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Consider a cylinder filled with air with a piston and spring arrangement on top, as shown in the figure below. The external pressure is 1 bar, the initial temperature of the air in the cylinder is 25 o C. The no-load length of the spring is 50 cm and the spring constant is 40,000 N/m. The piston load weighs 500 kg. You can assume the constant volume heat capacity of air to be constant at 20.3 J/(mol K). a. Compute the initial pressure of the gas in the cylinder (10 pts) b. Compute how much heat must be added to the gas in the cylinder to for the spring to compress by 2 cm. You can treat the air as an ideal gas (15 pts)
al 2. Now consider the cylindrica piston assembly below which initially contains 0.2 m3 of a gas at 0.3 MPa. The pressure outside the piston is 0.1 MPa. The cylinder is heated till the gas pressure e p rises to 0.6 MPa and the volume of the gas is 0.5 m3. (a) Sketch the path followed by the gas on a P graph (5 pts) P-V (b) Calculate the work done by the gas and the change in potential energy of the spring (20 pts) he potential (
Using steam tables. Assume that each molecule has twelve neighbors (each molecule needs to be separated from twelve other molecules). The specific volume of methane gas is 1.4528 + 6. Explain why you made your choice. Steam tables a.1839 x 10-3 T – 8. find the saturated (equilibrium) vapor pressure of water @ 50 oC. Using steam tables. 25 oC.6 kg/m3 at 1 bar and the boiling point.5 m3 in volume contains steam at 1 bar. a. determine: (a) The work done by the compressor (12 pts) (b) The amount of heat transferred to the surroundings (13 pts) The specific heat of air at constant pressure in KJ/kmol K is Cp = 27. 210 oC. A polytropic process is a process that can be described by the empirical equation PVn = C. calculate ∆Hvap = Hvapor-Hliquid at 50 oC for 2 kg of water.819 kg/m3 and of liquid methane it is 422. (Honors option) The heat of vaporization (∆Qvap) is the amount of heat required to vaporize a liquid (turn liquid into gas) at constant temperature and pressure. If the process is polytropic with n=1.9932 x 10-7 T2 4. A drum 3. 300 K to 5 bar in a single stage compressor. where C is a constant which doesn’t depend on P or V.05 x 10-21 J and σ = 3. (15 pts) 4. 10 bar iii. (5 pts) b.3. (15 pts) Hint: calculate the work to pull the methane molecules apart from a separation distance of 21/6σ to infinity.25. 1 bar ii.72 angstroms. 200 oC. What is the measured value of ∆hvap ? Is it close to your value in (c)? (1 pt) 2 . 250 oC. ∆Qvap=∆Hvap . 50 bar b. Use the steam tables to determine the phase of water at the following conditions. d. (10 pts) i. Since this process is at constant pressure. Determine the mass of the steam in the drum. Calculate the specific ∆hvap (at 1 bar) for methane if the intermolecular potential is given by: =4 − With a = 2. Consider the process where 20 Kg of air is compressed from 1 bar. (The saturation vapor pressure of water is the partial pressure of water (Pwater = yP) when the vapor is at equilibrium with the water) (4 pts) c.