ fiO.J]i,eM: paar, Raj M nponeayaa nOTpeOJ1Te' aa MOl\1:eHTOT H ltOHecys-a fiP3H H 'COOA,BeTIm pemeHH_j a, sa p;a "H,e OCTaHe aa onanror Ott HaCTS!JHlfT,e. Hero ro pa36Hpa.a CMT'e" -M Byrapa, H Cp6M~ if rpllH~ 11 TypIJt1f. )J;YPH~ ro P,Q:3.oHparne H B,e'JIJ1K10rplllGIOT mOBJifHMCT Ali. CeHKTypJ'I'CT, rp''lKHKOH3Y JIB.O

"11p. C,ep, sa "Koro, 'CTaHa 350p rropaao, 'CaMO JIYre'DO o~ P,aKO-' ·BOA'CTBOr.ro aIa ·6yrapcKaTa COIQIjaJIJJ;eMOKpaTCKa napr,H,ja (T.C.), npJl~OBaHM O;D; .n;OrMaTH3.MOT' BO 6YKBaTa na rp,eopHjaT.a, He BO _iD;,eJI'oro HanpaKTHKaT8H.B, M,aparCM3,MOT'" He MOlKea, A8 FO paa- 6epaT .. no,.arajIm· o~ y1i5e)ltYBalbeTo ~leKa BojHaT,Q e 3JIO H nop~ yCM.nOHTe' W.TO m H,a.npaBHJaH!e '80 KOPHCT HB, 16yrap ... ,("X,aTa BojcKa,~ KaKO IllTO lie B~,!le H.B'TaltIY, 'THe ro nanpa ...

BHj a arenr na 'oyrapcKEl'Ta xpyaa, Kora H LteJIHOT CB'eT' axae JIeS:3 rej 16eme y6:H:eH O)J! arearsrre xa raa 'KPYH,a.

M:er:YToaJ aexa 'c:e aaae ~eKa C03AamJafbe~o Ha BOeKaTa' nCUX03a3a. 3a,Qlp3YS2fbe Ma lBojiua-ra TIP0TIm T-YPItM'ja He Oew'e' 1J,eJ10 Ha Maxe;o;oxu;r.ne, T'YKY aa IO,aJIKaHC'Kme 6;yrp1KOaCKH KJIa ... , en }II aa HJmH'J1:Fe KpyaM. OHa IIITO 'rpe6,a ~,aIDO 'KaJKeM'e H Aa, ro lIOTUiPT.am4e sa MaK'e)l;oHQHTe scapcxa ICO B,aJIK,aHCXaTa 80j .... na e ~eoca, THe ce rroxaacaa pea .. 'lIHCTH, BepYB,ajKH ~JIa{ioxo so oCJIof~QAMT'eJUI][OT xapaxrep aa sojaara cnpesra TypIzy1ja. ITo ... 'TPe6aT~~ ]3.0 roj :rrpBBe'IJiJJ m AOBleJJ;,e' ,.1;0. 06pasYTBaILe HaL M,axe ... ,.D;OHC~,O--OAPHHCKO ono~eHJil:e 11 M8Ke~OH:qw:Te IDTIO xHBeaj at BO Byra,pH.ja R OiHHe B,O AJ,repMK:;t, ~n'U)OBHif)i ee crexoa IH ,AOO'PO'" BOJIHO ee aamrnraa soxeroaxre peJJ;OBJt. Bnanara m HCrmOp:KCrn HacrpoeHH~O }I, T'lOTOBH:OCTa sra M,a.K.e~OHqMTe' ,.n;a ce 6HjaT ,DpOTHB TypqJ1'Te H 'OfpraJUI3l'rpa nap'Rf3aH,OKH ~eTH" 'KOH rH IIlpa'f'H DO BH,aTp,eImiOCTa eo PJlaKe,p;01Dlja. ynrre npen o6jaBytBaHJ'eTO Ha :Bo]H'a"'[',a,. THe 1li'erH, 3ae;ZJ;HO 'co OHM,e nrro ee naofaa 'SHa.r:rpe BO MaJK'e;!l;OHKj a, ee ,j a.B11:j,a, iBO 3,aAHKHQTa aa Ty'pC!KaTa apMHji a M npeA~f3BMKaa. CMYT' H pacrpojerso BlO ,AJ',ICnnflJEUHa'fa. H lJ,y'XOT J:I nor,.,m:orHaa ea Hie] 3J1H:HOT nopaa,

MaKeAOHqHTe BO, 'Taa eojlHa ce O;AJD!KYBaa He' calMO co fJ[eJIyMl:DJ 16,op6'H-- Hl)AfJ;,eJLHlf atTeH.Tam no JK~e.m~3HH"iKH~e.mtHJ(H~ ryxY H 'co 3:ap06YBa1beTO :HQ J aaep-rrama ICO :HeroB_aT,a 20 .. 0()O-H.a apMJfja-H co O}Ji,5HBaJb,eTO Ha ~ecaHTOT npJ! )i{,aJP""Eoj.

Tpe6.a J];:a 1~5eJ1:e'}Kj.Oie,- MeTO - TaKa" aeKa Yii:etTSOT.Q, HQ ]'d,axe,AOHqKTe 'BO 'BojIH8T,a na erpaaara iHa cojY3RHIzyITe, He loeille'.MeXaHlf'i~O" zyxy 'C03'HaTe'JlHO, eo ueaara Ha y6eJl.y:B,Q}I"eTO )J;eKa ce BO~f[ BOjlH8 sa oc.uo60J];YBaH:!e Hrat :l\[,axe;.n;OH.Hj a. Toa ['O' J];o.Ka}KYBa M €'.M.opand,Y..KOT aa 'tJyrrOBCKH: }j[ na neroasrre ;ztpyrapa nQ)lHeCeH AD eBpOIICKOTO 'OfilUT'BCTBe-ao ]mieHHB 3,81 CYiIJ;-' 6l1HaTa HR. ,Marx:@AoHMj.an OHOji ,l{O :BJla;D;KTe' II ,;n;o onurrecrseHO'rO' JilmC·J]lel-be Hla cojY3e~e 6aJIKaHCKH AP1KaBMj, IRaKO H ICKau,~ Aa,JJiOTmT'O CTaHa lBOCo.JIYH aa 6aHKeTOT npYIp'~eH O)1t reHepaJIQT To;:topCJa3.1OO

C'~leT,ajKH [a 'B,ojHaTa npDTl1B, Tyrpu;Hja" BO IBPCKaJ, CoO M,aKe, ...

JJ;OJEmja, ,3"et OCJIo6o;ptTeJIHa" aa oaHKeTOT !So ConYH npwpe)JtleH sa, ocpJtIJ;epHT,e 'M' !\-[Q,Kle~,OHIJKHTe ;u;ej·LU1 :Bo~e'HM o~ CaH)J"aHCKJ1 Jj nOOJI.HCXHTe .t:Jj'pyr,apJ.t, C~aHOKH (.'TaB a, ~xp'eJ.[a xanra H ja J1CfiH sa )Jj"eJI'Qiro' Ha BB,T'OHOMHa M,aKe~OHM.j a,M3j ,aBYlB,ajKJ1I ~!eKa

:w(1ij, B, ·M', a u.o..'ff.'OH'CI!l'"1':.&' ro "". .... , ", n,=woapa:·UlT'or 1· '9·] '"', "".

_.' " . .o.'b""" _ '&l!.¥.I. ' ... .111'1.1' t , ..... ',1, .... v,,; Y', ' " ,01) ~.

21 II. KHMra

rea ;a;eJIo ce peaJI.:H3HP,a_ tj,,n,aroAapeHKeaa YOO,Jl6lKT,e 0].1; erpaaa Ha. cojy3HHtlxHTe BojCKH~ npeTexmro xa 6yr,apcKaTa BOjC.K,a" H aa YC:HJI6MT,e o~ _ CaMHrI'e MaK,e~J1[. Toraw ocpHQlepHTe .nrro npJ1lCy:CTB.ys:aa na 6aHK'eTOT ee DO-30YAuj!.a" IC'KOKHaa op; C'roJ]OBHre HCE: H~u:pp.mH~j'a BPS C,~aHCKH C,O 0CTpl1 300pOBH, )l;18IKa ge, nafaar rJIaBH 'aKO MaK~~(}Il~Te K3jaB3T' TBfWK 6apa.tb81, ,~e,~ xa He aa aJBTOHOM.Hj ara na Maxe'AOHHj,a THe nponeane 'TOJ1-' Ky )EHOry 6'yrapcxa KPB,. Osu m,ool6y~a lie ro 'fKHewe HCl1IBO-'TOT' Ca'H~aH'CKH, Jrol Taa CTHB'Ha 'CO 3,aM,elll;r""BaJ:beTO Ha Ca:NDtOT reaepaa TOI,;ttopo~ xoj JK3~j,aB]1 .Q;'eKa 6',a:pSlLaTa H8, Cruip;,a.tfCD1 C'H t(JCTaJIYBaaT C2l\IO nO}K,en6H .rlHKTHlpaHH op; Hajl~o5pHT'e' liyBl""" 'CTBa .HS !JIaK'e;AOH~'t, cr{OH .HQ Kpajot:rHeMa na MMa~.T HnmTO' DpOTJ1tB iCBoeTOo6e~a1De CO Byrapxja.

KCMa.mElilH oo::t PfCTarIyiJJalba.T,a na 6yra:pcKHT'e ocp~epHt ~OH Ice B036YAMja, P;O :KpajHocT 0):1; 360p0BMToe' (Sa CaHl&alicKM, npE!enaHCKHOT BO~BOJ];a raKoH IDBCTaTMj;, ynrre HIOKTla~ 3a~, 'co ODOmre APYfaPH, ro 'HanyuIrn COJIYH Hno6erH.a BO Mar,JIa~ HHjaTa; K8,JJ;,e mTO ·H ro )lo''qleJKa mpajOT aa 'BMKaHCKa'ra sojHa. ,A CaH)l;,aHCKH ymTe~ep;leHTa" 3ae):t,HO eo APyrapHTle nrro ,oea co' nero, ,saliHfHa sa IIp. Cep, xane nrro, ,:na'KO OrOp'I{eH o~ .HI~~p!ljaTeJCC1KOTO l«!KaJKYBaEbe' u,a 61aHKe'!OT 3_a_H'eroB~~a TaTXOBl1lla o~ crpaaa HR '6yrapcKK'IIe oqnrq:epH,OCT,2.Ha -:ropaTKO

BpeMe 11 co6pa. ~06pOBOJllV{ .Ha~e,JIO' sa KOJ1 3~.a aa .rp,

_ Manrapu, xa~emTO o,eme .illTaOmHa M:8tKeJJiOH~DKO-OJl,pJ!HC~KoTo OnOJJ1IeHJieJ, H lee' - 9anHWQ co OApe~OcT DO rHerOB~e pe ... 1iJ;,DE'J1, ea Aa H D'DMOrH'e sa 6yrapCKa.T,a, 'BojCKa~ KOja ~31HleMOlK,:yBaIUe ~aj Mpa:MopHo Mope.

K,OJIKY Ao6po ro paatiapaa aBOj,OT TaTK>OBMHCKH ~O.,1]:f' Maxe.tJ:OHl~e H: roa Ill,TO '''.M1e y'qleeT.B~rBa.a EO Ba .. 'TKaHC'EHlrra aojaa IIpOTHB TYPqHTeHa erpaaara aa cojy3IDftIKwre BojC'KlH, ce rJl,e~a }[ OA HHBH.aTa npecpermraocr 61PG.o ;lla cle O,lt3BaT na nosaaara sa IIOMom yna reaa ~OH"B o,n; ill T'a60T H:a MazeJ];OHCKo-G)Ji.p'l'm<m:orro onOJIqeHMe~

Y,mTe BO rroxerosor HEI. 1913 I''Ol\l'fHa, OTKaKO IlpvfCTJa1Ha. rtoxaaara sa 'HHBHa nOl'1rfJOW" MaKeA,oH:qwre O;D. ICHT,e xpasrnrra na MaKe.D.UHHj,a M.aCOB.H'O ee opraHM:3Mp.aa 'BO OMe.nHH 'I{eT'H '111, nQl~ KOM,arll;o;aTa aa C,BO'HTe· ,MeCHH lBOjBO.z:tHt He3,a.oaBHo 3aMKHB,a 3allPa)J!O!BHTe Kema!H 1'1 Manrapa, K,~,le WTO 6e2~ C.i.\IeC"i'eHH AOO:POBO'JIl4-KTe 'OIA M"aKe;AOHC~O-O)JJ)'RHC'KOTO OIIOJ][tf,eHH'e. Ce CMleTaIUe Jl1eK.a lie ja rrpo.n;,OJlXaT J3ojHaT.a co TypQHTe, sro Ha.e~lI'am ~j.n;e AO npecepr !So nO.HJttrKKaTa. Bo npOJIeTTa 1913 !"O)J.HHa noxaa JItOEJ][leKY1BaEbe He. 6yrapc:KaTa ElojCJ!a OA Tpa-

Kl1ja H Hej3H"HO ciGCpe;u;,crro'1JySafhe aa :rI03~ npocTKB Cp ... 16WI1e' .K rpn;HTe H~ na 16jymr" nOq}laa M'efyoojY::UIw'1.lKHTe ·BOe.HM AejCTBa.

CJe 3Hae KaK'O 3a&pUlH -raa M,erycojy3llD[qKa BOjH2 ~ .KaJ{,..' BH. nOCJl9AJ1I\H raa ,~OHece' 38 NaJKe;,D;OHClmOT' lHa,poA, na HSa. CHT,e oanxaHClGI HapQJJ;H mOBJIe'ieHH: SO nea,

10 .. ¥BItICTB'OTO HA ,JA.HE CAH,1tAH,CKH

IOTKA~O 3ABPmH BojH8Ta na Ba.mK,aHOO"" MaKep;OKJ{ja JI.e:m:eme p.aCIICIIlOlH3Ta. o;lll; SB~CKH3,atBOj YBaq]i[ If Hej 3HHaT,Q '6op6a aa OCJro50AYB,aH:ii@ 'T}leoam,e .na ce !BOW[ co H3MeHeTH MeTOP", . InTO OOD,WBleTCTBysaa Ha;Dia;n;eHJ1Te KOHKpeTHH: nOJm1']i[q ... 'KH ,M CTpaTerHC:KH YCJJOBH. 'CaHJ];aJHCKH C'O C.HTe CDOM aKTHBHH ,;npyrapH ce np'H6pa .13.0 I"IHpHH:CKa M,aKeAOIHJ1[jla., He 6am ITO KpaTKa naysa :w no I~O ;!l;.na6oKo npoy~,,8.!be H8 ,J1)ljejlBfoT H nO,JrHTHl.!KKOT repea aa '60p6aTa" TOlj .nosaa COHp;aJKH co PaKOIBO)l;HTeJIHTeHB OHHe' UDIpoKH CJOO'eBH ,o;m; 6Yl'apexw'OT Ha'rpO;o; sa KOH' anaenre ,~,eKa ro ICmmaTJf3:KpBarr n~ Her:OBaT'a ynopaa 6op6'a!, ,IfPO!ID3 Ko5Yp3HTe., Ccpall{,albar3. - na -:CaH)J;aHCKH no 113MeHeTM'Te' nMJfTHl.fKl1 YCJIOBK ce cOC'Toej a BO -roa urro oT'4>pnalL'eTo Hla. 6YKYPemK,mra H,enp,alB,~a 6H. MOlKeJlO aa CTaHe 1110 naT' l!a.~60p6a sa cooopYEa:Ene Ha-cpep~~, o~ 6yrap-·CRiMOT npeCTOJI H o6jaJB,yrB,aH1"e sa Byrapxja 3,81 peny,D'JIHKa. ex ... nara nrro .M n:O'rTKKHa ~ODO Btl 6ap6a.Ta, 38. oCJIo60,~y.aaIb.e na Ma;mep;oHl1j a. JIleiKeme BQ JilJJ;ej.aTa sa peaJm3Hp,a,a,e aa cp'e~ Jt,epatpfja Ha 6'B.n:xa'H'C101T,e' ;Hapol~" co' q:nemTO peamraxpa}be Maxe.n;oHHja O,IJ;H;OB,O 'ICe rH CIIOH C"BOJ1Te p'aenOKMH,Q1M 'COCTaBHH ~eJlOBH,,3a ,,llI;,a M02K,e lJ~HO:s.O ;Aa rn 3a3~paJB'H H esorrre p8:lc'lIOKJ1iHaTH eKOHo.I\I[eKM 5pcKH,,,

ETQ" IC'O TOlj nomen )If' B,O 'C130j'OT CTpe~reJK npx HOlEune nOB,oeHH nOJ1lfTH1IfXH yCJIOBYI JJ;8npo.QOJIlKH 6opoaT,a ,38. C'J1'Ooo}:{a Ha DlI'ame.q,omrj,a, TOj O;ntHOBO ce noj,a:BH Ha CQeHaTa KSX.o H'a.jCBeTJIQ <p'Mrypa sa 'OaJlK,aHC.K!H MMpH pa36wpa1he'~, xoe 'TPe- 6a ~,a ce H3B-ojy:aa.

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